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FtztK(4531)

SKEMAPEMARKAHAN
KERTAS11213
Jawapan Kertas I

No. Jawapan No. Jawanan


I B 26. B
2. D 27. C
J. A 28. C
4. c 29. C
5. c 30. D
6. c 31. B
7. A 32. B
8. C 33. A
9. B 34. A
10. D 35. C
I l. C 36. D
12. C 37. B
13. A 38. A
14. A 39. C
15. A 40. D
16. D 41. D
17. B 42. A
18. A 43. C
r9. B 44. A
20. D 45. A
21. A 46. D
22. C 47. B
23. D 48. B
24. B 49. D
25. D 50. A

SECTION A MARK
NO.
MARKING CRITERIA SUB TOTAL
1(a) Abilityto detectsmallchanges I

(b) Mass I

(c) 0.1 I

(d) Zeroerror I 4
2(a) equivalentpoint on the wave
Distancebetweentwo successive I

(b) Longitudinalwave I

(c) Showsa correctsubstitution


- 170 x 2.5 I

Answerwith a correctunit

- 425.0m st or Hzm I

(d) lncrease I 5

3(a) Give any two answercorrectly


- Upright, literally inverted,samesize I

(b) Answer with unit


5+9 =l4 m I

(c) Answer with unit


3+7 :l 0m I

(d) I
MOO,flH2,A',1{
(e)

3 7

a(a) Liquid,rogas I

(b) -heatis absorved by molecules I


- heatis usedto overcometheforcesof attractionbetween
molecule I

(c) Give any two answerscorrectly


-humidity I
-movementof air I
-Temperatureof surrounding I
Max 2
(d) Showa correct substitution
Heatloss,Q= m/
: 0.08X 2.4X 106 I
Correct answerwith unit I
192000 J Max 7
s(a) Aerofoilliftedup
(b)

- air flow uppersurfacehigh I


- air flow lower surfacelow I
- differencein pressureresultin net upward force I

Bernoulli'sprinciple

Any apparatus
Bunsenburner
6 (a)

Normal
Reaction

NormalReaction= Weight * force


or R:mg + ma

F: R-W
R:m a*mg
R:60 (3)+60(10)
R = 1 80+600N

lncreases

downwardswith deceleration
The lift decelerates a-3ms-' ,
the reactionforce (R) is greaterthan the weight of the boy.
o r R>W

3
7(a) I

(bxi) High 1
(ii) Whenthe connectingwire touchesB the transistoris switchedoff. No current I
flow throughthe Rr resistoranda voltmeterV2 showshigh.

e) i) ftnputTou$"t I
lo-T'-:__l I
l-'-To-___l
*All outputmustbe comect

(c) NOT GATE I


ii)
N- I
tl -,2:-l-

1
d)
ffi I
ffi 1
ffi I 10
l 0 ll l 0 ll l tl l l
ffi
8(q)
i 15hours I
Shortertime taken I
ll Gammaray I
High penetrating I
lll Liquid I
Easierto dissolved I
(b)
I r1)' I
I -t I

16 \2)
4T+= 4x28
=llZyears

ll
t40 -
- ).f ,
28;
I I
= 'x5 .0x1015
32
= 1 . 5 6x l Ota
(c) GeigerMuller Tubei I
Sparkcounter/
I DiffusioncloudChamber/
Gold leaf electroscope/
Photographic detector
ll To detectleakagein undergroundpipe/
Thicknesscontrolin paperandmetalsheetproduction/
Examinecontaminationin cannedfood/ I
In medicaltreatmenV
In archaeology/
In agriculture

t+ I
(d) r) Massdefect= (2.104012+ 3.016050) + 1.0087)u
- (4.002603 I
: 0 . 0 1 8 7 5 9u

ii) Energyreleased:(0.018759)
(1.66x tO-27111.0
x 108;2J I t2
:2.80x l0-"

