# Grade 1 Math Unit: Number Sense & Operations An ongoing unit of study throughout the whole school year is “Number

Sense and Operations”. The comparison of numbers helps to communicate and to make sense of the world (for example, if someone has two more dollars than another, gets four more points than another, or takes out three fewer forks than needed). Counting and a deep understanding of place value is crucial to future success when dealing with numbers. Addition and subtraction are used to model real-world situations, such as computing saving or spending, finding the number of days until a special day, or determining an amount needed to earn a reward. Fluency with addition and subtraction facts helps to quickly find answers to important questions. Understandings, Guiding Questions and Skills Understanding:

Students will understand that the whole number system describes place value relationships within and beyond 100 and forms the foundation for efficient algorithms. Number relationships can be used to solve addition and subtraction problems
Guiding Questions:

1. How can we show numbers to people? 2. Can numbers always be related to tens? 3. Why not always count by one? 4. How does a position of a digit affect its value? 5. How big is 100? 6. How do we make a number bigger or smaller? 7. How are addition and subtraction related?

Students will be skilled at:  Saying number names to 120 in sequence beginning from any number, especially the numbers after 99  Writing the numerals to match the name of the number (up to 120) that is said aloud  Reading and saying the numerals to 120  Writing the number to match the number of objects in a given set.  Representing two-digit numbers with manipulatives or drawings that consist of tens and ones, and

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more importantly, the student automatically knows that the tens digit indicates how many tens strips (or other units of ten) are needed and the ones digit indicates the remaining units that are needed Verbalizing the number of tens and ones that represent two-digit numbers Saying which of two two-digit numbers is greater than or less than the other by first looking at their tens digit Writing an equation or an inequality (with the < or >) to report the results of the comparison Adding a two-digit number and a one-digit number Adding a two-digit number and a multiple of 10 Adding a two-digit number and a two digit number Representing the addition by using concrete models, especially bas-10 manipulatives to o Group together all the ten-strips to show the adding of the tens of one number with the tens of the other number o Group together all the ones units to show the adding of the ones digit of one number with the ones digit of the other number o When necessary, compose ten ones into a ten-strip Representing the addition by using drawings, especially drawings that depict base-10 manipulatives Using numbers/symbols and/or written explanation to explain the reasoning behind the strategy that is used.

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When given a two-digit number, telling you what number is 10 more or 10 less, through a quick mental calculation Subtracting a two digit multiple of 10 from a two-digit multiple of 10 Representing the subtraction by using concrete models Representing the subtraction with pictures that depict ten-strips Using numbers/symbols and/or a written explanation to explain the reasoning behind the strategy that is used

 Real Life Application

The comparison of numbers helps to communicate and to make sense of the world. (For example, if someone has two more dollars than another, gets four more points than another, or takes out three fewer forks than needed.) Addition and subtraction are used to model real-world situations, such as computing saving or spending, finding the number of days until a special day, or determining an amount needed to earn a reward. Fluency with addition and subtraction facts helps to quickly find answers to important questions.

Vocabulary making ten compare equation greater than count back difference less than count on counting up ones tens addend Place value equal add number digit sum whole numbers multiple of ten subtract

How can you help at home?  Find natural opportunities for your child to count objects (by 1,2,5, and 10), read numbers, write numbers,