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Message from the Class Mayor

How fast time flies. Two Years seemed like only yesterday. We were just like young butterflies then, fresh from our cocoons and hesitant to spread our wings. But as we went through the stages of community and hospital exposure, we developed larger and more beautiful wings and even tiny “horns” to match our little “mischievousness”

Our precious time and memorable moments spent in the four corners of our classroom, community exposure in Pontevedra and hospital exposures will always linger in our memories. The mixed emotion of our first time to get to know our clients and adjust to the surroundings we’re working. The feeling of being welcomed as a family is truly irreplaceable. The trademark of a true nurse lies in the intensity of our academics, social, human, and spiritual formation.

As your class mayor for SY 2008-2009, it is with great pride that I congratulate you my fellow classmates. This day marks the beginning of a more critical and tougher struggle against the odds; an outset of a greater effort for more triumphs and accomplishments, for the strife has just begun.

In

behalf

of

the

BN2B,

I

sincerely

extend

our

immense gratitude and

commendable applause to all our teachers, especially our clinical instructors who in one way or another have helped us see the horizon and great dimension of education and nursing care.

To my fellow class officers, thank you very much for your unending smiles and care for our section. I would also like to commend our level chair and moderators who are so committed and dedicated to help us realize the importance of responsibility, hard work and concern for our future roles in the society and as nurses. To our ever supportive parents, who have nurtured us to leap to the threshold of success, thank you so much.

I hope that you will never forget to acknowledge our God for He will be the light of our path. My fellow classmates may you remain to be Florence Nightingales by heart forever. As one family we choose to be better and “B” the Best.

Yours Truly,

Shaula

BN2B Class Mayor SY 2008-2009

As part of the course requirement for this semester, we, the BSN 2b was assigned to Barangay Canroma as our adopted community. Through our weekly visits, we were given our adopted families to teach, practice our community skills, and interact with. Through the course of time, we were able to know our families better. Our class was blessed to have such a welcoming and warm community. Although the weather and the long travel time were not always favorable, the families in our community were very cooperative and enthusiastic about our visits. This album is basically our class’ hand in hand effort with the community. It includes the visits we had, our assigned activities per visit, and the culmination activity towards the end. We learned from them as much as they learned from us because if not for their efforts, all of this would not have been possible. Our clinical instructors also made us believe in ourselves and stuck with us through the entire process. Our health teaching plans, daily plan of activities, and home visit forms not only made us meet our requirements, it also brought us closer to our community. The memories we made were not only about the curriculum itself, they were also about our warm conversations with our clients; “therapeutic communication”, as we would call it although in general, it was therapeutic on our part too. Our exposure is truly a great experience and as a class, we are looking forward to these coming years with Barangay Canroma. They

made

us

grow

as

future

nurses,

made

us

a

member

of

their

community, and most of all, made us a part of their family.

First and foremost, we would like to thank the Father Almighty, for without Him, none of this would be possible. Lord, we thank you because despite the sleepless nights and seemingly endless list of things to do, we were able to accomplish this with as much perseverance and heart we are capable of. Thank you also to our clients, the resident of Barangay Canroma, for opening their hearts and homes for us. We learned a lot from our memories and experiences. You and with your cooperation has aided us in our goals. To our classmates, we may not always see eye to eye but eventually our hard work and unity brings about the most unexpected results. For the late night, last minute preparations, laugh trips and many more sequence shots to make and to the support, thank you. Lastly, to our very beautiful, intelligent and considerate Clinical Instructors, Ms. Chua, Ms. Cadena, Ms. Latiza, Ms. Golez, Ms de la Noche, Ms. Tejam, and Ms. Mendoza, thank you. Thank you for valuable advice and knowledge. We know that sometimes we may be a little too much to handle but you kept your faith in us. Your unwavering support and constant considerations will always be remembered. We would not be where we are today without you guiding and supporting us in every step that we make.

It was on the brisk Friday morning of November 28, 2008 in the room B36 when the three groups of the class of BN2-B were waiting nervously for the arrival of their designated Clinical Instructors. Some eager for the awaiting adventure, some still hungry due to the fact that they had skipped breakfast to get to school on time and some utterly sleepy because they were not able to get the complete number of hours of sleep during the previous night. All were checking and rechecking their attires and their paraphernalia, making sure that all were complete and ship shape for the day’s undertakings. The Clinical Instructors finally arrived, checked everyone’s paraphernalia and attires and gave the community orientation. They had previously announced that the community to be adopted was the community of Barangay Canroma in the Municipality of Pontevedra. When all the preparations were said and done and when the last of the students had boarded the school bus; the adventure towards the community of Barangay Canroma in the Municipality of Pontevedra had begun. After the 1 hour long bus ride we were dropped off in the community. With long black umbrella in one hand and the paraphernalia bag in the other, we ventured off into the strange land that we were to adopt, led by our beloved Clinical Instructors of course. Each group was clustered together in different puroks within the barangay’s vicinity and each student was introduced to his or her respective client, they got to know their respective clients and became acquainted with the community with the completion of their worksheet C’s. And the rest just went by really fast. The class had been going back every Friday morning with different activities in their to-do lists for at least five weeks. And finally on the sixth week the culmination day began along with activities such as the mental feeding and the mother’s class. Which were all fun and we got to see how much the people in the community of Barangay Canroma in the municipality of Pontevedra appreciated our prescence. All in all it was a great learning experience not only for the people in the community but also for all of us who had been privileged enough to become a part of this set of activities.So we, the class of BN2B school year 2008- 2009, dedicate this album to the beautiful people of barangay Canroma in the municipality of Pontvedra, our very supportive Clinical Instructor, namely Ms.

Choluie Chua, Mrs. Jocelyn Cadena and Mrs. Maria Aida Cheryl Latiza for their support and general guidance and to all those who had made this wonderful experience possible. Many thanks and more power!

Foreword : A Message From the Class Mayor...................................2

Preface...........................................................................................................4

Acknowledgements......................................................................................8

The Story: Where It All Began....................................................................9 Table of Contents........................................................................................10 BN 3B Exposure...........................................................................................11

Spot Map......................................................................................................12 Group Profiles..............................................................................................13

Components of the Community : Core...........................................16 Physical Environment................................................................33

Education.....................................................................

..........42

Safety and Transportation.......................................................59 Politics and Government.........................................................83

Health and Social Services......................................................94

Communication...................................................................................151

Economics.....................................................

.......................158

Recreation........................................................................

....181

Appendices...................................................................

.............193

Bibliography...........................................................................................239

Spot map(to be inserted)

Group 1

Group 1 is located at Purok Punong just a few meters upon the
Group
1
is
located at Purok Punong
just
a
few
meters upon the

entrance to Barangay Canroma. Our location is somewhat L shaped and ends

with numerous fish ponds taken care of by the residents of the purok as well.

For our clients, most of them are adults with extended families or siblings

living together. Group 1 was very fortunate to have been given very

cooperative and generous clients. Although it takes a lot of time for us to

walk and disperse ourselves in our area, the group was able to meet our

objectives on time with our clients’ help.

Group 2

Each of the members in group 2 has their own unique color or personality. Each has

Each of the members in group 2 has their own unique color or personality. Each has their own forte which could either stem from our talents or just our own intellectual capabilities. Group 2 have been honed and polished throughout the whole semester to contribute to what we are now. Here comes 2 nd year 2 nd semester where there are new groupings. Friends must separate if the starting letters of their names aren’t alphabetically close; new groupings, new ties, new bonds, and new memories to create. There are also adjustments for not all of us are comfortable with each other. The group slowly learned to drift away from our comfort zones, not knowing that doing such could yield memories that can also be good enough for us. Bonds were really tested especially in the tasks that are assigned for the different groups. It was a memorable event for in there, the colors all melded to create a beautiful, lingering and priceless piece of artwork.

Group 3

Being exposed in a community in different places here in Bacolod, helped the group a lot

Being exposed in a community in different places here in Bacolod, helped the group a lot in the understanding about nursing, it really helps us to enhance our skills, abilities, and even our characters and attitudes. Helping people, who are in need of help, really builds passion in what Group 3 does. It doesn't only focus on the group, but most especially to those people who are living in a community that seeks help and advice on their diseases or illnesses. Group 3 was there to promote health and teach them to prevent diseases. And for the group, it is a great privilege to do this. We are blessed by God, and now it's time to bless those who are in need.

COMPONENTS OF THE COMMUNITY

Among the components of the community, the Core component

comprises most of the community. Thus, we can say that it is the most vital

and basic part of any community. The Core is basically composed of the

demographic characteristics of the population. Examples of these are the age

group of the people, the sex characteristics of the population, civil status of

the population and the family size of each household.

History of Pontevedra

Local historians and scholars who have been doing research and

studies on the history of Negros Occidental confirm that the town of

Pontevedra was named after that beautiful place in the Galicia region of

Spain. The records at the Spanish Archives and other European public

libraries would bear it out. Pontevedra is indeed an Iberian world.

Obviously, when the Spaniards began colonizing the Island of Buglas

(old name of Negros), they might have been homesick of their hometown in

Spain that in order to always put it in their hearts and remember their loved

ones left behind, they named our town “Pontevedra” and later on some of

them decided to stay and make it their second home, thus helped bring to

the shores of Buglas Island the rich Spanish and European culture and

influence, and most importantly Christianity, where to this day the people of

Pontevedra remain 85% Roman Catholic.

