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AutoCad Basic Tutorial

Launching AutoCad
1. Start 2. 3D and CAD 3. AutoCad

Typing Commands
Typing a Command All AutoCAD commands can be typed in at the command line. Many commands also have one or two letter aliases that can also be typed as shortcuts to the commands. 1. Type the desired command at the command prompt. Command : LINE or 2. Type the command’s alias. Command: L 3. Press ENTER/Space to end. 4. Type an option at the command prompt.

TIP: Many AutoCAD commands require you to press ENTER to complete the command. You know you are no longer in an AutoCAD command when you see a blank command line.

Reissuing the Last Command The last used AutoCAD command can be re-entered by one of the following three methods of ENTER. The ENTER key on the keyboard will always act as ENTER, the SPACEBAR and RIGHT MOUSE will act as enter most of the time (exceptions include placing TEXT). 1. Press the ENTER key on the keyboard or 2. Press the Space bar on the keyboard. or 3. Click the right mouse button.

Pointing Device (Mouse)
AutoCAD uses either a mouse or digitizing tablet to select objects in a drawing. Left Mouse Button Used to pick or select objects 1. Click the left mouse button to select an object area in the drawing. 2. Press ESC twice to deselect an object (or to cancel a command). Right Mouse Button Used to enter a command, repeat last command, or access shortcut menus. 1. Click the right mouse button.

TIPS: • SHIFT + the right mouse button brings up the object snap menus. • Various screen locations for the mouse brings up different menus.• menus.

5.2 PAN
Shifts the location of a view. 1. Choose View, Pan. or 2. Click the Pan icon. or 3. Type PAN from the command prompt. Command: PAN or P

TIPS:
While in the PAN command, click with the right mouse button to see the following menu.

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Panning can also be done by using the window scroll bars

5. Click a Zoom icon. Forces a regeneration. . or 3. Permits you to pan a box representing the viewing screen around the entire generated portion of the drawing and enlarge or shrink it. Command: Zoom or Z 4. Magnification relative to ZOOM All display Magnification relative to current display (1X) Specifies center point and new display height. Type ZOOM at the command prompt. click with the right mouse button to see the menu to the right. Displays current drawing content as large as possible. Zoom. Designates rectangular area to be drawn as large as possible. Choose View. Type One of the following zoom options: The following are basic zoom options: All Extents Previous Window Places entire drawing (all visible layers) on display at once.1 ZOOM Increases or decreases the apparent size of objects in the current viewport 1. Number Number X Center Dynamic TIPS: -While in the ZOOM command. or 2. Restores previous view.

. 6. Command: NEW 5. Choose File. 7. Click the New icon.2 Creating a New Drawing NEW Command Creates a new drawing file. Press CTRL + N or 3. the drawing as another name. TIP: New drawings can also be created from Template Files. New.2. or 2. 1. or 4. Type NEW at the Command prompt. Choose Click Save One of the options for creating a new drawing. The OK button.

11 Undo and Redo Reverses the last action. Click the Undo icon. or save a window or a drawing. Type U at the command prompt to undo the last command. Press CTRL + Z. 4. Type REDO at the command prompt to redo the last undo command. 1. regenerate the drawing. or 2. including those that open.1. Choose Edit. or export the drawing in a different format. display information. 1. Command: U Redo Reverses the effects of a single UNDO or U command. Command: REDO TIPS: -UNDO has no effect on some commands and system variables. or 2. Undo. change the graphics display. close. Redo. -REDO must immediately follow the U or UNDO command. . or 3. or 3. Click the Redo icon. Choose Edit.

12 Function Keys and Accelerator Keys .1.

6. This image is the view that was last saved in the drawing. OPEN. It will not show a preview of drawings saved before R13 AutoCAD.1 Open Existing Drawings 1. TIP: -Preview shows a bitmap image of the drawing selected. Choose File. Press CTRL + O. or 3.2. Command: OPEN 5. 8. or 2. Press Double Click Click Click ENTER the desired directory to find the drawing to open. the drawing name to open. 7. The OK button. or 4. Click the OPEN icon. Type OPEN at the command prompt. .

