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Introduction

Siemens

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Contents

TW2102EU01EG-0001

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Siemens

Introduction l

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TW2102EU01EG-0001

Introduction

Siemens

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ISDN Principles

TW2102EU01EG-0001

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The function of communications technolog is to facilitate communication !et"een #eo#le. )o"e$er& the need to transmit more than one information t #e in a common communications s stem exists. The follo"ing four t #es of information can !e differentiated%     $oice& text& data& image. )o"e$er& each communications s stem su##orts one information t #e onl .Siemens Introduction l Communication means the exchange of information. 4 TW2102EU01EG-0001 . ' num!er of different communications s stems exists for each of these ( information t #es. The term communication can relate to $arious t #es of information.

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0 !aud. ' #u!lic net"or+ a!le to transmit data at a rate !et"een 200 and 2(&000 !it3s. ' #u!lic net"or+ for transferring $oice..Siemens Introduction l  Gentex net"or+ 'n inner-#ostal-s stem net"or+ for transmitting telegrams Telex net"or+ ' "ides#read #u!lic net"or+ used for telegra#hing at a maximum transmission rate of . This net"or+ also allo"s the transfer of data or $ideotex ! modem or facsimile grou# 2 and 4. 6 TW2102EU01EG-0001 . The telex and CS/01 net"or+s are lin+ed in order to allo" text transfer !et"een su!scri!ers in the telex and teletex net"or+s.  /ST1 -/u!lic S"itched Tele#hone 1et"or+. ' #u!lic net"or+ used to transfer data at rates !et"een 200 and 2(&000 !it3s.0 characters #er second -. The $ideotex information centers are lin+ed "ith the /S/01& "hile the $ideotex su!scri!ers are located in the /ST1. This net"or+ is li+e"ise used to transmit telexes -modern text transfer at 2(00 !it3s.  /S/01 -/ac+et S"itched /u!lic 0ata 1et"or+.   CS/01 -Circuit S"itched /u!lic 0ata 1et"or+.

2 Current state TW2102EU01EG-0001 7 .Introduction Siemens 5oice& text& data& image Transmission of $oice& text& data& image Telegram Telex Teletex 0ata 5ideotex *acsimile Tele#hon Gentex net"or+ Telex net"or+ CS/01 /S/01 #ac+et s"itching /ST1 circuits"itching circuit-s"itching *ig.

The nodes and inter-node trun+s in the /ST1 ma !e either analog or digital& !ut su!scri!er lines are al"a s analog. 8 TW2102EU01EG-0001 .Siemens Introduction l With the exce#tion of the /ST1& all the net"or+s sho"n in the figure !elo" use digital nodes and lines.

Introduction Siemens Tele#hone Telefax 0ata transfer /ST1 nodes or S IE 6 E 1 S 1 I7 0 8 9 * or 680E6 680E6 5ideotex Telex Telex nodes Teletex CS/01 nodes 0ata transfer S IE 6 E 1 S 1 I7 0 8 9 * 0ata transfer /S/01 nodes *ig. 4 Con$entional net"or+s TW2102EU01EG-0001 9 .

