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E

j mfanivseis, O
J ravmata kai; Qauvmata E
j niscuvonta
thvn Patrw/a
v n hJmw`n Paradosiakhvn Pivstin
uJpov
Dr~ Ij wavnnou N. Kallianiwvtou
Kaqhghtou`
tou` Panepisthmivou tou` Scranton
Scranton, PA, U.S.A.
Ij anouavrio~ b
/ id v (2014)
<<Metav

tw`n oijkeivwn th`~ pivstew~ eijrhneuvein,
aiJretikovn a[nqrwpon ajpostrevfesqai.>>
A
{ gio~ Basivleio~ oJ Mevga~

a .v Provlogos
H
J
JAgiva hJmw`n Paradosiakhv O
j rqodoxiva qemeliou`tai ejn e[tei lg v (33w/) m.C. mev
thvn Penthkosthvn, katovpin oJrioqetei`tai mev thvn jApostolikhvn Suvnodon tou` mq v
(49) m.C. kai; ejsunecivsqh nav eJdraiou`tai mev tov Diavtagma tw`n Mediolavnwn, tou`
JAgivou Kwnstantivnou tou` Megavlou tw`/ tig v (313) m.C. kai; qwrakivzetai mev thvn
A v Oijkoumenikhvn Suvnodon tw`/ tke v (325) m.C. eij~ thvn Nivkaian th`~ Biquniva~. H
J
Suvnodo~ au{th tw`n tih v (318) qeofovrwn patevrwn w{rise kai; tov E
J ortolovgion tw`n
O
j rqodovxwn Cristianw`n mev tov ijscu`on ajpov tov m~ v (46) p.C. Ij oulianovn toiou`ton.1
Mev tav~ sunecizomevna~ Oijkoumenikav~ kai; Topikav~ Sunovdou~ diethrhvqh kai; ejqwrakivsqh e[ti peraitevrw diav tw`n ojrqw`n dogmavtwn hJ hJmetevra E
j kklhsiva kai; mev thvn
IJ eravn Paravdosin kai; thvn Paterikhvn qeologivan kaqwdhvghse tovn E
J llhnismovn
kai; diedovqh eij~ touv~ boreivou~ hJmw`n kai; ajnatolikouv~ laouv~ th`~ Eujrwvph~ kai; katevsthse touvtou~ ajdelfouv~ hJmw`n ejn Kurivw/ kai; tav e[qnh twn pneumatikav tevkna th`~
mhtrov~ E
J llavdo~.
Mev thvn pavrodon tou` crovnou, thvn uJpotaghvn th`~ dutikh`~ ejkklhsiva~ eij~ touv~
Fravgkou~ kai; tovn rovlon tou` proaiwnivou ejcqrou` tou` ajnqrwvpou kai; ajntagwnistou`
tou` Kurivou, tou` yucoktovnou diabovlou: hJ duvsi~ hjkolouvqhse diafovrou~ newterismouv~ kai; ajnqrwpivnou~ filosofiva~ (aiJrevsei~), w{ste nav katalhvxoun eij~ tov Scivsma
tw`/ a
/ nd v (1054). H
J eJpomevnh ajllaghv h\to tov hJmerolovgion (eJortolovgion th`~ E
j k2
klhsiva~) uJpov tou` Pavpa Grhgorivou (Grhgorianovn) tw`/ a
/ fpb v (1582). H
J mei`~, o{1

Tov Ij oulianovn H
J merolovgion ajpodivdetai eij~ tovn Ij ouvlion Kaivsara kai; ei\nai e[rgon tou` E
{ llhno~
ajstronovmou Swsigevnou~ [m~ v (46) p.C.].
2
Tov Nevon H
J merolovgion proetavqh ajpov tovn Aloysius Lilius kai; ejqespivsqh ajpov tovn Pavpan Grhgovrion IG v eij~ tav~ kd v (24) Febrouarivou a
/ fpb v (1582) m.C. O
J Pavpa~ ejkavlese di j ejpistolh`~ tou
tovn Patriavrchn IJ eremivan B v tovn Tranovn nav eijsagavgh/ tov Nevon H
J merolovgion eij~ thvn O
j rqodoxivan, ajll j ou|to~ hjrnhvqh. <<AiJ IJ eraiv Panorqovdoxoi Suvnodoi tw`n ejtw`n 1583, 1587 kai; 1593 katediv-

