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„µ¦˜·—˜´ŠÊ WebServer ץčo FreeBSD 7.

§ дѥішѧчшѤѸк WebServer ѱчѕѲнҖ FreeBSD 7.2 §


діцѨћѩдќѥ www.mu-ph.org

ѱчѕ ѯѝіѧєёѤьыѫҙ ьѧшѕҙьіѥ


Email: sermpan@mu-ph.org
12 ѝѧкўѥзє 2552

* * * * * * * * *
Objective:
шҖѠкдѥіъѼѥ WebServer еѠк Ѡкзҙді ѲўҖъд
ѫ ѐҐѥѕѲьѠкзҙдієѨ WebSite ѲнҖкѥь ѱчѕѲўҖ
ѯьѪѸѠъѨз
ѷ ьјѣ 5 GBytes

Specifications …°ŠÁ‡¦ºÉ°Šš¸Éčo
CPU: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5405 @ 2.00GHz (1995.01-MHz 686-class CPU)
Origin = "GenuineIntel" Id = 0x1067a Stepping = 10
Ram 2G
HardDisk IDE 500G ¨³ 250 ‹Îµœªœ­°Š„o°œ
„o°œÂ¦„ 500G ­¦oµŠ / , swap ¨³ /backups
„o°œš¸É­°Š 250G ­¦oµŠ /var , /tmp , /usr ¨³ /usr/local
Lan card 1 ĝ (onboard)
nŠ partion —´Šœ¸Ê
www# df
Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Avail Capacity Mounted on
/dev/ad5s1a 507630 146844 320176 31% /
devfs 1 1 0 100% /dev
/dev/ad7s1g 400913540 16644420 352196038 5% /backups
/dev/ad7s1e 1012974 12 931926 0% /tmp
/dev/ad7s1f 10154158 1150928 8190898 12% /usr
/dev/ad5s1d 231978828 4 213420518 0% /usr/local
/dev/ad7s1d 60931274 1066 56055708 0% /var
www#

ѱюіѰдієъѨѷјк

1. „oŅ¢j¤š¸É‹ÎµÁž}œ
2. Compile Kernel Á¡ºÉ°Ä®o¦°Š¦´ Firewall ¨³ Quota
3. Update ports tree
4. „µ¦˜·—˜´ŠÊ Firewall
5. „µ¦šÎµ Quota
6. ˜·—˜´ÊŠ mysql50-server
7. ˜·—˜´ÊŠ Apache22
8. ˜·—˜´ÊŠ PHP5
9. ˜·—˜´ÊŠ PHP5-extensions
10. ˜·—˜´ÊŠ ZendOptimizer
11. ˜·—˜´ÊŠ webmin
12. ˜·—˜´ÊŠ phpmyadmin
13. ˜·—˜´ÊŠ vsftp
14. ˜·—˜´ÊŠ awstats
15. ˜·—˜´ÊŠ ntp
16. ˜·—˜´ÊŠ clamav
17. ˜·—˜´ÊŠ hostsentry
18. ˜·—˜´ÊŠ portsentry
19. ˜·—˜´ÊŠ lynx
20. ˜·—˜´ÊŠ phpbb3
21. ˜·—˜´ÊŠ denyhosts
22. „µ¦ Backup Áª

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„µ¦˜·—˜´ŠÊ WebServer ץčo FreeBSD 7.2

јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 1). ѰдҖѳеѰђґєъѨѷлѼѥѯюҝь

ѲьдѥішѧчшѤѸкѝѥєѥіщћѩдќѥѳчҖлѥд

http://bsd.psru.ac.th/microcom/micro240/install53_1.pdf
http://bsd.psru.ac.th/microcom/micro240/install53_2.pdf

ѯєѪѷѠшѧчшѤѸк FreeBSD 7.2 ѯіѨѕэіҖѠѕѰјҖњ ѯіѥдѶъѼѥдѥіѰдҖѳеѰђґєъѨѷлѼѥѯюҝьѯэѪѸѠкшҖь ъѼѥѳчҖѱчѕ

login as: sermpan


Using keyboard-interactive authentication.
Password:
Last login: Mon Aug 10 11:02:38 2009 from proxy.mu-ph.org
Copyright (c) 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

FreeBSD 7.2-RELEASE (GENERIC) #0: Fri May 1 08:49:13 UTC 2009

Welcome to FreeBSD!

Before seeking technical support, please use the following resources:

o Security advisories and updated errata information for all releases are
at http://www.FreeBSD.org/releases/ - always consult the ERRATA section
for your release first as it's updated frequently.

o The Handbook and FAQ documents are at http://www.FreeBSD.org/ and,


along with the mailing lists, can be searched by going to
http://www.FreeBSD.org/search/. If the doc distribution has
been installed, they're also available formatted in /usr/share/doc.

If you still have a question or problem, please take the output of


`uname -a', along with any relevant error messages, and email it
as a question to the questions@FreeBSD.org mailing list. If you are
unfamiliar with FreeBSD's directory layout, please refer to the hier(7)
manual page. If you are not familiar with manual pages, type `man man'.

You may also use sysinstall(8) to re-enter the installation and


configuration utility. Edit /etc/motd to change this login announcement.

$ su root
Password:
www#

ѯіѧѷєчҖњѕѰдҖѰђґє Welcome ѲўҖјчдѥі Delay лѥд 10 њѧьѥъѨ ѯўјѪѠ 3 њѧьѥъѨ

www# vi /boot/defaults/loader.conf

##############################################################
### Loader settings ########################################
##############################################################

#autoboot_delay="10" # Delay in seconds before autobooting,


autoboot_delay="3" # Delay in seconds before autobooting,

ѰјѣѰдҖѰђґє sshd_config ѯёѪѷѠѠьѫрѥшѲўҖ User нѪѷѠ sermpan ѝѥєѥіщъѨѷлѣ Secure Shell ѳчҖѰшҕѯёѨѕкяѬҖѯчѨѕњ

www# vi /etc/ssh/sshd_config

# Authentication:

AllowUsers sermpan

#LoginGraceTime 2m
#PermitRootLogin no
#StrictModes yes
#MaxAuthTries 6
#MaxSessions 10

Save ѰјҖњѝѤѷк Reload

www# /etc/rc.d/sshd reload


www#

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„µ¦˜·—˜´ŠÊ WebServer ץčo FreeBSD 7.2

јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 2). Compile Kernel ѯёѪѷѠѲўҖіѠкіѤэ Firewall Ѱјѣ Quota


www# cd /usr/src/sys/i386/conf/
www# cp GENERIC PH
www# vi PH ; ѲўҖѳчҖѯюҝьчѤкьѨѸ (ѯёѧѷєѲѝҕѝҕњьъѨѷѯюҝьёѪѸьѝѨѰчк)
www# cat PH
#
# GENERIC -- Generic kernel configuration file for FreeBSD/i386
#
# For more information on this file, please read the handbook section on
# Kernel Configuration Files:
#
# http://www.FreeBSD.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/kernelconfig-config.html
#
# The handbook is also available locally in /usr/share/doc/handbook
# if you've installed the doc distribution, otherwise always see the
# FreeBSD World Wide Web server (http://www.FreeBSD.org/) for the
# latest information.
#
# An exhaustive list of options and more detailed explanations of the
# device lines is also present in the ../../conf/NOTES and NOTES files.
# If you are in doubt as to the purpose or necessity of a line, check first
# in NOTES.
#
# $FreeBSD: src/sys/i386/conf/GENERIC,v 1.474.2.15.2.1 2008/11/25 02:59:29 kensmith Exp $

cpu I486_CPU
cpu I586_CPU
cpu I686_CPU
#ident GENERIC
ident PH

# To statically compile in device wiring instead of /boot/device.hints


#hints "GENERIC.hints" # Default places to look for devices.

makeoptions DEBUG=-g # Build kernel with gdb(1) debug symbols

options SCHED_ULE # ULE scheduler


options PREEMPTION # Enable kernel thread preemption
options INET # InterNETworking
options INET6 # IPv6 communications protocols
options SCTP # Stream Control Transmission Protocol
options FFS # Berkeley Fast Filesystem
options SOFTUPDATES # Enable FFS soft updates support
options UFS_ACL # Support for access control lists
options UFS_DIRHASH # Improve performance on big directories
options UFS_GJOURNAL # Enable gjournal-based UFS journaling
options MD_ROOT # MD is a potential root device
options NFSCLIENT # Network Filesystem Client
options NFSSERVER # Network Filesystem Server
options NFSLOCKD # Network Lock Manager
options NFS_ROOT # NFS usable as /, requires NFSCLIENT
options MSDOSFS # MSDOS Filesystem
options CD9660 # ISO 9660 Filesystem
options PROCFS # Process filesystem (requires PSEUDOFS)
options PSEUDOFS # Pseudo-filesystem framework
options GEOM_PART_GPT # GUID Partition Tables.
options GEOM_LABEL # Provides labelization
options COMPAT_43TTY # BSD 4.3 TTY compat [KEEP THIS!]
options COMPAT_FREEBSD4 # Compatible with FreeBSD4
options COMPAT_FREEBSD5 # Compatible with FreeBSD5
options COMPAT_FREEBSD6 # Compatible with FreeBSD6
options SCSI_DELAY=5000 # Delay (in ms) before probing SCSI
options KTRACE # ktrace(1) support
options STACK # stack(9) support
options SYSVSHM # SYSV-style shared memory
options SYSVMSG # SYSV-style message queues
options SYSVSEM # SYSV-style semaphores
options _KPOSIX_PRIORITY_SCHEDULING # POSIX P1003_1B real-time extensions
options KBD_INSTALL_CDEV # install a CDEV entry in /dev
options ADAPTIVE_GIANT # Giant mutex is adaptive.
options STOP_NMI # Stop CPUS using NMI instead of IPI
options AUDIT # Security event auditing

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#options KDTRACE_HOOKS # Kernel DTrace hooks


#
# Add Firewall & Quota to kernel
#
options IPFIREWALL
options IPFIREWALL_FORWARD
options IPFIREWALL_DEFAULT_TO_ACCEPT
options IPFIREWALL_VERBOSE
options IPFIREWALL_VERBOSE_LIMIT=120
options IPDIVERT
options QUOTA
#
# End of Additional Line
#
.
.
.
.
.
.

