Glossary Term A Abhasana Abhava Abhinna AbhiSheka Abhiyoga Abhoga Abuddha Indicates Symbol of Siva, short form of anuttara

(the Supreme); the letter pervading all the other letters of the alphabet. appearance; esoteric meaning - srsti- emanation Non-ens; void. Non-different, identical anointment, holy bathing Backward reference of awareness Expansion; camatkara or spiritual delight. What is known as the awakened state for the common man is from the standpoint of the Yogi abuddha or unawakened state i.e. a state of spiritual ignorane. observance, discipline the field of Kundalini from Lambika to one-three-fourths of its folds in the Muladhara base, any of the six mystical chakras Office, prerogative, right Substratum, support The superintending, governing, presiding principle. AnuOne that breathes i.e. the limited, conditioned experient. Medhra-Kanda, situated at the root of the rectum Adhva literally means course or path. Suddha Adhva is the intrinsic course, the supramundane manifestation. Asuddha adhva is the course of mundane manifestation. journey, way, course The first edge or point i.e. the heart from which the measure of breath is determined. One without a second non-dualism, a Hindu philosophy Revealed text, traditional knowledge, Dynamic scripture, Scripture explaining the implementation aspects of spirituality The merciful Siva The Saktis that lead the conditioned experients to the realization of Siva An aspect of Isvara below Suddha vidya giving rise to asuddha tattvas like maya; Anantanatha. the fire ritual Pramata-knower or subject. The parasakti (highest sakti) that brings about srsti (manifestation) and samhara (withdrawal) of the universe. The universe which is of the nature of pramana

AchAra Adhah-kundalini AdhAra Adhikara Adhisthana Adhisthatr Adho-vaktra Adhva

Adhvan (Adhva) Adi koti Advaya Advaita Agama

Aghora Aghora Saktis Aghoresa Agni kArya Agni (symbolic) Agnisomatmika Agnisomamayam

AGYA chakra AGYAna Aham Aham-bhava AhaMkAra Ahanta Ahimsa Ajnanam

Akala Akasa Akhyati Akrama Akrtrima Akhyati Akshara, Axara Akshata, Axata Akula Alamgrasa

Alayam Amayiya

Amba Amrta Amrta varna Amudha AnAhata Anacka


(knowledge) and prameya (objects). mystic centre at the brow junction, sixth centre unwisdom, ignorance I, absolute I I-feeling; I-consciousness the "I" feeling, I-making principle, ego I-consciousness; I-ness non-violence The primal limitation (mala); Ajnana in this system does not mean absence of knowledge, but contracted or limited knowledge. Being inherent in Purusa on account of which he considers himself as of limited knowledge and limited activity, it is known as Paurusa-Ajnana. Being inherent in Buddhi, it leads one to form all kinds of asuddha vikalpas (thought-constructs devoid of essential Reality) and is thus known as Bauddha Ajnana. The experient established in Siva tattva and identified with Siva. Space, ether; the sky; the infinite; ignorance Succession less manifestation of the essential nature; Sakta Yoga. Natural; inartificial Primal Ignorance; Mahamaya letter rice grains (usually in the context of worship or blessing) Siva 'Alam' in this context means , atyartham i.e., to the utmost, and grasa means swallowing, consuming i.e., completely reducing to sameness with Self. Bringing experienced object completely to sameness with the consciousness of the Self, when no impression of samsara as separate from consciousness is allowed to remain. temple, kOvil, mandir Beyond the scope of Maya; Amayiya sabda is one which does not depend on convention, in which the word and the object are one. The highest Sakti of the Divine. Ambrosia; the spiritual state in which further involution in matter is annulled. the letter 'sa' Sentient The mystic centre at the heart, fourth centre Sounding the consonants without the vowels; esoteric meaning-'concentrating on any mantra back to the source where it is unuttered'. Bliss; the nature of Sakti; the essential nature of Parama Siva along with Cit; the letter 'a'.

Anandamayakosa Annamayakosa Ananda-upaya Anasrita-siva Anantabhattaraka Anava ANavam Anava mala


Anava Samavesa Anava upaya

Antakoti Antahkarana



The sheath of bliss The gross physical sheath Realization os Siva-nature without any yogic discipline. Also known as Ananda Yoga or Anupaya. The state of Siva in which there is no objective content yet, in which the universe is negated from Him. The presiding deity of the Mantra experients. ego ego Mala or limitation pertaining to anu or the empirical individual; innate ignorance of the jiva; primal limiting condition which reduces universal consciousness to a jiva, depriving consciousness of sakti and sakti of consciousness and thus bringing about a sense of imperfection.This limitation works in two ways-(1) while the sense, of doership is present, there is loss of bodha or prakasa, i.e. considering inconscient thngs like sunya, buddhi, prana, or body as the Self. (2) While there is bodha or prakasa, there is loss of the sense of activity or doership. The means whereby the anu or the empirical individual uses his own karanas or instruments i.e. senses, prana and manas for self-realization. It includes disciplines concerning the regulation of prana, rituals, japa, concentration, etc. Identification witht the Divine by the above means. The Yoga whereby the individual utilizes his senses, prana and manas for Self-realization. It consists generally of uccara, karana, dhyana, varna, and sthanakalpana. It is also known as Anava yoga, Bhedopaya and Kriya-yoga or Kriyopaya The last edge or point; it is dvadasanta a measure of twelve fingers. The innerorgan, comprising manas (mind), buddhi (intellect or determinative faculty), citta (pleasure-seeking faculty), and, ahamkara (ego). Lit; standing in between, the letters ya, ra, la, va are known as antahsta letters. According to Siksa (Phonetics) and Vyakarana (Grammar), they are called antahstha, because they stand between vowels and consonants, they are neither purely vowels, nor purely consonants or they are so called, because they stand between letters. According to Ksemaraja, they are called antahstha because they are determined by Maya and her kancukas which operate from within the mind of man. Abhinavagupta, however, says that since the formation of the antahstha letters is due to iccha and unmesa saktis which are inner forces and are identified with the pramata (subject), they are rightly called antahstha The conditioned inner soul consisting of puryastaka or subtle body. It is called inner as contrasted with the gross

Antarmukhibhava Antarvyoma Anu

Anugraha AnumAna Anupaya Anusandhana

Anusandhata Anusvarva Anusyuta Anuttara Apana Apara Apasusakti apaurusheya Apavarga Apavedya susupti archana archaka ArAdana AraNyaka Ardhacandra

Arhata Artha aruL aShTAnga aShTottara (satanAma) Asana

body which is the outer covering of the soul. Introversion of consciousness. The interior space where prana and apana are dissolved. 'Aniti svasiti iti anuh'- one who breathes i.e. the jiva- the empirical individual; the limited, conditioned experient, conditioned by the body, puryastaka and prana; the nature is the empirical mind; the Maya-pramata, the experient dominated by Maya. blessing, grace, inference Spontaneous realization of Self without any special effort. Lit; investigation; tracking a matter to its source. In Yoga, repeated intensive awareness of the Source or essential Reality. One who joins the succeeding experience into a unity. Nasal sound on the top of a letter; representation of Siva. Strung together; connected uninterruptedly. (1) The Highest; the Supreme; Parama Siva; the Absolute (lit. one than whom nothing is higher). (2) The vowel 'a' The vital vayu that goes in downwards towards the anus; the inhaled air. soma and jiva are synonyms of apna Lower; lowest, immanent One whose bondage has disappeared and who has become a free being (pati) like Sadasiva. not man-made Liberation Profound sleep in which there is absolutley no awareness of any object whatsoever salutation, praise priest worship class of religious and philosophical writings (associated with brAhmaNa) Lit., demi-lunar; the second stage in the ardhamatra (half of a mora) in the japa or recitation of Aum; subtle energy of sound. Jaina object; end; sense-object; meaning; notion; aim; wealth grace with eight limbs (parts) 108 names Exoteric meaning- 'A particular posture of the body.' Esoteric meaning- 'Being established in the Self.' sitting posture Non-being Disposition of mind, antah-karana or the psychic apparatus; mental deposits lying in the unconscious.

