INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND SECURITY

Student: Poganescu Diana Lucia

to .at against "u.s o# "u.e% /01/ T"is $%o2ect tit3ed 4Assessing t"e identi#ication $%ocesses o# t%a##icked $e%sons in Tu%ke&5 ai.an t%a##icking( one o# t"e . identi#ication' T"e t"i%d section is %e$%esented . identi#ication $%ocess' 7e can identi#& #ou% sections o# t"is %e$o%t as #o33o!s' T"e #i%st section #ocuses on t"e %esea%c" .e% De.Book Re ie! Assessing t"e identi#ication $%ocesses o# t%a##icked $e%sons in Tu%ke& Associate P%o#' Mu%at Se e%( Associate P%o#' O)u*"an +.an t%a##icking( as !e !i33 see in so.s to en"ance( in co33a.entation( %e ea3ing t"e ga$s in t"e s&ste.an identi#ication $%ocess( dete%.$onents o# t"e co.ina3 2ustice s&ste.an t%a##icking' Mo%e s$eci#ic( t"is stud& ai.2ecti es o# t"is stud& a%e: dete%.ost i.ining t"e institutions and aut"o%ities %es$onsa.e $a%ts o# t"is %e$o%t' T"e .ain o.an t%a##icking' T"e stud& a3so ai.e !it" %e3e ant suggestions to i.$o%tant co.ation #ound in t"e 3ite%atu%e as !e33 as %e$o%ts( %ega%ding t"e $%ocesses in "u.3e #o% t"e "u.( and in t"e end to co.& t"e %esea%c" #indings $%esented "e%e' A33 stages o# .$3e..i3ities o# t"e c%i.i%( D%' Ya u* -a"&a( Octo.ette% counte%act t"e "u.ining .est $%actices in i.s to e a3uate and ana3&se Tu%ke&6s e##o%ts to $%e ent "u.$%o e t"e #unctioning o# "u.an t%a##icking icti.s at assessing t"e identi#ication $%ocess o# t"e icti.et"od( data sou%ces( c3assi#ication and ana3&sis o# data' T"e second section inc3udes a33 t"e in#o%.o%ation !it" t"e $o3ice and ot"e% %e3e ant institutions t"e ca$a.an t%a##icking icti.

2ect #%o.ented to unde%stand .ake icti.ent o# t"e %e$o%t sta%ted to .o a3 o# .a%& $u%$ose is to e9$3ain t"e su.o%e 3ike an a%gu.en a%e a c3ea% catego%i*ation o# icti.od& o%gans and c"i3d t%a##icking' A#te% t"e aut"o% "as set t"e 3ega3 and ad.an t%a##icking( in o%de% to "a e a c3ea% i.& a S7OT ana3&sis o# t"e $%ocess and inc3udes so.o%e e##icient s&ste.$3e.e suggestions to "a e a .se% e( t"e aut"o% is t%&ing to . identi#ication( issues( .an t%a##icking' Section / o# t"e %e$o%t "as icti.( !it" t"e S7OT ana3&sis t"at it is s"o!ed to us 3ike a %e ie! o# t"e #i%st sections( inc3uding suggestions o# "o! to .$a%tia3 as $ossi.e .$3e.i*ation( #o% e9a.asis o# t"e icti.$3e t"e aut"o% sets it as it #o33o!s: t"e icti.est $%actices( $%o.ent too' T"e aut"o% uses e9$3anation and ana3&sis to $%esent t"e su.o%( se% itude( s3a e%& o% si. gene%a3 to s$eci#ic' As !e can o.ake%s( $o3ic& .eing %e$%esented .s o# in t"e en#o%ce.s o# t%a##icking( and a3so t"at #o%ced $%ostitution is not t"e on3& t&$e o# "u.age o# it' It is i.et"od o# de e3o$.s' 7e can identi#& and e9$3ain t"e . identi#ication $%ocess( t"e .ain .inist%ati e .s o# "u.et"ods used $%ocess T"e t"esis o# t"is %e$o%t is to $%o ide guidance to decision .ent t"an e9$osition' As !e can o.3e.ent institutions in t"e #ie3d o# "u.t"e identi#ication $%ocess a%e $%esented in detai3 in t"is section' T"e 3ast section o# t"e %e$o%t is .ake%s and to i.ent o# "u.i*ation %ega%ding #o%ced 3a.ut a3so #o% t"e icti.ent o# t"is %e$o%t as it #o33o!s' T"e .$o%tant to unde%3ine t"e #act t"at not on3& !o.o%e e##ecti e #o% aut"o%ities .' Mo%e s$eci#ic( t"is !as a #ie3d stud& inc3uding 8 $%o inces o# Tu%ke& t"at !as i.an t%a##icking icti.& ana3&*ing t"e identi#ication $%ocess o# t"e icti.i3a% acts( an& t&$e o# se9ua3 e9$3oitation( %e.%ing a $e%sona3 note to t"e content( and !e can see t"is in t"e end o# section : and o# cou%se section .an t%a##icking( .s and e9$ectations %ega%ding t"e .3e( as t"e $%i.2ect and its detai3s as c3ea%3& and i.et"od o# de e3o$.et"od to su$$o%t t"e t"esis is e9$osition( and in t"e 3ast $a%t o# t"e %e$o%t !e can inc3ude a%gu.se% e( t"e aut"o% is t%&ing to e9$3ain t"e t&$es o# icti. identi#ication $%ocess .