1

mw~, devn hjkoulouqhvsamen diovti tov E
J ortolovgion ei\cen wJrisqh` ajpov touv~ qeofovrou~ Patevra~ (tov {Agion Pnau`ma) kai; h\to plevon hJ E
j kklhsiastikhv IJ erav Paravdosi~ th`~ hJmetevra~ jOrqodovxou Pivstew~. H
J
O
j rqovdoxo~ E
j kklhsiva katedivkase
thvn ajllaghvn tauvthn tou` E
J ortologivou kai; plei`sta qauvmata ejpebebaivwsan thvn
lanqasmevnhn tauvthn ajpovfasin th`~ ejn ajpostasiva/ Kaqolikh`~ (Dutikh`~) E
j kklhsiva~ nav ajkolouqhvsh/ tovn eJortasmovn tw`n aJgivwn eij~ diaforetikhvn hJmevran ajpov thvn
pragmatikhvn eJorthvn twn.
Dustucw`~, diav thvn O
j rqodoxivan, eij~ tav~ ajrcav~ tou` a
/ Pk v (1920), katwvrqwsan nav ajnarrichqou`n eij~ tov Patriarcei`on Kwnstantinoupovlew~3 kai; eij~ thvn
E
j kklhsivan th`~ E
J llavdo~4 IJ eravrcai, oiJ oJpoi`oi hjgnovoun tov mevgeqo~ th`~ eujquvnh~
twn, thvn ajlhvqeian th`~ O
j rqodoxiva~ kai; thvn IJ eravn Paravdosin mev tav Dovgmatav
th~ kai; touv~ Kanovna~ th~. H
J ajpostasiva twn au{th touv~ wJdhvghsen eij~ thvn plavnhn kai; eij~ tovn newterismovn, ajpodecovmenoi kai; ejpibavlonte~ eij~ tovn O
j rqovdoxon
laovn ma~ tov papikovn (Grhgorianovn) kai; ajnti- O
j rqovdoxon eJortolovgion. Tov ejpevballon mev thvn bivan kai; tovn diwgmovn, th`/ bohqeiva/ th`~ ajnticrivstou kubernhvsew~,5
prov~ ejkeivnou~, oiJ oJpoi`oi hjqevlhsan nav parameivnoun mev thvn Paradosiakhvn O
j rqodoxivan: ajllav pavmpolla oJravmata kai; qauvmata, kaqhmerinw`~, ajpodeiknuvoun tov lelhsmevnon tou` Nevou H
J merologivou.

b .v Qauvmata, E
j mfanivseis kai; O
J ravmata A
j podeiknuvonta
thvn O
j rqovthta tou` Palaiou` H
J merologivou
Tov a
/ Pkd v (1924), o{tan oJ Patriavrch~ Melevtio~ DV Metaxavkh~ kai; oJ jArciepivskopo~ jAqhnw`n kai; Pavsh~ E
J llavdo~ Crusovstomo~ A v Papadovpoulo~ ei\con ajpofasivsei nav ajllavxoun tov Patroparavdoton E
J ortolovgion ( Ij oulianovn) kai; nav ajkolouqhvsoun tov papikovn toiou`ton (Grhgorianovn), ejstavlh uJpov tou` deutevrou E
j gkuv-

kasan tov Grhgorianovn hJmerolovgion tou` 1582.>> Plei`sta qauvmata e[labon cwvran eij~ thvn Ij talivan,
thvn perivodon tauvthn, ajpodeiknuvonta thvn ejsfalmevnhn ejpiloghvn tou` Pavpa nav ejpibavlh/ tov Nevon H
J merolovgion. O
{ ra, Ij wavnnou Kallianiwvtou, << O
J ejn jAmerikh`/ Monacismov~>>, E
j kdovsei~ THNOS,
jAqh`nai 2001, s. 63.
3
OiJ Patriavrcai th`~ periovdou tauvth~ h\san: oJ Melevtio~ D v Metaxavkh~ (1922-1923), oJ Grhgovrio~
Z v (1923) kai; oJ Kwnstanti`no~ ST v (1924-1925). O
{ ra, jArcim. Basileivou K. Stefanivdou, E
j kklhsiastikhv JIstoriva, E v E
[ kdosi~, E
j kdotikov~ Oi\ko~ “ASTHR” jAl. & E. Papadhmhtrivou, A
j qh`nai,
1990.
4
O
J Crusovstomo~ A v Papadovpoulo~ (1923-1938).
5
Tov ajntivcriston kovmma tw`n Fileleuqevrwn tou` E
j leuqerivou Benizevlou kai; oiJ benizelikoiv ajxiwmatikoiv uJpov thvn hJgesivan tou` Plasthvra kai; tou` Gonata` sunevbalan eij~ thvn ejpibolhvn tou` Nevou H
J merologivou. AiJ kubernhvsei~ th`~ dramatikh`~ tauvth~ periovdou h\san: Stulianov~ Gonata`~ (27 Noembrivou 1922-11 Ij anouarivou 1924), E
j leuqevrio~ Benizevlo~ (11 Ij anouarivou 1924-6 Febrouarivou
1924), Gewvrgio~ Kafantavrh~ (6 Febrouarivou 1924-12 Martivou 1924) kai; jAlevxandro~ Papanastasivou (12 Martivou 1924-25 Ij oulivou 1924). O
J
E
j leuqevrio~ Benizevlo~ ei\ce proteivnei ajkovmh
kai; tovn mevgan sbageva tou` E
J llhnismou`, tovn bavrbaron Kemavl jAtatouvrk, diav brabei`on Novmpel
Eijrhvnh~ (sic).

