You are on page 1of 30

Red Hat Linux

Red Hat Linux, assembled by the company Red Hat, was a popular Linux based operating system until its discontinuation in 2004.

red-hat-enterprise-linux-5
Image by tuexperto_com via Flickr

Red Hat Linux 1.0 was released on November 3, 1994. It was originally called "Red Hat Commercial Linux" It was the first Linux distribution to use the RPM Package Manager as its packaging format, and over time has served as the starting point for several other distributions, such as Mandriva Linux and Yellow Dog Linux. Since 2003, Red Hat has discontinued the Red Hat Linux line in favor of Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) for enterprise environments. Fedora, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat, is the free version best suited for the home environment. Red Hat Linux 9, the final release, hit its official end-of-life on 2004-04-30, although updates were published for it through 2006 by the Fedora Legacy project until that shut down in early 2007. Versions Release dates drawn from announcements on comp.os.linux.announce. Version names are chosen as to be cognitively related to the prior release, yet not related in the same way as the release before that. • 1.0 (Mother's Day), November 3, 1994 (Linux 1.2.8) • 1.1 (Mother's Day+0.1), August 1, 1995 (Linux 1.2.11) • 2.0, September 20, 1995 (Linux 1.2.13-2) • 2.1, November 23, 1995 (Linux 1.2.13) • 3.0.3 (Picasso), May 1, 1996 - first release supporting DEC Alpha • 4.0 (Colgate), October 3, 1996 (Linux 2.0.18) - first release supporting SPARC • 4.1 (Vanderbilt), February 3, 1997 (Linux 2.0.27) • 4.2 (Biltmore), May 19, 1997 (Linux 2.0.30-2) • 5.0 (Hurricane), December 1, 1997 (Linux 2.0.32-2) • 5.1 (Manhattan), May 22, 1998 (Linux 2.0.34-0.6) • 5.2 (Apollo), November 2, 1998 (Linux 2.0.36-0.7) • 6.0 (Hedwig), April 26, 1999 (Linux 2.2.5-15) • 6.1 (Cartman), October 4, 1999 (Linux 2.2.12-20) • 6.2 (Zoot), April 3, 2000 (Linux 2.2.14-5.0) • 7 (Guinness), September 25, 2000 (this release is labeled "7" not "7.0") (Linux 2.2.16-22) • 7.1 (Seawolf), April 16, 2001 (Linux 2.4.2-2) • 7.2 (Enigma), October 22, 2001 (Linux 2.4.7-10, Linux 2.4.9-21smp) • 7.3 (Valhalla), May 6, 2002 (Linux 2.4.18-3) • 8.0 (Psyche), September 30, 2002 (Linux 2.4.18-14) • 9 (Shrike), March 31, 2003 (Linux 2.4.20-8) (this release is labeled "9" not "9.0") The Fedora and Red Hat Projects were merged on September 22, 2003.

Related articles by Zemanta • OpenSUSE community konfesses love for KDE, makes it default (arstechnica.com) • Red Hat CEO: Were like Facebook (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • This week at LWN: CentOS turbulence and enterprise Linux tradeoffs (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com)

• SUSE 11 takes off faster than 10 (theregister.co.uk) • Red Hat jacks takeover price with 11% revenue leap (theregister.co.uk) • HP servers still half-cold to Ubuntu (channelregister.co.uk)

389 Directory Server- Red Hat
The 389 Directory Server (previously Fedora Directory Server) is an LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) server developed by Red Hat, as part of Red Hat's community-supported Fedora Project. 389 Directory Server is identical to the Red Hat Directory Server, just rebranded. The name 389 is derived from the port number for LDAP. While 389 Directory Server is freely distributable under the terms of the GPL, Red Hat is also offering a commercial version, Red Hat Directory Server, on a subscription basis. A paid subscription will include added features like certified stable builds, customer service, and technical support.

Debian OpenLogo

Image via Wikipedia

389 Directory Server is being built on top of Fedora, but supports many operating systems including Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 and later, Debian, Solaris 8 and later, and HP-UX 11i. More at - http://port389.org/

Related articles by Zemanta • Fedora Directory Server changes its name (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • Red Hat CEO: Choose flexibility or Larry Ellison (infoworld.com) • This week at LWN: CentOS turbulence and enterprise Linux tradeoffs (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com)

Aurora SPARC Linux
Aurora SPARC Linux is an operating system, based on Fedora Core, for SPARC-based computers. Aurora was originally created after Red Hat dropped support for the SPARC architecture after Red Hat Linux 6.2. The name derives from the internal Sun codename for the SPARCStation 5 chassis. Since Aurora is derived from Fedora, and most of its developers are located in the US, it only maintains packages legally distributable in the United States.

Sun UltraSPARC II Microprocessor

Image via Wikipedia

Feature • Aurora contains special utilities that are specific to the SPARC hardware line, such as audioctl, lssbus, silo. • While SPARC has supported 64-bit processing since the ULTRA series, the SPARC distribution uses a 32-bit kernel.

Related articles by Zemanta • Red Hat goes one louder with Fedora 11 (theregister.co.uk) • Distributions: From Fedora 12 to openSUSE (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • Distro Review: Fedora 11 (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • Skype 2.1 Beta For Linux Gets Video & SMS Support (techie-buzz.com) • Linux Kenel 2.6.31 RC Released (techie-buzz.com) BLAG Linux BLAG Linux and GNU is a Linux distribution made by the Brixton Linux Action Group.

Fedora Linux, wallpaper by INALGNU
Image by inalgnu via Flickr

BLAG is a single-CD distro with applications desktop users "expect" from a desktop including multimedia, graphics, desktop internet applications and more. BLAG also includes a collection of server packages. BLAG is based on Fedora plus updates, adds apps from Dag, Dries, Freshrpms, NewRPMS, and includes custom packages. The first public release of BLAG was 22 October 2002. The latest stable release, BLAG90001, is based on Fedora 9, and was released 21 July 2008. Related articles by Zemanta • Avant Window Navigator : Must Have Linux Software (techie-buzz.com) • Security in the Cloud (feld.com) • Save time on downloads with delta RPMs in Fedora 11 (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) Berry Linux Berry Linux is a Live CD Linux distribution that has English and Japanese support. Berry Linux is based on and is compatible with aLiveCD Fedora 11 packages. The distribution is primarily focused on use as a Live CD, but it can also be installed to a live USB drive. Berry Linux can be used to try out and showcase Linux, for educational purposes, or as a rescue system, without the need to make changes Image by trekkyandy via Flickr to a hard disk. The current version is 0.97 2009.5.14 (May 14, 2009). Related articles by Zemanta • GParted : Must have Linux Software (techie-buzz.com) • uSBuntu Live Creator makes portable Ubuntu installs a breeze (downloadsquad.com) • Linux Mint: Your Best Choice for a Desktop Linux OS (makeuseof.com) • Living to Hack and Getting it Done (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com)

C2Net- Internet Cryptography Company C2Net was an Internet cryptography company founded by Sameer Parekh, which was sold to Red Hat in 2000. It was best known for its Stronghold secure webserver software. C2Net started out as Community ConneXion, an Internet Privacy Provider (sort of like an Internet Service Provider) providing customers with anonymous Internet services, from dialup access to email accounts. Community ConneXion implemented the first double-blind anonymous mail forwarding service (aka nym server), as well as was the company that commercialized the Anonymizer before selling it to Lance Cottrell's Anonymizer, Inc..

