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8085 questions and answers

1. What are the various registers in 8085? - Accumulator register, Temporary register, Instruction register, Stack Pointer, Program Counter are the various registers in 8085 . 2. In 8085 name the 16 bit registers? - Stack pointer and Program counter all have 16 bits. 3. What are the various flags used in 8085? - Sign flag, Zero flag, Auxillary flag, Parity flag, Carry flag. 4. What is Stack Pointer? - Stack pointer is a special purpose 16-bit register in the Microprocessor, which holds the address of the top of the stack. 5. What is Program counter? - Program counter holds the address of either the first byte of the next instruction to be fetched for execution or the address of the next byte of a multi byte instruction, which has not been completely fetched. In both the cases it gets incremented automatically one by one as the instruction bytes get fetched. Also Program register keeps the address of the next instruction. 6. Which Stack is used in 8085? - LIFO (Last In First Out) stack is used in 8085.In this type of Stack the last stored information can be retrieved first. 7. What happens when HLT instruction is executed in processor? - The Micro Processor enters into Halt-State and the buses are tri-stated. 8. What is meant by a bus? - A bus is a group of conducting lines that carriers data, address, & control signals. 9. What is Tri-state logic? - Three Logic Levels are used and they are High, Low, High impedance state. The high and low are normal logic levels & high impedance state is electrical open circuit conditions. Tri-state logic has a third line called enable line. 10. Give an example of one address microprocessor? - 8085 is a one address microprocessor. 11. In what way interrupts are classified in 8085? - In 8085 the interrupts are classified as Hardware and Software interrupts. 12. What are Hardware interrupts? - TRAP, RST7.5, RST6.5, RST5.5, INTR. 13. What are Software interrupts? - RST0, RST1, RST2, RST3, RST4, RST5, RST6, RST7. 14. Which interrupt has the highest priority? - TRAP has the highest priority. 15. Name 5 different addressing modes? - Immediate, Direct, Register, Register indirect, Implied addressing modes. 16. How many interrupts are there in 8085? - There are 12 interrupts in 8085. 17. What is clock frequency for 8085? - 3 MHz is the maximum clock frequency for 8085. 18. What is the RST for the TRAP? - RST 4.5 is called as TRAP. 19. In 8085 which is called as High order / Low order Register? - Flag is called as Low order register & Accumulator is called as High order Register. 20. What are input & output devices? - Keyboards, Floppy disk are the examples of input devices. Printer, LED / LCD display, CRT Monitor are the examples of output devices. 21. Can an RC circuit be used as clock source for 8085? - Yes, it can be used, if an accurate clock frequency is not required. Also, the component cost is low compared to LC or Crystal. 22. Why crystal is a preferred clock source? - Because of high stability, large Q (Quality Factor) & the frequency that doesn’t drift with aging. Crystal is used as a clock source most of the times. 23. Which interrupt is not level-sensitive in 8085?

Which Stack is used in 8085?LIFO (Last In First Out) stack is used in 8085.. the lower are the losses. Stack Pointer. So it is a number.. Higher the Q.RST 7. What does Quality factor mean? . Program Counter are the various registers in 8085.Give examples for 8 / 16 / 32 bit 8-bit Processor ..In this type of Stack the first stored information is retrieved.5 is a raising edge-triggering interrupt. push() member method places a value...38.37.8085 / Z80 / 6800.. Instruction register.. as Q. But do not throw an exception..   31.   32. Stack Pointer.. The C++ rule is that you must never throw.. What are level-triggering interrupt? .In this type of Stack the last stored information can be..   27. Program Counter are the various registers in 8085..   33...   35.What is Stack Pointer?Stack pointer is a special purpose 16-bit register in the Microprocessor.Which StacWhich Stack is used in 8086? k is used in 8086?FIFO (First In First Out) stack is used in 8086.8086 / .RST 6...   34.How can I handle a destructor that fails?Write a message to a log-file.. Push is the direction that data is being added to the stack.   30.   28.5 & RST 5.. Instruction register. Temporary register. 36..What are the various registers in 8085?Accumulator register..What are the various registers in 8085?Accumulator register. 16-bit Processor ..What is clock frequency for 8085? 3 MHz is the maximum clock frequency for 8085.Give an example of one address microprocessor? Microprocessor? 8085 is a one address microprocessor. Temporary register...What is clock frequency for 8085?3 MHz is the maximum clock frequency for 8085.The Quality factor is also defined. which holds the address of the top of the. which reflects the lossness of a circuit.In what way interrupts are classified in 8085?In 8085 the interrupts are classified as Hardware and Software interrupts. 25..In 8085 name the 16 bit registers?Stack pointer and Program counter all have 16 bits.   29.5 are level-triggering interrupts  26. 24.What method is used to place a value onto the top of a stack?push() method.