AutoCAD saves the drawing using the file format specified on the Open and Save tab of the Options dialog box and does not request a file name. If the drawing is named. or 2. etc. Press CTRL + S. Command:QSAVE TIPS: Drawings can be saved as different versions of AutoCAD (e. Click the Save icon. or 3. R14. If the drawing is unnamed. R13.Quick Save The QSAVE command is equivalent to clicking Save on the File menu. AutoCAD displays the Save Drawing As dialog box (see SAVEAS) and saves the drawing with the file name and format you specify.g. Options… . R 2000. 1.) AutoSave settings under Tools. Type QSAVE at the command prompt.

Useful Commands .

7.. which remain active until you turn them off. Right Click the Object Snap TAB.. 4. OSNAP specifies running object snap modes. Choose Tools. . Choose an object snap to turn ON/OFF from the dialog box. Type DDOSNAP at the command prompt Command: DDOSNAP or 3. 1. 5.1 Running Object Snaps An object snap mode specifies a snap point at an exact location on an object. Drafting Settings. Click OSNAP on the Status Bar. or 2.

or DDUNITS at the command prompt. .5 1. Units. Choose Choose a units and angle setting.58 - . 2.. Choose Type Format.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial UNITS Command 8.. Command: DDUNITS or UN 3. a precision setting. 4.

7.3. • Choose the right mouse button for the line pop-up menu to appear while in the line command . Choose Draw. Press Pick Pick Pick Press ENTER From point: (point) Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:(point) Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:(point) ENTER to end line sequence or 9. Type U to undo the last segment To point: U (undo) or 10.1 Line Command Creates single straight line segments 1. Type C to create a closed polygon To point : C (close) TIPS: • You can continue the previous line or arc by responding to the From point: prompt with a space or ENTER. or 2. 6. Type LINE from the command prompt Command: LINE or L 4. Line. 8. or 3. Click the Line icon. 5.

Pick Type the Pline icon. Pick Type A point on the drawing to start the polyline From point:(select) One of the following options Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width/<endpoint of line>: or 6. Pick A point to continue drawing Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width/<endpoint of line>: (pick point) Polyline as one segment .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Pline Command 15. or a combination of the two. 5. arc segments. Choose Draw. 3. Polyline. or 2. You can create straight line segments. PLINE at the command prompt Command : PLINE or PL 4. 1.128 - .1 A polyline is a connected sequence of line segments created as a single object.

Press CTRL + L. or 3. or 2.4 Orthogonal Lines Controls lines from being drawn at various angles to straight lines. When the snap grid is rotated. Line drawn with ORTHO ON Line drawn with ORTHO OFF .3. ortho mode rotates accordingly. Press Function Key F8. 1. Double Click ORTHO from the Status Bar.

2 1.137 - . 5. or Rectang at the command prompt Command: RECTANG Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width/ <First corner>: 4.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Rectangle 16. or 2.2). 3. Pick Pick first corner.e. . Rectangle. other corner or type coordinates (i. Choose Draw. Click Type the Rectangle icon. @4.

Type CIRCLE at the command prompt. Tangent.When selecting a circle with a pickbox. or 2. Circle. be sure to select the circumference of the circle. Center Diameter Circle.3. 6. Click the Circle icon. press ENTER when asked for the circle radius. Type One of the following options: 3P/2P/TTR/<<center point>>: or 5. . Choose Draw. or 3.To create circles that are the same size. A radius or diameter. Circle. Tangent. Pick Type A center point. or 7. Center Radius TIPS: . Tangent. Tangent Radius Circle.6 Circles Circle Command 1. Command: CIRCLE 4. Tangent . Pick A radius or diameter Diameter/<<radius>>: Circle.

Draw One of the arcs.7 Arc Command 1. radius Start . Choose Draw. or 2. end Start. or 3. press the right mouse button to select the following options for arcs: Arc Examples 3 point arc Start .3. Type ARC at the command prompt Command: ARC 4. chord length start. Arc. Click the Arc icon. arcs are drawn in a COUNTERCLOCKWISE direction. end. end. included angle Start.center. center. TIPS: -Except for 3 point arcs. . direction . center.While in the arc command.

Pick Points until youare done drawing splines Enter point:(pick points) 6. 2. 3. or SPLINE at the command prompt Command: SPLINE 4. Choose Click Type Draw.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Spline 16. or the Spline icon. Press Pick Enter or close to complete the spline Starting tangent point for the spline Enter start tangent (pick point) 8.138 - . A NURBS curve produces a smooth curve between control points 1. Pick Ending tangent point for the spline Enter end tangent: (pick point) .3 The SPLINE command creates a particular type of spline known as a nonuniform rational B-spline (NURBS) curve. Pick A start point for the spline Object / <Enter first point>: (pick point) 5. Spline. 7.

