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Andy Campbell Mrs.

Nogarr AP English 3, Period 6 August 15th, 2013 Title: Crito Author: Plato Discussed: August 15th, 2013

Rhetorical Question: “But my dear Crito, why should we pay so much attention to what ‘most people’ think? The reasonable people, who have more claim to be considered, will believe that the facts are exactly as they are” (906).

Personification: “’Consider then, Socrates,’ the Laws would probably continue, ‘whether it is also true for us to say that what you are trying to do to us is not right…’” (913).

Plato’s “Crito” is one of the many tremendously influential pieces of literature produced in ancient Greece. It is a thought-provoking, philosophical discussion regarding the role of the individual within society, and how to treat injustice. As part of a series of imaginary dialogues between Socrates and other characters, “Crito” deals with the conflict Socrates is presented with, as he awaits execution. Crito, one of Socrates’ close friends, urges Socrates to escape prison while he still can. Crito offers several arguments to justify his escape, including the shame he would endure from the public for letting his friend die, and the poor example it would set for the children of Athens. However, Socrates carefully analyzes each of Crito ’s arguments for escaping, and proves them invalid through logic and deductive reasoning. The passage, “But my dear Crito, why should we pay so much attention to what ‘most people’ think? The reasonable people, who have more claim to be considered, will believe that the facts are exactly as they are” (906), demonstrates the method that Socrates uses to persuade. Socrates asks a rhetorical question to expose the silliness of the Crito’s worries. It represents the wisdom and morals of Socrates. Crito’s strongest argument is that Socrates would be promoting injustice by accepting his unfair sentence. However, Socrates disproves this point as

returning wrong from wrong. Plato personifies the “Law” by giving it human-like qualities and speech. this alludes to the belief that there is a social contract between the individual and government. Throughout Socrates’ discussions.. For example. but by your fellow men. it has raised him. when you do. “…it is never right to do a wrong or return a wrong or defend one’s self a gainst injury by retaliation” (911). the Laws. Besides. He states. he cannot bring himself to disobey it. . as the victim of a wrong done not by us. would be breaking every moral he ever lived by if he chose to turn against the law. He sees the Law as a father to him. is content by living in accordance with this contract. one threatens the foundation of a stable society by breaking its laws. he often has conversations with himself and the “Law”. No matter how much he disagrees with its ways. demonstrates the authority of the Law. “’…you will leave this place. would lose his reputation by “clinging so greedily to life. which exemplifies the belief that injustice cannot be treated with injustice. and evil for evil. as he calls them the most precious achievement of human history. Socrates. and injuring those whom you least ought to injure .well. breaking your agreements with us. he reasons that a man of his age. “Crito” remains an influential piece that poses big questions and promotes critical thinking. it is suggested that the Law can be hurt. by reasoning that he would be harming the Law by escaping death. While it is beneficial to challenge the government under some circumstances. than to return the injustice and hurt the Laws. Socrates. with little life left to live. who has tried to live his life as justly and peacefully as possible. But if you leave in that dishonorable way. He feels a state simply cannot exist if laws have no power. he is indirectly supporting the laws and abiding them. For all these reasons. The individual has a moral obligation to the government. educated him. and us . at the price of violating the most stringent laws” (915). and allowed him to live a comfortable life. who has lived 70 years of Athenian life. Socrates reasons that when a citizen lives in Athens. your country. Socrates mentions an agreement being broken in this passage. He regards the Law higher than his own life.yourself. He firmly believes in the importance of strict laws.then you will face our anger…” (916). and angry. Socrates suggests it is better to die a victim who has lived justly and killed unjustly. He does this to distinguish it as a character that has feelings.