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Roshni Albany Page 2 January 10 to January 23 2014

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Ambassador Jalil Abbas Jilani presents
credentials at the State Department
WASHINGTON - After arriving in Washington
over the weekend, Ambassador Jalil Abbas
Jilani presented copies of his credentials to
Ms. Natalie Jones, the Acting Chief of Protocol
at the US Department of State, today.
Presenting copies of credentials to the US
Chief of Protocol enables the newly arrived
Ambassadors to start functioning as the
accredited representatives of their
Governments pending the formal ceremony at
the White House.
On arrival at the State Department,
Ambassador Jilani was received by the senior
By DONALD G. McNEIL Jr.
The first $1 million Caplow Children's Prize
was won by a Pakistani pediatrician who
hopes to save hundreds of newborns in one
Karachi neighborhood.
Dr. Anita Zaidi, one of the first doctors trained
by Pakistan's Aga Khan University and who
has additional degrees from Duke and
Harvard, beat 550 other entries, including
those from major charities like Doctors Without
Borders.
The neighborhood she plans to help, Rehri
Goth, is a fishing village facing a mangrove
swamp. Even though it is within the borders of
Pakistan's financial capital, one of the world's
largest cities, its residents are so poor and so
cut off from medical care that 11 percent of
local children die before age 5 - usually during
birth or in the first month after it.
"The population lives in scattered clusters and
is very poorly linked to public transport,"
officials from the protocol as well as the Office
of the Special Representative on Afghanistan
and Pakistan (SRAP). In exchanging views
with the US officials on the state of bilateral
relations, Ambassador Jilani expressed his
desire to further deepen and strengthen the
bilateral relationship in its all aspects.
Following the presentation of credentials,
Ambassador Jilani was handed over the Head
of Mission pin by the Acting Chief of Protocol.
Ambassador Jilani was working as the Foreign
Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
Islamabad.
Dr. Zaidi said. Most cannot afford any kind of
private transportation, so mothers are forced to
give birth at home. If a crisis like obstructed
labor or hemorrhage develops, little can be
done.
"Many people don't realize the huge role that
good maternal care at the time of delivery has
in saving children's lives," she added.
With the prize money, she will train midwives
and set up a transportation network to get
mothers in birth crises to hospitals. She will
also try to change prejudices that some
families harbor against hospitals, and get food
and vitamins for mothers and vaccines for
children.
Courtesy by: New York Times
$1 Million Prize for Pakistani Pediatrician
Roshni Albany Page 3 January 10 to January 23 2014
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A Message from Michael Dodman
US Consul General, in Karachi
In a YouTube video message Mike Dodman,
the American Consul General in Karachi said,
not long ago President Barak Obama said
"The future belongs to young people with an
education and the imagination to create."
Following President Obama's lead the United
States recognizes the importance of preparing
today's young people to become tomorrow's
leaders. And that's why I'm so proud of the
many programs that we have to educate and
inspire young people in Pakistan.
In July this year we launched our 'Sports
Diplomacy Initiative' to encourage young
people to participate in sports. So far we've
held two events, a Ramadan cricket match for
children from Karachi orphanages and a
football clinic for young girls. Several Pakistani
sports celebrities also joined us for these
events. I love these programs because sports
like cricket and football they exemplify
principles of leadership, teamwork and
respect. These are core values that are shared
by Pakistanis and Americans alike.
One of my favorite programs is 'English
Access', a two year after school course that
teaches English to talented 14 to 18 year olds.
In Sindh the 'Access' program serves 1800
students in Karachi and Hyderabad, with more
cities to come. Along with intensive English
instruction, the 'Access' students participate in
community service projects where they
develop leadership skills and give back to their
communities. This summer dozens of our
'Access' students participated in exchange
programs in the United States and Turkey
where they were able to practice their English
skills and to meet students from across the
globe.
In addition to these and other programs, the
American people are investing millions of
dollars through USAID to improve 'Access' to
high quality basic education for thousands of
Pakistani students. Just in Sindh alone, USAID
is building 120 new primary schools and
construction is underway on 3 new university
faculties that will train Pakistan's next
generation of teachers. Shortly we're going to
launch a literacy program that will improve the
reading skills of 750 thousand school children
throughout Sindh.
Through our education initiatives, the United
States is helping Pakistani youth reach their
full potential. I look forward to continuing these
and other efforts to help build a more secure
and prosperous country, a roshan Pakistan
. / / /
Roshni Albany Page 4 January 10 to January 23 2014
Muhammad Ali's advice to his daughters......Powerful!
An incident transpired when Muhammad Ali's
daughters arrived at his home wearing clothes
that were quite revealing.
Here is the story as told by one of his
daughters:
"When we finally arrived, the chauffeur
escorted my younger sister, Laila, and me up
to my father's suite. As usual, he was hiding
behind the door waiting to scare us. We
exchanged many hugs and kisses as we could
possibly give in one day.
My father took a good look at us. Then he sat
me down on his lap and said something that I
will never forget. He looked me straight in the
eyes and said, "Hana, everything that God
made valuable in the world is covered and
hard to get to.
Where do you find diamonds? Deep down in
the ground, covered and protected.
Where do you find pearls? Deep down at the
bottom of the ocean, covered up and protected
in a beautiful shell.
Where do you find gold? Way down in the
mine, covered over with layers and layers of
rock. You've got to work hard to get to them."
He looked at me with serious eyes. "Your body
is sacred. You're far more precious than
diamonds and pearls, and you should be
covered too."
From the book: More Than A Hero:
Muhammad Ali's Life Lessons Through His
Daughter's Eyes.
