Industrial revolution- 1700's: The industrial revolution needed hard labor.

Escaped slaves from the south took this opportunity and took the jobs. A bigger industry meant e panding economical po!er. "ince the southern states depended on slaves to do the hard labor and the escaping slaves !ent to the north. The #o!ell mills$ steam engine and the te tiles needed slave !orkers to operate them. Therefore$ this contributed to the problems bet!een the north and the south. %irth of political parties- 1790's: &armers and industrialists didn't plan to have their government ruled by political parties in mind. They !ished for a 'better sort of citi(ens) that !ould debate issues about their nations future$ like slavery. *otton gin- 1793: The invention of the cotton gin caused tensions bet!een the north and the south. After the cotton gin !as invented$ the demand for cotton gre! because cotton could be de-seeded faster. *otton production e panded from +,-$--- bales in ./0- to 1./, million bales in ./,- !ith the use of the cotton gin. 2ho e actly picked the cotton3 "laves. 4ore cotton meant that even more slaves !ere bought. "outherners !ould send the cotton that the picked$ to the northerners. The northerners !ould make cloth out of the cotton$ and raise the tariffs in order to make profit. That !ould make the consumers$ including the southerners$ pay more for their clothing. This caused more tension. ./-/ slave import ban- 1808: It !as an argument bet!een the north and the south. 4ore slaves !ere needed in the south. The northerners really didn't need slaves$ since they !ere more of an industrial type of area$ other than agricultural. In the year ./--$ there !ere 5 slave states$ located in the south$ and / free states$ located in the north. 4issouri compromise- 1820: The 4issouri compromise didn't cause the civil !ar. It !as to avoid the !ar by trying to come up !ith a solution to the problem of the spread of slavery. It prohibited slavery above 06-0- latitude 7e cept in 4issouri.8 9o slavery- no !ar. It admitted 4issouri as a slave state and 4aine as a free state. 4e ican !ar ended- 1848: !ith the end of the 4e ican !as$ America gave up !estern territories. This created an issue. "ince these ne! areas !ould be accepted as states$ !ould they be free or enslaved states3 In order to deal !ith this$ the congress passed the compromise of ./,- !hich made *alifornia a free state and :tah and ne! 4e ico to decide their future as a free or slave state. &ugitive slave act- 1850: this !as a part of the compromise of ./,-. It forced federal officials !ho didn't arrest a runa!ay slave pay a fine. This increased the underground rail road activity$ !hich helped slaves flee and make their !ay into *anada. *ompromise of ./,-- 1850: The compromise of ./,- !as a series of , bills. It !as intended to narro! sectional disagreements. Its goal !as to deal !ith the spread of slavery in order to keep northerners and southerners interests in balance. ;ere are some e amples: − *alifornia !as looked at as a free state. − 9e! 4e ico and :tah !ould pick if they !ere free or slave states. − Te as gave up their land 79e! 4e ico8 and received .- million dollars to pay of their debt to 4e ico. − "lave trade !as stopped in the <istrict of *olumbia. − Introduced the &ugitive "lave Act.

$ 4ississippi$ &lorida$ Alabama$ Ceorgia$ #ouisiana$ Te as$ and south *arolina seceded all together. This election concluded that the Aepublican Bart !as becoming a major force in the 9orth$ and the nation !as sharply split apart over slavery./. It helped cause abolition and even #incoln sa! that this book !as one of the events that led to the civil !ar.arriet %eecher "to!e$ !ho sa! slavery to be morally !rong.1854: %leeding =ansas is about the time bet!een . %leeding =ansas.1856: Aepublican Barty became a major force in the north./.>-. The court ruled that his point couldn't be seen because he didn't o!n any property.> sparked the start of the %leeding =ansas to decide if it !ould be free or slave. In &ebruary . #ecompton constitution rejected. Abraham #incoln election. Three years later$ the 4issouri compromise !as declared unconstitutional by the supreme court in the dread "cott decision$ !hich ruled that the congress didn't have any authority to prohibit slavery in any state.1857-1858: in . This book had a huge part on the !ay that northerners vie!ed slavery. It took a !hile$ but soon enough$ =ansas !as announced a free-state. 2ith the passage of the act$ hundreds of thousands of pro-slavery supporters flooded the state. Bro-slavery forces !ere supported by president @ames %uchanan attempted to have the constitution approved by the us congress. It !as a best seller at the time. #incoln stated that he !ould do nothing to abolish slavery in the south$ but the southerners did not believe him. %ut it !ent a lot deeper$ that even though his 'o!ner) took him to the free state$ he is still considered property to his o!ner. The Election of ./.Uncle tom’s cabin./. There !as so much opposition$ that =ansas !as sent back for a vote.1854: the =ansas-9ebraska repealed the 4issouri compromise in ./6. This decision !as a big deal because it caused abolitionists to increase their efforts to fight against slavery.+$ the #ecompton constitution !as created allo!ing =ansas to be a slave state.1857: <red "cott lost his case proving that he shall be considered a free man because he has been held as a slave in a free state. #incoln agreed !ith the majority of the republican party that the south !as becoming too strong and too po!erful and made it part of their side that slavery !ould not be a part of any ne! territories or states added to the union. %asically$ the =ansas-9ebraska states that the state determines !hether it !ould allo! slavery !ithin it's boundaries. ?iolent fights occurred./$ !hen the =ansas area !as the place of so much violence over if the territory !ould be a free state or a slave state.1852: by .6 included the <emocratic candidate$ @ames %uchanan$ the Aepublican candidate$ @ohn *. The =ansas-9ebraska Act of . &remont$ and the American candidate$ 4illard &illmore. %uchanan !as a!ay in England and mentioned nothing of the =ansas-9ebraska Act$ and used this to his advantage by just stating that he !anted to keep the :nion together. @ames %uchanan election././. =ansas-9ebraska act.>. "outherners sa! the republicans as a threat to their !ay of life. . <red "cott decision.1860: !ith the election of Abraham #incoln$ a republican$ south *aroline and si other states seceded from the union. %uchanan eventually !on the election$ leaving &remont second$ and &illmore last.