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Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial



Unit 1: “Building effective reading skills”
Lesson 1 Parts of Speech Lesson 2 Learning about dictionaries Lesson 3 Let’s read

pages 3- 16
pages 3 – 7 pages 8 – 12 pages 13 - 16

Unit 2: “Business trips”
Lesson 1 At the hotel Lesson 2 At a restaurant Lesson 3 At the airport Grammar reference

pages 17-39
pages 17 – 19 pages 20 – 24 pages 25 – 27 pages 28 - 31

Unit 3: “Talking about company facilities”
INFORMATION ABOUT TESTS Suggested English interactive software and web sites

pages 32- 38
page 39 page 40

Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial




Discuss these questions about reading. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Do you like reading? What kind of books do you usually read? How often do you buy books, magazines, etc.? Do you read the newspaper every day? How often do you read it? What kind of material have you read in English lately?

What’s is Reading?

Reading is one of the four language skills: reading, writing, listening and speaking. It is a receptive skill. This means that reading involves responding to text, rather than producing it. We can also say that reading involves making sense of the text. To do this we need to understand the language of the text at word level, sentence level and the whole-text level. We also need to connect the message of the text to our knowledge of the world. Look at this sentence, “The engineer designs each project very carefully.” To understand this sentence, we need to understand: what the letters are how the letters join together to make words what the words mean the grammar of the words and the sentence But we also make sense of this sentence by knowing that, in general terms, engineers design things. Our knowledge of the world helps us to understand the sentence.

Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial



The parts of speech are classified according to the work they do or their function (s) in a sentence:

1. NOUNS: Words that are the names of people, things, places, qualities, ideas, or activities. EXAMPLE: The toolbox is on the floor.

engineer - report - factory - industry - toolbox - weldability - engineering

2. PRONOUNS: Words that can be used instead of nouns. EXAMPLE: The technical supervisor checks the technical work. He completes a check list everyday.

I - YOU - HE - SHE - IT - WE - THEY

Words that qualify a noun making its meaning clearer, fuller, or more exact. EXAMPLE:

There are two new flashlights.
Adjective Noun

Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial


Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 5 . 7. EXAMPLE: Engineers choose the materials for their products. I understand engineering terminology. or more exact. I am free in September. 5. EXAMPLE: The material is melted. POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES ARTICLES QUANTIFIERS DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES my/ your / his / her / our / Example: His job is dangerous. These objects are round. being placed in front of them) and show the relationship between the noun or a pronoun and another word. 6. DETERMINERS: They make clear which noun is referred to or to give information about quantity. EXAMPLE: You must make sure that you are working safely.4. He works carefully. Engineers look at different suppliers to buy materials. fuller. PREPOSITIONS: Words that are used with nouns or pronouns (generally but not always. I am busy at the beginning of August. this / that / these / those Example: This surface is flat. VERBS: Words that express the idea of action or being and support that a person or thing is. does or suffers something. ADVERBS: Words that we can add to a verb to make its meaning clearer. their a / an / the Example: a machine – an angle – the car a lot of / a few / many / a little Example: There are a lot of materials.

___________ 2. 1. ___________ 2. The computer is old. ________________ 3. 9. Some common conjunctions are and. __________ 7. ______________ 4. but. and so. it is very reliable. ADJECTIVE ADVERB PREPOSITION VERB CONJUNCTION DETERMINER NOUN PRONOUN a) Amazon sells1 books and2 hundreds of3 other products4. You pay by credit card and Amazon5 sends your6 products by mail7. because. EXAMPLE: He works hard because he wants to succeed. Karate is tiring but fun. phrases or clauses. __________ Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 6 . Choose words from the box to label the underlined words in each sentence. (no syntactical construction of a sentence). INTERJECTIONS: Words that express a sudden feeling or emotion. ___________ 5. Hello! Oh dear! Well done! HOMEWORK Identify the PARTS OF SPEECH. CONJUNCTIONS: Words that are used to join words. however. or. There are several cars and trucks in the street. 1.8. ______________ 4. ______________ b) People in1 Spain2 eat dinner3 late4. ________________ 3. However. Do we turn right or left? Let’s write down the address so we don’t forget it. ________________ 6.