Asat Asaya

Ashrama Asuddha vidya Asuddhi Asunya Asyanata Atharva-veda Atisanta padam Atmaboddha Atman Atma-labha Atmasatkr Atma-visranti Atma-vyapti AtmArtha Aunmukhya

Avadhana Avastha Avesa Avikalpa Avikalpa (Nirvikalpa) Jnana Avikalpa (Nirvikalpa) pratyaksa Aviveka AvuDaiyAr Avyakta bahir (pUja, mukha ......) Bahirmukhata Baindavi kala

1. hermitage, 2. Stage of life (The four stages are brahmacharya, gArhasthya, vAnaprastha, sanyAsa) Knowledge of a few particulars; limited knowledge; empirical knowledge. Impurity, limitation Non-void shrunken state; dried state; congealment; solidification One of the section of the Vedas The state of Parama Siva beyond the tattvas. (Lit., Self-Knowledge) The name of a sanskrit work written by Sankaracharya Self Realization of Self Reducing to sameness with the Self. Resting in the Self Realization of the Self without the realization of the allinclusive Siva-nature. spiritual, self intended Because of His inherent ananda, the intentness of Siva towards manifestation; the rising of Iccha Sakti towards creativity. Constant attentiveness. State; condition Entry; absorption Intuitive apprehension, free of all thought-construct. Direct realization of Reality without any mental activity. Sensuous awareness without any perceptual judgement, unparticularised awareness. Non-awareness of the Real, moha or delusion; ignorance; non-discernment gomukhi, the base of the shiva linga (circular or square) facing north regulating the thIrtha out Non-manifest; unmanifest outside Externalization, extroversion of consciousness Baindavi-pertaining to Bindu or the knower, Kala -will power. Baindavi kala is that freedom of Parama Siva by which the knower always remains as the knower and is never reduced to the known, svatantrya sakti Cid-bala, power of the true Self or Universal Consciousness. (1) Bondage; (2) Limited knowledge (3) Knowledge founded on primal ignorance (4) Yogic practice in which certain organs of the body are contracted and locked. Cid-bala, power of Universal Consciousness or true Self.

Bala Bandha


Bauddha ajnana

Bauddha jnana bhAga bhagavan bhakta Bhakti (apara) Bhakti (para) Bharita bhasma, thiruniiru bhAShya Bhava Bhavana

Bhava-sarira Bhairava (apara) Bhairava (para)

Bhairava Agama Bhairava (Teachers) Bhairavi Bhairava mudra or Bhairavi mudra

Bhairava Samapatti Bheda Bhoga Bhokta Bhrumadhya Bhucari

The ignorance inherent in Buddhi by which one considers his subtle or gross body as the Self on account of asuddha vikalpas Considering oneself as Siva by means of suddha vikalpas part glorious, divine devotee Devotion; intense feeling and will for being united with Siva. The constant feeling of being united with Siva and the supreme bliss of that consciousness. plenitude, fulness ash, vibhUti commentary, elucidation Existence both internal and external; object The practice of contemplating or viewing mentally oneself and everything else as Siva; jnana yoga; Sakta upaya; creative contemplation; apprehension of an inner, emergent divine consciousness. Consideration of sound, etc. as one's Self. Siddhas who have unity-consciousness and consider the whole world as identical with Self. Parama Siva; the Highest Reality. This is an anacrostic word, bha, indicating bharana, maintenance of the world, ra, ravana, or withdrawal of the world, and va, vamana or projection of the world. Sixty-four Saiva Agamas that teach non-dualism. Liberated Sivas who are established in unity-consciousness and teach the sixty-four non-dualistic sastras Sakti of Bhairava This is a kind of psycho-physical condition brought about by the following practice 'Attention should be turned inwards; the gaze should be turned outwards, without the twinkling of the eyes'. Identity with Parama Siva difference experience, sometimes used in the narrow sense of 'enjoyment'. experient the centre or middle of the eye-brows. Sub-species of Vamesvari, connected with the bhavas or existent objects. Bhu means existence; hence existent objects are the sphere of 'bhucari' Role Gross physical element Withdrawal of the mind from the elements. Control over the elements.

Bhumika Bhuta Bhutakaivalya Bhuta-jaya

Bhuta-prthaktva Bhuta-sarira Bhuvana Bhuvana adhva Bija

bIja (mantra) Bijavasthapana Bindu or Vindu


Bodha Brahma

Brahmajnana Brahmanadi Brahmanirvana Brahmarandhra Brahma-sutra Brahmavada Brahmananda

brahman brAhmaNa

Detachment of the essential Self from the elements. Consideration of the gross physical body as the Self becoming; place of existence; world; place of being, abode. The third spatial existence, namely world. There are 108 bhuvanas (1) Visva Karanam sphurattatma parasaktih i.e., the active light of the highest Sakti which is the root cause of the universe. (2) vowel. (3) The mystical letter forming the essential part of the mantra of a deity. (4) The first syllable of a mantra. seed (mantra) setting of the seed, esoteric meaning, 'vilaya'-concealment of true nature. (1) A point, a metaphysical point. (2) Undivided Ligth of Consciousness. (3) The compact mass of sakti gathered into an undifferentiated point ready to create (4) Parah pramata, the Highest Self or Consciousness. (5) Anusvara or nasal sound , suggesting the fact that Siva in spite of the manifestation of the universe is undivided. (6) A specific teja or light appearing in the centre of the eyebrows by the intensity of meditation. written also as Vindu, a point; a metaphysical point; ghanibhuta sakti,- the compact mass of Sakti gathered into pramata-the highest Self or Consciousness; the anusvara or nasal sound indicated by a dot on a letter indicating the fact that Siva in spite of the manifestation of the universe is undivided. Enlightenment; spiritual awakening. The deva of creation. One of the trimUrti (In Sankara Vedanta) Pure foundational Consciousness without activity; unlimited knowledge devoid of activity. (In Saiva Philosophy) Pure foundational consciousness full of svatantrya sakti i.e. unimpeded power to know and do any and every thing; parama Siva The knowledge of Brahman Susumna or the central pranic channel or nerve. Resting in pure jnana tattva devoid of activity; the state of Vijnanakala The Sahasrara Cakra ; the pranic centre at the top of the head. An authoritative treatise on Vedanta philosophy ascribed to Vyasa. Same as Vedanta-sutras Sankara Vedanta The fourth stage of ananda (joy) in anavopaya experienced by resting of consciousness on Samana prana resulting from the unified combination of multifarious objects. Supreme Being, Absolute 1. one pursuing brahman, one of the four sections of

brahmarandhram Buddha Buddhi

buddi Caitanya Cakra Cakresvara Camatkara Candra Caramakala Carvaka Carvaka Darsana Cetana Cetya charyA Cheda chit Cidakasa Cidghana Cidananda

Cidanandaghana Cinta Cit

Citi Citi-cakra Citkala Citprakasa Citta

society 2. portion of vedas describing the application of the mantras aperture in the head of the head through which the soul is said to escape on leaving body One awakened to the light of consciousness Sometimes the higher mind; the super-personal mind; the ascertaining intelligence; the intuitive aspect of consciousness by which the essential Self awakens to truth. intellect The foundational Consciousness which has absolute freedom of knowing and doing, of jnana and kriya sakti< The group or Collective whole of saktis The master or lord of the group of saktis Bliss of the pure I-consciousness; delight of artistic experience. Prameya or object of knowledge; the apana prana or nadi (channel or nerve) The highest phase of manifestation known as Santyatita or Santatita Kala the materialist materialistic philosophy Parama Siva, Self, Conscious individual. Knowable, object of consciousness. practice, observance Cessation of prana and apana by sounding of anacka (vowel-less) sounds. consciousness, perception The ether of consciousness Mass of consciousness lit., consciousness and bliss, (1) The nature of ultimate Reality consisting of consciousness and bliss. (2) The sixth stratum of ananda in uccara yoga of anava upaya Mass of Consciousness-bliss thought; idea The Absolute; foundational consciousness; the consciousness that is the unchanging principle of all changes. The consciousness-power of the Absolute that brings about the world-process. Samvit-Cakra- the senses Energy of consciousness Light of consciousness the individual mind, the limitation of Citi or Universal Consciousness manifested in the individual mind, the mind of the empirical individual, consisting mainly of Sattva, the mind of the Maya-pramata

