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# MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MALAYSIA FOUR-YEAR TEACHEREDUCATION PROGRAMME FORPRIMARY EDUGATION EXAMINATION 2OO8 (PR|MARY MATHEMATTCS) STATISTICS CodeNo

. : MTE3105 lndexNo.: Centre : Date: May2008 Duration: 2 Hours30 Minutes

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:
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1. Thispaperconsists of two sections; questions Section A: 5 structured B: 4 essayquestions Section 2. Answer all questions in Section A andanswer 2 questionsonfy in Section B. questions: 3. Answer A in the spaceprovided Section in thetestbooklet; and provided. Section B in the answer sheets 4. All answers sheets mustbe tiedtogether withthe testbooklet andbe handed in at the end of theexamination. Answer sheets not handed iniat the endof the willnot be marked examination by the examiner. 10minutes 5. An additional is given for youto readthrough thewholepaperbefore youbeginto answer. r FOR EXAMINER'S USE ONLY

SECTION NUMBER QUESTION / MARKS TOTAL 1a 1b 1c 2a 2b 2c 3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b A (50 marks) B 1a 1b 2a 2b 3 4a 4b (50 marks GRAND TOTAL CONSISTS THISPAPER OF 25 PRINTED PAGES INCLUDING THEAPPENDIX

Code No.: MTE 3105

lndexNo.: A SECTION (50 marks)

all questions in the spaceprovided. Answer in thissection 1. The Road Transport Department requires that all 10-yearold cars have to undergo a performance test. The probabilities that three 10-year old carsA, B and C will passthe performance test are I I .1 j ,4* d rres pec ti v e ly . (a) { '} Explainwhetherthe events of the cars passingthe test are independent or dependent events. (2 marks}

(b)

given,draw a tree diagramfor the test From the information performance result of the carsA, B and C. (3 marks)

q" ,,9

Code No. the performance (3 marks) (ii) the probability that at mosttwo out of the three Calculate test.: MTE 3105 lndex No. carswillpassthe performance {2 marks) .: (c) (i) thatonlyoneof the threecarspasses Findthe probability test.

(2 marks) 'i . 0.Code No.30mm. the meanof the sampling distribution of the means Determine and the standard errorof the means. if the sarnples weretaken (i) replacement without (3 marks) .: 2. for one day's outputfrom the machine.) { i t . manufactures 5000 cylindrical components in a five-hours A machine value mean of the diameter being 0.500 with standard the cm day. deviation (a) sampte A random of 25 components is takenevery15 minutes.i (ii) withreplacement.correct to four significant figures.: MTE 3105 Index No.

:MTE3105 (b) lndex No. interval of the population (2 marks) 3.CodeNo. (c) (i) interval of the population Findalsothe 99%confidence in (b). meanfor thesample (2 marks) (ii) youranswers in (b)and(cXi). Findthe 95%confidence diameter mean.: is takenandthe mean of 50 components Another sample is foundto be 0.550cm. whatconclusion Compare you about them? make can (1 mark) .

withthe"standard localaverage hours.4hoursper week.: MTE 3105 lndex No. Code No.: 3.i. The deviation of 2 is 25.} 6 . has run a surveyand claimsthat the traineesof A focal magazine publicintitutions watch less television than the generalpublic. List the stepsfor solvinghypothesis-testing !1 ) (4 marks) {. (a) problems.

:MTE3105 Index No. Using the stepslistedin (a) . do you have the claimat c = A.: (b) A sample and has takespartin the survey trainees of 30 institute a meanof 19 hours.U? evidence to support enough (6 marks) 3r .r CodeNo.

The trafficcontroldepartment amongthe issuedhas an equaldistribution the numberof summons tabledisplays of variousage groups.C o d e N o . distributed among are equally summons (a) test? in a chi-square (i) Whatis'Low Expected Values' ({ mark) you do if (a) happen? (ii) Whatshould rb (1 mark) { t I . >50 <20 4049 20-29 30-39 Age group Summoned 31 20 15 10 4 test to test whether the number of You will use the chi-square the age groups.: whether of a town wishesto determine 4. The'following trafficoffenders for traffic for a sample of peoplesummoned the age groupdistribution offences. 5.: MT E 3 1 0 5 lndex No.

01by usingthe following is the same at summoned steps: (i) to testthe claim.: (b) for each age group Test the claim that the distribution q = 0.Code No. Statethe hypotheses H r: (2 marks) (ii) Statethe degreeof freedomin the testand the critical value.: MTE3105 lndex No. Value: Critical (2 marks) .

