Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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National Semiconductor

Op Amp Circuit Collection Application Note 31

February 1978

SECTION 1ÐBASIC CIRCUITS

Inverting Amplifier Non-Inverting Amplifier

R2

VOUT e b VIN R1 a R2

R1 VOUT e VIN

R1

RIN e R1

TL/H/7057 – 2

TL/H/7057 – 1

# R3 J R1 V

R1 a R2 R4 R2

VOUT e 2b V1

# R1 J

a R4 R1 V1 V2 V

VOUT e b R4 a a 3

For R1 e R3 and R2 e R4 R2 R3

R2 R5 e R1UR2UR3UR4

VOUT e (V2 b V1)

R1 For minimum offset error

TL/H/7057 – 3 due to input bias current

R1UR2 e R3UR4

For minimum offset error TL/H/7057 – 4

due to input bias current

Inverting Amplifier with High Input Impedance

*RS e 1k

*Source Impedance

for 1% accuracy

less than 100k

TL/H/7057 – 5 gives less than 1%

gain error.

TL/H/7057 – 6

Fast Inverting Amplifier with High Input Impedance Non-Inverting AC Amplifier

R1 a R2

VOUT e VIN

R1

RIN e R3

R3 e R1UR2

AN-31

TL/H/7057 – 8

TL/H/7057 – 7

Practical Differentiator Integrator

t2

#

1

1 VOUT e b VIN dt

fc e R1C1 t1

2qR2C1

1

1 1 fc e

fh e e 2qR1C1

2qR1C1 2qR2C2

R1 e R2

fc m fh m funity gain

TL/H/7057–9

For minimum offset error due

to input bias current TL/H/7057 – 10

Fast Integrator

VOUT e lIN R1

bias current R2 e R1

TL/H/7057 – 12

TL/H/7057 – 11

without a Negative Supply Second Positive Voltage

TL/H/7057–13 TL/H/7057 – 14

2

Neutralizing Input Capacitance Double-Ended Limit Detector

to Optimize Response Time

CN s CS

R2

VLT s VIN s VUT

VOUT e 0V for

TL/H/7057 – 15

VIN k VLT or VIN l VUT

Integrator with Bias Current Compensation

TL/H/7057 – 19

Current drift typically 0.1, n/A§ C

over b 55§ C to 125§ C

temperature range.

TL/H/7057 – 16

DTL or TTL Integrated Circuits

TL/H/7057 – 17

TL/H/7057 – 20

TL/H/7057 – 18

3

Offset Voltage Adjustment for Inverting Amplifiers Offset Voltage Adjustment for Non-Inverting Amplifiers

Using Any Type of Feedback Element Using Any Type of Feedback Element

# R1 J

R2

RANGE e g V

R5

GAIN e1a

# J

R2 R4 a R2

RANGE e g V

R1 TL/H/7057 – 22

TL/H/7057–21

Offset Voltage Adjustment for Voltage Followers Offset Voltage Adjustment for Differential Amplifiers

# R1 J

R3

RANGE e g V

TL/H/7057–23

R2 e R3 a R4

# R4 J # R1 J

R5 R1

RANGE e g V

a R3

R2

GAIN e

R1 TL/H/7057 – 24

Amplifiers Using 10 kX Source Resistance or Less

R1 e 2000 R3UR4

R4UR3 s 10 kX

# J

R3UR4

RANGE e g V

R1 TL/H/7057 – 25

4

SECTION 2 Ð SIGNAL GENERATION

TL/H/7057 – 26

fo e 10 kHz

TL/H/7057 – 27

5

Free-Running Multivibrator Wein Bridge Sine Wave Oscillator

R1 e R2

*Chosen for oscillation at 100 Hz

C1 e C2 *Eldema 1869

TL/H/7057–28 10V, 14 mA Bulb

1

fe

2qR1 C1

TL/H/7057 – 29

Function Generator

TL/H/7057 – 30

TL/H/7057 – 31

6

Bilateral Current Source Bilateral Current Source

R3 VIN

IOUT e

R1 R5

R3 e R4 a R5

R1 e R2

R3 VIN

IOUT e

R1 R5

R3 e R4 a R5

R1 e R2 TL/H/7057 – 32

TL/H/7057 – 33

R1 e R2

C1 e C2

1

fe

2qR1 C1 TL/H/7057 – 34

7

Low Power Supply for Integrated Circuit Testing

*VOUT e 1V/kX

TL/H/7057 – 91

TL/H/7057–35

TL/H/7057 – 37

TL/H/7057–36

8

Negative Voltage Reference Negative Voltage Reference

TL/H/7057 – 39

TL/H/7057 – 38

VIN

IO e TL/H/7057 – 41

R1

VIN t 0V

TL/H/7057 – 40

Differential-Input Instrumentation Amplifier

R4 R5

e

R2 R3

R4

AV e

R2

TL/H/7057 – 42

9

Variable Gain, Differential-Input Instrumentation Amplifier

*Gain adjust

AV e 10b4 R6

TL/H/7057 – 43

R3 e R4

R1 e R6 e 10R3

R7

AV e

R6

R1 e R5 e 10R2 * ² Matching determines common

mode rejection.

R2 e R3

TL/H/7057 – 44

10

Instrumentation Amplifier with g 10 Volt Common Mode Range

R1 e R4

R2 e R5

R6 e R7

² *Matching Determines CMRR

# J

R6 2R1

AV e 1a

R2 R3

TL/H/7057 – 45

R1 e R4; R2 e R3

R1

* ² Matching determines CMRR AV e 1 a

R2

³ May be deleted to maximize bandwidth TL/H/7057 – 46

power supply noise by 20 dB

and makes supply bypassing

unnecessary.