& o$inion( t"is %e$o%t is an i.$3e.ent aut"o%ities and .an t%a##icking' T"e aut"o% "as ado$ted a "o3istic a$$%oac" in t"e assess. s$ecia3i*ed( de e3o$.ents and t"e in#o%. $%otection( t%aining #o% t"e sta## t"at !o%ks at anti<"u.ette% st%ategies and actions in o%de% to "e3$ t"e de e3o$.%ing so .2ect is %ea33& good st%uctu%ed and I t"ink t"at it #o33o!s t"e initia3 o.e $oints o# t"e 3egis3ation and t"e st%uctu%e o# t"e aut"o%ities 2ust 3ike t"at( in a s"o%t $e%iod o# ti.es to tu%kis" citi*ens' Sti33( t"is %e$o%t . e. identi#ication $%ocess( co e%ing st%engt"s( !eaknesses( o$$o%tunities and t"%eats in o3 ed co.a%& $u%$ose o# t"is .an& ot"e%s' B& t"is( t"e aut"o% is t%&ing to .e suggestions #o% c"ange to .es to identi#& t"e icti.ent o# icti.a& %e$%esent a3.s' T"e !a& "o! t"e aut"o% t%ied to s"o! t"e a%gu.out t"is su.2ect and its icti.& $ointing e9act3& !"at t"e aut"o% !as t%&ing to s"o!: t"e st%eng"ts and !eaknesses o# t"e icti.e .se3#s at nationa3 and inte%nationa3 3e e3 !ou3d .3ic' ?i%st( it s"o!s t"e in#o%."u.ost not"ing( as t"e& con#i%. identi#ication $%ocess at nationa3 =Tu%ke&> and a3so inte%nationa3 3e e3( and t"en( #o% t"e #utu%e( t"e o$$o%tunities and st%eng"ts t"at t"is $%ocess !ou3d "a e de$ending on t"e c"anges o% actions' In .an t%a##icking su.s o# "u.et"od is to con ince( I t"ink t"at t"e S7OT ana3&sis "as %eac"ed its $u%$ose .3is"ing units #o% icti.ake%s and #o% a 3a%ge $a%t o# t"e aut"o%ities( t"is %e$o%t .an& di##icu3ties !"en it co. t"e #act t"at it is %ea33& "a%d to c"ange so.ent o# t"e icti.a& .ake t"e aut"o%ities a!a%e o# t"e #act t"at t"e%e can .an t%a##icking( es$ecia33& !"en it co.e' Un#o%tunate3&( t"e aut"o%ities #ace .an t%a##icking units and to kee$ t"e.ing u$ !it" suggestions in t"e s$eci#ic a%eas( 3ike: esta.ette% and a3so to s"o! t"e !eak $oints o# t"e actua3 st%ategies' Sti33( #o% t"e $o3ic& .ent o# 3a! en#o%ce.ented .s identi#ication $%ocess and a3so( t"e #act t"at c"anging t"e !a& "o! aut"o%ities o%ganise t"e.$3o&ed to t"ese units in o%de% to get t"e.ation and t"e actions as t"e& a%e in t"e $%esent( and t"en t"e %e$o%t #o33o!s its inte%est( !"ic" is to gi e t"e aut"o%ities in t"is a%ea so.e i.ation a.an& $ositi e $oints' As t"e $%i.2ecti e( #o% t"e ta%get $u.$o%tant !o%k #o% t"e aut"o%ities and $eo$3e inte%ested in "u.

an t%a##icking' Sta%ting to cat"ego%i*e t"e t&$es o# icti.$%o e t"e st%uctu%e o# t"e 3a! en#o%ce.3e.' Mo%e( t"is %e$o%t co.e i. o# t"e !o%3d( not 2ust o# Tu%ke&( it is i.ent units t"at take ca%e o# t"is issue( #o% #o%eigne%s and a3so #o% Tu%kis" citi*ens( to in o3 e .& .$3e.s o# "u.e satis#ied .entioning a33 t"e i.o%e t"e NGO6s and to uni#& a33 unde% a sing3e unit' To conc3ude( I t"ink t"at t"is %e$o%t "as %eac"ed its .$o%tant to unde%3ine so.es to #o%eigne%s and t"en "o! it a$$3ies to Tu%kis" citi*ens' T"is !ou3d .uc" !o%k to do unti33 !e can .& t"e 3e e3 o# "o! aut"o%ities in t"e #ie3d !o%k( and a3so( a st%ateg& #o% t"e aut"o%ities in o%de% to "a e a "ig"e% 3e e3 o# satis#action !"en it co.3e.2ecti es .es as a st%ateg& to s"o! us t"at !e "a e so .ette% actions #o% eac" issue $%esented in t"e %e$o%t' As "u.es to t"ei% !o%k( .$o%tant and co.an t%a##icking .out %eo%gani*ing and acting' .$o%tant issues t"at I "a e o.used in t"is a%ea( as it s"o!s in s$eci#ic detai3 t"e di##e%ence .e e en easie% #o% t"e 3a! en#o%ce.s o# "u.ain o.& suggesting a #e! si.eco. identi#ication( to i.s t"e aut"o% "e3$ed us unde%stand "o! i.et!een Tu%ke&6s $o3ic& o# identi#&ing t"e icti.ent aut"o%ities( as t"e aut"o% o##e%s suggestions #o% .se% ed in t"is %e$o%t too' To sta%t( it is i.$3e t%icks a.ent st%ategies in o%de% to #aci3itate t"e di##e%ent stages o# icti.ut a3so "o! "a%d it is to $%e ent and so3 e t"is $%o.$3e9 is t"e issue o# "u.an t%a##icking !"en it co.$o%tant to i.$o%tant st%uctu%es and actions to identi#& t"e icti.an t%a##icking is a $%o.

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