Mehreena is President
of Salaam Toastmasters
SCHENECTADY - Mehreena Ahmad was
elevated as President of Salaam
Toastmasters. Salaam Toastmasters
dedicated to improving public speaking skills
meets first and third Wednesdays of every
month at 6.30 pm at the ICCD. On January
15th, Salaam Toastmasters kick-off the New
Year with a potluck meeting. This international
organization prepares you for the challenges of
tomorrow and the day after.
Salaam Toastmasters welcomes new
members to attend a meeting and unlock your
potential. Contact M.A. Waheed at 795-5894.
The Planned Islamic Community
Center of Syracuse Has Moved
SYRACUSE - The ISCNY Islamic Community
Center plans have undergone some changes.
The planned structure has moved to a
centered location on the 45 acre site.
Geo-Technical engineers are currently working
at this new location to determine how well the
ground will support the 16,500 square foot 1
story building. This structure, to be built in two
phases will be large enough to house a prayer
area, classrooms, offices, basketball court,
and kitchen with parking for approximately 400
cars.
The Site Plan has been prepared, and the
committee is preparing the application for the
Onondaga Town Board approval. Once the
Town Board approves the application-which
usually takes a few months, construction can
begin. When the site plan is approved we will
need the support of the entire community to
take this project from the planning stage to the
day its doors open to facilitate your worship
and Islamic development.
It's That MIST Time of Year!
SYRACUSE - Once again, Team Syracuse is
organizing to register for the MIST NY
Regional Competition 2014. MIST is the
Muslim Inter-Scholastic Tournament held
annually and is open to all high school
students. Regional winners advance to the
National Competition and compete against
Muslim students from around the country! The
Syracuse team can boast several regional and
national winners since 2011.
This years' Regional Competition will be held
on April 5-7, at Columbia University Medical
Center, NYC. The National Competition will be
held August 1-3, the location is to be
announced. This years' theme: "The Art of
Generosity: Finding the Greatness to Give"
Page 5 January 10 to January 23 2014
Michelle Obama's DNA Test Show Slave Owner as Ancestor
WASHINGTON, D. C. - First Lady Michelle
Obama always suspected that she had white
ancestors. But she had no idea who they were.
With DNA testing and research, I was able to
solve that mystery and finally identify the white
forbears who had remained hidden in her
family tree for more than a century.
All across the country, growing numbers of
people are turning to DNA testing as a tool to
help unlock the secrets of their roots, When I
started researching my new book, "American
Tapestry: The Story of the Black, White and
Multiracial Ancestors of Michelle Obama,'' I
pored over historical documents that I found in
local archives, courthouses and libraries as
well as records that I found online on
ancestry.com and other state and local
databases. But I knew that DNA testing would
be the only way to unearth the truth.
I suspected that Mrs. Obama's white ancestors
belonged to the white Shields family that had
owned her great-great-great grandmother,
Melvinia Shields. So I persuaded several
descendants of the black and white Shields to
do DNA testing.
The results showed that the two families were
related. The DNA testing indicated that
Melvinia's owner's son was the likely father of
Melvinia's biracial child, Dolphus Shields.
(Dolphus Shields is the first lady's great-great
grandfather.)
This was painful news for many of the Shields
descendants. They knew that that Melvinia
might have been raped and that their kinship
originated during slavery, one of the darkest
chapters of our history.
But last month, members of both sides of the
family - black and white - put aside the pain of
the past. They got together for the very first
time in Rex, Georgia at a ceremony to
commemorate Melvinia's life. They swapped
family stories, posed for photographs,
exchanged phone numbers and had a meal
together.
David Applin, who is Melvinia's
great-grandson, said the reunion was
"wonderful." And Jarrod Shields, who is the
great-great-great grandson of Melvinia's
owner, described it as a day "my family will
never forget."
This story was contributed by guest blog
author Rachel L. Swarns
Rachel L. Swarns has been a reporter for the
New York Times since 1995. She has written
about domestic policy and national politics,
reporting on immigration, the presidential
campaigns of 2004 and 2008, and First Lady
Michelle Obama and her role in the Obama
White House. She has also worked overseas
for the New York Times, reporting from Russia,
Cuba, and southern Africa, where she served
as the Johannesburg bureau chief. She lives in
Washington, D.C., with her husband.
Roshni Albany Page 6 January 10 to January 23 2014
India tells US to close embassy club;
row exposes flaws in ties
NEW DELHI - India ordered the United States
on Wednesday (January 9 2014) to close
down an embassy club for expatriate
Americans in New Delhi, escalating a
diplomatic row that has brought faultiness in
ties between the nations out in the open.
According to Reuters News Agency, Furious at
the arrest, handcuffing and strip search of its
deputy consul in New York last month, India
initially reacted by curtailing privileges offered
to US diplomats. The officer, Devyani
Khobragade, was accused by prosecutors of
underpaying her nanny and lying on a visa
application,
Nearly a month on, the row has started to
affect the wider relationship between the
world’s two largest democracies, with one
high-level visit by a senior US official already
postponed and a visit scheduled for next week
by US Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz looking
doubtful.
Both sides have said the relationship is
important and will not be allowed to deteriorate
US needs India on its side as US troops pull
out of Afghanistan and it engages with China.
Millions of Indians have made the United
States their home and bilateral trade is worth
about $100 billion a year.
The row over Devyani Khobragade, which
should not have been more than an easily
resolved irritation, has plunged the two
countries into a crisis described by Indian
media as the worst since New Delhi tested a
nuclear device in 1998.
