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Andy Campbell APUSH Period 7 Carry Nation Radical Temperance Advocate Carrie (or Carry) Nation was born in Garrard

County, Kentucky, to slave owning parents, George and Mary Campbell Moore. Growing up, she had poor education and no formal schooling. Her family had both financial difficulties and a history of mental illness, with her mother having delusions. The lack of emotional support she received would shape her later life. Carrie often found refuge in the slave quarters of the estate. In 1865 she met a physician who had fought for the Union in the Civil War, Dr. Charles Gloyd. He would later become a sever alcoholic who was prone to violent outbursts. They were married in 1867, and separated shortly before the birth of their daughter on September 27, 1868. Dr. Gloyd died less than a year later due to alcohol poisoning, in 1869. This was a turning point in her life, as Carrie developed a very passionate and aggressive attitude against alcohol. She built a house in Missouri using proceeds from her husband’s death. She began her temperance work by establishing a local branch of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union and calling for the enforcement of Kansas' ban on the sales of alcohol. Her methods grew from simple protests with a few followers to mocking saloon owners with obnoxious hymns with a hand organ, as well as greeting bartenders with critical remarks. She was documented for greeting them sometimes with "Good morning, destroyer of men's souls." She also helped her mother, and her daughter, who had also developed mental health problems. She became very dissatisfied with her lack of progress. She turned to God for help. On June 5, 1899, she felt she received her answer in the form of a “heavenly vision”. In response to this vision, she collected rocks and proceeded to destroy a nearby saloon. After she similarly destroyed two other saloons in Kiowa, a tornado hit eastern Kansas, which believed to be a sign of divine approval of her actions. Nation would continue her violent ways in Kansas, with her fame and reputation spreading through her accumulating police record. After she led a raid in Wichita, Kansas, her husband (she had since re-married) suggested, half-jokingly, that she should use a hatchet if

Nation’s self-righteous and highly moralistic outlook widened the gap between social classes. Carry Nation was typical of late nineteenth century reformers. which was a great deal of money back then. Ill in mind and body. a newspaper. Either alone or accompanied with a few other women. Nation's anti-alcohol activities became widely known.she really wanted to cause damage. a city known for its wide opposition to the temperance movement. as reformers of the late 1800’s grew in part from the rise of Victorian morality. She was hauled into court and fined $500. Suspicious that President William McKinley was a secret drinker. Nearly all pictures of Nation involve her hatchet. and she began capitalizing off her fame. Arkansas. Upper and middle class families after the Civil War began to define their social standing in terms of their behavior. and The Hatchet. Nation took this advice seriously. Good manners became badges of status to distance themselves from the rowdy lower classes. and smashed liquor in various bars. Missouri. a biweekly newsletter. and pray while smashing bar fixtures and destroying tables with her hatchet. and began to use a hatchet with her attacks. not just income. Nation paid her jail fines from lecture fees and sales of souvenir hatchets. She published The Smasher's Mail. and marketed miniature souvenir hatchets. collected lecture fees." as people began to call them. and reformers like Carry Nation sought ways to fix this problem. but she fled the city before ever having to pay the fine. They saw alcoholism and other behavior as a threat to family life. Later in life she exploited her name by appearing in vaudeville in the United States. Between 1900 and 1910 she was arrested nearly 30 times for "hatchetations. The temperance movement in particular exemplified a growing concern of alcohol as a threat to such morality of the upper classes. Seeking profit. Nation also sold photographs of herself. A particularly noteworthy instance occurred in April 1901 when Nation went to Kansas City. she collapsed during a speech in a Eureka Springs park. Nation applauded his 1901 assassination because drinkers "got what they deserved". where she founded the home known as Hatchet Hall. . Near the end of her life Nation moved to Eureka Springs. She remained a controversial public figure. she would march into a saloon.