Citta pralaya Citta sambodha Citta visranti Damaru Dardhya Darsana dEvAram, tEvAram Desa Desa adhva deva devi dharma Dharana Dhruva dhUpa dhvaja Dhvani Yoga

Dhyana Dhyani Dhyana Yoga

Dik Dikcari Diksa

dIpa Dis Divya mudra Drdha Drsti dyAna dvaita Dvadasanta

Dissolution of the empirical mind in the higher consciousness Awakening of the individual mind Repose of the empirical mind in the higher consciousness a small drum Firmness of mind or concentration. Seeing; system of philosophy The great Tamil hymns sung by saints sambandar, appar & sundarar on Lord shiva, first seven parts of thirumuRai, specifically 4th to 6 th thirumuRai - appar dEvAram Space; region Kala, tattva, and bhuvana 1. divine, 2. essentials, elements divine (feminine) righteousness, virtue, law, duty Meditation; contemplation (1) Anuttara stage fragrant smoke, incense flag A dharana of anava upaya consisting of concentration on anahata nada (unstruck sound) arising within through prana sakti. This is also known as Varna Yoga meditation meditator The highest dharana of anava upaya in which pramana (knowledge), prameya (object of knowledge) and pramata (knower) are resulted as aspects of Samvid or foundational consciousness. Space Sub-species of Vamesvari, connected with bahiskaranas or outer senses. (1) The gift of spiritual knowledge (2) The initiation ceremony pertaining to a disciple by which spiritual knowledge is imparted and the residual traces of his evil deeds are purified. light Direction Khecari mudra Stable in concentration Comprehensive vision meditation dualism Distance or end of 12 fingers. This is measured in various ways: (1) A distance of 12 fingers from the tip of the nose in outer space is known as bahya dvadasanta (2) A distance of 12 fingers from the bahya dvadasanta to the centre (hrdaya) of the body is known as antara dvadasanta (3) A distance of 12 fingers from hrdaya upto Kantha. (4)

dvAdashAnta Ekanava ekAtma vAda Gaganangana ganga gaNapati, gaNesh Garbha garbhagR^iham gAyatri Ghora Saktis Ghoratari saktis Gocari

gomukhi gOpura Grahaka Grahya grantha Granthi Guna-traya guru guru pUja Guru-vaktra guNa GYAna Ha Hamsa Hamsajapa Hathapaka havis Hetu

There is a dvadasanta from the palate to the middle of the eye-brows. (5) There is a dvadasanta from the middle or centre of the eye-brows upto Brahmarandhra. This is known as urdhva dvadasanta. This distance is of use only when the kundalini awakens. mystic place twelve units above the head Pasyanti vak the philosophy that only one soul exists (in the entire world) Cit-sakti, consciousness-power The river Ganges, the holy river that flows down from himAlayam The chief of the organised forces, Often refers to vignEshwara - the eldest son of Lord shiva Akhyati, primal, ignorance; Mahamaya sactum sanctorum, the main and core abode in the temple, mUlasthAnam one of the chandas (meters), a famous mantra The Saktis or deities that draw the jivas towards worldly pleasures. The Saktis or deities that push the jivas towards a downward path in samsara Sub-species of Vamesvari, connected with the antahkarana of the experient, 'Go' means sense; antahkarana is the seat of the senses; hence Gocari is connected with antahkarana. AvuDaiyAr, the base of the shiva linga (circular or square) facing north regulating the thIrtha out tower Knower; Subject; Experient Known; object of experience. composition, book, a script Psychic tangle; psychic complex. Satva, rajas, tamas guide, teacher, preceptor The anniversary day of a saint or n^AyanmAr attaining liberation in Lord shiva Lit. the mouth of the guru, anugraha sakti; Grace characters, the three often referred guNas are satva (peaceful), rajas (fierce) and thamas (dull) wisdom Symbol of Sakti or divine power. the jiva, the soul The consciousness of nada-kala Persistent process of assimilating experience to the central consciousness of the experient. Clarified butter, ghee, oblation Cause

Hetumat Hrada


Iccha Ichha upaya Ichha-Sakti

Idam Idanta Indrajala Indriya Indu Isana Isvara-bhattaraka Isvara-tattva

Jagadananda Jagat Jagrat Jagrat avastha Jagrat jnana

Japa jaTa Jiva



Effect Lit., Lake; the Supreme Spiritual awareness; It is called a lake, because it is clear, uncovered by anything, deep, and infinite Lit., heart; the central consciousness; Light of Central Consciousness which is the substratum of all manifestation; citprakasa Will, Representing the letter (i), the Sakti of Sadasiva Sambhava-upaya, also known as ichhayoga. The inseparable innate Will Power of Parama Siva intent on manifestation; that inward state of Parama Siva in which jnana and kriya are unified; the predominant aspect of Sadasiva. This, object This-consciousness; objective consciousness. Lit., the net of Indra; magic; Illusion Organ of sense Prameya or object; apana; kriya-sakti Representing the letter 'i'. The first inner Sakti of Siva that acts as the teacher of Saiva Sastra The presiding deity of the Mantresvaras residing in Isvara tattva The fourth tattva of the system, counting from Siva. In this the consciousness of 'I' and 'This' is equally prominent. The consciousness of Sada-Siva is 'I am this'. The consciousness of Isvara is 'This am I.' Jnana is predominant in this tattva The bliss of the Self or the Divine appearing as the universe, the bliss of the Divine made visible. The world-process. Esoteric meaning-Enlightenment, undeluded awakening of consciousness at all levels. The waking condition. Objective knowledge common to all people in waking condition. Jagrat: Esoteric meaning-'Jnanam Jagrt'Enlightenment, undeluded awakening of consciousness at all levels. Recitation; chanting matted hair The individual soul; the empirical self whose consciousness is conditioned by the samskaras, of his experience and who is identified with the limitations of his subtle and gross constitution. The liberated individual who while still living in the physical body is not conditioned by the limitation of his subtle and gross constitution and believes the entire universe to be an expression of Siva or his highest Self. Experience of liberation while still living in the body.

Jnana Jnana Jnanakanda Jnanin Jnana Yoga Jnana Sakti Jyestha jyoti Kaivalya Kala Kala Kala

Kala pada Kala tattva Kala-adhva Kalacakra Kalagni Kala sakti Kalasarira kAma Kancuka

Kanda Kantha Karana


Karanesvari Karanesvaryah Karika

knowledge, the Sakti of Isvara Spiritual wisdom; limited knowledge (which is the source of bondage) The part of the Vedas that teaches philosophical wisdom The gnostic; one who has obtained spiritual realization Sakta upaya The power of knowledge of the Absolute The Sakti of Siva that inspires the jiva for Self-realization or Siva-Consciousness. flame Aloneness; isolation; aloofness from the influence of prakrti or maya limited agency; creativity; phase of manifestation; part letter or word (in ha-kalaparyantam) time; Sakti or power that determines succession. (1) The Sakti of consciousness by which all the thirty-six principles are evolved. (2) Part; particle, aspect (3) Limitation in respect of activity (Kincitkartrtva). (4) The subtlest aspect of objectivity, viz., Sastyatita, santa, Vidya, Pratistha, and Nivrtti The toe of the right foot. Time-past, present, and future determined by the sense of succession. Temporal course of manifestation, viz., Varna, mantra and pada Matrcakra, Sakticakra, Devicakra; the group of letters from 'a' to 'ksa'. Kalagni-bhuvanesa-a particular Rudra in Nivrtti kala the Sakti or power of the Divine that determines succession. That of which the essential nature is activity; Karma mala desire, lust The covering of Maya, throwing a pall over pure consciousness (Suddha Samvid) and thus converting Siva into jiva. They are (1) kala, (2) (asuddha) Vidya, (3) Raga (4) Niyati and (5) Kala. Muladhara psychic centre The cakra at the base of the throat (1) The means of jnana and kriya-antahkarana and bahiskarana (2) One of the anava upayas in which the aspirant contemplates over the body and the nervous system as an epitome of the cosmos.; cause instrument, antaHkaraNam (internal performers) are four mind, intellect, subconcious mind, ego (manas, buddi, chitta, ahaMkAra) Khecari, gocari, dikcari and bhucari cakra Khecari, Gocari, Dikcari and Bhucari cakra A commentary or a philosophical, grammatical work in

