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Amharic Familiarization Course

Table of Contents
Introduction Lesson 1 Lesson 2 Lesson 3 Lesson 4 Lesson 5 Lesson 6 Lesson 7 Lesson 8 Lesson 9 Lesson 10 Lesson 11 Lesson 12 Lesson 13 Lesson 14 Lesson 15 Lesson 16 Lesson 17 Lesson 18 Lesson 19 Lesson 20 Introduction People and Geography Living and Working Days of the Week, Numbers, Ages of People Daily Activities Meeting the Family Around Town Shopping Eating Out Holidays, Customs, and Cultural Traditions Around the House Weather and Seasons Personal Appearance Transportation Travel At School Recreation and Leisure Health and the Human Body Political and International Events The Military In the Hospital
Developed for United States Special Operations Command Special Operations Forces Language Office By I Corps Foreign Language Training Center VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

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VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

INTRODUCTION TO ETHIOPIA

Capital: Addis Ababa Official language: Amharic Official name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Area: 426, 373 square miles. Distance across at widest points: north to south 800 miles; east to west 1035 miles Elevation: highest – Ras Dashen, 15,158 ft. above sea level. Lowest – Denakil Depression, 381 feet below sea level Population: 70 million Chief products: Agriculture – coffee, corn, oilseed, sorghum, sugar cane, wheat. Manufactured goods: cement, processed food, leather goods, textiles.

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GEOGRAPHY
Ethiopia is located in the horn of Africa, bordered by Sudan on the west, Somalia and Djibouti to the east, Eritrea on the north and Kenya on the south. It covers an area of approximately 444,000 square miles. The varied topography of the country generally features rugged mountains, flat-topped plateaus, river canyons, rolling plains and lowlands. The Great Rift Valley divides the Ethiopian highlands, as it spans the country from north to south. The highlands feature alpine vegetation, while woodlands, savanna and semi-arid conditions characterize the lowland. Ethiopia is a landlocked nation.

TOPOGRAPHY
The Ethiopian Plateau spreads out over about two-thirds of the country. It lies between 6,000 and 10,000 feet (1,800 and 3,000 meters) above sea level. Most of Ethiopia's people live on the plateau, which has the country's best agricultural land. Most of the plateau receives more than 40 inches (102 centimeters) of rain annually. Average temperatures on the plateau range from about 72°F (22°C) in areas below 8,000 feet (2,400 meters) to less than 60°F (16°C) at higher elevations. The Great Rift Valley, which runs north and south through eastern Africa, divides the plateau into two large sections. The sections are further divided by deep, spectacular river gorges and high mountain ranges. Ethiopia's highest mountain, Ras Dashen, rises 15,158 feet (4,620 meters) above sea level on the plateau.

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The lowlands The Ethiopian Plateau slopes downward in all directions toward the lowland regions. Most of the lowland areas have an average temperature of about 80°F (27°C) and receive less than 20 inches (51 centimeters) of rain per year. The Denakil Depression in northeastern Ethiopia, which lies below sea level, is one of the hottest places in the world. Temperatures in the Denakil Depression sometimes rise above 120°F (49°C). The lowlands are thinly populated because of the hot, dry climate and because the soil is poor for farming. Animal life and vegetation A wide variety of animals live in Ethiopia. Some of these animals live nowhere else. They include an antelope called the walia ibex and the Simien fox, also known as the Simien jackal or Ethiopian wolf. Coffee originated in the forests of southwest Ethiopia. Teff and several other types of crops also had their origins in the country. Forests cover part of the southwest. The most common tree in Ethiopia is the eucalyptus, which was imported from Australia in the 1890's. Major Rivers The major river basins include: the Blue Nile, Baro, Omo, Awash, Tekeze and Wabe Shebele.

The BLUE NILE HISTORY Early history
Some of the oldest fossil fragments of human beings have been found in Ethiopia. They date from about 2 million years ago. By 500 B.C., two major groups, speakers of Semitic and Cushitic languages, inhabited the area. The plow was already the major agricultural tool by that time, and there is evidence that Ethiopians controlled water and used irrigation. In 1973, Donald Johanson was in the Afar, part of the Hadar region of Ethiopia, with the International Afar Research Expedition. He made a dramatic fossil find – the leg bones of 3-million-year-old hominid.

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The bones' size and shape indicated that this individual walked upright, making it the oldest hominid on record to do so. This discovery continued and in 1974, 3.2 millionyear-old Lucy was found in the region of Afar. The Aksum Kingdom was the first important state in what is now Ethiopia. It was well established by the A.D. 200's. Its capital was the city of Aksum. The Aksum Kingdom gained much wealth through trade with Arabia, Egypt, Greece, India, Persia and Rome. The Aksumites exported gold, ivory and spices. Aksum reached its height of power in the 300's under King Ezana. He made Christianity the official religion of Aksum. In the late 600's, Aksum's power fell sharply after Muslims gained control of Arabia, the Red Sea, and the coast of northern Africa. The Muslims, religious enemies of Christian Aksum, put an end to the kingdom's foreign trade.

AKSUM OBELISK, 4th –7th Century AD Ethiopia is one of the oldest nations. It is also Africa’s oldest independent country; with the exception of the five-year occupation by Mussolini’s Italy, it has never been colonized. According to tradition, the first emperor of Ethiopia, Menelik I, was the son of the biblical Queen of Sheba and King Solomon of Israel. Many later Ethiopian rulers claimed to be direct descendants of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. Menelik II became emperor in 1889 and reunified the old Ethiopian empire by gaining control of many small kingdoms. In 1896, at the battle of Adwa, he defeated the Italian army that had occupied a part of Ethiopia called Eritrea. The son of Menelik’s cousin, Ras Tafari, became the emperor in 1930. He took the title Haile Selassie, continued the modernization of Ethiopia, like Menelik II, and drafted the first constitution in 1931. In 1972 and 1973, a severe drought led to famine in the northeast part of Ethiopia. Haile Selassie was criticized for ignoring it. Widespread dissatisfaction with the low quality of life and government corruption led to the takeover by a military government which removed Haile Selassie in 1974. 4

The Ethiopian People’s Democratic Revolutionary Front. Eritrea gained independence in 1993. The government claimed ownership of the land and killed many of its opponents. Emperor Haile Selassie. The military dictator Mengestu Haile-Mariam fled the county as the rebels approached the capital in May of 1991. owing to the moderating influence of the altitude. In most highlands. with average temperatures rarely exceeding 68 degrees F. 5 . The average annual rainfall for the whole country is considered moderate by global standards. The military began large-scale land reform and started breaking up the estates of the former nobility. won the 1995 election as well as one held in 2000. the country enjoys a temperate and pleasant climate. also known as Ras Tafari CLIMATE Although Ethiopia lies within 15 degrees north of the equator. Severe drought led to the death of millions in the mid 1980’s and the government faced many rebellions from Eritrea and Tigray. Party leader Meles Zenawi was elected prime minister in both elections. In 1994 a new constitution was adopted in Ethiopia. which has dominated the government since 1991. rainfall occurs in two distinct seasons: light rains during February and March and heavy rains from June to September.The military government adopted socialist policies and had close ties with the Soviet Union. The sparsely populated lowlands typically have sub-tropical and tropical climates and approximately 34 inches of rainfall. In 1995 the country held its first multiparty parliament election.

who live in the southeast. Approximately 85 percent of the population lives in rural areas. its people have an ancient culture and deep-rooted values. Ge'ez is still used in ceremonies of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. The Oromo make up the largest ethnic and language group. who live in the east and northeast. Many Ethiopians speak more than one language. Ethiopia is the third most densely populated country in Sub-Saharan Africa (after Nigeria and Egypt). In the past. OROMO WOMAN TIGRAI WOMAN 6 . Other important ethnic and language groups in Ethiopia include the Somali. respectively. A number of smaller groups live in the southwest and along the border with Sudan. and the Afar. The Oromo speak a Cushitic language called Oromifa or Oromo.POPULATION With a population of 70 million and growing. including English and other Ethiopian and European languages. Ethiopia is one of the oldest nations in the world. They live in the central and southern parts of the country. which also includes Arabic and Hebrew. The Amhara and Tigrayan peoples of the northern plateau speak Amharic—the nation's official language—and Tigrinya. These Semitic languages belong to the Afro-Asian language family. Ge'ez (also called Ethiopic) is an ancient Ethiopian language. The government classifies Ethiopians into groups based on the main language they speak. all Ethiopian Bibles were written in this language. About 80 languages are spoken in Ethiopia. Ethiopian people comprise about seventy-eight ethnic groups.

the largest city and the seat of the federal government of Ethiopia. Debre Markos. Bahir Dar. Harrar. Its average temperature is 16°C. Most of them also have infrastructures and first-class hotels and airports. Nekemt. Mek’ele. Addis Ababa 7 . Dire Dawa. There are other large cities. Adama (also called Nazareth). such as Debre Zeyit and Dese. Gonder. It is host to the Organization of African Unity (OAU) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA). All these towns are connected to Addis Ababa by freeways and gravel roads. Jimma. Several other international organizations have their headquarters and branch offices in the capital. Dese. Debre Zeyit. Other important centers of trade and industry are: Awasa. Addis Ababa was founded in 1887 and has a population of 5 million. with over 100. lies in the central plateau at an altitude of 2.000 inhabitants.400 meters. and I think they should be included in this list.CITIES Addis Ababa. Debre Markos and Nekemt are smaller. Addis Ababa is also the center of commerce and industry. Harrar.

mud and cement. Livestock herders raise camels. goats and sheep. and travel from place to place to find food for their animals. which is a spicy sauce made of an onion and pepper base and various other spices. wheat. They grow various cereal crops. In towns and cities. FOOD The national food of Ethiopia is injera with wot. Styles of houses vary widely in Ethiopia. The injera is used to scoop the wot into small portions to be eaten by 8 . In southern Ethiopia. Many houses in rural areas are round with walls constructed of wooden poles and mud plaster. large villas. brick.WAY OF LIFE Most Ethiopians live in rural areas as either farmers or livestock herders. schools. multistory apartment houses. it can be found in health food stores in the US. electric power. Ethiopians in cities and towns work for the government. Poverty in Ethiopia is widespread. Each year. In the Tigray areas. and a tiny local grain called teff. lamb or chicken. Injera is a spongy flat bread usually prepared from teff. and mixed neighborhoods with houses of stone. Men wear a shamma over a cotton shirt. These houses have roofs of thatch or corrugated iron. Teff is an Ethiopian grain rich in iron and other minerals. wheat. or run shops. many people wear clothing similar to that worn in Europe and North America. including barley. and is made with vegetables and different meats such as beef. cattle. and clean water supplies are part of what attracts rural Ethiopians to cities. many Ethiopian men and women move to towns and cities to seek jobs and a better life. and women wear it over a cotton dress. corn. houses often are rectangular and made of stone. Addis Ababa and other cities have tall office buildings. Injera is eaten with wot. Medical care. some people wear traditional clothing made of leather or a colorful cloth used as a shawl and a waist wrap. CLOTHING In rural areas. Many farmers use an ancient wooden plow called a maresha and a pair of oxen to plow their fields. barley or millet. hold jobs in various businesses and industries. many men and women wear a one-piece white cotton cloth called a shamma. Wot can be made mild or hot.

Ethiopians also enjoy playing card games. From birth in Ethiopia one grows up with the coffee ceremony as an integral part of one’s social and cultural life.” COFFEE Coffee accounts for some 65% of Ethiopia's foreign trade earnings. on special occasions. Ethiopians eat barley. a plant that resembles a banana tree. volleyball. Khat is chewed for hours on end. a local kind of chess and other board games. people while away their spare time chewing the stimulant leaf. flax covers the floor. Customs and Traditions Favorite sports in Ethiopia include soccer. Ethiopians in some areas eat a bread made from the root of ensete. coffee probably employs close to 10% of the population. It is part of the culture. 3 cups are poured for each guest. In addition. ground. From Yemen it spread to Southeast Asia. incense wafts around the room. which are roasted or boiled. or simply out of choice. and genna. but asking for utensils may be considered impolite. Khat has been legally harvested in Ethiopia for centuries and is becoming a major agricultural crop. Coffee is central to the lives of all Ethiopians. and usually peanuts or cooked barley are offered by way of accompaniment. In the cities. In the 3rd century coffee was transplanted from the Ethiopian highlands to the Yemeni mountains during the spice trade between East Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. coffee is often the only beverage of choice. In addition it is also still roasted. The meal is normally served on a large tray and shared with friends or family of up to five people. Coffee originated in Ethiopia in a region called Keffa. An invitation to attend a coffee ceremony is considered a mark of friendship or respect and is an excellent example of Ethiopian hospitality. and thin yogurt. coffee. South America. tea. corn or wheat. is an historic tradition with much religious symbolism. coffee is drunk with friends. and finally back to Africa. 9 . a game similar to field hockey. In the countryside where some people live a day's walk from a main road. it is an acce ptable tradition to be served by a domestic servant with water and soap to wash one’s hands. users say it "elevates your mood and stimulates your mind. many people chew khat to socialize and relax in the afternoon to do business in the market or on weekends as part of tradition and recreation. In every town. family. carried out by the woman of the family. Holidays include special celebrations from both the Christian and the Islamic faiths. as well as in the countryside. and made into balls to be eaten for sustenance during the working day. Before and after a meal. As a result. coffee must certainly rank as Ethiopia's most important export! Ethiopia aims to export some 230. mixed with butter.000 tonnes of coffee per year. Also. Out of this Ethiopia consumes 93. It may be hard for the first time to eat using one’s fingers. Performing the ceremony is almost obligatory in the presence of a visitor. Coffee is everywhere! The Ethiopian coffee ceremony. whatever the time of day.386 tonnes . which shows that Ethiopia is a strong consumer as well as a producer.hand. one washes one’s hands. Popular beverages include beer.

AMHARA WOMAN: COFFEE CEREMONY 10 .

The FDRE comprises nine autonomous states vested with policies for self-administration. About 40 percent of the population belongs to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. as well as common interests and benefits. The judiciary is constitutionally independent. or Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. The federal government of the FDRE is structured as a bicameral parliament. the House of Federation. A small percentage of the population in the south and west practices some local religions and the rest of the population is Muslim. foreign relations and general politics. is called the House of People’s Representatives. in 1995. religion and the state have been separated. The first followers of Islam were converted while the prophet Mohammed was alive. There are two chambers: an upper chamber and a lower chamber. 11 . culturally the Orthodox Church has dominated the political. Greek and Russian Orthodox churches. the two main religions in Ethiopia. The federal government is responsible for national defense. or the Council of People’s Representatives. and is headed by a constitutional president. All council members in both chambers are elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term.GOVERNMENT Ethiopia adopted a new constitution that established the FDRE. which is a Christian sect related to the Coptic. which is the highest authority of the federal government. Most people in Ethiopia are Muslims or Christians. while the council members in the House of People’s Representatives are elected by a popular vote. Each autonomous state is headed by a state president elected by the state council. nationalities and people of the states. However. represents the common interests of the nations. Since then. The council members in the House of Federation are elected by state assemblies. with 548 members. The upper chamber. have coexisted since Mohammed’s time. and the first mosque was built in the eighth century. who in turn is accountable to the House of People’s Representatives. The lower chamber. is called the House of Federation or the Federal Council. with 108 members. as it was the official religion of the imperial court and hence also of the feudal establishment until Haile Selassie was deposed in 1974. social and cultural life in the highlands. The federal government is headed by the prime minister. Prime minister: Meles Zenawi RELIGION Orthodox Christianity and Islam. The upper chamber.

When one of the refugees. can be found in the Holy Quran. The first muezzin calling the faithful to prayer in the prophet’s time was an Ethiopian named Bilal. when persecuted in Arabia. Ethiopian Muslims are adherents of the dominant Sunni. The prophet later prayed for the Aksumite king’s soul and instructed his follow ers to leave the Abyssinians in peace. or orthodox. Ethiopia has long enjoyed the most intimate relations with Islam. the worship of saints and the rituals and organization of religious orders. Some of the earliest disciples of the prophet Mohammed. The boundaries of the dioceses. reviewed and drafted administrative policy. The beliefs and practices of Ethiopian Muslims are embodied in a more or less integrated amalgam of three elements: the Islam of the Quran and the sharia. the Church Council. Records of the pilgrimage to Mecca by Ethiopian Muslims are scarce. Islam in the traditional sense is dominant only in Harrar and a few other towns. Shia Muslims are not represented in Ethiopia. a consultative body that included both clergy and laity. branch of Islam. found refuge at Aksum. which was then ruled by King Armah. Orthodox priests 12 . and more among settled peoples than among nomads. the most important practices of the Islamic faith. particularly regular prayer and fasting during the month of Ramadan. the classical language of the Ethiopians. and the still-important remnant of pre-Islamic patterns. In addition. thus averting a holy war. The ultimate authority in matters of faith was the Episcopal Synod. Armah sent her a golden dowry. Many words in Ge’ez. Umm Habibah. followed provincial boundaries. a patriarch (abun) headed the church. was to marry Mohammed. In general. as his compatriots recall with pride to this day. each under a bishop. are observed in urban centers rather than in the smaller towns and villages.The Ethiopian Orthodox Church's headquarters is in Addis Ababa.

Priests in full regalia bless the bonfire before it is lit. Maskal is said to be in memory of the finding of the true Cross by the Empress Eleni. is at Nagash. many Muslim shrines. the Tabot is paraded back to its church. as well as from neighboring countries. This is as colorful as Timkat. and Christmas has also come to be known by this name. Lidet or Gena. however. on this day. accompanied by much singing and dancing. young men play a game called Gena. where there is a fine mosque of considerable antiquity. has been the famous walled city of Harrar. is celebrated on the 11th of September. as well as for its mosques. The Tabot is taken out in the afternoon on the eve of Epiphany and stays overnight with the priests and faithful congregation. (A Tabot is a replica of the biblical Ark of the Covenant containing the tablets with the Ten Commandments. instead of water. however. The faithful do not eat anything at all until the daily service is finished at around 3:00 in the afternoon on Easter Sunday. it has long been renowned for its religious learning. During this time. If the body of water is large enough. it is a time for people to put on new clothes and visit friends and relatives. The following morning the water is blessed and splashed on everyone in a ceremony where the faithful renew their vows to the Church. the Ethiopian Christmas. every church in Ethiopia has one.) The ceremony falls on the 19th of January and commemorates Christ’s baptism. nothing is eaten until the Easter service ends at 3:00 in the morning on Easter Sunday. Falling on the 7th of January. is not the primary religious and secular festival that it has become in Western countries. An important center of Muslim pilgrimage today is the town of Shek Husen in the Bale region. similar to hockey. The faithful flock there twice a year from all over Ethiopia. One of the principal holy cities of Islam. Women who have been unable to have children participate in the ritual for fertility. some people will immerse themselves. north of Wukro in Tigray. Traditionally. 13 . Fasika (Easter) is a festival that follows a fasting period of 55 days. Ethiopia’s New Years Day. with people moving from one church to another. according to tradition. it is celebrated seriously by a church service that goes on throughout the night. This festival coincides with the mass blooming of the golden yellow Maskal daisies. Muslim festivals and pilgrimages Ethiopia’s earliest and most holy Muslim center. the focus of the celebration is a bonfire topped with an image of a cross to which flowers are tied.Christian holidays and festivals Timkat (Epiphany) is the most colorful event in the year when the churches parade their Tabots to a nearby body of water. no animal product is eaten. From Thursday evening before Good Friday. It is primarily secular. as they do to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. Perhaps the most important Islamic center since medieval times. called Adey Ababa in Amharic. Kidus Yohannes or Enkutatash. After the ceremony. and tombs of several holy Muslim leaders of the past.

The Ethiopian New Year falls on the 11th or 12th of September every year.NEW MOSQUE AT WIKRO CALENDAR AND TIME The use of the Julian calendar was discarded by the Europeans 400 years ago. Ethiopian Month Begins in Meskerem September Tikimit October Hidar November Tahesas December Tir January Yekatit February Megabit March Miyazia April Ginbot May Sene June Hamle July Nehase August Pagume September 14 .” In Greek. but Ethiopia still uses it. pagume means additional. with the remaining five (or six in a leap year) constituting the short 13th month of “Pagume. This calendar divides the year into 12 month of 30 days each.

00 PM 4. Western time and the corresponding Ethiopian time can be seen on the chart below. Example: “16 hundred hours” in A mharic is asra sedest zero zero. Western time—therefore 6:00 a.m. and p.m. such as when booking an airline flight or in certain professional settings.00 PM 2.m.. the “top of the day” begins at t he top of the clock. The division of the day into a.00 PM 5.00 PM 6.00 PM 7.00 AM 11.00 AM 8. is not used in Ethiopia. 12:00 noon Western time is 6:00 noon in Ethiopia. night. in some circumstances. but instead of using “hundred. and so on.m. 6:00 p.00 PM 12. Western time is “12:00 in the morning” in Ethiopia.m. are used. a. evening.m.00 PM 8.00 AM 1. Military time is the same as in America.00 PM 3.00 AM 12. however.00 AM 5. afternoon.00 AM 10.00 PM 9.00 PM 1.” “zero zero” is used. Instead.00 PM 11.00 AM Ethiopian Time 12 se-at (o’clock) 1 se-at (o’clock) 2 se-at (o’clock) 3 se-at (o’clock) 4 se-at (o’clock) 5 se-at (o’clock) 6 se-at (o’clock) 7 se-at (o’clock) 8 se-at (o’clock) 9 se-at (o’clock) 10 se-at (o’clock) 11 se-at (o’clock) 12 se-at (o’clock) 1 se-at (o’clock) 2 se-at (o’clock) 3 se-at (o’clock) 4 se-at (o’clock) 5 se-at (o’clock) 6 se-at (o’clock) 7 se-at (o’clock) 8 se-at (o’clock) 9 se-at (o’clock) 10 se-at (o’clock) 11 se-at (o’clock) Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Noon/kekenu Afternoon/kese-at Afternoon/kese-at Afternoon/kese-at Afternoon/kese-at Afternoon/kese-at Evening/ke mesetu Evening/ke meshestu Evening/ke meshetu At night/ke meshetu At night/ke meshetu At night/ke meshetu Midnight/ekule lelit In morning/ke lelitu In morning/ke lelitu In morning/ke lelitu In morning/ke letitu In morning/ke teuatu 15 . This way of keeping time is normally the only way used.00 AM 2.00 AM 7. Western time is 12:00 in the evening Ethiopia time.00 AM 4. The beginning of the day is taken to be at 6:00 a. morning.00 AM 9.m. quadrants of time are described according to the part of day.00 PM 10.00 AM 3.g. and so forth. and p. TIME CHART Western Time 6. e.TIME In Ethiopia.

are allowed to exchange foreign currency against receipts.60 Birr to the US dollar. Travel and tour agents.CURRENCY The monetary unit of Ethiopian currency is the Birr. 25 and 50 cents. Only the National Bank of Ethiopia and its authorized agents. The Foreign Exchange Market intervention committee of the National Bank of Ethiopia monitors and controls the rate on a daily basis. as well as commercial banks. The Birr is currently valued at around 8. 2001. The exchange rate of the Birr against foreign currencies has been controlled by the daily Interbank Foreign Exchange Market since October 24. 5. subject to change every day. 100 and 500 Birr. Copper coins are circulated in values of 1. 10. 50. 10. 16 . with 100 cents (also called centimes) to a Birr. 5. hotels and bank branches with official permission may also deal in the exchange. Currency notes are printed in denominations of 1.

6-time world and Olympic gold medallist KENENISA BEKELE. Newborn and Child Health DERARTU TULU.“Some Ethiopian Celebrities.000-meter race 17 .000-meter race. 1 Olympic gold medal. 11 world gold medals. and world record holder HAILE GEBRESELASSIE. 2 Olympic gold medals and 11 world gold medals in the 10. 1 Olympic silver medal in the 10. an international supermodel and the World Health Organization’s Goodwill Ambassador for Maternal.” Liya Kebede.

LANGUAGES Amharic. Ge’ez is the precursor of Ethiopia’s three major Semitic languages – the Cushitic language. Ge’ez ceased to be used as a spoken language most likely a short time before the tenth century CE. it is still used today as the liturgical language of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. 18 . like Latin. particularly in banking and insurance. But like Latin. the Aksumites’ language. Orominga and Tigrinya are the major languages used by two-thirds of the population. and Greek. The Bible was translated into Ge’ez from Greek. (Arabic and Italian are also widely spoken. The Greek influence is also seen in the organization of the Ge’ez letters. Ge’ez. English is the medium of instruction in the secondary section of junior colleges and universities and is widely used in business transactions. was not used as a spoken language for a very long time.) The alphabet Ge’ez is to Ethiopia as Latin is to t he West. which is v ery similar to that of the Greek alphabet. and was the official written language during the first Axumite kingdom. Nonetheless. Amharic is the official language of the federal government.

how to use the verbs “to be” and “to live” in the present tense .Lesson 1 Geography and People ህብረት Eና ህዝብ VALIDATION COPY 1.possessive pronouns . 19 .personal pronouns .basic geographical names of Ethiopia.0 JUNE 2007 This lesson will introduce you to: .how to greet people in formal and informal situations in Ethiopia .simple greetings and basic introductions in Amharic .

Kebede.PEOPLE 1. Exchange greetings with your teacher and your partner. Listen to these simple greetings and phrases in Amharic and repeat them after the speaker.. Hello. the dialogues in pairs. at 2 p.m. Fana. (Male) Kebede: Fine.? 3.. at 10 a.m. Kebede: How are you? Read Endemen anderk kebede Dehena. (Female) During the day Kebede: Good afternoon. at 5 p.m. Familiarize yourself with personal pronouns. and at 10 p.m. In the morning Fana: Good morning. Listen to the following dialogues and repeat after the speaker. Endemen adersh Fana Aንደምን፡Aደርክ፡ከበደ ደህና፡Aንደምን፡ Aደርሽ፡ፋና Endemen Walsh Fana Endemen walek Kebede Endemen Alesh ? 20 Aንደምን፡ዋልሽ፡ፋና Aንደምን፡ዋልክ፡ከበደ Aንደምን፡Aለሽ? . (F) Fana: Good afternoon. Listen to the audio and repeat after the speaker.. Hi Good morning Good afternoon Good evening Good night Tena Yestelegn (Formal) selam (casual) Endemen Aderachew Endemen Walachew Endemen Ameshachew Dehena Ederu ጤና፡ይስጥልኝ Aንደምን፡Aደራችሁ Aንደምን፡ዋላችሁ Aንደምን፡Aመሻችሁ ደህና፡Aደሩ 2.m. What would you say at 7 a. I you he she we you (plural) they Ene Anchi (F) Ante (M) Esu Esua Egna Enante Enesu Aኔ Aንቺ/Aንተ Aሱ Aሷ Aኛ Aናንተ Aነሱ 4.. Good morning Fana.

And you? Person A: Good! Person B: Bye! Dehena negn. Anchis(F) Antes(M)? Alen dehna Chio ሰላም ሰላም፡Aልማዝ ታዲያስ? Aለን፡Aንቺስ/Aነተስ Aለን፡ደህና ቻው 5. Fana. In the Evening Kebede: Good evening. And you? Kebede: Very well. Kebede.Fana: Fine. And you? Kebede: Fine. Person B: Hi! Person A: How are you? Person B: Good. Using the dialogues above as a model. Kebede. Fana: Good evening. Fana: Good night.antes dehena neh? Dehana . compose your own similar dialogues. Kebede: How are you. Good night. Dehena eder Dehena Eder Kebede Aንደምን፡መመሸሽ፡ ፋና Aንደምን፡Aመሸሽ፡ ከበደ Aንደምን፡Aለሽ፡ፋና? ደህና፡ነኝ፡Aንተስ፡ደህና፡ ነህ? ደህና፡ደህና፡Aደር ደህና፡Aደር፡ከበደ Selam Selam Almaz (F) Tadiyas? Alen. 21 . Thank you.anttese dehna neh? Dehena negn ደህና፡ነኝ፡Aንተስ፡ደህና፡ነህ? ደሃን፡ነኝ Endemen Ameshesh Fana Endemen amesheh Kebede Endemen alesh fana? Dehena negn. Informal Person A: Hi. Fana? Fana: Fine. Work in pairs or in small groups. Thank you.

You are from America. (plural) They are from America. We are from America. It is from America. Ene keamerica negn Anet (M) Anchi (F) keamerica neh(M) nesh (F) Esu keamerica noe Esua Keamerica nat Keamerica neo Egna keamerica nen Enante keamerica nechew Enesu Keamerica nachew Eኔ፡ከAሜሪካ፡ነኝ Aንተ/Aንቺ፡ከAሜሪካ፡ ነህ/ ነሽ? Eሱ፡ከAሜሪካ፡ነው Eሷ፡ከAሜሪካ፡ናት ከAሜሪካ፡ነው Eኛ፡ከAሜሪካ፡ነን Eናንተ፡ከAሜሪካ፡ናችሁ Eነሱ፡ከAሜሪካ፡ናቸው 22 . You are from America. He is from America.GEOGRAPHY I am from America. She is from America.

They are from Sodo. They are from Addis Ababa. You are Ethiopian. I am from Ethiopi. 3. 2. 7. 4. You are Ethiopian. (singular) Ene etiopiawe negn Ene Keetiopia negn Esu etiopiawe neo Esu Keetiopia neo Esua etiopiaweet nat Esua keaddis abeba nat Eኔ፡ Iትዮጲያዊ፡ነኝ Eኔ፡ ኝ፡ከIትዮጲያ፡ነኝ Eሱ፡Iትዮጲያዊ፡ነው Aሱ፡ከIትዮጲያ፡ነው Eሷ፡Iትዮጲያዊ፡ናት Eሷ፡ከዲስ፡Aበባ፡ናት Egna etiopiawe nen Aኛ፡Iትዮጲያዊ፡ነን Egna keaddis abeba nen Aኛ፡ከAዲስ፡Aበባ፡ነን Aናንተ፡Iትዮጲያዊ፡ናችሁ Aናንተ፡ከAዲስ፡Aበባ፡ናችሁ Enante etiopiawe nachew Enante keaddis abeba nachew Anchi etiopiawe Aንቺ፡Iትዮጲያዊ፡ነሽ /Aንተ፡ nesh(F) Iትዮጲያዊ፡ነህ Ante etiopiawe neh (M) Enesu etiopiawe nachew Enesu keaddis ababa nachew Aነሱ፡Iትዮጲያዊ፡ናቸው Aነሱ፡ከAዲስ፡Aበባ፡ናችው 7. Model: I am Ethiopian. (plural) You are from Addis Ababa. Introduce yourself and your classmates to your friend in Amharic. She is from Ethiopia. We are Ethiopians. Use the model below and the map. She is Ethiopian. Pretend you and your classmates are from America. He is Ethiopian. He is from Ethiopia. I am Ethiopian. 5. Hagos is Ethiopian. Where are you from? Ene etiopiawe negn.6. We are from Addis Ababa.?(Singular) Aኔ፡Iትዮጲያዊ፡ነኝ Enante etopiawe nachehu?(Plural Aናንተ፡Iትዮጲያዊ፡ናችሁ He is from Asosa. Ameha Ene ke Nagele negn(Singular) Aነ፡ከነገሌ፡ነኝ Egna ke Negele nen(Plural) Aኛ፡ከነገሌ፡ነን 23 . and Woyni are Ethiopians. 6. Listen to the following sentences and repeat after the speaker. I am from Nagele. 1. They are Ethiopians.

A. 3. I am from Jimma. Aster is from Harar. I am from Assela.Where is he (she/it) from? Where are we (they) from? Hagos etiopiawe neo? (HE) ሃጎስ፡Iትዮጲያዊ፡ነው Lulit etiopiawe nech? (SHE) ሉሊት፡Iትዮጲያው፡ናት Enesu etiopiawe nachew? (They) Aነሱ፡Iትዮጲያዊ፡ናቸው Egna etiopiawe nen?(WE) Eኛ፡Iትዮጲያዊ፡ነን Esu ke Asosa neo (HE. 1. Ante ena Assefa ke yet nachew? Egna ke dere dawa nen Aኛ፡ከድሬ፡ዳዋ፡ነን ግርማ፡ከባህር፡ዳር፡ነው ቱሉ፡Aና፡Aለሚቱ፡ከየት፡ ናቸው? Girma ke baher dare newu Where are Tulu and Alemitu Tulu ena Alemitu ke yet from? nachewu? B. A. I am from Addis Ababa. 2. Aነሱ፡ከነቀምት፡ናቸው 24 . Where are you from? Ene ke addis abeba negn Ente (M) Anchi (F) keyet Neh(M) Nesh (F) Ene ke jimma negn Aster ke harar nech Berhane ke yet newu? Esu ke axum newu Ene ke assela negn Aኔ፡ከጂማ፡ነኝ Aስቴር፡ከሃረር፡ነች ብርሃኔ፡ከየት፡ነው Aሱ፡ከAክሱም፡ነው Aኔ፡ከAሰላ፡ነኝ Aንተ፡Aና፡Aሰፋ፡ከየት፡ ናችሁ? Aኔ፡ከAዲስ፡Aበባ፡ነኝ Aነተ/Aንቺ፡ከየት፡ነህ/ነሽ B. Girma is from Baher Dare. Listen to the following dialogues in Amharic. Repeat after the speaker. He is from Axum. Follow along in your workbook. A. We are from Dere Dawa. A. 4. They are from Enesu ke nekemt nachewu Nekemt. Where is Berhane from? B. IT) Aሱ፡ከAሶሳ፡ነው Esua ke Assosa nat(SHE) Aሱ፡ከAሶሳ፡ነው Enesu ke Sodo nachew(They) Eነሱው፡ከሶዶ፡ናቸው Egna ke Sodo nen(plural) Eነሱ፡ከሶዶ፡ናቸው 8. Where are you and Assefa from? B.

Is Abel from Ethiopia? Abel ke etiopia newu? Aቤል፡ከIትዮጲያ፡ነው B. Oewo newu Aዎ፡ነው 4. it is. they are not. Oewo. you are not. I am. you are. aydelehum Aይደለሁም No. Yes..Aዎ፡ነኝ 2. Yes.? Aሷ፡ከ…? Is it from…? Esu ke…? Eሱ፡ከ…? Are we from…? Egna ke…. I egna aydelenem Aይ፡Eኛ፡ Aይደለንም No. Role-play the dialogues above. I. I Ayedelehume ke mekele negn. she is. they are? Oewo nachewu Aዎ፡ናቸው 25 . I esu aydelem Aይ፡Eሱ፡ Aይደለም No. A. we are not. I am from Mekele. Oewo esu newu Aዎ፡Aሱ፡ነው Yes.9.? Aሱ፡ከ…? Is she from…? Esua ke.negn Aዎ፡ ነኝ Yes.? Eኛ፡ከ…? Are they from…? Enesu ke…nachew? Eነሱ፡ ከ…ናቸው? 10. Yes.. Aይ፡Aይደለሁም፡ከመቀሌ፡ነኝ 3. using the map of Ethiopia. 1. Oewo enesu nachewu Aዎ፡ Eነሱ፡ናቸው No. Oewo. A. Read the following dialogues and role-play them.nesh(F) neh(M) Aዎ፡ ነሽ/ነህ Yes. she is not. I am Oewo Negn. I enesu aydelum Aይ፡Eነሱ፡ Aይደሉም Are you from…? Ante(M) Aንተ/Aንቺ/ከ…ነህ/ነሽ? anchi(F) ke ……neh(M) nesh(F) Is he from…? Esu ke. Oewo newu Aዎ፡ ነው Yes. I esua aydelechem Aይ፡Aሷ፡ Aይደለችም No. Am I from…? Ene ke…negn? Aኔ፡ከ…ነን? Yes. he is. Are Tesfaye and Elsa from Desse?? Tesfye ena Elsa ke desse nachewu? ተስፋዬ፡Eና፡ኤልሳ፡ከደሴ፡ናቸው B. I am not. I aydelehem(M) aydeleshem (F) Aይደለሁም/Aይደለሽም No. Are you from Addis Abeba? Ante (M) Anchi(F) ke addis abeba neh (M) Nesh(F)? Aንተ/Aንቺ፡ከAዲስ፡Aበባ፡ነህ/ነሽ? B. Oewo egna nen Aዎ፡Eኛ፡ነን Yes. A. Are you from Ethiopia? Ante (M) Anchi (F) Ke etiopia Neh (M) Nesh (F)? Aንተ/Aንቺ፡ከIትዮጵያ፡ ነህ/ነሽ? B. I esu aydelem Aይ፡Aሱ፡ Aይደለም No. A. he is. it is not. No I am not.. we are. they are. he is not. Oewo nech Aዎ፡ ነሽ Yes.

only first names are used when addressing someone. Example: Ato Alemu.Use of weizero (Mrs.). Semehe maneo? ስምህ፡ማነው? Seme Selomon neo. use Ato for Mr. weizerit Helen. people might use their grandfather’s first name. The concept of last names does not exist and therefore many identical names exist. In Ethiopia. last names are not passed on to children. For example. Sometimes. if a man with the first name of Habtamu has a boy and names him Alula. ስሜ፡ሰለሞን፡ነው Ene Ante(M) Anchi(F) He Esu She Esua It Esu We Egna They Enesu I You Aኔ Aንተ Aንቺ Aሱ Aሷ Aሱ Aኛ Aነሱ My Your Yene Yante(M) Yanch(F) His Yesu Her Yesua Its Yesu Our Yegna Their Yenesu የኔ ያንተ ያንቺ የሱ የሱዋ የሱ የኛ የነሱ 26 . there are a lot of identical full names in Ethiopia. Weizero zewdi. Therefore. and so forth. Also. For example. if Alula has a child and names him Matios. then the boy’s full name is Alula Habtamu. in order to avoid confusion. Also. When addressing someone older or when in a professional setting. women don’t take their husbands’ names. a child is given his father’s first name as his last name and that child will give his first name to his child. Semehe maneow? ስምህ፡ማነው? Seme Tedrros neow ስሜ፡ቶቴድሮስ፡ነው What is your name? My name is Selomon. What is your name? My name is Tedrros. he can be called Matios Alula Habtamu.

Selam Mulatu Mulatu. Yesu sem Dawit newu. A.What is her name? Yesua sem Manew? የሷ፡ስም፡ማነው? Her name is Sara. የሱ፡ስም፡ዳዊት፡ነው 11. B. A. ስሜ፡ሙላቱ፡ነው ስምህ፡ማንው? ስምሽ፡ ማነው? ስሞት፡ማነው? B. ስሜ፡Aበራ፡ነው ሰላም፡Aበራ ሰላም፡ሙላቱ 27 . Selam Abera Abera. Nice to meet you. Seme Mulatu newu What is your name? Semehe(M) manewu? Semesh (F) manewu? Semot manew? (older person) My name is Abera. A. Yesua sem Sara newu የሷ፡ሳራ፡ነው What is his name? Yesu sem Maneow? የሱ፡ስም፡ማንው? His name is Dawit. Listen to the following dialogue and repeat after the speaker. Eንደምን፡Aደራችሁ Eንደምን፡Aደርክ Eንደምን፡Aደርሽ Eንደምን፡Aደሩ B. Good morning! Endemen aderachwu (plural) Endemen aderk (M) Endemen adersh (F) Endemen aderu (older person) Good morning! Same response My name is Mulatu. Seme Abera newu Nice to meet you.

My name is Bereket. Eኛ፡ወንዶገነት፡ነው፡የመንኖረው Egna Wondo Genet neo yemenenorewu They live in Lalibela. Kefelu ena Rachel yet Newu yeminorut Enesu yeminorut Debre Tabor newu ክፍሉ፡Aና፡ራሼል፡የት፡ነው፡የሚኖሩት? Aነሱ፡የሚኖሩት፡ደብረ፡ታቦር፡ነው 28 . She lives in Axum. Work in pairs or in small groups. Translate them into English. dialogues. Check your work with the answer key. 1. Hiwet Debre Zeiet Atenorem ሂወት፡ደብረ፡ዘይት፡Aትኖርም 4. Aን፡Aዲስ፡Aበባ፡ነውየምኖረው Ene Addis Abeba newu yemenorew His name is Mekonen. ስም፡ብርክቲ፡ንው Seme Bereket newu I live in Addis Ababa. Aሱ፡ኣዳማ፡ነው፡ የሚኖረው Esu adama newu yeminorewu Her name is Helen. Read the following sentences. ስምዋ፡ሄለን”ነው Semua Helen newu. ሰም፡መኮንን፡ነው Seme Mekonen newu He lives in Adama. Arba Mench newu yemetnoreew (F) yemetnorew(M)? Oewo Aርባ፡ምንጭ፡ነው፡የምትኖሪው/የምትኖረው? Aዎ 3. Zewdi Axum newu yemetnorewu ዘውዲ፡Aክሱም፡ነው፡የምትኖረው 2.12. Aነሱ፡ላሊበላ፡ነው፡የሚኖሩት Enesu lalibela newu yeminorut 14. Yet newu yemetnoreewu(F) Yemetnorewu(M)? Yemenorew Dollo newu የት፡ነው፡የምትኖሪው/የምትኖረው? የምኖረው፡ደምቢ፡ዶሎ፡ነው 5. Look at the pictures and make up similar 13. Aሱው፡ኣክሱም፡ነው፡ የምትኖረው Esua Axum newu yemetenorrewu We live in Wondo Genet. Listen to the following statements and repeat after the speaker.

Listen to the following dialogue and repeat after the speaker.15. Imagine that you are new to the class. ene ke Deber berhane negn Aይ፡Aይደለሁም፡Eኔ፡ከደብረ፡በርሃን፡ነኝ 2. What is the question? Read the answers below and reproduce the questions in Amharic. Work in pairs or in small groups. Use the model below. ? Auo. Work in pairs or in small groups. Esu yet newu yeminorewu? Esu Mojo newu yeminorewu 17. Aንደምን፡ዋልክ Aንደን፡ዋልሽ Aንደምን፡ዋላችሁ ስሜ፡ሄለን፡ነው ስምህ/ስምሽ፡ማነ? 1 2 3 ስሜ፡በላይ፡ነው ሰላም፡በላይ ሰላም፡ሄለን Aኔ፡ላሊበላ፡ነው፡የምኖረው፡Aንቺ፡የት፡ ነው፡የምትኖሪው? Aኔ፡ከAለም፡ከተማ፡ነኝ Endemen walek(M) Enemen Walesh(F) 1) Endemen Walachehu 2) Seme Helen Newu 3) Semeh(M) semesh(F) Manewu? Seme Belay newu Selam Balay Selam Helen Ene Lalibela newu yemenorewu anchi yet Neo yemetenoreewu? Ene Kalem Ketema negn 16. Make up a similar dialogue. Check your work with the answer key. Follow along in your workbook. የሱ፡ስም፡ማነው? የሱ፡ስም፡በከለ፡ነው Aሱ፡የት፡ነው፡የሚኖርው? Aሱ፡ሞጆ፡ነው፡የሚኖረው Yesu seme manewu? Yesu seme Bekele newu. ? Auo esu ke Shashemenie newu Aዎ፡Eሱ፡ከሻሸመኔ፡ነው 29 . Giggiga newu yemenorewu Aዎ፡ጂጂጋ፡ነ፡የመንኖረው 3. 1. ? I iydelehum. Ask your partner about the rest of the students (their names and where they live).

ene ke Adama negn. esu ke Addis abeba newu. ? Auo. Aዎ፡Eኔ፡ከAዳማ፡ነኝ 30 .Habtamu iydelem Aይ፡Eሱ፡Aቶ፡ሃብታሙ፡Aይደለም 8. Eይ፡Aይደለም፡Eሱ፡ከAዲስ፡Aበባ፡ነው 6.esu Ato. ? I iydelem. ? Oewo. ? I . esua Elibabour newu yemetnorewu Aዎ፡Eሷ፡ኤሊባቡር፡ነው፡የምትኖረው 5. seme Robel newu Aዎ፡ስሜ፡ሮቤል፡ነው 7.4. ? Auo.

G. Work in pairs or in small groups. What is your name? My name is Tony. She lives in San Diego. His name is Joe. Semeh(M) Semesh(F) Manewu? ማነው? Selam. H. D. My name is Maurice. His name is Bob. I am from Chicago. ሰላም፡ስሜ፡ደመቀ፡ነው።ስምህ/ስምሽ፡ Selam. seme Demeke newu. He lives in Boston. My name is Tanya. Her name is Susan. Introduce yourself to other people and ask them their names. F. where they are from. Use the model below. and where they live. I am from Moscow. He lives in Berlin. We are from Vancouver. C. Read the following sentences and translate them from English into Amharic.Anchi(M) ante(M) Ke yet Eኒ፡Iትዮጲያ፡ነኝ። Aንቺ/Aንተ፡ neh(M) nesh(F)? ከየት፡ነህ/ነሽ? Ene ke etiopia negn Eኔ፡ከIትዮጲያ፡ነኝ Ene Addis Abeba newu yemenorewu Eኔ፡Aዲስ፡Aበባ፡ነው፡የምኖረው Ene Dere Dawa newu yemenorewu Eኔ፡ድሬ፡ዳዋ፡ነው፡የምኖረው 31 . E. seme Elias newu ሰላም፡ስሜ፡ኤሊያስ፡ነው Ene ke etiopia negn.End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. A. 2. Do you live in Seattle? Yes. Pretend that you are at a party. B.

3. Semu Yoseph newu ስሙ፡ዮሴፍ፡ነው Esu ke etiopia newu Eሱ፡ከIትዮጲያ፡ነው Esu etiopiawee newu Eሱ፡Iትዮጲያዊ፡ነው Eሱ፡Aዲስ፡Aበባ፡ነው፡የምኖረው Esu addis abeba neo yminorewu 32 . Introduce your friend to your classmates. Use the model below.

Vocabulary List Hello Hi Good morning Good afternoon Good evening Good night Good-bye How are you? Fine/ very well Thank you You are welcome My name is … I He She You We They To live in No Yes To be To be from Where are you from? What is your name? Where do you live? My Your His Her Tena yestelegn Selam Endemen Adersh(F) aderk(M) Aderachew (plural) Endemen walek (M) walsh(F) walachehu (plural) Endemen ameshesh(f) amesheh(M) Ameshachew(Plural) Dehna ederi (F) eder (M)ederu (plural) Dehna whogn(F) whone(M) Whonu(Plural) Endemen neh(M) nesh(F) nachew(Plural)? Betam dehna Amesegenaleu Menem ayedelem Seme Helen newu Ene Esu Esua Ante (M) Anchi(F) Egna Enesu Menore I Auo Mehone Ke mehone Ke yet nesh(F) Neh(M) nachewu(P) Semeh(F) semeh(M) maneowu Yet newu yemetnorewu(M) yemetnorewu(F) Yemetnorut(plural) Yene Yante (M) Yanchi(F) Yesu Yesua 33 ጤና፡ይስጥልኝ ሰላመም Eንደምን፡ Eደርሽ/Aደክ/Aደራችሁ Eንደምን፡ዋልክ፡ዋልሽ/ዋላችሁ Eንደምን፡Aመሸሽ/Aመሸህ ደህና፡Eደሪ/Eደር/Eደሩ ደህና፡ሁኂ/ሁን/ሁኑ Eንደ፡ምን፡ነህ/ነሽ/ናችው? በታም፡ደህና Aመሰግናለሁ ምንም፡Aይደለም ስሜ፡ሄለን፡ነው Eኔ Eሱ Eሱዋ Aንተ፡Aንቺ Eኛ Eነሱ መኖር Aይ Aዎ መሆን ከ…መሆን ከየት፡ነሽ/ነህ/ናቸው ስምህ/ስምሽ፡ማነው የት፡ነው፡ የምትኖረው/የምትኖሪው/ የኔ ያንተ/ያንቺ የሱ የሱዋ .

Our Their Yegna Yenesu የኛ የነሱ 34 .

Aነተ/Aንቺ፡ከAዲስ፡Aበባ፡ነህ/ነሽ? No. esua Elibabour neo yemetnorew Aዎ፡Eሷ፡ኤሊባቡር፡ነው፡የምትኖረው 5.No. she lives in Elibabour. Aይ፡Aይደለም፡Eሱ፡ከAዲስ፡Aበባ፡ነው 35 . ene ke Deber berhane negn Aይ፡Aይደለሁም፡Eኔ፡ከደብረ፡በርሃን፡ነኝ 2. esu ke Addis abeba noe. Zewdi lives in Axum.Answer Key 14.Eሱ፡ከሻሸመኔ፡ነው? Yes.Aንተ/Aንቺ፡ጂጂጋ፡ነው፡የምትኖሩት? Yes.Eሱ፡ከሃረር፡ነው? No. I live in Giggiga. 1. Auo. I iydelehum. Auo esu ke Shashemenie neo Aዎ፡Eሱ፡ከሻሸመኔ፡ነው 4. 5. 1. Hiwet does not live in Debre Zeit. I am not. Do you live in Giggiga? Anch (F) Ante (M) Giggiga neo yemetnoreew 2. I iydelem. Giggiga neo yemenorew Aዎ፡ጂጂጋ፡ነ፡የመንኖረው 3. Auo. he is not. 17. 4. he is from sashemene.Yes I do. Where do Kefelue and Rachel live? They live in Debre tabor. Where do you live/ I live in Dollo. 3. I am from Debre Berhan. 2. Is he from Shasemene? Esu ke shashemenie neo? 3. Are you from Addis abeba? Ante(M) anchi (F) ke Addis abeba neh(M) nesh(F)? 1. He is from Addis Abeba.Eሷ፡ኤሊባቡር፡ነው፡የመትኖረው? Yes. Do you live in Arba Mench. Does she live in Elibabour? Esua Elibabour neo yemetnorew? 4. Is he from Harrar? Esu Ke Harar neo? 5.

Aንተ/Aንቺ፡ሲያትል፡ነው፡የመትኖረው/የምትኖሪው።Aው። C. Auo.Aንተ፡ስምህ፡ሮቤል፡ነው? Yes. A.Aንተ/Aንቺ፡ከAዳማ፡ነህ/ነሽ? Yes. ስምህ፡ማን፡ናው?የኔ፡ስም፡ቶኒ፡ንው 36 . ene ke Adama negn. የሱ፡ስም፡ጆ፡ነው፡Eሱ፡በርሊን፡ነው፡የሚኖረው D.esu Ato. የኔ፡ስም፡ሞሪስ፡ነው፡Eኔ፡ከሺካጎ፡ነኝ F. Eኛ፡ከቫንኩቨር፡ነን E.Yesua sem Susan neo. የሱ፡ስም፡ቦብ፡ነው።Eሱ፡ቦስተን፡ነው፡የሚኖረው G. Are you from Adama? Ante (M) anchi (F) ke adama neh(M) nash(F)? 8.Ene ke Moscow negn.Habtamu? Esu Ato. Is he Ato.Yesu sem Joe neo.Yene sem Tanya neo. Ene ke Chicago negn. I am from Adama.Esu Berline neo yeminorew. I . የኔ፡ስም፡ታንያ፡ነው።Eኔ፡ከሞስኮ፡ነን B.Habtamu neo? 7. Aዎ፡Eኔ፡ከAዳማ፡ነኝ End-of-Lesson Tasks 1.6.Semeh man neo? Yene sem Tony neo.Egna ke Vancouver nen.Esua San Diego neo yemetnorew. የሷ፡ስም፡ሱዛን፡ነው።Eሷ፡ሳንዲዬጎ፡ነው፡የምትኖረው H.Eሱ፡Aቶ፡ሃብታሙ፡ነው? No.Yne sem Maurice neo.Esu Boston neo yeminorew.Habtamu iydelem Aይ፡Eሱ፡Aቶ፡ሃብታሙ፡Aግደለም 8. my name is Roblel. seme Robel neo Aዎ፡ስሜ፡ሮቤል፡ነው 7. he is not Habtamu.Ante (M) Anch(F) seattel neo yemetnorew (M) yemetnoreew(F) Auo.Yesu se Bob neo. Is your name Robel? Ante semeh Robel neo? 6. Auo.

and there are apartment buildings.Typical housing arrangements of most people living in Ethiopia . Repeat the words after the speaker. apartment Aፓርትመንት Apartment apartment building Aፓርትመንት፡ህንፃ Apartment hentsa room ክፍል Keffel house ቤት Bait military camp የጦር፡ሰፍር Yetor sefer tent ድንኻዋን Denkuan barracks የወታደር፡መኖሪያ Yewetaderoch Menoria hotel ሆቴል Hotel 37 . there are also large villas similar to those in the West. There are several types of homes in Ethiopia.0 JUNE 2007 This lesson will introduce you to: .Names of professions (singular and plural forms). 1.The verb “to have” in the present tense . The average Ethiopian in a rural area lives in a hut or a small house. mostly in large cities. there are small to medium-sized houses.Using “or” in questions about living arrangements and professions . There are huts made from mud in the rural areas.Lesson 2 ኑሮ፡Eና፡ስራ Nero ena sera Living and Working VALIDATION COPY 1. Look at the pictures below and listen to the words.

Check your work with the answer key. Biniam ena ene telek bait wost newu yemenenoreu. Musse ena Berhanu yewetaderoch menoria wost newu yeminorut. 1. Amdy yeminorew denkuan wost newu yetor sefer. 1. Ebrahim ena Kongit telek bait wost newu yeminorut Addis Abeba. Read the following sentences and translate into English. Match the Amharic words on the left with their English equivalents on the right. 6. Replay the audio from the previous section if necessary or check the answer key. 3. Aሊ፡የሚኖረው፡ትንሽ፡Aፓርትመንት፡ውሰጥ፡ነው፡፡ 3.2. ሙሴ፡Eና፡በርሃኑ፡ የሚኖሩት፡የወታደሮች፡መኖሪያ፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡ 6. 5. Samson apartment wost newu yeminorew 4. ቢኒያም፡Eና፡Eኔ፡ትልቅ፡ቤት፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡የምንኖረው 38 . Aምዲ፡የሚኖረው፡ በጦር ሰፈር ድንኩዋን፡ውስጥ፡ ነዉ 2. ድንኻን ክፍል ቤት Aፓርትመንት ሆቴል Aፓርትመንት፡ህንፃ የወታደር፡መኖሪያ የጦር፡ሰፈር Denkaun Keffel Bait Apartment Hotel Apartment hentsa Yewetaderoch menoria Yetor sefer Hotel Tent Barracks Room Military camp House Apartment Apartment building 3. 2. Ali yeminorew tenish apartment wost newu. Iብራሂም፡Eና፡ቆንጂት፡Aዲሰ፡Aበባ፡ትልቅ፡ቤት፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡የሚኖሩት 4. ሳምሶን፡Aፓርትመንት፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡የሚኖረው 5.

They live in the military camp. Where do Yoseph and Eleni live? B.4. 2. I live in a house. Do you go by bus or by car? Ante bu autobus neo woynes bu mekina yemetyade. 1. I live in a big house. Follow along in your workbook. Zenebe lives in the hotel. I live in a tent in a military camp. A. 39 .Mimi yet newuyemetnorewu? ሚሚ፡Aፓርትመንት፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡ የምትኖረው Mimi apartment hentsa wost Newu yemetnorewu. 1. A. make up similar dialogues. A. 5. Then. Ante (M) Anchi (F) yet newu yemetenorewu (M) yemetnoreewu? Eኔ፡የምኖረው፡የጦር፡ሰፈር።ድንኩ ዋን፡ውስጥ፡ነው Ene yemnorew yetor sefer Denkuan wost newu ዘነበ፡ሆቴል፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡የሚኖረው ሚሚ፡የት፡ነው፡የምትኖረው? Zenebe hotel wost newu yeminorewu. 3. The use of “or” in Amharic has the same structure as in English grammar. Mimi lives in an apartment building. Where does Mimi live? B. OR – woynes. Does he live in America or Ethiopia? Esu America neo woynes ethipia yeminorew. Work in pairs or in small groups. We live in the barracks. Make up similar dialogues using the words below. Where do you live? Eኔ፡ልቅ፡ቤት፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡የምኖረው Aንተ/Aንቺ፡ትልቅ፡ቤት፡ውስጥ፡ነው የምትኖረው/የምትኖሪው? Ene telek bait wost newu yemenorewu. Read the following dialogues. A. Yoseph ena Eleni yet newu yeminorut? Eነሱ፡የሚኖሩት፡የጦር፡ሰፈር፡ነው Enesu yeminorut yetor sefer newu B. Work in pairs or in small groups. Listen to the following dialogues and repeat after the speaker. Eኛ፡ወታደሮች፡የወታደሮች፡መኖሪያ፡ ነው፡የምንኖረው ዮሴፍ፡Eና፡Iሌኒ፡የት፡ነው፡የሚኖሩት? Egan Yewotaderoch menoria Neo emenenorew. Do you live in a house or in an apartment? Ante yemetnore bait wost newu woynes Apartment wost? Aንተ፡የምትኖረው፡ቤት፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡ወይንስ፡ Aፓርትመንት፡ውስጥ? Ene yemenorew bait wost newu Eኔ፡የምኖረው፡ቤት፡ውስጥ፡ነው B.

Serak has an apartment in Nazret. Himanot and Petros have a house in Mekele. 2. 40 . 3. 4. Listen to the speaker and circle the words you hear. Eነሱ፡የሚኖሩት፡Aፓርትመንት፡ ህንፃ፡ውስጥ፡ነው 6. 1. Eኔ፡Aዲስ፡Aበባ፡ቤት፡Aለኝ Ene addis abeba bait alegn Eኛ፡Aፓርትመንት፡ህንሳ፡ውስት፡ክፍል፡Aለን Egna apartment hentsa wost Kefel alen ሲራክ፡ናዝሬት፡Aፓርትመንት፡Aለው Serak Nazret apartment alewu ሀይማኖት፡Eና፡ጴጥሮስ፡መቀሌ፡ቤት፡AላAቸው Himanot ena petros Mekele Bait alachew 2 We have a room in an apartment building. Check your work with the answer key. Do they live in a hotel or in an apartment building? B. 1 I have a house in Addis Ababa. Listen to the following sentences and repeat after the speaker. Follow along in your workbook. 3. A. Model: Do you live in a tent or in the barracks? ante denkuan wost neo woynes yewetaderoch menoria yemtnorew Aንተ፡ድንኩዋን፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡ወይንም፡የወታደሮች፡መኖሪያ፡የምትኖረው Aነተ Eነሱ Eሱ Eሷ Eኛ Ente(M) Anchi(f) Enesu Esu Esua Egna ድንኻዋን፡የወታደር ሆቴል Eሱ Eሱዋ Eኛ Denkuan/ yewotaderoch menoria Hotel/Bait Apartment hentsa/yetor sefer Kefel/bait Apartment/hotel 7. They live in an apartment building.2. 4. Compose choice questions using the model and the words below. house house house house apartment apartment apartment apartment barracks barracks barracks barracks hotel hotel hotel hotel apartment building apartment building apartment building apartment building military camp military camp military camp military camp room room room room tent tent tent tent 8. Enesu yeminorut hotel wost nowu woynes apartment hentsa wost? Eነሱ፡የሚኖሩት፡ሆቴል፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡ወይንስ፡ Aፓርትመንት፡ውስጥ፡ነው? Enesu yeminorut apartment hentsa wost newu.

and large business owners. but the majority of those who live in the rural areas are farmers. Make up sentences using the correct form of the verb “to have. 10. especially in the capital Addis Ababa. there are small business owners. government employees. Profession Doctor Nurse Laborer Teacher Student Soldier Mechanic Farmer Police Officer Waitress Interpreter Sera Doctor Nurse Yeken serategna Astemari Temari Wetader Mechanic Gebere Police Astenagage Asterguami ስራ ዶክተር ነርስ የቀን፡ሰራተኛ Aስተማሪ ተማሪ ወታደር መካኒክ ገበሬ ፖሊስ Aስተናጋጅ Aስተርጉዋሚ 41 . Listen to the new vocabulary related to professions and repeat after the speaker. However. There is a big problem with unemployment in the capital due to unskilled people coming into the city from the rural areas looking for work. ene apartment alegn Eኔ፡Aፓርትመንት፡Aለኝ Ene Eኔ Ante (M) Anchi (F) Aንተ/Aንቺ Esu Eሱ Esua Eሷ Esu Eሱ Egna Eኛ Enesu Eነሱ Alegn Aለኝ aleh (M) alesh(F) Aለህ/Aለሽ Alewu Aለው Alat Aላት Alewu Aለው Alen Aለን Alachewu Aላቸው Apartment Aፓርትመንት In Ethiopia there are many kinds of jobs. there are both blue-collar and whitecollar jobs.9. in the cities.” Model: I have an apartment.

Mechanic L. Check the answer key. Teacher 6. Check the answer key. Waitress 12. Doctor 3. Laborer 5.Astenagag B. Student 7. Match the Amharic words on the right with their English equivalents on the left. Mechanic 9.Police G. Profession 2. Soldier 8. Nurse 4.Serra E.Nurse F. Circle the more likely profession of the two choices under the photo.Wetader K.Yeken serategna I.Asterguami D.Doctor H. 1. Interpreter Aስተናጋጅ ዶክተር ነርስ Aስተማሪ ነርስ ፖሊስ ወታደር የክን፡ሰራተኝ ተማሪ ወታደር መካኒክ Aስተማሪ A. Nurse woynes astemari ? ነርስ፡ወይንስ፡AስተAምሪ? Police woynes geberre? ፖሊስ፡ወይንስ፡ገበሬ? Astenagage woynes doctor? Aስተናጋጅ፡ወይንስ፡ዶክተር? wetader Woynes asterguami? ወታደር፡ወይንስ፡Aስተርጉዋሚ? 12.Astemari 42 . Farmer 10.Gebere C. Police Officer 11.Temari J.11.

professions ሰራዎች Serawoch . we add woch. and repeat after the speaker.In English we usually add an -s at the end of a word to make the plural.police officers ፖሊሶች Police - - 43 .mechanics መካኒኮች Mechanicwoch .doctors ዶክተሮችህ Doctorwoch .soldiers ወታደሮች Wetaderwoch .nurses ነርሶች Nursewoch . 13. In Amharic. Listen to the plural form of nouns related to the names of professions.farmers ገበሬዎች Geberewoch .teachers ኣስተማሪዎች Astemariwoch .laborers የቀን፡ሰራተናዎች Yeken serategnwoch .students ተማሪዎች Temariwoch . Profession ስራ Sera Doctor ዶክተር Doctor Nurse ነርስ Nurse Laborer የቀን፡ሰራተኛ Yeken serategna Teacher ኣስተማሪ Astemari Student ተማሪ Temari Soldier ወታደር Wetader Mechanic መካኒክ Machanic Farmer ገበሬ Gebere Police officer ፖሊስ Policewoch Waitress waitresses Aስተናጋጅ Aስተናጋጆች Astenagage astenagagewoch Interpreter interpreters Aስተርጉዋሚ ኣስተርጉዋሚዎች Asterguami Asterguamiwoch .

Check your work with the answer key. Listen to the speaker and put a circle around each word you hear. D. Eሷ፡Aስተርጉዋሚ፡ናት They are police officers / soldiers.14. Eሱ፡ገበሬ፡ነው They are teachers / doctors. Eነሱ፡Aስተማሪውች፡ናቸው She is an interpreter / student. Eነሱ፡ወታደሮች፡ናቸው 44 . Replay the audio as many times as you need to. C. B. B. D. A. A. C. He is a mechanic / farmer.

doctor 2. police officer 3. ስሜ፡Aሌክስ፡ነው Seme Alex newu. 2.ene Addis Abeba newu yemenorewu . waitress 2. Reproduce the questions to the following answers. 3. 2. 1.ene apartment alegn 5. where you are from. interpreter 1. ? Aዎ፡Eኔ፡Aዲስ፡Aበባ፡ነው፡የምኖረው Auo. Eኔ፡ከIትዮጲያ፡ነኝ Ene ke etiopia negn. nurse 3. C. and what your occupation is in Amharic. student B. A. Give a brief introduction of yourself. listing your name. ? Eኔ፡Aፓርትመንት፡Aለኝ I. 45 . farmer 1. where you live. Listen to the recording and circle all the professions you hear. 1. teacher 3. nurse 2. Aዎ፡Eኔ፡መካኒክ፡ነኝ Auo ene mechanic negn ? ? ? 4.End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. 3. Check the answer key.

Vocabulary List Apartment Apartment building Barracks Military camp House Tent Room Big Small Profession/professions Farmer/farmers Doctor/doctors Nurse/nurses Laborer/laborers Teacher/teachers Student/students Soldier/soldiers Mechanic/mechanics Waitress/waitresses Interpreter/interpreters Police officer/ police officers To have Apartment Apartment hentsa Yewetaderoch menoria Wetaderawi menesha Bait Denkuan kefel Telek Tenesh Sera/ serawoch Gebere/ geberewoch Doctor/doctorwoch Nure/nursewoch Yeken serategna/serategnawoch Astemari/astemariwoch Temari/temariwoch Wetader/wetaderwoch Mechanic/mechanicwoch Astenagage/astenagagewoch Asterguami/asterguamiwoch Police/policewoch menor Aፓርትመንት Aፓርትመንት፡ህንፃ የወታደሮችህ፡መኖሪያ ወታደራዊ፡መነሻ ቤት ድንካዋን ክፍል ትልቅ ትንሽ ስራ/ስራዎች ገበሬ/ገበሮች ዶክተር/ዶክተሮች ነርስ/ነርሶች የቀን፡ሰራተኛ/የቀን፡ሰራተኛዎች Aስተማሪ/Aስተማሪዎች ተማሪ/ተማሪዎች ወታደር/ወታደሮች መካኒክ/መካኒኮች Aስተናጋጅ/Aስተናጋጅዎች Aስተርጉዋሚ/Aስተርጉዋሚዎች ፖሊስ/ፖሊስዎች መኖር 46 .

Amdy lives in a tent at a military camp. 2.ሳምሶን፡Aፓርትመንት፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡የሚኖረው 5.Ali lives in a small apartment. 2. Samson lives in an apartment.Keffel/D 3. ድንኻን ክፍል ቤት Aፓርትመንት ሆቴል Aፓርትመንት፡ህንፃ የወታደር፡መኖሪያ የጦር፡ሰፈር 3.Yetor sefer/C A.Hotel B. 1.Apartment H. 6. 6.Barracks D. 4.ሙሴ፡Eና፡በርሃኑ፡ የሚኖሩት፡የወታደሮች፡መኖሪያ፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡ 6. 3. Ebrahim ena Kongit telek bait wost newu yeminorut Addis Abeba.Apartment building 47 . Samson apartment wost newu yeminorew 4.Military camp F. Musse and Berhanu live in barracks.Aምዲ፡የሚኖረው፡ በጦር ሰፈር ድንኩዋን፡ውስጥ፡ ነዉ 2.Room E. 3. Ebrahim ans konjit live inside a big house in Addis Abeba.Bait/F 4.House G. 1.Tent C. 5.Aሊ፡የሚኖረው፡ትንሽ፡Aፓርትመንት፡ውሰጥ፡ነው፡፡ 3.Apartment/G 5. Biniam ena ene telek bait wost newu yemenenoreu.Denkaun /B 2. Ali yeminorew tenish apartment wost newu.Iብራሂም፡Eና፡ቆንጂት፡Aዲሰ፡Aበባ፡ትልቅ፡ቤት፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡የሚኖሩት 4.Apartment hentsa/H 7.Hotel/A 6.Answer Key 2. Musse ena Berhanu yewetaderoch menoria wost newu yeminorut.ቢኒያም፡Eና፡Eኔ፡ትልቅ፡ቤት፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡የምንኖረው 1. 5. 1. Amdy yeminorew denkuan wost newu yetor sefer. Biniam and I live in a big house.Yewetaderoch menoria/E 8.

7.
1. 2. 3. 4. 11. የወታደሮች፡መኖሪያ ቤት የጦር፡ሰፈር Aፓርትመንት Yewetaderoch menoria Bait Yetor sefer Apartment barracks house military camp apartment

Nurse woynes astemari ? Nurse or teacher? ነርስ፡ወይንስ፡AስተAምሪ?

Police woynes geberre? Police or farmer? ፖሊስ፡ወይንስ፡ገበሬ?

Astenagage woynes doctor? waitress or doctor? Aስተናጋጅ፡ወይንስ፡ዶክተር?

wetader Woynes asterguami? Soldier or interpreter? ወታደር፡ወይንስ፡Aስተርጉዋሚ?

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12. 1. Profession D 2. Doctor G 3. Nurse E 4. Laborer H 5. Teacher L 6. Student I 7. Soldier J 8. Mechanic K 9. Farmer B 10. Police Officer F 11. Waitress A 12. Interpreter C 14. A. Esu gebere neo. (farmer) Eሱ፡ገበሬ፡ነው B. Enesu astemariwoch nachew. (teachers) Eነሱ፡Aስተማሪውች፡ናቸው C. Esua asterguami nat. (interpreter) Eሷ፡Aስተርጉዋሚ፡ናት D. Enesu wetaderwoch nachew. (soldiers) Eነሱ፡ወታደሮች፡ናቸው End-of-Lesson Tasks 2. A. 1 waitress B. 2 teacher C. 3 student 3. 1. What is your name? ስምህ፡ማነው? Semehe manew? ስሜ፡Aሌክስ፡ነው Seme Alex newu. 2. Where are you from? Aነት/Aንቺ፡ከየት፡ነህ/ነሽ? Ante(M) anchi (F) keyet neh (M) nesh(F)? Eኔ፡ከIትዮጲያ፡ነኝ Ene ke etiopia negn. Aስተናጋጅ ዶክተር ነርስ Aስተማሪ ነርስ ፖሊስ ወታደር የክን፡ሰራተኝ ተማሪ ወታደር መካኒክ Aስተማሪ A.Astenagag B.Gebere C.Asterguami D.Serra E.Nurse F.Police G.Doctor H.Yeken serategna I.Temari J.Wetader K.Mechanic L.Astemari

Aሰተናጋጅ Aስተማሪ ተማሪ

Astenagage Astemari Temari

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3. Do you live in Addis Ababa? Aንተ/Aንቺ፡Aዲስ፡Aበባ፡ነው፡የምትኖረው/የምትኖሪው? Ante (M) anchi(F) Addis Abeba neo yemetnorew(M) yemetnoreew? Aዎ፡Eኔ፡Aዲስ፡Aበባ፡ነው፡የምኖረው Auo,ene Addis Abeba newu yemenorewu . 4. Do you live in a house? Aነተ/Aንቺ፡ቤት፡Aለህ/Aለሽ? Ante (M) Anch(F) bait aleh(M) alesh(F)? Eኔ፡Aፓርትመንት፡Aለኝ I,ene apartment alegn 5. Are you a mechanic? Aንተ/Aንቺ፡መካኒክ፡ነህ/ነሽ? Auo ene mechanic negn Aዎ፡Eኔ፡መካኒክ፡ነኝ Auo ene mechanic negn

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Lesson 3 Yesament kenoch,kuteroch, Yesew edmewoch የሳምንት፡qኖች:ቁጥሮች፡የሰው፡Eድሜዎች Days of the Week, Numbers, Ages of People
This lesson will introduce you to: - Days of the week - Numbers from 0 to 100 - How to understand and respond to questions about what day it is - How to find out somebody’s age and tell how old you are.

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

1. Listen to the days of the week and repeat them after the speaker. Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday Segno Maksegno Erob Hamus Areb Kedame Ehud

ሰኞ ማክሰኞ Eሮብ ሃሙስ Aርብ ቅዳሜ Eሁድ

Read the days of the week several times, practicing pronunciation. Replay the audio if necessary.

2. Listen to the following dialogues and repeat after the speaker. Follow along in the workbook. Role-play the dialogues using the names of the other days of the week. Work in pairs or in small groups. Ehud Maksegno Hamus kedame Erob Arbe

1. What day is it today? Today is Monday. 2. Is today Monday? Yes, today is Monday. 3. Is today Monday? No, today is Tuesday.

Kenu menden newu zare Zare segno newu Segno newu zari? Auo,zare kenu segno newu Segno newu zare? I, zare kenu maksegno newu.

ቀኑ፡ምንድን፡ነው፡ዛሬ ዛሪ፡ሰኞ፡ነው ሰኞ፡ነው፡ዛሬ? Aዎ።ዛሬ፡ስኞ፡ነው ስኖ፡ነዉ፡ዛሬ? Aይ፡ዛሬ፡ከኑ፡ማክሰኖ፡ነው

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3. Listen to the pronunciation and read the numbers from 0 to 10.

zero ዜሮ

aned Aንድ

hulet ሁለት

sost ሶስት

arat Aራት

amest sedest Aምስት ስድስት

sebat ሰባት

sement zetegn aser ስምንት ዘጠኝ Aስር

4. Read the following dialogue. A. What is your telephone number? B. My telephone number is (360) 984 – 0217. A. What is your house (apartment) number? B. My house (apartment) number is 10456. Yante(M) yanchi(F) silk ያንተ/ያንቺ፡ስልክ፡q#_ር፡ስንት፡ነው? Kuter cent neo Yene silk kuter የኔ፡ስልክ፡q#_ር፡(360)984-0217 (360)984-0217 Yante(M) yanchi(F) bait (apartment) cent newu? Yene bait (apartment) kuter 10456 newu. ያነተ/ያንቺ፡ቤት/Aፓርትመንት፡ስንት፡ነዉ? የኔ/ቤት፡Aፓርትመንት፡q#_ር፡10456 ነው

5. Using the numbers above, tell in Amharic your telephone number, house number, and apartment number according to the model below. My telephone number is… My house number is… My apartment number is… Yene silk kuter….newu Yene bait kuter …..newu Yene apartment kuter… newu የኔ፡ስልክ፡q#_ር፡……ነው የኔ፡ቤት፡q#_R…….ነው የኔ፡ኣፓርትመንት፡q#_ር….ነው

6. Pretend that you are in the hospital. Your classmate is a medical receptionist who wants to know your name, your telephone number, and your house number. Role-play the dialogue using Exercise 4 as a model.

7. Listen to the sentences and write down the missing numbers you hear. Check your work with the answer key. Model: Yene silk kuter amest(5) sedest (6) sebat(7) sement(8) arat(4) neo. የኔ፡ስልክ፡ቁጥር፡Aምስት፡ስድስት፡ሰባት፡ስምንት፡Aራት፡ነው

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11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty 11 asra-aned 12 asra-hulet 13 asra-sost 14 asra-arat 15 asra-amst 16 asra-sedest 17 asra-sebat 18 asra-sement 19-asra-zetegn 20 haya AስራAንድ Aስራሁለት Aስራሶስት AስራAራት AስራAምስት Aስራስድስት Aስራሰባት Aስራስምን Aስራዘተኝ ሃያ 9. 432 01. Haya is 20. number 11 is asra-aned. 8. and so we begin the number 21 with haya-aned. 7. 6. They are recorded at a slower rate and at a normal rate of speech. Yene silk kuter 4. 17.1. 8. 22 haya-hulet. 978 645. Practice saying the following numbers in Amharic: 11. 9. Repeat after the speaker. For example. All numbers from 11 to 19 begin with asra and continue with the number 1. Yene silk kuter 67 653. 18. 5. Yene silk kuter 5. Listen as the speaker says the numbers 11 to 20. Yene silk kuter 3. 19. 12. 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 twenty-one twenty-two twenty-three twenty-four twenty-five twenty-six twenty-seven twenty-eight twenty-nine 21 haya-aned 22 haya-hulet 23 haya-sost 24 haya-arat 25 haya-amst 26 haya-sedest 27 haya-sebat 28 haya-sement 29 haya-zetegn ሃያሁለት ሃያAንድ ሃያሶስት ሃያAራት ሃያAምሰት ሃያስድስት ሃያስባት ሃያስምንት ሃያዘተኛ 53 . 13 asra-sost and so forth. 13. 14. 2. 20 The same rules that apply to the numbers 11 to 19 also apply for the numbers from 21 to 29. 4. 3. 15. 23 haya-sost and so forth. 89645 . Yene silk kuter 2. 4 0692. 12 is asra-hulet. 16.

Yesua bait kuter asra-sedest neo. Ene bait alegn. Read the texts and translate into English. Ene Addis Abeba neo yemenore. I. Yesu apartment kuter haya-amest neo. Yesua seme Hirut neo. ማቲዎስ፡Eና፡ሰናይት፡መቀሌ፡ቤት፡Aላቸው።የነሱ፡ቤት፡ቁጥር፡Aስራ፡Aራት፡ነው 11. Repeat after the speaker. Yene bait kuter hayaaned neo. H. spoken both slowly and at a normal rate of speech. Esua yemetnorew bait wost neo. Listen to the next set of numbers. D. Listen to the speaker and circle the number you hear in each row. Esua astemari nat. የሷ፡ስም፡ሂሩት፡ነው።ኣሷ፡Aስተማሪ፡ናት።Eሷ፡የምትኖረው፡ቤት፡ውስጥ፡ነው።የሷ፡ቤት፡ቁጥር፡ Aሳራ፡ስድስት፡ነው 4. F. E.10. Haile wetader neo. Matios ena senaiet Mekele bait alachew. Check your work with the answer key. 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety one hundred selasa arba hamsa selssa seba semania zetena meto ሰላሳ Aርባ ሃምሳ ስልሳ ሰባ ሰማኒያ ዘጠና መቶ 54 . 1. A. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 12. ስሜ፡በቀለ፡ነው።Eኔ፡Aዲስ፡Aበባ፡ነው፡የማኖረው።Eኔ፡ቤት፡Aለኝ፡የኔ፡ቤት፡ቁጥር፡ሃያ፡Aንድ፡ነው 2. Haile yeminorew apartment wost neo. G. B.Seme Bekele neo. Yenesu bait kuter asra-arat neo. C. ሃይሌ፡ወታደር፡ነው።ሃይሌ፡የሚኖረው፡Aፓርትመንት፡ውስጥ፡ነው።የሱ፡Aፓርትመንት።ቁትር፡ ሃያ፡Aምስት፡ነው 3.

60. Tell your classmates in Amharic how old you are and ask them about their ages. Read the above dialogues again. ene haya-aned amete neo. 70. A. she is 35. 53. Cent ametu neo esu? Esu asra-aned ametu neo Cent ametua neo esua? Esua semania-sement ametua neo. 31. She is 86 years old. 2. He is 11. 1. Is she 34 years old? B. I am 47. Edemhe cent neo? Ene arba-sebat negn. The issue of asking someone’s age is the sa me as in America. It all depends on how well you know the person. 86. Listen to several short exchanges asking about ages. A. A. 55 . 15. Work in pairs and role-play the dialogues with a classmate. it depends on how closely you know the person. How old is she? B. 16. A. I am 32 years old. It is acceptable to ask young people their ages. 80. 40. 14. ስንት፡Aመትህ/Aመትህ፡ነው? Eኔ፡ሰላሳ፡ሁለት፡Aመቴ፡ነው ስንት፡Aመቱ፡ነው? Eሱ፡Aስራ፡Aንድ፡Aመቱ፡ነው ስንት፡Aመቱዋ፡ነው፡Eሷ? Eሱ፡ሰማኒያ፡ስማንት፡Aመቷ፡ ነው። Eሷ፡ሰላሳ፡Aራት፡Aመትዋ፡ነው? Aይ፡Eሷ፡ሰላሳ፡Aምስት፡ናት Aንተ፡ሃያ፡Aንድ፡Aመትህ፡ነው? Aዎ፡Eኔ፡ሃያ፡Aንድ፡Aመቴ፡ነው Eድሜህ፡ስንት፡ነው? Eኔ፡Aርባ፡ሰባት፡ነኝ 4. How old is he? B. 97. but when it’s an older person or a woman. 5. A. Cent ameteh(M) ametesh(F) neo? Ene selasa-hulet amete neo. A. 30. 100. If it is in a professional setting and you are in a position where you have to know their age it’s not an issue. 3. No. 64. 50. Practice saying the following numbers in Amharic. What is your age? B. 42. Yes. 6. I am 21. Are you 21? B.13. Repeat after the speaker. How old are you? B. Esua selasa-arat ametua neo? I esua selasa-amest nat Ante haya-aned ameteh neo? Auo. 75. how long you have known the person. 90. and how close you are to the person.

Check the answer key. Mebrat Abreham Frewot Kedija Gebre 11 72 52 29 43 56 .17. Listen and match the age with the name.

Say how old you are. Ene police negn. ስሙ፡ማን፡ነው? 2. Esua astemari nat. Check your work with the answer key. የሷ፡ስም፡በለጠች፡ነው።Eሷ፡Aርባ፡Aመትዋ፡ነው።Eሷ፡Aስተማሪ፡ናት። ስሟ፡ማነው? ስንት፡Aመቱ፡ነው? ስራዋ፡ምንድን፡ነው? 2.End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Yesu sem Belachew newu. Esu arba ametu newu. የሱ፡ስም፡በላቸው፡ነው።Eሱ፡Aርባ፡Aመቱ፡ነው።Eሱ፡ወታደር፡ነው። ስሙ፡ማን፡ነው? ስንት፡Aመቱ፡ነው? ስራው፡ምንድን፡ነው? Semu manne neo? Cent ametu neo? Sraw menden neo? C. Esu arba-arat ametua neo. Yesua sem manne neo? Cent ametua neo? Srawa menden neo? 57 . Recite the following in Amharic. Listen to the following statements in Amharic. Selam seme Alula neo. Answer the questions. Ask someone’s age. Say what day it is today. A. Ene haya-sedest neo. Yesu sem Beletech neo. ሰላም፡ስሜ፡Aሉላ፡ነው።Eኔ፡ሃያ፡ስድስት፡Aመቴ፡ነው።Eኔ፡ፖሊስ፡ነኝ። 1. Esu wetader newu. ስራው፡ምንድን፡ነው? Semu manne neo? Cent ametu neo? Sraw menden neo? B. Ask what day it is. ስንት፡Aመቱ፡ነው? 3.

Vocabulary List
Today Year Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday Telephone Old How old are you? What day is it today? Today is Monday. I am 25 years old. 0 zero 1 one 2 two 3 three 4 four 5 five 6 six 7 seven 8 eight 9 nine 10 ten 11 eleven 12 twelve 13 thirteen 14 fourteen 15 fifteen 16 sixteen 17 seventeen 18 eighteen 19 nineteen 20 twenty 21 twenty-one 22 twenty-two 23 twenty-three 24 twenty-four Zare Amet Segno Maksegno Erob Hamus Areb kedame Eude Silk(telephone) Aroge Edemeh (M) edemesh(F) cent newu? Zare kenu menden newu? Zare segno newu Ene haya-amest amete newu. zero Aned Hulet Sost Arat Amest Sedest Sebat Sement Zetegn Aser Asra-aned Asra-hulet Asra-sost Asra-arat Asra-amest Asra-sedest Asra-sebat Asra-sement Asra-zetgn Haya Haya-aned Haya-hulet Haya-sost Haya-arat ዛሬ Aመት ሰኛ ማክሰኝ Eሮብ ሃሙስ Aርብ

ቅዳሜ
Eሁድ ስልክ Aሮጌ Eድሜህ፡Eድሜስች፡ስንት፡ነው? ዛሬ፡፡መንደን፡ነው? ዛሬ፡ሰኝ፡ነው Eኔ፡ሃያ፡Aምስት፡Aመቴ፡ነው ዜሮ Aንድ ሁለት ሶስት Aራት Aምስት ስድስት ሰባት ስምንት ዘተኛ Aስር AስራAንድ Aሰራሁለት Aስራሶስት AስራAራት AስራAምስት Aስራስድስት Aስራሰባት Aስራስምንት Aስራዘተን ሃያ ሃያAንድ ሃያሁለት ሃያሶስት ሃያAራት

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25 26 27 28 29 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

twenty-five twenty-six twenty-seven twenty-eight twenty-nine thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety one hundred

Haya-amest Haya-sedest Haya-sebat Haya-sement Haya-zetegn Selasa Arba Hamsa Selsa Seba Semania Zetena Meto

ሃያኣመስት ሃያስድስት ሃያሰባት ሃያስምንት ሃያዘተኝ ሰላሳ ኣርባ ኣርባAንድ ስልሳ ሰባ ሰማኒያ ዘተና መቶ

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Answer Key
7. Yene silk kuter sedest (6)sebat(7) arat (4) Sedest(6) amest(5) sost (3) neo. የኔ፡ስልክ፡ቁትር፡ሰደስት፡ሰባት፡ስደስት፡Aመስት፡ሶስት 2.Yene silk kuter arat(4) sost(3) hulet(2) amest(5)zero(0) aned(1) neo. የኔ፡ስልክ፡ቁትር፡Aራት፡ሶስት፡ሁለት፡ዜሮ፡Aንድ 3.Yene silk kuter sement(8) zetgn(9) sedest(6) arat (4) amest(5) Zero (0) neo. የኔ፡ስልክ፡ቁትር፡ስምንት፡ዘተኝ፡ስድስት፡Aራት፡Aምስት 4.Yene silk kuter arat(4) sost (3)zero(0) sedest(6) zetegn(9) hulet(2) neo. የኔ፡ስልክ፡ቁትር፡Aራት፡ዜሮ፡ስድስት፡ዘተኝ፡ሁለት 5. Yene silk kuter zetegn(9) sebat(7) sement(8) hulet (2)sedest(6) arat(4) amest(5) neo. የኔ፡ስልክ፡ቁትር፡ዘጠኝ፡ሰባት፡ስምንት፡ስድስት፡ Aራት፡Aምስት 10. 1. My name is Bekele. I live in Addis Ababa. I have a house. My house number is twenty one. 1. Seme Bekele neo. Ene Addis Abeba neo yemenore. Ene bait alegn. Yene bait kuter hayaaned neo. ስሜ፡በቀለ፡ነው።Eኔ፡Aዲስ፡Aበባ፡ነው፡የማኖረው።Eኔ፡ቤት፡Aለኝ፡የኔ፡ቤት፡ቁጥር፡ሃያ፡Aንድ፡ነው 2. Haile is a soldier. Haile lives in an apartment. His apartment number is twenty five. 2. Haile wetader neo. Haile yeminorew apartment wost neo. Yesu apartment kuter haya-amest neo. ሃይሌ፡ወታደር፡ነው።ሃይሌ፡የሚኖረው፡Aፓርትመንት፡ውስጥ፡ነው።የሱ፡Aፓርትመንት።ቁትር፡ ሃያ፡Aምስት፡ነው 3. Her name is Hirut. She is a teacher. She lives in a house. Her house number is sixteen. 3. Yesua seme Hirut neo. Esua astemari nat. Esua yemetnorew bait wost neo. Yesua bait kuter asra-sedest neo. የሷ፡ስም፡ሂሩት፡ነው።ኣሷ፡Aስተማሪ፡ናት።Eሷ፡የምትኖረው፡ቤት፡ውስጥ፡ነው።የሷ፡ቤት፡ቁጥር፡ Aሳራ፡ስድስት፡ነው 4. Matios and Senaiet have a house in Mekele. Their house number is fourteen. 4. Matios ena senaiet Mekele bait alachew. Yenesu bait kuter asra-arat neo. ማቲዎስ፡Eና፡ሰናይት፡መቀሌ፡ቤት፡Aላቸው።የነሱ፡ቤት፡ቁጥር፡Aስራ፡Aራት፡ነው

11. A. B. C. D.

10 12 13 24

Aser asra-hulet asra-sost asra-arat

Aስር Aስራሁለት Aስራሶስት AስራAራት 60

E. F. G. H. I. 17.

5 amest Aምስት 16 asra-sedest Aስራስድስት 27 haya-sebat ሃይሰባት 18 asra-semnt Aስራስምንት 29 haya-zetgn ሃያዘጠኝ

A. Frewot hamsa-hulet ametua neo. B. Mebrat asra-aned nat areb. C. Kedija selasa nat? I esua haya-zetegn nat. D. Abreham seba-hulet ametu neo. E. Gebre cent ametu neo? Esu Arba-sost ametu neo.

ፍሬ፡ሂወት፡ሃምሳ፡Aመትዋ፡ነው መብራት፡Aሳር፡Aንድ፡ናት፡Aርብ ከዲጃ፡ሰላሳ፡ናት?Aይ፡Eሷ፡ሃያ፡ ዘጠኝ፡ናት Aብረሃም፡ሰባ፡ሁለት፡Aመትዋ፡ነው ገብሬ፡ስንት፡Aመቱ፡ነው? Eሱ፡ Aርባ፡ሶስት፡Aመቱ፡ነው

Frewot is fifty-two years old. Mebrat is forty on friday Is kedija thirty? She is twenty-nine Abraham is seventy-two years old How old is Gebre? He is forty-three years old

End of Lesson Tasks 1. A. Hi, my name is Alula. I am 26 years old. I am a police officer. B. His name is Belachew. He is 40. He is a soldier. C. Her name is ABeletech. She is 44. She is a teacher.

61

Lesson 4 የሁልቀን፡Eንቅስቃሴ Yehuleken Enkesekase Daily Activities

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

This lesson will introduce you to: - how to ask for and tell time - typical daily activities in Ethiopia - the verbs “to go,” “to study,” “to play,” “to work,” “to watch,” “to read,” “to eat,” and “to get up” - the past tense of the verbs.

In Ethiopia, the “top of the day” begins at the top of t he clock. The beginning of the day is taken to be 6:00 a.m. Western time—therefore 6:00 a.m. Western time is “12:00 in the morning” in Ethiopia; 12 noon Western time is 6:00 noon in Ethiopia; 6:00 p.m. Western time is 12:00 in the evening Ethiopia time, etc. The division of the day into a.m. and p.m. is not used in Ethiopia. Instead, quadrants of time are described according to the part of day, e.g., morning, afternoon, evening, night. Western time and corresponding Ethiopian time can be seen on the following chart. Although this way of keeping time is the only way, in some circumstances, such as booking an airline flight or in certain professional settings, AM and PM are used. Military time is the same as in America, but instead of using “hundred,” “zero zero” is used. Example: “16 hundred hours” in Amharic is asra sedest zero zero, and so forth. Morning is ke tuatu; afternoon is kekenu, evening is kemeshetu, and night is ke llitu; this is how AM and PM are distinguished. -- Quarter past (ke rueb); half past is (tekule) and quarter until is (rueb gudie). Ke is past. Example: five past ten is Aser ke amest. Amharic does not have the equivalent of “ten ten” or “ten twenty.” You should always use ke, which is past, and gudie, which is until. Example: “Twenty until” is haya gudie.

62

00 AM Ethiopian Time 12 se-at (o’clock) 1 se-at (o’clock) 2 se-at (o’clock) 3 se-at (o’clock) 4 se-at (o’clock) 5 se-at (o’clock) 6 se-at (o’clock) 7 se-at (o’clock) 8 se-at (o’clock) 9 se-at (o’clock) 10 se-at (o’clock) 11 se-at (o’clock) 12 se-at (o’clock) 1 se-at (o’clock) 2 se-at (o’clock) 3 se-at (o’clock) 4 se-at (o’clock) 5 se-at (o’clock) 6 se-at (o’clock) 7 se-at (o’clock) 8 se-at (o’clock) 9 se-at (o’clock) 10 se-at (o’clock) 11 se-at (o’clock) Time Designation Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Noon/kekenu Afternoon/kese-at Afternoon/kese-at Afternoon/kese-at Afternoon/kese-at Afternoon/kese-at Evening/ke mesetu Evening/ke meshestu Evening/ke meshetu At night/ke meshetu At night/ke meshetu At night/ke meshetu Midnight/ekule lelit In morning/ke lelitu In morning/ke lelitu In morning/ke lelitu In morning/ke letitu In morning/ke teuatu ከጠዋቱ ከጠዋቱ ከጠዋቱ ከጠዋቱ ከጠዋቱ ከጠዋቱ ከቀኑ ከሰAት ከሰAት ከሰAት ከሰAት ከሰAት ከምሽቱ ከምሽቱ ከምሽቱ ከምሽቱ ከምሽቱ ከምሽቱ Eኩለ፡ለሊት ከለሊቱ ከለሊቱ ከለሊቱ ከለሊቱ ከጡዋቱ 1.00 PM 12.00 PM 2.00 AM 1.00 PM 7. Listen as the speaker tells time in Amharic. Repeat after the speaker.00 AM 10.00 PM 9.00 PM 3.00 AM 11.00 PM 8.Western Time 6.00 PM 1.00 AM 8. What time is it? It is four fifteen. ስንት፡ሰAት፡ነው?Aራት፡ከሩብ፡ነው Cent ceit newu? Arat ke rueb newu.00 AM 5. What time is it? It is four o’clock. 63 .00 AM 12.00 PM 10.00 AM 7. ስንት፡ሰAት፡ነው?Aራት፡ሰAት፡ነው Cent ceit newu? Arat ceit newu.00 PM 11.00 PM 4.00 AM 3.00 PM 6.00 AM 9.00 PM 5.00AM 4.00 AM 2.

Nine zero zero ዘጠኝ፡ዜሮ፡ዜር E. ስንት፡ሰAት፡ነው?ሶስት፡ከሩብ Cent ceit newu? Sost ke haya What time is it? It is three forty. Check the answer key. ስንት፡ሰAት፡ነው?Aራት፡ተኩል፡ነው Cent ceit newu? Arat tekul newu What time is it? It is four forty-five. What time is it? Fill in the clock faces with the correct times according to how they are listed in Amharic below. asra hulet ceit ke kenu Aስራ፡ሁለት፡ሰAት፡ከቀኑ H. C. D.Ke kenu sost ceit ከቀኑ፡ሶስት፡ሰAት፡ነው B. asra-sost hamsa-amest Aስራ፡ሶስት፡ሃምሳ፡Aምስት G. ke meshetu asra aned ceit. B.Sedest ke rueb ስድስት፡ከሩብ D. A. ስንት፡ሰAት፡ነው?Aራት፡ከAርባ፡Aምስት Cent ceit newu? Arat ke araba amest What time is it? It is three twenty. arat ke rueb Aራት፡ከሩብ A. 64 .Lesetegn rueb gudi ለዘጠኝ፡ሩብ፡ጉዳይ፡ነው C.What time is it? It is four thirty. ስንት፡ሰAት፡ነው?ሶስት፡ከሃያ Cent ceit newu? Sost ke haya 2. ከምሽቱ፡Aስራ፡Aንድ፡ሰAት፡ነው F.

Examples: To go is mhayd.m. 11:05. 4:45 p. Hulet ceit newu. E.m. Model: A.m. Compose dialogues according to the model below. 8:15 9:50 5:10 4:13 9:00 9:15 8:50 4:30 7:10 7: 50 - 4. B. to read is me-anbeb.. 65 . 3..E.m. Listen to the following exchanges and identify the clock time mentioned in each. to work is mserat. . .. G. D. to study is me-tenat. he.. 6:50 p. ሁለት፡ሰAት፡ነው 8:00 a. In Amharic. 10:30 a. the infinitive tense verbs start with M. in other words. Work in pairs or in small groups.What time is it? Cent ceit newu? ስንት፡ሰAት፡ነው? B. 12:00. we and they.. Check the answer key. it.It is two o’clock. to watch is me-yet. you. 7:15 a. In Amharic.. to play is m-chawet. to eat is me-blat. F. and to get up is me-nesat.. Use the times listed below. she. H.m. it changes with the persons I. C. which is the equivalent of “to. 2:10 p. A.” and is read together.m. the verb is conjugated.

There is no one specific and uniform rule. I go you go Ene ehydalew Ante(M) tehydaleh Anchi(F) tehyegalesh Esu yehydal(M) Esua tehydalech( Enesu yehedal Enante tehaydalchew Enesu yehedalu መሄድ Aንተ፡ትሄዳለህ Eሱ፡ይሄዳል Eነሱ፡ይሄዳሉ Eናንተ፡ትሄዳላችሁ Eነሱ፡ይሄዳሉ Eኔ፡ሰራለሁ Aንተ፡ትሰራለህ Eሱ፡ይሰራል Eኛ፡Eንሰራለን Eናንተ፡ትሰራላችሁ Eነሱ፡ይሰራሉ Eኔ፡Eበላለሁ Aንተ፡ትበላለህ I study you study He/she studies we study you study they study I watch you watch He/she watches we watch you watch they watch I read you read Ene atenaleu Ante(M) tatenalh Anchi(F)tategnale sh Esu yatenal Esua tatenaalech Egna enatenalen Enante tatenalachew Enesu yatenalu Eኔ፡Aጠናለሁ Aንተ፡ታጠናለህ Eሱ፡ያጠናል Eኛ፡Eናጠናለን Eናንተ፡ትጫወ Eነሱ፡ይችወሉ Eኔ፡Aያለሁ Aንተ፡ታያለህ Eሱ፡ያያል Eነ፡Eናያለን Eናንተ፡ታያላችሁ Eነሱ፡ያያሉ Eኔ፡Aነባለሁ Aንተ፡ታነባለህ he/she goes we go you go they go I work you work He/she works we work you work they work I eat you eat Ene seralew Ante(M) teseraleh Anci(F) teserialesh Esu yeseral Esua teseralech Egna ensealen Enante teseralachew Enesu yeserralu Een ayalew Ante(M) tayaleh Anchi(F)tahalesh Esu yayal Esua tayalech Egna enayalen Enante tayalachew Enesu yayalu Ene ebelalew Ante(M) tebelaleh Anchi (F) tebeyalesh Esu(M) yebelal Esua(F) tebelalech Egna enbelalen Enante tebelalachew Enesu yebelalu He/she eats we eat you eat they eat Eሱ፡ይበላል Eና፡Eንበላለን Eናንተ፡ትበላላችሁ Eነሱ፡ይበላሉ Eኔ፡Eጫወታለሁ Aንተ፡ትጫወታለህ Ene anebalew Ante(M) tanebaleh Anchi(F) tanebaleh He/she Esu yanebal reads Esua tanebalech we read Egna enanebalen you Eneante read tanebalachew they Enesu yanebalu read I get up you get up Ene enesalew Ante(M) tenesal Anchi(F) teneshalesh Eሱ፡ያነባል Eነ፡Eናነባለን Eናንተ፡ታነባላችሁ Eነሱ፡ያነባሉ Eኔ፡Eነሳለሁ Aንተ፡ትነሳላህ I play you play Ene echwetalew Ante(M) techawetaleh Anchi (F) techawetalesh 66 . as in English where an “-ED” is added to a verb and it becomes a past tense. or “-ING” is added and it becomes a continuous tense.

He/she plays We play You play They play Esu yechawetal Esua techawetalech Egna enechwetalen Enante techawetalachw Enesu yechawetalu Eሱ/Eሷ፡ይጫወታል He/she gets up Eኛ፡Eንጫወታለን Eናንተ፡ትጫወታላ ችሁ Eነሱ፡ይጫወታሉ We get up You get Enante up tenesalachew They Enesu yenesalu get up Esu yenesal(M) Esua tenesalech(F) Egna enenesalen Eሱ፡ይነሳል Eኛ፡Eንነሳለን Eናንተ፡ትነሳላችሁ Eነሱ፡ይነሳሉ 5. They play basketball. Esua gebeia teheydalech Eሷ፡ገበያ፡ትሄዳለች They study at school. Listen to the short statements that describe each activity in the pictures below. Pay attention to new verbs and other new vocabulary. Repeat after the speaker. Basketball yechawetalu ባስኬትቦል፡ይጫወታሉ She goes to the market. Enesu temehert bait yatenalu Eነሱ፡ትምህርት፡ቤት፡ያጠናሉ She works in the hospital Esua hospital newu yemeteseraw Eሷ፡ሆስፒታል፡ነው፡የምትሰራው 67 .

The man eats breakfast at seven o’clock. C. Listen to the following statements and repeat after the speaker. Leju temehert bait bu sebat Tekul yehydal Sewyew bu sebat ceit Kurs yebelal Sayteyewa teuat teleision tayalech Lejitua keceit bu bait wost tatenalech ልጁ፡ትምህርት፡ቤት፡በሰባት፡ ተኩል፡ይሄዳል ሰውዬው፡በሰባት፡ሰAት፡ ቁርስ፡ይበላል ሴትየዋ፡ጠዋት፡ቴሊቪዝን፡ ታያለች ልጅቷ፡ከሰAት፡በሁዋላ፡ ታጠናለች 68 . Seweyew metsehaf yanebal ሰውየው፡መፀሃፍ፡ያነባል The woman watches television.He plays soccer. Lejitwa mesa tebelalech ልጅትዋ፡ምሳ፡ትበላለች The man reads a book. Follow along in the workbook. “at” is bu. B. The woman watches television in the evening. The boy goes to school at 7:30. Esu quas yechawetal Eሱ፡ኩዋስ፡ይጫወታል The girl eats lunch. Prepositions in Amharic: “In” is wost. Replay the audio if necessary. A. The girl studies at home in the afternoon. “on” is lie. “to” is whede. and “with” is garr. Sayteyewa television tayalech ሴትየዋ፡ቴሌቭዝን፡ታያለች 6. D.

Egna teuat enatenalen.E. Match the following sentences with the pictures below. Eሷ፡ማታ፡መፀሃፍ፡ታነባለች # # # # 69 . Eኛ፡ጠዋት፡Eናጠናለን 4. G. Merron goes to the market in the morning. Ene temehert bait bu zetegn tekul haydalew. Esua mata metsehaf tanebalech. Check your answers with the answer key. 1. Eኔ፡ትምህርት፡ቤት፡በዘጠኝ፡ተኩል፡Eሄዳለው 2. Enesu bu sebat kurse yebelalu. Merron teuat gebeia tehydalech ሜሮን፡ጠዋት፡ገበያ፡ትሄዳለች Aሸናፊ፡Aርብ፡ኩዋስ፡ይጫወታል Eኔ፡በሰባት፡ሰAት፡Eነሳለው Ashenafi areb quis yechawetal Ene bu sebat ceit enesalew 7. F. Ashenafi plays soccer on Friday. I get up at 7:00. Eነሱ፡በሰባት፡ቁርስ፡ይበላሉ 3.

1. Use the words and word combinations given below. What does he do in the evening? 8. Andenet kedame ena ehude Ayatenam. 5.8. Read the following text and answer the questions. Hule ken bu sebat kerube yenesal. Aንድነት፡ተማሪ፡ነው።ትምህርት፡ቤት፡ያጠናል።ሁል፡ቀን፡ሰባት፡ከሩብ፡ይነሳል።Eሱ፡በሰባት፡ተኩል፡ ቁርስ፡ይበላል።ኣሱ፡በስምንት፡ትምህርት፡ቤት፡ይሄዳል።Eሱ፡ከትምህርት፡ቤት፡በሁዋላ፡ባስኬት፡ቦል፡ ይጫወታል።Eሱ፡መፀሀፍ፡ያነባል፡Eና፡ደግሞ፡ቴሌቭዝን፡ማታ፡ያያል።Aንድነት፡ቅዳሜ፡Eና፡Eሁድ፡ Aያጠናም። 1. 4. Check your work with the answer key. 3. Eኔ፡ምሳ፡ከጉዋደና፡ጋር፡ሄዳለሁ Eኔ፡ተሌቭዝን፡Aያላሁ Eኔ፡ትምህርት፡ቤት፡ሄዳለሁ Eኔ፡ምሳ፡ከጉዋደጋየ፡ጋር፡በላለሁ Eኔ፡ባስኬት፡ቦል፡Eጫወታለሁ Eኔ፡ቁርስ፡Eበላለሁ Eኔ፡ቤት፡Aተንለሁ Ene messa ke guadiagnawoch garr haydalewu Ene television ayalewu Ene temhert bait haydalewu Ene messa ke guadegnaye garr belalewu Ene basketball echawetalewu Ene kurse ebelalewu Ene bait atenalewu 10. Temehert bait yatenal. When does he play basketball? 7.Esu metshaf yanebal ena degmo television mata yayal. Esu bu sement temehrt bait yehydal. Check your work with the answer key. Does he study on Saturday and Sunday? 9. 7. When does he have breakfast? 5. Tell your partner about your daily schedule. When does he go to school? 6. Is Andenet a teacher? 2. When does he get up? 4. 6. Esu temehert bait behuala basketball yechawetal. Where does he study? 3. Esu bu sebat tekul kurse yebelal. 2. Rearrange the following statements into a logical order for a daily schedule. Andenet temari neo. Huleken ሁል፡ቀን menesat መነሳት kurse meblat ቁርስ፡መብላት Gebei mehaid ገበያ፡መሄድ Sera mehaid ስራ፡መሄድ Metshaf manbeb መፀሃፍ፡ማንበብ Messa meblat ምሳ፡መብላት Mata television myet ማታ፡ቴሌቭዠን፡ማየት Basketball mechawet ባስኬት፡ቦል፡መጫወት 70 .

C. I play soccer at home on Saturday. the ending of the verb changes with each pronoun (I. He watches television in the morning. YOU. I play soccer after school. B. HE. SHE. 4. A. A. Look at the examples below. IT. C. I eat breakfast at home on Saturday.11. THEY). Listen to the five short statements. 3. I went you went He/she went we went you went they went Ene hedku. B. She goes to the market in the afternoon. The rules for the past tense in Amharic: in the past tense. B. She goes to the market in the evening. B. B. C. I study at home on Saturday. 5. 1. 2. I go to work in the morning. A. A. where every regular verb ends with “-ED” in the past tense. WE. C. I play soccer after work. Ante (m) hedek Anchi (f) hedesh Esu hede Esua hedeche Engna hayden Enante haydachehu Enesu haidu Eኔ፡ሄድኩ Aንተ፡ሄድክ Eሱ፡ሄደ Eሷ፡ ሄደች Eኛ፡ሄድን Eናንተ፡ሄዳችሁ Eነሱ፡ሄዳሉ I studied you studied He/she studied we studied you studied they studied Ene atenahu Ente(m)atenah. Anchi(f) atenash. Esu atena (m) Esuwa (f) atenach Egna atenan Enante atenacheu Ensu atenu Eኔ Aጠናሁ Aንተ፡Aጠናሀ Aንቺ፡ Aጠናሽ Eሱ Aጠና Aሷ፡ Eጠናች Eኛ፡ Eጠናን Eንተ፡ Eጠናሀ Eነሱ፡ Eጠኑ 71 . There is no one rule such as in English. A. She goes to the market in the morning. He watches television in the afternoon. He watches television in the evening. I go to the market in the morning. Study the past tense of the verbs below. C. I go to school in the morning. Check the answer key. I play soccer after dinner. Circle the English statement that is the equivalent of each Amharic statement you hear.

I worked you worked He/she worked we worked you worked they worked Ene serahu Ante (m) serah Anchi (f) se Esu sera Esua serac Egna seran Enante serachu Enesu seru Eኔ፡ሰራሁ Aንተ፡ሰራህ Eሱ፡ሰራ Eኛ፡ሰራን Eናንተ፡ሰራችሁ Eነሱ፡ሰሩ Eኔ፡በላሁ Aንተ፡በላህ Eሱ፡በላ Eሷ፡ በላች Eኛ፡በላን Eናንተ፡በላችሁ Eነሱ፡በሉ Eኔ፡ተጫወትኩ Aንተ፡ተጫወትክ I watched you watched He/she watched we watched you watched they watched I read you read Ene ayehu. Ante (m) ayeh Anchi (f) ayec Esu aye/ Esua ayec Egna atenan. Ante atenah Enesu atenu Eኔ፡ Eየሁ Aንተ፡ Aየህ Eሱ፡ Aየ Eሷ፡ Aየች Eኛ፡ Aጠናን Aንተ፡ Aጠናህ Eነሱ፡ Aጠኑ Eኔ፡ Aነበብኩ Aንተ፡ Aነበብክ Eሱ፡ Aነበበ Eሷ፡ Aነበበች Eኛ፡ Aነበብን Aንተ፡ Aንበብክ Eነሱ፡ Aነበቡ Eኔ፡ ተነሳሁ Aንተ፡ ተነሳህ I ate Ene belahu you ate Ante (m) belah Anchi (f) belash he ate she ate we ate you ate Esu bela Esua belac Egna belan Enante belachu they ate I played you played Enesu belu Ene techawetku Ante (m) techawtek Anchi (f) techawtesh Esu techawete Esua techawetc Egna techaweten Enante techawetachew Enesu techawetu Ene anebebku Ante anebek (m) Anchi anebesh (f) he read Esu anbebe she read Esua anbebec we read Egna anebebn you Ante anbebk read (m) anchi anebebsh (f) they Enesu anebebu read I got up Ene tenesahu you got up Ante tenesah (m) Anchi tenesash (f) Esu (m) tenesa Esua (f) tenesac Egna tenesan He/she played we played you played they played Eሱ፡ተጫወተ Eሷ፡ ተጫወተች Eኛ፡ተጫወትን Eናንተ፡ተጫወታ ችሁ Eነሱ፡ተጫወቱ He/she got up we got up you got up Eሱ፡ ተነሳ Eሷ፡ ተነሳች Eኛ፡ ተነሳን Aንተ፡ ተነሳሀ Eነሱ፡ ተነሱ Ante tenesah (m) Anchi tenesash (f) they got Ensu tenesu up 72 .

Ene tenantena bu sebat ceit Eኔ፡ትናንትና፡በሰባት፡ሰAት፡ 2. 10. Atenahu Aጠናሁ Serahu ሰራሁ Techawetku ተጫወትኩ Neberk ነበርክ Tenesaw ተነሳሁ Belaw በላሁ ሄድኩ/haydeku Ayehu Aየሁ 1. Ene tenantena television Eኔ፡ትናንትና፡ቴሌቭዝን፡ 73 .Tenantena ene temhert bait hayjay neber 2.Tenantena bu zetegn ene bait neberku 5.Yezare amet Paris neberku. Check your work with the answer key.Tenantena bu sedest rat belan 6.Yalefew sament egna gebeia hayden 4. Check your answers with the answer key.12. Read the following sentences and translate them into English. Ene ke welagwoche garr kurse Eኔ።ከወላጆቼ፡ጋር፡ቁርስ፡ 3. 9. Ene yalefew segno basketball Eኔ፡ያለፈው፡ሰኞ፡ባስኬት፡ቦል፡ 5. Ene yalefew ehud gebei Eኔ፡ያለፈው፡Eሁድ፡ገበያ፡ 4. Yalefew samnet metsihaf anbebku.Tenantena lijtua televison ayech.Yalefew amet Axmu bait nebren 13.Yalefew amet liju hisab ena musica atntual 7.Yalefew amet ene ena gouadegnoch basketball techaweten 3. ትናንትና፡Eኔ፡ትምህርት፡ቤት፡ሄጄ፡ነበር ያለፈው፡Aመት፡Eኔ፡Eና፡ጉዋደኝች፡ባስኬት፡ቦል፡ተ ያለፈው፡ሳምንት፡Eኛ፡ገበያ፡ሃድን ትናንትና፡በዘጠኝ፡Eኔ፡ብት፡ነበርኩ ትናንተና፡በስድስት፡ሰAት፡ራት፡በላን ያለፈው፡Aመት፡ልጁ፡ሂሳብ፡Eና፡ሙዚቃ፡Aጥንቱዋል ትናንትና፡ልጅቱዋ፡ቴሌቭዥን፡Aየች ያለፈው፡ሳምንት፡መፀሃፍ።Aነበብኩኝ የዛራ፡Aመት፡ፓሪስ፡ነበርኩ ያለፈው፡Aመት፡Aክሱም፡ቤት፡ነበረን yesterday– tenantena ትናንትና last year /week /Sunday –yalefew amet/sament/ehud ያለፈው፡Aመት/ሳመንት/Eሁድ a year ago– yezare amet የዛሬ፡Aመት 1. 8. Complete the following sentences using the verbs located in the box below.

Telantena wede gebeya mehed hulet ceit Yalefew amet hotel mesrat arat samint. 15. 4. Yezare amet –Ethiopia mehon –hulet samenetwoch. a year ago – be in Ethiopia – 2 weeks 74 . ትናንትና፡Aንድ፡ሰAት፡ላይ፡ተሌቭዥን፡Aየሁ ትናንትና፡ሁለት፡ሰAት፡ላይ፡ገበያ፡ሂድኩ ያለፈው፡Aመት፡ለAራት፡ሳምንት፡ሆተል፡ሰራሁ ያለፈው፡Aመት፡ለስምት፡ሳምንትትምህርት፡ቤት ፡Aጠናሁ ያለፈው፡Eሁድ፡ለAንድ፡ሰAት፡መፀሃፍ፡Aነበብኩ የዛሬ፡Aመት፡ለሁለት፡ሳምንት፡Iትዮጲያ፡ነበርኩ Telanetna –television mayet-aned ceit.siment samintoch Yalefew ehud –metsihaf manbeb-aned ceit.6.Telantena Television ayehu. Ene yalefew amet hotel Eኔ፡ያለፈው፡Aመት፡ሆቴል፡ 7. ትናንትና፡ምን፡Aደረክ? A. Make up similar dialogues using the words and word combinations given below. Aned ceit. Ene yalefew sament Awassa Eኔ፡ያለፈው፡ሳምንት፡Aዋሳ፡ 14. Listen to the following dialogue and repeat after the speaker. ትናንትና፡ምን፡ያህልቴሌቭዝን፡Aየህ A.Ene yezare sost amet Eኔ፡የዛሬ፡ሶስት፡ሳመንት፡ 8. last Sunday – read a book – one hour 6. a year ago – play basketball – 6 weeks 7. Yalefew amet timhert bait matenat. Work in pairs or in small groups. last year – study at school – 8 weeks 5. Yezare amet –basketball mechawet sidest samntoch.Tenanetena min adrek? ትናንትና፡ቴሌቭዝን፡Aየሁ B.Telanetena min yahil television ayeh? Aንድ፡ሰAት B. Make up similar dialogues using the words and word combinations given below. Work in pairs or in small groups.

Describe your daily schedule of activities..m.Ene kurrse bela ena temehert Bait haydalew. Check your work with the answer key. etc. and how long each activity lasted. Find out what your partner did yesterday at 7:00 a. The man lives in Adwa.m. “I get up at 6:00 and eat breakfast at 6:30. ሰላም።Eኔ፡ስሜ፡ሃብቶም፡ነው።Eኔ፡Aድዋ፡ነው፡የምኖረው።Eኔ፡Aስተማሪ፡ነኝ።Eኔ፡Iሳብ፡Eና፡ ሙዚቃ፡Aስተምራለው።ሁል፡ቀን፡በስድስት፡ሰAት፡ከጠዋቱ፡Eነሳለው።Eኔ፡ቁርስ፡በላ፡Eና፡ ትምህርት፡ቤት፡ሄዳለህ።Eኔ፡በስምንት፡ሰAት፡ትምህርት፡ቤት፡ነኝ።ማክሰኞ፡Eና፡ሃሙስ፡ ለሁለት፡ሰAት፡ኩዋስ፡Eጫወታለሁ።ከትምህርት፡ቤት፡በሁዋላ፡ገበያ፡ሄዳለው።Eኔ፡በAምስት፡ ሰማት፡ቤት፡ነኝ።ማታ፡ቴሌቭዝን፡ለAንድ፡ሰAት፡Aያለው፡Eና፡መፀሃፍ፡ለሁለት፡ሰAት፡Aነባልው። 1. including the times in Amharic. I go to school at…” 3.Ene Adawa neo yemenore. 2 2. He studies math and music. In the evening he works for 2 hours. He is at school at 8:00. start with what time you get up. Everyday he gets up at 6:00 a.. 10:00 a.m. He is a student. then eat breakfast.. Read the following text in Amharic.m.. 9. 4. Work in pairs or in small groups. He does not have breakfast. 8. 4:00 p. For example. Mata Television le aned ceit ayalew ena metshehaf le hulet ceit ayalew.m. Ene seme Habtom neo. 3.. 5.Ene bu sement ceit temehert bait negn.Ene hisab ene Musika astemeralew. Habtom plays soccer on Saturday and Monday for 3 hours. He goes shopping after work. Ketemehetr bewhouala gebei haydalew. 1:00 p.m. 7..m. He lives in small house.Hule ken bu sedestt ceit ketuate enesales.Ene astemari negn. Selam. Put T (True) or F (False) next to the statements that are written below the text. 2. and 8:00 p.Ene bu amest ceit bait negn. 75 . 6. Maksegno ena hamus le hulet ceit Quis echawetalew. 7:30 a.End-of-Lesson Tasks 1.

) At school Math Music Book Breakfast Lunch Dinner Home At home Market On Sunday (Monday. Tuesday. Tuesday…) To go (to) To play soccer/basketball To watch television To eat breakfast (lunch.Vocabulary List After In the morning In the afternoon In the evening Every day Last week A year ago Last Sunday (Monday. Meisa meblat Rat meblat menesat manbeb mattnat Mesrat Cent ceit newu? Sost ceit newu Meche Sewye Saytyo Wend lej (leju) Sait lej (lejitua) በሁዋላ ከጥዋቱ ከኽኑ ከምሽቱ ሁል፡ኽን ያለፈው፡ሳመንት የዛሬ፡Aመት ያለፈው፡Eሁድ፡ያለፈው፡ሰኝ ትምህርት ሂሳብ ሙዚቃ መፀሃፍ ቁርስ ምሳ ራት ቤት ቤት ገበያ Eሁድ፡ቀን፡ሰገ፡ቀን መሄድ ኹዋስ፡መጫወት ቴለቭዥን፡ማየት ቁርስ፡መብላት፡ መነሳት ማንበብ ማጥናት መስራት ስንት፡ሰAት፡ነው ሶስት፡ሰAት፡ነው መች ሰውዪ ሴትዮ ወንድ፡ልጅ/ልጁ ሴት፡ልጅ/ልጅቷ 76 . yalefew segno Temehert Hisab Muzika metsehaf Kurse Meisa Rat Bait Bait Gebia Ehud ken. etc. mehyid Quas mechawett/ basketball mechawett Television myet Kurse meblat. dinner) To get up/wake up To read To study To work What time is it? It is three o’clock.segno ken. When Man Woman Boy Girl Buhula ketuatu Kekenu kemeshetu Whol ken Yalefew sament Yezaray amet Yalefew ehud.

A. twelve o’clock H. zero nine hundred 3. What time is it? It is 7:10. Cent ceit neo? Sebat ke aser neo. Cent ceit neo? Zetegn tekul neo. ስንት፡ሰAት፡ነው? ከቀኑ፡ስምንት፡ከሩብ፡ነው B. 3. ስንት፡ሰAት፡ነው? ሰባት፡ከAስር፡ነው 7. 1. eleven thirty pm F. eight forty-five am C. What time is it? It is 8:15 in the morning Cent ceit neo? Ke tuatu sement kerubb neo. 2. ስንት፡ሰAት፡ነው? ዘጠኝ፡ተኩል፡ነው C. ten after six D. three thirty pm B.Answer Key 2. E. ስንት፡ሰAት፡ነው? ከቀኑ፡Aራት፡ተኩል፡ነው E. thirteen fifty-five G. four fifteen 77 . 4. They eat breakfast at 7:00. She reads a book in the evening. Cent ceit neo? Amest ke aser neo ስንት፡ሰAት፡ነው? Aምስት፡ከAሰር፡ነው D. What time is it? It’s 9:50. What time is it? It is 5:10. A. Cent ceit neo? Ke kenu arat tekul neo. We study in the morning. I go to school at 9:30. What time is it? It is 4:30 in the afternoon.

78 .# 3 # 1 # 2 # 4 8. He goes to school at 8:00. He eats breakfast at 7:30. He studies in school. Andenet does not study on Saturday and Sunday. Andenet is a student. Every day he gets up at 7:15. In the evening he watches television and reads. After school he plays basketball.

4. 5. I eat breakfast. 1. We had a house in Axum two years ago. They went shopping last week. I was in Paris a year ago. Your answer may vary but did you understand the statements? 6. Eኔ፡ትናንትና፡በሰባት፡ሰAት፡ተነሳሁ 2. 12. 1. I go to lunch with my friends. 4. 1. 79 . 3. I watch television. 5. 3. 10. 4. The boy studied music and math at school last year. I study at home. 5. 2. Last Sunday I read a book. 8. I play soccer after dinner. I was at home at 9:00 yesterday. 1. Yesterday I went to school. 5. 2. I ate breakfast with my parents. I play basketball. I eat dinner with my friend. I go to work in the morning. 4. 3. We ate dinner at 6:00 yesterday. Ene ke welagwoche garr kurse belaw Eኔ።ከወላጆቼ፡ጋር፡ቁርስ፡በላሁ 3. I play soccer at home on Saturday. 3. B C A B A 1. Ene tenantena bu sebat ceit tenesaw.9. She goes to the market in the morning. The girl watched television yesterday. 7. I go to school. He watches television in the afternoon. 2. Eኔ፡ከራት፡በሁዋላ፡ኩዋስ፡Eጫወታለሁ Eሷ፡ጠዋት፡ገበያ፡ትሄዳለች Eኔ፡ስራ፡ጠዋት፡Eሄዳለው Eኔ፡ቅዳሜ፡ኩዋስ፡ቤት፡Eጫወታለሁ Eሱ፡ከሰAት፡በሁላ፡ቴሌቭዥን፡ያያል 13. Ene yalefew ehud gebei haydeku I got up at 7:00 yesterday. 11. 6. 7. Last year my friends and I played basketball. 2. 9.

I teach math and music. After school. 5. I am home at 5:00. Ene yalefew amet hotel serahu Eኔ፡ያለፈው፡Aመት፡ሆቴል፡ሰራሁ 7. _ 9. I have a small house. I played basketball last Monday. I go shopping. 7. _ T_ The man lives in Adwa T He lives in small house.m. Ene tenantena television ayehu Eኔ፡ትናንትና፡ቴሌቭዝን፡Aየሁ 6. F He does not have breakfast. 6. Ene yalefew sament Awassa neberk Eኔ፡ያለፈው፡ሳምንት፡Aዋሳ፡ነበርኩ End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Everyday I get up at 6:00 a. 4. T He is at school at 8:00. I live in Adwa. _ 2 2. F He is a student.m. I went to Awassa last week. F In the evening he works for 2 hours 80 .Eኔ፡ያለፈው፡Eሁድ፡ገበያ፡ሄድኩ 4. I was at the hotel last year. 8. On Tuesday and Thursday I play soccer for 2 hours. Ene yalefew segno basketball techaweteku. I eat breakfast and go to school. Hello. T Everyday he gets up at 6:00 a. I am at school at 8:00 a.Ene yezare sost amet atenahu Eኔ፡የዛሬ፡ሶስት፡ሳመንት፡Aጠናሁ 8. 3. Eኔ፡ያለፈው፡ሰኞ፡ባስኬት፡ቦል፡ተጫወትክ 5.m. In the evening I watch TV for an hour and read books for 2 hours. F Habtom plays soccer on Saturday and Monday for 3 hours. F He studies math and music. I watched television yesterday. 1. I went shopping last Sunday. I am a teacher at this school. I studied at school three years ago. T He goes shopping after work. My name is Habtom.

Lesson 5 የቤተሰብ፡ትውውቅ Yebaiteseb Tewewek Meeting the Family This lesson will introduce you to: .The kinship terms used for immediate and extended family. and five to ten children per single family. grandparents and sometimes aunts and uncles live together. the mother. In the rural areas. Children live with their parents until they get married. 81 .” VALIDATION COPY 1.” “this. in cities it is beginning to change.” “these. Although the male is the primary breadwinner. Many women have started becoming additional earners and sole providers for the family. they obey their parents with great respect. Elders are looked upon as wise and therefore respected and revered in the family more than the head male of the family.0 JUNE 2007 The average Ethiopian family is made up of the father as the head of the family (the breadwinner). Also in most families.How to ask and answer simple questions about family members. It is also normal for three generations to live in the same house for economical reasons. women have more children so they can help with the farming and taking care of the cattle. . They do not have the same importance as in the West. who is in charge of the children and domestic affairs. and old people are taken care of by their children once they are too old to take care of themselves.” “that.” and “those. . Grandparents are very influential and have a great deal of power in decisionmaking of family matters. In the city. they can also take care of the parents in their old age. Children are considered children until they get married and earn a living.The pronouns “who. families are becoming smaller due to better education and contraception.

That-yechi(female). These are my parents. Who is this? B. 4. 1. ይቺ፡ምን፡ናት? ይቺ፡Eናቴ፡ናት ያቺ፡ማን፡ናት? ያቺ፡Eህቴ፡ናት Eነዚ፡ማን፡ናቸው? Eነዚ፡ወላጆ፡ናቸው Eነዛ፡ማን፡ናቸው? Eነዛ፡Aያቶ፡ናቸው Ichi mann nat? Ichi enate nat. Yachi mann nat? Yachi ehete nat. Who are those? B. This –yehey. Role-play the dialogues using the pictures above. That-ya. 82 . 3. That is my sister. Listen to the following dialogues and repeat them after the speaker. Enezi mann nachewu? Enezi welagoche nachewu. Those-eneza. Who is that? B. Look at these photos of families. Family Parents Mother Father Children Daughter/daughters Son/sons Grandparents Grandfather Grandmother Sister/sisters Brother/brothers Baiteseb Welagoch Enat Abat Lejoich Sait lejoich Wend lejoich Ayatwoch Wend ayat Sait ayat Ehet/ehetwoch Wendem/wendemwoch ቤተሰብ ወላጆች Eናት Aባት ልጆች ሴት፡ልጆች ወንድ፡ልጆች Aያቶች የወንድ፡Aያት የሴት፡Aያት Eህት/Eህቶች ወንድም/ወንድሞች Who – mann. This-egni(older person). This-yehey (male). A. These-enezi. This –ichi. Those are my grandparents. This is my mother. That –egna(older person) 2.1. A. A. Listen to the kinship terms and repeat after the speaker. Eneza mann nachew? Eneza ayatoche nachew. 2. Who are these? B. A.

የሱ፡ወላጆች፡ሃረር፡ነው፡የሚኖሩት።Eነሱ፡የቀን፡ሰራተኛ፡ናቸው yesu welagoch harrar newu yeminorut.enesu wetadeRoch nachew. Yesua sem Nadia newu. Check your work with the answer key. Aዎ፡ይሄ፡የኔ፡ወንደም፡ነው ? Yesu sem Kenenisa newu. Esu wend lej ena sait lej alewu. የኔ፡ወንድም፡ሰላሳ፡Aመቱ፡ነው።Eሱ፡ወንድ፡ልጅ፡Eና፡ሴት፡ልጅ፡Aለው yene wendem selasa ametu newu. age 3. Check your work with the answer key. ? Auo. Listen to. 83 . read and translate the following sentences into English. yeminorut ye tor sefer newu. Eኔ፡የምኖረው፡ከAያቶቼ፡ጋር፡ትልቅ፡ቤት፡ውስጥ፡ነው ene yemenorewu ke ayatoch garr telk bait wost newu. Esu arba sement ametu neo. Reproduce the questions to the following answers. Tell about your mother/ father/ sister/ grandfather/grandmother/sister/brother according to the scheme below: 1. name 2.yehey yene wendem newu. occupation 4. Esu tenesh bait alew. የሱ፡ስም፡ከነኒሳ፡ነው 2. Esu Dere dawa neo yeminorew. Eኔ፡ሁለት፡ወንድሞች፡Aሉኝ፡Eነሱ፡ወታደሮች፡ናቸው፡የሚኖሩት፡የጦር፡ሰፈር፡ነው ene hule wendeMoch alugn. place of living (city and type of residence). Eሱዋ፡Eህት፡Aላት፡ስሟ፡ናዲያ፡ነው esua ehet aleat. 1 2 3 4 የኔ፡Eናት፡Eና፡Aባት፡Aንድ፡ወንድ፡ልጅ፡Eና፡ሁለት፡ሴት፡ልጆ ች፡Aሉዋቸው yene enat ena abat aned wend lej ena hulet sait leggoch alwachewu. 1. Esu astemari neo. Yesu sem tesfaye neo.3. የሄ፡የኔ፡Aባት፡ነው።የሱ፡ስም፡ተስፋዬ፡ነው፡Eሱ፡Aበራ፡ስምንት፡Aመቱ፡ነው፡Eሱ፡Aስተማሪ፡ነው፡ Eሱ፡ድሬ፡ዳዋ፡ነው፡የሚኖረው፡Eሱ፡ትንሽ፡ቤት፡Aለው። 5. Enesu yeken serategna nachewu. 5 6 4. Model: yehey yene abat neo.

? ? I. daughter 3. family 4. 5. Aይ፡ማክሰኞ፡ባስኬት፡ይጫወታል 6. Segno sera yehaydal. grandmother - 7. maksegno basketball yechawetal. Eሱ፡Aዲስ፡Aበባ፡ነው፡የሚኖረው ? Esu doctor newu. ? Esu Addis Ababa newu yeminorewu. ሰኞ፡ስራ፡ይሄዳል 6. mother 2. Listen and repeat after the speaker. Follow along in the workbook. Check your work with the answer key. 1.3. Circle the word you hear. sister father son parents grandparents brother grandfather 6. Eሱ፡ዶክተር፡ነው 4. Husband Wife Marriage Unmarried/single bal mist gabecha Yalageba/latte ባል ሚስት ጋብቻ ያላገባ 84 . children 5. Listen to the audio.

neo wend lej ena sait lej. ሉሊት፡Aግብታለች፡ስልሳ፡Aመትዋ፡ነው።የሱዋ፡ባል፡የቀን፡ሰራተኛ፡ነው፡ወንድና፡ሴት፡ልጅ፡Aላት። 2. Fill in the blanks using the words written in the boxes below. neo. 1. Esua nech. Lulit – agebetalech. Tigist sem Lidiya newu. Check your answers with the answer key. agebetalech/Aግብታለች yesu/የሱ 8 ametu/8 Aመቷ sait lej/ሴት፡ልጅ eheht/የሷ፡Eህት 10 ametua/10 Aመቷ wetader/ወታደር yenesu/የነሱ yesua Teferi Yesua bal alewu. ተፈሪ፡ Aለው። -ስሟ፡ሊዲያ፡ነው።Eሷ፡ ነች፡የሷ፡ባል፡ ነው፡ ሱሙ፡ሳሞራ፡ ነው።Eነሱ፡ሁለት፡ Aላቸው። የነሱ፡ስም፡ናኣሚና፡ትግስት፡ነው።ናኣሚ፡ ናት።ትግስት ናት። 9. enesu Neo. temari. yesua bal. yesu mest. Enesu hulet yenesu sem Naomi ena Tigist newu. yesua welajoch garr . 20 ametua. . Negest – lette. astemari. መለስ፡28 Aመቱ፡ነው፡የሱ፡ሚስት፡Aስተማሪ፡ነች፡ልጆች፡Aሉት። 3. selasa aned ametua . Melese – agebtaul. ንግስት፡የጤና፡ተማሪ፡ናት፡20 Aመትዋ፡ነው፡ከወላጆችና፡ከወንድሞችዋ፡ጋር፡ነው፡የምትኖረው 85 . yeken serategna. Make up short stories in Amharic about the people listed below.8. newu. alachew. newu. wend lej /ወንድ፡ልጅ agebetul/Eሱ፡Aግብቱዋል 5 ametu/5 Aመቱ 30 ametua/30 Aመቱ yesua/የሷ doctor/ዶክተር yesu Yene wendem nat.. sem hirut neo. Esu 5 nat. esua sem Tedros የኔ፡ወንድም፡-።የሱ፡ሚስት ናት። ስም፡ሂሩት፡ነው።Eሷ Eሱ፡5 ነው፡ ስም፡ቴድሮስ፡ነው። ናት።Eነሱ Aላቸው 2. lejoch. 1. . sem Samoere newu. wendem. Naomi newu. 28 ametu. Yesu mest alachew.

Where do they live? B. Put T (True) or F False) next to the statements below. Who is she? B. Yes. Alula wendemoch yelutem. 3. A. A. Who is he? B. 11. she is single / a doctor / 25 years old. Esu hulet ehetoch alut. They are my parents / my children / my grandparents. 4. Read and translate the text. Yes / No / I don’t know. Yesu mist doctor nat. Who is that? B. Yes. 7.10. Alula agebetual. A. Enesu ke Alula ena yesu baiteseb garr neo yeminorut. 2. A. I have two brothers / two sisters / two sons. Check your work with the answer key. A. A. He is my wife / my husband / my father. Listen to several short dialogues as people answer questions about their family members. Aሉላ፡ወንድ፡Aያት፡Eና፡ሴት፡Aያት፡Aሉት።Eነሱ፡ከAሉላ፡Eና፡የሱ፡ቤተሰብ፡ጋር፡ነው፡ የሚኖሩት።Aሉላ፡ወንድሞች፡የሉትም።Eሱ፡ሁለት፡Eህቶች፡Aሉት።Eነሱ፡ተምሪዎች፡ናቸው። Aሉላ፡Aግብቱዋል።የሱ፡ሚስት፡ዶክተር፡ናት።Aሉላ፡Eና፡የሱ፡ሚስት፡ሴት፡ልጅ፡Eና፡ወንድ፡ ልጅ፡Aላቸው። 86 . A. 9. She is my mother / sister / grandmother. Check your answers with the answer key. 8. A. Is he married? B. Alula ena yasu mist sait lej ena wend lej alachew. A. Who are they? B. Enesu temarioch nachew. They live in the barracks / in the tent / in the apartment. That is my wife / mother / husband. she has two brothers / two sisters / two sons. Do you have any brothers? B. Circle the correct answer for each question. Is she married? B. 6. Alula wend ayat ena sait ayat alut. 1. 5. No. Does she have any children? B.

2. 6. 87 . Alula and his wife are students.1. 3. Alula is a doctor. 4. 5. He has two sisters. Alula has parents. Alula has two children. Alula is married.

88 . Use new vocabulary. 2. where they live. and a brother. and what their professions are. a father. use real pictures of your family members. Work in small groups. and where he/she lives. name. Give a brief description in Amharic of your immediate family.End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. a sister. If you want to. Include the age. how old they are. and tell whether each person is married or single. 3. what their names are. Ask your classmate in Amharic if he/she has a mother. and profession of each person. Describe the pictures below.

89 .Vocabulary List Parents Father Mother Children Son/sons Daughter/daughters Brother/brothers Sister/sisters Grandparents Grandmother Grandfather Husband Wife Married Unmarried/single Who is this/that? Who are these/those? This/that is… These/those are… Welagoch Abat Enat Lejoch Wend lej/wend lejoch Sait lej/sait lechoch Wendem/wendemoch Eheit/eheitoch Ayatoch Yesait ayat Yewnd ayat Bal Mest Yageba Yalageba Maneu? Manachew? Yehe/ya…neo Enezi/enesih ወላጆች Aባት Eናት ልጆች ወንድ፡ልጅ/ወንድ፡ልጆች ሴት፡ልጅ/ሴት፡ልጆች ወንድም/ወንድሞች Eህት/Aህቶች Aያቶች የሴት፡Aያት የወንድ፡Aያት ባል ሚስት ያገባ ያላገባ ማነው? ማናቸው? ይህ/ያ…ነው Eነዚ/Eነዚህ….

What is his name? His name is Kenenisa. My mother and father have one son and two daughters. Yesua sem Nadia newu. Eሱዋ፡Eህት፡Aላት፡ስሟ፡ናዲያ፡ነው esua ehet aleat. Esu wend lej ena sait lej alewu. They are soldiers. 2.Answer Key 3. They live in the military camp. Is this your brother? Yes. yeminorut ye tor sefer newu. የኔ፡ወንድም፡ሰላሳ፡Aመቱ፡ነው።Eሱ፡ወንድ፡ልጅ፡Eና፡ሴት፡ልጅ፡Aለው yene wendem selasa ametu newu. I live with my grandparents in a big house. My brother is thirty years old. Eኔ፡ሁለት፡ወንድሞች፡Aሉኝ፡Eነሱ፡ወታደሮች፡ናቸው፡የሚኖሩት፡የጦር፡ሰፈር፡ነው ene hulet wendeMoch alugn. 2 3 4 5 6 5. She has a sister. Yehay yante wendem neo? Auo yehay yene wendem neo Yesu sem manne neo? Yesu sem kenenisa neo Esu yet neo yeminorew? Esu addis abeba neo yeminore Esu wetader neo? Esu dokter neo Esu meche sear yehaydal? Segno yehaydal Esu maksegno sera yehaydal? I maksegno basketball yecawetal 90 . Her name is Nadia. Enesu yeken serategna nachewu. He has a son and a doughter.enesu wetadeRoch nachew. I have two brothers. Her parents live in Harrar. 1 የኔ፡Eናት፡Eና፡Aባት፡Aንድ፡ወንድ፡ልጅ፡Eና፡ሁለት፡ሴት፡ልጆች፡Aሉዋቸው yene enat ena abat aned wend lej ena hulet sait leggoch alwachewu. Eኔ፡የምኖረው፡ከAያቶቼ፡ጋር፡ትልቅ፡ቤት፡ውስጥ፡ነው ene yemenorewu ke ayatoch garr telk bait wost newu. የሱ፡ወላጆች፡ሃረር፡ነው፡የሚኖሩት።Eነሱ፡የቀን፡ሰራተኛ፡ናቸው yesu welagoch harrar newu yeminorut. this is my brother.They are day laborers. ይሄ፡ያንተ፡ወንድም፡ነው? Aዎ፡ይሄ፡የኔ፡ወንድም፡ነው የሱ፡ስም፡ማነው? የሱ፡ስም፡ቀነኒሳ፡ነው Eሱ፡የት፡ነው፡የሚኖረው? Eሱ፡Aዲስ፡Aበባ፡ነው፡የሚኖረው Eሱ፡ወታደር፡ነው? Eሱ፡ዶክተር፡ነው Eሱ፡መቼ፡ስራ፡ይሄዳል? ሰኛ፡ይሄዳል Eሱ፡ማክሰኞ፡ስራ፡ይሄዳል? Aይ፡ማክሰኞኛ፡ባስኬት፡ቦል፡ይጫወታል 1.

Father abat/Aባት Daughter sait lej/ሴት፡ልጅ Family baiteseb/ቤተሰብ Grandparents ayatoch/Aያቶች Sister eheit/Eህት Grandfather wend ayat/ወንድ፡Aያት 8. Esua mann nat? Eሷ፡ማን፡ናት? Who is she? B. 6. Naomi aser ametua nat. 4. she is single. A. 1. ተፈሪ፡Eህት፡Aለው።የሷ፡ስም፡ሊዲያ፡ነው።Eሷ፡Aግብታለች። የሷ፡ባል፡ወታደር፡ ነው።የሱ፡ስም፡ ሳሞራ፡ነው።Eነሱ፡ሁለት፡ሴት፡ልጆች፡Aሉዋቸው።የነሱ፡ስም፡ናOሚ፡Eና፡ትግስት፡ነው።ናOሚ፡Aስር፡ Aመቱዋ፡ ነው። 10. 2. Eሷ፡Eህት She is my sister. Yesu mest doctor nat. 5. 91 . When does he go to work? He goes to work on Monday. Tigist sement ametu nat. 6.3. Esu alagebachem. 3. yesui sem Tedros Neo. Esua ehete nat. Where does he live? He lives in Addis Ababa. Does he work on Tuesday? No. 1. What is his occupation? He is a doctor. 2. 5. Yenesu sem Naomi ena Tigist neo. Aይ፡Eሷ፡Aላገባችም No. Esu 5 ametu neo. Yesua sem Lidiya neo. 1. Teferi eheht alew. Yesua bal wetader neo. የኔ፡ወንድም፡Aግብቷል።የሱ፡ሚስት፡ዶክተር፡ናት።የሷ፡ስም፡ሂሩት፡ነው።Eሷ፡30Aመቷዋ፡ነው። Eነሱ፡ወንድ፡ ልጅ፡ Aላቸው።Eሱ፡5 Aመቱ፡ ነው።የሱ፡ስም፡ቴድሮስ፡ነው። 2. Esu agbetalech? Eሷ፡Aግብታለች፡? Is she married? B. Esua 30 ametua neo. Enesu wend lej alachew. yesua sem Hirut neo. he plays baseball on Tuesday. I. Esua agbetalech . Enesu hulet siat lejoch alachew. yesu sem Samora neo. 6. Yene wendem agebetual . 4. A.

9. Auo. A.. 4. Yachi yene mist / enat / bal Nat. Enesu mann nachewu? Eነሱ፡ማን፡ናቸው? Who are they? B. she has two sons. Auo. Alula and his wife have a daughter and a son 92 . A. Esua lejoch aluat? Eሷ፡ልጆች፡Aሉዋት? Does she have children? B. Alula is married. ያቺ፡ያኔ፡ሚስት፡ናት That is my wife. Compare your answers to the translation. I have two brothers. They live with Alula and his family. esua hulet wend lejoch aluat. A. A. Alula has no brothers. Esu agebetual? Eሱ፡Aግብቷል? Is he married? B. Eሱየኔ፡ባል፡ነው He is my husband. Esu mann newu? Eሱ፡ማን፡ነው? Who is he? B. 7. Aዎ፡Eሷ፡ሁለት፡ወንድ፡ልጆች Yes. EነሱAፓርትመንት፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡የሚኖሩት They live in the apartment. ene hulet wendemoch aluegn. Auo. 8.Aዎ Yes.3. A. Enesu yene lejoch nachewu Eነሱየኔ፡ልጆች፡ናቸው They are my children. 6. A. He has two sisters. 5. 11. Esu yene bal / yene abat newu. Alula has a grandfather and a grandmother. Enesu apartment wost Nnewu yeminorut. His wife is a doctor. Aዎ፡Eኔ፡ሁለት፡ወንድሞች፡Aሉኝ Yes. A. Enesu yet newu yeminorut? Eነሱ፡የት፡ነው፡የሚኖሩት? Where do they live? B. Yachi mann nat? ያቺ፡ማን፡ናት? Who is that? B. Ante wendemoch aluh? Aንተ፡ወንድሞች፡Aሉህ? Do yo have brothers? B. They are students.

North ሰሜን Northwest ሰሜን፡ምEራብ SemainMe-erab West ምEራብ Mierab Semain Northeast ሰሜን፡ምስራቅ Semainmisrak East ምስራቅ mesrak Southeast ደቡብ፡ምስራቅ Deboobmesrak Southwest ደቡብ፡ምEራብ Deboobmie rab South ደቡብ deboob 93 .How to ask and answer questions about locations of places and buildings . VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007 1. Listen to and repeat the cardinal directions.Cardinal directions .Names of urban buildings and landmarks .Lesson 6 ከተማ፡ውስጥ Ketema wost Around Town This lesson will introduce you to: .

Dem bi Dolo is west of Nazert. Follow along in your workbook.east .2. Moyale is south of Shashemene.Asela ሞያሌ-ደቡብ-Aሰላ Mekele .north . a) Compose sentences according to the model.Dese መቀሌ-ሰሜን-ደሴ Dagahabur . Check the answer key. Aksum is north of Addis Ababa.Nazret ደምቢ፡ዶሎ-ምEራብ-ናዝሬት 94 .Gore ደጋሃቡር-ምስራቅ-ጎሬ Dembi Dole . Model: Debre Markos ke Gonder beste deboob neo. Jijiga is east of Nekemet. Moyale . Listen to the following sentences and repeat after the speaker.south .west . Aክሱም፡ከAዲስ፡Aበባ፡በሰሜን፡ነው aksum ke addis abeba bsemian neo ደምቢ፡ዶሎ፡ከናዝሬት፡በምEራብ፡ነው dembi dolo ke nazret be meirab neo ሞያሌ፡ከሻሸንኔ፡በደቡብ፡ነው moyale ke Shasemene be deboob neo ጂጂጋ፡ከነቀምት፡በምስራቅ፡ነው jijiga ke nekemt be mesrak neo 3.

b) Work with a partner. 4. Tell each other where your homes are located. Listen to a list of common sites and features. Topographical features and urban buildings and landmarks are useful reference points when getting to know a new area or for getting or giving directions. Airport Bank Building House Bus station Train station Police station Café Restaurant Church/mosque/temple Movie theater Hospital Market Pharmacy Post office Store Park Factory Bridge Farm Field Forest Lake Mountain River Aroplan tabia Bank Hentsa Bait Bus fairmata Babur tabia Police tabia Buna bait Megeb bait Baite Christian/mesgide Cinima bait Hakim bait gebeia Medhanit bait Posta bait Suk Menafesha bota Fabrica Dildy Ersha Meda Chaka Hike Terara Wenz Aርፖርት ባንክ ህንፃ ቤት ባስ፡ፊርማታ ባቡር፡ጣቢያ ፖሊስ፡ጣቢያ ቡና፡ቤት ምግብ፡ቤት ቤተ፡ክርስቲያን/መስጊድ ሲኒማ፡ቤት ሃኪም፡ቤት ገበያ መድሃኒት፡ቤት ፖስታ፡ቤት ሱቅ መፀሃፍ፡ቤት ፋብሪካ ድልድይ EርEሻ ሜዳ ጫካ ሃይቅ ተራራ ወንዝ 95 . Repeat after the speaker while following along in the workbook.

E. Wenzu ke terarau beste mesrak neo.ገበያው፡ከባንኩ፡በስተ፡ደቡብ፡ነው 2. Café 5. Hospital 9.5. H. B. cinema baitu ke hakim baitu beste merak neo. J. 2.ወንዙ፡ከEርሻው፡በሰተ፡ደቡብ፡ነው 6. Factory 8.ወንዙ፡ከተራራው፡በስተ፡ምስራቅ፡ነው 3. Aroplan marefiew ke hotelu beste me-erab neo. Airport 2. Church 6. Read and translate the following sentences from Amharic into English. Match the English word in the left column with the Amharic equivalent in the right column. 1. Wenzu ke ershaw beste deboob neo. 5. K.ተራራቸው፡Eና፡ሃይቃቸው፡ከጫካው፡በስተ፡ደቡብ፡ነው 5. L. Check the answer key. Check your work wit the answer key. 1. 7. Park 10. Pharmacy 11.Aሮፕላን፡ማረፊያው፡ከሆቴሉ፡በስተ፡ምEራብ፡ነው 4. C. Fabrica /ፋብሪካ Hakim bait/ሃኪም፡ቤት yaroplan marefia /ያሮፕላን፡ማረፊያ Medhanit bait /መድሃኒት፡ቤት Megeb bait /ምግብ፡ቤት Menafesha/መናፈሻ Posta bait/ፖስታ፡ቤት Bus fermata/ባስ፡ፊርማታ Bank/ባንክ Buna bait/ቡና፡ቤት Cinema bait/ሲኒማ፡ቤት Baite christiain/ቤተ፡ክርስቲያን 6.ሲኒማ፡ቤቱ፡ከሃኪም፡ቤቱ፡በስተ፡ምስራቅ፡ንው 7. 3. 1. D. 6. F. Bank 3. Terarwochew ena hikwochew ke chakau beste mesrak neo. 4. Movie Theater 7. Restaurant A. G. I. hiku ke menafeshau beste semain neo. Bus Station 4. Gebeiaw ke bankew beste deboob neo.ሃይቁ፡ከመናፈሻ፡በስተ፡ሰሜን፡ነው 96 . Post Office 12.

ersha .beste semain ድልድይ በስተ፡ሰሜን 5. Check the answer key. Model: Menafesha botau ke posta baitu beste mesrak neo.police tabi ፖሊስ፡ጣቢያ . See the answser key for some ideas. north 2.hike ሃይቅ . Follow along in your workbook. medhanit bait . Listen to the speaker and circle the term you hear. Listen to the following words and word combinations and repeat after the speaker. building west park bus station café pharmacy movie theater river bridge south bridge airport factory hospital factory farm mountain 9. restaurant 5. menafesha bota .beste mesrak ባስ፡ፌርማታ በስተ፡ምስራቅ 6. Compose sentences according to the model.terara ተራራ . Fabrica .wenz ወንዝ . Bank . post office 6.hike ሃይቅ 8. church 7. Where is the bank? Banku yet neo? ባንኩ፡የት፡ነው? 97 .beste deboob ባንክ በስተ፡ደቡብ 3. lake 8.beste deboob ፋብሪካ በስተ፡ደቡብ 7. train station 4.maida ሜዳ .beste me-erab Eርሻ በስተ፡ምEራብ 8.beste semain ምናፈሻ በስተ፡ሰሜን . 1. bank 3.posta bait ፖስታ፡ቤት . 1.beste me-erab መድሃኒት፡ቤት በስተ፡ምEራብ 4. Use the words below. dildy . Bus fairmata .beste mesrak Aሮፕላን በስተ፡ምስራቅ 2. Aroplan .7. Introduce the question “Where is …(the bank) ?” Translate the list in a column next to the English words.hakim bait ሃኪም፡ቤት .

Compose similar dialogues using the words below. menafesha botau yet neo? menafesha botau ke hakim baitu fitlefit neo. Banku ke posta baitu fitlefit neo. Gebeiau yet neo? Gebeiw police tabiau ena baite christianu mekakel neo. ባንኩ፡ከፖስታ፡ቤቱ፡ፊት፡ለፊት፡ነው In front of …… Next to …… Between …… and …… Around the corner from …… Near Behind Up the street Down the street Around Fitlefit gonn mekakel korner ategeb jerba wedelie wedetach zuria ፊትለፊት ጎን መካከል ኮርነር Aጠገብ ጀርባ ወደላይ ወደታች ዙሪያ 10.(amesegenalew) abro yestelegn (chigger yelem) 98 . A. B. Babour tabiau yet neo? Babour tabiau ke menafesha botau fitlefit neo. Listen and repeat after the speaker. Follow along in your workbook. ገበያው፡የት፡ነው? ገበያው፡ፖሊስ፡ጣቢያ፡Eና፡ቤተ፡ክርስቲያኑ፡መካከል፡ነው 3. egthere yestelegn. yekerta . Buna baitu yet neo? Buna baitu ke hotelu fitlefit neo. Work with a partner. Role-play your dialogues. ወንዙ፡የት፡ነው? ወንዙ፡ጫካ፡Aጠገብ፡ነው 2. 1.The bank is in front of the post office. Posta baitu yet neo? Posta baitu hakim baitu ፖስታ፡ቤቱ፡የት፡ነው? ፖስታ፡ቤቱ፡ሃኪም፡ቤቱ፡Aጠገብ፡ነው 4. B. ቡና፡ቤቱ፡የት፡ነው? ቡና፡ቤቱ፡ከሆቴሉ፡ፊትለፊት፡ነው 11. Model: ይቅርታ፡መናፈሻ፡ቦታ፡የት፡ነው ? መናፈሻ፡ቦታ፡ከሃኪም፡ቤቱ፡ፊትለፊት፡ነው Eግዜር፡ይስጥልኝ(Aመሰግናለሁ Aብሮ፡ይስጥልኝ(ችግር፡የለም) A. Wenzu yet neo? Wenzu chaku ategeb neo. ባቡር፡ጣቢያ፡የት፡ነው? ባቡር፡ጣቢያው፡ከመናፈሻ፡ቦታው፡ፊትለፊት፡ነው 5. Translate into English.

bus fairmata ባስ፡ፌርማታ .gonn ጎን . police tabia ፖሊስ፡ጣቢያ 5.mekakel መካከለኛ .fitlefit ፊትለፊት .fabrica ena menafesha bota ፋብሪካ፡Eና፡መናፈሻ፡ቦታ 99 . menafesha bota መናፈሻ፡ቦታ 2. chaka ጫካ 4. baite christian ቤተ፡ክርቲያን .fitlefit ፊትለፊት . aroplan Aሮፕላን 3.korner ኮርነን .1.cinima bait ሲኒማ፡ቤት .terara ተራራ .hakim bait ሃኪም፡ቤት .

2. Work with a partner or in small groups. Use the following vocabulary: a store. a park. In Amharic. a restaurant. and your language training facility. 100 . a hotel. The park is north of the lake. a police station.End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. in front of. D. Then draw a schematic map of the base. a forest. Use prepositions: between. B. a church. a hospital. Now describe the locations of each facility. come up with a list of the facilities on your base. The field is in front of the farm. The market is south of the bridge. C. across from. The bank is between the church and the bus station. F. Check your work with the answer key. A. The restaurant is next to the hotel. an airfield. Translate each phrase into Amharic. a movie theater. next to. E. The café is in front of the bookstore.

Vocabulary List Where North South East West Mountain Lake River Forest Bridge Store Market Church/mosque/temple Restaurant Café Park Bank Airport Train station Bus station Pharmacy Hospital Movie Theater Factory Farm Post office Field Police station In front of Next to Between Around the corner from Across from Yet Semain Deboob Mesrak Me-erab Terara Hike Wenz Chaka Dildy Suk Gebbia Baite Christian/mesgide Megeb bait Buna bait Menafesha bota Bank Aroplan marefia Babur tabia Bus fairmata Medhanit bait Hakim bait Cinema bait Fabrica bait Ersha Posta bait Maida Police tabia Fitlefit Gonn Mekakel Ke corner akababi teshagerh የት ሰሜን ደቡብ ምስራቅ ምEራብ ተራራ ሃይቅ ወንዝ ጫካ ድልድይ ሱቅ ገበያ ቤት ምግብ፡ቤት ቡና፡ቤት መናፈሻ፡ቦታ ባንክ Aሮፕላን ባቡር፡ጣቢያ ባስ፡ፊርማታ ፋርማሲ ሃኪም፡ቤት ሲኒማ፡ቤት ፋብሪካ፡ቤት Eርሻ ፖስታ፡ቤት ሜዳ ፖሊስ፡ጣቢያ ፊትለፊት ጎን መካከል ከኮርነሩ፡Aካባቢ ተሻግረህ 101 .

7.Dagahbur ke Gore beste mesrak neo. B 9. 4. Aውሮፕላን፡ማረፊያው፡ከወንዙ፡በስተ፡ምስርቅ፡ነው። 102 . L 6. F 10. The market is south of the bank 2. J 5.Dembi dole ke Nazret beste me-erab neo.Answer Key 3.Mekele ke Dese beste semain neo. 1. E 6. H 4. a) 1. 3. ደምቢ፡ዶሎ፡ከናዝሬት፡በስተ፡ምEራብ፡ነው። 5. 5. ሞያሌ፡ከAሰላ፡በስተ፡ደቡብ፡ነው። 2. I 3. G 12. The airport is west of the hotel. The movie theater is east of the hospital. The mountains and lakes are east of the forest. D 11. 6. K 7. Moyale ke Asela beste bebood neo. The river is south of the farm. 1. C 2.east of . The lake is north of the park. መቀሌ፡ከደሴ፡በስተ፡ሰሜን፡ነው። 3.lake Aውሮፕላን፡ማረፊያ በስተ፡ምስራቅ ሃይቅ Aroplan marefiau ke wenzu beste mesrak neo. The river is east of the mountains. Airport . 1. A 8. 7. ደገሃቡር፡ከጎሬ፡በስተLምስራቅ፡ነው። 4.

west of . bus station 4.2.west of . ድልድዩ፡ከወንዙ፡በስተ፡ሰሜን፡ነው። 5. Factory . 1.north of .post office መድሃኒት፡ቤት በስተ፡ምEራብ ፖስታ፡ቤት Medahnit baitu ke posta baitu beste me-erab neo. Bank .field Eርሻ በስተ፡ምEራብ ሜዳ Ershau ke maidu beste me-erab neo. Park .police station የAውቶቡስ፡ፊርማታ በስተ፡ምስራቅ ፖሊስ፡ጣቢያ autobus fairmatau ke police tabiau beste mesrak neo.east of . Pharmacy . café 5. mountain ሰሜን ድልድይ ባስ፡ፊርማታ ቡና፡ቤት ፖስታ፡ቤት ቤተ፡ክርስቲያን Eርሻ ተራራ Semain Deldey Bus fairmata Buna bait Posta bait Baite Christian Ersha terara 103 .hospital ባንክ በስተ፡ድውቡብ ሆስፒታል Banku ke hakim baitu beste deboob neo. farm 8. Bus station . መድሃኒት፡ቤቱ፡ከፖስታ፡ቤቱ፡በስተ፡ምEራብ፡ነው። 4. Eርሻው፡ከሜዳው፡በስተ፡ምEራብ፡ነው። 8. ማናፈሻ፡ቦታው፡ከወንዙ፡በስተ፡ሰሜን፡ነው። 8. church 7. Farm .north of .mountain ፋብሪካ በስተ፡ደቡብ ተራራ Fabricau ke terarau beste deboob neo.የAውቶቡስ፡ፊርማታው፡ከፖሊስ፡ጣቢያው፡በስተ፡ምስራቅ፡ነው። 6.south of .south of .lake መናፈሻ በስተ፡ሰሜን ሃይቅ Menafesha botau ke wenzu beste semain neo. bridge 3. ባንኩ፡ከሃኪም፡ቤቱ፡በስተ፡ደቡብ፡ነው። 3. post office 6. north 2. ፋብሪካው፡ከተራራው፡በስተ፡ደቡብ፡ነው። 7.river ድልድይ በስተ፡ሰሜን ወንዝ Dildeu ke wenzu beste semain neo. Bridge .

Where is the bar? The bar is across from the hotel. Where is the markert? The market is between the police station and the church. megeb baitu ke hotel ategb neo. ምግብ፡ቤቱ፡ከሆቴሉ፡Aጠገብ፡ነው። B. The café is in front of the bookstore. ገበያው፡የት፡ነው? ገበያው፡ፖሊስ፡ጣቢያ፡Eና፡ቤተ፡ክርስቲያኑ፡መካከል፡ነው 3. Where is the train station? The train station is in front of the park. banku ke baite chrestian ena ke auto boos fermata mekakel neo ባንኩ፡ከቤተ፡ክርስቲያኑ፡Eና፡ከAውቶቡስ፡ፌርማታ፡መካከል፡ነው። D. menafeshaw ke hike buste semain neo መናፈሻው፡ከሃይቁ፡በስተ፡ሰሜን፡ነው። C. ወንዙ፡የት፡ነው? ወንዙ፡ጫካ፡Aጠገብ፡ነው 2. ቡና፡ቤቱ፡የት፡ነው? ቡና፡ቤቱ፡ከሆቴሉ፡ፊትለፊት፡ነው End of Lesson Tasks 1. Gebeiau yet neo? Gebeiw police tabiau ena baite christianu mekakel neo. Babour tabiau yet neo? Babour tabiau ke menafesha botau fitlefit neo. Posta baitu yet neo? Posta baitu hakim baitu ategb neo Where is the post office? The post office is near the hospital ፖስታ፡ቤቱ፡የት፡ነው? ፖስታ፡ቤቱ፡ሃኪም፡ቤቱ፡Aጠገብ፡ነው 4. A. buna baitu ke metshehaft baitu fiflefit neo ቡና፡ቤቱ፡ከመፀሃፍት፡ቤቱ፡ፊትለፊት፡ነው። 104 . The park is north of the lake. The market is south of the bridge. gebeyaw ke dildeu beste debbob neo ገበያው፡ከድልድዩ፡በስተ፡ደቡብ፡ነው። E. The restaurant is next to the hotel. Buna baitu yet neo? Buna baitu ke hotelu fitlefit neo. Where is the river? The river is near the forest.10. ባቡር፡ጣቢያ፡የት፡ነው? ባቡር፡ጣቢያው፡ከመናፈሻ፡ቦታው፡ፊትለፊት፡ነው 5. Wenzu yet neo? Wenzu chaku ategeb neo. The bank is between the church and the bus station. 1.

maidaw ke erhsaw fitlefit neo ሜዳው፡ከEርሻው፡ፊትለፊት፡ነው። 105 . The field is in front of the farm.F.

5.” “to buy. 25 and 50 cents. 10.” “to pay. 10.0 JUNE 2007 The monetary unit of Ethiopian currency is the “Birr. Currency notes are printed in denominations of 1. 106 .60 to the US dollar. The foreign exchange market intervention committee of the National Bank of Ethiopia monitors and controls the rate on daily basis. 100 and 500 Birr. these are called cantimes. Travel and tour agents.” VALIDATION COPY 1. subject to change every day.Lesson 7 ሱቅ Suk Shopping This lesson will introduce you to: . 5. Only the National Bank of Ethiopia. hotels and banks branches with permission may deal in the exchange.” currently with a value of around 8.Customs and practices accepted in the Ethiopian marketplaces .The verbs “to want. its authorized agents and commercial banks can exchange foreign currency. 50. The exchange rate of Birr against foreign currencies has been controlled by the daily inter-bank foreign exchange market since October 24. 2001.The modal verb “can.” and “to take” .Names of foods and stores .How to make purchases in Ethiopian shops . Copper coins are circulated in the value of 1.

Use the model below. ene mooz timatim ena denech belau ቤት፡ምን፡በላህ/በላሽ/በላችሁ? Eኔ፡ሙዝ፡ቲማቲም፡Eና፡ድንች፡በላሁ 107 . bait menn belah (M) belash (F) belachehu (plural)? B. Work in pairs or in small groups. Listen to the following vocabulary and repeat after the speaker.1. Model: A. Banana mooz ሙዝ Tomato timatim ቲማቲም Potato denech ድንች Milk wetet ወተት Butter kebe ቅቤ Eggs enkulal Eንቁላል Bread dabbo ዳቦ Sugar sekuar ስኩዋር Ice cream ice cream Aይስ፡ክሪም Fish assa Aሳ Chiken dorro ዶሮ 2. Ask your partner what foods he/she has at home.

Yehay grocery newu. Look at the pictures and try to guess the meaning of unknown words. ሃይሌም፡የልብስ፡ሱቅ፡ነው፡የሚሰራው።Eሱ፡ ካሼር፡ነው። Note: In Amharic. ሰላም፡ግሮሰሪ፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡የምትሰራው። Eሱዋ፡ገንዘብ፡ተቀባይ፡ናት። Hirut grocery wost newu yemtserwu. to express “too.Esua shach nat. ማርታ፡የልብስ፡ሱቅ፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡የምትሰራው። Eሷ፡ሻጭ፡ናት። Hailem yelebs suk newu yemiserawu.3. Listen to the speaker and follow along in the workbook. If you need help. Familiarize yourself with the new vocabulary.Esua shach nat.Esua genzeb tekebay nat. ሂሩት፡ግሮሰሪ፡ውስጥ፡ ነው፡የምትሰራው። Eሷ፡ሻጭ፡ናት። Marta yelebs suk wost newu yemtserawu. ይሄ፡ግሮሰሪ፡ነው። Selam grocery wost newu yemtseraw.Esu cashier newu.” we add -m at the end of the name or thing. 108 . check the answer key.

In Ethiopia there are several different types of shops and markets. (plural) 109 . grain. They want to buy fish. The other shopping district in Addis is Piassa. You want to buy two kilos of beef. Aለሙ፡ግሮሰሪ፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡የሚሰራው There are two ways of constructing the verb and the infinitive. alemu yet newu yemiserawu? Aለሙ፡የት፡ነው፡የሚሰራው? B. construction material. Check your work with the answer key. Addis Ababa. spices. textiles. You can find everything at a reasonable price. including bulk food. You can find jewelry. you can bargain.” It is not necessary to use “ene. clothing. but there is a very large one in Addis Ababa called Merkato. “Ene lebse megzat felgalewu” or a short way. There are many small open markets. We want to buy ten rolls of bread. He wants to buy three kilos of coffee. on one avenue. car parts. grain and spices. I want to buy one liter of milk. these warehouses are called adarash. Work in pairs or in small groups. Model: A. or common way: “lebse megzat felgalewu. selling clothing and jewelry. In Merkato you will find hundreds of vendors in the open air selling mostly fresh vegetables. 4. etc. especially in open markets and in adarash. Also you can find large department stores set up in large warehouses in Merkato. In the capital city. Alemu grocery wost newu yemiserawu. The main difference between stores in Ethiopia and America is the fact that in Ethiopia. She wants to buy a dozen eggs. clothing and high-end household items. You want to buy four kilos of potatoes. Merkato is one of the biggest open markets in Africa. I want to buy cloth. also there are modern grocery stores which are called “grocery” and clothing stores called yelebse suk or boutique scattered all over the city.” Translate the following sentences in Amharic. this is located in the heart of the city and is much smaller. there are small shops (stores) which are similar to mini marts. Make up dialogues using the model below. There is yelebse adarash (a clothing department store).

My sister wants to buy the clothes. Egna sitota megzat enfelgalen. I want to buy bread and butter. Yene ehit lebse megzat tefelegalech የኔ፡Eህት፡ልብስ፡መግዛት፡ትፈልጋለች A. E. 1. ሲራክ፡Aሳ፡መግዛት፡ይፈልጋል 4.gift stores are just called stores. Look at the pictures and try to guess the meaning of unknown words.esua metseahft bait nat. Woyni metsehaf megzat tefelgalech. Neggash wants to buy a book. ነጋሽ፡መፀሃፍ፡ይፈልጋል 3. Sirak wants to buy fish. C.Esu Suk newu. They want to buy cheese. Neggash metsehaf yefelegal. ዮናስ፡የጠረቤዛ፡ሰAት፡መግዛት፡ይፈልጋል።Eሱ፡ ሱቅ፡ነው። Note. We want to buy a gift. ሰለሞን፡የጠረቤዛ፡ሰAት፡መግዛት፡ይፈልጋል 5. Check the answer key. Ene dabbo ena kebbe megzat felgalewu Eኔ፡ዳቦ፡Eና፡ቅቤ፡መግዛት፡ፈልጋለሁ 2. G. Eኛ፡ስጦታ፡መግዛት፡Eንፈልጋለን 6. Enesu ayeb megzat yefelegalu Eነሱ፡Aይብ፡መግዛት፡ይፈልጋሉ 7. ወይኒ፡መፀሃፍ፡መግዛት፡ትፈልጋለች።Eሷ፡መፀሃፍ ቤት፡ናት። Yohannes yetrebeza seit megzat yefelgal. F. Listen to the speaker and follow along in the workbook. Solomon wants to buy a clock. Match each Amharic sentence in the left column with the English equivalent in the right column. D.5. Sirak assa megzat yefelegal. B. 110 . 6. Familiarize yourself with the new vocabulary. Solomon yeterebeza seit megzat yefelegal.

ayeb megzat felegalew. ኪሎ፡ፖም ካርቶን፡ሲሪያል ጆንያ፡ድንች Aንድ፡ዳቦ ጠርሙስ፡ወሃ ሊትር፡ወተት ደርዘን፡Eንቁላል A pound/kilo of apples A box of cereal A bag of potatoes A roll of bread A bottle of water A liter of milk A dozen eggs Kilo pomme Carton cereal joneya dench Aned dabbo Termus weha Liter wetet Derzen enkulal A bag of potatoes . Make a shopping list and tell your partner in Amharic what you want to buy. How much is it? “Cent neo?” How much is two kilos of sugar? “hulet kilo sekuar cent neo?” You can just say “how much?” “cent neo?” To bargain and say it’s too much one can say “wedde neo. An apple is called pomme. Listen to the following dialogue and repeat after the speaker. Work with a partner or in small groups. it’s by the quantity of rolls. I want to buy cheese. ይቅርታ፡Aይብ፡መግዛት፡ፈልጋልው A kilo of cheese is 5. Pretend that you are planning to have a surprise birthday party for one of your classmates. 111 . but it’s always advisable to shop around for bargains. Excuse me.” no discount.” Asking for a discount. one can say “kensh. How much is it? Yekerta . You need to buy some food and gifts. Prices are mostly fixed in modern grocery stores. 8. the liter and the dozen.40. A. It is called joneya and used for bulk. but one can bargain prices when buying in an open market.in Amharic a bag is usually very large and contains about 50 to 100 kilos. When buying potatoes. When buying something it’s good to compare prices at different stores and get the best price. Pears are not known in Ethiopia. The use of “too”: I want a banana too. In Ethiopia people are very polite and helpful to foreigners. When buying bread. kilos are used.The way of buying groceries in Ethiopia is mainly by the kilo. Also it’s always good to ask or go with an Ethiopian for information on prices and stores to go. since there is an assumption that foreigners have a lot of money. Kilo ayeb amest birr ke arba cantim newu.” The salesperson will usually say “kenash yelem. Ene bananam felegalew. 7. ኪሎ፡Aይብ፡Aምስት፡ብር፡ከAርባ፡ሳንቲም፡ነው B.

12 dabbo . 112 ..59 ኪሎ፡ድንች 4.A.19 ጠርሙስ፡ውሃ 5.48 ደርዘን:Eንቁላል 10. kilo denech . Pretend you want to buy the items listed below.2. killo pomme . termuse weha .65 12 ዳቦ 7. Work in pairs or in small groups.1. 1.1. using the dialogue above as a model.2. Role-play an “In the Shop” dialogue. derzon enkulal .50 ካርቶን፡ወተት 6. One of your classmates is a salesperson.4. Check your answers with the answer key.15 ኪሎ፡Aሳ 3. Abro yestelegn Aብሮ፡ይስጥልኝ B. Thank you. kilo assa – 8. 9. carton wetet . Yelebs suk የልብስ፡ሱቅ grocery ግሮሰሪ metsehaf bait መፀሃፍ፡ቤት suk ሱቅ adarash Aዳራሽ 1.3.45 ኪሎ፡ፖም 2. Egzer yestelegn Eግዜር፡ይስጥልኝ You are welcome. Welagoche setota ወላጆቼ፡ስጦታ ነው፡የሚገዙት። newu yemigezut. Complete the sentences using the words in the box.

Enesu manbeb yechilalu. መግዛት፡Eንችላለን። 11. Engna manbeb enchilalen. newu yemengezaw ነው፡የምንገዛው። megzat enchelalen. yene enat sekuar ke grocery ke bank fitlefit newu yemetgezaw የኔ፡Eናት፡ስኩዋር፡ከግሮሰሪ፡ከባንክ፡ፊትለፊት፡ነው፡የምትገዛው 4. Egna lebse . Ene manbeb chilalewu. ነው፡የሚገዙት። newu yemigezaw. Eኛ፡ልብስ፡መፀሃፍ፡Eና፡ስጦታ ነው፡የሚገዛው። newu yemigezut. Eናንተ፡ምንበብ፡ትችላላችሁ They can read. Esua manbeb techilalech Eሷ፡ማንበብ፡ትችላለች We can read. yene ehit setota suk newu yemetgezaw የኔ፡Eህት፡ስጦታ፡ሱቅ፡ነው፡የምገዛው። 3. Eነሱ፡ማንበብ፡ይችላሉ 113 . Check your work with the answer key.metsehaf ena setota adarash newu yemengezaw Eኛ፡ልብስ፡መፀሃፍ፡Eና፡ስጦታ፡Aዳራሽ፡ነው፡የምንገዛው። Study the modal verb “can” The verb can -yechalal ይቻላል I can read. Enesu timatim ena denech Eነሱ፡ቲማቲም፡Eና፡ድንች 3. Eኛ፡ማንበብ፡Eንችላለን You can read. Listen to and translate the following sentences. yene ayatoch wetet ena kebe ke grocery newu yemigezut የኔ፡Aያቶች፡ወተት፡Eና፡ቅቤ፡ከግሮሰሪ፡ነው፡የሚገዙት። 5. metshaf ena setota. 1. Yene wendem metshaf የኔ፡ወንድም፡መፀሃፍ 4.2. Yene ehet ena ene lebse የኔ፡Eህት፡Eና፡Eኔ፡ልብስ 5. ene metsehaf metsehafe bait newu yemegezaw Eኔ፡መፀሃፍ፡መፀሃፍ፡ቤት፡ነው፡የምገዛው። 2. engna lebse. Enante manbeb techilalachwe. Ante manbeb techilaleh Aንተ፡ማንበብ፡ትችላለህ She can read. Eኔ፡ማነበብ፡Eችላልሁ He can read.

OR taxi meused enchilalen You can take a taxi. OR taxi meused yechilalu. Ene taxi meused echilalewu. A.I can You can He can She can We can You can They can Ene …echilalewu Ante(M) …. cent newu? ሰላም፡ዳቦ፡መግዛት፡ፈልጋለው፡ስንት፡ነው? B.techilaleh /anchi (F)……techiyalesh Esu…. Esu taxi meused yechilal. Ante(M) taxi meused techilaleh. Enesu taxi meused yechilalu. ሁለት፡ብር፡ከስልሳ፡Aምስት፡ሳንቲም፡ነው A.techilalachewu Enesu….Eንችላለን Eንናንተ…ትችላላችሁ Eነሱ…ይችላሉ The verb to take .yechilalu Eኔ…Eችላለሁ Aንተ…ትችላለህ Eሱ…ይችላል Eሷ…ትችላለች Eኛ. a) Listen to the following dialogue and repeat after the speaker. dabbo megzat efelegalew.meused I can take a taxi. Hello. Enante taxi meused techilalachewu. OR taxi meused techilallech He can take a taxi. OR taxi meused techilalech We can take a taxi. How much is it? Selam. It is 2. Hulet birr ke selsa amest cantim newu. Esua taxi meused techilalech.65. Engna taxi meused enchilalen. I want to buy a loaf of bread..techilalech Engna…enchilalen Enante….yechilal Esua…. OR taxi meused techilaleh. Anchi (F) taxi meused techilalech. OR taxi meused techilalachewu They can take a taxi. OR taxi meused echilalewu. Can I pay with a credit card? Be credit card mekfel echilalewu? በክሬዲት፡ካርድ፡መክፈል፡Eችላልሁ? 114 . OR taxi meused yechilal She can take a taxi. Follow along in the workbook. You can take a taxi. 12.

kilo ayeba ኪሎ፡Aይብ 5. kilo pomme megzat felegalew. hulet termus weha. carton wetet ካርቶን፡ወተት 4. genzeb enwesdalen ይቅርታ፡ገንዘብ፡Eንወስዳለን b) Role-play the dialogue. Misrak ሳሙኤል ሰላም፡ምስራቅ misrak: selam. hulet termus weha ሁለት፡ጠርሙስ፡ወሃ 2. Yet teheadaleh? ምስራቅ Eኔ፡ባቦ፡ሁለት፡ጠርሙስ፡ወሃ፡ኪሎ፡ፖም፡መግዛት፡ፈልጋልው።የት፡ትሄዳለህ ? 115 . samuel: selam. derzon enkulal ደርዘን፡Eንቁላል 13. Check your work with the answer key. 1. Yekerta. samuel! ምስራቅ ሰላም፡ሳሙኤል Samuel: yet tehaygalesh? ሳሙኤል የት፡ትሄጃለሽ? Misrak: ene grocery ehaydalew ምስራቅ Eኔ፡ግሮሰሪ፡ኣሄዳለሁ samuel: menn megzat tefelegaleh? ሳሙኤል ምን፡መግዛት፡ትፈልጋለህ? Misrak: ene baddo . I’m sorry. Make up similar dialogues using the words below. Read the dialogue and answer the follow-up questions.B. metshehaf መፀሃፍ 3. but we take cash.

ሳሙኤል Eኔ፡ለወንድ፡Aያቴ፡ስጦታ፡መግዛት፡ፈልጋለው።Eኔ፡የጠረቤዛ፡ሰAት፡ወይንም፡መፀሃፍ፡ መግዛት፡ፈልጋለሁ። Misrak: ene setota suk newu yemgeza. enesu genzeb yewsdalu. Ene yeterbeza seit weynem metshehaf megzat felegalewu. ሳሙኤል መፀሃፍት፡ቤት፡በክሬዲት፡ካርድ፡መክፈል፡Aልችልም፡Eነሱ፡ገንዘብ፡ይወስዳሉ። Questions: 1.. 5. 2.samuel: ene adarash eheadalewu ሳሙኤል Eኔ፡Aዳራሽ፡Eሄዳለሁ misrak: menn megzt neo yemetfelegewu? ምስራቅ ምን፡መግዛት፡ነው፡የምትፈልገው? samuel: ene le wend ayat setota megzat felegalew. 3. ምስራቅ Eኔ፡ከስጦታ፡ሱቅ፡ነው፡የምገዛው። samuel: metsehaft bait bu credit card mekfel alechilem. Where is Samuel going? What does he/she want to buy? Where is Misrak going? What does he/she want to buy? Can he/she pay with a credit card at the bookstore? 116 .. 4.

Check your work with the answer key. I buy the gift for my sister in the clothing store. B. In Amharic. 117 .2. Translate the following into Amharic. Where do you buy tomatoes and potatoes? Do you take credit cards? No. C. What would you tell a salesperson in Amharic if you want to buy a carton of milk/ a watch/ a dozen eggs? How would you ask the price of it? Role-play the dialogue.End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. tell where you buy groceries/ gifts/ books/ clothes. How much is a loaf of bread? . we take cash. 3.35 2. A. D.

but we take cash. .. Cent newu…? ….Vocabulary List How much …? It’s ……. I want to buy… Banana Butter Chicken Fish Ice cream Milk Tomato Potato Sugar Cereal Cheese Eggs A pound/kilo of cheese A bag of potatoes A loaf of bread A bottle of water A dozen eggs A box of cereal A carton of milk Department store Clothing store Grocery store Bookstore Bread Credit card Cash Cashier Salesperson To buy To take To pay/pay for Too Can I pay with a credit card? I’m sorry. genzeb enwesdalen ስንት፡ነው ….ነው Eኔ….megzat felgalewu Mooze Kebe Doro Asa Ice cream Wetet Timatim Dinech Sekuar cereal Ayeb Enkulal Kilo ayeb Joneya denich dabbo Termus weha Derzon enkulal Karton cereal Karton wetet Suk adarash Yelebse suk Grocery (super market) Metshaft bait Dabbo Credit card Genzeb (cash) Genzeb tekeby shach Megzat Mewsed Mekfel -m Be credit card mekfel yechalal Yekerta.newu Ene ….መግዛት፡ፈልጋለሁ ሙዝ ቅቤ ዶሮ Aሳ Aይስ፡ክሪም ወተት ቲማቲም ድንች ስኩዋር ሲሪያል Aይብ Eንቁላል ኪሎ፡Aይብ ጆንያ፡ድንች ዳቦ ጠርሙስ፡ወሃ ደርዘን፡Eንቁላል ካርቶን፡ሲሪያል ካርቶን፡ወተት ሱቅ፡Aዳራሽ የልብስ፡ሱቅ ግሮሰሪ መፀሃፍ።ቤት ዳቦ ክሬዲት፡ካርድ ገንዘብ ገንዘብ፡ተቀባይ ሻጭ መግዛት መውሰድ መክፈል መ በክሬዲት፡ካርድ፡መክፈል፡ይቻላል ይቅርታ፡ገንዘብ፡Eንወስዳለን 118 ..

Model: A. This is a grocery store. She is a salesperson. Selam works at the grocery store. Alemu grocery wost newu yemiserawu.Answer Key 3. Aለሙ፡ግሮሰሪ፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡የሚሰራው I want to buy one liter of milk. Ene aned liter wetet megzat felgalewu. OR aned liter wetet megzat felgalewu Eኔ፡Aንድ፡ሊተር፡ወተት፡መግዛት፡ፈልጋልው።Aንድ፡ሊትር፡ወተት፡መግዛት፡ፈልጋለው 119 . Hirut works at the grocery store. Alemu works at the grocery store Model: A. Alemu yet newu yemiserawu? Aለሙ፡የት፡ነው፡የሚሰራው? B. 4. He is a cashier. She is a cashier. He is a salesperson. Hailem works at the clothing store. Where does Alemu work? B. Marta works at the clothing store.

ene dabbo ena kebbe megzat felgalewu Eኔ፡ዳቦ፡Eና፡ቅቤ፡መግዛት፡ፈልጋለሁ 2. enesu ayeb megzat yefelegalu Eነሱ፡Aይብ፡መግዛት፡ይፈልጋሉ 7.2 G. We want to buy a gift. Sirak assa megzat yefelegal. Esua derzon enkulal megzat tefelgalech OR Derzon enkulak megzat tefelgalech Eሷ፡ደርዘን፡Eንቁላል፡መግዛት፡ትፈልጋለች/ደርዘን፡Eንቁላል፡መግዛት፡ትፈልጋለች We want to buy ten rolls of bread. They want to buy cheese. Eኛ፡Aሰር፡ዳቦ፡መግዛት፡Eንፈልጋለን/Aስር፡ዳቦ፡መግዛት፡Eንፈልጋለን They want to buy fish.4 F. ሰለሞን፡የጠረቤዛ፡ሰAት፡መግዛት፡ይፈልጋል 5. Sirak wants to buy fish. Neggash metsehaf yefelegal. egna sitota megzat enfelgalen. 1. My sister wants to buy the clothes. (plural) Enante arat kilo denech megzat tefelgalachehu OR Arat kilo denech megzat tefelgalachewu Eናንተ፡Aራት፡ኪሎ፡ድንች፡መግዛት፡ትፈልጋላችሁ/Aራት፡ኪሎ፡ድንች፡መግዛት፡ትፈልጋላችሁ 6. Neggash wants to buy a book.You want to buy two kilos of beef. yene ehit lebse megzat tefelegalech የኔ፡Eህት፡ልብስ፡መግዛት፡ትፈልጋለች A.5 120 . ሲራክ፡Aሳ፡መግዛት፡ይፈልጋል 4. ነጋሽ፡መፀሃፍ፡ይፈልጋል 3. 6 C. 3 B. Enesu assa megzat yefelgalu OR Assa megzat yefelgalu Aሳ፡መግዛት፡ይፈልጋል You want to buy four kilos of potatoes. Solomon yeterebeza seit megzat yefelegal. Solomon wants to buy a clock. Eኛ፡ስጦታ፡መግዛት፡Eንፈልጋለን 6.7 E. Esu sost kilo buna megzat yefelegal OR Sost kilo buna yefelgal Eሱ፡ሶስት፡ኪሎ፡ቡና፡መግዛት፡ይፈልጋል/ሶስት፡ኪሎ፡ቡና፡ይፈልጋል She wants to buy a dozen eggs. Ante (M) anchi (F) hulet kilo cigga megzat tefelgaleh (M) tefeligalesh (F)? OR Aንተ/Aንቺ/ሁለት፡ኪሎ፡ስጋ፡መግዛት፡ትፈልጋለህ፡ትፈልጊያለሽ? hulet kilo cigga tefelgaleh(M) tefeligalsh(F) ሁልት፡ኪሎ፡ስጋ፡መግዛት፡ትፈልጊያለሽT He wants to buy three kilos of coffee. I want to buy bread and butter. Engna aser dabbo megzat enfelgalen OR Aser dabbo megzat enfelgalen. 1 D.

. We can buy clothes. 3. 2. We buy clothes. adarash megzat enchelalen. enesu timatim ena denech grocery newu yemigezut. They buy tomatoes and potatoes at the grocery store. 5. yene ehet ena ene lebse yelebse suk newu yemengezaw የኔ፡Eህት፡Eና፡Eኔ፡ልብስ፡የልብስ፡ሱቅ፡ ነው፡የምንገዛው። 5. I buy books in the bookstore. የኔ፡ወንድም፡መፀሃፍ፡መፀሃፍት፡ቤት፡ ነው፡የሚገዛው። 4. My brother buys books at the bookstore. Misrak! Hello. books and gifts at the department store. 3. 13. 4. 11. What do you want to buy? I want to buy bread. books. My mother buys sugar at the grocery store across from the bank. Compare your answers to the translation. 121 . My parents buy gifts at the gift store. Where are you going? I am going to the department store. 5. and a pound of pears. My grandparents buy milk and butter at the grocery store. yene wendem metshaf metsehaf bait newu yemigezaw.10. 1. My sister and I buy clothes at the clothing store. My sister buys gifts at the gift store . and gifts at the department store. egna lebse . welagoche setota suk newu yemigezut. Eኛ፡ልብስ፡መፀሃፍ፡Eና፡ስጦታ፡Aዳራሽ፡ መግዛት፡Eንችላለን። 1. 1. metshaf ena setota. Samuel! Where are you going? I am going to the grocery store. 2. Samuel : Misrak: Samuel: Misrak: Samuel: Misrak: Samuel: Hello. 4. Eነሱ፡ቲማቲም፡Eና፡ድንች፡ግሮሰሪ፡ ነው፡የሚገዙት። 3. ወላጆቼ፡ስጦታ፡ ሱቅ፡ ነው፡የሚገዙት። 2. two bottles of water.

Ene stoat le ehet yelebse suk gezalew. Timatim ena denech yet neo yemegezae? ቲማቲም፡Eና፡ድንች፡የት፡ነው፡የምገዛው? F. Aንድ፡ባቦ፡ስንት፡ነው፡ ሁለት፡ብር፡ከሰላሳ፡Aምስት፡ሳንቲም፡ነው 122 .Misrak: Samuel: Misrak: Samuel: What do you want to buy? I want to buy a gift for my grandfather. I want to buy a book or a clock. At a bookstore I can’t pay with a credit card. Credit card tewesdalachew? I genzed enwesdalen ክሬዲት፡ካርድ፡ትወስዳላችሁ? Aይ፡ገንዘብ፡Eንወስዳለን G. I buy gifts at the gift store. End of Lesson Tasks 1. They take cash. Eኔ፡ስጦታ፡ለEህቴ፡የልብስ፡ሱቅ፡ገዛለሁ H. Aned dabbo cent neo? hulet birr ke selasa amest cantim neo. E.

wheat. The injera is used to scoop wot in small portions to be eaten by hand. lamb or chicken. VALIDATION COPY 1. Teff is an Ethiopian grain rich in iron and other minerals.0 JUNE 2007 The national food of Ethiopia is Injera with wot. Wot can be made mild or hot.Various menu items . and also after a meal.Lesson 8 ምግብ፡ቤት Megeb Bait Eating Out This lesson will introduce you to: . and vegetables. it is a tradition for a domestic servant to offer the guests water and soap to wash their hands. it can be found in health food stores in the US. using different meats such as beef. barley or millet. one should avoid licking one’s fingers. there are washcloths and napkins available. Also. It could be hard for the first time to eat with your fingers.How to order menu items . which is a spicy sauce made from an onion and pepper base and other various spices. Before a meal one washes one’s hands. Injera is spongy flat bread usually prepared from teff. Injera is eaten with wot.Different table service items. but asking for utensils may be considered impolite. 123 .Eating out in a restaurant in Ethiopia .

Sorry. cini buan efelegalew ስኒ፡ቡና፡Eፈልጋለው B. Excuse me.33 birr 2.99 birr 2. but we have tea.30 birr 2. abet min letazez Aቤት፡ምን፡ልታዘዝ A.00 birr 6. yekerta gashe.50 birr 2. Read the following dialogue between a waiter and a patron. Repeat the words after the speaker. Look at the restaurant menu below.25 birr 4. Make up similar dialogues using the words and word combinations that are in the box. B.05 birr 1. and follow along in the workbook. waiter.50 birr 15.00 birr 4.00 birr 3.50 birr 3.1. B. We do not have coffee.50 birr 2. Small World Restaurant Soup Salad Hamburger Fried potatoes Pasta Beef Chicken Fish Ice Cream Cake (a piece) Orange juice (a glass) Apple juice (a glass) Coffee (a cup) Milk (a glass) Tea Beer (a glass) Wine (a bottle) shorba Selata humberger denech tibs pasta cigga doro assa ice cream cake bertukan juice pomme juice buna wetet shy berchiko bira termuse vino ሾርባ ሰላጣ ሃምበርገር ድንች፡ጥብስ ፓስታ ስጋ ዶሮ Aሳ Aይስ፡ክሪም ኬክ ብርቱካን፡ጁስ ፖም፡ጁስ ቡና ወተት ሻይ ቢራ ቪኖ 3. Yes.00 birr 8. A.00 birr 7. What would you order at the “Small World Restaurant”? 3. 124 . buna yelenem genn shy alen ይቅርታ፡ጋሼ፡ቡና፡የለንም፡ግን፡ሻይ፡Aለን A. yekerta yene ehit(F) wendem(M) ይቅርታ፡የኔ፡Eህት/ወንድም B.10 birr 2. Imagine that you have 35 birr. I want a cup of coffee. A.00 birr 5. please.50 birr 6. sir.

A. Yes. Fried chicken and pasta. Pay attention to the new words. bercheko wetet –shy/buna ብርጭቆ፡ወተት--ሻይ/ቡና 3.dorro tibs ena pasta bakehn. Hello. ስኔ፡ሻይ፡በሰኩር፡Eና፡ሎሚ A. bercheko burtukan juice – pomme juice ብርጭቆ፡ብርቱክን፡ጁስ---ፖም፡ጁስ 4. በጣም፡ጥሩ፡ዶሮ፡ጥብስና፡ፓስታ፡Aለን።በታም፡ይጣፍጣል። B. You can substitute the highlighted words with any food from the “Small World Restaurant” menu. What do you recommend? True menn ale? ጥሩ፡ምን፡Aለ? A. Betam true. sir. Any dessert? Tafach negger? ጣፈጭ፡ነገር? B. Menne yemta? ሰላም፡ጋሼ፡ምን፡ይምጣ? B. They are delicious. A cup of tea with sugar and lemon. Oewo. What do you want to drink? Menn metetat tefelegaleh? ምን፡መጠጣት፡ትፈልጋለህ? B. Cini shy bu sekuar ena lommi. We have wonderful fried chicken and pasta.1. cini buna – shy ስኒ--ቡና 2. please. ene cheesecake efelegalewu. Betam true doro tibs ena pasta alen. Aዎ፡Eኔ፡ቺዝ፡ኬክ፡ፈልጋለሁ 125 . Role-play the dialogue. Betam yetafital. በጣም፡ጥሩ፡ዶሮ፡ጥብስ፡Eና፡ፓስታ፡ባክህን A. assa ena pasta – doro ena denech tibs Aሳና፡ፓስታ----ዶሮ፡Eና፡ድንች፡ጥብስ 4. What do you want to eat? Selam gashe. Very well. I want a piece of cheesecake. Listen to the following dialogue that takes place at a restaurant. Follow along in your workbook.

Using the restaurant menu above. sir. tell your classmates in Amharic what you ate and drank at a restaurant the last time you were there. chicken. Translate the following dialogue. and a salad. Model: yalefewu ehude megeb bait belah. Can I pay with a credit card? Be credit card mekfel yechalal. ሂሳብ፡ይህው፡ጋሼ B. ያለፈው፡Eሁድ፡የት፡ነበርክ? yalefew ehud yet neberk? ያለፈው፡Eሁድ፡ምግብ፡ቤት፡ነበርኩ Ene yalefewu ehud megeb bait neberku Aንተ፡ከወንድምህ፡ጋር፡ነበርክ? ante ke wendem garr neberk? Aዎ፡Eኔና፡ወድሜ፡Eሃ፡ነበርን Oewo ene ena yene wendem eza neberen. I ate fried potatoes. I drank tea. Yes. ያለፈው፡Eሁድ፡ምግብ፡ቤት፡ 6. Eሱ፡ምን፡በላ? esu menne bela? 126 . Here is your bill. Oewo yechalal Aው፡ይቻላል Study the present and past tenses of the verb “drink”.A. I drink You drink He drinks We drink You drink They drink Present tense ጠጣለሁ ትጠጣለህ ይጠጣሉ Eንጠጣለን ትጠጣላችሁ ይጠጣሉ Tetaleu Tetetaleh Yetetal Entetalen Tetetalachew yetetalu I drank You drank He drank We drank You drank They drank Past Tense ጠጣሁ ጠጥቱዋል ጠጥቱዋል ጠጣን ጠጣችሁ ጠጡ Tetau Tetetual tetetual Tetan Tetachew tetu 5. Hisab yehayew. you can. በክሬዲት፡ካርድ፡መክፈል፡ይቻላል? A. gashe. Check your work with the answer key.

Plate sehan ሰሃን Bowl Godguada sehan ጎድጉዋዳ፡ሰሃን Cup cini ስኒ Glass berchiko ብርጭቆ Knife billa ቢላ Fork shuka ሹካ Spoon mankia ማንኪያ Napkin napkin ናፕኪን 127 . Listen and repeat after the speaker.Eሱ፡Aሳ፡Eና፡ፓስታ፡በልዋል Esu pasta ena assa beltual Eሱ፡ምን፡ጠጣ? esu menne teta? Eሱ፡ሻይ፡ጠጣ Esu shy teta. Aንተ፡ምን፡በላህ? ante menne belah? Eኔ፡ዶሮ፡Eና፡ድንች፡ጥብስ፡በላሁ Ene dorro ena denech tibs belawu Aንተ፡ምን፡ጠጣህ? ante menne tetah? Eኔ፡ቡና፡ጠጣሁ Ene buna tetau 7. Below are some table service items.

Match the English words in the left column with the Amharic equivalents in the right column. Listen to the following model. Napkin/ናፕኪን H. Did you eat salad / pasta? 4. sehan/ሰሃን G. godguada dehan/ጎድጉዋዳ፡ሰሃን F. 6. 2. 8. Repeat after the speaker. Cini/ስኒ 9. salad and fish / meat. I want a glass of milk / juice. 1. billa/ቢላ D. Listen to the speaker and circle the words you hear. Compose similar sentences using the words below. 6. shuka/ሹካ E. Plate Bowl Cup Glass Knife Fork Spoon Napkin A. 4. berchiko 10.8. cini 3. Mankia magnet echilalewu? ማንኪያ፡የለኝም፡መንኪያ፡ማግኝት፡Eችላለሁ? B. mankia yelegnem. He does not have a glass / plate. 5. bercheko/በርጭቆ C. We drank orange juice / apple juice at a restaurant. 128 . She had soup. 5. Can I have a knife / fork? 7. 3. They ate fried potatoes and chicken / fish. Check your answers with the answer key. 1. mankia/ማንኪያ B. shukia 4. Check the answer key. 2. Oewo . 3.yehewu Aዎ፡ይሀው 1. 7. napkin 2. Model: A. billa 5.

3. Role-play the dialogue. astenagaju dorro tibs.ene dorro ena selata belau. 4. Tell in Amharic what you usually eat and drink for breakfast / lunch / dinner. When did the family go to the restaurant? 2. 1.yene enat shorba ena humberger belach.yetafet neber. Bu credit card lekefel nebber genn abate bu genzeb kefele. esu shy bu sekuar ena bu lommi teta. Esua pomme juice tetach. Grume meshet asalefen. What did the waiter recommend? 4.yene wendem cigga ena denech bela. What would you say in Amharic if you want to eat salad and fried potatoes? You also want a cup of coffee. Pretend that you are at a restaurant now. 2. ያለፈው፡Aርብ፡ከስራ፡በሁዋላ፡Eኔ፡Eና፡የኔ፡ወንድም፡ከወላጆቼ፡ጋር፡ስሞል፡ወርልድ፡ ምግብ፡ቤት፡ሄድን።ትንሽ፡ምግብ፡ቤት፡ናት፡ከባንኩ፡ፊትለፊት፡ Aስተናጋጁ፡ዶሮ፡ ጥብስ፡ሰላጣ፡Eና፡ፓስታ፡Aመጣልን።የኔ፡ወንድም፡ስጋ፡Eና፡ድንች፡Aመጣልን።የኔ፡ ወንድም፡ስጋ፡Eና፡ድንች፡በላ።Eሱ፡ሻይ፡፡በስኩዋር፡Eና፡ሎሚ፡ጠጣ።የኔ፡Eናት፡ሾርባ፡ Eና፡ሃምበርገር፡በላች፡የፖም፡ጁስ፡ጠጣች።ለጣፋጭ፡ነገር፡የEንጆሪ፡ኬክ”በላች። የኔ፡Aባት፡ስጋ፡ድንች፡ጥብስ፡Eና፡ቲማቲም፡በላ።ጣፋጭ፡ነገር፡ቺዝ፡ኬክ፡ባላ፡ቡና፡ጠጣ። Eኔ፡ዶሮ፡Eና፡ሰላጣ፡በላሁ፡ይጣፍጥ፡ነበር።በክሬዲት፡ካርድ፡ልከፍል፡ነበር፡ግን፡Aባቴ፡ በገንዘብ፡ከፈለ።ግሩም፡ምሽት፡Aሳለፍን። yalefew areb ke sera behula .selata. Did she drink orange or apple juice? 129 .denech tibs ena timatim bela tafach negger cheesecake bela buna teta. Tell in Amharic what you ate and drank at a restaurant the last time you were there. and you need a fork and a napkin.yene abat cigga. ene ena yene wendem ke welagoche garr small world megeb bait hayeden. What would you say in Amharic if you do not know what to choose? Your classmate is a waiter. What did he drink? 6. Where is the restaurant? 3. What did my brother eat? 5. Work in pairs or in small groups.tenish megeb bait ke bank fitlefit neo. Did my mother eat soup and hamburgers? 7.tafach negger ye enjori cake belach. ena pasta ametalen. Read and translate the following text then answer the following questions. Check your work with the answer key.End-of-Lesson Tasks 1.

Did she eat a piece of cheesecake for dessert? 9. Was it a wonderful evening? 130 130 .8. What did my father eat? 10. Did my father pay with a credit card? 12. Did he drink wine? 11.

Vocabulary List Apple juice Bowl Cheesecake Coffee Cup Fork Fried Glass Knife Napkin Orange juice Piece Plate Please Salad Soup Spoon Tea Beef Hamburger Here you are To drink / drank To eat /ate Recommend Wonderful Delicious Very well Lemon Dessert Bill Wine Beer Pomme juice Godguada sehane Cheesecake Buna Cini Shuka Tibs Bircheko Billa Napkin Burtukan juice * sehan Ebakot Selata Shoreba Mankiya Shy Cigga Humberger Yehew Metetat/ teta Mebat/bella * Betam teru Yetafetal Betam teru Lommi Tafach Hisab Vino birra ፖም፡ጁስ ጎድጉዋዳ፡ሰሃን ቺዝ፡ኬክ ቡና ስኒ ሹካ ጥብስ ብርጭቆ ቢላ ናፕኪን ብርቱካን፡ጁስ ሰሃን Eባኮት ሰላጣ ሾርባ ማንኪያ ሻይ ስጋ ሃምበርገር ይሄው መጠጣት/ጠጣ መብላት/በላ በጣብ፡ጥሩ ይጣፍጣል በጣም፡ጥሩ ሎሚ ጣፋጭ ሂሳብ ቪኖ ቢራ 131 131 .

ene bercheko wetet felegalewu I want a glass of milk. Where did you eat last Sunday? I ate at a restaurant. 1.Answer Key 6. What did he drink? He drank tea. 6. 7. 3. engna megeb bait bertukan juice tetan We drank orange juice in a resturant Eኛ፡ምግብ፡ቤት፡ብርቱካን፡ጁስ፡ጠጣን 3. What did he eat? He ate pasta and fish. 5. What did you drink? I drank coffee. enesu denech tibs ena doro belu? They ate fried potatoes and chicken. 4. 1. What did you eat? I ate chicken and fried potatoes. Eኔ፡በርጭቆ፡ወተት፡Eፈልጋለሁ 2. 8. my brother was with me. Eነሱ፡ድንች፡ጥብስ፡Eና፡ዶሮ፡በሉ? F E H B C D A G 132 132 . 2. Did you eat alone? No. 10. 8. ante pasta belah? Did you eat pasta? Aንተ፡ፓስታ፡በላህ? 4.

and pasta. My mother ate soup and a hamburger. We had a wonderful evening. 133 133 . and tomatoes. Compare your answers with the translation. I ate chicken and salad. She ate soup. salad.5. esua shorba ena selata ena ciga belach. billa magnet echilalewu? Can I have a knife? ቢላ፡ማግኝት፡Eችላልሁ 7. but my father paid cash. He ate a piece of cheesecake for dessert and drank coffee. Eሷ፡ሾርባ፡Eና፡ሰላጣ፡Eና፡ስጋ፡በላች 6. A waiter recommended us to have fried chicken. Last Friday after work. our parents and I went to the restaurant “S mall World.” It’s a small restaurant across from the bank. fried potatoes. Eሱ፡ብርጭቆ፡የለውም End of Lesson Tasks 4. My father ate beef. It was delicious! I wanted to pay with a credit card. he drank tea with sugar and lemon. My brother ate beef and potatoes. She drank apple juice. esu bercheko yelewem He does not have a glass. For dessert she had a piece of strawberry cake. my brother. salad and meat.

the two-day feast of Meskal marks the finding of the True Cross. horsemen parade through the streets wearing lion's-mane or baboon-skin headdresses and carrying shields and spears. priests dressed in elaborate robes parade each church's tabot to a body of water.” The Ethiopian New Year starts on the 11th or 12th of September every year. The ninth month of the Muslim calendar is devoted to Ramadan. people gather around neighborhood bonfires before visiting friends and relatives to offer them New Year's greetings. is the most colorful event of the year. On New Year's Eve. Important Christian holidays include Meskal. Wearing new clothes. Timket and Easter. Other than New Year. Kiddus Yohannes. they visit 134 134 . Muslim holidays are based on the lunar calendar and thus fall at different times each year.How to use ordinal numbers . which celebrates the end of Ramadan. The Julian calendar was discarded by the Europeans 400 years ago. The greatest Muslim feast of the year is 'Id Al Fatr. Muslim Ethiopians sacrifice animals and distribute part of the meat to the poor. Singing and dancing. visits and games such as gugs. Timket. On New Year's Day people dress in new clothes and celebrate with feasts. after praying and listening to the imam (religious leader) preach. customs. and cultural traditions of Ethiopia. Tabot is a holy writing or symbol of religion (shrine) wich people use to worship during an important Christian holiday. Each town builds an enormous bonfire and a cross decorated with flowers. Christmas. the townspeople encircle the fire three times. New Year's Day. In September.Names of the months . which is marked by fasting. pagume means “additional. most Ethiopian celebrations are Christian or Muslim religious events. which marks Christ's baptism. the priests then bless the water and anoint the faithful. There people hold a nighttime vigil.Holidays.How to read dates . with the remaining five (or six in a leap year) constituting the short 13th month of “Pagume. singing Meskal hymns. The 'Id al Adha is the feast marking Abraham's sacrifice. Customs.0 JUNE 2007 Biell ena bahill በAልና፡ባህል Holidays. and Cultural Traditions This lesson will introduce you to: . After dark.” In Greek. On these days. The Julian calendar divides the year into 12 month of 30 days each. comes on September 11. On Timket eve. crowds parade the tabots back to their churches. During the day. which coincides with the end of the season of heavy rains and the beginning of spring.Lesson 9 VALIDATION COPY 1. but Ethiopia still uses it.

Horse races are also traditional on these days.friends and relatives as well as family graves. it is always good to mention which calendar one is using in order to avoid confusion. Since the Ethiopian calendar and European or American calendar are not the same. most Ethiopians who deal with foreigners do not use the local calendar. but it is used in schools and many government institutions. 135 135 . Muslims also celebrate the Prophet Mohammed's birthday on September 20 and mark the anniversaries of numerous martyrs. In professional settings.

Eሮብ፡የሳምንቱ፡ 4.ማክሰኞ፡የሳምንቱ፡ 3. Follow along in the workbook. Use the words located in the box. segno yesamentu 1. ፡ቀን፡ነው ken newu. ፡ቀን፡ነው ስድስተኛ sedestenya 136 136 . Listen and repeat after the speaker. ፡ቀን፡ነው ken newu. erob yesamentu 3. 1 one the first 2 two the second 3 three the third 4 four the fourth 5 five the fifth 6 six the sixth 7 seven the seventh 8 eight the eighth 9 nine the ninth 10 ten the tenth Aned Bu aned Hulet Bu hulet Sost Bu Sost Arat bu Arat Amest bu Amest Sedest bu Sedest Sebat Bu Sebat Sement Bu Semen Zeten Bu zeten Aser Bu aser Aንድ በAንድ ሁለት በሁለት ሶስት በሶስት Aራት በAራት Aምስት በAምስት ስድስት በስድስት ሰባት በሰባት ስምንት በስምንት ዘጠኝ በዘጠኝ Aስር በAስር 2.ሃሙስ፡የሳምንቱ፡ ሁለተኛ huletenay Aንደኛ anedneya ሰማተኛ sebateneya Aራተኛ aratenay ken newu.1. ፡ቀን፡ነው ken newu. maksegno yesamentu 2.ሰኞ፡የሳምንቱ፡ 2. Check your work with the answer key. Fill in the blanks to complete the sentences. hamus yesamentu 4. Aምስተኛ amestnya ሶስተኛ sosteneya 1.

ehud yesamentu Eሁድ፡የሳምንቱ ken newu. 12th.5. Follow along in the workbook. 14th. kedame yeamnetu 6. 20th. Listen and repeat after the speaker the ordinal numbers 11 through 20.ቅዳሜ፡የሳምንቱ፡ 7. arb yesamentu 5. 15th. ፡ቀን፡ነው ken newu. 17th. 137 137 . 11 eleven the eleventh 12 twelve the twelfth 13 thirteen the thirteenth 14 fourteen the fourteenth 15 fifteen the fifteenth 16 sixteen the sixteenth 17 seventeen the seventeenth 18 eighteen the eighteenth 19 nineteen the nineteenth 20 twenty the twentieth Asra aned Bu Asra aned Asra hulet Be Asra hulet Asra sost Be Asra sost Asra arat Be Asra arat Asra amest Be Asra amest Asra sedest Be Asra sedest Asra sebat Be asra sebat Asra sement Be asra sement Asra zetegn Be asra zetegn Haya Be hay AስራAንድ በAስራAንድ Aስራሁለት በAስራሁለት Aስራሶስት በAስራሶስት AስራAራት በAስራAራት AስራAምስት በAስራAምስት Aስራስድስት በAስራስድስት Aስራሰባት በAስራሰባት Aስራስምንት በAስራስምንት Aስራዘጠኝ በAስራዘጠኝ ሃያ በሃያ 4. 13th. 18th. 11th. 19th. 16th. Practice saying the following ordinal numbers in Amharic. ፡ቀን፡ነው ken newu.Aርብ፡የሳምንቱ፡ 6. ቀን፡ነው 3.

Listen and repeat after the speaker the ordinal numbers 21-30. meskerem tikimit hidar tahesas tir yekatit megabit miyazia ginbot sene hamle nehase pagume September October November December January February March April May June July August September (the additional month 138 138 .5. 21 twenty-one the twenty-first 22 twenty-two the twenty-second 23 twenty-three the twenty-third 24 twenty-four the twenty-fourth 25 twenty-five the twenty-fifth 26 twenty-six the twenty-sixth 27 twenty-seven the twenty-seventh 28 twenty-eight the twenty-eighth 29 twenty-nine the twenty-ninth 30 thirty the thirtieth Haya aned Be haya aned Haya hulet Be haya hulet Haya sost Be haya sost Haya arat Be haya arat Haya amest Be haya amest Haya sedest Be haya sedest Haya sebat Bu haya sebat Haya sement Bu haya sement Haya zeten Bu haya zeten Selasa Bu selasa ሃያAንድ በሃያAንድ ሃያሁለት በሃያሁለት ሃያሶስት በሃያሶስት ሃያAራት በሃያAራት ሃያAምስት በሃያAምስት ሃያስድስት በሃያስድስት ሃያሰባት በሃያሰባት ሃያስምንት በሃያስምንት ሃያዘጠኝ በሃያዘጠኝ ሰላሳ በሰላሳ 6. Listen to the names of the months and repeat after the speaker. Ethiopian Months መስከረም ጥቅምት ህዳር ታህሳስ ጥች የካቲት መጋቢት ሚያዚያ ግንቦት ሰኔ ሃምሌ ነሃሴ ፓጉሜ Begin in….

7.” The construction is the same as in English. pronounced as “she.aned she Aንድ፡ሺህ Two thousand . segno newu. Look at the picture and say the dates and days of the week in Amharic. One thousand . Model: Today is the 23rd of May. 2001. 1. Note the following names and dates of Amharic holidays. It is Tuesday. ዛሬ፡ቀኑ፡ሃያ፡ሶስት፡ጥር፡ሁለት፡ሺህ፡Aንድ፡ነው። Zare kenu haya sost tir hulet shi aned newu. 8. Christmas – the 7th of January in the European calendar 2. Timkit – the 19th of January in the European calendar 3. New Year – the 11th of September in the European calendar The word thousand is shih.hulet she ሁለት፡ሺህ Three thousand-sost she ሶስት፡ሺህ Four thousand-arat she Aራት፡ሺህ Five thousand –amest she Aምስት፡ሺህ Six thousand-sedest she ስድስት፡ሺህ Seven thousand-sebat she ሰባት፡ሺህ Eight thousand-sement she ስምንት፡ሺህ Nine thousand-zetegn she ዘጠኝ፡ሺህ Ten thousand-aser she Aስር፡ሺህ 139 139 .

1960. Read the following years in Amharic 2001. then the month. Listen as the speakers tell about their dates of birth.9. 1700. 1516 In Amharic the date is first. 2000. 1936. 1987. 2. 1. 1960. መቼ፡ነው፡የተወለድከው? Eኔ፡የተወለድኩት፡በAስራ፡Aንድ፡የካቲት፡Aስራ፡ዘተኝ፡መቶ፡ስልሳ ስድስት፡ነው። Meche newu yetweledkewu? Ene yetweledkut be asra Aned yekatit asra zetegn Meto selasa sedest newu. When were you born? I was born on the 31st of July. When saying the year (1900) nineteen hundred/ asra zetegn meto/ Aስራ፡ዘጠኝ፡መቶ Aስራ፡ዘጠኝ፡መቶ፡ህያ፡Aምስት Asra zetegn meto haya amest Aስራ፡ዘጠኝ፡መቶ Asra zetgn meto ሁለትሺ፡Aራት Hulet she arat 1925-nineteen twenty-five 1900-nineteen hundred 2004-two thousand four 10. Repeat after the speaker. መቼ፡ነው፡የተወለድከው? Eኔ፡የተወለድኩት፡በሰላሳ፡Aንድ፡መጋቢት፡Aስራ፡ዘጠ ኝ፡መቶ፡ሰላሳ ነው Meche new yetweledkewu? ene yetweledkut bu selasa aned megabit asra zetegn meto selsa newu. then the year. Listen as the speaker reads the following years. 1945. When were you born? I was born on the 11th of June. (dd/ mm/yyyy) 11. Follow along in the workbook. 140 140 .

1982. When were you born? Eኔ፡የተወለድኩት፡በAስራ፡Aምስት፡ጥቅምት፡Aሳር፡ዘጠኝ፡መቶ፡ሰማኒያ፡ሁለት፡ነው።Aንቺ/ Aነት፡መቼ፡ነው፡የተወልደከው/የተወለድሽው። Ene yetweledkut be asra amest tikimt asra zetegn meto semania hulet newu. Look at the picture below and imagine that this is your family.ametu newu. Use the model below. 1979. 12. Ask your partner when he was born. 19……newu. Eኔ፡የተወለድኩት፡በAራት፡መስክመረም፡Aስራ፡ዘጠን፡መቶ፡ሰባ፡ዘጠኝ፡ነው Ene yetweledkut be arat meskerem asra zetgn meto seba zetegn newu 13.. esu…. His name is… He is …years old. 1987. Model: A. የሄ፡የኔ፡ወንድም፡ነው፡ያሱ፡ሰም፡…. መቼ፡ነው፡የተወለድከው፡መቼ፡ነው፡የተወለድከው ? Eኔ፡የተወለድኩት፡በሃያሶስት፡መስከረም Aስራ፡ዘጠኝ፡መቶ፡ሰማኒያ፡ሰባት፡ነው Meche newu yetweledshwu? ene yetweledkut be haya sost meskerem asra zetegn meto Semania sebat newu. esu yetewledew be…. Model: This is my brother. You can use real pictures of your family. When were you born? I was born on the 23rd of January. yesu sem …newu. I was born on the 15th of February. He was born on the …of…. Use the model below. Describe each member. anchi(F) ante (M) meche newu yeteweledkewu(M) yeteweldshewu(F)? B. 19… Yehay yene wendem newu. Work in pairs or in small groups. I was born on the 4th of September.3.ነው፡Eሱ፡……Aመቱ፡ነው።Eሱ፡የተወለደው፡በ…19…ነው 141 141 .

metshaf yanebalu television Yayalu woynem ke lejoch garr yechawetalu. Yene abta seba zetegn ametu newu. Read and translate the following text into English. Yene abat yeteweledewu be haya amest nehase 1925 newo. Legoch temariwoch nachewu temhert bait yehaydalu. Esua doctor nat hakim bait newu yemtserawu. Telek baiteseb alegn. Esua yeteweledechew be 22 hamle 1926 newu. Be 1 tikimt 1996 newu yeteweledewu yene enat argetalech seba sement ametua newu. Ene ke etiopia negn.14. Telek bait wost newu yemenenorewu. Check your work with the Answer Key. Ensu ayserum. Mist. Seme Mesfin neo. hulet legoch ena yene welagoch.Yene wende lej sement ametu newu. Ene grum baitseb alegn. Yene mist selasa ametua newu.ene yemenorew Addis Abeba newu. Yeteweledechew be 11/30/70 newu. Answer the questions below. Yene sait lej be 26 mayazia 1992 newu yeteweledechewu . ስሜ፡መስፍን፡ነው።Eኔ፡Iትዮጲያዊ፡ነኝ።Eኔ፡የምኖረው፡Aዲስ፡Aበባ፡ንው።ትልቅ፡ ቤተሰብ፡Aለኝ፡ሚስት፡ሁለት፡ልጆች፡Eና፡የኔ፡ወላጆች፡ትልቅ፡ቤት፡ውስጥ፡ነው፡ይምንኖረው። የኔ፡ሚስት፡ሰላሳ፡Aመትዋ፡ነው።የተወለደችው፡በ 11/30/70 ነው።Eሷ፡ዶክተር፡ናት፡ሃኪም፡ ቤት፡ነው፡የምትሰራው።ልጆች፡ተማሪዎች፡ናቸው፡ትምህርት፡ቤት፡ይሄዳሉ። የኔ፡ሴት፡ልጅ፡በ 26 መያዚያ፡1992 ነው፡የተወለደችው።የኔ፡ስምንት፡Aመቱ፡ነው፡ በ 1 ትቅምት፡ 1992 ነው፡የተወለደችው።የኔ፡ልጅ፡ስምንት፡Aመቱዋ፡ነው፡Eሷ፡የተወ ለደችው፡በ 1 ጥቅምት፡ 1996 ነው፡የተወለደችው።የኔ፡Aያት፡Aርጅታለች፡ሰባ፡Aመትዋ ነው።Eሷ፡የተወለደችው፡በሃምሌ፡22 1926 ነው።የኔ፡Aባት፡ሰባ፡ዘጠኝ፡Aመቱ፡ነው፡የኔ፡ Aባት፡የተወለደው፡በ 25 ነሃሴ፡ 1925 ነው።Eነሱ፡Aይሰሩም፡መፀሃፍ፡ያነባሉ፡ተሌቭዝን፡ ያያሉ፡ወይንም፡ከልጆች፡ጋር፡ይጭወጫሉ።Eኔ፡ግሩም፡ቤተሰብ፡Aለኝ። 142 142 .

ወንድ፡ልጁ፡ስንት፡Aመቱ፡ነው? 7. ayatoch menn yeseralu? 143 143 .መቼ፡ነው፡የተወለዱት? 11. Mesfin cent lejoch alut? 7.ስራዋ፡ምንድን፡ነው? 4. Serawa menden newu? 5.መቼ፡ነው፡የተወለደችው? 9. mech newu yeteweldut? 12.የት፡ነው፡የምትሰራው? 5. yesait ayat cent ametachew newu? 11.መቼ፡ነው፡የተወለዱት? 13.ሴት፡ልጁ፡ስንት፡Aመቷ፡ነው? 8.ቤተ፡ሰብ፡የት፡ነው፡የሚኖሩት? 1.መስፍን፡ስንት፡ልጆች፡Aሉት? 6.mistu cent ametua newu? 3. Sait leju cent ametua newu? 9. wend leju cent ametu newu?meche newu yeteweledew? 8. meche newu yeteweledut? 14.Aያቶች፡ምን፡ይሰራሉ? 14.መቼ፡ነው፡የተወለደችው? 3 Mech newu yeteweledechewu? 4. meche newu yeteweledchewu? 10. yewend ayat cent ametachew newu? 13.1. yet newu yemetserawu? 6.የሴት፡Aያት፡ስንት፡Aመታቸው፡ነው? 10.የወንድ፡Aያት፡ስንት፡Aመታቸው፡ነው? 12.ሚስቱ፡ስንት፡Aመቱዋ፡ነው? 2 . YeMesfin baitseb yet newu yeminorut? 2.

Dates of birth are registered only in some urban areas. B. 144 144 . በመኪና፡ወይንም፡በትክሲ A. Listen to the following conversation between two people. However. Selam Debebe. በምን፡ልምጣ? B.Cultural note: Ethiopians usually do not celebrate their birthdays. Cent seait? A. be mekina woynem be taxi B. Aዳራሽ፡የት፡ነው? B. Repeat after the speakers. more and more people are celebrating their birthdays in Western style and receiving gifts. Aመሰግናለሁ፡ደበበ።ስንት፡ሰAት፡ነው? B. ምን፡ላምጣ? B. Follow along in the workbook. and many Ethiopians don't ask what day of the year they were born. but in the capital. more and more people call and make arrangements before visiting someone. A. adrash yet newu? A. Aምስት፡ወይንም፡Aምስት፡ተኩል፡ነው A. amesegnaleu Debede. ሰላም፡ደበበ፡በመስከረም፡12 ሁለት፡ሺህ፡Aምስት፡የኔ፡ሰርግ፡ነው፡Aንተና፡ቤተ፡ሰብህ፡ ተጋብዛችሁዋል። A. ምንም፡Eግዜር፡ይስጥልኝ A. B. amest woynem amest tekul. but never to ask your guest to pick up something. menem egzair yestelegn. ከመርካቶ፡ሆቴል፡ፊትለፊት፡ነው A. It is not considered impolite to drop by someone’s house without notice.. When visiting someone as a guest. Be meskerem 12 hulet she amest yene serge newu Ante ena baitseb tegabzachehal. it’s usually polite to bring something. ke merkato hotel fitlefit newu. 15. in the capital. B. menn lamta ? A. be menn lemta? A. Weddings and funerals are very big and attended by several hundreds of people.

Invite him/her to your house to celebrate a holiday. 145 145 . egzair yestelegn sele gebzaw 16.B. Give him/her directions on how to get to your house. Work with a partner. Use the dialogue above as a model. Eግዜር፡ይስጥልኝ:ስለ፡ግብዣው B.

you graduated from high school. 146 146 . 2. Invite your roommate to a Christmas party and give him/her directions on how to get there. Give the names of Ethiopian holidays and tell when they are celebrated (in Amharic).End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. you enrolled in the service. your child was born. 3. you got married. Tell in Amharic the date when: you were born.

Vocabulary List The first The second The third The fourth The fifth The sixth The seventh The eighth The ninth The tenth The eleventh The twelfth The thirteenth The fourteenth The fifteenth The sixteenth The seventeenth The eighteenth The nineteenth The twentieth The twenty-first The twenty-second The twenty-third The twenty-fourth The twenty-fifth The twenty-sixth The twenty-seventh The twenty-eighth The twenty-ninth January February March April May June July August September October November Anedna Huletna Sostna Aratena Amestna Sedetna Sebatna Sementna Zetenena Aserna Asra anedna Asra huletna Asra sostna Asra aratna Asra amestna Asra sedestna Asra sebatna Asra sementna Asra zetenenaa Hayana Haya anedna Haya huletna Haya sostena Haya aratnya Haya amestna Haya sedestna Haya sebatena Haya sementena Haya zetenena meskerem Tikimit Hidar Tahesas Tir Yekatit Megabit Mayazia Gnbot Sene Hamele Aንደኛ ሁለተኛ ሶስተኛ Aራተኛ Aምስተኛ ስድስተኛ ሰባተኛ ስምንተኛ ዘጠነኛ Aስረኛ AስራAንደኛ Aስራሁለተኛ Aስራሶስተኛ AስራAራተኛ AስራAምስተኛ Aስራስድስተኛ Aስራሰባተኛ Aስራስምንተኛ Aስራዘጠነኛ ሃያኛ ሃያAንደኛ ሃያሁለተኛ ሃያሶስተኛ ሃያAራተኛ ሃያAምስተኛ ሃያስድስተኛ ሃያሰባተኛ ሃያስምንተኛ ሃያዘጠነኛ መስከረም ጥቅምት ህዳር ታህሳስ ጥር የካቲት መጋቢት መያዚያ ግንቦት ሰኔ ሃምሌ 147 147 .

December Was born To invite Invitation Address Drive Turn right/left Come over To visit Birthday Birthday party Wedding Funeral To bring I want to invite you … Nehase Yeteweledewu Megabez Gebezya Adrasha Mendat Wede keney/gerra Nu Megobengnt Ledit Ledit beal Serge Keber Mamtat Ene legabz ነሃሴ የተወለደው መጋበዝ ግብዥ Aድራሻ መንዳት ወደ፡ቀኝ/ግራ ወደ፡Eዚኑ መጎብኘት ልደት ልደት፡በAል ሰርግ ቀብር ማምጣት Eኔ፡ልጋብዝ 148 148 .

7. Monday is the first day of the week. Eሁድ፡የሳምንቱ፡ሰባተኛ፡ ቀን፡ነው 1. erob yesamentu _sostenay ken neo.Aርብ፡የሳምንቱ፡Aምስተኛ፡ቀን፡ነው 6. I live in Addis Ababa. When was she born? 12. How old is the grandmother? 11. How old is the daughter? 9. maksegno yesamentu huletenya ken neo. I live with my wife. How many children do they have? 7. 1. kedame yeamnetu sedestenya ken neo.Eሮብ፡የሳምንቱ፡ሶስተኛ፡ቀን፡ነው 4. Where does she work? 6. Compare your answers with the translation. ehud yesamentu sebatenya ken neo. 3. How old is the wife? 3.ሃሙስ፡የሳምንቱ፡Aራተኛ፡ቀን፡ነው 5. segno yesamentu anedenya ken neo. 6. 3. Thursday is the fourth day of the week. hamus yesamentu aratenay ken neo. What is her occupation? 5. Friday is the fifth day of the week. When was he born? 14. I have a big family. Sunday is the seventh day of the week. 4. We live in a big house. What do the grandparents do? My name is Mesfin. Wednesday is the third day of the week. 2. 6. How old is the son? When was he born? 8.ማክሰኞ፡የሳምንቱ፡ሁለተኛ፡ቀን፡ነው 3. two children and my parents. 1. How old is the grandfather? 13. Where does the family live? 2. 4. Tuesday is the second day of the week. When was she born? 4.Answer Key 2. Did your understand the questions? 1. My wife is 30 years 149 149 .ቅዳሜ፡የሳምንቱ፡ሰድስተኛ፡ቀን፡ነው 7.ሰኞ፡የሳምንቱ፡Aራተኛ፡ቀን፡ነው 2. arb yesamentu amestenya ken neo. 2. When was she born? 10. 5. 5. 14. I am from Ethiopia. Saturday is the sixth day of the week.

1926 12. She was born on 22 June 1926. and play with the grandchildren 150 150 . 78 11. Hospital 6. My mother is old she is seventy eight years old. Read books. they read books. She was born on 11/30/70. She is a doctor and works in a hospital. 1992 10. My children are students they go to school. June 22. They do not work. Addis Ababa.old. My son is eight years old. Ethiopia 2. watch television and play with the children. He was born on February 1 1996. 1925 14. 30 3. Doctor 5. April 26. 79 13. 8 years old. 12 years old 9. November 23. 1. 2 7. I have a wonderful family. February 1. 1996 8. watch television. My father is seventy nine years old he was born on 25 July 1925. My daughter was born on 26 April 1992. 1970 4. July 25.

The painting is also made on cowhide. which is a woven basket table used for traditional lunch and dinner. 151 151 . The picture above shows a mesob. etc. The chairs and side tables are hand-carved wood and the chair cover is made of cowhide.Lesson 10 Bait wost ቤት፡ውስጥ Around the House This lesson will introduce you to: .0 JUNE 2007 Most modern homes in Ethiopia have furniture and room settings similar to those in the West. hand-woven baskets for storage. in rural homes and even in cities.) VALIDATION COPY 1. However. The food is served on a large round tray. furniture. animal hides for carpets and pottery for water.Basic vocabulary related to the home (types of rooms. pots and pans). one can find authentic articles for the home (wood carved chairs and tables. The top is removed when the tray arrives and it is kept on the side.

meder bait ምድር፡ቤት 11. C. K. Match the Amharic words in the left column with their English equivalents in the right column. salon ሳሎን 9. E. B. 1. Basement Yard Garage Living room Bathroom Kitchen Bedroom Door Dining room Floor Office Window 152 152 . wet bait(cuchina) ወጥ፡ቤት/ኩቺና A. F. Bathroom Bedroom Dining room Door Floor Window Garage Roof Antenna Office Basement Yard Kitchen Living room One-story Two-story First floor Second floor Metatebia bait Megneta bait Megeb bait Berr Merate Meskot Garage Tarra Antennae Office (biro) Meder bait Gebi Cuchina (wet bait) Salon Aned fok Hulet fok Anedegna fok Huletegna fok መታጠቢያ፡ቤት መኝታ፡ቤት ምግብ፡ቤት በር መሬት መስኮት ጋራዥ ጣራ Aንቴና ኣፊስ/ቢሮ ምድር፡ቤት ግቢ ኩቺና/ወጥ፡ቤት ሳሎን Aንድ፡ፎቅ ሁለት፡ፎቅ Aንደኛ፡ፎቅ ሁለተኛ፡ፎቅ 2. J. gebi/ ግቢ 12. Check the answer key. metaebia bait መታጠቢያ፡ቤት 2. Garage ጋራዥ 8. megeb bait ምግብ፡ቤት 4. G. Listen to the vocabulary below and repeat after the speaker. D. I. merate መሬት 6. megneta bait መኝታ፡ቤት 3. H. meskot መስኮት 7. L.1. Office Oፊስ 10. berr በር 5.

Metatebia bait yet newu? ምታጠቢያ፡ቤት፡የት፡ነው? Wet bait yet newu? ወጥ፡ቤት፡የት፡ነው? Megnta bait yet newu? መኝታ፡ቤት፡የት፡ነው? Enante megeb bait alachewu? Eናንተ፡ምግብ፡ቤት፡Aላችሁ? Enanta garage alachewu? Eናንተ፡ጋራዥ፡Aላችሁ? Enante cent megnta bait alachew? Eናንተ፡ጋራዥ፡Aላችሁ? Enante meder bait alachewu? Eናንተ፡ምደር፡ቤት፡Aላችሁ? 1. Wet bait anedegna fok newu. D. tarra lie megneta bait መኝታ፡ቤት antennae Aንቴና Aለ።. Complete the following sentences by filling in the blanks from the list of words written in the box below. Aለ። ale. gebi ግቢ wet bait ወጥ፡ቤት salon ena megeb bait ሳሎን፡Eና፡ምግ፡ቤት 2. ወጥ፡ቤት፡Aንደኛ፡ፎቅ፡ነው 6. Oፊስ፡Eና፡መታጠቢያ፡ቤት፡መካከለኛ 2. መታጠቢያ፡ቤት፡መኝታ፡ቤት፡Aጠገብ፡ነው 7. A B. Metatebia bait megnta bait ategeb newu. ቤት፡ፊት፡ለፊት 3. Work in pairs or in small groups. Auo egna sost megnta bait alen Aዎ፡Eኛ፡ሶስት፡መኝታ፡ቤት፡Aለን 5. garage ጋራዥ 1.3. F. Check your work with the answer key. bait fitlefit 4. Oewo tenish garage alen Aዎ፡ትንሽ፡ጋራዥ፡Aለን 2. Aለ ale መካከል፡ነው mekakel neo. ጣራ፡ላይ 1. wet bait 4. G. E. Check your work with the answer key. Auo telek meder bait alen Aዎ፡ትልቅ፡ምድር፡ቤት፡Aለን 4. C. Match the following questions with the correct answers. ወጥ፡ቤት 4. I egna megeb bait yelenem Aይ፡Eኛ፡መግብ፡ቤት፡የለንም 153 153 . ale. Draw a plan of your house and tell your partner in Amharic the types of rooms you have and where they are located. 5. office ena metatebia bait mekakel 3. Megnta bait salon ategeb newu መኝታ፡ቤት፡ሳሎን፡Aጠገብ፡ነው 3.

Eኔ፡ግራውንድ፡ፕላስ፡ዋን፡መግዛት፡ፈል ሁ ene ground plus one megzat efelegalewu. How many beds do you have? –cent alga aleh? How much sugar do you want? –cent sekuar? Or: cent mankia sekuar? How many teaspoons of sugar? Model: A. Pretend that you want to buy a house. 7. ግሩም፡ትልቅ፡መታጠቢያ፡Aለው gerume telek metatebia bait alewu. Aዎ፡Aለው Oewo alewu. B. ገበያው፡Aጠገብ፡ጥሩ፡ትንሽ፡ቤት፡Aለ gebeyaw ategeb teru tenish bait ale. Familiarize yourself with these terms for furniture and furnishings. Work in pairs or in small groups. A. Aንድ፡መኝታ፡ቤት፡Aለው aned megnta bait alewu. genda or bagno ገንዳ/ባኞ alga Aልጋ metsehaf mederderia መፀሃፍ፡መደርደሪያ wenber ወንበር kum saten ቁም፡ሳጥን terebaiza ጠረቤዛ frige ፍርጅ mesabia መሳቢያ yeterbaiza mebrat የጠረቤዛ፡መብራት microwave ምይክሮዌቭ 154 154 . ወጥ፡ቤት፡Aለው? wet bait alewu? B. Listen and repeat after the speaker. A. “cent” means how many and how much. ስንት፡መኝታ፡ቤት፡Aለው? cent megnta bait alewu? B. In Amharic.6. ስንት፡መታጠቢያ፡ቤት፡Aለው? cent metatebia bait alewu? B. Make up a dialogue using the model below. Your classmate is a real estate agent. A.

1. Wet bait Megeb bait salon Megneta bait Metatebia bait 9.ene wet bait wost yelectric medega ale.anet (M) anchi(F) wet bait menne aleh(M) alesh(F)? .radio ራዲዮ mentaf ምንጣፍ yeka matebia የቃ፡ማጠቢያ sofa ሶፋ yelectric medega የኤሌትሪክ፡ምድጃ silk ስልክ television ቴሌቭዥን toaster ቶስተር shint bait ሽንት፡ቤት 8. Under each room. list the furniture and furnishings (from the list above) that you would expect to find there. Using the chart above. ask each other questions about the furniture in your rooms. Below is a chart with rooms you would find in a typical home. Some items will be used more than once. Aንተ/Aንቺ፡ወጥ፡ቤት፡ምን፡Aለህ/Aለሽ? Eኔ፡ወጥ፡ቤት፡ውስጥ፡የኤሌትሪክ፡ምድጃ፡Aለ 2. ante (M ) anchi (F) megeb bait menne aleh(M) alesh(F)? – ene megeb bait wost terebaiza ale Aንተ/Aንቺ፡ምግብ፡ቤት፡ምን፡Aለህ/Aለሽ? Eኔ፡ምግብ፡ቤት፡ውስጥ፡ጠረቤዛ፡Aለ 155 155 .

Ene ke mist ena ke hulet legoch garr Mekele newu yeminorewu. aned le hulet wend lejoch. and who sleeps in which bedroom? E. Engna Megeb bait yelenem . What does the family do in the evening after dinner? 156 156 . Where do they eat their meals? H. Hulet megnta bait huletegna fok lie newu. ena aned megnta bait anedgna fok lie newu. yeka matebia ena frige alen. Yene abat ke egna garr newu yeminorew. የኔ፡ስም፡ሃጎስ፡ሃይለ፡ማሪያም፡ነው።Eኔ፡ከሚስት፡Eና፡ከሁለት፡ልጆቼ፡ጋር፡መቀሌ፡ነው፡የምኖረው፡ የኛ፡ቤት፡ሁለት፡ፎቅ፡Aለው።የኔ፡Aባት፡ከኔ፡ጋር፡ነው፡የሚኖረው።የኛ፡ቤት፡ሶስት፡መኝታ፡ቤት፡ Aለው።Aንድ፡ለEኔ፡Eና፡ለሚስቴ፡Aንድ፡ለሁለት፡ወንድ፡ልጆቼ፡Eና፡Aንድ፡ለEኔ፡Aባት። ሁለት፡መንታ፡ቤት፡ሁለተኛ፡ፎቅ፡ልይ፡ነው፡Eና፡Aንድ፡መኝታ፡ቤት፡Aንደኛ፡ፍቅ፡ላይ፡ነው። Eኛ፡ሁለት፡መታጠቢያ፡ቤት፡Aለን፡Eኛ፡ሰፊ፡ወጥ፡ቤት፡ከኤሌትሪክ፡ምድጃ፡የEቃ፡ማጠቢያ፡ Eና፡ፍርጅ፡Aለን።ቤት፡ውስጥ፡ትልቅ፡ጠረቤዛ፡ምግብ፡የምንበላበት፡ Aለ።Eኛ፡ምግብ፡ቤት፡ የለንም።ሳሎን፡ውስጥ፡ሶፋ፡ጠረቤዛ፡ሁለት፡ወንበር፡Eና፡ትንሽ፡ቴሌቭዝን፡Aለ።ማታ፡ከራት፡ በሁዋላ፡የነ፡ቤተሰብ፡Eና፡Eኔ፡ቴሌቭዥን፡Eናያለን። Yene sem Hagos Haile mariam newu. How many bedrooms are on the first floor? F.terebaiza . salon wost sofa .10. ena aned le ene abat. Engna sefi wet bait ke yelectric medega . and then answer questions about the passage. Wet bait wost telek terebaiza megeb yemenbelabet ale. Is the house one-story or two-story? D.hulet wenber ena tenish television ale. Mata ke rat behula yene baiteseb ena ene television enayalen. Where does the family live? B. Listen and read along as a speaker talks about his home. How many bedrooms are there. A. Yegna bait hulet fok alewu. How many people live in the house? C. How many bathrooms are there in the house? G. engan hulet metatebia bait alen. Yegna bait sost megneta bait alewu: aned le ene ena le mist .

bedroom lamp toilet sofa carpet chair first floor garage bathroom oven bathtub chair floor dresser second floor basement living room stove sink bed window radio one-story roof 2. 3. 7. Check your work with the answer key. 5. to the following questions. 2. 1. in Amharic. 6. መታጠቢያ፡ቤት፡የት፡ነው? ወጥ፡ቤት፡የት፡ነው? ስንት፡መኝታ፡ቤት፡Aላችሁ? ስልክ፡የት፡ነው? ቴሌቭዥን፡የት፡ነው? ራት፡መቼ፡ትበላለህ? መቼ፡ትነሳለህ? ስንት፡ሰAት፡ነው፡ስራ፡የምትሄደው? Metatebia bait yet newu? Wet bait yet newu? Cent megnta bait alachewu? Silk yet newu? Television miet echelalewu? Rat meche tebelalh? Meche tenesaleh teuat? Cent siat newu sera yemetehaydewu? 157 157 . 4. 8. Give him/her answers. Listen to the speaker and circle the terms that you hear. You have a guest in your home.End-of-Lesson Tasks 1.

Vocabulary List Basement Bathroom Bathtub Bed Bedroom Bookcase Chair Closet Table Dining room Door Dresser Floor Garage Kitchen Lamp Living room Microwave oven One-story Oven Radio Carpet Second floor Sink Sofa/couch Stove Television Toaster Toilet Two-story Window Meder bait Metatebiya bait Bagno Alega Megneta bait Metsehaf mederderia Wenber Kume saten Terbaiza Megeb bait Berr Mesabia Merate Garage Cuchina (wet bait) Yeterbaiza mebrat Salon Mirowave Aned fok(ground plus one) Electric medega(yegas medega) Radio Mentaf Huletegna fok Yeka matebia Sofa Electiric megeg Television Toaster Shint bait Huletegna fok Meskot ምድር፡ቤት መታጠቢያ፡ቤት ኝኞ Aልጋ መኝታ፡ቤት መፀሃፍ፡መደርደሪያ ወንበር ቁም፡ሳጥን ጠረቤዛ ምግብ፡ቤት በር መሳቢያ መሬት ጋራዥ ኩቺና የጠረቤዛ፡መብራት ሳሎን ማይክሮዌቭ Aንድፎቅ/ግራውንድፕላስዋን የኤሌትሪክ፡ምድጃ/የጋዝ፡ምድጃ ራዲዮ ምንጣፍ ሁለተኛ፡ፎቅ የቃ፡ማጠቢያ ሶፋ ኤሌትሪክ፡ምድጃ ቴሌቭዥን ቶስተር ሽንት፡ቤት ሁለተኛ፡ፎቅ መስኮት 158 158 .

C 8.Answer Key 2. ወጥ፡ቤት ሳሎን፡Eና፡ምግብ፡ቤት፡ 4. wet bait salon ena _megeb bait 1. we have a big basement. Where is the bedroom? . E 2. Yes. Aለ። ale. L 7. Oፊስ፡Eና፡መታጠቢያ፡ቤት፡መካከለኛ 2. J 6. B 12. F 3. Auo tenish garage alen Aዎ፡ትንሽ፡ጋራዥ፡Aለን 2. tarra lie Aንቴና antenna Aለ።. 1. 1. There is a _bedroom between the office and the bathroom. A 11. The bedroom is next to the living room. Yes. 2. There is a kitchen between _the living room and dining room 5. There is a garage in front of the house. G 3. 2. ale. There is a/an antenna_on the roof. 159 159 . _መኝታ፡ቤት፡ megnta bait Aለ ale መካከል፡ነው mekakel neo. office ena metatebia bait mekakel 3. A=6 B=5 C=2 D=7 E=1 F=4 G=3 A Where is the bathroom? Metatebia bait yet neo? ምታጠቢያ፡ቤት፡የት፡ነው? B. 3. K 10. H 5. D 9. ቤት፡ፊት፡ለፊት 3. I 4. bait fitlefit _garage ጋራዥ 4. 4. ጣራ፡ላይ 1. Where is the kitchen? Wet bait yet neo? ወጥ፡ቤት፡የት፡ነው? C. we have a small garage. Megnta bait salon ategeb neo መኝታ፡ቤት፡ሳሎን፡Aጠገብ፡ነው 3. 1.

The kitchen is on the first floor. In the evening after dinner. and one for my father. The house has 3 bedrooms: one for my wife and I.Where does the family live? Mekele. How many bedrooms are on the first floor? Who sleeps there? One. Auo egna sost megnta bait alen Aዎ፡Eኛ፡ሶስት፡መኝታ፡ቤት፡Aለን 5. ወጥ፡ቤት፡Aንደኛ፡ፎቅ፡ነው 6. E. husband and wife. How many people live in the house?Five. one for our two sons. bathroom Metatebia biat 2. We have three bedrooms. Auo telek meder bait alen Aዎ፡ትልቅ፡ምድር፡ቤት፡Aለን 4. F. and one bedroom is on the first floor. The bathroom is next to the bedroom. B.Megnta bait yet neo? መኝታ፡ቤት፡የት፡ነው? D. D. Do you have a basement? Enante meder bait alachew? Eናንተ፡ምደር፡ቤት፡Aላችሁ? 10. H. lamp Yeterebaiza mebrat 3. End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Metatebia bait megnta bait ategeb neo. In the kitchen there is a large table where we eat. two chairs. We have a small two-story house. and a small television. window Meskot 6. Wet bait anedegna fok neo. a table. sink Yeka matebia 4. How many bathrooms are there in the house? Two. 1. No. I live with my wife and two children in Mekele. Do you have a garage? Enanta garage alachew? Eናንተ፡ጋራዥ፡Aላችሁ? F. first floor Enegegna fok 8. C. Do you have a dining room? Enante megeb bait alachew? Eናንተ፡ምግብ፡ቤት፡Aላችሁ? E. Where do they eat their meals? In the kitchen. We have a large kitchen with a stove. roof tarra መታጠቢያ፡ቤት የጠረቤዛ፡መብራት የቃ፡ማጠቢያ Aልጋ መስኮት ራዲዮ Aንደኛ፡ፎቅ ጣራ 160 160 . A. we don’t have a dining room. oven. G. We have two bathrooms. bed Alga 5. Two bedrooms are on the second floor. Is the house one story or two story? Two-story. መታጠቢያ፡ቤት፡መኝታ፡ቤት፡Aጠገብ፡ነው 7. my family and I watch TV. sink and refrigerator. We do not have a dining room. I egna megeb bait yelenem Aይ፡Eኛ፡መግብ፡ቤት፡የለንም My name is Hagos Haile Mariam. My father lives with us. Our living room has a sofa. How many bedrooms do you have? Enante cent megnta bait alachew? Eናንተ፡ጋራዥ፡Aላችሁ? G. radio Radio 7. How many bedrooms are there? Three. What does the family do in the evening after dinner? Watch television.

0 JUNE 2007 1.How to understand the weather report . Rain/zenab ዝናብ Sun/sehigh ፀሀይ Wind/nefas ነፋስ Snow/burredo በረዶ Fog/chegag ጭጋግ Clouds/gumme ጉም 161 161 .How to discuss the weather and climate in Amharic.Lesson 11 የAየር፡ሁኔታ፡Eና፡ወቅት ye ayer huneta ena weket Weather and Seasons This lesson will introduce you to: . seasons.Vocabulary related to weather. VALIDATION COPY 1. Listen to the weather terms as they are read aloud. and climate . Repeat the weather terms after the speaker.How to ask for and give temperatures .

Review the terms if you need help. The four season terms do not exist.2. Repeat after the speaker. 162 162 . rain sun fog snow clouds wind 3. rain sun fog snow clouds wind 2. Check the answer key. Temperature Fahrenheit/Celsius Weather Weather forecast Weather report Clear Overcast Windy Cold Low temperature Freezing Warm High temperature Hot Dry Sunny Rainy temperature Fahrenheit/Celsius ayear ye ayear tembia ye ayear zegeba nesuhe semi demena nefas kezkaza (berd)* zeketegna tempreture werch muket kefetegna temperature katelo derek sehigh zenab ቴምፕሪቸር ፌረንሀይት/ሴልሲየስ Aየር የAየር፡ጣቢያ የAየር፡ዘገባ ንፁህ፡ሰማይ ደመና ንፋስ ቀዝቃዛ ዝቅተኛ፡ቴምፕሬቸር ውርጭ ሙቀት ከፍተኛ፡ቴምፕሬቸር ቃጠሎ ደረቅ ፀሀይ ዝናብ *Ethiopia has only two seasons: rainy (kiremt) and warm (begga). Familiarize yourself with the following terms related to the weather. What do you hear? Circle the terms you hear spoken by the native speaker. 1. Pause the recording as many times as you need to. rain sun fog snow clouds wind 4. Nefas Sehigh Zenab Buredo ነፋስ ፀሃይ ዝናብ በረዶ 3. Match the pictures with the correct weather term.

The warm season is called begga with an average temperature of 60 degrees F.It’s windy and rainy. There are three ways of distinguishing the climate in Ethiopia: dega.How is the weather in April? .How is the weather in July? . Ayearu indate newu be tahsas? Kezkaza ena buredo newu Ayearu indate newu be miazia? Muket ena nesuhe semy newu. There is also a bit of light rain in March and April. . most people do not discuss the weather unless it is unusually hot or cold.damena ena zenab newu. Repeat them after the speaker.The difference between kezkaza and berd: kezkaza – mostly freezing. ዛሬ፡Aየሩ፡Eንዴት፡ነው? ደመና፡Eና፡ዝናብ፡ነው 2. near Sudan. The seasons are all the same in all the three areas of the country.temperature cent newu? 22 degrees Celsius neu! betam muket ena nesuhe semi newu. the cold areas like the highlands which can be freezing. and kola is the very hot areas. the central plateau has a temperate climate and only in the east towards Red Sea. Ayearu indate newu be tekimt? Nefas ena zenab newu Aየሩ፡Eንዴት፡ነው፡በታህሳስ? ቀዝቃዛ፡Eና፡በረዶ፡ነው Aየሩ፡Eንዴት፡ነው፡በሚያዚያ? ሙቀት፡Eና፡ንጹህ፡ሰማይ፡ነው Aየሩ፡Eንዴት፡ነው፡በሃምሌ? ፀሃይ፡Eና፡ሙቀት፡ነው Aየሩ፡Eንዴት፡ነው፡በጥቅምት? ነፋስ፡Eና፡ዝናብ፡ነው 6. Ayearu indate newu be hamle? Sehigh ena muket newu. It is a saying that Ethiopia has 13 months of sunshine.How is the weather in December? . . 5.It’s sunny and hot. 1. and in the west. ቴምፕሬችሩ፡ስንት፡ነው? 22 ዲግሪ፡ሴልሲየስ፡ነው!በጣም፡ሙቀት፡Eና፡ንጹህ፡ፀሀይ፡ነው 163 163 . Although Ethiopia is relatively close to the equator. with temperatures in Addis Ababa averaging around 20 degrees Celsius or 68 degrees Fahrenheit no matter what season it is.It’s cold and snowy. The rainy season is very important since that is the time of harvest in Ethiopia. Listen to the questions and responses about the weather. berd – mostly cold or cool. does it get very hot. or the rainy season is late or early.How is the weather in October? . wayen adega is warm and cool areas. . It is very pleasant all year round. Read the following short dialogues on weather and match each one to a picture below.It’s warm and clear. Also. because the weather is always pleasant and predictable with only two seasons. . The rainy season (kiremt) is from mid-June to mid-September.zare ayearu indate newu? .

2. How is the weather in June? It’s rainy. How is the weather in May? It’s sunny.sehigh newu? . Check your work with the answer key. How is the weather? It’s cold. Eዛ፡Aየሩ፡Eንዴት፡ነው? በረዶ፡Eና፡ውርጭ፡ነው 4. 1. How is the weather? It’s clear. 5. How is the weather? It’s very hot.eza ayearu indate newu? . chegag ena kezkaza newu. 4.3. 164 164 . 3. ፀሀይ፡ነው? Aይ፡ጭጋግ፡Eና፡ቀዝቃዛ፡ነው A# B# C# D# 7.i. Translate the dialogues below into Amharic.buredo ena werch newu.

boston be tahsase buredo yelem Aይ፡ቦስተን፡በታህሳስ፡በረዶ፡የለም 1) Seattle/ muket/ bu/ ale/ sehigh/ hamle/auo/ale ሲያትልም/ሙቀት/በ/Aለ/ፀሃይ/ሃምሌ/Aዎ/Aለ 2) Addis Abeba/ale/bu/nefas/ena/hidar/berds/ I / ale /sehigh/ale Aዲስ፡Aበባ/Aለ/በ/ነፋስ/Eና/ህዳር/በርድ/Aይ/Aለ/ፀሃይ/Aለ 3) megbit/ bu/ muket/ ale/ auo/ / ale/ Portland መጋቢት/በ/ሙቀት/Aለ/Aዎ/Aለ/ፖርትላንድ 9. B. Check your work with the answer key. Mark the statement that you hear. Aየሩ፡በመስከረም፡ ፀሃይ፡ነው ayearu bu meskerm sehigh newu . 1. በጋ፡ቀዝቃሃ፡ነው?Aይ፡ሙቀት፡Eና፡ፀሃይ፡ነው begga kezkaza newu? I muket ena sehigh newu. 165 165 . 2. 3. ዛሬ፡ቴምፕሬቸሩ፡ምንድን፡ነው? 22 ዲግሪስ፡ነው zare temperaturu menden newu? 22 degrees newu. C. A. Aየሩ፡በመስከረም፡ዝናብ፡Eና፡ሙቀት፡ነው ayeauru bu meskerm zenab ena muket newu C. በጋ፡ዝናብ፡Aለ?Aይ፡ሙቀት፡Eና፡ፀሃይ፡ነው begga zenab ale? I muket ena sehigh newu. C. Aየሩ፡በመስከረም፡ጭጋግ፡Eና፡ብርድ፡ነው ayearu bu meskerm chegage ena berd newu.8. A. B. Work with a partner. Model: bu/ Boston/ale/ tahsase/ zenab/buredo በ/ቦስተን/Aለ/ታህሳስ/ዝናብ/በረዶ Student 1: Boston be tahsase zenab ale? ቦስተን፡በታህሳስ፡ዝናብ፡Aለ? Student 2: I . Listen to the speaker. በጋ፡ነፋስ፡Aለ?Aይ፡ሙቀት፡Eና፡ፀሃይ፡ነው begga nefas ale? I muket ena sehigh newu. Put the given words into correct order so that you can ask a question and give an answer about the weather in different places. ዛሬ፡ቴምፕሬቸሩ፡ምንድን፡ነው ? 22 ዲግሪ፡ሴልሲየስ፡ነው zare emperature menden newu? 22 degrees Celsius newu. B. A. ዛሬ፡ቴምፕሬቸሩ፡ምንድን፡ነው? 22 ዲግሪስ፡ፌረን፡ሃይት፡ነው zare emperature meneden newu? 22 degrees Fahrenheit newu.

Familiarize yourself with the following terms related to weather and natural disasters. 5. የነገ፡የAየር፡ተምቢይ፡ምንድን፡ነው? ደመና፡Eና፡ብርድ፡ነው ye negge ayear tembia menden newu? Demean ena berd newu. B. በጋ፡ሙቀት፡Eና፡ዝናብ፡ነው? ክረምት፡ቀዝቃዛ፡Eና፡በረዶ፡ነው begga muket ena zenab newu. Lightning mebrek መብረቅ Thunderstorm negodguad ነጎድጉዋድ Tornado aulo nefas Aውሎ፡ነፋስ Hurricane maebel መAበል Flood gorf ጎርፍ 166 166 . Kiremt kezkaza ena buredo newu. የነገ፡Aየር፡ሁኔታ፡ምንድን፡ነው? ፀሃይ፡Eና፡ብርድ፡ነው ye negge ayear huneta menden newu? Sehigh ena berd newu.4. Kiremt kezkaza ena buredo newu. በጋ፡ሙቀት፡Eና፡ፀሃይ፡ነው? ክረምት፡ቀዝቃዛ፡Eና፡በረዶ፡ነው begga muket ena sehigh newu. A. Kiremt kezkaza ena beredo newu. C. 10. C. A. በጋ፡ሙቀት፡Eና፡ደረቅ፡ነው? ክረምት፡ቀዝቃዛ፡Eና፡በረዶ፡ነው begga muket ena derek newu. B. የነገ፡የAየር፡ተምቢያ፡ምንድን፡ነው? ደመና፡Eና፡ብርድ፡ነው ye nege ayear tembia menden newu? Demean ena berd newu.

Check the answer key. flood lightning tornado hurricane thunderstorm 2. Check your work with the answer key. 1. Aይ፡ጎርፍ፡ነው 167 167 Mebrek newu? መብረቅ፡ነው? I maebel newu. Answer the questions. What do you hear? Circle the term you hear spoken by the native speaker. flood lightning tornado hurricane thunderstorm negodguad ነጎድጉዋድ meabel መAበል aulo nefas Aውሎ፡ነፋስ gorf ጎርፍ mebrek መብረቅ 12. flood lightning tornado hurricane thunderstorm 3. . Aይ፡መAበል፡ነው .negodguad newu? ነጎድጉዋድ፡ነው? I mebrek newu Aይ፡መብረቅ፡ነው Gorf newu? ጎርፍ፡ነው? I aulo nefas newu Aይ፡Aውሎ፡ንፋስ፡ነው Maebel newu? መAበል፡ነው? I negodguad newu Aይ፡ነጎድጉዋድ፡ነው Aulo nefas newu? Aውሎ፡ንፋስ፡ነው? I gorf newu.11.

Play Weather Report City 1. fill in the chart below with the weather and temperature for each city. Pause or replay the audio if needed. 2.End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. zare sehigh bu kefetegna 26 degrees Celsius bu ken ena zenab Bu mata zeketagna 18 degrees Celsius neo. Tena yestelegn endemen ameshachew. yehay ye ayear zegeba ke axum le sene asra hulet she arat neo. Listen to another weather report and answer the questions below. 3. Check your work with the answer key. In English. ጤና፡ይስጥልኝ፡Eንደምን፡Aመሻችሁ።ይሄ፡የAየር፡ዘገባ፡ከAክሱም፡ለሰኔ፡Aስራ፡ሁለት፡ ሺህ፡Aራት፡ነው።ዛሬ፡ፀሃይ፡በከፍተኛ፡26 ዲግሪ፡ሴልሲየስ፡ቡቀን፡Eና፡ዝናብ፡በማታ፡ ዝቅተኛ፡18 ዲግሪ፡ሴልሲየስ፡ነው። 168 168 . 4. Check your work with the answer key. Weather Temperature 2. Listen to the following weather report for different cities in Amharic.

compose a story to match the pictures. Working in pairs or small groups. 169 169 . the name of the month. the type of weather it seems to be. describe the pictures. etc. Using the vocabulary you’ve learned in this lesson.For what city is this weather report? For what date is this weather report? What will be the high and low temperatures for the day? Is rain expected? Is wind mentioned? 3. Include the season of the year.

Vocabulary List Weather Weather forecast Weather report Rain Sun Wind Snow Fog Lightning Thunderstorm Tornado Hurricane clouds Rainy Sunny Cloudy Freezing Clear Temperature: Fahrenheit/Celsius Hot Cold Warm Dry Overcast Windy High Low year ye ayear tembia Ye ayear zegeba Zenab Sehigh Nefas Buredo Chegage mebrek Negodguad Aulo nefas Ye meabel demena Zenabama Sehighama Demean werch Nesuhe semi Temperature: Fahrenheit/Celsius Muket (katelo) Kezkaza Muket Derek Demean Nefas Kefetegna Zeketegan Aየር የAየር፡ጣቢያ የAየር፡ዘገባ ዝናብ ፀሃይ ንፋስ በረዶ ጭጋግ መብረቅ ነጎድጉዋድ AUሎ፡ነፋስ የመAበል፡ደመና ዝናባማ ፀሀያማ ደመና ውርጭ ንፁህ፡ሰማይ ቴምፕቸር ፌረንሃይት/ሴልሲየስ ሙቀት/ቃጠሎ ቀዝቃዛ ሙቀት ደረቅ ደመና ነፋስ ከፍተኛ ዝቅተኛ 170 170 .

C What is the temperature? It is 22 degrees Celsius! It is very warm and clear. 1. D How is the weather there? It’s snowing and below freezing.Answer Key 3. 2. 7. 1-Aየሩ፡ግንቦት፡Eንዴት፡ነው? -Aየሩ፡ፀሃይ፡ነው 2Aየሩ፡በሰኔ፡Eንዴት፡ነው? -Aየሩ፡ዝናብ፡ነው 3-Aየሩ፡Eንዴት፡ነው? በጣም፡ሙቀት፡ነው 4-Aየሩ፡Eንዴት፡ነው? -Aየሩ፡ብርድ፡ነው 5Aየሩው፡Eንዴት፡ነው? -Aየሩ፡ንፁህ፡ነው 8. 1. 1. it’s foggy and cold.ፖርትላንድ፡ሙቀት፡በመጋቢት፡Aለ? Aዎ፡Aለ Seattle muket behamle ale? Auo sehigh ale Addis abeba nefas ena berd behdar ale? I sehigh ale Portland muket bemegabit ale? Auo ale Ayearu bu genbot endate newu? Eyearu sehigh newu Ayearu be senie endate newu? Ayearu zenab newu? Ayearu endate newu? Betam muket newu Ayearu endate newu? Ayearu berd newu Ayearu endate newu? Ayearu nesuhe newu 171 171 .Aዲስ፡Aበባ፡ነፋስ፡Eና፡ብርድ፡በህዳር፡Aለ? Aይ፡ፀሃይ፡Aለ 3. rain zenab/ዝናብ 2. clouds gumme/ጉም 6. 4.ሲያትል፡ሙቀት፡በሃምሌ፡Aለ? Aዎ፡ፀሃይ፡Aለ 2. A Is it sunny? No. wind nefas /ነፋስ 3. 3. B How is the weather today? It is overcast and raining.

lightning mebrek መብረቅ 3. ዛሬ፡ቴምፕሬቸሩ፡ምንድን፡ነው? 22 ዲግሪስ፡ፌረን፡ሃይት፡ነው zare temperaturu meneden newu? 22 degrees Fahrenheit newu. it’s lightning.Is it a tornado? Aul o nefas neo? Aውሎ፡ንፋስ፡ነው? .9. Aየሩ፡በመስከረም፡ ፀሃይ፡ነው ayearu bu meskerm sehigh newu . it’s a flood I gorf neo.Is it a thunderstorm? . I mebrek neo Aይ፡መብረቅ፡ነው . . Aይ፡መAበል፡ነው 172 172 . kiremt kezkaza ena buredo newu. I maebel neo.negodguad neo? ነጎድጉዋድ፡ነው? . it’s a hurricane. Aይ፡ጎርፍ፡ነው . የነገ፡የAየር፡ተምቢይ፡ምንድን፡ነው? ደመና፡Eና፡ብርድ፡ነው ye negge ayear tembia menden newu? demean ena berd newu. በጋ፡ነፋስ፡Aለ?Aይ፡ሙቀት፡Eና፡ፀሃይ፡ነው begga nefas ale? i muket ena sehigh newu. 5. 1. በጋ፡ሙቀት፡Eና፡ደረቅ፡ነው? ክረምት፡ቀዝቃዛ፡Eና፡በረዶ፡ነው begga muket ena derek newu.. A. 3.Is it a flood? Gorf neo? ጎርፍ፡ነው? No. 11. B. 1. C. hurricane meabel መAበል 12.Is it lightning? Mebrek neo? መብረቅ፡ነው? . B. it’s a thunderstorm I negodguad neo Aይ፡ነጎድጉዋድ፡ነው . thunderstorm negodguad ነጎድጉዋድ 2. A. 2. 4.No.No.No. it’s a tornado.No.Is it a hurricane? Maebel neo? መAበል፡ነው? . I aulo nefas neo Aይ፡Aውሎ፡ንፋስ፡ነው .

good evening. In Jigiga to the east it will be very hot with the temperature of 38 degrees Celsius in the day and 25 degrees at night. 2. Today it is a sunny day with a high of 26 degrees Celsius and a rainy low of 18 degrees Celsius at night. zare sehigh bu kefetegna 26 degrees Celsius bu ken ena zenab Bu mata zeketagna 18 degrees Celsius neo. 173 173 . This is the weather report from Axum for July 10th 2004.End of Lesson Tasks 1. ጤና፡ይስጥልኝ፡Eንደምን፡Aመሻችሁ።ይሄ፡የAየር፡ዘገባ፡ከAክሱም፡ለሰኔ፡Aስራ፡ሁለት፡ ሺህ፡Aራት፡ነው።ዛሬ፡ፀሃይ፡በከፍተኛ፡26 ዲግሪ፡ሴልሲየስ፡ቡቀን፡Eና፡ዝናብ፡በማታ፡ ዝቅተኛ፡18 ዲግሪ፡ሴልሲየስ፡ነው። Tena yestelegn endemen ameshachew. In Negele to the south it will be hot and dry with temperature of 30 degrees Celsius in the day time and low of 20 degrees Celsius at night. Hello. Today in Addis Ababa it will be cold and windy with a temperature of 14 degrees Celsius in the day time and a low of 10 degrees Celsius at night. yehay ye ayear zegeba ke axum le sene asra hulet she arat neo. In the west in Gorre it will be rainy and warm with a temperature of 27 degrees Celsius in the day and a of low 20 degrees Celsius at night.

) .appropriate ways to ask about someone’s appearance.description of a person’s physical appearance.Lesson 12 የሰው፡ቁመና Yesew kumena Personal Appearance This lesson will introduce you to: . weight.0 JUNE 2007 1. Listen to the descriptions of people’s appearances. Look at the pictures below and familiarize yourself with the new vocabulary.one’s physical features (hair color. height. VALIDATION COPY 1. including the clothing . etc.articles of clothing . Tall regym ረጅም Short acher Aጭር Heavy Kebed yale (ወፍራም)ከበድ፡ ያለ Thin kechin ቀጭን Young wetat ወጣት Old shemagele ሽማግሌ Short Achir Aጭር Long regym ረጅም Blond blond ብሎንድ Red kaye ቀይ Gray shebet ሽበት 174 174 .colors .

Look at the pictures below and listen to the descriptions of people’s appearances. esua regym ena kechin nat. When describing personal appearance in Amharic. mekakelegna kumet ena sewnet alewu. The main difference is the use of old and fat. if someone is very fat or obese. ይቺ፡ሴት፡ወጣት፡ናት። Eሷ፡ረጅም፡Eና፡ቀጭን፡ናት። yechi sait wetat nat. Look at the pictures below and familiarize yourself with the new vocabulary. 3. He has an average height and medium frame. This woman is young. ይሄ፡ሰውዩም፡ወጣት፡ነው። መካከለኛ፡ቁመት፡Eና፡ሰውነት፡Aለው። yehay sewyem wetat newu.2. most adjectives are the same as in English. whereas in Amharic they are not. For example. In English those terms can be negative. we use “very” fat (betam wefram). and for a thing. Also in English there is one word to describe an old thing and a person. Hair: Blond Brown Red Gray Curly Straight Blond Buna Keye Shebut Teklel (curly) Ket yale ብሎንድ ቡና ቀይ ሽበት ጥቅልል ቀጥ፡ያለ 175 175 . She is tall and thin. whereas in Amharic an old person is telek sewyea (M) or telek saityo (F). arogay tv . Listen to the speaker and repeat as you follow along in the workbook. This man is also young. use “arogay”: arogay chama. arogay radio etc.

This young man also has short brown hair. esu bertukan shemis ena gray suri argual መምበረ፡ወፍራም፡Eና፡ብሎንድ፡ናት፡Eሷ፡ሰመያዊ፡ሱሪ፡Eና፡ብርቱካን፡Aይነት፡ Membere wefram ena blond nat.This young woman has short brown hair. ይሄ፡ትልቅ፡ሰውየ፡ሽበት፡Aለው Yehay telek sewyea shebut alewu. 4. Look at the pictures and write descriptions of the people. esua rose lebs ena chama argalech. esu semyawe shemis ena arenguade suri argual ዳዊት፡ብሎንድ፡Eና፡Aጭር፡ነው፡Eሱ፡ብርቱካን፡ሸሚዝ፡Eና፡ግሬ፡ሱሪ፡Aርጉዋል፡ Dawit blond ena achir newu. Use the appropriate grammar and vocabulary.Genet kechin ena regem nat. esua semyawe suri ena burtukan ሱሪ፡Aርጋለች።ገነት፡ቀጭን፡Eና፡ረጅም፡ናት፡Eሷ፡ሮዝ፡ልብስ፡Eና፡ጫማ፡Aርጋለች። shemiz argalech. ይቺ፡ወጣት፡ሴት፡Aጭር፡ቡና፡ፀጉር፡Aላት። yechi wetat sait acher buna segur alat. ይቺ፡ወጣት፡ሴት፡ልጅ፡ብሎንድ፡ፀጉር፡Aላት yechi wetat sait lej regem blond segur alat. Check the answer key for a translation of the model. ይሄ፡ወጣት፡ወንድ፡Aጭር፡ቡና፡ፀጉር፡Aለው። Yehay wetat wend acher buna segur alew The young girl has long blond hair. Alemu ena Dawit Aለሙ፡Eና፡ዳዊት Membere ena Genet መምበረ፡Eና፡ገነት 176 176 . The old man has gray hair. The model: Aለሙ፡ረጅም፡ነው፡Eሱ፡ሰመያዊ፡ሸሚዝ፡Eና፡Aረንጉዋዴ፡ሱሪ፡Aርጉዋል። Alemu regem newu.

In each line of text below. cross out the term that does not logically belong. choose the characteristics and adjectives used to describe each feature. Eyes Hair Skin Height Frame Facial Features 7.5. From the list above. Ear joro ጆሮ Nose afencha Aፍንጫ Eye ayen Aይን Mouth af Aፍ Glasses meneser መነፅር Beard sim ፂም Light Skin keye ቀይ Medium Skin teyem ጠይም Dark Skin tekur ጥቁር 6. Listen to the speaker and repeat as you follow along in the workbook. Check your work with the answer key. bicha ቢጫ achir Aጭር afencha Aፍንጫ blond ብሎንድ arenguade Aረንጉዋዴ meneser መነፅር sim ፂም gracha ግራጫ kechin ቀጭን regym ረጅም wefram ወፍራም kumet ቁመት buna aynet ቡና፡Aይነት mekakelegna መካከለኛ ayen Aይን teyem (tekur) ጠይም/ጥቁር 177 177 . Look at the pictures below and familiarize yourself with the new vocabulary.

esu mekakelegna newu.I esu kechin newu . የሊያ፡ፀጉር፡ጥቅልል፡ነው፡ወይንስ፡ቀጥ፡ያለ፡ነው ? .kidane regym newu? Eሱ፡መካከለኛ፡ነው . Questions: 1. ጴጥሮስ፡መነፀር፡ያረጋል? – petros meneser yaregal? Aይ፡Eሱ፡መነፀር፡Aያረግም .yesu ayen semeyawe newu. ኪዳኔ፡ረጅም፡ነው? .esu wefram newu? Eሱ፡ቀጭን፡ነው . Is Kidane short and heavy? 178 178 . Answer the questions. የሊያ፡ፀጉር፡ቀለም፡ምን፡Aይነት፡ነው? – ye liya segur kelem men ayent newu? የሷ፡ፀጉር፡ቡና፡Aይነት፡ነው . Check your work with the answer key. .8.ye petros ayen kelem men ayente newu? የሱ፡Aይን፡ሰመያዊ፡ነው .ket yale newu.achir newu.ye liya segur teklel newu woynes ket yale? ቀጥ፡ያለ፡ነው . How many people were described? 2. 1. What kind of hair does Liya have? 4. What were their names? 3.ye liya segure regym newue woynes achir? Aጭር፡ነው .yesua segure buna ayent newu. Eሱ፡ወፍራም፡ነው .I esu meneser ayaregem የጴጥሮስ፡Aይን፡ቀለም፡ምን፡Aይነት፡ነው? . Does Petros have brown eyes? 6. Listen to the descriptions of different people’s appearances while reading the following dialogues. 3. Does Petros wear glasses? 5. የሊያ፡ፀጉር፡ረጅም፡ነው፡ወይንስ፡Aጭር? . 2.

Black Gray Green Red Blue Yellow White Tekur Gracha Arenguade Keye Semeyawe Bicha Nech ጥቁር ግርጫ Aረንጉዋንዴ ቀይ ሰመያዊ ቢጫ ነጭ Red Coat Keye coat ቀይ፡ኮት Gray Suit Gracha sufe ግራጫ፡ሱሪ Tan Pants Kaki suri ካኪ፡ሱሪ Blue Jeans Blue jeans ብሉ፡ጂንስ Green Jacket Arenguade jacket Aረንጉዋዴ፡ጃኬት Brown Sweater Buna aynet shoerab ብናAይነት፡ሹራብ Orange Shirt Bertukan aynet shemese ብርቱካን፡Aይነት፡ ሸሚዝ Blue T-Shirt Semeyawe kanatera(t-shirt) ሰመያዊ፡ ካናቴራ/ቲሸርት 179 179 .9. Familiarize yourself with the new vocabulary for clothing and colors. Listen and repeat after the speaker.

Note that there could be more than one match.Green Skirt Arenguade gurd Aረንጉዋዴ፡ጉርድ Purple Dress Whensege kemis ወይንፀጅ፡ቀሚስ White Sweat Suit Nech tuta ነጭ፡ቱታ Yellow Shorts Becha kumta ቢጭ፡ቁምጣ Brown Boots Buna aynet boots ቡናAይነት፡ቡትስ Blue Shoes Semeyawe chama ሰመያዊ፡ጫማ Black Hat Tekure kofeya ጥቁር፡ኮፍያ Gray Uniform Gracha uniform ግራጫ፡ዩኒፎርም Black Socks Tekur kalsi ጡቁር፡ካልሲ White Socks Nech kalsi ነጭ፡ካልሲ 10. Check your work with the answer key. Match each description with the corresponding picture. Fill in the blank with the correct letter. A B C D E 180 180 .

esua regym bunama segure .ሰመያዊ፡ካናቴራ፡ለብሳለች 10……. …….. B. Telek saityo nachewu.ቢጫ፡ቀሚስ፡ለብሳለች 9.ሰመያዊ፡ሱሪ፡ለብሷል 6. …. …….. A. ……. ……. semeyawe ayen. Check your work with the answer key. esua regym ena kechin nat. Bicha kemis lebsalech.. Semeyawe kanatera lebsalech. bunama ayen . ……. blond newu. Regem buna ayenet segur alat.ወፍራም፡ነው 11. ……. Translate the following descriptions into English. esu achir ena kechin newu. ena keya nat..1 . ………ረጅም፡ቀጭን፡ናት 8.. Regim kechin nat. ሃና፡ረጅም፡ቀጭን፡ናት።Eሷ፡30፡Aመቱዋ፡ነው።Eሷ፡ብሎንድ፡ጥቅልል፡ፀጉር፡Aረንጉዋዴ፡Aይን፡ Eና፡ቀይ፡ናት። Hanna regym kechin nat. ……. C.ወጣት፡ሴት፡ናት 7. ……. ……. D. ……. esua 30 ametua newu.ትልቅ፡ሴትዮ፡ናቸው 2. ena teyem nat . …….ብሎንድ፡ነው 3.. esu 45 ametu newu. ena keye newu. ሳሙኤል፡ረጅም፡Eና፡ወፍራም፡ነው።Eሱ፡45፡Aመቱ፡ነው።Eሱ፡Aጭር፡ሽበት፡ፀጉር፡ሰማያዊ፡ Aይን፡Eና፡ቀይ፡ነው። Samuel regym ena wefram newu . arenguade ayen. esua blond teklel segur.ረጅም፡ቡና፡Aይነት፡ፀጉር፡Aላት 4.. yይቺ፡ትንሽ፡ልጅ፡10፡Aመቱዋ፡ነው።Eሷ፡ረጅም፡Eና፡ቀጭን፡ናት።Eሷ፡ረጅም፡ቡናማ፡ፀጉር፡ ቡናማ፡Aይን፡Eና፡ጠይም፡ናት። echi tenish lej 10 ametua newu. wefram newu. ……. …….. ……. esu achir shebut segure . Wetat sait nat. ወታደሩ፡ጥቁር፡Aጭር፡ፀጉር፡Aለው።Eሱ፡Aጭር፡ቀጭን፡ነው። wetaderu tekur achir segur alew . ……. 181 181 . Semeyawe suri lebsul. ……. Gracha suf lebsual ………ግራጫ፡ሱፍ፡ለብሷል 5.

For each person. color and length of hair.keye shemis ena tekur suf lebsuwal. 5.ይቺ፡ሴትዮ፡ሰመያዊ፡ሸሚዝ፡ለብሳለች፡መነጽር፡Aርጋለች፡ሽበት፡ጸጉር፡Aላት yechi saiteyo semeyawi shemis lebsalech.ይሄ፡ሰውዬ፡ሰመያዊ፡ሱፍ፡በቀይ፡ካራቫት፡Eና፡መነጽር፡Aርጉዋል yehay sewyea semayawi suf be keye karavat ena meneser argual 4.ይሄ፡ሰው፡Aፍሪቃዊ፡ነው።መላጣ፡Eና፡ጠይም፡ነው፡ቀይ፡ሸሚዝ፡Eና፡ጥቁር፡ሱፍ፡ለብሷል yehay sewyea africawe neo.melata ena teyem neo.esu melata neo.esua keye kanatera lebsalech 2. Use the model: 1 2 3 4 5 6 1.የቺ፡ወጣት፡ሴት፡ጠይም፡Eና፡ቆንጆ፡ናት።Eሷ፡ቀይ፡ካናቴራ፡ለብሳለች yechi wettat sait teyem ena konjo nat.ይሄ፡ሰውዬ፡ግራጫ፡ከነቴራ፡ለብሷል።Eሱ፡መላጣ፡ነው yehay sewyea gracha kanatera lebswal. and what he/she is wearing.meneser argalech shebet segur alat 3.ይሄ፡ወንድ፡ወጣት፡Eና፡መልከ፡መልካም፡ነው yehay wend wetat ana melke melkam neo. 6. 182 182 .End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. Describe the people you see in the pictures. include the approximate age. skin tone.

Eሷ፡ጥቁር፡ሱሪ፡Eና፡ሮዝ፡ሸሚዝ፡ለብሳለች 183 183 . someone came to visit you. She is tall and has a medium frame. say what he/she looks like. Now you are back. Mother B. She has short. Come up with a simple description for each of the people listed below. Pretend that you and your partner are roommates. Co-worker D. A. Father C. When you went to the store. Work in pairs.) Be sure to include hair color and length. Your partner will describe the visitor. Example: My mother is 63 years old. Ask your roommate questions about that person’s appearance. and skin tone. (You may substitute any individual you wish for those listed. gray hair and brown eyes. She wears glasses. Your next-door neighbor 3. (Is he/she tall or short? Heavy or thin? What kind of hair does he/she have? What was he wearing? What colors were the clothes?) Example: Esua regym kechin ena achir blond segur alat. Eሷ፡ረጅም፡ቀጭን፡Eና፡Aጭር፡ብሎንድ፡ፀጉር፡Aላት Esua tekur suri ena rose shemise lebsalech. approximate height and age. President of the United States E. She has light skin. eye color.2. In Amharic.

Vocabulary List Average Beard Black Blond Blue Blue jeans Boots Brown Color Curly Dark Dress Ears Eyes Face Frame Glasses Gray Green Hair Hat Jacket Large Light Man Medium Mouth Nose Old Pants Red Shirt Shoes Short Skin Skirt Small Straight Suit Sweater Sweats mekakelegna Sim Tekur blond Simeyawe Blue jeans Bote chama (boots) Buna Kelem Tiklet Tekor yale Kemis Jorro Ayen Feet Frame Meneser kaki Arenguade Segure Kofeya Jacket Telek debezaza Sewye Mekakelegan Afe Afencha Aroge(used only for things) suri keye shemese chama kumta koda gurred Tenish Kat yale Suff Shurab Tuta ( yesporte lebese) መካከለኛ ፂም ጥቁር ብሎንድ ሰመያዊ ብሉ፡ጂንስ ቦት፡ጫማ/ቡትስ ቡና ቀለም ጥቅልል ጠቆር፡ያለ ቀሚስ ጆሮ Aይን ፊት ፍሬም መነጽር ካኪ Aረንጉዋዴ ፀጉር ኮፍያ ጃኬት ትልቅ ደብዛዛ ሰውዬ መካከለኛ Aፍ Aፍንጫ Aሮጌ ሱሪ ቀይ ሸሚዝ ጫማ ቁምጣ ቆዳ ጉርድ ትንሽ ቀጥ፡ያለ ሱፍ ሹራብ ቱታ(የሰፖረት ልብስ) 184 184 .

Tall Thin To wear T-shirt White Woman Yellow Young Regym Kechin Melbess Kanatera (T-shirt) Nech Saityo Bicha wetat ረጅም ቀጭን መልበስ ከነቴራ ነጭ ሴቶዮ ቢጫ ወጣት 185 185 .

2. he is wearing blue shirt and green pants.Is Liya’shair curly or straight? . . 1.It’s straight.No. green arenguade Aረንጉዋዴ glasses meneser መነፅር beard sim ፂም gray gracha ግራጫ thin kechin ቀጭን tall regym ረጅም heavy wefram ወፍራም height kumet ቁመት brown buna aynet ቡና፡Aይነት average mekakelegna መካከለኛ eyes ayen Aይን dark teyem (tekur) ጠይም/ጥቁር 186 186 . 2. . Kidane. . she is wearig blue pants and orange. .Is Kidane tall? . brown.His eyes are blue. . How many people were described? Three. 4. What kind of hair does Liya have? Short. 7. 3. she is wearing pink dress and shoes. 1. . What were their names? Liya.Answer Key 4. he is wearing orange shirt and gray pants. blue bicha ቢጫ short achir Aጭር nose afencha Aፍንጫ blond blond ብሎንድ 8. Membere is heavy and blond.What color is Liya’s hair? .Is Liya’shair long or short? . Genet is thin and tall.Is he heavy? -No. .Her hair is brown.Does Petros wear glasses? . Alemu is tall . Dawit is blond and short. straight.It’s short. he is thin. 3.He is of average height. Does Petros wear glasses? No. he doesn’t wear glasses. Petros.What color are Petros’s eyes? .

Samuel is tall and heavy. brown eyes.ወፍራም፡ነው 11. 10. ……. and dark skin. Wetat sait nat.ብሎንድ፡ነው 3. The soldier has dark short hair. blond newu. Gracha suf lebsual ………ግራጫ፡ሱፍ፡ለብሷል 5. She is 30 years old. She has blond curly hair.. …D.ሰመያዊ፡ሱሪ፡ለብሷል 6. …C…. ……. …A….ትልቅ፡ሴትዮ፡ናቸው 2. A.ሰመያዊ፡ካናቴራ፡ለብሳለች 10……A. blue eyes. …….ረጅም፡ቡና፡Aይነት፡ፀጉር፡Aላት 4. He is 45 years old. B. She is tall and thin.5. Telek saityo nachewu. Regem buna ayenet segur alat. A B C D E 1 . …….. She has long brown hair. …B…. ……. …C…. 6. Semeyawe suri lebsul. wefram newu.. Is Kidane short and heavy? No. Semeyawe kanatera lebsalech. …C…. Hanna is tall and thin. he has blue eyes. …B…. He is short and thin... A young girl is 10 years old. and light skin.. C. green eyes. Does Petros have brown eyes? No. D. Bicha kemis lebsalech. ……. 187 187 .. average height and thin.ቢጫ፡ቀሚስ፡ለብሳለች 9. ……. ………ረጅም፡ቀጭን፡ናት 8.ወጣት፡ሴት፡ናት 7. and fair skin. ……. …E….. Regim kechin nat. …E…. He has short gray hair.

slow buses along all major roads. Asia and North America. In the capital there are luxury taxis for hire at any of the major hotels. Although there are many privately owned cars. which is the cheapest way of getting around. It also has a strong internal network and its prices are reasonable. horses. There is also the city bus. it is very crowded and does not run on time. and a few use bicycles and motorcycles. which can carry about 10 passengers and is very reasonable. mules.The verbs of motion .0 JUNE 2007 This lesson will introduce you to: . The only train line runs between Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa.The different types of transportation available in Ethiopia Ethiopian Airlines is one of Africa’s largest and best airlines. with an extensive network of flights throughout Africa. There is also a good network of cheap. and taxis on the street that you can flag down and negotiate the price. either by the hour or to your destination.The ways of asking questions regarding the different modes of transportation . camels and horse carriages are used. 188 188 . Europe. The average Ethiopian takes the mini bus (weyeyet). but it is mostly used by the poor. the majority of Ethiopians use public transportation. In rural areas.Lesson 13 መገናኛ megenga Transportation VALIDATION COPY 1. and it’s long and slow.

” 2. to go on foot. Repeat after the speaker as you read along. Ene sera bu egir neo yemehadew. This is how the verb “to walk” is used: Example – I walk to work. How do you go to work? ስራ፡በምንድን፡ነው፡የምትሄደው Sera bu mennden neo yemethaydew? 189 189 . Listen and repeat the following words as you read along. Listen to the questions and answers about using different forms of transportation. To walk – bu egir mehaad to or in English.1. To drive – mendat Example – ene sera bu mekina neo yemehadew. To ride – to ride a bicycle and to ride a motorcycle use the same verb as to drive: “mendat. aroplan Aሮፕላን Airplane beesclate ብስኪሌት Bicycle merkeb መርከብ Ship autobos Aውቶቡስ Bus mekina መኪና Car gelba ጀልባ Ferry Boat helicopter ሄሊኮፕተር Helicopter motorcycle ሞተር፡ሳይክል Motorcycle taxi ታክሲ Taxi babour ባቡር Train yechinet makina የጭነት፡መኪና Truck Study the verbs of motion.

Model: who + destination +mode of transportation + the verb of motion ene sera bu mekina newu yemehaydew I go to work by car. Eኔ፡ስራ፡በመኪና፡ነው፡የምሄደው by car/ be mekina newu yemehaydewu በመኪና።ነው፡የምሄደው by bus/ be autobos newu yemehaydewu በAውቶቡስ፡ነው፡የምሄደው by train/ be babour newu yemehaydew በባቡር፡ነው፡የምሄደው by bicycle/ be beesclate newu yemehaydewu በብስክሌት፡ነው፡የምሄደው by boat/ be merkeb newu yemehaydewu በመርከብ፡ነው፡የምሄደው by motorcycle/ be motorcycle newu yemehaydewu በሞተርሳይክል፡ነው፡የምሄደው by truck/ be chinet mekina newu yemehaydewu በጭነት፡መኪና፡ነው፡የምሄደው Ene Eኔ 3. Listen to and read each statement below and match it with the correct picture. Check your work with the answer key. 1 2 3 190 190 .

mekina. Eኔ፡ሁሌ፡ጥዋት፡ትምህርት፡ቤት፡በAውቶቡስ፡ነው፡የምሄደው ene wholle teuat temhertbait bu autobos newu yemhaydewu. F. የኔ፡ወንድም፡ሞተርሳይክል፡ነው፡የሚነዳው yene wendem motorcycle newu yemenedawu. mendate. beesclate. mendate. Model: ene temehrtbait bu autobos haydalew who + destination +mode of transportation + the verb of motion I ride the bus to school. temehrtbait. Make complete sentences out of the words below. yezefen zegegit. 4. yene wendem. የኔ፡ጉውደኛ፡ቡስክሌት፡ነው፡ስራ፡የምትሄደው yene guadegna be beesclate newu sera yemihaydewu. taxi. metshaf bait.4 5 6 A. autobos. C. ዝናብ፡ሲዘንብ፡Eኛ፡በታክሲ፡ነው፡የምንሄደው zenab sizenb egna be taxi newu yemenhaydwe. D. motorcycle. B. wede. yegna welagoch. aroplan marefia. babour. E. Eኔ፡በመኪና፡ነው፡ስራ፡የምሄደው ene be mekina newu sera yemehaydewu. yene guadegna. mehayd Eኔ፡ሞተርሳይክል፡የኔ፡ወንደም፡መንዳት፡ወደ፡ትምህርት፡ቤት፡ብስኪሌት፡የኛ፡ወላጆች፡ መኪና፡Aውሮፕላን፡ማረፊያ፡ባቡር፡የዘፈን፡ዝግጅት፡መፀሃፍት፡ቤት፡የኔ፡ጉዋደኛ፡መንዳት፡ ታክሲ፡Aውቶቡስ፡መሄድ 191 191 . ወታደሮች፡በምድር፡ጦር፡መኪና፡ሄዳለሁ wetaderoch be meder tor mekina yehaydalu. Eኔ፡ትምህርትቤት፡በAውቶቡስ፡ሄዳለው ene.

Aብሮ፡ይስጥልኝ -abro yestlegn .yekerta. endate newu yemhaydewu? .Take bus number 14. metsehaft bait mehayd efelgalewu. .14 kutter mewsed techilaleh .Thank you very much.egzair yestelegn.Excuse me. ታክሲ፡መውሰድ፡ትችላለህ . . you can take a taxi.Thanks. Eግዜር፡ይስጥልኝ egzair yestelgn Thank you.The different modes of transportation and how to ask for directions. How do I get there? ይቅርታ፡መፀሃፍት፡ቤት፡መሄድ፡Eፈልጋለሁ፡Eንዴት፡ነው፡የምሄደው . 5. Eግዜር፡ይስትልኝ . I want to go to the library.How do I get to the hospital? ሃኪም፡ቤት፡Eንዴት፡ነው፡የምሄደው? . ይቅርታ፡ባንክ፡የት፡ነው? Yekerta. Now read the following exchanges. ብጣም፡Eግዜር፡ይስጥልኝ .taxi mewsed techilaleh .bu taxi mehayd yechalal It’s near the square. 192 192 .hakim bait endate newu yemehaydewu? . bank yet noe? Where is the bank? Aደባባይ፡Aጠገብ፡ነው፡ታክሲ፡መውሰድ፡ይቻላል adebabay ategeb noe. Listen to them and repeat after the speaker.butam egzair yestelegn.You are welcome.Take a taxi. 14 ቁጥር፡መውሰድ፡ትችላለህ .

Now listen to the dialogues and mark the statement that you hear. Check your answers with the answer key. but we walk.What number? ስንት፡ቁጥር? . Do you take a train to the concert? No. make up similar exchanges. Working with a partner. C. C. B. My parents drive their cars to work. I take my car. What street should I take to the post office? 18th Street. My parents drive their cars to work. B. ባቡር፡ቁጥር22 .be babour. 193 193 2. but we take the train.You are welcome. Do you take a bus to the concert? No. .Take the train. በባቡር . but we ride our bicycles. A. I take my car. A.Please tell me how to get to the hotel from the airport? ባኮትን፡ከሆቴል፡Aሮፕላን፡ማረፊያ፡Eንዴት፡መሄድ፡Eችላልሁ .babour kuter22 6. C..Train number 22.butam egzair yestelegn. My parents drive their cars to work. theatre /ቲያትር bakery/ባቦ፡ቤት train station/ባቡር፡ጣቢያ 7. . What exit should I take to the post office? Exit 18. 1. Do you take a taxi to the concert? No.cent kuter? . 3. I take my car. A. . B. What bus should I take to the post office? Bus number 18. Use the words from Exercise 5 and the pictures below to choose the destination. ብጣም፡Eግዜር፡ይስጥልኝ .bakoten ke hotel aroplan marefia endate mehayd echilalewu ? .

kilometers.1 pints 10 liters = 2. and grams. kilos. Listen to the speaker and follow along in your book. Gas Gas station Service station Diesel Car wash Oil Tire/tires Air Water Flat tire Bainzeen (petrol) Bainzeen (petrol) madeya Garage Nafta Mekina matebia Yemekina zeit Gomma/ gommawoch Ayear Weha Gomma feneda ቤንዚን/ፔትሮል ቤንዚን/ፔትሮል፡ማደያ ጋራዥ ናፍጣ መኪና፡ማጠቢያ የመኪና፡ዘይት ጎማ/ጎማዎች Aየር ወሃ ጎማ፡ፍንዳታ In Ethiopia the metric system is used for measuring.946 liters 1 liter = 2. Gas and all liquid substances are sold in liters. Familiarize yourself with the following vocabulary.785 liters 1 quart = . meters.63 gallons 194 194 . liters. 1 gallon = 3.At a service station 8.

Road Highway Freeway Local road Railroad Ring road menged Yemekina menged Yemekina menged Yemender menged Yebabour menged Yekelebet menged መንገድ የመኪና፡መንገድ የመኪና፡መንገድ ውስጥለውስጥ፡መንገድ የባቡር፡መንገድ የቀለበት፡መንገድ 195 195 . C. Listen to the people at a service station and find out what each needs. A. Air Air Air Air Gas Gas Gas Gas Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Tires Tires Tires Tires Oil Oil Oil Oil Car Wash Car Wash Car Wash Car Wash 10. Familiarize yourself with these terms identifying infrastructure. D. Circle the English equivalents of the terms you hear. Check your work with the answer key.9. B.

Bainzeen madeya yet newu? Eኔ፡ቤንዚን፡የለኝም።ቤንዚን፡ማደያ፡የት፡ነው? B. Tell how you would get to the following places using various modes of transportation. Listen and write down the responses to the questions below in Amharic and English. 2. A. – cent newu bainzeen be liter/gallon? ስንት፡ነው፡ቤንዚን፡በሊትር/ጋሎን? D. Check your work with the answer key. –ene bainzeen yelegnem. Try to make your story interesting and include as many details as you can.End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. – ene gomma ye fendtula. Ayear aleh? Eኔ፡ጎማየ፡ፈንድቱዋል።Aየር፡Aለህ? C. – ye cent bainzeen tefelgalh? የስንት፡ቤንዚን፡ተፈልጋለህ? 196 196 .

Bu mekina I take a bus to go to school.Vocabulary List Air Airplane Bicycle Boat Bus Car Car wash Concert Diesel Ferry boat Freeway Ayear Aroplan Beesclate Merkeb Autobus (bus) Mekina Mekina matebiya Ye musika zegegit Nafta Gelba Yemekina menged (yekefle Hager menged) Gallon Gallon Benzine ቤንዚን Helicopter Helicopter ሄሊኮፕተር Highway Yemekina menged የመኪና፡መንገድ Library Metsehaft bait መፀሃፍት፡ቤት Liter Liter ሊትር Local road Yemender menged Motorcycle Motorcycle Oil Zeyit Railroad Babur menged Service station Benzin madeya School Temhert bait Ship Merkeb Taxi Taxi Tire/tires Gomma/gommawoch Train Babur Truck Chinet mekina Water Weha Work Sera How do you go to work? Sera bumen tehaydaleh? I drive my car. Ene bu autobus neo temhertbait yemehaydew How do I get to the Hakim bait bu menn mehayd hospital? echelalew? Aየር Aውሮፕላን ብስኪሌት መርከብ Aውቶቡስ መኪና መኪና፡ማጠቢያ የሙዚቃ፡ዝግጅት ናፍጣ ጀልባ የመኪና(የክፈለ፡ሃገር)መንገድ ጋሎን Gas የመንደር፡መንገድ ሞተር፡ሳይክል ዘይት ባቡር፡መንገድ ቤንዚን፡ማደያ ትምህርት፡ቤት መርከብ ታክሲ ጎማ/ጎማዎች ባቡር ጭነት፡መኪና ውሃ ስራ ስራ፡በምን፡ትሄዳለህ? በመኪና Eኔ፡በAውቶቡስ፡ነው፡ ትምህርት፡ቤት፡የምሄደው ሃኪም፡ቤት፡በምን፡መሄድ፡ Eችላለሁ? 197 197 .

C. 3. End-of-Lesson Tasks 2. I need 10 gallons of gas and 1 quart of oil. I take my car. Soldiers ride in an army truck. egna genn be babour newu yeminhaydewu. My parents drive their cars to work. . I need a car wash and gas.ene ayear le gomma felgalewu Eኔ፡Aየር፡ለጎማ፡ፈልጋለሁ .Answer Key 3. A.ene mekina matebia felgalewu Eኔ፡መኪና፡ማጠቢያ፡ፈልጋለሁ – ene nafta le mekina felgalewu Eኔ፡ናፍጣ፡ለመኪና፡ፈልጋለሁ A.Two miles this way. I need some air for my tires. B. but we take the train. My friend rides his bike to work. የኔ፡ወላጆች፡ስራ፡በመኪና፡ነው፡የሚሄዱት፡Eኛ፡ግን፡በባቡር፡ነውየምንሄደው 9. I drive my car to go to work. I take the bus to school every morning. 2. 7. 6. yene welagoch sera be mekina newu yemihaydut.A. C.ene aser gallon bainzeen ena aned liter zeit felgalewu Eኔ፡Aሰር፡ጋሎን፡ቤንዚን፡Eና፡Aንድ፡ሊትር፡ዘይት፡ፈልጋለሁ . A. yezefen zegegit be taxi newu yemetyadewu? i. When it’s raining. 198 198 .D. D. 5. be mekina newu yemehaydewu. yetgnaw menged newu yemwesdew posta bait lemehay? Autobos asra sement የትኛው፡መንገድ፡ነው፡የምወስደው፡ፖስታ፡ቤት፡ለመሄድ?Aውቶቡስ፡Aስራ፡ስምንት 3. 1. I need diesel for my car and oil. B. C.B. የዘፈን፡ዝግጅት፡በታክሲ፡ነው፡የምትሄደው ? Aይ፡በመኪና፡ነው፡የመሄደው 2.E. we take a taxi. D. . Where is the gas station? . 4.F. B. A. Do you take a taxi to the concert? No. 1. C. My brother rides a motorcycle.I have no gas. What street should I take to the post office? 18th Street.

– ene gomma ye fendtula. A. we do. –ene bainzeen yelegnem.hulet mile yerekal Eኔ፡ቤንዚን፡የለኝም።ቤንዚን፡ማደያ፡የት፡ነው? ሁለት፡ማይል፡ይቀራል B. Do you have air? -Yes.amest liter/gallon ebakot የስንት፡ቤንዚን፡ተፈልጋለህ? Aምስት?ሊትር/ጋሎን”Eባኮት 199 199 .35 a gallon. – How much gas do you want? .How much is the gas per liter/gallon? . Eኔ፡ጎማየ፡ፈንድቱዋል።Aየር፡Aለህ? Aዎ፡Aለን C. . . – cent neo bainzeen bu liter/gallon? . D.5 liters/gallons please. C.hulet dollar ke selasa amest santim ስንት፡ነው፡ቤንዚን፡በሊትር/ጋሎን? ሁለት፡ዶላር፡ከሰላሳ፡Aምስት፡ሳንቲም D.B. Ayear aleh? -auo alen.I have a flat tire.$2. – ye cent bainzeen tefelgalh? . Bainzeen madeya yet neo? .

0 JUNE 2007 There are several local Ethiopian airlines ticket offices where one can purchase a ticket for local and international flights. but buses usually have only a standard rate and class.Border crossing and roadblock procedures.How to understand schedules . A bus ticket is purchased when boarding. or airplane ticket .Vocabulary related to travel . VALIDATION COPY 1. There is a significant difference between first class and second class for trains and air travel. and a train ticket is purchased at the train station.How to buy a train. 200 200 .Lesson 14 ጉዞ Goozo Travel This lesson will introduce you to: . bus.

and read along in the workbook. Listen to the following dialogue about buying a ticket at a train station. zare ዛሬ One-way or roundtrip? mehayga weynes derso melse? መሄጃ፡ወይንስ፡ደርሶ፡መልስ Roundtrip. ticket le Dire dawa felgalew ትኬት፡ለድሬዳዋ፡ፈልጋልው Departing on what day? meyahga be men ken? መሄጃ፡በምን፡ቀን፡ነው? Today.1. yekerta weizerit ይቅርታ፡ወይዘሪት Can I help you? menn lerdawot? ምን፡ልርዳዎት? I need to buy a ticket to the city of Dire Dawa. weynes mata? ጥዋት፡ከሰAት፡ወይንስ፡ማታ? Afternoon keseat ከሰAት Ticket Seller: Soldier: Ticket Seller: Soldier: Ticket Seller: Soldier: Ticket Seller: Soldier: Ticket Seller: Soldier: Ticket Seller: Soldier: 201 201 . please. afternoon. or evening? teuat.keseat. huletegna me-areg ebakot ሁለተኛ፡መAረግ፡Eባኮት Returning on what day? memelesha ken? መመለሻ፡ቀን? Friday areb Aርብ Morning. Soldier: Excuse me. derso melse ደርሶ፡መልስ First class or second class? andegna meareg weynes huletegna me-areg? Aንደኛ፡መAረግ፡ወይንስ፡ሁለተኛ፡መAረግ? Second class. ma’am.

Eኔ፡ባቡር፡ጣቢያ፡መሄድ፡Aለብኝ She must – esua alebat Eሷ፡Aለባት She must board the plane.Ticket Seller: Twenty-two dollars. What is the train number? egzair yestelegn. The next train leaves in one hour from platform number 5. it is an express train. Mengedegnoch awhon aroplan mesafer alebachew. Aዎ፡ፈጣን፡ባቡር፡ነው Study the verbs below. yemiketelew babour ke aned se-at bewhouala be platform kuter amest newu. Fetanu babour ke harrar ke aned se-at behual yedersal ፈጣኑ፡ባቡር፡ከሃረር፡ከAንድ፡ሰAት፡በሁዋላ፡ይደርሳል Study the use of the terms “must” or “have to”. To board –“mesafer”መሳፈር Passengers must board the plane now. መንገደኞች፡Aሁን፡Aውሮፕላን፡መሳፈር፡Aለባችሁ depart –“mehayga” መሄጃ When does the plane to Addis Ababa depart? Cent se-at neo ye addis abeba mehayga auroplan? ስንት፡ሰAት፡ነው፡የAዲስ፡Aበባ፡መሄጃ? arrive-mederesha መድረሻ The express train from Harrar arrives in 1 hour. haya hulet dollar ebakot. Ene babour tabia mehay alebegn. please. ሀያ፡ሁለት፡ዶላር፡Eባኮት፡የሚቀጥለው፡ባቡር፡ከAንድ፡ሰAት፡በሁዋላ፡በፕላት፡ ፎርምቁጥር፡Aምስት፡ነው Soldier: Thank you. Oewo featn babour newu. I must – ene alebegn Eኔ፡Aለብኝ I must go to the train station. baour kuter menden newu? ኣግዜር፡ይስትልኝ፡ባቡር፡ቁጥር፡ምንድን፡ነው? Ticket Seller: 76 seba sedest ሰባስድስት Soldier: Is this an express train? fetan babour newu? ፈጣን፡ባቡር፡ነው? Ticket Seller: Yes. Eሷ፡Aውሮፕላን፡መሳፈር፡Aለባት He must – esu alebet Eሷ፡Aለባት 202 202 . Esua auroplan mesafer alebat.

Eኔ፡ነገ፡Aውቶቡስ፡ወስዳለው She is playing at a concert next week. Anchi ehude memeles alebesh. esua yemimetaw samnet musika zegejet techawetalech Eሷ፡የሚመጣው፡ሳምንት፡ሙዚቃ፡ትጫወታች.He must buy the ticket. but simply use the present tense and add a time frame to indicate that it is going to be a future activity. Enesu metebekia bota mehayd alebachew Eነሱ፡መጠበቂያ፡ቦታ፡መሄድ፡Aለባቸው You must (plural) – enante alebach-who Eናንተ፡Aለባችሁ You must return to Addis Ababa. ene nege autobus wesdalwe. Egna bu zetegn se-at memeles aleben Eኛ፡በዘጠኝ፡ሰAት፡መመለስ፡Aለብን They must – enesu alebachew Eኑሱ፡Aለባቸው They must go to the waiting area. the time and day of arrival and departure. Ante areb mehayd alebehe Aንተ፡Aርብ፡መሄድ፡Aለብህ You must – anchi alebesh(F) Aንቺ፡Aለብሽ You must come back on Sunday. 3. and the price of the ticket. The formation of the future tense in Amharic is as follows. You can substitute the name of a city where you need to buy a ticket to. Read the dialogue with a partner. Enante Addis abeba memeless alebachwho Eናንተ፡Aዲስ፡Aበባ፡መመለስ፡Aለባችሁ 2. Eሱ፡ትኬት፡መግዛት፡Aለበት You must – ante alebeh(M) Aንተ፡Aለብህ You must leave on Friday. The is not a verb for “will” or “going to” as in English to indicate the future. but a time in the future is indicated. The verb stays in the present. I will take the bus tomorrow. Take turns being the Ticket Seller and Soldier. Role-play the dialogue. Esu ticket megzat alebet. Aንቺ፡Eሁድ፡መመለስ፡Aለብስ We must – egna aleben Eኛ፡Aለብን We must return at nine o’clock. EXAMPLE. 203 203 .

passengers! Flight number 92 from Sydney will be one hour late. Please check the schedule for updates.4. passengers! The next express train to Harra will depart from platform 10 in 15 minutes. ክብራት፡Eና፡ክብራንመንገደኞች!የሚቀጥለው፡ያገር፡ባቡር፡ካምስት፡ደቂቃ፡በሁዋላ ፕላት፡ፎርም፡Aሰር፡ይደርሳል Kebran ena keburat mengedegnoch! Yemiketelew yager babour ke amest – aser dekika behuala Platform yedersal. ክብራን፡Eና፡ክብራት፡መንገደኞች! የበረራ፡ቁጥር፡ዘጠና፡ሁለት፡ከሲድነ፡Aንድ፡ሰAት፡ ያረፍዳል፡Eባካችሁ፡ለAዲስ፡ፕላን፡ግዜውን፡ተመልከቱ Kebran ena kebrat mengedegnoch! Yeberera kuter zetena hulet ke Sydney aned seiet Yarefdal. Ebakachehun le addis plan gezaiwen temelketu Attention. passengers! The bus from Mekele will arrive at terminal 3 in 10 minutes ክብራን፡Eና፡ክብራት፡መንገደኞ! የመቀሌ፡Aውቶቡስ፡ከAስር፡ደቂቃ፡በሁዋላ፡ተርሚናል፡ ይደርሳል Kebran ena kebrat mengedegnoch! Ye mekele autobos ke aser dekika behuala terminal Sost yedersal 5. Match each picture with the correct Amharic term by writing the term below the correct picture. Listen to the following statements and read along in the workbook. ክብራን፡Eና፡ክብራት፡መንገደኞች!የሚቀጥለው፡ፈጣን፡ባቡር፡በፕላት፡ፎርም፡Aሰር፡ከAስራ፡ Aምስት፡ደቂቃ፡በሁዋላ፡ይሄዳል። Kebran ena kebrat mengedegnoch ! yemiketelewu fetan babour be platform aser ke Asra amest dekika behuala yehaydal. Attention. 204 204 . passengers! The next local train will arrive at platform 10 in 5 minutes. Attention. Attention.

Le ticket mekfel alebeh ለትኬት፡መክፈል፡Aለብህ Passengers have to wait in the waiting area. Auroplan le mesafer ticket yasfelgal Aውሮፕላን፡ለመሳፈር፡ትኬት፡ያስፈልጋል Passengers for flight number 25 must go to gate 14. የበረራ፡ቁጥር፡ሃያAምስት፡መንገደኞች፡ወደ፡መግቢያ፡Aስራ፡Aራት፡ሂዱ You must pay for your ticket. Shanta lemeused wede shanta bota mehayd alebachwhu ሻንጣ፡ለመውሰድ፡ወደ፡ሳንጣ፡ቦታ፡መሄድ፡Eለባችሁ 205 205 .መንገደኞች ሻንጣ ፕላት፡ፎርም የጉዞ፡ፕላን mengedegnoch shanta platform Yeguzo plan ትኬት ትኬት፡መቁረጫ ማረፊያ፡ቦታ መግቢያ ticket Ticket mekotateria Marefia bota Megbia 6. Ye berera kuter haya amest mengedegnoch wede megbia asra arat hidu. You must have a ticket to board the train. Listen to the following statements and read along in the workbook. Baour le mesafer ticket yasfelgal ባቡር፡ለመሳፈር፡ትኬት፡ያስፈልጋል You must have a ticket to board the airplane. Mengedgnoch marefia bota metebek alebachewu መንገደኞች፡ማረፊያ፡ቦታ፡መጠበቅ፡Aለባቸው You have to wait for your luggage at the baggage claim area.

Aዎ፡Eባኮት Oewo ebakot 206 206 . ሂዱ hidu !ትኬት፡ያላቸው፡መንገደኞች፡Aውቶቡስ፡መሳፈር፡Aለባችው ! Ticket yalachewu mengedegnoch autobos mesafer alebachwho Eዩ፡የበረራ፡መሄጃ፡መቼ፡ኣንደሚሄድ eyou ye mehayga berera meche endemihayd ባቡር፡ፈጣን፡ነው፡ምክነያቱም፡ በሃገር፡ውስጥ፡Aይቆምም babour fetan newu mekneyatum buhager wost aykomem. Eያንዳንዱ፡ባቡር፡የተለያየ eyandandu babour yetleyaye G. Check your work with the answer key. Attention Baggage claim area Express First class Platform Schedule Second class Ticket window Gate kebran ena kebrat shanta bota fetan anedegna meareg platform yeguzo plan huletegna meareg ticket meshecha megebia ክብራን፡Eና፡ክብራት ሻንጣ፡ቦታ ፈጣን Aንደኛ፡መAረግ ፕላት፡ፎርም የጉዞ፡ፕላን ሁለተኛ፡መAረግ ትኬት፡መሸጫ መግቢ A. ሳንጣ፡ለማግኘት፡ወደ Shanta lemagnet wede C. ሂዱ። hidu. ክብራን፡Eና፡ክብራት፡መንገደኞች! በረራ፡ቁጥር፡725 የሚሄደው፡ከ kebran ena kebrat mengedegnoch ! berari kuter 725 yemihadew ke 8. there is a corresponding answer. E. F.ለሀገር፡ውስጥ፡ባቡር፡የት፡መግዛት፡Eችላለ? le hager wost babour ticket yet megzat echilalewu? 1. ትኬት፡ለመግዛት፡ወደ Ticket lemegzat wede B. ይደደርሳል yedersal ኤ17 ነው A17 newu D. Fill in the blanks with the correct term from the list below. Match them by writing the letter of each question on the blank line in front of the appropriate answer. A. For each question below. Check your answers with the answer key.7.

B.የሚቀጥለው፡Aውቶቡስ፡ወደድሬ፡ዳዋ፡ መቼ፡ነው፡የሚሄደው? yemiketelwew autobos wede Dire dawa meche newu yemihaydewu? C.Aንደኛ፡መAረግ፡ትኬት፡ስንት፡ነው፡ወደ፡ ድሬ፡ዳዋ anedegna meareg ticket cent newu wede Dire Dawa? D.የመስኮት፡ወንበር፡ይፈልጋሉ? ye meskot wenber yefelgalu? E.የት፡ፕላት፡ፎርም፡ነው፡ፈታን፡ባቡር፡ከድሬ፡ ዳዋ፡የሚደርሰው? yet platform newu fetan babour ke Dire dawa yemidersewu?

2.የሚቀጥለው፡Aውቶቡስ፡ወደ፡ድሬ፡ዳዋ፡ ከሃያ፡ደቂቃ፡በሁዋላ፡ይሄዳል yemiketlew autobos wede Dire dawa ke haya dekika behula yehaydal 3.ትኬት፡መሸጫ፡ከፕላት፡ፎሮም፡Aንድ፡ Aጠገብ ticket mechecha ke platform aned ategeb. 4.ባቡር፡ከAስር፡ደቂቃ፡በሁቃ፡በሁዋላ ፕላት፡ፎርም፡Aስራስድስት፡ይደርሳል babour ke aser dekika behula platform asra sedest yedersal. 5.ሰላሳ፡Aራት፡ዶላር፡ነው selsa arat dollar newu

9. Role-play the short dialogues from Exercise 8. Change the cities and numbers.

10. What do you hear? Listen to the speaker and determine which statement is spoken. Check your work with the answer key. 1. A You must have a ticket to board the bus. B You must have a ticket to board the ferry. 2. A I need a first-class roundtrip ticket to Frankfurt. B I need a first-class one-way ticket to Frankfurt. 3. A. The next express train will depart from platform 15 in 10 minutes. B The next local train will depart from platform 15 in 10 minutes.

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At border crossings and roadblocks

11. Listen to these new words and phrases. Border Customs Checkpoint Roadblock Passport Drivers’ license Documents Papers ID card Show me Give me Search Inspect/inspection Trunk (of a car) Proceed Rental (car) Citizen Denber Gumruk Mefetesha bota Zeg menged Passport Menga fekad Sened Wereket Metawhekia wereket Asayegn Setegn Mefeleg Mefetesh/fetesha Kofen Elef (ketel) Kiray mekina Zega ድንበር ጉምሩክ መፈተሻ፡ቦታ ዝግ፡መንገድ ፓስፖርት መንጃ፡ፈቃድ ሰነድ ወረቀት መታወቂያ፡ወረቀት Aሳየኝ ስጠኝ ማፈለግ መፈተሽ/ፍተሻ ኮፈን Eለፍ ኪራይ፡መኪና ዜጋ

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12. At roadblocks and border crossings, officials usually ask questions about driver identification and vehicle documents. Try to match up the Amharic border crossing requests and questions with their English equivalents. Check the answer key. 1. የመንጂያ፡ ፈቃድAሳየኝ Yemenejia fekade asayegn ፓስፖርት፡ (መታወቂያ)Aሳየኝ Passport setegn (asayegn) ከየት፡ነህ/ነሽ? Ke yet neh (M) nesh(F)? Eዛ፡ለምን፡መሄድ፡ያስፈልግሃል? Eza lemin mehayd yasfelghal? መንጃ፡ፈቃድ፡ስጠኝ/Aሳየኝ? Menga fekad setegn (asayegn)? መታወቂያ፡ወረቀት፡Aለህ? Metawekia wereket aleh? A Give me your driver’s license.

2.

B Do you have an ID card?

3.

C Why do you need to go there?

4.

D Show me your car papers.

5.

E Give me your passport.

6.

F Where are you from?

13. Listen to and read the following dialogue at a border crossing, and then answer the questions below. Try to guess the meaning of unknown words from the context. Check your work with the answer key. Denber tekotatari: ድንበር፡ተቆጣጣሪ፡ Mekina negi: መኪና፡ነጂ CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: passport ena menga fekad ebakot setugn? ፓስፖርት፡Eና፡መንጃ፡ፈቃድ፡ስጡኝ? eshe Eሺ ye America zega not?/የAሜሪካ፡ዜጋ፡ኖት? Oewo./Aዎ ye mekina wereket alot?/የመኪና፡ወረቀት፡Aሎት? Oewo yehay ye kiray mekina newu/Aዎ፡ይሄ፡የኪራይ፡መኪና፡ነው wedat newu yemethaydut?/ወዴት፡ነው፡የምትሄዱት? Adwa, Tigray./Aድዋ፡ትግራይ cent gezai tekoyalachew?/ስንት፡ግዜ፡ትቆያላችሁ? aser ken/Aሰር፡ቀን eza menn taregalachehu?/Eዛ፡ምን፡ታደርጋላችሁ? baitseb le megobgnet/ቤተሰብ፡ለመጎብኘት ebakot kofen kefetu. Mefetesh aleben/Eባኮን፡ኮፈን፡ክፈቱ፡መፈተሽ፡ Aለብን eshe/Eሺ eshe , egzair yestelegn. Meketel yechalal./Eሺ፡Eግዜር፡ይስጥልኝ፡ መቀጠል፡ይቻላል 209 209

A. B. C. D. E. F. G.

Where is the driver from? Does the driver own the vehicle he is driving? Where is the driver going? Why is he going there? How long will he be there? What does the guard ask the driver to do at the end? Why?

14. Work with a partner. Take turns role-playing the Customs Official and the Car Driver.

210 210

End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Translate the following sentences into English. Check your work with the answer key. A. derso melse wede Bahir darr efelgalewu ebakot? Yemehaydew hidar asra hulet ena yememetaw be tahsas sost meskot ategeb wenber efelgalewu. ደርሶ፡መልስ፡ወደባህር፡ዳር፡Eፈልጋለሁ፡Eባኮት? የምሄደው፡ህዳር፡Aስራ፡ሁለት፡Eና፡የምመጣው፡በታህሳስ፡ሶስት፡ነው፡መስኮት፡ Aጠገብ፡ኣፈልጋልሁ B. fetan babour ale? ፈጣን፡ባቡር፡Aለ? C. ye awasa autobos ke yet platform newu yemihaydewu? የAዋሳ፡ከየት፡ፕላት፡ፎርም፡ነው፡የሚሄደው? D. babour selasa arat platform sost ke amest dekika behuala yehaydal. ባቡር፡ሰላሳ፡Aራት፡ፕላት፡ፎርም፡ሶስት፡ከAምስት፡ደቂቃ፡በሁዋላ፡ይሄዳል

2. Complete the dialogues. Check your work with the answer key. A. - ticket meshecha wede eza newu? - …………………………………. ትኬት፡መሸጫ፡ወደEዛ፡ነው? B. - shanta bota yehay newu? - …………………………………. ሻንጣ፡ቦታ፡ይሄ፡ነው? C. - metebekia bota yet newu? - …………………………………. መጠበቂያ፡ቦታ፡የት፡ነው? D. –megbai kuter asra amest yet newu? - …………………………………. መግቢያ፡ቁጥር፡Aስራ፡Aምስት፡ነው?

211 211

by bus. and where and why they need to fly or where they are arriving from. Do you think these people are arriving or departing? Do you think they are on time? Is their flight late? Mention their names. tell how they got to the airport (by car.3. what they are wearing. Work with a partner or in a small group. by train). Look at the pictures and come up with the story. Also. 212 212 . professions. ages.

Vocabulary List Arriving/Arrivals Attention Baggage Border Bus station Checked Checkpoint Citizen Customs Delay/ed Departing/Departures Documents Driver’s license Express First class Flight Fly Give me … ID card Inspect Inspection Inspector Late One-way On time Papers Passenger Passport Platform Proceed Rental car Roadblock Roundtrip Schedule Second class Show me … Terminal Ticket Medres/ derash megedegnoch Asteule Shanta Denber Autobos fermata Mefetesh Yefetaesha bota Zyga Gumruk Marfed Heyage sened menga fekad Fetan Andegna me-areg Berera Mebrer Setun Metawekia (metawekia wereket) Memermer (mefetesh) Memera (fetesha) Tekotatari (mermari) police mezegyet Mehayga/memcha becha Bu se-at Wereket Mengedegna Passport platform kettle Yemekina keray Kelkel menged Derso melse Yeguzo plan programm Huletegna me-areg Asayegn terminal Ticket መድረስ/ደራሽ፡መንገደኞች Aስተውል ሻንጣ ድንበር Aውቶቡስ መፈተሽ የፍተሻ፡ቦታ ዜጋ ጉምሩክ ማርፈድ ሂያጅ ሰነድ መንጃ፡ፈቃድ ፈጣን Aንደኛ፡መAረግ በረራ መብረር ስጡኝ መታወቂያ፡ወረቀት መመርመር/መፈተሸ መርመራ/ፈተሻ ተቆጣጣሪ/መርማሪ፡ፖሊስ መዘግየት መሄጃ/መምጫ፡ብቻ በሰAት ወረቀት መንገደኛ ፓስፖርት ፕላትፎርም ቀጥል የመኪና፡ክራይ ክልክል፡መንገድ ደርሶ፡መልስ የጉዞ፡ፕላን ሁለተኛ፡መAረግ Aሳየኝ ተርሚናል ትኬት 213 213 .

Ticket window To board To leave To return/come back Train station Trunk (of a car) Update Waiting area Window seat Ticket korach Mesafer mehayd memeless Babour tabia Kofen massaddes Metebekai bota Meskot ategeb ትኬት፡ቆራጭ መሳፈር መሄድ መመለስ ባቡር ኮፈን ማሳደስ መጠበቂያ፡ቦታ መስኮት፡Aጠገብ 214 214 .

From which platform is the express train from Dere Dawa arriving? 1. B 3. Yeguzo plan eyou ye mehayga berera meche endemihayd የጉዞ፡ፕላን፡Eዩ፡የበረራ፡መሄጃ፡መቼ፡ኣንደሚሄድ E. Kebran ena kebrat mengedegnoch ! berari kuter 725 yemihadew ke megbia A17 neo ክብራን፡Eና፡ክብራት፡መንገደኞች! በረራ፡ቁጥር፡725 የሚሄደው፡ከሄጃኤ17 ነው 8. How much is a first class ticket to Dere Dawa? D. ትኬት፡ለመግዛት፡ወደትኬት፡መሸጫሂዱ። B . passengers! Flight #725 is departing from gate A17. please The next bus to Dere Dawa departs in 20 minutes. K. Each train arrives at a different platform. C Yes. E 5. It is 64 dollars 215 215 . Fetan babour fetan neo mekneyatum buyehar wost aykomem. A. You can get your baggage at baggage claim. At the ticket window next to platform one. That train will arrive at platform 16 in ten minutes. Shanta lemagnet wede shanta bota hidu ሳንጣ፡ለማግኘት፡ወደሻንጣ፡ቦታሂዱ C. A. When is the next bus to Dere Dawa? C. L. J. Do you want a window seat? E. Where can I buy a local train ticket? B. The express train is fast because it does not make local stops.Eyandandu babour yetleyaye platform yedersal Eያንዳንዱ፡ባቡር፡የተለያየፕላትፎርምይደደርሳል G. H. G Go to the ticket window to buy the tickets. Attention. D 2. Attention! All passengers must have a ticket to board the bus. I. Kebran ena kebrat! Ticket yalachew mengedegnoch autobos mesafer alebachwho ክብራን፡Eና፡ክብራት!ትኬት፡ያላቸው፡መንገደኞች፡Aውቶቡስ፡መሳፈር፡Aለባችው D. Check the schedule to find out when your flight departs. G. A 4.Answer Key 7. ፈጣን፡ባቡር፡ፈጣን፡ነው፡ምክነያቱም፡ በሃገር፡ውስጥ፡Aይቆምም F . Ticket lemegzat wede ticket meshecha hidu.

You may proceed. Aውቶቡስ፡ለመሳፈር፡ትኬት፡ያስፈልጋል autobos lemesafer ticket yasfelgal. 5. It is a rental car. Where are you going? Adwa. 13. 3. 12. Customs Official: Car Driver: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: Give me your passport and driver’s license. Do you have papers for this car? Yes. A. 1. 3. How long will you be there? Ten days. 4.10. 2. B. thank you. 6. Aንደኛ፡መAረግ፡ደርሶ፡መልስ፡ትኬት፡ለፍራንክ፡ፈርት፡Eፈልጋለሁ anedgna meareg derso melse ticket le Frankfurt efelgalew I need a first-class roundtrip ticket to Frankfurt. 1. OK. B The next local train will depart from platform 15 in 10 minutes. Please open the trunk. You must have a ticket to board the bus. citizen? Yes. Tigray. We need to do an inspection. OK. Are you a U. What will you do there? I will visit my family.S. OK. የሚቀጥለው፡ያገር፡ውስጥ፡ባቡር፡ፕላት፡ፎርም፡Aስራ፡Aምስት፡ከAሰር፡ደቂቃ፡ በሁዋላ፡ይሄዳል Yemiketlew yagerwost babour platform asra amest ke aser dekika behuala Yehaydal. D E F C A B 216 216 . A. 2.

……it is next the bar……………………………. F. . .……yes it is ……………………………. B.auo neo ትኬት፡መሸጫ፡ወደ፡Eዛ፡ነው? Aዎ፡ነው B. please. A.Where is gate number 15? .Is this the baggage claim area? . it is a rental car.ticket meshecha wede eza neo? . What platform does the bus to Awasa leave from? D.Do you know where the waiting area is? . B.I ayedelem ሻንጣ፡ቦታ፡ይሄ፡ነው? Aይ፡Aይደለም C.Is the ticket window that way? . 2. D. . . Train 34 is departing from platform three in five minutes. B.e buan baitu ategeb neo 217 217 . A.metebekia bota yet neo? .……no it is not…………………………….……it’s next to the ticket counter. I need to buy a roundtrip ticket to Baher darr. Where is the driver from? U.A. Does the driver own the vehicle he is driving? No. Is this an express train? C. D. .S. Tigray. Where is the driver going? Adwa. . I leave on November 12 and return on December 3. I want a window seat. G. Why is he going there? To visit family How long will he be there? Ten days What does the guard ask the driver to do at the end? Open the trunk Why? To do an inspection End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. E. C. A. C.shanta bota yehay neo? .

መጠበቂያ፡ቦታ፡የት፡ነው? ከቡና፡ቤቱ፡Aጠገብ፡ነው D. –megbai kuter asra amest yet neo? -ke ticket meshecha ategeb neo… መግቢያ፡ቁጥር፡Aስራ፡Aምስት፡የት፡ነው? ከትኬት፡መሸጫ፡Aጠገብ፡ነው 218 218 .

which is the majority of the population.0 JUNE 2007 The education system in Ethiopia is the same as the education system in America.Lesson 15 ትምህርት፡ቤት Temehert Bait At School This lesson will introduce you to: . those who attend do so by the choice of the family. Most people who live in rural areas in Ethiopia. 219 219 . In Addis Ababa. such as math.the vocabulary related to being a student . VALIDATION COPY 1. Education is not compulsory. biology etc.the education system in Ethiopia. The academic standards are high and students are expected to work hard. It goes from first grade to 12th grade. English.the vocabulary related to classroom activities . The students in Ethiopia study the same subjects required to pass a high school exam. there are two state-owned universities and several private small colleges and universities. have no education. taught in English. It depends on their socioeconomic status and whether they live near a school.

Listen to the speaker and read the following text under each of the pictures. the classroom. Familiarize yourself with the new vocabulary. Temariwa eguan ansetalech teyake lemeteyek ተማሪዋ፡Eጁዋን፡Aንስታለች፡ ትያቄ፡ለመጠየቅ A teacher teaches students math. Temariwoch bu eskiribtp ena ersas yesefalu ተማሪዎች፡በEስኪሪብቶ፡Eና Eርሳስ፡ይጽፋሉ . A student writes on the blackboard with chalk.1. Temariwa tikur selieda lie tesefalech ተማሪዋ፡ብላክ፡ቦርድ፡ላይ፡ ትጽፋለች A student raises her hand to ask a question. Temariwoch mekakelgna derega lie chemistry yemaralu ተማሪዎች፡መካከለኛ፡ደረጃ፡ላይ፡ ኬምስትሪ፡ይማራሉ First-grade students read a textbook. Astemariwu le temariwoch hisab yastemera Aስተማሪው፡ለተማሪዎች፡ ሂሳብ፡ያስተምራል Students study chemistry in middle school. Temariwoch senetibeb yemaralu ተማሪዎች፡ስነጥበብ፡ይማራሉ There is a book. a notebook. There is a desk and a chair in and a calculator. Mesehaf debter ena calculator Desk ena wenber kefel wost ale ale መጸሃፍ፡ደብተር፡Eና፡ካልኩሌትር ዴስክ፡Eና፡ወንበር፡ክፈል፡ውስጥ Aለ Aለ 220 220 Students write with pens and pencils. Ye anedgna kefel temariwoch metsehaf yanebalu የAንደኛ፡ክፍል፡ተማሪዎች፡ መፀሃፍ፡ያነባሉ Students will study art in this class.

Look around the classroom. Computer ኮምፒውተር Tikur selieda ብላክቦርድ Yealem karta Aለም Mesehaf መፀሃፍ Calculator ካልኩሌተር Tape ቴፕ 221 221 . Class Desk Chair Black board Chalk Pen Pencil Notebook Computer Printer Keyboard Monitor Teacher student Kifel Desk Wenber Tikur selieda Chalk Eskirbito Ersas Debter Computer Printer Keyboard Moniter Astemari Temari ክፍል ዴስክ ወንበር ብላክ፡ቦርድ ቾክ Eስክርቢቶ Eርሳስ ደብተር ኮምፒውተር ፕሪንተር ኪቦርድ ሞኒተር Aስተማሪ ተማሪ 3. Name the items you see. Working with a partner.2. name the items you bring with you to class and the items found in your classroom. Work with a partner.

ena tarik ሂሳብ፡ባዮሎጂ፡ሙዚቃ፡Eና፡ታሪክ My favorite subject is biology. What is your name? Semeh mann newu? ስምህ፡ማን፡ነው? How old are you? Cent ameth newu ስንት፡Aመትህ፡ነው? What grade are you in? Centgna kefel neh? ስንተኛ፡ክፍል፡ነህ? What subjects do you study? Menn aynet subject newu yemetatenawu ምን፡Aይነት፡ሳብጀክት፡ነው፡የምታጠናው What is your favorite subject? Menn subject newu yemetwedewu? ምን፡ሳብጀክት፡ነው፡የምትወደው? My name is Yemmane. የምወደው፡ሳብጀክት፡ባዮሎጂ፡ነው 4a. Listen to the dialogue while you read along in the workbook.4. and history. Read the list of new words you should have underlined in Exercise 4.muzika. Grade Favorite Subject Math Biology Music kefel yemewedew subject hisab biology musika ክፍል የምወደው ሳብጀክት ሂሳብ ባዮሎጂ ሙዚቃ 222 222 . Ene asergna kefil negn Eኔ፡Aስረኛ፡ክፍል፡ነኝ Math. literature. biology. Translate the following dialogue into English.biology. Underline the new vocabulary. seme Yemmane newu ስሜ፡የማነ፡ነው I am 16 years old. hisab. Teru temari neh? Auo teru temari negn ጥሩ፡ተማሪ፡ነህ? Aዎ፡ጥሩ፡ተማሪ፡ነኝ Ketemehert behuala menn taregalh? ከትምህርት፡በሁዋላ፡ምን፡ታደርጋለህ ? Ketemehrtbait beheual menn taregalh? ከትምህርት፡ቤት፡በሁዋላ፡ምን፡ታደርጋለህ? Ene college haydalew doctor mehon felgalew Eኔ፡ኮሌጅ፡ሄዳለሁ፡ዶክተር፡መሆን፡ፈልጋለሁ Ketemhertbait beheuala muzika mesmat wedalwu ከትምህርት፡ቤት፡በሁዋላ፡ሙዚቃ፡መስማት፡ወዳለሁ 5. Yemwedew subject biology newu. music. ene asra sedest amete newu Eኔ፡Aራ፡ስድስት፡Aመቴ፡ነው I am in 10th grade. Check your work with the Answer Key.

Literature History College Like Listen to

sene tibeb tarik college mewded mesmat

ስነጥበብ ታሪክ ኮሌጅ መውደድ መስማት

Study the use of the term “to like.” Format in Amharic. who+noun+infinitive+the form to like Abebe hisab matnat yewedal. Abebe likes to study math. Aበበ፡ሂሳብ፡ይወዳል Hiwot muskia mesmat tewedalech Hiwot likes listening to music. ሂወት፡ሙዚቃ፡መስማት፡ትወዳለች

6. Work with a partner. Come up with a dialogue similar to the one in Exercise 4. List your favorite subjects, say how good you think you are at each of them, tell what profession you are going to choose, and say what you like to do after school.

7. Familiarize yourself with the new vocabulary. Listen to the speaker as you go over the dialogue. A. Listen to the recording and take notes. Yetekedawen semu ean masetawesha safu Aተቀዳውን፡ስሙ፡Eና፡ኖት፡ፃፉ B. Put your pencils down. Ersas askemtu Eርሳስ፡Aስቀምጡ C. Write your answer on the blackboard. Mels -achehun tikur selieda lie safu መልሳችሁን፡ብላክ፡ቦርድ፡ላይ፡ፃፉ D. Open your textbooks. Debter-achehun geletu ደብተራችሁን፡ግላጡ E. Raise your hand if you have a question. Teyake kalachehu Eje-achehun ansu ጥያቄ፡ካላችሁ፡Eጃችሁን፡Aንሱ

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F. Write down your homework, please. Ye bait sera-chehun safu bakachehu የቤት፡ስራችሁን፡ፃፉ፡ባካችሁን

8. Role-play a teacher. Have the students follow your directions. Use the expressions from Exercise 7.

9. Listen to the following questions and mark the answers that you hear. Check your answers with the answer key. 1. What do you do at school? A. I read the textbooks at school. B. I write letters and numbers in Amharic. C. I study many subjects. 2. What grade are you in? A. I am in 5th grade. B. I am in 6th grade. C. I am in 8th grade. 3. What subjects are you studying? A. Math, Amharic, science, geography, and English. B. Math, history, science, geography, and English. C. Math, chemistry, science, geography, and English. 4. What is your favorite subject? A. English B. Geography C. Science 5. Are you a good student? A. I’m very good at English, but I’m bad at math. B. I’m very good at geography, but I’m bad at math. C. I’m very good at chemistry, but I’m bad at math.

10. Working with a partner, come up with similar dialogues using expressions from Exercise 9. 11. Working in small groups, describe the following pictures. Come up with ages for the students and the teacher, their names, the subjects they study/teach, what they’re doing right now, what they are wearing, if they seem to like their class and their teacher, etc.

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12. Listen to and read the following text about the student’s schedule, and then answer the questions below. There will be the new word “busy” in the text. Try to guess the meaning from the context: “I have a busy schedule. I work six hours every day, and I have six classes at school every day.” Did you guess what “busy schedule" means? Good job! ስሜ፡ብርሃኔ፡Aሰፋ፡ነው።Eኔ፡Aዲስ፡Aበባ፡ዩኒቨርስቲ፡ተማሪ፡ነኝ፡Eኔ፡Eንግሊዘኛ፡Aተናለሁ፡ Eኔ፡Aስተርጉዋሚ፡መሆን፡Eፈልጋለሁ፡ኣኔ፡ብዙ፡ስራ፡Aለኝ፡ሰኞ፡Eሮብ፡Eና፡Aርብ፡ትምህርት፡ ቤት፡Eሄዳለሁ።Eኔበስምንት፡ሰAት፡ትምህርት፡ቤት፡Eሄዳለሁ፡ከትምህርት፡ቤት፡በሁዋላ፡በAራ፡ት ሰAት፡ስራ፡ሄዳለሁ።Eኔ፡ምግብ፡ቤት፡ውስት፡Aስተናጋጅ፡ነኝ።ከስራ፡በሁዋላ፡በAሰር፡ሰAትቤት፡ሄዳለ ው።ማክሰኞ፡Eና፡ሃቡስ፡በAስር፡ሰAት፡ክፍል፡Eሄዳለሁ።ከትምሀርት፡ቤት፡በሁዋላ፡ላይብረሪ፡ሄዳለው። Eኔ፡ላይብረሪ፡ውስጥ፡ሶሰAት፡ከሰAት፡ሰራለው፡የቤት፡ስራ፡ቅዳሜ፡Eና፡Eሁድ፡Eና፡ጠዋት፡ሰራለሁ።

A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H.

What is the student’s name? Where does he/she go to school? What does he/she study? What is his/her schedule on Monday, Wednesday and Friday? What is his/her schedule on Tuesday and Thursday? Does the student have a job? When does the student do homework? What does the student want to do after finishing school?

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Go over the text from Exercise 12 again. Tell the class about your schedule. Use the questions after the text as an outline for your story.

2. Look at the pictures and say what you see. Include the grade the students are in, the subjects they are studying, what the teacher is doing, what the students and teachers are wearing, etc.

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Vocabulary List
Art Basketball Biology Blackboard Chair Chalk Chemistry Class College/University Computer Desk Elementary School English Grade High School History Homework Literature Math Middle School Music Notebook Pen Pencil Photography Reading Student Subject(s) Tape recorder Teacher To like To read To study To write Listen to the recording and take notes. Put your pencils down. Write your answer on the blackboard. Open your textbooks. Raise your hand! Write down your homework, please. Sene tibeb Basketball Biology Tikur selieda Wenber Chalk chemistry kefell College/university computer desk Andegna derega English( engelizegna) Wetait Huletegna derega History(tarik) Yebait sera Sine tibeb Hisab Mekakelegna derega Musika Debter Skirbito Ersas Photography Nebab Temari Ye temherit aynet Tape yemikeda Astemari Meuded Manbeb Matnat metsaf Yetekedawen semu ena Masetawesha safu Ersas-achehun askemtu Melse blackboard lie safu Debter geletu Ege ansu Yebait sera safu ስነጥበብ ባስኬት፡ቦል ባዮሎጂ ትቁር ሰሌዳ ወንበር ቾክ ኬምስትሪ ክፍል ኮሌጅ/ዩኒቭርሲቲ ኮምፒውተር ዴስክ Aንደኛ፡ደረጃ Eንጊልዘኛ ውጤት ሁለተኛ፡ደረጃ (ሂስትሪ) ታሪክ የቤት፡ስራ ስነ፡ጥበብ ሂሳብ መካከለኛ፡ደረጃ ሙዚቃ ደብተር ስኪርቢቶ Eርሳስ ፎቶግራፊ ነባብ ተማሪ የትመህርት፡Aይነት ቴፕ፡የሚቀዳ Aስተማሪ መውደድ መንበብ መጥናት ማፃፍ የተቀዳውን፡ሰሙ፡Eና፡ማስታወሻ፡ፃፉ Eርሳስችሁን፡Aስቀምጡ መልስ፡ጥቁረ ሰሌዳ፡ላይ፡ፃፉ ደብተር፡ግለጡ Eጅ፡Aንሱ የቤት፡ስራ፡ፃፉ

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Answer Key 4a. I’m a good student. ሂሳብ፡Aማርኛ፡ሳይንስ፡ጂኣግራፊ፡Eና፡Eንግሊዘኛ 4. science. Math. Amaregna. What grade are you in? ስንተኛ፡ክፈል፡ነህ? centegna kefel neh? B. 1. Auo teru temari negn Aዎ፡ጥሩ፡ተማሪ፡ነኝ I will go to college. Are you a good student? Teru temari neh? ጥሩ፡ተማሪ፡ነህ? What will you do after school? Ketemehert behuala menn taregalh? ከትምህርት፡በሁዋላ፡ምን፡ታደርጋለህ ? What do you like to do after school? Ketemehrtbait beheual menn taregalh? ከትምህርት፡ቤት፡በሁዋላ፡ምን፡ታደርጋለህ? 9. geography. Ene college haydalew doctor mehon felgalew Eኔ፡ኮሌጅ፡ሄዳለሁ፡ዶክተር፡መሆን፡ፈልጋለሁ After school I like to listen to music Ketemhertbait beheuala muzika mesmat wedalwu ከትምህርት፡ቤት፡በሁዋላ፡ሙዚቃ፡መስማት፡ወዳለሁ 228 228 . ene sedestegna kefel negn Eኔ፡ስድስተኛ፡ክፍል፡ንኝ 3. geography. What is your favorite subject? yemetwedew subject menden neo? የምትወደው፡ሳብጀክት፡ምንድን፡ነው? B. and English. What do you do at school? ትምህርት፡ቤት፡ምን፡ትሰራለህ? temhert bait menn teseraleh? C. hisab. What subjects are you studying? menn subject eyatenah newu? ምን፡ሳብጀክት፡ነው፡የምታጠናው ? A. I want to be a doctor. Geography Geography ጂOግራፊ Yes. I study many subjects. I am in 6th grade. ena Engelizegna. Amharic. Eኔ፡ብዙ፡ሰብጀክት፡Aጠናለሁ ene bezu subject atenalewu 2. science.

I work at a restaurant as a waiter/waitress.m. Ke temehrt bit behaula be arat se-at sear haydalewu. I am a student at Addis Abeba University. H. erob. 229 229 . F. A. I want to be an interpreter.ke sera behuala bu aser se-at bait haydadlew maksegno ena hamus bu aser se-at kefel haydalewu. Ene bezu sera alegn. Ene engelizegna atenalewu. After school. I go home. I go to the library. What is the student’s name? Her name is Berhane Assefa. and Friday. C. I do my homework on the weekends and in the mornings.ye bait sera kedame ena ehud ena teuat seralewu. I go to class at 10 a. Seme Berhane Assefa newu. I go to work. What is her school schedule on Monday. at 12:00. Where does she go to school? She goes to Addis Abeba University.ene be sement se-at temhert bait haydalew.5. After work. Wednesday and Friday.m. segno. My name is Berhane Assefa. I have a busy schedule.m. What job does she have and when does she work? She works as a waitress in restaurant from 4:00 to 10:00pm on Monday. ene be chemistry betam teru negn genn be hisab metfo negn Eኔ፡በኬምስተሪ፡በጣም፡ጥሩ፡ነኝ፡ግን፡በሂሳብ፡መጥፎ፡ነኝ 12.. I’m very good at chemistry. Ene megeb bait wost astenagage negn . but I’m bad at math. I go to school at 8:00. ena areb tmehert bait haydalewu. at 4:00 p. After school. What is her schedule on Tuesday and Thursday? She goes to class at 10am then at 12:00 she goes to the library to study for three hours. When does the student do homework? She does homework on weekends and in the mornings. What does she study? She studies English. Ene library wost sost se-at kes-at seralewu . Are you a good student? ante teru temari neh? Aንተ፡ጥሩ፡ተማሪ፡ነህ? C. E. On Tuesday and Thursday. Ene asterguami mehon felegalew. D. B. G. I study English. at 10 p. Wednesday. On Monday.. What does the student want to do after finishing school? She wants to be an interpreter. ene Addis Abeba University temari negn.ke tehert bait behaula library haydalewu. I work at the library three hours in the afternoon. Wednesday and Friday? She goes to school from 8:00am until 4:00pm.

Read the sentences with the new vocabulary and try to guess the meaning of unknown words. VALIDATION COPY 1.vocabulary related to recreational and leisure activities .Lesson 16 መዝናኛ፡Eና፡የመዝናኛ፡ግዜ Meznagna ena ye meznagna gezai Recreation and Leisure This lesson will introduce you to: . Yenesu hobby newu Eሷ፡ሙዚቃ፡ተጫዋች፡ናት፡ ፒያኖ፡ተጫዋች፡ሙዚቃ፡ ዝግጅት፡ላይ፡ትጫወታለች Esua muzika techawach nat. yesu hobby quas mechawet nowu ሰውየው፡ተራራ፡ላይ፡ስኪ፡ያረጋል የሱ፡ሆቢ፡ስኪ፡ማረግ፡ነው Sewyew terara lie ski yaregal. ሴትየው፡Eና፡ሰውየው፡ይደንሳሉ፡ የነሱ፡ሆቢ፡ነው Sewyew ena saityewa yedensalu.ways to discuss hobbies in Amharic.0 JUNE 2007 1. piano techawach muzika zegeget lie techawetalech Eሱ፡ፎቶ፡ያነሳል፡ Eሱ፡ፎቶ፡Aንሺ፡ ነው Esu photo yanesal.esu photo anshi newu ይሄ፡Aንድሩ፡ነው፡የሱ፡ሆቢ፡ኩዋስ መጫወት፡ነው Yehay andrew newu. Yesu hobby ski mareg newu የኔ፡ጉዋደኛ፡ሳንዲ፡ ከክፍል፡በሁዋላ፡ከሰAት ትሮጣለች Yene guadegna sandy ke kefel behual keseat terotalech 230 230 .

ወንድሜ፡ቦሊንግ፡ይወዳል፡ይሄ፡ነው የሱ፡ሆቢ Wendeme bowling yewedal. Yehay newu yesu hobby Aየሩ፡ጥሩ፡ቢሆን፡ልጆች፡ሁል ግዜ፡ይዋኛሉ Ayearu teru behon lejoch hulegize yewagnalu ይሄ፡ወጣት፡ልጅ ቴኒስ፡ይጫወታል Yehay wetat lej court lie tennis yechawetal የኔ፡Eህት፡ስEል፡መሳል፡ትወዳለች Yene ehit se-el mesal tewedalech ወታደሮች፡ድንኩዋን፡ዎስጥ ካርታ፡ይችወታሉ።Eነሱ ካርታ፡መቻወት፡ይወዳሉ Wetaderoch denkuan wost carta yechawetalu.Enesu carta mechawet yewedalu ባል፡Eና፡ሚስት፡ሁሌ፡ ማታ፡በEግር፡ይሄዳሉ Balle ena mist hule Mata bu egir yehaydalu ሁለት፡ወታደሮች፡ቼስ፡ይጫወታሉ።የነሱ፡ሆቢ፡ነው Hulet wetderoch chess yechawetalu .yenesu hobby newu የሄ፡ሰውየ፡ጊታር፡ይጫወታል፡Eና፡ይዘፍናል Yehay sewyae guitar yechawetal ena yezefnal 231 231 .

ketemhert bait behuala yezefnalu ከትምህርት፡ቤት፡በሁዋላ፡ይዘፍናሉ A. What sports does he play? esu menn ayenet sport yechawetal? 232 232 . They will sing after school. ketemhert bait behual wana yehadalu ከትምህርት፡ቤት፡በሁዋላ፡ዋና፡ሄዳለው B. Listen to the dialogues as you read them. He plays soccer and basketball. ketemhert bait behuala yedensalu ከትምህርት፡ቤት፡በሁዋላ፡ይደንሳሉ C.2. esu quas ena basketball yechawetal 2. They will swim after school. Play Cards To ski Hobby To dance Tennis Tennis court Play piano Musician To take pictures Photographer To play guitar To sing Songs Chess To walk To swim Swimming pool To run To bowl Soccer To paint Mechawet Carta Ski amdreg Hobby Medense Tennis Tennis medat Piano mecahwet Muzkikegna Photo meused Photo anshi Guitar mecahwet Mezfen Zefenoch Chess Meramed Mewagnet Wana botta Merot Bowling Quas (football) Mesal መጫወት ካርታ ስኪ፡ማድረግ ሆቢ መደነስ ቴኒስ ቴኒስ፡ሜዳ ፒያኖ፡መጫወት ሙዚቀኛ ፎቶ፡መውሰድ ፎቶ፡Aንሺ ጊታር፡መጫወት ዘፈን ዘፈኖች ቼስ መራመድ መዋኘት ዋና፡ቦታ መሮጥ ቦሊንግ ኩዋስ መሳል 3. in order to feel comfortable with pronunciation. Repeat the new words as many times as you need to. They will dance after school. What will they do after school? ketemhert bait behual menn teseralhe? ከትምህርት፡ቤት፡በሁዋላ፡ምን፡ትሰራለህ? A. Now listen to the speaker. Check to see if your guesses were correct. 1.

Eሷ፡ዘፈን፡ትዘፍናለች B. Take turns reading the dialogues in Exercise 3. Work with a partner. He plays soccer and volleyball. She takes pictures. I like to walk and play soccer ne bu egir mehayd ena quas mecahwet wedalewu Eኔ፡በEግር፡መሄድ፡Eና፡ኩዋስ፡መጫወት፡ወዳለው 4. esua photo tanesalech. auo. Eሷ፡ፎቶ፡ታነሳለች A.Eሱ፡ምን፡Aይነት፡ስፖርት፡ይጫወታል 3. auo ene piano echawetalwu Aዎ፡Eኔፒያኖ፡ጫወታለሁ A. Make up exchanges using the models and phrases from Exercise 3. esua se-el teselalech Eሷ፡ስEል፡ትስላለች C. What are your hobbies? yante hobby menden newu? ያንተ፡ሆቢ፡መንድን፡ነው? Eሱ፡ኩዋስ፡Eና፡ባስኬት፡ቦል፡ይጫወታል B. She paints pictures. Yes. She sings songs. 5. I . I play the piano. I play chess. Yes. ene piano echawetalwu Aይ፡Eኔ፡ፒያኖ፡Eጫወታለሁ C. ene merot ena photo mansat wedalewu Eኔ፡መሮጥ፡Eና፡ፍቶ፡ማንሳት፡ወዳልው B. 233 233 . Work with a partner or in a small group. No. esu quas ena volleyball yechawetal Eሱ፡ኩዋስ፡Eና፡ቮሊቦል፡ይጫወታል C. Do you play chess? ante chess techawetalh? Aንተ፡ቼስ፡ትጫወታለህ? Do you play guitar? anchi guitar techawetalesh? Aንቺ፡ጊታር፡ትጫወቻለሽ? Do you play piano? ante piano techawetalh? Aንተ፡ፒያኖ፡ትጫወታለህ? 5. I like to read and swim. esu quas ena tennis yechawetal Eሱ፡ኩዋስ፡Eና፡ቴኒስ፡ይጫወታል A. ene manbeb ena mewagnet wedalewu Eኔ፡ማንበብ፡Eና፡መዋኘት፡ወዳለው C. I play the piano. I like to run and take pictures. He plays soccer and tennis. ene chess echawetalwu Aዎ፡Eኔ፡ቼስ፡Eጫወታለሁ B. What does she do today? esua menn taregalech zarai? Eሷ፡ምን፡ታረጋለች፡ዛሬ? 4. esua zefen tezefnalch.

Check your work with the answer key. B.Aዎ፡Eኔ፡ቼስ፡Eጫወታለሁ oewu ene chess echawetalewu.Eሱ፡ኩዋስ፡Eና፡ባስኬት፡ቦል፡ይጫወታል esu quas ena basketball yechawetal E. Too .? . From . Reconstruct the questions.የኔ፡ሆቢ፡መሮጥ፡Eና፡ፎቶ፡ማንሳት፡ነው yene hobby merot ena photo mansat newu D.? .to “Also” and “too” are the same in Amharic.) Eኔም፡መሮጥ፡ወዳለው 234 234 . Check the grammar note for some explanations. .6.simply add the sound “M” at the end of a word.የኔ፡ሆቢ፡ማንበብ፡Eና፡መዋኝት፡ነው yene hobby manbeb ena mewagnet newu F.……………………? . C. . Read the following text.…………………….ke Eske .……………………. .Eሷ፡በEግር፡መሄድ፡Eና፡ጊታር፡መጫወት፡ትወዳለች esua bu egir mehaid ena guitar mechawet tewedalech 7.……………………? . -……………………? .……………………. . . noting the new vocabulary. In Amharic the form is: subject + from + time + to + time + infinitive verb ene ke segno eske areb seralwe Eኔ፡ከሰኞ፡Eስከ፡Aርብ፡ሰራለው The form “too” is used as follows: who + too + infinitive/person Enem merot wedalew./I like running too.Aዎ፡Eኔ፡ፒያኖ፡Eጫወታለሁ oewu ene piano echawetalewu. Example: I work from Monday to Friday. (Notice the letter -m added at the end of Ene. A.? .

Use the statements from Exercise 8 as an outline for your story. Tigray.ስሜ፡ብርሃኔ፡Aሉላ፡ነው።Eኔ፡ዩኒቲ፡ኮሌጅ፡Eሄዳለሁ፡Aዲስ፡Aበባ፡ሸዋ፡ውስጥ፡ነው።Eኔ፡ብዙ፡ስራ Aለኝ፡ክፍል፡Eና፡ሆቢየ።Eኔ፡ኮምፒውተር፡ሳይንስ፡Aጠናለሁ፡Eና፡ለዩኒቨርስቲ፡ቡድን፡ኩዋስ፡ Eጫወታሁ።Eኔ፡ክፍል፡ከ8. ene quas mechawet wedalewu .00 eske 6. He has class every day from 8:30 to 3:00.00 ሰAት፡Aለኝ፡Eኔ፡ከትምህርት፡ቤት፡በሁዋል፡ኩዋስ፡ ልምምድ፡ሁሌ፡ከ4.ke zefen zegegit behuala megeb bait hayden rat enbelalen.00 Aለን።Eኔ፡ኩዋስ፡መጭወት፡ወዳለሁ፡የኔ፡ጉዋደኞ፡Eና፡Eኔ፡ ቅዳሜ፡Eና፡Eሁድ፡ጭምር፡Eንጫወታለን፡Eኔ፡ዋና፡መዋኝት፡Eና፡ጊታር፡መጭወት፡Eወዳለሁ፡ Eኔ፡ጊታር፡ጥሩ፡Eጫወታለሁ፡ይሄ፡ቅዳሜ፡Eና፡Eሁድ፡Eኔ፡Eና፡ጉዋደኞቼ፡የዘፈን፡ዝግጅት፡ ስታዲየም፡ደብረ፡ብርሃን፡Eንሄዳለን።Eኛ፡የምንወዳት፡ዘፋኝ፡Eዛ፡ትኖራለች፡ከዘፈን፡ዝግጅት፡ በሁዋላ፡ምግብ፡ቤት፡ሄደን፡ራት፡Eንበላለን። Seme Berhane Alula neo.00 Eስከ፡6. ene kefel ke 8. yehay kedame ena ehud ene ena guadegoche yezefen zegegit stadium Debre berhane enehaydalen . ene wana –m mewagnet ena guitar mechawet ewedalew . After the concert Berhane will go home to do his homework. ene ke temhirt behuala quas lememed hule ke 4. Working with a partner or in a small group. F. B. A. shewa wost. E. 9. The pictures given below can help you to choose the activities to describe.00 se-at alegn. H.30 Eስከ፡3. Berhane Alula is from Addis Ababa. Ene Unity college ehaydalew Addis abeba . He is a student at Unity College in Mekele. egna yemenwedat zefagn eza tenoralech. D. come up with the description of a busy schedule. ene computer science atenalew ena le university quas budin echawetalew . yene guadegnoch ena ene kedame ena ehud chemer enechawetalen. Berhane studies chemistry. 8. Berhane likes to swim and play the piano. Check your answers.00 alegn .30 eske ke 3. Ene bezu sera alegn kefill ena hobby . 235 235 . C. Read the above text as many times as you want to and mark the following statements as either True or False. Berhane plays on the university soccer team.ene ke Dire Dawa.ene guitar teru echawetalwe .

Khat is like coffee. take time to do some kind of recreational activity.” an herb that grows in Ethiopia. even the poor. families and/or friends gather for the traditional coffee ceremony. Listen to the vocabulary as you look at the pictures. In addition to playing soccer. 10. Also. in the afternoon after work. for r elaxation. swimming. a. but also a time when people share what is going on in their lives. Try to match the Amharic words with the pictures. dancing and running. Check the answer key. This is not only a tradition and recreation. men and women gather to chew “khat. it originated in Ethiopia and is harvested along with coffee.Most Ethiopians. 1 2 3 236 236 .

She will sing after school. He likes to play soccer and volleyball. She doesn’t sing. B. but she takes photographs. but she plays piano. I like to walk and play cards. Do you play chess? B. 1. I like to run and sing. What are your hobbies? No. I play piano. Do you play piano? A. Yes. What are your hobbies? B. A. 4. 3. I like to read and dance. Check your work with the answer key. 237 237 . but she sings. A. Listen to the statements and mark the ones that you hear. Do you play guitar? C. I play checkers. What are your hobbies? C. He likes to play soccer and tennis. 5. She doesn’t dance. She will dance after school. C. She will swim after school. I play piano. A. He likes to play soccer and basketball.4 5 wana botta/ዋና፡ቦታ quase maida/ኩዋስ፡ሜዳ tennis court /ቴኒስ፡ኮርት bowling/ቦሊንግ gymnasium/ጅምናዚየም stadium/ስታዲየም 6 10. C. 2. A. C. She doesn’t paint pictures. B. No. B.

238 238 .11. Look at the pictures and make up dialogues about someone’s hobbies. Work with a partner. Use the models and phrases from Exercise 10.

C. B. describe the pictures below. D. What is your favorite sport or recreational activity? How often do you participate in your activity? What is your favorite hobby? What did you do last weekend? What will you do next weekend? 2. 1. 239 239 . In Amharic. E. using the vocabulary you have learned in this lesson. Work with a partner or in a small group. A. Answer the following questions in Amharic.End-of-Lesson Tasks.

play soccer. play a piano. volleyball. cards. a guitar To run To sing To ski To swim To take pictures Soccer field Songs Stadium Swimming pool Tennis Tennis court Bowling bota Bowling Carta Chess Computer science Gymnasium hobby Se-el mesal Mechawcha maida Bowling Medenese Chess/carta/quase/vollyball/ piano/guitar mechawet Merot Mezfen Ski amreg Mewagnet Photo mansat Quase maida Zefen Stadium wana bota Tennis Tennis meda ቦሊንግ፡ቦታ ቦሊንግ ካርታ ቼስ ኮምፒውተር፡ሳይንስ ጅምናዚየም ሆቢ ስEል፡መሳል መጫውቻ፡ሜዳ ቦሊንግ መደነስ ቼስ/ካርታ/ቮሊቦል/ ፒያኖ/ጊታር፡መጫወት መሮጥ መዝፈን ስኪ፡ማድረግ መዋኘት ፎቶ፡ማንሳት ኩዋስ፡ሜዳ ዘፈን ስታዲየም ዋና፡ቦታ ቴኒስ ቴኒስ፡ ሜዳ 240 240 .Vocabulary List Bowling alley Bowling Cards Chess Computer science Gymnasium Hobby Paint pictures Playing field To bowl To dance To play chess.

I play chess. – Do you play the piano ?/piano techawetalh? ፒያኖ፡ትጫወታለህ? .What does he do?/esu menn yeseral? Eሱ፡ምን፡ይሰራል? . ስሜ፡ብርሃኔ፡Aሉላ፡ነው።Eኔ፡ዩኒቲ፡ኮሌጅ፡Eሄዳለሁ፡Aዲስ፡Aበባ፡ሸዋ፡ውስጥ፡ነው።Eኔ፡ብዙ፡ ስራ፡Aለኝ፡ክፍል፡Eና፡ሆቢየ።Eኔ፡ኮምፒውተር፡ሳይንስ፡Aጠናለሁ፡Eና፡ለዩኒቨርስቲ፡ቡድን፡ Eጫወታሁ።Eኔ፡ክፍል፡ከ8.He plays soccer and basketball.My hobbies are running and taking pictures. . I play the piano./yene hobbie merot ena photo amnsat neo.Yes. .Yes. .? /chess techawetalh? ቼስ፡ትጫወታለህ? .My hobbies are reading and swimming. .00 ሰAት፡Aለኝ፡Eኔ፡ከትምህርት፡ቤት፡በሁዋል፡ኩዋስ፡ 241 241 .30 Eስከ፡3.Answer Key 6.What is her hobby?/ysua hobby menden neo የሱዋ፡ሆቢ፡ምንድን፡ነው? .She likes to walk and play guitar. -What are your hobbies ?/yenete hobby menden neo? ያንተ፡ሆቢ፡ምንድን፡ነው? . / auo piano echawetalew Aዎ፡ፒያኖ፡Eጫወታለሁ C./esu be-egir mehaid ena guitar mechawet tewedalech Eሷ፡በEግር፡መሄድ፡Eና፡ጊታር፡መጫወት፡ትወዳለች 8. A.Do you play chess.What are your hobbies?/yante hobby menden noe? ያንተ፡ሆቢ፡ምንድ፡ነው? . /auo chesss echawetalew Aዎ፡ቼስ፡Eጫወታለሁ B./esu quais ena basketball yechawetal Eሱ፡ኩዋስ፡Eና፡ባስኬት፡ቦል፡ይጫወታል E./yene hobie manbeeb ena mewagnet neo የኔ፡ሆቢ፡ማንበብ፡Eና፡መዋኘት፡ነው F. የኔ፡ሆቢ፡መሮጥ፡Eና፡ፎቶ፡ማንሳት፡ነው D.

1. Our favorite singer will sing. C. He is a student at the university in Mekele. I am very busy with my classes and my hobbies. I study computer science. H. B.00 Aለን።Eኔ፡ኩዋስ፡መጭወት፡ወዳለሁ፡የኔ፡ጉዋደኞ፡Eና፡Eኔ፡ ቅዳሜ፡Eና፡Eሁድ፡ጭምር፡Eንጫወታለን፡Eኔ፡ዋና፡መዋኝት፡Eና፡ጊታር፡መጭወት፡Eወዳለሁ፡ Eኔ፡ጊታር፡ጥሩ፡Eጫወታለሁ፡ይሄ፡ቅዳሜ፡Eና፡Eሁድ፡Eኔ፡Eና፡ጉዋደኞቼ፡የዘፈን፡ዝግጅት፡ ስታዲየም፡ደብረ፡ብርሃን፡Eንሄዳለን።Eኛ፡የምንወዳት፡ዘፋኝ፡Eዛ፡ትኖራለች፡ከዘፈን፡ዝግጅት፡ በሁዋላ፡ምግብ፡ቤት፡ሄደን፡ራት፡Eንበላለን። My name is Berhane Alula. 10. A. 3. Berhane studies chemistry. 242 242 . E. She will swim after school. I’m not very good at the guitar. I like to play soccer. He likes to play soccer and volleyball. I study at the University in Addis Ababa. Berhane likes to swim and play the piano. A. 1. She doesn’t dance. C. B. and I play on the university soccer team. T_ F F T T F F Berhane Alula is from Addis Ababa. Tigray. I have class every day from 8:30 to 3:00 in the afternoon. D. This weekend my friends and I will go to a concert at the stadium in Debre Zeit. After the concert we will go home and eat dinner. Eሱ፡ክዋስ፡Eና፡ቮሊቦል፡መጫወት፡ይወዳል esu quas ena volleyball mechawet yewedal C. After the concert Berhane will go home to do his homework. Berhane plays on the university soccer team. F. a. 3. Swimming pool wana botta ዋና፡ቦታ Soccer Field quas maida ኩዋስ፡ሜዳ Tennis court tennis court ቴኒስ፡ኮርት Bowling Alley bowling ቦሊንግ Gymnasium gymnasium ጅምናዚየም Stadium stadium ስታዲየም 10. My friends and I play on the weekends too. 2. Eሷ፡ከትምህርት፡ቤት፡በሁዋላ፡ትዋኛለች esua ke temhert bait behuala tewagnalech B.ልምምድ፡ሁሌ፡ከ4. He had class every day from 8:30 to 3:00. but she sings. A. Eሷ፡Aትደንስም፡ግን፡ትዘፍናለች esua atdensem genn tezefnalech 2.00 Eስከ፡6. I also like to swim and to play the guitar. After school I have soccer practice every day from 4:00 to 6:00.

5. ቼስ፡ትጫወታለህ? chess techawetalh? No. I play checkers. 5. What are your hobbies? I like to read and dance. Aይ፡ቼከርስ፡Eጫወታለሁ i.4. B. B. A. Do you play chess? A. checkers echawetalew. ያንተ፡ሆቢዎች፡ምንድን፡ናቸው? Eኔ፡ማንበብ፡Eና፡መደነስ፡ወዳለሁ yante hobbioch menden nachew? Ene manbeb ena medenese wedalew 243 243 . 4.

Lesson 17 ጤና፡Eና፡የሰው፡ሰውነት Taina ena yesew sewnet Health and the Human Body This lesson will introduce you to: . Check your work with the answer key.0 JUNE 2007 1. Abdomen Arm Back Chest Chin Ear Elbow Eye Face Fingers Foot/Feet Genitals Hair Hand Hod Ege Gerba Deret Agech Gorro Kern Ayen Feet Tat Egir/egroch Belit Segur Ege ሆድ Eጅ ጀርባ ደረት Aገጭ ጆሮ ክርን Aይን ፊት ጣት Eግር ብልት ፀጉር Eጅ Head Hip Knee Leg Mouth Neck Nose Pelvis/groin Shoulder Stomach Toes Tooth/Teeth Waist Ras Dale Gulbet Egir Af Anget Afnecha Mahesen Tekesha Hod Yegir tat Ters/tersoch Wegeb ራስ ዳሌ ጉልበት Eግር Aፍ Aንገት Aፍንጫ መሃፀን ትከሻ ሆድ የEግር፡ጣት ጥርስ/ጥርሶች ወገብ 2. In Amharic. Listen as the speaker recites the vocabulary. 3. Check your answer. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate body part in Amharic.answering questions about health conditions .vocabulary related to the human body .typical exchanges at the doctor’s office. eyen Aይን gorro ጆሮ egir Eግር egir Eግር ras ራስ ege ኣጅ anget Aንገት af Aፍ 244 244 .asking questions about a person’s state of health . VALIDATION COPY 1. name the body parts that come in pairs.

Bu zenab. Ene muzika be esemalewu. Ene tekusalt alegn ትኩሳት ኣለኝ I have a headache. Ene megeb ena yemiteta wesdalewu Eኔ፡ምግብ፡Eና፡የሚጠጣ ወስዳለው lie The verb “to feel” and “to be sick. Be egir mehayd lene teru newu በEግር፡ለEኔ፡መሄድ፡ ጥሩ፡ነው D. Ene gorroro amonal Eኔ፡ጉሮሮ፡ማበጥ፡Aለኝ I have a fever. Ene metfo yesemagnal Eኔ፡መጥፎ፡የሰማኛል I have a sore throat. Ene kalsi ena chama lie aregalewu Eኔ፡ካልሲ፡Eና፡ጫማ፡ ላይ፡Aርጉዋል E. Eኔ፡በ መፀሃፍ፡Aነባለው B. ene kofeya lie guanti lie ena sharp aregalewu በዝናብ፡Eኔ፡ኮፍያ፡ ላይ፡ጉዋንቲ ላይ፡Eና፡ሻርፕ ላይ፡Aረጋለሁ F. Ene dekam yesemagnal. Eኔ፡ድካም፡ይሰማኛል I feel bad.A. To be sick /metamem መታመም I am sick /ene amognal Eኔ፡Aሞኛል She is sick/ esua amuata Eሷ፡Aሟታል Subject + is + sick How do you feel? Endate yesemahal? (M) Eንዴት፡ይሰማሃል? Endate yesemashal? (F) Eንዴት፡ይሰማሻል? Endate yesemawotal? (older person or more formal) Eንዴት፡ይሰማዎታል? I feel sick. Ene ras metat alegn Eና፡ራስ፡ምታት፡Aለኝ What symptoms do you have? Endate yaregehal? (M) Eንዴት፡ይረግሃል? Endate yaregeshal? (F) Eንዴት፡ያረግሻል? 245 245 . Eኔ፡ሙዚቃ፡በ Eሰማለው C.” To feel/ mesemat መሰማት I feel/ ene yesemagnal Eኔ፡ይሰማኛል She feels/ esua yesematal Eሷ፡ይሰማታል Subject + feel + good or …. Ene be mesehaf anebalewu. Ene hemem yesemagnal Eኔ፡ህመም፡ይሰማኛል I feel weak/weakness.

Ene wede lie yelegnal(yaqleshelesnal) ena hodain amognal.Where does it hurt? Yet botta newu yemiyameh? (M) የት፡ቦታ፡ነው፡የሚሰማህ? Yet botta newu yemiamesh? (F) የት፡ቦታ፡ነው፡የሚሰማሽ? Yet botta newu yemiyamot? (older person or more formal) የት፡ቦታ፡ነው፡የሚሰማዎት? My left ankle hurts. Ante dehena neh? Ene amognal. Are you OK? I don’t feel good. Yene gerra kurchemchemit yamegnal የኔ፡ግራ፡ቁርጭምጭሚት፡ያመኛል My back hurts. Esua menne honalech? Yesua egirone amuatal Eሷ፡ምን፡ሆናለች? ኣሷ፡Eግሩዋን።Aሙዋታል C. I feel nauseous and have a stomachache. ene gerbayen yamegnal Eኔ፡ጀርባየን፡ያመኛ My stomach hurts. Hemme yesemashal? I erguz negn ሕመም ይሰማሻል? Aይ፡Eርጉዝ፡ነኝ G. Are you taking any medication? Yes. Ene hodain yamegnal Eኔ፡ሆዴን፡ያመኛል 4. A. Medhanit eyweesdik newu ? Oewo ke medhanit bait መድሃኒት፡Eየወሰድክ፡ነው? Aዎ፡ከመድሃኒት፡ቤት 246 246 . Are you sick? No. and read along in the workbook. How do you feel? My head hurts. Yetu garr newu yemiyameh? Hodain amognal የቱ፡ጋር፡ነው፡የሚያምክ? ሆዴን፡Aሞኛል F. I’m pregnant. yamehal? Oewo egai tesebrual ያመሃል? Aዎ፡Eጄ፡ተሰብሩዋል E. How do you feel? I feel sick. over-the-counter ones. Endate yesemahal? Rasain yamegnal Eንዴት፡ይሰማሃል? ራሴን፡ያመኛል D. Aንተ፡ደህና፡ነህ? Eኔ፡Aሞኛል፡ወደ፡ልይ፡ይለኛል(ያቅለሽልሽኛል)፡Eና፡ሆዴን፡Aሞኛል H. endate yesemahal? Ene amognal Eንዴት፡ይሰማሃል? Eኔ፡Aሞኛል B. Where does it hurt? My stomach hurts. What is the matter with her? Her leg hurts. my arm is broken. Listen to the following questions and answers. Are you in pain? Yes.

Esua goonfan alat ትንሹዋ፡ልጅ፡ተኩሳት፡Aላት፡ጉሮሮ፡ማበጥ፡Eና፡የሰውነት፡ቁርጥማት፡Eሷ፡ታስነትሳለች፡ Eና፡ሳል፡Aላት።Eሷ፡ጉንፋን፡Aላት 3. wetatua sait alamematm. Check the answer key. Use the phrases from Exercise 6 to describe your symptoms. Work with a partner.5. Role-play the doctor and patient. guroro meabet. esu tasnetesalech ena salle alet. Match each picture with the corresponding statement. Listen to and read the list of the typical symptoms for each ailment. 8. ena yesawent kurtmat. A B C 1. Flu Fever Sore throat Body aches Sneezing Coughing Gunfan Tekusat Guroro mabet Sewnet kurtemat Masnetes Masalle 247 247 ጉንፋን ትኩሳት ጉሮሮ፡ማበጥ የሰውነት፡ቁርጥማት ማስነጠስ ማሳል . role-play the dialogues from Exercise 4. teneshu lej tekusat alat. Esua erguz nat ወጣቱዋ፡ሴት፡Aላመማትም።Eሷ፡Eርጉዝ፡ናት 2. 6. Working with a partner. Use the questions from Exercise 5 as a model. teneshi lej wede lie yelewal ena hoduin amotal ትነሹ፡ልጅ፡ወደ፡ላይ፡ይለዋል፡Eና።ሆዱን፡Aሞታል 7.

1 lb = 0. Work with a partner. Look at the chart of symptoms in Exercise 9. Do not forget to use the units of measure appropriate for Ethiopia. 100 cm = 1 meter. 1 inch = 2.How tall are you? How much do you weigh? Aንተ፡ቁመት፡ስንት፡ነህ? ስንት፡ተከብዳለህ? Ante kumet cent neh? Ante cent tekebdalh? . Take turns asking each other about your height and weight. Work with a partner or in a small group.I am 66 inches tall and weigh 120 pounds.454 kg.He is 70” tall and weighs 185 pounds. Develop the questions the doctor can ask about one’s symptoms to be able to diagnose the problem. and how much does he weigh? Eሱ፡ቁመት፡Eና፡ክብድት፡ስንት፡ነው? Yesu kumet ena kebdet cent nowu? . . Eሱ፡70” ረጅም፡Eና፡185 ፓውንድ፡ነው Yesu kumet 70” ena kebdetu 185 pound newu . Eኔ፡66 Iንችስ፡Eና፡120 ፓውንድ፡ክብደት፡ነኝ Ene kumetaie 66 inches kebdetaie 120 pound negn 10.5 cm.How tall is he. 1 ft = 30 cm.Head cold Congestion Sore Throat Sneezing Coughing Severe Pain Broken Bone Swelling Pain Bleeding Sprain Bruise Swelling Gunfan Metafen Guroro mabet Masnetes Masalle Betam sekaye (hemem) Egir sebrat Mabet Hemem(sekaye) Medmatt Welemta Senber Mabet ጉንፋን መታፈን ጉሮሮ፡ማበጥ ማስነጠስ ማሳል በጣም፡ስቃይ/ህመም Eግር፡ስብራት ማበጥ ህመም(ስቃይ) መድማት ወለምታ ሰንበር ማበጥ 9. 248 248 .

1. B. C. Where does it hurt? My back hurts. A. Check your work with the answer key. How do you feel? I feel fine. Where does it hurt? My neck hurts. Endate yesemahal(M) yesemashal(F)? Eንዴት፡ይሰማሃል/ይሰማሻል? Ene dehena negn genn tenesh wede lie yelegnal Eኔ፡ደህና፡ነኝ፡ግን፡ትንሽ፡ወደ፡ላይ፡ይለኛል C. Listen to the speaker and read the statements below. Bakhen ambulance tera Eግሬ፡ተሰብሩዋል፡መሰለኝ፡ባክህን፡Aምቡላንስ፡ጥራ E. C. Check your work with the answer key. A. What are your symptoms? I have a fever and a stomachache. A. What are your symptoms? I have a fever and a headache. How do you feel? I don’t feel well. Esu egirun tesebrul? Meselegn. Please call an ambulance! I think he broke his leg. I’m nauseous. How do you feel? I don’t feel well. Wede lie yelegnal ደህና፡Aይሰማኝ።ወደ፡ላይ፡የለኛል B. Where does it hurt? My stomach hurts. What are your symptoms? I have a fever and my body aches. 4. B. please call an ambulance! 249 249 . B. A. Translate them into English. Yesu egir tesebrual meselegn. Endate yesemahal(M)? yesemashal(F)? Eንዴት፡ይሰማሃል/ይሰማሻል? Ene dehena ayedlehum genn wede lie ayelegnem Eኔ፡ደህና፡Aይደለሁም፡ግን፡ወደ፡ላይ፡Aይለኝም D.11. Egeray tesebrual meselegn. 3. C. Please call an ambulance! Did he break his leg? I think so. Bakhen ambulance tera የሱ፡Eግር፡ተሰብሯል፡መሰለኝ፡ባከህን፡Aምቡላንስ፡ጥራ F. What do you hear? Listen to the speaker and mark the statement that you hear. A. B. I think I broke my leg. 2. but I’m a little nauseous. but I’m not nauseous. C. Endate yesemahal(M) yesemashal(F)? Eንዴት፡ይሰማሃል/ይሰማሻል? Dehna ayesemagnem. Bakhen ambulance tera Eሱ፡Eግሩን፡ተሰብሩዋል? መሰለኝ፡ባክህን፡Aምቡላንስ፡ጥራ 12.

How often do you see a doctor? Every month? Every year? Every 3 years? 2. Describe the picture below. What is your height and weight? E. Work with a partner or in a small group. Ask and answer the following questions in Amharic. Tell the class what you do in order to keep a healthy weight? Do you exercise? What types of exercise do you do? How often and for how long do you exercise? Do you have a special diet? What kind? What do you eat and what don’t you eat? Give an example of your menu. 250 250 . A. Have you ever broken a bone? If yes. Are you taking any medications? C.End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. and how does it affect your diet the next day? 3. When you have the flu. what are your symptoms? B. Check the answer key. which one(s)? D. What do you order when you eat out.

Vocabulary List Abnormal Allergies Ambulance Arm Chest Chin Are you in pain? Are you taking any medication? Body aches Broken bone Bruise Call an ambulance! Congestion Coughing Ear Elbow Eye Fingers Foot Feel Fever Flu/Influenza Hand Head Hip Knee Help! How do you feel? Hurt Leg Mouth Nose Neck Medicine Nausea Pain Pregnant Shoulder Toes Yaltelemede semait Allergy Ambulance Kende Deret Agech Yamehal? Medhanit lie not? Yesewnit kurtemat Yetesebere atent Sember Ambulance teru Metafen Salle Afencha Kern Ayen Tat Egir Mesemat Tekusat Goonfan Ege Ras Dale Gulbet Erdugn Menn yesemahal? Megodat Egir Afe Afencha Anget Medhant Makleshlesh Himem Erguz Tekesha Yeegir tat ያልተለመ፡ስሜት Aለርጂ Aምቡላንስ ክንጅ ደረት Aገጭ ያምሃል? መድሃኒት፡ላይ፡ኖት? የሰውነት፡ቁርጥማት የተሰበረ፡Aጥንት ሰምበር Aምቡላንስ፡ጥሩ መታፈን ሳል Aፍንጫ ክርን Aይን ጣት Eግር መሰማት ትኩሳት ጉንፋን Eጅ ራስ ዳሌ ጉልበት Eርዱኝ ምን፡ይሰማሃል? መጎዳት Eግር Aፍ Aፍንጫ Aንገት መድሃኒት መቅለሽለሽ ህመም Eርጉዝ ትከሻ የEግር፡ጣት 251 251 .

Waist Sick Sneezing Sore throat Stomach Stomach cramps Strain Swelling Symptoms What is the matter? Where does it hurt? Wegib Metamem Massnetis Guroro mabet Hod Yehod kurtet Wegat Mabet Madreg Menn honehal?(M) Menn honeshal?(F) Yetu garr newu yemiyameh?(M) Yetu garr newu yemiamesh?(F) ወገብ መታመም ማስነጠስ ጉሮሮ፡ማበጥ ሆድ የሆድ፡ቁርጠት ውጋት ማበጥ ምድረግ ምን፡ሆነሃል? ምን፡ምንሆነሻል? የቱ፡ጋር፡ነው፡የሚያምህ? የቱ፡ጋር፡ነው፡የሚያምሽ? 252 252 .

Eኔ፡በAይኔ፡መጸሃፍ፡Aነባልው B. be zenab. በዝናብ፡Eኔ፡ኮፍያ፡ራሴ፡ላይ፡ጉዋንቲ፡Eጄ፡ላይ፡Eና፡ሻርፕ፡Aንገት፡ላይ፡Aረጋለሁ 6.ዳሌ 3. and a scarf around my neck.eje. In the winter. be egir mehaid lene egir teru neo. K.tekesha. I wear shoes and socks on my feet.dalle ጆሮ.ege. A The little girl has a fever. ene kalsi ena chama eger lie aregalew. and body aches. I use my eyes to read a book.Eግር. H. C The little boy is nauseous and has a stomachache. B The young woman is not sick. ene muzika bu joro esemalew.Aይን. ene be ayen mesef anebalew. I listen to music with my ears. A. a sore throat. gloves on my hands. በEግር፡መሄድ፡ለEኔ፡Eግር፡ጥሩ፡ነው D. A. 11. eyes. I wear a hat on my head. She is pregnant. J.Eኔ፡ካልሲና፡ጫማ፡Eግሬ፡ላይ፡Aረጋሁ E. Walking is good for my legs.ክርን.Eጅ.ene kofeya ras lie guanti eje lie ena sharp anget lie aregalew. knees. eyes ayen Aይን ears joro ጆሮ legs egir Eግር feet egir Eግር head ras ራስ hand eje Eጅ neck anget Aንገት mouth afe Aፍ G.ጉልበት. Eኔ፡ሙዚቃ፡በጆሮዬ፡Eሰማለሁ C. – How do you feel? Endate yesemahal(M) yesemashal(F)? Eንዴት፡ይሰማሃል/ይሰማሻል? 253 253 . feet. arms. hands.gulbet.egir. hips joro.Answer Key 2. shoulders. elbows.egir.Eግር.ayen. I. and she is sneezing and coughing.Eጅ.ተከሻ. She has the flu.kern. ears. legs.

Ebakot ambulance teru! Eግሬ፡ተሰብሩዋል፡መሰለኝ፡Eባኮት፡Aምቡላንስ፡ጥሩ 254 254 . A. Did he break his leg? I think so. B. endate yesemaotal?(older person. – How do you feel? Endate yesemahal(M)? yesemashal(F)? Eንዴት፡ይሰማሃል/ይሰማሻል? -I don’t feel well. I think he broke his leg. How do you feel? I don’t feel well.. Where does it hurt? My stomach hurts. yetu garr newu yemiyameh?(M) hodain amognal የቱጋር፡ነው፡የሚያምህ?ሆዴን፡Aሞኛል 2. but I’m not nauseous.formal) ene dehana ayedelehum genn wede lie aylegnem Eንዴት፡ይሰማዎታል? Eኔ፡ደህና፡Aይደለሁም፡ግን፡ወደ፡ላይ፡Aይለኝም 4.How do you feel? Endate yesemahal(M) yesemashal(F)? Eንዴት፡ይሰማሃል/ይሰማሻል? . I’m nauseous. Please call an ambulance! Esu egirun tesebrul? Meselegn. but I’m not nauseous. Please call an ambulance! Egeray tesebrual meselegn. A. Bakhen ambulance tera የሱ፡Eግር፡ተሰብሯል፡መሰለኝ፡ባከህን፡Aምቡላንስ፡ጥራ F. endate newu yemiyaregsh?(F) ene tekusat ena ras metat alegn Eንዲት፡ነው፡የሚያረግሽ? Eኔ፡ትኩሳት፡Eና፡ራስ፡ምታት፡Aለኝ 3. What are your symptoms? I have a fever and a stomachache. Please call an ambulance! Yesu egir tesebrual meselegn. 1. Bakhen ambulance tera Eግሬ፡ተሰብሩዋል፡መሰለኝ፡ባክህን፡Aምቡላንስ፡ጥራ E. I think I broke my leg. Bakhen ambulance tera Eሱ፡Eግሩን፡ተሰብሩዋል? መሰለኝ፡ባክህን፡Aምቡላንስ፡ጥራ 12. Please call an ambulance! egray teseber meselegn. Wede lie yelegnal ደህና፡Aይሰማኝ።ወደ፡ላይ፡የለኛል B.I don’t feel well. Dehna ayesemagnem. but I’m a little nauseous. Ene dehena negn genn tenesh wede lie yelegnal Eኔ፡ደህና፡ነኝ፡ግን፡ትንሽ፡ወደ፡ላይ፡ይለኛል C. Ene dehena ayedlehum genn wede lie ayelegnem Eኔ፡ደህና፡Aይደለሁም፡ግን፡ወደ፡ላይ፡Aይለኝም D. I think I broke my leg.I feel fine. . C.

atentehn tesebreh takaleh? Auo kehone yetegnwoch? Aጥንትህን፡ተሰብረህ፡ታውቃለህ? Aዎ፡ከሆነ፡የትኛዎች D. gunfan senorh endate yesemahal? ጉንፋን፡ሲይዝህ፡Eንዴት፡ይሰማሃል? Tekusat ena sale alegn ትኩሳት፡Eና፡ሳል፡Aለኝ B. bu cent gezai neo doctor yemtayew? Bu yeweru? Bu yametu? Bu yesost Ametu? Ene doctor bu yametu ayalew በስንት፡ጊዜ፡ነው፡ዶክተር፡የምታየው? በየወሩ? በያነቱ? በየሶስት፡Aመቱ? Eኔ፡ዶክተር፡የማየው፡በያመቱ፡Aያለ 255 255 . medhanit eywesedk neo? auo asprin wesgalew መድሃኒት፡Eየወሰድክ፡ነው?Aዎ፡Aስፕሪን፡ወስዳልው C.End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. cent neo kumeteh ena kebdeteh? Aned meter ke seba ena seba kilo ስንት፡ነው፡ቁመትህና፡ክብደትህ? Aንድ፡ሜትር፡ከሰባ፡Eና፡ሰባ፡ኪሎ E. A.

There is some racial and religious tension in some regions. The FDRE is structured along the lines of a bicameral parliament. while the lower chamber represents the Prime Minister Meles Zanawi common interests of the nations. foreign relations. Also a big social problem is the rapid spread of HIV killing millions in Ethiopia.Lesson 18 ፖነቲካዊ፡Eና፡የAለም፡Aቀፍ፡ሁኔታዎች Politicawe ena ye alem akef Political and International Events VALIDATION COPY 1.How they are reported in the Ethiopian news . The Federal State is headed by a constitutional president and the Federal government by the Prime Minister who is accountable to the council of the people’s repre sentative. The current leader is Prime Minister Meles Zenawi.How to read and understand political events written in Amharic newspapers. The Federal States comprise nine autonomous states vested with authority for self-administration. general politics and common interests and benefits. nationalities and people of the states. The main problem facing Ethiopia is famine and the conflict with Eritrea. it has shown much progress in implementing a democratic government for the first time in Ethiopian history. Each autonomous state is headed by a state president elected by the state council. 256 256 . with the upper chamber representatives being the highest authority of the federal government. The judiciary is constitutionally independent.0 JUNE 2007 This lesson will introduce you to: .The vocabulary associated with politics and international issues . Council members are elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term. in recent years. GOVERNMENT Ethiopia adopted a new constitution that established the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in 1995. The federal government is responsible for national defense. however. but there are no major radical parties. and the president is President Girma Welede Gorges. Ethiopia is one of the poorest nations in the world.

While reading. Listen to and read the following statements. note the use of the new vocabulary. Government Prime minister President Leader (ruler) Dictator Parliament Ministry Election Official/Officials Political party Vote Republic State Democracy/democratic Term of office Policy Human rights Religious Racial Radical World Conflict War Invade/invasion Nuclear bombs/weapons Mengest Teklie minister Meri (president) Meri Amba genen meri Parliament Minister mercha Balle-seltan/balle-seltanoch Yepoletica maheber mercha Yemengest astedader agger democracy/democratic Yemengest gezai akuwam(eked) Sebawe mebet Himanotegna Yezer Akrari Alem Gegit Tornet Werera Nuclear bomb/mesaria መንግስት ጠቅላይ፡ሚኒስቴር መሪ/ፕሬዝዳንት መሪ Aምባገነን ፓርላመንት ሚኒስቴር ምርጫ ባለ፡ስልጣን/ባለ፡ስልጣኖች የፖለቲካ፡መሃበር ምርጫ የመንግስት፡Aስተዳደር Aገር ዴሞክራሲ የመንግስት፡ጊዜ Aቁዋም፡Eቅድ ሰበAዊ፡መብት ሃይማኖተኛ የዘር Aክራሪ Aለም ግጭት ጦርነት ወረራ ኑክሊር፡ቦንብ/መሳሪያ 2.1. The Iraqi leader The Russian officials The South African government Religious differences Middle East conflict The war in Iraq The radical political party Islamic fundamentalism Ye iraq meri Ye Russia Ye deboob Africa mengest Ye himanot leyouney Ye mekakelegn mesrak gegit Ye iraq tornet Tekawami poletical party Akrari eslemena የIራቅ፡መሪ የራሻ፡መሪ የደቡብ፡Aፍሪካ፡መሪ የሃይማኖት፡ልዩነት የመካከለኛ፡ምስራቅ፡ግጭት የIራቅ፡ጦርነት ተቃዋሚ፡ፖለቲካል፡ፓርቲ Aክራሪ፡Eስልምና 257 257 . Familiarize yourself with the political terms.

Ye America president George Bush newu የAሜሪካ፡ፕሬዘዳንት፡ጅርጅ፡ቡሽ፡ነው Japan and Great Britain have prime ministers.private.The President of the United States is George Bush. and media rights organizations have expressed concern about the possible jailing of journalists. Deregulation has been on the rise for some years. weekly Tobya . the print and broadcast media have seen dramatic changes since the communist dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam was deposed. business weekly TELEVISION Ethiopian Television (ETV) . weekly Tomar .private. Japan ena engeliz teklie minister alachewu ጃፓን፡Eና፡Eንግሊዝ፡ጠቅላይ፡ሚኒስቴር፡Aላቸው This was the first political election in that country. English-language web pages The Sun .private.private. Seb-awe mebt be zarai weket asfelagi gudie newu ሰበዊ፡መብት፡በዛሬ፡ወቅት፡Aስፈላጊ፡ጉዳይ/AርEስት፡ነው THE MEDIA Although the state controls radio and television.private. Bu ezi ager yehay yemegemeria ye poletica mercha newu በዚህ፡Aገር፡ይሄ፡የመጀመሪያ፡የፖለቲካ፡ምርጫ፡ነው Human rights are a very important issue in the world today.state-owned 258 258 .private. weekly Wonchif . Some opposition groups beam radio broadcasts to Ethiopia using hired short-wave transmitters from overseas.private. English-language weekly Capital .English-language. weekly Addis Admas . English-language weekly Addis Tribune .state-owned daily newspaper Ethiopian Herald . weekly The Reporter . Would-be private radio broadcasters were given license application forms in 2004. weekly Seifenebelbal . some are available on line. The relationship between the press and the government has somewhat been uneasy.state-owned English-language daily Menelik . The number of privately owned newspapers has grown.private.private. THE PRESS Zemen .

Come up with a short description of a political event. Pretend that you are a crew working for a news program. ሶስትሺ፡ያገር፡Aባላት፡በግንቦት፡15 የIትዮጺያን፡ምርጫ፡ለመገንዘብ፡በAዲስ፡Aበባ፡ከተማ ይሰራጫሉ፡ሲል፡የክርስቲያን፡ሪሊፍ፡ዴቨሎፕመንት፡Aሶሴሽን፡ተናግሩዋል። የረዳት፡Aገር፡Aባሎቹ፡Eስከዛሬ፡ 6 ሚሊዮን፡ዶላር፡በመሰብሰብ፡ምርጫውን፡ለመደገፍ፡ AስተዋፀAO፡Aድርገዋል።ይሄ፡የዴሞክራቲክ፡ምርጫ፡በIትዮጲይያ፡ታሪክ፡ውስጥ፡ሲደረግ፡ ሶስተኛ፡ጊዜ፡ነው።ከዚህም፡በተጨምሪ፡200የAለም፡Aቀፍ፡ታዛቢዎች፡Eና፡የAውሮፓ፡Aንደነት፡ መሃበር፡ተወካዮች፡በ15 ግንቦት፡ይገባሉ።Eነሱም፡ለረጅም፡ግዜ፡ምርጫውን፡ለመግንዘብ፡በ Aዲስ፡ Aበባ፡ይቆያሉ። 1.privately owned. operates National Service and External Service Voice of Tigray Revolution . What other organization is monitoring the election on a long-term mission? 4. pro-government Ethiopian News Agency (ENA) . Recall the information in the Amharic Report to your teacher and to the class. Check your work with the answer key. Go over the information on the political system in Ethiopia one more time. Work in small groups. How much money have donor counties pledged? 4. Listen to and read the following news report from Ethiopia. How many others will be deployed to monitor the election? 5. When is the Ethiopian election? 2. 5.RADIO Radio Ethiopia . Use the questions from Exercise 3 as an outline for your report. Then answer the questions that follow in Amharic and English.founded in 1994 by the ruling party NEWS AGENCIES Walta Information Centre (WIC) . 259 259 . How many international observers will be present? 3.state-owned 3. Work in a small group or with a partner.state-owned.Tigray Regional State government radio Radio Fana .

Eritrea on the north and Kenya on the south. Baro. It covers an area of approximately 444. 260 260 . Alpine vegetation features the highland. The great valley divides the Ethiopian high lands. bordered by the Sudan on the west.000 square miles. Tekeze and Wabe shebele. The varied topography of the country generally features rugged mountains.International Geography Ethiopian flag የIትዮጲያ፡ባንዲራ Ethiopia is located in the horn of Africa. flat-topped plateaus river canyons. Somalia and Djibouti to the east. as it traverses the country from north to south. savanna and semi-arid terrain characterize the lowland. rolling plains and lowlands. while woodlands. The major river basins include: the Blue Nile. Omo.

6. B. A. Answer the questions. D. Afghanistan/Afghani Canada/Canadian China/Chinese Denmark/Danes Egypt/Egyptian England/English Finland/Finns France/French Germany/German Great Britain/British India/Indian Indonesia/Indonesian Afghanistan/Afghanistan-awe Canada/Canada-we China/china-we Denmark/denmark-awe Gebts/gebts-awe Engeliz/engeliz-awe Finland/finland-awe Furensi/furensi-awe German/german-awe Engeliz/engeliz-awe Hind/hind-awe Indonesia/Indonesia-we 261 261 Aፍጋኒስታን/Aፍጋኒስታናዊ ካናዳ/ካናዳዊ ቻይና/ቻይናዊ ዴንማርክ/ዴንማርካዊ ግብጽ/ግብጽዊ Eንገሊዝ/Eንግሊዛዊ ፊንላንድ/ፊንላንዳዊ ፈረንሳይ/ፈረንሳዊ ጀርመን/ጀርመናዊ Eንገሊዝ/Eንግሊዛዊ ህንድ/ህንዳዊ Iንዶኔዣ/Iንዶኔዣዊ . Read the information about Ethiopia. Listen to the speaker and follow along in your book. C. Where in Africa is Ethiopia located? What are the bordering countries of Ethiopia? Is Ethiopia a landlocked country? What is the longest river in Ethiopia? 7.

Iran/Iranian Iraq/Iraqi Ireland/Irish Israel/Israeli Italy/Italian Japan/Japanese Korea/Korean Kuwait/Kuwaiti Mexico/Mexican Netherlands/Dutch Norway/Norwegian Pakistan/Pakistani Philippines/Filipino Russia/Russian Saudi Arabia/Saudi Scotland/Scot South Africa/ South African Spain/Spanish Sweden/Swede Syria/Syrian Thailand/Thai Vietnam/Vietnamese Wales/Welsh North America Central America South America Western Europe Central Europe Eastern Europe Middle East Southwest Asia Southeast Asia Africa Australia Eastern Asia Arctic Antarctic Pacific Rim Iran/iran-awe Iraq/iraq-awe Ireland/Ireland-awe Israel/Israel-awe Taliyan/taliyan-awe Japan/japan-we Korea/ korea-we Kuwait/Kuwait-awe Mexico/Mexican-awe holand/holand-awe Norway/Norwegian-awe Pakistan/Pakistan-awe Philippine/philippin-awe Russia/Russia-we Saudi Arabia/Saudi Arabia-we Scotland/Scotland-we Deboob Africa/ deboob Africa-we Spain/spain-awe Sweden/Sweden-awe Soria/soria-we Thailand/Thailand-awe Vietnam/Vietnam-awe Wales/wales-awe Semain America Mekakelegna America Deboob America Me-erab auropa Mekakelegna auropa Mesrak auropa Mekakelegna mesrak Deboob me-erab asia Deboob mesrak asia Africa/Africa-we Australia/austalia-we Mesrak asia Arctic Antarctica Ruk mesrak Iራን/Iራናዊ Aራቅ/Iራቃዊ Aይርላንድ/Aየርላንዳዊ Eስራኣኤል/Eስራኤላዊ ጣሊያን/ጣሊያናዊ ጃፓን/ጃፓናዊ ኮሪያ/ኮሪያዊ ኩዌት/ኩዌታዊ ሜክሲካን/ሜክሲካናዊ ሆላንድ/ሆላንዳዊ ኖርዌ/ኖርዌጃዊ ፓኪስታን/ፓኪስታናዊ ፊሊፒን/ፊሊፒናዊ ራሻ/ራሻዊ ሳውዲ፡Aረቢያ/ሳውዲ፡Aረባዊ ስኮትላንድ/ስኮትላንዳዊ ደቡብ፡Aፍሪቃ/ ደቡብ፡Aፍሪቃዊ ስፔን/ስፔናዊ ስዊድን/ስዊድናዊ ሶርያ/ሶርያዊ ታይላንድ/ታይላንዳዊ ቪየትናም/ቪየትናማዊ ዌንን/ዌልሳሻዊ ሰሜን፡Aሜሪካ መካከለኛ፡Aሜሪካ ደቡብ፡Aሜሪካ ምEራብ፡Aውሮፓ መካከለኛ፡Aውሮፓ ምስራቅ፡Aውሮፓ መካከለኛ፡ምስራቅ ደቡብ፡ምEራብ፡ኤዣ ደቡብ፡ምስራቅ፡ኤዣ Aፍሪቃ/Aፍሪቃዊ Aውስትራሊያ/Aውስትራሊያዊ ምስራቅ፡ኤዣ Aርክቲክ Aንታርክቲካ ሩቅ፡ምስራቅ 262 262 .

They are French. Eኔ፡ከህንድ፡ነኝ።Eኔ፡ህንድ፡ነኝ Ene ke hinde negn. I live in Jakarta.ene hind-awe negn Yes. but I am Pakistani. Aዎ፡Eኔ፡Iንዶኔዣዊ፡ነኝ።Iንዶኔዣ፡Eኖራለሁ Auo ene Indonesia-we negn. I am an American. Aይ፡Eኔ፡ካናዳዊ፡ነኝ I ene Canada-we negn I’m Vietnamese. Eኔ፡Aፍጋኒስታን፡ነው፡የምኖረው፡ግን፡ፓኪተናዊ፡ነኝ Ene Afghanistan newu yemenorewu genn ene Pakistanawe negn 263 263 . Listen to and read the dialogues about nationality. Eነሱ፡ፈረንሳዊ፡ናቸው 8. I’m an Egyptian. I’m from Egypt.Indonesia noralewu I live in Afghanistan. Aይ፡Eኔ፡ከግብዊ፡ነኝ I ene ke gebs neg. Eኔ፡ቪየትናማዊ፡ነኝ Ene Vietnam-awe negn I’m from India. Aዎ፡Eኛ፡ግብጻዊ፡ነን Enesu furenc-awe nachew. He is from Japan. He is Japanese. ene gebs-awe negn. Eሱ፡ከጃፓን፡ነው Enante gebs-awe nechew? Are you (plural) Egyptian? Eናንተ፡ግብጻዊ፡ናችሁ? Auo egna gebs-awe nen. Eሱ፡ጃፓናዊ፡ነው Esu ke japan neo. Eኔ፡ከAሜሪካ፡ነኝ Esu japan-awe neo. I’m Indonesian. Eኔ፡Aሜሪካዊ፡ነኝ Ene ke America negn. Are you from Syria? Aንተ/Aንቺ፡ከሶሪያ፡ነህ/ነሽ? Ante/anchi ke soria neh /nesh? Are you American? Aንተ/Aንቺ፡Aሜሪካዊ፡ነህ/ነሽ/ Ante/ anchi ke America neh/nesh? What are you? Aንተ/Aንቺ፡ምንድን፡ነህ/ነሽ? Ante/anchi mennden neh/nesh? Where are you from? Aንተ/Aንቺ፡ከየት፡ነህ/ነሽ? Ante/anchi ke yet neh/nesh Are you Indonesian? Aንተ/Aንቺ፡Iንዶኔዣዊ፡ነህ/ነሽ? Ante/anchi Indonesia-we neh/nesh? Are you from Afghanistan? Aንተ/Aንቺ፡ከAፍጋኒስታን፡ነህ፡ነሽ? Ante/anchi ke Afghanistan neh/nesh? No. I am from America. I’m Canadian. Yes. I’m Indian. No. we are Egyptian. Note the ways to determine one’s nationality.Ene amereica-we negn.

…enante iraq-awe nachewu... 2. . 4. Mark the word that you hear. Aፍጋኒስታን Aየርላንድ ቪያትናም ሳውዲ፡Aረቢያ ኩዌት ፓኪስታን ታይላንድ Iንዶኔዣ ሶርያ Iራቅ Iራን ሆላንድ ጃፓን Eስራኤል ግብፅ ህንድ Eንግሊዝ ቻይና ጆርዳን ራሻ 264 264 .auo ene Vietnam-awe negn Aዎ፡Eኔ፡ቪየትናሚያዊ፡ነኝ 2. Check your work with the answer key.? Aንተ፡ቪየትናሚያዊ፡ነህ? .9. Working with a partner.? Aንተ፡Aፍጋኒስታን፡ነው፡ወይንስ፡ፓኪስታን፡የምትኖረው .……anchi America-we nesh………………………? Aንቺ፡Aሜሪካዊ፡ነሽ? .…ante Vietnam-awe neh……………………. . 1. .oewu egna iraq-we nen Aዎ፡Eኛ፡Iራቃዊ፡ነን 10. 5.ante afghanistan neo woynes Pakistan yemetnorew.I ene America-we ayedelehum ene Canada-we negn Aይ፡Eኔ፡Aሜሪቻዊ፡Aይደለሁም፡Eኔ፡ካናዳዊ፡ነኝ 3.. 1. 3. . Check your answers with the answer key. complete the dialogues. What do you hear? The speaker will read one word from each line of text.ene Pakistan neo yemenorewu genn Afghanitan-awe negn Eኔ፡ፓኪስታን፡ነው፡የምኖረው፡ግን፡Aፍጋኒስታናዊ፡ነኝ 4.? Aናንተ፡Iራቃዊ፡ናቸሁ? .

then answer the questions that follow. የውጭ፡ጉዳይ፡ሚኒስቴር፡Aዲስ፡Aምባሳደር፡ለግብፅ፡ሰየመ yewoch gudaye minister addis ambassador le gebse seyeme. ዩኔስኮ፡የAክሱም፡ሃውልት፡ከጣሊያን፡Eንዲመለስ፡ይረዳል UNESCO ye aksum hawelt ke taliyan endimeles yeredal 5.432 ዶላር፡ይሰራጫል።Aቶ፡ንጋቱ፡ይህ፡ባጀት፡የEርዳታ፡ ገንሀብ፡በሚጋባ፡Eንዲሰራጭ፡Aስፈላጊ፡ንው፡ብላዋል።Eርዳታ፡ከግሎባል፡ፋንድ፡የኤቸይቪ፡መተላለፍ Eዲቀንስ፡Eና፡የግላOባል፡የህብረተ፡ሰብ፡Eና፡የIኮኖሚ፡ችግር፡ለሚደርስባቸው፡Eርዳታ፡EንደሚሰጥEቸው፡ተናግ ረዋል። Eሳቸው፡Iትጲያ፡የርዳታውን፡ገንዘብ፡በጣም፡ለተጎዱት፡Aካብቢ፡Eንደሚሰጥ፡ተናግረዋል።ነገር፡ 265 265 . 3. የIትዮጵያ፡ካርጎ፡Aየር፡መንገድ፡በዩጋንዳ፡ላይ፡ወደቀ ye etiopia cargo ayer menged be Uganda lie wedeke.452 ዶላር፡ይሰራጫል፡ በሚቀጥለውም፡Aመት፡21. የIሮፕያን፡መሃበር፡170 የሚሆን፡ግለሰቦች፡ምርቻ፡ለመታAሰብ፡ይመጣሉ Ye European mehaber 170 yemihonu geleseboch mercha lemetazeb yemetalu. 2. 2005 ህሊና፡መገርሳ Aዲስ፡Aበባ Eቸቪ/ኤድስ፡መከላከያ፡Eና፡ማገጃ፡ቢሮ፡በማክሰኞ፡ቀን፡41. 1. 2. Check the answer key.006. Translate the following headlines into English. Listen to and read the following news report from Ethiopia.895.889. Iትዮጵያ፡የዩግንዳን፡Aበባ፡ገበያ፡ልትወስድ፡ትችላለች etiopia ye Ugandan abeba gebeya letewesd techelalech 4.End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. 41 ሚሊዮን፡ዶላር፡ለኤድስ፡ህክምና፡Eና፡መከላከያ፡ተመደበ። ዲይሊ፡ሞኒተር (Aዲስ፡Aበባ) ማርች፡23.884 ሚሊዮን፡ዶላር፡ከግሎባል ፋንድ፡ፎር፡ፕረቨንሽን፡ኤንድ፡ትሪትመት፡Eንዳገኘ፡ተናግሩል። ንጋቱ፡መረቀ፡የድርጅቱ፡ሃላፊ፡የግሎባል፡ፋሚሊሪዜን፡ስብሰባ፡በጊዮን፡ሆቴል፡በ ማርች፡1 2005 ትካሂዶ፡Eንደነበር፡Eና፡ይሄ፡የሁለት፡Aመት፡ባጀት፡በ፡ፌብረዋሪ፡2007 ለህክምና፡Eና፡ለጥንቀቃ፡ ተሰራጭቶ፡Eንደሚያልቅ፡ተናግረዋል።በመጀመሪያ፡Aመት፡20.

How many facilities will there be in the treatment center? cent derejet/bota le hekemena ale? ስንት፡ድርጅት/ቦታ፡ለህክመና፡Aለ? 4.000 ሺህ፡የሚሆኑ፡ሰዎች፡Eና፡2000 ሺህ፡ህፃናት፡ህክምና፡በ 38 የጤና፡ ድርጅት፡በየAገሩ፡ስፍራ፡ያገኛሉ፡ብለው፡ዶክተር፡ፀጋዬ፡ለገሰ፡የግሎባል፡ፋንድ፡ኮርዲናተር፡ ተናግረዋል። የመጀመሪያው፡Aመት፡ባጀት፡3. When will the funding begin and end? erdataw meche yejemeral ena yalekal? Eርዳታው፡መቼ፡ይጀመራል? 5. What is a specific geographical feature of this country? 266 266 . Where was the global meeting held? ye alem sebseba yet neo yenebereew? የAለም፡ስብሰባ፡የት፡ነው፡የነበረው? 3. Is the leader of this country a dictator? 8. How much money will be allocated the first year? cent genzeb yeserachal yemegemeria amet? ስንት፡ገንዘብ፡ይሰራጫል፡የመጀመሪያ፡Aመት? 2.20 ዶላር፡ነው።በተጨማሪም፡የመድሃኒት፡ስርጭት፡ Eና፡ህክምና፡ለበሽተኞች፡Eንደሚደረግ፡ተናግረዋል። 38 ህንጻዎች፡ትሩ፡የሆነ፡ህክምና፡በመጀመሪያው፡Aመት፡Eንደሚጀመር፡Eና፡ይህ፡የህክምና፡ቦታ፡ ኩዋሊቲ፡የሆነ፡መድሃኒት፡Eንደሚሰጥ፡ተናግረዋል። በተለይም፡ጥብቅ፡ሃላፊነት፡ያለባቸው፡ደርጅቶች፡የAንቲ፡ቫይራል፡ህክምና፡ማድረግ፡ላይ፡Eንዲያተኩሩ፡ ብላው፡ጨምረዋል። 1.361. Is there a war in this country now? 4. Is this country a republic? 9. Your classmates will role-play the news reporters by asking you questions. choose one and give a briefing on its location and political system. How many political parties are there in this country? 3. Does this country have a president? Who is the current president? 2. The following questions may help you in your work: 1. Work with a partner or in a small group.966. Pretend that you are giving a press conference. Does this country have a parliament? 5. From the list of the countries above. Is there a democracy in this country? 6.ግን፡Aነዳንድ፡ሰዎች፡Aስፈላጊ፡ያልሆነ፡ፍርሃት፡Eንዳላቸው፡ገልፀዋል።ይህ፡የEርዳታ፡ገንዘብ፡በጣም፡ ለተጎዱት፡ሰውዎች፡ማለትም፡ለወጣትና፡ለሴቶች፡የመከላከያ፡ሰርቪስ፡Eንዲሰጣቸው፡ይደረጋል፡ ባለው፡Aቶ፡ንጋቱ፡ተንግረዋል። በተጨማሪም፡ወደ፡31. Does this country have a prime minister? 7. Which is the group most vulnerable to HIV infection in Ethiopia? betam yetegodu sewoch manne nachew? በጣም፡የተጎዱ፡ሰዎች፡ማን፡ናቸው? 3.

Vocabulary List Conflict Democracy/democratic Dictator Dispute Election Government Human rights Invade/invasion Leader/ruler Ministry Nuclear bombs/weapons Official Parliament Policy Political party President Prime minister Racial Radical Religious Republic State Term of office To kill To vote To invade War World Gechit Democracy/democratic Amba genenn Til Mercha mengest Sebawe mebt Werera Meri minister Nuclear bomb/mesaria Tewekiye parliament Hegg Political deregit Meri(president) Teklay minister Yezer Akrari himanotgna Tewekaye Kilil (kefele-hager) Gezai gedeb Megdel Mercha Mewrer Tornet alem ግጭት ዴሞክራሲ/ዴሞክራቲክ Aምባ፡ገነን ጥል ምርጫ መንግስት ሰብAዊ፡መብት ወረራ/መውረር መሪ ሚኒስቴር ኑክሊይር፡መሳሪያ/ቦንብ ተወካይ ፓርላመንት ህግ ፖለቲካ፡ድርጅት መሪ/ፕሬዝዳንት ጠቅላይ፡ሚኒስቴር የዘር Aክራሪ ሃይማኖተኛ ተወካይ ክልል/ክፍለሃገር ግዜ፡ገደብ መግደል ምርጫ መውረር ጦርነት Aለም 267 267 .

? Aንተ፡ቪየትናሚያዊ፡ነህ? .በተጨማሪ፡የትኛው፡ማህበር፡ምርጫውን፡ለረጅም፡ጊዜ፡ይገነዘባል ? የAውሮፓ፡የAንግነት፡መሃበር 9. When is the Ethiopian election? 2..የIትዮጵያ፡ምርጫ፡መቼ፡ነው? በግንቦት፡15 (Aስራ፡Aምስት፡ነው 2. . election-observer mission.auo ene Vietnam-awe negn Aዎ፡Eኔ፡ቪየትናሚያዊ፡ነኝ 2. How many international observers will be present? 3.በተጨማሪ፡ስንት፡ሰው፡በAዲስ፡Aበባ፡ምርጫውን፡ለመገንዘብ፡ይሰራጫል 5. What other organization is monitoring the election on a long term mission? 1. which is expected to arrive in the country on 15 March. Enesum leregym gezay merchawen lemegenzeb be addis abeba yekoyalu.only the third democratic ballot in Ethiopia’s history. Bushe yemhonu abaloch merchawen lemetazabiwoch genbot yesatefalu Sost she yager abalat bu genbot 15 ye etiopian merach lemegenzeb be addis abea ketama yeserachalu sil ye Christian relief development association tenagrual. How much money has have donor counties pledged? 4. 1. Another 200 international observers are also expected on polling Day while the European Union is fielding a “long term”. Yeh ye democratic merch bu Ethiopia tark wost siderg sostegna gize newu.000 observers are to be deployed throughout Ethiopia on 15 May to monitor elections.ስንት፡ያAለም፡Aቀፍ፡ታዛቢዎች፡ይኖራሉ? ሁለት፡መቶ፡ያAለም፡Aቀፍ፡ታዛቢዎች ይኖራሉ 3.…ante Vietnam-awe neh……………………. How many others will be deployed to monitor the election? 5. Compare your answers to the translation. . Yeredat ager abalatochu eske zare 6 million dollar bumesebseb merchawen lemedegef astewaseo adergewal.I ene America-we ayedelehum ene Canada-we negn 268 268 . Ten donor countries have so far pledged around US$6 million to support the elections. Kezihem butchemari 200 yalem akef tazabiwoch ena ye auropa andentawe mehaber tewekayoch be 15 genbot yegebalu. Thousands of Observers to be Deployed in May Polls Some 3.Eሰከ፡Aሁን፡ረዳት፡Aገሮች፡ስንት፡ያህል፡ገንዘብ፡Aስብስበዋል? ስድስት፡ሚሊዮን፡ ዶላር 4.Answer Key 3. said. the Christian Relief and Development Association (CRDA).……anchi America-we nesh………………………? Aንቺ፡Aሜሪካዊ፡ነሽ? . an umbrella body of civil-society organization. 1.

ene Pakistan neo yemenorew genn Afghanitan-awe negn Eኔ፡ፓኪስታን፡ነው፡የምኖረው፡ግን፡Aፍጋኒስታናዊ፡ነኝ 4. 4.452.Foreign ministry names new ambassador to Egypt 2. 5. Engeliz Eንግሊዝ 3. Europen Union is deploying about 170 election observers. How much money will be allocated the first year? $20. 2. Ethiopia threatens the Ugandan flower market. Gebs ግብፅ Afghanistan England Japan Sryia Egypt End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. 1. Afghanistan Aፍጋኒስታን 2. Where was the global meeting held? In Addis Ababa at the Gihon Hotel.ante afghanistan neo woynes Pakistan yemetnorew. .Aይ፡Eኔ፡Aሜሪቻዊ፡Aይደለሁም፡Eኔ፡ካናዳዊ፡ነኝ 3. 4. 1.auo egna iraq-we nen Aዎ፡Eኛ፡Iራቃዊ፡ነን 10.? Aንተ፡Aፍጋኒስታን፡ነው፡ወይንስ፡ፓኪስታን፡የምትኖረው .889. An Ethiopian cargo plane crashed in Uganda. 2. Soreya ሶርያ 5. How many facilities will there be for treatment center? There will be 38 facilities. 3. 3. When will the funding begin and end? It begins on March 1 2005 and ends February 2007.…enante iraq-awe nachew. Who are the most vulnerable group of HIV in Ethiopia? Women and children. Japan ጃፓን 4. 1 .. 5. 269 269 . UNESCO is helping the obelisk Axum to be returned form Italy. .? Aናንተ፡Iራቃዊ፡ናቸሁ? ..

See the answer key if you need help.egrachew lie bote chama ena rasachew lie yebret kofeya argewal.Basic military vocabulary .Lesson 19 ወታደራዊ wetaderawe The Military This lesson will introduce you to: .wetaderochu ejachew lie mesaria yezewal.The rank structure of the U. VALIDATION COPY 1. What do soldiers do? What do soldiers use? What do soldiers wear? The pictures will help you to guess the meaning of unknown terms. .Names of weapons and army vehicles.S. yebert kofeya rasachewn ke medf. enezi wetaderoch uniform (meleyo) lebsewal.0 JUNE 2007 1. Army and Ethiopian military forces.teyet ena fegi yekelakelal. Eነዚ፡ወታደሮች፡ዪኒፎርም(መለዮ) ለብሰዋል፡Eግራቸው፡ላይቦት፡ጫማ፡Eና፡ራሳቸው፡ላይ፡የብረት፡ ኮፍያ፡Aርገዋል።የብረት፡ኮፈያው፡ራሳቸውን፡ከመድፍ፡ጥይት፡Eና፡ፈንጂ፡ይከላከላል፡ወታደሮቹ፡ Eጃቸው፡ላይ፡መሳሪያ፡ይዘዋል። ይሄ፡ወታደር፡ጠመንጃ፡ይተኩሳል Yehay wetader temenga yetekusal ይሄ፡ወታደር፡ከAዛዡ፡ጋር፡ በሬዲዮ፡ይነጋገራል Yehay wetader ke azagz garr bu radio yenageral ይሄ፡ወታደር፡ተወርዋሪ፡ መሳሪያ፡Aለው Yehay wetader tewerwari mesaria alewu 270 270 .

2. 2. A. Now listen to the new words and repeat them after the speaker. 1. Check the answer key.esu mesaria yelewem.esu mesaria alewu Eሱ፡ወታደር፡ነው።Eሱ፡መሳሪያ፡Aለው። C. Soldier Uniform Boots Helmet To protect Artillery Ammunition Explosives Weapons Radio Commander To fire Rifle Rocket launcher wetader uniform (meleyo ) bot chama (boots) ye beret kofeya mekelakel medfegna Teyet fengi mesaria radio azazg metekos temenga tesfentari mesaria ወታደር ዩኒፎርም/መለዮ ቦት፡ጫማ/ቡትስ የብረት፡ኮፍያ መከላከያ መድፈኛ ጥይት ፈንጂ መሳሪያ ሬዲዮ Aዛዥ መተኮስ ጠመንጃ ተስፈንጣሪ፡መሳሪያ 3. Esu selamawi sew newu. Esu lejoch alut Eሱ፡ሰላማዊ፡ሰው፡ነው።Eሱ፡መሳሪያ፡የለውም።Eሱ፡ልጆች፡Aሉት። B Esu wetader newu. 3. Wetaderu selamawe sew mesaria endalewu yefeteshal ወታደሩ፡ሰላማዊ፡ሰላማዊ፡ሰው፡መሳሪያ፡Eንዳለው፡ይፈትሻል። 271 271 . Read the statements and match each one with the correct picture.

4. …………………….. 272 272 . ……………………. ……………………. Yewetader radio maegenagna Mekina የወታደር፡ረIዲዮ፡መገናኛ፡መኪና 2. Listen to the new words and repeat them after the speaker. 3. 1. Fetno derash. …………………….. Tank ታንክ 5. 2... 5.. Repeat Exercise 4 as many times as you need to.. ……………………. ……………………. 6. Tank ታንክ 6. 1. Beret-lebesse ብረት፡ለበስ 5.4. ፈጥኖ፡ደራሽ 3 Ye-ayer mekawemia የAየር፡መቃወሚያ 4. in order to feel comfortable with the new terms. Now cover the names of the vehicles with a sheet of paper and name them.

1. ሽጉጥ H. ጠመንጃ temenga rifle 3. መትረየስ Metreiuse (Brain) machine gun 4. ተወርዋሪ፡መሳሪያ 273 273 . Listen to the new words and repeat them after the speaker. ጠመንጃ D. የተቀበረ፡ፈንጂ Yetekebere fengi mine 6.ሽጉጥ Shegute gun 7. ድብቅ፡መሳሪያ Debek mesaria weapons cache 7. Check your work with the answer key. ድብቅ፡መሳሪያ G.ተወርዋሪ፡መሳሪያ Tewerwari mesaria (missle) missile 8. ሞርታር Mortar (adafne) mortar 2. Cover the Amharic translations and the English words in Exercise 6. መትረየስ C. የEጅ፡ቦንብ B. Look at the pictures in Exercise 6. Aዳፍኔ/ሞርታር E. የተቀበረ፡ፈንጂ F. የEጅ፡ቦንብ Ye-egge bomb grenade 5.6. A. Match each term with the correct picture. Replay the sound as many times as you need to.

Check your work with the answer key. We are searching all enemy soldiers for weapons. A. B. ወታደሮች፡የብረት፡ኮፍያ፡ለጥይት፡መከላከያ፡ያረጋሉ። 2. but the fourth does not logically belong. What do you hear? Listen to the speaker and mark the statement that you hear. 1. In the following lists of items. tank ታንክ temenga ጠመንጃ meleyo መለዮ radio ራዲዮ ye beret kofeya የበረት፡ኮፍያ yetore mekonen የጦር፡መኮንን ye egge bomb የEጅ፡ቦብ adafne Aዳፍኔ wetader ወታደር carta ካርታ temenga ጠመንጃ wetader ወታደር truck ትራክ ye beret kofeya የብረት፡ኮፈያ selamwe sew ሰላማዊ፡ሰው minefield ማይንፊልድ meleyao መለዮ kefel ክፍል yewetader mekina የወታደር፡መኪና metreuise መትረየስ azagz Aዛዠ mesaria መሳሪያ bott chama ቦት፡ጫማ azagz Aዛዠ 9. egna selamwe sewen hulu lie mesaria endale enfeteshalen Eኛ፡ሰላማዊ፡ሰውን፡ሁሉ፡ላይ፡መሳሪኣይ፡Eንዳለ፡Eንፈትሻለን። 4. Cross it out. Check your work with the answer key. 2. egna yetelat wetader lie mesari endale enfeteshalen Eኛ፡የጠላት፡ወታደር፡ላይ፡መሳሪያ፡Eንዳለ፡Eንፈተሻለን። 10. wetaderoch ye beret kofeya le teyet mekelakeya yaregalu. wetaderoch ye beret kofeya le fengi ena medef mekelakeya yaregalu. three belong to the group. A. Listen to and translate the following statements. ወታደሮች፡የብረት፡ኮፈያ፡ለፈንጂ፡Eና፡መድፍ፡መከላከያ፡ያረጋሉ። 3. B. 1.8. Soldiers wear helmets for protection from ammunition and artillery. 274 274 . Check your work with the answer key. We are searching all civilians for weapons. Soldiers wear helmets for protection from explosives.

ale? ከርፊው፡Aለ? .oewu Aዎ . Army base Minefield Patrol Be careful! Roadblock Base Curfew Checkpoint Barracks In charge of Identification ye torsefer yetekebere fengi yezuria kutetere tetenkek yetagede menged menesha(Base) ye se-at elafi yefetesha bota/(kella) yewotaderwoch menori ye…halafi metawekia የጦር፡ሰፈር የተቀበረ፡ፈንጂ የዙሪያ፡ቁጥጥር ተጠንቅቅ የታገደ፡መንገድ መነሻ/ቤዝ ሰAት፡Eላፊ የፍተሻ፡ቦታ የወታድሮች፡መኖሪያ የ…ሃላፊ መታወቂያ 12. A. ! Yetekebere fengi ale! ተጠንቀቅ! የተቀበረ፡ፈንጂ፡Aለ D. –yehay yezuria kuteter newu? የሄ፡የዙሪያ፡ቁጥጥር፡ነው . hulum wetaderwoch ena officers metawekia wereket ena lie masayet alebachewu ሁሉም፡ወታደሮች፡Eና፡Oፊሰሮች፡መታወቂያ፡ወረቀት፡የታገደ፡መንገድ፡Eና፡የፍተሻ፡ቦታ፡ላይ፡ማሳየት Aለባቸው E.11. newu esu halafi newu Aዛዡ፡ዳዊት፡Aለሙ፡ነው፡Eሱ፡ሃላፊ፡ነው 275 275 . Fill in the blanks with the correct word from the vocabulary list above.mann newu ማን፡ንው፡ሃላፊ? .00 ከጠዋቱ C.ye zuria kuteter meri newu. 8:00 kemeshetu eske 6:00 ketewatu ከ 8. Listen and repeat the new words after the speaker. Check your work with the answer key. የዙሪያ፡ቁጥጥር፡መሪ፡ነው ? B.00 ከምሽቱ፡Eስከ፡6. ye wetaderoch menoria mann newu? የወታደሮች፡መኖሪያ፡ሃላፊ፡ማን፡ነው? Ezazu Dawit alemu.ke.

and then role-play them. Enlisted Private Corporal Sergeant Sergeant Major Officer Lieutenant Captain Major Lt. Working in a small group.S. Colonel Colonel General wetader aser aleka meketel yamesa aleka yamesa aleka ወታደር Aስር፡Aለቃ ያምሳ፡Aለቅ ያምሳ፡Aለቃ መቶ፡Aላቃ ሻምበል ሻለቃ ሌትና፡ኮለኔል ኮለኔል ጀነራል meto aleka shamble shaleka Lt. Study the list of U. 15.cololen colonel general 276 276 .13. come up with similar dialogues. Compare them with the Ethiopian military equivalents. take turns reading and role-playing the dialogues from Exercise 12. Army ranks. Working with a partner. 14.

Ahune 9:45 newu.00 ከምስቱ፡ይጀምራል።Aሁን፡9. bait temelesu. 2.00 kemeshetu yegemral. ሰAት፡Eላፊ፡በ9. Work with a partner or in a small group. … …………………………………………… …… 2. Check your work with the answer key. Debek mesariyawu yet newu? ድብቅ፡መሳሪይው፡የት፡ነው? B. come up with a caption for each picture below. 3. …………………………………………………… . A. fetesha bota setalf metawekia wereket masayet alebeh ፍተሻ፡ቦታ፡ስታልፍ፡መታወቂያ፡ማሳየት፡Aለብህ D. wetaderoch becha nachewu wetaderawe menoria megabat yemichelut ወታደሮች፡ብቻ፡ናቸው፡ወታደራዊ፡መኖሪያ፡መግባት፡የሚችሉት 277 277 .45 ነው፡ቤት፡ተመለሱ F. hulum selamwe sew mesari mefetesh alebet ሁሉም፡ሰላማዊ፡ሰው፡መሳሪያ፡መፈተሽ፡Aለበት E. yezih yezuria kuteter halafi manewu? የዚህ፡የዙሪያ፡ቁጥጥር፡ሃላፊ፡ማን፡ነው? C.. se-at elafi bu 9.End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. ……………………………………………………. 1. In Amharic. a) Translate the following sentences into English.

Role-play them. E. a) Translate the following into Amharic. Every soldier needs to have a radio and a map. Create the first part of the conversation so that you have short dialogues. You must know all the checkpoints and roadblocks in this area. B.b) Work with a partner or in a small group. You must come with me for questioning. There is a minefield east of the railroad. F. Please step out of the car. It is after curfew. and F as a reply. We must search the vehicle for weapons. D. C. A. Come up with a situation where you can use sentences C. D. b) Work with a partner or in a small group. Be careful. 278 278 . Create the first part of the conversation so that you have short dialogues. E. Compare your translation against the answer key. 3. Role-play them. Come up with a situation where you can use these sentences as a reply. The weapons cache is on the other side of Checkpoint Delta.

Vocabulary List Ammunition Army base Artillery Barracks Base Be careful! Boots Checkpoint Civilian Commander Curfew Enemy Explosive Grenade Gun Helmet In charge (of a patrol.ሃላፊ መትረየስ ካርታ ወታደራዊ የተቀበረ፡ፈንጂ የተቀበረ፡መሳሪያ ተወርዋሪ፡መሳሪያ Aዳፍኔ የጦር፡መኮንን መከላከያ ራዲዮ መAረግ ጠመንጃ የታገደ፡መንገድ ተወርዋሪ ተወርዋሪ፡መሳሪያ መፈተሽ ወታደር ታንክ ዩኒፎርም/መለዮ መሳሪያ ድብቅ፡መሳሪያ ወታደር ያስር፡Aለቃ 279 279 . base) Machine gun Map Military Mine Minefield Missile Mortar Officer Protection Radio Rank Rifle Roadblock Rocket Rocket launcher Search Soldier Tank Uniform Weapons Weapons cache Private Corporal Teyet Yetore serawit sefer Mudfegna Yewetader sefer/menoria Sefer (menesha) Tetenkek Botte chama(boots) Mekotateria botta Wetader yalhone (selamawe sew) Azagz Se-at elafi Telat Fengi Ye ege bomb Shegut Ye beret kofeya Ye….halafi Metreyes Carta Wetaderawe Yetekebere fengi Yeteknere fengi maida Tewerwari mesaria Adafne Yetor mekonen Meklakeya Radio Mu-ereg Tumenga Yetagede menged Tewerwari Tewerwari mesaria Mu-fetesh Wetader Tank Uniform(meleyo) Musaria Debek mesaria Wetader Yaser aleka ጥይት የጦር፡ሰፈር መድፈኛ የወታደራዊ፡ሰፈር/መኖሪያ ሰፈር/መነሻ ተጠንቀቅ ቦት፡ጫማ/ቡትስ መቆጣጠሪያ፡ቦታ ወታደር፡ያልሆነ/ሰላማዊ፡ሰው Aዛዝ ሰAት፡Eላፊ ጠላት ፈንጂ የEጅ፡ቦንብA ሽጉጥ የብረት፡ኮፍያ የ….

colonel Colonel General ምክትል፡ያምሳ፡Aለቃ ያምሳ፡Aለቃ መኮንን ያመቶ፡Aለቃ ሻምበል ሻለቃ ሌተናል፡ኮሎኔል ኮሎኔል ጀነራል 280 280 . Colonel Colonel General Meketel yamesa aleka Yamesa aleka Mekonen Yemeto aleka Shambel Shaleka Lt.Sergeant Sergeant Major Officer Lieutenant Captain Major Lt.

A. The helmets protect their heads from artillery. rifle . machine gun .metreiuse (brain)መትረየስ C.Answer Key 1. He does not have weapons. These soldiers wear uniforms. 3. Wetaderu selamawe sew mesaria endalew yefeteshal 7. He has children.temenga/ጠመንጃ 281 281 . Esu wetader neo.esu mesaria yelewem. 2 He is a soldier. A. They wear boots on their feet and helmets on their heads. Esu lejoch alut B.esu mesaria alew C. 3 He is a civilian. The soldiers have weapons in their hands. This soldier talks on the radio with his commander. grenade . ammunition. This soldier has a rocket launcher. and explosives. He has a weapon. This soldier fires his rifle. Esu selamawi sew neo.ye-egge bomb/የEጅ፡ቦንብ B. 1 The soldier searches the civilian for weapons.

from 8:00 P.. 1. A. Soldiers wear helmets for protection from explosives and artillery. B. 6.M. We are searching all enemy soldiers for weapons. gun . 1.ye zuria kuteter meri neo. We are searching all civilians for weapons. Soldiers wear helmets for protection from explosives. 1.shegute/ሽጉጥ H.adafne (mortar)/Aዳፍኔ/ሞርታር E. missile . to 6:00 A. egna yetelat wetader lie mesari endale enfeteshalen Eኛ፡የጠላት፡ወታደር፡ላይ፡መሳሪያ፡Eንዳለ፡Eንፈተሻለን። 12. 2. የዙሪያ፡ቁጥጥር፡መሪ፡ነው B. ወታደሮች፡የብረት፡ኮፍያ፡ለነፋስ፡መከላከያ፡ያረጋሉ። 2. .Is there a curfew? B. . 3. 10.curfew_ ale? ከርፊው፡Aለ? . B. 1. Soldiers wear helmets for protection from ammunition. 9. . 2.D. mine . mortar . .ke.The patrol leader.yetekebere fengi/የተቀበረ፡ፈንጂ F. We are searching all enemy soldiers for weapons.Yes. 4. . A. 5.M. A. 4.tewerwari mesaria/ተወርዋሪ፡መሳሪያ 8.mann neo halafi ? ማን፡ንው፡ሃላፊ? . wetaderoch ye beret kofeya le nefas mekelakeya yaregalu.Is this a patrol? –yehay yezuria kuteter neo? የሄ፡የዙሪያ፡ቁጥጥር፡ነው . weapons cache . 3. 8:00 kemeshetu eske 6:00 ketewatu Tank Rifle Uniform Radio Helmet Officer Grenade Mortar Soldier Map Artillery Soldier Truck Helmet Civilian Minefield Uniform Civilian Humvee Machine Gun Commander Weapon Boots Commander 282 282 . – auo Aዎ .Yes.debek mesaria/ድብቅ፡መሳሪያ G.Who is in charge? .

D. Who is in charge of this patrol? C. tetenkek. Ezazu Dawit alemu. Only soldiers may enter the military base.Be careful! There are mines! ተጠንቀቅ! የተቀበረ፡ፈንጂ፡Aለ tetenkek ! Yetekebere fengi ale! D. Dawit Alemu. All soldiers and officers must show their ID’s at roadblocks and at checkpoints. Go back to your home.m.The unit commander. le teyake ke engna garr memtat alebot ከሰAት፡Eላፊ፡በሁዋላ፡ነው፡ለትያቄ፡ከEኛ፡ጋር፡መምጣት፡Aለቦት C. hulum wetader radio ena carta endinorew yasfelgewal ሁሉም፡ወታደ፡ሬዲዮ፡Eና፡ካርታ፡Eንዲኖረው፡ያስፈልገዋል F. Aዛዡ፡ዳዊት፡Aለሙ፡ነው፡Eሱ፡ሃላፊ፡ነው End-of-Lesson Tasks 2. Where is the weapons cache? B.00 ከጠዋቱ C. All civilians must be searched for weapons. E. . . hulum wetaderwoch ena officers metawekia wereket yetagede menged ena yefetaesha bota lie masayet alebachew ሁሉም፡ወታደሮች፡Eና፡Oፊሰሮች፡መታወቂያ፡ወረቀት፡የታገደ፡መንገድ፡Eና፡የፍተሻ፡ቦታ፡ላይ፡ማሳየት Aለባቸው E. Bu babour hadid mesrak bekul yetekeber fengi ተጠንቀቅ፡በባቡር፡ሃዲድ፡ምስራቅ፡በኩል፡የተቀበረ፡ፈንጂ E. It’s 9:45 now. noe esu halafi noe. ebakot ke mekina weredu. .Who is in charge of the barracks? ye wetaderoch menoria halafi mann neo? የወታደሮች፡መኖሪያ፡ሃላፊ፡ማን፡ነው? . debbek mesaria bu layla mefetesha bota lie noe ድብቅ፡መሳሪያ፡በሌላ፡መፈተሻ፡ቦታ፡ላይ፡ነው D. a) A. 3. egna mekinawen mesaria endalew mefetesh aleben Eባኮት፡ከመኪና፡ይውረዱ፡Eና፡መኪናዎ፡መሳሪያ፡ኣንዳለው፡መፈተሽ፡Aላበን B. is in charge. ante hulun yetaged menged ena yefetesha bota akababi mawek alebh Aንተ፡ሁሉም፡የታገደ፡መንገድ፡Eና፡የፍተሻ፡ቦታ፡Aካባቢ፡ማወቅ፡Aለብህ 283 283 . Curfew starts at 9:00 p.ከ 8. a) A.00 ከምሽቱ፡Eስከ፡6. ke se-at elafi behula neo. F. You must show your ID when you pass the checkpoint.

and how to describe health conditions and symptoms of sickness.The terminology related to internal organs . gunshot wounds. there is a great shortage of doctors. how to ask questions about a person’s state of health. and several private hospitals and clinics. 284 284 . You also know how to handle the visit to the doctor’s office. therefore. Everyone will try to intervene. People in rural areas have to travel for days to get health care at state hospitals. there are very few hospitals with modern technology to perform complex surgery or to diagnose illness. severe bleeding.The vocabulary related to the medical emergency and life-saving measures . they go to state-run hospitals that are free but are not the best. Also. and head injuries. It is very important to know how to communicate in case of a crisis where medical attention is needed. The private hospitals are modern. Health care in Ethiopia is very poor.Lesson 20 ሃኪም፡ቤት፡ውስጥ Hakim bait wost In the Hospital VALIDATION COPY 1. or to take advantage of the victims. One must always take along a native who speaks the language. you already learned the names of human body parts. There is an ER. Students should expect a chaotic situation where it is difficult to do their duties because of mass crowds gathering at the scenes of disasters or at a place where someone is hurt. In Lesson 17. so people do not use it as much. nurses and medical professionals.The ways to ask questions about the vital signs. you will familiarize yourself with the vocabulary used for life-threatening health conditions. There are state-run hospitals in major cities.0 JUNE 2007 This lesson will introduce you to: . such as heart attacks. but only the rich can afford them. either to help. In this lesson. Most people cannot afford private health care since there is no medical insurance. but the ambulance service is not nearly as efficient as it is in the West.

ye kosele egir/የቆሰለ፡Eገር B. picture number picture number . ye kosele egge/የቆሰለ፡Eጅ . Tell your classmates in Amharic if you ever had an injury or/and wounds. . D. Go over the text with the pictures.1. 2. ye anget gudat/የAንገት፡ጉዳት C. Look at the pictures in Exercise 1 and match the number of the picture with the correct definition. 1 yehay sewyea eggu tegudtul ይሄ፡ሰውዬ፡Eጁ፡ተጎድቷል 2 yechi setyo eggu lie kusel ale ይቺ፡ሴትዬ፡Eጁዋ፡ላይ፡ቁስል፡Aለ 3 yehay sewyea ye kosele eggir alew. ይሄ፡ሰውዬ፡የቆሰለ፡Eግር፡Aለው 4 Yehay sewyea ye angeta gudat alew ይሄ፡ሰውዬ፡የAንገት፡ጉዳት፡Aለው Did you understand the words wound/wounded and injury/injured? You’re right! They are kusel/mekusel and gudat/megodat. Check the answer key. picture number picture number 285 285 . A. 3. ye ras gudat/የራስ፡ጉዳት . Try to understand the meaning of unknown words from the context.

dem yefedachewal ነርስ---Aዎ፡Eሳቸው፡በጥይት፡ቆስለዋል።ደም፡ይፈሳቸዋል Doctor: Does he have fever? Doctor esachew tekusalt alachew ዶክተር---Eሳቸው፡ተኩሳት፡Aላቸው Nurse: Yes. Nurse: yesachew egirachewn amuachewal ነርስ---Eሳቸው፡Eግራቸውን፡Aሟቸዋል Doctor: Is it injured? Doctor: tegoudtul? ዶክተር---ተጎድተዋል? Nurse: Yes. Doctor Hasssan. antibiotics and painkillers. Nurse: esachew betam tamewal doctor hassan ነርስ---Eሳቸው፡በጣም፡ታመዋል፡ዶክተር፡ሃሰን Doctor: What is the matter with him? Doctor : esachew menn honeual? ዶክተር---Eሳቸው፡ምን፡ሆነዋል? Nurse: His leg hurts. He has a gunshot wound. Doctor: How does Sergeant Samuel feel? Doctor: meketel yamesalke endate nachew? ዶክተር---ምክትል፡ያምሳለቃ፡Eንዴት፡ናቸው? Nurse: He feels bad. Note the use of new vocabulary.4. Nurse: auo alachew ነርስ---Aዎ፡Aላቸው Doctor: Is he taking any medications? Doctor: esachew medhanit eyewesedu neo? ዶክተር---Eሳቸው፡መድሃኒት፡Eየወሰዱ፡ነው? Nurse: Yes. he does. He is bleeding. Listen to and read the dialogue between the doctor and the nurse in the emergency room of a military hospital. Nurse: auo esachew ye bu teyet kuslewl . Nurse: auo antibiotic ena ye sekie medhanit ነርስ--Aዎ፡Aንቲባዮቲክ፡Eና፡ያሰቃይ፡መድሃኒት 286 286 .

Match each of the pictures with the corresponding statement. enezi fasha ena plaster nachew. yehay sewyea kofeya alaregem zare. A 1.5. Work with a partner. yehay wetader eggir tegodtual ይሄ፡ወታደር፡Eገር፡ተጎድቱዋል B C 2. Try to guess the meanings of unknown words from the context. Listen to the speaker and read along in your textbook. Eነዚ፡ፋሻ፡Eና፡ፕላስተር፡ናቸው።Aንተ/Aንቺ፡ቁስል፡ወይንም፡መቆረጥ፡ላይ፡በፋሻ፡ መጠቅለል፡Aለብህ/Aለብሽ።ንፁህ፡መሆን፡Aለበት። 287 287 . 6. Check your answers with the answer key. Betam yemok neber. Ahun yesehi mech metotal ይሄ፡ሰውዬ፡ከፍያ፡Aላደረገም፡ዛሬ።በጣም፡የሞቅ፡ነበር፡Aሁን፡የፀሃይ፡ምች፡መቶታል 3. Check the answer key for an English translation. Role-play the dialogue from Exercise 2. yehay sewyea fasha egu kusel lie zuria temtemual ይሄ፡ሰውዬ፡ፋሻ፡Eጁ፡ቁስል፡ላይ፡ዙሪያ፡ጠምጥማል 7. Ante(M) anchi (F) kusel woynen mekoret lie bu fash meteklel alebeh(M) alebesh(F) nesuh mehon alebet.

yatefal. liver 2 Lebb Angol Samba Kulaleet Gubet 3 4 ልብ Aንጎል ሳምባ ኩላሊት ጉበት 5 10. 1 1. heart 2. brain 3. Repeat after the speaker. ፡ለሁሉም፡የሰውነት፡Eንቅስቃሴ፡ሃላፊነት፡Aለው። betam asfelagi yesewnet kefil neo mekneyatum ye sewneten choma 288 288 . In order to make someone look like the man in the picture below. lung 4. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate name of the organ in Amharic. angol ልብ/ጉበት/ሳንባ/ኩላሊት/Aንጎል A. Check your answers with the answer key. lebb. sanba. Listen as the speaker recites the names of internal organs.8. kidney 5. Familiarize yourself with some new medical terminology. ፡በጣም፡Aስፈላጊ፡የሰውነት፡ክፍል፡ነው፡ምክነያቱም፡የሰውነት፡ጮማ፡ያጠፋል le hulum ye sewnte enkesekase halfinet alew. what will you need? 9. gubet. Ye sew የሰው B. kulaleet.

Doctor Seyum. Cigara maches ye ሲጋራ፡ማጨስ፡ E. ሻለቃ-Eኔ፡Eንጃ፡ደህና፡Aይሰማኝም፡ደረቴ፡ላይ፡ያመኛል፡ራስ፡ምታት፡Eና፡ማዞር Shaleka:ene enga .C. In the Military Hospital Emergency Room Doctor: Hello. Listen to and read the dialogue between the doctor and a patient in a military hospital emergency room. ዶክተር--ሰላም፡ሻለቃ፡በላቸው Doctor:Selam shaleka Belachew Major: Good morning.ras-metat. ሻለቃ--Eንደምን፡Aደሩ፡ዶክተር፡ስዩም Shaleka: endemen aderu doctor seyum Doctor: What happened to you? ዶክተር--ምን፡ሆኑ? Doctor:menn honu? Major: I don’t now. bezu weha metetat le ብዙ፡ወሃ፡መጠጣት፡ betam asfelagi neo ፡በጣም፡Aስፈላጊ፡ነው nekersa yametal ፡ነቀርሳ፡ያመጣል betam yetekmal ፡በጣም፡ይጠቅማል 11. Sport mesrat lene ስፖርት፡መስራት፡ለኔ፡ D. headache.ena mazor Doctor: For how long did you have your symptoms? ዶክተር--ስንት፡ግዜ፡ነው፡Aንደዚ፡ከተሰማዎት Doctor:cent gizay neo endezi ketesemot? Major: For about 2 days.dehana ayesemagnem…deret lie yamegnal. and dizziness. I didn’t feel well… I had chest pain. ሻለቃ---ሁለት፡ቀን፡Aካባቢ Shaleka:Hulet ken akababi Doctor: Did you take any medications? ዶክተር--መድሃኒት፡ወስደዋል Doctor: medhanit wesdewal? 289 289 . Major Belachew.

What symptoms do you have now? Eንገዲህ፡Eዚህ፡ድንገተኛ፡ሲማጡ፡መተንፈስ፡Aቅቶት፡ነው።የመጀመሪያ፡ Eርዳታ፡Aደረግንሎት።የደም፡ፕሬሸሮት፡ደህና፡Aልነበረም፡230 በ 180 ነበር።ልብ፡ድካም፡ነበሮት፡Aሁን፡Eንዴት፡ኖት? Doctor:engedih ezi dengetena simetu metenfes aketot neo. We had to do CPR.woynem ye angol besheta a lot? Sekuar beshta? Nekersa? Major: No. I’m allergic to penicillin. when you got in the ER.ምንድን፡ነው፡የሆንኩት Shaleka: Le hulet ken… menden neo yehonkut doctor? Doctor: Well. ሻለቃ--Aዎ፡የስቃይ Shaleka: auo ye sekie Doctor: For how long? ዶክተር--ለስንት፡ጊዜ? Doctor: le cent gezai? Major: For about 2 days… What happened to me. ሻለቃ--ድካም፡የሰማኛል Shaleka:dekam yesemagnal Doctor: Are you allergic to any medications? ዶክተር--የመድሃኒት፡Aለርጂ፡Aሌት? Doctor:ye medhanit allegy alot? Major: Yes. you couldn’t breathe. liver.yemejemeriya erdate aderegnelot. I don’t. ሻለቃ-Aዎ፡ለፔኒሲሊን፡Aለርጂ፡ነኝ Shaleka:auo le penicillin allergy negn Doctor: Do you have any kidney.yedem presurewot dehena alneberem 230 bu 180 neber lebb dekam neberot ahun endate noot? Major: I feel weakness.sanba. It was 230 over 180. You had abnormal blood pressure. I took painkillers. lung. You had a heart attack. doctor? ሻለቃ--ለሁለት፡ቀን….gubet.Major: Yes. ሻለቃ--Aይ፡የለኝም Shaleka:I yelegnem 290 290 . or brain diseases? Diabetes? Cancer? ዶክተር--የኩላሊት፡ጉበት፡ሳንባ፡ወይንም፡Aየንጎል፡በሽታ፡Aሎት?ስኩዋር፡በሽታ? ነቀርሳ? Doctor:ye kulaleet.

ሻለቃ--Aይ፡Aላጨስም I alegsem Doctor: Do any members of your family have heart diseases or have they had a heart attack? ዶክተር--ከቤተሰብ፡ውስጥ፡የልብ፡በሽታ፡ወይንም፡የልብ፡ድካም፡Aለ? Doctor:ke baitese wost ye lebb besheta woynem ye lebb dakam ale? Major: Yes. my father died three years ago from heart disease. Doctor Mulatu. I think you must stay in the hospital and rest for a few days. ዶክተር--Aይ፡ሃኪም፡ቤት፡መቆየት፡ማረፍ፡Eና፡Aስፒሪን፡መውሰድ፡Aለቦት Doctor:I hakim bait mekoyet . and take aspirin. Doctor Mulatu: shaleka Belachew menn honewal? ዶክተር፡ሙላቱ ሻለቃ፡በለቻው፡ምን፡ሆነዋል? Doctor Negist: esu lebb dekam yezotal ዶክተር፡ንግስት Eሱ፡ልብ፡ድካም፡ይዞታል Doctor Mulatu: menn yesemachewal ahun? ዶክተር፡ሙላቱ ምን፡ይሰማቸዋል፡Aሁን? 291 291 . ሻለቃ--፡Aዎ፡Aባቴ፡በልብ፡በሽታ፡የዛሬ፡ሶስት፡Aመት፡ሞተ Shaleka:auo abate bu lebb besheta ye zare sost amet mote Doctor: Well. ዶክተር--Eንግዲ፡ለትንሽ፡ቀን፡ሃኪም፡ቤት፡መቆየት፡Aለቦት፡ይመስለኛል Doctor: engedi le tenesh ken hakim bait mekoyut alebot yemeslegnal Major: But I need to get back to my unit! ሻለቃ--ግን፡ከጦር፡ክፍል፡ግር፡መመለስ፡Aለብኝ Shaleka:Gen ke tor kefel gar memeless alebegn Doctor: No.Doctor: Do you smoke? ዶክተር--ያጨሳሉ? Doctor:yachesalu? Major: No. Listen to and read the dialogue between Doctor Negist and his colleague. I don’t. you have to stay in the hospital. Check your answers with the answer key. rest. Answer the follow-up questions. maref ena aspirin mewsed alebot 12.

yesu abat ye zare sost amet bu lebb besheta moteual. Esu dekam yesemawal ዶክተር፡ንግስት Eሱ፡የደረት፡ውጋት፡ራስ፡ምታት፡ወይንም፡መዞር፡Aለው።Eሱ፡ድካም ይሰማዋል Doctor Mulatu: yedem pressure kuter? ዶክተር፡ሙላቱ ይደም፡ፕሬሸር፡ቁጥር? Doctor Negist: dehana neo: 140 bu 80 belie neo ዶክተር፡ንግስት ደህና፡ነው፡140 በ 80 በላይ፡ነው Doctor Mulatu: le medhanit allergic neo? ዶክተር፡ሙላቱ ለመድሃኒት፡Aለርጂክ፡ነው? Doctor Negist: auo . Will Major Belachew stay in the hospital? 292 292 . woynem mazor alew. Is he allergic to any medications? Is he taking any medications now? 5). esu aspirin ahun wesdual. ዶክተር፡ሙላቱ Eንግዲህ፡Eሱ፡ለትንሽ፡ቀን፡ሃኪም፡ቤት፡መቆየት፡Aለቦት፡የመስለኛል Questions: 1).esu letenish ken hakim bait mekoyet alebet yemeslegnal. rasmetat. What happened to Major Belachew? 2). kidney. or lung diseases? Diabetes or cancer? 6). How does he feel now? What is his blood pressure? Is that normal or abnormal? 4). Did any family members die from heart diseases? 9). Do his family members have heart diseases? 8). What symptoms did Major Belachew have and for how long? 3). esu ye penicillin allergic neo. brain.Doctor Negist: esu yederet wegat. ዶክተር፡ንግስት Aዎ፡የሱ፡Aባት፡የዛሬ፡ሶስት፡Aመት፡በልብ፡በሽታ፡ሞቱዋል Doctor Mulatu: engedi. Does he smoke? 7). Does he have liver. ዶክተር፡ንግስት Aዎ፡Eሱ፡የፔኒሲሊን፡Aለርጂክ፡ነው።Eሱ፡Aስፕሪን፡Aሁን፡ወስዱዋል Doctor Mulatu: esu sekuar besheta woynem nekersa alebet? Ciggara yachesal? ድክተር፡ሙላቱ Eሱ፡ስኩዋር፡በሽታ፡ወይንም፡ነቀርሳ፡Aለቦት? Doctor Nigest: I yelewem ዶክተር፡ንግስት Aይ፡Aይደለም Doctor Mulatu: baite seb wost ye lebb besheta woynes dekam ale? ዶክተር፡ሙላቱ ቤተሰብ፡ውስጥ፡የልብ፡በሽታ፡ወይንስ፡ድካም፡Aለ? Doctor Negest: auo.

Medahanitoch lie neh(M) nesh(F)not(O/F)? መድሃኒትዎች፡ላይ፡ነህ/ነሽ/ኖት? 2. Pretend to be Doctor Negist and Doctor Mulatu from Exercise 12. This man just had a heart attack. Yene kusel eyedema neo የኔ፡ቁስል፡Eየደማ፡ነው 4. I can’t breathe. I have a chest pain. Hodain yamegnal ሆዴን፡ያመኛል 5. Metenfes alchlem Aዎ፡ደረቴን፡ያመኛል፡መተንፈስ፡Aልችልም 6. Yetu ga yamehal(M) yameshal(F) yamotal(F?O)? የቱ፡ጋር፡ያምሃል/ያምሻል/ያሞታል? F. What are your symptoms? I have a fever and a pain in my leg. How do you feel? I don’t feel well. Auo ene ye teyet gudat egay lie alegn Eንዴት፡ነህ/ነሽ/ኖት? Aዎ፡Eኔ፡የጥይት፡ጉዳት፡Eጄ፡ላይ፡Aለኝ B. Ene dekam ena yazoregnal Eኔ፡ድካም፡Eና፡ያዞረኛል 3. 2. Is there a doctor here? This man just had a heart attack. How do you feel? I don’t feel well. Auo hemem medhanit Aዎ፡የህመም፡መድሃኒት 7. Menn yesemahal(M) yesemashal(F) yesemawotal(O/F)? ምን፡ይሰማሃል/ይሰማሻል/ይሰማዎታል? D. A. C. Role-play the dialogue from Exercise 12. 14. B. Ene betam amognal Eኔ፡በጣም፡Aሞኛል 15. What do you hear? Listen to the speaker and mark the statement that you hear. Auo deretain yamegnal. I am a doctor. C. How do you feel? I don’t feel well. Work with a partner. Menn honk? ምን፡ሆንክ? C. B. I feel dizziness. 293 293 . 1. Koslewal? ቆስለዋል? G. Check your work with the answer key. A. Are you a doctor? This man just had a heart attack. C. Discuss Major Belachew’s health conditions. What are your symptoms? I have a fever and a pain in my arm. hemem aleh(M) alesh(F) alot (O/F)? ስቃይ፡Aለህ/Aለሽ/Aሎት? E. Endat neh(M) nesh(F) noot(older/formal) 1. A. A. What are your symptoms? I have a fever and a pain in my neck. 3. B.13. Match the questions and answers. Check your work with the answer key.

C. E. Please answer the following questions in Amharic: A. B. Look at the picture and tell in Amharic what you think happened to the patient.End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. You might want to mention the following things: Is the patient a man or a woman? What is his/her age? Is he/she a soldier? Is he/she wounded? Is he/she injured? Is he/she in pain? Does he/she have bleeding? Does he/she have a fever? Will he/she need to stay in the hospital? Does he/she have high blood pressure? Does he/she have chest pain? Is he/she having a heart attack? Can he/she breathe? Will he/she need CPR? Is he/she allergic to any medications? Is he/she taking any medications? 294 294 . D. Work with a partner or in a small group. What is your normal pulse? What is your normal blood pressure? Are you allergic to any medications? Have you ever had a head injury? Have you ever had a heat stroke? 2.

allergic negn Ante(M) le …...Vocabulary list Abnormal Aspirin Bandage Band-aid Bleeding Brain Breathing Cancer CPR Cut Diabetes Dressing ER Gunshot wound Head injury Heart Heart attack Heart disease Heat stroke High blood pressure I am allergic to… Are you allergic to… Injured Injury Kidney Liver Lungs Organs Painkillers Penicillin Pulse Sterile To die To stay Wound/ Wounded Tekekelegna yalehaone Aspirin Yeplaster fasha Plaster Medmatt Angol Metenfes Nekersa Yemegemeria erdata Mekoret Sekuar besheta Yecherk fasha Dengetegna hikemena Yeteyet kusel Yeras gudat Lebb Yelebb dekam Yelebb besheta Yesehi mech/bezat Demm bezat Ene le….Aለርጂክ፡ነኝ Aንተ፡ለ…Aለርጂክ፡ነህ መጎዳት ጉዳት ኩላሊት ጉበት ሳንባ የሰውነት፡ክፈል የስቃይ፡መድሃኒት ፔኒሲሊን ትርታ በመድሃኒት፡የፀዳ መሞት መቆየት ቁስል/መቁሰል 295 295 .allergic neh? Megodat Gudat Kulaleet Gubet Sanba Yesewnet kefil Yesekaye medhnit Penicillin Tereta Bumedhanit yeseda Memot Mekoyet Kusel/mekusel ትክክለኛ፡ያልሆነ Aስፒሪን የፕላስተር፡ፋሻ ፕላስተር መድማት Aንጎል መተንፈስ ነቀርሳ የመጀመሪያ፡Eርዳታ መቆረጥ ስኩዋር፡በሽታ የጨርቅ፡ፋሻ ድንገተኛ፡ህክምና የጥይት፡ቁስል የራስ፡ጉዳት ልብ የልብ፡ድካም ይልብ፡በሽታ የፀሃይ፡መች/ብዛት ደም፡ብዛት Eኔ፡ለ..

picture number picture number picture number picture number 3 . A This soldier has an injured leg. Now he has a heat stroke. 7. They have to be sterile. 1 . C. 1 . The human _brain is in charge of all body system functions. Exercising is very important for my _heart . Wounded arm D. gubet betam asfelagi yesewnet kefil neo mekneyatum ye sewneten choma yatefal. Wounded leg B. You need them to make a dressing for a cut or wound. 4 . የሰው፡Aንጎል፡ለሁሉም፡የሰውነት፡Eንቅስቃሴ፡ሃላፊነት፡Aለው። B.Answer Key 2. 2. B. Head injury 6. These are bandages and band-aids. 10. B This man didn’t wear his hat. The _liver is a very important organ because it helps our body to get rid of fat. Injured neck C. C This man has a dressing on his wounded arm. It was very hot today. Sport mesrat lene lebb betam asfelagi neo ስፖርት፡መስራት፡ለኔ፡ልብ፡በጣም፡Aስፈላጊ፡ነው 296 296 . A. 3. A. A. ጉበት፡በጣም፡Aስፈላጊ፡የሰውነት፡ክፍል፡ነው፡ምክነያቱም፡የሰውነት፡ጮማ፡ያጠፋል C. Ye sew angol le hulum ye sewnte enkesekase halfinet alew. 1.

Heart diseases or heart attack in his family? Yes. He is taken aspirin now. I can’t breathe. Hodain yamegnal ሆዴን፡ያመኛል 5. How do you feel? Endat neh(M) nesh(F) noot(older/formal) Eንዴት፡ነህ/ነሽ/ኖት? B. Well. Compare your answers with the translation. I have chest pain. headache. E. Are you in pain? hemem aleh(M) alesh(F) alot (O/F)? ስቃይ፡Aለህ/Aለሽ/Aሎት? E. My stomach hurts. Metenfes alchlem Aዎ፡ደረቴን፡ያመኛል፡መተንፈስ፡Aልችልም What a matter with Major Belachew? He had a heart attack. Yes. Ene dekam ena yazoregnal Eኔ፡ድካም፡Eና፡ያዞረኛል 3. 297 297 . Auo deretain yamegnal. He feels weakness. Is he allergic to any medications? Yes. Doctor Mulatu: Doctor Negist Doctor Malatu: Doctor Negist: Doctor Mulatu: Doctor Negist: Doctor Mulatu: Doctor Negist: Doctor Mulatu: Doctor Negist: Doctor Mulatu: Doctor Negist: Doctor Mulatu: 14.D. Auo ene ye teyet gudat egay lie alegn Aዎ፡Eኔ፡የጥይት፡ጉዳት፡Eጄ፡ላይ፡Aለኝ 2. Bezu weha metetat le kulaleet betam yetekmal ብዙ፡ወሃ፡መጠጣት፡ለኩላሊት፡በጣም፡ይጠቅማል 12. My wound is bleeding. Cigara maches ye samba ሲጋራ፡ማጨስ፡የሳምባ፡ነቀርሳ፡ያመጣል nekersa yametal E. A. Does he have diabetes or cancer? Does he smoke? No. What do you feel? Menn yesemahal(M) yesemashal(F) yesemawotal(O/F)? ምን፡ይሰማሃል/ይሰማሻል/ይሰማዎታል? D. I feel weakness and dizziness. I think he has to stay in the hospital for a few days. or dizziness. What symptoms does he have now? He doesn’t have chest pain. Where does it hurt? Yetu ga yamehal(M) yameshal(F) yamotal(F?O)? የቱ፡ጋር፡ያምሃል/ያምሻል/ያሞታል? 1. What is the matter with you? Menn honk? ምን፡ሆንክ? C. Blood pressure? It’s normal now: 140 over 80. Yene kusel eyedema neo የኔ፡ቁስል፡Eየደማ፡ነው 4. he is allergic to penicillin. Yes. Smoking can cause lung cancer. his father died three years ago from heart disease. D. he doesn’t. I have a gunshot injury in my arm. Drinking a lot of water is necessary for the _kidneys .

6. A. 3. I feel dizziness. 2. I feel really bad. Ene betam amognal Eኔ፡በጣም፡Aሞኛል 1.F. endate neo yemiaregeh? Ene tekusat ena ye egge sekie alegn Eንዴት፡ነው፡የሚያረግህ? Eኔ፡ትኩሳት፡Eና፡የEጅ፡ስቃይ፡Aለኝ What are your symptoms? I have a fever and a pain in my arm. painkillers. Auo hemem medhanit Aዎ፡የህመም፡መድሃኒት 7.3 C–2 D–5 E–4 F–1 G-6 15. B. Yehay sew ahun ye lebb dekam yazew Eኔ፡ዶክተር፡ነኝ።ይሄ፡ሰው፡Aሁን፡የልብ፡ድካም፡ይዞታል I am a doctor.endate yesemahal(M)?ene dehena ayesemagnem. Yes. Are you injured? Koslewal? ቆስለዋል? G.ene yazoregnal Eንዴት፡ይሰማሃል? Eኔ፡ደህና፡Aይሰማኝም፡ያዞረኛል How do you feel? I don’t feel well. ene doctor negn. This man just had a heart attack 298 298 . Are you taking any medication? Medahanitoch lie neh(M) nesh(F)not(O/F)? መድሃኒትዎች፡ላይ፡ነህ/ነሽ/ኖት? A–7 B. C.