Quantum cryptography

Image via Wikipedia

After seeing a demand for an Apache-based SSL-capable web server, Sameer Parekh developed the first version of Stronghold by plugging together Apache with SSLeay, Apache-SSL, and a commerciallylicensed RSAref. The product was wildly successful but the company was unwilling to compromise security to get an export license for its products. Thus C2Net purchased UKWeb, an Apacheconsultancy in Leeds, which independently reengineered the Stronghold product (without RSAref) for the international market. This made C2Net the first American company to be capable of providing strong encryption solutions to a worldwide market. Eventually C2Net hired the SSLeay developers Eric Young and Tim Hudson in Brisbane, Australia to develop more encryption products. C2Net's relationship with RSA Data Security, Inc. was rocky because C2Net was using the leaked version of their trade-secret encryption algorithim RC4, rather than a version licensed from them directly. It was in fact this leaked version of RC4 that made it possible to develop a full-strength version of Stronghold outside the United States. Eventually C2Net and RSA Data Security, Inc. resolved their differences, and C2Net purchased a patent license for RSA and a license to use the trade-secret RC4 within the United States. During merger negotiations between RSA and C2Net, RSA hired C2Net's Australian team and set up their own overseas development effort in Australia in order to produce the BSAFE-SSL product for worldwide sales. Other companies began to emulate this development strategy and the United States government finally realized that the export controls were no longer effective and effectively eliminated them. After losing the Australian office, C2Net focused primarily on selling and supporting Stronghold and hired a new CEO, Bill Rowzee. He brought the company back to profitability, and as the RSA patent was due to expire in 2000, they shifted the company's strategy to focus primarily on support. Finally, they sold the company to Red Hat in 2000.

Related articles by Zemanta • Quantum Key Distribution soon to be available to the average Joe (crunchgear.com) • Can you solve the Coding Machine's encrypted haiku? (crunchgear.com) • Cracking Kryptos (neatorama.com) • Self-Destructing Encryption to Protect Data (everyjoe.com) • IronKey boasts 'world's most physically and cryptographically secure' thumb drive (engadget.com)

CentOS: Community ENTerprise Operating System. CentOS is a community-supported, free and open source operating system based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux. It exists to provide a free enterprise class computing platform and strives to maintain 100% binary compatibility with its upstream distribution. CentOS stands for Community ENTerprise Operating System.

CentOS

Structure Image via Wikipedia Red Hat Enterprise Linux is available only through a paid subscription service that provides access to software updates and varying levels of technical support. The product is largely composed of software packages distributed under open source licenses, and the source code for those packages is made public by Red Hat. CentOS developers use Red Hat's source code to create a final product very similar to Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Red Hat's branding and logos are changed because Red Hat does not allow them to be redistributed. CentOS is available free of charge. Technical support is primarily provided by the community via official mailing lists, web forums, and chat rooms. The project is not affiliated with Red Hat and thus receives no financial or logistical support from the company; instead, the CentOS Project relies on donations from users and organizational sponsors. Architectures CentOS supports the x86 architectures: • x86 (32-bit) • x86-64 (AMD's AMD64 and Intel's EM64T, 64-bit) The following architectures were supported by CentOS up to version 4: • IA-64 (Intel Itanium architecture, 64-bit) (beta support since CentOS 3) • PowerPC/32 (Apple Macintosh and PowerMac running the G3 or G4 PowerPC processor) (beta support since CentOS 3) • IBM Mainframe (eServer zSeries and S/390) (not CentOS 5) The following two architectures were supported or partially supported in CentOS but are not supported upstream: • Alpha (CentOS 4 only) • SPARC (beta support since CentOS 3) Related articles by Zemanta • Drama shakes up CentOS community (downloadsquad.com) • Paravirtualization With Xen On CentOS 5.3 (x86_64) (howtoforge.com) • FUSE Challenge (flickerdown.com) • Red Hat expands its Linux System Management Platform (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • This week at LWN: CentOS turbulence and enterprise Linux tradeoffs (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • CentOS Project Administrator Goes AWOL (linux.slashdot.org)

Commercial products based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux

• Asianux a. Asianux 1.0 is based on Red Hat b.
Enterprise Linux 3. Asianux 2.0 is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.

Red Hat 7 Linux Antique OS
Image by cebuparadiseisland_com via Flickr

• Avaya a. Avaya's Communication Manager VoIP-PBX software is based on Red Hat
Enterprise Linux 4. • Check Point SecurePlatform ◦ Check Point SecurePlatform NG is based on Red Hat Linux 7.2 ◦ Check Point SecurePlatform NGX is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.0 ◦ Check Point SecurePlatform 2.6 has kernel based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.0 and user space based on RHEL 3 ◦ Check Point SecurePlatform R70 is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.0 • Cisco ◦ Content Switching Module ◦ Global Site Selector • Crossbeam Systems ◦ COS - operating system for C-series of appliances ◦ XOS - operating system for X-series of appliances • Egenera cBlade - Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1 ◦ Egenera BladeFrame OS 3.2 runs kernel 2.4.9−e.39 ◦ Egenera BladeFrame OS 4.0 runs kernel 2.4.9−e.43 • F5 Networks BIG-IP runs Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 with kernel 2.4. • Oracle Enterprise Linux • Thales Computers is embedding Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 and 5 with its boards products, small and HPC turn-key computers • VMware ESX Server is VMware's enterprise-class virtualization platform. It contains two parts: the VMkernel, a proprietary hypervisor, and a Service Console, which supports various management interfaces. The Service Console is also known as the Console Operating System (COS). The Service Console is based on following Red Hat products: ◦ ESX Server 2.x Service Console is based on Red Hat Linux 7.2 ◦ ESX Server 3.0 Service Console is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.0 Update 6. ◦ ESX Server 3.5 Service Console is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.0 Update 8. Related articles by Zemanta • Red Hat pumps out commercial KVM (theregister.co.uk) • Red Hat Unveils DeltaCloud Interoperability Broker (elasticvapor.com) • Citrix: Novell's only option for virtualization marriage (theregister.co.uk) • Canonical certs Ubuntu on ProLiants (channelregister.co.uk) • Obama's must-have health-care demands (swamppolitics.com)

Cygnus Solutions Cygnus Solutions, originally Cygnus Support, was founded in 1989 by John Gilmore, Michael Tiemann and David Henkel-Wallace to provide commercial support for free software. Its tagline was: Making free software affordable.

Michael Tiemann interviewed in Revolution OS

For years, employees of Cygnus Solutions Image via Wikipedia were the maintainers of several key GNU software products, including the GNU Debugger and GNU Binutils (which included the GNU Assembler and Linker). It was also a major contributor to the GCC project and drove the change in the project's management from having a single gatekeeper to having an independent committee. Cygnus developed BFD, and used it to help port GNU to many architectures, in a number of cases working under non-disclosure to produce tools used for initial bringup of software for a new chip design. Cygnus was also the original developer of Cygwin, a POSIX layer and the GNU toolkit port to the Microsoft Windows operating system family, and of eCos, an embedded real-time operating system. On November 15, 1999, Cygnus Solutions announced its merger with Red Hat, and ceased to exist as a separate company in early 2000. As of 2007, a number of Cygnus employees continue to work for Red Hat, including Tiemann, who serves as Red Hat's Vice President of Open Source Affairs, and formerly served as CTO. Related articles by Zemanta • Red Hat builds one API for many clouds (news.cnet.com) • Open source's double standard on government bias (news.cnet.com) • Red Hat stretches Linux system management tentacle (theregister.co.uk) • Oracle should relax Sun's Java Community control grip (theregister.co.uk) Dogtail: Python Based GUI Testing Tool Dogtail is an open source GUI testing tool and automation framework written in Python. It uses accessibility technologies to communicate with desktop applications. Dogtail scripts are written in Python. It makes use of the accessibility-related metadata to create an in-memory model of the application's GUI elements. Related articles by Zemanta • Tools for prototyping (the-gay-bar.com) • An Introduction to Abbot (java.sys-con.com) • IronPython on MSDN TV (blogs.msdn.com)

CPython
Image via Wikipedia

Fedora Legacy Project The Fedora Legacy project was a community-supported open source Image representing project to provide security and critical bug fix errata package updates for Fedora as depicted versions of Red Hat Linux and Fedora Core no longer officially supported in Crunc... Image via CrunchBase by Red Hat. When it shut down, it was providing updates for Red Hat Linux 7.3 and 9, and Fedora Core 3 and 4. Support for Fedora Core 1 and 2 were discontinued when Fedora Core 6 Test 2 was released. Fedora Legacy announced that they would stop providing updates for Red Hat 7.3 and 9 by the end of 2006, and only focus on Fedora Core 3 and 4. Then, on December 31, 2006, the Fedora Legacy project was shut down. Related articles by Zemanta • Red Hat stretches Linux system management tentacle (theregister.co.uk) • Updated Development Builds of Fedora & openSUSE Released (techie-buzz.com) • OpenSUSE community konfesses love for KDE, makes it default (arstechnica.com) • Security in the Cloud (feld.com) • Red Hat goes one louder with Fedora 11 (theregister.co.uk) Fedora Project The Fedora Project is a project sponsored by Red Hat to coordinate the development of the Fedora operating system. Founded on September 2003 as a result of a merger between the Red Hat Linux (RHL) and old Fedora Linux projects. The project consists of Red Hat employees, but in theory operates independently.

