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LTE Cell Planning

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Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

LTE Cell Planning

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

LTE Cell Planning

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei.

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei.

No Spreading Without Permission . and PRACH planning. TA planning. detailed planning. and cell planning. pre-planning. In the cell planning. PCI planning. Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE Cell Planning  The general process includes information collection. main concerns are frequency planning.

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

including: 850MHz.LTE Cell Planning  There are several new frequency band options for LTE. some of which are available now or should be within the next few years. Confidential Information of Huawei. AWS (Advanced Wireless Services) and 2. These include the 700MHz. as well as the re-use of existing GSM 900MHz and 1800MHz bands. No Spreading Without Permission . 1500MHz. In addition. there are other spectrum bands available. due to poor harmonization. 1700MHz and 1900MHz.6GHz bands.

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei.

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

No Spreading Without Permission . Basically satisfy the phase one capacity requirements.LTE Cell Planning  Application scenario: Adapt to situations with integrated operator frequency resources and consecutive frequency bands. If the frequency point bandwidth is wide (>=10MHz). thus reducing the initial network construction cost. Use relatively narrow frequency point bandwidth (<=10MHz) to implement wide coverage of suburban and rural areas. Confidential Information of Huawei. it can be used as the initial network construction mode of the urban or densely-populated urban areas.

Confidential Information of Huawei.  The system capacity is dependent on the bandwidth of single frequency point. it can be used on coverage of suburban and rural areas. No Spreading Without Permission . it can be used on initial network construction of dense or common urban.LTE Cell Planning  Application scenario:  Adapt to situations that the operator frequency resources are rich or frequency bands dispersed and bandwidth is narrow. If the bandwidth of frequency point is narrow (<5MHz). If the bandwidth of frequency point is wide (>=5MHz).

This document provides the details on ICIC. ICIC mitigates inter-cell interference. Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE Cell Planning  ICIC is a technology that mitigates inter-cell interference together with the scheduling and power control technologies. No Spreading Without Permission . ICIC is applied at the Medium Access Control (MAC) layer. In this way. and improves the system coverage. increases the CEU throughput. ICIC restricts highly interfering CEUs within the orthogonal bands at the edge of cells or schedules the CEUs in neighboring cells at different points of time.

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

In LTE system. if an UE changes the TAs in the TAI list.  TA list : A list of TAIs that identify the tracking areas that the UE can enter without performing a tracking area updating procedure. No Spreading Without Permission . TA planning aims to reduce location update signaling caused by location changes in the LTE system. Confidential Information of Huawei. The TAIs in a TAI list assigned by an MME to a UE pertain to the same MME area.LTE Cell Planning  TA: Similar to the location area and routing area in 2G/3G networks. the tracking area (TA) is used for paging. TA update won’t be triggered.

Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE Cell Planning  In the Los Angles. The UE may go across the different area through this road. there are several independent density area that connected by the main road (like island) . No Spreading Without Permission .

LTE Cell Planning

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

LTE Cell Planning

In this scenario, users are average distributed in each area

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

LTE Cell Planning

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission

an independent TA is used for the suburban area. No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning   A TA coverage should be proper setting according to the capability of EPC When the suburban area and urban area are covered discontinuously. Confidential Information of Huawei.

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei.

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei.

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei.

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei.

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning  PCI: Physical Cell ID. is used to generate scrambling code to identify the different cell Confidential Information of Huawei.

LTE Cell Planning  PCI: Physical Cell ID. No Spreading Without Permission . is used to generate scrambling code to identify the different cell Confidential Information of Huawei.

In addition. however. only the reuse distance needs to be ensured in scrambling code planning. No Spreading Without Permission . the protocols do not have specific requirements for scrambling code planning. For PCI planning. Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE Cell Planning  Differences between a scrambling code and a PCI: The scrambling code ranges from 0 to 511 whereas the PCI ranges from 0 to 503. 3GPP protocols require that the value of PCI/3 should be 0. or 2 in each eNB. Therefore. 1.

