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Chapter 2 Sketching!

Chapter 2
Sketching
2.1 ! Step-by-Step: W16x50 Beam 2.2 ! Step-by-Step: Triangular Plate 2.3 ! More Details 2.4 ! More Exercise: M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt 2.5 ! More Exercise: Spur Gears 2.6 ! More Exercise: Microgripper 2.7 ! Review

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.1 W16x50 Beam !

Section 2.1
W16x50 Beam
7.07 "

Problem Description

.380 "

.628 "

[1] Wide-ange I-shape section.

[2] Nominal depth 16 in.

[3] Weight 50 lb/ft.

W16x50

R.375"

16.25"

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.1 W16x50 Beam !

Techniques/Concepts

Start up <DesignModeler> Sketching/Modeling modes Draw>Rectangle Draw>Polyline Dimensions>General Dimension>Horizontal Dimensions>Display Dimensions>Move Modify>Copy/Paste Modify>Trim Modify>Fillet Constraints>Symmetry Auto Constraints Constraint Status Extrude

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.1 W16x50 Beam !

Basic Mouse Operations


[7] Middle-click-drag: rotation. [1] Click: single selection [5] Right-click-drag: box zoom. [6] Scroll-wheel: zoom in/out.

[2] Control-click: add/ remove selection

[3] Click-sweep: continuous selection.

[4] Right-click: open context menu.

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.2 Triangular Plate !

Section 2.2
Triangular Plate
Problem Description
40 mm

[1] The plate has three planes of symmetry.


30 mm 300 mm

[2] Radii of the llets are 10 mm.

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.2 Triangular Plate !

Techniques/Concepts
Draw>Arc by Center Dimensions> Radius Modify>Replicate Modify>Offset Constraints>Equal Length Weak/Strong Dimensions Weak/Strong Constraints Selection Filter Single/Box Selection

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.2 Triangular Plate !

2D Graphics Controls
[3] <Pan>. [2] <Zoom to Fit>. [7] <Next View>. [1] <Look At Face/ Plane/Sketch>.

[5] <Zoom>.

[4] <Box Zoom>.

[6] <Previous View>.

[8] <Undo>. [9] <Redo>.

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.3 More Details !

Section 2.3

Pull-down Menus and Toolbars Mode Tabs Tree Outline Sketching Toolboxes Graphics area Details View Status Bar Separators

More Details

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.3 More Details !

Sketching Planes
A sketch must be created on a sketching plane; each plane may contain multiple sketches. In the very beginning of a <DesignModeler> session, three planes are automatically created: <XYPlane>, <YZPlane>, and <ZXPlane>.
[1] Currently active plane. [2] To create a new plane, click <New Plane>.

[3] There are many ways of creating new planes.

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.3 More Details !

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Sketches

A sketch consists of points and edges; edges may be straight lines or curves. Multiple sketches may be created on a plane.

[2] Currently active sketch.

[1] To create a new sketch on the active sketching plane, click <New Sketch>.

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.3 More Details !

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Auto Constraints

C! P! T!
!!

- The cursor is coincident with a line. - The cursor is coincident with another point. - The cursor is a tangent point. - The cursor is a perpendicular foot. - The line is horizontal. - The line is vertical. - The line is parallel to another line. - The radius is equal to another radius.
[1] You can turn on/off <Auto Constraints>.

H! V! //! R!

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.3 More Details !

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Sketching Toolboxes

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.4 M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt!

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Section 2.4
M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt
Problem Description
[1] Metric system. [2] Nominal diameter d = 20 mm. [3] Pitch p = 2.5 mm.

M20x2.5

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.4 M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt!


H

14

d
d1

H 4

p
11 ! p = 27.5

H 8
p

32

External threads (bolt) Internal threads (nut)

H = ( 3 2)p = 2.165 mm d1 = d ! (5 8)H " 2 = 17.294 mm

Minor diameter of internal thread d1

Nominal diameter d

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.4 M20x2.5 Threaded Bolt!

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Techniques/Concepts

Dimensions>Angle Modify>Replicate Revolve

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.5 Spur Gears !

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Section 2.5
Spur Gears
Problem Description

To satisfy the fundamental law of gearing, the gear proles are cut to an involute curve.

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.5 Spur Gears !

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[1] The driving gear rotates clockwise. [2] The driven gear rotates counterclockwise. [6] Contact point (pitch point). [5] Line of centers.

[8] Line of action (common normal of contacting gears). The pressure angle is 20o.

[4] Pitch circle of the driving gear.

[3] Pitch circle rp = 2.5 in.

[7] Common tangent of the pitch circles.

[9] Addendum ra = 2.75 in. [12] The llet has a radius of 0.1 in. [10] Dedendum rd = 2.2 in. [11] The shaft has a radius of 1.25 in.

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.5 Spur Gears !

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Techniques/Concepts

Draw>Construction Point Draw>Spline Modify>Replicate Constraints>Perpendicular

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.6 Microgripper !

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Section 2.6
Microgripper
Problem Description
[1] Gripping direction. [3] SMA actuator. [4] Glass bead.

[2] Actuation direction.

Chapter 2 Sketching!
92 D30 32

Section 2.6 Microgripper !

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R 45 R 25 20 77

87

47

176 280

480

400

144

140

212

Unit: m Thickness: 300 m

Chapter 2 Sketching!

Section 2.6 Microgripper !

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Techniques/Concepts
Constraints>Equal Radius Copy bodies (Mirror) Create new sketch Constraints>Tangent Multiple parts