Editing .

130 - . and arcs to existing polylines. Creates curved arc segments around pline vertices at the direction you specify. 3. Creates a curve through control points on a polyline. Straightens curved segments. Type One of the following options:Close/Join/ Width/Edit vertex/FitCurve/Spline/Curve/ Decurve/Undo/eXit PEDIT options: Close Join Width Fit curve Spline Curve Decurve Edit Vertex Closes open polyline segments Connects polylines. lines. PEDIT at the comma nd prompt Command: PEDIT 4. Changes the width for all polyline segments. Displays the following Edit Vertex Options: Polyline width change Splined Polyline .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Editing Polylines 15.2 1. or 2. Pick Pick a polyline to edit Select Polyline:(pick) 5. Choose Modify. Polyline. Pick Type the Pedit icon from the Modify II toolbar.

74 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Move Command 10. Pick A point to move to Second point of displacement: (pick point) Circle before move Circle after move TIP: To move an object a specified distance. Click the Move icon. Move. or 2.1 1. Pick Objects to move Select objects: (select) 5. or 3. type a distance at the second point of displacement prompt: @1<0 . Pick A point to move from Base point or displacement: (pick point) 6. Type MOVE at the command prompt Command: MOVE or M 4. Choose Modify.

Select objects: (select) 5.75 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Copy Command 10. Type COPY at the command prompt. Pick A point to move from. or 2.2 1. 6. or 3. Base point or displacement/Multiple: (pick point). Second point of displacement: @ 1<0 Duplicate objects copied Multiple objects copied TIP: • To copy many objects in the same copy command. Second point of displacement: (pick point) or 7. Pick A point to copy to. Pick Objects to copy. Copy. . Click the Copy icon. type M for Multiple at the “Base point or displacement/Multiple” option. Command: COPY or CP 4. Type A point to copy to. Choose Modify.

Select object to offset: (select object) A side to offset object to. or 2. Type The distance to offset. or 3. Choose Modify. Choose the Offset icon. Type OFFSET at the command prompt. Pick Another object to offset Select object to offset: (pick side) or 8. Side to offset: (pick side) 7. Offset distance or <Through point>: (number) 5. Offset. 6. Press Enter to end the command.77 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Offset Command 10. Offsetting objects by specifying a distance . Pick Pick The object to offset.4 Offset Distance To offset a specified distance: 1. Command: OFFSET or O 4.

or 2. Command: EXPLODE or 4. Choose Modify.133 - . Pick Type the Explode icon. Select objects: (pick) Polyline before explode Polyline (line) after explode .4 1. EXPLODE at the command prompt.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Explode Command 15. 3.Explode. Pick The object to explode.

Press ENTER when you are done choosing objects Lines Extended to an Arc (Arc is boundary edge) TIP: - Use the object selection option FENCE to choose multiple objects . Click the Extend icon. Type EXTEND at the command prompt Command: EXTEND Select boundary edge(s). Extend.5 1. or 2.79 - . Choose Modify. or press enter : (select) 7. Pick The objects to extend <Select object to extend> / Project / Edge / Undo: Select an object. Pick The BOUNDARY edge to extend to Select objects: (select) 5. enter an option.. 4. Press ENTER to accept the boundary edge Select objects: (press enter) 6.. or 3.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial EXTEND 10.

Press Pick ENTER to accept objects to stretch.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Stretch 13. 3. Command : STRETCH Select objects to stretchby window. 2. or the Stretch icon. A base point to stretch from Base point: (point) .114 - . 4. Pick Pick A first corner to stretch.. STRETCHat the command prompt. 8. First corner: (point) The opposite corner to window the objects to stretch. Type C to choose CROSSING window Select objects: C 5. 6.2 1. Other corner: (point) 7.. Choose Click Type Modify. Stretch.

New point: @1<0 TIP: The Stretch command must use a CROSSING window or aCROSSING POLYGON window. .115 - . Type A distance to stretch.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 9. Pick A point to stretch to Newpoint: (point) or 10.