²Trim for best common

mode rejection

³Gain adjust

TL/H/7057 – 47

11

Bridge Amplifier Precision Diode

R1 R2

e

RS1 RS2

#1 J

R1

VOUT e V a b

RS1

TL/H/7057–48 TL/H/7057 – 49

pedance of less than 200X if

D2 is used.

TL/H/7057–50

TL/H/7057 – 51

Precision AC to DC Converter

*Feedforward compensation can be used to make a fast full wave rectifier without a filter. TL/H/7057 – 52

TL/H/7057 – 53

12

Absolute Value Amplifier with Polarity Detector

R2

VOUT e b l VIN l c

R1

R2 R4 a R3

e

R1 R3

TL/H/7057 – 54

*Polycarbonate-dielectric capacitor

TL/H/7057 – 55

² Teflon, Polyethylene or Polycarbonate

Dielectric Capacitor

TL/H/7057 – 56

13

Low Drift Integrator

TL/H/7057 – 57

*Q1 and Q3 should not have internal gate-protection diodes. Worst case drift less than 500 mV/sec over b 55§ C to a 125§ C.

TL/H/7057 – 58

* In addition to increasing speed, the LM101A raises high and low frequency ² Power Bandwidth: 250 kHz

gain, increases output drive capability and eliminates thermal feedback. Small Signal Bandwidth: 3.5 MHz

Slew Rate: 10V/ms

6 c 10b8

³ C5 e

Rf

14

Fast Integrator with Low Input Current

TL/H/7057 – 59

1

fO e

2qR1C1

e 60 Hz

R1 e R2 e R3

C1 e C2 e C23 TL/H/7057 – 60

15

Easily Tuned Notch Filter

Tuned Circuit

1

fO e

2q0R1R2C1C2

TL/H/7057 – 62

R4 e R5

R1 e R3

R4 e (/2 R1

1

fO e

2qR40C1C2

TL/H/7057 – 61

1

fO e

2q0R1R2C1C2

TL/H/7057 – 63

16

Negative Capacitance Multiplier

R2

Ce C1

R3

VOS a R2 IOS

IL e

R3

R3(R1 a RIN)

RS e

RIN AVO

TL/H/7057 – 65

#1 J

Rb

Ce a C1

Ra

TL/H/7057 – 66

R1

Ce C1

R3

VOS a IOS R1

IL e

R3

RS e R3

L t R1 R2 C1

RS e R2

RP e R1

TL/H/7057 – 67

TL/H/7057 – 68

17

High Pass Active Filter

TL/H/7057 – 71

*Values are for 100 Hz cutoff. Use metalized polycarbonate capacitors for good temperature stability.

TL/H/7057 – 72

*Values are for 10 kHz cutoff. Use silvered mica capacitors for good temperature stability.

TL/H/7057 – 73

18

Current Monitor Saturating Servo Preamplifier with

Rate Feedback

R1 R3

VOUT e IL

R2

TL/H/7057 – 75

TL/H/7057–74

Power Booster

TL/H/7057 – 76

19

Analog Multiplier

# 10 J

Vb

R5 e R1

V1 t 0

V1 V2

VOUT e

10

TL/H/7057 – 77

TL/H/7057 – 79

Propagation delay approximately 200 ns

TL/H/7057 – 78 ² DTL or TTL fanout of three.

Minimize stray capacitance

Pin 8

*Set for 0V at 0§ C

² Adjust for 100 mV/§ C

TL/H/7057 – 81

Low frequency cutoff e R1 C1

TL/H/7057–80

20

Photodiode Amplifier Photodiode Amplifier

VOUT e R1 ID

VOUT e 10 V/mA

TL/H/7057 – 82

TL/H/7057 – 83

*Operating photodiode with less than 3 mV

across it eliminates leakage currents.

TL/H/7057 – 84

Available from Vishay Ultronix,

Grand Junction, CO, Q81 Series.

*Determines current for zero

crossing on output: 10 mA

as shown.

TL/H/7057 – 85

10 nA k IIN k 1 mA

Sensitivity is 1V per decade

21

Root Extractor

22

* ² 2N3728 matched pairs TL/H/7057 – 86

Multiplier/Divider

TL/H/7057 – 87

Cube Generator

TL/H/7057 – 88

23

Op Amp Circuit Collection

Fast Log Generator

Available from Vishay Ultronix,

Grand Junction, CO, Q81 Series.

TL/H/7057 – 89

Anti-Log Generator

Available from Vishay Ultronix,

Grand Junction, CO, Q81 Series.

TL/H/7057 – 90

NATIONAL’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT

DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT OF NATIONAL

SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein:

1. Life support devices or systems are devices or 2. A critical component is any component of a life

systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant support device or system whose failure to perform can

into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life

failure to perform, when properly used in accordance support device or system, or to affect its safety or

with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can effectiveness.

be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury

to the user.

Corporation Europe Hong Kong Ltd. Japan Ltd.

1111 West Bardin Road Fax: (a49) 0-180-530 85 86 13th Floor, Straight Block, Tel: 81-043-299-2309

AN-31

Arlington, TX 76017 Email: cnjwge @ tevm2.nsc.com Ocean Centre, 5 Canton Rd. Fax: 81-043-299-2408

Tel: 1(800) 272-9959 Deutsch Tel: (a49) 0-180-530 85 85 Tsimshatsui, Kowloon

Fax: 1(800) 737-7018 English Tel: (a49) 0-180-532 78 32 Hong Kong

Fran3ais Tel: (a49) 0-180-532 93 58 Tel: (852) 2737-1600

Italiano Tel: (a49) 0-180-534 16 80 Fax: (852) 2736-9960

National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.

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