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Andy Campbell Mrs.

Nogarr AP English 3, Period 6 August 31st, 2013 Title: A Modest Proposal Author: Jonathan Swift Discussed: September 3rd, 2013

Irony: “I can think of no one objection that will possibly be raised against this proposal, unless it be urged that the number of people will be thereby much lessened in the kingdom .” (223)

Satire: “For this kind of commodity will not bear exportation, the flesh being of too tender a consistence to admit a long continuance in salt, although perhaps I could name a country which would be glad to eat up our whole nation without it.” (223)

Written in 1729, “A Modest Proposal” by Jonathan Swift is one of the most famous examples of satirical social criticism. Swift, having witnessed the deplorable situation of Ireland firsthand, expresses his increasing disgust with the state of his country in the eighteenth century. He does this in the form of a sarcastic essay that proposes an outrageously unethical and extreme “solution” to the poverty and growing population of Ireland, harvesting children for food, in order to convince readers to see the severity of the situation. With a growing number of political pamphlets pushing politicians ideas during this time period, Swift takes advantage of these overlooked pamphlets by creating a ridiculous parody of them. Swift intentionally upsets the audience with his shocking proposal because he cares deeply about the poor, and wants others to care too. He suggests using the “useless” generation of children as

” (223). this is shown in “A very knowing acquaintance in London assured me that a young healthy child well nursed is at a year old a most delicious. as readers will want to know what other outrageous things he will suggest. sympathetic appeal to the people of Ireland that does not prepare the reader for what comes next.”(219). unless it be urged that the number of people will be thereby much lessened in the kingdom. The tone of his paper changes drastically throughout the paper. “I can think of no one objection that will possibly be raised against this proposal. Swift also dehumanizes the population by turning them into statistics. Swift also utilizes satire when he expresses particular annoyance towards England for imposing heavy tax burdens and domination over resources. This makes his proposal stand out and irresistibly captivating. Throughout the proposal. most obviously in the way Swift casually discusses cannibalism and fails to see any objections one might have to it.” (223). He purposely exaggerates the extent to which the poor suffer to show his disgust. He then delves deep into statistical justifications for his proposal and provides ample data supporting his case. He groups everyone into crude categories and suggests a woman’s only purpose is to . The use of irony is prevalent throughout the piece. nourishing and wholesome food. such as “For this kind of commodity will not bear exportation. He does this to shock the reader with such a horrifying idea after they have already been engaged in the paper. Swift uses satire to ridicule and expose England’s agenda in the last comment. the flesh being too tender a consistence to admit a long continuance in salt. although perhaps I could name a country which would be glad to eat up our whole nation without it.food for the country. He begins with an emotional. Swift hopes the reader will recognize how absurd this idea is and scare them into thinking critically about actual solutions. He describes how the English exploit the country of Ireland in various snide comments.

His proposal illustrates the decadence of the Irish elite and the degradation of social order. His harsh use of irony and satire captivates the interest of an indifferent audience to encourage immediate action and critical thinking. He provides a compelling criticism that effectively attacks politicians for their apathy of the situation and the people’s inability to help themselves.breed. .