Karmakanda Karma mala Karmendriya

Kartrtva Karya kanmam, karma

kashmiri shaivam Kevala Kevali Kha-traya


Khecari-cakra Khecari Mudra

Khyati Kosa

Koti kOvil, kOyil Krama Kramamudra

concise statements The part of the Vedas that deals with rituals and scarifices Mala due to vasanas or impressions left behind on the mind by Karma or motivated action. The five powers and organs of action-speaking (Vak), handling(hasta), locomotion (pada), excreting (payu), sexual action(upastha) The state of being the subject. Effect; objectivity Deeds, The effect of deeds, The accumulation of the good, bad or any deeds one (pashu - soul) has done during this and previous births trika philosophy, The shaivite philosophy that ruled the Kashmir Alone. isolated One whose sole essence of Self consists in ebing pure consciousness; One who is established in Self. Kha-akasa, symbol of consciousness. Kha-traya-The three akasas,, viz; Sakti, vyapini, and samana situated in the head from the Vindu between the eye-brows up to Brahmarandhra. Concentrating in the head, one should rise higher by means of the above three khas Sub-species of Vamesvari Sakti, connected with the pramata, the empirical self; Khecari is one that moves in 'Kha' or 'akasa', the vast expanse of consciousness. The cakra or group of the saktis that move in the expanse of consciousness of the empirical subject. The bliss of the vast expanse of spiritual consciousness, also known as divya mudra or Sivavastha (the state of Siva). Jnana; knowledge; wisdom; (Lit., sheath or covering) The following are the five kosas as described in Vedanta philosophy: (1) the annamayakosa, or gross physical sheath, made of and sustained by food; (2) the pranamayakosa, or vital sheath, consisting of the five pranas or vital forces; (3) the manomayakosa, or mental sheath; (4)the vijnanamayakosa, or sheath of intelligence; (5) the anandamayakosa, or sheath of bliss. These five sheaths cover the Soul, which is the innermost reality or the jiva and is untouched by the characteristics of the sheaths. Point, initial or final temple, Alayam Realization of Self by means of Kriya Yoga A successive occurrence of nimilana and unmilana samadhi; the condition in which the mind by the force of samavesa swings alternately between the internal (essential Self) and the external (the world which now appears as Siva)

Krida Kriya Kriya Yoga Kriya Sakti Krtrima Ksema Ksetrajna Ksobha Ksetra Ksetrajna Kuhana Kula Kulamarga Kulamnaya Kumari Kumbhaka kumara, subrahmaNya, muruga Kundali or Kundalini Kutilakrti Kuta-bija Laya Lina linga

Play or sport of the Divine. action, the Sakti of Suddha-vidya Activity; the power of activity. Anava upaya, also known as Kriyopaya The power of assuming any and every form (Sarvakarayogitvam Kriyasaktih) Constructed by vikalpa or determinate idea; pseudo reality. Preservation of what is obtained The empirical subject Identification of 'I' with the gross or subtle body. Holy place; place of pilgrimage. The empirical Subject Magic or tickling of the arm-pit Sakti manifesting herself in 36 tattvas The discipline for attaining to the Supreme The Sakta system or doctrine of realizing the Supreme by means of all the letters from (a) to (ksa) One who carries on the play of the world-process or one who brings about an end to the difference-creating Maya Retention of prana The second son of Lord shiva

Loka Madhya Madhyadhama Madhyama Madhyama-pada Madhyamaka Madhyamika Madhyasakti Mahabodha

The creative power of Siva. A distinct sakti that lies folded up in three and a half folds in Muladhara. A curved form in which prana flows before the awakening of Kundalini The letter (ksa) Interiorization of consciousness; dissolution absorbed symbol, neither form nor formless used to represent the formless God through a symbol, representation of flame using solid material (The Supreme Flame is Lord Shiva, Who stood as infinite column of flame in front of braHma and viShNu) Plane of existence (1) The central Consciousness; the pure I-consciousness. (2) The Susumna or central pranic nadi. The central nadi in the pranamayakosa, also known as brahmanadi or Susumna Sabda in its subtle form as existing in the antahkarana prior to its gross manifestation. the central or middle state. Buddhist philosophy that teaches that Reality lies in the middle and not in any of the tetralemma; The follower of the Buddhist Madhyamaka philosophy. Samvit-sakti, the central Consciousness-power. the great awakening, the grand illumination.

Mahamantra Mahamaya (apara) Mahahrada Mahamaya (para)


Mahanaya Mahartha Mahasatta Mahasunya Mahavyapti Mahesvara Mahesvarya Maheswaryadayah Mala Malini


Manomayakosa Manthana Bhairava Mantra

Mantramahesvara Mantra-virya

The great mantra of pure consciousness, of Supreme Iconsciousness. The state below Suddha Vidya and above Maya in which resides the vijnanakala. In this state there is only prakasa without vimarsa. The highest, purest I-consciousness. It is called mahahrada or the great lake because of its limpidity and depth. The lower stratum of Suddha vidya in which reside the vidyesvaras who, though considering themselves as of the nature of pure consciousness take the world to be different from the Self. In anavopaya, the fifth stage of ananda resulting from the resting of consciousness on udana agni that devours all the pramanas and prameyas Krama discipline The greatest end; the highest value; the pure Iconsciousness; the Kaula discipline. the Highest Reality which is absolute Light and freedom and the source of all existence. the great void the grand fusion; the grand pervasion The highest lord; parama Siva- the Absolute The power of Maheshvara, the supreme lord; Mahesvari and other deities presiding over the groups of letters. Dross; limitation; ignorance that hampers the free expression of the spirit. Sakti of letters which holds the entire universe within itself and in which the letters are arranged in an irregular way from 'na' to 'pha'. That aspect of mind which co-operates with the senses in building perceptions, and which builds up images and concepts, intention and thought-construct. The sheath of the mind Bhairava that churns i.e. dissolves all objects into Selfconsciousness; Svacchanda Bhairava. (1) Sacred word or formula to be chanted (2) In Saktopaya that sacred word or formula by which the nature of the Supreme is reflected on as identical with the Self. It is called mantra, because it induces manana or reflection on the Supreme and because it provides trana or protection from the whirlgig of transmigratory life. In Saktopaya, the citta itself assumes the form of mantra. (3) The experient who has realized the Suddha Vidyatattva The experient who has realized Sasasiva tattva The perfect and full I-consciousness; Siva-Consciousness, the experience of para-vak