www# pwd
/usr/src/sys/i386/conf
www# ll
total 82
-rw-r--r-- 1 root wheel 13 Jun 20 2005 .cvsignore
-rw-r--r-- 1 root wheel 534 Apr 15 10:14 DEFAULTS
-rw-r--r-- 1 root wheel 12472 Apr 15 10:14 GENERIC
-rw-r--r-- 1 root wheel 1745 Apr 15 10:14 GENERIC.hints
-rw-r--r-- 1 root wheel 1034 Apr 15 10:14 MAC
-rw-r--r-- 1 root wheel 131 Apr 15 10:14 Makefile
-rw-r--r-- 1 root wheel 38891 Apr 15 10:14 NOTES
-rw-r--r-- 1 root wheel 2016 Apr 15 10:14 PAE
-rw-r--r-- 1 root wheel 12786 Aug 12 16:51 PH
-rw-r--r-- 1 root wheel 3539 Apr 15 10:14 XBOX
www# config PH
Kernel build directory is ../compile/PH
Don't forget to do ``make cleandepend && make depend''
www# cd ../compile/PH
www# make depend ; make ; make install
.
.
.
===> zyd (install)
install -o root -g wheel -m 555 if_zyd.ko /boot/kernel
install -o root -g wheel -m 555 if_zyd.ko.symbols /boot/kernel
kldxref /boot/kernel
www#

іѠльдіѣъѤѷкъѼѥкѥьѯѝіѶл ѝѤѷк Reboot

www# reboot

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„µ¦˜·—˜´ŠÊ WebServer ץčo FreeBSD 7.2

јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 3). Update ports tree


ѯєѪѷѠшѧчшѤѸк FreeBSD 7.2 ѯіѨѕэіҖѠѕѰјҖњ ѯіѥдѶъѼѥдѥі Update ports ъѼѥѳчҖѱчѕ

login as: sermpan


Using keyboard-interactive authentication.
Password:
Last login: Tue Aug 4 20:03:36 2009 from proxy.mu-ph.org
Copyright (c) 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

FreeBSD 7.2-RELEASE (PH) #0: Tue Aug 4 18:53:55 ICT 2009

Welcome to FreeBSD!

Before seeking technical support, please use the following resources:

o Security advisories and updated errata information for all releases are
at http://www.FreeBSD.org/releases/ - always consult the ERRATA section
for your release first as it's updated frequently.

o The Handbook and FAQ documents are at http://www.FreeBSD.org/ and,


along with the mailing lists, can be searched by going to
http://www.FreeBSD.org/search/. If the doc distribution has
been installed, they're also available formatted in /usr/share/doc.

If you still have a question or problem, please take the output of


`uname -a', along with any relevant error messages, and email it
as a question to the questions@FreeBSD.org mailing list. If you are
unfamiliar with FreeBSD's directory layout, please refer to the hier(7)
manual page. If you are not familiar with manual pages, type `man man'.

You may also use sysinstall(8) to re-enter the installation and


configuration utility. Edit /etc/motd to change this login announcement.
$ su root
Password:
www#
јѼѥчѤэшҕѠѳюѯѠѥѰђґє ъѨѷѯіѥѯзѕјкѱюіѰдієчҖњѕ FreeBSD 7.2 оѩѷкѳчҖ tar ѯѠѥѳњҖѰјѣѯдѶэѳњҖъѨѷ /backups/distfiles72.tar єѥѰшдѯёѪѷѠѯѠѥѳюѲѝҕѲь
/usr/ports/distfiles ѱчѕ (ъѤѸкьѨѸѯёѪѷѠ Server еѠкѯіѥѳєҕшҖѠкѳю download ѱюіѰдієъѨѷшҖѠкѲнҖєѥлѥд internet)
www# cd /
www# tar xpf /backups/distfiles72.tar
www# cd /usr/ports/net/cvsup
www# make install && make clean

ѯєѪѷѠщѬдщѥє ѯіѪѷѠк cvsup ѲўҖѯјѪѠд X11 чҖњѕ (дѶюјҕѠѕѳюшѥє default)ѯьѪѷѠклѥдѲьдѥіјкѱюіѰдієєѨэѥкзіѤѸкъѨѷшҖѠкдѥі library еѠк X11 оѩѷкщҖѥѳєҕѯјѪѠдѲь
дѥі compile эѥкѱюіѰдіє лѣѯлѠ Fatal error

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ѰјѣѯєѪѷѠщѬдщѥєњҕѥ ѯіѪѷѠк libiconv дѶюјҕѠѕѳюшѥє default

ѰјѣѯєѪѷѠщѬдщѥєњҕѥ ѯіѪѷѠк libxslt ѯіѥѯјѪѠд MEM_DEBUG

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ѰјѣѯєѪѷѠщѬдщѥєњҕѥ ѯіѪѷѠк python25 ѯіѥѯјѪѠд THREADS, UCS4, PYMALLOC, FPECTL

ѰјѣѯєѪѷѠщѬдщѥєњҕѥ ѯіѪѷѠк perl ѯіѥѯјѪѠд DEBUGGING, GDBM, PERL_MALLLOC, PERL_64BITINT, THREADS, SUIDPERL, USE_PERL

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ѰјѣѯєѪѷѠщѬдщѥєњҕѥ ѯіѪѷѠк m4 ѯіѥѯјѪѠд LIBSIGSEGV

===> SECURITY REPORT:


This port has installed the following files which may act as network
servers and may therefore pose a remote security risk to the system.
/usr/local/sbin/cvsupd
/usr/local/bin/cvsup
/usr/local/bin/cvpasswd

If there are vulnerabilities in these programs there may be a security


risk to the system. FreeBSD makes no guarantee about the security of
ports included in the Ports Collection. Please type 'make deinstall'
to deinstall the port if this is a concern.

For more information, and contact details about the security


status of this software, see the following webpage:
http://www.cvsup.org/
===> Cleaning for ezm3-1.2_1
===> Cleaning for liboldX-1.0.1
===> Cleaning for libdmx-1.0.2_1
===> Cleaning for pixman-0.15.2
===> Cleaning for libXaw-1.0.5_1,1
===> Cleaning for gmake-3.81_3
===> Cleaning for libX11-1.2.1,1
===> Cleaning for libtool-1.5.26
===> Cleaning for pkg-config-0.23_1
===> Cleaning for xextproto-7.0.5
===> Cleaning for dmxproto-2.2.2
===> Cleaning for libXext-1.0.5,1
===> Cleaning for perl-threaded-5.8.9_2
===> Cleaning for printproto-1.0.4
===> Cleaning for libXau-1.0.4
===> Cleaning for libXmu-1.0.4,1
===> Cleaning for libXp-1.0.0,1
===> Cleaning for libXpm-3.5.7
===> Cleaning for xproto-7.0.15
===> Cleaning for libXt-1.0.5_1
===> Cleaning for gettext-0.17_1
===> Cleaning for libxcb-1.2_1
===> Cleaning for xorg-macros-1.2.1
===> Cleaning for bigreqsproto-1.0.2
===> Cleaning for xcmiscproto-1.1.2
===> Cleaning for xtrans-1.2.3
===> Cleaning for kbproto-1.0.3
===> Cleaning for inputproto-1.5.0
===> Cleaning for xf86bigfontproto-1.1.2
===> Cleaning for libXdmcp-1.0.2_1
===> Cleaning for automake-1.10.1

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„µ¦˜·—˜´ŠÊ WebServer ץčo FreeBSD 7.2

===> Cleaning for autoconf-2.62


===> Cleaning for gdbm-1.8.3_3
===> Cleaning for libSM-1.1.0_1,1
===> Cleaning for libiconv-1.11_1
===> Cleaning for libcheck-0.9.6
===> Cleaning for libxslt-1.1.24_2
===> Cleaning for xcb-proto-1.4
===> Cleaning for libpthread-stubs-0.1
===> Cleaning for python25-2.5.4_1
===> Cleaning for automake-wrapper-20071109
===> Cleaning for m4-1.4.12,1
===> Cleaning for help2man-1.36.4_2
===> Cleaning for autoconf-wrapper-20071109
===> Cleaning for libICE-1.0.4_1,1
===> Cleaning for libxml2-2.7.3
===> Cleaning for libsigsegv-2.5
===> Cleaning for p5-gettext-1.05_2
===> Cleaning for cvsup-16.1h_4
www#

www#

лѥдьѤѸь ѯѠѥѰђґє ports-supfile ѳюѳњҖъѨѷ /tmp ѰјҖњѯјѪѠд port ъѨѷшҖѠкдѥі Update шѥєшҖѠкдѥі

www# cp /usr/share/examples/cvsup/ports-supfile /tmp


www# cd /tmp
www# ll
total 14
drwxrwxrwt 2 root wheel 512 Aug 7 09:50 .ICE-unix
drwxrwxrwt 2 root wheel 512 Aug 7 09:50 .X11-unix
drwxrwxrwt 2 root wheel 512 Aug 7 09:50 .XIM-unix
drwxrwxrwt 2 root wheel 512 Aug 7 09:50 .font-unix
drwxrwxr-x 2 root operator 512 Aug 7 15:58 .snap
-r--r--r-- 1 root wheel 3817 Aug 7 10:10 ports-supfile
www#

ѰдҖ ports-supfile чѤкьѨѸ (чѬѲьѝҕњьъѨѷѯюҝьёѪѸьѝѨѰчк)

www# cat ports-supfile

# $FreeBSD: src/share/examples/cvsup/ports-supfile,v 1.38.6.1 2008/11/25 02:59:29 kensmith Exp $


#
# This file contains all of the "CVSup collections" that make up the
# FreeBSD-current ports collection.
#
# CVSup (CVS Update Protocol) allows you to download the latest CVS
# tree (or any branch of development therefrom) to your system easily
# and efficiently (far more so than with sup, which CVSup is aimed
# at replacing). If you're running CVSup interactively, and are
# currently using an X display server, you should run CVSup as follows
# to keep your CVS tree up-to-date:
#
# cvsup ports-supfile
#
# If not running X, or invoking cvsup from a non-interactive script, then
# run it as follows:
#
# cvsup -g -L 2 ports-supfile
#
# You may wish to change some of the settings in this file to better
# suit your system:
#
# host=CHANGE_THIS.FreeBSD.org
# This specifies the server host which will supply the
# file updates. You must change it to one of the CVSup
# mirror sites listed in the FreeBSD Handbook at
# http://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/mirrors.html.
# You can override this setting on the command line
# with cvsup's "-h host" option.
#
# base=/var/db
# This specifies the root where CVSup will store information
# about the collections you have transferred to your system.
# A setting of "/var/db" will generate this information in

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„µ¦˜·—˜´ŠÊ WebServer ץčo FreeBSD 7.2

# /var/db/sup. You can override the "base" setting on the


# command line with cvsup's "-b base" option. This directory
# must exist in order to run CVSup.
#
# prefix=/usr
# This specifies where to place the requested files. A
# setting of "/usr" will place all of the files requested
# in "/usr/ports" (e.g., "/usr/ports/devel", "/usr/ports/lang").
# The prefix directory must exist in order to run CVSup.