“I’m a little worried it may spin out of control,”
said Lalit Mansingh, a former Indian
ambassador to the United States who has also
served as India’s top diplomat and is now
retired.
India stepped up the pressure on Wednesday
ahead of a January 13 court appearance
where Khobragade could be indicted, ordering
the US embassy in Delhi to stop receiving
non-diplomats at an embassy club popular
with expatriate Americans for its swimming
pool and restaurant.
Americans working in the Indian capital have
been frequenting the club for decades. An
Indian government source said the club should
not be offering services to non-diplomats when
it has tax-free status.
A US embassy spokesman was not
immediately available for comment.
In Washington, State Department
spokeswoman Jen Psaki stressed the
importance of relations with India and said the
United States “endeavours to always be in
compliance with local laws and regulations.”
“We are continuing our conversations with the
Indian Government ... with the importance of
the broad strategic US-India partnership firmly
in mind,” she said.
India had already curtailed privileges offered to
US diplomats to bring them in line with the
treatment of Indian envoys to the United
States. Since December, the US ambassador
in Delhi can be subjected to airport frisking and
most consular staff have reduced levels of
immunity.
Concrete barriers were removed from a road
near the US embassy last month, apparently in
retaliation for the loss of a parking spot for the
Indian ambassador in Washington.
India is also preparing to take steps against
the embassy school, which it suspects may be
employing some staff in violation of visa
requirements, a government source said.
Despite an overall improvement in ties since
the end of the Cold War, the Khobragade
dispute has brought into the open the lingering
wariness between the two countries. Over the
past year, there has been increasing friction
over trade, intellectual property rights and
visas for Indian IT workers.
There is also a legacy of mistrust, with some
Indian officials whose professional life began
when India was a close partner of the Soviet
Union still not convinced Washington is a
reliable ally.
“For 50 years we were led to believe that the
United States was an adversary. For the last
10 years we have been experimenting with a
strategic partnership. It is not a done deal.”
said Mansingh.
Among some US diplomats there is a
perception that while India insists on respect
and friendship from Washington, it fails to
deliver either in support on issues such as Iran
or Afghanistan, or by giving enough
commercial access to US businesses.
More retaliation
To defuse the spat, India wants the US State
Department to approve Khobragade’s transfer
to its UN mission in New York, a move it
believes would give her immunity from
prosecution.
If that doesn’t happen before the US
government commences a preliminary hearing
or files an indictment, India could take more
retaliatory measures, a government source
with knowledge of the affair told Reuters.
Roshni Albany Page 7 January 10 to January 23 2014
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Roshni Albany Page 8 January 10 to January 23 2014
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Pakistan’s politicians set a poor example
BY: MUHAMMAD WAQAS
Many of Pakistan’s parliamentarians perfectly
fit the legendary images of American Wild
West. They love their guns and regularly
dodge the tax authorities. A recent report by
the Center for Investigative Reporting in
Pakistan reveals that almost half of the
country’s sitting lawmakers and ministers did
not pay any taxes this year. Further, severe
discrepancies were found in the official income
and tax declarations of these lawmakers.
Tax evasion is not new to Pakistan. The
culture of tax evasion permeates across all
class boundaries in the country, with only
about one percent of the population filing their
tax returns. Most of these taxpayers belong to
the shrinking, salaried middle-class, which is
feeling the pinch due to a high inflationary
trend. Historically, Pakistan has always heavily
relied on the collection of indirect taxes to fill
government coffers. On the other hand, a
study by the Pakistan Institute of Legislative
Development and Transparency shows that
legislators with an average net worth of
£490,000 in 2010 paid no or tiny amounts of
taxes that did not justify their luxurious living
standards. Attempts to tax lucrative sectors
such as agriculture, real estate and equity
markets have always faced resistance from
the ruling and business elite. And herein lies
the main problem. With the ruling elite not
paying their due share of taxes, they lose the
moral authority to impose a stricter tax regime
and are often found short on making sincere
efforts to root out the evil of tax evasion.
However, world bodies are not amused by
Pakistan’s lack of seriousness on tackling the
menace of tax evasion. The country is battling
against serious macroeconomic challenges
and trying hard to overcome long spells of
darkness, lagging industrial output and
security threats that have kept investors at
bay. As a precondition to billions of dollars of
loans and other financial assistance to
Pakistan, the International Monetary Fund
(IMF) had asked Pakistan to take concrete
measures to increase its tax to GDP ratio. Aid
from other countries, such as Britain, may also
be in danger of facing a cut or total suspension
if the government fails to encourage the
country’s elite to pay their taxes. Injection of
cash from these agencies and friendly nations
remains key to revitalizing Pakistan’s economy
that is struggling to cope up with significant
internal and external threats.
Instead of heavily penalizing the criminals, the
government has once again launched an
amnesty scheme to encourage more people to
file their income tax returns. While the scheme
has been launched with a good intention, it
has been heavily criticized for discouraging
honest taxpayers.
There is no doubt that by concealing their true
income levels, Pakistan’s lawmakers are trying
to cheat the general public and causing a loss
to the national exchequer. By defrauding
official tax authorities, they are setting a poor
example for ordinary citizens and engaging in
corrupt practices. The tax authorities must deal
with tax evaders in a stern manner and at the
same time, work on simplifying the country’s
tax collection and filing system. The
government of Pakistan faces an arduous task
of increasing its tax and revenue sources in
the coming years. It must undertake drastic tax
reforms not just to appease donor agencies,
but for the sake of Pakistan’s own long-term
sustainability and development. The tax
authorities should restore the confidence of
ordinary citizens by going after the nation’s
wealthiest and most influential people, who
have evaded taxes and stashed millions of
dollars in foreign bank accounts.
