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Title V COVERAGE ARTICLE 243. Coverage and employees right to self-organization.

All persons employed in commercial, industrial and agricultural enterprises and in religious, charitable, medical, or educational institutions, whether operating for profit or not, shall have the right to self-organization and to form, join, or assist labor organizations of their own choosing for purposes of collective bargaining. Ambulant, intermittent and itinerant workers, self-employed people, rural workers and those without any definite employers may form labor organizations for their mutual aid and protection. (As amended by Batas Pambansa Bilang 70, May 1, 1980). ALL PERSONS EMPLOYED in: Commercial, Industrial or Agricultural Enterprises Religious, Charitable, Medical or Educational Institutions Whether operating FOR PROFIT OR NOT Right to Self-Organization & to FORM, JOIN, or ASSIST labor organizations For purposes of COLLECTIVE BARGAINING Ambulant, Intermittent & Itinerant Workers Self-Employed People Rural Workers And those without any definite employers May form labor organizations For their MUTUAL AID and PROTECTION ARTICLE 244. Right of employees in the public service. Employees of government corporations established under the Corporation Code shall have the right to organize and to bargain collectively with their respective employers. All other employees in the civil service shall have the right to form associations for purposes not contrary to law. (As amended by Executive Order No. 111, December 24, 1986). Employees of Government Corporations established under the Corporation Code Shall have the Right to Organize and to bargain collectively with their respective employers ALL OTHER employees in the CIVIL SERVICE Right to form associations (not contrary to law) ARTICLE 245. Ineligibility of managerial employees to join any labor organization; right of supervisory employees. Managerial employees are not eligible to join, assist or form any labor organization. Supervisory employees shall not be eligible for membership in a labor organization of the rank-and-file

employees but may join, assist or form separate labor organizations of their own. (As amended by Section 18, Republic Act No. 6715, March 21, 1989). Managerial Employees - Not eligible to JOIN, ASSIST, or FORM any labor organization Supervisory Employees - Not eligible for membership in a labor organization of the R/F employees - BUT, may JOIN, ASSIST or FORM separate labor organizations of their own ARTICLE 246. Non-abridgment of right to self-organization. It shall be unlawful for any person to restrain, coerce, discriminate against or unduly interfere with employees and workers in their exercise of the right to self-organization. Such right shall include the right to form, join, or assist labor organizations for the purpose of collective bargaining through representatives of their own choosing and to engage in lawful concerted activities for the same purpose for their mutual aid and protection, subject to the provisions of Article 264 of this Code. (As amended by Batas Pambansa Bilang 70, May 1, 1980). UNLAWFUL for ANY PERSON - to RESTRAIN, COERCE, DISCRIMINATE against or UNDULY INTERFERE in the exercise of the right to sef-organization Right to Self-Organization includes: - right to FORM, JOIN or ASSIST labor organizations for the purpose of CB through representatives of their own choosing - to engage in lawful concerted activities for the same purpose for their mutual and and protection