Psychology in Our Everyday Lifel

169
Learning Goals
▶ 일상생활과심리학의이해: 점점복잡해져가는사회생활속에서자기관리와대인관계를원만하게이
끄는방법을이해할수있다.
Lead In
Personality 성격
“The most important function of education at any level is to
develop the personality of the individual and the significance
of his life to himself and to others.” - Grayson Kirk
“모든수준에서교육의가장중요한기능이란개인의인성및자신과타인
에대해스스로의삶이갖는의의를계발하는것이다.”
- 그레이슨커크
Read the saying above and discuss the questions. 위인용구를읽고, 질문에대해토의하시오.
1. What is the saying about? 위의인용구는무엇에관한것인가?
2. What do you think your personality is like? 여러분은어떤성격이라고생각하는가?
Possible Answers 1. This quote emphasizes the role of educators who work to help the students shape their
personality. 이인용구는학생들이인격을형성할수있도록돕는교사의역할을강조하고있다. 2. I am fun-loving person and like
making new friends. I feel comfortable being around my people, and I like outdoor activities. 나는외향적이며, 새로운
친구를사귀는것을좋아한다. 나는지인들이주위에있을때편안함을느끼며, 야외활동을좋아한다.
Read Extrovert vs. Introvert
Write My Best Friend
Language Structures
Do you often feel like a tortoise surrounded by
hares?
Most extroverts like talking to people, engaging
in activities outside of themselves, and working
around people.
Extroverts often have trouble slowing down.
Listen & Speak 1 Encouraging
Listen & Speak 2 Giving Advice
Functions
1 Come on, cheer up! (격려하기)
2 If I were you, I would act more friendly with your
classmates. (충고하기)
Words & Phrases significance[signífik‰ns] 중요성¸ 의의 quote[kwout] 인용어구 emphasize[èmf‰sàiz] 강조하다¸ 역설하다
educator[èd,ukéit‰÷] 교사 shape[∫eip] 형성하다 fun-loving 외향적인¸ 놀기를좋아하는
Psychology in
Our Everyday Life
LESSON 06
Psychology in
Our Everyday Life
170
mLesson 6
A. Before You Listen 걱정거리에대해생각해보고¸ 다음질문에관해토의하시오¸
B. Listen In 듣고¸ 해당하는그림에번호를쓰시오¸
1 M: I’m thinking of dropping my psychology course.
W: What’s wrong?
M: I found it too difficult.
W: Don’t give up yet. I can help you out.
2 W: What’s wrong?
M: I didn’t do well on my exam.
W: Cheer up. You will do better next time!
M: Thanks.
1 남. 심리학과목을취소할까생각중이야.
여. 뭐가문제야?
남. 너무어려운것같아.
여. 아직포기하지마. 내가도와줄게.
2 여. 무슨일있어?
남. 시험을잘못봤어.
여. 기운내. 다음번에는더잘볼거야!
남. 고마워.
Script
3 2 1
교과서¡¡¸ 1¸A·1¸¦
Encouraging
Topic
격려하기 Come on, cheer up! 자¸ 힘내¦
Listen & Speak 1
1 What kinds of situations at school make you stressful at times? 학교에서는어떤상황에서때때로스트레스를받는가?
2 What do you do to get relaxed when you are stressed out? 스트레스가쌓였을때는어떻게푸는가?
listen to music play sports read books take a sleep
take a walk talk with friends watch TV other
Possible Answers 1. I get stressed out at school when I have too much homework. It also makes me stressful to get
along with others. It is not easy for me. 나는학교에서숙제를너무많이내줄때스트레스를받는다. 다른친구들과어울리는것도스트레
스가된다. 어울리는게내게는쉽지않다. 2. I usually eat snacks and take a sleep. I like to surf the Internet to release stress.
주로과자를먹고수면을취한다. 스트레스를풀기위해인터넷을하는것도좋아한다.
Words & Phrases stressful[strèsf‰l] 스트레스가많은 get relaxed 긴장을풀다 stressed out 스트레스가쌓인 get along with ·와잘
지내다 take a sleep 수면을취하다 surf the Internet 인터넷을검색하다 release[rilí;s] 해소하다¸ (감정을) 발산하다
Psychology in Our Everyday Lifel
171
C. Listen and Do 듣고¸ 맞으면T¸ 틀리면F를쓰시오¸
Words & Phrases e-mentoring 온라인멘토링|상담| mentor[mènt∞(r)] 상담자¸ 조언자 supportive[s‰p≤;÷tiv] 지원하는¸ 도와주는
first-year 1학년의¸ 1년차의 recommend[rék‰mènd] 추천하다¸ 권하다 sign up for ·을신청하다 handle[h®ndl] (상황등을) 다루다
take part in ·에참여하다(= participate in)
3 M: You look tired. What’s up?
W: I studied all night for the final exam.
M: Cheer up! You’ll probably get a good score on the exam.
W: Thanks. I hope so.
3 남. 피곤해보이는데. 무슨일있니?
여. 기말고사때문에밤새공부했어.
남. 힘내! 좋은성적을받을수있을거야.
여. 고마워. 나도그러면좋겠어.
Words & Phrases drop[dr°p] 취소하다 psychology course 심리학수업
W: Hi, Mike. How’s your e-mentoring program going?
M: So far so good.
W: What about your mentor?
M: He’s been very supportive. He helped me solve several first-
year difficulties.
W: Good! I knew the program would help you.
M: Yeah, thanks for recommending it to me.
W: Anyway, are you going to sign up for the program next year
too?
M: Well, actually I’m not. I am not sure I can handle my school
projects while taking part in the program.
W: Don’t give up yet! You can handle it because I’m going to
help you out!
M: Are you? Thanks a million! In that case, I’ll participate in the
program again.
여. 안녕, 마이크. 온라인멘토링프로그램은잘돼가니?
남. 아직까진괜찮아.
여. 네조언자는어때?
남. 큰도움이되고있어. 신입생이겪는몇가지문제를해결하
는데도움을줬어.
여. 잘됐네! 그프로그램이네게도움이될줄알았어.
남. 응, 추천해줘서고마워.
여. 그런데내년에도이프로그램을신청할거니?
남. 글쎄, 실은안할생각이야. 이프로그램에참여하면서학교
과제물까지할수있을지잘모르겠거든.
여. 아직포기하지마! 할수있을거야. 내가도와줄게!
남. 그래 줄래? 정말 고마워. 그러면 나도 다시 그 프로그램에
참여해야겠다.
Script
Mike has never participated in the program.
The program was a real help for Mike.
Mike will not sign up for the program next year.
True False



172
mLesson 6
Build a Dialogue 듣고¸ 다음표현을이용하여대화를완성하시오¸ D.
A: What’s eating you, Amy?
B: Do you know my new roommate Jill?
A: Yes, we’ve met.
B: She doesn’t stop talking and goes on and on until I fall
asleep every night.
A: That doesn’t sound very fun.
B: It’s not. I’m going to ask the head resident if I can change
roommates.
A: Maybe she’s just trying to be
friendly.
B: Do you really think so?
A: Sure.
B: All right, I will try.
a. Why don’t you talk about the problem with her?
c. Come on, cheer up!
b. What’s wrong?
A: 에이미, 무슨걱정이라도있니?
B: 너내새룸메이트인질을아니?
A: 응, 만난적있어. 왜그러는데?
B: 밤마다내가잘때까지쉬지않고떠들어.
A: 별로유쾌하진않을것같구나.
B: 맞아. 룸메이트를바꿔줄수있는지사감한테물
어봐야겠어.
A: 자, 기운내! 친해지고싶어서그런거겠지.
B: 정말그렇게생각하니?
A: 그럼. 그문제에대해서그애와얘기해보는건
어때?
B: 그래, 한번얘기해볼게.
Speak Out 개인적인문제점에대해서짝과함께이야기해보시오¸ E.
Words & Phrases eat[i;t] 난처하게만들다¸ 괴롭히다 on and on 쉬지않고¸ 계속해서 fall asleep 잠들다 head resident 사감
friendly[frèndli] 다정한¸ 친숙한
A: What’s wrong with you?
B: I think I always make lots of mistakes.
A: Cheer up! We all make mistakes from time to time.
B: Thank you for your kind word.
A: 무슨일있니?
B: 나는항상실수를많이하는것같아.
A: 힘내! 우리모두이따금씩실수를하잖아.
B: 위로해줘서고마워.
Words & Phrases make a mistake 실수를하다 from time to time 때때로¸ 가끔 Greek[gri;k] 도무지알수가없는 hang in 버티다¸ 견디다
help out 도와주다
I think I always make lots
of mistakes.

Cheer up! We all make
mistakes from time to
time.
I don’t think I can finish
the course. It all sounds
Greek to me.

Hang i n there! I can
help you out.
“ ”