Find us on the web:
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Roshni Albany Page 9 January 10 to January 23 2014
Treason and traitors
BY: S TARIQ
The trial of the former President and Chief of
the Army Staff General (retired) Pervez
Musharraf is making front-page story these
days and keeping news rooms and talk show
hosts busy. I read these headlines and watch
these shows with an increasing sense of
concern. My concern stems from the
realization of what we have become. In our
bloodthirsty pursuit of the retired General, we
have divested ourselves of decency, courtesy
and objectivity and adopted sarcasm and
derogation as a means of expression. I find the
whole thing disturbing starting with the word
‘treason’ in Article 6 of the Constitution. The
true gravity of this word and its collateral
usage as ‘traitor’ was perhaps lost on those
that made the insertion of this clause possible.
The crime that Musharraf
committed may fall in any
category of autocratic
misdemeanors, but it
does not fall under high
treason. I say this because I am very
clear about the international interpretation of
the word. Musharraf did not pass national
secrets to the enemy nor did he commit an act
that jeopardized Pakistan’s solidarity and
integrity. On the contrary he served his country
faithfully as a soldier, during which he
repeatedly put his life at stake in the line of
duty. I am happy to note that at least one
politician has spoken against use of this word
in the Constitution and to that end has
submitted an amendment in the Senate.
The entire case against
Musharraf focusses on a single
person, with utter disregard to its
fallout. There are no two opinions
that the General has led the
Pakistan Army – and led it well
and courageously in troubled
times. Putting such a man on trial
for treason and by implication
branding him a traitor (for how
else should a person accused of
treason be referred to) is
something that baffles my
reasoning.
A media colleague, who is gifted with uncanny
powers of analysis and deduction, but refuses
to appear on television, shared two pieces of
information with yours truly just the other day.
He is of the opinion that the fire breathing
prosecution in the Musharraf Case has
perhaps given a commitment to the Chief
Executive that the latter would have the
satisfaction of seeing the General ‘dragged
through mud’, when he makes his appearance
in court. My friend also whispered that contrary
to all assessments, Musharraf’s trial had
become the proverbial bone stuck in PML-N’s
throat and there was increasing desperation to
create a face saving back door for a nifty bit of
extrication. I gave a silent hearing to both
these opinions and reserved any comments
for the reason that the head of the prosecution
team was a respected member of the legal
community with an excellent professional
reputation and one did not readily expect such
things from him. As for the ‘bone’, only time
would tell.
I do not have the General’s medical report in
my possession, but I heard a celebrated
investigative journalist with access to the
document, say that three of Musharraf’s
arteries were affected. One of these was
completely blocked, while two had varying
degrees of blockages. If this was true then
what we have is a sick person on our hands,
whose condition can be aggravated by stress.
If those with Musharraf on their minds are hell
bent on making an example out of him, then
let us for the sake of future generations and
history, put on trial all those who committed
crimes more serious and treasonable in nature
than the retired General. Put on trial those who
have brought economic ruin to Pakistan and in
so doing weakened our ability to defend
ourselves or put on trial those that are even
now engaged in plotting against what is left of
our country.
The writer is a freelance columnist.
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Roshni Albany Page 10 January 10 to January 23 2014
Mount pressure on Bangladesh,
HRW urges International community
DHAKA - International rights watchdog Human
Rights Watch has urged the international
community to mount pressure on Bangladesh
authorities to end arbitrary arrests while
allowing peaceful protest and full rights to
freedom of expression, association, assembly
and movement.
“The leader of the ruling party Sheikh Hasina
keeps saying it welcomes dialogue with the
opposition, but in light of the ongoing
crackdowns, it is impossible to take that
statement seriously,” said Brad Adams, Asia
director at Human Rights Watch.
“To resolve the current political deadlock, all
parties have to make commitments to end
political violence, while the international
community needs to ramp up pressure for a
political settlement that involves a credible
election,” Adams said in a statement.
Arrests have continued even after the ruling
Awami League party and its allies won the
largely uncontested elections held on January,
said a statement of the New York-based rights
body issued on January 9, the New
York-based rights body added.
The United States, European Union, and
others refused to send observers to
Bangladesh’s divisive polls, it added.
Dozens and perhaps hundreds of opposition
leaders and members were taken into custody
before the elections, which were boycotted by
the main opposition alliance led by the
Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), the
statement added.
BNP leader and two-time former prime
minister Khaleda Zia was placed under de
facto house arrest, with security forces
surrounding her residence and blocking people
from entering and leaving. Many opposition
leaders and activists have gone into hiding.
“The Awami League claims that it is the
leading democratic party in Bangladesh, but
there is nothing democratic about this kind of
widespread crackdown on critics,” said the
Asian chief of the HRW.
As many as 150 people have been killed in
political violence in recent months, much of it
carried out by opposition activists. The
Election Commission said that nearly 500
voting centers had to be closed because of the
violence, including arson. Awami League
activists have also engaged in attacks on
opposition supporters.
The international community has urged
Bangladesh political leadership to initiate
dialogue that will end the political violence. In a
statement, UN Secretary General Ban-Ki
moon said he regretted that the parties had
not reached an agreement before the elections
and called on all sides to ensure a peaceful
environment, “where people can maintain their
right to assembly and expression.” Many
governments issued statements criticising the
conduct of the election.
The United States, Canada, Germany, and
others have called for credible elections to
resolve the ongoing crisis.
