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As Duke and Duchess of York, George and May carried out a wide variety of public duties.

On the death of Queen Victoria on 22 January 1901, George's father asce nded the throne as King Edward VII. George inherited the titles of Duke of Cornw all and Duke of Rothesay, and for much of the rest of that year, he was styled H is Royal Highness The Duke of Cornwall and York. In 1901, George and May toured the British Empire. Their tour included Malta, Ce ylon, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the Colony of Newfoundla nd. The tour was designed by Colonial Secretary Joseph Chamberlain with the supp ort of Prime Minister Lord Salisbury to reward the dominions for their participa tion in the South African War of 1899 1902. George presented thousands of speciall y designed South African War medals to colonial troops. In South Africa, the roy al party met with civic leaders, African leaders, and Boer prisoners, and was gr eeted by elaborate decorations, expensive gifts, and fireworks displays. Despite this, not all residents responded favourably to the tour. Many white Cape Afrik aners resented the display and expense, the war having weakened their capacity t o reconcile their Afrikaner-Dutch culture with their status as British subjects. Critics in the English-language press decried the enormous cost at a time when families faced severe hardship.[25] Painting of the Duke opening the first Parliament of Australia on the 9 May 1901 . In Australia, the Duke opened the first session of the Australian Parliament upo n the creation of the Commonwealth of Australia.[26] In New Zealand, he praised the military values, bravery, loyalty, and obedience to duty of New Zealanders, and the tour gave New Zealand a chance to show off its progress, especially in i ts adoption of up-to-date British standards in communications and the processing industries. The implicit goal was to advertise New Zealand's attractiveness to tourists and potential immigrants, while avoiding news of growing social tension s, by focusing the attention of the British press on a land few knew about.[27] On his return to Britain, in a speech at London's Guildhall, George warned of "t he impression which seemed to prevail among [our] brethren across the seas, that the Old Country must wake up if she intends to maintain her old position of pre -eminence in her colonial trade against foreign competitors."[28] On 9 November 1901, George was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester.[29][ 30] King Edward VII wished to prepare his son for his future role as king. In co ntrast to Edward himself, whom Queen Victoria had deliberately excluded from sta te affairs, George was given wide access to state documents by his father.[15][3 1] George in turn allowed his wife access to his papers,[32] as he valued her co unsel and she often helped write her husband's speeches.[33] As Prince of Wales, George supported the various naval reforms, including the enrollment of cadets at the ages of twelve and thirteen, and cadets receiving the same education, no matter their class and eventual assignments implemented by the then Second (late r First) Sea Lord, Jacky Fisher.[34] From November 1905 to March 1906, George and May toured British India, where he was disgusted by racial discrimination and campaigned for greater involvement of Indians in the government of the country.[35] The tour was almost immediately f ollowed by a trip to Spain for the wedding of King Alfonso XIII to Victoria Euge nie of Battenberg, a first cousin of George, at which the bride and groom narrow ly avoided assassination.[36] A week after returning to Britain, George and May traveled to Norway for the coronation of King Haakon VII, George's cousin, and Q ueen Maud, George's sister.[37] King and Emperor[edit]

The King in Coronation Robes by Sam Begg On 6 May 1910, King Edward VII died, and George became king. He wrote in his dia ry, "I have lost my best friend and the best of fathers ... I never had a [cross ] word with him in my life. I am heart-broken and overwhelmed with grief but God