. (iii) formula. Writea conclusion (1 mark) \ 10 . Calculate the test-statistics by usingappropriate (3 marks) it (iv) iF of yourtestabove.: MTE3105 lndex No.l:'|l GodeNo.

hence denominator.f.5556 Grandvariance= 4.Code No.01. (numerator): d.: MTE 3105 lndex No. (deryominator): CriticalValue: (2 marks) . (i) for numerator of freedom and Statethe degree findthe critical value. wantsto know if there is a Supermarket The managerof Welcorne has to wait in a check'out in the average time a customer difference on the checkof datacollected counters.: 5. d. Analysis linein threedifferent is shownbelow: for threecounters out times(in minutes) CounterA 4 CounterB 5 .4967 Grand Mean (a) willtheManager usein an ANOVA andclaim Whathypotheses test? Ho: H r: (2 marks) (b) in (a): testthe hypptheses At q =0.8 CounterC 1 J 3 5 6 4 I 6 4 2 7 6 3 5 2 xl -4 si ) -) 1=a sl = 4'8 Xt =3'61 = 4'67 s2t = 4.f.

and hence value. Makea decision (1 mark) t2 .: groups (ii) Evaluate the variance between andthe variance withingroups. .i .. the F-test (5 marks) .: MTE 3105 Index No.Code No.L (iii) aboutthetestabove.

of 30 bulbs and the mean of 892 size claimis truewitha sample if he wantsto be hours. A bigger sample of 500 rather of bulbs. Construct standard of the bulbs. between (5 marks) that the that he is 95% confident A production manager claimed hours. for any sample 852to 948 meantimeto failureis between = wheno 45 hours.has standard lt is given thatthe population deviation of 45 hours (12marks) (b) lf the population of 900 hours of bulbshasa meantimeto failure that determine the probability deviation of 45 hours. the meantimeto failure (a) Explainhowthe confidence in the be affected intervalwill following cases: (i) (ii) than50 was used. Showwhether the takenfromthe population. and standard the meantime to failureof a randomsampleof 36 bulbswill be 890 hoursand 915 hours. .Code No.: MTE 3105 B SECTION (50 marks) Answer any two (2) questions in thissection. withthe of 895 hours of 50 bulbshasthe meantimeto failure A sample interval for a 99%confidence deviation of 49 hour. 1. How largemusta samplebe selected differs from the sample meanby true mean 90%confident of the 5 hours? (8 marks) .

The standarddeviation (in kg) for this population is 28 kg. Determine the meanandthe standard The lot of cables is rejectedif the standarddeviationof the the lot be than 30 kg. withthe population standard distributed (a) deviation of the sample. 9 0 7 .should sampleis greater rejected? (15marks) more steel cablesfrom companypurchases The construction of the breaking anothersupplierY. 9.: MTE 3105 2.10 0 2 Given that the breakingstrengthof the lteel cables is normally deviation being 30 kg. 9 0 8 . At o = difference in thatthereis no significant 0. 908.r Code No. At q = 0. 9 0 5 . A fromsupplier steelcables A construction cornpany (in kg)of strength andthe breaking is selected. purchases X.05. 906. 9 0 9 1001.01. The data shown eachis found. 906.0 9 . 909. 907. of 14 cables sample is below. 1000.908. A sampleof 30 strength cablesis takenand it is foundthat the meanis 930 kg.can it be concluded fromthe two suppliers? of the cables the breaking strength h (b) (10marks) I4 .

'J C o d e N o . physical and bloodpressure exercise Exercise Status Low Exerciseregularly No exercise 30 15 Blood Pressure Moderate 56 60 High 20 25 (19marks) r- '.01. t 15 I . sample of 206 subjects is as shownin the tablebelow.: MT E 3 1 0 5 3.At q = 0. .testthe claimthat categories are not related. for required testandthe conditions two usesof the chi-square Explain the use' (6 marks) A study is being conductedto determinewhether there is a physical and bloodpressure.A random exercise between relationship and' they are classifiedinto selected.

.P(AnB) P ( A O B ) = P ( A )x P ( B ) THEORY AND ESTIMATION SAMPLING ({) Standarderror of the means (Samplesdrawn from a finite population) 6i=(17){l.r.'_ where or o .rl n (3) to z-score Transformation Z_ X-p o where a Z .Mean deviation of the distribution o .l/ n - .W:" the means distribution of the sampling deviation Standard of thepopulation deviation Standard size Population size Sample (21 Standarderror of the means (Samplesdrawn from an infinite population) oi= o .Standardized score X .o .Standard I I t .Valueof variable of the distribution It ."\ APPENDIX I1 9 (MTE 310s) lN STATISTICS LlsT oF FORMULAE PROBABILITY (1) (21 GeneralAddition Rule : Genral MultiplicationRule : P(AU B) = P(A) + P(B).

