20 views

Uploaded by Avijit Dey

plasticity analysis

save

- homework4_revised_solutions_2005.pdf
- ESA.pdf
- 03_Stress_03_Internal_Stress.pdf
- ME202ADVANCEDMECHANICSOFSOLIDS 2
- Study on Cushioning Characteristics of Soft
- 2
- Pen cap
- Chapter3 - Stress, Cauchy Equations of Motion
- convencion de signos sap2000
- Germain VirtualPower
- Project.pdf
- 1.1 - Introduction - Simple Stresses
- Stress
- Stress Sketch Procedure
- 110 Principal Stresses
- GATE 2013 Syllabus
- Direct Shear Test Result
- Ilovepdf Merged
- Syllabus
- Steel Diaphragms
- Comparison of the stress transfer in single- and multi- fiber composite pull-out tests
- QTE4NC9BMTG0TQ__
- Thermal Stress
- KENLAYER
- chair fea leaning
- mechanical design of power transformers
- MoM Course Handout New
- s3 ME KTU
- Stress Field in Finite Width Axisymmetric Wound
- documents.tips_pressure-vessel-design-calc-asme-viii-div-1.xlsx
- Soil Dynamics_Soil Structure Interaction
- IS-3177-1977
- AnnexureI Bldg. Earthquake
- Unhu
- Liquefaction PPT
- dynamic10.1007_s40098-012-0036-0
- Calculus of Variations
- Check List
- IS 1893
- ISRM Codes
- drainage option
- Book
- Copy of FQP -Fuel Handling System
- 1893
- Procedimiento biologia
- Ingresos Por Salarios
- 01 Formulas and Functions in Excel
- 2013 Best in Class Succession Management White Paper
- Breves reflexiones sobre una filosofía del ser aplicada al estudio de un problema de la arquitectura y el urbanismo
- Estructura Ensayo
- questoes de funçao inorganica
- 1999 Flocculation Modelling REV
- Autótrofos
- Analisis Nodal
- The Bank Intermediary Function and ed Loans Phenomenon
- ch3 a
- Informe_Biologia_Ambiental
- practica 4 Calorimetria
- Fisiologia Vocal - The Structure of Singing Sydtem and Art in Vocal Technique - Miller - Editado
- Competencia.lectora.nivel b 1
- The Decriminalization of Prostitution: My Persuasive Policy Essay
- Linguistic Studies in Kashmiri
- El Síndrome de La Adolescencia Normal
- Test Bank Bank for Strategic Marketing 9 E by Cravens
- ATV303_Modbus_parameter.xls
- Analisis de Rentabilidad Economica
- Filosofía.docx
- CH11
- Desarrollo Organizacional
- Hecate's Sanctum- Tradition Compact 2012
- voz15
- Periodismo Femenino
- recueil_corrige
- Definición y delimitación del tema

You are on page 1of 7

2

**8.2 Stress Analysis for Plasticity
**

This section follows on from the analysis of three dimensional stress carried out in §7.2. The plastic behaviour of materials is often independent of a hydrostatic stress and this feature necessitates the study of the deviatoric stress.

8.2.1

Deviatoric Stress

**Any state of stress can be decomposed into a hydrostatic (or mean) stress σ m I and a deviatoric stress s, according to
**

⎡σ 11 σ 12 ⎢σ ⎢ 21 σ 22 ⎢ ⎣σ 31 σ 32 where

σ 13 ⎤ ⎡σ m 0 0 ⎤ ⎡ s11 s12 ⎢ ⎢ ⎥ σ 23 ⎥ = ⎢ 0 σ m 0 ⎥ ⎥ + ⎢ s 21 s 22 σ 33 ⎥ 0 σm⎥ ⎣ s31 s32 ⎦ ⎢ ⎣0 ⎦ ⎢

s13 ⎤ s 23 ⎥ ⎥ s 33 ⎥ ⎦

(8.2.1)

σm =

and

σ 11 + σ 22 + σ 33

3

(8.2.2)

⎡ s11 ⎢ s 21 ⎢s ⎣ 31

s12 s 22 s 32

(2σ 11 − σ 22 − σ 33 ) s13 ⎤ ⎡ 1 3 ⎢ s 23 ⎥ = σ 12 ⎢ s 33 ⎥ σ 13 ⎦ ⎣

1 3

(2σ 22

σ 12 − σ 11 − σ 33 ) σ 23

σ 13 ⎤ ⎥ σ 23 1 ( )⎥ 3 2σ 33 − σ 11 − σ 22 ⎦

(8.2.3)

