You are on page 1of 7

Sekolah

menengah
kebangsaan tun habab
Written assignment format:
THE LATEST OPEN SOURCE AVAILABLE
AND THE LATEST DEVELOPMENT IN ICT

NAME OF CANDIDATE: Muhammad Faiz


Bin
Norazman

1
1.0: INTRODUCTION
Open source software is defined by its attached license which abandons essential
rights granted to the original creator by copyright law. This procedure gives anyone the
opportunity to redistribute and modify any received open source software. Most operating
systems, drivers and utility programs are written by commercial organizations that
distribute executable versions of their software versions that can’t be studied or altered.
Open source requires the distribution of original source materials that can be studied,
altered and built upon, with the results once again freely distributed.

2.0: THE LATEST DEVELOPMENT OPEN SOURCE OPERATING


SYSTEM (OS)
2.1: Meaning of open source OS
The Open Source Definition is a bill of rights for the computer user. Its defines
certain rights that a software license must grant you to be certified as Open Source. Those
who don’t make their programs Open Source are finding it difficult to compete with those
who do, as users gain a new appreciation of rights they always should have had.
Programs like the Linux operating system and Netscape’s web browser have become
extremely popular, displacing other software with more restrictive licenses. Companies
that use Open Source software have the advantage of its very rapid development, often by
several collaborating companies, and much of it contributed by individuals who simply
need an improvement to serve their own needs.

2.2: Example of open source OS


2.2.1: LINUX
Linux commonly pronounced IPA in English. Linux is a Unix-like computer
operating system. Linux is a one of the typically all underlying source code can be freely
modified, used and redistributed by anyone. The name ‘Linux’ comes from Linux kernel,
originally written in 1991 by Linus Torvalds. The system’s utilities and libraries usually
come from the GNU operating system, announced in 1983 by Richard Stallman. The
GNU contribution is the basis for the alternative name GNU/Linux.

2
2.2.2: DARWIN
Darwin is an open source UNIX Computer operating system released by Apple
inc. in 2000. It is composed of code develop by Apple along with code derived from
NEXTSTEP as well as from FreeBSD and other free software projects.

3.0: THE LATEST OPEN SOURCE APPLICATION SOFTWARE


3.1: Meaning of open source application software
Application software is designed to handle specific type of information and
achieve useful results, answer problems and suit a user’s particular needs. Application
software can be mainly classified under few categories. The categories is enterprise
software, Enterprise infrastructure software, Information worker software, Media and
entertainment software, Educational software, Media development software and product
engineering software.

3.2: Example of open source application software


3.2.1: MOZILLA FIREFOX
Mozilla Firefox is a free and open source web browser descended from the
Mozilla Application Suite, managed by the Mozilla Corporation. Firefox had 19.73% of
the recorded usage share of web browsers as of August 2008, making it the second-most
popular browser in current use worldwide, after Internet Explorer.

3.2.2: OPENOFFICE WRITER


Open Office Writer is a word processor component of the OpenOffice.org
software package. Writer is a word processor similar to Microsoft Word and Corel’s
WordPerfect, with some of their features. As with the entire Open Office suite, Writer can
be used across a variety of platform, including Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows, Linux,

3
FreeBSD and Solaris. Released under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
License, Writer is free software.
4.0: THE LATEST DEVELOPMENT IN ICT
4.1: Hardware
4.1.1: Multipurpose Card
The National Multipurpose Card seeks to develop a single and common platform
for a Multipurpose Card (MPC) that will enable government and private application
providers to implement smart card solutions without duplication of effort and investment.
Initially, the MPC is implemented through the GMPC and PMPC projects. As a result,
MyKad and Bankcard are the products developer for the GMPC and PMPC initiatives. It
has been a controversial application, given civil society concern about privacy and the
lack of protection of private data under Malaysian law.
The objectives of the MPC Flagship Application are:
 To provide the government and payment application, and other future
applications on single MPC platform;
 To provide enhance services to customers; and
 To enhance security and convenience of existing and new application
delivered on the MPC platform

MyKad was developed by the National Registration Department (JPN) and private ICT
developers that create a common platform for smart card solutions. The card is embedded
with a security enhance 64K microprocessor chip that is multifunctional across varying
systems. MyKad applications are:
 National ID
 Driving license
 Passport information
 Health information
 Touch ‘n Go
 MEPS cash
 ATM

4
 Public key infrastructure

4.2: Software
Pimero Pro 2007 R6 is a convenient selection calendar and manager task list – the
perfect program for little teams and individuals. Functioning as part of your team, the
software Pimero is a suitable appointment calendar and manager for contact list – the
ideal companion for tiny groups and individuals. If you are on the road regularly, worker
with many computers or bring together many people into a team, software offers you
unique profits in scheduling appointment.
With its automatic, synchronization server less, based on technology peer-to-peer,
you want not give a second through to how you keep your appointments up-to-date. Each
PC which runs automatically Pimero synchronisms with all other PCs in the network.

5.0: PERVASIVE COMPUTING


5.1: Meaning of pervasive computing
Pervasive computing is trend towards increasingly ubiquitous (another name for
the movement is ubiquitous computing), connected computing devices in the
environment, a trend being brought about by a convergence and particularly.
5.2: Example of pervasive computing
5.2.1: BLUETOOTH
Bluetooth is a wireless protocol utilizing short-range communication technology
facilitating data transmission avers distance from fixed and/or mobile devices, creating
wireless personal area network (PANs). The intent behind the development of Bluetooth
was the creation of a single digital wireless protocol capable of connecting multiple
devices and overcoming problems arising from synchronization of these devices.
Bluetooth uses a radio technology called frequency hopping spread spectrum.
5.2.2: WIRELESS
Wireless is a term used to describe telecommunications in which electromagnetic
waves (rather than some from of wire) carry the signal over part or the entire
communication path. Some monitoring devices, such as intrusion alarms, employ

5
acoustic waves at frequencies above the range of human hearing; these are also
sometimes classified as wireless.
6.0: CONCLUSION
Software that is not part of an operating system is application software. It can be
portrayed as computer programs that are used to accomplish specific tasks not related to
the computer itself where they can be installed on your machine using disks or CDs.
Software can be acquired in two ways which the custom software and public software.
Most modern software is written in Visual BASIC, Delphi or database languages.
Software is divided into three categories which are operating system, programming and
application software.
The development in Information, Communication and Technologies (ICT) and
technologies in every developing country has bring the world through the development in
ICT. Like the other developing country, Malaysia gets the opportunity to be one of the
countries that received the latest development of ICT. ICT not only can give the
information to human’s beings but also gives many benefits for us today and also for
future generations.

7.0: REFERENCE

 7.1.1:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki.Open_source_software

 7.1.2:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Word_processor

 7.1.3:http://www.indiana.edu/~ovpit/presentations/ipcres/tsld005.htm

 7.1.4:Reference Book ( Discovering Computers 2009 )

(Published in 2009
Editor: Gary B. Shelly
Misty E.Vermat

6
7