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning  PCI: Physical Cell ID. is used to generate scrambling code to identify the different cell Confidential Information of Huawei.

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei.

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei.

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei.

LTE Cell Planning  A CP is a copy of the end of an OFDM symbol to the start position of the symbol. Each CP generates a guard interval between two OFDM symbols. Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE Cell Planning  The symbol energy that can be captured by the OFDM receiver depends on the CP length:  If the CP is longer than the multipath delay of an OFDM symbol. the OFDM receiver can capture only some energy of the symbol. No Spreading Without Permission .  If the CP is shorter than the multipath delay of an OFDM symbol. the OFDM receiver can capture all energy of the symbol.

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

or re-establishment. Like other 3GPP systems the random access procedure provides a method for contention and non-contention based access. including initial access. handover.  There are five preamble formats defined which four of them are for FDD Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning  The random access procedure is used in various scenarios. The PRACH (Physical Random Access Channel) includes RA (Random Access) preambles generated from ZC (Zadoff-Chu) sequences.

Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE Cell Planning  Other preamble formats then Format 0 and Format 4 (TDD) are available only with the LOFD-001009 Extended Cell Access Radius feature. No Spreading Without Permission .

LTE Cell Planning  c = speed of light (300000km/h) Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei.

with the lowest configuration.LTE Cell Planning  * in fact. where we assume maximum cell radius of 790m we assign only one value per cell. No Spreading Without Permission . Confidential Information of Huawei. Further explanation on following slides.

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning  PRACH configuration is defined by the following parameters     Root sequence. setting in the eNodeB Ncs: Automatically setting based on the cell radius configuration PRACHfrequency offset: Scheduled by eNodeB High speed flag: Indicate whether the cell is for high speed  All the parameters all carried by Sib2 Confidential Information of Huawei.

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

371 9.LTE Cell Planning  Calculations: ZeroCorrZone 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Ncs 839 13 15 18 22 26 32 38 46 59 76 93 119 167 279 419 Preamble Format 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 1 1 T_GT ( m s) 715.875 96.875 515.208 5.792 1.507 2.625 96.875 96.368 5.875 96.531 14.208 5.531 14.531 14.119 57.531 14.625 Max Delay Max Cell Radius Max Cell Radius Spread [ m s] (according to T_GT) [km] (according to Ncs) [km] 16.512 7.875 96.875 96.803 12.344 14.208 5.651 3.531 77.344 117.666 16.875 196.510 4.078 1.875 196.875 96.531 29.208 16.208 5.875 96.953 22.875 96.666 5.818 37.625 515.531 29.208 5. No Spreading Without Permission .208 5.531 14.875 96.208 5.531 14.234 15.531 14.208 5.531 14.208 5.344 77.875 96.208 5.214 0.531 14.666 107.143 Confidential Information of Huawei.208 5.079 2.531 14.208 5.

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

Confidential Information of Huawei.LTE Cell Planning  Here is an another example for the root sequence planning.   The number of available root sequence indexes is 139 (0.8 km. If the cell radius is 9. The assignment principles are similar to those for PCIs. the Ncs value is 76 The value of 839/76 is rounded down to 11. that is. 6. suppose the cell radius is 10km  The Ncs value is determined by the cell radius. In this case. 12…828) The available root sequence indexes are assigned to cells. six root sequence indexes are required  to generate 64 preamble sequences. each index can generate 11 preamble sequences. No Spreading Without Permission .

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei.

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

SA3(SA3).  GUI Value Range: SA0(SA0). SA1(SA1). No Spreading Without Permission .211. SA5. SA3. SA4(SA4). SA2. SA5(SA5). SA2(SA2). SA6(SA6) Unit: None Actual Value Range: SA0. SA4. SA6   Confidential Information of Huawei. For details. SA1. see 3GPP TS 36.LTE Cell Planning  Meaning: Indicates the ratio of UL subframes to DL subframes in a TDD cell.

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading Without Permission .

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei.

No Spreading Without Permission .LTE Cell Planning Confidential Information of Huawei.