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2010 YEARLY LESSON PLAN (MATHEMATICS FORM TWO)

WEEK LEARNING OBJECTIVES CHAPTER 1: DIRECTED NUMBERS 1.1 Perform computations involving multiplication and division of integers to solve problems. i. ii. iii. iv. LEARNING OUTCOMES CCTS VOCABULARY

Multiply integers. Solve problems involving multiplication of integers. Divide integers. Solve problems involving division of integers.

identifying relationships problem solving working mentally identifying patterns

directed number integer positive negative like sign unlike sign undefined mixed operations order of operations

1.2 Perform computations involving combined operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of integers to solve problems.

i.

ii.

Perform computations involving combined operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of integers. Solve problems involving combined operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of integers including the use of brackets. Compare and order fractions. Perform addition, subtraction, multiplication or division on fractions.

1.3 Extend the concept of integers to fractions to solve problems.

i. ii.

fraction compare order greater than less than decimal sum difference

1.4 Extend the concept of integers to decimals to solve problems.

i. ii.

Compare and order decimals. Perform addition, subtraction, multiplication or division on decimals. Perform addition, subtraction, multiplication or division involving two directed numbers. Perform computations involving combination of two or

1.5 Perform computations involving directed numbers (integers, fractions and decimals).

i.

ii.

plus minus multiply divide positive negative

iii.

more operations on directed numbers including the use of brackets. Pose and solve problems involving directed numbers.

CHAPTER 2: SQUARES, SQUARE ROOTS, CUBES AND CUBE ROOTS 2.1 Understand and use the concept of squares of numbers.

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ii.

iii. iv. v. vi. vii.

State a number multiplied by itself as a number to the power of two and vice-versa. Determine the squares of numbers without using calculators. Estimate the squares of numbers. Determine the squares of numbers using calculators. List perfect squares. Determine if a number is a perfect square. Pose and solve problems involving squares of numbers. State the square root of a positive number as the number multiplied by itself equals to the given number. Determine the square roots of perfect squares without using calculator. Determine the square roots of numbers without using calculators. Multiply two square roots. Estimate square roots of numbers. Find the square roots of numbers using calculators. Pose and solve problems involving squares and square roots.

working out mentally estimate classifying problem solving identifying relationships evaluating

square product power expand expanded form reasonable estimate approximation

2.2 Understand and use the concept of square roots of positive numbers.

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ii.

square perfect square square root fraction decimal denominator numerator

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iv. v. vi. vii.

2.3 Understand and use the concept of cube of numbers.

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ii. iii. iv. v.

State a number multiplied by itself twice as a number to the power of three and vice versa. Determine cubes of numbers without using calculators. Estimate cubes of numbers. Determine cubes of numbers using calculators. Pose and solve problems involving cubes of numbers. State the cube root of a number as the number multiplied by itself twice equals to the given number. Determine the cube roots of integers without using calculators. Determine the cube roots of numbers without using calculators. Estimate cube roots of numbers. Determine cube roots of numbers using calculators. Pose and solve problems involving cubes and cube roots. Perform computations involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and mixed operations on squares, square roots, cubes and cube roots.

cube power negative number

2.4 Understand and use the concept of cube roots of numbers.

i.

cube root equal factors

ii.

iii.

iv. v. vi.

vi.

CHAPTER 3: ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSIONS II 3.1 Understand the concept of algebraic terms in two or more unknowns.

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ii.

Identify unknowns in algebraic terms in two or more unknowns. Identify algebraic terms in two or more unknowns as the product of the unknowns with a number.

working out mentally conceptualizing classifying identify patterns problem solving

algebraic term algebraic expression coefficient unknown like terms unlike terms

iii.

iv.

v.

Identify coefficients in given algebraic terms in two or more unknowns. Identify like and unlike algebraic terms in two or more unknowns. State like terms for a given algebraic term. Find the product of two algebraic terms. Find the quotient of two algebraic terms. Perform multiplication and division involving algebraic terms. Write algebraic expressions for given situations using letter symbols. Recognise algebraic expressions in two or more unknowns. Determine the number of terms in given algebraic expressions in two or more unknowns. Simplify algebraic expressions by collecting like terms. Evaluate expressions by substituting numbers for letters. Multiply and divide algebraic expressions by a number. Perform: a) addition b) subtraction involving two algebraic expressions. Simplify algebraic expressions.

identifying relationship evaluating

3.2 Perform computations involving multiplication and division of two or more terms.

i. i. ii.

product unknown quotient

3.3 Understand the concept of algebraic expressions.

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ii.

iii.

algebraic expression letter symbols simplify substitute evaluate like terms

iv. v.