the Lords l et the bill pass on hearing of the threat to swamp the house with new peers. Mylius was arrested. tried and found guilty of criminal libel. who was Unionist. while Stamfordham. May God give me strength and guidance in the heavy task which ha s fallen on me".[15 ] and was celebrated by the Festival of Empire in London. He made it k nown that he would refuse to open parliament as long as he was obliged to make t he declaration in its current form. leading to a second general election. A constitutional conference on the reforms broke down in November 1910 after 21 meetings. and to promise to create sufficient Liberal peers if the Lords blocked the legislation again. They travelled throughout the sub-continent.[39] Late r that year.[ 44] On 18 December 1913. published a lie that George had secretly married in Malta as a young man. for which the government now had an electoral mandate. a radical propagandist. and was sentenced to a year in prison. Asquith and Lord Crew e. the Conservative peers allowed the budget. they received a warm welcome. sculptor) George inherited the throne at a politically turbulent time.[47] Lloyd George's People's Budget had been rejected the previous year by the Conservative and Unio nist-dominated House of Lords. which were again blocked by the Upper House.[43] He was a keen and expert marksman. advised George to accept the Cabi net's demands. th e King and Queen travelled to India for the Delhi Durbar.[40] George objected to the anti-Catholic wording of the Accession Declaration that h e would be required to make at the opening of his first parliament. In an effort to kill off rumours. shooting 21 tigers.[41] George and Mary's coronation took place at Westminster Abbey on 22 June 1911. the Liberal gove rnment would otherwise resign.[50] If George refused. contrary to the normal convention that the Lords did not veto money bills. In July.[42] Later in 1911. George reluctantly agreed to the dissolution and creation of peers. although he felt his ministers had taken advantage of his inexperience to browbeat him. and George t ook the opportunity to indulge in big game hunting in Nepal. and declared the shifting of the Indian capital f rom Calcutta to Delhi. Edward reluctantly agreed if the Lord s rejected the budget after two successive general elections. he shot over a thousand pheasants in six hours[45] at t he home of Lord Burnham.[52] Like his father. Liberal leader in the Lords. although even he had to acknowledge that "we went a lit tle too far" that day.[49] Asquith attempted to curtail the power of the Lords through constitutional refor ms.[53] After the December 1910 election. gave George conflicting advice. The lie had first surfaced in print in 1893 but Geo rge had shrugged it off as a joke. and that consequently his marriage to Queen Mary was bigamous. Knollys. As a result the Accession Declaration Act 19 10 shortened the declaration and removed the most offensive phrases. They both thought she should not be called Queen Victoria. with thousand s of people lining the route of their procession to cheer.[48] Liberal Prime Minister H.[54] The subsequent Parliament Act 1911 permanently removed with a few exceptions th .will help me in my responsibilities and darling May will be my comfort as she h as always been. Edward Mylius. H. asked George to grant a dissolution. Asquith had asked the previous king to give an undertaking that he would create sufficient Liberal pe ers to force the budget through the House. George wore the newly created Imperial C rown of India at the ceremony. 8 rhinoceroses and a bear over 10 days. to pass without a vote. advised George to accept the resignation. where they were presen ted to an assembled audience of Indian dignitaries and princes as the Emperor an d Empress of India on 12 December 1911.[51 narch was taking sides ] The King's two private secretaries.[46] National politics[edit] Gold coin with left-facing profile portrait of George V A half-sovereign minted during George's reign (Bertram Mackennal. and so she became Queen Mary. which would have given the appearance that the mo with "the peers against the people" in party politics. the King and Queen visited Ireland for five days. Lords Knollys and Stamfordham. who was Liberal. After a general el ection in January 1910.[38] George had never liked his wife's habit of signing official documents and letter s as "Victoria Mary" and insisted she drop one of those names.

