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BACHELORS OF SCIENCE (ARCHITECTURE) UiTM PERAK, SERI ISKANDAR CAMPUS

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ARK 554| ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

C A S E

S T U D Y

R E P O R T

MOHD SYAHMIR B. ABDUL MANAF 2010840814 (7D) MUHAMMAD IZZAT B. ABDUL AZIZ 2010424978 (7D) NOOR LYDIA SABRINA BINTI NOOR ZILAN 2010485496 (7B) NUR ELLIANA SYUHADA BINTI ZAINAL 2010288576 (7D) !

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Assalamualaikum w.b.t, ! There are a few people who have assisted in the preparation of our report. First, we would like to take this opportunity to express our appreciation to our Architectural Science V lecturer, Mr. Mohd Nasurudin Hasbullah for his guidance in the preparation of this report. ! Other than that, we would like to thank the property manager, Ms. Harum Delima for setting us up the appointment with the building facility unit manager, Mr. Chee and his assistant, Mr. Farid. ! Finally, we would like to thank everyone else who contributed to this report, for working hard as a team in producing this report. Without their commitment and support, this report would not have materialized. ! Thank you.

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

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! Acknowledgement ! Table of content 1.0 Introduction ! 2.0 Case study ! 2.1 Integrated Building Design ! 2.2 Site and Architectural Planning Study ! 2.3 Building and Energy System 2.3.1 Air conditioning and Mechanical Ventilation 2.3.2 Water, Sanitary and Plumbing Systems 2.3.3 Electrical and Telecommunication Systems 2.3.4 Fire Fighting Systems ! 2.4 Passive and Active Solar Design ! 2.5 Building Envelope ! 2.6 Window and Glazing System ! 2.7 Natural Ventilation and Passive Cooling ! 2.8 Rainwater Harvesting ! 2.9 Waste Reduction and Recycling ! 2.10 Noise Control ! 2.11 Vegetation ! 2.12 Green Building Index ! 3.0 Analysis ! Comparison of using Green Design rather than Conventional Method ! 4.0 Conclusion ! 5.0 References !

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

Project Name | Point 92 Location | Damansara Perdana, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Completion Date | October 2012 Site Area | 3,723.1 square metres Gross Floor Area | 18,836.32 square metres Building Height | 56.7 metres; 16 storeys Type of development | Grade A Corporate Office Tower Client/Owner | OBYU Holdings Sdn. Bhd. Architecture Firm | zlgdesign Principal Architects | Susanne Zeidler; Huat Lim Main Contractors | Kumpulan CLO Bersekutu Sdn. Bhd.; Patrick Chew Mechanical & Electrical Engineer | MEP Engineering Sdn. Bhd. Civil & Structural Engineer | JPS Consulting Engineers Sdn. Bhd.

1.0 INTRODUCTION

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

2.1 INTEGRATED BUILDING DESIGN

By

using local material the building breaking away from the conventional glass and aluminium box to create an office building that is more suited to the local climate and context. Of being environmentally friendly, sustainable and responsible. Of having a strong connection with nature.

Volumetric green garden landscape served as relieve point for ventilation, lighting, esthetically and work environment.

A key green feature is the white concrete façade, which comprises of 150mm thick walls with only 38% openings for windows, minimizing heat gain while maintaining optimum natural light in the office spaces.

Water collected from rainwater harvesting system is used for irrigation.

Marine plywood with Meranti veneer was used on the walls and ceilings of the lobby level.
ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V | ARK554 |

Most of the surface of the building façade is mainly facing north-south and reducing the exposure of sun from east-west direction.

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

2.2 SITE AND ARCHITECTURAL PLANNING STUDY
The bigger façades are oriented north & south to avoid direct east & west sun contact
Photo taken from http://www.archdaily.com/ Photo taken from point92pj.com

WEST sun

4 2 3 1

5

EAST sun

6 7
Ground floor plan

Photo taken from google earth

1

2

3

4

5

6

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ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

2.3.1 BUILDING AND ENERGY SYSTEM
Air conditioning and Mechanical Ventilation
1 The aircond outlet grills in the office 2 Mechanical ventilation used in AHU 3 The aircond outlet grills in the lobby

4 The door to the AHU room

5 Fan coil unit

6 Distribution pipe for Cold and Hot water

Introduction It uses the centralized system for almost all of spaces in the Point 92 building. The air-conditioning systems help to keep the office cool and comfortable for a more conducive working environment. ! System Centralized system that require a chiller plant room, AHU (Air Handling Unit) room and also a cooling tower. Components such as ducting, fan-coil unit and diffuser can also be found in this office building. Location AHU room – every floor besides the staircase Cooling tower – rooftop Chiller plant room - rooftop