Mantresvara maNipUrakam Marici Marut Mati Matrka

The experient who has realized Isvara tattva mystic chakra at naval Sakti Breath (exhalation or inhalation) understanding; intuitive intelligence. (1) The little unknown mother, the letter and wordpower which is the basis of all knowledge (2) The paravak sakti that generates the world. Matrka-cakra The group of Saktis pertaining to Matrka Mathika The four traditions of Saiva religion. Maya from 'ma' to measure, the finitising or limiting principle of the Divine; a tattva below Suddha vidya, the principle of veiling the Infinite and projecting the finite; the source of the five kancukas; the finitising power of Parama Siva mAya (mAyai) illusion Maya (In Samkara The beginningless cause that brings about the illusion of Vedanta) the world. Maya pramata The empirical self, governed by Maya. Maya-sakti The sakti of Siva that displays difference in identity and gives rise to maya tattva; the finishing power of the Infinite. Maya tattva The principle that throws a veil over pure consciousness and is the material cause of physical manifestation, the source of the five kancukas. Mayiya mala The limitation due to Maya which gives to the soul its gross and subtle body, and brings about a sense of difference. Meya (prameya) Object Mimamsaka the follower of the Mimamsa system of philosophy Moha Delusion by which one regards the body as the self; Maya. Moksa liberation, same as mukti. moxa, moksha liberation Mudra (1) Mud (joy), ra (to give); it is called mudra, because it gives the bliss of spiritual consciousness or because it seals up (mudranat) the universe into the being of turiya consciousness (2) Yogic control of certain organs as help in concentration. Mudra-krama or The condition in which the mind by the force of samavesa Krama-mudra swings alternately between the internal (Self or Siva) and the external (the world which now appears as the form of Siva). Mudra-virya The power by which there is emergence of the Supreme Iconsciousness; mantra-virya; khecari state. Mukta-siva The classes of experients who have acquired SivaConsciousness Mantra, Mantresvara, Mantramahesvara, and experients known as Siva, Rudra and Bhairava Mukti Liberation from bondage; acquisition of Sivaconsciousness: Jivan-mukti-Liberation while living i.e acquisition of Siva-consciousness while the physical,

Murti mUlasthAnam Muladhara mUlAdhAram mUrti Nada

Nada Nada-bindu Nadanta Nadi Nadi-samhara naivedyam Naiyayika namaskAra n^andhi, nandi Nasika n^AyanmAr

Navavargaka Navatma Nibhalana Nigraha kriya Nijananda


Nimilana Samadhi


biological and psychic life are still going on. Videha-muktiestablishment in Siva-consciousness after the mortal body has been dissolved. Most manifest Kriya-sakti sactum sanctorum, the main and core abode in the temple, garbhagruham the pranic centre below the genitals root-support, the first mystic center (chakra) on the kuNDalini nADi manifestation, embodiment, statue (1) Metaphysical- The first movement of Siva-sakti towards manifestations. (2) In Yoga- The unstruck sound experienced in susumna. (3) When Sakti fills up the whole universe with Nadanta she is designated as Nada. This is also Sadasiva tattva because of the apposition of I and this is in the same principle. interior spontaneous sound The first creative pulsation and its compact mass; the creative sound and light; Sakti and Siva. Subtle energy of pranava subtle channel of prana Dissolution of prana and apana into susumna. offering (eatables) the follower of Nyaya philosophy; logician; dialectician. salutation, prostrating down Birth-deathless, Often refers to the chief guard of Lord shiva Pranasakti flowing in a zigzag way in Prana, Apana and Susumna channels. (the people of the Lord), The 63 great devotees who excelled in their love for the Lord shiva (lived in thamiz nadu and nearby lands) Letters pertaining to nine classes Of nine forms. Perception; mental practice. Siva's act of Self-veiling. In anava upaya, the first stage of ananda arising from concentration on prana leading to the resting of the mind on the subject or experient. Lit; Closing of the eye-lid, (1) dissolution of the world; (2) the inner activity of spanda by which the object is merged into the subject; (3) the dissolution of the Sakticakra in the Self; (4) the involution of Siva in matter. The inward meditative condition in which the individual consciousness gets absorbed into the Universal Consciousness. The second stage of ananda in anava upaya resulting from the fixation of prana-sakti on sunya

Niradhara Nirasraya Nirodhika or nirodhini Nirvana Nirvikalpa Nirvikalpasamadhi Nirvrti Nirvyutthana Samadhi niShkAmya Niskala Nistaranga Nityatva Nivesa or nivesana niyama Niyati

without support-objective or subjective without any prop or base a subtle energy of pranava Dissolution in Sunya; liberation Devoid of all thought-construct or ideation. The highest state of samadhi, in which the aspirant realizes his total oneness with Brahman Ananda Samadhi (absorption into the Universal Consciousness) which continues even when is not engaged in formal meditation. not seeking any favour partless; undivided, Siva above manifestation or creation. free of undulation or commotion. eternity entry into the Universal Consciousness ritual Limitation by cause-effect relation; spatial limitation, limitation of what ought to be done and what ought not to be done. The most sacred word of the Vedas; also written Aum. It is a symbol of both the personal God and the Absolute rasapa~nchAmR^itam A sweet mixture of cow's milk, curd, ghee (boiled butter), sugar and honey. (cardamom like nice smelling spices could also be added.) pazapa~nchAmR^itam In the above if the fruits like mango, jack, banana are added this fruit pa~nchamR^itam could be got The mixture of the cow's milk, curd, ghee, water and dung. Holy Five Letters (Syllables), the mantra of Lord shiva held sacrad most by shaivites, five different forms there - most common being namaH shivAya and shivAya namaH The ceaseless five-fold act of Siva, viz. manifestation (srsti), maintenance of manifestation (sthiti), withdrawal of amnifestation (samhara), veiling of Self (vilaya); Grace (anugraha), or the five-fold act of abhasana, rakti, vimarsana, bijavasthapana, and vilapana Isana, Tatpurusa, Sadyojata, Vamadeva, and Aghora the philosophy of Vaisnavism, the follower of such philosophy followers of Pancaratra system. The five fundamental saktis (powers) of Siva, viz, Cit, Ananda, Iccha, Jnana, and Kriya The Highest; the Absolute The highest experient; Parama Siva

Om pa~nchAmR^itam

pa~nchagavyam pa~nchAxara, panchAkshara Pancakrtya

Panca mantra Pancaratra Pancaratrika Panca-sakti Para Para pramata


Seizing mentally; experience; comprehension; remembrance Paramartha The highest reality; essential truth; the highest goal. Parama Siva The Highest Reality, the Absolute paramAtma Supreme Self Parananda In anava upaya the joy of the third stage that ensues by the practice of resting on prana and apana in uccara yoga Parapara The intermediate stage, both identical and different; unity in diversity parArtha (pUja) outward / social (worship) Parasakti The Highest Sakti of the Divine; Citi; Paravak parashu axe Paravak The vibratory movement of the Divine Mind that brings about manifestations; Logos; Cosmic Ideation. Paricchinna limited Parinama Transformation parivAra devata retinue of the main deity in a temple Pasa Bondage pAsham (pAcham) bond, impurities (ANavam, kanmam, mAyai) which bind the pashu pashu (pachu) creature, any life, all of us - any living being Pasu The empirical individual bound by avidya or spiritual nescience Pasu matarah Mahesvari and other associated saktis active in the various letters, controlling the life of the empirical selves. Pasyanti The divine view in undifferentiated form; Vak sakti, going forth as seeing, ready to create in which there is no difference between vacya (object) and vacaka (word). pati (pathi) The Lord, Siva Supreme, Master, Eternal; The experient of Suddha adhva; the liberated individual Pati-dasa the status of the highest experient; the state of liberation Paurusa ajnana The innate ignorance of Purusa regarding his real Self. Paurusa jnana Knowledge of one's Siva nature after the ignorance of one's real Self has been eliminated. Pidhana Krtya The act of Self-veiling; same as vilaya pradaxiNa, circumambulation, coming around (a deity) taking right pradakshiNa turns Prakasa Lit. light; the principle of Self-revelation; consciousness; the principle by which every thing else is known. Prakrti or The source of objectivity from buddhi down to earth Pradhana Pralaya Dissolution of manifestation Pralayakala or One resting in Mayatattva, not cognizant of anything; Pralayakevali cognizant of sunya or void only. Prama Exact knowledge Pramana Knowledge; means of knowledge Pramata the knower; subject; experient Pramatrta knowership

Prameya Prana Pranamayakosa Pranana Prana-pramata Prana-bija Pranasakti praNava Pranayama Prarabdha karma Prasada Prasara Prath Pratha Pratibha Pratimilana


Pratyavamarsa Prabuddha Pratyabhijna prANAyAma prAyashchittam Prithivi Pumstattva or Purusa tattva purANa Purna Purnatva Purnahanta Purusa Puryastaka

Known; object of knowledge; object Generic name for the vital power; vital energy; life energy; specifically it is the vital vayu in expiration. The vital sheath the animating principle, the principle of all the pranas The subject considering prana to be the Self The letter 'ha' Vital energy; bioplasma Om Breath control Action done in a previous life which had begun to bear fruit in the present life. The mantra Sauh Expansion; manifestation of Siva in the form of the universe through His sakti To expand; unfold; appear; shine The mode of appearance (1) Ever creative acitivity of consciousness; (2) The spontaneous Supreme I-consciousness; (3) Para Sakti Both nimilana and unmilana i.e. turning of the consciousness both within i.e into Siva and outside i.e. the Sakti of Siva, experience of divinity both within and outside. drawing back, withholding (from material ties) (1) Comprehension of several letters into one syllable effected by combining the first letter of a sutra with its final indicatory letter. (2) In yoga, withdrawal of the senses from their objects. Self-recognition One greatly awakened to the higher spiritual consciousness Recognition breath control/exercise atonement, expiation The earth tattva Pasu pramata; jiva, the empirical Self religious legend (There are eighteen in number) perfect; full of divine consciousness Perfection The perfect I-consciousness; non-relational Iconsciousness. the Self Lit., the city of the group of eight i.e the five tanmatras, buddhi, ahamkara and manas; the suksma sarira (subtle body) objectives of human, four in number - dharma, artha, kAma, moxa worship

puruShArtha pUja

puShkariNi Raga Rajas Rakti Rasa Rasmi Raudri Ravi Rekhini Rig-Veda RiShi, rushi Rodhini rudra Rudra (kalagni) Rudrah

Rudrah (teachers) Rudra pramata rudrAxa, rudrAksha Rudrayamala Rupa Sabda Sabda-brahma Sabda-rasi Sadadhva

Sadasiva (Sadakhya tattva)

sAdhaka sAdhana Sadvidya Saguna Brahman

pond, temple tank One of the kancukas of Maya on account of which there is limitation by desire; passionate desire. The principle of motion, activity and disharmony-a constituent of Prakrti. relish; enjoyment esoteric meaning-'sthiti'- maintenance. Flavour; aesthetic rapture. Sakti The sakti that induces the pleasure-seeking souls to be confined to their pleasures. Pramana (knowledge); prana The sakti that forms a straight line in the formation of the letter. One of the four Vedas sage, seer The sakti that obstructs the passage to moksa A form of Lord shiva, as deva of destruction. One of the trimUrti Rudra residing in the lowest plane of Nivrtti kala. The deities that are responsible for manifestation, maintenance of manifestation, and withdrawal of manifestation of the world-process; the souls that have evolved to the status of pati or selves that have realized Siva-consciousness. Exponents of 18 Saivagamas who are mukta Siva Mukta Siva beed held sacrad by shaivtes, appeared fromthe eye of rudra intimate union of Rudra and His Sakti Form; essence. sound; word. Ultimate Reality in the form of thought-vibration in which state thought and word are identical. The group of letters from a to ksa The six forms of manifestation-three on the subjective side viz., mantra, varna and pada and three on the objective side, viz., Kala, tattva and bhuvana The third tattva, counting from SIva. At this stage, the Iexperience is more prominent than this experience-This tattva is also known as Sadakhya in as much as sat or being is posited at this stage. Ichha or Will is predominant in this tattva. accomplisher, practitioner accomplishment, practice Suddha Vidya (Lit., Brahman with attributes) The Absolute conceived as the Creator, Preserver, and Destroyer of the universe; corresponds to Isvara, or the Personal God.

Sahaja Sahaja-vidya

sahasrAra, sahasra dala padma Sakta-japa Sakta-samavesa Sakta-upaya (Saktopaya)

Innate essential nature Knowledge of the innate essential nature; unmana; pure divine consciousness in which mental consciousness ceases, pervasion into Siva-consciousness (Siva-vyapti). thousand patal mystic lotus beyond the six chakras

Sakta-Yoga Sakti


Saktiman Sakti-pancaka Sakti-prasara Sakti-pata

Sakti-sankoca Sakti tattva

Sakti-vikasa Sakti-visranti Samacara Samarasya samayak kuravar


The constant remembrance of the Supreme Iconsciousness. Identification with Supreme Consciousness by means of Sakta-upaya the means of approach to the Divine through Sakti, the ever-recurring contemplation of the pure thought-construct of oneself being essentially Siva or the Supreme Iconsciousness. Same as Sakta-upaya, jnana-yoga (1) The power of Siva to manifest, to maintain the manifestation and to withdraw it (2) The spanda or creative pulsation of Siva or foundational consciousness. The group of the twelve mahakalis; the goddesses responsible for creation, etc; the group of Saktis of the senses; group of mantras; the group of Khecari, etc., the group of the goddess Srsti, etc. Mahesvara; Siva The five foundational saktis of Siva, viz., cit, ananda, iccha, jnana, and kriya. Sakti-vikasa; emergence from Samadhi and retaining that experience. Descent of divine Sakti; Divine grace by which the empirical individual turns to and realizes his essential divine nature. withdrawal of attention from sense-activity and turning it towards the inner reality. The vimarsa aspect, or the foundational I-consciousness of SIva; the intentness of Siva's I-consciousness to manifest in the form of the universe; the second of the 36 tattvas. concentration of attention on the inner consciousness even when the senses are open to their respective objects. Merging back into Samadhi and resting in that condition. Sam-samyak; a-isat; cara-prasarana- external expansion of the property evolved prana Unison of Siva; identity of Consciousness; identical state in which all differentiation has disappeared. The four stalwarts samban^dhar, appar, sun^dharar, mANikka vAchakar who by their glorious hymns (which are part of thirumuRai) gave an excellent energy and vitalisation to the Shaivam in Tamil Nadu Collectedness of mind in which there is cessation of the


samAdi Samana

Samana Samapatti Samarasa Samaveda Samavesa Sambhavapramata Sambhavasamavesa Sambhava upaya

Sambhu samhAra samhita samsAraH Sambodha

Samghatta Samhara Samhara krtya Samsara or samsrti Samsarin Samskara Samvid-samvitti Samvit

fluctuations of the mind. The bliss that is experienced in being established in pramatr-pada i.e in the state of the essential Self or subject. complete absorption of thoughts (into the Supreme Being), the final stage of aShTAnga yoga When the unmana sakti begins to display herself in the form of the universe with sunya and ending with earth, then descending from the highest state of Pramata (knowing Self), she is known as Samana in as much as she has started the mentation of all that is thinkable (asesamananamatrarupatvat samana-Udyota, p.286) The vital vayu that helps in the assimilation of food etc., and brings about equilibrium between prana and apana Sometimes a synonym of samadhi; consummation; attainment of psychis at-onement. One having the same feeling or consciousness. One of the four Vedas Being possessed by the Divine, absorption of the individual consciousness in the Divine. One established in Siva-Consciousness, also known as Siva-pramata Identification with Siva without any thought-construct born out of profound insight or sambhava upaya Sudden emergence of Siva-Consciousness without any thought-construct (vikalpa) by a mere hint that one's essential Self is Siva; also known as Sambhava Yoga or Icchopaya or Iccha-Yoga An epithet of Siva dissolution 1. Compilation 2. The mantra part of the vedas circuit of worldly life Samyak bodha, full or perfect knowledge of the essential nature of Reality as a mass of consciousness and bliss which is the essential nature of Self. Meeting; mental union; concentration. Assimilation to the Highest Consciousness. The withdrawal or reabsorption of the Universe into Siva Transmigratory existence, the world process Transmigratory being. the residual traces of the mind lying in the unconscious. Consciousness; universal consciousness. Supreme consciousness in which there is complete fusion of prakasa and vimarsa, jnana-sakti; svatantrya-sakti; the supreme I-consciousness. From the macrocosmic point of view Samvitdevatas are


sAmIpam Samkalpa Samvahya Sandhana

Sankoca Sanatana Dharma Sandha-bija sAnkhya

sannyAsa Sara Saiva agama

Saiva yoga or Sadhana Sakala

khecari, gocari, dikcari and bhucari. From the microcosmic point of view, the internal and external senses are said to be samvit-devata. residing next (to Lord shiva) resolve; the synthetic activity of thought One who is carried from one form of existence to another: karmatma, pasu Lit., joining; union, union of the individual consciousness with the universal Consciousness through fixed, intensive awareness or one-pointedness. Contraction, limitation. (Lit., Eternal Religion) The religion of the Hindus, formulated by the Rishis of the Vedas. The four letters- which are unable to give rise to any other letter. one of the six systems of Hindu philosophy, attributed to sage kapila, the system of philosophy that believes in two fundamental realities, viz., Purusa and Prakrti; the follower of such system. (ascetic) practice, renunciation quintessence The ten dualistic sastras, eighteen sastras which teach identity in difference, and sixty-four non-dualistic sastras expounded by Siva Anava upaya, Sakta upaya and Sambhava upaya All the jivas from gods down to the mineral who rest in maya tattva. They have no knowledge of the real self and their consciousness is only that of diversity. Sambhava upaya Direct intuitive experience of the essential Self. residing in the same world (of Lord shiva) The state in which the aspirant lives on the same plane with his chosen deity. having the same form (of Lord shiva) The state in which the aspirant realizes complete identity with the Divine. omnipenetrant Omnipotence omniscient Omniscience Sastra; philosophical text. Lit., the sixth organ or medhra-kanda, near the root of the rectum. Existence which is consciousness existence; ultimate reality pure existence, maha satta-transcendental reality. (1) The principle of being; light and harmony, a constituent

Saksat upaya Sksatkara sAlOkam Salokya sArUpam Sarupya Sarvaga Sarvakartrtva Sarvajna Sarvajnatva Sasana Sastha-vaktra Sat Satta Sattamatra Sattva

Satya pramata Saugata Sausupta Srsti Savikalpa jnana Savikalpa samadhi Sayujya sAyujyam shaiva, saiva shaiva sidhdhantha shakti shaktipAda, saththinipAdham sharaNaru shAstra shiva shivAchArya shloka shrauta Siddhi siddi Sikhanta Siva Siva (parama) Siva Tattva Siva-Vyapti smArta smR^iti, smruti Soma (symbolic) Soma nadi Spanda

of Prakrti (2) The inner essential Self. Para Siva Follower of Buddha, a Buddhist The srsti in which pralayakalas remain Knowledge which is acquired through the judgement of Buddhi Communion with God in which the distinction between subject and object is retained The state in which the aspirant realizes identity with the Divine in the midst of difference. absorption (into Lord shiva) related to Shiva The shaivite philosophy that bloomed in thamiznAdu. Power, The Goddess (The female part of the God) descend of divine Grace The set of remarkable devotees who in karnataka spread the vIra shaivam movement instructional scripture Perfect, Auspicious, The Supreme God priest, who shows the way to Lord shiva verse vedic Supernormal power attainment Brahmarandhra The good; the name of the Divine in general; the foundational prakasa or divine light. The Absolute; the transcendent divine principle. The first of the 36 tattvas; the primal divine light, the source of all manifestation. fusion with Siva; absorption of the universe in Siva. follower of smR^iti remembrance, social law book Prameya or object, apana The Pingala nadi carrying apana Apparent motion in the motionless Siva which brings about the manifestation, maintenance and withdrawal of the universe; Svatantrya Sakti, creative pulsation. Gleam; a throb-like gleam of the absolute Freedom of the Divine bringing about the world-process; spanda; the light of the spirit. letting go; emanation; manifestation. Mantra-bija, the Supreme I-consciousness which brings about manifestation. The Vedas immovable.


Srsti Srsti-bija Sruti Stabdha

sthala purANa sthala vR^ixa Sthana-Kalpana Sthiti Sthiti Krtya Sthula bhutani Sthula Sarira Sugata Suddha Adhva Suddha tattva Suddha Vidya

Suddha Vikalpa Suksma Sarira Sunya Sunya (Bauddha)

Sunya-pramata Sunya (Saiva) Sunyata Sunyatisunya Suprabuddha

Surya (symbolic) Surya nadi sthApana sushumnA Susuptata or sausuptam Susupti Susupti (apavedya) Susupti (savedya) Svacchanda Svacchandya Svalaksana Svasamvedana

history of the place/temple abode tree A mode of anava upaya concerned with concentration of external things. gross Maintenance of manifestation Gross elements-ether, air, fire, water and earth. Gross physical body. The Buddha The course of extra-mundane manifestaion from Siva upto Suddha Vidya Parama Siva The fifth tattva, counting from Siva. In this tattva, the consciousness of both I and This is equally prominent. Though the germinal universe is seen differently, yet identity runs through it as a thread. There is identity in diversoty at this stage. Kriya is predominent in this tattva. The consciousness of this state is 'I am I and also this.' The thought of one's self being essentially Siva The inner subtle body, puryastaka void; the state in which no object is experienced. A state in which there is no distinct consciousness of knower, knowledge and known; an indefinable state of Reality. The experient who is identified with objectless consciousness; pralayakala A state in which no object is experienced. vacuity absolute void One who has awakened to the transcendental state of consciousness and in whom that consciousness is constantly present. Prana, pramana (knowledge)Jnana-sakti The Ida nadi carrying prana installation central nADi very important in yoga Delusive condition caused by primal ignorance. Sound, dreamless sleep. Very deep sleep in which there is complete absence of all objective consciousness. Sound sleep in which there remains a slight trace of the sense of pleasure, lightness etc. The absolutely Free Being, Siva; Bhairava Absolute Freedom of the Supreme An object limited in its particular space and time. An intuitive apprehension of oneself without the aid of internal and extenal sense.

Svapna Svapna srsti Svarupa Svarupapatti Svasthiti or Svastha Svatma Svatantra Svatantrya Svatma-satkr Sveccha svAdhiShTAnam Tamas Tantrika Tanmatra

Dream; dreaming condition; vikalpas or fancies limited to particular individuals; The plane of existence in which the bhuvana, body and objects are subtle like dream. one's own form; real nature; essence; essential nature Attaining one's essential nature or true Self. staying in one's essential state. one's own Self. The Absolute, of unimpedede Will Absolute Freedom of Will; Vimarsa Sakti To assimilate to oneself; to integrate to oneself Siva's or Sakti's own Will, synonymous with svatantrya own base, second mystical circle (chakra) One fo the constituents of Prakrti- the principle of inertia and delusion. follower of Tantra; pertaining to Tantra. Lit. that only; the primary elements of perception; the general elements of the particulars of sense-perception, viz. sabda, sparsa, rupa, rasa, gandha A scripture in general; Science of the cosmic spiritual forces, revealed work. becoming gradually less; reduction; a state of subtleness. Logic and dialectics fact, philosophy ; Thatnesss; principle; reality; the very being of a thing; The three tattvas, viz; Nara, Sakti and Siva or Atma, Vidya and Siva One of the five aspects of Siva One of the very old language spoken in the southern most state of India, called Tamilnadu The hymns composed by the famous thamiz shaivite devotees during the first millenium. Highly adored text of thamiz shaivites holy water Power that obscures Reality The system of philosophy of the tirad- Nara, Sakti and Siva or (1) Para,, the highest, concerned with identity (2) parapara, identity in difference, and (3) apara, difference and sense of difference. Prakasa, Vimarsa and their samarasya Iccha, Jnana and Kriya The Hindu holy trinity - brahma, viShNu, rudra - involved in creation, sustainance and destruction trident The fourth state of consciousness beyond the states of waking, dreaming and deep sleep and stringing together all the states; the Metaphysical Consciousness distinct from

