You are on page 1of 18

CONTENTS

1.0 Scope
2.0 Design criteria
3.0 Deflection criteria
4.0 Load calculations
5.0 Design sheets
6.0 Annexure - STAAD Files

Loading pattern
a)For stability checks
1. 1.4 Dead load + 1.6 Live Load
2. 1.0 Dead load + 1.4 Wind load
3. 1.2 Dead load + 1.2 Live load + 1.2 Wind load
b).For serviceability conditions ( as per BS 5950 part-1 ;2.5)
1).
2).

1DL + .8 LL
1DL + .8 WL

6. MODELLING
The proposed canopy is modeled as a space frame using STAAD Pro.software as shown
in the Figure below.. The supports are assumed as pinned. Now as per the appropriate
loadings calculation static analysis was carried out to obtain the design forces using STAAD

Pro.

X
Z

STADD Pro. Model of Structure

The arrangement consists of


Main ( Primary members) arranged in both directions steel section UB 356x171
x45 is used for this. Primary members are directly supported to the RCCpillars
( Min strength of RCC 30 N/mm2 is assumed) at site provided by the civil
contractor
Secondary members connected to main members are of steel tube section( Box)
100x150x5mm
6.1 Load Calculation for the frame .

Considering typical ( Bigger) panel of size 2.7x2.25


2.7m

2.25

Tributary area Horizonatl

= (2.7 ++0.25 )/2 x 1.125


= 1.77 m2

Tributary area Vertical

= ( 2.25/2x1.125
= 1.265m2

Considering typical smaller panel of size 2.25x1m


Tributary area

= 2.25x1/2 = 1.125 m2.

Dead load
1. The self wt of steel structure will be taken by STAAD pro
2. Self weight due to Aluminum panel3. (Unit weight of ACP
a. Load transferred from bigger panel (max) = 1.77x.004x14 = 14 KN/M
2.7
UDL

= .036 say .04KN/m

This UDL acts along beams G-G, H-H & E-E


b. Load transferred form smaller panel
UDL

1.125 x .004x14
2x2.25

= .015 KN/M

This UDL acts along all other beams except G-G,H-H & E-E
Imposed Load ( Ref BS Code 6399-part 3)
1. Since the accessibility is restricted to the roof, UDL of 0.6 KN/m2 is considered to
be acting .
a. Lad transferred form bigger panel ( UDL) = 1.77x0.6
2.7
= 0.39KN/m
Say 0.4 KN/m
This UDL is considered as acting on all the members ( to be on safer side)

Wind Load:
( From tributary area horizontal)
Design wind pressure
= 3.7KN/m2
Wind load per meter run on frame = 1.77x3.6/2.7
=2.36N/m
This UDL 2.36 KN/m acts along C-D portion (of A-A & B-B)
When load coming from either side UDL will be = 2x2.36 = 4.7KN/m
This UDL 4.7KN/m Acts along G-G & H-H

Wind load form Tributary area- Vertical


Wind load per meter run of frame

( UDL) = 1.265x 3.6 /2.25


= 2KN/m

This UDL 2 KN/m acts along C-C & D-D


When load coming from either side UDL will be = 2x2. = 4.KN/m
This UDL 4 KN/m acts along E-E
All other beams are allocated a UDL of 2 KN/M
7.0 DESIGN OF FRAME WORK

The frame is analyzed and designed as shown using the software STAAD Pro.
101
31

217

21

130
129
128

32

127
126
125
16

70
189
188
187

33

186
185
11

69
118
117
116

34

115
114
113
6

35

68

36
65
172
171
170
169
168
167
64
209
208
207
206
205
63
166
165
164
163
162
161
62

216
100

27

218

109
160

22

98

23

51
24

142
141

158

140

157 37

42

47

139

156

138

155

137

112
108
204

93

17

18

19

194

203

193

202

192

201

38

43

48

191

200

190

111
107
124

12

13

14

92
136

123

135

122

134

121 39

44

49

133

120

132

119

131

110
106

91

8
45

30

46

159

40
215

28
41

105
184
183
182
181
180
179
104
214
213
212
211
210
103
178
177
176
175
174
173
102