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Wajid
Under de facto house arrest BNP leader Khaleda Zia
Roshni Albany Page 11 January 10 to January 23 2014
YANGON : Myanmar and India have vowed to sort out their
differences amicably over a border area that remains to be
demarcated, local media reported Wednesday.
India suspended construction of an integrated check post (ICP) in
Bamaw valley on January 2, Myanmar Foreign Ministry was quoted by
the New Light of Myanmar as saying.
Teams from both sides carried out land survey in the area Monday, the
report added.
Last year, Myanmar objected India’s construction of the so called ICP
near the border pillar-78.
Myanmar signed a demarcation agreement with India in March 1967.
However, due to differences over the location of border pillars in the
valley, several border marks have not yet been established.
YANGON: The Kaladan multi-purpose transportation project, jointly
implemented by Myanmar and India, is expected to be completed by
mid 2014, state media quoted the project contractor as reporting
today, reports BSS.
According to the contracting Essar Company, the first of the
three-phase project has been completed by 70 percent.
The first phase includes construction of Sittway Deep Seaport and
Paletwa Jetty, dredging the Kaladan waterway and construction of six
vessels, while the second phase covers construction of 109 km-long
road to link Paletwa with border region and the third phase comprises
construction of a highway between India’s Mizoram State and
Myanmar’s Chin state.
The completion of waterway and highway crossing Myanmar’s
Rakhine and Chin states would help support better transport and trade
between the regional countries, the report said.
Upon total completion of the project expected to be operational by
2015, India is to hand over to Myanmar which is to carry out the
maintenance work, the report added.
Myanmar and India signed the 214-million-US-dollar contract Kaladan
multi-purpose transportation project in 2008.
According to official statistics, India’s investment in Myanmar
amounted to 283 million U.S. dollars as of July 2013 in nine projects,
accounting for 0.66 percent of the total since
Myanmar opened to such investment in late 1988 and standing the
10th in Myanmar’s foreign investment line-up.
Myanmar-India multi-purpose
project to complete by mid 2014
Myanmar, India vow to solve
demarcation issue amicabl
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Roshni Albany Page 12 January 10 to January 23 2014
South Sudan on the brink of collapse
BY: JAMAL DOUMANI
Is the Republic of South Sudan, which entered
the international community in July 2011 as
the 193rd independent nation, a good
candidate for the status of a failed state?
Keeping in view the current turmoil there that
could very well be the case. Indeed, this newly
minted entity, with a land mass the size of
Texas, has already made its appearance on
the list of similarly designated countries of the
US think tank Fund for Peace, an index often
cited by journalists and academics in making
broad comparative points about countries.
Since 1945, seventy newly independent
nations emerged from the ashes of colonial
rule. Many of them, sadly, went on to become
failed states. The term — a western coinage
— has been criticized by policy researchers for
being arbitrary and fanciful, perhaps even
Eurocentric. And it’s true that there is no
general consensus on the definition of the
term. But surely we say that a state has failed
— and get away with our assessment — when
that state’s ruling elite, functioning as a central
government, are so inept and ineffective that
they have little practical control over events,
where they have, say, been unable to provide
functioning public services, or unable to stem
crime, civil strife, economic decline, illiteracy,
widespread corruption, inequality and the rest
of it — where, in the absence of a social
contract between the ruler and the ruled,
everyman effectively is for himself.
Since South Sudan seceded from the larger
nation of Sudan three years ago, after
decades of civil war that took millions of lives,
political commentators in the US (including this
writer) had to admit to themselves that they
were ignorant about the landlocked country of
nine million — except for its famous
contribution, not so whimsical for Americans,
to basketball, when two of its players, Luol
Deng and Mante Bol, starred in the National
Basketball Association (NBA).
A measure of that ignorance, for example, was
how initially everyone spoke of “Muslim
Sudan” and the “Christian south.” The new
Republic of South Sudan is not, as we know
by now, a “Christian nation.” A majority of its
people, in fact, embraces traditional beliefs
indigenous to their regions, while Christians
constitute a minority, and even this minority
blends its faith with the animist view of the
world.
The problem with South Sudan, a failed state
on the brink of collapse, is that its leaders,
most notably the country’s president and its
vice president, have put their tribal, or ethnic,
loyalties above their people’s national
interests. Though their country is blessed with
abundant oil reserves, which they could have
used to bring about economic prosperity, they
opted instead to let their personal differences
degenerate into all-out fighting among their
supporters.
And it all started in the middle of December
when President Salva Kiir accused his vice
president Rick Machar of engineering a coup.
Not to be outdone, Machar accused Kiir of
tolerating corruption. Then the president’s
armed supporters, ethnic Dinka, and the vice
president’s equally armed supporters, ethnic
Nuer, went at each other’s throats. Thousands
have so far been killed and, according to the
United Nations, 180,000 displaced.
All this because the president thought his
right-hand man was gunning for his job?
The sad fact is that there’s more to it than that.
Since South Sudan’s people won
independence, they have not been able to
overcome, or transcend, their ethnic
differences for the common good — not to
mention the scramble by each group to grab
what it could from their country’s oil resources.
Moreover, since these disparate folks have
never shared that bond of nationhood that
binds what we call a nation together.
South Sudan is a state — one balks at calling
it a “nation” — where ethnic affiliation matters
more, as a vehicle for self-definition, than
national identity. To say you’re a Dinka or a
Nuer is to tell the world how you apprehend
nature and social relations. To say you’re
South Sudanese is an ancillary adjunct to who
you are. Thus, as was true in so many
instances of civil war in Africa since the 1940s,
the war in South Sudan is anchored in how
your ethnic milieu has come to frame the
world. Unable to see themselves as members
of a national collectivity, the product of one
polity larger than a tribe, together they cry
havoc and together they rend the others’ flesh.