In index notation,

σ ij = σ mδ ij + sij

(8.2.4)

In a completely analogous manner to the derivation of the principal stresses and the principal scalar invariants of the stress matrix, §7.2.4, one can determine the principal stresses and principal scalar invariants of the deviatoric stress matrix. The former are denoted s1 , s 2 , s 3 and the latter are denoted by J 1 , J 2 , J 3 . The characteristic equation analogous to Eqn. 7.2.23 is

s 3 − J1s 2 − J 2 s − J 3 = 0

(8.2.5)

**and the deviatoric invariants are (compare with 7.2.24, 7.2.26)1
**

unfortunately, there is a convention (adhered to by most authors) to write the characteristic equation for stress with a + I 2σ term and that for deviatoric stress with a − J 2 s term; this means that the formulae for J2 in Eqn. 8.2.5 are the negative of those for I 2 in Eqn. 7.2.24

1

Solid Mechanics Part II

252

Kelly

8.2 J 1 = s11 + s 22 + s33 = s1 + s 2 + s3 2 2 2 − s 23 − s31 J 2 = − s11 s 22 + s 22 s33 + s33 s11 − s12 = −(s1 s 2 + s 2 s3 + s3 s1 ) 2 2 2 − s 22 s31 − s33 s12 + 2s12 s 23 s31 J 3 = s11 s 22 s33 − s11 s 23 = s1 s 2 s3 ( ) (8. the stress matrix is of the form [σ ] = ⎢σ ij ⎡ 0 ⎢σ ⎣ 13 12 σ 12 σ 13 ⎤ 0 σ 23 ⎥ σ 23 0 ⎥ ⎦ (8.2.11) The stress state at a point is one of pure shear if for any one coordinate axes through the point one has only shear stress acting.2.2.3.2. ) (8. 6 [ ] (8. the principal directions of stress coincide with the principal directions of the deviatoric stress. the deviatoric invariants are related to the stress tensor invariants through {▲Problem 5} J2 = A State of Pure Shear 1 3 (I 2 1 − 3I 2 .6) Since the hydrostatic stress remains unchanged with a change of coordinate system.7) Note that.e. the first invariant of the deviatoric stress.2.2. from the definition Eqn.10) Further. the sum of the normal stresses.8) The second invariant can also be expressed in the useful forms {▲Problem 3} J2 = 1 2 (s 2 1 2 2 + s2 + s3 . {▲Problem 4} J2 = 1 (σ 1 − σ 2 )2 + (σ 2 − σ 3 )2 + (σ 3 − σ 1 )2 .2.9) and. J 3 = ) 1 27 (2I 3 1 − 9 I 1 I 2 + 27 I 3 ) (8.2. i.12) Solid Mechanics Part II 253 Kelly .Section 8. in terms of the principal stresses. and the decomposition can be expressed with respect to the principal directions as ⎡σ 1 0 ⎢0 σ 2 ⎢ ⎢ ⎣0 0 ⎤ ⎡σ m ⎥=⎢ 0 ⎥ ⎢ σ3⎥ ⎦ ⎢ ⎣0 0 0 0 0 ⎤ ⎡ s1 ⎢ 0 ⎥ ⎥ + ⎢0 σm⎥ ⎦ ⎢ ⎣0 0 s2 0 0⎤ 0⎥ ⎥ s3 ⎥ ⎦ σm 0 (8. is zero: J1 = 0 (8.

a new Cartesian coordinate system is constructed with axes parallel and perpendicular to the octahedral plane. this is the plane shown shaded in Fig. whose normal n a makes equal angles with the principal directions. 8. i.1. Hence the deviatoric stress is one of pure shear.16 to this stress matrix and using the fact that the transformation matrix Q is orthogonal.2 The Octahedral Stresses Examine now a material element subjected to principal stresses σ 1 .2. ′ + σ 22 ′ + σ 33 invariant is zero. σ 2 . By definition. Fig. σ 11 8.e.Section 8. σ 3 as shown in Fig.2. QQ T = Q T Q = I . Solid Mechanics Part II 254 Kelly . 8. one finds that the first ′ = 0 . It is so-called because it cuts a cubic material element (with faces perpendicular to the principal directions) into a triangular plane and eight of these triangles around the origin form an octahedron.3.2.2.2. 3 na 2 1 Figure 8.1: stresses acting on a material element Consider next the octahedral plane.2.2: the octahedral plane Next.2. One axis runs along the unit normal n a . 8. 3 σ3 σ1 σ2 σ1 1 σ2 2 σ3 Figure 8.2.2 Applying the stress transformation rule 7. no shear stresses act on the planes shown.