m. 3. We don’t have a website to advertise our products. Simple Present: Interrogative forms Yes/No questions Do you study in the cafeteria? Yes. He buys a book every month. like. We __________ away at weekends. Information questions What do you usually read? I usually read technical magazines. She doesn’t go to the museum very often. We use the simple present tense to tell facts. Chris __________all our meetings. What __________? a) means this word b) does mean this word 2. she does. I don’t. 1. NEGATIVE SENTENCES I don’t leave the office at 9:00 p. a) seldom b) sometimes 4. They look up words in a dictionary. EXERCISE: circle the right option. The newspaper costs $500. We have brochures to advertise our products. They don’t look up words in an encyclopaedia. and need.m. a) often go b) are often go 3. 2. He doesn’t buy a magazine every month. / No. It doesn’t cost $700. You don’t always read the reports.. Does she go to the library every day? Yes. she doesn’t.GRAMMAR REFERENCE: SIMPLE PRESENT 1. We use the simple present tense for things that happen again and again. / No. AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES I leave the office at 8:30 p. I do. You always read the newspaper. They launch a new campaign __________. I don’t understand this sentence. have. We always use the simple present tense with the verbs want. How often does Kate study Math? She sometimes studies Math. a) usually attend b) doesn’t attend c) does this word mean c) go often c) once a year c) hardly ever go Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 7 . She goes to the library very often.

B) What information does a dictionary give? Each entry gives: • • • • • the meaning(s). if there are any. Words with opposite meaning. • 2 a demand for a particular commodity or service. example phrases or sentences. Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 8 . Sometimes there is more than one meaning. livestock. adjective. adverb. the operation of supply and demand: market forces. verb. ■ [often as modifier] the free market. grammar information (if the word is a noun. The bilingual dictionary is easier to understand.). and other commodities. It’s good to work in English as much as possible. etc.Lesson 2: LEARNING ABOUT DICTIONARIES A) Using a dictionary You should use two dictionaries: a good bilingual dictionary (= English and Spanish) and a good English-English dictionary. common word combinations and expressions ( in some dictionaries they are written in bold). ■ an open space or covered building where vendors convene to sell their goods. the pronunciation (= the way that you say a word) using the phonetic alphabet. • A dictionary entry market/ mɑ kɪt/ ▶noun • 1 a regular gathering of people for the purchase and sale of provisions. but the English-English dictionary can give you more information about a word or phrase.

If you see an English word in a text. Then use your dictionary to check the meaning. ■ doing something to excess: a heavy smoker. look up the English word in an English-English dictionary to find the right meaning. a verb. Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 9 . ■ (heavy on) using a lot of. • 2 of great density. 1. When you look up a word. ■ (of ground) muddy or full of clay. or an adjective? __________________________ d) What is its opposite? __________________________ heavy/ hevi/ ▶adjective (heavier. • 3 of more than the usual size. and answer these questions a) How many meanings are there? __________________________ b) Write the word in the phonetic alphabet. difficult to lift or move. When you go back to the page later and see the √. Take a look at these dictionary entries. or force: a heavy cold. They were taken from WordReference English Thesaurus © 2012 (www.C) How should I use my dictionary? • Here are some ideas to help As you can see it’s an English-English online dictionary. check that and you’ll remember the word without looking at the meaning. If you look up an English word in a bilingual dictionary and find several different words in your own language. Look at the entry for ‘heavy’. __________________________ c) Is it a noun. Many words have more than one meaning. ■ (of food) hard to digest. ■ (of a smell) overpowering. Look at all the different meanings.wordreference. heaviest) • 1 of great weight. • • • Let’s practice. amount. The first meaning is not always the one that you want. too filling. try to guess the meaning and continue to read. put a √ next to it. thick or substantial.

ingenium (see engine). a verb or an adjective? __________________________ engineer/en n ə(r)/ ▶noun • 1 a person qualified in engineering. 2 a task or piece of work. ■ computing an operation or group of operations treated as a distinct unit. • 2 buy and sell (stocks) as a broker-dealer. handler. – PHRASES be (or have) a job be or have a difficult task. look at the entry for ‘engineer’ a) How many meanings does it have? __________________________ b) How many related words can you find? __________________________ c) Is it a noun. director. leader. maker. as adj. a verb. jobbed) • 1 (usu. a fortunate fact or circumstance. chiefly Brit. an adjective or an adverb? _______________________________ job1 ▶noun • • 1 a paid position of regular employment. jobbing) do casual or occasional work. jobbing. Now. L.2. Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 10 . from med. RELATED WORDS: builder. • 2 a person who maintains or controls an engine or machine. from L. ingeniator. engigneor. especially on a small scale. from ingeniare ‘contrive’. • 2 skilfully arrange for (something) to happen. ■ a responsibility or duty. ▶verb (jobs. a) Can you use this word in the plural? ______________________________ b) Are there any example phrases or sentences? (Write one) ______________________ c) In which expressions can you use the word ‘job’? _____________________________ d) Is it a noun. ▶verb • 1 design and build. producer. • 3 informal a procedure to improve the appearance of something: a nose job. a good job informal. – ORIGIN : from OFr. Look at the entry for ‘job’ and answer these questions. 3.