)o"e$er& IS01 exchanges continue to su##ort analog su!scri!ers& "ith all the attri!utes -ser$ices. ? -CCS?.ui#ments can !e connected to the IS01 net"or+ "ith terminal e. The s stems s#ecified ! ITU-T are% common channel signaling s stem no.Siemens Introduction l The fundamental idea !ehind IS01 -Integrated Ser$ices Digital Net"or+.uired for IS01& a ne" transmission techni. #ossi!le for them& as "ell as trun+s o#erated on signaling s stems other than CCS?. net"or+ is not !eing created as a su##lementar net"or+ !ut instead uses the existing lines -su!scri!er lines and trun+s. has to !e more efficient than that used for con$entional communications s stem. terminal e.ui#ment& IS01 su!scri!ers connected to the IS01 exchange ha$e access to all ser$ices. Stands for the digital transmission of all information at standardi=ed !it rates from su!scri!er to su!scri!er. 1 -0SS1. 10 TW2102EU01EG-0001 .ualities and rates cannot !e guaranteed. Stands for the ser$ices offered& the !asic transmission ser$ices and the <enhanced ser$ices<. is to offer a uniform net"or+ su##orting all information t #es -!asic ser$ices. of the con$entional tele#hone net"or+ as "ell as man of the information t #es handled ! the existing text and data net"or+s. 'n IS01 exchange is therefore a digital exchange that su##orts the signaling s stems CCS? and 0SS1.& i.. The IS01 net"or+ is !eing !uilt u# on the !asis of the existing ca!ling "ith the o!>ecti$e of "orld"ide internet"or+ing. $oice& text& data and images can !e transferred in a common net"or+. Ser$ices% 0igital% 1et"or+% 's im#lied alread & the ne" -IS01. The transmission routes ha$e to !e digital: other"ise the a##ro#riate transmission .ui#ment ada#ters simultaneousl .ui#ments or terminal e.. 8ne IS01 su!scri!er can connect se$eral -maximum @. If e.e. and digital su!scri!er signaling s stem no. currentl em#lo ed for digital transmission. Con$entional non-IS01 terminal e.ui##ed "ith the corres#onding terminal e.ualities re.ui#ment.uired. ?& "hile an IS01 su!scri!er line is a digital su!scri!er line em#lo ing the 0SS1 #rotocol. To o!tain the transmission . Thus& the a!!re$iation IS01 encom#asses the follo"ing functions% Integrated% Stands for the incor#oration in one net"or+ of se$eral ser$ices -information t #es. *urthermore& the signaling s stem   !et"een exchanges& and !et"een exchange and su!scri!er terminal e.ue is re. 'n IS01 trun+ is a digital trun+ o#erated "ith common channel signaling s stem no.ui#ment ada#ters -T'.

? D igital S u!scri!er S ignaling s stem T' 1 no.Introduction Siemens S IE M E N S CCS? IS01 Tele#hone& analog Tele#hone& IS01 Telefax& IS01 Teletex& IS01 0ata transfer& IS01 0ata transfer& IS01 5ideotex& IS01 Con$entional terminals 1T ' 0 0SS1 E7 /ST1 CS/01 /S/01 others I ntegrated S er$ices S IE 6 E 1 S 1 I 70 8 9 * uniform net"or+ for $arious ser$ices digital net"or+ D igital N et"or+ C ommon C hannel S ignaling s stem 7 no. 1 *ig. ( IS01 TW2102EU01EG-0001 11 .

Siemens Introduction l 1. This !it rate encom#asses 2 user channels -!asic channels& A channels. "ith 2( +!it3s res#ecti$el and one signaling channel -delta channel& 0 channel.uires a #ointto-multi#oint connection. 12 TW2102EU01EG-0001 . uses the existing t"o-"ire co##er line& "hich is terminated ! a net"or+ termination -1T.1   Basic Access ITU-T has s#ecified t"o IS01 su!scri!er access t #es% the !asic access for single lines and #ri$ate !ranch exchanges& and the #rimar rate access exclusi$el for #ri$ate !ranch exchanges. "ith 12 +!it3s. The remaining 12 +!it3s ca#acit is used for s nchroni=ation.ui#ments.ui#ment configuration re. With suita!le transmission methods& the re. ' single-terminal e. The !asic access "ith the 2AB0 channel structure is used to connect one or more terminal e. The !asic access -A'.uired o$erall !it rate of 120 +!it3s is #ossi!le in !oth directions.ui#ment configuration re.uires a #oint-to#oint connection& "hile a multi#le-terminal e. at the su!scri!er end.

ch. Aasic access TW2102EU01EG-0001 13 . *ig. . B s nchr. C 2 A channels B 1 0 channel C 2 x A2( B 1 x 012 C Aasic D9ateE 'ccess C A' B 12 +!it3s B s nchr.Introduction Siemens S IE M E N S 1et"or+ termination 1T Exchange E7 2-"ire 120 +!it3s C 2 x 2( +!it3s B 12 +!it3s C 2 circuits B 1 sig. B s nchr.

