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Engineering Standard

SAES-W-011 Welding Requirements for On- lot i!ing Welding Standards Committee Members
Al-Awwami, Adnan N., Chairman Rao, Sanyasi X., Vice Chairman Al-Juraifani, Hatim H. Al-Nasir, Ghali !. Al-Nasri, Nadhir ". Carrera, Rene #. Carswell, Raymond J. $een, %eter &. 'oyer, Ro ert (. Niemeyer, &ennis C. Star), Gre* &.

30 March 2005

Saudi Aramco "es#$o! Standards


$a%le of &ontents 1 2 3 4 5 6 # % $ 1) 11 12 13 14 15 Previous Issue: 30 October 2002 Scope............................................................. 2 Conflicts and Deviations................................ 2 References..................................................... 3 General.......................................................... 5 Approved Welding Processes........................ 5 Welding Cons !a"les................................... # Welding Proced res....................................... $ Welder and Welding &perator ' alification..1# (oint Details.................................................. 1# Corrosion Resistant *aterials...................... 1% +ec,ni- e and Wor.!ans,ip...................... 1% Pre,eat......................................................... 24 Post Weld /eat +reat!ent........................... 25 Prod ction Weld /ardness +esting.............. 2$ 0nspection Access........................................ 2$

Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# Page ! o$ %& Primar' contact: "dnan N( "l)"**ami on +,%)-!2-

.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200#

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing $a%le of &ontents '&ont(d) 16 1# 1% 1$ Weld 0dentification........................................ 0nspection..................................................... Repairs......................................................... *iscellaneo s Re- ire!ents....................... 3) 3) 34 35

Attac,!ent 1 1 Conditioning2 Storage2 and 34pos re of S*AW 3lectrodes 56otes 12 22 32 47.......................................... 3# Attac,!ent 2 1 Conditioning2 Storage and 34pos re of Wires and 8l 4es..................... 4)

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This standard specifies the welding, heat treatment, Nondestructive Testing (NDT), and hardness testing requirements for shop and field fabrication and installation, repair, or modification of piping to A !" #$1.$. These requirements are in addition to the requirements of A !" #$1.$ and A !" "% &'. Additional requirements ma) be contained in copes of *or+, Drawings, or other &nstructions or pecifications pertaining to specific items of wor+. An) reference to %onsulting ervices Department (% D) shall be interpreted as the % D *elding pecialist or a representative designated b) % D. An) reference to ,approval, shall be interpreted as written approval. This entire standard ma) be attached to and made a part of purchase orders. This standard is generall) not applied retroactivel) to the maintenance and repair of e/isting facilities unless there are safet), environmental protection, health or securit) concerns.

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&onflicts and "e*iations (.1 An) conflicts between this standard and other applicable audi Aramco "ngineering tandards ( A" s), !aterials )stems pecifications ( A! s), tandard Drawings ( A Ds), or industr) standards, codes, and forms shall be resolved in writing b) the %ompan) or #u)er 0epresentative through the !anager, %onsulting ervices Department of audi Aramco, Dhahran.

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Direct all requests to deviate from this standard in writing to the %ompan) or #u)er 0epresentative, who shall follow internal compan) procedure A"12$3( and forward such requests to the !anager, %onsulting ervices Department of audi Aramco, Dhahran.

References 4nless stated otherwise, all %odes, tandards, and Drawings referenced in this tandard shall be of the latest issue (including revisions, addenda, and supplements) and are considered a part of this tandard. $.1 audi Aramco 0eferences audi Aramco "ngineering 1rocedures SAEP-302 Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering Re uirement Performance "ua#ification $esting and %ertification of Saudi Aramco We#ders Performance "ua#ification $esting and %ertification of Saudi Aramco &ra'ers Performance "ua#ification $esting of %ontract We#ders and &ra'ers %ertification Revie) and Registration of Pro*ect We#ders and &ra'ers Ins,ection Re uirements for Pressuri'ed E ui,ment We#ding Procedures Revie) and A,,rova# "ua#ification of Saudi Aramco -.$ Personne# "ua#ification of -on-Saudi Aramco -.$ Personne# Ins,ection %overage on Pro*ects Positive Materia# Identification Materia#s Resistant to Su#fide Stress %orrosion %rac0ing We#ding of S,ecia# %orrosion-Resistant Materia#s

SAEP-32! SAEP-322 SAEP-323 SAEP-32( SAEP-32+ SAEP-3+2 SAEP-!!(0 SAEP-!!(2 SAEP-!!+0 SAES-A-20/ SAES-A-30! SAES-W-0!/

audi Aramco "ngineering tandards

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2ardness $esting for We#ding Procedure "ua#ifications Pre3eat 4eve#s for We#ding %arbon Stee#s

&ndustr) %odes and tandards American 1etroleum &nstitute API RP +12 We#ding 5uide#ines for t3e %3emica#6 Oi# and 5as Industries Process Pi,ing We#ding Rods6 E#ectrodes and 8i##er Meta#s -ondestructive E:amination Ru#es for %onstruction of Pressure 9esse#s We#ding and &ra'ing "ua#ifications 9ic0ers 2ardness of Meta##ic Materia#s Indentation 2ardness of Meta##ic Materia#s by %om,arison 2ardness $esters Standard We#ding Symbo#s Standard $erms and .efinitions Standard Met3ods for .etermination of t3e .iffusib#e 2ydrogen %ontent of Martensitic6 &ainitic6 and 8erritic We#d Meta# Produced by Arc We#ding S,ecification for We#ding S3ie#ding 5ases Structura# We#ding %ode Met3ods and %ontro#s to Prevent In-Service %rac0ing of %arbon Stee# We#ds in P-! Materia# in %orrosive Petro#eum Refining Environments

American ociet) of !echanical "ngineers ASME &3!73 ASME SE% II% ASME SE% 9 ASME SE% 9III ASME SE% I; AS$M E<2 AS$M A133

American ociet) for Testing and !aterials

American *elding ociet), &nc. AWS A27( AWS A370 AWS A(73

AWS A+732 AWS .!7! -A%E RP0(=2

National Association of %orrosion "ngineers

#ritish tandard &nstitution Page & o$ %&

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S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing %ode of Practice for 9a#idation of Arc We#ding E ui,ment

A* A(.- , tandard *elding )mbols, shall be used for all welding details on all drawings. A* A$.3 , tandard Terms and Definitions, shall be used for all specifications and documents. These requirements appl) to all sub2contractors or sub2vendors for items within the scope of this standard.

A!!ro*ed Welding rocesses The following processes are approved for use with the restrictions and requirements as listed below5 ..1 ..( hielded !etal Arc *elding ( !A*). 6as Tungsten Arc *elding (6TA*). ..(.1 "/cept for A !" 12No. 1 through 12No. .A7.#7.% base materials, all manual 6TA* shall use a high frequenc) start and post2purge gas flow for the torch. 8iller metal must alwa)s be added, autogenous welding is not permitted unless specificall) approved b) % D. The 6TA* process shall be used for all passes for butt welds in piping and set2in fittings less than (..- mm nominal pipe si9e (N1 ). The 6TA* process shall be used for the root pass of butt welds without bac+ing in piping and set2in fittings of .3.: mm nominal pipe si9e or less, e/cept for vent and drain piping open to the atmosphere or %ategor) D piping. The 6TA* process shall be used for the root pass of single2sided groove welds without bac+ing made with stainless steel or nic+el2 based consumables. The use of flu/2cored 6TA* wires for the root pass of single2sided groove welds of 12No. : or higher materials with or without bac+ing gas is not permitted unless specificall) approved b) % D.

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ubmerged Arc *elding ( A*). 6as !etal Arc *elding (6!A*) including 8lu/ %ored Arc *elding (8%A*).

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The 6!A* short2circuiting (dip) mode shall not be used e/cept for5 a) b) c) tructural attachments to the outside surface of the pipe, including seal welds. Tac+ing (including continuous tac+s) that will be completel) removed b) bac+gouging and bac+welding. The root pass and hot pass onl) for butt welds in 12No. 1 carbon steels.

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6!A* and 8%A* shall not be used for single2sided tee or corner ;oints (i.e., branch or no99le welds). 8lu/2%ored Arc *elding (8%A*). a) The 8%A* 6as hielded process shall not be used for the root pass on full penetration, groove ;oints that are welded from one side onl) without bac+ing (bac+ing ma) be used if it is removed after welding and weld irregular profile is rectified). elf2shielded 8%A* shall not be used without the specific approval of % D.

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The TT mode of 6!A* ma) onl) be used for root pass welding.

Thermit *elding using a copper allo) is permitted for attaching electrical grounding or cathodic protection cables. Thermit welding shall not be used on stainless steel materials. tud *elding is permitted for attaching insulation fasteners and heat conductors. >ther processes (such as bra9ing, "lectro26as, "lectro2slag, 1lasma, etc.) ma) be used onl) with the approval of % D. Depending upon the process and application proposed, % D ma) require testing in addition to that specified b) the %ode. Approval to use other processes shall be obtained through the welding procedure review process.