Before the Spaniards came however, Pontevedra was already called

“Marayo” by the settlers who originally came from the neighboring islands of

Guimaras and Panay. Marayo was an old Ilonggo term (or “karay-a”) which

meant a faraway place when Pontevedra was viewed by the people of

Guimaras and Panay across the Guimaras Strait at that time.Life was so

simple that naming a person and place was primarily based on their physical

features and characteristics. There was only the sailboat as the primary

means of transportation so that anything separated by the sea looked so far

away indeed. Superstitious belief was prevalent and various spirits such as

those of the forest, sea, river, water, etc. were called upon for their blessings

and help. The beliefs on underworld characters such as “aswang”, “kapre”,

“tamawo”, “tayho”, “amamanhig”, “bagat”, “hubot”, “dwende”, “kalag”, and

others were widespread that it seemed theirs was an eerie world after dark.

There was also the practice of black magic called “hiwit” and “paktakon”

(fortune telling) by the gifted or village elders.

Those original settlers built their camps and makeshift houses along

the shore and the river because most of them were the migratory fishermen

lured by the abundance of fish. These settlers became content of what the

place could provide them that they began building bigger settlements and

organizing themselves into tribes and clusters (presently called “puroks” or

“sitios”) with leaders and spiritual advisers cum medicine men. They brought

with them the knowledge on trade and barter and introduced better methods

of farming. They raised farm animals such as pigs, carabaos and goats and

domesticated dogs and cats.

At first the natives of Panay lived side by side with the domestic “Atis”

who were the indigenous people of Buglas Island. The Atis were experts on

hunting but they were nomadic too. They had no permanent place to stay

because they were always hunting for food. Perhaps the main reason why

these two distinct tribes eventually separated was because of physical and

cultural differences actually. The “Atis” were small, dark and curly haired

while the Panay settlers belonged to the Malay race who were much bigger,

straight haired and fair or brown-skinned. They had different ethnic

languages that compounded their problem on integration as they could never

effectively relate to one another. Notwithstanding this fact, they were gentle,

peaceful and forgiving people that no serious tribal war ever occurred

between them.

Later when the Spaniards came and began colonizing the country, a

group of Spanish conquistadores, “frailes” (friars) and high-ranking officials

set foot in the Island of Buglas to claim it in the name of Spain similar to what

their peers were doing in other parts of the archipelago. After christening a

place in the central portion of Buglas facing the sea (now known as Guimaras

Strait) “Pontevedra”, these colonizers began introducing governance with the

Church at the helm. Thus the beginning of Spain’s heavy influence among the

people of Negros and specifically Pontevedra. Those natives who at first

resisted them were either intimidated with force, the Spaniards having had

superior armaments, ships, military tactics and supplies which could last

many days. Some natives were bullied, bodily harmed and even killed during

skirmishes. While the natives used crude bolos, spears and arrows, the

colonizers used canons, muskets and catapults with body armours to shield

them from spears and arrows. The native women were befriended and offered

the gift of the Christianity by the priests and friars to soften their stand and

appeal to their men folk to accept the colonization peacefully. It later became

known as the conquest by the Sword and the Cross. It then started Spain’s

colonization of the archipelago which lasted close to 400 years (and ended in

1898 when the Battle of Manila Bay was won by the Americans against the

Spaniards). It was at the point in history that the Spaniards decided to call the

place “Pontevedra” in loving remembrance of its namesake in Spain.

Having established a foothold in Buglas and Pontevedra, Spain

proceeded to introduce its own style of governance which was heavily

influenced by religion through the friars as there was no separation of Church

and State at that time. In 1856 a Spanish decree finally established the

pueblo of Pontevedra, as it used to be part of Ginigaran (now the Municipality

of Hinigaran to the South). The establishment of pueblo Pontevedra was

endorsed by the Bishop of Cebu.

The first “cabeza” or head of the community in Pontevedra was Cirilo

Ledesma. What followed was the construction of the first Christian church on

September 3, 1870 made possible by virtue of another Spanish decree and

supervised by a Spanish Recollect priest, Fr. Andres Ferrero. As a gift, the

church through Father Ferrero was subsequently granted 1,000 hectares as

friar land by the Spanish authority as was the practice then. It was later

reduced to 715 hectares and was located some 15 kilometres southeast of

the poblacion in what is now known as the Legua Communal area. The land

was ultimately passed onto the ownership of the pueblo (it was offered to the

Department of Agrarian Reform or “DAR” on a Voluntary Offer to Sell Scheme

in line with the revitalized Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program after the

EDSA Revolution of 1986 by the local town officials ending more than 100

years of ownership by the local government of Pontevedra).

In early days of the Spanish regime, the parish priest of the adjacent

pueblo San Enrique came to Pontevedra once in a while to say mass and

attend to the spiritual needs of the local folk. Since there was no church yet

in Pontevedra at that time, the owners of houses often offered their places for

the mass to be officiated, until Father Ferrero built the first church.

In the 19 th century, another wave of migrants from Panay who were

looking for richer fishing grounds and promising lands for farming lured by a

legendary tale of their forefathers of a beautiful place with abundant fish

made a second exodus after a very long time and found their way to the

“marayo” land. A certain Dionisio Cortez from Antique was the first to settle

in and cut trees for his house. It was Cirilio Ledesma who was appointed the

first “cabeza” or head of the community as he figured prominently in

organizing the people thereby establishing his influence over them. Records

show that among the mestizo families who stayed in Pontevedra were the

Camposes.

The seat of local government, the “casa real” or municipal hall was

built in the western portion of the Poblacion next to the town plaza and the

adjacent shore facing the Guimaras Strait. A short distance from the casa real

was the parochial school where Catechism, Cartilla Gaton, Guia de Artesano

and Aritmetica were taught. Under the Spanish regime, the town mayor was

called “Capitan Municipal” and was elected through a general election. He

usually carried a cane (“baston”) made of kamagong or borlas with carvings

as a symbol of authority.

It was in the late 19 th to the early 20 th century that Pontevedra was

having its glorious days as the transhipment point (or “Embarcadero”) of a

new industry called sugar. The wharf built by the Central Azucarera de La

Carlota Y Pontevedra along the Marayo River where sugar was loaded to the

seagoing “batil” to be distributed all over the country made Pontevedra a

lively town and produced influential families known as “hacienderos” whose

lands were planted to sugarcane. A hacienda then became the landlord’s

fierfdom where he is entitled to the loyalty of his workers (or technically his

subjects). In his land he is considered to be the “Patron” who takes care of the

needs of his workers and looks after their welfare.

On January 21, 1901, the Municipality of Pontevedra came into being

by virtue of the Declaration of the Philippine Commission Act no. 82 otherwise

known as the Municipal Code. It was during the American regime in the

Philippines which began at the turn of the century when through the Treaty of

Paris Spain ceded the archipelago to the United States in 1898. The era was

known as the Americanization of the Philippines. It was also in 1901 after the

“defeat” of the Spaniards that they were rounded up by the American

invaders and their Filipino cohorts and arrested. However, the Treaty of Paris

allowed the Spaniards to remain in the archipelago but had to first plead

allegiance to the American occupation and those who chose to go back to

Spain and Europe were allowed Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines were

bought by the United States for $20 million and became American territories.

Almost every Filipino was swept away by the American culture and the

“liberal” policy of the new colonizer. Having felt better off with the lenient

Americans than with the strict Spaniards, our people loved to be associated

with everything identified with the Stars and Stripes, most importantly the

English language with its slangs as well as the Hollywood movies and the

eloquent English songs and ballads. The Filipinos were mesmerized by the

American way of life. There was even a point in history when the Filipinos

were called “Little Brown Americans”. American business might have entered

the country and the Filipino culture was dramatically changed. It thus began

the “Americanization” of the Filipino people, and the country was declared a

part of the American Commonwealth of nations where Manuel L. Quezon

became its President. In the local scene the position of capitan municipal was

changed to municipal president with a term of three years. In Pontevedra

they were Severino Cuizon, Meliton Garaton, Tito Silverio, Andres Custodio,

Miguel Custodio, Gil Capadocia, Aurelio Perez, Andres Covacha, Emilio

Parroco, Miguel Geanga and Emilio Magsusi.

It continued this way until the invasion of the Japanese Imperial Army

during the Second World War on December, 1941 shortly after the bombing

of pearl harbour in Hawaii. The Japanese appointed Andres Covacha mayor of

Pontevedra, while the Resistance Movement designated and recognized Felix

Gordevilla mayor of Free Pontevedra under Alfredo Montelibano, Sr. of the

Philippine Civil Government, an ally of the Americans. They established their

sear of government in the hills of Negros and constantly harassed the

Japanese. These brave young idealistic men and women who were called

“guerrillas” and Roberto Benedicto was one of their leaders. (Some of these

guerrillas who would later become town officials of Pontevedra were Marino

Rubin who became mayor and Florencio “Fencing” Alonso who became

councillor among others, after the war.)

In 1941 the Commonwealth was abruptly abolished and changed into a

Japanese Puppet Government after the invasion of the country by the

Japanese Imperial Forces and started World War II. The “Japs” as they were

called by the Filipino and American resistance fighters annexed the

Philippines into what became the “East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere” and

entered into an alliance with the Axis Power in Europe led by Germany. World

War II in Pontevedra produced local heroes and legends, some of whom

offered their lives for the country, freedom, and democracy. They were the

guerrillas who gave their Japs their worst nightmare, notwithstanding the

“boys” ‘ lack of proper military training, armaments and equipment, they

fought and fight hard they did in all fronts that prompted Winston Churchill of

Britain to say, “The Filipino soldiers are second to none. “They never ceased

to harass the Japanese with or without arms.” Some involved themselves in

intelligence gathering and passed vital

information to the Resistance. Others gave sheter, food, medicines and

nursed the wounded, or helped them escape.

