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(c)

Q, R and S are three set of apparatus to observe electric field. Type of po&er supply #ry cell '(tra hi$h tension ,o& volta$e supply Type of electrode )lass rod Metal -arbon Type of li*uid +live oil +live oil +live oil

11. Melaka Mid year 0 ! Question " #ia$ra% ".1 sho&s an apparatus set up to observe a pattern of electric field.

Set of apparatus Q R S

(a) (i) /hat is %eant by electric field0


.........................................................

.ased on Table ", state the suitable properties for the set of apparatus to observe the pattern of the electric field. (i) Type of po&er supply .................................................... Reason .................................................... 14 %arks2 Type of electrodes .................................................... Reason
....................................................... 14 %arks2

11 %ark2 (ii) 3n the space belo&, dra& electric field pattern for%ed by the apparatus aran$e%ent on #ia$ra% ".1.
14 %arks2

(ii)

(b) 5 current of 0.4 5 is let to flo& for 6 %inutes. -alculate (i) Quantity of char$e carried by the current 14 %arks2

(d) .ased on the ans&ers in "(c, &hich set of the apparatus is the %ost suitable to observe the electrid field0 ..........................................................
11 %ark2

(e) State one reason &hy olive oil is used as li*uid for the e(peri%ent. ..........................................................
11 %ark2

(ii)

7u%ber of electrons flo& in 6 %inutes.


11 %ark2

14. Question 1! MRSM 0" #ia$ra% 1 sho&s an electric circuit &hich is used to investi$ate the relationship bet&een electric current and potential difference across a conductor 89.

16. Qustion 4! ;ohor 0 #ia$ra% 4.1 sho&s t&o constantan &ire < and Q of the sa%e len$th but of different cross=sectional area, bein$ used to carry out an e(peri%ent.

(a) /hat is the function of the volt%eter0 ........................................................... 11 %ark2


(b) :nderline the correct ans&er in the

3nitialy, the e(peri%ent is carried out &ith < placed acros 89. 5fter that, < is replaced &ith Q and the e(peri%ent is repeated. The >=3 $raph in #ia$ra% 4.4 sho&s the results obtained fro% the e(peri%ent.

bracket to co%plete the sentence belo&. /hen the electric current increases, (i) The potential difference (increases, decreases, re%ain unchan$ed) 11 %ark2 (ii) The resistance &ill (increase, decrease, re%ain unchan$ed) 11 %ark2 (a) .ased on #ia$ra% 4.1, co%pare the cross sectional area of &ires < and Q. ............................................................
11 %ark2

(c) State one physical *uantity &hich is kept constant in the e(peri%ent. .......................................................... 11 %ark2

(b) .ased on #ia$ra% 4.4! (i) State ho& the resistance of the constantant &ire can be obtained. ...................................................
11 %ark2

(ii) #eter%ine the resistance of conductor Q. Sho& on your $raph. 16 %arks2 1?. Question ?! @elantan 0 #ia$ra% ?.1 sho&s a circuit used to investi$ate the relationship bet&een current and potential difference accross
a constantants &ire s.&.$ 4? &ith len$th

of 10 c%.

.ased on $raph in #ia$ra% ?.4C (i) /hat is the physical *uantity represented by the $radient of the $raph0 ..................................................... 11 %ark2 /hich of the constantan &ire has the hi$hest resistance0 /hy0 .................................................... 11 %ark2 1D. Question "! @edah 0" (a) State +h%Es la& ............................................................ 11 %ark2 (b) #ia$ra% ".1 sho&s a $raph of current, 3, a$ainst potential difference, >, of a diode.

(ii)

(a) 7a%e the %easurin$ instru%ents labeled 8 and 9 in #ia$ra% ?.1 8 A .................................. 9 A .................................. 14 %arks2
(b) (i) /hat is the relationship bet&een

the readin$ of the %easurin$ instru%ents 8 and 90 ........................................................ 11 %ark2 (ii) State the physics la& involved in ?(b)(i) ...................................................... 11 %ark2 (c) The e(peri%ent is repeated usin$ a constantan &ire s.&.$ 6B &ith the sa%e len$th. #ia$ra% ?.4 sho&s the $raph > a$ainst T for the e(peri%ent.