50
3

88
154

56
25

153
152
151

52

57

150
149
97
87
199

20

198
197
196

53

58

195
96
86
148

15

147
146
145

54

59

144
143
95

85

10
55

99

Beam lay-out showing beam number of primary & secondary members

60
5

31

133

32

33

34

25

41

63 26

27

28

47

59

81

111

93

105

80

110

92

104

79

109

91

103

78

108

90

102

77

107

89

101

76

106

88

100

40

62 20

46

58

116

131

121

126

115

130

120

125

114

129

119

124

113

128

118

123

112

127

117

122

39

61 14

45

57

69

75

87

99

68

74

86

98

67

73

85

97

66

72

84

96

65

71

83

95

64

70

82

94

38

60 8

10

44

56

132

19

13

21

22

15

16

35

36

29

30

23

24

17

18

11

12

Beam lay-out showing Node numbers of primary & secondary members


From the STAAD Pro results attached with this Deflection is checked
Check for deflection
Deflections for the primary beams CD, GG HH are checked . From the STAAD results
node #21 shows a maximum displacement of 16.77 mm under serviceability load
combinations ( as per BS 5950 part-1 ;2.5) Node #21 comes along primary beam G-G
Max deflection under serviceability limit conditions
Length of beam G-G

= 8.1m

Allowable deflation

= L/200

=16.77mm

= 8100 mm

= 8100/200
=40.5mm > 16.77

Hence OK
Considering Beam E-E , which is the secondary beam containing Node #21 ,
Length of beam E-E

= 6.3m

Allowable deflation

= L/200

= 6300 mm

= 6300/200
=31.5mm > 16.77mm
Hence OK
Deflection for overhanging part of beams.
For 2.7 m long overhanging beams;
Maximum deflection occurs at Node 19 & 23 under serviceability limits = 12.58mm
Allowbale deflection

= L/180

= 2700/180 = 15mm > 12.58mm

Hence OK
Deflection for 1m long overhanging beams
Max deflection occurs at Node # 24 & 18

= 5.474mm

Allowable deflection

= 1000/180 = 5.55mm > 5.474

Hence OK
Deflection for 70cm overhang
Among node # 1,2,3,4 &5, node#1 has got max. deflection ie = 3.57mm
Allowable deflection

= 700/180

= 3.88mm > 3.57mm

Hence OK
Thus the deflection condition of main , secondary & overhanging beams are satisfied

7.1 Design of supports


Maximum direct force

The support arrangement consists of 12mm base plate 250mm dia connected to RCC
column through 16mm dia anchor bolts ( expected strength of RCC not less than
30N/mm2).
Maximum downward load acting at support = 83.23KN
Maximum upward force acting at support

= 139.9 KN

Check for base plate


Base plate is checked for 83.23 KN
Area of base plate

= 3.14/4 x(2502)
=49062.5mm2

Pressure transferred to RCC column through base plate = 83.23x1000/49062.5


= 1.69 N/mm2 (< 30N /mm2)
Considering a strip of unit width of base plate , max length=39.5mm

Max Bending Moment

= 1.69 x 39.52 = 1318 N-mm


2

Considering bending strength 275 N/mm2 for steel,


Moment capacity of 12mm thick base plate

= 275 x 1x123
6x12
= 6600 N-MM > 1318 N-MM

Hence safe
Check for Anchor Bolt
Anchor Bolt is checked for 139.9 KN
Providing 4 No anchor bolt of 16mm dia Direct tensile force to be taken by each bolt =
35KN
Providing 16mm dia steel Anchor bolt, load resisted by each bolt

= 275 x 3.14x162
4
= 55.26KN

Total load taken by 4 bolts

= 221 KN > 139.9

Hence bolt capacity is safe.


However for selection of Anchor bolt, manufacturers recommendations & exact site
conditions are to be considered before erecting.

Check for welded connection of beam to base plate


Design strength of filled weld = 220N/mm2
Length of weld = 150 x 2 = 300mm

Resistance offered 8mm thick fillet weld

= 0.707 x 8 x 300 x 220 x

1
1000

= 373KN > Upward load 139.9 KN


Hence safe.