# Defaults that apply to all the collections


#
# IMPORTANT: Change the next line to use one of the CVSup mirror sites
# listed at http://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/mirrors.html.
#*default host=CHANGE_THIS.FreeBSD.org
*default host=cvsup1.FreeBSD.org
*default base=/var/db
*default prefix=/usr
*default release=cvs tag=.
*default delete use-rel-suffix

# If you seem to be limited by CPU rather than network or disk bandwidth, try
# commenting out the following line. (Normally, today's CPUs are fast enough
# that you want to run compression.)
*default compress

## Ports Collection.
#
# The easiest way to get the ports tree is to use the "ports-all"
# mega-collection. It includes all of the individual "ports-*"
# collections,
#ports-all

# These are the individual collections that make up "ports-all". If you


# use these, be sure to comment out "ports-all" above.
#
# Be sure to ALWAYS cvsup the ports-base collection if you use any of the
# other individual collections below. ports-base is a mandatory collection
# for the ports collection, and your ports may not build correctly if it
# is not kept up to date.
ports-base
ports-accessibility
#ports-arabic
ports-archivers
#ports-astro
#ports-audio
#ports-benchmarks
#ports-biology
#ports-cad
#ports-chinese
ports-comms
ports-converters
ports-databases
#ports-deskutils
ports-devel
ports-dns
#ports-editors
ports-emulators
#ports-finance
#ports-french
ports-ftp
#ports-games
#ports-german
ports-graphics
#ports-hebrew
#ports-hungarian
#ports-irc
#ports-japanese
ports-java
#ports-korean
ports-lang
ports-mail
#ports-math

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#ports-mbone
ports-misc
#ports-multimedia
ports-net
ports-net-im
ports-net-mgmt
ports-net-p2p
#ports-news
#ports-palm
#ports-polish
ports-ports-mgmt
#ports-portuguese
ports-print
#ports-russian
#ports-science
ports-security
ports-shells
ports-sysutils
ports-textproc
#ports-ukrainian
#ports-vietnamese
ports-www
ports-x11
ports-x11-clocks
ports-x11-drivers
ports-x11-fm
ports-x11-fonts
ports-x11-servers
ports-x11-themes
ports-x11-toolkits
ports-x11-wm

www# /usr/local/bin/cvsup -g -L 2 /tmp/ports-supfile


Parsing supfile "/tmp/ports-supfile"
Connecting to cvsup1.FreeBSD.org
Connected to cvsup1.FreeBSD.org
Server software version: SNAP_16_1h
Negotiating file attribute support
Exchanging collection information
Establishing multiplexed-mode data connection
Running
щҖѥѯзіѪѷѠкђґѠкњҕѥ

Name lookup failure for "cvsup1.FreeBSD.org": Host name lookup failed


Will retry at 11:56:55

ѲўҖѯіѥѰдҖэііъѤч ѲьѰђґє ports-supfile

*default host=cvsup1.FreeBSD.org

ѱчѕѯюјѨѷѕьлѥд cvsup1 ѯмёѥѣѯје 1 ѰдҖѯюҝь 2 ўіѪѠ 3 ўіѪѠ 4 ѳюѯіѪѷѠѕ льщѩк 18 ўіѪѠѳюѯѠѥлѥд

http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en/books/handbook/cvsup.html#CVSUP-MIRRORS

ѰјҖњѯіѥдѶѝѤѷкѱчѕѲнҖзѼѥѝѤѷкѯчѧє

www# /usr/local/bin/cvsup -g -L 2 /tmp/ports-supfile


Parsing supfile "/tmp/ports-supfile"

ѯєѪѷѠѰдҖѰјҖњщҖѥѯзіѪѷѠкъѼѥкѥьшҕѠўєѥѕщѩк шѧчшҕѠѳюъѨѷ cvsup2.freebsd.org ѳчҖ дѶіѠльдіѣъѤѷкъѼѥкѥьѯѝіѶл


ѰшҕщҖѥѯзіѪѷѠкђґѠкѠѨд ѲўҖѯіѥѯюјѨѷѕьѯје ѳюѯіѪѷѠѕѵ іѠльдіѣъѤѷкъѼѥкѥьѯѝіѶл
.
.
.
.
Shutting down connection to server
Finished successfully
www#

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 4). дѥішѧчшѤѸк Firewall

Á¤ºÉ°Á¦µÅ—o Compile kernel Á¡ºÉ°¦°Š¦´ Firewall ¨³ Quota ¨oª Ĝ¨Îµ—´˜n°Åž„ÈÁž}œÁ¦ºÉ°Š…°Š„µ¦šÎµ Firewall

Step # 1: Enabling IPFW

Open /etc/rc.conf file

Á¡·É¤­°Š¦¦š´—…oµŠ¨nµŠÁ…oµÅž

firewall_enable="YES"
firewall_script="/backups/ipfw.rules"

Step # 2 Write a Firewall Rule Script

www# vi /backups/ipfw.rules ѱчѕєѨіѥѕјѣѯѠѨѕччѤкьѨѸ

IPF="ipfw -q add"
ipfw -q -f flush

#loopback
$IPF 10 allow all from any to any via lo0
$IPF 20 deny all from any to 127.0.0.0/8
$IPF 30 deny all from 127.0.0.0/8 to any
$IPF 40 deny tcp from any to any frag

# statefull
$IPF 50 check-state
$IPF 60 allow tcp from any to any established
$IPF 70 allow all from any to any out keep-state
$IPF 80 allow icmp from any to any

# open port ftp (20,21), ssh (22), mail (25)


# http (80), dns (53) etc

# port 20 = ftp-data
#$IPF 90 allow tcp from any to any 20 in
#$IPF 100 allow tcp from any to any 20 out

# port 21 = ftp
$IPF 110 allow tcp from any to any 21 in
$IPF 120 allow tcp from any to any 21 out

# port 22 = ssh
$IPF 130 allow tcp from any to any 22 in
$IPF 140 allow tcp from any to any 22 out

# telnet port=23
#$IPF 150 allow tcp from any to any 23 in
#$IPF 160 allow tcp from any to any 23 out

# smtp port=25
#$IPF 170 allow tcp from any to any 25 in
#$IPF 180 allow tcp from any to any 25 out

# nameserver port=42
#$IPF 190 allow tcp from any to any 42 in
#$IPF 200 allow tcp from any to any 42 out

# domain port=53
#$IPF 210 allow udp from any to any 53 in
#$IPF 220 allow udp from any to any 53 out

# tftp port=69
#$IPF 230 allow tcp from any to any 69 in
#$IPF 240 allow tcp from any to any 69 out

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# finger port=79
#$IPF 250 allow tcp from any to any 79 in
#$IPF 260 allow tcp from any to any 79 out

# http port=80
$IPF 270 allow tcp from any to any 80 in
$IPF 280 allow tcp from any to any 80 out

# pop3 port=110
#$IPF 290 allow tcp from any to any 110 in
#$IPF 300 allow tcp from any to any 110 out

# webmin port=10000
$IPF 310 allow tcp from any to any 10000 in
$IPF 320 allow tcp from any to any 10000 out

# deny and log everything


$IPF 500 deny log all from any to any

Step # 3: Start a firewall


You can reboot the box or you could reload these rules by entering on the command line.

www# sh /backups/ipfw.rules

Task: List all the rules in sequence

Typethefollowingcommand:

www# ipfw list
00010 allow ip from any to any via lo0
00020 deny ip from any to 127.0.0.0/8
00030 deny ip from 127.0.0.0/8 to any
00040 deny tcp from any to any frag
00050 check-state
00060 allow tcp from any to any established
00070 allow ip from any to any out keep-state
00080 allow icmp from any to any
00110 allow tcp from any to any dst-port 21 in
00120 allow tcp from any to any dst-port 21 out
00130 allow tcp from any to any dst-port 22 in
00140 allow tcp from any to any dst-port 22 out
00270 allow tcp from any to any dst-port 80 in
00280 allow tcp from any to any dst-port 80 out
00310 allow tcp from any to any dst-port 10000 in
00320 allow tcp from any to any dst-port 10000 out
00500 deny log logamount 120 ip from any to any
65535 allow ip from any to any
www#

ѲьјѼѥчѤэшҕѠѳюѯюҝьдѥіъѼѥ quota

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 5). дѥіъѼѥ Quota

www# cd /etc/
www# vi fstab

ѰдҖъѨѷэііъѤч /usr ѯёѧѷє userquota,groupquota

www# cat fstab


# Device Mountpoint FStype Options Dump Pass#
/dev/aacd0s1b none swap sw 0 0
/dev/aacd0s1a / ufs rw 1 1
/dev/aacd1s1d /backups ufs rw 2 2
/dev/aacd0s1e /tmp ufs rw 2 2
/dev/aacd0s1f /usr ufs rw,userquota,groupquota 22
/dev/aacd0s1d /var ufs rw 2 2
/dev/acd0 /cdrom cd9660 ro,noauto 0 0
www#

ъѨѷѰђґє /etc/rc.conf ѯёѧѷєѝѠкэііъѤчеҖѥкјҕѥкѯеҖѥѳю

enable_quotas="YES"
check_quotas="YES"

ѝѤѷк Reboot

www# reboot

ѯєѪѷѠѯзіѪѷѠк boot еѩѸьєѥ ѲўҖѝѤѷкѯёѪѷѠѲўҖ Disk Quota єѨяјшҕѠдѥіъѼѥкѥьъѤьъѨ

www# quotacheck -a
www# quotaon -a
www# quota -v sermpan
Disk quotas for user sermpan (uid 1002):
Filesystem usage quota limit grace files quota limit grace
/usr/local 0 0 0 0 0 0
www# www# edquota -u sermpan
Quotas for user sermpan:
/usr/local: kbytes in use: 0, limits (soft = 1044480, hard = 1048576)
inodes in use: 1, limits (soft = 0, hard = 0)
www#

шѤѸк SoftQuota = 1020M Ѱјѣ HardQuota = 1024M

www# quota -v sermpan


Disk quotas for user sermpan (uid 1003):
Filesystem usage quota limit grace files quota limit grace
/usr/local 1520 1044480 1048576 1 0 0
www#

шѤѸк grace period ѯѠѥѰзҕ 7 њѤьѱчѕ

www# edquota -t
Time units may be: days, hours, minutes, or seconds
Grace period before enforcing soft limits for users:
/var/mail: block grace period: 7 days, file grace period: 7 days

ѲўҖ Quota ьѨѸ Ѱдҕ User зьѠѪѷьѵчҖњѕѱчѕ

www# edquota -p sermpan `awk -F: '$3 > 1003 {print $1}' /etc/passwd`
www#

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 6.) шѧчшѤѸк mysql50-server


www# cd /usr/ports/database/mysql50-server
www# make config
===> No options to configure
www# make WITH_CHARSET=tis620 WITH_XCHARSET=all WITH_COLLATION=tis620_thai_ci WITH_OPENSSL=yes
BUILD_OPTIMIZED=yes WITH_ARCHIVE=yes WITH_FEDERATED=yes WITH_NDB=yes install clean

(эііъѤчъѨѷѝѠкеѠк www# make with ѠѕѬҕѲьэііъѤчѯчѨѕњдѤь) ѰјҖњіѠоѤдзіѬҕѲўрҕѵ ѯєѪѷѠѯѝіѶлѯіѥлѣѳчҖ

Added group "mysql".


