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Code No: RR220206

Set No. 1

II B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, November/December 2005 CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) For the system in the above Figure 1, obtain transfer function

(b) Verify the above transfer function using signal ﬂow graph. 2. (a) Explain the eﬀect of feedback on noise to signal ratio.

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i. C/R ii. C/D

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[8+8] (b) With the help of sketches, explain the construction and working principle of a Synchro transmitter. [8+8] 3. (a) Explain the important time response speciﬁcation of a standard second ordered system to a unit step input. (b) Derive expressions for time domain speciﬁcations of a standard second ordered system to a step input. [8+8] 4. (a) The characteristic equation of a control system is given by S 4 + 20S 3 + 15S 2 +2S+K=0 use Routh-Hurwitz criterion to ﬁnd the value of K for which the system will be marginally stable and the frequency of the corresponding sustained Oscillations. (b) Explain : 1 of 2

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Code No: RR220206

Set No. 1

i. Rise time ii. Peak time iii. Peak percent overshoot. With regard to the unit step response of a prototype second order system. [10+6] 5. The block diagram of a control system is given in Figure2 Plot the root locus as a function of parameter K and comment on stability. [16]

Figure 2:

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7. (a) Sketch the polar plot of a unity feed back system with open loop transfer function G(s) = 1/S(1 + S)2 . Also ﬁnd the frequency at which |G(jW )| =1 and the corresponding phase angle /G(jW) . (b) Determine the stability of the system whose open loop transfer function G(s)H(s)= 1 . Also ﬁnd gain and phase margin (using Nyquist plot). [8+8] s(1+2s)(1+s) 8. (a) For the given system = AX + X BU, Y = CX. 0 1 0 0 0 B= 0 C= 1 0 0 0 1 A= −1 −2 −3 1 Obtain Jordan form representation of state equation of A. Also ﬁnd the transfer function. (b) Derive the expression for the transfer function G(s) = Y(s) / U(s) .Given the state model • X =AX+BU Y=CX+DU [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2

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(a) The frequency of the i/p at which amplitude of steady state response will have Maximum value (b) Maximum value of steady state o/p. [8+4+4]

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6. Transient response of a 2nd order underdamped system subjected to unit step i/p is √ found to have a peak overshoot of 16.2% at time π/ 5 3. If the system is subjected to sinusoidal i/p. Find

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campusexpress.co.in

Code No: RR220206

Set No. 2

II B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, November/December 2005 CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Derive the transfer function of the following network given below. Figure 1

Figure 1:

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2. (a) Derive the transfer function of an a.c. servomotor and draw its characteristics. (b) Explain the Synchro error detector with circuit diagram. 3. (a) Deﬁne transient response speciﬁcations. i. Delay time ii. Rise time 1 of 3 [8+8]

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(b) A signal ﬂow graph Figure 2 is given below. Use mason’s formula to ﬁnd the transfer function [8+8]

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Code No: RR220206 iii. Peak time iv. Maximum overshoot v. Settling time of second order system. (b) A unity feedback system is characterised by an open loop transfer function. G(s) =

K s(s+10)

Set No. 2

Determine gain ‘K’ so that system will have a damping ratio of 0.5. For this value of ‘K’ determine settling time, peak overshoot and time to peak over shoot for a unit step input. [10+6] 4. (a) The open-loop transfer function of a servo system with unity feedback isG(s)= 10 . Evaluate the static error constants (Kp , Kv , Ka ) for the system. Obs(0.1s+1) tain the steady-state error of the system when subjected to an input given by the polynomial r(t)=a0 +a1 t + a22 t2 (b) The open-loop transfer function of a unity feedback control system is given by K G(s)= (s+2)(s+4)(s2 +6s+25) . By applying the Routh criterion, discuss the stability of the closed-loop system as a function of K. Determine the values of K, which will cause sustained oscillations in the closed-loop system. What are the corresponding oscillation frequencies? [8+8]

**6. (a) Explain the concept of phase margin and gain margin.
**

100 (b) Draw the Bode Plot for a system having G(s) = s(1+0.5s)(1+0.1s) , H(s) = 1. Determine:

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(b) By a step by step procedure draw the root locus diagram for a unity negative K(s+1) feedback system with open loop transfer function G(s)= s2 (s+9) . Mark all the salient points on the diagram. Is the system stable for all the values of K? [8+8] [4]

i. Gain cross over frequency and corresponding phase margin. ii. Phase cross over frequency and corresponding gain margin. iii. Stability of the closed loop system. [8+4] 7. (a) Explain gain margin and phase margin. (b) The open loop transfer function of a feed back system is G(s)H(s)= Comment on stability. 8. (a) Deﬁne the terms

K(1+s) . (1−s)

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5. (a) Show that the breakaway and break-in points, if any, on the real axis for the root locus for G(s)H(s)= KN (s) , where N(s) and D(s) are rational polynomials D(s) in s, can be obtained by solving the equation dK =0. ds

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[6+10]

2 of 3

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Code No: RR220206 i. State variable ii. State transition matrix.