7 Chilled water plant room on rooftop

8 CHWR at cooling tower

9 Cooling tower at rooftop

Location of AHU room at Level 5 plan

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

2.3.2 BUILDING AND ENERGY SYSTEM
Water, Sanitary and Plumbing Systems
1 Covered water tank on rooftop

Introduction This office building tries to save as much when it comes to water, sanitary and plumbing systems. System The domestic water is pumped by the filtration room from the suction tank to the water tank which is located on the rooftop. For the toilet, it uses waterless urinals which applies the liquid barrier systems. It is an oil-based sealant that floats on top of the urine to prevent odours. The taps are one of the water efficient fittings which use as little as 2 litres pe.r minute. ! Other than that, Point 92 building uses the Water Condensate Recovery using a mechanical pump. For this, a standby pump, a duty pump and a jockey pump is used. A plumbing is provided at one corner of each office for pantry use. Location Water condensate recovery – Basement Waterless urinals – Every toilet on every floor Water efficient fittings – Every toilet on every floor Water tank – Roof top Suction tank – Basement
ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V | ARK554 | EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH | PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

2 Pump room located at basement

3 Pumps being used

4 Cold water riser

5 Toilet fittings

6 Drain cover at lobby

2.3.3 BUILDING AND ENERGY SYSTEM
Electrical and Telecommunication Systems
2 Junction box on the office floor for electrical and communication use

1 TNB Substation besides motorcycle parking on Ground floor 3 M&E room that is located on the rooftop 4 Inside the M&E room 5 MSB at each office 6 Electrical room at every floor

! Introduction It uses the conventional method of supplying electric by the Substation to the distribution boards on every floor by an electrical riser. The TNB substation uses dual feed system that applies GBI requirement. So, the generator is not commonly used in this building according to the technician. For the offices, junction boxes are provided on the floor for electrical and telecommunication purposes. Underfloor trunking is applied in this building. ! System To control and manage every system around the building, a Building Automation System using the computer is set up in the control room. ! Location TNB substation, generator set, switch room – Ground floor Electrical riser – Every floor

7 Building Management System that is being used

Location of electrical and telecommunication risers at Level 5 plan

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

2.3.4 BUILDING AND ENERGY SYSTEM
Fire Fighting Systems

1 Sprinkler valve in the office

2 Hose reel Inside office

3 Exit door in office

4 Speaker as active system

8 Hose reel beside control room at drop off

Introduction & System Active fire fighting systems are widely used in this office building, most of the door are 2 hour fire rated door. Sprinkler pump room is located at the basement. A flow switch is used in order to control the sprinkler valve from breaking. An ABC dry powder is located in each wing of every office. There is a blower in the staircase to avoid the fire from blocking people’s way during emergency exit. Location Fire tank – Basement Fire Brigade Inlet – Basement Sprinkler pump room - Basement
Location of active & passive fire fighting systems at Level 5 plan

5 Blower inside staircase 9 Fire tank

6 Exit staircase 10 CO2 dry powder in services area

7 Hose reel located at lobby 11 Sprinkler pump room

Exit Staircase! Fire Lift! Wet Riser! 12 Sprinkler valve and emergency light in the basement parking 13 ABC dry powder in basement parking

Fire Extinguisher! Hose Reel! Break Glass / Fire Alarm!
ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V | ARK554 | EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH | PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

2.4 PASSIVE AND ACTIVE SOLAR DESIGN
Introduction The 38% of the openings for windows help to minimize heat gain while maintaining optimum natural light in the office spaces.

T5 LED lighting fixtures are used to comply with GBI requirement

Many opennings reduce the use of artificial lighting & provide optimum natural lighting

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

2.5 BUILDING ENVELOPE
The chamfered edges on 2 corners
Tetris motives

Concrete protruding windows

Insitu placed white concrete façade

Wire mesh for vertical planting

150mm thick walls to reduce heat gain

Garden voids are cladded with local marine plywood

Picture taken from control room
ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V | ARK554 | EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH | PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

2.6 WINDOW AND GLAZING SYSTEM
The Le Corbusier windows provide natural lighting & views of the streets below

The meranti marine plywood cladding The office windows are double-glazed to insulate noise & minimize heat gain to preserve indoor air quality Large lobbies with access to natural sunlight reduce the need for artificial lighting and extend view over the city.

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

2.7 NATURAL VENTILATION & PASSIVE COOLING

The tall volume outdoor terraced plaza gives access to wind flow

The lobby uses natural ventilation for the outdoor seating and entrance

Openings are placed on the marine plywood cladding wall facing the tall volume exterior elevated garden

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

2.8 RAINWATER HARVESTING
Introduction The Point 92 building uses rainwater harvesting system by collecting water from the roof top surface that flown to the drain, down to rainwater down pipes, which filtered by debris trap. System By utilizing this system, the rainwater act as independent water supply for the building that give the benefits on lowering environmental impacts and reducing the cost of water bills. Location Rain water harvesting tank – Basement Rain water collect (FASTFLOW rain water downpipe) – Rooftop

The rainwater collected is being used for irrigation purposes

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

2.9 WASTE REDUCTION AND RECYCLING

2.10 NOISE CONTROL

Introduction As a method to waste reduction effort, each alternated levels are placed recycle bin for collection that then being sorted for recycling at the basement. ! Location Recycle bin– Located at every alternating floors (Level 1,3,5,7,9,11&13) Refuse chamber – Ground floor

Introduction In the Air Handling Unit room, which is situated in the center on each floor is insulated with fiber lined material on the surrounding wall for noise control purposes.