SectionB:
9 (a) (r) Buoyantforce is the upward force resulting from an object being I I
whollv or partiallv immersedin a fluid.
(ii) Waterlevel in Diaeram9.1 is lower thanin Diaeram9.2 I
Volume of water displacedin Diagram9.1 is lessthan in Diagram I
9.2
Massof loadin Diagram9.1 is lessthaninDiasramg.2 I
When mass of load increases,weight of cargo also increases.Thus, I
volume of water displaced increasesand buoyant force increases.
Buoyantforce: weightof cargoandloadll I t
Weightof waterdisplaced= weightof cargoandload
(iii) Archimedes' principle I
Archimedes' Principle statesthat when an object is wholly or 1 2
partially immersedin a fluid, the buoyanceforce is equal to the
weightof waterdisplaced
(b) Putthe hydrometerinto the liquid to be measured. t
The denserthe liquid is, the hydrometerwill float higher. The
readingsof hydrometeris higher.
On the scaleof a hydrometer,the zeroreadingis on top. I 2
Thereadingincreasesasit go downthe scale.llBigger valueson the
lower part of the scale.
Thus,the denserthe objectis, the higherthe hydrometerafloatandit
givesa greaterreading.

10
Modifications Explanation
Use material of low density Lighter
to build the bodv of the ship
Usefibre to build the bodv of
Strongerll canwithstandthe
the ship roughseaasit travel far
Use more partition to store
To reduce the effect of
the oil inertia
Aerodvnamicin shaoe To reduceair resistance
Sliopervbodv To reducewaterresistance
Increasethe size To increasethe volume I to
increasethe capacitv
Usedieselin the enqine Safeenergy
o Any 5 correct modificationsand explanationand other
related answer
10 (a) (i) Waves are carriers of energy // A wave is a disturbancethat I
transfersenergybetweentwo points through vibrations in a
medium,without transferringmatterbetweenthe two points.

(ii) (1) Both the wave sourcesarecoherent. I

(2) In Diagram9.1, the positionswherethe studentsare standing I


are where con.structiveinterferenceoccurs.
ln Diagram 9.2, the antinodal lines are where constructive
interferenceoccurs.//Diagramsas follows:

ConstnrctiYeInterference

2e

(3) In Diagram9.1, the positionsin betweenthe studentsare I


wheredestructiveinterferenceoccurs.
In Diagram 9.2, the nodal lines are where desffuctiveinterference
occurs.//Diagram as follows:

D estnrctiveInterference

(4) Physicsconcept:Interference//The principleof I


superposition

(5) Interferenceis the superpositionof two wavesoriginating 1


5
from two coherent sources
//
Principle of superposition states that when two waves move
simultaneously and coincide at a point, the sum of the
displacementsat that point is equal to the sum of the displacements
of the individualwavesbv vectormethod.

6
(b)
l
I t
\
\

-----

Labelcrestand trough I
Labela correctly I
Labelx correctly I
LabelD correctly I 4