(i) State &hether the oh%Es la& is obeyed by the diode. ........................................................... 11 %ark2 (ii) )ive a reason &hy there is no current flo&in$ throu$h the diode &hen the potential difference is bet&een 0 > and =4 >. ...........................................................
11 %ark2

(i) Match the $raphs @, , and M to the circuits 8, 9 and F. -ircuit 8 9 F )raph

16 %arks2 (ii) '(plain your ans&ers in (c)(i). ......................................................... ........................................................ 14 %arks2 (iii) -alculate the value of R. 14 %arks2

(iii) /hat is the resistance of the diode &hen the potential difference is 4 >0 14 %arks2 (c) 3dentical li$ht bulbs, each of resistance R G are connected in three circuits as sho&n in #ia$ra% ".4.

I.6 S'R3'S 57# <5R5,,', -3R-:3T B. Question 6! @elantan 0" #ia$ra% 6.1 sho&s a photo$raph of an electric circuit. The circuit contains four identical bulbs connected to four identical ne& dry cells.

The rheostat in each circuit is adHusted and the potential difference, >, a$ainst current, 3, $raphs are plotted for each circuit. The $raph for each circuit i sho&n in #ia$ra% ".6

#ia$ra% 6.1 (a) /hat is the type of the circuit0 ............................................................. 11 %ark2

(b) #ra& an electric circuit dia$ra% for the above arran$e%ent of apparatus usin$ appropriate sy%bols. 14 %arks2 (c) -o%pare the bri$htness of the la%ps ;, @, , and M. Tick (J) one bo( belo&. ....... The bri$htness of la%p ; K la%p @ K la%p , K la%p M ....... The bri$htness of la%p , K la%p @ K la%p ; K la%p M ....... The bri$htness of la%p ; A la%p @ A la%p , A la%p M 11 %ark2 (d) )ive one reason for your ans&er in (c).
............................................................. 11 %ark2

(a) /hat is %eant by B>,14/ 0 ....................................................... 1 1 mark 2 (b)State the type of circuit in #ia$ra% ".1 and ".4 #ia$ra% ".1! .......................... #ia$ra% ".4! ...........................
1 4 marks 2

(c) The bulbs in #ia$ra% ".4 are bri$hter than the bulbs in #ia$ra% ".1. '(plain your ans&er . ...................................................... ......................................................
1 2 marks 2

(e) '(plain &hy the circuit above is used in the house li$htin$ circuit. ............................................................ 11 %ark2 I. S.< 0 ! Question "
#ia$ra% ".1 and #ia$ra% ".4 sho&s three identical fila%ent bulbs %arked B>, 14/ arran$ed in t&o different &ays

(d)The resistance of each bulb in #ia$ra% ".1 and #ia$ra% ".4 is ? L. #eter%ine the current flo& in each bulb. #ia$ra% ".1!

(i) #ia$ra% ".4!


1 4 marks 2

and connected to a battery B > .

(e)5 student &ants to desi$n an incubator. .ulbs are used to heat up the incubator. (i) .et&een the circuit in #ia$ra% ".1 and in #ia$ra% ".4, &hich circuit is the %ost suitable to be used by the student to heat up the incubator. #ia$ra% ".1
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#ia$ra% ".4

................................................ 11 mark2

(ii) )ive t&o reasons for your ans&er in "(e)(i). .................................................


.................................................

1 1 mark 2 (b) -o%pare the place%ent of the volt%eter in Mi$ure 10.1(a) and Mi$ure 10.4(a). Then co%pare the relationship bet&een potential difference and current for both $raphs. '(plain the results sho&n in both $raphs. Nence state the related physics la& and concepts applicable in each situation.
1 D markah 2

12 marks2 I.? ','-TR+M+T3>' M+R-' 57# 37T'R75, R'S3ST57-' ". Mi$ure 10.1 (a) and Mi$ure 10.4 (a) sho& t&o circuits used to investi$ate the relationship bet&een potential difference and electric current. Mi$ure 10.1(b) and Mi$ure 10.4(b) sho& the potential difference a$ainst electric current $raph respectively for Mi$ure 10.1(a) and Mi$ure 10.4(b). >

I.D ','-TR3-5, '7'R)9 . Question I! @edah 0 #ia$ra% I sho&s an electric %otor liftin$ a 4.0 k$ load. /hen the %otor is s&itched on, the load %oved throu$h a hei$ht of 1.D % in 4.D s &ith constant speed. The current flo&in$ in the circuit is 1.I 5 and the potential difference across the %otor is 10.