Siemens Introduction l TE 1 S0 1T IS01 1et"or+ termination 1T UF0 Exchange S IE M E N S A' A B A B 012 2-"ire line IS01 su!scri!er interface 2 4 TE T' 'da#ter unit a3! 37. 2 /oint-to-multi#oint configuration 14 TW2102EU01EG-0001 .2. ? @ (-"ire !us *ig.

IS01su!scri!er interface *ig. IS01 #ri$ate !ranch exchange IS01 net"or+ termination SIE6 E1 S 1 I7 0 8 9 * UF0 A' n -2A B 012. ? /oint-to-#oint configuration TW2102EU01EG-0001 15 .Introduction Siemens TE S0 1T2 /A7 1T1 IS01 net"or+ termination UF0 Exchange S IE M E N S SIE6 E1 S 1 I7 0 8 9 * A' 1 -2A B 012.

B 1 sig. "ith 2( +!it3s res#ecti$el & one 2(-+!it3s signaling channel -0 channel. B s nch *ig. and one 2(-+!it3s s nchroni=ation channel. @ /rimar rate access 16 TW2102EU01EG-0001 .e.2 Primary Rate Access The #rimar rate access -/'.uenc ca!le& o#tical fi!er or radio-rela lin+. The #rimar rate access "ith the 40AB0 channel structure is used for the #oint-to#oint connection of medium-si=e to large #ri$ate !ranch exchanges.Siemens Introduction l 1. uses a (-"ire line& i. In structure the /' corres#onds to the 40-channel !asic s stem /C640& meaning a transmission rate of 20(@ +!it3s is #ossi!le in !oth directions. /A7 S IE M E N S (-"ire 1et"or+ termination Exchange 20(@ +!it3s C C C C C 40 x 2( +!it3s B 2( +!it3s 40 #a load ch. 40 A channels B 1 0 channel 40 x A2( B 1 x 02( /rimar D9ateE 'ccess C /' B 2( +!it3s B s nch. This !it rate encom#asses 40 user channels -A channels. t"o s mmetrical "ire #airs of an audio-fre. ch. B s nch.

*ig. SIE6 E 1S 1I7 0 8 9 * IS01 #ri$ate !ranch exchange U IS01 net"or+ termination for /' IS01 su!scri!er exchange S IE 6 E 1 S 1 I70 8 9 * /'n -40A B 02(. G /rimar rate access TW2102EU01EG-0001 17 .Introduction Siemens TE S0 1T2 /A7 1T1 IS01 net"or+ termination for /' U Exchange S IE M E N S /'1 -40A B 02(.

Siemens Introduction l 18 TW2102EU01EG-0001 .

Introduction Siemens 2 Internetwork Interfaces TW2102EU01EG-0001 19 .