_________________________________________ b) Write the past forms of the word. 2 the style or form of construction of something. rel. put together. ▶noun • • The 1 the proportions of a person's or animal's body. _________________________________________ e) How many meanings does the word have? _________________________________________ f) Identify and write one expression using this word. Read the entry for ‘build’. to bower. _________________________________________ c) Is it a noun.4. – DERIVATIVES builder noun. ■ (build something in/into) incorporate something as a permanent part of. from bold. build/b ld/ ▶verb (past and past part. make. They’re building over the old market. botl ‘dwelling’. raise. manufacture. ■ (build on) use as a basis for further development. The new wing was built on the hospital last year. adverb or verb? ________________________________________ d) Write two example sentences. fabricate. . – ORIGIN OE byldan.SYNONYMS: construct. built) • 1 construct by putting parts or materials together. • 2 increase in size or intensity over time. Now answer the following questions: a) Write the pronunciation of the word. frame. _________________________________________ Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 11 . of Gmc origin. fit together.

/i:/ www.dictionary. Identify and write one expression using this word. /u:i/ ______________________ 6. ______________________________________ ______________________________________ Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 12 . research brainstorm issue worldwide schedule 1. ______________________________________ 2. /e/ 4. adverb or verb? 3.cambridge.merriam-webster. Then answer questions about them. Check in your dictionary. How many meanings does the word have? __________________________________ 5. Write the pronunciation of the word. /a:/ aren’t_________________ B) Look up the following words in a dictionary. Write one example www.comdictionary www. /ei/ ______________________ 2. /ai/ ______________________ ______________________ ______________________ 5.HOMEWORK A) Match the words with the vowel sounds. Is it a noun. _____________________________ www.wordreference. aren’t I eight car harbour they boat two centre yes he dry library next between zoo post you cheap no 1. /ou/ ______________________ 7.

6. 7. 2. skyscrapers 10. interestingly 5. e. technologies 6. (3) Answer these questions. boring 7.Lesson 3: LET’S READ A) Pre-reading. 3. What do engineers do? __________________________________________________________________ Do you know any? __________________________________________________________________ What different types are there? _________________________________________________________________ B) Look at the following text. Where do you think it comes from? Who is it aimed at? Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 13 . engineering 8. 4. Underline the stress of each as in the example. society 4. improving 3. biomedical (2) Can you identify each word by saying which part of speech they are? 1. (1) Practice with your teacher the pronunciation of these words. 5. 9.g: Engineers 1. achievement 2. appliances 9. 10. 8.

practical problem solver. create advanced technologies and help explore new worlds. and in all sorts of locations such as offices. time to think again. research labs. In fact research shows that women make the best problem solvers. an engineer will want to know to solve the problem. Break the stereotype. building and improving all sorts of things from microchips to household appliances. So now is the time for women to engineer the future. How many of the modern world’s greatest engineering achievements will you use today? A car. from skyscrapers to spacecraft. In fact it comes from the Latin word ingeniosus meaning skilled. Engineers are the people who make our everyday lives easier. Although the fields of engineering and science are connected. safer. only 9 percent of US engineers are women. healthier place by inventing. They control and prevent pollution. 4____________________________ There are all sorts of opportunities in a variety of engineering fields such as aerospace. biomedical. As one writer once said: scientists build in order to learn. outdoors. a computer.A Man’s World? When you hear the word engineer. Build a career. For example. An engineer is really a clever. do you think of someone who is a) male?. factories. develop new medicines. and even outer space! 5____________________________ Engineering has often been seen as a male profession. mechanical and computer engineering. However. They make the world a cleaner. civil. the word engineer does not come from the word engine. a telephone? 1____________________________ Engineers find solutions to problems that are important to society. 2____________________________ Interestingly. b) boring or c) dirty? Or all three? Well. Engineers work alone or in teams. there is no reason for this: engineers are simply talented people. while in the UK it is just over 8 percent. Sign up today! C) Choose the most suitable heading for each paragraph. whereas engineers learn in order to build. a) Engineers’ contribution to society b) Origin and definition of engineer c) Women in engineering d) Engineering and science Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 14 . 3____________________________ While a scientist will ask why a problem occurs or happens. there are also differences.