0 0 V Figure 10.1(a) V F i g u r Figure e 10.2(b) 1 0 . 1 ( b R a j a h

>

0 Figure 10.2(a)
0

3 10.

s ed .................. &on. .................. al cu i ....... (a) State the chan$es in ener$y lat t ...... 11 %ark2 e! c ...... that (b) ( h ...... occure &hen the %otor is (a) /hat is %eant by electric current0
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i)

The electrical po&er supplied &hen the %otor is liftin$ the load. 14 %arks2

(ii)

The output po&er of the %otor &hen the load %oved throu$ht a hei$ht of 1.D % in 4.D s. 14 %arks2 the efficiency of th %otor. 14%arks2

11 mark2 (b) The electric iron is connected to a 4?0 > supply and used to iron clothes for 60 %inutes. -alculate! (i) the current that passes throu$h the heatin$ ele%ent in the iron.

(iii)

14 marks2 (c) 3f so%e of the load is re%oved &hile the %otor is still liftin$ the load, &hat chan$e i observed on the a%%eter0 '(plain your ans&er. ..........................................................
..........................................................

(ii) the cost of usin$ the electric iron in 60 days, if the cost of electricity by Tenaga Nasion is 46 cents per k/ h for first 400 units.

(d) Su$$est one &ay to increase the efficiency of the %otor.


..........................................................

14 %ark2 10.Question "! ;ohor 0I #ia$ra% ".1 sho&s an electric iron &ith specification of 4?0 >, 1000 /.

14 marks2

(c) 5 student conducts an e(peri%ent to co%pare the heatin$ effect of bread toasters <, Q and R. T&o slices of bread is toasted each ti%e. Table ".1 sho&s the result of the e(peri%ent. .read toaster <otential difference, >Ov 4?0 4?0 4?0 -urrent, 3O5 Ti%e to toast 4 slices of bread, tOs 0 1D0 140

#35)R5M ".1 (a) /hat is %eant by specification 4?0 >, 1000 /0 PPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPP PPPPPPPPPPPPPPPP...
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< Q R

B.0 D.0 ?.0 T5.,' ".1

(i) -alculate the ener$y supplied by each of bread toaster to toast the bread. 1? marks2 (ii) :sin$ your ans&er in (c)(i), state &hich bread toaster is %ost suitable. )ive t&o reasons for your ans&er. PPPPPPPPPPPPPPP PPPPPPPPPPPPP....... PPPPPPPPPPPPPPPP ........................................................... 16 marks2 11.Question "! Tren$$anu 0" #ia$ra% ".1 sho&s an electric kettle &ith specification of 4?0 >, 1.4 k/.

(ii) the resistance of the heatin$ ele%ents in the kettle.

14 marks2 (c) Mour electric kettles /, 8 , 9 and F &ith specification 4?0 >, 4 k/ are %ade fro% the %aterials &ith different characteristics. sho&s the characteristics of the %aterials. The characteristics of the %aterials are used in the heatin$ ele%ent in the kettle .oilin$ point Oo6D01 10"D 66"I 10B? ResistivityO 10=" % 16.D D.4 14.? ?.B6 Muse "5 10 5 10 5 "5

@ettle

/ 8 9 F

(a) /hat is %eant by the label 4?0>, 1.4 k/0 ............................................................ 11 mark2 (b) -alculate (i) the current flo&s throu$h the electric kettle. 14 marks2

(i) .ased on the characteristics of the heatin$ ele%ents in Table ".1, su$$est t&o electric kettles are suitable to heat &ater. )ive the reason for your ans&er. ....................................... ....................................................... ...................................................... 16 marks2

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(ii) .ased on the fuse used in the Table ".1 , su$$est t&o electric kettles are suitable to heat &ater. )ive the reason for your ans&er. .......................................................
........................................................

is 1.4 5 and the readin$ of the volt%eter is D.0 >. -alculate (i) 3nput ener$y to the %otor 14 %arks2 (ii) +utput ener$y of the %otor.
14 %arks2

14 marks2 (iii) :sin$ your ans&er in (b)(i) and (b)(ii), su$$est &hich electric kettle is the %ost suitable to heat &ater. )ive the reason for your ans&er. ........................................................
........................................................