Your own advice
Your Friend’s Problem
Expressions
Example
Psychology in Our Everyday Lifel
173
Listen & Speak 2
1 W: I heard you had an argument with your brother.
M: Yes. He just sounds too sure of himself all the time.
W: If I were you, I wouldn’t get upset about it. He’s just a child.
M: I guess you’re right.
1 여. 너남동생하고싸웠다면서?
남. 응. 걔는늘자기가옳다고만해.
여. 내가너라면화내지않을거야. 그애는아직어리잖아.
남. 네말이맞는것같아.
Script
교과서¡¡¸ 1¸(·1¸7
A. Before You Listen 친한친구에대해생각해보고¸ 다음질문에대해토의하시오¸
Giving Advice 조언하기
Topic
충고하기 If I were you, I would act more friendly
with your classmates.
내가너라면반친구들에게더친절하게대할거야¸
B. Listen In 듣고¸ 해당하는그림에번호를쓰시오¸
1 3 2
1 What is your first impression of him or her? 그친구의첫인상은어땠는가?
quiet serious lots of fun sociable
2 What do you think is important for friendship? 우정에서가장중요한것은무엇이라고생각하는가?
humor trust honesty sympathy
Possible Answers 1. My first impression of him is that he was lots of fun. He has a great sense of humor. 그친구에대한
내첫인상은‘정말재미있다’는것이다. 그의유머감각은정말뛰어나다. 2. I think trust is the important thing in a friendship. With
trust, we can share thoughts, feelings, lives, and even secret worries. 신뢰가우정에서가장중요한것이라고생각한다. 신뢰가
있을때생각이나감정, 삶은물론비밀스러운걱정거리를서로나눌수있다.
Words & Phrases impression[imprè∫Ân] 인상 sociable[sóu∫‰bÂl] 사교적인 sympathy[símp‰^i] 연민
174
mLesson 6
2 M: Julie, you look upset!
W: I had an argument with Jeanie yesterday, and we are still
not talking to each other.
M: I think you should make up with her. You are best friends!
W: You’re right.
3 W: My mother doesn’t listen to me!
M: What’s wrong?
W: She wants me to go to college, but I want to be an actor.
M: I think you’d be better off listening to your mother. The
more education you get, the better an actor you will be.
2 남. 줄리, 기분이안좋아보이는구나!
여. 어제지니랑말다툼을했는데, 아직도서로말을안해.
남. 그애랑화해해. 너희는제일친한사이잖아!
여. 맞아.
3 여. 엄마는내말을안들으셔!
남. 무슨일이야?
여. 엄마는 내가 대학교에 진학하길 원하시지만, 난 배우가
되고싶거든.
남. 엄마말씀을듣는게좋을것같아. 교육을더받으면, 더
좋은배우가될거야.
Words & Phrases have an argument 말다툼을 하다 sure of oneself 자신하는¸ 확신하는 make up with ·와 화해하다 better off
더잘되는¸ 더좋은
Words & Phrases nervous[nÁ;÷v‰s] 걱정하는 physics[fíziks] 물리학 slip one’s mind 잊어버리다 reference book 참고도서
C.
1 What makes Peter nervous? 피터는무엇때문에걱정하고있는가?
a. The presentation 발표
b. The school festival 학교축제
c. The physics exam 물리학시험
2 Where are they going after school? 방과후에그들이갈곳은어디인가?
a. The laboratory 실험실
b. Jackie’s place 재키의집
c. The school library 학교도서관
Listen and Answer 듣고¸ 질문에답하시오¸
M: Jackie, I’m nervous about tomorrow.
W: What’s the matter, Peter?
M: Don’t you remember? We have a physics exam tomorrow.
W: Oh, my god. It totally slipped my mind.
M: Anyway, I am going to study for the exam. would you like to
join me?
W: Sure! Will you come to my place?
M: Actually, I think the school library would be better in case we
need reference books.
W: All right. I’ll see you there.
남. 재키, 내일이걱정이야.
여. 무슨일인데그래, 피터?
남. 기억안나? 우리내일물리학시험있잖아.
여. 저런, 깜빡잊고있었네.
남. 아무튼난시험공부할건데. 같이할래?
여. 좋아! 우리집으로올래?
남. 실은참고서적이필요할지도모르니까, 학교도서관이더나
을것같아.
여. 알았어. 거기서보자.
Script
Psychology in Our Everyday Lifel
175
Build a Dialogue 듣고¸ 다음표현을이용하여대화를완성하시오¸ D.
A: Jack, did you have a good sleep last night?
B: No, Mom. I had a hard time getting to sleep.
A:
B: Yes. I’m afraid that I won’t be able to make friends at
school.
A: What makes you think that?
B: You know, I often find it hard to start a conversation.
A:
B: Do you think I can do it?
A: Sure. Then
everything will be all right.
B: Thanks, Mom. I feel much better now.
a. Just be all smiles and friendly to them.
classmates.
c. If I were you, I would act more friendly with your
b. Was it because today is the first day of school?
A: 잭, 어젯밤에잘잤니?
B: 아뇨, 엄마. 잠을잘못잤어요.
A: 오늘이첫등교라서그런거니?
B: 네. 학교에서친구들을사귀는게걱정이되어서요.
A: 왜그렇게생각하니?
B: 엄마도아시듯이, 대화를시작하는게힘들때가
있어요.
A: 내가너라면, 반친구들에게더친절하게대해줄
거란다.
B: 제가그럴수있을까요?
A: 물론이지. 밝게웃고친구들에게친절하게대해주
렴. 그러면다괜찮아질거야.
B: 고마워요, 엄마. 이제기분이훨씬나아졌어요.
Speak Out 짝과함께대인관계기술에대해이야기해보시오¸ E.
Words & Phrases have a hard time -ing ·하는데쩔쩔매다¸ 고생하다 make friends 친구를사귀다 be all smiles 얼굴에웃음이가득하다
A: You look depressed. What’s the matter?
B: I am not good at making friends in my new school.
What do you think I should do?
A: If I were you, I would read a book on how to break the
ice.
A: 우울해보이는데. 무슨일있니?
B: 새학교에서친구를사귀는게어려워. 내가어떻
게하면좋을까?
A: 내가너라면, 서먹한분위기를깨는법에대한책
을읽어볼것같아.
Words & Phrases break the ice (특히 회의파티 등을 시작할 때) 서먹서먹한|딱딱한| 분위기를 깨다 participate in ·에 참여하다 get over
극복하다 have confidence in oneself 자신이있다
·I am not good at making
friends in my new school.
·If I were you, I would read
a book on how to break
the ice.
·It’s hard for me to
participate in discussions
in class.
·You should get over your
shyness.
Expressions
·I am not sure I can be a
good leader of the club.
·You should have
confidence in yourself.
Example
176
mLesson 6
Level Up Your Speaking
Step 1 Listen to the Talk 듣고¸ 질문에답하시오¸
Step 2 Give Advice 문제에대한해결책을생각해보고¸ 조언해보시오¸
Solve a Problem
(
2
)
교과서¡¡¸ 1¸( · 1¸[
1 What is Tim’s problem? 팀의문제는무엇인가?
a. He had an argument with friends. 그는친구들과말다툼을했다.
b. He has trouble making new friends. 그는새로운친구들을사귀는데어려움을느낀다.
c. He wants to get good grades. 그는좋은성적을받고싶어한다.
2 Which is NOT mentioned in John’s suggestions? 존의제안에서언급되지않은것은?
a. To join a club 동호회에가입하는것
b. To make eye contacts 시선을마주치는것
c. To have a small talk 가벼운대화를하는것
M: Hello, listeners. Welcome to Share with Us. Today, I have an
e-mail from Tim. He writes, “Dear John, I have trouble making
new friends at school. Could you give me some tips?” Sure,
Tim. I would recommend that you do a few things. First, if I
were you, I would join a school club. It would give you
opportunities to make new friends. Next, you should practice
making eye contact and be all smiles with your classmates. By
doing so, you can give them the impression that you are
friendly and ready to get to know them better. I hope these tips
will help you out.
남. 안녕하세요, 청취자여러분. <함께나눕시다>입니다. 오늘저
는팀에게서이메일한통을받았습니다. “존에게, 저는학교에
서새로운친구를사귀는것이힘듭니다. 조언을좀해주실수
있나요?”라고썼군요. 물론입니다, 팀. 해야할일을몇가지
권해드리겠습니다. 우선저라면학교동호회에가입해보겠어
요. 새로운친구를사귈수있는기회가생길겁니다. 다음으
로, 시선을맞추는연습을하고반친구들에게미소를보여주
세요. 그렇게하면당신이친절한사람이며좀더알고지낼준
비가돼있다는인상을줄수있어요. 이상의조언이도움이되
기를바랍니다.
Script
Words & Phrases have trouble -ing ·하는데어려움을겪다 grade[greid] 성적 eye contact 시선맞추기 small talk 잡담¸ 수다
opportunity[¢p‰÷t∆ù;n‰ti] 기회
1 Have you ever faced the same problem as the above?
위와동일한문제에직면해본적이있는가?
2 What would you do if you were in his / her place?
위인물의입장이라면여러분은어떻게하겠는가?
Guide
Questions
I had an argument with one of my best friends. Since the argument with her,
we haven’t talked to each other for weeks. I want to go back to the time when
I was on good terms with her. What should I do in this situation?
나는나의가장친한친구중한명과다투었다. 그애와다툰이후로, 우리는몇주간이나서로대화를하지않고있다.
나는그애와사이좋게지내던때로돌아가고싶다. 이와같은상황에서내가어떻게해야할까?
Problem
Psychology in Our Everyday Lifel
177
Step 3 Solve a Problem 문제점을설명하는이야기를듣고¸ 조언해보시오¸
Andy is struggling with English. Despite the fact that he’s spent a lot of time learning
English, he still lacks confidence. He really wants to improve his English, but doesn’t know
how. What would you tell him in this situation?
앤디는영어때문에힘들어한다. 영어를배우는데많은시간을보내지만, 여전히자신감이부족하다. 그는자신의영어를향상시키고싶지만방법
을알지못한다. 이런상황에서해줄수있는말은무엇인가?
Words & Phrases master[m®st‰÷] 터득하다 surround[s‰ráund] 둘러싸다 material[m‰tíÂri‰l] 재료¸ 자료 get it right 올바르게하다
Possible Answers
I really agree with you. I know that it is not easy to learn a language. But, I’d like you to try a few things. Here are some
tips which may help you to master English. First, surround yourself with English. The more English material that you
have around you, the easier you will learn. Second, study as often as possible! The fastest way to learn anything is to
do it again and again until you get it right. Like anything, learning English requires practice. So, it is necessary to study
as often as possible. Finally, have fun and patience not to give up. It takes time to master English. I hope these tips will
helpful! 나도네말에정말동감해. 언어를배우는것이쉬운일이아니라는건나도알아. 하지만몇가지를시도해보는게좋을것같아. 영어를익히는
데도움이될만한몇가지비결을알려줄게. 우선영어를항상가까이해야돼. 주변에영어자료가많을수록더쉽게배우게될거야. 둘째, 가능한한자주
공부해! 어떤것이든가장빠르게배우는방법은올바르게할때까지반복하는거야. 다른것과마찬가지로영어를배우는데는연습이필요해. 따라서되
도록자주공부하는것이필수야. 마지막으로, 즐기면서포기하지않도록인내심을가져. 영어를익히는데는시간이걸려. 이조언들이도움이됐으면좋
겠어!
use English outside class sign up for English conversation classes
listen to English radio programs watch English movies
read English books find friends to talk with in English
Useful Expressions
Words & Phrases be on good terms with ·와사이좋게지내다 face[feis] 직면하다 in one’s place ·의입장에서 courage[kÁ;rid,] 용기
put oneself in shoes ·의입장이되어생각하다
I really agree with you. I know that it is not always easy to make up with your
best friend.
But I’d like you to try .
First, .
Second, .
Finally, .
나도네말에정말동감해. 너의가장친한친구와화해하는것이늘쉬운건아니라는것을알고있어. 하지만몇가지
를시도해보는게좋을것같아. 첫째로그애에게다시말을걸용기를찾아야해. 둘째, 내가너라면다툼이시작된원
인을알아보려고노력할거야. 마지막으로나는같은일이다시일어나지않도록하기위해그친구의입장이되어생각
해보기를권할게.
I suggest that you put yourself in her shoes not to make the same thing happen again
if I were you, I would try to figure out why the argument began
you should find the courage to talk to her again
a few things
Solution
178
mLesson 6
Level Up Your Speaking
On the Spot On the Spot
1
2
More Expressions
1¸ 격려하기
A: 프로그램을그만둘까생각중이야.
B: 그러지말고, 힘을내!
¸¸ 충고하기
A: 친구를사귀는게힘들어.
B: 내가너라면, 새친구들과친해지려고할거야.