After a long period of failure. Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 15 . 5. It can take a long time to fully ________ a complicated t________ before putting it into practice. Following the accident engineers had to do a lot of safety tests before the machine could be used again. 4. The first letter of the noun is given. One part of the engineering process is to ________ a smaller working m___________ before moving on to a full-size or production version. 6. 1 find 2 solve 3 do 4 build 5 do 6 make 7 test 8 meet a) safety tests b) a breakthrough c) a problem d) deadlines e) a theory f) some research g) a model / prototype h) a solution B) Complete the sentences with an appropriate combination from Exercise A). heart pacemaker VOCABULARY Word combinations A) Match the verbs with the most appropriate words and phrases. 8. Example: roads – civil engineering 1. The whole team had to ___________ a lot of careful r_____________ into the causes of the problem. In the end we were able to _____________ the most serious p_________________ .e) Types of engineers D) Match these inventions with the type of engineering field mentioned in the text. microchips 2. a washing machine 4. aircraft 3. 3. 2. They ________ an imaginative s_______ to the problem after working with models in the test lab. 7. 1. they __________ an important b________________. On many engineering projects there is great pressure to ______ strict d___________.

…………………………. radio television compact discs …………………………. …………………………. Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 16 ...C) Work with a partner. communication E medicine / health entertainment construction the telephone the satellite the GPS E …………………………. contact lenses laser surgery the thermometer ………………………….. Decide which is the greatest engineering achievement in each category. Add one or more achievements to each category... 1. 2. …………………………. Look at the list of some great engineering achievements and do the following. …………………………. the pyramids the Eiffel Tower Carretera Austral ………………………….

UNIT 2: “BUSINESS TRIPS” "For my part. Lesson 1: AT THE HOTEL GETTING STARTED Invitation to Attend CECAR 5 The International Civil Engineering Conference in the Asian Region (CECAR). Convention trips are situations when a person travels because of his/her company park – swimming pool – business center – electronic safe – conference rooms Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 17 . attracting a diverse range of civil and structural engineering practitioners." Robert L. together with the Australasian Structural Engineering Conference (ASEC 2012) will attract 600-800 delegates for this high quality three-day event. 1879. but to go. I travel for travel's sake. students. A) Look at the pictures below and write the name of the service or facility under each picture Shuttle bus . This will be an opportunity to discuss innovative civil and structural engineering practices and projects and to network with colleagues. Stephenson. I travel not to go anywhere. The person who travels stays in a hotel and usually has meals in restaurants. There are hotels with different types of facilities where business people hold business meetings. The great affair is to move. Travels with a Donkey. academia and industry. The theme for the 2012 international conference is Innovative Community Building.

.... Examples: There are direct-dial telephones in both hotels.. Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 18 .... C) What facilities and services are there in each hotel? Make sentences using there is o there are as in the example..... There is a coffee shop at Hotel Tropicana....... 2) B) Look at the information about these two hotels in the brochures......Shuttle bus Think of two more services a hotel may offer ..... 1) …………………....

Peter! I’m coming to New York next week. Complete the questions in the conversation. Use the words in exercise D. It’s a comfortable place. I need to check in. family hotel. sir. I do.m. Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 19 . Peter’s friend Andrea is talking to him on the phone. Flight 307. (2) ________________________ are you staying at? Yes. It’s downtown. Your room is on the fifth floor. Andrea: Hi. (5) ___________________ do you arrive on Monday? (6) ____________________ is it? Andrea: From Monday to Friday. front desk keycard bill elevator lobby bellhop room guest E) Rick: Now complete these dialogues. please? Receptonist: Of course.C) What: Questions. Andrea: At the Premium. Can someone take my suitcase. Andrea: The airline? It’s Delta. the 5Th through the 9th. Excuse me. Use what and a noun. It is a very nice area. it’s small. Rick: Thank you. The (2) ____________ is over there. Do you know it? Andrea: (3) __________________ is it in? Andrea: (4) ___________________ of the hotel is it? Is it a big chain hotel? Andrea: That’s fine. which way is the (1) _____________. Peter: Peter: Peter: Peter: Peter: Peter. Peter: That’s great! (1) ______What days______ are you staying here? Great. D) Practice the pronunciation of these words. Bellhop: It’s this way. No. You’ll love it. Andrea: My plane arrives at 9:00 a.