Added user "mysql".
************************************************************************

Remember to run mysql_upgrade (with the optional --datadir=<dbdir> flag)


the first time you start the MySQL server after an upgrade from an
earlier version.

************************************************************************
install-info --quiet /usr/local/info/mysql.info /usr/local/info/dir
===> Installing rc.d startup script(s)
===> Compressing manual pages for mysql-server-5.0.84
===> Registering installation for mysql-server-5.0.84
===> SECURITY REPORT:
This port has installed the following files which may act as network
servers and may therefore pose a remote security risk to the system.
/usr/local/bin/ndb_drop_table
/usr/local/bin/ndb_delete_all
/usr/local/libexec/ndbd
/usr/local/bin/ndb_restore
/usr/local/libexec/ndb_mgmd
/usr/local/bin/ndb_select_all
/usr/local/bin/ndb_drop_index
/usr/local/bin/ndb_desc
/usr/local/bin/ndb_show_tables
/usr/local/lib/mysql/libndbclient.so.2
/usr/local/bin/ndb_waiter
/usr/local/libexec/mysqld
/usr/local/libexec/ndb_cpcd
/usr/local/bin/ndb_select_count

This port has installed the following startup scripts which may cause
these network services to be started at boot time.
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/mysql-server

If there are vulnerabilities in these programs there may be a security


risk to the system. FreeBSD makes no guarantee about the security of
ports included in the Ports Collection. Please type 'make deinstall'
to deinstall the port if this is a concern.

For more information, and contact details about the security


status of this software, see the following webpage:
http://www.mysql.com/
===> Cleaning for mysql-client-5.0.84
===> Cleaning for mysql-server-5.0.84
www#

ѲўҖ mysql ъѼѥкѥьъѫдзіѤѸкѯєѪѷѠѯюҌчѯзіѪѷѠк

www# vi /etc/rc.conf

ѯёѧѷєэііъѤчшҕѠѳюьѨѸѯеҖѥѳю

mysql_enable="YES"

save ѰјѣѠѠдлѥд vi лѥдьѤѸьдѶ reboot ѯзіѪѷѠк

www# reboot

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ѯєѪѷѠѯіѥ reboot ѯзіѪѷѠкѰјҖњ дѶ login ѯеҖѥіѣээ ѝѧѷкѰідъѨѷшҖѠкъѼѥзѪѠ ѲўҖ password ѝѼѥўіѤэдѥі login ѯёѪѷѠѯеҖѥ database ѱчѕ

login as: sermpan


Password:
Last login: Thu Aug 6 15:08:09 2009 from 202.129.37.133
Copyright (c) 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994
The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

FreeBSD 7.2-RELEASE (NMM) #0: Thu Aug 6 13:11:38 ICT 2009

Welcome to FreeBSD!

Before seeking technical support, please use the following resources:

o Security advisories and updated errata information for all releases are
at http://www.FreeBSD.org/releases/ - always consult the ERRATA section
for your release first as it's updated frequently.

o The Handbook and FAQ documents are at http://www.FreeBSD.org/ and,


along with the mailing lists, can be searched by going to
http://www.FreeBSD.org/search/. If the doc distribution has
been installed, they're also available formatted in /usr/share/doc.

If you still have a question or problem, please take the output of


`uname -a', along with any relevant error messages, and email it
as a question to the questions@FreeBSD.org mailing list. If you are
unfamiliar with FreeBSD's directory layout, please refer to the hier(7)
manual page. If you are not familiar with manual pages, type `man man'.

You may also use sysinstall(8) to re-enter the installation and


configuration utility. Edit /etc/motd to change this login announcement.

$ su root
Password:
www# /usr/local/bin/mysqladmin -u root password ppppp
www# mysql -u root mysql -p
Enter password:
Reading table information for completion of table and column names
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A

Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.


Your MySQL connection id is 2
Server version: 5.0.84 FreeBSD port: mysql-server-5.0.84

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> \q
Bye
www#

ѯюҝьѠѤьњҕѥ ѯіѥѝѥєѥіщѲнҖкѥь mysql ѳчҖѰјҖњ јѼѥчѤэшҕѠѳюѯюҝьдѥішѧчшѤѸк apache22

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 7.) шѧчшѤѸк Apache22


www# cd /usr/ports/www/apache22
www# make config

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„µ¦˜·—˜´ŠÊ WebServer ץčo FreeBSD 7.2

www# make install clean

ѯєѪѷѠщѬдщѥєѯіѪѷѠк arp-ipv6-gdbm-db42

To run apache www server from startup, add apache22_enable="YES"


in your /etc/rc.conf. Extra options can be found in startup script.

Your hostname must be resolvable using at least 1 mechanism in


/etc/nsswitch typically DNS or /etc/hosts or apache might
have issues starting depending on the modules you are using.
===> Installing rc.d startup script(s)
===> Compressing manual pages for apache-2.2.11_7
===> Registering installation for apache-2.2.11_7
===> SECURITY REPORT:
This port has installed the following binaries which execute with
increased privileges.
/usr/local/sbin/suexec

This port has installed the following files which may act as network
servers and may therefore pose a remote security risk to the system.
/usr/local/libexec/apache22/mod_cgid.so

This port has installed the following startup scripts which may cause

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these network services to be started at boot time.


/usr/local/etc/rc.d/apache22
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/htcacheclean

If there are vulnerabilities in these programs there may be a security


risk to the system. FreeBSD makes no guarantee about the security of
ports included in the Ports Collection. Please type 'make deinstall'
to deinstall the port if this is a concern.

For more information, and contact details about the security


status of this software, see the following webpage:
http://httpd.apache.org/
===> Cleaning for expat-2.0.1
===> Cleaning for pcre-7.9
===> Cleaning for apr-gdbm-db42-ndbm-mysql-1.3.8.1.3.9
===> Cleaning for automake-1.9.6_3
===> Cleaning for db42-4.2.52_5
===> Cleaning for apache-2.2.11_7
www#

ѲўҖ apache ъѼѥкѥьъѫдзіѤѸкѯєѪѷѠѯюҌчѯзіѪѷѠк

www# vi /etc/rc.conf

ѯёѧѷєэііъѤчшҕѠѳюьѨѸѯеҖѥѳю

apache22_enable="YES"

save ѰјѣѠѠдлѥд vi

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 8.) шѧчшѤѸк PHP5


www# cd /usr/ports/lang/php5
www# make config

www# make install clean

***************************************************************

Make sure index.php is part of your DirectoryIndex.

You should add the following to your Apache configuration file:

AddType application/x-httpd-php .php


AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps

***************************************************************
===> Compressing manual pages for php5-5.2.10
===> Registering installation for php5-5.2.10
===> SECURITY REPORT:
This port has installed the following files which may act as network
servers and may therefore pose a remote security risk to the system.
/usr/local/libexec/apache22/libphp5.so
/usr/local/bin/php
/usr/local/bin/php-cgi

If there are vulnerabilities in these programs there may be a security


risk to the system. FreeBSD makes no guarantee about the security of
ports included in the Ports Collection. Please type 'make deinstall'
to deinstall the port if this is a concern.

For more information, and contact details about the security


status of this software, see the following webpage:
http://www.php.net/
===> Cleaning for php5-5.2.10
www#

ѲьјѼѥчѤэшҕѠѳюѯюҝьдѥішѧчшѤѸк php5-extensions

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 9.) шѧчшѤѸк PHP5-extensions


www# cd /usr/ports/lang/php5-extensions
www# make config

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„µ¦˜·—˜´ŠÊ WebServer ץčo FreeBSD 7.2

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www# make install clean


ѰјҖњдѶіѠѠѨдѯнҕьѯзѕ ...

ѯєѪѷѠщѬдщѥєѯіѪѷѠк curl

ѯєѪѷѠщѬдщѥєѯіѪѷѠк c-ares-config

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ѯєѪѷѠщѬдщѥєѯіѪѷѠк ca_root_nss

===> SECURITY REPORT:


This port has installed the following files which may act as network
servers and may therefore pose a remote security risk to the system.
/usr/local/lib/libcurl.so.5

If there are vulnerabilities in these programs there may be a security


risk to the system. FreeBSD makes no guarantee about the security of
ports included in the Ports Collection. Please type 'make deinstall'
to deinstall the port if this is a concern.

For more information, and contact details about the security


status of this software, see the following webpage:
http://curl.haxx.se/
===> Cleaning for c-ares-config-1.6.0
===> Cleaning for libidn-1.14
===> Cleaning for libssh2-1.1,2
===> Cleaning for ca_root_nss-3.11.9_2
===> Cleaning for curl-7.19.5_1
www#

ѯєѪѷѠшѧчшѤѸк php5-extensions ѯѝіѶлѰјҖњдѶєѥщѩкеѤѸьшѠьдѥіъѼѥѲўҖ Apache іѬҖлѤддѤэ PHP ѲўҖѯеҖѥѳюъѨѷ /usr/local/etc/apache22/Include

www# cd /usr/local/etc/apache22/Includes

ѝіҖѥкѳђјҙнѪѷѠ php5.conf ѱчѕѲнҖ vi

www# vi php5.conf

ѯёѧѷєэііъѤчшҕѠѳюьѨѸѯеҖѥѳю

DirectoryIndex index.php
AddDefaultCharset tis-620
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps
Include etc/apache22/extra/httpd-ssl.conf

save ѰјѣѠѠдлѥд vi

ѝіҖѥкѳђјҙ php.ini

www# cd /usr/local/etc/
www# cp php.ini-recommended php.ini

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дѼѥўьчзҕѥѲьѳђјҙ php.ini

default_charset = "tis-610" #ѯѠѥѯіѪѷѠкўєѥѕ ; ѠѠдчҖњѕ


session.save_path = "/tmp/sesstmp" #ѯѠѥѯзіѪѷѠкўєѥѕ ; ѠѠдчҖњѕ ѠѕҕѥјѪєѳюѝіҖѥк /tmp/sesstmp Ѳь /tmp ёіҖѠєдѤэ chmod 777
/tmp/sesstmp чҖњѕ
ѫ
Generate Cert ѲўҖ apache ѯёѪѷѠѲнҖіѤь HTTPS

www# cd /usr/local/etc/apache22/
www# openssl genrsa -out server.key 1024
Generating RSA private key, 1024 bit long modulus
.++++++
.......++++++
e is 65537 (0x10001)
www# openssl req -new -days 365 -key server.key -out server.csr
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
-----
Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:TH
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:Bangkok
Locality Name (eg, city) []:Rajchavithi
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:Computer Division
Common Name (eg, YOUR name) []:Computer
Email Address []:phwww@mahidol.ac.th

