You are on page 1of 18


Group A
Muoiilions 1st
'Consolidated list of goods M.L.t. Small arms and machine guns, as follows:
(a) Rifles, carbiQe8, revolvers, pistols, machine pistols and machine
(b) All specially designed components and parts theretor.
subject to embargo NoIte: The Export Licensing Branch will consider applications fo!
licences to export small quantities of small arms such as rifles, shot-
guns, carbines or pistols designed for sporting or ornamental purposes
and ammunition therefor.
for Soviet Bloc and China M.L.2. Artillery and projectors, as follows:
(a) Guns, howitzers, cannon, mortars, tank destroyers, rocket
launchers, military flame throwers, recoilless rifles;
(b) Military smoke, gas and pyrotechnic projectors;
(c) All specially designed components and parts for the foregoing.
ANUMBER OF amendments has b~en made in the list of goods M.L.3. Ammunition, and all specially designed cornponenits and
subject to embargo for the Soviet Bloc and China. The complete parts thereof, for the weapons enumerated under Items 1 and 2.
See Note to Item 1 above.
list incorporating these revisions is set out below; this supersedes M.,L.4. Bomhs, torpedoes, rockets and. missHes (guided or un-
the list published in the Board of Trade Journal on September 28, guided), as follows:
(a) Bombs, torpedoes, grenades (including smoke grenades), smoke
1962. canisters, rockets, mines, missiles (guided or unguided), depth
The embargo list relates to those goods which, for reasons of charges, fire bombs, incendiary bombs; and aH specially
designed components and parts therefor;
national security, are subject to export licensing control to a wide (b) Apparatus and devices specially designed for the handling,
range of destinations and which are normally prohibited for control, activation, launching, laying, sweeping, discharging,
export to the following countries: Albania, Bulgaria, China, detonation or detection of items enumerated in sub-item (a);
and all ,specially designed components and parts therefor;
Czechoslovakia, the Eastern Zone of Germany, Hungary, (c) Military fuel thickeners speoially formulated for the purpose
Mongolia, North Korea, North Vietnam, Poland, Rumania, the of producing materials which, when added to petroleum pro-
ducts, provide a gel-type incendiary material for use in bombs,
Soviet Union and Tibet. projectiles, flame throwers or other implements of war.
The following items have been removed from the list: A.E.9 M.L.5. Fire control equipment and range finders, as follows:
(a) Fire control, gun laying, night sighting, missile tracking and
(nickel wire); A.E.lO (woven wire mesh); A.E.24 (positive ion guidance equipment;
sources); 1125 (plant for the production of titanium); 1266 (electric (b) Range, position and height finders, and spotting instruments
power generating mobile units); 1405 (ice breakers); 1648 (cobalt) specially .designed for military purposes;
(c) Aiming devices, electronic, gyroscopic, acoustic and optical,
and 1661 (nickel). Seven items have been transferred to the specially designed for military purposes;
,Munitions List; 1325 (construction equipment) is nO\\7 covered by (d) Bomb sights, bom'bing computers, gun sights and periscopes,
special,ly designed for mi'lhary purposes;
M.L.17(f); 1441 (marine boilers) has been amended and is included (e) Television sighting units specially designed for military pur-
'in M.L.9(e); 1703 (stabilisers for explosives), 1731 (hydrazine), poses, and inertial platforms;
(f) 'Components, parts, accessories, and attachments specially
;1732 (hydrogen peroxide), 1741 (nitro guanidine) and 1742 designed for the articles enumerated in sub-items (a), (b),
,(guanidine) have also been amended and are included in M.L.8. (c), (d) and (e) above.
M.L.6. Tanks, and vehicles specially designed for military purposes,
The following new items have been added: A.E.40 (neutron gener- as follows:
,ator tubes); A.E.41 (process control instrumentation for certain (a) Tanks and self-propelled guns;
(b) Military ty\,e armed or armoured vehicles and vehicles fitted
Atomic Energy processes); M.L.21 (automatic speed of sound with mountings for arms;
measuring devices); 1542 (cold cathode tubes and switches); 1673 (c) Armoured railway trains;
(d) Military half tr.acks;
(artificial graphite); 1746 (polypyromellitimide: polybenzimidazole) (e) Military type recovery vehicles;. .,
and 1763 (continuous yams, rovings and tapes for filament wound (0 Gun carriers ~nd trac!o~s specIally desIgned ~~r towing artIllery;
(g) Trai,lers spoclaUy deSIgned to carry ammunItion;
Structures). The new items and amendments to e'xisting items are (h) Amphibious ~nd deep water for~ing mil}tary vehicle~; ..
Yde·lined for ease of reference. The overall effect of the amend- (i) Military mobtle repair shops specially deSigned to service mIlitary
ments to existing items is to reduce the scope of the embargo. (j) All other specially ~esigned mil~tary vehicles; .
(k) Pneumatic tyre caSIngs (excludIng trracto'r and farm Implement
! The list is published for the general information and guidance types) of a kind specially constructed to be bullet proof or to
j of traders and does not itself have force of law; it is not a com- run when deflated;
i plete list of goods subject to licensing control. Traders should (1) An specially designed components and parts for the foregoing.
M.L.7. Toxicologi'cal agents, aJS follows:
)refer to the Export of Goods (Control) Order, 1963, as amended, (a) Biological, che'mical and r~dio-active matet1als adapted for use
;and the Strategic Goods (Control) Order, 1961, as amended, for in war to produce casualtIes in men or animals, or to damage
, the complete schedules of goods which require licensing. Amend- crops; . f h . ·
Cb) Equi'P'me,nt specia~ly desig1'!ed a!1d 1nt~nded or t e dIssemina-
'Illents will be made as soon as possible to these Statutory Orders tion of the matenals descnbed In sub-Item (a);
, to take account of the recent changes in the embargo list. In the (c) Equip,ment speoially des~gned a!1d intended for defepce agai.nst
the materials described In sub-Item (a), and for theIr detection
,~antime the Export Licensing Branch will issue licences freely
and identification;
or those items which are no longer embargoed. (d) Components and parts specially designed for the items listed
in (b) and (c) above.
CGen~ 'inquiries about the embargo should be addressed to the M.L.8. Powders, .explosives, propellants and stabilisers therefor, as
;v~erCta'I Relalllions and Exports Depm1ment, Board of Trade, 1
(a) Powders and liqUid . or ' 11
sohd prope~!lts f or t he artIc
. Ies enumer-
ttoria Streelt, London, S.W.1 (Tel. Abbey 7877, Ext. 2267 or
ated in Items 3, 4 and 7, and st~,?lhsers therefor;
; ~ or to dIe appropriate Production Department. ApplimUons (b) tMilita,ry high eXlPlosives and st~hifLise~ tt:terefor; .
t_~~po~t or tfanslDpment licences shotdd Ibe 'addre~ to the (c) Chemical base high energy solId or IllqUId fuels speCIally made
, ~1'UIt LIcensing Branch, Board of Trade, HIIJ~ House, 35 Old for military purposes;
(d) Fuming nitric acid. ' . ' .
laney, London, E.C.4. (Tel. Oity 5757), from whom further copies Note: The Export Licensing Branch Will c01'!slder applIcations for
licences for the export of propellants and. eXp'loslV~ normally ~sed for
: the list -may be obtained, and of whom mquiry should be made civilian or industrial purposes ~r made Into cartridges or charges of
any case of doubt as to whdher export licences are required. an exclusively civilian or industrIal nature~
ii BOARD OF TRADE JOURNAL 12 JUNE 1964 (b) Self-contained diving and underwater swimm'
follows: Ing apParatus
M.L9. Vessels of war, and special naval equipment, as follows: (i) Closed and semi-closed circuit (rebreathi ) as
(a) Comlb(lJtant vessels or vessels designed for offensive or defensive (ii) Specially .des~gned components for Use i~g apparatus;
action (surface or under-water); of open-CIrCuIt apparatus to military Use' the conversion
(b) (i) Diesel engines of 1,500 horse power and over with· rotary (Hi) eX~h~sively designed for military .
s~d of 700 revolutions per minute or over, speciaLly contaIned dIVIng and under-water swirnmin USe WIth self.
deSIgned for submarines; (c) Bayonets; g apparatus'
(H) Electric motors specially designed for submarines, Le., over (d) Fire arms silencers (mufflers); I

1,000 horse power qqick reversing type, liquid cooled and (e) Power controlled searchlights and control u'
totally enclosed; designed for military use. nIts therefor
(c) Magnetic, pressure, and acoustic underwater detection devices (f) Construction equipment built to military specificati '
specially designed for military purposes; specialised controls designed for airborne transport. ons, specially
and components thereof; M.L.18. (a) Specialised machinery, equipment and gea . .
(d) Submarine and torpedo nets; designed for the examination, manufactur~ testing r ~PecJally
(e) Components, parts, accessories and attachments for the fore- ing of the arms, ammunition, appliances an'd machi an ~heck.
going, such as turrets, naval gun mounts, submarine batteries to in this Group; ~ nes relerred
and catapults. fb) ViJbration testing equipment capa~l~ of providing h
greater than 2,000 lbs. and specIalIsed ancillary a .trust
M.L.tO. Aircraft and helicopters, of the piloted or pilotless types therefor. eqUipment
and aero-engines and aircraft or helicopter equipment, associated M.L.19. Environmental chambers capable of simulatin
equipment and components, specially designed for military purposes of the following conditions over the whole range of altitudes f g any
as set out below: level to 75,000 feet or above; temperature, pressure radi<:>rt?m sea
(a) Combat aircraft and helicopters and other aircraft and heli- h umI'd··
copters specially designed for military purposes, including Ity, an d SpecI~'11 y d,~sIgned
. "
parts, controls and deVIces Ion or

military reconnaissance, assault, military training and logistic M.L.20. CryogenIC eqwpment, as follows: .
support, and all aircraft and helicopters having special struc- (a) Equipment designed for maintaining an ambient temperat
tural features such as multiple hatches, special doors, ramps, below _ 130 Centigrade.;
reinforced floors and the like, for transporting and airdropping (i) I?esigned for use in marine, airborne or space applica-
troops, military equipment and supplies; aero-engines specially tions;
designed or adapted for use with such aircraft and helicopters, (ii) Ruggedised for mobile ground use;
with the exception of aero-engines excepted under Item 1460 (b) (Hi) D.esigned to .maintain ope.rating. temperatures for elec-
(Group G); and component parts thereof; trIcal, magnetic or electronIC eqUIpment or components·
(b) Airborne equipment, including airborne refuelling equipment, (b) Electrical, magnetic or electronic equipment or componenh
specially designed for use with the aircraft and helicopters and electrical conductors specially designed for operation con-
and the engines of the types of aircraft and helicopters covered tinuously or discontinuously at ambient temperatures below.
by sub-item (a) and component parts thereof; - 130 Centigrade;