who manages a PR company. Addison says.’ It is also important to listen. What other things are important for a successful lunch? If you don’t know what to do. ‘You can’t talk about work for two hours. so it’s a good idea to have some other topics to talk about. a free lunch is likely to encourage fence-sitters to attend.’ It can be very boring if someone dominates the conversation and talks non-stop. You can enjoy the conversation without worrying about how to eat the meal.Lesson 2: AT A RESTAURANT GETTING STARTED Engineers are often too busy to go on all the training courses relevant to their job. Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 20 . But you don’t have to talk about business all the time. Choose food that is easy to eat. A) Before you read match the words to their opposites formal open remember complicated boring forget interesting easy informal close B) Read the article “How to have a successful business lunch” Business lunches are an enjoyable way to do business — but they can be complicated. What should you talk about? Is it better to be formal or informal? How important is it to listen? How can you have a good business lunch? Mark Addison works for an advertising agency. He says that it is important to remember that business lunches are also business meetings. says. If they have a starter then you can. then you do. Order pizza for each meeting and get the company to cover the cost of it too. then watch what your host does. If they drink water. and you can eat while debating the material. He thinks that it’s a good idea to keep things formal the first time that you meet someone. Sandra Hughes. too. as they don't lose any real-work time. Meeting at lunchtime means senior or busy engineers can justify coming. too. ‘I have lunches with clients who open their mouth to order and don’t close It until the bill is paid.

. A topic is: a) a phrase. 3) When does a business lunch become boring? ………………………………………………………. b) don’t talk.. What two tips does Mark Addison mention about a business lunch? …………………………………………………………………………………………...... b) a subject that you talk about.... Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 21 ..... If someone dominates a conversation they: 6. Someone who talks a lot about a) charming.. 7.. At the end of the meal you pay: a) the client.. an interesting things is: 5.. 1. Something that is complicated a) difficult to is: understand... b) the bill... 3.... b) you invite to lunch.. a) invites you to lunch.. If you worry about something.. 4... b) easy to understand. b) nervous.........C) Go over the article and select the correct answer 1. 2.. The host is the person who: a) talk all the time.. 2.. answer the following questions next page.. you’re: D) In pairs.. b) boring. What is positive about a business lunch? ……………………………………………………………………………………………... a) relaxed.

. Salmon Salad Fruit Spaghetti Apple pie Soup Starter Main course Dessert B) Listening............. Then......................................... Dessert: ………………………….LISTENING Many people don't realize that ordering at a restaurant can be tricky.............................. A man and a woman are ordering a meal in a restaurant....................................... Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 22 .... write one of your own..... Main course: ……………………...... Starter Main course Dessert _____ salad _____ spaghetti _____ ice cream _____ snails _____ paella _____ apple pie _____ soup _____ sushi _____ fruit C) What would you like to eat for each course? Write them below................................... Starter: ………………………….................... A) Before you listen write the name of these dishes under the correct heading........... The following vocabulary tips will help you order at a restaurant without causing yourself embarrassment............................................. Listen and write M for man and W for woman......

Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 23 . _1_Would you like a starter? 4. ___Right. I’m full. ___What do you recommend for the main course? 8. ___No thanks. 5. I really enjoyed it. That was a lovely meal. 2. You can also choose food from the boxes. Then listen to check your answers. please. ___Thanks very much. I’ll get the bill. ___Would you like a dessert? 7. 6. ___You should try the roast duck. 3. 1. Replace the names of the dishes in the dialogue with the ones you wrote in C. E) Practice the situation. ___I’d like the soup.D) Put the following dialogue in the correct order. It’s delicious.

d. b. Use de sentences and responses from F. This is on me. Where are the toilets. Could I have the wine list. sir. Waiter/waitress: Customer: Waiter/waitress: Customer: Waiter/waitress: Customer: Etc… H) How can I help you sir/madam? Role play your dialogue with a classmate. thanks. a. let me pay. Could I book a table for three? 2. Do you take VISA? e. Would you like a drink? 5. No. f. G) Write your own dialogue.F) Expressions in a restaurant: Match the sentences on the left to the responses on the right to make short restaurant dialogues. What do you recommend? 3. Downstairs. Please. We’re full tonight. I suggest the lasagne. How would you like to pay? 8. 1. I’ll bring it immediately. Would you like some dessert? 6. c. Yes. Yes. please. please? 4. I’d like a whisky. Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 24 . I’m sorry. please? 7. h. I’ll just have coffee. g. No.

Traveller: Here you go. A: Can I see your passport. Traveller: Hello Agent: Hello. I also have one carry on bag. Is cash OK? Agent: Certainly. Here you are.Lesson 3: AT THE AIRPORT VOCABULARY Some frequently asked questions that you may ask if you go to the airport for the first time are: ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ Where do I check-in for my flight? How do I get to the airport? What time is the airport open? Where can I smoke at the airport? Is there a left luggage facility at the Airport? A) At the airport passport control. A: Thank you very much. Role play this conversation with a partner. of course. Agent: How many pieces of luggage will you be checking in? Traveller: Just one. Change the underlined words and read it again with a partner. Traveller: No problem. Agent: Your luggage is two kilos over the limit. That’s fine. B) At the airport check-in. Traveller: Thanks. here they are. Read this conversation in pairs. Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 25 . please? B: Yes. May I have your ticket and passport? Traveller: Yes. Agent: Thank you. have a nice flight. You have to pay an extra charge of $100.