3.4 Perform computations involving algebraic expressions.

i. ii.

multiply divide add subtract simplify like terms

iii.

CHAPTER 4: LINEAR EQUATIONS 4.1 Understand and use the concept of equality.

i.

State the relationship between two quantities by using the symbols = or . Recognise linear algebraic terms. Recognise linear algebraic expressions. Determine if a given equation is: a) a linear equation b) a linear equation in one unknown. Write linear equations in one unknown for given statements and vice versa. Determine if a numerical value is a solution of a given linear equation in one unknown. Determine the solution of a linear equation in one unknown by trial and improvement method. Solve equations in the form of: a) x + a = b b) x a = b c) ax = b d) = b where a, b, c are integers and x is an unknown. Solve equations in the form a) of ax + b = c, where a, b, c are integers and x is an unknown. Solve linear equations in one unknown. Pose and solve problems involving linear equations in one unknown.

4.2 Understand and use the concept of linear equations in one unknown.

i. ii. iii.

comparing and contrasting classifying conceptualizing identifying relationship making inferences problem solving

equality equals to linear algebraic terms algebraic expression

iv.

4.3 Understand the concept of solutions of linear equations in one unknown.

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ii.

solution root of equation numerical value

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v. vi.

CHAPTER 5: RATIOS, RATES AND PROPORTIONS 5.1 Understand the concept of ratio of two quantities.

i. ii. iii. iv.

Compare two quantities in the form a : b or b/a . Determine whether given ratios are equivalent ratios. Simplify ratios to the lowest terms. State ratios related to a given ratio. State whether two pairs of quantities is a proportion. Determine if a quantity is proportional to another quantity given two values of each quantity. Find the value of a quantity given the ratio of the two quantities and the value of another quantity. Find the value of a quantity given the ratio and the sum of the two quantities. Find the sum of two quantities given the ratio of the quantities and the difference between the quantities. Pose and solve problems involving ratios and proportions. Compare three quantities in the form a : b : c. Determine whether given ratios are equivalent ratios. Simplify ratio of three quantities to the lowest terms. State the ratio of any two quantities given ratio of three quantities. Find the ratio of a : b : c given the ratio of a : b and b : c. Find the value of the other

evaluating identifying relationship comparing and contrasting problem solving working mentally

ratio quantity equivalent sum difference lowest terms compare part proportion ratio sum difference proportional cross multiplication

5.2 Understand the concept of proportion to solve problems.

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5.3 Understand and use the concept of ratio of three quantities to solve problems.

i. i. ii. v.

Simplify equivalent lowest terms value sum difference

vi. vii.

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quantities, given the ratio of three quantities and the value of one of the quantities. Find the value of each of the three quantities given: a) the ratio and the sum of three quantities b) the ratio and the difference between two of the three quantities. Find the sum of three quantities given the ratio and the difference between two of the three quantities. Pose and solve problems involving ratio of three quantities.

CHAPTER 6: PYTHAGORAS THEOREM 6.1 Understand the relationship between the sides of a right angled triangle.

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Identify the hypotenuse of right-angled triangles. Determine the relationship between the lengths of the sides of a right-angled triangle. Find the length of the missing side of a right-angled triangle using the Pythagoras theorem. Find the length of sides of geometric shapes using Pythagoras theorem. Solve problems using the Pythagoras theorem. Determine whether a triangle is a right-angled triangle. Solve problems involving the converse Pythagoras theorem.

identifying relationship classifying problem solving

Pythagoras theorem hypotenuse right-angled triangle side missing side Pythagorean Triples combined geometric shape

6.2. Understand and use the converse of the Pythagoras theorem.

i. ii.

obtuse angle acute angle converse

CHAPTER 7: GEOMETRICAL CONSTRUCTIONS 7.1 Perform constructions using straight edge (ruler and set

i. ii.

Construct a line segment of given length. Construct a triangle given the

construction

construct ruler straight edge set square

square) and compass. iii.

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length of the sides. Construct: a) perpendicular bisector of a given line segment b) perpendicular to a line passing through a point on the line c) perpendicular to a line passing through a point not on the line. Construct: a) angle of 60 and 120 b) bisector of an angle. Construct triangles given: a) one side and two angles b) two sides and one angle. Construct: a) parallel lines b) parallelogram given its sides and an angle.

protractor point line segments compass side perpendicular bisector triangle right-angled triangle equilateral triangle isosceles triangle scalene triangle protractor angle equilateral bisector compass set square parallel lines parallelogram

CHAPTER 8: COORDINATES 8.1 Understand and use the concept of coordinates.