Linux distribution

Image via Wikipedia When Red Hat Linux split Red Hat Linux to Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) and the Fedora project, it left the existing small business and home users with some uncertainty about what to do. Red Hat Professional Workstation was created at this same time with the intention of filling the niche that RHL had once filled but it was created without a certain future. This option quickly fell to the wayside for non-enterprise RHL users in favor of the Fedora Project. Recently the Fedora community has been thriving, and the Fedora distribution has a reputation as being a fullyopen distribution that focuses on innovation and close work with upstream Linux communities. Subprojects & Special interest groups The Fedora Project consists of a number of smaller subprojects. As of December 2008, these subprojects include: • Fedora Engineering Steering Committee provides the day to day technical operations of the Fedora Project. • Fedora Documentation provides manuals, tutorials and reference materials to accompany Fedora Project releases. • Fedora Translation works to translate software, documentation and websites associated with the Fedora Project. • Fedora Marketing strives to increase the size of the Fedora Project user and developer communities. • Fedora Ambassadors represent the Fedora Project at various events.

• Fedora Artwork is responsible for creating a pleasing and consistent visual experience in
Fedora distributions. • Fedora Infrastructure maintains those computer services upon with the Fedora Project depends including mailing lists, the website and wiki, CVS repositories and the Extras build system. • Fedora Distribution manages distributing Fedora on physical media. • Fedora Websites aims to develop and maintain the Fedora Project formal websites and to coordinate with community websites. • Fedora Internationalization focuses on making Fedora work well for many international languages. • Fedora News is where news for the Fedora Project are collected, discussed, and disseminated. In addition to the well-established projects, a number of special interest groups (SIGs) exist with the Fedora Project. The groups have not yet met the criteria necessary for "project" status. As of February 2007, the list of Fedora SIGs included: • Fedora Usability aims to increase the intuitiveness and accessibility of the Fedora Package. • Fedora Education targets the education sector including teachers and students. • Fedora Printing wishes to improve the printing experience on Fedora. • Fedora Rendering is exploring ways to create a more pleasant user experience using technologies such as OpenGL and Cairo. • Fedora Bug Triage aims to manage workflow around bug reports. • Stateless Linux is an "OS-wide initiative to ensure that Fedora computers can be set up as replaceable appliances, with no important local state". • Fedora Engineering has a number of SIGs aimed at packaging various type of applications including games, VoIP, Scientific and Technical tools, Music and Media Production software and applications written in languages such as mono, Perl, PHP, and Python. • Fedora Astronomy aims to increase support for astronomers and astrophysicists in Fedora. Related articles by Zemanta • KVM is the feather in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.4 (arstechnica.com) • Fedora makes running nightly builds of dev branch easy (downloadsquad.com) • Linux Action Show Season 10, Episode 7 - Cleaning up the mess (the-gay-bar.com) • Fedora, Mandriva delivering Linux goods (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • Save time on downloads with delta RPMs in Fedora 11 (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com)

Global File System (GFS)- Shared disk file system In computing, the Global File System (GFS) is a shared disk file system for Linux computer clusters. GFS and GFS2 differ from distributed file systems (such as AFS, Coda, or InterMezzo) because it allows all nodes to have direct concurrent access to the same shared block storage. In addition, GFS and GFS2 can also be used as a local filesystem. GFS has no disconnected operating-mode, and no client or server roles. All nodes in a Image via Wikipedia GFS cluster function as peers. Using GFS in a cluster requires hardware to allow access to the shared storage, and a lock manager to control access to the storage. The lock manager is a separate module and thus GFS and GFS2 can use the Distributed Lock Manager (DLM) for cluster configurations and the "nolock" lock manager for local filesystems. Older versions of GFS also support GULM, a server based lock manager which implements redundancy via failover. GFS and GFS2 are free software, distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License. Related articles by Zemanta • HowTo setup a Quorum Disk under Red Hat Linux (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • The Chic-ness of Complaining About Apple (lockergnome.com) • Skype has been compromised, according to programmer (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • The Ubuntu Server: Slowly Gaining Acceptance (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) JBoss Application Server (or JBoss AS) JBoss Application Server (or JBoss AS) is a free software/open-source Java EE-based application server. Because it is Java-based, the JBoss application server operates cross-platform: usable on any operating system that Java supports. JBoss AS was developed by JBoss, now a division of Red Hat. Versions JBoss AS 4.0, a Java EE 1.4 application server, features an embedded Apache Tomcat 5.5 servlet container. It supports any Java Virtual Machine between versions 1.4 and 1.5 . JBoss can run on numerous operating systems including many POSIX platforms (like Linux, FreeBSD and Mac OS X), Microsoft Windows and others, as long as a suitable JVM is present.

Servers designed for Linux

Duke, the Java Mascot, in the waving pose. Duk...

Image via Wikipedia

JBoss AS 4.2 also functions as a Java EE 1.4 application server, but deploys Enterprise JavaBeans 3.0 by default. It requires the Java Development Kit version 5. Tomcat 6 comes

bundled with it. JBoss AS 5.1, the current version as of 2009, operates as a Java EE 5 application server. It is a minor update of the major release Jboss AS 5.0, which had been in development for 3+ years and is built on top of a new JBoss microcontainer. Jboss AS 5.1 contains a preview of some elements from the not yet released Java EE 6 specification. Product features • Clustering • Failover (including sessions) • Load balancing • Distributed caching (using JBoss Cache, a standalone product) • Distributed deployment (farming) • Deployment API • Management API • Aspect-Oriented Programming (AOP) support • JSP/Servlet 2.1/2.5 (Tomcat) • JavaServer Faces 1.2 (Mojarra) • Enterprise Java Beans versions 3 and 2.1 • JNDI (Java Naming and Directory Interface) • Hibernate-integration (for persistence programming; JPA) • JDBC • JTA (Java Transaction API) • Support for Java EE-Web Services like JAX-WS • SAAJ (SOAP with Attachments API for Java) • JMS (Java Message Service) integration • JavaMail • RMI-IIOP (JacORB, alias Java and CORBA) • JAAS (Java Authentication and Authorization Service) • JCA (Java Connector Architecture)-integration • JACC (Java Authorization Contract for Containers)-integration • Java Management Extensions Related articles by Zemanta • Issues with JBCP and Sybase (fonicmonkey.net) • Google Docs Batch Upload Eases Online Document Transfers [Downloads] (lifehacker.com) • OpenXava 3.1.4 Released (java.sys-con.com) • Installing and Setting up BlazeDS in JBoss AS 5 (nofluffjuststuff.com) • JBoss seeks more flexible Java development (infoworld.com) • JBoss Portal Portlet for FlexSpaces/Alfresco (integratedsemantics.org) • Installing and Setting up BlazeDS in JBoss AS 5 (java.sys-con.com)