____________ 3. ____________ 7. Match each phrase with one of the pictures below. ____________ 8. ____________ 5. ____________ 9.C) Here is a list of things you do when you travel by plane to another country. ____________ 2. ____________ 6. ____________ USEFUL AIRPORT LANGUAGE Would you like to book /to reserve a seat? When do you want to leave /to come back? Do you want to travel first class /economy class? How much is the economy ticket? a one-way ticket / a round-trip ticket (US) Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 26 . LAND BUY DUTY FREE GO TO THE ARRIVALS HALL WAIT IN THE DEPARTURE LOUNGE GO TO THE BAGGAGE CLAIM GO THROUGH CUSTOMS GET ON / BOARD THE PLANE CHECK IN – BAGGAGE DROP TAKE OFF GO THROUGH PASSPORT CONTROL 1. ____________ 10. ____________ 4.

....  look in the ………..….... gate board take off duty-free claim control customs departure check in go through passport …... land go through ………….... shops …...  go to the baggage ……………….………..D) Look at the picture and complete the diagram flow below with the words from the box......…lounge go to the departure……. go to the …. Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 27 ... the plane ………...

information.g.g. there is. gift(s). No. Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 28 . I do (have a book). cigarette(s). (There are) 200. 1) Countable [C] nouns have a singular and a plural form. sugar. wine. advice. No. Three. there isn’t.g. Affirmative / negative Yes.). Questions Singular: Do you have a book? Plural: Do you have any cigars? How many suitcases are there? 2) Uncountable [U] nouns only have one (singular) form.GRAMMAR REFERENCE A) There is / There are We use the expression there is and there are to mention the things or people that exist in a place Singular Is there a swimming pool in the hotel? Is there a business centre? Plural Are there any restaurants? Are there any conference rooms? How many rooms are there? Yes. e. They are usually physical objects which you can count. They refer to things which are difficult to count because they are in a mass — e. They also refer to more abstract things which are not physical objects — e. No I don’t have any cigars — or any cigarettes. camera(s). I don’t (have a book) but I have a magazine. I do (have some cigars. We can count some but we cannot count others. perfume. there aren’t. Yes. Yes. No. B) Countable and uncountable nouns Nouns are words that give a name to people and things. there are.

take them out. We use many with countable nouns. In a question. please? I haven‘t got much money. 2) A lot of – many – much A lot of. and an apple pie for dessert. There are a few restaurants / There are few restaurants in the city We use little and a little with uncountable nouns There is little time / There is a little time Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 29 . A – an is used with singular countable nouns ONLY: I’d like a glass of wine. No. Are there any restaurants near here? No. it is next to a plural noun. many and much mean a large quantity or number of something. please Some is used with plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns. I don’t have any wine or Some or Any? These two words show quantity as for countable as for uncountable nouns. These are formal requests or offers. there aren’t any. except for formal requests and offers which begin with could or would. There are some suitcases in my room.Question Do you have any wine or spirits? Affirmative / negative Yes I do. Please. I can give you some advice about Two litres. How much whisky do you have? C) Quantifiers 1) a) b) A. please? Would you like some coffee. There aren’t a lot of flights at the weekend. Can you pay the ticket. There is some water on the floor. madam? d) Any is used in negative sentences and questions only. 3) Few / a few – little / a little We use few and a few with countable nouns. Please clean it up! c) Some is used in questions which begin with could or would only. Could I have some sugar with my coffee. We use a lot of in all types of sentences. I have some whisky. Do you have any advice for me? travelling. How many people are coming to the conference? We use much with uncountable nouns.

. Do you prefer red. there ……….We use a little or a few to mention that the quantity is enough. please? n) Yes. c)How ………… cars are there? d) There ………………. I can’t lend you some. please? m) Here’s my credit card.…………… for my soup? d) I’d like ….…………… . please? h) I don’t have …. I can lend you some. e) Me too.. I don’t want any cheese.…………… for the cheese. bottle glass fruit receipt spoon knife sugar wine a) And what would you like to drink. rosé. GRAMMAR EXERCISES 1) These are some sentences you may hear or use in a restaurant. stores? f) ………. Could I have …. there ………. madam? b) I’ll have a bottle of mineral water... l) Could you bring me …. j) Would you like a dessert? k) Yes. I have a little money. traffic. i) You can take mine..……………. b) There ………………. e) ……….. garbage.…………… of water. Use a or some the words in the box to fill in the blanks.. people. I’ll bring it immediately. 0) There isn’t much space. 2) Look at the picture and complete the sentences as in the example... Could I have ….…………… for my coffee. We use little or few to mention that the quantity is not enough. I have little money. or white? f) How can I help you? g) Could you bring me ….…………… with my main course. I think I’ll have …. bank? 3) Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial Are these words countable 30 .. please. a) There ………………. c) Excuse me.

.? There are too many. d) ……………………………………………...? No. patience.... It’s a beautiful country... a) With time and . b) Dress the salad with salt...... Shop .... c) I have €20 and . there isn’t any...[C] or uncountable [U]. c) …………………………………………….. pepper and . you can get what you want...... Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 31 .? Yes.? There is just a little...... Luggage / Baggage… Information … Souvenir … Bottle … Money … Room … Suitcase … Wine … 4) Make questions for these answers a) ……………………………………………...... d) Very ........ coins... b) ……………………………………………... I don’t know why. That is not enough for tonight. there are two in the room........ 5) Complete these sentences using few / a few / little / a little....... people want to travel to Colombia.... olive oil....

Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 32 . 10. 11.V.-______________ There is a person at a desk to welcome visitors. a sofa. and a microwave here.-_____________ There are several photocopiers in this room. 7. 5. 8. 4.UNIT 3: “TALKING ABOUT COMPANY FACILITIES” VOCABULARY: FACILITIES What facilities do the sentences describe? Find the names in the box and write them in the correct spaces. 9. 2.-_____________ There is a place where the children are cared while the parents are working.-______________ There are comfortable chairs.-______________ There is a coffee maker.-______________ There are several machines here and it can be very noisy. 3.-______________ People have meetings here.-_____________ Here people can stop working or moving in order to relax.-______________ There are shelves to keep supplies and products organized here. and a T. here. a refrigerator. □ □ □ □ □ □ □ √ □ □ □ □ production line rest room mail room showroom stockroom visitor center copy room cafeteria lunch room childcare conference room reception 1. 12.-______________ Clerks send out products from this room.- cafeteria There is a self-service restaurant. 6.-______________ Here people can see samples of the company´s products.

You use THERE WERE for PLURAL NOUNS examples: There were two offices. you use full answers with YES: (Sing.GRAMMAR REFERENCE 1: PAST SIMPLE OF THERE + TO BE PRESENT SIMPLE There is… There are… PAST SIMPLE There was… There were… You use THERE WAS for SINGULAR NOUNS examples: There was a meeting. there weren’t. There were a lot of company’s products. How many employees were there in your last company? We use How much with uncountable nouns. There was one photocopier. For plural questions with short answers. How much space was there in your office last year? Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 33 . For singular questions with short answers.) Was there a reception in the company yesterday? → Yes. There was an office. you use contractions with NO: (Plu. There were some customers. there was.) Were there any visitors in the company yesterday? → No. We use How many with countable nouns.

there were two.-___________________________________? There were two. What are the questions? For example: 1. (neg.M. (neg.)_____________________________________ 2.-_____________________________________? Yes. 4. They were very small. (neg.. there was. 2.B. there wasn’t.-There were three conference rooms.-______________________________? Yes. (neg. 3.)__________________________ C) Look at the first diagram in exercise A and then read the answers. It was next to the stockroom. 1.-There was a mailroom.-There was a visitor center.There weren’t any company offices. Change the following sentences into affirmative or negative ones according to the information what he reported. Number the floor plans. One was big and the other one small. Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 34 . Jones visited the I.)_________________________________ 3.. (neg. B) Language Practice.-There wasn’t a lunch room.)__________________________________ 4.)__________________________ 5. Mr.-____________________________________? There was a lot of space in the stockroom. 5.Was there a lunch room in the company yesterday? No.LISTENING A) Listen to three people talk about where they work. Company facilities yesterday.