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Identify the x-axis, y-axis and the origin on a Cartesian plane. Plot points and state the coordinates of the points given distances from the y-axis and x-axis. Plot points and state the distances of the points from the y-axis and x-axis given coordinates of the points. State the coordinates of points on Cartesian plane.

characterizing making inferences visualizing identifying relationship working out mentally

Cartesian plane origin x-axis y-axis coordinate distance position square grid plot points quadrant horizontal vertical x-coordinate y-coordinate scale mark extend sequence axes

8.2 Understand and use the concept of scales for the coordinate axes.

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ii.

Mark the values on both axes by extending the sequence of given values on the axes. State the scales used in given coordinate axes w here:

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a) scales for axes are the same b) scales for axes are different. Mark the values on both axes, with reference to the scales given. State the coordinates of a given point with reference to the scales given. Plot points, given the coordinates, with reference to the scales given. Pose and solve problems involving coordinates. Find the distance between two points with: a) common y-coordinates b) common x-coordinates. Find the distance between two points using Pythagoras theorem. Pose and solve problems involving distance between two points. Identify the midpoint of a straight line joining two points. Find the coordinates of the midpoint of a straight line joining two points with: a) common y-coordinates b) common x-coordinates. Find the coordinates of the midpoint of the line joining two points. Pose and solve problems involving midpoints.

coordinate plot uniform vertex

8.3 Understand and use the concept of distance between two points on a Cartesian plane.

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ii.

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distance point common positive negative parallel y-coordinate x-coordinate Pythagoras theorem. midpoint x-coordinate y-coordinate straight line

8.4 Understand and use the concept of midpoints.

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v. CHAPTER 9: LOCI IN TWO DIMENSIONS 9.1 Understand the concept of two dimensional loci.

i. ii.

Describe and sketch the locus of a moving object. Determine the locus of points

conceptualizing construction

accuracy route locus

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that are of: a) constant distance from a fixed point b) equidistant from two fixed points c) constant distance from a straight line d) equidistant from two intersecting lines. Construct the locus of a set of all points that satisfies the condition: a) the point is at a constant distance from a fixed point b) the point is at equidistant from two fixed points c) the point is at a constant distance from a straight line d) the point is at equidistant from two intersecting lines. Determine the intersections of two loci by drawing the loci and locating the points that satisfy the conditions of the two loci.

loci moving object equidistant points fixed point straight line perpendicular distance constant intersecting lines parallel lines condition set of points

9.2 Understand the concept of the intersection of two loci.

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ocate satisfy intersection

CHAPTER 10: CIRCLES 10.1 Recognise and draw parts of a circle.

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Identify circle as a set of points equidistant from a fixed point. Identify parts of a circle: a) center b) circumference c) radius d) diameter e) chord f) arc g) sector h) segment Draw : a) a circle given the radius and centre b) a circle given the diameter c) a diameter passing through

construction classifying identifying relationship problem solving

circle centre circumference radius diameter chord sector arc segment equidistant point fixed point

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10.2 Understand and use the concept of circumference to solve problems.

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a specific point in a circle given the centre. d) a chord of a given length passing through a point on the circumference e) sector given the size of the angle at the centre and radius of the circle. Determine the: a) center b) radius of a given circle by construction. Estimate the value of . Derive the formula of the circumference of a circle. Find the circumference of a circle, given its: a) diameter b) radius. Find the: c) diameter d) radius given the circumference of a circle. Solve problems involving circumference of circles. Derive the formula of the length of an arc. Find the length of arc given the angle at the centre and the radius. Find the angle at the centre given the length of the arc and the radius of a circle. Find the length of radius of a circle given the length of the arc and the angle at the centre. Solve problems involving arcs of a circle. Derive the formula of the area of a circle.

radius formula ratio constant pi approximate estimate derive circular object

10.3 Understand and use the concept of arc of a circle to solve problems.

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arc angle at the centre proportional radius circumference

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10.4 Understand and use the concept of area of a circle to

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area annulus

solve problems.

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Find the area of a circle given the: a) radius b) diameter. Find: a) radius b) diameter given the area of a circle. Find the area of a circle given the circumference and vice versa. Solve problems involving area of circles. Derive the formula of the area of a sector. Find the area of a sector given the radius and angle at the centre. Find the angle at the centre given the radius and area of a sector. Find the radius given the area of a sector and the angle at the centre. Solve problems involving area of sectors and area of circles.

radius

10.5 Understand and use the concept of area of sector of a circle to solve problems.

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area sector angle at the centre radius circle arc

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CHAPTER 11: TRANSFORMATIONS 11.1 Understand the concept of transformations.