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Welding &onsuma%les

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"lectrodes, filler wires, and flu/es shall conform to A !" "% &&%. >ther consumables ma) be used onl) with the approval of % D and, depending upon the process and application proposed, ma) require testing in addition to that specified b) A !" "% &'. Approval to use other (unlisted in A !" "% &&%) consumables shall be obtained through the welding procedure review process. 8or unlisted consumables, vendor literature, which shall include intended use and appro/imate chemistr) and mechanical properties, shall be submitted with the procedure. All consumables shall be stored and dried in accordance with the requirements of Attachment 1 for !A* electrodes and Attachment ( for other consumables. 6TA* filler metal shall have either the A* 7A !" identification or the manufacturer?s identification mar+ed on each individual rod b) the manufacturer with tags (,flags,), stencil, or stamping. *elding consumables shall be selected based on their mechanical properties, compatibilit) with the materials to be ;oined, their suitabilit) for the intended service, and consideration of polarit), position, and direction of welding. *elding consumables not meeting standard industr) practice using the above criteria ma) be re;ected b) % D. *elding consumables which are being used outside of their rated tensile or impact ranges listed in the manufacturing specs must be batch tested or have % D approval. #atch testing must be in accordance with 8A ..31 to verif) that the) will meet the requirements of the base material. <.-.1 @ow h)drogen consumables (defined as less than or equal to : ml of h)drogen per 133 g of deposited weld metal, measured in accordance with A* A-.$) shall be used. The root pass of single2 sided groove welds without bac+ing in 12No. 1 carbon steels ma) be made with an "//13 electrode. Dissimilar !etal *elds (D!*) are defined as5 i) An) weld ;oint (e/cluding weld overla)s or strip lining) between ferritic steel and either austenitic stainless steel, duple/ stainless steel, or nic+el2based allo)s, or 4se of stainless steel or nic+el2based filler metals on ferritic steels. The) shall be restricted as follows5 a)Are not permitted for pressure containing welds in sour service (welds in clad s)stems are acceptable if the D!* interface with the ferritic steel is not in contact with the sour fluid). Page + o$ %&

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b)Are permitted for non2sour h)drocarbon service if made with a nic+el2based consumable. c) Austenitic stainless steel consumables ma) be used onl) for the following applications and if the ma/imum design temperature is below $33A%5 i) "/ternal structural attachments (e.g., pipe supports).

ii) Non2sour, non2h)drocarbon (e.g., water) services. d)Nic+el2based consumables ma) not be suitable for direct e/posure to sulfur or h)drogen2sulfur reducing environments at temperature e/ceeding -33A% due to possible sulfidation attac+. <.-.$ >ther than the D!*s listed in paragraph <.-.(, the selection of filler metal compositions for ;oining base materials of different 12 Numbers or compositions shall be as follows5 a) 8or attaching non2pressure parts to pressure parts, the nominal composition of the filler metal shall match the nominal composition of the pressure part. 8or other applications, the filler metal shall conform to either base metal composition or to an intermediate composition, whichever is the most appropriate for the application.

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8or welding 12No. 1 carbon steels, the weld deposit shall meet the A2No. 1 anal)sis classification for normal applications or A2No. 13 for low temperature applications, unless approved b) % D. 8iller metal or deposit chemistries conforming to A2number ( (A !" "% &'), i.e., carbon23..B !o, shall not be used for sour service applications without post weld heat treatment unless specificall) approved b) % D. Active t)pe ubmerged Arc *elding flu/es shall not be used without approval. The approval shall be obtained prior to the welding procedure qualification. The fabricator shall clearl) identif) the proposed use of active flu/es in their welding procedure submissions. 8lu/ fused during welding shall not be reused (i.e., flu/es that use recrushed slag are not acceptable).

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A* flu/es that the flu/ manufacturer recommends for single pass welding shall not be used for multiple pass welding. 82Nos. 1 and ( electrodes shall not be used on materials requiring impact tests either b) %ode or ;ob specification. 82Nos. 1 and ( electrodes shall not be used for pressure2retaining welds.

!A* electrodes shall be limited as follows5 <.<.1 <.<.(

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hielding 6ases hielding gases shall conform to the following requirements5 <.=.1 <.=.( A* A..$( pecification for *elding hielding 6ases The requirements for other gases and gas mi/tures shall be submitted to % D for approval.

Welding rocedures =.1 Documentation =.1.1 All welding procedures to be used shall be submitted as a complete pac+age to audi Aramco for the technical approval prior to the start of wor+ (refer to A"12$.( for details). The welding procedure shall include the *elding 1rocedure 0equest 8orm (Attachment A), *elding 1rocedure pecifications (*1 ), Cualification Test 0ecords (1C0), and *eld !aps7Tables (Attachment #) *elding procedures approved b) % D or audi Aramco *elding 0epresentative ma) be used for additional ;obs if approved b) a audi Aramco assigned inspector. The welding documents and data for the new ;ob must be identical to the approved copies and the range of variables on the new pro;ect fall within the ranges of the approved procedures. *elding procedures for e/ternal structural supports do not require % D approval and the) ma) be qualified to A* D1.1. Dowever, this does not appl) to the welding procedures to attach the support to the pressure2containing component.
Commentary Notes:

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The contractor is permitted to use any welding procedure previously approved by Saudi Aramco without CSD re-review !owever" the assigned inspector and the contractor welding engineer#representative must veri$y that the welding procedure is within the welding parameters %uali$ication range &e g " diameter" thic'ness" material grade" etc ) $or the new (ob )$ the welding procedure was approved to a previous revision o$ the *elding Standards the contractor must also write a $ormal letter to +,T indicating that the sub(ect welding procedure still complies with the latest revision o$ Saudi Aramco *elding Standards )t will generally ta'e a minimum o$ 1. wor'ing days to complete welding procedures review /rgent review will not be accepted unless supported in writing by the proponent +ro(ect ,anager or Superintendent The letter should include details $or the reasons &sa$ety" cost impact" etc ) to (usti$y the urgent review CSD approval shall be indicated in all pages o$ the *+S

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8or shop fabrication &n2Eingdom and all field fabrication and installation, the *elding 1rocedure pecifications (*1 s) and 1rocedure Cualification 0ecords (1C0s) shall be prepared as per the suggested format of A !" ection &'.
Commentary Note: Standardi1ed +23 $orms $rom an approved independent test laboratory are acceptable 4%uivalent *+S $orms $rom a contractor may be acceptable i$ approved by CSD

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*1 and 1C0 submitted for approval shall include a *eld and @ine Description Table (,*eld Table,). The *eld Table (Attachment #) provides a listing of the materials, thic+ness, and weld ;oint t)pes for individual line designations. A welding procedure shall be listed for each different weld t)pe and line designation. All base materials (b) specification and grade) and wall thic+nesses to be used shall be included in the *eld Table. The *eld Table shall not be reviewed without *1 s and 1C0s and vice2versa. *ith the approval of % D, standardi9ed *eld !aps and *eld Descriptions and sets of welding procedures ma) be submitted b) the fabricator for general approval. All of the documentation requirements shall be met e/cept specific line designations are not required (but service descriptions must be included).

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"ach *eld Table must be complete and show all of the line designations, materials, ;oints, and welding procedures to be used for the complete ;ob or contract.

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*elding shall not commence until the welding pac+age has been approved for application b) audi Aramco &nspector and returned to the fabricator. An) welding prior to the approval of the welding pac+age is sub;ect to re;ection at the sole option of audi Aramco &nspector. An) rewor+ required as a result of this re;ection shall be at the fabricator?s e/pense. After approval b) audi Aramco &nspector, the fabricator shall issue copies of the approved *elding 1rocedures and *eld Table to the audi Aramco &nspection and 1!T prior to the start of fabrication. Approval of welding procedures shall not be construed as authorit) for deviation from listed specifications or requirements of the relevant codes and standards and shall not relieve the contractor, fabricator, or vendor from correcting an) deviations. All *1 s, 1C0s, and *eld Table shall be available at the wor+ site for verification at an) time b) the authori9ed audi Aramco inspector. All *elding 1rocedure pecifications and *elding 1rocedure Cualification 0ecords shall be written in "nglish. The 1C0s shall include certified copies7facsimiles of all test records (for &n2Eingdom qualification, the independent testing agenc) that issued the test record shall certif) the copies), which ma) be permanentl) retained b) audi Aramco. >riginals of all test records, mill certificates, etc., including records from the independent test laborator) shall be made available for review b) audi Aramco upon request. All *1 s and 1C0s shall conform to the latest edition of the A !" "% &' and the additional requirements of this standard (see =.-). 1rocedures that compl) with a previous edition but not the current edition of the relevant %ode are not acceptable. 1rocedures no longer conforming to the latest %ode edition shall be revised, requalified and resubmitted for % D approval. 8or an) new or additional qualification tests that are required, audi Aramco reserves the right to monitor an) and all phases of the procedure qualification, including welding of the coupons and mechanical testing. audi Aramco ma) assign the monitoring to an inspection agenc).

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6eneral 0equirements =.(.1

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All information shown on the 1C0 such as amperage, voltage, travel speed, post weld heat treatment time and temperature, as applicable, shall be actual data as recorded using calibrated instruments. Cualification of welding procedures for all shop fabrication in audi Arabia and field erection wor+ shall be performed &n2 Eingdom. Approval for use of welding procedures qualified >ut2 of2Eingdom shall be obtained through the welding procedure review process (see A"12$.().
Commentary Note: The variables o$ the *+S and +23 should use consistent measurement units system" either metric or customary

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8or &n2Eingdom qualifications5 a) The welding of all qualification test coupons shall be monitored b) either an approved independent test laborator), an independent third part) approved b) audi Aramco, or audi Aramco &nspection. The monitoring shall include verification of the accurac) of the recorded parameters. All procedure qualification mechanical tests and e/aminations shall be performed b) an approved independent test laborator) unless the fabricator is specificall) approved b) audi Aramco &nspection to perform their own tests.