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

2.11 VEGETATION

Introduction Point92 building integrates landscaping into their compact spaces forming the terrace garden at podium, trellis in car parks basement, and minor landscaping at the entrance, and garden at level 5. ! Location Ferns and 500 trees were planted, creating the feel of dense vegetation around the main lobby floor. Vertical trellis covered with climbing plants provide shades to the car parks at the basement.

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

2.12 GREEN BUILDING INDEX

PART

CRITERI A

ITEM

1

EE

ENERGY EFFICIENCY
white concrete facade, which comprises of 150mm thick walls with only 38% openings for windows, minimizing heat gain while maintaining optimum natural light in the office spaces.

PART

CRITERI A

ITEM

2

EQ

INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
Daylighting and daylight glare control.

External views with interesting arrangement of glazing

Internal noise reduction

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

2.12 GREEN BUILDING INDEX CRITERI A

PART

ITEM

3

SM

SUSTAINABLE SITE PLANNING & MANAGEMENT
Public transportation access with enough parking capacity. Greenery at parking lots.

PART

CRITERI A

ITEM

4

MR

MATERIALS & RESOURCES
Marine plywood with meranti veneer was used on the walls and ceilings as well as at the outdoor breakout areas. Concrete in various finishes were used on the floors and walls. Local materials were carefully designed and crafted.

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

2.12 GREEN BUILDING INDEX PART CRITERI A ITEM

5

WE

WATER EFFICIENCY
Rainwater harvesting and efficiencies.

PART

CRITERI A

ITEM

6

IN

INNOVATION
Innovation in Design & Environmental Design Initiatives.

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

3.0

ANALYSIS
Comparison of using green design rather than conventional method

Rainwater harvesting system

Rainwater are one of the resources that is commonly neglected and not being harvested even though it is abundant. Rainwater from the roof surface is channeled out directly to the drain without using it back causing overflown drainage that leads to flash flood. By using rainwater harvesting system, water collected and being stored can be used for irrigation, flushing toilet, and clean water if it is filtered and treated properly. Cost reduction of water bills and sustainability is achieved by using green design rather than conventional method. Waste reduction and recycling Waste from unwanted material are the major cause of pollution, by recycling back the unwanted material and waste reduction, can be beneficial to the environment. Cutting the paper usage by replacing printed data to electronic data is one of the effort of green solution rather than conventional way. Vegetation To corporate with green design, planting lush vegetation is a must, most of the conventional building cut off the green area that causes hotspot, deforestation that lead to landslides and unpleasant views. Greenery helps to filtering the air, provides shade, evoke calming atmosphere and doing justice to nature. Looking up green design rather conventional method opens up possibility to using nature in a right way as a catalyst for economic purpose.

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

3.0

ANALYSIS
Comparison of using green design rather than conventional method

Building Energy System

The electrical power supply uses a dual feed supply. It is better than the conventional method of only providing one because if anything happens, there’s a back up power for this office building. However, the generator set provided is rarely being use due to the dual feed supply of electrical power. In my opinion, it is a waste of space and money to put it the generator set when there’s already a TNB substation that has dual feed supply following the requirement of GBI index. The sanitary fittings are very efficient as it save long term cost although it is quite high in terms of capital cost. These systems should be applied in new buildings in order to save the long term cost and most importantly the environment.

Window and Glazing System
The window and glazing system is better than conventional as it traps in hot air and keep the air indoor quality at good stake. This should be applied in the construction of windows to achieve human comfort level. Other than that, this office building only allows the user to put in blinds instead of curtains to make sure that the large amount of natural lighting being used to light up the office rather than using artificial lighting that would boost electric bills.

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

4.0

CONCLUSION

As a conclusion, we can conclude that the building are well equipped with green system and all of them are in good care. The building energy systems are all in good hand by the engineers, technician and such. The green area provided are enough to make it as a better working environment for workers in the office building. It also functions as a filter for heat. In a nutshell, we can conclude that from what we have learned and observed, we should apply these green design into our project for a better building quality for people to enjoy. We hope that these knowledge will give us an advantage in the real practice later.

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM

5.0

REFERENCES
2013 Sep-Oct - Point 92 - FuturArc. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.futurarc.com/index.cfm/ projects-2013/2013-sep-oct-point-92/ Menara OBYU | Damansara Perdana, Petaling Jaya, Selangor. (n.d.). Retrieved from http:// www.point92pj.com/index.html Point 92 / Zlg Design | ArchDaily. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.archdaily.com/386153/900-zlg-design/ zlgdesign: point92: concept statement. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://zlgdesign.blogspot.com/2012/08/point92concept-statement.html Architizer - Explore, Collect and Source architecture & interiors. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://architizer.com/ projects/point-92/‎

ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE V

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ARK554 |

EN. MOHD NASURUDIN HASBULLAH

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PN. NETA SUREDAH BAHARUM