. 1. Press ENTER to accept the cutting edge Select objects: (press enter) 6. enter an option. Click Type the Trim icon. Trim. Pick The CUTTING edge to extend to Select objects: (select) 5.. 3.6 The TRIM command allows you to trim objects in a drawing so they end precisely at a cutting edge defined by one or more other objects in the drawing. TRIM at the command prompt Command: TRIM Select cutting edge(s). or press enter 7.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial TRIM 10. Choose Modify. Pick Objects to trim <Select object to trim> / Project / Edge / Undo: Select an object. or 2.. 4. Press ENTER when you are done choosing objects Select object to trim/Undo: (press enter) Lines Trimmed to an Arc (Arc is cutting edge) TIP: Hold the SHIFT key to interactively extend instead of trim.80 - .

Command: BREAK Object to break. 2. or 3. Pick A second break point.1 1. Break. Type F to choose a different break point Enter second point (or F for first point):(F) . Enter second point : (point) or 6.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Break 13. Type Pick BREAK at the command prompt. or the Break icon.112 - . Choose Click Modify. Select object: (select one object) 5. 4.

6. Click the Mirror icon.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial MIRROR 10. Mirror.7 1. Select objects:(select) 5. Pick Objects to mirror. Command: MIRROR 4. or 3. Type MIRROR at the command prompt. Pick Pick Type First point of mirror line: (point) Second point: (point) Yes to delete the original objects and No to keep them. Choose Modify. 7. Delete old objects? Y or N Mirror Line . or 2.82 - .

9 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial ROTATE 10. Pick Objects to rotate: Select objects:(select) 5. Choose Modify.84 - . Pick A rotation angle<Rotation angle>/Reference: (point) . Click the Modify icon. Type ROTATE at the command prompt Command : ROTATE 4. Pick A pivot point to rotate around Base point: (point) 6. or 2. or 3. Type A rotation angle<Rotation angle>/Reference: (number) or 7. Rotate.

Click the Scale icon.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial SCALE 10. or 3.86 - .10 1. Scale. 5. Type SCALE at the command prompt Command: SCALE Select objects: (select objects) 4. Pick Type A pivot point to scale about Base point: (point) A rotation angle<Scale factor>/Reference:(number) or 6. Pick A scale factor<Scale factor>/Reference: (point) Scale factor/Reference: (points) . or 2. Choose Modify.

Press enter to exit the Text: prompt. A text height Height <default>: (type value or pick two points) 6. . Type A text string Text: (type text string) 8. or 2. Follow the steps 3-8 from above. A start point Justify/Style/<Start Point>: (point) or 4. Pick Pick the Single Line Text icon from the Text Toolbar. 1. 5. Type Type J to change the justification or S to change the text style. Type A rotation angle Rotation angle <default>: (angle or point) 7. Type DTEXT at the command prompt Command : DTEXT 3.1 Text Creates a single-line text object 1. 3.89 - . Single Line Text. showing the text dynamically on the screen as it is entered. Text.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Text Command 11. Choose Draw. DTEXT (Dynamic Text) Creates a single-line text object. Type TEXT at the command prompt Command: TEXT or 2.

Layers .

Choose Format. Layer. or 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Introduction to Layers and Layer Dialog Box12. Type LAYER at the command prompt. Pick the layers icon from the Layer Control box on the object properties toolbar. AutoCAD 2005 Layer Properties .1 1. Command: LAYER (or LA) or 3.101 - .

Completely ignores layers during regeneration. To use this. Makes a layer read only preventing entities from being edited but available visual reference and osnap functions. Assigns color to specified layers. Turns a Layer On for Plotting Turns a Layer Off for Plotting Controls the line weight for each layer TIP: Layers can be set using the command line prompts for layers. Assigns linetype to specified layers. 2. type –LAYER or -LA at the command prompt 1. Turns on specified layers. Unfreezes specified layers Ltype.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Layer Options 12. with states. colors and linetypes. Type Type Command: -LAYER or LA One of the following layer options ?/Make/Set/New/ON/OFF/Color/Ltype/Freeze/Thaw: . Turns off specified layers.102 - . Creates a new layer and makes it current. Places a layer in read write mode and available for edits. Creates new layers .2 ? Make Set New ON OFF Color Ltype Freeze Thaw Lock Unlock Plot No Plot LWeight Lists layers. Sets current layer.

103 - . Click Select Once on the object to change.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Layer Shortcuts 12. AutoCAD will move the object to the new layer. 2. the desired layer from the Layer Control Box dropdown.3 Changing the Layer of an Object 1. Select layer Select object first .

Colours + Line Weights .