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8or all automatic welding and an) process with pulsing, the welding procedure shall include all applicable equipment and controller parameter settings.

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8or special applications as determined b) % D, such as but not limited to severe corrosion service (e.g., chlorinated seawater) or high temperature service, special qualification tests, such as stress corrosion crac+ing or embrittlement tests for low allo) steels, ma) be specified b) % D. These special requirements ma) be stated in the ;ob specifications or purchase order, contract specifications, etc. 1rocedure Gariables The following additional restrictions shall be considered essential variables for procedure qualification5

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1rocedures for A1& 1"% .@ 6rade # through '.( pipes ma) be qualified on an) grade in this range and shall be considered as 12 No. 1 6r. 1 material. 1rocedures for A1& 1"% .@ 6rade '<3 or higher shall be qualified for each specific material grade. Cualification on A1& 1"% .@ grade '<3 shall also qualif) all lower grades. The following materials shall be considered as 12No. 1 and do not require separate qualifications as ,unlisted, materials5 A=3= @$ A=3= @. A$.3 @8< A$.3 @8=:= ! 2 12=. (with grades classified the same as pipe)

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8or A !" 12No. 1 materials, all 6roup $ or - materials shall be qualified separatel) for each specific material, unless it is being used in combination with a 6roup 1 or ( material and the 6roup 1 or ( material strength requirements govern. An) 6!A* electrode to be used for procedures with impact toughness requirements and an) A* flu/ or 8%A* electrode shall be restricted to the specific brand, t)pe, and ma/imum si9e as used for the 1C0. &f so restricted, the brand name and t)pe of flu/ or electrode shall be specified on both the *1 and 1C0. A change in filler metal or deposit chemistr) from A2number 1 (based on A !" "% &') to A2No. ( and vice2versa is not permitted without approval. The approval shall be obtained through the welding procedure review process. A change from A2 No. 1 to A2No. ( is not permitted for sour service applications without requalification. Aluminum fla+e weldable primers (e.g., ,#lo/ide,, ,Deo/aluminite,, or other brand approved b) % D) ma) be used without requalification of the procedure. The welding procedure specification shall indicate the use of the t)pe and brand of weldable primer. The ma/imum coating thic+ness shall not e/ceed 3.3.3 mm (3.33( inches). The use of other weldable primers or coatings is not permitted unless specificall) approved b) % D. Additional procedure qualification and7or weldabilit) tests ma) be required b) % D. 1osition Page !% o$ %&

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=.-.=.1 The direction of welding for the vertical position shall be an essential variable (i.e., a change from vertical2up to vertical2down or vice2versa shall be considered an essential variable). &f the procedure is not qualified in the vertical position, then the direction of welding shall be vertical2up. =.-.=.( 8or automatic, semi2automatic, or mechani9ed welding, the position limitations listed in A !" "% &', C*2-<1.F shall be considered as an essential variable for procedure qualification. =.-.: 1rocedures using an) consumable with a ,6, designation (A !" "% &&%) shall be restricted to the brand and t)pe of electrode used for the 1C0. The nominal chemistr) of the specific brand and t)pe of electrode shall be identified on the *1 . ubstitution of the ,6, consumables with the ,11, requires technical evaluation b) % D. Deletion of a bac+ing strip in a single2sided groove weld shall be considered an essential variable and shall require requalification. 8or single2sided groove welds without bac+ing, the process and electrode t)pe used for the root pass shall be considered an essential variable. The 1C0 shall be performed as a single2sided groove weld without bac+ing. 8or full penetration, double2sided ;oints, the *1 shall require bac+gouging (see 11.$.-) for all processes e/cept for the following5 a) 8or automatic or mechani9ed processes if additional 1C0 testing is conducted. The 1C0 shall include supplementar) coupons using the production equipment and ;oint geometr). The supplementar) coupons shall be e/amined b) 4T or 0T, as appropriate for the ;oint geometr), and shall be sectioned for e/amination in at least $ locations. The NDT results and cross2sections shall show complete fusion, complete penetration, and freedom from crac+s. 8or other special processes on butt ;oints where the production weld will be radiographed. The applications shall be approved b) % D.

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Deletion of a bac+ing gas purge or a change in the bac+ing gas composition for a ;oint welded or bra9ed from one side without bac+ing material shall require requalification. pecial requirements for procedures requiring impact testing Page !& o$ %&

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S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing %harp) impact testing shall be required on the 1C0 if it is required or specified b) the design code or the compan) specifications. The minimum absorbed energ) of 12No. 1 6r.1 materials (including A1& grades through '.() shall be $-7(= H and for 6r. ( shall be -37$( H for full si9e (13 / 13 mm) specimens for both the weld and heat2affected 9one at the minimum design temperature. 8or other 6roup Numbers, 12Numbers, and materials, the impact test criteria shall be established b) % D.
Commentary Note: The notch o$ the !A5 impact samples should be centered on the !A5 region

=.-.1$.(

The heat input to be recorded on the 1C0 and used as the limiting value for the *1 shall be based on the welding parameters used at the location where the impact specimens are removed. &f the 1C0 heat input varies b) pass or la)er, then additional impact specimens, in addition to those locations specified b) the relevant %ode, ma) be required in order to utili9e the full range of heat inputs used in the 1C0. &f the 1C0 thic+ness e/ceeds 1( mm and multiple processes or consumables are used, separate impact test specimens shall be conducted for each process or consumable. &f the impact test specimen si9e is larger than the deposit thic+ness of a specific process or consumable, then the impact test specimen shall contain the ma/imum possible amount of the deposit for that process or consumable (a separate set of specimens is still required for the other process or consumable).

=.-.1$.$

=..

*elding 1rocedure Cualification Dardness Testing =...1 8or applications where hardness testing is specified (see =...(), the hardness testing shall be in accordance with Drawing A#23$<$:<. 1rior hardness test results ma) be accepted as equivalent to the tandard Drawing onl) with the approval of % D and with the following conditions5 a) b) >nl) the Gic+ers test method (in accordance with A T! "F() is acceptable, with a ma/imum test load of 13 +g. The location of the DAI indents nearest the fusion line can be demonstrated (b) specification or actual measurement) to be within 3.( mm of the fusion line. Page !- o$ %&

.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# =...(

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing

Dardness testing of the welding procedure qualification is required for h)drogen service, sour service applications (e/cept as listed below), and all services requiring 1*DT (see 1$.$). The ma/imum allowable hardness is GDN (.3. 8or welding procedure qualification of the following materials in sour service hardness testing is onl) required as specified b) A" 2A2$31 and7or SAES-A-3!05 a) b) c) Austenitic stainless steels Nic+el2based allo)s 8or sour service applications, piping that is completel) internall) clad with austenitic stainless steel or nic+el2based allo)s *elding procedure to be used on e/ternal structural attachments where the pipe wall thic+ness at the attachment point is at least (. mm.

d)

Note the additional 1C0 requirements listed in 1$.: for 1*DT for applications requiring hardness testing. =.< 1reparation of test coupons 8or new procedures or procedures that are to be re2qualified (i.e., e/isting 1C0s that are acceptable without an) supplementar) tests are e/empt), the following additional requirements shall appl)5 =.<.1 =.<.( The tests shall be made using butt2welded pipe samples in either the .6 or <6 position or the position to be used in production. The qualification test shall include all of the required tests on the same coupon unless si9e limitations restrict the number and t)pe of specimens that can be reasonabl) removed from a single coupon. &f multiple coupons are required and approved b) % D, each of the coupons shall be of the same material and si9e and shall be welded with identical parameters. 4se of supplementar) test coupons for additional tests (e.g., %harp) impact or hardness) to be combined with e/isting 1C0s must be approved b) % D. The supplementar) qualification test shall compl) with all of the essential and, where applicable, supplementar) essential variables of the original 1C0. 8or groove weld qualifications, the test coupons shall be radiographed and shall meet the acceptance criteria of A !" #$1.$ Normal ervice.

=.<.$

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# /

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Welder and Welding O!erator 0ualification :.1 All welders, welding operators, bra9ers, and bra9ing operators shall be qualified in accordance with the A !" "% &' and A"12$(1, A"12$((, A"12$($, and A"12$(-, as applicable, for all welding, including tac+, temporar), and repair welds. The test records of all welders and welding operators shall be available at all times at the wor+ location for review b) audi Aramco &nspection. 1erformance qualification tests shall not be performed on production ;oints on audi Aramco wor+. :.%urrent production repair rates of each welder shall be made available to audi Aramco &nspection upon request. The repair rates shall be calculated on a linear basis. The ma/imum wee+l) repair rate for each welder should not e/ceed (B5 B 00 J (@r7 @w) ' 133 where5 B 00 J percent repair rate. @r J welder?s total length of repairs in one wee+, mm @w J welder?s total length of weld radiographed in one wee+, mm

:.(

2oint "etails F.1 F.( F.$ All pressure2containing welds shall be made with multiple passes. All no99les, branch, and tee connections shall be made with full penetration groove welds onl). &nternal misalignment of butt ;oints shall not e/ceed 1.. mm. &nternal tapering in accordance with A !" #$1.$ b) machining, bac+welding, or a combination ma) be used to correct the misalignment. 1ermanent bac+ing rings or strips shall not be used. Temporar) bac+up strips in weld ;oints ma) be used if the bac+ing material is of a composition similar to the base metal or weld metal. 4nder no circumstances shall rebar or galvani9ed steel be used. Temporar) bac+up shoes made of non2metallic, non2fusing material ma) be used. %onsumable inserts ma) be used for all applications providing the composition matches the weld metal composition.