The con$ersion of the different signaling methods is #erformed in this exchange li+e"ise. is re.Siemens Introduction l 's IS01 cannot ta+e the #lace of existing net"or+s o$ernight& communication must still !e #ossi!le !et"een su!scri!ers to different net"or+s "ho ne$ertheless use the same ser$ices& e.uires internet"or+ interfaces !et"een the existing communications net"or+s and IS01. The internet"or+ interface can !e im#lemented at different #oints in the net"or+ at this case& and al"a s entails con$ersion into digital information of the analog information as "ell as con$ersion into the a##ro#riate common channel signaling -either 0SS1 or CCS? "ith IS01 User /art. 20 TW2102EU01EG-0001 . 2. can and do communicate "ith su!scri!ers in the #u!lic tele#hone net"or+.g. Indeed& the same num!ering scheme is used in either net"or+. of the analog signaling. In the second case an analog trun+ is used as the lin+ to the next exchange. tele#hone or data transmission.uired to !e connected to an IS01 access line.ui#ment in the /ST1 -e..ui#ment ada#ter -T' a3!. *igure 10 on the next #age sho"s the #ossi!le locations for the internet"or+ interface.g.1 Internetwork Interface from ISDN to t e Pu!lic Switc ed "elep one Network #PS"N$ 8!$iousl & su!scri!ers to the IS01 net"or+ -IS01 su!scri!ers. grou# 4 fax machine or an analog tele#hone. The internet"or+ interface is im#lemented here ! a terminal e. The follo"ing internet"or+ interfaces are im#lemented. In the first case x a terminal e. )ere the internet"or+ interface is im#lemented ! the exchange& "hich can ser$ice !oth analog and digital trun+s. Such internet"or+ communication re.

10 Internet"or+ interface to /ST1 TW2102EU01EG-0001 21 .Introduction Siemens S IE M E N S 1T T' a3! T' a3! 1 IS01 exchange S IE M E N S 0 ' 2 IS01 exchange *ig.

*ollo"ing this it is necessar to dial the director num!er of the su!scri!er in accordance "ith the net"or+ num!ering scheme. Similarl & IS01 Teletex is com#ati!le "ith the CS/01 Teletex and "ith Telex. )o"e$er& this re. The functions listed can !e called onl ! dialing a director num!er -access code.uired function.21 interface. allo"ing access to such a inter"or+ing node and the re. The inter"or+ing also offers a range of su##lementar ser$ices such as%   multi-address ser$ice or dela ed transmission& #olling of Teletex messages stored in the inter"or+ing..uires a terminal ada#ter "hich con$erts the signaling and ada#ts the transmission rate -from 200 to 2(&000 !it3s. 's *igure 11 sho"s& data transfer in the CS/01 and IS01 is com#ati!le. The inter"or+ing node offers%   ser$ice con$ersion !et"een Telex and Teletex& and internet"or+ interface !et"een IS01 and CS/01 and3or Telex net"or+s.uires a suita!le terminal in order to !e a!le to use these #ossi!ilities of communication "ith su!scri!ers to the CS/01 or Telex net"or+.uired net"or+ transitions de#ends on the net"or+ structure of a s#ecific countr . 'll calls !et"een su!scri!ers to the three net"or+s must no" !e routed o$er an inter"or+ing node of this t #e. )o"e$er& the IS01 su!scri!er al"a s re.2 Internetwork Interface !etween ISDN and CSPDN % "ele& Network These internet"or+ interfaces are reall transitions !et"een net"or+s "ith different num!ering schemes& signaling #rotocols and transmission rates. 22 TW2102EU01EG-0001 .Siemens Introduction l 2. These transitions are accom#lished ! the usage of a su##lementar hard"are unit& the inter"or+ing su##ort s stem. *urthermore& IS01 also su##orts the connection of the s nchronous 7. Exactl ho" man inter"or+ing nodes are necessar to #ro$ide the re.

11 Internet"or+ interface IS01-CS/013telex TW2102EU01EG-0001 23 .Introduction Siemens Teletex S IE M E N S 1T 'CCESS code S I E 6 E 1S 1 I7 0 89 * E7 IS01 exchange CS/013telex director num!er Teletex T' 721 7.21 T' 721 0ata transfer S I E 6 E 1S 1 I7 0 89 * Inter"or+ing su##ort s stem -inter"or+ing. Telex exchange Telex Teletex CS/01 exchange 0ata transfer S I E 6 E 1S 1 I7 0 89 * 'CCESS code IS01 director num!er *ig.