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Identify a transformation as a one-to-one correspondence between points in a plane. Identify the object and its image in a given transformation. Identify a translation. Determine the image of an object under a given translation. Describe a translation: a) by stating the direction and distance of the movement

11.2 Understand and use the concept of translations.

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analyzing constructing drawing diagram working out mentally working backwards identifying relationship comparing and contrasting interpreting

transformation plane object image map one-to-one correspondence translation orientation parallel direction distance movement properties

c) in the form iv. v. Determine the properties of translation. Determine the coordinates of: a) the image, given the coordinates of the object b) the object, given the coordinates of the image under a translation. Solve problems involving translations. Identify a reflection. Determine the image of an object under a reflection on a given line. Determine the properties of reflections. Determine: a) the image of an object, given the axis of reflection b) the axis of reflection, given the object and its image. using the method of construction Determine the coordinates of: a) the image, given the coordinates of the object b) the object, given the coordinates of the image under a reflection. Describe a reflection given the object and image. Solve problems involving reflections. Identify a rotation. Determine the image of an object under a rotation given the centre, the angle and direction of rotation. Determine the properties of rotations.

image shape size length angle coordinate

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11.3 Understand and use the concept of reflections.

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iii. iv.

reflection axis of reflection tracing paper laterally inverted line

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vi. vii.

11.4 Understand and use the concept of rotations.

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rotation centre of rotation direction of rotation angle of rotation clockwise anticlockwise properties

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Determine: a) image of an object, given the centre, angle and direction of rotation b) the centre, angle and direction of rotation, given the object and the image. using the method of construction Determine the coordinates of a) the image, given the coordinates of the object; b) the object, given the coordinates of the image under a rotation. Describe a rotation given the object and image. Solve problems involving rotations. Identify an isometry. Determine whether a given transformation is an isometry. Construct patterns using isometry. Identify if two figures are congruent. Identify congruency between two figures as a property of an isometry. Solve problems involving congruence.

shape size object image coordinate

11.5 Understand and use the concept of isometry.

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isometry

11.6 Understand and use the concept of congruence.

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11.7 Understand and use the properties of quadrilaterals using concept of transformations.

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Determine the properties of quadrilaterals using reflections and rotations.

congruence congruent congruency shape size pattern figure property orientation quadrilateral square rectangle rhombus parallelogram kite diagonal preserve

CHAPTER 12: SOLID GEOMETRY II 12.1 Understand geometric properties of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones and spheres.

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State the geometric properties of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones and spheres.

identifying relationship problem solving

prism pyramid cylinder cone sphere net solid cube cuboid

12.2 Understand the concept of nets.

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Draw nets for prisms, pyramids, cylinders and cones. State the types of solids given their nets. Construct models of solids given their nets. State the surface areas of prisms, pyramids, cylinders and cones. Find the surface area of prisms, pyramids, cylinders and cones. Find the surface area of spheres using the standard formula. Find dimensions: a) length of sides b) height c) slant height d) radius e) diameter of a solid given its surface area and other relevant information. Solve problems involving surface areas.

12.3 Understand the concept of surface area.

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surface area dimension standard formula similarities differences base lateral side vertex edge height radius diameter slant height curve surface derive

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CHAPTER 13: STATISTICS 13.1 Understand the concept of data.

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Classify data according to those that can be collected by: a) counting b) measuring. Collect and record data systematically.

classifying analyzing interpreting working out mentally drawing diagrams

data count measure collection of data questionnaire interview s

13.2 Understand the concept of frequency. i. ii. Determine the frequency of data. Determine the data with: a) the highest frequency b) the lowest frequency c) frequency of a specific value. Organise data by constructing: a) tally charts b) frequency tables. Obtain information from frequency tables. Construct pictograms to represent data. Obtain information from pictograms. Solve problems involving pictograms. Construct bar charts to represent data. Obtain information from bar charts. Solve problems involving bar charts. Represent data using line graphs. Obtain information from line graphs. Solve problems involving line graphs. -

systematic record tally chart frequency horizontal vertical highest lowest frequency table information

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13.3 Represent and interpret data in: i. pictograms ii. bar charts iii. line graphs to solve problems.

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data organise pictogram tally chart column row obtain key legend bar graph line graph horizontal vertical