3. ( ) ( ) na = 1 ⎡1⎤ ⎢1⎥.2.15) Solid Mechanics Part II 255 Kelly . where e1 = (1.2. The final unit vector n b is chosen so that it forms a right hand Cartesian coordinate system with n a and n c . − 1 / 6 . b.2 this normal has components 1 / 3 . 2⎢ ⎦ ⎣1⎥ nc = 1 ⎡2⎤ ⎢− 1⎥ 6⎢ ⎦ ⎣− 1⎥ (8. i. construct the stress transformation matrix: ⎡ e1 ⋅ n a Q = ⎢e 2 ⋅ n a ⎢e ⋅ n ⎣ 3 a e1 ⋅ n b e2 ⋅ nb e3 ⋅ nb 0 e1 ⋅ n c ⎤ ⎡1 / 3 ⎢ ⎥ e2 ⋅ nc = 1/ 3 − 1/ 2 ⎢ e3 ⋅ n c ⎥ ⎦ ⎣ ⎢1 / 3 1 / 2 2/ 6 ⎤ − 1/ 6 ⎥ ⎥ − 1/ 6 ⎦ ⎥ (8. n a × n b = n c . In summary.13) 3 b nb e3 na a θ0 θ0 e2 nc 2 c e1 θ0 1 Figure 8.1 / 3 . The components of this vector are {▲Problem 6} n c = 2 / 3 . any two perpendicular unit vectors which lie in (parallel to) the octahedral plane can be chosen.2. 8.1 / 3 with respect to the principal axes.0.2. Fig.Section 8.e. c directions. The angle θ 0 the normal direction makes with the 1 direction can be obtained from n a ⋅ e1 = cos θ 0 .0 ) is a unit vector in the 1 direction.14) and the new stress components are ⎡σ aa ⎢σ ba ⎢σ ⎣ ca σ ab σ ac ⎤ 0⎤ ⎡σ 1 0 σ bb σ bc ⎥ = Q T ⎢ 0 σ 2 0 ⎥Q ⎢0 0 σ3⎥ σ cb σ cc ⎥ ⎦ ⎣ ⎦ ⎡ 1 ( + + − 16 (σ 2 − σ 3 ) σ σ σ 1 2 3) 3 ⎢ 1 = ⎢ − 16 (σ 2 − σ 3 ) (σ 2 + σ 3 ) 2 1 1 ⎢ 3 2 (2σ 1 − σ 2 − σ 3 ) 2 3 (σ 2 − σ 3 ) ⎣ 1 3 2 (2σ 1 − σ 2 − σ 3 )⎤ 1 (σ 2 − σ 3 ) ⎥ ⎥ 2 3 1 ( )⎥ 6 4σ 1 + σ 2 + σ 3 ⎦ (8. Choose one which is along the projection of the 1 axis down onto the octahedral plane.2.3: a new Cartesian coordinate system To express the stress state in terms of components in the a. 3⎢ ⎦ ⎣1⎥ nb = 1 ⎡0⎤ ⎢− 1⎥. To complete the new coordinate system. − 1 / 6 .

σ ab .Section 8.2. with respect to the (a.2 Now consider the stress components acting on the octahedral plane.2.18) Solid Mechanics Part II 256 Kelly .17) = 1 3 (σ 1 − σ 2 )2 + (σ 2 − σ 3 )2 + (σ 3 − σ 1 )2 The octahedral normal and shear stresses on all 8 octahedral planes around the origin are the same.4: the stress vector σ and its components The magnitudes of the normal and shear stresses acting on the octahedral plane are called the octahedral normal stress σ oct and the octahedral shear stress τ oct . σ ac . Referring to Fig. 8. σ aa . from Eqn.16) 3 • σ ab τ oct σ ac 1 t (na ) σ aa = σ oct 2 Figure 8.b.c) axes: t (n a ) = σ aa n a + σ ab n b + σ ac n c (8.2.2. Indeed.2.4. 7. 8.2. This implies that the deviatoric stress has no normal component in the direction n a and only contributes to shearing on the octahedral plane. ⎡ s aa ⎢ s ba ⎢s ⎣ ca s ab sbb s cb 0 − 16 (σ 2 − σ 3 ) s ac ⎤ ⎡ ⎢ ( ) s bc ⎥ = ⎢ − 16 (σ 2 − σ 3 ) −1 6 2σ 1 − σ 2 − σ 3 ⎥ 1 1 s cc ⎦ ⎢ (2σ 1 − σ 2 − σ 3 ) (σ 2 − σ 3 ) 2 3 ⎣3 2 1 3 2 (2σ 1 − σ 2 − σ 3 )⎤ 1 (σ 2 − σ 3 ) ⎥ ⎥ 2 3 1 ⎥ ( ) 2 σ σ σ − − 1 2 3 ⎦ 6 (8. Eqn. Recall from Cauchy’s law.4.9. Note that the octahedral normal stress is simply the hydrostatic stress. these can be expressed as {▲Problem 7} σ oct = σ aa = 2 τ oct = σ ab 1 (σ 1 + σ 2 + σ 3 ) = 1 I1 3 3 2 + σ ac = 2J 2 3 (8. that these are the components of the traction vector t (n a ) acting on the octahedral plane. Fig. 8.15.2.2.