TIP: These settings ignore the current layer settings for color.6 1. When the block is inserted in the drawing. Choose Color on the Object Properties toolbar and then select a color from the list or select Other to display the Select Color dialog box. depending on your configuration) until they are grouped into a block.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Color Command 12. By Layer If you enter bylayer. new objects assume the color of the layer upon which they are drawn. Command: DDCOLOR or COL or 3. or 2. Color. By Block If you enter byblock. the objects in the bloc k inherit the current setting of the COLOR command.107 - . Choose Format. . AutoCAD draws new objects in the default color (white or black. Type DDCOLOR at the command prompt.

Command:DDLTYPE or LT 3. . or 2.. 4.7 Loading and Changing Linetypes 1.. Linetype. Click OK.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Linetypes 12. Choose Load. Choose the desired linetype to assign. Type DDLTYPE at the command prompt..108 - . 5.. Choose Format. to see a list of available linetypes.

If you are using a high-resolution monitor.8 Loading and Changing Lineweights 1. Type LINEWEIGHT at the command prompt. Choose Format.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Lineweights 12. Pick a lineweight to make current from the Object Properties menu.109 - . . TIPS: Lineweights can also be assigned to layers. or 2. thus making regenerations faster. The Display Lineweights feature can be turned on/off o n the status bar to show or not show lineweights in the drawing. - Lineweights are displayed using a pixel width in proportion to the realworld unit value at which they plot. Lineweight.. you can adjust the lineweight display scale to better display different lineweight widths. Command: LINEWEIGHT or LWEIGHT or 4..

single object for DDMODIFY. Select objects:(select) 5. Choose One of the following properties to change. Type DDCHPROP or DDMODIFY at the command prompt.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Object Properties 12. Command: DDCHPROP (CH) or DDMODIFY (MO) 4. Choose Click Modify. or 3. .110 - . or the Properties icon. 2. Press ENTER to accept objects.9 1. Select objects: (press enter) 6. Pick Objects whose properties you want to change Pick a window for DDCHPROP. Properties.

Other Useful Functions .

. Type BHATCH at the command prompt Command: BHATCH . or 2.. Click the Hatchicon.152 - .1 1. Hatch.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial BHATCH Command 17. or 3. Choose Draw.

Pick The first point to measure from First point: pick point 5. or 2. Click the Distance icon from the Inquiry Toolbar. .55 - . or 3.2 1. Distance.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Measuring Distances 8. Choose Tools. Inquiry. Pick The second point to measure to Second point: pick point Distance Between Circle Centers TIP: Be sure to use Object Snaps with the MEASURE command. Type DIST at the command prompt Command: DIST 4.

Linear. Click the Linear Dimension command from the toolbar. or 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Linear Dimensions 26. Command: DIM Dim: HOR or VER .1 1. Type DIM at the command prompt. Choose Dimension.223 - . or 3.

or 3.2 1. Type DIM at the command prompt. Click the Aligned Dimension command from the toolbar. Command: DIM Dim: ALIGNED .224 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Aligned Dimensions 26. Choose Dimension. Aligned. or 2.

Command: DIM Dim: RADIUS or DIAMETER .3 1 .225 - . Choose 2 . Radius or Diameter.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Radial Dimensions 26. or 3 . Click Dimension. Type DIM at the command prompt. or the Radial Dimensions command from the toolbar.

56 - . TIPS: Be sure to use Object Snaps with the MEASURE command To subtract an area. Area. Inquiry. Choose Tools.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Calculating Areas 8. 7.3 1. or 3. Area of Rectangle Object Add Subtract Allows user to pick an object to calculate area (circle or polyline). 6. or 2. Pick The first point for area calculation <First point>/Object/Add/Subtract: pick 5. you must first be in “add” mode to add the first area. Type AREA at the command prompt Command: AREA 4. Click the Area icon. Pick Pick Press Next point: pick Next point: pick ENTER when you are finished choosing points. . Adds separate areas for a total area calculation Subtracts areas from each other.

. Landscape. the appropriate paper size based on the chosen plotter. the plotting area. 3. 7. 6. 5. 4.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Plot Settings 1. Choose Choose Choose Choose Choose Choose Choose Click the Plot Settings tab. the paper units (inches or mm).65 - . Upside down). the drawing orientation (Portrait. OK. the plot scale. plot to center or specify an x or y offset. 8. 2.

13 On-Line Help 1. Click the Help icon. AutoCAD Help. or 2. Type HELP at the command prompt Command: HELP or 4. or 3. Press Function Key F1 . Choose Help.1.