JBoss Company JBoss Company is a division of Red Hat. It specializes in open-source middleware software. The company profits from a service-based business model. JBoss pioneered the Professional Open Source business model where the core developers of projects make a living and offer their services. The project, as an Open Source project, is developed and supported by a network of programmers. History Marc Fleury started the JBoss project in 1999 in order to advance his middleware research interests. JBoss Group, LLC was incorporated Image via Wikipedia in 2001 in Atlanta, Georgia. JBoss became a corporation under the name JBoss, Inc. in 2004. It was a C corporation headquartered in Atlanta, GA which owned the copyright and trademarks associated with JBoss. In early 2006, Oracle Corporation, a major distributor of database software, had been looking to buy JBoss Inc. for an estimated $400 million. The acquisition would have enabled Oracle to compete with rivals BEA Systems and IBM in the middleware market (Oracle eventually acquired BEA in April of 2008). On April 10, 2006, however, Red Hat announced that they were buying JBoss for $420 million. Red Hat and JBoss have since completed the acquisition. Products JBoss Inc. provides a set of Java EE projects, including JBoss AS, Hibernate, Tomcat, JBoss ESB, jBPM, JBoss Rules (formerly Drools), JBoss Cache, JGroups, JBoss Portal, JBoss Seam, JBoss RichFaces, JBoss Transactions, and JBoss Messaging - all marketed under the JBoss Enterprise Middleware Suite (JEMS) brand. Its product list, known as the JBoss Enterprise Middleware Suite (JEMS) includes: • JBoss application server - the JBoss application server • JBoss Messaging - a message queuing system • JBoss Web Server - a web server based on Apache Tomcat, supports Java (JSP, servlet), .Net (ASP.NET), CGI, and php dynamic content technology. • JBoss Plugin for Eclipse IDE • JBoss Portal • JBoss Developer Studio A non-free bundle of JBoss plugins and Eclipse • JBoss Tools Free and open source JBoss plugins for Eclipse Related articles by Zemanta • JBoss Portal Portlet for FlexSpaces/Alfresco (integratedsemantics.org) • Installing and Setting up BlazeDS in JBoss AS 5 (java.sys-con.com)

JBossScrShoot

• • • •

Running LiveCycle on JBoss as a 64-bit Windows Service (blogs.adobe.com) JBoss seeks more flexible Java development (infoworld.com) Installing and Setting up BlazeDS in JBoss AS 5 (nofluffjuststuff.com) JBoss portal technology to become more user-friendly (infoworld.com)

Jim Whitehurst Jim Whitehurst is the Chief Executive Officer at Red Hat. Prior to that, he was a Chief Operating Officer of Delta Air Lines. Whitehurst was tapped by former Delta CEO Gerald Grinstein to lead the airline out of bankruptcy. Before his appointment as COO of Delta, Whitehurst served as Senior Vice President and Chief Network and Planning Officer for the company. Prior to joining Delta in 2002, he served as Vice President and Director of The Boston Consulting Group and held various management roles at its Chicago, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Atlanta offices.

Delta Air Lines Lockheed Tristar on final into...

Image by Jose P Isern Comas via Flickr

A native of Columbus, Georgia, Whitehurst graduated from Rice University in Houston, Texas, with a bachelor's degree in Computer Science and Economics. He also attended Erlangen Nuremberg University in Erlangen, Germany, holds a general course degree from the London School of Economics and an MBA from Harvard Business School. Whitehurst is married and has two children. Related articles by Zemanta • Delta Air Lines Expands BusinessElite Service from New York (planegrazy.com) • Turbulence ahead for airlines (money.cnn.com) • Why I Love Atlanta (centernetworks.com) • Red Hat takes on the recession (money.cnn.com) LinuxTLE- Ubuntu Based Thai Linux Distribution LinuxTLE (pronounced Linux talay) is a Thai Linux distribution based on Ubuntu and developed by the Thailand National Electronics and Computer Technology Center (NECTEC). TLE stands for Thai Language Extension, as it was originally a Thai extension for Red Hat Linux. The pronunciation "talay" is a homophone of the Thai word ทะเล (the sea). Image via Wikipedia LinuxTLE 9.0 is based on Ubuntu 7.10. This is version of LinuxTLE

Screenshot of kubuntu 8.

1. MaTEL 6.0 based on Mandrake Linux 6.0 launch June 1999 2. MaTEL 6.1 based on Mandrake Linux 6.0 launch September 1999 3. LinuxTLE 3.0 (First use LinuxTLE name) Code name:ตะรุเตา (Tarutao) based on Red Hat
Linux 6.2 launch 14 July 2000 4. LinuxTLE 4.0 Code name: (Similan) based on Redmond Linux launch 13 October 2001 5. LinuxTLE 4.1a Code name: (PhiPhi) based on Red Hat Linux 7.2 launch 14 March 2002 6. LinuxTLE 4.1r2 Code name: (PhiPhi) based on Red Hat Linux 7.3 launch March 2003 7. LinuxTLE 5.0 Code name: (Andaman) based on Red Hat Linux 8 launch March 2003 8. LinuxTLE 5.5 Code name: (Samila based on Fedora CORE 1 launch January 2004 9. LinuxTLE 7.0 Code name: (Waghor) based on LinuxTLE 5.5 launch December 2004 10. LinuxTLE 8.0 Code name: (Patong) based on Ubuntu 6.10 launch 27 February 2007 11. LinuxTLE 9.0 Code name: (Hua-Hin) based on Ubuntu 7.10 launch 8 February 2008 (New version) Related articles by Zemanta • Avant Window Navigator : Must Have Linux Software (techie-buzz.com) • Fedora, Mandriva delivering Linux goods (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • Linux - I Already Knew About This 'Dirty Little Secret' (lockergnome.com) • How To get involved in Ubuntu Development (techie-buzz.com) List of Red Hat Enterprise Linux Derivatives (Ordered by popularity on DistroWatch) CAos Linux • CentOS • Scientific Linux • StartCom Enterprise Linux • GENtOS Linux (Not listed at DistroWatch) Others: • Fermi Linux, a.k.a. Fermi Scientific Linux, derived from Scientific Linux Image via Wikipedia • CAOS Linux (multiple lineage) The following requests registration, with personal information and Agreements, but does not require payment to download or update. Payment is required for Support. • Oracle Enterprise Linux The following derivatives have ceased production: • Pie Box Enterprise Linux, no more operative as of 2009-08-01 • Lineox (free downloads still available) • TaoLinux - 4.0 i386 Final Release Available on 2005-04-20; 3.0 Update 4 available on 2005-01-10, Ceased production on 2006-06-14. The web site includes instructions for updating to CentOS for continued updates • X/OS Linux - Ceased production in 2008. The web site includes instructions for updating to CentOS for continued updates. • White Box Enterprise Linux No formal announcement but no longer actively developed The following appliance-oriented derivatives are also based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux • Cisco Unified Communications Manager Related articles by Zemanta • Mass Speculation Suggests Oracle May Kill OpenSolaris (developers.slashdot.org) • Drama shakes up CentOS community (downloadsquad.com)

• Red Hat Enterprise clone poised to die (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • CentOS Linux developers threaten mutiny (news.cnet.com)
Major Acquisitions by Red Hat Red Hat is an American computer software company based in Raleigh, North Carolina. The company was founded in 1995, when ACC Image Corporation—a company founded by Bob Young in 1993—and Red Hat representing Image via CrunchBase Linux—an operating system created by Marc Ewing—merged to form Red Red Hat as Hat Software, and Young was appointed chief executive officer. Red Hat depicted in Crun... had its initial public offering on August 11, 1999; it was the eighth-biggest first-day gain in Wall Street history. The company has acquired sixteen companies and made four divestments. Red Hat has not released the financial details for most of these mergers and acquisitions. Red Hat's first major acquisition was Delix Computer GmbH-Linux Div, the Linux operating system division of Delix Computer, a German computer company, on July 30, 1999. Red Hat acquired Cygnus Solutions, a company that provided commercial support for free software, on January 11, 2000. Michael Tiemann, co-founder of Cygnus, served as the chief technical officer of Red Hat after the acquisition. On June 5, 2006, Red Hat acquired open source middleware provider JBoss for $420 million and integrated it as its own division of Red Hat. On December 14, 1998, Red Hat made its first divestment, in which parts of the company are sold to another company, when Intel acquired an undisclosed minority stake. The next year, on March 9, 1999, Compaq, IBM, and Novell each acquired undisclosed minority stakes in Red Hat. The company's largest acquisition was Cygnus Solutions in January 2000 for $674 million. Red Hat made the most acquisitions in 2000 with five: Cygnus Solutions, Bluecurve, Wirespeed Communications, Hell's Kitchen Systems, and C2Net. Contents Related articles by Zemanta • Red Hat CEO: Choose flexibility or Larry Ellison (infoworld.com) • Red Hat CEO: Were like Facebook (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • Red Hat expands its Linux System Management Platform (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • Red Hat stretches Linux system management tentacle (theregister.co.uk) Marc Ewing Marc Ewing is the creator and originator of the Red Hat brand of software, most notably the Red Hat range of Linux operating system distributions. He was involved in the 86open project in the mid-90s. Ewing graduated from Carnegie Mellon University in 1992. While at CMU, he was known to wear a red hat as he walked between classes. Ewing and co-founder Bob Young named their initial software after the hat, and the name Red Hat stuck.