아직포기하지마!
다음번에는더잘할거야.
¸¸
…하면더잘될거야.
…하는게좋을것같아.
Solve a Problem
(
2
)
교과서¡¸ 1¸[
A: I am thinking of quitting the
program.
B: Come on, cheer up!
When you encourage someone 1
A: It's hard for me to make friends.
B: If I were you, I would open up
to new friends.
When you give advice 2
·Don’t give up yet!
·You’ll do better next time.
·I think you’d better off ...
·I think you should ...
Psychology in Our Everyday Lifel
179
Before You Read
A. Topic Focus 외향적인사람과내향적인사람의주요특징에대한목록을읽어보시오¸
B. Word Focus 상자안의알맞은단어를써서빈칸을채우시오¸

outgoing a. friendly and love to meet people 사교적인 형용사. 친절하며사람만나는것을좋아하는

withdrawn a. very quiet and not wanting to talk with people
내성적인 형용사. 매우조용하며사람들과이야기하는것을싫어하는

stereotype n. a fixed idea of something 선입견 명사. 어떤것에대한고정관념

temperament n. one’s basic nature 기질 명사. 사람의기본적인성격
Read
교과서¡¸ 1A(
Possible Answers 1. I think I am an extrovert because I like hanging out with my friends. / I think I am an introvert
because I prefer reading to playing sports. 나는친구들과어울리는것을좋아하기때문에외향적인사람인것같다. / 나는운동을하는
것보다 독서를 더 좋아하기 때문에 외향적인 사람인 것 같다. 2. I feel more attracted to those who are energetic, and enjoy
outdoor activities. / I feel more attracted to those who listen more than they talk. 나는활기가넘치고야외활동을즐기는사
람들에게더끌린다. / 나는말하기보다경청하는사람에게더끌린다.
Words & Phrases gathering[g®"Âri\] 모임 build up 확립하다¸ 일구다 appear[‰pí‰÷] ·인것같다 tend to ·하는경향이있다
Words & Phrases fixed[fikst] 고정된¸ 확고한 basic[bèisik] 기본적인 media[mí;di‰] 매체¸ 미디어 blood type 혈액형
1 Are you an extrovert or an introvert? 여러분은외향적인사람인가, 내향적인사람인가?
2 To what kind of people do you feel attracted? 여러분은어떤유형의사람에끌리는가?
Discuss
Extroverts 외향적인사람
·Prefer to go out with other people in free time
여가시간에다른사람들과외출하는것을더좋아한다.
·Feel energized after outdoor activities
야외활동을한후활력을느낀다.
·Enjoy attending social gatherings
친목회에참여하는것을즐긴다.
·Are generally quite energetic
대체로매우활기차다.
·Speak or act without thinking first
무심코말하거나행동한다.
Introverts 내향적인사람
·Prefer to stay at home in free time
여가시간에집에있는것을더좋아한다.
·Need to rest after outdoor activities
야외활동후에는쉬고싶어한다.
·Build up close relationships with friends
친구들과친밀한관계를형성한다.
·Appear calm and like to observe
차분해보이며관찰하는것을좋아한다.
·Tend to think before you speak or act
말하거나행동하기전에생각하는경향이있다.
1 Amy has always been and makes many friends. 에이미는늘사교적이며친구들을많이사귄다.
2 He has an artistic . 그는예술적인기질이있다.
3 The media creates common about the blood type. 언론은혈액형에관한진부한고정관념을만들어낸다.
4 My son has become at school, showing no interest in activities.
내아들은학교에서활동에관심을전혀보이지않더니내성적으로변했다.
withdrawn
stereotypes
temperament
outgoing
180
mLesson 6
What are Introverts and Extroverts?

Do you zone out if too much is going on?

Are you
energized by spending time alone?

In meetings, do you need
to be asked for your opinions and ideas?

Do you tend to
notice details that other people miss?

Is your ideal celebration
a small get-together rather than a big party?

Do you often
feel like a tortoise surrounded by hares?

If so, there is
nothing wrong with you.

You’re just an introvert.

Psychoanalyst Carl Jung developed theories about
introverts and extroverts and argued that both of them are
attracted to their counterparts to help strengthen and complete
what ’ s mi ssi ng i n each of t hem.

He al so saw this
continuum as a natural way for us to appreciate
complementary qualities in one another.
§
So, what are the
main differences between introverts and extroverts?
Q
In the
following article, we can learn that the differences lie in where
they summon up energy and how they perceive knowledge and
experience.
내향적인사람과외향적인사람은어떤사
람들인가?
①한꺼번에많은일이벌어지면멍해지는가? ②혼
자지낼때활력이생기는가? ③모임에서질문을받아
야의견이나생각을말하는가? ④다른사람들이놓치
는세부사항을잘알아차리는경향이있는가? ⑤이상
적인 축하연이란 성대한 파티보다는 작은 모임인가?
⑥ 토끼에 둘러싸인 거북이 같다는 느낌을 자주 받는
가? ⑦그렇다면여러분에게는문제가없다. ⑧여러분
은그저내향적인사람일뿐이다.
⑨ 심리학자인 칼 융은 내향적인 사람과 외향적인
사람에관한이론을발전시켰으며, 두성향모두각자
에게 없는 성향을 강화시키고 완성하는 데 도움이 될
수있게끔반대성향에끌린다고주장했다. ⑩그는또
한이러한연속체를우리가서로에게서보완적인특성
을알아볼수있도록해주는자연스러운방식으로보았
다. ⑪그럼내향적인사람과외향적인사람의주요차
이점은무엇일까? ⑫다음글을통해우리는그들의활
력을불러일으키는근원과그들이지식및경험을인지
하는방식에차이점이있다는것을알수있다.
Extrovert vs. Introvert
Read
외향적인사람대내향적인사람
Possible Answer 1. It was Carl Jung that developed the theories about introverts and extroverts. 내향적인사람과외향적인사
람에관한이론을발전시킨사람은칼융이다.
교과서¡¸ 1A1
| Words & Phrases | zone out 멍해지다 energize[èn‰÷d,àiz] 기운을복돋우다 introvert[íntr‰vË;÷t] 내향적인사람 extrovert [èkstro¨vË;÷t]
외향적인 사람 counterpart[káunt‰÷p¢;÷t] 대응 관계에 있는 사람 continuum[k‰ntínju‰m] 연속체 complementary[k¢mpl‰mèntÂri]
상호보완적인 summon up 불러일으키다 perceive[p‰÷sí;v] 인지하다
| Structures |
⑥surrounded by hares는과거분사구로명사a tortoise를뒤에서수식하며¸ which is가생략되어있다¸
⑨주어는Carl Jung¸ 동사는developed와argued이다¸ that절은argued의목적어이다¸ to help는목적을나타내는부사적용법으로쓰였으며¸ help
는strengthen과complete를목적보어로취하고있다¸ what은‘(·하는) 것|일|’이라는의미로선행사를포함하는관계대명사이다¸
⑩see A as B는‘A를B로여기다’라는뜻이다¸ to appreciate는to부정사의형용사적용법으로쓰여명사way를수식한다¸
1. Who developed some theories about introverts and extroverts?
내향적인사람과외향적인사람에대한몇가지이론을발전시킨사람은누구인가?
2. The main differences between introverts and extroverts arise from where they [create / save] energy and how they
[show / perceive] knowledge and experience.
내향적인사람과외향적인사람의주요차이점은활력의근원과지식및경험을지각하는방식에있다.
Check Your Understanding
Psychology in Our Everyday Lifel
181
교과서¡¸ 1A¸
What Creates Energy for Them?

The primary difference between introverts and extroverts is
how they recharge their batteries.

Extroverts are energized by
the outer world.

Most extroverts like talking to people,
engaging in activities outside of themselves, and working
around people.

Contrary to most of our perceptions about
extroverts, they are not necessarily more outgoing or lively than
introverts; however, their focus is outside themselves.

Extroverts spend energy freely and often have trouble
slowing down.

They can refresh themselves easily by doing
something in the outside world, especially since there is so
much to choose from today.

Extroverts may experience
loneliness and a feeling of being exhausted when they are not in
contact with people or the outside world.

They may be the
ones who are eager to go after a party, asking, “What shall we
do next?”