When Liberation came after the Japanese invading forces were routed

by the Filipinos and Americans, and starting in 1945, a succession of mayors

of Pontevedra followed: they were Miguel Perez, Apolonio Espinosa, Justiniano

Soliguen, Pio Suanico, Vicente Suanico, Damaso Centena, Jr. Marino Rubin,

Julio Celes, Romulo Deles, Silverio Mogar, Carlos O. Cojuangco and Jose

Benito A. Alonsa. With Cojuangco and Alonso, Pontevedra’s political

landscape dramatically changed brought about by the emergence of new

blood in governance and public service, dislodging the traditional politicians.

In the local elections of 2007, Jose Maria Alvarez Alonso trounced his

opponent Roscoe Deles in the mayoralty race to become the incumbent local

chief executive of Pontevedra until 2010. Alonso belongs to the family of

public servants who has had a long history of dedicated and unblemished

service to the municipality and people.

The only remaining dialect which reminds every Pontevedrahanon of

his or her ancestors who came from Panay and Guimaras is “Marayo” being

used to this day as the official name of the river that runs through the

Poblacion, although some older folk still affectionately call the town Marayo, a

word as endearing and significant as the local history itself.

Population Density of Barangay Canroma

BARANGAY CANROMA

Estimated Population as of May 2008 Table 1

No. of Gende No. of Percent No. of Percent TOTAL Percent Househ r Family age Depende
No. of
Gende
No. of
Percent
No. of
Percent
TOTAL
Percent
Househ
r
Family
age
Depende
age
age
olds
Heads
nts
Male
591
83%
982 42%
1573
52%
642
Female
124
17%
1354
58%
1478
48%
TOTAL
715
100%
2336
100%
3051 100%
BARANGAY CANROMA
Projected Population 1999-2010
Table 2
Population
2002
2003
2004 2005
2006
2007
2008
2009 2010
Barang
1903
1925
1947 1969
1992
2014
2038
2062 2084
ay
Canro
ma

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Gender Characteristics of Families in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

 

Table 3

Gender

Frequen

Percentag

cy

e

Male

137

49.6%

Female

139

50.4%

TOTAL

276

100%

 

Figure 3

Interpretation:

The community of Purok Punong, Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra is

composed mainly of the male population. The male population as shown by

Figure 3 shows the number of male and female respondents. The male

comprises 49.6% of the overall population and the female comprises the

remaining 50.4% of the population. Thus, this implies that Barangay Canroma

of Pontevedra is a female dominated community.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of

Age Group of Families in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

Table 4

Range of Age

Frequency

Percentage

Infant ( 1 year and below)

2

0.8%

Toddler/Preschool (2-6 years)

10

4%

School Age (7-12 years)

26

10.4%

Adolescent (13-17)

14

5.6%

Young Adult (18-25 years)

44

17.7%

Adults (26-60 years)

134

53.8%

Old Adults (61 years and above)

19

7.6%

TOTAL

249

100%

Interpretation:

Figure 4

Figure 4 shows that most part of the population fall in the range of

adults or ages 26 to 60. It comprises 53.8% of the population. Then, it is

followed by the Young Adult age group which is 17.7% of the population.

Following it is the School age population. These 26 children is the 10.4% of

the population. Teenagers and the Elderly comprise 5.6% and 7.6%

respectively of the population followed by the toddlers and preschool, which

4%. Lastly, the Infant group only composes 0.8% of the total population.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Civil Status of Children in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

 

Table 5

Civil

Reside

Percent

Status

nts

age

Single

106

61%

Married

67

39%

TOTAL

173

100%

Interpretation:

Figure 5

Figure 5 shows that children comprise mostly of Single Status citizens.

They are 61% of the overall population of the children. The married children

population is only 67 of the population and only 39% of the population. This

explains that most of the children are still dependent or does not have his/her

own family yet.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Number of Children of Families in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

Table 6

Number

Frequenc

Percenta

of

y

ge

Children

1

5

12%

2

3

7%

3

5

12%

4

6

14%

5

3

7%

6

8

18%

7

1

2%

8

2

5%

9

4

9%

10

3

7%

No

3

7%

children

TOTAL

44

100%

Interpretation:

Figure 6

In Figure 6 it shows that most of the household in the community have

six (6) children. Eight of the households or 18% of the population responded

to this. Following it are households with four (4) children having 14% of the

total population. Then, households with one (1) child and three (3) children

comprise 12% of the population. It is followed by households with nine (9)

children having 9% of the total respondents. Then, households with two (2),

ten (10) and no children each have 7% of the overall population. Lastly,

households with seven (7) children place last with 1 response or 2% of the

population.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Size of Families in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

 

Table 7

Number of

Households

Percentage

family

members

1-3

8

19%

4-6

14

32%

7-9

13

30%

10-12

8

19%

TOTAL

43

100%

 

Figure 7

Interpretation:

Shown in Figure 7 is that most of households having more or less 4-6

family members, which is 32% of the population. Then, 7-9 family size follows

next with 13 responses or 30%. Then, it is followed by 10-12 and 1-3 family

size with 19% of the overall population. Thus, we can say that Barangay

Canroma Pontevedra is composed mostly of a large family size.

Summary of Findings:

The following are the summary of findings based on the gathered data:

The community is a female dominated population which comprises 50.4% of the population. With this data, It is best that programs on livelihood and family as well as home management should be implemented. This would aid them to earn money and manage their homes and families more effectively. In terms of age groups, the adult comprises 53.8% of the total population which is why occupational health care should be given much attention. It is in this age group wherein people work for their family so they are prone to work-related injuries and accidents. They are also prone to many diseases such as hypertension and diabetes because usually it is in these ages where these diseases start to appear. The large family size goes to show that family planning methods are not well implemented in the area. Also, there is also big risk of a fast spread of diseases because of the big family size. Members would most likely infect another member when they come in contact with each other because they belong to big family size and they will see each other much often.

Conclusion:

The major health implication of the core system is the large size of families in the community of Barangay Canroma. With a dense population size based on the data gathered, it would be dangerous when one member of the community gets sick and the transfer of bacteria would be fast because of the many number of people in the society. It will be an easy spread of microorganisms knowing that each family consists of most likely 6 members. Infection will also be easy since family members come in contact with each other every day so it is not impossible for the family member to be contaminated. And this might eventually lead to an epidemic and would affect the whole community. Also, with a large size of family, it will be difficult to provide food for each member so malnutrition might be another cause of this problem.

RECOMMENDATION:

BASED ON THE SUMMARY OF FINDINGS OF THE DATA GATHERED, THE FOLLOWING RECOMMENDATIONS ARE MADE:

IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT THE COMMUNITY FOCUS ON OCCUPATIONAL

HEALTH CARE BECAUSE OF THE BIG POPULATION OF ADULTS IN THE

FAMILY. IT IS IN THIS AGE GROUP WHEREIN THEY WORK FOR THEIR

FAMILY SO THEY ARE MOST LIKELY TO HAVE WORK-RELATED HEALTH

PROBLEMS.

FAMILY PLANNING SHOULD ALSO BE GIVEN FOCUS BECAUSE IT IS

EVIDENT IN THE DATA GIVEN THAT THEY HAVE MANY CHILDREN. THIS

COULD HELP EACH FAMILY PREVENT UNWANTED BIRTHS AND PREVENT

DEATH DUE TO BIRTH.

AND MOST IMPORTANTLY, INFORMATION DISSEMINATION SHOULD ALSO

BE GIVEN FOCUS BECAUSE SOME MEMBERS OF THE COMMUNITY ARE

UNAWARE OF THE HEALTH PROGRAMS OF THE COMMUNITY. ALSO, AS

NURSES, HEALTH EDUCATION IS ONE OF THE WAYS TO GIVE

INFORMATION TO THE MEMBERS OF THE COMMUNITY AND PROBABLY

THE MOST EFFECTIVE WAY OF INFORMATION DISSEMINATION.

PHY SIC AL EN VIRONM ENT

THE HEALTH OF INDIVIDUALS AND COMMUNITIES ARE GREATLY

AFFECTED BY A COMBINATION OF MANY FACTORS. ONE OF THEM NATURALLY

IS THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT. THE ENVIRONMENT HAS A SIGNIFICANT

EFFECT ON THE HEALTH OF THE POPULATION. IT INCLUDES THE ASSESSMENT

AND POSSIBLE CONTROL OF SOME OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS THAT

MAY POTENTIALLY AFFECT HEALTH. SOME EXAMPLES OF THESE

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ARE THE PHYSICAL, CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL

ISSUES THAT SURROUND THE PEOPLE LIVING IN THE COMMUNITY. THE

VERMINS, HOUSEHOLD PESTS, HOUSEHOLD STRUCTURES, SAFE WATER AND

CLEAN AIR, HEALTHY WORKPLACES, SAFE HOUSES, COMMUNITIES AND

ROADS ALL CONTRIBUTE TO GOOD HEALTH.

THE DISEASES OF TODAY ARE MOSTLY MANMADE AND ARE DUE TO

POLLUTION AND MISMANAGEMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT WHICH HAS A

DIRECT EFFECT ON THE OVERALL HEALTH STATUS OF THE PEOPLE IN THE

COMMUNITY. URBAN GROWTH WHICH INCREASES ECONOMIC AND

INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENTS IN THE COUNTRY EXPOSES THE POPULATION TO

SERIOUS ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS.