Note: If t"o 72.uire su##lementar nodes that carr out these functions.0 for !it rates u# to G.2.2. The /) is located !et"een IS01 and /S/01. call nor #erform the #ac+et s"itching re. to the IS01 exchange and continues u# to the #ac+et handler -/). 'lthough logicall assigned to the IS01& the /) ma #h sicall !e #art of the /S/01.uired su!se. 24 TW2102EU01EG-0001 . su!scri!ers "ho are !oth connected to an IS01 exchange "ish to esta!lish a #ac+et-data connection& this connection still has to !e routed $ia the /)& as onl the latter is a!le to #erform the call setu# and #ac+et s"itching.2 +!it3s.A su##orts the #ac+et-data transfer ser$ice in the A channel& "hile the T' 7. 's an IS01 exchange can neither esta!lish an 72. The configuration sho"n in *igure 12 sho"s ho" the 0 channel and A channel of the IS01 su!scri!er access the #ac+et-s"itched net"or+. /S/01 terminals can !e used as terminals in con>unction "ith a terminal ada#ter.uentl & such data connections re.2. )ere a distinction must !e made !et"een the follo"ing t"o ada#ter t #es% T' 7.2. The T' 7.0 su##orts the #ac+et-data transfer ser$ice in the 0 channel.. The IS01 line leads from the net"or+ termination -1T.Siemens Introduction l 2.A for !it rates u# to 2( +!it3s& and T' 7.. These nodes are termed #ac+et handlers -/). allo"s IS01 su!scri!ers to esta!lish data connections "ith su!scri!ers to the /S/01.' Internetwork Interface !etween ISDN and PSPDN 'n inter"or+ing unit at the interface to the #ac+et-s"itched #u!lic data net"or+ -/S/01.

2.2.A 1T S IE6 E 1 S 1 I7 0 8 9 * T' 7. /S/01 exchange SIE 6 E 1 S 1 I7 0 8 9 * 7. 12 Internet"or+ interface IS01-/S/01 TW2102EU01EG-0001 25 .2. *ig.2.0 7. T' 7.Introduction Siemens A 0 S IE M E N S 7.2. /ac+et )andler -/). IS01 exchange S IE M E N S 7.2.

Siemens Introduction l 26 TW2102EU01EG-0001 .

Introduction Siemens ' Application to ISDN of t e ()*ayer +odel TW2102EU01EG-0001 27 .

28 TW2102EU01EG-0001 .. )o"e$er& the 0SS1 su##orts onl the functions of Ha ers 1 to 4.g.& "hich "as s#ecified ! ITU-T and is !ased on the 8SI ?-la er model. Thus& the functions ha$e end-to-end significance onl . to descri!e the communication !et"een t"o #rocessors -com#uters. The interface !et"een exchange and su!scri!er is descri!ed ! the 0SS1 #rotocol 0SS1 -0igital Su!scri!er Signaling S stem 1o. 1. the setu# of tele#hone calls. The exchanges in$ol$ed s"itch trans#arent Ha er 1 connections through their s"itching net"or+s according to the signaling information recei$ed.Siemens Introduction l The 8SI ?-la er model "as s#ecified ! the International Standards 8rgani=ation -IS8.. The model descri!es #rotocols and interfaces. The functions of the remaining la ers 2 to ? are im#lemented in the terminals in accordance "ith the ser$ice im#lemented in the gi$en case. Layer model for the !ha""el *or the exchange of user information $ia the A channel& circuit-s"itching communications net"or+s #ro$ide onl a Ha er 1 connection !et"een t"o terminals. )o"e$er& the model can also !e a##lied to other communication modes -e.

4 S IE M E N S IS01 Ha er ? 2 .(40 -!asic access.(41 -#rimar rate access. ( CCITT 9ecommendation I.ui#ment Ha er ? 2 . 14 /rotocol architecture for transfer of user information in the A-channel TW2102EU01EG-0001 29 . ( 4 S IE M E N S Terminal e.Introduction Siemens Terminal e.ui#ment E7 E7 2 1 Ha er 1 Ha er 1 2 1 A-channel A-channel *ig. or I.

ui#ments. 30 TW2102EU01EG-0001 . !elo" sho"s the distri!ution of the la ers for signal exchange !et"een t"o terminal e. *igure 1.Siemens Introduction l Layer model for the D !ha""el ITU-T has s#ecified the Ha ers 2 to 4 for the #rotected transmission of signaling in the 0 channel.

