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TITLE: EARTHING CONDUCTOR SIZING CALCULATION

 
  • 0.00 REFERENCE:

 
  • 0.01 IEC 60364 -"Electrical Installations of Buildings"

 
  • 1.00 INPUT DATA:

 
  • 1.01 System voltage rating

 

=

66 &11

kV

  • 1.02 Fault current

 

I

=

40000

A

  • 1.03 Operating time of disconnecting device, in seconds

t

<

1

sec

(1sec duration considered, since all the protective relays are of numerical and fast acting type.)

 
  • 1.04 Factor dependent on the material of the protective conductors, insulation and other parts and the initial and final temperatures

k

=

138

(Max temperature considered is 150 O C)

 
  • 2.00 REQUIRED CROSS SECTIONAL AREA OF COPPER EARTHING CONDUCTOR (A):

 
 
TITLE: EARTHING CONDUCTOR SIZING CALCULATION 0.00 REFERENCE: 0.01 IEC 60364 -"Electrical Installations of Buildings" 1.00 INPUT
 

Where

S

=

Cross -sectional area in mm

2

I

=

Value (a.c.rms) of fault current for a fault negligible impedance, which can flow through the protective device in amperes

t

=

Operating time of disconnecting device, in seconds

 

k

=

Factor dependent on the material of the protective conductors, insulation and other parts and the initial and final temperatures

 

S =

289.86

sq.mm

 
  • 3.00 RESULT:

Area of stranded annealed soft drawn copper conductor selected is 240 Sq.mm

 

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PROJECT: TITLE: EARTHING CONDUCTOR SIZING CALCULATION 0.00 REFERENCE: 0.01 IEEE 80 - 2000 "Guide for safety
PROJECT:
TITLE: EARTHING CONDUCTOR SIZING CALCULATION
0.00
REFERENCE:
0.01
IEEE 80 - 2000 "Guide for safety in AC Substation grounding"
(Pages 41, 42 & 48 are enclosed for ready reference)
1.00
INPUT DATA:
1.01
System voltage rating
=
330
kV
1.02
Fault current
I
=
31.5
kA
1.03
Fault current duration for earthing design for large substations
(as per clause 11.3.3, page 48 of IEEE80_2000)
(1sec duration considered, since all the protective relays are of
numerical and fast acting type.)
t C
=
1
sec
1.04
Maximum allowable temperature for annealed soft drawn copper
conductor
o
T
=
450
C
m
o
1.05
Ambient temperature
T
=
45
C
a
2.00
REQUIRED CROSS SECTIONAL AREA OF COPPER EARTHING CONDUCTOR (A):
31.5
A
=
TCAP
x 10 -4
ln
(t c x α r x ρ r )
k o + T m
k o + T a
Where
2
A
=
Copper conductor cross section in mm
I
=
TCAP
=
α
=
r
ρ
=
r
k
=
Fault current in KA
Thermal capacity of copper conductor unit volume in J/(cm 3 o C)
Thermal coefficient of Resistivity of copper conductor in 1/ o C at 20 o C
Resistivity of copper conductor at 20 o C in µΩ.cm
Reciprocal of Thermal coefficient of Resistivity of copper conductor in o C at 0 o C
o
31.5
A
=
3.42
x 10 -4
ln
1 x0.0039 x 1.72
234 + 450
234 + 45
2
147.319
mm
3.00
RESULT:
Area of stranded annealed soft drawn copper conductor selected is
Sqmm

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TITLE: EARTHING CONDUCTOR SIZING

 

Date : 19. 10. 2010

 

Revision : R0

  • 0.00 REFERENCE:

 
  • 0.01 IEEE 80 - 2000 "Guide for safety in AC Substation grounding"

 
  • 1.00 INPUT DATA:

 
  • 1.01 System voltage rating

 

V R

=

330

kV

  • 1.02 Fault current

 

Isc

=

40

kA

  • 1.03 Fault duration

t C

=

1

sec

  • 1.04 Constant for earthing conductor

 

K f

=

14.3

  • 2.00 REQUIRED CROSS SECTIONAL AREA OF EARTHING CONDUCTOR (A):

 

A kcmil

=

I x K f x√t C kcmil

 

Where

I

=

Symmetrical fault current in substation, (=3Io) KA

 

K f

=

Constant for material(=7 for copper soft drawn)

t c

=

Duration of fault cuttent

 

A

=

40 x √1x 14.3 kcmil

 

=

572

kcmil

A

=

289.80 sq.mm

(1 kcmil = 1.98 Sqmm)

 
  • 3.00 RESULT:

 

The required cross sectional area is 289.8 Sq mm

 

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