Often, the hardest activities for them is relaxing
and giving their body a rest.
그들은어떻게활력을얻는가?
①내향적인사람과외향적인사람의주요차이점은
힘을 재충전하는 방식이다. ② 외향적인 사람은 바깥
세상에서활력을얻는다. ③대다수의외향적인사람들
은사람들과이야기하기, 외부활동에참여하기, 사람
들곁에서일하는것을즐긴다. ④외향적인사람들에
대해 우리가 대부분 알고 있는 것과는 반대로 그들이
꼭내향적인사람보다더사교적이고활달한것은아니
지만그들의관심사는자신들외부에있다.
⑤ 외향적인 사람들은 거리낌 없이 활력을 쏟으며
느긋해지는 데 어려움을 겪는다. ⑥ 특히나 요즈음엔
선택의여지가매우많기때문에그들은바깥세상에서
무언가를할때쉽게생기를되찾을수있다. ⑦외향적
인사람들은타인및바깥세상과접촉하지않을때외
로움과피로감을경험할지도모른다. ⑧그들은“우리
이다음에는뭘할까요?”라고물으며파티를쫓아다니
는데에열심인사람일지도모른다. ⑨그들에게가장
힘든활동이란긴장을풀고쉬는일일때가많다.
| Words & Phrases | recharge[ri;t∫£;÷d,] 재충전하다 outer[áut‰÷] 외부의 engage in ·에참여하다 contrary to ·에반해서
perception[p‰÷sèp∫Ân] 지각¸ 인식 have trouble ~ing ·에곤란을겪다 be in contact with ·와접촉|연락|하다 give ~ a rest ·을쉬다
Ex. Contrary to expectations, his book was a great success. (예상과는달리¸ 그의책은큰성공을거두었다¸)
| Structures |
③Most extroverts like talking ..., engaging ..., and working around people.: talking¸ engaging¸ working은 동등한 구조를 취하며 등위접
속사and로연결되는병렬구조이다¸
④... they are not necessarily more outgoing or lively than introverts...: not necessarily는‘반드시|꼭| ·는 아니다’라는 뜻으로 부분 부정을
나타낸다¸
⑤Extroverts ... often have trouble slowing down.: have trouble[difficulty¸ a problem] + (in) + -ing는‘·하는 데 어려움을 겪다’라는 뜻
이다¸
⑥... since there is so much to choose from today.: since는‘· 때문에’라는 뜻으로 이유를 나타내는 접속사로 쓰였다¸ to choose는 형용사적
용법으로쓰였으며앞선명사much를수식한다¸
⑧They may be the ones who are eager to go after a party ...?: who이하는관계대명사절로서선행사the ones를수식하고있다¸
⑨Often, the hardest activities ... is relaxing and giving their body a rest.: relaxing과giving은주격보어역할을하는동명사이다¸
1 Extroverts are always more outgoing than their counterparts.
외향적인사람들은반대적성향의내향적인사람들보다언제나더사교적이다.
2 Extroverts may feel lonely when not in contact with other people.
외향적인사람들은다른사람과접촉하지않을때외로움을느낄수있다.
Check Your Understanding
T F
T F
182
mLesson 1
교과서¡¡¸ 1A¸
Read
분사구의명사수식 Grammar
·분사의한정적용법. 분사가명사의앞이나뒤에서꾸며주며형용사역할을하는것을말한다¸
·현재분사는능동과진행의의미를나타낸다¸ 과거분사는수동과완료의의미를나타낸다¸
·Ex. Do you often feel like a tortoise surrounded by hares? (과거분사)
The homes destroyed by the hurricane will be restored in a few months. (과거분사)
The park is full of students taking pictures. (현재분사)
병렬구조
·대등한문법적요소가접속사로연결된구조를병렬구조라고부른다¸ 병렬구조에쓰이는접속사로는등위접속사와상관접속사가있다¸ 예를들어「명사+and +명
사」¸ 「동사+and +동사」는병렬구조를만족시키므로문법적으로옳지만¸ 「부사+and +형용사」¸ 「명사+and +동사」¸ 「동명사+and +to부정사」는병렬구조를
만족시키지못하므로문법적으로틀린다¸
·등위접속사의병렬 (and, but, or)
Ex. Most extroverts like talking to people, engaging in activities outside of themselves, and working around people.
She likes reading, writing and solving math problems.
Almost every student hates to take tests and to do homework.
·상관접속사의병렬(either ~ or¸ neither ~ nor¸ both ~ and¸ not only ~ but also)
Ex. You should either go to the court or to the human rights commission.
Mrs. Kim is both intelligent and beautiful.
have trouble +-ing
·have +trouble[difficulty¸ a problem] +(in) -ing는‘·하는데어려움을겪다’라는의미의표현이다¸
Ex. Extroverts spend energy freely and often have trouble slowing down.
I had trouble finding your house.
I’m having trouble filling out this form.
I have trouble working with him.
Psychology in Our Everyday Lifel
183

Introverts, on the other hand, are energized by the internal
world, such as ideas, impressions, and emotions.

They need a
quiet, reflective place where they can think things through and
recharge themselves.

Counter to our stereotypes of introverts,
they are not necessarily quiet or withdrawn; however their
focus is inside their head.

They might say with relief,
“Whew! It was great to catch up with Bill, but I am so glad
the party is over!”

Creating energy isn’t so easy for introverts, however,
especially in today’s fast-paced world.

It takes more time for
introverts to restore energy, and it flows out faster than an
extrovert’s energy.

Thus introverts need to calculate how
much energy something will take and how much they need to
conserve, and then they should plan accordingly.
①반면에내향적인사람은생각, 인상, 감정과같은
내면의세계에서활력을얻는다. ②그들은골똘히생
각하고재충전할수있게사색에잠길수있는조용한
장소를필요로한다. ③내향적인사람들에대한우리
의고정관념과는반대로, 그들이꼭조용하거나소극적
인 것은 아니다. 그렇지만 그들의 관심사는 머릿속에
있다. ④그들은“휴! 빌과그동안의소식을나눈건좋
았지만파티가끝나서얼마나기쁜지몰라!”라고말하
며안도할지도모른다.
⑤하지만특히나오늘날과같이급변하는세상에서
활력을북돋는것은내향적인사람들에게쉽지만은않
다. ⑥내향적인사람들이활력을되찾는데는더많은
시간이걸리며외향적인사람들이가진활력보다더빨
리소진된다. ⑦따라서내향적인사람들은어떤일에
는얼마나많은힘이필요하며얼마만큼아껴두어야하
는지를계산한다음에그에따라계획을세워야한다.
1 From what are introverts energized? 외향적인사람은어디에서활력을얻는가?
2 Where do introverts recharge themselves? 내향적인사람들이재충전하는곳은어디인가?
Check Your Understanding
교과서¡¸ 1A¸
| Words & Phrases | internal[intÁ;÷nl] 내부의 reflective[riflèktiv] 사색적인 think through 충분히생각하다 counter to ·와반대로
stereotype[stèri‰tàip] 고정관념 withdrawn[wi"dr≤;n] 내향적인 relief[rilí;f] 안도¸ 안심 catch up with 따라잡다 calculate
[k®lkj‰léit] 계산하다 conserve[k‰nsÁ;÷v] 아끼다 accordingly[‰k≤;÷di\li] 그에맞춰
| Structures |
①「such as + 명사」는‘·처럼¸ ·같은’이라는뜻으로¸ 「like + 명사」로바꿔쓸수있다¸
②where는관계부사로where이하가place를수식한다¸ where는「전치사+관계대명사」형태인in which로바꿔쓸수있다¸
③not necessarily는‘반드시·한것은아니다’라는의미의부분부정을나타낸다¸
④it가가주어¸ to catch up with Bill이진주어인문장이다¸ glad 다음에접속사that이생략되어있다¸
⑤동명사creating이문장의주어로쓰인구문이다¸
⑥for introverts는lç부정사의의미상의주어를나타낸다¸ and 뒤에나오는대명사it은energy를가리킨다¸
⑦calculate의목적어로how much energy...와how much they... 가등위접속사and로연결된병렬구문이다¸
Possible Answers 1. They are energized from the internal world such as ideas, impressions, and emotions. 그들은생각, 인
상, 감정과같은내면세계에서활력을얻는다. 2. They recharge themselves in a quiet, reflective place. 그들은조용하고사색에잠길수
있는곳에서재충전한다.
부분부정 Grammar
·‘모두가·인것은아니다¸ 항상·인것인아니다’처럼일부만부정하는것을부분부정이라고하며¸ 다음과같은구문이주로쓰인다¸
·not +all[every] (모두가·하는건아니다) ·not + always (항상·하는건아니다)
·not +necessarily (반드시·한건아니다) ·not + both (둘다·한건아니다)
·Ex. The smartphone is not always useful.
You cannot choose both of them. / Hard work doesn’t necessarily pay.
184
mLesson 6
Read
교과서¡¸ 1AA
How Deep or Wide are Their Perceptions?

Another way extroverts and introverts are different involves
the concept of breadth and depth.

By and large, extroverts
like breadth-having lots of friends and experiences, knowing a
little bit about everything, and being a generalist.

What they
take in from the outside environment does not generally
expand internally as they process the experience.

Instead, they
are on to the next experience.

One of your extroverted friends
might tell you, “I love to flit around a party and just catch the
highlights from each conversation.”

In this situation, your
friend doesn’t like to miss out on anything.

For extroverts,
life is about collecting experiences.

Extroverts view the world
as an extensive Sunday brunch.

They can graze at the
banquet, fill up on all sorts of treats, and leave when they are
ful l to bursting.