Please enter the following 'extra' attributes


to be sent with your certificate request
A challenge password []:pppppppp
An optional company name []:PH
www# openssl x509 -in server.csr -out server.crt -req -signkey server.key -days 365
Signature ok
subject=/C=TH/ST=Bangkok/L=Rajchavithi/O=Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University/OU=Computer
Division/CN=Computer/emailAddress=phwww@mahidol.ac.th
Getting Private key
www# chmod 400 server.*
www#
ѲўҖ apache ъѼѥкѥьъѫдзіѤѸкѯєѪѷѠѯюҌчѯзіѪѷѠк

www# vi /etc/rc.conf

ѯёѧѷєэііъѤчшҕѠѳюьѨѸѯеҖѥѳю

apache22_enable="YES"

save ѰјѣѠѠдлѥд vi ѰјҖњ reboot ѯзіѪѷѠк

www# reboot

шѠььѨѸіѣээеѠкѯіѥдѶёіҖѠєъѨѷлѣъчѝѠэ php ѳчҖѱчѕ

www# cd /usr/local/www/apache22/data
www# echo "<?PHP phpinfo();?>" > info.php

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ѯюҌч browser ѰјҖњѯеҖѥѳюъѨѷ http://www.mu-ph.org/index.html

ўіѪѠ http://www.mu-ph.org/info.php

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 10). шѧчшѤѸк ZendOptimizer


www# cd /usr/ports/devel/ZendOptimizer
www# make config
===> No options to configure
www# make install clean

********************************************************************************

You have installed the ZendOptimizer package.

Edit /usr/local/etc/php.ini and add:

[Zend]
zend_optimizer.optimization_level=15
zend_extension_manager.optimizer="/usr/local/lib/php/20060613/Optimizer"
zend_extension_manager.optimizer_ts="/usr/local/lib/php/20060613/Optimizer_TS"
zend_extension="/usr/local/lib/php/20060613/ZendExtensionManager.so"
zend_extension_ts="/usr/local/lib/php/20060613/ZendExtensionManager_TS.so"

NOTE: PHP should be compiled in non-debug mode (default).

********************************************************************************
===> Registering installation for ZendOptimizer-3.3.0.a
===> Cleaning for compat6x-i386-6.4.604000.200810
===> Cleaning for ZendOptimizer-3.3.0.a
www#

ѰдҖѰђґє /usr/local/etc/php.ini ѱчѕѯёѧѷєэііъѤчѝѨѰчкеҖѥкэь ўд эііъѤч ъѨѷъҖѥѕѰђґєѯјѕ


лѥдьѤѸьѯіѥдѶѝѤѷк restart apache

www# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/apache22 restart


Performing sanity check on apache22 configuration:
Syntax OK
Stopping apache22.
Waiting for PIDS: 704.
Performing sanity check on apache22 configuration:
Syntax OK
Starting apache22.
www#

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 11.) шѧчшѤѸк webmin


www# cd /usr/ports/sysutils/webmin/
www# make config
===> No options to configure
www# make install clean

After installing Webmin for the first time you should perform the following
steps as root:

* Configure Webmin by running ${LOCALBASE}/lib/webmin/setup.sh

* Add webmin_enable="YES" to your /etc/rc.conf

* Start Webmin for the first time by running ${LOCALBASE}/etc/rc.d/webmin

The parameters requested by setup.sh may then be changed from within Webmin
itself.

===> Installing rc.d startup script(s)


===> Registering installation for webmin-1.480_1
===> Cleaning for p5-Net-SSLeay-1.35_1
===> Cleaning for p5-Authen-PAM-0.16_1
===> Cleaning for p5-MIME-Base64-3.08
===> Cleaning for webmin-1.480_1
www#

лѥдьѤѸьѯеҖѥѳю setup webmin ъѨѷ

www# /usr/local/lib/webmin/setup.sh
***********************************************************************
* Welcome to the Webmin setup script, version 1.480 *
***********************************************************************
Webmin is a web-based interface that allows Unix-like operating
systems and common Unix services to be easily administered.

Installing Webmin in /usr/local/lib/webmin ...

***********************************************************************
Webmin uses separate directories for configuration files and log files.
Unless you want to run multiple versions of Webmin at the same time
you can just accept the defaults.

Log file directory [/var/log/webmin]:

***********************************************************************
Webmin is written entirely in Perl. Please enter the full path to the
Perl 5 interpreter on your system.

Full path to perl (default /usr/bin/perl):

Testing Perl ...


Perl seems to be installed ok

***********************************************************************
Operating system name: FreeBSD
Operating system version: 7.2

***********************************************************************
Webmin uses its own password protected web server to provide access
to the administration programs. The setup script needs to know :
- What port to run the web server on. There must not be another
web server already using this port.
- The login name required to access the web server.
- The password required to access the web server.
- If the webserver should use SSL (if your system supports it).
- Whether to start webmin at boot time.

Web server port (default 10000):


Login name (default admin): admin
Login password:
Password again:
Use SSL (y/n): y
***********************************************************************
Creating web server config files..
..done

Creating access control file..


..done

Creating start and stop scripts..

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..done

Copying config files..


..done

Changing ownership and permissions ..


..done

Running postinstall scripts ..


syslog-ng: not found
..done

www#

лѥдьѤѸьѝѤѷк Start webmin ѱчѕ

www# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/webmin start


Starting webmin.
Pre-loaded WebminCore
www#

ѯеҖѥѯњэъѨѷ port 10000 лѣюіѥдс error ѯьѪѷѠклѥдѯіѥіѣэѫњҕѥлѣѯіѨѕдѲнҖяҕѥь ssl

лѩкшҖѠкѯіѨѕдѯюҝь https://www.mu-ph.org:10000 (ѲўҖ Click ъѨѷ link ъѨѷўьҖѥѯњэѳчҖѯјѕ)

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ѯєѪѷѠѯіѥ login ѯеҖѥѝѬҕіѣээ Ѱјѣ Click ъѨѷ Server лѣѝѤкѯдшѫњҕѥѳєҕєѨ Apache WebServer
ъѨѷнҕѠк Search ѲўҖѲѝҕзѼѥњҕѥ apache јкѳю дчюѫҐє Enter лѣёэ Apache 41 ъѨѷ ѲўҖѯіѥ Click ъѨѷ Column Module шікъѨѷ Apache Webserver
ѯёѪѷѠчѼѥѯьѧьдѥішҕѠ

ѯєѪѷѠѯіѥ Click ъѨѷ Apache Webserver лѣюіѥдтчѤкеҖѥкјҕѥк

юқрўѥзѪѠ webmin ѳєҕёэъѨѷѠѕѬҕеѠк httpd.conf ѲўҖѯіѥ Click ъѨѷ module configuration (ѯюҝь Highlight ѝѨьѸѼѥѯкѧь)ѯёѪѷѠчѼѥѯьѧьдѥішҕѠ

ѱчѕѲўҖѯіѥѲѝҕѯје 22 јкѳюѲь /usr/local/etc/apache22 ъѤѸкўєчѲьѯњэўьҖѥьѨѸ ѰјҖњѝѤѷк save

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ѰјѣѯєѪѷѠѯіѥ refresh ўьҖѥлѠ Ѱјѣ Click ъѨѷ Server дѶлѣюіѥдс Apache Webserver шѥєшҖѠкдѥі
лѥдьѤѸьѯіѥдѶѝѥєѥіщъѨѷлѣ config apache яҕѥьъѥк webmin ѳчҖ (ѰшҕѳєҕѰьѣьѼѥ)

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 12.) шѧчшѤѸк phpmyadmin


www# cd /usr/ports/database/phpmyadmin/
www# make config

www# make install clean

ѯєѪѷѠщѬдщѥєѯіѪѷѠк php5-pcre

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ѯєѪѷѠщѬдщѥєѯіѪѷѠк php5-gd

ѯєѪѷѠщѬдщѥєѯіѪѷѠк php5-mbstring

****************************************************************************

The following line has been added to your /usr/local/etc/php/extensions.ini


configuration file to automatically load the installed extension:

extension=mysqli.so

****************************************************************************
===> Returning to build of phpMyAdmin-3.2.0.1
===> phpMyAdmin-3.2.0.1 depends on shared library: mysqlclient.15 - found
===> Generating temporary packing list
===> Checking if databases/phpmyadmin already installed

phpMyAdmin-3.2.0.1 has been installed into:

/usr/local/www/phpMyAdmin

Please edit config.inc.php to suit your needs.

To make phpMyAdmin available through your web site, I suggest

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that you add something like the following to httpd.conf:

Alias /phpmyadmin/ "/usr/local/www/phpMyAdmin/"

<Directory "/usr/local/www/phpMyAdmin/">
Options none
AllowOverride Limit

Order Deny,Allow
Deny from all
Allow from 127.0.0.1 .example.com
</Directory>

===> Registering installation for phpMyAdmin-3.2.0.1


===> Cleaning for php5-ctype-5.2.10
===> Cleaning for php5-mysql-5.2.10
===> Cleaning for php5-session-5.2.10
===> Cleaning for php5-spl-5.2.10
===> Cleaning for php5-filter-5.2.10
===> Cleaning for php5-bz2-5.2.10
===> Cleaning for php5-gd-5.2.10
===> Cleaning for php5-openssl-5.2.10
===> Cleaning for pecl-pdflib-2.1.6_1
===> Cleaning for php5-zlib-5.2.10
===> Cleaning for php5-mbstring-5.2.10
===> Cleaning for php5-zip-5.2.10
===> Cleaning for php5-mysqli-5.2.10
===> Cleaning for php5-pcre-5.2.10
===> Cleaning for php5-simplexml-5.2.10
===> Cleaning for freetype2-2.3.9_1
===> Cleaning for png-1.2.38
===> Cleaning for jpeg-7
===> Cleaning for t1lib-5.1.2_1,1
===> Cleaning for pdflib-7.0.4
===> Cleaning for phpMyAdmin-3.2.0.1

www#

ѰдҖѰђґє vi /usr/local/etc/apache22/httpd.conf ѱчѕѯёѧѷєэііъѤчѝѨѰчкеҖѥкјҕѥк ѝѧэѯѠѶч эііъѤч

Alias /admin/phpMyAdmin/ "/usr/local/www/phpMyAdmin/"

