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Nama Nim

: Achmad Junaidi : 101810201005

FORCE

In physics, a force is any influence that causes an object to under o a certain chan e, either concernin its mo!ement, direction, or eometrical construction" In other #ords, a force can cause an object #ith mass to chan e its !elocity $#hich includes to be in mo!in from a state of rest%, i"e", to accelerate, or a fle&ible object to deform, or both" 'orce can also be described by intuiti!e concepts such as a push or a pull" A force has both ma nitude and direction, ma(in it a !ector )uantity" It is measured in the *I unit of ne#tons and represented by the symbol '" +he ori inal form of Ne#ton,s second la# states that the net force actin upon an object is e)ual to the rate at #hich its momentum chan es #ith time" If the mass of the object is constant, this la# implies that the acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the net force actin on the object, is in the direction of the net force, and is in!ersely proportional to the mass of the object" As a formula, this is e&pressed as:

#here the arro#s imply a !ector )uantity possessin both ma nitude and direction" -elated concepts to force include: thrust, #hich increases the !elocity of an object. dra , #hich decreases the !elocity of an object. and tor)ue #hich produces chan es in rotational speed of an object" In an e&tended body, each part usually applies forces on the adjacent parts. the distribution of such forces throu h the body is the so/called mechanical stress" 0ressure is a simple type of stress" *tress usually causes deformation of solid materials, or flo# in fluids"

1alam fisi(a , aya adalah pen aruh yan menyebab(an benda men alami perubahan tertentu, bai( menyan (ut era(an, arah, atau (onstru(si eometris" 1en an (ata lain, (e(uatan dapat menyebab(an sebuah obye( den an massa untu( men ubah nya (ecepatan $yan menca(up untu( mulai ber era( dari (eadaan istirahat %, yaitu, untu( mempercepat , atau benda fle(sibel untu( merusa( , atau (eduanya" An (atan ju a dapat dijelas(an oleh (onsep/(onsep intuitif seperti doron atau tari( sebuah" *uatu aya memili(i (edua besar dan arah , membuatnya menjadi !e(tor (uantitas" 2al ini diu(ur dalam satuan *I dari ne#ton dan di#a(ili oleh simbol '" 3entu( asli dari hu(um (edua Ne#ton menyata(an bah#a aya total yan be(erja pada suatu benda sama den an tin (at di mana perusahaan momentum perubahan den an #a(tu" Ji(a massa benda adalah (onstan, hu(um ini berarti bah#a percepatan suatu benda berbandin lurus den an aya total yan be(erja pada benda, adalah (e arah aya total, dan berbandin terbali( den an massa benda" *eba ai formula, ini dinyata(an seba ai:

di mana panah menyirat(an besaran !e(tor yan memili(i bai( besar dan arah" 4onsep ter(ait untu( mema(sa meliputi: doron , yan menin (at(an (ecepatan obye(. tari( , yan menurun(an (ecepatan sebuah benda, dan torsi yan men hasil(an perubahan dalam (ecepatan rotasi dari sebuah obje(" 1alam sebuah badan diperpanjan , setiap ba ian biasanya berla(u aya pada ba ian yan berde(atan, distribusi (e(uatan tersebut melalui tubuh adalah yan disebut stres me(ani( " +e(anan adalah tipe sederhana stres" *tres biasanya menyebab(an deformasi bahan padat, atau aliran dalam cairan "