it remains at equal angles to the 2 and 3 axes. 8. J2 = 1 2 (s 2 1 2 2 + s2 + s3 ) 4. derive Eqn.3 Problems 1.2. For the stress state ⎢σ 21 σ 22 ⎢σ ⎣ 31 σ 32 (a) the hydrostatic stress (b) the deviatoric stresses (c) the deviatoric invariants σ 13 ⎤ ⎡1 2 4⎤ σ 23 ⎥ = ⎢2 2 1⎥ .11. 8.Section 8. 8. The second invariant of the deviatoric stress is given by Eqn. 8.6. J 2 = −(s1 s 2 + s 2 s3 + s3 s1 ) By squaring the relation J 1 = s1 + s 2 + s3 = 0 . ( ) ( ) 2 3 6. na x1 cos θ 0 = 1 3 θ0 nc project down Octahedral plane Solid Mechanics Part II 257 Kelly . 8. note the geometry shown below and the fact that when the 1 axis is projected down. 2 1 J2 = 1 J 3 = 27 2 I 13 − 9 I 1 I 2 + 27 I 3 3 I 1 − 3I 2 . Fig. What are the hydrostatic and deviatoric stresses for the uniaxial stress σ 11 = σ 0 ? What are the hydrostatic and deviatoric stresses for the state of pure shear σ 12 = τ ? In both cases. ⎡σ 11 σ 12 2. Show that a unit normal n c in the octahedral plane in the direction of the projection of the 1 axis down onto the octahedral plane has coordinates ( .3.2. calculate σ 33 ⎥ ⎣ 4 1 3⎥ ⎦ ⎦ ⎢ 3.2. To do this. Use the fact that J 1 = s1 + s 2 + s3 = 0 to show that I 1 = 3σ m 2 I 2 = ( s1 s 2 + s 2 s 3 + s 3 s1 ) + 3σ m 3 I 3 = s1 s 2 s3 + σ m ( s1 s 2 + s 2 s3 + s 3 s1 ) + σ m Hence derive Eqns.− 1 6 ).2.− 1 6 .9 (and your work from Problem 3) and the fact that σ 1 − σ 2 = s1 − s 2 . Use Eqns.10. ( )2 + (σ 2 − σ 3 )2 + (σ 3 − σ 1 )2 J2 = 1 6 σ1 − σ 2 [ ] 5. to derive 8.2. verify that the first invariant of the deviatoric stress is zero: J 1 = 0 . 8.2 The σ ’s on the right here can be replaced with s ’s since σ i − σ j = si − s j .2.2. etc.9.

For the stress state of problem 2.2. 8. 8. calculate the octahedral normal stress and the octahedral shear stress Solid Mechanics Part II 258 Kelly .Section 8.15 to derive Eqns. 8. Use Eqns.17.2 7.2.