14 marks2 14.Melaka 0 ! Question "


#ia$ra% ".1 sho&s an electric %otor

(c) -o%puter, air condition and &ater heater are co%%on ho%e electrical appliances. Table " sho&s the po&er ratin$ and the ti%e consu%ption for a day for these electrical appliances. 5ppliance <o&er,< / -o%puter 400 5ir condition /ater heater 400 6 "00 Ti%e, t Nr 1 1 Q >olta$e, > 4?0 4?0 4?0

used to lift a load.

-alculate ener$y consu%ption for each electrical appliances for one &eek. (i) -o%puter

(ii) (a) State the ener$y transfor%ation &hen the s&itch is closed. .......................................................... 11 %ark2 (b) The %ass of the load is 1.D k$ and is lifted to a hei$ht 1.D % in D.0 s. The readin$ of the a%%eter
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5ir condition

(iii)

/ater heater

1D %arks2

(d) (i) .ased on the ans&ers in "(c), &hich electrical appliance should be less ti%e durin$ Rsave electricityE ca%pai$n. ....................................................
11 %ark2

(a) State the ener$y transfor%ations that take place in the dry cell.
11 mark2

(b) +bserve Mi$ure 10.1 and Mi$ure


10.4. -o%pare the arran$e%ent of dry cells in the circuit, the volta$e supplied and the readin$ of the

(ii) State one reason for the ans&er in "(d)(i). .......................................................


11 %ark2

a%%eter.
State the relationship bet&een the ener$y transferred to flo& the electric char$es around the circuit

and (i) the volta$e supplied


(ii) the current flo&in$ around the

'SS59 Q:'ST3+7S! 16.S.< 0I Section . Mi$ure 10.1(a) and Mi$ure 10.1(b) sho& photo$raphs of t&o electric circuits. 'ach circuit contains t&o identical ne& dry cells %arked 1.D >, a 4 oh% resistor and an a%%eter. Mi$ure 10.4(a) and Mi$ure 10.4(b) sho& the readin$ of the a%%eter for each circuit respectively.

circuit
1D marks2

(c)

'(plain &hy it is %ore dan$erous to touch the live &ire of a %ains supply, rather than the neutral &ire.
1? marks2

(d)

#ia$ra% 10.6 sho&s a cabin &irin$ consistin$ of a fila%ent la%p, an air conditioner and an electric kettle. The electric supply enters the cabin via %eter and fuse bo(.

#ia$ra% 10.6 , S ,ive &ire 7 S 7eutral &ire ' S 'arth &ire :sin$ your kno&led$e on electricity and #ia$ra% 10.6, su$$est and e(plain suitable desi$ns or &ays to
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(i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

%ake the cabin &irin$ %ore effective protect electric appliances fro% da%a$e prevent electric shock increase ener$y efficiency 110 marks2

1?.Tren$$anu 0I!Section . #ia$ra% 10.1 and #ia$ra% 10.4 sho& t&o identical resistors &hich has resistance R connected to the a%%eters, volt%eters, s&itches and batteries &ith different &ays.

(b) /ith reference to #ia$ra% 10.1 and #ia$ra% 10.4, co%pare the type of circuit connections, the readin$ of a%%eters, the readin$ of volt%eters and the effective resistance of the circuits. Relate the current flo&s in a circuit &ith the effective resistance to %ake a deduction re$ardin$ the relationship bet&een type of a circuit connection and the effective resistance. 1B marks2

#ia$ra% 10.1

(c) +ne identical resistor is connected parallel to the resistors in #ia$ra% 10.4. '(plain &hat happens to the readin$ of a%%eter and volt%eter.
16 marks2

(d) #ia$ra% 10.6 sho&s the la%ps in a do%estic li$htnin$ circuit are connected in parallel.