Set No. 2

[4+4]

(b) Obtain the state equation and output equation of the electric network show in Figure3 [8]

Figure 3:

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campusexpress.co.in

Code No: RR220206

Set No. 3

II B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, November/December 2005 CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2. Derive the Transfer Function for a.c. servomotor. Explain about torque-speed characteristics. [8+8] 3. The open loop transfer function of a unity feedback control system is G(S) =

K s(1+T s)

(a) By what factor should the ampliﬁer gain “K” be multiplied in order to increase the damping ratio from 0.2 to 0.8? (b) By what factor should ‘K’ be multiplied so that the maximum overshoot for a step input decreases from 60% to 10%? [8+8] 4. (a) The characteristic equation of a control system is given by S 4 + 20S 3 + 15S 2 +2S+K=0 use Routh-Hurwitz criterion to ﬁnd the value of K for which the system will be marginally stable and the frequency of the corresponding sustained Oscillations. 1 of 2

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1. Using block diagram reduction technique ﬁnd the transfer function for the system shown in Figure 1 above and verify the transfer function by mason’s gain formula. [8+8]

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Code No: RR220206

Set No. 3

(b) Explain : i. Rise time ii. Peak time iii. Peak percent overshoot. With regard to the unit step response of a prototype second order system. [10+6] 5. The block diagram of a control system is given in Figure2 Plot the root locus as a function of parameter K and comment on stability. [16]

7. (a) Explain how polar plots are useful in ﬁnding the stability of a system

8. (a) Obtain the solution of a system whose state model is given by X = A X(t) + B U(t) ; X(0) =X0 and hence deﬁne state Transition matrix. (b) Obtain the transfer function of a control system whose state model is [8+8]

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(b) Sketch the Nyquist plot and ﬁnd the stability of the following system. 100 G(s)H(s)= (s+2)(s+4)(s+8) [8+8]

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6. Draw the exact Bode Plots and ﬁnd the gain margin and phase margin of a system 10(s+1) [8+4+4] represented by G(s)H(s)= s(s+0.05)(s+3)(s+5) .

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Code No: RR220206

Set No. 4

II B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, November/December 2005 CONTROL SYSTEMS ( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics & Control Engineering, Electronics & Telematics and Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What is a mathematical model of a physical system? Explain brieﬂy.

2. (a) Explain the eﬀect of feedback on noise to signal ratio. (b) With the help of sketches, explain the construction and working principle of a Synchro transmitter. [8+8]

9 3. (a) A unity feedback system has a forward path transfer function G(s)= s(s+1) . Find the value of damping ratio, undamped natural frequency of the system, percentage overshoot, peak time and settling time.

(b) Measurements conducted on servomechanism show the system response to be c(t) = 1 + 0.2e−60t - 1.2e−10t when subjected to a unit-step unit. Obtain the expression for the closed-loop transfer function. [10+6] 4. (a) For the system shown in Figure 2 , ﬁnd the value of the steady state output when an input θi (t) = (2t + 5e−3t ) is applied. Determine the steady state error of the system. What is the type and order of the system? (b) Explain the Hurwitz criterion to determine the stability of dynamical system. [10+6]

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(b) Write the diﬀerential equations for the system shown in Figure 1 below : [6+10]

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Code No: RR220206

Set No. 4

Figure 2: 5. (a) Show that the breakaway and break-in points, if any, on the real axis for the root locus for G(s)H(s)= KN (s) , where N(s) and D(s) are rational polynomials D(s) in s, can be obtained by solving the equation dK =0. ds (b) By a step by step procedure draw the root locus diagram for a unity negative K(s+1) feedback system with open loop transfer function G(s)= s2 (s+9) . Mark all the salient points on the diagram. Is the system stable for all the values of K? [8+8] 6. (a) Explain the frequency response speciﬁcations.

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7. (a) Explain how polar plots are useful in ﬁnding the stability of a system (b) Sketch the Nyquist plot and ﬁnd the stability of the following system. 100 G(s)H(s)= (s+2)(s+4)(s+8) [8+8]

Also give the block diagram of the model. (b) Explain properties and signiﬁcance of state transition matrix. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [10+6]

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8. (a) Construct the state variable model for the system characterized by the diﬀerential .. equation ... . Y +6 Y +11 Y +2y = 41 + 1

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(b) Draw the Bode Plot for the system having G(s)H(s) = gain and phase cross over frequency.

100(0.02s+1) (s+1)(0.1s)(0.01s+1)

. Find [8+8]

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