(c)
No Modifications Explanation
(i) Distancebetweentwo To reduceinterference
stereospeakers
- Nearto one another 2
(ii) The speakersmust be To avoidhumming/
placedin front of the disturbance// To prevent
microphones the soundfrom speakers 2
beingamplified againby
the microphones
(i ii) Coversthe wallswith thick To reducethe echoeseffect
and soft curtains/ alaver // Soft materialscan reduce
ofsoft board reflectionof soundwaves
Usechairswith thick To reducethe echoeseffect
cushions // Soft materialscanreduce
reflectionof soundwaves
Coversthe floor with thick To reducethe echoeseffect
carpets // Soft materialscanreduce
reflectionof soundwaves
Coversthe wall with To reducethe echoeseffect
uneven/ roughsurface // So that the reflected
wavesare in various
directionsand finally being
absorbed
Make sureall the small To avoid difhaction of
openingsbetweendoors/ soundwaves// To avoid
windowsand the door / noisefrom the outside
window framesare closed
UD
Positioningof the two To producea clearsound
speakersand audience stagingeffect
is arrangedin the way as
suchthat they form a
triangle
* For (iii), candidatescan state any 3 modifications 6 l0
with correct explanation
No 1l SectionC Sub Total
a(t) Concavelens I
(ii) l. Raysdivergedafter passingthroughconcavelens
,|
2 . Ravsthen focusedbv eve lens
(iii) High refractiveindex
.,
Lens is thinner lliehter 5
b(D l. microscopeis madeup of two powerful convexlenses. I
2.T is chosenas the objectivelens I
3.asT hasthe highestpower I
4. S is chosenaseyelens I
5. powerof T is hieherthan S I 5
b(iD l. objectmust be placedbetweenf o and 2fo
2. At leasttwo raysof light from objectto form the first image
3. Real , magnifiedand inverted first image
4. First imageat a distanceof lessthan focal lengthof eye lens
5. Conect rays of light for the formationof secondimage
6. Final imageis virtual , magnifiedand inverted
T.Distancebetweentwo lenses> fo + frn
anv 5 points Max 5 5
c (i) Focallength :100 /5 I
:20 cm
(ii) ll4 0 +llv: /1 0 I

v:20 c m I
(iiD M : v/u l
:20 /20= | I 5
20
marks
No 12
a(i) Has magneticpropertieswhen currentflow //lose magneticpropertywhen I I
thereis no current.
(ii) l. Numberof turnsof coil
2. Whennumberof turnsof coil increases, strengthof electromagnet
increases.
3. Current
4. Whencurrentincrease. strengthof electromametalso increases 4
(bxi) l.Soft iron core I
2. Soft iron core focussedthe magneticflux/ increasethe strengthof the
electromagnet I
(ii) I Minimumvoltagefor relay: 160mA x 20 I
2 = 3 .2Y I
a
J TerminalAB mustbeconnectedto 6 V l
(iii) L current= 1000/240 I
2. :4.167 A I
3. Most suitableconnectingwires will be thick copperwires I
4. copper- low resistance I
5. thick - do not melt dueto hieh current/ low resistance I l0
(c) (i) Stepdown transformer I
(i i ) LNo of turnsof secondary : l2l 240 x2000 I
2. :100 turns I
(i i i ) =
l. lnputpower 0.125x240 I
:30 W
2. Efficiency:241 30 x 100% I
3. : 80 o/o I Mar 5
20m

I
PHYSICS PAPER 3 (4531/3)

SECTION A
NO MARKING SCHEME MARK
SUB TOTAL
l.(a)(D - diameterof nichromewke I d I I
dtameterw6yar nilvom / d

(ii) - Resistanceof nichromewire / R I I


Rintanganwcryar nilrom / R

(iii) -Lengthof nichromewire / Current I I


Panjangwcryarnilvom / Arus

7 (b) (i) -Diagram 1.2: l.5Y


\ -Diagram1.3: 0.9V
)
-Diagram1.4: 0.6 V
-Diagram1.5: 0.4 V
-Diagram 1.6:0.3V
!91!g: Any three readingscorrect, award I mark 2 2
(ii) d /mm R/O
0 .1 5 7.50
0.20 4.50
0.25 3.00
0.30 2.00
0.35 r.50 2 2

(iii) Note : Any three readingscorrect, award 1 mark


- Valuesof d,l/t,1, V and R shownin the table I I
- Statethe units of d,I/f , I, V and R correctly I I
- The valuesof d,I/f ,1, V and R are consisient(value for lld2 I I
must be 3 or 4 decimalplaces)
- Nilai-nilai d,I/t, [ lz and R ditunjukpada jadual
- Nyatakanunit d,I/f ,1, V and R dengin beiut
- Nilai-nitai d,l/f, I, V and^R mempunyai tempatperpuluhan
yang tekal (untuk nitai I/f perlu 3 ataa a dtik-perputuhan)

d/ l/{ /mm-' UA V/V R/O


mm
I
I
0.15
0.20
44.4444
25.0000
0.2
0.2
1.50
0.90
7.50
4.50
) 0.2s 16.0000 0.2 0.60 3.00
0.30 11.1111 0.2 0.40 2.00
0.35 8.t632 0.2 0.30 1.50