2

klio~6 prov~ o{lou~ touv~ Naouv~ th`~ cwvra~, w{ste nav diabasqh`/ au{th kai; nav ejnhmerwqou`n oiJ pistoiv periv th`~ ajkolouqouvsh~ ajllagh`~.
Eij~ tov cwrivon Muvlou~ th`~ Karuvstou, eij~ Eu[boian, ejdiavbase thvn E
j gkuvklion tauvthn oJ tovte ejfhmevrio~ p. Ij wavnnh~ (papa-Giavnnh~) thvn Kuriakhvn th`~ i v
(10h~) Martivou a
/ Pkd v (1924),7 thvn oJpoivan metevbalon wJ~ thvn kg v (23hn) Martivou. Sunepw`~, katovpin duvo hJmerw`n, e[prepe nav eJortavsoun tovn Eujaggelismovn th`~
Qeotovkou. OiJ aJploi`, ajllav pistoiv cwrikoiv, oiJ oJpoi`oi huJrevqhsan thvn Kuriakhvn
tauvthn eij~ tovn IJ erovn Naovn tou` JAgivou Ij wavnnou tou` Prodrovmou eij~ touv~ Muvlou~, ejstaurokophvqhsan kai; ejyiquvrisan metaxuv twn: <<Nav, pouv h\lqan kai; tav
crovnia pouv oJ Papoula`ko~ e[lege o{ti qav ma`~ fragkevyoune.>>8
Eij~ tov tevlo~ th`~ ajnagnwvsew~ th`~ E
j gkuklivou, oJ papa-Giavnnh~, katovpin ejntolh`~ uJpov tou` despovtou tou, sunevsthse mev aujsthrovthta eij~ touv~ pistouv~, nav mhv
leivyh/ kaneiv~ thvn ejrcomevnhn Trivthn ajpov thvn ejkklhsivan, o{pou qav eJwr
v tazan tovn
Eujaggelismovn th`~ Qeotovkou mev tov Nevon plevon H
J merolovgion. OiJ pistoiv e[fugan,
metav tov pevra~ th`~ qeiva~ Leitourgiva~, pavra poluv stenocwrhmevnoi diav thvn ejpibolhvn tauvthn tou` papikou` hJmerologivou ejpiv th`~ mhtrov~ th`~ O
j rqodoxiva~, thvn paradosiakhvn E
J llavda.
Thvn Deutevran tov ajpovgeuma, paramonhvn tou` uJpotiqemevnou Eujaggelismou` mev
tov Nevon, hJ suvzugo~ tou` Proevdrou tou` cwrivou, [Olga Rogga`, e[steile tovn uiJovn
th~, oJ oJpoi`o~ h\to ojktwv (8) ejtw`n, nav pavh/ nav <<ajllavxh/>> thvn katsivkan tou~ parapevra, w{ste nav hjmporevsh/ au{th nav boskhvsh/. Kaq j oJdovn tov paidiv ejpevrasen e[mprosqen tou` Naou` th`~ JAgiva~ Paraskeuh`~9 kai; blevpei ejkei` e{nan a[gnwston IJ ereva
mev thvn leukhvn tou geneiavda, oJ oJpoi`o~ kalei` tov paidiv kontav tou.10 Plhsiazei tov
sebavsmion paidavki kai; filavei tov cevri tou` IJ erevw~, oJ oJpoi`o~ tov ejrwta`./ <<Poianou`
6

H
J
E
j gkuvklio~ au{th h\to hJ uJp j ajriqmovn 430 th`~ a v (1h~) Martivou a
/ Pkd v (1924), hJ oJpoiva ejdhmosieuvqh eij~ thvn jEkklhsivan eij~ tav~ h v (8) Martivou a
/ Pkd v (1924).
7
H
[ tou` e[tou~ /zulg v (7433) ajpov ktivsew~ kovsmou, tou`t j e[stin hJ ojgdovh ciliethriv~: ejx ou| kai;
ojgdoi?tai kalouvmeqa hJmei`~, oiJ zw`nte~ ejn th`/ ciliethrivdi tauvth.
8
O
{ ra, Boanergev~, E
[ to~ IB ,v jAr. Teuvc. 69, Septevmbrio~- O
j ktwvbrio~ 2013, ss. 33-35. O
J Papoula`ko~ (Monacov~ Cristovforo~, 1780-1861) ejpevrasen ajpov tav cwriva tou` Kabontovrou, Eujboiva~
prov~ tov tevlo~ th`~ zwh`~ tou, periv tov 1860 kai; uJpavrcoun pollaiv dihghvsei~ tw`n pappouvdwn kai;
giagiavdwn e{w~ kai; shvmeron diav tav~ nouqesiva~ tou kai; tav~ profhteiva~ touvtou. jApov thvn qavlassan eij~ tov cwrivon Eujaggelismov~ ajnevbhken eij~ e{n ejpanwfovrion, tov oJpoi`on ei\ce kai; ejph`gen ajpevnanti eij~ thvn [Andron. Ei|~ cwrikov~, oJ oJpoi`o~ h[qele nav tovn ajkolouqhvsh/ wJ~ uJpotaktikov~ tou, ejfobhvqh nav ajnevbh eij~ thvn <<bavrkan>> tauvthn (tov ejpanwfovrion) kai; parevmeinen eij~ tovn Eujaggelismovn.
(Dihghvsei~ ajpov thvn makaristhvn Marivan N. Kallianiwvtou).
http://full-of-grace-and-truth.blogspot.com/2009/01/monk-christophoros-christopher.html
9
O
J mikrov~ ou|to~ Naov~ th`~ JAgiva~ Paraskeuh`~ euJrivsketai ejntov~ tou` kthvmato~ kai; ei\nai ijdiokthsiva~ th`~ oijkogeneiva~ tou` makaristou` jAntwnivou Kallianiwvtou.
10
Ei|~ ajdelfov~ hJmw`n ejph`gen eij~ jAqhvna~ prov ejtw`n kai; thvn Kuriakhvn tov prwi? ejkklhsiavsqh eij~
tovn plhsivon th`~ oijkiva~ diamonh`~ tou Naovn tou` Nevou H
J merologivou. Metav tov pevra~ tou` E
J xayavlmou, e{na~ megaloprephv~ iJeromovnaco~ mev ejpanwkaluvmmaukon kai; makriavn mauvrhn geneiavda tovn
plhsiavzei ejxercovmeno~ ajpov tov IJ erovn tou` Naou` kai; tou` levgei. <<Feuvgw kai; phgaivnw sev a[llhn
J a[nqrwpo~ ou|to~ hjpovrhsen eij~ toiou`ton baqmovn, w{ste
ejkklhsivan diovti devn ajnapauvomai ejdw`.>> O
devn ei\pe levxin eij~ tovn ajprosdovkhton ejkei`non iJeromovnacon.

