21
Conditions for Analysis by the Direct Design Method
13.6.1
For a panel with beams between supports on all sides, Eq. (132) must also be satisIied:
0 . 5 2 . 0
2
1 2
2
2 1
s
o
o
s
f
f
where
s cs
b cb
f
I E
I E
= o Eq. (133)
=
c
E modulus oI elasticity oI concrete (8.5.1)
c c
f w ' 33
5 . 1
Ior values oI
c
w between 90 and 155 pcI
=
s b
I I , moment oI inertia oI beam and slab, respectively (see Design Aid J.25)
Page 1 of 11
DESIGN AID J.22
Definitions of Column Strip and Middle Strip
13.2
Middle strip
Middle strip
1
Column strip
Minimum of
1
/4 or (
2
)
A
/4
Minimum of
1
/4 or (
2
)
B
/4
(
2
)
A
(
2
)
B
Page 2 of 11
DESIGN AID J.23
Definition of Clear Span,
n
13.6.2.5
1
1
65 . 0 >
n
0.89h
h
0.93h
h
h
h
h
h
Page 3 of 11
DESIGN AID J.24
Design Moment Coefficients used with the Direct Design Method
13.6.3 13.6.6
Flat Plate or Flat Slab
Flat Plate or Flat Slab with Spandrel Beams
See Design Aid J 26 for determination of
t

Page 4 of 11
DESIGN AID J.24
Design Moment Coefficients used with the Direct Design Method
13.6.3 13.6.6
(continued)
Flat Plate or Flat Slab with End Span Integral with Wall
Flat Plate or Flat Slab with End Span Simply Supported on Wall
Page 5 of 11
DESIGN AID J.24
Design Moment Coefficients used with the Direct Design Method
13.6.3 13.6.6
(continued)
TwoWay BeamSupported Slab
Notes:
 M
o
is deIined per 13.6.2
See Design Aids J 25 and J 26 for determination of
f
o and
t
 respectively
Page 6 of 11
DESIGN AID J.25
Effective Beam and Slab Sections for Computation of Stiffness Ratio
f
o
C C
2
h
a
b
b
eff
= b + 2(a h) s b + 8h
Beam, I
b
Slab, I
s
2
h
a
b
Beam, I
b
Slab, I
s
CL
beff = b + (a h) s b + 4h
Interior Beam Edge Beam
s cs
b cb
f
I E
I E
= o Eq. (133)
=
c
E modulus oI elasticity oI concrete (8.5.1)
c c
f w ' 33
5 . 1
Ior values oI
c
w between 90 and 155 pcI
3
2
12
1
h I
s
=
2
3
2
3
2 12
1
2
) ( ) (
12
1

.

\

+ +

.

\

+ =
b eff eff b b
y
h
a h b h b
h a
y h a b h a b I
where
( )
) (
2 2
2
h a b h b
h a
b h
a h b
y
eff
eff
b
+
+ 
.

\

=
Page 7 of 11
DESIGN AID J.26
Computation of Torsional Stiffness Factor,
t
 , for T and LSections
C C
2
h
a
b
b
eff
= b + 2(a h) s b + 8h
Interior Beam
Case A
3
63 . 0 1 2
3
63 . 0 1
2
3
2
2
2
1
3
1
1
1
y x
y
x
y x
y
x
C
A


.

\

+


.

\

=
Case B
3
63 . 0 1
3
63 . 0 1
2
3
2
2
2
1
3
1
1
1
y x
y
x
y x
y
x
C
B


.

\

+


.

\

=
= C maximum oI
A
C and
B
C
s cs
cb
t
I E
C E
2
=  Eq. (135)
where 12 /
3
2
h I
s
= and
c c
f w E ' = 33
5 . 1
Ior values oI
c
w between 90 and 155 pcI (8.5.1)
x
2
x
1
y
1
y
2
y
2
x
2
x
1
y
1
y
2
Page 8 of 11
2
h
a
b
CL
beff = b + (a h) s b + 4h
DESIGN AID J.26
Computation of Torsional Stiffness Factor,
t
 , for T and LSections
(continued)
Edge Beam
Case A
3
63 . 0 1
3
63 . 0 1
2
3
2
2
2
1
3
1
1
1
y x
y
x
y x
y
x
C
A


.

\

+


.

\

=
Case B
3
63 . 0 1
3
63 . 0 1
2
3
2
2
2
1
3
1
1
1
y x
y
x
y x
y
x
C
B


.

\

+


.

\

=
= C maximum oI
A
C and
B
C
s cs
cb
t
I E
C E
2
=  Eq. (135)
where 12 /
3
2
h I
s
= and
c c
f w E ' = 33
5 . 1
Ior values oI
c
w between 90 and 155 pcI (8.5.1)
x
2
x
1
y
1
y
2
x
2
x
1
y
1
y
2
Page 9 of 11
DESIGN AID J.27
Moment Distribution Constants for SlabBeam Members without Drop Panels*
1 1
/
N
c
2 2
/
N
c
StiIIness Factor,
NF
k
Carryover Factor,
NF
C
Fixedend Moment
CoeIIicient,
NF
m
0.10
0.10 4.18 0.51 0.0847
0.20 4.36 0.52 0.0860
0.30 4.53 0.54 0.0872
0.40 4.70 0.55 0.0882
0.20
0.10 4.35 0.52 0.0857
0.20 4.72 0.54 0.0880
0.30 5.11 0.56 0.0901
0.40 5.51 0.58 0.0921
0.30
0.10 4.49 0.53 0.0863
0.20 5.05 0.56 0.0893
0.30 5.69 0.59 0.0923
0.40 6.41 0.61 0.0951
0.40
0.10 4.61 0.53 0.0866
0.20 5.35 0.56 0.0901
0.30 6.25 0.60 0.0936
0.40 7.37 0.64 0.0971
Slabbeam stiIIness
1
/
sb cs NF sb
I E k K =
Fixedend moment
2
1 2
u FN
q m FEM =
* Applicable where (1)
1 1 F N
c c = and
2 2 F N
c c = and (2) a uniIormly distributed load
u
q
acts over the entire span length. See PCA Notes on ACI 31811 Ior other cases, including
constants Ior members with drop panels.
1
2 N
c
1 N
c
2 F
c
1 F
c
Page 10 of 11
DESIGN AID J.28
Stiffness and CarryOver Factors for Columns*
c
H /
StiIIness Factor,
AB
k
Carryover Factor,
AB
C
1.05 4.52 0.54
1.10 5.09 0.57
1.15 5.71 0.60
1.20 6.38 0.62
1.25 7.11 0.65
1.30 7.89 0.67
1.35 8.73 0.69
1.40 9.63 0.71
1.45 10.60 0.73
1.50 11.62 0.74
Column stiIIness:
( )
( )
=
=
c c cc BA
BA
c
c c cc AB
AB
c
I E k K
I E k K
/
/
* See PCA Notes on ACI 31811 Ior other cases, including Iactors Ior members with drop
panels and column capitals.
H
A
B
c
Page 11 of 11