Back in July 2011, the emergence of South
Sudan as a “new nation,” was seen as a big
success story, testament to President
Obama’s earlier decision to appoint two
special envoys to attend a UN meeting on
Sudan that facilitated the drafting of a road
map for South Sudanese independence, and
to pour into the country hundreds of millions of
dollars in aid.
That was more than two years ago. Now the
people of this fledgling country appear headed
to a life lived in the shadow of ruinous conflict
for a long time to come.
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Roshni Albany Page 13 January 10 to January 23 2014
Learning from Egypt
BY: ANTOINE LAMBROSCHINI
Tunisia’s ruling party has opted for a strategy
of compromise on the thorniest aspects of the
future constitution to save their political legacy,
challenged by social unrest and elections this
year.
Unlike its Egyptian counterpart the Muslim
Brotherhood, also elected after a popular
uprising in 2011 but deposed by the army last
year and outlawed, Ennahda has survived a
succession of crises and is set to step down to
ensure a peaceful transition.
Ennahda has pledged to relinquish power in
the coming days, under a deal that aims to see
an electoral commission formed and the draft
charter ratified by Jan. 14, the third
anniversary of the revolution.
Since the scrutiny of the new constitution
began last week, they have accepted a lesser
role for Islam, and the principle of equal rights
for women, while holding to their promise not
to criminalize “attacks on the sacred.”
Despite chaotic scenes in Parliament, more
than 40 articles out of around 150 have now
been passed by a healthy majority, raising
hope that two-thirds of the 217 elected
members will approve the charter and avoid it
being put to a referendum.
For independent political analyst Selim
Kharrat, Ennahda chose consensus, more
than two years after triumphing in
parliamentary polls, to be able to hand over
power with its head held high.
“The only concrete achievement that Ennahda
can still hope for is the adoption of the
constitution,” he said, alluding to the struggling
economy and the country’s fragile security
situation, given the presence of armed groups.
“They must also show the world that political
Islam can be compatible with international
democratic standards, especially if you look at
what’s going on in other Arab-Muslim
countries.”
Until now, the party has also managed to
control its more radical elements and goad
them into accepting difficult compromises.
Habib Ellouze, an Ennahda hard-liner, was
reprimanded after calling a leftwing politician
an enemy of Islam, allegedly resulting in death
threats against the opposition MP.
Faced with the outrage of secular opponents in
the assembly, the Islamists agreed to a
proposed amendment to the constitution
making it illegal to accuse someone of
apostasy.
“There is a real effort by Ennahda to respect
the compromise agreements reached with (the
opposition), even though its elected members
are far from unified,” Kharrat said.
Sami Brahem, an expert on Islamic culture,
argue that the Islamists were obliged to adapt
to their more conservative positions to avoid
alienating liberal Tunisians.
“You could say that Ennahda has shown itself
to be a modern movement, but also that it
didn’t have a choice, because Tunisian society
is modern and progressive,” he said.
According to Mourad Sellami, a political
journalist with Tunisian daily Le Quotidien,
Ennahda has been motivated by fears of a
similar scenario to what happened in Egypt,
where the army toppled the Muslim
Brotherhood last July after days of mass
protest.
Tunisia’s latest political crisis erupted shortly
afterwards, when the killing of opposition MP
Mohamed Brahmi by suspected militants
brought tens of thousands of demonstrators
onto the streets to demand Ennahda’s
resignation.
“I think Ennahda has drawn lessons from the
failure of the Brothers in Egypt. That’s the
reason it accepted freedom of conscience,
concessions on the relationship between
religion and the state,” Sellami said.
Another key factor behind Ennahda’s decision
to hand power to a transitional technocrat
government, the journalist argued, is the rise
in social tensions linked to Tunisia’s ongoing
economic malaise, which the Islamists want to
distance themselves from before the next
elections.
Protests and strikes have multiplied, with
unemployed youths demanding work,
particularly in the country’s impoverished
interior, amid the prospect of unpopular taxes
to fill the state’s empty coffers.
“There are pitfalls everywhere. Ennahda’s
strategy of moderation also comes from a lack
of alternatives. They know that the next
government will have no magic wand, that
they will still have the same problems, and
they won’t be able to say: ‘You see, that wasn’t
our fault,’” Sellami said.
Whatever the constitutional compromises
ratified in recent days, Kharrat says the real
challenge will be inserting them into the penal
code and civil law, which will be the
responsibility of the next Parliament.
Courtesy by: Arab News
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Roshni Albany Page 14 January 10 to January 23 2014
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Franklyn Langhorn is one of Guyana’s unsung heroes
By: Hilbert Foster
For most people from my generation, the radio
was our main source of entertainment while
growing up. My memories of the voices of
legends like Matthew Allen, Pat Cameron, Bibi
Naraine, Clem David, Rovin Deodat, Pancho
Carew, Christopher Dean and Ron Robinson
would live with me forever for the joy and
relaxation they brought to me during studies,
moments of trial and loneliness. Then
television came and with other attractions
along with a full work schedule at the Rose
Hall Town Youth & Sports Club I lost contact
with radio for over a decade.
Early last year, a colleague at the RHTY&SC
who is a security guard encouraged me to
listen to NCN radio at night. His voice was full
of excitement as he spoke about a particular
radio announcer and the wonderful
programmes he hosted. To please my
colleague I brought a radio and during one of
my evening work sessions I tuned into NCN.