- homework4_revised_solutions_2005.pdfUploaded byFarideh
- ESA.pdfUploaded byKamal Singh Rawat
- 03_Stress_03_Internal_Stress.pdfUploaded byArunBelwar
- ME202ADVANCEDMECHANICSOFSOLIDS 2Uploaded byMohammed Asif N
- Study on Cushioning Characteristics of SoftUploaded byMaria Miranda
- 2Uploaded byraju_get_lucky
- Pen capUploaded byBalachandran Kalidass
- Chapter3 - Stress, Cauchy Equations of MotionUploaded byXingfang91
- convencion de signos sap2000Uploaded byJesus Silva
- Germain VirtualPowerUploaded byDebdutta Ghosh
- Project.pdfUploaded bytoshugo
- 1.1 - Introduction - Simple StressesUploaded byGelcie Maligaya
- StressUploaded byAhasan Sheikh
- Stress Sketch ProcedureUploaded byPraveen Sivasankaran
- 110 Principal StressesUploaded byyasir_anjum
- GATE 2013 SyllabusUploaded byDhanraj
- Direct Shear Test ResultUploaded byDeepak Kr Gupta
- Ilovepdf MergedUploaded byJasani Piyush
- SyllabusUploaded bySandeep Sandy
- Steel DiaphragmsUploaded byjologscresencia
- Comparison of the stress transfer in single- and multi- fiber composite pull-out testsUploaded bySathish Nagarajan
- QTE4NC9BMTG0TQ__Uploaded byquiensabe0077
- Thermal StressUploaded byFrenzes Padaboc
- KENLAYERUploaded byMilton Juan Chambi Ticona
- chair fea leaningUploaded byapi-299166189
- mechanical design of power transformersUploaded byFasil Paruvanath
- MoM Course Handout NewUploaded bySyed Sirajul Haq
- s3 ME KTUUploaded byMuzammil Muhammed
- Stress Field in Finite Width Axisymmetric WoundUploaded byryan.fransisco
- documents.tips_pressure-vessel-design-calc-asme-viii-div-1.xlsxUploaded bybain

- Soil Dynamics_Soil Structure InteractionUploaded byAvijit Dey
- IS-3177-1977Uploaded byAvijit Dey
- AnnexureI Bldg. EarthquakeUploaded byAvijit Dey
- UnhuUploaded byAvijit Dey
- Liquefaction PPTUploaded byAvijit Dey
- dynamic10.1007_s40098-012-0036-0Uploaded byAvijit Dey
- Calculus of VariationsUploaded byAvijit Dey
- Check ListUploaded byAvijit Dey
- IS 1893Uploaded byAvijit Dey
- ISRM CodesUploaded byAvijit Dey
- drainage optionUploaded byAvijit Dey
- BookUploaded byAvijit Dey
- Copy of FQP -Fuel Handling SystemUploaded byAvijit Dey
- 1893Uploaded byAvijit Dey

- Procedimiento biologiaUploaded byIsaias
- Ingresos Por SalariosUploaded byBenjamin Santos Salinas
- 01 Formulas and Functions in ExcelUploaded byWIN MIN
- 2013 Best in Class Succession Management White PaperUploaded byGhansham Panwar
- Breves reflexiones sobre una filosofía del ser aplicada al estudio de un problema de la arquitectura y el urbanismoUploaded byShayarina Monard
- Estructura EnsayoUploaded byJanier Añez
- questoes de funçao inorganicaUploaded byVanin Silva De Souza
- 1999 Flocculation Modelling REVUploaded byDeenar Tunas Rancak
- AutótrofosUploaded byOrlando Dominguez
- Analisis NodalUploaded byJhoana Hurtado Cáceres
- The Bank Intermediary Function and ed Loans PhenomenonUploaded bynjprastowo
- ch3 aUploaded bylo0302
- Informe_Biologia_AmbientalUploaded bySAILY0625
- practica 4 CalorimetriaUploaded byKIke Santiago
- Fisiologia Vocal - The Structure of Singing Sydtem and Art in Vocal Technique - Miller - EditadoUploaded byTauana Romanelli Assumpção
- Competencia.lectora.nivel b 1Uploaded bygmrloza007
- The Decriminalization of Prostitution: My Persuasive Policy EssayUploaded byTrystn Murphy
- Linguistic Studies in KashmiriUploaded byapi-3756098
- El Síndrome de La Adolescencia NormalUploaded byAlejandro Palacios
- Test Bank Bank for Strategic Marketing 9 E by CravensUploaded byRizwan
- ATV303_Modbus_parameter.xlsUploaded byAnonymous uI16i3G
- Analisis de Rentabilidad EconomicaUploaded bywilson urresto
- Filosofía.docxUploaded byEstefania Rca
- CH11Uploaded byFachrurrozi
- Desarrollo OrganizacionalUploaded byAlbertoMein
- Hecate's Sanctum- Tradition Compact 2012Uploaded byLady HekateShadowMoonfire
- voz15Uploaded byAntonio Marts
- Periodismo FemeninoUploaded bySantiagoLopez
- recueil_corrigeUploaded byRiyadh Weld Bladii
- Definición y delimitación del temaUploaded byFelipe Trigo