(a) 'thelineof bestfit' in the regression analysis. whostudies of a student (20marks) the meaning of residual of points. Define (3 marks) (b) Data from a sampleof 10 randomlyselectedstudentswas regardingthe numberof hoursthey spent in a week collected studying for final examinationand their scores on that Thedatawas as shownbelow. examination. in yourownwords.Code No. andthe slopein yourregression (3 marks) . equation obtained. Explain.: MTE 3105 4. i'i 2008(07) of Malaysia @Government t6 . and use it to predict equation the score Determine the regression 12 hoursperweekfor the examination. Hours 6 Score 60 8 5 45 I 80 11 85 5 65 10 82 6 50 15 90 4 76 45 Drawa scatterplotfor the data.

Standard (8) (basedon limitsof the meanvalueof the population The confidence small samplesize) x-tf.Confidence 6i .Sample size .s + zatz'oi where of a sample deviation s .L ..Standard n . + za rz.Mean of sampling distribution coefficient zat2 . s .o z where of the means Ft .-a.4n-l where t" .Standarderrorof the means (71 The confidence limits of the standard deviation of the population .ly:! t2 Ji \ (5) w -t The confidence limits of the mean of the santplefrom an infinite population x *.I APPENDIX 2/9 (4) limitsof the meanof the samplefrom a finite The confidence population xt.Confidenoe coefficient of smallsample of a sample deviation s . 6 zo''' \tn - (6) ( pl limitsof the meanvalueof the population Theconfidence /t.

. . . " [E ) where \ frequencies O .Expected (ANOVA) OFVARIANCE ANALYSTS with equalsample ANOVA (Catculations for One-Way (1) TestStatistic sizes) Variancebetweensamples _y! O _ Variancewithinsamples s'.Observed frequencies E .2 -T(ro -n>'.Pooled )- { I . where t means of sample sj .i APPENDIX 319 TEST HYPOTHESIS CHI-SQUARE (1) When expectedfrequenciesare equal H u- n -_ k where n k frequencies Sumof all observed of categories Number i (21 are not all equal frequencies Whenexpected E =np where frequencies of allobserved n ..Sum forthecategory p .Variance variances variance or themean of thesample s.Frobability (3) TestStatistic Ghi-Square /1 .

entS in eachgroup n of elements in eachgroup .I I F_ L ft{l z(n.Total number in allthegroups of elements Ti .:(Zxt' .Ar .Sumof elem. -l) where i k scores combined .6.number of valuesin the rthsample sf .Ss(Between) SS(Within) = SS(Total) Where N .APPENDIX 4/9 (2)._(zn' // n z.rn€?fiof all sample of population means being compared .variance of values in the r'th sample (3) Key Components of ANOVA Method SS(Total) = lx SS (Betweeo)= .Number .number t1i .-. Test Statistcfor One-Way ANOVA(Calculations with unequal sample sizes) r- Variance betweensampIes Variance within samples 1r".-r) s! >(".

.+b rx where b.(I rl' l "Zxr .r' o' Samplesize Samplevariance Population variance (21 Testing claimsabouta population meanbased on smallsample using Student f . t .='Za .. and b.""4 I APPENDIX 519 REGRESSION LINEAR (1) equationin linearregression Prediction Y =b .(IxXZr I TESTING HYPOTHESIS (1) Testingclaimsabout a populationstandarddeviationor variance .1 )sl o- where n .distribution t- X-Fx ln s r t I I .--..= Y -bri NZ" i (21 Goefficient of determination R2 ft= l"Zx' .(Zx)'ll"ZY' .- (n .

x ln (sample p .l/ i p 6' Sample size Sample mean t). .iu ) . o. ..number of trials proportion) t. NB Population mean .(pn-ltn) lol .VM.population proportion (used in the nullhypothesis) q 1-p (5) Testing the differencebetweentwo population means _ _ ( in .l --1.Population variance . where .APPENDIX 6/9 (3) Testingclaims about a populationmean basedon big sample using standard Normal distribution X-ltx o r "rln i (4) Testinga claimabouta population proportion p-p 1t lp q Yn where n .