They want to wring every drop of
stimulation they can from life.
§
Variety is stimulating and
energizing to them.
지각능력의폭
①외향적인사람과내향적인사람의또다른차이
점은넓이와깊이의개념과관련이있다. ②대체로외
향적인사람은많은친구를두고많은경험을하는것,
모든것에대해조금씩이나마아는것, 다방면에걸쳐
많이알고있는것처럼폭넓은것을좋아한다. ③일반
적으로그들이외부환경에서받아들인것은경험을처
리하는 과정에서 내면으로 확장되지는 않는다. ④ 그
대신그들은그다음으로올경험을알아차린다. ⑤외
향적인친구들중한명은여러분에게“나는파티에서
가볍게이리저리다니는걸좋아하고하는대화마다요
점만 들어.”라고 말할지도 모른다. ⑥ 이런 상황에서
여러분의친구는그무엇도놓치고싶어하지않는것
이다. ⑦외향적인사람들에게삶이란경험을수집하는
것이다. ⑧ 외향적인 사람들은 세상을 성대한 일요일
조찬으로여긴다. ⑨그들은이연회에서각종요리를
맛보고, 온갖종류의요리로배를채우고는터질듯배
가부를때자리를떠난다. ⑩그들은인생에서마지막
한방울의자극까지가능한한남김없이짜내려한다.
⑪그들에게다양성이란활력을주는것이며활기를북
돋아주는것이다.
Psychology in Our Everyday Lifel
185
1 The concept of breadth and depth differentiates introverts from extroverts.
넓이와깊이의개념이내향적인사람들과외향적인사람들을차별화한다.
2 Extroverts do not like to miss out on anything at a party.
파티에서외향적인사람들은그무엇도놓치고싶어하지않는다.
Check Your Understanding
| Words & Phrases | breadth[bred^] 폭 depth[dep^] 깊이 by and large 대체로 generalist[d,ènÂr‰list] 박학다식한사람 take in
흡수하다, 섭취하다 expand[iksp®nd] 확대되다|시키다| flit around 돌아다니다 miss out on 놓치다 extensive[ikstènsiv] 대규모의
graze[greiz] 식사하다 banquet[b®\kwit] 연회 bursting[b‰;÷st] 폭발 wring[ri\] 짜다 stimulation[stímj‰lèi∫Ân] 자극¸ 흥분
Ex. By and large, I enjoyed my first year at college. (나는대체로대학생활첫해를즐겁게보냈다¸)
He couldn’t really take in failure in business. (그는사업의실패를좀처럼받아들일수없었다¸)
She seems to regret missing out on such a good opportunity. (그녀는그렇게좋은기회를놓친것을안타까워하는듯했다¸)
| Structures |
①Another way extroverts and introverts are different involves the concept of breadth and depth.: another way가 주어¸ involves가
동사¸ the concept이하가목적어이다¸ extroverts ... different는선행사way를수식하는관계부사절이다¸ 관계부사how는선행사way와동시에사
용될수없어서생략되었다¸
②... extroverts like breadth-having lots of friends and experiences, knowing a little bit about everything, and being a generalist.:
having...¸ knowing...¸ being...은동명사구로like의목적어로쓰였으며breadth를부연설명하고있다¸
③What they take in from the outside environment does not generally expand internally as they ...: what은선행사가포함된관계대명사로
‘(·하는) 것|일|’을뜻한다¸ 여기서는what ... environment가주어로쓰였다¸ they는extroverts를가리킨다¸
④Instead, they are on to the next experience.: be on to는‘·을알고있다¸ 알아차리다’라는뜻이다¸
⑤... I love to flit around a party and just catch the highlights ...: to flit와 (to) catch가 등위접속사 and로 연결된 병렬 구문이다¸ 이들은 동
사love의목적어로쓰인to부정사구이다¸
⑧Extroverts view the world as an extensive Sunday brunch.: view A as B는‘A를B로보다|여기다|’라는뜻이다¸
⑨They can graze at the banquet, fill up on all sorts of treats, and leave ...: fill up on ·은‘·로채우다’라는뜻이다¸ 주어는they이며동사
graze¸ fill¸ leave가조동사can에뒤따르며병렬되고있다¸
to부정사와동명사를목적으로취하는동사 Grammar
·to부정사만목적어로취하는동사
want¸ need¸ expect¸ plan¸ decide¸ intent¸ fail¸ pretend¸ afford¸ manage¸ agree 등
·동명사만목적어로취하는동사
enjoy¸ imagine¸ keep¸ dislike¸ mind¸ avoid¸ mind¸ finish¸ quit¸ give up¸ suggest¸ recommend¸ consider 등
·to부정사와동명사를모두목적어로취하는동사
두형태의의미가동일한동사. begin¸ like¸ love¸ prefer¸ continue 등
두형태의의미가달라지는동사. remember¸ forget¸ try¸ regret 등
Ex. He remembered fixing the car. 그는차를수리한기억이났다¸ (이미고침)
He remembered to fix the car. 그는차를수리해야한다는것이기억났다¸ (아직고치지않음)
T F
T F
186
mLesson 6
Read

Introverts, on the other hand, like depth, and while they
limit their experiences, they feel each of them deeply.

They
often have fewer friends but are more intimate with them.

They l ike to del ve deepl y into topics and l ook for
“ri chness” more than “muchness. ”

This is why it’ s
necessary for them to limit their topics to one or two.

Otherwise, they can become overwhelmed.

Their mind
absorbs information from the outside environment and then
reflects on it and expands it.

And long after they have taken
in the information, they are still munching and crunching it a
little like cows chewing their cud.

How would anyone other
than an introvert have had the patience to study a countless
number of snowflake shapes?

This is also why introverts
resent being interrupted.

It’s difficult for them to pull
themselves up and out of their deep well of concentration.
§
And gaining that concentration again takes lots of extra
energy that they often don’t have.
Q
Jung suggested that the goal of a well-lived life was the
attainment of wholeness, which means achieving harmony
through knowing and valuing your own personal strengths and
weaknesses.
§
He thought of all positions on the introvert-
extrovert continuum as healthy and necessary.
§
While some of
us are more innately extroverted or more innately introverted,
everyone has a natural resting point where he or she can gain
more energy and expend less energy.
Q
We need the strengths
of each type of temperament to balance the world because each
temperament supplies strengths whereas the other has
constraints.
①반면에내향적인사람들은깊이를좋아하며자신
들의경험을제한하면서각각의경험들을깊이느낀다.
②그들은때때로친구는더적지만그들과더친밀하
게지낸다. ③그들은주제에깊이파고드는것을좋아
하며“많은것”보다“풍부함”을추구한다. ④이때문
에 그들은 주제를 한두 가지로 제한시켜야 할 필요가
있는것이다. ⑤그렇지않으면헤어나지못할수도있
다. ⑥그들의정신은외부환경에서정보를흡수한다
음그에대해곰곰이생각하고발전시킨다. ⑦그리고
그정보를받아들인후에도마치소가되새김질을하듯
여전히조금씩오랫동안씹고또씹는다. ⑧내향적인
사람이아니라면그누가무수한눈송이의형체를연구
할만큼인내심을발휘할수있겠는가? ⑨이는내향적
인사람들이방해받는것을불쾌해하는또다른이유이
기도하다. ⑩그들은집중력이라는깊은우물밖으로
벗어나는것을힘들어한다. ⑪그리고그러한집중력을
다시회복하려면그들에게는많은힘이추가로소모되
는데, 그들에게는종종그런에너지가없다.
⑫융은잘사는삶의목표는완전함에이르는것이
며, 이는자신의개별적인장점및약점을인식하고소
중히 여겨 조화를 이루는 것을 의미한다고 시사했다.
⑬그는내향적-외향적연속체상의모든지점은다건
강하고필수적인것이라고생각했다. ⑭우리중어떤
이들은선천적으로더외향적이거나선천적으로더내
향적인동시에, 힘을더많이얻으면서도덜쓸수있게
휴식을취하게해주는자연스러운지점이모든사람에
게있다. ⑮각성향에는장점이있지만제약도따르므
로, 세상이 균형을 유지하려면 우리에게는 각 유형의
성향이갖는장점이필요하다.
교과서¡¸ 1A¦
1 Why is it necessary for introverts to deal with only one or two topics?
내향적인사람들이한두가지의주제만다루어야하는이유는무엇인가?
2 What did Jung suggest as the goal of a well-lived life?
융이잘사는삶의목표로제안한것은무엇인가?
Check Your Understanding
Possible Answers 1. That’s because they like to delve into topics and look for richness. When dealing with many topics,
they easily become overwhelmed. 그들은주제에파고드는것을좋아하고풍부함을추구하기때문이다. 많은주제를다루게되면그들은쉽게
압도된다. 2. He suggested that to attain wholeness was the goal of a well-lived life. 그는완전함을이루는것이잘사는삶의목표
라고시사했다.
Psychology in Our Everyday Lifel
187
| Words & Phrases | intimate[ínt‰m‰t] 친밀한 delve into 파고들다¸ 탐구하다 overwhelm[òuv‰÷¶wèlm] 압도하다 absorb[‰bs≤;÷b] 흡수
하다 munch[m<nt∫] 와삭와삭먹다 crunch[kr<nt∫] 완전히으스러뜨리다 chew[t∫u;] 씹다 cud[k<d] 새김질하다 resent[rizènt] 분개하다
interrupt[ìnt‰r=pt] 방해하다 attainment[‰tèinm‰nt] 성취 wholeness[hóulnis] 전체 innately[inèitli] 선천적으로 expend[ikspènd]
연장하다 temperament[tempÂr‰m‰nt] 기질 constraint[k‰nstrèint] 제한
Ex. The natural beauty of the mountain overwhelmed me. (그산의자연미는나를압도했다¸)
I believe a man has a sense of justice which is given innately. (나는인간에게선천적으로주어진정의감이있다고믿는다¸)
| Structures |
④This is why it’s necessary for them to limit ...: it는가주어¸ to limit이하는진주어¸ 「for + 목적격」이to부정사의의미상의주어로쓰였다¸
⑤Otherwise, they can become overwhelmed.: otherwise는 if they do not limit topics to one or two라는 의미로¸ 앞서 언급된 상황의 반대
상황을나타낸다¸
⑥Their mind absorbs information ... and then reflects on it and expands it.: their mind가주어이며¸ 동사는absorbs¸ reflects¸ expands
이다¸ it가가리키는것은information이다¸
⑦And long after ... like cows chewing their cud.: 전치사 like는‘·처럼’이라는 의미이며¸ chewing their cuds는 현재분사구로 cows를 뒤에
서수식하고있다¸
⑧How would anyone other than an introvert have had the patience ...?: other than은‘·가 아닌¸ ·외에 다른’이라는 의미로 쓰였다¸
「would +have + 과거분사」는과거에대한추측이나가정을나타낸다¸
⑨... why introverts resent being interrupted.: 동명사의수동형인being interrupted가resent의목적어로쓰였다¸
⑩It’s difficult for them to pull themselves up and out of their well of concentration.: it는가주어¸ to pull이하가진주어이다¸ 「for + 목적격」은
to부정사의의미상의주어이다¸ up과out of는동사pull를수식하는부사이다¸
⑪And gaining that concentration again takes lots of extra energy that they often don’t have.: 동명사 gaining이 문장의 주어이다¸
energy 뒤에이어지는that은목적격관계대명사로that이하가energy를수식한다¸
⑫..., which means achieving harmony ...: 「,(콤마) + which」는 관계대명사의 계속적 용법을 나타내며¸ 「접속사 + 대명사」형태인 and it[ the
attainment of wholeness]으로바꾸어쓸수있다¸
⑭... where[at which] he or she can gain more energy and expend less energy.: where는관계부사로「전치사+관계대명사」형태인at which
로바꿔쓸수있다¸
「조동사+have +과거분사」의의미 Grammar
·would have +과거분사 . ·했었을것이다(가정법과거)
·cannot[couldn’t] have +과거분사 . ·이었을리가없다(과거사실에대한추측)
·must have +과거분사 . ·이었음에틀림없다(과거사실에대한추측)
·should have +과거분사 . ·했어야했다(과거사실에대한유감)
·may[might] have +과거분사 . ·이었을지모른다(과거사실에대한추측)
188
mLesson 6
A. Main Ideas 본문의개요를완성하시오¸
B. Inferences 다음설명을읽고¸ 외향적인사람(j)과내향적인사람(l)을구분해보시오¸
Read
교과서¡¡¸ 1A(·1A7
After You Read
Kayla E
I am easy to get
along with and like
being around
people.
나는사람들과쉽게잘어
울리고함께있는것을좋
아한다.
Jinsoo I
I am more
concerned with my
own thoughts than
the external world.
나는외부세계보다내생
각에더관심을가진다.
Yaerim I
I usually feel
nervous when in
the center of
attention.
나는주목을받을때주로
긴장한다.
Dain E
I am open with
feelings and
opinions.
나는내감정과의견을잘
표현하는편이다.
Psychoanalyst Carl Jung thought all aspects on the introvert-extrovert as healthy and
necessary.
continuum
·They like lots of
experiences, being a
.
·For them, life is about
collecting experiences.
generalist
·They are energized by
the outer world.
·They refresh themselves
by doing something in
the outer world.
internal continuum source richness generalist
Extroverts
·They limit their
experiences, but feel
each of them deeply.
·They like to look for
‘ ’ more than
‘muchness.’
richness
·They are energized by
the world.
·They recharge
themselves in a quiet,
reflective place.
internal
Introverts
The way of
perceiving
knowledge and
experience
The
of energy
source
How are extroverts and introverts different from each other?
Words & Phrases aspect[®spekt] 측면 think A as B A를B라고여기다
Psychology in Our Everyday Lifel
189
D. Extended Reading 다음문장이들어갈가장적절한곳을고르시오¸
C. Further Comprehension 내향적인사람에관한본문의내용과일치하지않는것을고르시오¸
a. They need a quiet place where they can think over things.
그들은곰곰이생각할수있는조용한장소를필요로한다.
b. The common belief about them is that they are quiet and withdrawn.
그들에대해일반적으로알려진믿음은그들은조용하고내성적이라는것이다.
c. They often have trouble creating energy in today’s fast-paced world.
그들은오늘날과같이급변하는세계에서힘을북돋는데어려움을겪는다.
d. They are better at calculating the energy to use than extroverts.
그들은외향적인사람들보다써야할힘을계산하는데더능하다.
However, there are some drawbacks to being an extrovert.
Introverts are energized by the internal world, such as ideas, impressions, and emotions. They need a
quiet, reflective place where they can think things through and recharge themselves. Counter to our
stereotypes of introverts, they are not necessarily quiet or withdrawn; however, their focus is inside their
head. They might say with relief, “Whew! It was great to catch up with Bill, but I am so glad the party is
over!” Creating energy isn’t so easy for introverts, however, especially in today’s fast-paced world. It takes
more time for introverts to restore energy, and it flows out faster than an extrovert’s energy. Thus introverts
need to calculate how much energy something will take and how much they need to conserve, and then they
should plan accordingly.
In Western culture, particularly in the United States, the extrovert is considered socially superior to the
introvert, as he or she genuinely enjoys the company of others in large groups. ( ) The extrovert is often
perceived as engaging and exciting. ( ) A study conducted by psychologist David Myers found that
extroverts are more likely to be “happy” than introverts, although the reason is unknown. ( ) Other studies
have revealed that the extrovert experiences more blood flow in parts of the brain dealing with the senses and
emotional response. ( ) Extroverts may have a harder time at school, particularly higher education,
because of the amount of studying alone often required to do well. ( ) An extrovert will probably enjoy
socializing with people more than reading books and taking notes alone in his or her room.
서양문화, 특히나미국에서는큰집단에서다른사람들과어울리는것을진심으로즐긴다는이유로외향적인사람이내향적인사람보다사회
적으로더우월한것으로여겨진다. 외향적인사람은붙임성이있고흥미로운사람으로종종인식된다. 심리학자인데이비드마이어스가수행한
연구에따르면, 이유는밝혀지지않았으나외향적인사람들이내향적인사람보다더‘행복해하는’경향이있는것으로나타났다. 다른연구에서
는외향적인사람이감각과정서적반응을관장하는뇌부위에더많은혈액흐름을경험한다는것을밝혀내기도했다. 그러나외향적인사람에
게는몇가지단점도있다. 외향적인사람들은특히고등교육에서공부를더잘하기위해종종요구되는단독학습량때문에학교에서더어려움
을겪을수있다. 외향적인사람은자기방에서메모를하거나독서를하는것보다사람들과어울리는것을더즐길것이다.





