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Solving Absolute Value Equations

Solving absolute value equations is almost the exact same as solving regular equations with one
major difference. In most cases you have 2 solutions.
Example:
|x|=5
We know that when x = 5, | 5 | will also equal 5, but it is also true that | -5 | will equal 5. So, for |
x | = 5, x = {-5, 5}. They both work.

How to solve absolute value equations
1) Isolate the absolute value.
2) Split into two separate equations, setting one to the negative and one to the positive.
Example:
| 2x + 6 | - 3 = 13
1) Isolate the absolute value:
** The steps are the same as if you were getting the x by itself. You move away all other
numbers by doing the opposite operation:**
| 2x + 6 | - 3 = 13
+3 +3
| 2x + 6 |
= 16
2) Now split into two
separate equations and
solve each.

2x + 6 = -16
-6 -6
2x
= -22
2
2

2x + 6 = 16
-6 -6
2x
= 10
2
2

x = -11

x=5

3) Check by substituting in the original equation.
Do in NB (with checks):
1) | 6x + 12 | = 24

2) | 6 – 2x | = 14

3) | 8x – 2 | = 42

4) | ⅔ x + 6 | = 2

5) | 10 – ¾ x | = 16

6) | 4x – 12 | = -36

1

–3=1 7 2 | 12x – 8 | .On #’s 1-10. notice how the steps of isolating the absolute value are the same as if you were isolating the x. 1) 5x + 9 = 144 2) 5| 3x – 6 | + 9 = 144 3) 4) x . 7 –3=1 .

5 = 49 3 . = 9 3 8) 4| 8x – 16 | .5) ⅔ x – 11 = -3 6) ⅔ |2x – 10| .5 . = 9 3 9) | 4x – 5| + 15 = 36 10) 6| 3x – 12 | .11 = -3 7) 4x – 5 .

– 8 = . – 8 = -6 11 13) ⅝ |2x – 4| + 4 = -9 14) 4| 8x – 16 | . = 9 7 4 .6 11 12) 5| 6x -15 | + 7 .5 .11) 5x + 7 .

14} 8) x = {-13/3.7 = -1 8 13) 3|7x + 14| . 14/3} 6) x = {-7.12} 9) x = {-5. 5} 12) x ={-2.34 = -4 5 5) |3x – 3|__ = -3 -11 6) 3|4x – 12| _ .3} 14) x ={-13/3.5 = -93 10) ⅔|2x + 3| .1 = 52 2 8) 5|12x – 4| + 8 = 72 4 9) -2|8x – 4| .-2} 11) No Solution 15) x ={-5. 4} 2) x = {-5. ⅔} 16) No Solution Absolute Value Inequalities 5 .Quiz Review: Do all problems in NB: 1) 3|6x – 12| + 5 = 59 2) ½ |10x + 2| . 5} 3) No Solution 7) x ={-8.12 = -6 11) 4|5x -10| + 23 = 3 12) 3|12x + 8| _ .13} 4) x = {-11.7 = 17 3) -3|16x -8| + 3 = 123 4) 2|6x -9| _ .1 = 25 5 14) 5|12x – 4| + 8 = 72 4 15) 2|6x – 24|_ + 5 = 17 9 16) 6|6x – 9| + 4 + 11 = -15 5 Answer Key: 1) x = {-1.13} 10) x ={-6.6} 13) x ={-8.4 = 20 5 7) 3|7x + 21| . 5} 5) x = {-10.

Then you split and set to the negative and the positive. it is an OR problem and will be graphed accordingly. around (to less than) when setting to -5 and solve each ineq: > 5 2x – 3 < -5 +3 +3 2x < -2 2 2 Since its a Greater than. . > ) will be an OR problem. you isolate the absolute value following all the same steps as you did when isolating the absolute value when solving an absolute value equation. (Graph both and keep the intersection) 2) When you split the absolute value YOU MUST TURN THE INEQUALITY AROUND WHEN SETTING TO THE NEGATIVE. So first. The new stuff: 1) Once the absolute value is isolated.Greater than (> . < ) will be an AND problem.Less than (<.Solving absolute value inequalities combine the strategies you used in: 1) Solving and Graphing Compound Inequalities 2) Solving Absolute Value Equations Every absolute value inequality is a compound inequality. The 2 separate inequalities come from when you split the inequality once the absolute value is isolated. val. (Graph both and keep) . Example: | 2x – 3 | .: | 2x – 3 | Split and turn the ineq. x<-1 2x – 3 > 5 +3 +3 2x >8 2 2 OR x>4 <--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------> 6 . you choose whether it will be an AND problem or an OR problem.10 > -5 +10 +10 Isolate the abs.

10| > 15 5) 4| 3x – 6 | .22 > -12 9) 5 | 12x – 8 | .⅔x| + 35 > 2 15) 16) 4| 5x . if you isolate the absolute value and it is greater than or less than a negative number.7x| + 6 < 41 14) -3 |15 .8 .35 < -5 13) -5|14 .11 > -131 7) ¾|8x – 16| + 11 < 17 8) ½ |5x + 10| . 4 < 33 10) 3|8x + 16| 4 . 14 –3<3 17) 3|2x .2 | + 3 . > -15 -5 6 | 7x – 28 | .Special Situations: Just like when you were learning absolute value equations.9 > 27 6) -6|4x – 12| . it is a special situation: a) |4x + 2| = -10 b) |4x + 2| < -10 c) |4x + 2| > -10 Solve each inequality and graph in your notebook: 1) |5x| > 30 2) |-7x| < 14 3) |-3x| < -21 4) |5x .8| + 2 > 4 5 18) 5|10x + 5| -3 < 18 4 19) 2|6x – 24|_ + 5 > 17 -9 20) 6|6x – 9| + 4 + 11 > -15 5 7 .

.3| 8x – 4 | .51 6) 2 | 8x – 4 | + 11 .Less than (<.8| 3x – 9 | + 30 > 6 2) .3 | . (Graph both and keep the intersection) 2) When you split the absolute value YOU MUST TURN THE INEQUALITY AROUND WHEN SETTING TO THE NEGATIVE. > -7 -5 5) -5| 6x . > ) will be an OR problem.6 > . > 11 -7 7) ⅞ | 8x + 8 | . (Graph both and keep) .½ x| > 4 x <-3  x>4 3) 12x – 6| > 18 x <-1  x > 2 x >-1∩ x < 2 6) |8x – 4| < -44 x > -4 ∩ x < 0 9) |9x+18| > -9 x <-4  x > 12 12) |4x-12| < 24 x> -3 ∩ x < 9 No Solution Infinite Amount of Solutions 8 . > 6 7 11) -6 | 2 – ½ x | .Greater than (> .30 > -2 8) 3| 2x + 4 | + 14 < 20 2 9) 2| 9x + 18 | + 25 > 7 10) 8 | 10 – 5x | + 2 . Answer Key: 1) |3x – 9| < 3 4) |4x + 4| < 8 7)|8x+8| >32 10) |10-5x| > 5 x>2 ∩x<4 x> -3 ∩ x < 1 x < -5 x > 3 x>3  x<1 2) |8x – 4| > 28 5) |6x-3| < 9 8) |2x+4| < 4 11) |2.12 | . . < ) will be an AND problem. you choose whether it will be an AND problem or an OR problem.18 < -9 8 Make sure your remember: 1) Once the absolute value is isolated.5 < -17 7 3) ⅔ | 12x – 6 | + 4 > 16 4) 4| 4x + 4 | + 3 .3 < -27 12) 3| 4x .Quiz Review 1) .