F.F..

F.<

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# F.=

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8ull penetration groove ;oint included angles less than $3 degrees (e/cept for portions of compound bevels) shall not be used without approval. The approval shall be obtained through the welding review process and the minimum included angle shall be an essential variable. 8or no99les with reinforcing pads, the no99le attachment weld shall be completed and inspected (see 1=.<) prior to installing the reinforcing pad.

F.: 10

&orrosion Resistant Materials The following standards shall appl) in addition to the requirements of this standard5 13.1 13.( *eld overla)s and welding of integral cladding shall conform to A" 2*2 31-. *elding of special corrosion2resistant piping materials shall conform to A" 2*231<.

11

$echnique and Wor#manshi! 11.1 The ma/imum allowable !A* electrode si9es that can be used are given below. The abilit) of each welder to use the ma/imum si9es listed in the table shall be chec+ed b) the &nspector as earl) as possible during fabrication. a) @ow h)drogen electrodes . mm for the 16718 position. - mm for all other positions. b) Non2low h)drogen electrodes . mm for all positions. i9es larger than those listed are acceptable onl) if approved b) % D and onl) if the 1C0 was performed using the electrode si9e and positions to be used in production. The approval shall be obtained through the welding procedure review process. 11.( *elding "nvironment 11.(.1 *ind shields or tents shall be required when the wind is strong enough to affect arc stabilit) or shielding gas coverage or when deemed necessar) b) audi Aramco &nspection. 6TA*, 6!A*, and gas2shielded 8%A* shall not be used for field or )ard fabrication unless adequate windshields are used. The wind velocit) in the weld area for 6TA*, 6!A*, or gas shielded 8%A* shall not e/ceed : +ph ((.( m7s).

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# 11.(.(

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*elding shall not be done when surfaces are wet or damp or e/posed to rain or snow or when the welders are e/posed to inclement conditions. %ontamination from the environment, such as wind2blown sand, shall be prevented b) the use of adequate shielding. >il, moisture, rust, scale, sand, paint (e/cept weldable primers for approved applications 2 refer to paragraph =.-.- for restrictions), metallic coatings (e.g., 9inc), or other foreign matter shall be removed from the weld surface and at least (. mm (1 in) of ad;acent base metal prior to welding, including an) such coatings on temporar) attachments or supports. 8lame cutting and arc2air gouging 11.$.(.1 0agged and irregular edges shall be ground or machined to bright metal. All holes cut for set2on no99les, bosses, or branch connections shall be ground smooth and the diameter of the hole shall be K 1.< mm of the inside diameter of the set2on member. Thermall) cut or gouged surfaces for all materials, including carbon steels, shall be power brushed or ground prior to welding. A minimum of 1.. mm depth shall be removed b) grinding or machining from thermall) cut or gouged surfaces of air2hardenable materials (e.g., %hrome2!ol) steels). Additional nondestructive e/amination ma) be required on the cut surface, at the option of the authori9ed audi Aramco inspector. Thermal cut surfaces of stainless steel and non2ferrous materials shall be ground to bright (uno/idi9ed) material prior to welding.

11.(.$ 11.$

Hoint 1reparation 11.$.1

11.$.(

11.$.(.(

11.$.(.$

11.$.(.-

11.$.$

8ittings that are re2cut or re2beveled shall have the cut surface e/amined for laminations before welding. The NDT method to be used shall be determined b) audi Aramco &nspection.

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# 11.$.-

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All full penetration ;oints requiring double sided welding shall be ground or gouged to sound metal and inspected b) penetrant testing (1T) or magnetic particle testing (!T) prior to welding the reverse side, unless e/empted b) =.-.11. 8or the e/empt applications, production results shall demonstrate that acceptable penetration can be reliabl) achieved. &f periodic lac+2of2 penetration defects are found, then bac+gouging will be mandator) for ;oint geometries other than butt welds and either bac+gouging or 133B radiograph) will be required for butt welds. #uttering or weld build2up on ;oints 11.$...1 #uttering or weld build2up on the prepared surfaces shall not e/ceed the lesser of L of the base metal thic+ness or 13 mm without the approval of % D. &f the buttering or build2up e/ceeds this, then the following requirements shall appl)5 a) b) The buttering operation shall be witnessed b) audi Aramco &nspection. The buttering shall be inspected b) 0T, and 1T or !T after completion of the build2up but before final welding of the ;oint.

11.$..

11.$...(

#uttering of ;oints between dissimilar metal ;oints requires prior approval b) % D. The approval shall be obtained through the welding procedure review process.

11.-

%leaning 11.-.1 11.-.( 11.-.$ "ach weld pass shall be thoroughl) cleaned and all slag or other foreign matter removed before the ne/t pass is deposited. All slag, flu/, and spatter shall be removed from the completed weld and surrounding areas. tainless steel and nonferrous materials shall be cleaned with grinding wheels or stainless steel brushes not previousl) used on other materials. All tac+ welds shall be made b) qualified welders. All tac+s or temporar) welds shall be performed with the same care, materials, electrodes, minimum preheat, and procedures that are used for permanent welds.

11..

Tac+ welds 11...1 11...(

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# 11...$

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Tac+ welds shall be of sufficient si9e to maintain ;oint alignment. The recommended tac+ thic+ness is $.(2-.:mm and length is 1(..M (..-mm. The minimum number of tac+ welds are5 a) b) 1ipe diameter of 131.<mm or less5 three equall) spaced tac+s. 1ipe diameter above 131.<mm5 minimum of four equall) spaced tac+s. The designated inspector should determine if more tac+s are needed.

11...-

Tac+ welds that are to be incorporated into the final weld shall be thoroughl) cleaned, prepared at each end, and inspected for crac+s. An) crac+ed tac+s shall be removed before welding the ;oint. &f the tac+ welds are to be incorporated into the final root pass weld and are made with a different process or electrode than the root pass, then the tac+ weld process and electrode shall have been used as the root pass for an appropriate procedure qualification. #ridge tac+s (located above the root area) are acceptable but such tac+s must be made completel) within the weld groove and shall be completel) removed prior to completion of the weld.

11....

11...<

11.<

Arc stri+es, gouges, and other indications of careless wor+manship (such as surface porosit), uneven weld profiles, and undercut) shall be removed b) grinding. An) temporar) welded attachments or temporar) tac+ welds shall be ground off. Attachments ma) be cut off no closer than $ mm to the base metal surface, prior to the required grinding. &f an) grinding reduces the base metal thic+ness to less than the design minimum, the ground area shall be rewelded and ground flush with the original base metal surface or the component shall be replaced. 0ewelding shall be done onl) with the prior approval of audi Aramco &nspection. 8or all materials, inspection b) magnetic particle or liquid penetrant methods of areas shall be performed where temporar) welds have been removed (see 11.=) or weld repairs to ground areas of the base material have been made (see 11.:) or arc stri+es after repair b) grinding (see 11.<).

11.=

11.:

11.F

11.13 Temporar) attachments, grounding lugs, or supports welded to an) component shall be made with a compatible material. 4nder no circumstances shall rebar or galvani9ed steel be used. 11.11 %oated and clad or overlaid surfaces shall be protected from the welding arc, associated weld spatter, and damage from ground clamps or other associated equipment. Page 22 o$ %&

.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# 11.1( 1eening

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11.1(.1 1eening shall not be permitted unless approved b) % D and specified in the approved welding procedure. %leaning of slag is not considered peening. 11.1(.( *hen peening is specified, the welding procedure specification shall include details of how it will be performed. &f the peening is specified or performed, the welding procedure shall be qualified using peening. 11.1$ Ad;acent beads of a weld shall be staggered and not started in the same location. 11.1- #ac+ purging 11.1-.1 An inert bac+ing gas shall be used for 6TA* or 6!A* root passes on single2sided groove welds for materials of A !" 12No. . and higher. 11.1-.( 8or 12No. . and higher materials, an) bac+ purging shall be maintained until at least 13 mm of the weld deposit thic+ness has been completed. 11.1-.$ The use of nitrogen as a bac+ing gas for austenitic stainless steels is prohibited. 11.1-.- The bac+ purge for low allo) steel shall reduce the o/)gen level below 1B. The method of bac+ purge and the flow rate shall be specified on the *1 . 11.1-.. The bac+ purge for stainless steel and nic+el allo)s shall reduce the o/)gen level below 3.3.B. An o/)gen anal)9er should be used to determine the o/)gen content inside the pipe during purging. &f more than (3 ;oints are to be welded at the same time then minimum of 13B of the total ;oints shall be anal)9ed. The below formula is used to achieve the required purging time5 1T J (G71680) ' where5 1T J purging time, hr G J volume of pipe section to be purged, ftN 1680 J purging gas flow rate, ftN7hr 11.1. eal welding

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200#

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11.1..1 All threaded ;oints and fa)ing surfaces shall be seal welded b) a continuous fillet weld (required weep holes shall be left unwelded). %onnections or attachments designed for periodic removal ma) be e/empted from seal welding. 11.1..( 11.1..$ ealing compounds or tapes shall not be used on ;oints that are to be seal welded. eal welding of threaded connections shall cover all e/posed threads and shall have a smooth contour between the two surfaces.

11.1< *eld encroachment and minimum distance between welds. The requirements for minimum separation between ad;acent welds are listed in 11.1<.1 and 11.1<.(. The distances shall be measured between the edges of the ad;acent cap passes. These restrictions do not appl) if one of the welds has been post weld heat treated prior to ma+ing the second weld or both welds have been post weld heat treated and inspected. 11.1<.1 The minimum distance between parallel butt welds shall be (3 mm or three times the wall thic+ness of the ;oint, whichever is greater. 11.1<.( 1ressure containing welds (e.g., no99les and other attachments) shall be separated from other pressure containing welds b) no less than (3 mm or three times the ;oint thic+ness, whichever is greater. 0adiograph) of the butt welds is required for situations in which the minimum separation is not achieved. 8or ;oints other than butt welds, other appropriate inspection methods shall be used, depending on the geometr) and material. The following are e/emptions5 11.1<.(.1 tructural components and reinforcing pads 11.1<.(.( Dot tap split tee end welds which cross the pipe longitudinal seam. 11.1= #ac+ welding ma) be used for an) ;oint. 1roper cleaning and, if necessar), grinding of the root shall be done prior to bac+welding. 4nless specified otherwise in the welding procedure, the bac+welding shall be done using the same process, consumables, and preheat as used for the fill passes. 11.1: 8orced or accelerated cooling of welds is prohibited without the specific approval of % D. 11.1F oc+et *elds 11.1F.1 All soc+et welds shall be at least two pass weld. 11.1F.( &f !A* welding is being utili9ed the largest si9e of electrode that is permitted is $.( mm diameter. Page 2% o$ %&

.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# 12 reheat 1(.1

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing

1reheat shall be in accordance with the A !" #$1.$ and this tandard. 8or materials not covered b) the %ode or this tandard, the preheat shall be as specified in the approved welding procedure. The minimum preheat shall not be less than the greater of the following5 a) b) c) 13A%. The required or recommended preheat listed in A !" #$1.$. The preheat listed in tandard Drawing *2A"23$<-.1 for carbon steel materials (all A !" 12No. 1 materials, including A1& grades up to and including '<3). 8or normal applications, simplified requirements are listed in Tables $A and $# for the !A* process. 8or steels with specified minimum )ield strengths above <3 +si, (including A1& grades '<. or greater) or for materials not listed as an A !" 12number, the preheat shall be determined b) %onsulting ervices Department and shall be as specified in the approved welding procedure. pecial applications ma) require special weldabilit) tests to evaluate the preheat temperature.
Commentary Note: The listed preheats are minimum re%uirements The actual preheat temperature selected and used by the $abricator must be su$$icient to prevent crac'ing and to achieve the re%uired hardness" i$ speci$ied)

1(.(

d)

1(.$

&f a weld ;oint is wet or has surface moisture or condensation, it shall be dried b) heating for a distance of 133 mm from the weld ;oint and shall be warm to the hand before welding unless a greater preheat temperature is required. Temperature2indicating cra)ons, thermocouples, or calibrated contact p)rometers shall be used to measure preheat and interpass temperatures. Temperature2indicating cra)ons shall not be used for an) weld ;oint that is to be coated or that will have a heat2shrin+ sleeve installed on it. The preheat temperature shall be established over a minimum distance of =. mm on each side of the weld. &f the wall thic+ness e/ceeds (. mm and preheating is to be done from the same side as the welding, then the heat source shall be removed for 1 minute to allow for temperature equali9ation prior to measuring the temperature.

1(.-

1(.. 1(.<

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# 1(.=

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4nless specified otherwise, the ma/imum interpass temperature shall be 1==A% for 12No. :, 1 No. $' and 12No. -/ materials and $1.A% for 121, 1$, 12- and 12. steels.

13

ost Weld 3eat $reatment 1$.1 1ost weld heat treatments (1*DT) shall be in accordance with A !" #$1.$. A written procedure describing the general 1*DT requirements shall be submitted for review and approval. The 1*DT procedure shall include descriptions of the equipment, method of heating, location and t)pe of heating elements, temperature measurement, and thermocouple locations. The review and approval process shall be the same as described for welding procedures (paragraph =.1). 1rior to the start of wor+ the contractor or fabricator shall prepare a table listing each ;oint or component requiring heat treatment, which shall be submitted to audi Aramco &nspection for review. The table shall include the following information for each ;oint or component5 location, drawing number, diameter, wall thic+ness, material, heating rate, cooling rate, soa+ temperature, and soa+ time. 8or carbon and low allo) steels, the following process conditions require 1*DT. 1$.$.1 All caustic soda (Na>D) solutions, including conditions where caustic carr)over ma) occur (e.g. downstream of caustic in;ection points). All monoethanolamine (!"A) solutions (all temperatures). All digl)col amine (D6A) solutions above 1$:A% design temperature. All rich amino diisopropanol (AD&1) solutions above F3A% design temperature. All lean AD&1 solutions above <3A% design temperature. #oiler deaerator service (i.e., ambient temperature vacuum deaerators are e/empt). D)drogen service for 12No. $, -, and .A7#7% base materials. All diethanolamine (D"A) solutions.

1$.(

1$.$

1$.$.( 1$.$.$ 1$.$.1$.$.. 1$.$.< 1$.$.= 1$.$.:

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200#

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The applicable industr) specs must be followed for 1*DT requirement for an) service not listed above. >ther process conditions ma) also require 1*DT, as determined during the pro;ect design. %ode e/emptions for 1*DT are not permitted if 1*DT is specified for process conditions. These requirements appl) to e/ternal welds to attach non2pressure containing component to the piping (e.g., reinforcement pad or sleeve attached to the pipe) and to seal welds. eal welds on threaded valves ma) be e/empt from the 1*DT requirements if the 1*DT will damage the valve internals, if the) cannot be removed. 13.4 The PWHT heating and cooling rates above 316C shall not exceed 222C/hr divided by the weld thickness in inches, but in no case shall it be more than 222C/hr. The specified 1*DT shall be applied over an area e/tending at least $ times the thic+ness of the material being welded from each edge of the weld but not less than (. mm from each edge of the weld, whichever is greater. 8or 1*DTs that are not performed in a furnace, insulation shall be applied a minimum of $33 mm on either side of the weld that is to be 1*DTed. The insulation shall not be removed before the temperature has cooled to below 1.3A%. The ends of open lines shall be closed off in order to eliminate drafts or air circulation that could lower the temperature on the inside surface of the ;oint unless the internal surface is also insulated. %ode e/emptions for post weld heat treatment of ferritic materials based on the use of austenitic or nic+el2based electrodes are not permitted.
Commentary Note: Austenitic or nic'el-based electrodes shall not be used $or $erritic materials e6cept dissimilar metal welds listed in 7 8 - and overlays

1$..

1$.<

1$.=

1$.:

%ode e/emptions for post weld heat treatment of 12No. - and 12No. . materials are not permitted for applications involving either sour service or materials e/ceeding 1..B nominal chromium content. 8or applications where 1*DT is required b) the service fluid (see paragraph 1$.$) or where hardness limits are specified5 a) An) reductions in the 1*DT temperature or alternative temperatures below the normal holding temperatures listed in A !" #$1.$ are not permitted. The minimum 1*DT soa+ time shall be 1 hour.

1$.F

b)

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# c)

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&f hardness limits are specified, the soa+ time for production welds shall not be less than :3B of the 1C0 soa+ time unless approved b) % D.

1$.13 All temperatures within the heated 9one for furnace or locali9ed 1*DT shall e/ceed the specified minimum holding temperature. The actual temperature range for the soa+ period, as recorded b) thermocouples, shall not have a spread of more than -3A%. 1$.11 *elding or heating to ;oints that have been 1*DTed requires re21*DT. 1ost weld heat treatment shall follow all welding and repairs but shall be performed prior to an) h)drotest. 1$.1( 1*DT shall be carried out using one or more of the following t)pes of heat sources5 a) b) c) 1ermanent or semi2permanent furnaces using gas or oil or electric heaters. "lectrical resistance heaters. &nduction heaters.

1$.1$ &f locali9ed 1*DT is used, the following minimum number of equall) spaced recording thermocouples (T7%) shall be used5 a) b) c) 1ipe diameter of $3. mm or less5 1 T7%. 1ipe diameter above $3. mm up to and including <13 mm5 ( T7%. 1ipe diameter above <13 mm5 - T7%.

Additional thermocouples are required if multiple heat control 9ones are used, in which a control 9one is not monitored b) an) of the primar) T7%s. 1$.1- Thermocouples and a calibrated temperature chart recorder shall be used to provide an accurate and legible record of all 1*DTs. All charts shall be mar+ed with the date and sufficient information to uniquel) identif) the ;oint7component being heat treated. !ultipoint chart recorders shall clearl) differentiate7identif) each channel7point b) use of different colored in+s or automatic number stamping. 1$.1. Temperature recorders shall be calibrated ever) three months and a current calibration stic+er shall be maintained on the recorder. The calibration frequenc) ma) be e/tended to 1( months with the approval of audi Aramco &nspection if the documented calibration chec+s for that particular recorder demonstrate acceptable accurac) for a suitable period. 1$.1< Thermocouples

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1$.1<.1 >nl) T)pe E (%hromel2Alumel) or T)pe H (iron2%onstantan) thermocouples are permitted. All e/tension cables, compensating cables, and ;umper cables in the measurement or control circuits shall be the specified thermocouple wire or the matching e/tension wire (i.e., E' or H', as appropriate). 8or T)pe E thermocouples, copper2%onstantan (T)pe T) compensating cables ma) be used with the following conditions5 a) The ;unction between the copper2%onstantan compensating cable and the T)pe E thermocouple lead shall be a minimum of 3.. m outside the insulated area. The acceptable temperature range of the ;unction between the compensating cable and the thermocouple lead is from 3 to O:3A%.

b)

1$.1<.( The national standard that the thermocouple conforms to shall be indicated in the 1*DT procedure. The procedure shall also include a listing of the insulation coloring of each core wire and the overall sheath for both the compensating cable and thermocouple. This information is required for site inspectors to verif) that the proper wires have been used and are connected in the proper polarit). 1$.1<.$ Thermocouples shall be attached to the component b) capacitive discharge welding onl). >ther methods of attachment are not permitted. The thermocouples shall not be in direct contact with electrical heating elements or sub;ected to flame impingement b) gas or oil burners. 1$.1= 1rior to the start of the 1*DT, components shall be chec+ed to ensure that all restraints are removed and the component is free to e/pand and contract, and suitable and sufficient supports are used. &n addition, the 1*DT chart should be mar+ed, prior to 1*DT, with identification number of the weld(s). 1$.1: All machined surfaces, such as flange faces, threaded bolt holes, threads, etc., shall be protected from o/idation during the heat treatment b) coating with deo/aluminite or other suitable material. 1$.1F All 1*DT chart records shall be submitted to audi Aramco &nspection for review and approval. All records shall be submitted as part of the equipment file for permanent record. 1$.(3 After completion of the 1*DT all thermocouples shall be removed and the attachment areas ground smooth to clean and sound metal. &f specified b) the &nspector, the areas shall be e/amined b) !T or 1T after grinding. Page 2# o$ %&

.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# 1+ roduction Weld 3ardness $esting 1-.1

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing

Testing shall be in accordance with NA%" 013-=( and the requirements listed below. "/emptions with respect to welding process and consumables are not allowed. The testing guidelines in Appendi/ A of NA%" 013-=( shall be mandator). 0eadings in the heat2affected 9one shall be conducted if specified b) the applicable %ode or tandard. 1roduction hardness testing of welds shall be performed as required b) A !" #$1.$. 1roduction hardness testing for welds in 12No 1 material in sour or 1*DTed service shall also be performed. 13B of the welds shall be sampled. The ma/imum allowed hardness is (33 #DN. &f an) reading e/ceeds the specified limit b) no more than 13 #DN, then a minimum of three ($) additional indentations shall be made near the original high reading. &f all three ($) retests are below the specified limits, then the ;oint is acceptable. &f an) of the retest readings are found to e/ceed the specified limits, then the weld shall be considered unacceptable. &f an) welds are found to be unacceptable, then two additional welds from the same lot shall be tested. &f more than one weld in a lot is found to be unacceptable, then all welds in that lot shall be tested.
Commentary Note: )$ telebrinell hardness tester can not be applied due to the weld geometry then alternative hardness tester may be used a$ter approval by CSD welding engineer

1-.( 1-.$

1-.-

1-..

15

4ns!ection Access 1..1 1..( audi Aramco representatives shall have free access to the wor+ at all times. audi Aramco shall have the right to inspect the fabrication at an) state or stage and to re;ect material or wor+manship which does not conform to the specified requirements. audi Aramco reserves the right to inspect, photograph, and7or videotape all material, fabrication, coating, and wor+manship and an) materials, equipment, or tools used or to be used for an) part of the wor+ to be performed. audi Aramco ma) re;ect the use of an) materials, equipment, or tools that do not conform to the specification requirements, ;eopardi9e safet) of personnel, or impose ha9ard of damage to audi Aramco propert). All of the rights of audi Aramco and their designated representatives for access, documentation, inspection, and re;ection shall include an) wor+ done b) sub2contractors or sub2vendors.

1..$

1..-

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# 1...

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing

The fabricator shall provide the authori9ed audi Aramco inspector all reasonable facilities to satisf) him that the wor+ is being performed as specified. The fabricator shall furnish, install, and maintain in a safe operating condition all necessar) shoring, scaffolding, ladders, wal+wa)s, and lighting for a safe and thorough inspection which is satisfactor) to audi Aramco &nspection.

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1-

Weld 4dentification 1<.1 All weld ;oints shall be mar+ed for identification b) a weld number and a welder s)mbol. These identifications shall be made with a suitable weather2 proof mar+ing material. The mar+ings shall be placed in a location such that the) will be easil) observed and remain visible for a time suitable to the authori9ed audi Aramco inspector. The fabricator shall establish and submit for approval an identification s)stem that shall uniquel) identif) each member and weld ;oint. The identification s)stem shall be used to identif) all e/aminations, surve)s, inspections, etc.

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1.

4ns!ection 1=.1 6eneral 1=.1.1 Nondestructive "/amination (NDT) inspection procedures shall be established in accordance with A !" "% G. A written procedure for each inspection method and technique, including acceptance criteria, to be used shall be submitted to &nspection Department for approval. Cualification of the procedure b) the contractor ma) be required, as determined b) audi Aramco &nspection. &nspection procedures in conformance with other standards are acceptable onl) with the approval of &nspection Department.
Commentary Note: The ASNT term Nondestructive Testing &NDT) has been used in this standard and shall be considered synonymous with the AS,4 term Nondestructive 46amination &ND4)

1=.1.(

*ritten reports and evaluations of all inspections performed b) vendors, contractors, and fabricators shall be made and submitted to audi Aramco &nspection, at a frequenc) to be determined b) audi Aramco &nspection.

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# 1=.1.$

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing

Additional inspection of an) weld ;oint at an) stage of the fabrication ma) be requested b) audi Aramco &nspection, including re2inspection of previousl) inspected ;oints. audi Aramco &nspection also has the right to request or conduct independent NDT of an) ;oint. &f such testing should disclose gross non2conformance to the %ode requirements, all repair and NDT costs shall be done at the contractor?s e/pense. &nspection at the mill, shop, or fabrication )ard shall not release the manufacturer or fabricator from responsibilit) for repairing or replacing an) defective material or wor+manship that ma) be subsequentl) discovered in the field. All appropriate safet) precautions shall be ta+en for each inspection method. All NDT personnel shall be qualified in accordance with A"12 11-3 or A"1211-(, as applicable. urface irregularities, including weld reinforcement, inhibiting accurate interpretation of the specified method of NDT shall be ground smooth. &nspection of all welds shall include a band of base metal at least (. mm wide on each side of the weld. 8or progressive e/amination requirements, a lot shall be defined as all of the same +ind of welds made since the last acceptable weld, e/cluding ,penalt), e/aminations, for a given welder from an) previous production on a specific line classification. The progressive e/amination shall be limited to the specific welder with the defective welds. The last acceptable weld is defined as a weld that has been e/amined and accepted b) both 0T (or 4T) and all other specified NDT methods (visual, 1T, !T). The ,same +ind, of weld is defined as5 the same process or combination of processes, same t)pe of ;oint (groove vs. fillet), and same 12Number. Different diameters and wall thic+nesses ma) be classified within the ,same +ind, of weld. An) inspection performed due to progressive e/amination requirements shall not count toward the required overall e/amination frequenc) (percentage).

1=.1.-

1=.1.. 1=.1.< 1=.1.=

1=.1.: 1=.1.F

1=.(

0adiograph)

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# 1=.(.1

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A !" "% G, Article ( shall be used to determine the minimum number and required locations of radiographs for circumferential ;oints. 8luorescent intensif)ing screens shall not be used. 8luoro2metallic screens shall be approved b) audi Aramco &nspection prior to use. All field radiographic e/posures (vendor, shop, and )ard radiograph) are e/empt) shall be performed using at least two people5 a A"1211-3 or A"1211-( qualified @evel && radiographer and an assistant who is qualified to operate all of the equipment. &f the ;oint is required to be radiographed and radiograph) is not feasible , then 4T and !T ma) be used in lieu of 0T. This requires the approval of audi Aramco &nspection. This does not appl) if radiograph) is required b) A !" #$1.$. 1ermanent magnet )o+es are not permitted. 1rods are not permitted for use on air hardenable materials or on materials with impact testing requirements or on the fluid side surface of components in sour service. The acceptance criteria for magnetic particle e/amination shall be A !" "% G&&&, Appendi/ <.

1=.(.( 1=.(.$

1=.(.-

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!agnetic particle 1=.$.1 1=.$.(

1=.$.$ 1=.-

@iquid penetrant The acceptance criteria for liquid penetrant e/amination shall be A !" "% G&&&, Appendi/ :.

1=..