190
mLesson 6
Language Focus
B. Useful Expressions
It was great to catch up with Bill.
The school reunion is a chance to catch up with old
friends.
Your friend doesn’t like to miss out on anything at the
party.
Martin missed out on a trip to Paris because of his leg
injury.
Introverts like to delve into topics and look for “richness”
more than “muchness.”
They started to delve into her past.
빌과그동안의소식을나눠서좋았다.
동창회는옛친구들과그동안의소식을나눌수있는기
회이다.
여러분의친구는그무엇도놓치고싶어하지않는다.
마틴은다리부상때문에파리여행의기회를놓쳤다.
내향적인사람들은주제에깊이파고드는것을좋아하며
“많은것”보다“풍부함”을구한다.
그들은그녀의과거를파헤치기시작했다.
C. Structures
Do you often feel like a tortoise surrounded by hares?
The instructions printed on the label teach you how to fix
the washing machine.
Most extroverts like talking to people, engaging in activities
outside of themselves, and working around people.
Al most every day we descri be and assess the
personalities of the people around us.
Extroverts spend energy freely and often have trouble
slowing down.
When people with chewing problems eat foods, they may
have trouble digesting them.
토끼에둘러싸인거북이같다는느낌을자주받나요?
그상표에인쇄된설명서를보면세탁기를고치는방법을
알수있다.
다수의외향적인사람들은사람들과이야기하기, 외부활
동에참여하기, 사람들곁에서일하는것을즐긴다.
거의매일우리는주변인들의성격을설명하고평가한다.
외향적인사람들은거리낌없이활력을쏟지만, 종종느
긋해지는데어려움을겪는다.
씹는데어려움이있는사람들은음식을먹을때, 소화에
어려움을겪을수도있다.
교과서¡¡¸ 1A(·1A[
A. Word Formation
deepen
broaden
extroverted
introverted

deep
broad
extrovert
introvert

depth
breadth
extroversion
introversion
Another way extroverts and introverts are different involves
the concept of breadth and depth.
Some of us are more innately extroverted or more innately
introverted.
외향적인사람과내향적인사람의또다른차이점은폭과
깊이의개념과관련이있다.
우리중어떤이들은선천적으로더외향적이거나선천적
으로더내향적이다.
D. On Your Own
1
주어진단어의올바른형태를써서빈칸을채우시오¸
(1) The world famous leader was known for the of
his knowledge. (deep)
depth
1
⑴세계적으로 유명한 그 지도자는 학식이 깊은 것으로
알려져있었다.
Psychology in Our Everyday Lifel
191
2
밑줄친표현들과가장유사한의미를가진것을고르시오¸
(1) The man is good at mysteries.
a. research b. drive c. shrink
(2) Opponents argue kids can vital social experiences
when not attending school.
a. fail to discuss
b. fail to reflect
c. fail to undergo
(3) Class reunions allow classmates to each other.
a. talk to b. overtake c. make up with
catch up with
miss out on
delving into
2
⑴그남자는불가사의한일을파헤치는데능하다.
a. 연구하다 b. 몰다 c. 움츠러들다
⑵반대론자들은아이들이학교에다니지않는다면중요
한사회적경험들을놓칠수있다고주장한다.
a. 토론하지못하다
b. 심사숙고하지못하다
c. 경험하지못하다
⑶동창회는학급친구들과서로그간의소식을나눌수
있게해준다.
a. 이야기하다 b. 추월하다 c. ~와화해하다
3
주어진예문처럼문장을다시쓰시오¸ 3
그 정비사는 의료장비를 수리하고 있었다. 그는 방호복
을입고있었다.
방호복을 입고 있는 정비사는 의료장비를 수리하고
있었다.
⑴그소설은청소년을위해쓰여졌다. 그소설은지난주
에출간되었다.
지난주에출간된소설은청소년을위해쓰여졌다.
⑵교통신호등은도로바깥으로옮겨졌다. 교통신호등은
어젯밤에있었던폭풍우로쓰러졌다.
어젯밤에 있었던 폭풍우에 쓰러진 교통신호등은
도로바깥으로옮겨졌다.
(2) Featuring delicious recipes, this magazine will
your food horizons. (broad)
(3) Many adults and teachers mistakenly equate with
shyness. (introvert)
introversion
broaden
⑵맛있는조리법을특집기사로다룬이잡지는음식에
대한시야를넓혀줄것이다.
⑶대다수의어른들과교사들은내향성과수줍음을동일
한것으로착각하고있다.
(1) The novel is written for teenagers. The novel was released last
week.