What does Quality factor mean? The Quality factor is also defined.Which interrupt is not level-sensitive in 8085? interrupts? RST 7.What are level-triggering interrupt? RST 6. Crystal is used as a clock source most of the times.What is the difference between primary & secondary storage device? In primary storage device the storage capacity is limited. Parity flag. It has a volatile memory.55. Register indirect. Also Program register keeps the address of the next instruction.40.What are the various registers in 8085? Accumulator register.In 8085 Stack pointer and Program counter all have 16 bits. which holds the address of the top of the stack. Direct. Higher the Q. Zero flag.51.42. So it is a number.56. & control signals.What are Software RST0.Which Stack is used in 8085? LIFO (Last In First Out) stack is used in 8085.How many interrupts are there in 8085? There are 12 interrupts in 8085. Auxiliary flag. which reflects the lossness of a circuit.49. RST2.5 is a raising edge-triggering interrupt.What are the various flags used in 8085? name the 16 bit registers? Pointer? Sign flag.5 & RST 5.53. which has not been completely fetched. In both the cases it gets incremented automatically one by one as the instruction bytes get fetched.58. 32-bit processor .What is Program counter? Program counter holds the address of either the first byte of the next instruction to be fetched for execution or the address of the next byte of a multi byte instruction.5 are level-triggering interrupts. address.5 is called as TRAP.What is meant by a bus? A bus is a group of conducting lines that carriers data.What happens when HLT instruction is executed in processor? The Micro Processor enters into Halt-State and the buses are tristated.What is the RST for the TRAP? RST 4.In 8085 which is called as High order / Low order Register? Flag is called as Low order register & Accumulator is called as High order Register.What is Tri-state logic? . Stack Pointer.54.Why crystal is a preferred clock source? Because of high stability.46. In secondary storage device the storage capacity is larger. RST5. Program Counter are the various registers in 808541.Name 5 different addressing modes? Immediate.What is Stack Stack pointer is a special purpose 16-bit register in the Microprocessor. Secondary devices are: Floppy disc / Hard disk. RST1.50. RST4.47. Carry flag. It is a nonvolatile memory.In what way interrupts are classified in 8085? In 8085 the interrupts are classified as Hardware and Software interrupts.52. RST7. large Q (Quality Factor) & the frequency that doesn?t drift with aging.43.68000 / Z8000. Register. the lower are the losses.48. RST6. RST3.45.57. Instruction register.80386 / 8048639. Temporary register. Implied addressing modes44.In this type of Stack the last stored information can be retrieved first. Primary devices are: RAM / ROM. as Q.