Red Hat Kickstart install

Image by worldofnic via Flickr

Related articles by Zemanta • Novell vs Red Hat: 9 Days to Watch (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • Red Hat CEO: Were like Facebook (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • Microsoft + Best Buy = Anti-Linux Campaign - True or False? (lockergnome.com) • Linux backers rally against microsoft patents (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) Matthew J. Szulik - Chairman of Red Hat Matthew J. Szulik - chairman of Red Hat, leader of some other technology companies, such as Interleaf and MapInfo for more than 20 years. Szulik had also held the titles of chief executive officer and president of Red Hat, but resigned from these positions on 2007-12-20.

Image representing Image viaas Red Hat CrunchBase depicted in Crun... Szulik is passionate about improving the educational opportunities for students worldwide through
open source, and he is a spokesperson to industry, government, and education leaders on open source computing. Szulik is the Chairman of the Science and Technology Board for State of North Carolina's Economic Development Board. He is past Chairman and an Executive Director of the North Carolina Electronics and Information Technologies Association. Szulik was recently recognized by CIO Magazine with its 20/20 Vision Award. Szulik is a graduate of Saint Anselm College in New Hampshire. Related articles by Zemanta • Cool technology of the week: Digital dashboards of community health data (medcitynews.com) • A Year for Outsiders? (politicalwire.com) • The antiquities-on-eBay debate (blogs.reuters.com) • Summer on the brain (hermenaut.org) • Britney Spears: You Oughta' Know (VIDEO) (blippitt.com) • 100% chance of rain (hermenaut.org) MetaMatrix MetaMatrix is an U.S.-based technology company that created the first true Enterprise Information Integration (EII) software product to deliver data services for service-oriented architectures. Founded in 1998 as Quadrian and later renamed, MetaMatrix has development offices in St. Louis and Boston, and business offices in NY, Baltimore, Washington, DC, Boston, and London.

Matrix: Stay off the freeway

Image by kirk lau via Flickr

In June 2007, MetaMatrix was acquired by Red Hat for the purpose of enabling data integration within SOA environments served by Red Hat’s JBoss middleware products.

Google Insights for Search
Gadgets powered by Google

Google Insights for Search Gadgets powered by Google Related articles by Zemanta • The NonProfit Matrix: Directory of Online Service Providers for ... (jonggunlee.tistory.com) • Twitter Approval Matrix (radar.oreilly.com) Michael Tiemann Michael Tiemann is Vice President of Open Source Affairs at Red Hat Inc, as well as President of the Open Source Initiative. He previously was the Chief Technical Officer of Red Hat. He serves on a number of boards, including the Embedded Linux Consortium, the XMPP Technical Advisory Board, the GNOME Foundation Advisory Board, the Sahana Board and the Board of Directors of ActiveState Tool Corp. He co-founded Cygnus Solutions in 1989. His programming contributions to free software include authorship of the GNU C++ compiler and work on the GNU C compiler and the GNU Debugger. Tiemann is featured in the 2001 documentary Revolution OS.

GNU Compiler Collection

Image via Wikipedia

He earned a bachelor's degree from the Moore School of Engineering in 1986 at the University of Pennsylvania. Related articles by Zemanta • Open source's double standard on government bias (news.cnet.com) • Red Hat stretches Linux system management tentacle (theregister.co.uk) • Red Hat expands its Linux System Management Platform (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • CentOS Linux developers threaten mutiny (news.cnet.com) • Oracle should relax Sun's Java Community control grip (theregister.co.uk) Mugshot: Red Hat's social Networking Platform Mugshot was a social networking website created by Red Hat. Unlike most other social networking websites (which are concerned with advertising), it offered a desktop client and web widgets. Mugshot was meant to facilitate real-world interactions with friends, and make one's normal computer use more social. It provided the functionality of a social network aggregator.

FrostWire 4.18 Splash screen

Image by Gubatron via Flickr

Licensing The software that ran the Mugshot site is free software, and most of the client code is distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL). Various parts of the server code are distributed under the GPL, the Open Software License 3.0, the Apache License, and the MIT License, all of which are free software licences. Related articles by Zemanta • The Effects of "Share Alike" (smarterware.org) • Leaving the GPL Behind (news.slashdot.org) • Open source: it's just a license (cmswatch.com) • Does the GPL Matter? In a Word, Yes (redmonk.com) MythDora: OS for MythTV on Home Theatre PCs MythDora is a specialized operating system based on the current Fedora release and MythTV 0.21. Like KnoppMyth, MythDora is designed to simplify the installation of MythTV on a home theatre PC. MythDora has since version 10.21 had Live CD support.

The MythTV menu (default blue theme) Taken fro...

In addition to MythTV and its plugins, Mythdora includes extra Linux packages that are necessary for MythTV to run, and drivers for hardware commonly encountered in machines intended to run MythTV. Image via Wikipedia Also included in Mythdora are several video game emulators, and extra tools and scripts. These aid with the initial configuration of the system and allow the user to perform such tasks as rebooting the machine and backing up program data, directly through the MythTV interface. Related articles by Zemanta • Save time on downloads with delta RPMs in Fedora 11 (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • Fedora makes running nightly builds of dev branch easy (downloadsquad.com) • Skype 2.1 beta for Linux (downloadsquad.com) • IDC: Linux support sales to break $1bn in 2012 (theregister.co.uk) • Opera 10 : Must have Ubuntu Software (techie-buzz.com) • Best way to change you GNOME Desktop look (techie-buzz.com) • Distributions: From Fedora 12 to openSUSE (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) Planet CCRMA: Collection of Red Hat Packages ( RPMs ) Planet CCRMA (pronounced karma) is a collection of Red Hat packages ( RPMs ) to help set up and optimize a Red Hat-based workstation for audio work.

Image representing Image viaas Red Hat CrunchBase depicted in Overview The entire environment, called Planet CCRMA, was developed and tested atCrun... University and Stanford

made available to the public free-of-charge from a central repository — Planet CCRMA at Home The Planet CCRMA repositories are maintained at CCRMA by Fernando Lopez-Lezcano. Installing the packages, transforms a Linux workstation or server into a low-latency system for sound and video production and distribution. The ALSA soundcard drivers and other applications are provided without installation hassles and the low-latency is achieved by having applied the real-time preemption patch to the Linux kernel. Related articles by Zemanta • Program Which Automatically Compiles and Install The Latest Kernel in Ubuntu / Debian: KernelCheck (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • How to Upgrade to Alsa 1.0.20 on Ubuntu Jaunty 9.04 (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • Distributions: From Fedora 12 to openSUSE (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • OpenSUSE community konfesses love for KDE, makes it default (arstechnica.com) • Red Hat goes one louder with Fedora 11 (theregister.co.uk) • How to use a Ramdisk in Linux (techie-buzz.com) PostgreSQL - Object-Relational Database Management System (ORDBMS) PostgreSQL is an object-relational database management system (ORDBMS). It is released under a BSD-style license and is thus free and open source software. As with many other open source programs, PostgreSQL is not controlled by any single company, but has a global community of developers and companies to develop it.