<Directory "/usr/local/www/phpMyAdmin/">
Options none
AllowOverride Limit

Order Deny,Allow
Allow from all
</Directory>

лѥдьѤѸьѯіѥдѶѝѤѷк restart apache

wwv# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/apache22 restart


Performing sanity check on apache22 configuration:
Syntax OK
Stopping apache22.
Waiting for PIDS: 1595.
Performing sanity check on apache22 configuration:
Syntax OK
Starting apache22.
www#
лѥдьѤѸьѯеҖѥѳюъѨѷ /usr/local/www/phpMyadmin
www# cd /usr/local/www/phpMyAdmin/
www# cp config.sample.inc.php config.inc.php
www# vi config.inc.php

ѯёѧѷєіўѤѝјѤэјкѳю
$cfg['blowfish_secret'] = 'mysecret'; /* YOU MUST FILL IN THIS FOR COOKIE AUTH!
*
Ѱјѣ ѯѠѥ // еҖѥкўьҖѥэііъѤчѠѠд
/* Advanced phpMyAdmin features */
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb'] = 'phpmyadmin';

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$cfg['Servers'][$i]['bookmarktable'] = 'pma_bookmark';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['relation'] = 'pma_relation';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_info'] = 'pma_table_info';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_coords'] = 'pma_table_coords';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pdf_pages'] = 'pma_pdf_pages';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_info'] = 'pma_column_info';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['history'] = 'pma_history';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['designer_coords'] = 'pma_designer_coords';
/* Contrib / Swekey authentication */
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_swekey_config'] = '/etc/swekey-pma.conf';

лѥдьѤѸьјѠкѯеҖѥѯњэъѨѷ http://www.mu-ph.org/admin/phpMyAdmin/

лѣѯўѶь warning юіѥдсѠѕѬҕѯіѪѷѠк mcrypt ѯьѪѷѠклѥдшѠьъѨѷјк php5-extensions щҖѥѯјѪѠд mcrypt лѣ Compile ѳєҕяҕѥь
ѲўҖѲѝҕ нѪѷѠяѬҖѲнҖ ѯюҝь root Ѱјѣ password ъѨѷіѣэѫ шѠьъѨѷѯіѥјк mysql50-server

ѯіѥдѶлѣѯеҖѥѝѬҕўьҖѥѯњэеѠк phpMyAdmin ѯёѪѷѠлѤчдѥіѯдѨѷѕњдѤэ database ѰшҕяѬҖѯеѨѕьнѠэ config database Ѱээ text mode єѥддњҕѥ

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 13.) шѧчшѤѸк vsftp


www# cd /usr/ports/ftp/vsftp/
www# make config

===> SECURITY REPORT:


This port has installed the following files which may act as network
servers and may therefore pose a remote security risk to the system.
/usr/local/libexec/vsftpd

This port has installed the following startup scripts which may cause
these network services to be started at boot time.
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/vsftpd

If there are vulnerabilities in these programs there may be a security


risk to the system. FreeBSD makes no guarantee about the security of
ports included in the Ports Collection. Please type 'make deinstall'
to deinstall the port if this is a concern.

For more information, and contact details about the security


status of this software, see the following webpage:
http://vsftpd.beasts.org/
===> Cleaning for vsftpd-ssl-2.1.2
www#

ѯеҖѥѳюѰдҖѰђґє vsftpd.conf ѳчҖъѨѷьѨѷ

www# cd /usr/local/etc/
www# vi vsftp.conf

# Example config file /usr/local/etc/vsftpd.conf


#
# The default compiled in settings are fairly paranoid. This sample file
# loosens things up a bit, to make the ftp daemon more usable.
# Please see vsftpd.conf.5 for all compiled in defaults.
#
# READ THIS: This example file is NOT an exhaustive list of vsftpd options.
# Please read the vsftpd.conf.5 manual page to get a full idea of vsftpd's
# capabilities.
#
# Allow anonymous FTP? (Beware - allowed by default if you comment this out).
#anonymous_enable=YES
anonymous_enable=NO
#
# Uncomment this to allow local users to log in.
#local_enable=YES
local_enable=YES
#
# Uncomment this to enable any form of FTP write command.

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#write_enable=YES
write_enable=YES
#
# Default umask for local users is 077. You may wish to change this to 022,
# if your users expect that (022 is used by most other ftpd's)
#local_umask=022
local_umask=022
#
# Uncomment this to allow the anonymous FTP user to upload files. This only
# has an effect if the above global write enable is activated. Also, you will
# obviously need to create a directory writable by the FTP user.
#anon_upload_enable=YES
anon_upload_enable=YES
#
# Uncomment this if you want the anonymous FTP user to be able to create
# new directories.
#anon_mkdir_write_enable=YES
anon_mkdir_write_enable=YES
#
# Activate directory messages - messages given to remote users when they
# go into a certain directory.
dirmessage_enable=YES
#
# Activate logging of uploads/downloads.
xferlog_enable=YES
#
# Make sure PORT transfer connections originate from port 20 (ftp-data).
connect_from_port_20=YES
#
# If you want, you can arrange for uploaded anonymous files to be owned by
# a different user. Note! Using "root" for uploaded files is not
# recommended!
#chown_uploads=YES
#chown_username=whoever
chown_uploads=YES
chown_username=ftp
#
# You may override where the log file goes if you like. The default is shown
# below.
#xferlog_file=/var/log/vsftpd.log
#
# If you want, you can have your log file in standard ftpd xferlog format.
# Note that the default log file location is /var/log/xferlog in this case.
#xferlog_std_format=YES
#
# You may change the default value for timing out an idle session.
#idle_session_timeout=600
#
# You may change the default value for timing out a data connection.
#data_connection_timeout=120
#
# It is recommended that you define on your system a unique user which the
# ftp server can use as a totally isolated and unprivileged user.
#nopriv_user=ftpsecure
nopriv_user=ftp
#
# Enable this and the server will recognise asynchronous ABOR requests. Not
# recommended for security (the code is non-trivial). Not enabling it,
# however, may confuse older FTP clients.
#async_abor_enable=YES
#
# By default the server will pretend to allow ASCII mode but in fact ignore
# the request. Turn on the below options to have the server actually do ASCII
# mangling on files when in ASCII mode.
# Beware that on some FTP servers, ASCII support allows a denial of service
# attack (DoS) via the command "SIZE /big/file" in ASCII mode. vsftpd
# predicted this attack and has always been safe, reporting the size of the
# raw file.
# ASCII mangling is a horrible feature of the protocol.
#ascii_upload_enable=YES
#ascii_download_enable=YES
#
# You may fully customise the login banner string:

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#ftpd_banner=Welcome to blah FTP service.


ftpd_banner=Welcome to MU-PH FTP service.
#
# You may specify a file of disallowed anonymous e-mail addresses. Apparently
# useful for combatting certain DoS attacks.
#deny_email_enable=YES
deny_email_enable=NO
# (default follows)
#banned_email_file=/etc/vsftpd.banned_emails
#
# You may specify an explicit list of local users to chroot() to their home
# directory. If chroot_local_user is YES, then this list becomes a list of
# users to NOT chroot().
#chroot_list_enable=YES
# (default follows)
#chroot_list_file=/etc/vsftpd.chroot_list
#
# You may activate the "-R" option to the builtin ls. This is disabled by
# default to avoid remote users being able to cause excessive I/O on large
# sites. However, some broken FTP clients such as "ncftp" and "mirror" assume
# the presence of the "-R" option, so there is a strong case for enabling it.
#ls_recurse_enable=YES
#
# When "listen" directive is enabled, vsftpd runs in standalone mode and
# listens on IPv4 sockets. This directive cannot be used in conjunction
# with the listen_ipv6 directive.
listen=NO
#
# This directive enables listening on IPv6 sockets. To listen on IPv4 and IPv6
# sockets, you must run two copies of vsftpd whith two configuration files.
# Make sure, that one of the listen options is commented !!
#listen_ipv6=YES
secure_chroot_dir=/usr/local/share/vsftpd/empty

# If using vsftpd in standalone mode, uncomment the next two lines:


# listen=YES
# background=YES

www# vi /etc/inetd.conf
#ftp stream tcp nowait root /usr/libexec/ftpd ftpd -l
ftp stream tcp nowait root /usr/local/libexec/vsftpd vsftpd /usr/local/etc/vsftpd.conf

www# killall inetd


No matching processes were found
www# /usr/sbin/inetd -wW
www# ftp localhost
Trying 127.0.0.1...
Connected to localhost.
220 Welcome to MU-PH FTP service.
Name (localhost:sermpan):
331 Please specify the password.
Password:
230 Login successful.
Remote system type is UNIX.
Using binary mode to transfer files.
ftp> ls
229 Entering Extended Passive Mode (|||34230|).
150 Here comes the directory listing.
226 Directory send OK.
ftp> quit
221 Goodbye.
www#

ѯёѧѷє inetd_enable=”YES” јкѲь /etc/rc.conf чҖњѕ

ц шѠььѨѸ ѯіѥдѶѲнҖѱюіѰдієъѨѷѯдѨѷѕњдѤэ ftp дѶѝѥєѥіщъѨѷлѣ upload/Download ѰђґєѳюєѥіѣўњҕкѯзіѪѷѠкѯіѥдѤэ server ѳчҖ

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 14.) шѧчшѤѸк awstats


www# cd /usr/ports/www/awstats/
www# make config

www# make install clean

*****************************************************************
Please add the following to your apache config, and restart.