(c) Pressure refuellers, pressure refuelling equip,ment, equipment (c) Specially designed accessories, sub-assemrblies, parts or com-
specially designed to facilitate operations in confined areas ponents for sub-items (a) and (b).
and ground equipment not elsewhere specified, developed . M.L.2t. Instruments o~ de:vice~ capable of automatically measur-
specially for aircraft and helicopters, aircraft and helicopter Ing the speed of sound zn Situ In water, and rated for differential
engines and balloons covered by sub-items (a) and (e); sensitivity measurements of 1 part in 5,000 parts or better; specialised
(d) Pressurised bre'athing equipment and partial pressure suits for parts therefor; equipment containing such instrumen1s or de·vices.
use in aircraft and helicopters; anti-'G' suits; military crash
helmets; parachutes used for combat personnel, cargo-dropping,
and aircraft deceleration; liquid oxygen converters used for Group·B
aircraft, helicopters and missiles; catapults and cartridge
actuated devices utilised in e'mergencyescape of personnel Atomic Energy List
from aircraft and helicopters;
(e) Non-expansive balloons in excess of 3,000 cubic feet capacity. A.E.I. Source (fertile) and fissionable materials, including but
not limited to the following: Electronic equipment specially designed for military use; . (a) Minerals, raw and treated (including residues and tailings)
and components and parts therefor. which contain either uranium or thorium or any combination
thereof, exceeding 0.05 per cent by weight, as follows: A.:
M.L.t2. Photogr.aphic equipment, as follows: (i) Ores containing uranium including pitchblende; seal,
(a) (i) Air reconnaissance cameras and associated equipment (H) Monazite and monazite sands; tainir
designed and used for military purposes; (Hi) Ores containing thorium including urano-thorianite; ally (
(ii) Film processing and printing machines designed and used (b) Natural uranium, unwrought or wrought, including alloys and
compounds of natural uranium, having an uranium content A.l
for military purposes; of isI
(b) Other cameras and other devices recording on film specially exceeding 0.05 per cent, exce,ong medicinals; N(
designed and used for military purposes, .and speciaHsed (c) Uranium 233, alloys containing uranium 233 and compounds Iicen(
equipment designed to make the recorded information militarily of uranium 233; , . trial
useful; (d) Uranium enriched in the isoto;Pe 235, alloys contaIning u~an­
(c) All specially designed components and parts for the foregoing. ium enriched in the isotope 235, and compounds of uramum A.l
enriched in the isotope 235; types
M.L.t3. Special armoured equipment, as follows: (e) Irradiated uranium containing plutonium; taini!
(a) Armour plate; (f) Plutonium, alloys containing plutonium and compoundS con- cubic
(b) Military helmets; taining plutonium; ds I A.]
(c) Body armour and flak suits; (g) Thorium, unwrought or wrought, and alloys. and compou~ 5 prO,d'
(d) Components and parts specially designed for equipment in (c) containing thorium, excluding alloy:s CO[fitalnln~ ,less than . II lnaJo
above. per cent of thorium by weight, aDd except medlcmal s; A.]
(h) Irradiated thorium containing urani~lm 233. . ' . os for plant
M.L.14. Specialised miHtary training equipment, as follows: Note: The Export Licensing Branch will consider apphcatlo : alloy
(a) Specialised military training equipment; licences for the export of individual shipments of: . 'n com- metal
(b) Components, parts, attachments and accessories specially (1) up to 100 kilogrammes of contained. thonum ,1 with
designed for such equipment. pounds or up to 1 kilogramme of thorIum meta, 1 'm SUre
(2) up to 1 kilogramme of natural and/or depleted uramu " AJ
M.LIS. IMiHtary infra-red equipment and specialised components . . d lutions contain- whic]
A.E.S. Deutenum and compounds, mIxtures an so . .n which
therefor, not elsewhere specified. ing deuterium, including heavy water and heavy para~n~, .15 000 by borol
the ratio of deuterium atoms to hydrogen atoms excee s . , total
M.L.t6. Munitions components and materials, as follows: equa·
(a) brass and bronze fabrications for primer anvils, fabrications number. . . rations for
NoIte: The Export Licensing Branch will conslde.r ,app IC t 1 kilo- A.l
for bullet caps (gilding metal clad steel), cartridge link, primer licences for ,the export of individual shipments contamlOg up 0 ,N(
cap, shell rotating band; heen(
(b) Copper rotating bands for shells, and other copper munitions gramme of deuterium. . . 50 r cent.
components; A.E.I. Zirconium metal, alloys contaInIng f!lore ht,h.~n the ~tio of clUdil
zirconium by weight. and compounds.. In W le one part to;. zirco
(c) Gilding metal clad steel; zireo
(d) Rough steel forgings, steel and alloy castings for guns and hafnium content to zirconium content IS less than of '
500 parts by weight; and manufactures: wh?l1y therlications (.1f lppli
for arms. tainiJ
NoIte: The Export Licensing Branch will conSIder aJ?~ng up to 5
licences for the export of individual shipments contaIn! or de
M.L.t7. Miscellaneous equipment and materials, as follows:
(a) Tear gas and equipment for the dissemination thereof; kilogrammes of hainum-,free zi'roomum,
' Nickel. ,powder with a particle size less than 200 microns. 12 JUNE 1964 BOARD OF TRADE JOURNAL iii
Plrle: The Export Licensi~g Branch will consider applications for
licences for the export of nIckel powder not made by the Carbonyl
A.E.~. .Nuclear reactors, i.e. reactors capable of operation so as
process· to ma'IntaIn a control'led, self-sustaining fission chain reaction·
A,E.12. Beryl!ium m~tal and manufa~tures wholly thereof (exclud- major components designed or intended for use in a nuclear reacto;
ing beryllium wIndows for medIcal X-ray machines); beryl such as react~r vessel.s, core support structures, _coolant pumps, fuel
(excluding gem grade) and ores; alloys containing more than 50 element handlIng eqUIpment, heat exchangers arid control rod drive
pe! cent berryllium by weight; oxides and other compounds. mechanisms; power generating and/or propulsion equip,ment not else-
Nolte' The Export Licensing Branch will consider applications for where specified, specially designed for use with nuclear reactors.
Jicences· fo,~ ~e eXlP0rt of individual sbipments of the aboiVe pro-
d cts contalll1ng up to
A.E.37. Hafnium metal, and alloys and compounds of hafnium
U (1) 500 grammes of beryllium of a purity no higher than 99 containing more than 15 per cent hafnium by weight.
per cent or . Note: The Export Licensing Branch will consider applications for
(2) 100. gra,mmes of beryllium, except single crystals, with a lIcences for the export of individual shipments containing up to 10
punty gre'ater than 99 per cent. grammes of contained hafnium.
AE.14. Fluorine. ' A.E.38. 9alcium. cont~i!1ing /both less than on~-hundredth (0.01) per
N~e: The Expofot Licensing Branch will consider applications for cent by weIght of Im,punlles other than magnesIum, and less than 10
licences for the expi~rt of individual shipments containing up to 25 parts per miJIHon of boron.
V10grammes of fluorIne. A.E.39. Tritium, its compounds and their mixtures in which
A.E.15 Chlorine trifluoride. the ratio of tritium to hydrogen by atoms exceeds one part in 1000.
NoIte: The Export Licensing Branch will consider appHcations for Note: (1) The only compounds and mixtures excluded from the
licences for the exp·ort of individual shipments containing up to 5 eJ!l~argo by t~is definition are those wheTE~ the separation of the
ki!Olgramm,elS of chlorine trifiuoride. tntlum from Its compounds cannot result In the evolution of an
AE.17. Fluorinated hydrocarbons, as follows: isotopic mixture of hydrogen in which the ratio of tritium to hydro-
· Trichlorotrifluoroethane; gen by atoms exceeds one part in 1,000.
Dichlorotetrafluoroethane. (2) The &port Li,censing Branch wi1l1 conside,r a,pplications for
Note: The Export Licensing Branch will conside,r applications for lice!1ces fo~ ~he export of individual shipments containing up to 100
licences for the export of individual shipments of up to 1,100 kilo- CUrIes of trItIum.
grammes of each of the above fluorinated hydrocarbons. A.E.40. Neutron generator tubes designed for operation without
A.E.18. Equipment specially designed for the separation of isotopes an external vacuum system, and utiliSiing electrostatic acceleration
of uranium and/or lithium. to induce a tritium-deuterium nuclear reaction.
A.E.20. Personal radiation monitoring instruments enabling direct A.E.41. Process control instrumentation, not elsewhere s.pecified,
reading on a graduated scale: specially designed or modified for monitoring or controllin~ the pro-
(a) Dosimeters where more than one-fourth of the total single cessing of irradiated fissionable or fertile materials and lIthium.
exposure range falls between 15 and 500 roentgens;
Dose rate meters where more than one-fourth of the total
range falls between 1 and 80 roentgens per hour. Group C
Note: (1) Instruments designed spe'cially for use· with medical radia- Metal-Working Machinery
tion equipment are not covered by this de'finition.
(2) T,he EXpOlt Licensing [Branch wi:I[ consider ap;pHcations for Licences 1016. Grinding heads and spindle assemblies (consisting of spindles
for the export of shipments containing up to 20 instruments as defined and' bearings as a minimal assembly) designed or ,rated for operation
above. at speeds in excess of 120,000 revolutions per minute and machines
A.E.22. Mass spectrographs and spectrometers, as follows: ~pecially designed for the utilisation of such grinding heads.
(a) All multi-focus types (including double focus, tandem and 1072. Presses and specialised controls, accessories and parts
cycloidal); therefor, as follows:
(b) Single focus types possessing a radius of curvature of 5 inches fa) Presses (stabilised equipment using rams) for applying high
or more; impact energy work forces through use of explosives or com-
Note: The Export Licensing Branch will consider applications for pressed gases including air;
licen~es ~or the export of single equipments covered by sub-item (b) in (b) specially designed or redesigned for the working or forming
certain CIrcumstances. of metals, alloys or other materials with a melting point
(c) Specially designed assemblies, components and parts for the exceeding 1,900 CeDit~grade;

foregoing. (c) Presses, mechanical and hydraulic, not elsewhere s,pecified, with
A.E.27. Valves 3 centimetres or greater in diameter' with bellows total rated forces of over 10,000 tons;
s~l, wholly made of or lined with aluminium, nickel, or alloy con- (d) Control equipment, accessories and parts which are specially
taming 60 per cent, or more nickel, either manually or automatic- designed for the above presses.
ally operated and with other than metal to metal seats. Note: The Export Licensing Branch, provided they are satisfied
~.E.29, Gas centrifuges capable of the enrichment or separation
that the presses are not specially designed for use in forming air-
of Isotopes. craft, missile, or space vehicle parts, or for use in powder metallurgy
,Note: The Export Licensing Branch will consider applications for or ceramics production, will consider applioations for Hoonoos for
h~ences for the export of gas centrifuges specially design for indus- exports of vertical presses having a total ralted force 1ess than 15,000
tnal use and not suitable for atomic energy production use. tons and for :Hc'ences for the export of normal amounts of equipment
covered .by part (d) above to service presses exported under the first
A.E.30. Blowers and compressors (turbo, centrifugal and axial flow part of this Note.
tY~e~), wholly made of or lined with aluminium, nickel, or alloy con-
tal~Ing 60 per cent or more nickel, and having a capacity of 60 1075. Spin-forming machines, except those with a spindle drive
cubIc feet per minute (1,700 litres per minute) or greater. motor of less than 50 horse power.
' A.E.31. Electrolytic cells for the production of fluorine with a 1080. Machines and equipment specially designed for making or
prO,duction capacity greater than 250 grammes of fluorine per hour; measuring gas turbine blades.
I major components thereof.
1081. Machinery for use in the manufacture of aircraft, as follows:
I A.E.3~.I.e. Heat
exchangers suitable for use in gaseous diffusion
heat exchangers made of aluminium, copper, nickel, or
(a) Machinery specially designed for the working or forming of
aircraft sheet, plate or extrusion;
alloys containing more than 60 per cent nickel, or combinations of these (b) Machinery' specially designed for the milling of aircraft skin.
m~tah}s as clad tubes, designed to operate at sub-atmospheric pressure, 1086. Machines specia,Jly designed for the manufacture of jet
WIt a,leak rate of less than 10- 4 atmospheres per hour under a pres- engines, the following: '\
SUre dIfferential of 1 atmosphere. (a) Jet engine compressor case boring machines;
wt· E•34• .Artificial graphite, in the form of blocks or rods from (b) Jet engine compressor or turbine disc turning machines;
bo Ich a cube of 2 inch~s side or greater can be cut, and having a (c) Jet engine rotor grinders.
t rOn content of less than, or equal to, 1 part for a million, the 1088. Gear making ,and/or finishing maohinery, as follows:
Olal} thermal neutron absorption cross section being less than, or
equa to, 5 millibarns per atom. (a) Gear grinding machines, generating type of 36 inches work

I: A.E.35. Lithium metal, compounds, ores and concentrates.

ote: The Export Licensing Branch will conside'r applications for
cl ~ces for exports of medical lithium compounds, lithium soaps (in-
diameter and ahove;
(b) Capable of the production of gears of a module finer than O·S
millimetre (diametral pitch finer than 48).
ziUdIng lithium stearate), lithium bromide, lithium cobaltite, lithium 1091. Electronic closed loop feed back systems capable of con-
zircon~te, lithium silicate, lithium iodide, lithium chromate and lithium trolling, and of continuously correcting, continuous path metal cutting
arc~mu!l1 silicate. The Export Licensing Branch will also consider . and/or metal forming contour operations; metal-working machine
t~~ICatlons for licences for exports of other lithium material con- tools designed for or equip,ped with such controls.
ortndIng up to a total of 10 kilogrammes of contained lithium natural Note: The term 'continuous path' is meant :f;o' include both straight
epleted in the 6 is·o tope, excep,t for single crystals. ' and curved paths and such paths in one or more planes.
iv BOARD OF TRADE JOURNAL 12 JUNE 1964 (b) of 946 litres (250 gallons) up to 1;893 litres (500 gall
sign~ for the handling of liquid fluorine. 0_), de-
Equipment for separation of isotopes. (See A.E.18.)
Group D Mass Spectrographs and Spectrometers. (See A.E.22 )
Chemical and Petroleum Equipment Centrifuges capable of the .enrichment or separ~tion f'
(See A.E.29). 0 IsotOPes
1106. Counter current solvent extraotors, such as pulsed columns Blowers and compressors. (See A.E.30.)
and mixer settlers made of stainless steel, specially des,igned for ex- Electrolytic cells for the production of fluorine. (See A.E.3l )
tracting radio-active substances. Heat exchangers and components. (See A.E.33.) .

1110. Gas liquefying equip\rnent, as follows:

(a) Equipment specially designed for the production in liquid form
of air, oxygen, nitrogen, argon and/or hydrogen and producing Group E
1 ton or more per day of gas in liquid form, except plants not
capable of producing more than 25 per cent of their total dai,ly Electrical and Power-Generat!ing EquipmeDlt
product as extractable gas in liquid form;
(b) Liquid fluorine producing equip'ment; 1103. Electric vacuum furnaces as follows:
(c) Equipment for the separation of helium from natural gases. (a) Consumable electrode vacuum arc furnaces
specified, with a capacity in excess of 5 tons; ,
1112. Equipment for production and/or concentration of deuterium
oxide. (b) SkuU type vacuum arc furnaces;
(c) Electron beam vacuum furnaces;
1118. Equipment for the production of military explosives and solid .. (d) Induction vacuum furnaces, as follows:
propellants, as follows: (i) cold crucible vacuum induction furnaces designed to oper-
(a) Complete installations; ate at pressures lower than 0.1 m.m. of mercury and at
(b) Specialised components; 0
temperatures higher than 2,012 Fahrenheit (1,100° Centi-
(c) Nitrators: continuous types. grade); ,
(ii) other vacuum induction furnaces designed to operate at
1129. Vacuum pumps, as follows: 0
temperatures higher than 3,002 Fahrenheit (1,650° Centi-
(a) Ion vacuum pumps (Le. those using the principle of ionization) grade);
except those having pumping speeds of less than 800 litres of (e) Resistance vacuum furnaces designed to operate at temperatures
hydrogen per second at a pressure of 10-6 m.m. of mercury or higher than 3,002 Fahrenheit (1,650 Centigrade).
0 0

more (i.e. 10-5 , 10-', etc.); Note: The Export Licensing Branch will consider applications for
(b) Turbo-molecular pumps having a higher capacity than licences to export
2,000 litres of nitrogen per second; (i) vacuum induction furnaces covered under sub-item (d) (ii)
(c) Diffusion pumps rated for unbaffled pumping speeds of more with a work piece space of not more than 13,000 c.c. and
than 50,000 !litres of nitrogen p:eif second at pressures of IO- 4m.m. designed to operate at te'mper.atures not higher than 345ZO
of mercury or less; Fahrenheit (1,900 0 Centigrade); and furnaces with a ~ork
(d) Cryopump systems, not elsewhere specified, (i.e. systems in which piece space of not more than 3,200 C.c. with no single
the circulation of liquefied gas is used to achieve a vacuum, dimension (length, width, height or diameter) of that space
either static or dynamic, by lowering the temperature of the in excess of 10 inches and designed to operate at tempera- '
environment); tures not hilgher 'tlhan 4,172 Fahrenheit (2,300° Centi-

(e) Specially designed parts, controls and accessories for the above grade);
pumps. (H) resistance vacuum furnaces covered under sub-item (e), up
to 12 inches x 12 inches x 12 inches (28,320 c.c.) designed for
1131. Pumps (except vacuum pumps) capabJe of deliver,ing liquids heat treatment or up to 3,200 ,c.c. designed for melting,
separately or in combination with solids and/or gases and having any operating at temperatures. not higher than 4,172° Fahrenheit
of the following characteristics: (2,300" Centigrade) nor both types.
(a) Designed to move molten metals by electromagnetic forces; 0
(f) Specialised parts and controls for the above furnaces.
(b) specially designed for operation at temperatures below -170
Centigrade, except pumps with a flow rate of 100 gallons per 1204. Electron beam equipment, as follows:
minute or less which are not designed for operation at tempera-
tures below _200 Centigrade;
0 (a) Welding and/or machining equipment;
(c) having all flow contact surfaces made of any of the following (b) Equipment for the deposition of 'thin film, the coating of thin
materials: film, or the working thereof;
(i) 90 per cent or more Itantalum, titanium or zirconium, either (c) Specialised parts for the ,above equipment.
separately or combined;
(H) 50 per cent or more cobalt or molybdenum, either 1205. Ele'ctrochemicatl, serni-conducto,r and radio-activ.e devices, not
separately or combined; elsewhere specified, for. the direct conversion of chemIcal, solar or
(Hi) Polytetrafluorethylene; polychlorotrifluoroethylene. nuclear energy to electrIcal energy, as follows:
1133. Valves, cocks and pressure regulators, not elsewhere specified, (a) Electrochemical devices, as fol1ow~: .' at-
(1) Fuel cells (including regeneratl've cells), I.e. cells for. gener ts
as follows: 0 ing electric power, to which all the componen .
(a) Specially designed to operate at temperature below -170 are supplied from outside the cell;. . ned
Centigrade; (2) Electrically rechargeable cells, her~etlcal~y sealed, d~~~ond
(b) having all flow contact surfaces made of any of the following to have a leakage rate of 10- CUbIC cent1metre~ per ial of

materials: of gas or less when tested under a pressure dIfferent

(i) 90 per cent or more tantalum, titanium or zirconium, either
separately or combined; 2 atmospheres; . h cteristics:
(3) Primary cells having any of ~he .followmg ,c .ara an open
(H) 50 per cent or more cobalt or molybdenum, either separately
(i) possessing a means of act1vatlo~ and havI~1' n at a
or combined; circuit storage life in the unactIvated con I 10 'more'
(Hi) Polytetrafluoroethylene; polychlorotrifluoroethylene. temperature of 21 Centigrade of 10 year~ fr -25:

See also A.E. 27. (H) capable of operating at temperatl!resdfro f}1 cl;di~ cells
1141. Pine and tubing made of, lined with or covered with poly-
Centigrade to above + 55 Centigra e, ) possessing
and celll assemblies (other than dry cc S
II ,
tetrafluoroefhylene or polychlorotrifluoroethylene.
self-.contained heaters; . . ower outp~
See also' Item 1754.
(b) Photo-vohalc cells, not elsewhere specIfie.d, WIth a f
of 8 milliwatts or more per square centimetre~1 7~) illurnina-
100 mtlh-
1145. Containers,' jacketed only, for the storage or transportation watts per square centimetre tungsten (2,800 ; e V~~diDg those
of liquefied gases, including mobile uni.ts, as follows:. . . tion; all gallium arsenide photo-voltaIC ~ll'1 s, t~Cmeasured bY
(a) Of 1,893 litres (500 gallons) capaCIty or ,?ver, deSIgned for hq}lId having a power output of less than 4 ml lwa
nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen, ozone, hehum, argon or fluonne, the above technique; radioactive
except (c) Power sources other than nuclear rea~tors base~ro;utput of .less
2-shell or 3-shell containers rated for an average evaporation
loss of over S per cent per 24-hour period; such loss is to be materials systems, excluding those haVIng a p(?W atts) to weIght
calculated as a percentage of the total liquid capacity of the .than 0.5 watt in which the ratio of output In w
container under ambient temperature condition of + 75° (in pounds) is less than 1 to 2: hI" f the above
Fahrenheit (+24 0 Centigrade) or hiigher and without exposure (d) Specialised parts, components and sub-assem Ies 0
to direct sunlight; devices.
_ Electric arc devices, not elsewhere specified, for generating 12 JUNE 1964 BOARD OF TRADE JOURNAL v
Iow of ionized gas in which the arc column is constricted (except
a vices wherein ~the flow of ~as is for. isolatio~ purposes only) equip-
:nt incorporatIng such deVIces; speCIally deSIgned parts, accessories
and. control or test equipment, not elsewhere specified, for such
1355. Electronic valve making machinery, as follows:
(a) Machinery, equipment and test gear specially designed for the
manufacture of the various types of embargoed electronic
devices. valves, transistors and crystal diodes (including components or
1255. Diesel engines, 50 horse power and over, whose non-magnetic sub-assemblies therefor);
(llflite1l t exceeds 50 per cent ()If their total weight. (b) Machinery, equipment and test gear specially designed for the
automatic or semi-automatic assembly of electronic valves,
transistors and crystal diodes (including components and sub~
assemblies therefor) except standard eqU'~pmen:t designed for
automatic or semi-automatic exhaust sealing and gettering of
standard entertainment-type 7 pin miniature and 9 pin Noval
roup F tubes.
neraI Industrial Equipment 1360. Equipment for the manufacture of semi-conductor materials
as follows:
1305. Metal rolling mills, the following: (a) Equipment specially designed for the production or processing
(a) Sheet and strip mills as follows: of dendritic forms of any semi-conductor material, or com-
(1) H'aving automatic work roU adjustm'ent controls for bination thereof, suitable for use in diodes or transistors;
tapering or contouring along the length of the sheet or (b) Equipment, including specialized controls, parts and accessories
strip; therefor, not elsewhere specified, specially designed or modified
(2) More than three-high, not elsewhere specified, (including to be capable of purifying or processing, one, or more semi-
dual purpose mills which can operate as either two- or conduotor materialls, except equip!ment speci!ally designed for
four-high) which achieve special latera,l and/or longitudinall the zone purificat~Qn of germanium.
contour control by one or more of the following means: Note 1: The tenn 'dendrriltic' signifies a ribbon-like product of semi-
Ci) Work rolls having a mti'o of rolJl f.ace lenglth to rodl conductor material which may be drawn in various widths, thicknesses
diameter which exceeds either: and lengths and which may represent processing stages from a rela-
6 : 1 for rolls with roll face length up to and tively pure form of the material through advanced stages of treatment.
including 30 inches; or Nlote 2: Equipmel1Jt for purifying and processing includes equip...
? : 1 for rolls with roll face length exceeding 30 ment which performs one or more of the following operations on
Inches; semi-conductor materi.als:
(ii) Work roll c1ontour control achie'ved by concurrent (i) purifying beyond 99.9 per cent;
deforming of back-up rolls, back-up shafts or work (i,i) equalising d'i'Sltr,ibUltion of residua'l impuliiities;
rolls; (iii) achieving controlled introduction of impurities in one or
(iii) any other feature achieving special lateral and/or more stages of operation;
longitudinal contour controls comparable to those (iv) producing monocrystalline material or forms, including
achieved by (i) and (ii). forming on substrates.
(b) Mills, specially designed or redesigned for the rolling of metals 1380. Centrifugal and axiall flow compressors or blowers, not else-
and .al~oys with a me'llting p'oon't exceeding 1900 Cent,igrade;

(c) SpecialIsed controls, parts and accessories for the atboiVe mil1ls. where specified, capable of an overall compression ratio of 2 : 1 or
more coupled with a capacity of over 372,000 cubic feet per minute
Notes 1: The term 'sheet and strip mills' covers mills for the rol- or of an overall compression ratio of 3 : 1 or more coupled with a
ling 0If plaJte, sheet, strip, foi[ and any equ'iVtalent p'foduClt. capacity of over 106,000 cubic feet per minute.
2: Part (a) (2) of this definition rel'8Jtes to technioal develop- Note: Tlhe ExpoIit Licensing Branch will consider applications for
ments which materially increase the capability of mills licences for equipment covered by this heading provided
to meet the exceptionally close tolerances required for (a) the equipment is of conventional type that has been in normal
military needs. civil use for at least three years for applications similar to that
3: The Export Licensing Branclh wild oonsuder appHaaltions for which it is to be exported;
for licences for the export of: (b) the equipment is for use in a specific installation which is
(i) Miil1s posis,ess,ing ,any of ,the charaote'risltios covered by civilian in character, such as a steel mill or a coal mine, and
(a) (2) to (Hi), if these characteristics do not present is reasonable and appropriate in specification for that end use.
an impro;yement in kind and/or quality on simiJar
devices incorporalted into op,eratJing mills of the same
'type and size prior tlO January 181t of the year three
years p'receding the year of licensing;
(,~i) 18'11 conitroliS, parts and aocessories Dor /the above mills.
Group G
The term 'improvement in kind and/or quaHty' applies Transportation Equipment
only to technical developments resulting in a materia:l
i~crease in efficacity or reliability to fl,chieve the excep- 1410. Tankers designed for speeds of more than 18 knots when in
tIonally close tolerances in lateral and/or longitudinal full load (design) condition.
contour required for military purposes.
1415. Warships (whether or not converted to non-military use and
4: Suib-parag~aph (a) (2) (i) of the definition does not cover: regardless of current state of, repair or operating condition); and hulls
(a) Mills having multiple work rolls rotating in a plane- or ,par'ts, of hulls, for such ships. '
tary form round the back-up rolls; See also M.L.9.
(b) Mills specially designed for the rolling of aluminium
foil. 1416. Vessels as follows:
5: The term 'more than three-bigh' covers any mill in which (a) Fishing vessels and huUs theT~for designed for speeds of 17
each work rolJ is supplonted by one or more hack-up rolls. knots or over when in full load -(design) condition;
(b) Hydrofoil vessels not elsewhere specified;
13?3.. Cable-making- machinery specially designed for making Note: The Ministry of Transp,oflt will consider applications for
~ulttpaIr electric cable (for t.elecommunications purposes)· and capable hydrofoil vessels not possessing significant rough water capability
Hmanuracmunng aalbles suib]edt to embargo under Item 1526 (Group or amphibious qualities provided the vessels are for normal civilian
below), as follows: use and do not incorporate' advanced techniques.
(a) ~alchinery otfuer thJan ttlh'aIt oovered by litem 1354 for applying (c) Sea-going vessels inoluding coalSlteTS and hulls therefor, not
Insulating material to conductors; clsewhere specified, designed for S1peed's of ove'r 21 knoltls when
(b) Mac~inery for laying conductors together and/or for applying in full load (design) condition;
an Insulating, separating, binding or identifying material Note: For passenger-oarrying liners having at le'aslt 4 decks and
thereto; whose specifications, as far as hull construction is concerned, corres-
(c) Machinery for laying up conductors, pairs, quads, etc., to- pond to the Conventions on the Safety of Human Life at Sea in
gether\ to form the complete cable core or part thereof. force art: 'tlhe time ·()If ,dleir (,X>nSltruction, this cUlt-off is increased to:
(i) 23 knots for liners having accommodation for between
co~3~41' Cable-making machinery specially designed for making 100 and 1,000 passengers;
Ita cable, as follows: (1i) 25 knoits for liners having aooommod.81tion for more than
(a) Machines for applying' insulating sepal"3.tors to the inner con- 1,000 passengen;.
(b ductor of air-spaced coaxial electric cables; (d) Vessels with hulls and propulsion machinery made wholly or
) Machines for applying metal strip or sheet to form the outer primarily of non-m:agnetic materials;
(t) conductor of coaxial electric cables; (e) new ships with decks and platforms specially designed or for ,f,orm,ing, strandling, or assemb[ing coaxiaJ1 cable, s.trengthened to receive weapons.
«I) WIth or without conductors other than coaxial tubes; Note: 'Jihe MiniS/tlI'Y of 'fmns:poI'lt should b.~ ~onsu~ted abou1t any
Automatic e'quipment for controHing the diameter or the vessels whidh oonttain any emtbarg.oed item or have arrangementts for
eccentricity of extruded dielectric· on wires and cables. demagndti1SiaJtion.
1430. Buoyant electric conducting cable suitable for sweeping Electronic Equipment including Communications and Radar
magnetic mines.
1501. Communication, navigation, direction finding d
1450. Automotive vehicles, tractors, lift trucks, not elsewhere equipment, not elsewhere specified, as follows: an radar
specified, possessing or built to current Inilitary specifications differing
materially from their normal commercial specifications. (la) Airborne communication equipment and specialised
components therefor; parts and
1460. Aircraft and helicopters, aero-engines and aircraft and Note: The Export Licensing Branch will consider applica' '
helicopter equipment, as follows: licences for the export' of commercial airborne equipment ntIons for
(a) Aircraft and helicopters, not elsewhere specified, except those equip civil aircraft OIf the Sino-Soviet Bloc or as nO'fmal ~eded to
not containing or incorporating any Munitions List items ~quipment fo~ ~ivil comercial use, and containing none of the ~11ard
(Group A) and which: Ing charactenstIcs: 0 ow-
(i) are of types and series which have been in normal civil use (i) Designed to operate at frequencies greater
for more than two years; or megacycles per second;
(ii) being of types and series in normal civil use, are under (ii) Designed for Single Side Band Operation;
90,000 lb. empty weight (empty weight is understood to (iii) Incorporating facilities for:
include normal installations and normal minimum crew.
but does not include fuel or payload); , (a) the .rapid selection of more than 200* channels pe
Note: Exporters are ,advised to consult the Ministry of equIpment, or r
Aviation about any proposal to sell aircraft to the Sino-Soviet (b) pro~iding a ~ultiplicity of alternative output
Bloc. carn~r freque.ncles controlled by a lesser number
(b) Aero-engines, not elsewhere specified; of pIezoelectnc crystals and not forming multiples
Note: The Export Licensing Branch will consider applica- of a common control frequency.
tions for licences for the export of the following types of aero- (iv) Pressurised throughout;
engines for use in civil aircraft and helicopters in the Sino- (v) Rated for continuo~s operation over a r~nge of ambient
Soviet Bloc: temperatures extendIng from below -55 Centigrade to
(i) Turbo-prop, turbo-shaft and turbo-jet types and series Glibove + 55° Centigrade;
which are the standard engines of aircraft and helicopters (vi) Designed for modulating methods employing any fonn
excepted from embargo under sub-items (a) (i) and (a) (H) of digital modulation using time and frequency redund-
above or are equivalent to such engines; ancy such as 'Quantised Frequency Modulation' (QFM);
(H) piston types;
(c) Ground and airborne equipment, not elsewhere specified *Applications for licences for equipment operating in the
developed solely or used mainly for aircraft and helicopters fre'quency range 108-136 megacycles per second incorporating
except ground or airborne equipment of types in normal civil facilities for the rapid selection of 560 channels or fewer at not
use. less than 50 kilocycles per second channel spacing will ,be con-
See also M.L.10. sidered if the equipment has been in normal civil USe for at
least two years.
1485. Compasses and gyroscopic equipment, as follows: (b) Navigation and direction finding equipment, not elsewhere
s,pecitfied (and specia'lised parts and la,cceSlsories, speoiallsed
(a) Gyro conlpasses, North-seeking only, possessing one or more testing or calibrating equipment and training or simulating
of the following characteristics: equipment, not elsewhere specified, therefor), as follows:
(i) Automatic correction for the effects on compass accuracy
of changes in ship's speed, acceleration, or latitude, other (1) Airborne navigation equipment and direction finding equip-
than manually set mechanical corrective devices; ment as follows:
(H) Provision for accepting ship's data as an electrical input; (i) Designed to make use of 'Doppler' frequency pheno-
(iii) Provision for setting in corrections for current set and mena;
drift; (ii) Utilising the constant. ~elocity and/or the ~ectilinear
(iv) Utilisation of accele1ro,me1ter, rate gyro, rate integrating propagation charactenstIcs of electromagnetIc waves
gyros, or electrolytic levels as sensing devices; having frequency less than 4 x 10 14 cycles per second
(v) Provisions for determining and electrically transmitting (0.75 microns);
ship's level reference data (roll, pitch) in addition to own
ship's course data; Note: The Export Licensing Branch will cC?nsld~r applicatio.ns for
Hcenoes 'tor the expont of standard commef1clall aIrborne eqmpment
(b) Pressure proof ship's course indicators for submarines; needed to equip civil aircraft of the Sino-Soviet ~'loc or as norma
(c) Transmitting magnetic compasses specially designed for sub- standard equip,ment incorporated in civil aircraft beIng .exported to t~
marines; Sinio-Soviet Bloc for civil commercial usage, prOVIded 1lhat su
(d) Integrated flight instrument systems for aircraft which include equip'ment:
gyro-tSt,abill,isers and/or automatic pilots. (a) is in conformity with I.C.A.O. standard and assures
Note: An integrated flight instrument system is a primary instru- no function exceeding those resulting from such stan-
ment display system ,of altitude and azimuth with facilities for giving
m1anoeuvre guidance information Ito the ·pilot and often integrated with dards; t' 'd t fre-
(b) is not designed to make use of hyperbOLIC gn :. a
an auto-pilot to the extent of embodying a common uniJt f.or setting quencies greater than 3 megacycles per second,
up the required demands.
See Note under (e) below. (c) is equivalent in' all characteristic~ and pefrformaaf~n~~
equipment used as standard eqUIpment 0 aucr
(e) Gyro-magnetic compasses;
Note: The Export Licensing Branch will consider applications for subject to embargo. . . b ne
licences for equipment covered under sub-items (d) and (e) provided: *AJpplicatioilts for licences: fOIf standard co.m,m~rcla~ f~~~n­
(i) They are of types and series which have been in normal equip,ment designed to make use of hyperbolIc gnd~ ~ h include
civil use for more than two years and are standard equip- cies of less than 3 megacycles per second and ~ I~d if the
ment of aircraft excluded from control under Item 1460. co-ordinate conversion equipment will be conSl er
(H) The equipment is to be installed in civil aircraft.
(f) Gyro-astro compasses and other devices which derive position
and/or orientation by means of automatically tracking celes-
equipment .
(a) has been in normal civH use for more than two
(b) does not incorporate equip,ment embargoed Y
y; rs and

tial bodies; 1545(a), 1564 or 1565.