PostgreSQL

Features & Functions Functions allow blocks of code to be executed by the server. Although these blocks can be written in SQL, the lack of basic programming operations which existed prior to version 8.4, such as branching and looping, has driven the adoption of other Image via Wikipedia languages inside of functions. Some of the languages can even execute inside of triggers. Functions in PostgreSQL can be written in the following languages: • A built-in language called PL/pgSQL resembles Oracle's procedural language PL/SQL. • Scripting languages are supported through PL/Lua, PL/LOLCODE, PL/Perl, plPHP, PL/ Python, PL/Ruby, PL/sh, PL/Tcl and PL/Scheme. • Compiled languages C, C++, or Java (via PL/Java). • The statistical language R through PL/R. PostgreSQL supports row-returning functions, where the output of the function is a set of values which can be treated much like a table within queries. Custom aggregates and window functions can also be defined. Functions can be defined to execute with the privileges of either the caller or the user who defined the function. Functions are sometimes referred to as stored procedures, although there is a slight technical distinction between the two. Indexes PostgreSQL includes built-in support for B+-tree, hash, GiST and GiN indexes. In addition, user-

defined index methods can be created, although this is quite an involved process. Indexes in PostgreSQL also support the following features: • PostgreSQL is capable of scanning indexes backwards when needed; a separate index is never needed to support ORDER BY field DESC. • Expression indexes can be created with an index of the result of an expression or function, instead of simply the value of a column. • Partial indexes, which only index part of a table, can be created by adding a WHERE clause to the end of the CREATE INDEX statement. This allows a smaller index to be created. • The planner is capable of using multiple indexes together to satisfy complex queries, using temporary in-memory bitmap index operations. Triggers Triggers are events triggered by the action of SQL DML statements. For example, an INSERT statement might activate a trigger that checked if the values of the statement were valid. Most triggers are only activated by either INSERT or UPDATE statements. Triggers are fully supported and can be attached to tables but not to views. Views can have rules, though. Multiple triggers are fired in alphabetical order. In addition to calling functions written in the native PL/PgSQL, triggers can also invoke functions written in other languages like PL/Perl. MVCC PostgreSQL manages concurrency through a system known as Multi-Version Concurrency Control (MVCC), which gives each user a "snapshot" of the database, allowing changes to be made without being visible to other users until a transaction is committed. This largely eliminates the need for read locks, and ensures the database maintains the ACID principles in an efficient manner. Rules Rules allow the "query tree" of an incoming query to be rewritten. One common usage is to implement updatable views. Data types A wide variety of native data types are supported, including: • Variable length arrays (including text and composite types) up to 1GB in total storage size. • Arbitrary precision numerics • Geometric primitives • IPv4 and IPv6 addresses • CIDR blocks and MAC addresses • XML supporting Xpath queries (as of 8.3) • UUID (as of 8.3) In addition, users can create their own data types which can usually be made fully indexable via PostgreSQL's GiST infrastructure. Examples of these are the geographic information system (GIS) data types from the PostGIS project for PostgreSQL. User-defined objects New types of almost all objects inside the database can be created, including: • Casts • Conversions • Data types • Domains

Functions, including aggregate functions Indexes Operators (existing ones can be overloaded) Procedural languages Inheritance Tables can be set to inherit their characteristics from a "parent" table. Data in child tables will appear to exist in the parent tables, unless data is selected from the parent table using the ONLY keyword, i.e. select * from ONLY PARENT_TABLE. Adding a column in the parent table will cause that column to appear in the child table. Inheritance can be used to implement table partitioning, using either triggers or rules to direct inserts to the parent table into the proper child tables. This feature is not fully supported yet—in particular, table constraints are not currently inheritable. As of the 8.4 release, all check constraints and not-null constraints on a parent table are automatically inherited by its children. Other types of constraints (unique, primary key, and foreign key constraints) are not inherited. Inheritance provides a way to map the features of generalization hierarchies depicted in Entity Relationship Diagrams (ERD) directly into the PostgreSQL database. Other features • Referential integrity constraints including foreign key constraints, column constraints, and row checks • Views. Although native support for updateable views has not been implemented, the same functionality can be achieved using the rules system. • Inner, outer (full, left and right), and cross joins • Sub-selects ◦ Correlated sub-queries • Transactions • Supports most of the major features of SQL:2008 standard unsupported supported <-- lead to documentation for the next release of PostgreSQL, follow this link to find manuals for already released versions of PostgreSQL • Encrypted connections via SSL • Binary and textual large-object storage • Online backup • Domains • Tablespaces • Savepoints • Point-in-time recovery • Two-phase commit • TOAST (The Oversized-Attribute Storage Technique) is used to transparently store large table attributes (such as big MIME attachments or XML messages) in a separate area, with automatic compression. • Regular expressions • Common table expressions Add-ons • Geographic objects via PostGIS. GPL.

• • • •

• Shortest-Path-Algorithms with pgRouting using PostGIS. GPL. • Full text search via Tsearch2 and OpenFTS. (As of version 8.3, Tsearch2 is included in core
PostgreSQL)

• Some synchronous multi-master derivatives or extensions exist, including ◦ pgcluster (BSD license) ◦ Postgres-R (in early stages of development) • Several asynchronous master/slave replication packages, including ◦ Londiste (BSD license) ◦ Slony-I (BSD license) ◦ Mammoth Replicator. (BSD license, formerly proprietary) ◦ Bucardo • There are proxy (middleware) tools that enable replication, failover or load management and
balancing for PostgreSQL: ◦ PGPool-II. ◦ Sequoia available for a number of different server besides PostgreSQL. Awards As of 2008 PostgreSQL has received the following awards: • 1999 LinuxWorld Editor's Choice Award for Best Database • 2000 Linux Journal Editors' Choice Awards for Best Database • 2002 Linux New Media Editors Choice Award for Best Database • 2003 Linux Journal Editors' Choice Awards for Best Database • 2004 Linux New Media Award For Best Database • 2004 Linux Journal Editors' Choice Awards for Best Database • 2004 ArsTechnica Best Server Application Award • 2005 Linux Journal Editors' Choice Awards for Best Database • 2006 Linux Journal Editors' Choice Awards for Best Database • 2008 Developer.com Product of the Year, Database Tool Related articles by Zemanta • postgresql replication using slony-I (jayant7k.blogspot.com) • Coming Soon: The NoSQL Series (viget.com) • Django Overview (slideshare.net) • PostgreSQL trumpets 8.4 release (theregister.co.uk) • Oracle/Sun Deal Not Out of Hot Water Yet (readwriteweb.com) • OpenSQL Camp events in 2009 (xaprb.com) • NoSQL? (dbms2.com) QumranetQumranet, Inc is an enterprise software company offering a desktop virtualization platform based on hosted desktops in Windows XP Running On Linux Kernel-based Virtual Machines (KVM) on servers, linked Image by paradoxperfect via Flickr with their proprietary SPICE protocol. The company is also the creator, maintainer and global sponsor of the KVM open source hypervisor. Key executives • Benny Schnaider, Co-Founder, Chief Executive Officer and Director • Rami Tamir, Co-Founder, President and Director

• Moshe Bar Ph.D. Co-Founder and Chief Technology Officer • Giora Yaron Ph.D, Co-Founder and Chairman of the Board
Related articles by Zemanta • Cloud interoperability on the horizon? (news.cnet.com) • IBM puts virtual desktops in the cloud (infoworld.com) • VMware service links public and private clouds (news.cnet.com) • Open-source BI vendor Pentaho touts migration deal (infoworld.com) RPM Package Manager RPM Package Manager is a package management system. The name RPM refers to two things: a software package file format, and software packaged in this format. RPM was intended primarily for Linux distributions; the file format RPM is the baseline package format of the Linux Standard Base.