#ia$ra% 10.4 /hen the s&itch is on, the a%%eters and the volt%eters sho& a readin$. (a) /hat is %eant by current0 11 mark2
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#ia$ra% 10.6

The circuit is not co%plete and not efficient for electrical ener$y consu%in$ and less safety. Su$$est %odifications that need to be done to the circuit to i%prove safety, produce the la%ps li$hts up &ith nor%al bri$htness and to increases the efficiency of electrical ener$y consu%in$. 110 marks2 1D. @edah 0I (Section -) (a) #ra& a dia$ra% to sho& ho& 6 resistors can be connected in series. 11 mark2 (b) 5 student plans to fi( a la%p in his roo%. Table 14.1 sho&s the features of ? different types of la%ps. Type of <o= 'ffi= ,ife price la%p &er ciency span <O/ hours Ni$h -o%pact D0 T 1" I000 fluorescent la%p ID 14 T 1000 ,o& Mila%ent la%p ,on$ 40 ?D T 1?000 Mediu% fluorescent la%p 4? ?0 T 10000 hi$h Round
fluorescent

-alculate (i) the effective resistance, resistor, (ii) the current in the D (iii) po&er dissipated by the 10 resistor. 1D marks2 1B.:nderstandin$! Teknik 0I #ia$ra% 14.1 and 14.4 sho&s t&o identical bulbs connected to one cell and t&o dry cell respectively. The bulb connected to t&o dry cells li$hts up bri$hter

#35)R5M 14.4 (a) (i) /hat is %eant by the value U > V labelled on the dry cell0 1 1 marks 2 (ii) '(plain &hy the bulb connected to t&o dry cells is bri$hter. 1 6 marks 2

la%p

'(plain the suitability of each Table 14.1 and then deter%ine the %ost
suitable la%p to be used. )ive a reason

for your choice.


110 marks2

(c) 5 D resistor and a 10 resistor are connected in parallel to a > po&er supply.
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1I.Section .! 7 0" The la%ps in a house are connected in parallel to the %ain supply. #ia$ra% 10 sho&s t&o bulbs are connected to a s&itch and a dry cell. (i) .ased on #ia$ra% 10, dra& the electric circuit dia$ra% in your ans&er sheet. 16 %arks2

'(plain the suitability of the follo&in$ aspect of the &ire. (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) resistance of &ire %eltin$ point of &ire density of &ire rate of rustin$ of &ire rate of e(pansion 110 %arks2 1".Section .! ;ohor 0" #ia$ra% 10.1 and #ia$ra% 10.4 sho& the bulbs connection at the fruit stores. The bulbs and the battery in both the store are identical.

#ia$ra% 10 Rajah 10 (ii) 'ach bulb is labelled 1.D>, 6/. /hat is %eant by U1.D> , 6/V 0 14%arks2 (iii) -o%pare the bri$htness of bulb 5 and bulb ., &hen the s&itch is on. 11 %arks2 (iv) #eter%ine the current in the &hen the s&itch is on0 14%arks2 (v) -alculate the ener$y consu%ed by the t&o bulbs if they are s&itched on for 1 hour.
14%arks2

#ia$ra% 10.1

(b) 5s an en$ineer you are $iven the task of deter%ine the type of &ire that is suitable to be used for connectin$ electric devices in a house.
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#ia$ra% 10.4

(a) (i) /hat is %eant by a potential different0 11 %ark2 (ii) #ra& a circuit dia$ra% for each circuit and label the type of circuit. 1? %arks2 (b) :sin$ #ia$ra% 10.1 and 10.4, co%pare the bri$htness of the bulbs. Relate the bri$htness of the bulb, the potential different
and the current flo& for the bulbs

1 .Section -! Melaka 0" (a) #ia$ra% 11.1 (a) sho&s a fila%ent bulb labeled U4?0 >. "0 /V. #ia$ra% 11.1 (b) sho&s a $raph of potential difference a$ainst current for t&o %aterials, 9 and F. +ne of the %aterials &ill be chosen as fila%ent in a bulb.

to deduce a relevant physics concept. 1D %arks2 (c) #ia$ra% 10.6 sho&s an ele kettle &hich is a rated at 4?0 >, 4 000 / and connected by a fle(ible cable to a three==pin=plu$.

i) /hat is %eant by U4?0 >, "0 /0V 11 mark2 ii) .ased on the $raph in #ia$ra%11.1 (b), co%pare the resistance of %aterials 9 and F. -hoose the %ore suitable %aterial to use as a fila%ent of the bulb. '(plain your choice.
1? marks2

Su$$est %odifications that can be %ade to the electric kettle in #ia$ra% 10.6 so that it can boil
&ater faster and has better safety.

b)

110

5s a researcher, your duty is to study the characteristics of a %aterial to %ake a heatin$ ele%ent of a &ater heater. 9ou are $iven four choices of heatin$ ele%ents ;, @, , and M. Table 1 sho&s the characteristics of the four heatin$ ele%ents.

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40.Section -! Tren$$anu 0 #ia$ra% 14.1 sho&s a pin$ pon$ ball coated &ith thin %etal foil placed bet&een a pair of parallel %etal disc. /hen the 'NT is s&itched on an electric field is for%ed in bet&een the %etal disc.

9ou are re*uired to deter%ine the %ost suitable heatin$ ele%ent.Study the specifications of all the four %etals based on the follo&in$ aspects. - The cross sectional area - Meltin$ point - Specific Neat -apacity - ,en$th of the heatin$ ele%ent 110 marks2 c) Three resistors &ith resistance 1 , 4, and 6 respectively are connected to B > battery as sho&n in #ia$ra% 11.4. (a) /hat is %eant by electric field0 11 %ark2 (b) '(plain &hat &ill happen to the pin$ pon$ ball &hen it is brou$ht
to touch the %etal disc connected

to positive ter%inal of 'NT0 1? %arks2 (c) #ia$ra% 14.4 sho&s four electric
circuits @,,,M and 7 &ith different

.ased on #ia$ra% 11.4 -alculate (i) 'ffective resistance (ii) <o&er dissipated by 4L resistor 1D marks2
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arran$e%ent of bulbs and po&er sockets. The current is to be used in &irin$ a $uard booth. 9ou are re*uired to deter%ine the %ost suitable circuit to li$ht up and supply the electrical po&er to the booth. Study all the four circuits based on the follo&in$ aspects. (i) Safety feature (ii) 5rran$e%ent of bulb and po&er sockets (iii) <osition of the kilo&at %eter and %ain fuse.

(d) 5n electric toaster has a heatin$ ele%ent of resistance 4B.I G. The current flo&in$ throu$h it &hile in use is 5. (i) State the suitable fuse for the toaster (ii) -alculate - The supplied volta$e - The po&er dissipated by the toaster 1D %arks2 41. ;ohor 0 ! Section #ia$ra% 14.1(a) and #ia$ra% 14.1(b) sho& photo$raphs of t&o electric circuits. 'ach circuit contains t&o identical dry cells of e.%.f 1.D >, a resistor R and an a%%eter.

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(a) /hat is %eant by e.%.f0

11 %ark2

,a%p S -ost RM 10

<o&er ratin$ B0 /, 4?0 > efficiency D0 T ,ife ti%e! 1000 hours

(b) (i) #ra& t&o electrical circuit dia$ra%s for photo$raphs in #ia$ra% 14.1(a) and #ia$ra% 14.1(b). 14 %arks2 (ii) 7a%e the dry cells connection for #ia$ra% 14.1(a). 11 %ark2 (iii) State the advanta$e of #ia$ra%
14.1(b) as co%pared to #ia$ra%

14.1(a).

11 %ark2

(d) The po&er ratin$ of la%p < is 400 /, 4?0 >. (i) State the chan$e of ener$y in la%p <. 11 %ark2 (ii) -alculate the electric current and resistance for la%p <. 1? %arks2 44. Mid=year Melaka 0 ! section #ia$ra% 11.1 sho&s a rheostat. Rheostat is a co%%on device used in the laboratory.

