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# ASSIGNMENTS FOR SURVEYING-1 (CE-207-F

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Assignment No.1 Q1: Define surveying and classify it. Q2: What are the primary objectives of surveying? Q3: Write a short note on fundamental principal of surveying. Assignment No.2 Q1: What are the direct methods of measurement? Q2: Describe the different kinds of chains commonly used in surveying, stating the special advantage of each with neat diagrams. Q3: The length of a line measured with a Gunter’s chain was found to be 5000 links. If the chain was 0.2 link too short, find the true length of the line. (Ans: 4990 links) Q4. The distance between two stations was measured with a 20m chain and found to be 1000m. The same distance was measured with a 30m chain and found to be 996.17m. If the 20m chain was 0.05m too short, what was the error in the 30m chain? (Ans: +0.04m) Q5. An Engineer’s chain was found to be 7.5cm too long after chaining 120m. It was found to be 15cm too long at the end of the day’s work, after chaining a total distance of 210m. If the chain was correct before the commencement of chaining, find the true distance. (Ans: 210.49m) Q6. The plan of an old survey plotted to a scale of 10m to 1cm was found to have shrunk so that a line originally 10cm long was found to measure 9.8cm. There was also a note on the plan that the 30m chain used in the survey was 0.03m too short. If the area of the plan measured now with a planimeter is 96.04 cm2, determine the true area of the survey. (Ans: 9980 m2) Assignment No.3 Q1. Explain the types of errors in chaining. Q2. A line was measured on a rising gradient of 1 to 10 and found to be 313.5m. It was afterwards found that the 30m chain was 5cm too long. Find the correct length of the line. (312.46m) Q3. A steel tape was exactly 30m long at 18°c when supported throughout its length under a pull of 80n. A line was measured with a tape under a pull of 120n and found to be 801m. The mean temperature during the measurement was 26°c. Assuming the tape to be supported at every 30m, compute the true length of the line, given that the cross-sectional area of the tape=0.04 cm2, the mass density of steel is 0.0077 kg/cm3, the coefficient of expansion= 0.0000117 per °c and the modulus of elasticity=21x106 n/cm2. (800.92m)

Assignment No.4 Q1. Convert the following W.C.B. TO R.B.: (i) 132°12´ (ii) 236° 37´ Q2. Convert the following R.B. TO W.C.B.: (i) S 28°14´ E (ii) N 58°24´ W Q3. The following are observed fore bearings of the line. Find their back bearings. (i) AB, 38°14´ (ii) BC, 208°37´ (iii) CD, S 43°18´E (iv) DE, S 26°30´W

N 48°24´W & AC. N58°50´E & AC. Compute the interior angles of the traverse. Also compute the internal angles of the traverse. N15°15´E & AC. The following are the bearings of the lines AB and AC. DE 189°15´.6 Q1: Following are the bearings taken on a closed compass traverse: LINE FORE BEARING BACK BEARING AB BC CD DE 45° 45´ 96° 55´ 29° 45´ 324° 48´ 226° 10´ 277° 5´ 209° 10´ 144° 48´ At what stations do you suspect local attraction? Find the corrected bearings of the lines. Q2: Below are the bearings observed in traversing with a compass in a place where local attraction is suspected: LINE AB BC CD DE EA FORE BEARING 191° 45´ 39° 30´ 22° 15´ 242° 45´ 330° 15´ BACK BEARING 13° 0´ 222° 30´ 201° 0´ 62° 45´ 147° 15´ At what stations do you suspect local attraction? Find the corrected bearings of the lines. The fore bearings of the sides of a traverse ABCDE are: AB.Q4. Find the angle between the lines OA AND OB. 107°15´. (i) AB. if their respective bearings are (a) 32°15´ AND 148°45´ (b) 16°10´ AND 332°18´. S22°45´W (iv) AB. What is the bearing of BC? Q2. S52°30´E (iii) AB. BC 22°0´. CD 281°3+0´. S36°12´W & AC. N 38°18´E (v) AB. calculate the angle BAC in each case. The bearing of a line AB is 152°20´ and the angle ABC is 124°38´. N12°24´E & AC. N67°48´W Q3. Q5. EA 124°45´.5 Q1. N87°10´E (ii) AB. Assignment No. . Find the angle between the lines AB AND BC if their respective bearings are 146°12´ AND 68°24´ Assignment No.