PROPER ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT IS THE KEY TO AVOIDING THE

MOST OF ALL PREVENTABLE ILLNESSES WHICH ARE DIRECTLY CAUSED BY

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS. PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT IS DEFINED AS THE

NATURAL BOUNDARIES THAT COMPRISE A COMMUNITY, THE TYPES OF

DWELLINGS THAT THE PEOPLE INHABIT, THE ANIMALS THAT ARE PRESENT IN

THEIR HOUSEHOLD AND OTHER FACTORS OUTSIDE OF THEIR RESPECTIVE

BODIES. BY BEING CAREFUL ON THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT OF A

COMMUNITY, THERE IS A GREAT POSSIBILITY THAT WE MAY BE ABLE TO SAVE

LIVES, PREVENT DEATHS AND MINIMIZE ILLNESSES.

FREQUENCY AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF STRUCTURE OF HOUSES IN BARANGAY CANROMA, PONTEVEDRA, NEG. OCC.

 

TABLE 8

HOUSING

NUMBER

PERCENTAGE

STRUCTURE

NIPA

7

16.67%

WOOD

4

9.52%

STONE

0

0%

CEMENT

17

40.47%

OTHERS (COMBINATION OF ANY)

14

33.33%

TOTAL

42

100%

 

FIGURE 8

INTERPRETATION:

MOST OF THE HOUSING STRUCTURE, AS SHOWN IN THE FIGURE ABOVE, SHOWS THAT THEY ARE MADE OF CEMENT. THUS, WE CAN SAY THAT THEY HAVE A SAFE SHELTER TO LIVE IN. SAFETY IN THE HOUSEHOLD IS NOT A MAJOR PROBLEM IN THE COMMUNITY. BUT THERE ARE STILL A FEW OTHERS WHOSE HOUSES ARE MADE OF NIPA AND WOOD SO THEY ARE THE ONES THAT ARE MORE PRONE TO LOSS OF HOME IN TIMES OF DISASTERS.

FREQUENCY AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF

ELECTRICAL CONNECTION IN BARANGAY CANROMA, PONTEVEDRA, NEG. OCC.

 

TABLE 9

ELECTRICAL

FREQUENCY

PERCENTAG

CONNECTIO

E

N

YES

41

98%

NO

1

2%

TOTAL

42

100%

 

FIGURE 9

INTERPRETATION:

THE HOUSEHOLDS IN BARANGAY CANROMA, PONTEVEDRA ARE WELL

SUPPLIED WITH THE LUXURY OF ELECTRICITY. FIGURE 9 SHOWS THE

EVIDENCE THAT ALMOST ALL OR 98% OF HOUSEHOLDS HAVE ELECTRICITY

AND ONLY 2% DOES NOT HAVE ELECTRICAL CONNECTION. ALTHOUGH THERE

IS ONE HOUSE THAT ISN’T SUPPLIED WITH ELECTRICITY, THE OVERALL RATIO

OF THE HOUSES WITH ELECTRICITY SUPPLY AND THE HOUSE WITHOUT

ELECTRICITY SUPPLY IS NOT THAT BAD COMPARED TO OTHER RURAL

COMMUNITIES.

FREQUENCY AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF

PESTS AND VERMIN IN HOUSEHOLDS OF BARANGAY CANROMA, PONTEVEDRA, NEG. OCC.

 

TABLE 10

PEST AND

FREQUENCY

PERCENTAG

VERMIN

E

MOSQUITOES

13

16%

FLIES

4

5%

COCKROACH

6

8%

ANTS

31

39%

RATS

25

32%

TOTAL

79

100%

 

FIGURE 10

INTERPRETATION:

BASED ON THE DATA RECEIVED IN FIGURE 10, WE SEE THAT THE

MAJORITY OF HOUSEHOLD IN BARANGAY CANROMA, PONTEVEDRA ARE

INFESTED WITH PESTS AND VERMINS. A TOTAL OF 31 OR 39% OF

HOUSEHOLDS SAY THEY HAVE PROBLEMS WITH ANTS AND 25 OR 32% SAY

THEY SUFFER FROM RAT ATTACKS. MOSQUITOES ARE THE NEXT PROBLEMS

WITH 13 OR 16% OF THE TOTAL RESPONSES. COCKROACHES ARE ONLY 8%

AND FLIES ARE THE LEAST PEST PROBLEM WITH ONLY 5%. MAJORITY OF

HOUSEHOLDS ARE REALLY INFESTED WITH PESTS AND VERMIN AND THIS

COULD BE AN IMPLICATION OF MANY MAJOR HEALTH DISEASES.

FREQUENCY AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF

CONTROLLING PESTS AND VERMIN IN BARANGAY CANROMA, PONTEVEDRA, NEG. OCC.

TABLE 11

PEST CONTROL

FREQUEN

PERCENT

CY

AGE

FOGGING

7

16%

CHALK, MOTH BALLS AND OTHER POISONS

18

40%

GAS/CRUDE OIL

 
  • 2 4%

BY FORCE

 
  • 6 13%

PROTECTION

 
  • 2 4%

TRAPS

 
  • 1 2%

SOAP AND WATER

 
  • 4 9%

DOES NOT KNOW HOW

 
  • 5 12%

TOTAL

45

100%

INTERPRETATION:

FIGURE 11

AS SHOWN IN FIGURE 11, THE MOST USED METHOD OF DESTROYING PESTS AND VERMINS IS POISON. IT COMPRISES 40% OF THE TOTAL RESPONSES. NEXT TO IT IS BY FOGGING WITH 16% AND FORCE WHICH IS 13%. IT IS THEN FOLLOWED BY DOES NOT KNOW HOW WITH 12% AND USING SOAP AND WATER WITH 9% AND FOLLOWING IT IS 4% EACH BY USING PROTECTIVE MEASURES LIKE MOSQUITO NET AND USING GAS OR CRUDE OIL. LASTLY, ONLY 2% USE TRAPS AGAINST VERMIN AND PESTS. THIS MEANS THAT PEOPLE FROM THIS COMMUNITY BELIEVE THAT FOGGING IS THE BEST WAY OF CONTROLLING PESTS .

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS:

THERE IS A HIGH PORTION OF THE POPULATION WHOSE HOUSES ARE

MADE OF CEMENT. THUS, MOST OF THEM DON’T HAVE MANY

PROBLEMS IN TERMS OF HOUSING STRUCTURE.

THERE ARE JUST FEW WHO HAVE PROBLEMS IN TERMS OF THEIR

HOUSE STRUCTURE. SINCE HOUSES HAVE ELECTRICITY, CAUTION ON

ELECTRICAL INJURIES MUST BE GIVEN PRIORITY ESPECIALLY TO

CHILDREN. ALTHOUGH THERE IS ONE HOUSE THAT DOESN’T HAVE

ELECTRICITY, THE MAJORITY OF THE HOUSES ARE WELL SUPPLIED

CONSIDERING THAT THE PLACE IS A RURAL COMMUNITY.

ALSO, INCIDENCES OF PEST AND VERMIN ATTACKS ARE HIGH SO

FAMILIES ARE AT RISK OF VECTOR DISEASES. AMONG ALL THE PESTS

THAT ARE CONTINUALLY PRESENT IN THE COMMUNITY, THE MOST

DOMINANT ARE RATS AND ANTS. THESE PESTS USUALLY BREED IN

DIRTY AND UNSANITARY PLACES AND CAUSE GREAT INCIDENCE OF

DISEASES LIKE LEPTOSPIROSIS. BASING FROM THE FINDINGS, WE CAN

SAY THAT THERE IS A GREAT POSSIBILITY THAT THESE VERMIN

INCREASE IN NUMBER BECAUSE OF IMPROPER DISPOSAL OF ANIMAL

WASTES, GARBAGE AND THE LIKE.

LASTLY, THE RESIDENTS IN THE COMMUNITY LARGELY PREFER TO

ERADICATE THEIR PESTS THROUGH POISONING HOWEVER A GREAT

PERCENTAGE ALSO LIE ON FOGGING WHICH SHOULD DISCOURAGED

SINCE THIS WAY COULD ONLY FURTHER TRANSFER INSECTS SUCH AS

MOSQUITOES TO OTHER PLACES IN THE COMMUNITY.

CONCLUSION:

BASED ON THE DATA THAT HAD BEEN COLLECTED DURING THE

RESEARCH REGARDING THE RURAL COMMUNITY OF BARANGAY CANROMA IN

PONTEVEDRA, THE RESEARCHERS MAY CONCLUDE THAT THE COMMUNITY’S

CHIEF PROBLEM IS THE SHEER NUMBER OF INCIDENCE OF VERMIN AND PEST

INFESTATIONS WITHIN THE VICINITY OF THEIR INDIVIDUAL HOUSEHOLDS.

GIVEN SUCH FACTS THE RESEARCHERS CAN COMPLY THAT THE PEOPLE IN

THE COMMUNITY ALL FACE A GREAT RISK OF CONTRACTING ILLNESSES THAT

ARE SPREAD VIA THESE VERMIN AND PESTS.

ALSO THEIR MANNER FOR REDUCING THIS THREAT OF PEST AND

VERMIN VECTORS LEAVES LEAST TO BE DESIRED FOR THE RESEARCHERS OF

THIS STUDY. THE PEOPLE OF BARANGAY CANROMA IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF

PONTEVEDRA USED METHODS SUCH AS INDISCRIMINATE FOGGING FOR

MOSQUITOES AND POISONING FOR OTHERS SUCH AS RODENTS,

COCKROACHES AND TERMITES WHICH IS NOT THAT EFFECTIVE WHEN

GETTING RID OF SUCH CREATURES THAT MAY PROCREATE VERY QUICKLY.

