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LAW AND ORDER RIGHT: the claim which a person or animal has to be treated in a fair, morally acceptable or legal

way, or to have the things that are necessary for life. DUTY: something that you have to do because it is part of your job, or something that you feel is the right thing to do. RULE: an accepted principle or instruction that states the way things are or should be done, and tells you what you are allowed or are not allowed to do. PRINCIPLE: a basic idea or rule that explains or controls how something happens or works. DECREE: an official statement that something must happen. INTERNATIONAL LAW: the set of rules that most countries obey when dealing with other countries. COMMON LAW: the legal system in England and most of the US which has developed over a period of time from old customs and court decisions, rather than laws made in Parliament STATUTE LAW: a law which has been formally approved and written down CONSTITUTION: (a written document which forms) the set of political principles by which a state or organization is governed, especially in relation to the rights of the people it governs. LEGAL CODE: a set of rules which are accepted as general principles, or a set of written rules which state how people in a particular organization or country should behave. CIVIL CODE: relating to private arguments between people or organizations rather than criminal matters. PENAL CODE: the system of legal punishment of a country. ACTS OF PARLIAMENT: a law or formal decision made by a parliament or other group of elected law-makers. PRECEDENT: an action, situation or decision which has already happened and which can be used as a reason why a similar action or decision should be performed or taken. LEGISLATURE: the group of people in a country or part of a country who have the power to make and change laws. LEGISLATION: a law or set of laws suggested by a government and made official by a parliament. LEGAL PROCESS: that is decided in a court of law LEGISLATE If a government legislates, it makes a new law.

especially to change something into a law TO PASS A BILL…… BILL: a formal statement of a planned new law that is discussed before being voted on. . TO SET UP LAWS ENACT to put something into action. TO BREAK THE LAW to fail to keep a law. especially intentionally and often. TO LAY DOWN THE LAW to forcefully make known what you think should happen TO ENFORCE THE LAW to make people obey a law. A LAW-ABIDING CITIZEN someone who is law-abiding obeys the law TO GO AGAINST THE LAW to oppose or disagree with the law. decision or rule.TO MAKE LAWS…. or to make a particular situation happen or be accepted TO KEEP THE LAW TO ABIDE BY THE LAW to accept or obey an agreement. rule or promise A LAWBREAKER a person who does not obey the law.

especially a building.CRIME WRONG DOING: ILLEGAL ACTIVITY A BREACH OF THE LAW: to break the law…to go against the law. A TORT Damage. we were beaten for some minor misdemeanour” BURGLARY the crime of illegally entering a building and stealing things THEFT (N)(the act of) dishonestly taking something which belongs to someone else and keeping it. without getting illegally into a building to do so DESTRUCTION OF PROPERTY ARSON the crime of intentionally starting a fire in order to damage or destroy something. especially when compared with other things of the same type. ASSAULT a violent attack BATTERY to hit sb KIDNAPPING to take a person away illegally by force. injury. for which a civil suit can be brought. especially (in the US) the crime of taking something that does not belong to you. Steal (V) ROBBERY the crime of stealing from somewhere or someone LARCENY stealing. but not involving breach(VIOLACION) of contract. negligently. A PETTY OFFENCE [before noun] DISAPPROVING unimportant and not worth giving attention to A SERIOUS/MAJOR OFFENCE A CRIME an illegal act…an immoral or very foolish act or situation. A MINOR OFFENCE having little importance. or in circumstances involving strict liability. usually in order to demand money in exchange for releasing them. KILL to cause someone or something to die. MISDEMEANOUR an action which is slightly bad or breaks a rule but is not a crime: sexual/youthful misdemeanours “Every week. influence or effect. or a wrongful act done wilfully(INTENCIONALMENTE). TERRORISM (threats of) violent action for political purposes. . as children.

painting. etc. especially by helping its enemies or attempting to defeat its government VANDALISM the crime of intentionally damaging property belonging to other people ESPIONAGE the discovering of secrets. using violence or threatening behaviour BRIBERY money or a present that you give to someone so that they will do something for you. weapons or buildings in order to prevent the success of an enemy or competitor BLACKMAIL when you obtain money from people or force them to do something by threatening to make known a secret of theirs or to harm them SMUGGLING to take things or people to or from a place secretly and often illegally (contrabando) MUGGING to attack a person in a public place and steal their money DRUG PUSHING sells illegal drugs DRUG PUSHER someone who sells illegal drugs TYPES OF OFFENCE A GASH a long deep cut. especially political or military information of another country or the industrial information of a business: SABOTAGE to damage or destroy equipment. HOMICIDE (an act of) murder. RAPE to force someone to have sex when they are unwilling. or the crime of making such illegal copies MUTILATION the act of damage severely. especially by violently removing a part DEFAMATION to damage the reputation of a person or group by saying or writing bad things about them which are not true LIBEL a piece of writing which contains bad and false things about a person (difamacion) SLANDER a false spoken statement about someone which damages their reputation.MURDER the crime of intentionally killing a person. or the making of such a statement TREASON (the crime of) lack of loyalty to your country. FRAUD the crime of obtaining money by deceiving (ENGAÑAR) people FORGERY an illegal copy of a document. especially in the skin . usually something dishonest.

often fighting with other groups and behaving badly GANGSTER a member of an organized group of violent criminals THIEF a person who steals BURGLAR a person who illegally enters buildings and steals things ROBBER someone who steals SHOP-LIFTER someone who takes goods from a shop without paying for them PICK-POCKET someone who steals small objects.A BRUISE an injury or mark where the skin has not been broken but is darker in colour. showing no sympathy TO BE STABBED to injure someone with a sharp pointed object such as a knife TO BE STRANGLED to kill someone by pressing their throat so that they cannot breathe TO BE BEATEN UP by hitting or kicking them again and again LAWBREAKERS GANG a group of young people. especially money. from your pockets or bag KILLER someone who kills another person MURDERER someone who illegally and intentionally kills another person ASSASSIN someone who kills a famous or important person usually for political reasons or in exchange for money WRONGDOER a person who does something bad or illegal CRIMINAL someone who commits a crime ADULT OFFENDER a person who is guilty of a crime JUVENILE DELINQUENT a young person who commits crimes DELINQUENT a person. usually young. such as a cut or hole in the skin or flesh made by a weapon TO BE SHOT DOWN to shoot and usually kill someone. who behaves in a way that is illegal or unacceptable to most people . who spend time together. often as a result of being hit by something A WOUND a damaged area of the body. especially young men.

which is slightly bad but is not intended to cause serious harm or damage . especially a child's.TO HANG ABOUT hang around (MOVE SLOWLY) phrasal verb (UK ALSO hang about) INFORMAL to move or do things slowly MISCHIEF behaviour.