The end result is that I hardly watch television
in the evening any more as my work
companion is now my radio. The name of the
NCN radio is host Mr Franklyn Langhorn, and
he is without doubt one of Guyana’s unsung
heroes. In the era of a shortage of professional
radio announcers he is a role model and hero.
His programmes including ‘Nightrider’, ‘The
three ‘M’ show’ and ‘Sunday kind of love’ are
not only inspirational but include a certain kind
of magic. Sometimes after a stressful day of
work, I promise myself to do no more work in
the evening but half hour into Mr Longhorn’s
collection of music and quotations, I find
myself with paper and pen coming up with a
a new project and programmes for the
RHTY&SC. Many of our projects are planned
listening to the unbelievable music and
programme of the remarkable radio
announcer/ host.
On behalf of the thousands of Guyanese here
at home and others who listen to him on the
worldwide web, I would like to offer a big thank
you to Mr Franklyn Longhorn for a job well
done with professionalism, dedication and
class. Silent heroes like him should be
recognized and honoured, and newspapers
should immediately honour him as a Special
person while my good friend Michael Gordon
should honour him at NCN for upholding the
rich tradition of the past. He is as asset to NCN
and should be recognized. Mr Longhorn
should keep up his high standard of work,
continue to bring inspiration to his listeners.
/ / /
Roshni Albany Page 15 January 10 to January 23 2014
Immigration News Corner
Visa Bulletin For February 2014 Cut-off Dates
FAMILY-SPONSORED PREFERENCES
First: (F1) Unmarried Sons and Daughters
of U.S. Citizens: 23,400 plus any numbers not
required for fourth preference.
Second: Spouses and Chi l dren, and
Unmarried Sons and Daughters of Permanent
Residents: 114,200, plus the number (if any)
by which the worldwide family preference level
exceeds 226, 000, pl us any unused f i rst
preference numbers.
A. ( F2A) Spouses and Chi l dr en of
Permanent Residents: 77% of the overall
second preference limitation, of which 75% are
exempt from the per-country limit.
B. (F2B) Unmarried Sons and Daughters (21
years of age or older) of Permanent Residents:
23% of t he over al l second pr ef er ence
limitation.
Third: (F3) Married Sons and Daughters of
U.S. Citizens: 23,400, plus any numbers not
required by first and second preferences.
Fourth: (F4) Brothers and Sisters of Adult
U.S. Citizens: 65,000, plus any numbers not
required by first three preferences.
(NOTE: Numbers are available only for
applicants whose priority date is earlier than
the cut-off date listed below.
Family-
Sponsored
All
Chargeability
Areas
Except
Those
Listed
CHINA-
Mainland
Born
INDIA MEXICO PHILIPPINES
F1 01 JAN 07 01 JAN 07 01 JAN 07 01 OCT 93 15 AUG 01
F2A 08 SEP 13 08 SEP 13 08 SEP 13 01 SEP 13 08 SEP 13
F2B 08 JUL 06 08 JUL 06 08 JUN 06 01 MAY 94 22 MAY 03
F3 15 MAY 03 15 MAY 03 15 MAY 03 01 JUN 93 08 FEB 93
F4 22 OCT 01 22 OCT 01 22 OCT 01 08 NOV 96 08 AUG 90
Attorneys at Law
Practice limited to Immigration & Nationality Matters
WWW.COPLANDANDBRENNER.COM
410 TROY SCHENECTADY ROAD, SUITE 201, LATHAM, NY12110
TEL. 518-785-0175 FAX 518-786-1541
Eric K. Copland eric.k.copland@coplandandbrenner.com
Barbara C. Brenner barbara.c.brenner@coplandandbrenner.com
KHALID M. AZAM
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Practicing in Estate & Immigration.
74-09 37th Ave Suite 303
Jackson Heights, NY 11372
TEL: 718-672-8115
Immigration Attorney
Pleads Guilty to Bribing
an Immigration Official
BALTIMORE – Attorney Kiran Dewan, age 59,
of Woodbine, Md., pleaded guilty Dec. 13,
2013, to bribery, and one of his clients,
Mohammad Khan, age 58, of Baltimore, also
pleaded guilty to immigration fraud.
The pleas were announced by United States
Attorney for the District of Maryland Rod J.
Rosenstein; Special Agent in Charge William
Winter of U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement’s (ICE) Homeland Security
Investigations (HSI); Chief James W. Johnson
of the Baltimore County Police Department;
and District Director Gregory Collett of the U.S.
Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
Baltimore District Office.
“Immigration attorneys hold positions of public
trust and it is disturbing that anyone would
defraud the very system in which they work for
their own personal profit,” said HSI Special
Agent in Charge in Baltimore William Winter.
Dewan operated the Law Offices of Dewan
and Associates, P.C., located at 7100 Security
Blvd. in Windsor Mill, Md. He held himself out
as having experience handling immigration
matters and as a certified public accountant.
Roshni Albany Page 16 January 10 to January 23 2014
Sachin Tendulkar's retirement
after serving the country for 24 long years
their international careers.
Earlier this year, Shikhar Dhawan burst into
Test cricket with an amazing 187 against
Australia at Mohali which turned out to be the
fastest hundred by a debutant.
Dhawan since then has made rapid strides in
international cricket having played a pivotal
role in India's Champions Trophy triumph in
England where he was adjudged 'Player of the
Series'. Along with Rohit Sharma, Dhawan has
forged a very successful opening partnership
which has done exceptionally well in the West
Indies, England.