(Accept3 decimalplaces
".#

q
(c) Draw a completegraph of RagainstI/t
Tick { basedon the following aspects:
I
- A. ShowR on Y-axis and,I/d on X-axis {
I
- B. Statethe units of the variablescorrectly 1|l

- C. Both axesaremarkedwith uniform scale {


- D. All five pointsareplottedcorrectly, 'V.l
Note : Only threepointsplottedcorrectly,award{
- E. Best straightline is drawn {
- F. Showthe minimum sizeof graphat least ',1
5x4(10cmx8cm)squ a re
( countedfrom the origin until the furthest
point )

Lukis srqf R melawan I/f denganlengkap


Tanda,,l berdasarkanaspekberilcut:
- A. TunjuklcanR pada paksi Y dan
I/t padapaksi X
- B. Nyatakan unit semuapemboleh ubah
denganbetul
- C. Skalagraf lcedru-duapal<siadalah
seragam
- D. Kesemuatitik ditanda denganbetul
Nota : Hanya tiga titik ditanda denganbetul, tl diberi
- E. Garis lurus penyesuaianyong terbaik dan
licin
- F. Saizgraf sekurang-larangnya
5x4(I0cmxB cm)pers e g i
( dikira dari titik asalan hingga titik
terakhi)
Score
Number of { Score
7 5
5-6 4
3-4 3
2 2
I I
I
(d) - R is directly proportionalto d2 5
5
- R berfuidarlangsunga"ngon I
!
I

/0
Graph of .Ragari4stl//
Graf R metawhhttd

Rt o
/

/
u

/.
/.

a /

/
J

.' /
/

./
7

0 'I
l a
I t 1 I 4 5 ( D Uf m-2

\\
NO MARKING SCHEME MARK
SUB TOTAL
2a) Increaselinearly I I
meningkatsecaralinear
2b)
/:700 - 100
70 -10
:j99
60
= 10.00cm

Show a gradienttriangle on graphpaper


Note: Show the minimum size of triangle at least5 x 4 (l0cm x
8cm) I
Menunjulrkansegi tiga lcecerunandi atas graf
Correctsubstitution
Penggantianyangbetul I

Correctanswerwith unit = 10.0cm


Jawapandenganunit yang betul : 10.0cm I 3
2 c).i)
Showthe methodto determinethe valueof u+v by
showingthe correspondinghorizontalline with zv.
cerapanuv denganmembinagarisyang sepadan.
menunjulrkan I

u * v:70 cm
I 2
2 c) ii)
v:l!ll-4482
2
:57.91cm

- Showthe correctsubstitution
- Menggantiknnnilai denganbetul I

-Statethe correctanswerwith unit 57.9I cm.i 0.1


-Menyatakan jawapan denganunit yang betul 57.91cm.+ 0.1 I 2
2 c) iii)
P- l @ I
0.1m l0cm
: lo m-r @ o.lcm-r @ +loD
-Corect substitution
-Penggantian yang betul I

-Correctanswerwith unit
-Jawupandenganunit yang betul I 2
2d)
- Positionof eyemustperpendicular to the metrerule scale
whenreadingis takento avoidparallaxerror.
Kedudukanmata hendaklahselari dengan I
,skalabucaan.
- hnageproducedhasto be as sharpas possible.
i ._ vune dihasilkan meslilah laiam.
Irnei,vut!$
_l______tryleJ I 2

l.J-
Graph of uv against a * u
Graf uv melawan u t v

w lcm z

\3
SECTIONB
NO. MARKING SCHEME MARK
3 (a) Inference : The of the trains is dependson its mass
acceleratiott/velocity I
when force is constant.
Inferens : Pecutan/halaju'kereta api mainan adalah bersandarpada
jisimnya