1( /rotocol architecture for the transmission of signaling information in the 0.((0 and I.G213I.G203I.G403I.1 I.(40 -!asic access.G413I.channel TW2102EU01EG-0001 31 . 0SS1 S IE M E N S S IE M E N S Ha er 4 2 1 0 channel Ha er 4 2 1 E7 E7 Ha er 4 2 1 Ha er 4 2 1 0 channel *ig.Introduction Siemens #erm$"al e%&$'me"t IS01 #erm$"al e%&$'me"t CCITT recommendations I.0 and I.(41 -#rimar rate access. or I.((1 I.(.(.

Ha er 4 generates the messages necessar for its control tas+ and #asses them to Ha er 2 for trans#ortation. 32 TW2102EU01EG-0001 . The #oints at "hich Ha er 2 offers its ser$ices to Ha er 4 are +no"n as Ser$ice 'ccess /oints.or+ layer* Ha er 4 is res#onsi!le for controlling the call setu# and cleardo"n.. 8ne mode -#rotected transmission. Layer 3 ("et. T"o o#erating modes are defined for Ha er 2 -data lin+ la er. The TEI allo"s transmitted messages to !e sent to a s#ecific terminal. The other o#erating mode -un#rotected transmission. These #oints are identified ! Ser$ice 'ccess /oint Identifiers -S'/I.. "hich must !e ac+no"ledged. Ha er 2 allo"s se$eral data lin+ connections to !e esta!lished for the 0 channel& and is also res#onsi!le for flo" control . assignment of the !its to the a##ro#riate channels -!it s nchroni=ation. o#erates "ith unnum!ered messages& meaning message loss or transmission errors cannot !e detected.. o#erates "ith num!ered messages -num!ered frames.Siemens Introduction l The functions of the la ers are as follo"% Layer 1 ('hy)$!al layer* Ha er 1 of the 0SS1 descri!es the #h sical and electrical attri!utes of the transmission lin+. With this the Ha er 1 offers a s nchroni=ed lin+ that can !e used to transmit messages of the Ha ers 2 and 4.e. The terminal ha$ing to !e addressed is identified ! the Terminal End#oint Identifier -TEI. 't the recei$ing end Ha er 4 is ca#a!le of inter#reting the corres#onding messages. Ha er 2 guarantees error-free message transmission: this function includes error detection and correction. This connection is +no"n as the 0ata Hin+ Connection. Layer 2 (data l$"+ layer* The Ha er 2 connection must !e esta!lished !efore the exchange of Ha er 4 messages can !egin. This function includes !oth the !asic call as "ell as the control of su##lementar su!scri!er features. This includes the definition of the acti$ation and deacti$ation of the lin+ and the multi#lexing and demulti#lexing function -i.. ' frame determined to !e fault or missing "ill !e retransmitted.

1. E-!ha". 0ata lin+ la er entit JSer$ice #rimiti$esK 2 1 /h sical la er entit Ha er 1 #rotocol /h sical la er entit 1 0 channel *ig.e Ha er 1et"or+ la er entit JSer$ice #rimiti$esK 4 2 0ata lin+ la er entit JSer$ice #rimiti$esK Ha er 2 #rotocol -logical connection.Introduction Siemens #erm$"al e%&$'me"t Ha er 4 1et"or+ la er entit JSer$ice #rimiti$esK Ha er 4 #rotocol -logical connection. Ha ers 1-4 TW2102EU01EG-0001 33 .

Siemens Introduction l 34 TW2102EU01EG-0001 .