(c) Table 14 sho&s four la%ps <, Q, R and S &ith different specifications. 9ou are asked to investi$ate the characteristic of the la%ps as sho&n in Table 14. '(plain the suitability of each feature of the la%p in Table 14. #eter%ine the %ost suitable la%p to be used as a readin$ la%p. )ive reasons for your choice. 110 %arks2 ,a%p < -ost RM I0 ,a%p Q -ost RM 60 <o&er ratin$ 6000 /, 4?0 > efficiency ID T ,ife ti%e! ?000 hours <o&er ratin$ 6B /, 4?0 > efficiency "0 T ,ife ti%e! "000 hours <o&er ratin$ 100 /, 4?0 > efficiency B0 T ,ife ti%e! B000 hours

(a) /hat is the function of the rheostat0 11 mark2 (b) State one factor &hich effects the chan$es of the resistance in the rheostat. 11 mark2 (c) '(plain the &orkin$ principle of the rheostat . 16 marks2

,a%p R -ost RM 1D

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(d) #ia$ra% 11.4 sho&s an electric kettle used to boil &ater.

(e) #ia$ra% 14.6 sho&s a $raph of current a$ainst volta$e for &ire 5 and &ire ..

Table 11.6 sho&s the specifications of four &ires of the sa%e dia%eter that can be used as a heatin$ ele%ent of an electric kettle. Type #ensity Meltin$ +(id= Resistivity @$% point O tion O G% Wrate ; B D00 I D00 Ni$h ".0 ( 10=I @ I 000 " 0D0 hi$h I.0 ( 10=I , D 000 " D00 lo& D.0 ( 10=I M 4 D00 000 lo& ".0 ( 10=I
=6

.ased on #ia$ra% 14.6 (i) 7a%e the &ire &ith a bi$$er dia%eter.
11 %ark2

9ou are re*uired to deter%ine the %ost suitable &ire and e(plain the suitability of the of the follo&in$ aspects. - #ensity - Meltin$ point - +(idation rate - Resistivity
110 marks2

(ii) 3f the resistance of &ire 5 is R1and resistance of &ire . is R4, deter%ine the ratio of R1! R4. 1? marks2

46. MRSM 0 ! section 5 typical torchli$ht &ith batteries is sho&n in #ia$ra% 14.1.

(a) (i) 7a%e the type of current used in the torchli$ht. 11 %ark2

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(ii) #ra& a circuit dia$ra% for the torchli$ht in #ia$ra% 14.1 16 %arks2

(b) Table 14.1 $ive details of the electricity used by three electrical appliances in a household &ith a 4?0 > %ains po&er supply. #uration s&itched on per day (hours) 4? 10 4

(c) 'ner$y efficiency and safety are i%portant considerations in the purchase and use of electrical products and appliances. (i) 5 fuse in a po&er plu$ is labelled U" 5E. /hat does the label "5 %ean0 (ii) Table 14.6 sho&s four types of po&er socket re%ains e(tension <, Q, R and S available in a super%arket. 9ou are asked to evaluate the characteristics of the four po&er socket e(tensions for nor%al ho%e use. Study the pictures and the specifications for the follo&in$ aspects. - Safety - 'ner$y efficiency - -ontrol of electrical appliance :sin$ physics concept, e(plain the suitability of the po&er socket e(tensions for each aspect. #eter%ine the %ost suitable socket e(tension and Hustify your choice.

5ppliance Refri$erator 5ir conditioner /ashin$ %achine

5ppliance specification 4?0 >, 1 k/ 4?0 >, 1.4 k/ 14 G

The electricity tariff for do%estic use is $iven in Table 14.4 'lectrical ener$y -ost per unit (RM) Mirst 100 units 0.40 Second 100 units 0.4 5bove 400 units 0.4D -alculate, (i) The total ener$y consu%ed in one day. (ii) The total ener$y consu%ed by the appliance in on %onth (60 days). (iii) The total cost in one %onth (60 days) 1D %arks2

110 %arks2

M3F3@M+F5- 4010

M3F3@M+F5- 4010