3

ei\sai mikrev mou;>> Kai; oJ mikrov~ ajpanta`./ <<Tou` Nivkou tou` Rogga`, pappouvlh>>.
<<Nav ph/~
` stovn patevra sou nav mhvn pavh/ au[rio sthvn ejkklhsiva giativ devn ei\nai tou`
Eujaggelismou`. [An o{mw~ pavh,/ oJ ajdelfov~ sou oJ stratiwvth~ qav breqh/` sev megavlo
kivnduno.>> <<Kalav pappouvlh. Savn pavw qav tov pw`!>>
O
J mikrov~ ejph`gen eij~ tov spivti tou kai; levgei eij~ thvn mhtevra tou o{ti tou`
ei\pen oJ a[gnwsto~ IJ ereva~ kai; ejpistrevfoun maziv mhtevra kai; uiJov~ eij~ thvn JAgivan
Paraskeuhvn, w{ste nav sunanthvsh/ kai; hJ mhtevra tovn IJ ereva, ajllav oJ IJ ereva~ ou|to~
devn huJrivsketo plevon ejkei`. Tov bravdu, hJ mhtevra dihghvqhken o{la aujtav eij~ tovn suzugovn th~, tovn Nikovlaon Rogga`n. E
j fobhvqhsan mev tov mhvnuma aujtou` tou` ajgnwvstou IJ erevw~ kai; e[tsi devn ejph`gan eij~ thvn ejkklhsivan thvn eJpomevnhn tou` <<Eujaggelismou`>>.
O
J papa-Giavnnh~ ejquvmwsen ajpov thvn ajpousivan tauvthn th`~ oijkogeneiva~ Rogga` ajpov thvn E
j kklhsivan, kaq j o{ti ejshvmainen o{ti oJ provedro~ devn ejdevcqh tov Nevon
H
J merolovgion. Tov bravdu eij~ tov kafenei`on tou` cwriou`, e[mprosqen o{lwn, levgei oJ
j kklhsiva~,
papa-Giavnnh~ o{ti, <<devn e[kane oJ provedro~ uJpakohv sthvn ajpovfash th`~ E
ajllav pivsteuse stav paramuvqia tou` paidiou` tou>>. Thvn O
j rqovdoxon tauvthn stavsin
th`~ oijkogeneiva~ tou` Nivkou Rogga` hjkolouvqhsan kai; a[lloi sugcwrianoiv, oiJ oJpoi`oi
ejpevtaxan tav yavria, tav oJpoi`a ei\con mageirevyei diav thvn ejpibeblhmevnhn <<eJorthvn
tou` Eujaggelismou`>> kai; ejthvrhsan thvn kekanonismevnhn nhsteivan twn.
Katovpin ojlivgwn hJmerw`n, hJ oijkogevneia Rogga` lambavnei gravmma ajpov tovn uiJovn twn, tovn Gewvrgion, oJ oJpoi`o~ h\to stratiwvth~ kai; e[grafe tav eJxh`~: <<Sebastoiv
mou gonei`~, mavqete o{ti cqev~, pouv giortavsame thvn E
j qnikhv ma~ giorthv mev tov nevo
hJmerolovgio, miva ajdevspoth sfai`ra mev ktuvphse sthvn palavmh cwriv~ nav mou` spavsei
kanevna kovkkalo. O
{ loi ejdw` mev diabebaivwsan o{ti h\tan qau`ma pouv swvqhka kai; o{ti
ei\ca {Agio! Twvra ei\mai kalav.>> O
J kivnduno~ ei\cen ajpofeucqh`, lovgw/ th`~ uJpakoh`~
tw`n gonevwn tou eij~ tovn a[gnwston IJ ereva thvn paramonhvn tou` <<Eujaggelismou`>>.
O
{ tan e[maqen o{la aujtav oJ papa` Giavnnh~ prosepavqhse nav dikaiologhqh`,/ o{ti
e[coun divkaion oiJ a[nqrwpoi, ajllav aujtov~ devn hjmporei` nav parabh`/ tav~ ejntolav~ tw`n
j sunevcisen oJ IJ ereuv~ ou|to~ nav leiajnwtevrwn tou, diovti qav cavsh/ tov ywmiv tou.11 E
tourgh`/ mev tov Nevon kai; nav foberivzh/ touv~ Cristianouv~ tou` Palaiou` H
J merologivou.
E
j ntov~ o{mw~ eJnov~ e[tou~, metav tov tevlo~ th`~ panhguvrew~ tou` Naou` mev tov Nevon
H
J merolovgion, oJ papa` Giavnnh~ diabaivnwn tov mikrovn gefuvri tou` potamou` eij~ tov
cwrivon tou, ejglivstrhse kai; e[pesen ejntov~ touvtou kai; dustucw`~ ejpnivgh.12
E
{ n e{teron gegonov~ lambavnei cwvran thvn hJmevran th`~ eJorth`~ tou` Profhvtou
H
j liou` mev tov Palaiovn H
J merolovgion [ k v (20) Ij oulivou a
/ Pke v (1925)].13 O
J Eujavggelo~ Makrh`~ ajpov tov cwrivon jAetov~ th`~ Karuvstou (Eujboiva~), devn phgaivnei
11