(2) The traffic lights were moved off the road. The traffic lights
were blown down in last night’s storm.

off the road.
The traffic lights blown down in last night’s storm were moved
The novel released last week is written for teenagers.
The mechanic was repairing the medical equipment. They were
dressed in protective clothing.
The mechanic dressed in protective clothing was repairing
the medical equipment.
4
잘못된표현을골라바르게고치시오¸ 3
주의력결핍과잉행동장애는7세이전에나타나6개월에
서그이상지속되는일련의행동을가리킨다. 이행동의
특징에는부적절한부주의함과충동이포함된다. 즉, 이
아이들은수업시간에주의력을유지하고과제에몰두하
는데에어려움을겪는다. 게다가이아이들은충동적이며
가만히 앉아 있지 못한다. 보통 주의력결핍 과잉행동장
애를가진아이들은하나혹은그이상의장애를보인다.
ADHD(Attention Deficiency Disorder with Hyperactivity)
ⓐ a set of behaviors that appear before age seven and
have a duration of six months or ⓑ . Characteristics of
these behaviors may include an inappropriate carelessness and
impulsivity. In other words, these children have trouble
maintaining focus in class and ⓒ on task.
Furthermore, they are impulsive, and just cannot seem to sit
still. Usually, children with ADHD will display one or more
ⓓ . disabilities
stay → staying
longer
refers to
192
mLesson 6
Descriptive Writing: My Best Friend
Write
Step 1 Read the Example 다음글을읽어보시오¸
교과서¡¡¸ 1¦(·1¦1
Step 2 Analyze the Example 윗글의개요를완성하시오¸
Title
Topic Sentence
Body Sentences
I. Description of your friend
Appearance
Personality
Strengths
II. Similarities and differences
Similarities
Differences
Closing Sentence
My Best Friend: Jenny
Topic Sentence:
Body Sentences:
I.
II.
Closing Sentence:
I hope our friendship will last forever.
whereas I like classics.
·The only difference between us is that she likes thrillers,
·We share the same hobbies such as reading and traveling.
·She has good communication skills and cares a lot about others.
people around her.
·She has a wonderful sense of humor, and there are always
·She is very pretty, slim, and tall.
One of my best friends is Jenny, who is my soul mate.
My Best Friend: Jenny
One of my best friends is Jenny, who is my soul mate. We have known each other
since we were 8 years old. She is very pretty, slim, and tall. She has a wonderful
sense of humor, and there are always people around her. She has good
communication skills and cares a lot about others. We share the same hobbies such as
reading and traveling. The only difference between us is that she likes thrillers,
whereas I like classics. I hope our friendship will last forever.
제니, 가장친한내친구
제니는나의가장친한내친구중한명이며, 마음이통하는친구이다. 우리는8살때부터알고지낸사이다.
그녀는아주예쁘고날씬하며키가크다. 그녀는멋진유머감각을지녔고그녀곁에는늘사람들이있다. 그녀
는의사소통능력도뛰어나고다른사람들을잘배려한다. 우리는독서및여행같은똑같은취미를갖고있다.
우리의유일한차이점이라면그녀는추리소설을좋아하는반면, 나는고전작품을좋아한다는것이다. 나는우
리의우정이영원히지속되기를바란다.
Words & Phrases soul mate 마음이통하는친구 slim[slim] 날씬한 care about 마음을쓰다¸ 관심을가지다 whereas[¶w¬Âr©z] 반면
classic[kl®sik] 고전¸ 명작 last[læst] 지속하다
Psychology in Our Everyday Lifel
193
Step 3 Plan Your Writing 가장친한친구중한명을골라개요를완성하시오¸
Step 4 Write Step 3를바탕으로가장친한친구에관해글을쓰시오¸
나의가장친한친구: 진호
주제문: 진호는나의가장친한친구중한명이다.
I. 그/그녀는어떤사람인가?
생김새는어떤가? 그는운동하는걸좋아하기때문에건강이좋다.
성격은어떤가? 그는온화하고친구들을곧잘도와준다.
강점은무엇인가? 자신감이있으며도전하는것을즐긴다.
II. 유사점과차이점은무엇인가?
공통점은무엇인가? 우리둘다축구하는것을좋아하며같은팀을응원한다.
차이점은무엇인가?
우리사이의유일한차이점이라면나는친구들과어울리는것을좋아하는반면, 그는여가시간에독서를하고음악을듣는것을더좋아한다는것이다.
맺음말: 나는우리의우정이영원히지속되기를바란다.
appearance
similarities /
differences
strengths
personality
tall/medium cute handsome
careful intelligent sincere generous
flexible honest humble positive
hobby: basketball, board games, camping, hill walking
My Best Friend:
Topic Sentence
One of my best friends is .
I. What is he/she like?
What does he/she look like?
What is his/her personality like?
What are his/her strengths?
II. What are similarities and differences?
What do you have in common?
What are the differences?
Closing Sentence
I hope our friendship will last forever.
prefers to spend his spare time reading and listening to music.
The only difference between us is that I like hanging out with my friends while he
We both love to play soccer and support the same team.
He is very confident in himself and enjoys meeting the challenges.
He is gentle and helpful to his friends.
He is in good shape because he likes playing sports.
Jinho
Jinho
194
mLesson 6
남자의말에대한가장적절한응답을고르시오¸
1
Review
[ 1
~
4] 듣고, 지시대로하시오.
남. 요즘건강이안좋은것같아.
여.
a. 병원에한번가봐.
b. 넌이옷을입어봐야될것같아.
c. 좀더먹을래?
M: I feel quite unhealthy these days.
W:
a. You should go see a doctor.
b. You need to try on these clothes.
c. How about eating some more?
a. b. c.
저스틴이운동프로그램을그만두고싶어하는이유를고르시오¸
2
a. 끌리지않아서
b. 체력적으로너무힘들어서
c. 비용이너무많이들어서
d. 주말프로그램을듣고싶어서
여. 저스틴, 무슨고민이라도있니?
남. 운동프로그램을그만둘까생각중이야.
여. 내가추천해준프로그램말이야?
남. 응. 내일정하고안맞는것같아.
여. 그럼주말운동프로그램으로바꿔도돼.
남. 솔직히말하면몸이너무힘들어.
여. 힘내, 아직포기하지마! 곧건강해질거야.
남. 정말그렇게생각해?
여. 응, 그래.
남. 알았어. 그프로그램을계속할게.
W: What’s eating you, Justin?
M: I’m thinking of quitting the sports program.
W: You mean the program that I recommended to you?
M: Yes. It doesn’t seem to fit into my schedule.
W: Then you can switch to the weekend sports program.
M: Frankly speaking, I think it’s too physically demanding.
W: Come on, don’t give up yet! You’ll get in shape sooner or
later.
M: Do you really think so?
W: Yes, I do.
M: All right. I will stay in the program.
교과서¡¡¸ 1¦¸·1¦¸
a. Because it doesn’t appeal to him
b. Because it is physically demanding
c. Because it costs too much
d. Because he wants to take the weekend program
Psychology in Our Everyday Lifel
195
엄마가데이비드에게해주는조언을고르시오¸
3
a. 주제에대한인상적인사실부터말하라.
b. 다시발표연습을하라.
c. 웃으면서청중들을호의적으로대하라.
d. 효과적인손짓사용법을배워라.
여. 데이비드, 어젯밤에잘잤니?
남. 아뇨, 엄마. 잠을잘못잤어요.
여. 발표준비때문에그러니?
남. 네. 저는항상긴장하는것같아요.
여. 왜그렇게긴장하는거니?
남. 저, 청중의관심을끄는게힘들때가있거든요.
여. 내가너라면, 네주제에대한인상적인사실부터말
할거야.
남. 그게효과가있을까요?
여. 물론이지. 네발표와관련된흥미로운사실로발표를
시작해보렴. 분명히청중의관심을끌거야.
남. 고마워요, 엄마. 이제더자신감이생긴것같아요.
W: David, did you have a good sleep last night?
M: No, Mom. I had hard a time getting to sleep.
W: Was it because of your presentation?
M: Yes. I feel like I have butterflies in my stomach all the time.
W: What makes you so nervous?
M: You know, I often find it hard to get the audience’s attention.
W: If I were you, I would begin by stating an impressive fact
about your topic.
M: Will that work?
W: Sure. Just begin with an interesting fact related to your
presentation. It will surely get the audience’s attention.
M: Thanks, Mom. I feel much more confident now.
a. Begin by stating an impressive fact about the topic.
b. Practice again for the presentation.
c. Just be all smiles and friendly to audience.
d. Learn how to use effective hand gestures.
문제점을설명하는이야기를듣고¸ 조언해보시오¸
4
Possible Answer I understand your frustration, but there are a few
things I recommend you do. First of all, if I were you, I would
become an observer and study the way people interact. This will
help you understand who they are. Next, you’d better ask people to
talk about themselves and their ideas. By doing so, you don’t need
to talk much. Lastly, you should be confident. Everything is difficult
at first but things always get better. I hope these things will help
you make many new friends.
네가낙담하는건이해하지만, 네가실천해야할일을몇
가지권하고싶어. 우선내가너라면, 관찰자가돼서사
람들이상호작용하는법을연구해볼거야. 이렇게하면
그들이어떤사람들인지이해하는데도움이될거야. 다
음으로, 사람들에게그들자신과그들의생각에대해얘
기해보라고부탁하는게좋을것같아. 그렇게하면네가
많이얘기할필요가없거든. 마지막으로, 자신감을가져
야돼. 모든건처음에야어렵지늘더좋아지기마련이
야. 이런말이네가새친구들을사귀는데도움이됐으
면좋겠다.
잭은대체로소규모의사람들과있을때마음이더편안
해지며, 혼자지내는것을더좋아한다. 이런이유로그
는친구를사귀는데어려움을느낄때가있다. 이런상
황에서그에게뭐라고말해주겠는가?
Jack is usually more comfortable with a small group of
people, and he prefers to spend time alone. Also, he doesn’t like
outdoor activities. That’s why he sometimes has trouble making
friends. What would you tell him in this situation?
196
mLesson 6
주어진내용을포함하여여러분의성격에관해한단락의글을쓰시오¸
(80~100 단어)
7
a. 다채로운성격이갖는약점
b. 사교적인성격이갖는이점
c. 다양한성격의필요성
d. 내향적성격이갖는장점
(A)와(B)에가장알맞은표현을고르시오¸
(A) (B) (A) (B)
a. Whereas how b. Although what
c. When that d. While where
6
Suppose you’ve become friends with a foreigner.
Your new friend asks you four questions. You should answer
with one or two full sentences.
여러분의성격이갖는장점
여러분의성격이갖는단점
단점을극복하는방법
Possible Answer My biggest strength is that I am easy to get along
with others. On weekends, I spend much time playing baseball and
hanging out with my friends. I am also outgoing and energetic and
like to meet new people. However, I am easily distracted during
class and try to do lots of things at once. This often results in
mi ssi ng the due date for my homework. To overcome my
weaknesses, I try to keep track of what I need to do on time and
sort out the priority before acting rather than play it by ear.
나의가장큰장점은다른사람들과쉽게어울린다는것
이다. 나는주말이면친구들과야구를하고어울려노는
데많은시간을보낸다. 나는사교적인데다활기차며새
로운사람들을만나는것을좋아한다. 하지만수업시간
에쉽게산만해지고한꺼번에많은일을하려고한다. 이
때문에숙제를기한내에하지못할때도있다. 나는약
점을극복하기위해제때해야할일을기록해두고, 사정
을봐가며하기보다는행동하기전에우선순위를정해
두려고노력하고있다.
Directions
the strengths of your personality
the weaknesses of your personality
the way you overcome your weaknesses
[ 5
~
6] 읽고, 질문에답하시오.
Jung suggested that the goal of a well-lived life was the attainment
of wholeness, which means achieving harmony through knowing
and valuing your own personal strengths and weaknesses. He
thought of all positions on the introvert-extrovert continuum as
healthy and necessary. some of us are more innately
extroverted or more innately introverted, everyone has a natural
resting point he or she can gain more energy and
expend less energy. We need the strengths of each type of
temperament to balance the world because each temperament
supplies strengths whereas the other has constraints.
(B)
(A)
윗글의제목으로가장적절한것은{
a. The Weaknesses of Colorful Personalities
b. The Benefits of Outgoing Personalities
c. The Necessity of Various Personalities
d. The Strengths of Introverted Personalities
5
Words & Phrases distracted[distr®ktid] 산만해진 result in ·라는결과를초래하다 due date 기한¸ 만기일 keep track of ·을기록하
다 play it by ear (사전계획을세우기보다) 그때그때봐서|사정을봐가면서| 처리하다
Psychology in Our Everyday Lifel
197
Step 1 네명이한모둠이되어¸ 세계적인리더들의업적들에대해서말해보시오¸
Project Work
교과서¡¸ 1¦A
Step 2 Step 1에서한사람을골라그사람의리더십에대해인터넷에서검색해보시오¸
Introverts 내향적인인물
Mohandas Gandhi Warren Buffett Bill Gates Mother Teresa
Extroverts 외향적인인물
Martin Luther King, Jr. Margaret Thatcher Steve Jobs Winston Churchill
Mohandas Gandhi
Bill Gates
He thinks first, and talks later. He considers others’ comments carefully, and stops to reflect
before responding.
He seeks depth over breadth. He delves into issues and ideas before moving on to new ones.
He is receptive to new ideas and suggestions, which often leads to technological innovation.
The Great Introverts and Extroverts of Our Time
우리시대의위대한내향적인인물과외향적인인물
Step 3 결과를발표해보시오¸
Let me introduce Bill Gates, one of the greatest introverts of our time. What made him a great leaders
is his personality. He always tries to think first, and talk later. In other words, he considers others’
comments carefully, and stops to reflect before responding. He also seeks depth over breadth. He
delves into issues and ideas before moving on to new ones. Last but not least, he is quite receptive new
ideas and suggestions, which often leads to technological innovation. 저는우리시대의가장위대한내향적인사
람중한명인빌게이츠에대해소개하겠습니다. 그를위대한지도자로만든것은그의성격입니다. 그는늘먼저생각한후에말을
하려고노력합니다. 다시말해, 그는타인의의견을신중하게고려하고, 대답하기전에고민을위한시간을갖습니다. 그는또한폭보
다는깊이를추구합니다. 그는새로운문제점과아이디어로넘어가기전에먼저그것들에파고듭니다. 마지막으로그러나앞서말한
것에못지않게중요한것으로, 그는새로운아이디어와제안을적극수용합니다. 그리고이것이흔히기술적혁신을이끌어냅니다.
A Few Famous Introverts in the Movies
영화에등장하는유명한내향적인물들
Culture
Amelie 아멜리에
The French film “Amelie” tells the story of what happens when an introvert finds
love. Amelie is an introverted young woman who has led a lonely life. But then she
discovers the joy of helping people, often through extremely unique plans. Her
greatest challenge, though, is to overcome her own shyness when she pursues
love. Her stories and interactions with other people give us the joy.
프랑스영화인<아멜리에>는내향적인사람이자신의사랑을찾았을때벌어지는일에대한이야기다. 아멜
리에는외롭게살아가는젊고내향적인여성이다. 그러던그녀는종종매우독특한계획을통해사람들을돕
는즐거움을알게된다. 하지만그녀의가장큰도전은사랑을쟁취할때자신의수줍음을극복하는일이다.
그녀의이야기및그녀와타인과의교류는우리에게환희를선사해준다.
Many movies have themes about introversion and extroversion. A fun way to broaden your view of
introverts and extroverts is to watch a few of them.
많은영화가내향성및외향성에관한주제를다루고있다. 내향적인사람과외향적인사람에대한시야를넓힐수있는흥미로운방법중하나가바로
그에대한몇편의영화를보는것이다.
교과서¡¸ 1¦¦
198
mLesson 6
Castaway on the Moon 달위의조난자 (김씨표류기)
“Castaway on the Moon” is a Korean film about both isolation and human
connection. In the film, Mr. Kim is stuck on an island in the middle of the Hangang
and has to learn to survive with the help of trash that washed up on the island.
Meanwhile, Ms. Kim is an extreme introvert who never leaves her room, living out a
virtual life online. In her room, she observes the isolated Mr. Kim and slowly
becomes attracted to him, perhaps because of their shared loneliness.
<김씨표류기>는고립과인간관계를다룬한국영화이다. 이영화에서김씨는한강복판에서조난을당해섬
에휩쓸려온쓰레기로연명해나간다. 한편, 또다른김씨는온라인의가상세계에서살아가며자신의방밖
으로절대로나가지않는극도로내향적인사람이다. 그녀는자신의방에서고립된김씨를관찰하면서그와
공유하는외로움때문에서서히그에게매력을느끼게된다.
A Beautiful Mind 어느아름다운지성인  (뷰티풀마인드)
“A Beautiful Mind” is a movie about the extraordinary but weak nature of a man. It
lays out the story of a mathematically gifted man John Nash, a bright student with a
limitless future ahead of him. John Nash is an introverted person who is not very
much fond of social life. He competes with other students in the math department
and is awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in economics for his “Game Theory.”
<뷰티풀마인드>는비범하지만연약한인간의본성에관한영화이다. 이영화에서는장래가촉망되던영리
한학생이자수학에천부적인재능을가진존내쉬에관한이야기가펼쳐진다. 존내쉬는사회생활을그다지
좋아하지않는내향적인사람이다. 그는수학과의다른학생들과경쟁하여자신의“게임이론”으로노벨경제
학상을받는다.
Psychology in Our Everyday Lifel
199
다음중주어진단어의정의가적절하지않은것은?
①counterpart: a person or thing having the same
function or characteristics as another
②internal: located outside or beyond some limits
or especially surface
③reflective: deeply or seriously thoughtful
④withdrawn: tending to reserve or introspection
⑤relief: the feeling that comes when something
burdensome is removed or reduced
1
다음중밑줄친부분이어법상어색한것은?.
①A German company naming Bayer trademarked
“Aspirin” for this new drug.
②Do you know the girl reading the magazine?
③Eating in a restaurant is more fun than
cooking at home.
④The patient’s symptoms were fever, headaches,
and dizziness.
⑤I his speech. have trouble understanding
6
형성평가 _LESSON 6
다음빈칸에공통으로들어갈말로적절한것은?
2
①on ②over ③with
④for ⑤to
I am contact people who are
interested in the issues.
My father likes catching up
his old friends.
각문장의빈칸에들어갈말이바르게짝지어진것은?
5
①printing – plays – digested
②printing – plays – digesting
③printed – plays – digested
④printed – playing – digesting
⑤printed – playing – digested
The instructions on the label
teach you how to fix the bike.
He likes talking to people,
with people and singing songs.
The old have trouble the food.
다음대화의밑줄친말과바꾸어쓰기에가장적절한것은?
4
①I think you should have confidence in
yourself.
②You may have confidence in yourself.
③You would have confidence in yourself.
④You used to have confidence in yourself.
⑤You can have confidence in yourself.
A: You look depressed. What's the matter?
B: I am not sure I can be a good leader of the
club. What do you think I should do?
A: If I were you, I would have confidence in
myself.
다음대화에서주어진말이들어가기에적절한곳은?
3
Come on, cheer up!
A: My roommate doesn’t stop talking and
goes on and on until I fall asleep every
night. ( )
B: That doesn’t sound very fun. ( )
A: It’s not. I’m going to ask the head president
if I can change roommates.
B: ( ) Maybe she’s just trying to be
friendly.
A: Do you really think so?
B: ( ) Sure. Why don’t you talk about the
problem with her?
A: ( ) All right, I will try. ⑤