(g) Gyro-stabilisers used for other purposes than aircraft control, (Hi) Radio altimeters, the following:
except those for stabilising an entire surface vessel; (a) Pulse modulated tte~ than ±
(h) Automatic pilots used for other purposes than aircraft con- (b) Frequency modulated having an aceuracy tbe 100 feet or
trol, except marine types for surface vessels; 3 feet over the whole range between o <0
(i) Gyroscopes and .accelerometers of very high precision and min- ± 3 per cent above 100 feet. . 1 civil use
iaturised gyroscopes and accelerometers which are designed Ifor (c) Frequency modulated which have been In norma
use in inertia navigation systems or in guidance systems of all for less than four years. . l' tions for'
types; Note: The ·Export Licensing Branch will ~onslderu~~g lC~odulated
(j) Gyros and gyro compasses with a minimum rated free direc- licences for the export .of staI}dar~d. cOI?merctal freq ino~Soviet Bl~
radio altimete'rs needed to equIp CIvIl aIrcraft of. the. ~l ircraft beIng
tional drift rate (minimum rated free precession) of 1 per hour
or less; or as normal standard equipment incorpC!rated In Cl~\ ~~e provided
(k) Specially designed parts and components for the above, except exported to the Sino-Soviet BI.oc for civIl oommercIathan '[Wo years.
for the specific equipment exported under (d) and (e). that such altimeters have been In normal use for more
(iv) Direction finding equipment operating at· frequencies 12 JUNE 1964 BOARD OF TRADE JOURNAL vii
greater t~anl 5 megacyCl1e·s per secornd: ol~her than eq uip-
ment desIgne~ for search and rescue purposes provided
that the receIver operates on a crysta!l controlled fixed ~502. Co~municat!01'!' de~ection or tracking equipment of a kind
freque~cy .of 121.5 megacycles per second and that the
USIng ultra-VIolet radIatIon, Infra-red radiation or ultrasonic waves·
determInatIo~ of the D.:'::. bearing is not independent
and specialised parts thereof. '
of the headIng of the aIrcraft and provided that the Note~ This item is not intended to coveif industrial equipment
D.F. antennae array is designed for operation at a effill?!loyullg cells not embargoed by Items 1548 or 1550 nOIf ultrasonic
fixed frequency of 121.5 megacycles per second; ~evlces which operate in contact with a controlled material to be
(v) Pres:suds'ed throughout;
See also M.L.15.
(vi) Rated for continuous. operation over a range of ambient
temperatures extendIng from below -55 Centigrade
0 1503. Communication equipment employing tropospheric iono-
to above + 55 Centigrade; spheric or meteoric scatter phenomena; and specially design~d sub-
assemblies, parts and test equipment therefor.
(2) Ground and marine equipment for use with airborne navi-
gation le1quipment utilising the constant v,e.I1oC'ity and/or the . 1507. 'Jamming' apparatus (i.e., apparatus specially designed to
rectilinear propagation characteristics of electromagnetic or otheTwise intenfere with radio rec:eption); and specialised pa'rts
waves having frequency less than 4 x 10 14 cycles per second therefor.
(0.75 microns); 1510. Location apparatus, underwater: apparatus for detecting or
Note: The JEXiPOI1t iLi'oensing 'Branch will consider app;1i.cations for locating objects under water by magnetic or acoustic or ultrasonic
licences for the export of ground equipment fOf use at civil- methods, and stpeciallised COIlllPOifients olf such 'apparatus, except marine
ian 'airports or for oivil use in Sino-Soviet Bloc in depth sounders of a kind used solely for measurin.g the depth of
association with .airborne equipment which may be exported water or the distance of submerged objects vertically below the
under the exceptl1n~ Note to sub-it,em (b) 1 (ii) above, pro- apparatus.
vided that such !eqUJ.p1ment: Note: The (EXport Licensing Br.anch will consider alPp!ications for
Ca) is in conformity with I.C.A.O. standards and assures licet.'lces for the export of horizontally operating apparatus for fish
no function exceeding those resulting from such stand- findIng.
ards; 1514. Pulse modulators capable of providing electric impulses of
(b) is not. designed to make use of hyperbolic grids at fre- peak power exceeding 200 kilowatts or of a duration of less than
quencIes greater than 3 megacycles per second. 1/10th micro-second, or with a duty cycle in excess of 0.002; and
(3) Ground and marine direction finding equipment op'erating pulse-transform·elf, pulse~omning eq4ipment or delay lines being
at frequel1JCies greater than 5 m'egacycles per second; s.peci,a:1ised parts of such modulators.
Note: The iE~port Lkensing BraIltCh wiH oonsider applications fo'r 1516. :Radio ,receivens, panoramic (being receivers whioh search
licences for the export of this type of equipment when automatically a part of the radio-frequency spectrum and indicate the
(a) the equipment is to be installed at civilian airports or s,~gnals received); and specialis·oo parts therefor.
for use on clivil air lfooutetS in the Sino-SoiVliert Bloc and 1517. Radio transmitters and components, not elsewhere specified,
(b) the equipment is designed to operate at frequencies (except radio link .and r,ela,y equipment) as fOtllowis:
be,tween 5 me!gacycles per second and 157 me;gacyc1es
per second, excluding single side band equipment, and (a) Transmitters or transmitter amplifiers designed to operate:
(c) the equipment employs a loop system or a system (1) At output carrier frequencies between 108 and 156 mega-
employing a number of spaced vertical aerials uni- ICytol,etS per second (other tban equipment designed for search-
formly. disposed a~ound the circumferences of a circle, and rescue purposes where such equipment comprises an
excluding electronIcally commutated types. . omnidkectionaI beacon and operates on a single crystal-
controlled fixed frequency of 121.5 megacycles per second);
Radar equipment, not elsewhere specified (and specialised parts Note: The IBxport Li,cenlSing Branch wHI consider applicClItions
and accessories, specialllised testing or calibrating equipment for licences for the export of equipment in conformity with
and training or simulating equipment, not elsewhere specified, I.C.A.O. standards and assuring no function exceeding those
therefor), as follows: resulting from these standards, provided that it contains none
(1) Airborne radar equipment; of the characteristics mentioned under sub-item (b).
Note: T~'e Export Li10ensing Branch wi:I1 consider applications for (2) at output Iflf'equencies ,greater than 235 megacycles per
ltcences to eXJport radar equipment for use in ci'Vi! akcraft second, other It1ban
of the Sino.,sorviet Baoe prov1ided the equi,pment; (i) television broadcasting transmitters and amplifiers
(a) has been in normal commercial service for at least three therer£olr operating between 470 md 960 megacycles per
years; second;
(b) is specially designed for use as a commercia'l weather (ii) mobile frequency-modulated and amplitude-modulated
radar; communications equipment operating in the 420 to
(c) is a normal and reasonable equipment for such civil 470 megacycles per second band, with a power output
aircraft; of not mOire than 25 wal1:ts for mobille units and 100
(2) GrouijJd. and marine rada,r equipment having one or more watts for fixed un~l1s:
of the following features: (Hi) amplitude-modulated radiotelephone equipment used
(i) .()tPeratiOig at a frequency not in nOTmal civil use in the fOIf sea'rch and reSlCue wo!!k operating on a frequeney 0.£
West'ern World, or at a frequency of more than 10,500 243 megacycles per second with a carrier power not
megacycles per s,econd; exce,eding 100 mHUwatts.
(,ii) baving a peak output lpower to the aerial sy.stem greater (b) Transmitters or transmitter amplifiers desi'gned to provide any
than 100 killbrwatts, of the following features:
(iii) havilng an 80% or better cumulative ,prolbab~lity of (1) Any system of pulse modulation. (I~his does not include
detecti,on of a 20 square metre tar,get at a free space amplitude, frequency or phase modulated television or
range of 50 nauti,c,al miles on an aircraft baving an telegraphic transmitters.)
. equivalletlft: echoi11lg area, of 20 square metres; (2) Rated for operation over a range of am,bient te,mperatures 0
(IV) urtriH'Sling othe:r than pulse modulation wi,th a constant extending from below -40 Centigrade to above +55
pullSe 'liepetition frequency; Centigrade;
(v) uti:IJsitng a dewIer te'chnique for any purpose, other than (3) ,DesiLgned to provide a muLtiplicity of alternatirve output
M.T.I. systems using a conventional double pulse delay frequencies controlled by a lesser number of piezo-electric
linel tecbnique; crysta1s, except equipments in whiioh the' output frequency
(vi) induding signal proc:elssiIllg techniques which have been is selected only by manual operation either on the equip-
in norma.l civil use for a period Otf less than 4 yeal1S; ment or on a remote control unit and:
I (vii) having been in commercia:! use in the Western World for (i) those forming multiples of a com,mon control frequency!
a .period of less than 2 years; or
.1 to
The Export Licensing Branch win consider applications for licences (;ii) those in which the output frequency is a multiDle of a
export. oommon frequency which is not less than 1/1 ,000th part
of the oscillatolr frequency and !is in steps of 1 ki~'Ocycle
Note: Radal1S not exce'eding 500 k:illowa:tts pea!k power to the aerial .per second or greater.
and a maximum (free S1Pace) 80% cumulative probability of (c) Com,ponents and .S:UJb-a'SSemblies, irnoluding modula,tors and
detectionI1ange of 120 nautical miles on a target having an modulation amplifiers, specially desi,goed for 'use in transmitters
echoing area of 10 square metres and operating at a. frequency covered by suh-items (a) and ~b)'
of less than 3,500 m~ycles per second and ha;ving a. pulse
r~pefit.ion rftfequency in exce'ss of 500 /pulses per second, pro- 1518. Telemetering and telecootrol equipment suitable fo,r use
Vllded the equipmetlJt is to be insltallled at airportlS operating with aircraft (piloted or pilotless), space vehicles or weapons (guided
scheduled commercial 1ijghts to countries outside the Bloc or unguided), and test equilpIllent specially designed for such
and is not emba1'lgoed 'by sub-items (i) or (iv) to (vii). equipment.
viii BOARD OF TRADE JO URNAL 12 JUNE 1964 1525. OoaxiJal-ltype commun:iootions cable, as follows.
(a) C:0ntaining substances covered by Item 1754 (Gr~up K) .
1519. Telegraph equipment, as follows: .. bst; of thIS
(b) Using a mineral insulator dielectric;
(a) Equipment (machines), mecha~ical, e~ectro-me,?hanI,?al, ~r
electronic used to translate the InformatIon contained In wnt- . (c) Using a dielectric aired by discs, beads, spiral, screw
other means; or any
ten or printed text into electrical waveforms suitable for trans-
mission over communication circuits at any speed greater than (d) De'Sligned for pressurisal1:ion or use wilth a gas dielectric'
500 words per minute or 375 bauds, wJtichever is the lelss; (e) Intended for submarine laying. '
Note: The E:xrpoflt Li'censing Branch will consider applicatio f
(b) Equipment designed to accept such electrical wave f0l1I!s within
the limits laid down in sub-item (a) and display the Informa- licences for the export of cables covered by sub-item (c) wh ns r h
tion from them in visible form; in!1er diameter of the o~r conductor. is 9.5 m'm. or less whi~hec t e
(c) Terminal equipment, not elsewhere specified, capa!'le of trans- taIns four or fewer coaXIal tubes prOVIded the delIvery contracted ~n­
mitting and/or receiving digital data at a rat~ In exces.s of does not extend beyond 12 months from the date of contract. or
2000 bits per second (bauds) or at a rate (applIcable to SIngle
channels or to each sub-channel in a multi-channel system) in 1526. Communic~tions cable containing more than one pai
bits per second (bauds) numerically in excess of 75 per cent of conductors of which anyone of the conductors, single or 'stranrd ~f
the channel (or sub-channel) band-width in cycles per seco~d; has a diameter exceeding 0.9 mm as follows: e,
(d) SpeciaJIised component parts and accessories for such eqUIp- (a) Submarine cable;
ment. (b) ~able,. other than .conventional pap~r and air dielectric tyPes
In whIch the nomInal mu~ual capaCItance of paired circuits i~
less than 53 nanofarads/mtle (33 nanofarads/km.) ,
1520. Radio relay communications equipment designed for use at (c) Ca.ble. containing materials coyered by Item 1754 (Group K) of
frequencies in excess ()If 300 megacycles per second and speci~al~sed thIS Itst.
components and suib-assembl:ies therelfor. Nolte: The Expolit Licensing Branch wH1 consider applications for
N'OItJe: The EXp'0rlt licensing Br.anch wiLl con~ider app1iClation~ ~or ilicences for the expol11: of caJble oovered by this Item and containing
llicences ItO expoI'lt short-range and ~ow-power lInks for transmISSIon neither more than ~wo pairs of ~on~uctors nor any conductor, single
between lthe camera or studio and tJhe te1lev,ision transmiltlter. ?r strand~d, e:xce~dIng. 1.5 mm. In d~ameter where the cable is to be
Installed In ClfCUItS dIrectly connectIng densely populated industrial
1521. Amplifiers, oscillators and related equipment, not elsewhere areas of Sino-Soviet countries with communications systems in coun-
specified, as follows: . . tries outside the Bloc.
(a) Amplifiers deSIgned to operate at frequenCIes in excess of
500 megacycles per second; 1527. Cypher maohines and associaJted equ~pment suah as key
(b) Tuned amplifiers having a bandwidth (defined as the band of generators and tape mixers designed to provide a secrecy capability for
frequencies over which t~e pow~r amplification ~oes not drop analogue or digital transmissions or a combination of the two.
to less than one-half of Its maXImum value) whIch exceeds 10 ,Note: The E~port Lic:ensing Branch will consider applications fur
megacycles per second or 10 per· ce~t of the. mean frequency, llicences for sysltems, other than ·tJhose uS1ing digi:.tal techniques, for v~ce
whichever is less, except Ithose &pecHallly deSIgned for use In itransmisstion making use of fixed frequency inversion or fixed band
community television distribution systems. (The mean fre- s'crambling toohniques in whkh the /transposit:Jion changes occur not
quency is defined as the arithmeti.c m~an .between the f~e­ more frequently than once every 10 seconds; and for other systems,
quencIes at which the power amplIficatIon IS one-half of Its other than those using digital te,chniques, which ha ve a recognised
maximum value); commercial or indust1rial application.
(c) Untuned amplifiers having a bandwidth, as defined in sub-item
(b) above, which exceeds 10 Il?-e&acycles per second; . 1529. Electronic measuring, testing, or calibrating instruments, not
(d) Diroot current ampHfiers, amphf)'iIng by ~h~tever means, bavIng elsewhere specified, having one or more of the following characteris-
a noise 1evel (referred to the input circuilt) of 10_ 16 waitJts or tics:
less and/or a zero 1 hour cOflre:sponding to a change in (a) Designed for use at frequencies in excess of 1,000 megacycles
input power of 10_ 16 watts or l,elSs; . per second, except radio spe,ctI1.!m ~na:ly~ers (se.e Item 153,3);
(e) Parametric amplifiers with a noise figure of merit of 5 deCIbels (b) Testing instruments rated to maIntaIn theIr speCIfied operating.
or less measured at a temperature of 17 Centigrade; para- data when operating over a range of ambient temperatures
magnetic amplifiers; other amplifier or oscillator devices such extending from below -25 Centigrade to above + 55°

as Masers, Lasers and Irasers, which .amplif~ C?r oscillat~ by Centigrade.

means of stimulated electromagnetIc radIatIon; speCIally
designed parts tJherefor; 'any equipment conit/aining such
amplifiers, oscillators ~r devices. 1530. Apparatus for automatically sorting electronic components
in respect of their electrical characteristics.
1523. Communication transmission equipment, as follows: 1533. Radio spectrum analyzers (being app~ratus capable .of ~ndi·
(a) Terminal and intermediate repeater or amplifier equipment eating the single-frequency componentls of multI-frequency oscIHatlOn)"
designed to deliver, carry or receive frequencies higher t~an as follows: I r
150 kilocycles into, or in, a communications system, excludIng (a) Designed to operate at frequencies over 1,000 megacyc es pe
carrier communication terminals specially designed for power
lines and operating at frequencies below. 1,500 kilocrc~es; second; . I per
(b) Designed to operate at frequenCIes over 309 me,gacyc es .
(b) Single and m,ulti-channel t~legraph. termInal trans~l1ttIng. and second and uSling heads ~l:e:, R.F. ~UnIng
rec1eiving equI'P'ment eX1eluding eqUIpme'l1lt wrhtIch IS desIgned s)liSltems) and incofIPoratUng integra:! sweep f1aiclbtlCs;
or rated for operation at a rate (for either the channel or any (c) Having a display bandwidth in excess of 12 megacycles per
sub-channel in a multi-channel system) in bauds (bits per sec- second; . h f
ond) numerically less than 60 per cent of the cha!1nel. (or (d) Spe,ciaIised comp.onents, aJccessories and parts t ere or.
sub-channel) 'bandwidth in cycles per second and WhICh IS:
(i) equipment with a bandwidth per channel of not more than 1537. Elootromagne/tlic waveguides and components therefor,

240 cycles per second and with a rated speed of not more
than 100 bauds (or 134 words per minute) per channel follows: ' . d '.:O'ned for use
(a) Rigid and flexible waveguIdes and components eSI~ d'
designed to C.C.I.T. standards; at frequencies in excess of 12,500 megacycles per fe~~n 1:
(ii) equipment used with telemetering, telecoII!mand and tel~­ (b) Waveguides having a bandwidth ratio grea~er tha~ f~ll~ws;
signalling equipment designed for industnal purposes, In (c) Waveguide components, not else:where sI?eclfied,. as eater than
which the operational aggregate speed of the telegraph
equipment is less than 1,200 bits per second (bauds)~ (i) DirectionaJ couplers having a bandWIdths :ftlC:J~ or more;
1·5:1 and directivity o~e'f the band ?f.l e~~re' than one
(Hi) time-division multiplex systems up to 6 channels WIth a
maximum aggregate speed of 300 bauds and/or 72 words (H) Rotary joints capable of transmI!tlng
isolated channel or having a bandWIdth grea er .
n: i.~ than 5 per
per minute p~r channel, provi~ed that they de:> not con-
tain an automatic error detectIon and correctIon system cent of .f.1he centre mean frequenc~; components;
using multiple c h e c k . . . (iii) Maignetirc, including gyro-ma~n~.tlc, wavegu~cnts therefor;
(c) Specialised componen1ts, accessOrIes and sulb",assem,bhes for (d) Pre'ssur1ised W1a;ve'~u~ides '~nd speclalI.sed. c~lm~.o gyro-magnetic,
the above equipment. . . (e) TEM mode devl'ces, USIng ma'gnetil'c, Inc u Ing
Note: In cases where the e,quLpmenlt is to. be insta'laed i.n ClfOU~1:'S properties; h for except those
directly connecting densely populated industnal areas.of SIn~-SovIet (f) l;R and anti-TR tubes and componen~s t er~ ~ak' power not
Bloc countries with communication syst~ms of .countnes. oU!SIde the h
designed for use in waveguid 7s operatlng t d P8 between 1.300
exceeding 100 kilowatts and In frequency an 2 700 and 3.900
Bloc, the Export Licensing Branch. wtl.l consIder. a~phcatI0!1s for
licences for the export of communIcatIon transmISSIon eqUIpment and 1,660 megacycles per second, betwe~ 10:000 megacyc1~
having the following characteristics: . . . megacycles per second or between 8,500 an . Iude a contro
Terminal and intermediate repeater or ampbfier eqUIpment deSIgned per second, provided th·ose tubes ~o. n~! ~n~v means of an
to deliver, carry O~ 'receive not motre than 60 vo,ice channels of 4 electrode permdtting the control of aonIza 10' -
kilocycles per second each. external voltage.

It's by Union-Castle ;1

~; ~~ I
Urgent freight for South Africa or Rhodesia? Union-Castle can get it there ~ ',,-~~oo~ I
fast. Their mailships sail from Southampton every Thursday afternoon at 4p.m.- ; ; •\~~$'vP"1
arrive at Cape Town only l3! days later. Ample facilities for every kind of ,,~,~t:~~~~} I
shipment too-and Union-Castle take good care ofit:-no matter what the size or ;;.,~:~~~~~~c)· .... I
shape. If you've got goods for Cape Town, Port ElIzabeth, East London or / ~~\~ ~o~~~\!~prfJ ••••••• I
Durban, they'll arrive there on the dot by Union-Castle. / ,Go-ro~f\)~~l~\\>O~ •••••••• ..' I
/ 'f\)orfJ o-(\l ~~ ~t.. ••••• ••••• I
The going's good by . ;~o\~~~~~~~\j •..••······· ./-..c",~ ..,.
;;i::{~~i)'~<v""" . . .~~~~'-~ . . .· · . . I
.. I ,
i '\.~~)'< ~~~~\)
)' f\"'..~'i:I'"
~ .,'
•• ' ~
,.' ••'

x 12 JUNE 1964

\lJ\ business comment No. 2

ex or 11

J. c. Bamford, chairman and man(1ging director

of J. C. Bamford (EXCAV ATORS) Ltd. says:

ecause there's safety in exports"

t-yes safety. Just think about it for a while. If you concentrate all your sales into one
J;<ountry you are entirely dependent upon the strength of the economy of that country. As
tk fluctuates, so will your sales.

~If, on the other hand, you spread the load and sell to a number of countries, individual
jchanges will not affect your overall selling position.
;;Take ,Western Europe. Here there is political stability, and the growing economic strength
~of the world's greatest market. What an easy target for British exporters!

. l1.l:jI)iiiiiE::3iiiii~
Western Europe's leading manufacturer of hydraulic excavators.
,Appjications for \J) distributorship are invited from progressive organisations in Europe. l

Merchant Banking with Guinness MahoD Thu/ 1IiJt& ~1fA­

ID.illingntr 8Johnston ftb.
How financial
could help
In the reign, of King George III



company LONDON
39/45 Finsbury Square
144 Spa Road
, BurrellStreet


fit Ila Bruton Place "

Jt 59/62 Ewer Street "
I: Is surprising how many times a company can .. (Airport)
" "
Queen's Building
Bldg. Ill, Northern Area
benefit from retaining expert advice on its financial MANCHESTER Corn Exchange Buildings •STONWIN'
affairs. Earning the best return on existing capital, ,,(Airport) Building 55 'AIRSTONWIN'
improving liquidity, raising new capital, obtaining a LIVERPOOL Orleans House •WINGATE'
Stock Exchange quotation, expansion by acquisition, NEWCASTLE 65 Quayside • NEWINjOHN'
all are problems on which many companies benefit GLASGOW 20 Renfield St·reet, C.2 •GATEWIN '
from expert advice. , ,,(Airport) Building 66, Renfrew ..
Guinness Mahon are financial advisers to com- LEICESTER 15 Rutland Street ' lEWINjOHN'
panies of all sizes in many different industries. Young LEEDS Yeadon Airport •GATEjOHN'
HARWICH 21 Garland Road •JCHNSTON'
and growing concerns require our services as much as PARIS 8 Rue D'Enghien •JOHNWIN'
fully established ones, since financial problems often " (Airport) Aerogare Fret Orly •WINGAIR'
form a barrier to expansion. HAVRE 7 Rue des Drapiers •JOHNGATE'
If you are interested in this or any other of the TORO·NTO 217 Bay Street •STONGATE'
" (Airport) Air Cargo Building •WINGAIR'
services of a Merchant and Investment Bank, you are MONTREAL lOO St. Sacrement •GATESTON'
invited to see a director of Guinness Mahon. Each. NEW YORK I1 Broadway 'PENWINGATE'
customer's affairs at the bank are under the direct
supervision of a director. Connecting with G network of reliable agents overseas

Guinness Mahon & Co. Limited TRAVEL BRANCH

WlNGAtE &: JOHNSTON (TRAVEL) LTD., 34 Bruton Street, LONDON, W.
S3 Cornhill, London, EC3 · Tel: Mansion ,House 6141
Guinness & Mahon, 17 College Green, Dublin.

&tablished 1836
f..,1. .Cathode-ray tubes, as follows: 12 JUNE 1964 BOAR·D OF TRADE JOURNAL xiii
(a) wIth 3; ~esolV1ng P?wer of 50~ o~ more lines per inch (20 Hnes
per milhmetre), uSIng the shnnkIng ra'Ster method of measur-
ment; 3. The average f al'pha is defined as the f alpha at Wthich the
Note: ~~he Exporrt Licensing Branch will 'consider applications for major production of a particular type of transisto·r occurs.
hcences .~or the ex;porit of tubes with a resolving power of up Where the average f alpha is not quoted or known this value
Ito 800 1II'!es per ~nch (32 lines per millimetre) which have shall be taken as 1.5 times the minimum f alpha. '
been spooIaLly desIgned for commercial television cinema or 4. f alpha is defined as the frequency at which the modulus of
photographic 'applica1tions. ' the current gain in the common ba,se connection has decreased to
• fb) W.ith writing speeds of more than 3,000 kilometres per second; 0.707 of its low frequency va.tlue.
(c) 'YI~h thre'e 0'1' ml~lre electron guns, except three-gun colour tele- ? .Where f 1 (the frequency at which the modulus of the current
VISIon tubes desIgned for entertainment use' ~aln In the common emitter connection is equal to 1) is quoted
(d) A;lpha-num.~rjc and. simj!la~ data or information display tubes, Instead of f aJipha, f 1 may be regarded as 0.8. times f alpha.
dIspla~ beIng obtaIne~ eIther by scanning or other means 1546. Dendritic produced fOnffis of ariy ,semi-conductor material,
excludIng. those tubes 1n which the displayed position O1f each or combinations thereof, suitable for use in diodes or transistors.
chara,cter IS fixed.
Note: The telim 'dendriltic' signifies a :ribbon-dike product of semi-
1542. Cold cathode tubes and switches, as foHows: conductor materjal which may be drawn in various widths thicknesses
(a) Tr,i,ggered spaTk-gaps, having an anode delay time of 15 micro- and lengths and which may represent processing stages from a rela-
seconds or .less and .rated for a peak current of 3,000 amps or tively pure form of the material through advanced st3Jges of treatment.
m?,re; speclaH~ desI'gned ,pants the'refor; equipment incorpoT-
atmg suoh devICes; 1548. Photo cells, as follows:
Co.Id cathode, gas-filled, arc-dis,charge tubes, containing three (a) Photoelectric cells, photo-conductive cells (including photo-
or mort? . e'lectrodes and having all of the following transistors and similar ceUs) with a peak sensitivity at a wave-
charactenstlcs: ]'ength longer than 12,000 Angstrom units or sholfte'r than J,OOO
(i) ,Rated for an anode peak voltage of 2 500 volts or more' Angstrom units;
\~~) Rated for peak cu:rents of 300 amps oT'more; , (b) Photo-transistors (photo-conductive cells including photo-diodes)
(111) An anode, delay tIme of 10 microseconds or less' wi th a response time COl1JStant of 1 millisecond 0[' ~ess
(iv) an envelope diameter of less than 1 inch (25.4 m"m.). measured at the operating temperature of the cell for which the
Notes: time constant reaahels a mini:mum.
1. Triggered spark-gaps are tubes with. a structure consisting of Notes: 1. The time constant is defined as the time taken
two 0l?posed anodes WIth resembhng flattened hemispheres, from tlhe application of a Hghtstimulus for the
and WIth one or more tnggenng probes. placed approximately in current incre'ment to reach a value of I-lie times
the centre of one anode. The structure IS sealed and contains a the! fina!l value (i.e., 63 % of ithe final value).
mixture of gases, principally nitrogen under less than atmospheric 2. The above elmibargo is not intended to apply to
pressure. ger:manium photo devices with a peak sensitivity at
2. Sub-item (b) covers krytrons and similar tubes. a wavelength shorter than 17,500 Angstrom units.
1544. Semi-oonductor dj,odes, including rectifier diodes. and switch- 1549. Photomultiplier tubes of aI.l types for which the maximum
ing diodes, but excluding photodiodes (see Item 1548), as foUows: s.ensiJtiv1ity occurs at wavelengths longer than 7,500 Angstrom units or
(a) Any se~-conductor ~iodes in which the bulk material is other shorter than 3,000 Angstrom units.
than sI:hcon, germanIum, selenium or cOlpper-ox,ide:
1550. The.rmal detecting celllS, i.e. bOilomete:rs and thermocoupler
(b) ~ignal ~iodes.lin which the bulk mate!rial is silicon or germanium
detectors, radiant energy types only, with a response time constant of
(~ndu~Ing mIxer, frequeJ?cy-chang~ng and switching diodes):
(1) ,~oInt. contact type dIodes desl.gned for use at frequencies
less than 10 milLiseconds measured at the operating temperature of
.. In ex~ess of 1,000 megacycles per second; the cell for which the time constant reaches a minimum.
(n) 1unction type diodes designed for use at input frequencies 1553. Flash-discharge type X-ray tubes.
greater .that} 300 megacycles.l?er second or which aret designed
Lor SWItchIng rates (repetItIon frequency) h~gher than 1 1555. Image intensifiers, image converters and electronic storage
megacycle per se'cond; tubes including memory transformers of radar picture's and rug·ged-
.Note: This Isub-i:tem win normally include switching type diodes ised vidicon-type tubes (excluding commercial standa.rd television
~av:tn~ a recove~ tlime' less than 0.1 micro-second. The recovery broadcasting camera tubes and commercial standard X-ray amplifier
tlffie IS, to be 'specIfied fOIl' a decre'ase of reverse current to a value of
100 ffilcro.amps or . less and measured with a forward current and a 1558. Valves (tubes) electronic, and specialised parts as follows:
reverse voltage WlhI'ch are typical Lor the diode in question. (a) (i) Va,lves rates £or continuous wave ope:ration over the fre-
(c) (i) Power diodes in which the rated peak inverse voltage taken quency range 300-1,000 megacycles per second and for
as a rec~rrent voUage exceeds 1,000 volts per junction at which (at any part of this frequency range and under any
.. 25 Cenhgrade under any conditions of cooling; condition of cooling) the product of frequency of operation
(11) Co~trol1ed diod~s,. Le. .semi-conductor multiple-junction in megacycle1s per seoond squared and the porwer output
deVIces for apphcatIons SImilar to those of grid-controlled in watts from the anode(s) of a single envelope at this
~a'S-fiUed tubes, <!e,s,iigned for use at switching rates (repeti- frequency exceeds 108 , when the valve is operating in Class
bon frequency) hllgher than 100 kilocycles per second. C telegraphy k'eJY" down conditions or in Class C frequency
(d) Tunnel diodes, not elsewhere specified. modulated teleph9ny conditions, or, if performance under
15~S .. Trans!stors and re1ated devices (or related sem,i-conductor these conditions is not known, the product of declared
atnp~I[¥lllg deVIces such as fieldilsto'rs, spacistors and tecl1netrons) and maximum frequency OIf full ratings in megacycles per second
specIalIsed paTts therefor, as foHows: squared and the maximum rated anode dissipation per
valve in watts exceeds 5 x 107 •
(a) Of any .typC? seJ?1i-:conduct?r material having four or
more actIve JunctIons wJlthln any SIngle block of semi-conductor Note: When the abo:ve clii'teria a're a.ooHe.d to external anode
material; tubes rated w,ithout a radiator, multiply th-e- power ratings so given
(b) Of any type using a bulk semi-oonductor material other than by twenty. When applied to e'xternal anode tubes rated with radiators
\ ge~manium; and optimum cooling procedures (as recommended by the manu-
(C) USl1~.g germanium as the bulk s,e:mi-conductor material and facturer) multiply the power ratin\g8so given by two.
~avlng any of the following characterilstics: (ii) Valves rated for operation above 1,000 me.gacycles per
(1) An aver~ge f aJ,pha of .50 to 150 megacycles per second second;
and deSIgned to have a maximum collector dissipation (Hi) Valves ra,ted for pulse operation above 300 me!gacycles per
gr,eater than 150 miI.liwatts. se'cond;
~ (ii) An average f alpha greater than 150 me'gacyc1es per s,econd. (iv) Valves constructed with cera,mic envelopes and rated for
l-,otes: operation above 300 mega.cycles per second;
c L ,This item cover~ all .devices incovporating a .semi-conducting Note: Sub-item (a) of the definition is not intended to em1balfgo
o7 sta.1 of any matena,l WIth thr~e or more electncal connections
. "':Ith only two such connectlons where four or more active
any single-ended glass env(,lope tube which has a standard 7-pJn
miniature. or 9-pin 'Noval base and is in standard use in civilian
JU~tlOns exist a single block of semi-c,onductor material electronic' equipment.
;~~ WUIch. ar~ used as amplifiers, oscillato,rs, trigger devices, etc., o~ (b). Val,ves, OIther than conventional ty;pes suc!h as diodes, tripdes,
., =.?mbmattons thereof in electronic circuits. For photo-transistors tetrodes, pentodes, etc., in which the velocity of the eilectrons
~e Item 1548. is utiHsed as one of the functional pa,rameters, including but
d' 2.. T~e maximum collector dissipation is defined as the continuous not limited to, klystrons, traveUing wave tubes and ,magnetrons;
lSSIpatIon measured at an ambient te'mperature of 25 Centigrade
except fix,ed frequency pulsed rnagnetrons designed to operate
under any cooling conditions. at a frequency of 9.~75 kilomegacycles per second ± 0.03
xiv BOARD OF TRADE 10 URNAL '12 JUNE 1964 (c) Other analogue computers:
(d) Digital computers using drum or disc tYPe primary
kilom~cycles per seoood with a maximum peak output and possessing: memory
power not greater than 25 kilowatts. (i) A total rated di'rectly addressa:ble storage capacity i
Note: The Export Licensing Branch will consider applicaJtions of 1 !piUion .bits (the same l~t defines both the m~Xtess
for Joicences for fixed frequency continuous wave ma:gnetrons designed capacity a SIngle stolfage eqmpment may possess utn
to operate at a frequency olf 2.45 kilometgacycles pe'r second ± 0.025 combined capacity where multiple equipments are uand . the
kilomegacycles per second with a maximum power output not greater (H) A capability O[ storing in excess of 250 bits per lin~)! Or
than 5 kilowatts which are specially designed for industrial heating of sing,le track (this litmitation applies to each storage r l~h
or cooking purposes. ment involved); eqU1P-
(c) Indirectly heaJted valves of a kind that can be passed through (e) Other digital computers and digital differential anal
a circular hole of 7.2 millimetres in diameter; (incrleffient~l com~ut~rlS) delsi~gned or ~odified for Use inY~~
(d) Valves designed to withstand acceleration of short duration ~orne vehIcles? m;Isstles or sp(llCe vehicles and rated fo,r c:~
(shock) greater than 1,000 g; tInuous operatIon aJt temperatures from below -45 Centigrade0

(e) Va'lves constructed with beryllium oxide ceramilc; to. above + 55° Cenigrade; equipment or systems incorpor-
(f) Valve designed for operation in a,mbient temperatures exceed- atIng such computers Olf analyzers;
ing 100° Centigrade; (f) !Digital differential anaJyzers (incremental c.omputers) as
(g) Vacuum ,tubes speciaUy designed for use as puLse moduJators foHows: '
for radar Or' for s!imilar applJcations, ha,ving a peak anode (i) Incorporatil1lg more than 50 inte\grators; or
voltage ra,ting of lOO kilovolt or more; or ra;ted for a peak (tii) Incorpomlting ~n~egrators w1th la:r:y in~rement cycle time of
puls'e power of 2 megalWatts or more. less than 1 mrlh:second (or an IteratIOn rate in excess of
1559. Thyratron and modulator gas-discharge 'tUbeS, as foHows: 1,000 per secooo);
(a) Those il",ated for c,onltinuous operation with peak cum·enlt and (g) Digital computers and digital differential analyzers (.incremental
p,eaik 'V'oliU(lIge ~ceeddng 100 tamperes and 9,000 volts taJt a pulse computers) olther than those in (d), (e) and (f) above;
repeltti/tion frequency' of 200 or more lPuIlses per second'; ~h) Spoc'iallised p1arlts, oomponents, Isub..Jassemblies and accesslOries,
(ib) Hydrogen It:hyraltrons of any rating except ItYipes 4C35, 3C45 and not elsewhere specified.
direct replacernenlts and equiVlaleOit t1ypes which vary only as INiOltJes: 1. The EXlp0r't lJicenlsing Brandh wi:ll consider appLiC'altions
regards heater vol\ta,ge and/or balSing. for Hcences for the eXlPDlft to the Sino~oviet Bloc of (i) computers
Note: A ~llhyrattf1on' is defined las any hot caJtJhode ~a:s-filled tube covered by sU1b-iltems (c) and (g); 'and (1i) speci,aHsed parts, components,
containing /three or more eletdtfiodes in wlhiah anode current fl'ow is suib-iaJS'S'embHes and accessories I~herefor nolt el'sewlhere specified, covered
:in1tialted by a conltnoJ eleatrode. by sub.,item (h) subjeot to certain conditions. The principal condi-
1560. Componenlts and patits used !as resistive, induotive and oapaci- tions are:
ltive elements :in electronic ckcuits, not el1s.ewhere specified, designed fA) that the equiJpment was designed for and ils prima:rily used in
for and/or oapalble of rel:iable performance ~n rel1a:tiion roo their edec- non-strategic applicatiol1lS:
trioal and ,mechanical c'h'aracterilsltJics and 'mainta'ining their design CB) the equipment will be used ~n the Sino-Soviet Bloc primarily for
service i1i:feitJime while operating: the s\pecific non-:Sltrategic appHcaHons for which the export would
(a) over ,the whole range of arn'bient temperaltures from below
be approlVed and that the number, tYpe and dharacteristics of such
- 45° cenitrugmde to a'bove + 100° CeI1ltr~grade; or equipment a're normal for the approved use;
(Ib) at ambient tempeflatures of 200° CeOltrigrade or hi,gher.
1561. Malterialls speciaUy designed and manUJf1actured for use as (C) the number of emba,rgoed memory or storage equlpments included
a~bsolf1bers IOf electflomagnetic waves having frequencies Igrealter /tIhan in equipment covered by sub-item (:g) does not exceed 12.
2 x 108 cycles per second', and ~ess '1Ihan 3 x 1012 cycles per second. 2. Where the word 'rated' is used it refers to the rated character-
1562. Tantalum and niobium electrolytic capacitors, not elsewhere istics applied by the manufacture'r; however, where the equipment has
specified, as follo'ws: been modified to improve the rated characte'ristics specified in the (i)
(a) .All types des!igned to opera:te p'ermaneOltly 'at tempemtures defini,ti'Otn the improved charaoteristios of the equipment shwIl be
exceeding 85 0 Centigrade; govern,ing.
(,b) Sintered electroly,tic capacitors; 3. All references to numbers of 'bits' includes those for checking,
(c) BlectroJytic capaci!<xrs constructed with foils. ,syndhronising, etc.
1564. !EJlectronic equipment and components) not elsewhere speci-
fied, as follows: 1566. Equipment specially designed to produce electronic
(a) Assemblies and sub-assemblies constituting one or more func- (lISsem,blies :
tional circuits with a componenlt density greater than 75 parts
per cubic inch (4.575 parts per c.c.) and equipment oontaining (a) By deposition or printing on insulating panels (including plates
sudh an assembly or sub-assembly; and wafers), or otherwi,se forming in situ, COInpoilloot parts
(Ib) M'Odul~~ insulator' I?anels (including wa~er~) mounting single other than basic wiring; or
or ~ullt.1ple eleot1'!()nl'C elements :and specIalIsed parts therefore (h) By autoffi'atically inserting and/or soldering cO'm~nents..on
Note: CUteUl.1lt bo~ds and panels WhICh do nolt contain embargoed insulating panels (including plates and wafers), to whIch
components 'and WhIch do not 'contravene /the provisions of suib-irt:em (a) is applied by printing or other means; or
l8.'boye are. not emiba;rgoed by sub'"l~tem ~b) unles1s they are oonsltructed
of Ins~at1ng matenals other than paper base phenolics, glass cloth (c) By automatically or sem,i-automatically assembling, .wiring
melamIne, glass cloth epoxy resin or of insulating materia'ls with an and / or packaging mounted modular insulated panels (Includ-
operating temperature range not exceeding that of the aqove-mentioned ing plates and wafers) refe~ed to in fa) and (h) above.
1568. Control equipment, as follows: .. . Hied
Group I (a) All classes of devices, regardless of other character~stlcs, lden.t d
in sub-items (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g) and (1) below, wh5;chCar~.d~~r.e
Scientific Instruments and Apparatus, Servomecbanisms and to operate below _55 0 Centigrade or above + 12 en 19 ,
Pbotographic Equipment (b) Synchros and resolvers (and special instruments ~ate~ t~;(H)
1565. Electronic computel'lS and related equipment, not elsewhere the same characteristics as synchros and resolverds 1n ~l) :osyns)
specified, as follows: below, such as Microsyns, Synchro-Tels a n n l uC ,
(a) An~l?,gue computers with one Otr more of the following charac- possessing any of the following characteristics: r cent
teflstics: ' (i) A rated electrical error of 10 minutes or less or of 0.5 pe
(.i) Containing a summer' wJIth a rated acCuracy better tban or less of maximum output voltage; 1 degree or
1 part in 5,000 parts, ()f a multiplier or arbitrary adjustabJe (ii) A rated dynamic accuracy fo! receiver. types ?f d' meter) or
!unction generator with a rated accuracy better than 1 part less, except that for units of size 30 (3 Inches In la,
In 1,000 parts; larger a rated dynamic accuracy of less than 1 degree,
(H) 'Containing or cwpa'ble of incorporating a total of more than (iii) Multi-speed from single shaft types;
75 summers, integrators; multipliers ()If function generators; (iv) Of size 11 (l.1 inches in diameter) and smaller:
(Hi) Incorporating facilities for automatic insertion or altera- (v) Employing solid state Hall effect;
tion of problem set-up; (vi) Designed for gimbal mounting. . ~ se with
(iv) Incorporating any unit designed to function. solely as a (c) Amplifiers, electronic or magnetic, specially deSIgned or u
memocy; resolvers, as follows: . t nt Oinearity
(b) Analogue computers designed or modified for use in airborne (i) Isolation types having a variation of gaIn cons a
vehicles, missi,les or ~ace vehicles and rated for continuous of gain) of 0.5 per cent or better; . tant (linearity
operation at temperatures from below -45 ° Centigrade to (ii) Summing types having a variation of gaIns conscent or better;
above + 55 0 Centigrade; equipment or systems incorporating of gain) or an accuracy of summation of O. per
such computers; ~iii) Employing solid state Hall effect;
(d) Induction potentiometers (including function generators and· linear 12 JUNE 1964 BOARD OF TRADE JOURNAL xv
synchros)! I.inear and non-linear, possessing any of the following
charactenstIcs : 1570. Thermoelectric materials and devices as follows:
(i) A rated conformity of 0.5 per cent or less, or of 18 minutes or
less; (a) Thermoelectric materials with a maximum product of the figure
(ii) Of size ~ 1 (1.1. inches ~n diameter) and smaller; of merit (Z) and the temperature (T in °Kelvin) in excess of 0.75;
(1ii) EmplOYIng solId state Hall effect; (b) Junctions and combinations of junctions using any of the materials
(iv) Designed for gimbal mounting; in (a) above;
(c) Heat absorbing andlor electrical power generating devices contain-
(e) Induction rate (tachometer) generators, synchronous and asyn- ing any of the junctions in (b) above;
chronous, possessing any of the following characteristics: (d) Other power generating devices which generate in excess of 10 watts
(i) A rated linearity of 0.5 per cent or less; per pound or of 500 watts per cubic foot of the devices' basic
(ii) Temperature-compensation or temperature-correction; thermoelectric components;
(iii) Of size 11 (1.1 inches in diameter) and smaller; (e) Specialised parts, components and sub-assemblies, not elsewhere
(iv) Employing solid state Hall effect; specified, for the above devices.
(0 Servo motors (gear-head or plain) as follows: Notes: 1. The figure of merit (Z) equals Seebeck coefficient squared
(i) Designed to operate from power sources of more than 300 divided by the product of electrical resistivity and thermal conductivity.
. cycles per second (except those designed to operate from power 2. The weight and cubic measurements in (d) above are not intended
sources of over 300 cycles per second up to and not exceeding to encompass the complete device but to include only the thermoelectric
400 cycles per second with a temperature range of from -10 elements and assembly and the components for pumping calories. Other
Centigrade to +55 0 Centigrade); components, such as heating and/or cooling sources or containers~ device
(ii) Designed to have a torque-to-inertia ratio of 10,000 radians frames or stands and control equipment are not to be included in the
per second per second or greater; calculations.
(iii) Incorporating special features to secure internal damping;
(iv) Of size 11 (1.1 inches in diameter) and smaller;
(v) Employing solid state Hall effect; 1571. Magnetometers and specialized parts therefor, as follows:
(g) Potentiometers (and special instruments rated to have the same (a) Fluxgate;
characteristics as potentiometers in (1) and (2) below, such as (b) Electron beam sensing;
Vernistats), as follows: (c) Paramagnetic;
(d) Nucleonic;
(1) Linear potentiometers having a constant resolution and a rated (e) Hall effect, except magnetometers which use general purpose Hall-
linearity of 0.1 per cent or less; field probes to measure magnetic fields greater than 1 Oersted using
(2) Non-linear potentiometers having a variable resolution and a control current between 100 and 400 milliamperes.
rated conformity of: Note: Paramagnetic, as used above, refers to the sensing of changes in
(i) 1 per cent or less when the resolution is inferior to that magnetic field strength by measurement of the effects of such changes in
obtained with a linear potentiometer of the same type and the electron spin phenomena.
of the same track length;
(ii) 0.5 per cent or less when the resolution is better than or
equal to that obtained with a linear potentiometer of the 1572. Recording and/or reproducing equipment, not elsewhere specified,
same type and of the same track length; as follows:
(3) Designed for gimbal mounting; (a) Those using magnetic techniques except those specifically designed
Note: This sub-item does not embargo potentiometers using only for voice or music (such excluded equipment may contain one
switched elements. control channel);
(h) Direct current and alternating current torquers, i.e. torque motors
(b) Those using electrothermal and/or electrostatic recording techniques
specially designed for gyros and stabilized platforms; employing electron beams, operating in a vacuum and/or em-
ploying other means to provide a charge pattern directly on the
(i) Electro-optical devices designed to monitor relative rotation of recording surface; specialised equipment for the read-out of
remote surfaces; material so recorded;
Synchronous motors, as follows: (c) Specialized parts, components and recording media for use with
(i) Of size 30 (3 inches in diameter) and smaller and having syn- equipment described in sub-items (a) and (b) above.
chronous speeds in excess of 3,000 revolutions per minute; Note: 1. The Export Licensing Branch will consider applications for
(ii) Designed to operate from power sources of more than 400 licences for the export to the Sino-Soviet Bloc under sub-item (a) above
cycles per second; of reasonable numbers of the equipments described below and of amounts
(iii) Designed to operate below _100 Centigrade or above + 55° of materials in sub-item (c) normal to the stated Bloc use for which the
Centigrade; equipment was approved.
(iv) Of size 11 (1.1 inches in diameter) and smaller; Equipment primarily designed for the recording andlor reproducing
Ball-and-disc or cylinder-and-ball nlechanical integrators; mech- (read-out) of:
anical ball resolvers; (i) sinusoidal information on a continuous unidirectional basis and
Analogue-to-digital and digital-to-analogue converters, as follows: having an aggregate direct recording and/or reproducing band-
width capability not exceeding 50 kilocycles per second with the
(l) Electrical-input types possessing: tape running continuously at maximum rated speed, irrespective
(i) A peak conversion rate capability in excess of 50,000 of the number of tracks;
complete conversions per second; (ii) coded data having a maximum direct recording and/or reproducing
(ii) An accuracy in excess of 1 part in more than 10,000 of full bandwidth of less than 100 kilocycles per second with the tape
scale; or running continuously at maximum rated speed, irrespective of the
(iii) A figure of merit of 5 x 10 6 (derived from the number of number of tracks, provided that the tape transport is not controlled
complete conversions per second divided by the accuracy); by the read-in or read-out device or connected to the latter by
(2) Mechanical input types (including but not limited to shaft means of a computer;
position encoders and linear displacement encoders but ex- except for equipment having one of the following characteristics:
cluding complex servo-follower systems) as follows: (1) Ruggedised;
(i) Rotary types with an accuracy or maximum incremental (2) Rated for continuous operation in ambient temperatures from
accuracy better than ± 1 part in 10,000 of full scale or of below -10°Centigrade to above +55 0 Centigrade;
size 11 (1.1 inches in diameter) and smaller; (3) Specially designed for underwater use;
(ii) Linear displacement types having an accuracy of better (4) A rated tape speed in excess of 60 inches per second;
than ± 5 microns; (5) A rated start and/or stop time of less than 50 milliseconds; or
(3) Employing solid state Hall effect; (6) Recording and/or reproducing heads of the rotary or floating
(In) Semi-conductor Hall field probes, as follows:
types or which were designed for use in equipment with
characteristics superior to those set forth in (i) and (H) above; and
(9 Made of indium-arsenide-phosphide (In As P); provided (l) that the equipment was designed for and is primarily
(11) Coated with ceramic or ferritic materials (e.g. special field used in non-strategic applications and (2) that the specific shipments
probes such as tangential field probes, multipliers, modulators, will be used in the Sino-Soviet Bloc for a specific installation which
'" recorder probes, etc.); is primarily civilian in character and will not be used in relation
(lU) With an open circuit sensitivity greater than to computers or to embargoed equipment or materials; and that
0.12 Volt the number, type and characteristics of such equipment are normal
Ampere x Kilogauss for the proposed use.
NOTE: The slope of a straight line that passes through the Note: 2. In sub-item (c) the term 'recording media' is intended to
point of origin and through the point u 20 : i1 at B=B n include all types and forms of specialised recording media employed
in the characteristic is defined as the open circuit sensitivity in such recording techniques, including, but not limited to, tape, drums,
(where uso=Hall voltage, open circuit; i1=Control current; discs and matrices.
{ Bn=Rated value of applied magnetic control field). Note: 3. Sub-item (b) of this definition is not intended to cover docu-
1 ) SPecially designed parts, components, sub-assemblies and test ment copying equipment which employs eleetrothermal and/or electro-
equipment (including adapters, couplers, etc.) for the above. static techniques to reproduce d(;.IJU1'R.~nts:
xvi BOARD OF TRADE JO URNAL '12 JUNE 1964 (e) Streak cameras having writing speeds of 8 mm! .
above capable of recording events which are n~;u.lC!t?second and
camera mechanism. 101 late<! by the
(i) on or by way of sensitised or sensitive media, with which the
documents are in physical contact at the time of reproduction NO!E: Streak cameras are. cameras designed to record . .
or ' of a lIght source as a functIon of time by moving th .the IntenSIty
(H) by utilizing a system wherein an image of the document is source along the film in a single direction. e Image of the
projected optically to modify the electrical charge distribution
~n a sur~ace, wh~ther this be the final copying material or an 1587. Quartz crystals (worked or unworked) and plates d'
IntermedIate medIum. only. ' ra 10 grade
Note: This item covers all quartz crystals having piezo-elect . ..
1576. Centrifugal testing. apparatus or equipment possessing any of suitable for electronic applications irrespective of their gr ~c quaGhes
the following characteristics: dimensions, form or extent of working of such crystals e~ f'dguality,
(a) Driven by a motor or motors having a total rated horsepower greater following quartz crystals: . , Cu mg the
than 400 horsepower; (i) natural gem stones;
(b) Capable of carrying a payload of 250 pounds or more· (H) natural. quartz of oPtic~1 quality having undergone adv
(c) Capable of exerting a centrifugal acceleration of 8 or inore 'g' on a so as .to obtaIn the. recognised physical characte~!1~
payload of 200 pounds or more. for . optIc~1 use, I.e. those ~avIng undergone, once the ro IStI~
1579. Ion microscopes having a resolving power better than 10
optIcal aXIs has been determIned, the operations of roughi~
blanking, setting (being worn down bv the use of abrag~ own,
' . fi f ' ~ SIVes 0r
Angstrom units. grad ua11y IncreaSIng neness 0 graIn) and final surface p r h'
so as to give the p.nished product, within v~ry close toleran~;:, ~~~
1584. Oscilloscopes and SPecialised parts therefor, as follows: curvature. rc:'Ys, dIhedral angles, etc., ensurIng the desired phys' I
(a) Oscilloscopes possessing any of the following characteristics: characterIstIcs. lea
(i) An amplifier bandwidth greater than 20 megacycles per second
for DC-coupled scopes or greater than 30 megacycles per second 1588. Materials compos~d of cry~tals having spinel, hexagonal or
for AC-coupled scopes (defined as the band of frequencies ga11?et crystal. s~ructures, thIn film devIces; ~ssemblies of the foregoing'
over which the deflection on the cathode ray tube does not fall deVIces contaInIng them, not elsewhere specIfied; as follows: '
below 70.7 per cent of that at maximum point measured with (a) ~onocrystals of ferrites and ~arnets, synthetic only;
.. a c~nstant input voltage to the amplifier); Cb) SIngle aperture forms possessIng any of the following characteristics'
(11) A hme base shorter than 40 nanoseconds> per centimetre, (i) Switching speed 0'£ 0.5 micr~sec.ond or less at the minimuni
including calibrated magnified sweep factor; .. field strength rt?quIre~ for SWItchIng at 40° Centigrade;
(iii) Employing accelerating potentials in excess of 5,000 volts; (n) A maXImum dImenSIon less than 45 mils (1.14 millimetres)'
(iv) Containing or designed for the use of a cathode ray tube with (c) Multi-aperture forms with fewer than 10 apertures possessi~g
three or more electron guns; . any of the following characteristics:
(v) Containing or designed for the use of: (i) Switching speed of 1 microsecond or less at the minimum
(a) cathode ray memory tubes; .. field st~ength r~quir~d for switching at 40° Centigrade;
(b) cathode ray tubes with travelling wave or distributed (n) A maXImum dImenSIon less than 100 mIls (2.54 millimetres)'
deflection structure or incorporating other techniques to (d) Multi-aperture forms having 10 or more apertures; ,
minimise mismatch of fast phenomena signals to the (e) Thin film memory storage or switching devices; (c
deflection structure; . (f) Electrical filters in which the coupling element makes use of the
(vi) Ruggedised to meet a military specification; electromechanical properties of ferrites;
(vii) Rated for operation over an ambient temRerature range of (g) Materials suitable for application in electromagnetic devices making
from below _25° Centigrade to above + 55° Centigrade; use of the gyro-magnetic resonance phenomenon.
(viii) Incorporating a calibrated variable sweep delay with an
incremental accuracy (measured at the 90 per cent delay point)
of better than 3 per cent; 1593. Measuring, calibrating, counting, and time interval measuring
(ix) A rise time of less than 12 nanoseconds. equipment, whether or not incorporating frequency standards, having
N<!te: Oscilloscopes covered only by (ii) and (Hi) above are not embargoed one or more of the following characteristics: (t
prOVIded: (a) (i) Consisting of, or containing, frequency measuring equipment (c
. (~), The oscillosco~e se.nsitivity (in millivolts per centimetre) or frequency standards designed for other than ground labom-
dIVIded by the bandWIdth In (megacycles per second) results in a tory use with an accuracy better than 1 part in 10 7 ; (d
figure of not less than 3 for DC oscilloscopes and not less than (ii) Consisting of, or containing, ground laboratory frequency stan-
2 for AC oscilloscopes, provided that the rated sensitivity is not dards or frequency measuring equipment incorporating f~equency
less than 10 millivolts per centimetre for DC oscilloscopes or standards with a stability over 24 hours of 1 part In 109 or
less than 5 millivolts per centimetre for AC oscilloscopes; better;
(b) .The unit does not have a time base (including calibrated (b) Designed for use at frequencies in excess of 1,000 megacycles per
magnIfied sweep factor) shorter than 20 nanoseconds per centimetre second; .
or a time base accuracy of better than 3 per cent; (c) Designed to provide a multiplIcity of alternative output frequenCIes
(c) The unit does not utilise an accelerating potential greater controlled by a lesser number of piezo-electric crystals ~r by .an
than 10 kilovolts. internal or external frequency standard except equipment: III W.hICb
(b) Specialised parts and accessories as follows: the output frequency is selected only by manual operatiOn eIther
Os~illoscope plug-in units and external amplifiers and pre-amplifiers on the equipment or on a remote control unit and:
whIch have a bandwidth greater than that defined in (a) (i) above (i) those forming multiples of. a common control freque.ncy; f
or a quality factor better than that specified in paragraph (a) of (ii) those in which the output frequency is a Inultlple 0 a
the Note. common frequency which is not less than one thou.sandth part
(c) Ele~tronic devices for stroboscopic analysis of a signal (Le., sampling of the oscillator frequency and is in steps of 1 kilocycle per,
deVIces), whether sub-assemblies or separate units, designed to be second or greater. . I Is
used in conjunction with an oscilloscotJe to permit the analysis of (d) Counting equipment capable of resolving at norf!lal l11put e~e .
recurring phenomena, which increase the capabilities of an sllccessive input signals with less than 0.1 mIcrosecond tIme
oscilloscope to permit measurements within the limits of equipment di.ffert:nce; .. . . . . ment
embargoed under sub-item (a) (0 above and/or to permit the (e) TIme tnterval measurIng equIpment contaInIng countll1g eqUJP
achieving in an oscilloscope of a time-base of shorter than 40 as specified in sub-item (d) above.
nano:"seconds per centimetre.
1595. Gravity meters (gravimeters) and specialised
1585. Photographic equipment, as follows: designed or modified for airborne or marine use.
(a) High-speed cinema recording cameras employing-:
(i) Film widths 35 millimetres or narrower and recording at
rates exceeding 3,000 frames per second in, the case of equip-
ment using as the lighting source a steady light flow and
10,000 frames per second in the case of equipment using as the Group J
lighting source flash equipment connected to the unwinding
system; . Metal, Minerals and their Manufactures
(ii) Film widths greater than 35 millimetres and recording at
rates exceeding 64 frames per second; In this Group: ' I ' n b" usefull1'
(b) Other high-speed cameras capable of recording at rates in excess Raw materials covers all materials from which t~e meta 3dros~ (ashes);
of 250,000 frames Per second; extracted, i.e. ores, concentrates, matte, regulus, resIdues an
(c) Photographic micro-flash equipment capable of giving a flash of and. . . ' I . itemS of
1/.100,000 second or shorter duration, at a minimum recurrence Unless proviSIon to, the contrary IS made tn Pdartlcuda~cmi_fabricat
frequency of 200 flashes Per second; , definition, the words metal and alloys cover all crn e an
(d) Photographic systems specially designed for use in space vehicles; forms as follows:
:'t;,me forms: . 12 JUNE 1964 BOARD OF TRADE JOURNAL xvii
Anodes, balls, bars (including notched bars and wire b~), bill~ts,
Jacks blooms, brickets, cakes, cathodes, crystals, cubes, dIce, grams, 1658. Molybdenum, as follows: ,
~UI~S, ingots,. lumps, pellets, pigs, powder, rondelles, shot, sl.abs, (a) Metal and molybdenum-based alloys containing 50 per cent or
Slugs sponge, stIcks: more molybdenum; .
semi~fabricated forms (whether or not coated, plated, drilled or Notes: 1. Sub-item (a) does not cover clean wire of a d!ameter
Punched): . . . . not exceeding 500 microns and which, after having been fully
0) Wrought or worked matenals fabncated by rolltng, draw~ng, annealed, has an elongation factor not exceeding 5 per cent for
extruding, forging, impact extruding, pressing, grainmg, diameters up to 200 microns and not exceeding 10 per cent for
atomizing and grinding, i.e. angles, channels, circles, discs, diameters of between 200 and· 500 microns.
dust, flakes, foil and leaf, forgings, plates, powder, presslngs 2. The Export Licensing Branch will consider applications
and stampings, ribbons, rings, rods (including bare welding for licences for the export of clean wire of a diameter not exceeding
rods, wire rods and rolled wire), sections, shapes, sheets, 1,000 microns and which, after having been fully annealed, has an
strip, pipe and tube (including tube rounds, squares and elongation factor not exceeding 12 per cent.
hollows), drawn or extruded wire; (b) Tubing and platinum-clad tubing.
(ii) Cast material produced by casting in sand, die, metal, plaster
or other types of moulds, including high pressure castings, 1668. Tungsten, as follows: '
sintered forms, and forms made by power metallurgy. Tungsten metal and tungsten-based alloys in crude and semi-fabricated
forms, not elsewhere specified, except:
1601. Anti-friction bearings, not elsewhere specified, as follows: (i) ferro-tungsten;
(ii) tungsten carbide;
(a) All ball and cylindrical roller bearings having an inner bore (Hi) tungsten powder;
diameter of 10 millimetres or less and tolerances of ABEC 5, (iv) crude and semi-fabricated pressed-sintered forms weighing less than
RBEC 5 (or equivalents) or better and either or both of the following 20 lb. or forms made therefrom except sheet with a width of 12 inches
characteristics: or more;
(i) Made of special materials, i.e. with .rings, balls or ro~lers (v) wire made from pressed-sintered tungsten.
made from any steel alloy or other materIal except the follOWIng:
low-carbon steel; SAE-52100 high carbon chromium steel; 1670. Tantalum, as follows:
SAE-4615 nickel molybdenum steel; or equivalents (Partial (a) Raw materials;
illustrative examples of special materials for this purpose (b) Ferro-tantalum and ferro-tantalum-niobium;
are: high-speed tool steels; stainless steels; monels; (c) Metal and tantalum-based alloys containing 60 per cent or more
beryllium) ; tantalum or 60 per cent or more tantalum-niobium in combination;
(ii) Manufactured for use at normal operating temperatures Note: The Export Licensing Branch will consider licences for
over 150° Centigrade (302° Fahrenheit) either by use of special exports of tantalum in surgical forms.
nlaterials or by heat treatment; (d) Scrap forms of the metal and alloys covered under (c) above;
(b) All ball and cylindrical roller bearings (exclusive of separable (e) Seamless pipe and tubing.
ball bearings and thrust ball bearings) having an inner bore
diameter exceeding 10 millimetres and having tolerances of ABEC 7, 1671. Titanium, as follows:
RBEC 7 (or equivalents) or better and either or both of the (a) Metal and titanium-based alloys containing 70 per cent or more
characteristics in (a) (i) or (a) (ii) above; titanium;
(b) Scrap forms of the metal and alloys covered under (a) above.
(c) Bearing parts as follows: . NOTE: The Export Licensing Branch will consider applications
Outer rings, inner rings, retainers, balls, rollers and sub-assemblies for licences to export shipments, which are intended for and are
usable only for bearings covered by sub-items (a) and (b). appropriate to a specified civil use, of the following forms of
unaIloyed commercially pure titanium metal:
1631. Magnetic metals in any form possessing one or more of the A. Raw titanium with a Brinell hardness number of 130 or greater;
following characteristics: B. Mill products as follows:
(a) Grain oriented sheet or strip of a thickness of 0.1 millimetre (1) PiPe and ~ubing, ttavin~ a minimum yield st~ength of 4~,~
(0.004 inch) or less; p.s.i. *, WIth outSIde dIameters and wall thicknesses WIthin
(b) Initial permeability 50,000 or over; the following limits:
(c) Remanence 98 per cent or over of maximum flux for materials Nominal Maximum Nominal Maximum
having magnetic permeability; diameter wall thickness diameter wall thickness
(d) A composition capable of an energy product greater than six in inches in inches in inches in inches
times 106gauss-oersteds. 1 0·068 31 0·226
1- 0·088 4 0'237
1635. Iron and steels, alloyed as follows:
i 0·091 5 0·258
i 0'109 6 0·280
(a) Containing 10 Per cent or more molybdenum (but more than 5 per ! 0·113 8 0'322
cent molybdenum in any alloys containing more than 14 per cent 1 0·133 10 0,364
chromium); 11- 0·140 12 0·406
Containing 1.5 per cent or more niobium and/or tantalum; or 1i 0·145 14 0'447
Nickel bearing stabilised steels, not elsewhere specified, having a 2 0·154 16 0'500
total of 38 per cent or more of alloying elements except such steels 2-1 0·203 18 0·563
containing less than 0.4 per cent titanium or less than 0.8 per cent 3'" 0·216
niobium-tantalum ; (2) Other mill products in forms and sizes suitable for accessory
usage with pipe and tubing being shipped and having a
Note: For the purpose of calculating the 38 per cent cut-off, the minimum yield strength of 70,000 p.s.i. *
maximum of the range specified for each element is to be taken. In *Yield strength is to be measured at 0.2 per cent offset
the absence ofa specified maximum for titanium or niobium-tantalum, in a hot-worked (to 1,300° Fahrenheit (704° Centigrade) or
the figure of 0.4 per cent shall be used to indicate the presence of higher) or an annealed (to 1,300° Fahrenheit (704 0 Centi-
titanium or 0.8 per cent for niobium-tantalum. The 38 per cent cut- grade or higher) condition.
off must not be exceeded to take account of manufacturing or other
tolerances. Alloying elements means all constituents other than iron. 1673. Artificial graphite having an apparent relative density of 1.90
(d) Precipitation hardening steels, containing 4 per cent or more nickel. or greater except non-pyrolytico graphite of densitl bet~een 1·90 and 1·95
See also Item 1649 for ferro-niobium and ferro-niobium-tantalum and when compared to water. at 60 Fahr~nhelt (15'5 c;entJgr~de). ..
Item 1670 for ferro-tantalum. Note: This item is not Intended to Include electncal reSIstors, artIfiCIal
loads for microwave applications, or cable waveguide terminations.
1649. Niobium (columbium), as follows: Plutonium, uranium and thorium. (See A.E.I.)
(a) Raw materials; Zirconium. (See A.E.8.)
Beryllium. (See A.E.12.)
(b) Ferro-niobium and ferro-niobium-tantalum; Lithium. (See A.E.35.)
(c) Metal and niobium-based alloys containing 50 per cent or more
niobium or 60 per cent or more niobium-tantalum in combination; Group K
(d) Scrap forms of th~ metal and alloys covered under (c) above.
Chemicals Metalloids and Petroleum products
1654. Magnesium base alloys having a content of 0.4 Per cent or 1701. Primary explosives and priming compositions, as f~llows:
:ore of zirconium, or 1.5 per cent or more of thorium, or I per cent or (a) Mercury fulmin~te, 17~d azide, lead .styphnate~ l~ad thlocy~~te,
.' ore of rare earth metals (cerium mischmetal), as follows: " tetrazine and dlazodInItrophenol; prunary explOSIves or pnmmg
(a) Crude and semi-fabricated forms; compositions (mixtures) containing onc. or more of these chemicals;
(b) Scrap forms. (b) Sodium azide. '
xviii BOARD OF TRADE JO URNAL 12 JUNE 1964 1757. Semi-conductor materials as follows:
(a) Silicon of a purity of 99·9 per cent or more'
1702. Hydraulic fluids, as follows: (b) MonocrystalHne gallium compounds in any' form'
(a) Synthetic, having a viscosity of not more than 4,000 centistokes at (c) MonocrystaUine indium compounds in any form. '
_65 0 Fahrenheit (_540 Centigrade) and not less than 1·5 centi- Note: Sub-items (b) land (c) above do not inclUde electr'
stokes at + 302 Fahrenheit ( + 1500 Centigrade), or
of f!l0nocrrst~lline materials, containing le'ss than 1 per ce ~tnlcfgr.ades
(b) Which are or which contain as the principal ingredients petroleum gaUIum or IndIum. n 0 eIther
(mineral) oils and which have a pour point of _300 Fahrenheit
(-34° Centigrade) or lower and which are thermally stable at 1760. Tantalum, nio~ium (columbium), and tantalum-niob'
+ 700° Fahrenheit (+ 371 0 Centigrade). pounds. lUm COrn-
N,oIte: The Export licensing Branch will consider applicaf
1715. Boron, the following: licences to expor,tpharmaceutical or cosmetic preparations col~n~ ~or
less than 5 per cent tantalum. n alnIng
(a) Boron element, boron compounds and mixtures in which the
boron-10 isotope comprises more than 20 per cent of the total boron 1763. Continuous yarns, rovings and tapes consisting of mon fil
content; ments 12 microns or less in diameie'r for fUament wound struet° a-
(b) Boron element (metal) all forms; which, after having been on a roll, have la11 of the followin cures,
(c) Boron compounds and mixtures, excluding pharmaceutical acter}stics when measured at a te~pera'fur~ ,~f 68 Fahrenh~t &~;