JHmei`~, shvmeron, diav nav mhv cavswmen tov ywmiv ma~, qav cavswmen thvn yuchvn ma~, ajkolouqou`nte~
o{la~ tav~ aiJrevsei~ kai; thvn a[qeon kosmikovthta th`~ peptwkuiva~ ejpoch`~ ma~.
12
Parovmoia kakav peristatikav e[coun sumbh` eij~ touv~ politikouv~ diwvkta~ tou` Palaiou` H
J merologivou kai; eij~ toiouvtou~ th`~ Cwrofulakh`~ tou` Kabontovrou, wJ~ ma`~ e[legen ei|~ gevronta~, oJ Panagiwvth~ Mpouvmpalo~.
13
O
{ ra, Boanergev~, E
[ to~ IB ,v jAr. Teuvc. 69, Septevmbrio~- O
j ktwvbrio~ 2013, ss. 35-37.

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eij~ thvn ejkklhsivan (eij~ thvn IJ . M. JAgivwn Timoqevou kai; Mauvra~)14 o{pou ejph`ge
movnh hJ suvzugov~ tou, hJ oJpoiva hjkolouvqei tov Palaiovn H
J merolovgion: ajllav, ejph`re
tovn uiJovn tou kai; tav moulavria kai; ejph`gan diav nav fevroun xuvla ajpov tov bounov, eij~
tiv~ Kastaniev~ th`~ [Och~. H
J suvzugov~ tou, tou` ei\cen ei[pei nav mhvn pa`ne shvmera
diav xuvla, lovgw/ th`~ eJorth`~ tou` Profhvtou H
j liva, ajll j aujtov~ devn h[kouse tauvthn.
E
[ koyan ou|toi tav xuvla kai; tov meshmevri hjtoimavsqhsan nav tav fortwvsoun, w{ste nav ejpistrevyoun eij~ tov cwrivon twn. Tovte blevpoun e[mprosqevn twn e{na Gevronta
mev leukhvn geneiavda kai; mev e{n oJlofwvteinon kai; glukuvtaton provswpon, oJ oJpoi`o~
touv~ levgei. <<Tiv kavnete ejkei` paidiav mou;>> <<Xuvla kovyame, Gevronta, kai; tav fortwvnoume giav nav fuvgoume>>, ajphvnthsen oJ gero-Makrh`~. <<Mav, miav tevtoia mevra
douleuvoun;>> hjrwvthsen oJ Gevronta~.15 <<Kai; tiv mevra ei\nai shvmera, Gevronta;>> <<Shvmera, paidiav mou, ei\nai tou` Profhvth H
j liva>> kai; ajmevsw~ ejcavqh ajpov tav mavtia
twn, wJ~ ei\cen ou|to~ ejmfanisqh`.
Tovte ajntelhvfqhsan, pathvr kai; uiJo~v , o{ti oJ Gevronta~ ou|to~ h\to oJ Profhvth~
H
j liva~ kai; tromagmevnoi ajfhvnoun tav xuvla, gonativzoun kai; kavmnoun tovn Staurovn
twn kai; ejpevstreyan eij~ tov cwrivon twn. E
j kei`, dihghvqhsan eij~ a{panta~ o{ti ei\don
kai; h[kousan thvn hJmevran tauvthn eij~ thvn O
[ chn.16 jApov tovte dev oJ gevro-Makrh`~
kai; oJ uiJo~v tou hjkolouvqhsan tov Palaiovn Pavtrion H
J merolovgion, kaq j wJ~ kai;
plei`stoi sugcwrianoiv twn.
Tov ajkovlouqon gegonov~ ei\nai a[xion ajkovmh meivzono~ prosoch`~ tw`n ajnwtevrw,
diovti ajfora`/ thvn parousivan tou` Ij divou tou` Kurivou. Thvn Kuriakhvn, kz v (27hn) Ij ounivou a
/ Ple v (1935), ejparousiavsqh, eij~ tovn kalokavgaqon dekaeptavcronon aijgo17
poimevna tovn Eujavggelon jAnastasivou Tzitzouvdhn eij~ tov cwrivon jAmovrion, Didumo
-teivcou eij~ tovn E
{ bron, oJ Kuvrio~ hJmw`n Ij hsou`~ Cristov~.18 O
J Kuvrio~ katav thvn
ejmfavnisivn Tou tauvthn h\to poluv stenocwrhmevno~ diav thvn sumperiforavn ma~: wJ~
thvn a[rnhsivn Tou ajpov touv~ ajnqrwvpou~, thvn katavrghsin th`~ nhsteiva~ th`~ Tetavrth~ kai; Paraskeuh`~ kai; tw`n Tessarakostw`n, thvn mhv thvrhsin th`~ ajrgiva~ tw`n
Kuriakw`n kai; eJortw`n kai; tovn mhv ejkklhsiasmovn ma~.
W
J mivlhsen, ejpivsh~, oJ Cristov~ ma~, diav thvn glw`ssan tw`n Qeivwn jAkolouqiw`n
kai; thvn toiauvthn tou` IJ erou` Eujaggelivou, o{ti prevpei nav ei\nai hJ Kaqareuvousa kai;
o[ci hJ metavfrasiv~ twn eij~ thvn ptwcotavthn Nevan E
J llhnikhvn. E
j tovnise dev oJ Kuvri14

O
{ ra, Ij wavnnou N. Kallianiwvtou, JIerav Monhv JAgivwn Timoqevou kai; Mauvra~, jEn Karuvstw/ EujboivE
[ kdosi~ IJ . M. JAgivwn Timoqevou kai; Mauvra~, Kavrusto~, Eujboiva~, 1995.
15
jAgaphtoiv ejn Cristw`/ ajdelfoiv, hJmei`~, shvmeron, e[comen katarghvsei aJpavsa~ tav~ eJortav~ kai; ajpovdeixi~ touvtou ei\nai o{ti ejrgazovmeqa kaq j o{la~ tauvta~, ajgnoou`nte~ thvn uJpocrewtikhvn ajrgivan, lovgw/
th`~ timh`~, thvn oJpoivan ojfeivlomen prov~ tovn eJortavzonta a{gion tou` Kurivou kai; Qeou` ma~. Mevga~ oJ
hJmw`n (tw`n ejxeurwpai>sqevntwn) kathvforo~ prov~ thvn aujtokatastrofhvn ma~.
16
Eij~ thvn korufhvn th`~ O
[ ch~, a[nwqen tw`n aijwnobivwn kastaniw`n, kai; eij~ uJyovmetron 1.400 m. ei\nai
kai; oJ Naov~ tou` Profhvtou jHliou`, plhsivon tou` ajrcegovnou Drakospivtou (naou` th`~ qea`~ {Hra~).
17
Ptwcoiv kai; tapeinoiv poimevne~ h\san kai; ou|toi, oiJ oJpoi`oi prosekuvnhsan prw`toi tov qei`on brevfo~
(tovn Kuvrion) katav thvn nuvktan th`~ gennhvsewv~ Tou.
18
O
{ ra, <<QEIA EMFANISIS s j e{na Tsopanovpaido tou` jAmorivou>>, IJ erovn H
J sucasthvrion Metamorfwvsew~ tou` Swth`ro~, Mourterh`~, O
j ktwnia`~, Aujlwnarivou, Eujboiva~ (a[neu cronologiva~).

a~,

5

o~ kai; tov H
J merolovgion kai; ei\pen o{ti qav prevpei nav gurivsoun oiJ pistoiv mev tov
Palaiovn H
J merolovgion, tov oJpoi`on w{risen oJ I[ dio~ oJ Kuvrio~, kaq j o{ti mev tou`to
kai; tovte movnon eJortavzontai aiJ eJortaiv tw`n JAgivwn, tw`n jApostovlwn kai; tw`n Profhtw`n. <<Tav~ hJmevra~, pouv prevpei nav eJortavzete, ejsei`~ ejrgavzesqe.>> Levgwn tau`ta
diav tov H
J merolovgion, oJ Kuvrio~ ejstenocwrhvqh poluv kai; e[klayen. Ei\pe dev ejpaneilhmmevnw~, o{ti creiavzetai nav metanohvswmen kai; nav pavrwmen tovn Ij dikovn Tou drovmon kai; nav ajfhvswmen tovn drovmon tou` diabovlou. Dustucw`~ di j hJma`~, paramevnomen
ajmetanovhtoi.
jAkovmh e{n e{teron ajxioshmeivwton gegonov~ sunevbh eij~ tovn {Agion Gevronta,
tovn p. Ij wavnnhn, Kaqhgouvmenon th`~ IJ era`~ Monh`~ JAgivou Dhmhtrivou eij~ jAmfiavlhn Peiraiw`~ [ a
/ wôq -v a
/ Px~ v (1899-1966)].19 Katav thvn perivodon tw`n ojxevwn diwgmw`n ejnantivon th`~ gnhsiva~ O
j rqodoxiva~, uJph`rcen e[lleiyi~ naw`n diav touv~ Paradosiakouv~ O
j rqodovxou~, lovgw/ katalhvyew~ tw`n uJfistamevnwn naw`n uJpov tw`n ajpostathsavntwn Neohmerologitw`n kai; diav tou`to oJ p. Ij wavnnh~ ajnakainivzei kai; ejpiskeuavzei mivan hjreipwmevnhn palaiavn Monhvn tou` JAgivou Dhmhtrivou ejn jAmfiavlh/ Peiraiw`~ kai; ajrgovtera iJdruvei mivan nevan IJ eravn Monhvn, thvn th`~ JAgiva~ Triavdo~ ejn
Neva/ Pentevlh/, boreivw~ tw`n jAqhnw`n.
Kavpote, ejn w|/ proshuvceto eij~ tovn IJ erovn Naovn, oJ p. Ij wavnnh~, ei\den e{n monadikovn o{rama: tou` e[deixen oJ Cristov~ e{na teravstion kavmpon, o{pou e[boskan provbata mau`ra (lavgia) kai; a[spra. O
J pathvr Ij wavnnh~ hjrwvthsen e[kqambo~ tovn Kuvrion: <<diativ ei\nai misav provbata a[spra kai; misav lavgia kai; o[ci ejrivfia;>> jAkouvei tovte fwnhvn panarmovnion levgousan. <<Tav a[spra ei\nai o{soi kratou`n tav IJ erav
Dovgmata kai; tav~ JIerav~ Paradovsei~ kai; tav lavgia ei\nai aujtoiv, oiJ oJpoi`oi e[coun
parabh` dovgmata kai; paradovsei~.>> E
j pivs
v h~, eij~ e{teron o{rama tou` Cristou`, oJ Kuvrio~ ei\pe eij~ tovn p. Ij wavnnhn nav devcetai kai; touv~ Cristianouv~ tou` Nevou H
J merologivou diav ejxomolovghsin. Pravgmati, mev thvn prosevggusin tauvthn tw`n Neohmerologitw`n, polloiv ajntelhvfqhsan tov lavqo~ twn kai; ejpevstreyan mev tov Palaiovn H
J merolovgion. AiJ ajpokaluvyei~ au|tai tou` p. Ij wavnnou ejpibebaiwvnoun o{ti oiJ Palaiohmerologi`tai (tav a[spra provbata) ei\nai ejkei`noi, oiJ oJpoi`oi ei\nai ajpoluvtw~ ojrqoiv
mev thvn O
j rqovdoxon hJmw`n pivstin.

19

O
{ ra, Gevronto~ jAkakivou IJ eromonavcou, {Agio~ jIwavnnh~ jAmfiavlh~ Peiraiw`~: O
J Gevrwn th`~
j gavph~ kai; Pathvr tw`n Ptwcw`n, IJ . H
A
J . Metamorfwvsew~ tou` Swth`ro~. Mourterh`~, O
j ktwnia`~, Aujlwnarivou, Eujboiva~, 2012. E
j pivsh~, Ij wavnnou N. Kallianiwvtou, << {Agioi Gevronte~ th`~ Paradosiakh`~
O
j rqodoxiva~: {Agio~ Ij wavnnh~ th`~ jAmfiavlh~>>, Antioikoumenistes, December 6, 2013, pp. 1- 16.
http://antioikoumenistes.blogspot.gr/2013/12/blogpost.html. jAkovmh, Ij wavnnou N. Kallianiwvtou, << O
J Gevronta~ Pathvr Ij wavnnh~ jAmfiavlh~ Peiraiw`~>>, Agios Agathagelos Esfigmenitis, Issue 255, Year 43,
January-February 2013, pp. 24-28. Peraitevrw, Ij wavnnou N. Kallianiwvtou, << O
J
{Agio~ Gevrwn Ij wavnnh~
th`~ jAmfiavlh~>> (The Holy Elder Ioannis of Amfialis), Christian Vivliografia, October 31, 2012, pp. 1-22.
http://christianvivliografia.wordpress.com/2012/10/31/%e1%bd%81%e1%bc%85%ce%b3%ce%b3%ce%ad%cf%81%cf%89%ce%bd-%e1%bc%b0%cf%89%ce%ac%ce%bd%ce%bd%ce%b7%cf%82%cf%84%e1%bf%86%cf%82-%e1%bc%80%ce%bc%cf%86%ce%b9%ce%ac%ce%bb%ce%b7%cf%82/

6

g .v E
j pivlogos
Katav kairouv~ e[coun ejpishmanqh` kai; katagrafh`, katav thvn hJmevran eJortw`n mev tov
Palaiovn H
J merolovgion, plei`sta qauvmata kai; ejmfanivsei~ JAgivwn, tou` Timivou
Staurou`, tou` JAgivou Fwtov~, th`~ JAgiva~ Nefevlh~ kai; Aujtou` tou` Ij divou tou` Kurivou hJmw`n Ij hsou` Cristou` kai; a{panta tau`ta ejpibebaiwvnoun thvn ajnavgkhn thrhvsew~
tou` Ij oulianou` H
J merologivou, tov oJrisqevn uJpov th`~ A v Oijkoumenikh`~ Sunovdou, tov
oJpoi`on kaqorivzei tav~ eJortav~ th`~ JAgiva~ hJmw`n O
j rqodovxou Pivstew~ kai; diathrei`
thvn IJ eravn hJmw`n Paravdosin. jArketoiv, o{mw~, newteristaiv, scismatikoiv, oijkoumenistaiv kai; a[llwn skopimothvtwn ajkovlouqoi, ajllav kurivw~ a[nqrwpoi ajpistou`nte~ kai;
ajgnoou`nte~ thvn ajlhvqeian kai; tav~ ejntolav~ kai; kanovna~ th`~ O
j rqodovxou E
j kklhsiva~ ajkolouqou`n tov Nevon Grhgorianovn (papikovn) H
J merolovgion. Oujsiastikw`~, eJortavzoun oiJ ejndeei`~ movnoi twn, cwriv~ nav uJpavrch/ eJorthv katav tav~ hJmevra~, tav~ oJpoiva~
ou|toi eJortavzoun kai; aJmartavnoun nav ejrgavzwntai kai; nav mhv timou`n tav~ hJmevra~ tw`n
pragmatikw`n eJortw`n.
Tav ajnenhgmevna ajnwtevrw qauvmata, eij~ touv~ Muvlou~ kai; tovn jAetovn Karuvstou, eij~ tov jAmovrion E
{ brou mev thvn ejmfavnisin tou` Ij divou tou` Kurivou kai; Qeou`
hJmw`n, ajllav kai; mev tav duvo oJravmata tou` Gevronto~ p. Ij wavnnou eij~ tovn {Agion Dhmhvtrion jAmfiavlh~ Peiraiw`~, ejpibebaiwvnoun tov mevga sfavlma tw`n ajpostathsavntwn <<pneumatikw`n>> hJgetw`n th`~ cwvra~ ma~ kai; thvn uJpov touvtwn dhmiourgivan tou`
dicasmou` th`~ O
j rqodoxiva~, tovn oJpoi`on ejpevtreyen oJ Kuvrio~, lovgw/ tw`n aJmartiw`n
ma~. Creiazovmeqa megavlhn metavnoian, ajdiavleipton proseuchvn, tapeivnwsin kai; ejpistrofhvn eij~ thvn Patrwva
/ n Pivstin (tov Palaiovn H
J merolovgion), w{ste oJ polueuvsplagcno~ Kuvrio~ nav ma`~ ejlehvsh/ kai; nav sugcwrhvsh/ tav a[peirav ma~ aJmarthvmata,
tav oJpoi`a katevsthsan thvn E
J llavda kai; tovn planhvthn oJlovklhron <<kranivou tov20
pon>>.
Tevlo~, hJ ajtomikhv kai; sullogikhv aJmartiva ma`~ wJdhvghsan eij~ thvn stevrhsin
th`~ qeiva~ Cavrito~ kai; uJpavrcei kivnduno~ ejgkataleivyewv~ ma~ uJpov tou` Kurivou, oJ
O
J poi`o~ paramevnei maziv ma~ katovpin tw`n sunecw`n paraklhvsewn th`~ mhtrov~ Tou
kai; mhtrov~ hJmw`n, th`~ JUperagiva~ Qeotovkou. Eu[comai kai; ejlpivzw eij~ thvn hJmetevran metavnoian kai; eij~ thvn ejpistrofhvn tw`n peplanhmevnwn scismatikw`n (Neohmerologitw`n) eij~ thvn Paradosiakhvn O
j rqodoxivan, w{ste hJ paramevnousa Cavri~ tou`
Kurivou nav ei\nai mev a{panta~ hJma`~ kai; eij~ a{pan tov E
[ qno~ tw`n E
J llhnorqodovxwn
e{w~ thvn ejscavthn tw`n hJmerw`n, thvn foberavn hJmevran th`~ krivsew~, thvn oJpoivan prospaqou`n nav ma`~ ajpobavlloun ajpov thvn ojrqhvn skevyin ma~ kai; tovn patroparavdoton
trovpon th`~ zwh`~ ma~. Qav touv~ ajpogohteuvswmen! Kaq j o{ti, hJmei`~ ouj dunavmeqa i{na
prodwvswmen thvn patrwv/an kai; paradosiakhvn pivstin ma~.

20

H
J Mikrasiatikhv katastrofhv kai; hJ trevcousa baqei`a krivsi~, eij~ a{panta~ touv~ tomei`~ eij~ thvn
E
J llavda, ei\nai tav ajpotelevsmata th`~ ejgkataleivyewv~ ma~ uJpov tou` Kurivou, lovgw/ th`~ hJmetevra~ ajpostasiva~ scedovn ejpiv mivan eJkatontaetivan. Sunepw`~, qav creiasqh`/ metavnoia triw`n kai; plevon genew`n,
i{na ajpokthvswmen kai; pavlin thvn eujmevneian tou` Kurivou.

7