INDISCRIMINATE FOGGING FOR ONE THING DOES NOT KILL THE MOSQUITOES

BUT RATHER MAKES THEM MOVE FROM ONE COMMUNITY TO THE OTHER.

RECOMMENDATION:

BASED ON THE DATA THAT HAS BEEN GATHERED, THE FOLLOWING

RECOMMENDATIONS ARE MADE:

THE ONLY HOUSE THAT ISN’T SUPPLIED WITH ELECTRICITY SHOULD

ALSO OPT TO BE SUPPLIED SINCE ELECTRICITY WOULD HELP EASE THE

HOMEOWNER’S DAILY LIVES.

VERMIN OR PEST CONTROL MUST BE GIVEN PRIORITY BY THE HEALTH

SECTOR BECAUSE VERMIN AND PESTS IS ONE OF THE MAJOR CAUSES

OF DISEASES SUCH AS DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER AND MALARIA.

HOUSEHOLD SAFETY FOR CHILDREN MUST BE GIVEN ATTENTION TO

AVOID ELECTRICAL INJURIES.

Under this subsystem are the schools available in the community, facilities, activities affecting education, ratio of health educators to learners ratio of classrooms to learners, distribution of educational facilities and condition of the schools, distance of school from home, educational attainments and what informal educational facilities and activities exist in the community. Ann Radcliffe once said that a well-informed mind is the best security against the contagion of folly and of vice. The vacant mind is ever on the

<a href=watch for relief, and ready to plunge into error, to escape from the languor of idleness. If we are educated, we would know what is right and what is wrong and with this, we can make decisions that we know are best for us or for whatever it is that we intend. Education is the knowledge of putting one's potentials to maximum use. One can safely say that a human being is not in the proper sense till he is educated. Education is also a significant factor in determining the health of a person or of a community. Low education levels are linked with poor health, more stress and lower self confidence thus also lowering the productivity and self worth of a person. This could often lead to depression and also depressed health. Aside from these, without proper education, knowledge would not be available thus making the people ignorant especially on their health measures thereby also triggering the greater chances of the onsets of diseases. Education makes man a right thinker. Knowledge of right and wrong allows us to view things from an outside perspective. With education, we are able to acquaint ourselves with our pasts, reflect on our present and plan for our future. With education, we become more rational thus we become more capable of deciding things on our own which leads to what may happen tomorrow. Just like what Aristotle once said, “ All who have meditated on the art of governing mankind have been convinced that the fate of empires depends on the education of youth. ” The condition of the world tomorrow will entirely depend on how we educate our youth today because indeed, the foundation of every state is the education of its youth. Education's purpose is to replace an empty mind with an open one. Pontevedrais divided into two districts with Pontevedra I having 11 Elementary Schools with a total population of 3, 834 while Pontevedra II also having 11 schools with a total population of 4,068. It has 2 private Elementary Schools namely: Calvary Learning Center and Seventh-day " id="pdf-obj-40-4" src="pdf-obj-40-4.jpg">

idleness. If we are educated, we would know what is right and what is wrong and with this, we can make decisions that we know are best for us or for whatever it is that we intend. Education is the knowledge of putting one's potentials to maximum use. One can safely say that a human being is not in the proper sense till he is educated. Education is also a significant factor in determining the health of a person or of a community. Low education levels are linked with poor health, more stress and lower self confidence thus also lowering the productivity and self worth of a person. This could often lead to depression and also depressed health. Aside from these, without proper education, knowledge would not be available thus making the people ignorant especially on their health measures thereby also triggering the greater chances of the onsets of diseases. Education makes man a right thinker. Knowledge of right and wrong allows us to view things from an outside perspective. With education, we are able to acquaint ourselves with our pasts, reflect on our present and plan for our future. With education, we become more rational thus we become more capable of deciding things on our own which leads to what may happen tomorrow. Just like what Aristotle once said, “All who have meditated on the art of governing mankind have been convinced that the fate of empires depends on the education of youth.” The condition of the world tomorrow will entirely depend on how we educate our youth today because indeed, the foundation of every state is the education of its youth.

Pontevedrais divided

into two districts with

Pontevedra I having 11

Elementary Schools with a total population of 3, 834 while Pontevedra II also

having

11

schools

with

a

total population

of

4,068.

It

has

2 private

Elementary

Schools

namely:

Calvary

Learning

Center

and Seventh-day

Adventist. All of these schools could be reached and are strategically located

as to answer the needs of education in the municipality. The rate of

enrollment each year in almost all schools is not stable. All schools

experience a decrease and increase in the number of students each year.

Though the number of classrooms is sufficient, most of them are of poor

condition, dilapidated, condemnable and need replacement. There is also a

lack of modern facilities in teaching to cater to the demands of highly

technological education. The classrooms are small and some schools are

unable to provide proper water and lighting facilities to the students. There

are few or none at all laboratories for Economics, Industrial Arts and

Agriculture in some schools. Some Elementary Schools like in the Case of

Canroma have no libraries at present since the school managers decided to

utilize the room for storage due to the lack of books and other reading

materials.

Pontevedra is geographically located in the central portion of Negros

Occidental. But supervision falls on South Negros Subdivision, with sub-office

at Pontevedra South Elementary School. The Pontevedra subdivision office

serves 14 other elementary schools districts, 27 secondary schools and 18

extension National High Schools. With the new set-up, Pontevedra is now

considered the educational center of the Southern Negros Area. The districts

and schools mentioned are located in 8 Municipality in Negros Occidental.

In terms of academic achievements, the Pontevedra Elementary School

learners topped the other school learners, based on the National, Regional

and Division Evaluation. In the National Entrance Achievement Test they

ranked No. 2 both in the whole Division and Districts and in the Regional

Presently, there are 24 public schools, offering basic education, broken

down as follows: Nineteen elementary schools, 4 secondary public schools, 2

private elementary schools and 1 private secondary school. Serving a total of

7,902 elementary, and 3,518 secondary students.

The Elementary Schools are broken down into 5-big, 13 medium sized

and 2 small sized elementary schools. The 5 big elementary schools are:

Pontevedra South Elementary School, Pontevedra North Elementary School,

Antipolo Elementary School, Miranda Elementary School and San Isidro

Elementary School,while the 13 medium sized elementary schools are as

follows: Recreo, Canroma, M.H. del Pilar, Mabini, Genreal Malvar, Cambarus,

Trinidad, Casal-agan, Carmen, Pandan, Zamora, Camingawan and San Juan.

Lastly, the 2-Small sized schools are Burgos and Buenavista Rizal Elementary

Schools.

Saint Michael Academy is the only private High School in the

Municipality under the supervision of the University of St. La Salle.

Pontevedra National High School is adjacent to Pontevedra South Elementary

School. It has a population of 1,421 with 39 faculty members. There are 3

other National High Schools in the Barangays of Antipolo, Miranda and San

Isidro. These secondary schools are managed and supervised by their school

heads and principals.

Facilities available in most schools:

Library Toilet in every room Deep well for drinking Play ground Stage Herbal/science garden MAPEH room H.E. room Clinic Guidance room Discipline Office Canteen Faculty Room Classroom Storage Room for Files

Flow Chart of the Schools both Elementary and Secondary in Pontevedra

Flow Chart of the Schools both Elementary and Secondary in Pontevedra

STUDENT-TEACHER AND STUDENT-CLASSROOM RATIO

SCHOOL

CURRENT

NUMBER

STUDENT

NUMBER

STUDENT-

(PUBLIC/

ENROLLME

OF

-

OF

CLASSROO

PRIVATE)

NT

TEACHER

TEACHER

CLASSROO

M RATIO

S

RATIO

M

Elementar

11,598

 
  • 348 1:33

282

1:41

y

3,518

  • 111 1:32

66

1:53

Secondary

Interpretation:

The table above shows that there are 11, 598 current enrollees for

Elementary and 3,518 for Secondary. The number of teachers teaching in the

elementary is 348 thus giving us a student-ratio for Elementary of 1:33. Also,

there are 282 classrooms all in all for the Elementary thus giving a student-

classroom ratio of 1:41. On the other hand, the number of teachers in the

Secondary level is 111 thus giving us a student-ratio for Elementary of 1:32.

Also, there are 66 classrooms all in all for the Secondary thus giving a

student-classroom ratio of 1:53.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Educational Attainment of Husbands in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

 

Table 12

Educational Attainment of Husbands

Frequency

Percentage

Elementary

18

45%

High School

15

37%

College

7

18%

TOTAL

40

100%

 

Figure 12

Interpretation:

As shown in Figure 12, majority of the husbands in the households

have an Educational Attainment of Elementary level only. Then, 37% of them

were able to achieve a high school level of education and only 18% of the

total husband population attained a college level of education.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Educational Attainment of Wives in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

 

Table 13

Educational Attainment of Wives

Frequency

Percentage

Elementary

13

33%

High School

17

44%

College

9

23%

TOTAL

39

100%

 

Figure 13

Interpretation:

Among the wives of the households, majority were able to attain a high

school level of education with 44% of the total wife population as shown in

Figure 13. Then, 33% were able to achieve an elementary level of education

and lastly, 23% were only able to get into college. Thus we can say that the

wives in the community are well-knowledgeable because they have at least

entered high school.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Educational Attainment of Children in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

Table 14

Educational Attainment of Children

Frequency

Percentage

Pre-school/Day

7

4%

care

Elementary

34

20%

High School

 
  • 85 49%

College

 
  • 40 23%

Not in School

6

4%

TOTAL

172

100%

Interpretation:

Figure 14

In Figure 14, it shows that majority of the children or 49% of them are

in high school or have achieved high school level of education. 23% of them

got college-level education, 20% achieved elementary education, 4% are not

in school and also 4% are in pre-school or day care. Thus, we can imply that

majority of the children are currently or have finished high school. And a good

number of them got into college.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Distance from Houses to Schools in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

 

Table 15

Distance of

Frequen

Percenta

School from

cy

ge

Home

Walking Distance (less than 1 km)

27

64%

Tricycle Ride

 
  • 6 14%

Away

(1-2 km)

Very Far

 
  • 1 3%

(5-6 km)

Doesn’t know

 
  • 8 19%

TOTAL

42

100%

Interpretation:

Figure 15

Figure 15 shows that 64% of the total household responded that the

school is just of walking distance from their home. Then, 19% does not know

how far the school is. It is followed by 14% who said that the school a tricycle

ride away from their home. And lastly, only 3% said that the school is really

far from their home.

Inventory of Schools, Construction Materials Used and Condition Municipality of Pontevedra

(1999)

 

Table

Name of Schools

Construction

Materials

Condition

 

Used

 

Pontevedra

North

Cement,

wood, lumber, G.I.

Permanent

 

Elementary School

sheets

 

Trinidad

Elementary

Needs immediate

School

Concrete wall, wood window,

repair

G.I. sheets

and

Concrete

Leaning

all

with

hollow blocks

cracks

 

Needs

some

Camingawan

Elementary

repair

School

Semi permanent materials

Dilapidated/deca

Burgos Primary

wood, steel, cement

 

ying

Pandan

Elementary

Concrete materials

Needs

some

School

 

repair

Concrete materials

 

Mabini Elementary School

 

Good

 

Concrete, wood, and steel

 

M.H. del Pilar Elementary School

Concrete, wood

 

Good

 

Good

General Elementary School

Malvar

wood, steel, cement

 
 

Dilapidated/deca

Carmen

Elementary

Lumber, cement, G.I. sheet

ying

School

wood,

G.I.

sheet,

hollow

Needs repair

 

Cambarus

Elementary

blocks, cement

 

School

 

Some

in

good

condition

and

Casal-agan

Elementary

Cement,

plywood,

coco

some

needs

school

lumber, G.1. etc.

repair

Semi-concrete

Temporary

 

Calvary Learning Center

Concrete

 

Dilapidated/deca

Cement, hollow

blocks,

ying

Pontevedra National High

plywood, steel bars, sand and

School

gravel.

G.I.

sheets

jalousie.

Needs repair

 

Etc.

 

Miranda

National High

Dilapidated/deca

School

ying

Antipolo

National High

School

Name of Schools

Construction

Materials

Condition

 

Used

 

Saint Michael Academy

 

Cement, iron bars etc.

 

Permanent

 
   

Building

San

lsidro National

High

Cement, G.I., wood etc.

 

School

 

Semi-Permanent

1.

Accord Building

 

Zamora

Elementary

CHB,

lumber,

cement,

G.I.

Needs Repair

 

School

sheet

   

2.

Bagong Lipunan

 

Needs Repair

 

C.H.B., lumber, cement, G.1

 

sheet

 
 

Needs Repair

 

3.

Marcos Type

 

Steel,

C.H.B.,

G.l

plain

(window)

 

Needs Repair

 

Buenavista Elementary School

Rizal

Lumber,

sand,

gravel

and

 
 

cement

 

Good

Canroma

Elementary

 

School

Concrete

 

Good

/

 

repairable

San

Isidro

Elementary

 

School

Concrete, wood, Steel

 
 

Good

Recreo Elementary School

Wood,

Concrete,

galvanized

 

iron

Some are good,

 

others

needs

Antipolo

Elementary

repair

and

13

School

Concrete, Cement, wood,

classrooms

are

galvanized roofing materials

condemnable.

Needs

immediate

 

San

Juan

Elementary

Semi-concrete

 

repair;

leaking

School

 

roofs;

damaged

ceilings,

windows

and

doors

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Conditions of Public Schools in

Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

 

Table 16

Condition

Frequency

Percentage

Permanent

2

8%

Temporary

1

4%

Semi-Permanent

1

4%

Good

6

24%

Needs some repair

3

12%

Needs repair

6

24%

Needs Immediate repair

2

8%

Decaying/

4

16%

Dilapidated

 

Figure 16

Interpretation:

In Figure 16, it shows that majority of schools have good structures and

still needs repair (24%). Following it is 16% which are already decaying and

dilapidated schools. 12% of these schools needs some repairs, 8% needs

immediate repair and another 8% are already permanent. Only 4% are

temporary and semi-permanent. Thus, there are still a good number of

schools whose structures still need improvement.

Summary of Findings:

Basing from the data results obtained, in the distribution of the families

surveyed:

The quality of education attained by the husbands is very low since the

highest frequency fell on the elementary graduate, followed by the high

school and lastly, college level which has the smallest value. This means

that the husbands have low education levels. With this we can say that a

greater risk of acquiring health related illness is a possibility. In addition,

they may have difficulty in finding a good paying job and not be able to

provide good financial support to their families.

Almost the same findings go with the educational status of the wives.

However in their case, the greatest frequency can be found in the high

school category, followed by elementary then college. This tells us that

the wives have higher educational attainment than their husbands. The

probable reason for the low rate of college levels is poverty and thus is

understandable since the community is expected to have this problem

however In the case of the elementary and high school, we can infer that

the women or the wives are more inclined to study and have education

than their husbands. Because of this, they are more aware of certain

health problems and the preventive measures of these problems as

compared to their partners.

Lastly, in the case of the children, a higher percentage can now be seen in

terms of educational levels in high school followed by college and then

elementary. This tells us that nowadays, education is made more available

to the people. The children are more inclined to study and be educated

compared to the rates of their parents. The findings also show that they

are more likely to go to college. With this, the ideal health rate of the

community surely increases because of the greater awareness and

knowledge of the generation today. There is a greater chance that

diseases would be prevented thus improving the health status of the

community and as a whole, the country. However, the results also show

that a large percentage of the schools are in dire need of repairs. This

problem should be attended to immediately since this could endanger the

physical health of the students, in terms of greater risks of accidents,

larger probability of unsafe water facilities and more prone areas for insect

infestations.

Conclusion:

According to the information that the researchers had gathered, a

problem that the people of Barangay Canroma in the Municipality of

Pontevedra faces in the context of education as a subsystem is that the

husbands have low educational attainment. Husbands, according to the

unwritten bylaws of our patriarchal society, are the designated breadwinners

of their respective households. Therefore they must have the means to

support their families and that entails a higher degree of educational

attainment. The lack of education on the part of the parents would

correspond to their lack of knowledge in terms of healthy lifestyles and

practices which would put their families at great risk for contracting diseases

due to faulty lifestyles, nutrition and health practices.

Recommendation:

To answer the main issues in order to attain educational excellence and

quality education in Pontevedra, the following are recommended:

Direct attention for Classroom repair, rehabilitation, replacement, and

construction of additional buildings to accommodate increasing school

activities is needed.

The lack of modern facilities in teaching should be considered since this

caters to the demands of highly technological education and to cope up

with the rapidly advancing society. Provisions should be made so that

there would be enough chairs, tables, cabinets, blackboards and books for

the students. The school heads should strive to put up play grounds and

other recreational sites for the students as well as more Home Economics,

Industrial Arts and Agriculture Buildings. They should also make sure that

water and lighting facilities are adequately provided in every part of the

school that is being used so as to avoid damage or future inconvenience.

Also, having the record systems of the schools be handled by computer

systems instead of the usual paper works is recommended because not

only will this keep all the school’s documents organized and accurate but

it will also protect them from accidents like fire and floods since the new

system will be easier to recover and save in any case of emergency.

Lastly, cheaper and more quality education should be made more

available to the people in areas like these so that in the future, there will

be a greater literacy rate in that specific place.

Safety and transportation is one of the eight subsystems of the community. It

is a great importance for the community since it has an implication to the

health of the people. It includes the police, fire and sanitation services.

Sanitation is still one of the problems of the country today. It includes

the sanitation of water, food, garbage disposal, excreta disposal and others.

Due to this, sanitary related diseases arise and one of this is diarrhea which is

one of the most leading causes of morbidity. Despite the increase number of

household having an access to safe drinking water, there were still some who

were unknowledgeable and do inappropriate practices in handling the water

from the source to its storage where it could potentially contaminate the

water. There were also some who has insufficient and inappropriate practices

when it comes to disposal of garbage and excreta. Sanitary surroundings and

sanitary toilet facilities are really important to prevent sanitary related

diseases.

Safety also refers to the police and the fire department of the

community. The police promote and maintain the peacefulness and the safety

of the people in the area and fire department should be readily available

when emergency cases arise. Both are of great importance to the

maintenance of safety and protection of the people in the community.

Transportation of the people in the community should also be

considered. It is also significant for the through this the safety of the people

also lies on this sector. The type of transportation of the people should be

known and time of its operation available to the people.

In safety and transportation, it is a responsibility of the nurse to do

health education, effectively and actively coordinate programs and activities

with government and non government agencies, participate in environmental

sanitation campaigns, conduct researches and of course be a role model for

others when it comes to cleanliness at home and the surroundings.