3. Colleague: So this wasn´t your first visit to India. I was surprised.The trade fair was yesterday/last week. Listen to the dialogue again and then underline the correct words. Long. “A trade fair” Colleague: Were you at the trade fair last week. from the Frankfurt office. um… Colleague: Oh. I wasn´t there last year. no. Ingrid Werner was there. It was big. I think. 4. Colleague: How was it? OK? Hanna: It was very good. There were thousands of people. Um… but it was a good trip. from the company? Hanna: No. you know from. And Rafael and Maria.There were about 100/400 companies at the trade fair. from Barcelona? Hanna: Yeah.Hanna was in Calcutta last year/two years ago. Colleague: Where was it? Delhi? Hanna: Yeah. and um… there weren´t a lot of companies there. then? Hanna: No. I was there two years ago. Colleague: How many companies were there? Hanna: Um…about four hundred.The trade fair in Calcutta was/wasn’t very big. Only about a hundred...The trade fair was quite/very good.. Hanna? In India? Hanna: Yes. Colleague: Were you all in the same hotel? Hanna: We weren´t in the same hotel. Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 35 . yeah. Were you the only person there. 2.. Colleague: Right. Colleague: Was it big? Hanna: Yeah. though. in Calcutta.. 1. Colleague: Really? Hanna: Yeah. my second.TALKING ABOUT PAST EVENTS LISTENING Listen to Hanna Day talking to a colleague about a trade fair she visited in India. 5.

_________ you at the conference last week? 2. we weren’t._________ it interesting? 5. we were. she was. BE: Past Simple Positive Negative Questions Examples. I was not. How_________ businessmen were there? Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 36 . The conference was good last month.Hanna and her colleagues were/weren’t in the same hotel. she wasn’t._________ was it? OK? 4. I was You were He was She was It was We were They were I wasn’t (I was not) You weren’t (You were not) He wasn’t (He was not) She wasn’t (She was not) It wasn’t (It was not) We weren’t (We were not) They weren’t (They were not) in Madrid last year. Was I Were you Was he Was she Was it Were we Were they in Madrid last year? Yes. it wasn’ ._________ was it? At the Metropolitan Convention Center? 3. he wasn’t. They were in the same office. The big companies weren’t at the trade fair. The presentation wasn’t OK. they were. I was. How many customers were there? Was Mr. he was. it was. in Madrid last year. events and situations in the past. Choose words from the box to complete these questions many . Adams there? Grammar Exercises. No.6.were – where .was 1. you were.. GRAMMAR REFERENCE 2: BE – PAST SIMPLE We use the Past Simple for completed actions. you weren’t. they weren’t.

It’s Tuesday. (November) 3. This year. Use the words in brackets and past time expressions.GRAMMAR REFERENCE 3: PAST TIME EXPRESSIONS last Wednesday morning April week/ month/ year winter holidays New Year I was at home last night. Talk about where you were: yesterday evening last Saturday a week ago WRITING Make sentences. Three days ago. three days four months a year ago a couple of days (weeks/months/years) yesterday morning yesterday afternoon evening I was at home three days ago. I was at home. I was at home. Today is Wednesday. I was at home. 1. (Monday) Monday was two days ago. Yesterday morning. 2. SPEAKING Work with a partner. (Thursday) ___________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 37 . It’s December. Today is Friday. (last Tuesday) 5. (2009) 4. Last night. I was at home yesterday morning.

Fill in the gaps with the correct form of be. Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 38 .READING Read this e-mail from Esther Johansen to her manager John Hughes.

Each card has 6 questions. and make himself/herself understood using vocabulary and grammar items in oral sentences with volume. A good command of vocabulary and grammar from UNIT 2 (Business Trips) and UNIT 3 (Talking about company facilities) would be advantageous to get a good grade. and incorporate effective vocabulary and correct grammar. Each answer should have ideas that connect well. Every student will try to speak naturally (in a genuine way). • • Reading IS NOT allowed. Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 39 . Grammar reference: Simple Present Tense ORAL TEST (N2= 30%) Guided conversation .INFORMATION ABOUT TESTS WRITTEN TEST (N1= 30%) Content: Unit 1 “Building Reading Skills” Reading skills and strategies to look up words will be required to answer this test.Unit 2 “Business Trips” INSTRUCTIONS: • Every student must select one test-card at random. • Every student must answer the 6 questions. pronunciation and fluency appropriate for this level. interact. exhibit clear pronunciation. AUDIO WRITTEN TEST (N3= 40%) Content: Units 2 and 3 Listening and Reading skills will be required to answer this test. Each student must be able to comprehend.

merriam-webster.agendaweb.ldoceonline.Suggested English interactive software and websites for further practice Práctica de vocabulario y gramática de todas las unidades: • www. Texto adaptado para el Programa de Prosecución de Estudios a Ingeniería Civil Industrial 40 .org • www.wordreference.dictionary. adapted and/or designed for instructional purposes and to be used in the classroom and as a study guide for • This booklet’s material was Diccionarios online: • • • • www.