#
# Directives to allow use of AWStats as a CGI
#
Alias /awstatsclasses "/usr/local/www/awstats/classes/"
Alias /awstatscss "/usr/local/www/awstats/css/"
Alias /awstatsicons "/usr/local/www/awstats/icons/"
ScriptAlias /awstats/ "/usr/local/www/awstats/cgi-bin/"

#
# This is to permit URL access to scripts/files in AWStats directory.
#
<Directory "/usr/local/www/awstats/">
Options None
AllowOverride None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
</Directory>

*****************************************************************

If you are upgrading from AWStats 6.4 or older, please note the following:

If you used the geoip plugin, you must edit your AWStats config file
to change the line
LoadPlugin="geoip GEOIP_STANDARD"
into
LoadPlugin="geoip GEOIP_STANDARD /pathto/GeoIP.dat"

*****************************************************************
===> Registering installation for awstats-6.9,1
===> Cleaning for p5-Net-XWhois-0.90_4
===> Cleaning for awstats-6.9,1
www#

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„µ¦˜·—˜´ŠÊ WebServer ץčo FreeBSD 7.2

ѰдҖѰђґє vi /usr/local/etc/apache22/httpd.conf ѱчѕѯёѧѷєэііъѤчѝѨѰчкеҖѥкэь ѝѧэѯлѶч эііъѤч


лѥдьѤѸьѯіѥдѶѝѤѷк restart apache

www# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/apache22 restart


Performing sanity check on apache22 configuration:
Syntax OK
Stopping apache22.
Waiting for PIDS: 12473.
Performing sanity check on apache22 configuration:
Syntax OK
Starting apache22.
www#

ѰдҖѳеѰђґє awstats.conf ѱчѕ

www# cd /usr/local/www/awstats/cgi-bin/
www# ll
total 648
-r-xr-xr-x 1 root wheel 5407 Jul 20 15:11 awredir.pl
-r--r--r-- 1 root wheel 60596 Jul 20 15:11 awstats.model.conf
-r-xr-xr-x 1 root wheel 558260 Jul 20 15:11 awstats.pl
drwxr-xr-x 5 root wheel 1536 Jul 20 15:11 lang
drwxr-xr-x 2 root wheel 512 Jul 20 15:11 lib
drwxr-xr-x 3 root wheel 512 Jul 20 15:11 plugins
www# cp awstats.model.conf awstats.conf
www# vi awstats.conf

#
LogType=W
#
SiteDomain="www.mu-ph.org"
#
HostAliases="www.mu-ph.org localhost 127.0.0.1 REGEX[myserver\.com$]"
#
AllowToUpdateStatsFromBrowser=1

ѯеҖѥчѬѝщѧшѧѳчҖъѨѷ http://www.mu-ph.org/awstats/awstats.pl

ѯєѪѷѠѯеҖѥѰјҖњѯіѥ click ъѨѷ update ўіѪѠ юіѤэюіѫкѯчѨѺѕњьѨѸ щҖѥёэ error

Error: Couldn't open server log file "/var/log/httpd/mylog.log" : No such file or directory

Setup ('/usr/local/www/awstats/cgi-bin/awstats.conf' file, web server or permissions) may be wrong.


Check config file, permissions and AWStats documentation (in 'docs' directory).

эьўьҖѥѯњэ ѲўҖѯіѥ

www# mkdir /var/log/httpd


www# touch /var/log/httpd/mylog.log
www#

лѥдьѤѸьѲўҖіѥ refresh ўьҖѥѯњэ дѶлѣѳчҖшѥєшҖѠкдѥі

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 15.) шѧчшѤѸк ntp


www# cd /usr/ports/net/ntp
www# make config
===> No options to configure
www# make install clean

===> SECURITY REPORT:


This port has installed the following files which may act as network
servers and may therefore pose a remote security risk to the system.
/usr/local/bin/ntpd
/usr/local/bin/ntpdate
/usr/local/bin/sntp

If there are vulnerabilities in these programs there may be a security


risk to the system. FreeBSD makes no guarantee about the security of
ports included in the Ports Collection. Please type 'make deinstall'
to deinstall the port if this is a concern.

For more information, and contact details about the security


status of this software, see the following webpage:
http://www.ntp.org/
===> Cleaning for ntp-4.2.4p7
www#

Ѳѝҕ NTP ъѨѷ crontab ѱчѕ


www# crontab –e

0 5 * * * /usr/local/bin/ntpdate –u 203.185.69.60

ўіѪѠѝѤѷк update ѯњјѥшѠььѨѸѯјѕѱчѕ

www# date
Wed Aug 12 21:39:00 ICT 2009
www# /usr/local/bin/ntpdate -u 203.185.69.60
12 Aug 21:39:15 ntpdate[70368]: adjust time server 203.185.69.60 offset 0.393085 sec
www# date
Wed Aug 12 21:39:17 ICT 2009
www#

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 16). шѧчшѤѸк clamav


www# cd /usr/ports/security/clamav
www# make config

===> SECURITY REPORT:


This port has installed the following files which may act as network
servers and may therefore pose a remote security risk to the system.
/usr/local/sbin/clamd

This port has installed the following startup scripts which may cause
these network services to be started at boot time.
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/clamav-milter
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/clamav-freshclam
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/clamav-clamd

If there are vulnerabilities in these programs there may be a security


risk to the system. FreeBSD makes no guarantee about the security of
ports included in the Ports Collection. Please type 'make deinstall'
to deinstall the port if this is a concern.

For more information, and contact details about the security


status of this software, see the following webpage:
http://www.clamav.net/
===> Cleaning for arc-5.21o_1
===> Cleaning for arj-3.10.22_1
===> Cleaning for lha-1.14i_6
===> Cleaning for unzoo-4.4_2
===> Cleaning for clamav-0.95.2
www#

ѯёѧѷєѝѠкэііъѤчеҖѥкјҕѥкјкѳюѲь /etc/rc.conf

clamav_clamd_enable="YES"
clamav_freshclam_enable="YES"

ѰдҖѳеѰђґє /usr/local/etc/clamav.conf ѱчѕъѨѷ

LogFile /var/log/clamav/clamd.log
PidFile /var/run/clamav/clamd.pid
TemporaryDirectory /tmp
DatabaseDirectory /var/db/clamav
LocalSocket /var/run/clamav/clamd.sock
FixStaleSocket yes
User clamav
AllowSupplementaryGroups yes
ScanPE yes
ScanOLE2 yes
ScanPDF yes
ScanHTML yes

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ScanArchive yes

ъѨѷ crontab –e ѲўҖѯёѧѷє дѥіѳююіѤэюіѫкеҖѠєѬј Virus лѥд site еѠк clamav ъѫдѵнѤѷњѱєкѝѠкьѥъѨ Ѱјѣ ѲўҖ scan ъѨѷѯдѶэ web ъѫдѵшѨўьѩѷкеѠкъѫдѵњѤь

www# crontab –e
0 6 * * * /sbin/reboot
0 5 * * * /usr/local/bin/ntpdate -u 203.185.69.60
2 * * * * /usr/local/bin/freshclam –quiet
0 1 * * * /usr/local/bin/clamscan -r -i /usr/local/www
10 11 * * * /etc/webmin/cron/tempdelete.pl

ѝѤѷкѲўҖ Clamav ъѼѥкѥьдҕѠь дҕѠьъѨѷлѣ update ѱчѕ


www# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/clamav-freshclam start
Starting clamav_freshclam.
www# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/clamav-clamd start
Starting clamav_clamd.
LibClamAV Warning: **************************************************
LibClamAV Warning: *** The virus database is older than 7 days! ***
LibClamAV Warning: *** Please update it as soon as possible. ***
LibClamAV Warning: **************************************************
www#

дѥіѝѤѷкѲўҖ clamav ъѼѥдѥі update шѤњѯѠк

www# /usr/local/bin/freshclam
ClamAV update process started at Wed Aug 12 21:46:54 2009
main.cvd is up to date (version: 51, sigs: 545035, f-level: 42, builder: sven)
WARNING: getfile: daily-9451.cdiff not found on remote server (IP: 193.1.193.64)
WARNING: getpatch: Can't download daily-9451.cdiff from database.clamav.net
Trying host database.clamav.net (130.59.10.36)...
WARNING: getfile: daily-9451.cdiff not found on remote server (IP: 130.59.10.36)
WARNING: getpatch: Can't download daily-9451.cdiff from database.clamav.net
WARNING: getpatch: Can't download daily-9451.cdiff from database.clamav.net
WARNING: Incremental update failed, trying to download daily.cvd
Downloading daily.cvd [100%]
daily.cvd updated (version: 9684, sigs: 64237, f-level: 43, builder: ccordes)
Database updated (609272 signatures) from database.clamav.net (IP: 130.59.10.36)
Clamd successfully notified about the update.
www# /usr/local/bin/freshclam
ClamAV update process started at Wed Aug 12 21:48:03 2009
main.cvd is up to date (version: 51, sigs: 545035, f-level: 42, builder: sven)
daily.cvd is up to date (version: 9684, sigs: 64237, f-level: 43, builder: ccordes)
www#

дѥіѝѤѷкѲўҖ scan ъѨѷ directory ъѨѷшҖѠкдѥіѱчѕ scan іњє sub-directory ѰјѣѰѝчкѯмёѥѣ ѰђґєъѨѷшѧч virus

www# /usr/local/bin/clamscan -r -i /usr/local/www

----------- SCAN SUMMARY -----------


Known viruses: 608632
Engine version: 0.95.2
Scanned directories: 67
Scanned files: 1563
Infected files: 0
Data scanned: 29.52 MB
Data read: 12.02 MB (ratio 2.46:1)
Time: 7.825 sec (0 m 7 s)
www#

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 17). шѧчшѤѸк hostsentry

www# cd /usr/ports/security/hostsentry
www# make config
===> No options to configure
www# make install clean

Edit /usr/local/etc/hostssentry/hostssentry.conf and change


your settings if you haven't already.
===> Registering installation for hostsentry-0.02_2
===> Cleaning for py25-gdbm-2.5.4
===> Cleaning for hostsentry-0.02_2
www#

www# cd /usr/local/etc/hostsentry/
www# ll
total 10
-rw------- 1 root wheel 49 Aug 11 21:31 hostsentry.action-dist
-rw------- 1 root wheel 2767 Aug 11 21:31 hostsentry.conf-dist
-rw------- 1 root wheel 67 Aug 11 21:31 hostsentry.ignore-dist
-rw------- 1 root wheel 135 Aug 11 21:31 hostsentry.modules-dist
www# cp hostsentry.action-dist hostsentry.action
www# cp hostsentry.conf-dist hostsentry.conf
www# cp hostsentry.ignore-dist hostsentry.ignore
www# cp hostsentry.modules-dist hostsentry.modules
www# ll
total 20
-rw------- 1 root wheel 49 Aug 11 21:33 hostsentry.action
-rw------- 1 root wheel 49 Aug 11 21:31 hostsentry.action-dist
-rw------- 1 root wheel 2767 Aug 11 21:33 hostsentry.conf
-rw------- 1 root wheel 2767 Aug 11 21:31 hostsentry.conf-dist
-rw------- 1 root wheel 67 Aug 11 21:34 hostsentry.ignore
-rw------- 1 root wheel 67 Aug 11 21:31 hostsentry.ignore-dist
-rw------- 1 root wheel 135 Aug 11 21:34 hostsentry.modules
-rw------- 1 root wheel 135 Aug 11 21:31 hostsentry.modules-dist
www#

ѰдҖѳеѰђґє ъѤѸкѝѨѷ шѥєшҖѠкдѥі ѰшҕяѬҖѯеѨѕь ѳєҕѳчҖѰдҖѳеѠѣѳіѯјѕ

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 18). шѧчшѤѸк portsentry

www# cd /usr/ports/security/portsentry
www# make config
===> No options to configure
www# make install clean

Edit ${PREFIX}/etc/portsentry.conf and change


your settings if you haven't already. (route, etc)

***************************************************
* IGNORE stealth mode. It is for Linux only. *
* The author hopes to have a platform independent *
* version at some time. So don't even bother *
* trying it now. *
***************************************************

===> Registering installation for portsentry-1.2


===> SECURITY REPORT:
This port has installed the following files which may act as network
servers and may therefore pose a remote security risk to the system.
/usr/local/bin/portsentry

This port has installed the following startup scripts which may cause
these network services to be started at boot time.
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/portsentry.sh

If there are vulnerabilities in these programs there may be a security


risk to the system. FreeBSD makes no guarantee about the security of
ports included in the Ports Collection. Please type 'make deinstall'
to deinstall the port if this is a concern.
===> Cleaning for portsentry-1.2
www#

www# cd /usr/local/etc/
www# cp portsentry.conf.default portsentry.conf
www# cp portsentry.ignore.default portsentry.ignore
www# touch portsentry.blocked
www# touch portsentry.history

ѰдҖѳеѰђґє ъѤѸкѝѨѷ шѥєшҖѠкдѥі ѰшҕяѬҖѯеѨѕь ѳєҕѳчҖѰдҖѳеѠѣѳіѯјѕ

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 19). шѧчшѤѸк lynx

www# cd /usr/ports/ www/lynx-current


www# make config
===> No options to configure
www# make install clean

===> SECURITY REPORT:


This port has installed the following files which may act as network
servers and may therefore pose a remote security risk to the system.
/usr/local/bin/lynx

If there are vulnerabilities in these programs there may be a security


risk to the system. FreeBSD makes no guarantee about the security of
ports included in the Ports Collection. Please type 'make deinstall'
to deinstall the port if this is a concern.