200
mLesson 6
형성평가
다음글에서전체흐름과관계없는문장은?
8
Extroverts spend energy freely and often
have trouble slowing down. ①They can
refresh themselves easily by doing something
in the outside world, especially since there is
so much to choose from today. ②They may
experience loneliness and a feeling of being
exhausted when they are not in contact with
people or the outside world. ③They need a
quiet, reflective place where they can think
through and recharge themselves. ④They
may be the ones who are eager to go after a
party, asking, “What shall we do next?”
⑤Often, the hardest activities for them is
relaxing and giving their body a rest.
다음중(A) ~ (C)에들어갈말이바르게짝지어진것은?
7
①complete anticipate similarities
②compete anticipate similarities
③complete anticipate differences
④compete appreciate similarities
⑤complete appreciate differences
(C) (B) (A)
Psychoanalyst Carl Jung developed theories
about introverts and extroverts and argued
that both of them are attracted to their
counterparts to help strengthen and
(A) what’s missing in
each of them. He also saw this continuum as
a natural way for us to (B) anticipate /
appreciate complementary qualities in one
another. So, what are the main (C) differences/
similarities between introverts and extroverts?
In the following article, we can learn that the
differences lie in where they summon up
energy and how they perceive knowledge and
experience.
complete/ compete
[9 ~ 10 ] 다음글을읽고, 물음에답하시오.
Extroverts view the world as an extensive
Sunday brunch. They can graze at the banquet,
ⓐ on all sorts of treats, and leave when
they are full to ⓑ . They want to wring
every drop of stimulation they can from life.
Variety is stimulating and energizing to them.
Introverts, , like depth, and while
they limit their experiences, they feel each of
them deeply. They often have fewer friends but
are ⓒ with them. They like to
delve deeply into topics and look for “richness”
more than “muchness.” This is why it’s necessary
for them ⓓ their topics to one or two.
, they can become ⓔoverwhelming.
Their mind absorbs information from the outside
environment and then reflects on it and expands it.
(B)
to limit
more intimate
(A)
bursting
fill up
윗글의 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 연결어가 바르게 짝지어진
것은?
①unfortunately In fact
②instead However
③conversely Consequently
④nevertheless Moreover
⑤on the other hand Otherwise
(B) (A)
9
윗글의ⓐ ~ ⓔ중, 어법상어색한것은?
①ⓐ ②ⓑ ③ⓒ ④ⓓ ⑤ⓔ
10

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful