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RATE OF REACTION (Kedah 2012) 1.

Table 6 shows the result of an experiment to study the effect of temperature on the rate of reaction between 50cm3 1.0 moldm-3 hydrochloric acid solution, HCl and 50cm3 2.0 moldm-3 sodium thiosulphate solution, Na2S2O3.

(a) Balance the chemical equation below for the reaction that occurs in this experiment.

m = ___________________________ n = ___________________________ [2 marks] (b) Draw the set-up of apparatus used to measure the time taken for ‘X’ mark to disappear from sight.

[2 marks] (c) Name the substance that is responsible for the ‘X’ mark to disappear from sight. ________________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (d) Plot a graph of temperature against time taken for the ‘X’ mark to disappear from sight. [4 marks] (e) Based on the graph in (d), state the relationship between temperature and time. ________________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark]

0 50. .2 shows a conversation between Ummu and Qistina. An experiment is carried out to investigate a factor that influences the rate of reaction. Table below shows the temperature and time taken for ‘X’ mark to disappear from view when observed vertically from the top.0 Time/s 55. The experiment is repeated five times at different temperatures. Experiment 1 2 3 4 5 Temperature / oC 30.0 70.0 13.0 (a) Compare the rate of reaction between Experiment 1 and Experiment 5.5 33.0 23.0 40.0 17. _____________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ [4 marks] (c) Diagram 6.0 60.(Johor 2011) 2. _____________________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) Explain your answer in (a) using the collision theory.

plan a laboratory experiment to investigate the effect of temperature of sodium thiosulphate solution on the rate of reaction when reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid. Your planning must include the following items: (a) Problem statement (b) All the variables (c) Hypothesis (d) List of materials and apparatus (e) Procedure (f) Tabulation of data [17 marks] .Paper 3 (Terengganu 2012) 1. Fresh milk stored in the refrigerator lasts longer than the milk that is placed on the table. Referring to the above situation.

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8 (SBP 2012) (a) The smaller sized potatoes will cook faster than the bigger sized ones. Diagram 8 shows the set-up of .Qs. Explain why. HCl. [4 marks] (b) A group of students carried out two experiments to investigate the factor affecting the rate of reaction between zinc powder and hydrochloric acid.

[4 marks] . Compare the rate of reaction and the maximum volume of hydrogen gas released between these two experiments. the higher volume of gas is released in the first two minutes compared to experiment I. [1 mark] (ii) Calculate the average rate of reaction of in Experiment I and Experiment II in the first two minutes. [5 marks] (iv) Sketch a graph of volume of gas released against time for both sets of experiments for the first two minutes. [2 marks] (vi) Hydrochloric acid in experiment I is replaced with sulphuric acid with the same volume and concentration. [2 marks] (iii) Compare the rate of reaction between Experiment I and Experiment II. [2 marks] (v) Write an ionic equation for the reaction between zinc powder and hydrochloric acid. Explain your answer based on collision theory. State one substance that can be used as substance X. (i) In the presence of substance X in experiment II. Explain your answer.apparatus used in the experiments.