Tantra Tanuta Tarka sastra Tattva Tattva-traya Tatpurusa thamiz thirumuRai

tIrtha Tirodhana sakti Trika

Trika (para) Trika (parapara) trimUrti trishUla Turiya or Turya



Ucchalatta Udana Udaya Udyama Udyantrta Udyoga Udvamanti

Uma Unmana


Unmilana Unmilana samadhi

the psychological or empirical self; the Saksi or witnessing consciousness; the transcendental Self. The state of consciousness transcending the turiya, the state in which the distinction of the three, viz; waking, dreaming and deep sleep states is annulled; that pure blissful consciousness in which there is no sense of difference, in which the entire universe appears as the Self. A particular technique of concentration on Pranasakti under Anava upaya. Various aspects of ananda (bliss) are experienced in this concentration. The creative movement of the Divine ananda in waves bringing about manifestation and withdrawal The vital vayu that moves upwards. The Sakti that moves up in Susumna at spiritual awakening. Rise, appearance, creation The sudden spontaneous emergence of the Supreme Iconsciousness. -do-doLit. Opening of the eye; (1) The externalizing of Ichha Sakti; the start of the world-process. (2) In Saiva-yogaunfolding of the spiritual consciousness which comes about by concentrating on the inner consciousness which is the back-ground of the rise of ideas. (3) Representing the letter 'u'. The Iccha Sakti of the Supreme; U=Siva; ma=Sakti- the Sakti of Siva. The Supramental Sakti of Parama Siva in its primal movement towards manifestation, though inseparable from Him is known as unmana or unmani. Literally it means that which transcends manas. This Sakti is amatra, measureless and beyond time. Ksemaraja in Udyota commentary on Necratantra says about unmana mana utkramya gata anavacchinnaprakasasphuratta. It is the Sakti that transcends mind and is an uninterrupted Light. lit., opening of the eye-the start of the world process; (1) From the point of view of svabhava or the essential nature of the Divine, it means the emergence of the Divine I-consciousness. (2) From the point of view of manifestation, it means the externalizing of Iccha sakti, the start of the world process. (3) From the point of view of Saiva yoga, it means the emergence of the spiritual consciousness which is the background of the rise of ideas. (4) Representing the letter 'u'. Unfolding; manifestation. that state of the mind in which, even when the eyes are open, the external world appears as Universal

Unata Upadana Upadhi Upalabhdr Upalabdhi upachAra upadesha upaniShad upAsana Urdhva-Kundalini Urdhva marga Usma Vacaka Vacya Vaha


Vaikhari Vaisamya Vaisnava Vama or Vamesvari

Vapus Varga Varna

Vasana veda

Vedaka Vedya vedAnta Vibhuti vidhAnam vidi Vidya

Consciousness or Siva. Representing the letter U limiting adjunct or condition Limiting adjunct or condition The Experient, knower or subject Cognition, awareness honour, courtesy close advice, initiation philosophy of vedas, vedanta service, attendance the risen up kundalini when the prana and apana enter the Susumna Upward path; susumna The letters Sa, sa, sa, ha Word; indicator; mantra, varna and pada Object, indicated; kala, tattva, bhuvana Flow; channel; the prana flowing in the ida nadi on the left and apana flowing in the pingala nadi on the right of susumna are together known as vaha a technical word of Saiva-Yoga, meaning 'entering completely' into the root and half of the middle of adhah kundalini (from the root Vah to carry) Sakti as gross physical word. difference, disquietude of duality. the follower of Visnu; follower of Vaisnava philosophy. The divine Sakti that emits (from vam to emit) or projects the universe out of the Absolute and produces the reverse (vama consciousness of difference (whereas there is nondifference in the divine). (bhairavasya) form; the nature of Bhairava, cosmic essence. Classes of letters like kavarga, cavarga etc. (1) Letter (2) Object of concentration known as dhvani in anavopaya; anahata nada (unstruck sound experienced in susumna). Residual traces of actions and impressions retained in the mind; habit energy. 1. knowledge 2. The sacrad book of vaidika dharma (Hinduism) from which the name is arrived) Experient Object conclusion of veda, upanishad splendour; power procedure order, system, fate (1) Suddha vidya tattva; (2) Unmana sakti, Sahaja vidya (3) Limited knowledge, a kancuka of Maya.

Vidyasarira Vigraha Vigrahi Vijnana Vijnanamayakosa Vijnanakala

vimAna Vikalpa

Vikalpa-Ksaya Vikalpanam Vikalpa(suddha) Vikasa Vilapana Vilaya Vimarsa Vimarsana Vinayakah Virat Viresa


Virya Visa

vishuddi viShNu Visarga Visargabhumi

Visranti Visva Visvamaya

Sabdarasi-the group of letters and words (sutra, Section II) Individual form or shape; body. The embodied consciousness; supreme consciousness The sheath of intelligence The experient below Suddha Vidya but above Maya who has pure awareness but no agency. He is free of karma and maytya mala but not free of anava mala aeroplane, superstructure over sanctum sanctorum Difference of perception; distinction; option; an idea as different from another idea; ideation; fancy; imagination, thought-construct. The dissolution of all vikalpas The differentiation-making activity of the mind; The fixed idea that I am Siva. Unfoldment; development dissolution; esoteric meaning-anugraha-grace. concealment Self-consciousness or awarenes of Parama Siva full of jnana and kriya which brings about the world-process. intuitive awareness; esoteric meaning-samhara absorption. Beings who create obstacles in spiritual progress by offering temptations. Consciousness limited or conditioned by the upadhi of the aggregate of gross bodies. The lord or amster of the senses that are intent on removing all sense of difference in as much as the lord of the senses has now experienced the delight of the transcendental consciousness. The senses are called vira, because they are now saktis. The movement that strengthened the shaivite roots in the masses of karnataka. Revolutionary in thrashing away some of the old customs like caste etc. virility, vitality; mantra-virya the virility of mantra a technical word of Saiva Yoga, meaning 'entering into the remaining half and wholly into the top of adhah-kundalini right upto the position where urdhva-kundalini ends (from the root vis, to pervade). fifth mystic chakra The Lord of sustainance. Worshiped by vaiShNavam Emanation; creation Two dots simultaneously, representing Sakti's external manifestation of the universe and the internal assimilation of the same into Siva rest; peace. The universe; the all. Visvatmaka: Immanent.

Visvatmaka Visvottirna Vitarka Vivarta Viveka Viyat vrata Vrtti Vyamohitata Vyana Vyapini Vyapta Vyapati Vyapakatva Vyamohitata Vyoma Vyutthana Yajur-Veda yama Yoga

Yogi Yogindra Yogini Yoginyah Yoni

Yonivarga Yugapat

immanent Transcendent The thought that I am SIva, the Self of the universe (In Sankara Vedanta) Appearance of the Real as something different. Philisophical discrimination space; sky penance mode, fluctuation delusion the vital Vayu that is everywhere or the pervasive prana all-pervasive energy of pranava completely pervaded. pervasion; fusion in the whole, in Siva. All-pervasiveness Delusion sky; the infinite sky of consciousness; antar vyoma, the space in the mystic centre. Lit., rising, coming to normal consciousness after samadhi or meditative absorption. One of the four Vedas personal discipline (1) Acquisition of what is not yet acquired. (2) Communion, Communion of the individual soul with the Supreme; discipline leading to this communion (3) (In Patanjali) Samadhi, cessation of mental fluctuations (yuji samadhau). One who is seeking to or has been able to unite with the Universal consciousness. the great yogi who has attained the sambhava state. the divine energy of Bhairava. The saktis-Khecari, Gocari, Dikcari, Bhucari etc. (1) womb, source. (2) The nine classes of consonants; in the context of letters, sakti is yoni, and Siva is bija. (3) The four saktis, viz., Amba, Jyestha, Raudri, Vama (4) Maya-sakti Maya and its progeny; mayiya mala simultanelusly

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