(b) Hypothesis: Whenthe massincreases, the acceleration/velocity


is decreases I
Hipotesis : Apabila jisim meningkat,pecutan akan berkurang

(c) Variables : Manipulated : massofthe trolley


of the trolley
Responding : acceleration/velocity I
Pembokh ubah dimanipulasikan : iisim troli
Pemboleh ubahyang bercandar : pecutan/halaiu troli

Constant Variable : force appliedto the trolley, frictionlessrunaway


Pemboleh ubahyang dimtlarhan : dayayang dikenakanpda troli, daya I
geserantroli

List of apparatus : trolleys,runaway,pulley, ticker timer, ticker tape, I


slottedweight,thread,power supply,metrerule andweighing
scale.
Senarai alatan : troli, landasan,takal,janglca detik,pita detik,pemberat,
bekalankuasadanpenimbang,pembari.s.

Arrangementof apparatus:Diagram I or 2 I
1) Diagram I

ticker
,,tun?tlliI

lotted
table weight

2) Diagram 2

band
-Rubber
Ticker tape-------.-.-/*
. -,u- .{-; j:--i=- ------- frouey
-.,'
'---t'tltl)ft'{i?f

)t
cg{r.ol of Manipuratedvariabre : Measurethemassof one
troileyon a
weighingscale.
Timhang jisim sebuahtroli denganmenggunakanpenimbang.

Measurement of Respo
holley is calculatedfrom lengthof the ticker tape.
Pecutan/halajutroli dihitung denganmengukurpanjang pita
detik
Repeat: Repeatedffi
Ulangeksperimen
dengan2,3,4dan5 buih trolr

Tabulation of data
Acceleration (ms-2
Daa,.t-- t---2t )

Sketchthe graphof massagainstacceleration

Inference, rh" *
Inferens: Panjang gelombangadarahberiandar rrepada'heiaraman
air
Hypothesis:fhe
Hipotesh : Semahindalam air, ie makinpanj angpanj
ang gelombang
Aim To investigateth
-:
wavelength.
T4juan: Uwuk mengk4ji hubungkait kedatamanair
danpanjang
gelombang.
Variables : Manipulated : depthof water
Responding : wavelength
Dimanipulosikan : kedalamanair
Bergerak balos : panjang gelombang

Constant Varialt
Pembolehubah dimatarkan : freiuensi gelombang

r5
powersupply,
metrerule, stroboscope,
@itank,
water.
Senarai alat radas : Tangki riak, pembaris meter,strobosknp,beknlanhtasa I
dan air
ApparatusArangement: I

Ripple stroboscope

White paper

@ Variable. Measuredlcm of water depth.Switch


on the ripple tank and sketchthe wavefronton thewhite paperin the aid of I
stroboscope.
Uhtr lredalamanair lcepadaI cm. Hidupkan tangki riak dan lakarkan muka
gelombangdenganbantuanstroboscope.

Measurement of RespondingVariable : The wavelenglhts measufedDy


I
usingmetrerule referringto the sketch.
fa4ang gelombangdiuhtr denganpembaris meterberpanduftan laftqran'
I
Repeat : Repeatedfor the depthof waterwlth zcm, Jcm' 4cm ano ) cm.
rn)-- oLomvimon iononn kednlnman 2.3.4 dan Scm
I
Tabulation of data

Analysisof data.
I
Sketihthe graphof wavelengthagainstdepth'
Lakorkan graf paniang gelombangmelowankedalaman

wavGlength/m

I
I
!

i
I
i l-.-_----.--* depth/m
I
i
I
i
I I
I
I I
I
i
i I
I

I I t _ --
.-+-----.
TOTAL t2
I i- -L- - -