NDT %overage All welds will be inspected in accordance with A !" #$1.$ and with the additions listed below. The listed e/tent of NDT shall be applied using the following methods5 1=...1 Gisual "/amination 1=...1.1 1=...1.( All welds shall be visuall) e/amined. Gisual e/amination shall be performed prior to other NDT. *here accessible, welds shall be visuall) e/amined from the root side to ensure that proper penetration and fusion have been achieved.

1=...(

0adiograph)

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200#

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing

#utt welds in piping shall be radiographed as required in the following subparagraphs. &f a weld falls under multiple classifications then the most stringent requirement is applicable. The minimum percent coverage of the specified NDT method ma) be increased (at an) level up to 133B) if, in the opinion of the authori9ed audi Aramco inspector, the welds are of questionable wor+manship or if NDT indicates an e/cessive number of defects. Additional or alternative NDT methods ma) be used at the discretion of the authori9ed audi Aramco inspector in order to assist in determining the t)pe or e/tent of defects. Note that for audi Aramco pro;ects where less than 133B radiographic coverage is required, random selection of welds shall be based on the wee+l) weld production. 1=...(.1 >nshore 1iping 0adiographic 0equirements.
&o*erage 1): 1): for s,op ;elds 1)): for field ;elds 6one 1): for s,op ;elds 1)): for field ;elds 1)):
7otes8 1. All stainless steels 5e4cept t<pe 3)4 and 3167 and nic.el allo<s re- ire 1)): radiograp,<. 0nterpretation s,all "e to =nor!al= service e4cept t,ere s,all "e no lac. of root penetration or root f sion. All P42 P5 and P6 ;elds re- ire 1)): Radiograp,< A"ove9gro nd and "elo;9gro nd gravit< se;ers re- ire no radiograp,< /<drocar"on lines at road crossings 5carrier pipe onl<7 re- ires 1)): radiograp,< Piping ;it, severe c<clic service 5per AS*3 >31.37 re- ires 1)): radiograp,<

Ser*ice !er 53161 6or!al a"ove 91%C *D+ 6or!al e- al to or "elo; 91%C *D+ Categor< D a"ove 91%C *D+ Categor< D e- al to or "elo; 91%C *D+ Categor< *

7otes 12 22 32 42 5 12 22 32 42 5 12 22 32 42 5 12 22 32 42 5

2. 3. 42 5.

1=...(.(

>ffshore 1iping 0adiographic 0equirements (includes all lines over water, over tidal flats, or within $3 m of the shoreline
&o*erage 1)): 1)): 1): 1)): 1)): 12 22 3 7otes

Ser*ice !er 53161 /<drocar"on 6or!al 8l id Categor< D a"ove 91%C *D+ Categor< D 3- al to or "elo; 91%C *D+ Categor< *

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200#
7otes8 1.

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing

All stainless steels 5e4cept t<pe 3)4 and 3167 and nic.el allo<s re- ire 1)): radiograp,<. 0nterpretation s,all "e to =nor!al= service e4cept t,ere s,all "e no lac. of root penetration or root f sion. All P42 P5 and P6 ;elds re- ire 1)): Radiograp,< Piping ;it, severe c<clic service 5per AS*3 >31.37 re- ires 1)): radiograp,<

2. 3.

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# 1=...$

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing

!agnetic 1article Testing and @iquid 1enetrant Testing !agnetic particle testing (!T) for ferromagnetic materials. @iquid penetrant testing (1T) for non2ferromagnetic materials. 1=...$.1 All pressure containing welds, other than butt welds, (including branch connections such as weldolets, soc+olets, and welding bosses) shall be 133B e/amined. All attachment welds on pressuri9ed components that are not h)drotested after ma+ing the attachment weld shall be 133B e/amined

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1ositive !aterial &dentification (1!&) 1!& shall be conducted for the materials listed in Table 1 of A" 2A2(3<.

1/

Re!airs 1:.1 *elds ma) be repaired twice at an) defect location. &f a weld is still not acceptable after the second repair, then audi Aramco &nspection has the sole authorit) for the decision to permit additional repair attempts or to require that the entire weld be cut out. The limitation on the number of repairs does not include ad;acent sequential repairs where the length of the area to be repaired is limited b) structural strength or other considerations. 0epair of crac+s that are fabrication related shall require the approval of audi Aramco assigned inspector. The repair procedure including inspection, e/cavation approved welding procedures shall be reviewed and approved b) the inspector. %rac+s that are related to the base metal or welding consumable shall be evaluated b) % D before an) repair attempts.
Commentary Note: Crater crac's do not re%uire special repair and shall be ground out only

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1:.$

&n2process repairs (i.e., repairs performed prior to completion of the ;oint using the same welding procedure as for the original fabrication) during production do not require a separate repair procedure e/cept for crac+s (see 1:.(). The repair procedure ma) utili9e a welding procedure previousl) approved b) % D in con;unction with a separate method statement or it ma) be a separate detailed welding procedure. All repaired welds shall be inspected using the original testing method. Additional test methods ma) also be required, if deemed necessar) b) the authori9ed audi Aramco inspector. 0eplacement weld (cut2out) shall be e/amined as a repair.

1:.-

1:..

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# 1:.<

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing

Damage or deformation to the base metal or welds, including dimensional changes, caused b) e/ternal forces (intentional or accidental) requires special repair and inspection procedures to be submitted to audi Aramco &nspection and if necessar) forwarded to % D for review and approval prior to underta+ing the repairs. An) weld not meeting the acceptance criteria of the applicable code or standard shall be cut out or repaired. >ther methods, such as sleeving, shall not be permitted.

1:.=

11

Miscellaneous Requirements 1F.1 8or field welding, remote %urrent controls shall be used if the welding is more than $3 m from the welding power source or when the welders are wor+ing in ,remote, locations (e.g., on an elevated pipe rac+). *elding power supplies shall be validated in accordance with # =.=3 or an approved equivalent if impact toughness test is required b) the applicable compan) or industr) specifications or codes. The fabricator must also use calibrated amps7volt meter to measure the welding current and voltage and compare the readings against the welding machine indicators. Discrepancies in the readings shall be rectified before commencing7continuing welding. The validation practice ma) be monitored b) audi Aramco assigned inspector. Galidation or calibration records shall be available to audi Aramco &nspection upon request. *elding on offshore platform piping from wor+boats requires proper grounding to prevent stra) current corrosion during welding. The welding ground connections shall compl) with A1& 01(A2* D, paragraph 1(.=. The heat input (D&) of each production weld must be calculated, if notch2 toughness tests are specified, and then confirmed not to e/ceed the heat input limits listed in the welding procedure specifications. The D& formula is5 D& (H7cm) J Goltage ' Amperage ' <37Travel peed (cm7min)
Re*ision Summar9 *a?or revision.

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3) *arc, 2))5

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200#

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing

Attachment 1 : &onditioning; Storage and E<!osure of SMAW Electrodes '7otes 1; 2; 3; +) @>* DPD0>6"N "@"%T0>D" T> A..1 Dr)ing and 0e2dr)ing 1rior to use all electrodes shall be dried at (<32-$3A% for ( hours minimum. The dr)ing step ma) be deleted if the electrodes are supplied in the dried condition in a hermeticall) sealed metal can with a positive indication of seal integrit) or vacuum sealed pac+age. "lectrodes ma) be re2dried onl) once. torage After dr)ing, the electrodes shall be stored continuousl) in ovens at 1(3A% minimum. "/posure 4pon removal from the dr)ing or storage oven or hermeticall) sealed containers, the electrodes ma) not be e/posed to the atmosphere for more than - hours. The e/posure ma) be e/tended to : hours if the electrodes are continuousl) stored in a portable electrode oven heated to <.A% minimum. "lectrodes e/posed to the atmosphere for less than the permitted time period ma) be re2conditioned. "lectrodes e/posed in e/cess of the permitted time period must be re2dried. "lectrodes that have become wet or moist shall not be used and shall be discarded. 0e2conditioning "lectrodes e/posed to the atmosphere for less than the permitted time period ma) be returned to a holding oven maintained at 1(3A% minimumQ after a minimum holding period of four hours at 1(3A% minimum the electrodes ma) be reissued. @>* DPD0>6"N "@"%T0>D" T> A... Dr)ing and 0e2dr)ing 1rior to use all electrodes shall be dried at $=32-$3A% for ( hours minimum. 8or "=3// and ":3// electrodes, the dr)ing step ma) be deleted if the electrodes are supplied in the dried condition in a hermeticall) sealed metal can with a positive indication of seal integrit) or vacuum sealed pac+age. "lectrodes ma) be re2dried onl) once. torage After dr)ing, the electrodes shall be stored continuousl) in ovens at 1(3A% minimum. Page 3+ o$ %&