23. 2. 3.Three Logic Levels are used and they are High. to hold the data for display.Flag is a flip-flop used to store the information about the status of a processor and the status of the instruction executed most recently What is stack? .8085 / Z80 / 6800.Which interrupt has the highest priority? TRAP has the highest priority60. Information stored as voltage level in a flip flop.chip devices. RST5. 9. 21. Primary devices are: RAM / ROM.Can an RC circuit be used as clock source for 8085? Yes. 7. Dynamic RAM: Refreshed periodically. 10. The cache memory is only in RAM.type Complimentary Metal Oxide Silicon field effect transistor. Secondary devices are: Floppy disc / Hard disk.type flip-flop used as a temporary storage device controlled by a timing signal. 6 to 8 MOS transistors are required to form one memory cell. What is cache memory? .Static RAM: No refreshing. Tri-state logic has a third line called enable line. Which transistor is used in each cell of EPROM? .Stack is a portion of RAM used for saving the content of Program Counter and general purpose registers. 32-bit Processor .The data bus is Bi-directional because the same bus is used for transfer of data between Micro Processor and memory or input / output devices in both the direction. 18.Microprocessor is a program-controlled device. Why 8085 processor is called an 8 bit processor? . 16-bit Processor 8086 / 68000 / Z8000. 8.5.Interrupt is a signal send by external device to the processor so as to request the processor to perform a particular work. What is the difference between microprocessor and microcontroller? . Difference between static and dynamic RAM? . It is used in output devices such as LED. What is the difference between primary & secondary storage device? . 20.Cache Memory is scratch pad of computer.In primary storage device the storage capacity is limited. Non Voliate Memory. It has a volatile memory.All x86 processors have pipelined structure. What is flag? .5. Most Micro Processor are single. 13.Floating .Scratch pad of computer. more bit handling Instructions. it can be used. Also.? . it stores automatically. What is 1st / 2nd / 3rd / 4th generation processor? . the component cost is low compared to LC or Crystal 8086 questions and answers 1. 5. Why does microprocessor contain ROM chips? . 3 to 4 transistors are required to form one memory cell. 17. High Speed. and it is made up of 4 / 8 / 16 / 32 bits. if an accurate clock frequency is not required. What is meant by LATCH? .In Microprocessor more op-codes. INTR61. What is interrupt? . Is the address bus unidirectional? . and also it is defined as a device that includes micro processor.High-density n.t require special instruction to store in a memory.5. Information is stored as a charge in the gate to substrate capacitance. Is the data bus is Bi-directional? . which fetches the instructions from memory.Microprocessor contain ROM chip because it contain instructions to execute data. 14.gate Avalanche Injection MOS (FAMOS) transistor is used in each cell of EPROM. . decodes and executes the instructions. The high and low are normal logic levels & high impedance state is electrical open circuit conditions.Compiler is used to translate the high-level language program into machine code at a time. The primary function of a Latch is data storage.The address bus is unidirectional because the address information is always given by the Micro Processor to address a memory location of an input / output devices. Volatile Memory. It is used for temporary storage of data & information between the main memory and the CPU (center processing unit).RAM: Read / Write memory. The Execution time is less compared to Interpreter. few bit handling instructions.It has limitations on the size of data. Similarly 8086 processor has 16 bit ALU. & input / output signal lines on a single chip. 6.What are Hardware interrupts? TRAP. High impedance state. Most Microprocessor does not support floating-point operations. What is the disadvantage of microprocessor? . Low. 12. which can store 0 or 1.The processor made of PMOS / NMOS / HMOS / HCMOS technology is called 1st / 2nd / 3rd / 4th generation processor. Define HCMOS? . 11.The processing speed depends on DATA BUS WIDTH. Differentiate between RAM and ROM? . Low Speed. ROM: Read only memory. Which processor structure is pipelined? . What is a compiler? .80386 / 80486. But in Microcontroller: fewer op-codes. RST6. What is a Microprocessor? .Latch is a D. 4. memory. RST7. Give examples for 8 / 16 / 32 bit Microprocessor? . 16.Because 8085 processor has 8 bit ALU (Arithmetic Logic Review). 22. It is a nonvolatile memory.Cache memory is a small high-speed memory. 15. It doesn. 19. What is called . In secondary storage device the storage capacity is larger. What does microprocessor speed depend on? .8-bit Processor .59.

What is NV-RAM? .ROM cannot be used as stack because it is not possible to write to ROM.Nonvolatile Read Write Memory. It is also know as shadow RAM.24. Can ROM be used as stack? . also called Flash memory. . 25.