You are on page 1of 2

Roles and Responsibilities of a Head Nurse 1. 2. 3. 4. Supervises and coordinates nursing activities in hospital unit.

Assigns duties and coordinates nursing service. Evaluates nursing activities to ensure patient care, staff relations, and efficiency of service. Observes nursing care and visits patients to ensure that nursing care is carried out as directed, and treatment administered in accordance with physician's instructions. 5. Directs preparation and maintenance of patients' clinical records. 6. Inspects rooms and wards for cleanliness and comfort. 7. Accompanies physician on rounds, and keeps informed of special orders concerning patients. 8. Participates in orientation and training of personnel. 9. Orders, or directs ordering of drugs, solutions, and equipment, and maintains records on narcotics. 10. Investigates and resolves complaints, or refers unusual problems to superior. Roles and Responsibilities of a Staff nurse 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. Admission and discharge of patient. Assistance and instructions to patient and their relations. Four hourly, or more frequent attention to pressure points. Giving and removing of bed pans and urine pots. Giving and removing of hot water bottle. Bed making. Distribution of diets, milk etc. Preparation of special feeds, eggs, milk etc. Technical nursing care of patients. Administration of medicine. Administration of injections Assistance in administration of I/u injection. Preparation of injections and clearing up. Recording of medicines & injection given. Rounds with doctor. Technical procedure e.g. enema catheterization, dressings irrigations O2 therapy, preparing for and clearing up after procedure. Preparation for and assistance in clinical tests and medical procedure. o Urine testing. Collecting labeling and dispatching of specimens. Escorting patients to and from departments. Giving and receiving reports. What is an Emergency Room Nurse An emergency room nurse (also refered to as an ER nurse or ICU nurse) is an experienced registered nurse who specializes in providing critical medical care and specialized treatment to patients or are either critically injured or severely ill. These nurses focus on providing medical treatments to patients suffering from a wide variety of life and death situations and specialize in the rapid assessment and treatment of their patients ailments. Emergency nurses must be ready to respond in a moments notice and think on their feet because in the emergency room every patient experience is unique and every second counts. While some of the patients being treated may suffer from similar injuries each and every incident is different and must be treated as a separate and unique case. In addition to the emergency room ER nurses must also be ready and able to operate in a wide variety of different health care settings.

Hospital-based acute inpatient care typically has the goal of discharging patients as soon as they are deemed healthy and stable. cleaning lacerations. Intensive Care Units cater to patients with the most severe and life-threatening illnesses and injuries. cardiology. also known as a Critical Care Unit (CCU). taking blood work. Acute Care Unit Acute care is a branch of secondary health care where a patient receives active but short-term treatment for a severe injury or episode of illness. Due to the unplanned nature of patient attendance. Emergency Room/Department An emergency department (ED). surgery. or during recovery from surgery. some of which may be life-threatening and require immediate attention. the department must provide initial treatment for a broad spectrum of illnesses and injuries. Acute care settings include but are not limited to: emergency department. and many general areas where the patient could become acutely unwell and require stabilization and transfer to another higher dependency unit for further treatment. an urgent medical condition.Roles and Responsibilities of an Emergency Room Nurse ER nurses are responsible for administering medication. In medical terms. Emergency room nurses are also responsible for keeping records of the patients they’ve treated. Critical Care Unit An Intensive Care Unit (ICU). emergency room (ER). that require constant. close monitoring and support from specialist equipment and medication in order to maintain normal bodily functions. Common conditions that are treated within ICU's include those such as trauma. neonatal intensive care. or casualty department. intensive care. either by their own means or by ambulance. care for acute health conditions is the opposite from chronic care. The emergency department is usually found in a hospital or other primary care center. ambulatory surgery center. although staffing levels may be varied in an attempt to mirror patient volume. In some countries. Acute care services are generally delivered by teams of health care professionals from a range of medical and surgical specialties. urgent care centre or other short-term stay facility. In this medical profession ER nurses must always be ready to assess and treat a wide variety of life threatening and non life threatening injuries and illnesses from minor throat infections to heart attacks and severe traumas caused by accidents or violence. Acute care may require a stay in a hospital emergency department. The emergency departments of most hospitals operate 24 hours a day. They are staffed by highly trained doctors and critical care nurses who specialize in caring for seriously ill patients. emergency departments have become important entry points for those without other means of access to medical care. Intensive Therapy Unit or Intensive Treatment Unit (ITU) is a special department of a hospital or health care facility that provides intensive-care medicine. is a medical treatment facility specializing in acute care of patients who present without prior appointment. coronary care. or follow-up outpatient care in the community. also known as accident & emergency (A&E). multiple organ failure and sepsis. or longer term care. along with the assistance of diagnostic services. . inserting IV’s and assisting physicians in and out of the emergency room along with many other tasks related to their field.