4957 0.2357 0.4994 0.3962 0.0398 0.4306 0.4884 0.4955 0.2673 0.4756 0.49110.0040 0.33150.4582 0.2549 0.0 1.4996 0. 1 1 4 1 0.4032 0.3438 0.4956 0.4608 0.2734 0.4878 0.4996 0.4996 0.3531 0. 1 4 8 0 0.14060.4115 0 .4943 0.2704 0.4994 0.4945 0.4927 0.4452 0.36650.4996 0.3708 0.37700.3 3.4996 0.3830 0.4671 0.4898 0.4817 0.4932 0.1664 0.4995 0.4992 0.0 0 .4997 0.4625 0.4996 0.4984 0.4484 0.4066 0.4994 0.07 0.4382 0.2257 0.0359 0.4934 0.1 o.1 0.4767 1.0279 0. 6 l-t 0.10640.4713 0.4982 0.08 0.4 2 .1985 0.4993 0.4564 0.4966 0.4803 0.49130.02390.4162 0. 8 1.4995 0.4967 0.4875 0.4265 0.4890 0.3365 0.2123 o.0675 0 . 4 5 1 5 0.4990 0-4991 0.3869 0.1517 0 .1 3 .3 0.4985 0.4887 0.4988 0.4987 0.4893 0.4846 0.2 1 .4 0 .4641 0.5 1.2764 0.4292 0.1844 0.8 2 .00 0.4948 0.01 0.4082 0.4279 0.4922 0.2967 0.4972 0.4985 0.35080.4332 0.4997 0.0596 0.4319 0.2517 0.4573 0.48120.2939 0.4394 0.0478 0.3925 0.4406 0.07930.2 2.4616 0.4429 0.4147 0.4236 0.4977 0.4535 0.1879 0 .4418 0.4980 0.4975 0.2054 0.4941 0.4788 0.'t443 0 . TABLE OF THE STANDARD z 0.4857 0. 4 0 1 5 1 .4949 0_4951 0.05 0.2190 0.4864 0.4987 0. 4 1 3 1 0.4981 0.2823 0. 1 0.1808 0.4798 0.3 4 1 30.4474 0.09100.4991 0.1 2 5 5 0.4345 4.3023 0.3 1 .0557 0.4989 0.3238 0.03190.4989 0.30510.7 2 .2 3 .4719 o.3485 0.4965 0. 0 7 1 4 0.04 0.3907 0.4699 0.1554 0.3577 n ?6()0 0.4997 0.4991 0.4974 0.4925 0.0832 0.4963 0.4049 0.0987 0.32890.3749 0.4904 0.0000 0.4986 0.0636 0.4936 0.1 1 7 90 .3944 0.3461 0.4989 0.4901 0.4906 0.2794 0.4505 0 .4861 0.4929 0.4997 0.4990 2 .2580 0.4940 o.13680.4545 0.2389 0.4938 0.4981 0.4370 0.9 3 .01600.4997 0.499s 0.4525 0.0199 0.4978 0.38100.4896 0.4997 0.4987 0.4192 o_4207o.0 3 .4830 0.4970 0.0120 0.4706 o.4 1 .0871 0.4995 0.o 0.4686 0.2019 0.4953 0.4738 0.4821 0.2881 0.4969 0.4979 0.3340 0.3 1 s 90.4916 0.8 0.3980 0.4732 0.4778 0.4678 0.4988 0.4664 0.4783 0.1700 0 .4979 0.5 z.2224 0.4881 0.4222 0. 9 2 .4854 0.49310.4995 0.2 0.4826 0.02 0.4463 0.4973 0.2324 0.2642 0.11030 .4993 0.1 950 0.4761 0.4633 0.3389 0 .2291 0.31060.4997 0."\ j APPENDIX 719 TABLES NORMAL(z) DISTIBUTION 1.5 0.3849 0.497'l 0.4960 0.4993 0.4251 0.4990 0.0080 0. 3186 0.29100.2454 0.4772 0.4992 0.0 2 .4808 0.4964 0.46s6 0.3643 0.3 2.4441 0.0753 026 0.4693 0.4998 'l t t .9 1 .3790 0..7 0 .4977 o.4962 0.2852 0.6 0 .3997 0 .4984 0.4850 0.4842 0.4993 0.4986 0.4744 0.2611 o.4920 0.0948 0.4946 0.1 6 280.0517 0.4177 0.4868 0.2995 0.2157o.2422 0.4495 0.4099 0.0438 0.4554 0.4834 0.4959 0.4983 0.4974 0.4952 0.4871 0.03 0.3133 0 .09 0.1293 0.3554 0.17720.4995 0.3212 0.3729 0.4918 0.4750 0.4994 0.3264 0.4357 0.4997 0.4961 0.4982 0.4 0.2486 0.3621 0.4649 0.3078 0.45910.1591 0 .4992 0.4994 0.4909 0.4599 0.4992 0.4793 0.4997 0.3888 0.4838 0.1 91 5 0.2088 0.'1331 0. 1 7 3 6 0.4976 0.4997 0.4968 0.3686 0.4726 0.1 2 1 70 .06 0.1 2.

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