specialties packaged for retail sale, the following: CentIgrade) and at 65 per cent relatIve humldrty:
(1) boron trichloride and its complexes; boron trifluoride and its (.a) modulus of elasticity greater than 10'5 x 106 p.s.i.;
complexes; (b) tensile strength to density ratio;
(2) fluoroboric acids, ammonium, potassium and sodium fluoro- 2·55
borates; (Tensile strength) x - - - - -
(3) boron carbide, hydrides and nitride; specific gravity
(4) boric acid esters; greater than 300,000 p.s.i. '
(5) alloys, compounds and mixtures containing 5 per cent or more
of boron, free or combined, except Note: The Export Licensing Branchw,~l1 consider applications for
(i) boron minerals, crude or refined; licences to export fibres covered by this heading when
(ii) boric oxides, (a) the fibres are required for civilian use;
(Hi) boric acids; (b) the modulus of elasticity does not exceed 11 x 106 • or
(iv) inorganic borates; (c) the tensile strength to density ra'tio as calculated i~ sub-item
(v) perborates; (b) above is not greater than 350,000 p.s.i.
(vi) fluoroborates other than those specified in sub-item
(c) (2) above; 1770. Any liquid fuel, inoluding petrole'l:tm products having a gross
(vii) enamel and glass-making compositions or mixtures. calorific value of not less than 13,000 calOrIes/grammes (23,400 BritiSh
Thermal U ni,ts per pound) whioh contains high energy components
or compounds.
1721. Diethylene triamine.
1781. Synthetic lubricating oils and greases which contain as the
1744. Pentaerythritol tetranitrate. principal ingredient:
(a) Esters of saturated aliphatic monohydric alcohoIs containing
more than six carbon atoms with adipic or azelaic or sebacic acids;
1746. Plastics substances and manufactures thereof, as follows: (b) Esters of trimethylol propane or trimethylol ethane or penta-
(a) Polypyromellitimide; erythritol with saturated monobasic acids containing more than
six carbon atoms;
(b) Polybenzimidazole.
(c) All fluoro-alcohol esters;
(d) All polyphenyl ethers containing more than 3 phenyl groups.
1754. Fluoro carbon compounds and manufactures, not elsewhere Note: Excepted from parts (a)-(d) above are:
specified, as follows:
Those oils and greases containing by weight either not less than 50 p~r
(a) Monomers, homopolymers and co-polymers, as follows: cent of neutral castor oil; or not less than 5 per cent of neu,tral castor od
(1) Tetrafluoroethylene and polytetrafluoroethylene; and not less than 50 per cent of castor oil and petroleum od together.
(2) Cholorotrifluorethylene and polychlorotrifluoroethylene;
Fuming nitric acid. (See M.L.8.)
(3) Polyyinylfluoride; Deuterium and compounds. (See A.E.5.)
(4) Polyyinylidenefluoride; Fluorine. (See A.E. 14.)
(5) Polyperfluorobut-2-ene; Chlorine trifluoride. (See A.E.15.)
(6) Polychloropentafluorobutadiene; Fluorinated hydrocarbons. (See A.E.17.)
Artificial graphite. (See A.E.34.)
(7) Co-polymer of tetrafluoroethylene and hexafluoropropylene; Lithium compounds. (See A.E.35.)
(8) Co-polymer of tetrafluoroethylene and chlorotrifluoroethylene;
(9) Co-polymer of chlorotrifluoroethylene and vinylidenefluoride;
(10) Co-polymer of chlorotrifluoroethylene and vinylfluoride;
(11) Co-polymer of chlorotrifluoroethylene and chloropentafluoro- Group L
(12) Co-polymer of hexafluoropropylene and vinylidenefluoride; Synthetic Rubber and Synthetic Film
(13) Polybromotrifluoroethylene; 1801. Synthetic rubber, the following:
(14) Co-polYmer of bromotrifluoroethylene and chlorotrifluoro- (a) Alkyl polysulphide liquid polymers; .'
ethylene; NOTE: The definition is intended to cover p.olym.ers w~l~h area~~
(15) Dibromotetrafluoroethane; themselves liquid. Water dispersions, otherWIse called latICes, :
(b) Manufactures made wholly of the materials in (a) above; not covered. . I t meric
(c) Electric wire and cable coated with or insulated with any of the (b) Fluorinated silicone rub?e~ and ~ther fluonn~ted e a~t?on as
materials in (a) above. material and such organIC IntermedIates for t~eIr produ
Note: The Export Licensing Branch will consider applications contain 10 per cent or more of combined fluonne;
for licences for individual shipments containing up to 50 kilo- (c) Polymeric products of butadiene, as follows:
grammes of tetrafluoroethylene or polytetraftuoroethylene or 25 (1) Carboxyl terminated polybutadiene; . 'd'
kilogrammes of chlorotrifluoroethylene or polychlorotrifluoro- (2) Mouldable co-polymers of butadi~ne and aClrYI.l~ ,~Cla~d acrylic
ethylene in any form, as well as for larger quantities in fabricated (3) Mouldable terpolymers of butadIene, ~cry ,onl fl e
forms which can be shown to have no strategic applications. acid or any of the homologues of acryhc aCId.
, ) of 0·0015 in.
1755. Silicone fluids and greases, as follows: 1920. Synthetic film for dielectric use (condeJ?ser tlsdefor condensers
(0·038 mm.) or less in thickness capable o~ beIng use r film with thick-
(a) Halogenated silicone fluids; covered by the definition of Item 1560, excludIng polyt:l~e d polyester film
(b) Lubricating greases capable of operating at temperatures of 180
0 ness greater than 0·001 in. (0'0254 ~m.) and untensllze to 0.001 in.
Centigrade or higher and havjn~ a drop point of 2200 Centigrade having a thickness from 0·0007 In. (0·018 mm.) up
or higher. (0,0254 mm.) inclusive.