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Biological Diversity of Gujarat

Current Knowledge

Published by

GERI Campus, Race Course Road, Vadodara 390 007, India.

February 1996
Biological Diversity of Gujarat -Current Knowledge

Biological Diversity of Gujarat

Current Knowledge

Published by

GERI Campus, Race Course Road, Vadodara 390 007, India.

February 1996
Biological Diversity of Gujarat -Current Knowledge

CONTENTS

Biological Diversity: Issues and Options 8

Protection of Biodiversity: Policy Issues


for Preservation and Conservation of Species 12

Biogeography of Gujarat 16

Flora of Gujarat: State of the Art 23

Fauna of Gujarat: State of the Art 50

Important Biodiversity Areas of Gujarat 70

Recommendations of Gujarat Ecology Commission 72

Selected References 74

Appendices
Appendix - 1 CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY 78
Appendix - 2 CHECKLIST OF MARINE ALGAE OF GUJARAT COAST 94
Appendix - 3 FUNGI REPORTED FROM DANGS DISTRICT 103
Appendix - 4 CHECKLIST OF BRYOPHYTES REPORTED FROM GUJARAT 105
Appendix - 5 CHECKLIST OF PTERIDOPHYTES REPORTED FROM GUJARAT 106
Appendix - 6 CHECKLIST OF GYMNOSPERMS REPORTED FROM GUJARAT 108
Appendix - 7 LIST OF ANGIOSPERMS REPORTED FROM GUJARAT 109
Appendix - 8 LIST OF COMMON HORTICULTURAL PLANTS OF GUJARAT 166
Appendix - 9 PLANTS OF ECONOMIC AND ETHNOBOTANICAL IMPORTANCE 172
Appendix - 10 MEDICINAL PLANTS OF GUJARAT 193
Appendix - 11 PHYLUM PORIFERA (SPONGES) 228
Appendix - 12 PHYLUM CNIDARIA (COELENTERATES) 230
Appendix - 13 LOPHOPHORATES 232
Appendix - 14 PHYLUM MOLLUSCA 233
Appendix - 15 PHYLUM SIPUNCULA (PEA-NUT WORMS) 238
Appendix - 16 PHYLUM ANNELIDA 239
Appendix - 17 PHYLUM ARTHROPODA 241
Appendix - 18 PHYLUM ECHINODERMATA 261
Appendix - 19 PISCES (FISHES) 262
Appendix - 20 AMPHIBIA 268
Appendix - 21 REPTILIA 269
Appendix - 22 AVES (BIRDS) 272
Appendix - 23 MAMMALIA (MAMMALS) 285
Appendix - 24 DOMESTIC ANIMALS 287
Appendix - 25 RARE AND THREATENED ANIMALS OF GUJARAT 288

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Biological Diversity of Gujarat -Current Knowledge

LIST OF TABLES

Table-1 Protected Areas of Gujarat 14


Table-2 Legal Coverage of Various Aspects of Biodiversity in India 15
Table-3 Agro-climatic Zones of Gujarat 21
Table-4 District-wise Distribution of Forest Areas in Gujarat 28
Table-5 List of Doctoral Theses on Floristics and Ethnobotany (in chronological order) 30
Table-6 Proportional Relationship of Dicotyledons and Monocotyledons 33
Table-7 Area of Mangroves Based on Satellite Data (in sq. km.) 34
Table-8 Tribal Communities and their Population in Gujarat State 39
Table-9 Phytowealth of Gujarat 49
Table-10 Population Growth of Major Wildlife Species in Gir 60
National Park during 1985 to 1995.
Table-11 Livestock Population of Gujarat (1982 and 1992 Census Data) 62
Table-12 District-wise Livestock Population in Gujarat (1992, provisional) 63
Table-13 Population Growth Rate of Cattle, Buffaloes, Sheep and Goats over a 64
Period of Ten Years (1982-1992)
Table-14 Number of Recorded Biota 65

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Biological Diversity of Gujarat -Current Knowledge

STUDY TEAM

Coordinators: Prof. Bonny Pilo


Head, Department of Zoology and
Vice-Dean, Faculty of Science,
M. S. University of Baroda

Mr. Bharat J. Pathak, IFS


Director (Ecology),
Gujarat Ecology Commission

Research Personnel: Dr. B. Anoop Kumar


Department of Zoology,
M. S. University of Baroda

Dr. V. K. Murukesan
Department of Botany,
M. S. University of Baroda

Mr. K. R. Vinod
Department of Zoology,
M. S. University of Baroda

Ms Sunita Kumari
Manager (Forest Ecology),
Gujarat Ecology Commission

Gujarat Ecology Commission


GERI Campus, Race Course Road,
Vadodara - 390 007.
Telephone : 0265-336713, 339115
Fax : 0265-340036

February, 1996

Printed at: The M. S. University of Baroda Press, Baroda - 390 001

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