.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# "/posure

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing

4pon removal from the dr)ing or storage oven or hermeticall) sealed containers, the electrodes ma) not be e/posed to the atmosphere for more than ( hours for "=3// or ":3// electrodes and $3 minutes for an) higher strength electrodes. The e/posure times ma) be doubled (to - hours and 1 hour, respectivel)) if the electrodes are continuousl) stored in a portable electrode oven heated to <.A% minimum. "=3// and ":3// electrodes e/posed to the atmosphere for less than the permitted time period ma) be re2conditioned. "=3// and ":3// electrodes e/posed in e/cess of the permitted time period must be re2dried. Digher strength electrodes (above ":3//) must be re2dried after an) atmospheric e/posure. "lectrodes that have become wet or moist shall not be used and shall be discarded. 0e2conditioning "=3// and ":3// electrodes e/posed to the atmosphere for less than the permitted time period ma) be returned to a holding oven maintained at 1(3A% minimumQ after a minimum holding period of four hours at 1(3A% minimum the electrodes ma) be reissued. TA&N@" T""@ AND N>N28"00>4 "@"%T0>D" Dr)ing and 0e2dr)ing 1rior to use all electrodes shall be dried at 1(32(.3A% for ( hours minimum. The dr)ing step ma) be deleted if the electrodes are supplied in the dried condition in a hermeticall) sealed metal can with a positive indication of seal integrit) or vacuum sealed pac+age. "lectrodes ma) be re2dried onl) once. torage After dr)ing, the electrodes shall be stored continuousl) in ovens at 1(32 (33A% minimum. "/posure 4pon removal from the dr)ing or storage oven or hermeticall) sealed containers, the electrodes ma) not be e/posed to the atmosphere for more than - hours. The e/posure ma) be e/tended to : hours if the electrodes are continuousl) stored in a portable electrode oven heated to <.A% minimum. "lectrodes e/posed to the atmosphere for less than the permitted time period ma) be re2conditioned. "lectrodes e/posed in e/cess of the permitted time period must be re2dried. "lectrodes that have become wet or moist shall not be used and shall be discarded. 0e2conditioning

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200#

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing

"lectrodes e/posed to the atmosphere for less than the permitted time period ma) be returned to a holding oven maintained at 1(3A% minimumQ after a minimum holding period of four hours at 1(3A% minimum the electrodes ma) be reissued. N>N2@>* DPD0>6"N "@"%T0>D" T> A..1 >0 A... The electrodes shall be stored in a dr) environment. An) electrodes that have become moist or wet shall not be used and shall be discarded. Notes5 1) () torage and reba+e ovens shall have a calibrated temperature gauge to continuousl) monitor the temperature. 1ortable electrode storage ovens with a minimum temperature of 1(3A% are considered equivalent to storage ovens. 1roper use of the oven (e.g., closed lid, continuousl) on while in use) and periodic chec+s of the temperature achieved with each portable oven are required. ome applications ma) require higher dr)ing temperatures and shorter atmospheric e/posure times. "lectrode t)pes are listed in accordance with A !" "% &&%.

$) -)

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200#

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing

Attachment 2 : &onditioning; Storage and E<!osure of Wires and =lu<es A* flu/es5 8lu/es for material with a minimum specified tensile strength less than or equal to =3 Esi All flu/es shall be stored in sealed containers in a dr) environment. >pened A* flu/ containers shall be stored continuousl) in ovens at <.A% minimum or the manufacturer?s recommendation, whichever is greater. An) flu/ that has become moist or wet shall not be used and shall be discarded. 8lu/es for material with a minimum specified tensile strength e/ceeding =3 Esi 8lu/es will be dried, stored and handled in accordance with the manufacturers recommendations in order to achieve a dissolved h)drogen content of less than :ml D(7133g metal. A written procedure giving the handling requirements will be submitted to inspection. A*, 6TA*, 6!A*, and 8%A* electrodes and wires5 All electrodes and wires shall be stored in sealed containers in a dr) environment. An) wires that have visible rusting or contamination shall not be used and shall be discarded.

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200#
'7otes 1; 2) 'S4 >nits)

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing

3able 3" ) Pre1eat 3em eratures $or 4ertical)U SM"W 5utt Welds
&ar%on Equi*alent '7ote 3) Wall $hic#ness Range '+) @ $.5 !! $.6 9 12.# 12.% 9 15.$ 16.) 9 1$.) 1$.1 9 22.2 22.3 9 25.4 25.5 9 31.% 31.$ 9 3%.1 3%.2 9 44.5 44.6 9 5).% 06+0 1)AC 1)AC 1)AC 1)AC 24AC 66AC $3AC 121AC 135AC 14$AC 06+2 1)AC 1)AC 1)AC 24AC 66AC $3AC 121AC 135AC 14$AC 163AC 06+1)AC 1)AC 52AC $3AC 1)#AC 135AC 14$AC 163AC 1##AC 1$1AC 06+/ 1)AC 3%AC #$AC 1)#AC 121AC 14$AC 163AC 1##AC 1$1AC 2)4AC 0650 1)AC 66AC $3AC 121AC 135AC 163AC 1##AC 1$1AC 1$1AC 2)4AC i!e 1)AC 1)AC 1)AC 1)AC 1)AC 1)AC #$AC $3AC $3AC 135AC Wall $hic#ness Range '+) @ $.5 !! $.6 9 12.# 12.% 9 15.$ 16.) 9 1$.) 1$.1 9 22.2 22.3 9 25.4 25.5 9 31.% 31.$ 9 3%.1 3%.2 9 44.5 44.6 9 5).%

3able 35 ) Pre1eat 3em eratures $or 4ertical)U SM"W 5utt Welds


'7otes 1; 2) '&on*entional >nits) &ar%on Equi*alent '7ote 3) Wall $hic#ness Range '+) @ ).3#5 inc, ).3#6 9 ).5)) ).5)1 9 ).625 ).626 9 ).#5) ).#51 9 ).%#5 ).%#6 9 1.))) 1.))1 9 1.25) 1.251 9 1.5)) 1.5)1 9 1.#5) 1.#56 9 2.))) 06+0 5)A8 5)A8 5)A8 5)A8 #5A8 15)A8 2))A8 25)A8 2#5A8 3))A8 06+2 5)A8 5)A8 5)A8 #5A8 15)A8 2))A8 25)A8 2#5A8 3))A8 325A8 06+5)A8 5)A8 125A8 2))A8 225A8 2#5A8 3))A8 325A8 35)A8 3#5A8 06+/ 5)A8 1))A8 1#5A8 225A8 25)A8 3))A8 325A8 35)A8 3#5A8 4))A8 0650 5)A8 15)A8 2))A8 25)A8 2#5A8 325A8 35)A8 3#5A8 3#5A8 4))A8 i!e 5)A8 5)A8 5)A8 5)A8 5)A8 5)A8 1#5A8 2))A8 2))A8 2#5A8 Wall $hic#ness Range '+) @ ).3#5 inc, ).3#6 9 ).5)) ).5)1 9 ).625 ).626 9 ).#5) ).#51 9 ).%#5 ).%#6 9 1.))) 1.))1 9 1.25) 1.251 9 1.5)) 1.5)1 9 1.#5) 1.#56 9 2.)))

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200#
7otes to $a%les 3A and 35B 17

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing

+,is ta"le ass !es a !ini! ! ,eat inp t of 1.2 .(C!! 53) .(Cinc,7 and is valid onl< forB a7 "7 c7 All positions e4cept vertical9do;n. 36)1) or 3#)1) root pass and 3#)1% or 3%)1%9C3CC3 fill and cap electrodes2 3.2 !! !ini! ! dia!eter. Car"on steel !aterials p t,ro g, Grade D6).

27 37

34cept for split tee longit dinal ;elds2 ot,er ,ot9taps installation ;elds are e4e!pt fro! t,ese re- ire!ents. C3 E C F 5*nC67 F 5CrF*oFG7C5 F 56iFC 7C15 General instr ctions for selecting t,e C3 val e if t,e act al val e 5"< *ill +est Report or if t,e C3 val e is !ar.ed on t,e fitting7 is not .no;nB a7 "7 c7 d7 8or pipe to )19SA*SS9)35C332C3332 se t,e col !n la"eled =P0P3= 5valid onl< for pipe9to9pipe ?ointsH for pipe9to9 fitting ?oints2 se t,e fitting C37. 8or pipe to )19SA*SS9)3%2 se C3 E ).42. 8or flanges2 ass !e C3 E ).46. 8or fittings 5ot,er t,an flanges7B i7 ii7 iii7 iv7 f n.no;n vintage2 ass !e C3 E ).5) 0f prior to )29SA*SS9))5 5A g st2 1$%%72 ass !e C3 E ).46 0f to )29SA*SS9))5 5A g st2 1$%%72 ass !e C3 E ).5) 0f to )29SA*SS9))5 5*a<2 1$$372 ass !e C3 E ).42

47

General instr ction for selecting t,e Wall +,ic.ness val eB a7 "7 8or pipe9to9pipe ?oints2 se t,e act al ;all t,ic.ness. 8or pipe9to9fitting or fitting9to9fittingB i7 ii7 iii7 8or fittings 5ot,er t,an flanges72 se t,e ne4t ,ig,er ;all t,ic.ness range greater t,an t,e no!inal ;all t,ic.ness. 8or flanges2 se t,e t,ic.ness corresponding to t;o ,ig,er ;all t,ic.ness ranges greater t,an t,e no!inal ;all t,ic.ness. 8or fitting to fitting ?oints 5incl ding flanges72 se t,e s ! of t,e n !"er of increased ranges for eac, !e!"er 5i.e.2 1 range for fittings2 2 ranges for flanges7. 34a!ple2 a flange to el"o; fitting ;o ld se t,ree ranges ,ig,er t,an t,e no!inal ;all t,ic.ness.

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200# A" 2*2311731( Attachment A

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing 1age A1

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.ocument /es onsibilit': Welding Issue .ate: 30 Marc1 200& Next Planned U date: ! " ril 200#

S"0S)W)0!! Welding /e2uirements $or On)Plot Pi ing

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