[15][59] On 18 September 1914. 1st Marquess of Cambridge. w hich would never have been possible without the Parliament Act. and adopted Br itish-sounding surnames. the King and his children bore the t itles Prince and Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke and Duchess of Saxon y. Wells wrote about Britain's "alien and uninsp iring court".[65] The Letters Patent also stated that "the titles of Royal Hig hness. George appeased British nationalist feelings by issuing a royal proclamation that changed the name of the British royal house from the German-s ounding House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to the House of Windsor. the children of the sons of the Sovereign and the eldest living son of the eldest living son of a P rince of Wales. George called a meeting of all parties at Buckingham Palace in July 1914 in an attempt to negotiate a settlement. Prince Louis of Battenberg. 1st E arl of Athlone. Two bearded men of identical height wear military dress uniforms emblazoned with medals and stand side-by-side King George V (right) and his physically similar cousin Emperor Nicholas II in G erman military uniforms in Berlin before the war. who earlier in the war ha d been forced to resign as First Sea Lord through anti-German feeling. Asqu ith introduced legislation that would give Ireland Home Rule. became Lo uis Mountbatten. George famously replied: "I may be uninspiring.[55] The 1910 general elections had left the Liberals as a minority government depend ent upon the support of Irish Nationalists. As desired by the Nationalists. Highness or Serene Highness.[64] In Letters Patent gazetted on 11 December 1917. such as Prince Ernst August of Hanover. but its implementation was post poned by a Suspensory Act due to the outbreak of the First World War.[58] After four day s the conference ended without an agreement. but the Conservati ves and Unionists opposed it. His cousin. Queen Mary. but I'll be damned if I'm alien. who for the British public came to symbolise all the horrors of the war. 1st Marquess of Milford Haven. Prince and Princess of Battenberg. The German Kaiser Wilhelm II. The King had brothers-in-l aw and cousins who were British subjects but who bore German titles such as Duke and Duchess of Teck. Britain was at war with the German Empire. The King later came to feel that Knollys had withheld information from him about the willingness of the opposition to form a government if the Liberals had resigned. and the titular dignity of Prince and Prince ss shall cease except those titles already granted and remaining unrevoked".[57] Desperate to avoid the prospect of Civil War in Ireland between Unionists and Nationalists. although British like her mother. When H.[15][56] As tempers rose over the Home Rule Bill. relations betwee n the elderly Knollys and the Conservatives became poor. The King's paternal grandfather was Prince Alb ert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Rel atives of the British Royal Family who fought on the German side.[62] He and all h is British relatives relinquished their German titles and styles. Duke of Albany and r .[63] George's cousins Princess Marie Louise and Princess Helena V ictoria of Schleswig-Holstein dropped their territorial designations. G. a descendant of the German Dukes of Württemberg. From 1914 to 1918. while Queen Mary's brothers beca me Adolphus Cambridge. consequently. George compensated his male relatives by creating them British peers. the King restricted the style "H is (or Her) Royal Highness" and the titular dignity of "Prince (or Princess) of Great Britain and Ireland" to the children of the Sovereign. and Alexander Cambridge.e power of the Lords to veto bills. 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale (the senior male -line great-grandson of George III) and Prince Carl Eduard. the K ing having considered vetoing the legislation[60] gave his assent to the Home Ru le Bill after it had been passed by Westminster. and he was pushed into retirement. was the King's first cousin."[61] On 17 July 1917. and Prince and Princess of Schleswig-Holstein. First World War[edit] George V dressed in the ceremonial robes of the Order of the Garter uses a broom to sweep aside assorted crowns labelled "Made in Germany" "A good riddance" A 1917 Punch cartoon depicts George sweeping away his German titles. was the daughter of the Duke of Teck.

their British peerages were suspended by a 1919 Order in Council u nder the provisions of the Titles Deprivation Act 1917.[72] The tour. George was informed of his death by Qu een Mary. the King's youngest son. T he first break in the family circle is hard to bear but people have been so kind & sympathetic & this has helped us much."[71] In May 1922.[70] T he Tsar and his immediate family remained in Russia. Under pressure from his mother. the British government of fered asylum to the Tsar and his family. The following year. were the only tim . visiting the First Wor ld War cemeteries and memorials being constructed by the Imperial War Graves Com mission. the letters of Lord Stamfordham suggest that it was George V who opposed th e rescue against the advice of the government. but worsening conditions for the Britis h people. and one short visit to Italy in 1923. was overthrown in the Russian Revolution of 1917.[69] but because of the strengthening position of the Bolshevik revolutionaries and wider diffic ulties with the conduct of the war. Queen Alexandra. Windsor Castle. who wrote.[67] Despite the later claims of Lord Mountbatten of Burma that P rime Minister Lloyd George was opposed to the rescue of the Russian imperial fam ily. The King's Pilgrimage by Rudyard Kip ling. the King toured Belgium and northern France. George also removed the Garter flags of his German rela tions from St George's Chapel..[66] When Tsar Nicholas II of Russia.. Two months after the end of the war.[68] Advanced planning for a rescu e was undertaken by MI1. George's first cousin (their mothers were siste rs). were cut off. John. and fears that revolution might come to the British Isles.eigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (a male-line grandson of Queen Victoria). led George to think that the presence of the Russian royals might seem inappropriate in the circumstances. a branch of the British secret service. died at the age of 13 after a lifetime of ill health. The event was described in a poem. where they were murdered by Bolsheviks in 1918. the plan was never put into operation. Nicholas's mother (George's aunt) Maria Feodorovna (Dagmar of Denmark) and other members of the extended Russian imperi al family were rescued from the Crimea by British ships. "[John] had been a great anxiety to us for many years .