7.5 Beam to beam connections

Connection between primary beams


In the beam grid diagram, considering the major beams using 356x171 x45, beams CC &
DD is to be continued as overhanging beams while erection. Beams CD,GG,HH &CD will
be connected to CC & DD .Also cantilever beams CA,CB,DA,DB and cantilever beams
emanating form G&H on either are connected to beams CC & DD using suitable connection
arrangements. The moments & force conditions of beams CC & DD is automatically
checked while the STAAD design process.
Hence form STAAD results the end forces & end moments of beam # 36,37,38,39,40,
51,52 ,53,54 & 55 are not considered here for connection design. The next largest end
forces & moments are considered for designing beam connections.

Max vertical force

= 32.98 KN

Maximum Moment

= 48.83 KN-M

Providing 200x150x 12mm angles brackets connected to the webs of connecting beams
using 20 mm dia steel connecting bolts as shown in figure below.

6 bolts in two sets are connected to web of main beam and 6 bolts in 1 set are provided to
the connecting beam.

Max shear force in on bolt due to direct load

= 32.98 / 6 = 5.5 KN

Shear Force induced in the force due to moment

48.83 x 0.154
(0.1542+ 2x0.072)
= 71.84KN

Resultant shear force

= (5.52+ 71.842)1/2
= 72 KN

Check for shear strength of bolt


Shear strength of bolt ( gr 4, conforming to Bs5950)

= 160 N/ mm2

Shear capacity of 20mm dia bolt

= ( 3.14 x202 /4 )x 160


1000
= 50.24 KN < 72 KN

Total moment capacity provided by bolted connection = 50.24 x6x (4x0.1542+ 2x0.072)
= 31.55KN-M
Additonal moment to be resisted

= 17.28 KN-M

On providing a splice joint using 12mm thick MS splice plate of size 200x100mm
connecting the Main beam & joining beam with 8mm thick fillet weld

Check for strength of weld


Ixx of section 356x171x45
Stress on weld

due to moment

Allowable strength of weld

= 12070 cm4

= 120.7 x106 mm4

= 17.28x106 x178 = 25.44 N/mm2


120.7x106
= 220 N/mm2 > 25.44 N/mm2, Hence Safe

Typical connection is to be provided for all 356x171x45 beam connections


Check for strength of Bolt on Main beam

Providing 6 Nos 20mm dia bolt as shown


Max shear force in on bolt (in connecting beam)

= 32.98 / 6 = 5.5 KN
= ( 3.14 x202 /4 )x 160
1000

Shear capacity of 20mm dia bolt

= 50.24 KN > 5.5 KN


Hence OK
Axial Force in bolt e to moment ( Tension)

48.83 x 0.162
= 68.19KN
2
(4x0.162 + 2x0.0692)

= 68.19 x1000 /(3.14/4x202)

Stress in bolt

= 217 N/mm2 < 240N/mm2

Check for combined shear & tension ( Bs-5950, 6.3.4.4)


Fs + Fp
Ps Pt

5.5 x1000
314x220

68.19x1000 = 0.98 < 1.4


314x240

Hence safe.

Typical connection detail to be provided for all major beam joint ( 356x171x45 beams)

Connection details of minor beams ( 100x150x5 box )

End results of beams # 42,43,44 & 110 & considered for design of connections. Out of these
beam #43 has got maximum end force conditions.
Maximum shear force

= 8.34 KN

Max. Bending moment

= 4.55 KN-M

Providing

2 no 16 mm dia bolts on the box, the bolt will be subjected to double shear

Shear load on bolt due to direct shear = 8.34 = 2 KN


2x2
Shear load on bolt due to Moment

= 4.55 = 56.875 KN
0.08

Resultant shear force on bolts

= ( 22 + 56.8752)1/2 = 56.91 KN

Shear capacity of bolt

( Duble shear) = ( 2 x 3.14/4 x 162 ) x 220 = 88.42 KN > 56.91KN


1000

Hence safe
Provide typical connection detail for all box to box connections