For more information, and contact details about the security


status of this software, see the following webpage:
http://lynx.isc.org/current/
===> Cleaning for mime-support-3.46.1
===> Cleaning for lynx-2.8.7d13
www#

јѠкѯеҖѥ

www# /usr/local/bin/lynx www.mu-ph.org

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 20). шѧчшѤѸк phpbb3

www# cd /usr/ports/www/phpbb3
www# make config
===> No options to configure
www# make install clean

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
phpBB3 has been installed, but is not quite ready to be used yet!

You have to ensure that you have a database server (or ODBC access to a
remote database) installed and configured, and you have to ensure that your
PHP installation has been compiled with support for your database or
database access method. You have to create a database for phpBB3 to use,
and ensure that this database may be accessed and changed by the user id
under which your web server executes. Further information on these
installation procedures may be found in:

/usr/local/share/doc/phpbb/README.html

Once these steps have been taken, you may connect to the following URL to
configure your installation of phpBB3:

http://localhost/phpBB3/

After configuring phpBB3 and ensuring that it is operational, you MUST


remove or rename the install/ directory from /usr/local/www/phpBB3:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
===> Registering installation for phpbb-3.0.5
===> Cleaning for phpbb-3.0.5
www#
www# cd /usr/local/www/
www# ll
total 10
drwxr-xr-x 6 root wheel 512 Aug 12 19:37 apache22
drwxr-xr-x 8 root wheel 512 Aug 12 21:29 awstats
drwxr-xr-x 13 www www 1024 Aug 12 22:02 phpBB3
drwxr-xr-x 10 root wheel 2560 Aug 12 21:05 phpMyAdmin
www# mv phpBB3/ forum/
www# ll
total 10
drwxr-xr-x 6 root wheel 512 Aug 12 19:37 apache22
drwxr-xr-x 8 root wheel 512 Aug 12 21:29 awstats
drwxr-xr-x 13 www www 1024 Aug 12 22:02 forum
drwxr-xr-x 10 root wheel 2560 Aug 12 21:05 phpMyAdmin
www#

ѰдҖѳеѰђґє httpd.conf ѱчѕѯёѧѷє еҖѥкјҕѥкьѨѸѯеҖѥѳю

www# vi /usr/local/etc/apache22/httpd.conf

Alias /mambers/forum/ "/usr/local/www/forum/"

<Directory "/usr/local/www/forum/">
Options none
AllowOverride Limit

Order Deny,Allow
Allow from all
</Directory>

ѝѤѷк run apache Ѳўєҕ

www# /usr/local/etc/rc.d/apache22 restart


Performing sanity check on apache22 configuration:
Syntax OK
Stopping apache22.
Waiting for PIDS: 2119.
Performing sanity check on apache22 configuration:
Syntax OK
Starting apache22.
www#

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„µ¦˜·—˜´ŠÊ WebServer ץčo FreeBSD 7.2

ѰјҖњјѠкѯеҖѥѯњэъѨѷ http://www.mu-ph.org/members/forum/

ѰјҖњлѤчдѥі config шҕѠѳюшѥєјѼѥчѤэ дѶлѣѯеҖѥѝѬҕ WebBoard шѥєшҖѠкдѥі

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 21). шѧчшѤѸк denyhosts

www# cd /usr/ports/security/denyhosts
www# make config
===> No options to configure
www# make install clean
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
To run denyhosts from startup, add denyhosts_enable="YES"
in your /etc/rc.conf.
Configiration options can be found in /usr/local/etc/denyhosts.conf
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
In order to proper working of denyhosts
1. edit your /etc/hosts.allow file and add:
sshd : /etc/hosts.deniedssh : deny
sshd : ALL : allow
2. issue the following command if /etc/hosts.deniedssh does not exist yet
touch /etc/hosts.deniedssh
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Warning:

syslogd should ideally be run with the -c option; this will ensure that
denyhosts notices multiple repeated login attempts.

To do this, add syslogd_flags="-c" to /etc/rc.conf


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
===> Installing rc.d startup script(s)
===> Registering installation for denyhosts-2.6_2
===> Cleaning for denyhosts-2.6_2
www#

ѰдҖѳеѰђґє /usr/local/etc/denyhosts.conf

SECURE_LOG = /var/log/auth.log
HOSTS_DENY = /etc/hosts.allow
PURGE_DENY = 7d
BLOCK_SERVICE = sshd
HOSTNAME_LOOKUP=YES
ADMIN_EMAIL = sermpan@mu-ph.org

ѯёѧѷєдѥіъѼѥкѥьеѠк denyhosts Ѳь crontab –e

0,20,40 * * * * /usr/local/bin/python /usr/local/bin/denyhosts.py -c /usr/local/etc/denyhosts.conf

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јѼѥчѤэъѨѷ 22). дѥі Backup (ѯмёѥѣ ѯњэ)


www# cd /backups/
www# mkdir /backups/last-full
www# date +%d%b > /backups/last-full/www-full-date
www# mkdir /usr/local/util
www# vi backups.sh

#!/bin/sh

#backup database
cd /usr/local/util
mysqldump phpBB3 > phpBB3.sql --password=ppppppp

#backup passwd & group


cp /etc/passwd* .
cp /etc/group* .
cp /etc/master* .

#backup conf
cp /etc/rc.conf .
cp /usr/local/etc/apache22/httpd.conf .
cp /usr/local/etc/apache22/Includes/php5.conf .
cp /usr/local/etc/php.ini .
cp /etc/resolv.conf .

# Full and incremental backup script


# Updated 04 July 2002
# Based on a script by Daniel O'Callaghan <danny@freebsd.org>
# and modified by Gerhard Mourani <gmourani@openna.com>
# Change the 5 variables below to fit your computer/backup
COMPUTER=www # Name of this computer
DIRECTORIES="/usr/local" # Directory to backup
BACKUPDIR=/backups # Where to store the backups
TIMEDIR=/backups/last-full # Where to store time of full backup
TAR=/usr/bin/tar # Name and location of tar
# You should not have to change anything below here
PATH=/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin
DOW=`date +%a` # Day of the week e.g. Mon
DOM=`date +%d` # Date of the Month e.g. 27
DM=`date +%d%b` # Date and Month e.g. 27 Sep
# On the 1st of the month a permanet full backup is made
# Every Sunday a full backup is made - overwriting last Sundays backup
# The rest of the time an incremental backup is made. Each incremental
# backup overwrites last weeks incremental backup of the same name.
#
# if NEWER = "", then tar backs up all files in the directories
# otherwise it backs up files newer than the NEWER date. NEWER
# gets it date from the file written every Sunday.
# Monthly full backup
if [ $DOM = "01" ]; then
NEWER=""
$TAR $NEWER -cf $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$DM.tar $DIRECTORIES
fi
# Weekly full backup
if [ $DOW = "Sun" ]; then
NEWER=""
NOW=`date +%d-%b`
# Update full backup date
echo $NOW > $TIMEDIR/$COMPUTER-full-date
$TAR $NEWER -cf $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$DOW.tar $DIRECTORIES
# Make incremental backup - overwrite last weeks
else
# Get date of last full backup
NEWER="--newer `cat $TIMEDIR/$COMPUTER-full-date`"
$TAR $NEWER -cf $BACKUPDIR/$COMPUTER-$DOW.tar $DIRECTORIES
fi

#remove passwd & group

cd /usr/home/util
rm -f passwd*
rm -f group*
rm -f master*

ѯёѧѷєзѼѥѝѤѷкѲь crontab –e

0 4 * * * /backups/backups.sh

„µ¦˜·—˜´ŠÊ WebServer ץčo FreeBSD 7.2 ×¥ Á­¦·¤¡´œ›»r œ·˜¥rœ¦µ Page 51


„µ¦˜·—˜´ŠÊ WebServer ץčo FreeBSD 7.2

шѤњѠѕҕѥклѥддѥіъѼѥ backup ъѫдшѨѝѨѷеѠкъѫдњѤь

[sermpan@www backupsw]$ ll -h
total 5.4G
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2.6K Jun 18 08:46 backups.sh
-rwx------ 1 root root 2.2K Apr 17 12:01 backups.sh.org*
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 80 Apr 17 11:58 last-full/
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 17M Aug 7 04:02 www-Fri.tar
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 6.6M Aug 10 04:02 www-Mon.tar
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 150M Aug 8 04:02 www-Sat.tar
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 5.2G Aug 9 04:05 www-Sun.tar
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 16M Aug 6 04:02 www-Thu.tar
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 7.3M Aug 11 04:02 www-Tue.tar
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 7.8M Aug 12 04:02 www-Wed.tar
[sermpan@www backupsw]$

ѝѤкѯдшѫњҕѥ ѲьњѤьѠѥъѧшѕҙ лѣѯюҝьдѥі Backup Ѱээ Full ьѠдьѤѸь лѣ backup ѯмёѥѣѰђґєъѨѷєѨдѥіѯюјѨѷѕьѰюјк

ъҖѥѕъѨѷѝѫчьѨѸ

ўњѤкѯюҝьѠѕҕѥкѕѧѷкњҕѥ ѯѠдѝѥінѧѸььѨѸ зклѣєѨѝҕњьнҕњѕ ѲьдѥіъѼѥ WebServer чҖњѕ FreeBSD 7.2

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