Fire Station

Mission:

To prevent and suppress destructive fire; enforce fire related laws and provide emergency medical and rescue services.

Vision:

A world class fire protection agency working towards a public safety conscious society.

General fire safety and protection tips:

Make sure all family members know what to do in the event of a fire.

Draw a floor plan with at least 2 waist of escaping every room. Make a

drawing for each floor. Dimensions do not need to be correct.

Make sure that the plan shows important details: stairs, hallways and windows that can be used as fire escape routes.

Test windows and doors—do they open easy enough? Are they wide

enough or tall enough?

Choose a safe meeting place outside the house.

Practice alerting other members. It is a good idea to keep a bell and

flashlight in each bedroom.

What to do in case of fire

Do not panic, be calm, but act quickly.

If it is just a small fire you can extinguish it by using a rug, a heavy

garment, a pail of water or fire extinguisher. If the fire starts in any electrical wire or device inside the house, cut off

the current first whenever possible at the switch or the plug. If the fire is beyond control, warn the family, and go to the nearest and safest exit. Don’t attempt anymore to salvage your belongings; you might get trapped inside the burning house. Your life is more precious than your things no matter how valuable they are.

Call for help immediately, phone the fire department at once, be sure

to five the exact address. Do not jump from upper storey except for the last resort; many people

have jumped to their death even while the firemen were bringing ladders to rescue. Practice staying low to the ground when escaping.

Feel all doors before opening them. If a door is hot, get out another

way. Learn to stop, drop and roll to the ground if clothes catches fire.

CRIME VOLUME BY INDEX AND NON INDEX CRIME

CRIME

O1

Jan

to

30

01

Jan

to

30

VARIANCE

INCIDENTS

Nov 2007

 

Nov 2008

 

REPORTED

 

07

 
  • 19 +12

SOLVED

 

07

 
  • 19 +12

UNSOLVED

 

0

 

0

0

INDEX

 

06

 
  • 12 +6

NON-INDEX

 

01

 
  • 07 +6

CSE

 

100%

 

100%

 

0

AMCR

 

1.41%

   

3.84%

 

2.43%

COMPARATIVE CRIME STATICS

(Period covered: 01 Jan to Dec ’07 and 01 Jan to Dec ’08)

BY CRIME

2007

2008

MURDER

3

3

HOMICIDE

1

1

Rape

1

0

Frustrated murder

0

2

Frustrated homicide

0

3

Theft

1

2

Physical injuries

0

1

RA 8294

1

2

RA 9165

0

2

RA 9287

0

1

RA 7610

0

1

RA 8353

0

1

Total

7

19

Republic Act 9165 – Comprehensive Dangerous Drug Act of 2002; against

the trafficking and use of dangerous drugs and other similar substance.

Republic Act 8294 – codifies the laws on illegal/unlawful possession,

manufacture, dealing in, acquisition or disposition of firearms, ammunition or

explosives or instruments used in the manufacture of firearms, ammunition

or explosives, and imposing stiffer penalties for certain violations thereof, and

for relevant purposes.

Republic Act 8353 - The Anti-Rape Law of 1997; the Crime Against Persons.

Republic Act 9287 - An act increasing the penalties for illegal numbers

games, amending certain provisions of Presidential Decree No. 1602, and for

other purposes.

Republic Act 7610 - Special Protection of Children Against Abuse,

Exploitation and Discrimination Act; declared to be the policy of the State to

provide special protection to

children from all firms of abuse, neglect, cruelty exploitation and

discrimination and other conditions, prejudicial their development.

CHIEF OF POLICE: PSINSP Argel N. Ancheta

DCOP for Admin: SPO4 Hercules B. Trigue Jr.

DCOP for Opns/ Traffic PNCO: SPO3 Johnmar P. Lotayco

Admin/ HRDD PNCO: PO3 Cyril S. Robles

Intel/ Supply PNCO: PO2 Roland S. Macoy

DM PNCO: PO2 Nilo G. Genosa

Opns PNCO: PO1 Joseph L. Vergara

PCR/ Fin PNCO: PO1 Amor O. Gatuslao

WCPD/ FJGSS PNCO: PO3Uldarica P. Estomata

Warrant and Subpoema PNCO: PO1 Edmer D. Warte

Radio Operator: NUP Josephine Da Gemarino

(Pontevedra Tricycle Organization)

President:

Mr. Noel Balcina

Vice-President:

Mr. Roger Gemino

Secretary:

Mrs. LornaArnaez

Treasurer:

Mr. Welfredo Sitera

Minimum fare: P6 depending on the distance

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Supply of Water in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

Table 17

Water Supply

Frequency

Percentage

Open Dug Well

 
  • 1 2%

Improved Dug

 
  • 7 15%

Well

Artesian Well

 
  • 5 11%

Water System

 
  • 33 72%

TOTAL

 
  • 46 100%

Interpretation:

Figure 17

Figure 17 shows that 33 or 72% of families in Barangay Canroma use

water system or NAWASA as the main source of their drinking water. Although

there were some who still get their drinking water in an improved dug

well(15%), artesian dug well (11%) and an open dug well (2%).The DOH has

set some policies on the type of water facilities that should be approved or

not. There were some who still get their drinking water from doubtful sources

such as open dug well.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of

Households Having Individual Drinking Glass in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

 

Table 18

Respo

Freque

Percent

nse

ncy

age

Yes

31

74%

No

11

26%

TOTAL

42

100%

 

Figure 18

Interpretation:

The graph shows that 77% of the people in Barangay Canroma have

their own glass for drinking and only 23% does not have their own drinking

glass. This means that family has sufficient knowledge and appropriate

practice on having own drinking glass for sanitary purposes for we all know

that

some

people

in

the

community

are undiagnosed for certain

communicable diseases.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Water Storage in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

 

Table 19

Type storage

Number of

Percentage

Household

Refrigerator

3

7%

Water jug

8

17%

Plastic containers

17

37%

Bottles

3

7%

Directly from Faucet

3

7%

Reservoir

1

2%

Pail

1

2%

Jar

8

17%

Neighbor

1

2%

Pitcher

1

2%

TOTAL

46

100%

 

Figure 19

Interpretation

It shows that the majority of household store their water in plastic

containers (37%).There were others who store their water in water jug (17%),

jar (17%), bottles (7%), directly from faucet (7%), refrigerator (7%), reservoir

(2%), pail (2%), neighbors (2%) and pitcher (2%). Thus, the most used

storage of water is the plastic container.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Garbage Collection in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

 

Table 20

Response

Frequency

Percentage

Yes

19

45%

No

23

55%

TOTAL

42

100%

 

Figure 20

Interpretation:

This chart on Figure 20 shows that majority said that there is no

Garbage Collection in the Barangay. Thus, it is the one that occupies the 55%

of the responses depicted in the chart. The other 45% of the response is

those who said that there is a Garbage Collection in the Barangay. Thus, we

can say that the community has problems in terms of disposing their garbage

since more of them believe that no garbage collection takes place in the

barangay.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of

Times of Garbage Collection in a Week in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

 

Table 21

# of Times Collected per week

Frequency

Percentage

Once a week

14

74%

Twice a week

3

16%

Three times a week

1

5%

Every day in a week

1

5%

TOTAL

19

100%

 

Figure 21

Interpretation:

For the 19 respondents who said that there was a Garbage collection,

74% of them said that it happens only once a week.

Then 16% said that

there is a collection twice a week. 5% of them however said that it happens

three times a week. Only 5% said that the collection happens every day.

Since majority said it only happens once a week, most of them believe that

garbage collection is quite delayed because of the seldom collection.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of

Garbage Disposal Methods in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

Table 22

Garbage Disposal

Freque

Percenta

ncy

ge

Burning

31

54%

Burying

6

10%

Compost Pit

13

22%

Throw anywhere

4

7%

Others Placed in sack

1

7%

Segregation

1

Collected by Brgy.

1

Dumping Site

1

TOTAL

58

100%

Interpretation:

Figure 22

Figure 22 shows that majority of the household burn their garbage

which is 54%. Some bury their garbage (10%) and has a compost pit (22%).

There were 7% who admitted that they throw their garbage anywhere and

there were 7% for others (Segregation, collected by the Barangay, thrown in

the dumping site and placed in sack). This means that people still have

insufficient knowledge and inappropriate practices with regards to the

disposal of garbage.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of

Availability of Toilets in each Households in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

 

Table 23

Respo

Freque

Percent

nse

ncy

age

Yes

38

90%

No

4

10%

TOTAL

42

100%

 

Figure 23

Interpretation:

This only shows that 90 % of the households have their own toilet and

only 10% doesn’t have. The 10% who does have toilet dispose their waste in

their neighbor’s and aunt’s toilet. This implies that more people have an

access to a better and proper excreta disposal.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Types of Toilet in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

Table 24

Type of Disposal

Freque

Percent

ncy

age

Pit Privy

13

31%

Antipolo

2

5%

Water Sealed

14

33%

Septic Tank

11

26%

Others

 

5%

Plastic Toilet

2

TOTAL

42

100%

Interpretation:

Figure 24

Figure 24 shows that most household have water sealed type of toilet

facility (33%).The other type of toilet facilities in Brgy. Canroma were the

septic tank (26%), Pit privy (31%), Antipolo (5%), and 5% for others (plastic

toilet).This means that more people have an access to a sanitary toilet

facilities but there were also number of household who don’t .