RPM Package Manager

Originally developed by Red Hat for Red Hat Linux, RPM is Image via Wikipedia now used by many Linux distributions. It has also been ported to some other operating systems, such as Novell NetWare (as of version 6.5 SP3) and IBM's AIX as of version 4. Originally standing for "Red Hat Package Manager", RPM now stands for "RPM Package Manager", which is a recursive acronym. Facts Package managers have many advantages over relying on manual installation such as: • They present a uniform, clean way for users to install and remove programs with a single command. • There are many popular interfaces, both command-line and graphical. • Non-interactive installation makes it easy to automate. RPM also has a few advantages over some other package managers: • It is the Linux (LSB) standard format. • It is popular: the typical rpm repository (the place where the packages are made available publicly) contains thousands of free applications. • RPM packages can be cryptographically verified with GPG and MD5 • Original source archive(s) (e.g. .tar.gz, .tar.bz2) are included in SRPMs, making verification easier (for security-critical packages like OpenSSH it is possible to check with md5sum that the sources were not modified). • PatchRPMs and DeltaRPMs, the RPM equivalent of a patch file, can incrementally update RPM-installed software without needing the original package. Related articles by Zemanta • OpenSUSE community konfesses love for KDE, makes it default (arstechnica.com) • How to add Google Repositories to Ubuntu Linux (techie-buzz.com) • A Practical Guide to Ubuntu Linux 2nd ed. (books.slashdot.org) • Installer formats for Adobe Reader 9 on Unix (blogs.adobe.com) • Tech Tip: Using the Synaptic Package Manager to Ease Installations (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com)

Red Flag Linux Red Flag Linux is a Chinese Linux distribution. Red Flag's logo is Tux carrying a prominent red flag. The current executive president of Red Flag Software is Jia Dong Description Red Flag Linux 6.0 was published on September 29, 2007. Image via Wikipedia Version 6.0 is based on the Linux distribution Asianux 3.0, which was released on September 22, 2007. It includes Linux 2.6.22.6, KDE 3.5.7 and X.Org 7.2. Red Flag Linux Desktop 6.0 is intended to be a comprehensive desktop operating system and has some major improvements concerning installation, hardware, and multimedia support, as well as desktop configuration. Purpose Red Flag Software Co., Ltd. (Red Flag Software) is focused on the development and marketing of Linuxbased operating systems and application software on multiple platforms for the constantly growing base of Chinese technology users. Their goal is "Creating Incentives for Networking Life." The company will continue to develop a modern management pattern called the "Red Flag Way." This is client driven customization based on their business model involving free software. Related articles by Zemanta • Open-source adoption faces extra obstacles in China (computerworld.com) • Why Is Linux Notebook Battery Life Still Poor? (hardware.slashdot.org) • openSUSE Radios KDE (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • Linux Newbie, You Have Options. (daniweb.com) • How to set up Ubuntu Linux on a Mac -- it's easy and free (tuaw.com) Red Hat Network Red Hat Network (abbreviated to RHN) is a system operated by Red Hat that makes updates, patches, and bug fixes of packages included within Red Hat Linux and Red Hat Enterprise Linux available to subscribers. Also RHN offers several other features including provisioning and monitoring of systems.

X.

Image representing Image viaas Red Hat CrunchBase depicted in Crun...

Users of these operating systems can then invoke the up2date or yum program to download and install updates from RHN. The updates portion of RHN is akin to other types of automatic system maintenance tools such as Microsoft Update for Microsoft Windows operating systems. The system requires a subscription to allow access to updates. In Fedora, updates are provided by Red Hat's free yum and Advanced Packaging Tool repositories. On June 18, 2008 Red Hat CEO Jim Whitehurst announced the plans for RHN to be open-sourced.

Related articles by Zemanta • Red Hat stretches Linux system management tentacle (theregister.co.uk) • Red Hat seeks to certify the cloud (Q&A) (news.cnet.com) • Red Hat jacks takeover price with 11% revenue leap (theregister.co.uk) Red Hat Certification Program The Red Hat Certification Program is Red Hat's professional certification program for Red Hat and general Linux related skills such as system administration on Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

GAR certificate original lowres
Image by Uncle Jerry in Golden Valley, AZ via Flickr

The tests are hands-on and involve troubleshooting, installation, and system administration. There are no multiple-choice questions, and everything is done on a live system. Often there is more than one way to configure a service or troubleshoot a problem, and the exam focuses on the end results, not the process that was taken to achieve that result. The most common and well-known Red Hat certification is the Red Hat Certified Engineer. Certifications • Red Hat Certified Technician The entry-level Red Hat Certified Technician (RHCT) certification focuses on Linux in a networked environment. The test is performance-based on competency on live systems and an ability to configure network and security services under servers running Red Hat. • Red Hat Certified Engineer The Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) program expands the RHCT with a focus on services and security. • Red Hat Certified Security Specialist The Red Hat Certified Security Specialist (RHCSS). This certification includes two endorsement exams from the RHCA plus a Security-Enhanced Linux exam. It has been offered since 2005-10-13. • Red Hat Certified Datacenter Specialist The Red Hat Certified Datacenter Specialist (RHCDS) has three of the five RHCA endorsements and specializes in system deployment, virtualization, and clustering and includes a class on the Red Hat Directory Server. • Red Hat Certified Architect The Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA) requires an additional five endorsements to the RHCE that adds an enterprise-level focus. From clustering to deploying systems, these five exams ensure the student can deploy systems at the Enterprise level. Red Hat offers a fourday class for each course that can include the exam on the fifth day. Related articles by Zemanta • Broken Browsers Part Two (dreamhost.com) • Earn a Certificate in iPhone and Cocoa Development from University of Washington (tuaw.com) • The Ubuntu Welfare Program (daniweb.com) • Popeye to be given 18 certificate for smoking pipe (telegraph.co.uk)

Red Hat Cluster Suite The Red Hat Cluster Suite includes software to create a high availability and load balancing cluster, it currently does not contain functionality for distributed computing (see below).

Image representing Image viaas Red Hat CrunchBase depicted in High Availability Cluster Crun... A Red Hat cluster suite when configured for high availability attempts to ensure service availability by
monitoring other nodes of the cluster. All nodes of the cluster must agree on their configuration and shared services state before the cluster is considered Quorate and services are able to be started. The primary form of communicating node status is via a network device (commonly Ethernet), although in the case of possible network failure, quorum can be decided through secondary methods such as shared storage or multicast. Software services, filesystems and network status can be monitored and controlled by the cluster suite, services and resources can be failed over to other network nodes in case of failure. The Cluster suite forcibly terminates a cluster node's access to services or resources to ensure the node and data is in a known state. The node is terminated by removing power or access to the shared storage. Service locking and control is guaranteed through fencing and STONITH, more recent versions of Red Hat use a distributed lock manager (DLM), to allow fine grained locking and no single point of failure. Earlier versions of the cluster suite relied on GULM (Grand Unified Lock Manager) which could be clustered, but still presented a point of failure) if the nodes acting as gulm servers were to fail. GULM as a locking manager is available but deprecated in Red Hat Cluster Suite 5. Technical Details • Support for up to 128 nodes ( 16 on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 and 4) • NFS (Unix) /CIFS (Windows)/GFS (Multiple Operating systems) File system failover support • Service failover support • Fully shared storage subsystem • Comprehensive Data Integrity • SCSI and Fibre Channel support Load balancing Cluster Red Hat adapted the Piranha load balancing software to allow for transparent load balancing and failover between servers. The application being balanced does not require special configuration to be balanced, instead a Red Hat Enterprise Linux server with the load balancer configured, intercepts and routes traffic based on metrics/rules set on the load balancer.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux- Overview Red Hat Enterprise Linux is a Linux distribution produced by Red Hat and targeted toward the commercial market, including mainframes. Red Hat commits to supporting each version of Red Hat Enterprise Linux for 7

Image representing Red Hat as depicted in Crun...

years after its release. All of Red Hat's official support, all of Red Hat's training and the Red Hat Certification Program center is on the Red Hat Enterprise Linux platform. Red Hat Enterprise Linux is often abbreviated to RHEL, although Red Hat is now attempting to discourage this.