Dhoni again has proved that he is a good
strategist as his decision to open with Rohit
Sharma has proved to be a masterstroke. The
talented Mumbai batsman had revelled in his
new role which saw him smash a double
hundred against the West Indies at Bangalore
last month. Rohit also had an impressive
debut as he scored back-to-back tons in his
first two matches although he has struggled
against pace and swing in South African
conditions.
Cheteshwar Pujara seemed to have made the
No 3 slot vacated by Rahul Dravid his own as
he showed the world that he is good enough to
make runs in foreign conditions with scores of
153 and 70 against South Africa.
But highlight of India's batting has been Kohli's
consistency throughout the season which has
literally transformed him into one of world's
premier batsmen in current times. 18 hundred
in just 125 ODIs speaks volumes of what a
prolific scorer this 25-year-old has been for
India in recent times.
With centuries on Australian and South African
soil, Dhoni's heir apparent is ready to take the
legacy of Tendulkar forward just like he has
now easily fitted into the legend's much owned
No 4 batting slot.
Sachin
gives joy to
billions
across the
globe
A legend walking into sunset after an illustrious
career, a bunch of brave hearts asserting
India's supremacy in the limited overs format
and a phenomenally talented cricketer
choosing the path of self destruction by
indulging in spot-fixing, were the highlights of
Indian cricket in the eventful 2013.
While cricket had its usual quota of the good,
the bad and the ugly but Sachin Tendulkar's
retirement after serving the country for 24 long
years and giving joy to billions across the
globe was certainly the most moving moment
of the year.
It indeed was a 'Farewell to Remember' when
Tendulkar played his 200th and final Test
match at his home ground Wankhede Stadium
in Mumbai. His last innings in Test cricket bore
testimony to legendary status -- an innings that
was high on quality and aesthetic value for
those who had loved the 'Game of glorious
uncertainties'.
The euphoria and outpouring of the fans
during his farewell series would forever remain
unmatched. Sir Don Bradman may have had
the best average but when it came to love and
affection, Tendulkar had outscored the iconic
Australian by a fair distance.
200 Test matches, 100 international centuries,
more than 50,000 runs across all formats at
the senior level are not just numbers or
milestones for the cricket crazy Indians. These
are figures that every fan treasures with a
sense of belonging. His farewell speech at the
Wankhede on November 16 will forever be
etched in the memory of his fans as there was
hardly anyone who didn't wipe a tear on that
emotional afternoon.
Tendulkar left a legacy but with his departure a
new chapter unfolded in Indian cricket as the
'transition phase', which had been a buzz word
since the retirement of Anil Kumble and
Sourav Ganguly was completed.
The 'Gen-Next' under Mahendra Singh Dhoni's
able stewardship took over quite successfully
with Virat Kohli easily being the best of the lot
in terms of talent transformed into
performance.
Apart from the legends, the likes of Virender
Sehwag, Yuvraj Singh are also on their way
out as they are battling to save their
Jacques Kallis Retirement
Jacques Kallis said he could not have asked
for a better finish to his Test career after South
Africa beat India by 10 wickets in the second
Test in Durban to win the two-match series
1-0.
The 38-year-old, who had announced on
Christmas Day he would be retiring from Test
cricket at the end of the series, scored 115 to
mark his final match with his 45th century in
the longest form of the international game.
After 18 years as a Test cricketer which saw
him score 13,289 runs in 166 matches, taking
292 wickets and 200 catches, Kallis admitted it
had not been an easy decision to make.
"It was a tough call. There are some days
when you wake up and you know it's the right
time," Kallis told Sky Sports.
"I just know it was the right time and what a
way to finish it off. It's been incredible, the way
the people have come out to support me, the
way Cricket South Africa have made it a
special game, my team-mates have made it a
special game.
"I couldn't ask for a better exit."
Kallis added: "The cricket you will miss for sure
but the friendships, the winning times, the
tough times. All that in the changing room.
That always sticks out."
South Africa captain Graeme Smith said he
would cherish his memories of the time he
spent with Kallis in Test matches.
"We've enjoyed times in many, many changing
rooms, tough environments around the world
and we've had many victories for the Proteas,"
said Smith.
"But I think that the thing that stands out is
he's a really outstanding human being. He's
been a privilege to get to know and as a friend
and I think that's what counts."
India captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni said
Kallis had given South Africa the luxury of
having such a fine all-round player to call on.
Dhoni added : "He has been a fantastic
cricketer, not only as a batsman but also as a
bowler.
"The amount of catches that he has taken and
the luxury that he has given to South African
cricket to have a fast bowling all-rounder and a
top-order batsman at the same time.
"I think it was a real luxury for them to have
him in their side. He has given a lot to cricket,
carrying South African cricket forward for a
long time."
South Africa went into the final day needing to
take eight wickets to set up a victory which
would take the series after the first Test in
Johannesburg was drawn.
India were dismissed in their second innings
for 223 during the afternoon session.
Robin Peterson finished with four wickets and
Vernon Philander and Dale Steyn with three
apiece to leave the home side needing 58 runs
to win.
Alviro Petersen (31 not out) and Smith (27no)
steered the Proteas to 59 without loss and a
comfortable win.
Find us on the web:
www.RoshniOnline.com
South African all-rounder 'couldn't ask for a better exit'
after 10-wicket win over India bring curtain down on Test career
Roshni Albany Page 17 January 10 to January 23 2014
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644 New Loudon Rd, Rt 9 Latham
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A Bi-Lingual News Magazine from the Capital Region for the South Asian Community
Volume 3 ISSUE NO. 58 January 10 - January 23, 2014
www.RoshniOnline.com
www.scribd.com/roshniAlbany
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