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Modes of Transportation in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

 

Table 25

Mode of Transportation

Frequency

Percentage

Tricycle

38

58%

Truck

1

1%

Public Jeepney

5

8%

Trisikad

8

12%

Bicycle

5

8%

Motorcycle

9

13%

TOTAL

66

%

 

Figure 25

Interpretation:

The most used mode of transportation of the residents of Purok Punong

Barangay Canroma is the tricycle which is 58% of the whole response.

Motorcycles are also used by 13% of the respondents and 12% use trisikads

to travel. 8% only use bicycle and a public jeepney. And lastly, 1% only use a

truck. Thus we can say that there are basically many transport vehicles in the

said community but the tricycle is the most used of all.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of

Availability of Transportation at Night in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

Table 26

   

Is there

Frequenc

Percent

 

transportation at night?

y

age

 

Yes

37

88%

 

No

5

12%

 

TOTAL

42

100%

 

Figure 26

 

Interpretation:

 

In

Figure

26,

we

say

that majority

of

the

respondents

say that

transportation is also available at night.

But

there is

still

a portion

of

the

population who said that there is no transportation at night. We can imply

from the study that it is good

that even

at

night

transportation is still

available for the citizens so they won’t have a hard time going home at night.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of

Implementation of Curfew in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

 

Table 27

Response

Frequency

Percentage

Yes

35

83%

No

7

17%

TOTAL

42

100%

 

Figure 27

Implementation:

As shown in Figure 27, Curfew is implemented in the said community

and 83% of the respondents agree that there is indeed a curfew. Only 17% of

the total respondents said that no curfew is implemented in the town. Thus,

the town does implement a curfew and prioritize people safety especially at

night.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Time of Curfew in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

 

Table 28

Curfew (Time Interval)

Frequency

Percentage

6:00pm-8:00pm

5

14%

8:01pm-10:00pm

18

52%

10:01pm-

5

14%

12:00am

12:01am-2:00am

5

14%

2:01am- 4:00am

2

6%

TOTAL

35

100%

 

Figure 28

Interpretation:

Figure 28 shows that out of the 35 families who indicated that they are

implemented with curfew, 52% falls on the interval between 8:01pm-

10:00pm, 14% belongs to 6:00pm-8:00pm, 10:01pm-12:00am and 12:01am-

2:00am. Lastly, 6% belongs on the time interval between 2:01am-4:00am.

Thus, we can say that an early curfew keeps everyone from harm because

later at night, more danger is present.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Willingness of Teenagers to Follow the Curfew in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

 

Table 29

Response

Frequency

Percentage

Yes

28

80%

No

7

20%

TOTAL

35

100%

 

Figure 29

Interpretation:

It is good to know that 80% of the minors follow the curfew being

implemented in the community as shown in Figure 29. But there are still 20%

of them who do not obey the curfew time set. This would mean that they get

to more trouble because there is a high risk of getting hurt when you stroll

around at night.

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Response of Emergency Units in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra, Neg. Occ.

Table 30

Respond readily

Frequenc

Percentag

to emergency cases

y

e

Yes

42

100%

No

0

0%

TOTAL

42

100%

Interpretation:

Figure 30

As Figure 30 shows, all of the respondents unanimously responded that

their Safety and Security Units readily respond in cases of emergency

Situations. Since, none said that they are not ready, we can imply that the

city safety and security sector do their job appropriately thus, keeping all the

citizens as much as possible safe.

Summary of Findings:

Based on the given data, the following are the summary of data:

The people at Barangay Canroma still have insufficient knowledge when it

comes to proper disposal of garbage because most residents eliminate their

garbage by burning it which could add to the global warming experienced

today.

Another is that they have a better water supply for most of the household

get their drinking water from NAWASA and they were mostly using their

own drinking glass.

When it comes to the storage of water, they usually store it in plastic

containers but there were some who still store it in unsafe containers that

could contaminate the drinking water such as pails.

When it comes to the disposal of excreta, majority of the household have

toilets which were mostly water sealed type. Thus, more people have an

access to sanitary toilet facilities but there were others who don’t.

The most common means of transportation is by riding a tricycle which

can be harmful to them since the vehicle is open, there might be cases

when passengers exceeds the capacity of the tricycle which could be

dangerous to the people.

Conclusion:

Based on the data gathered the researchers therefore conclude

that some people in Barangay Canroma, Pontevedra still have inadequate

knowledge when it comes to sanitation at home and in the community.

Majority of the people don’t have enough knowledge on how to dispose their

garbage properly and the sequence of the garbage collection in their area.

They also have sanitary toilet facilities because majority of the household

have their own toilets. The people have a safe access to drinking water which

is NAWASA; however, the insufficiency in the knowledge especially in the

proper practices in handling of water from the source up to the storage point

could possibly contaminate their drinking water because some still store their

drinking water in open containers such as pails. Their mode of transportation,

which is a tricycle, could be dangerous because it is an open vehicle that

could be harmful especially when it is overloaded. The local government

should set the standard capacity of passengers for the tricycle. The barangay

also has a curfew that is being implemented. Though majority of the people

know that there is a curfew, they don’t exactly know when it is implemented.

This only means that the local government has a poor implementation of the

policy. The people that the safety department such as the police and the fire

department respond readily to emergency cases but the data shows that

there is an increase in the crime rates in Pontevedra from 2007 to 2008.

Indeed the people have to be educated to let them know the policies being

implemented and the importance of having a sanitary surrounding for a

healthy body and a healthy community.

Recommendations:

Basing from the data gathered, the researchers recommend:

Standardized and intensified implementation of sanitary programs by the health agencies. Examination of drinking water should be done by the local health authority. Information dissemination about proper garbage disposal and schedule of garbage collection done by the city.

Health education of the people about sanitary surroundings in the prevention of diseases. Local health authority must exert an effort to convert the of water supply facility to approved type by the DOH. Conduct seminars and meetings to let the people know what are the policies being implemented so as to have knowledge about it. Educate the people about proper storage of drinking water Local officials should set a standard capacity of passengers for the tricycle so as to prevent any accidents.

Politics is termed as a process by which groups of people make decisions and

this applies to the behavior of civil governments. Politics has been said to be

the special conduct used in dealing with a group of people.

Politics is important because it determines how a society is set up and

how the individuals in a society should act. The rights that come along with

politics are: right to life, right to liberty, right to property, right to pursue

happiness, right to free speech, and right to self defense.

Government is a term used to refer to an organization in a specific

geographical location which has dominance in physical force which means

they are equipped with the power to execute laws, regulations or rules in

order to discipline individuals. Because of this a set of rules known as laws

must be made. Laws are defined as tools used by a judging party, usually a

court, to decide if a use of force is valid or not.

The government is necessary in order to ensure the proper and non-

abusive use of force. The government primarily exists for the purpose of

protecting the rights of its citizens whether they are inside or outside the

country.

In order to ensure that its citizens are protected from outside or inside threat, the country must have an army for the whole personal defense of the country itself, a police system to protect individuals from other individuals situated within the country, and a court system in order to guarantee objective judgment of individual who may or may not have violated the laws set in a particular country and to make sure that the rights of the citizen are upheld properly. Since the Philippines is a democratic country, Barangay Canroma’s political system also adheres to the specific requirement of the country.

Vision and Mission of Pontevedra

VISION

" A peaceful, politically-mature and morally-reformed society dedicated to alleviate the plight of the less-fortunate: sensitive to the sufferings and needs of the people, especially the poor and the children; concerned with the protection and conservation of the natural resources and endowments; capable of giving more to those who have less without decreasing the gains of those who have more; a community if God-fearing and law-abiding citizens in an atmosphere of

stable peace and order and economic prosperity brought about by sustainable development through forward-looking plans and programs; and a local government that strictly adheres to the policy of transparency, fairness and competence, with equal opportunity to all".

MISSION

To promote local autonomy by developing and strengthening the capabilities and effectiveness of the local municipal government in order to efficiently provide the much-needed basic services to the constituents, and institutionalize people's active participation through empowerment by the practice of participatory democracy in order to achieve a progressive and self-reliant municipality.

Barangay Canroma Barangay Officials:

Punong Barangay: Hon. Carlos P. Esquira, Jr.

Barangay Kagawad:

Hon. Nelson O. Malunes Hon. Adcin G. Sumugat

Hon. Ella M. Morata

Hon. Gladys P. Cabrera Hon. Arnold C. Hilario Hon. Eladio C. Monreal

Hon. Airis R. Edianel

SK Chairperson: Hon. Denmark A. Totica

Barangay Secretary: Joena I. Dalumpines

Barangay Treasurer: Connie C. Casilagan

Barangay Record Keeper: Rowena G. Barcelona

Committee Chairman Membership

(Revised per SB Resolution No. 2007-086)

COMMITTEE

CHAIRMAN

MEMBERS

  • 1. and

Budget

Hon. Gee Ray G. Soliguen

Hon. Jimmy C. Gavan

Appropriation

Hon. Norman C. Espinosa

  • 2. Ways and Means

Hon. Raymund A. Gurrea

Hon. Jimmy C. Gavan Hon. Norman C. Espinosa

  • 3. Women

and

Hon. Ma. Silveria G. Matti

Hon. Lyndree E. Moguad

Family

Hon. Greslie M. Lagunday

  • 4. Senior Citizens

Hon. Ronnel G. Gabitoya

Hon. Lyndree E. Moguad Hon. Raul G. Gonzaga

  • 5. Human

Rights,

Hon. Jimmy C. Gavan

Hon. Lyndree E. Moguad

Ordinances