Image via CrunchBase

New versions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux are released every 18 to 24 months. When Red Hat releases a new version of Red Hat Enterprise Linux, customers may upgrade to the new version at no additional charge as long as they are in possession of a current subscription (i.e. the subscription term has not yet lapsed). Red Hat's first Enterprise offering (Red Hat Linux 6.2E) essentially consisted of a version of Red Hat Linux 6.2 with different support levels, and without separate engineering. The first version of Red Hat Enterprise Linux to bear the name originally came onto the market as "Red Hat Linux Advanced Server". In 2003 Red Hat rebranded Red Hat Linux Advanced Server to "Red Hat Enterprise Linux AS", and added two more variants, Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES and Red Hat Enterprise Linux WS. Verbatim copying and redistribution of the entire Red Hat Enterprise Linux distribution is not permitted due to trademark restrictions. However, there are several redistributions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux minus trademarked features (such as logos and the name). Relationship to free or community distributions Originally, Red Hat based Red Hat Enterprise Linux on Red Hat Linux, but using a much more conservative release cycle. Later versions leveraged technologies from Fedora which is a community distribution and project that Red Hat sponsors. Roughly every third version of Red Hat Linux (RHL) or Fedora forms the basis for a version of Red Hat Enterprise Linux, thus: • Red Hat Linux 6.2 Red Hat Linux 6.2E • Red Hat Linux 7.2 → Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1 • Red Hat Linux 9 → Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3 • Fedora Core 3 → Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 • Fedora Core 6 → Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 • Fedora 11 → Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 (planned for release in the first quarter of 2010) Related articles by Zemanta • Red Hat CEO: Were like Facebook (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • Red Hat expands its Linux System Management Platform (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • Red Hat defends its subscription license model for Linux (infoworld.com) • IDC: Linux support sales to break $1bn in 2012 (theregister.co.uk) Robert "Bob" Young Robert "Bob" Young is an entrepreneur who made a fortune from Red Hat software. He was born in Ancaster, Ontario, Canada. He received a Bachelor of the Arts from Victoria College at the University of Toronto. He created the ACC Corporation which merged with Red Hat in 1995. From the merger to 1999 Bob Young was Red Hat's CEO. After leaving Red Hat

Image representing Lulu as depicted in CrunchBase

he started Lulu, a self-publishing web-site that claims to be the world's fastest-growing provider of print-on-demand books. He is Lulu's CEO.

Image via CrunchBase

Young also co-founded Linux Journal in 1994, and in 2003, he purchased the Hamilton Tiger-Cats, a Canadian Football League franchise. In 2006 Young established the Lulu Blooker Prize, a book prize for books that began as blogs. He launched the prize partly as a means of promoting Lulu. Related articles by Zemanta • Looking for a light in the window (cbc.ca) • CFL legend Sam Etcheverry dies at 79 (nationalpost.com) • Palm Pixi announced and soon headed to Sprint (boygeniusreport.com) Scientific Linux Scientific Linux is a free operating system (a Linux distribution), codeveloped by Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), and which aims to be 100% compatible with and based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Scientific Linux logo

This product is derived from the free & open source software made available Image via Wikipedia by Red Hat, Inc., but is not produced, maintained or supported by Red Hat. Specifically, this product is built from the source code for Red Hat Enterprise Linux versions, under the terms and conditions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux's EULA and the GNU General Public License. Related articles by Zemanta • Red Hat CEO: Choose flexibility or Larry Ellison (infoworld.com) • Red Hat expands its Linux System Management Platform (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com) • Red Hat Enterprise clone poised to 'die' (theregister.co.uk) Virtual Machine Manager Virtual Machine Manager is an application to manage virtual machines.

Features Virtual Machine Manager allows users to: • Create, edit, start and stop VMs. • View and control of each VMs console Image via Wikipedia • See performance & utilization statistics for each VM • View all running VMs and hosts and their live performance & resource utilization statistics. • Use KVM, Xen or QEMU virtual machines, running either locally or remotely. Distributions including Virtual Machine Manager Virtual Machine Manager is included as 'virt-manager' package in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5, Fedora since version 6, Mandriva Linux since release 2008.0 , Ubuntu 8.04 and above and Debian Lenny. The package is also present in the Gentoo tree.

Fedora Core 6 Desktop This screenshot was take...

Anaconda Anaconda is the installer for Red Hat Linux and Fedora. It is written in Python and C, with a graphical frontend using PyGTK and a text frontend using python-newt. A kickstart file can be used to automatically configure the installation, allowing users to run it with minimal supervision. Anaconda installer is used by RHEL, Fedora and a number of other projects, Anaconda offers a textmode and GUI mode, so users can install on a wide range of systems. Anacondas are lizard-eating snakes (similar to pythons), and the Caldera installation program was called "Lizard", hence the name. Related articles by Zemanta • Red Hat pumps out commercial KVM (theregister.co.uk) • Skype 2.1 beta for Linux (downloadsquad.com) • KVM is the feather in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.4 (arstechnica.com) • Palm launches Pixi, second webOS phone (blogs.zdnet.com) Yellow Dog Linux (YDL)- OS for Power Architecture computers. Yellow Dog Linux, also YDL, is a free and open source operating system for Power Architecture computers. Developed by Fixstars (formerly known as Terra Soft), Yellow Dog Linux was first released in 1999 for the Apple Macintosh. The most recent version, version 6.2, was released on 29 June 2009.

This image is a candidate for speedy deletion....

Distribution Yellow Dog Linux is sold by Fixstars and also markets Sony PlayStation 3 consoles, IBM workstations, and servers with Yellow Dog Linux pre- Image via Wikipedia installed. As is the case with most other Linux distribution vendors, a portion of the revenue from the sale of these boxed distributions goes toward development of the Linux operating system and applications, the results of which are made available as source code under various free and open source licenses. Yellow Dog Linux is also the pre-installed operating system in Sony's Cell-based high performance computing node, Zego. Related articles by Zemanta • Oracle should relax Sun's Java Community control grip (theregister.co.uk) • 45nm Cell microprocessor confirmed in PS3 Slim (crunchgear.com) • Fixstars Releases Yellow Dog Linux 6.2 (insidehpc.com) • Open source may have won, but not by *that* much (news.cnet.com) • Report: Rivals eye Microsoft's former Linux patents (news.cnet.com)

Yellowdog Updater, Modified (YUM) The Yellowdog Updater, Modified (YUM) is an open-source command-line package-management utility for RPMcompatible Linux operating systems and has been released under the GNU General Public License. It was developed by Seth Vidal and a group of volunteer programmers. Though yum has a command-line interface, several other tools provide graphical user interfaces to yum functionality. As of 2009 Seth Vidal works for Red Hat, and a number of other Red Hat programmers are involved in the development of yum. As a full rewrite of its predecessor tool, Yellowdog Updater (YUP), yum evolved primarily in order to update and manage Red Hat Linux systems used at the Duke University department of Physics. Since then, it has been adopted by Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Fedora, CentOS, and many other RPM-based Linux distributions, including Yellow Dog Linux itself, where it has replaced the original YUP utility. System administrators can automate software updates using yum-updatesd, the yum-updateonboot package, the yum-cron package, or PackageKit. Yum's XML repository, built with input from many other developers, quickly became the standard for RPM-based repositories. Besides the distributions that use Yum directly, SUSE Linux 10.1 adds support for Yum repositories in YaST, and the openSUSE Build Service repositories are exclusively Yum-based. Yum Website- http://yum.baseurl.org/ Related articles by Zemanta • Red Hat stretches Linux system management tentacle (theregister.co.uk) • Red Hat expands its Linux System Management Platform (slumpedoverkeyboarddead.com)

Slackware 12.

Image via Wikipedia