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ASSIGNMENTS FOR SURVEYING-1 (CE-207-F

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Assignment No.1 Q1: Define surveying and classify it. Q2: What are the primary objectives of surveying? Q3: Write a short note on fundamental principal of surveying. Assignment No.2 Q1: What are the direct methods of measurement? Q2: Describe the different kinds of chains commonly used in surveying, stating the special advantage of each with neat diagrams. Q3: The length of a line measured with a Gunter’s chain was found to be 5000 links. If the chain was 0.2 link too short, find the true length of the line. (Ans: 4990 links) Q4. The distance between two stations was measured with a 20m chain and found to be 1000m. The same distance was measured with a 30m chain and found to be 996.17m. If the 20m chain was 0.05m too short, what was the error in the 30m chain? (Ans: +0.04m) Q5. An Engineer’s chain was found to be 7.5cm too long after chaining 120m. It was found to be 15cm too long at the end of the day’s work, after chaining a total distance of 210m. If the chain was correct before the commencement of chaining, find the true distance. (Ans: 210.49m) Q6. The plan of an old survey plotted to a scale of 10m to 1cm was found to have shrunk so that a line originally 10cm long was found to measure 9.8cm. There was also a note on the plan that the 30m chain used in the survey was 0.03m too short. If the area of the plan measured now with a planimeter is 96.04 cm2, determine the true area of the survey. (Ans: 9980 m2) Assignment No.3 Q1. Explain the types of errors in chaining. Q2. A line was measured on a rising gradient of 1 to 10 and found to be 313.5m. It was afterwards found that the 30m chain was 5cm too long. Find the correct length of the line. (312.46m) Q3. A steel tape was exactly 30m long at 18°c when supported throughout its length under a pull of 80n. A line was measured with a tape under a pull of 120n and found to be 801m. The mean temperature during the measurement was 26°c. Assuming the tape to be supported at every 30m, compute the true length of the line, given that the cross-sectional area of the tape=0.04 cm2, the mass density of steel is 0.0077 kg/cm3, the coefficient of expansion= 0.0000117 per °c and the modulus of elasticity=21x106 n/cm2. (800.92m)

Assignment No.4 Q1. Convert the following W.C.B. TO R.B.: (i) 132°12´ (ii) 236° 37´ Q2. Convert the following R.B. TO W.C.B.: (i) S 28°14´ E (ii) N 58°24´ W Q3. The following are observed fore bearings of the line. Find their back bearings. (i) AB, 38°14´ (ii) BC, 208°37´ (iii) CD, S 43°18´E (iv) DE, S 26°30´W

N 48°24´W & AC. N58°50´E & AC. Compute the interior angles of the traverse. Also compute the internal angles of the traverse. N15°15´E & AC. The following are the bearings of the lines AB and AC. DE 189°15´.6 Q1: Following are the bearings taken on a closed compass traverse: LINE FORE BEARING BACK BEARING AB BC CD DE 45° 45´ 96° 55´ 29° 45´ 324° 48´ 226° 10´ 277° 5´ 209° 10´ 144° 48´ At what stations do you suspect local attraction? Find the corrected bearings of the lines. Q2: Below are the bearings observed in traversing with a compass in a place where local attraction is suspected: LINE AB BC CD DE EA FORE BEARING 191° 45´ 39° 30´ 22° 15´ 242° 45´ 330° 15´ BACK BEARING 13° 0´ 222° 30´ 201° 0´ 62° 45´ 147° 15´ At what stations do you suspect local attraction? Find the corrected bearings of the lines. The fore bearings of the sides of a traverse ABCDE are: AB.Q4. Find the angle between the lines OA AND OB. 107°15´. (i) AB. if their respective bearings are (a) 32°15´ AND 148°45´ (b) 16°10´ AND 332°18´. S22°45´W (iv) AB. What is the bearing of BC? Q2. S52°30´E (iii) AB. BC 22°0´. CD 281°3+0´. S36°12´W & AC. N 38°18´E (v) AB. calculate the angle BAC in each case. The bearing of a line AB is 152°20´ and the angle ABC is 124°38´. N12°24´E & AC. N67°48´W Q3. Q5. EA 124°45´.5 Q1. N87°10´E (ii) AB. Assignment No. . Find the angle between the lines AB AND BC if their respective bearings are 146°12´ AND 68°24´ Assignment No.

What are the various methods for orientation of a plane table? Q2. What are the different types of theodolite? Write their special features in brief. 1. 3. Calculate the reduced levels of the change points and the difference of level between the first and last points.639.960.9 Q1. Enumerate the different methods of plane table surveying. 1.780 on A.796.750. 3. Give the statement of two point problem in plane table surveying. Explain the methods of the temporary adjustments of a theodolite? Q2. 0. The reduced level of the first point was 180.864.155. Assignment No. Q5: What do you understand by Grade contour? Explain various methods of locating grade contour with advantages and disadvantages for a hilly terrain. How the temporary adjustment of a level is made? Q3: The following consecutive readings were taken with a dumpy level: 3. 3.630 and 2. 0.854. 0. 1.535. On B. 2. 1.430. 0. 1.932. 3. Define orientation and its importance. 2.045. Calculate the reduced levels of the points by collimation method and also the gradient of the line joining the first and last points. 0. How it can be solved? Explain with the help of neat sketch. Adjust the coordinates.665. 2.250. Q4: Define contours. The first reading was taken on the bench mark of R. 1.864. Q2: Define levelling. Assignment No. 1.985.346. The level was shifted after the fifth and the eighth readings. 2. . contour interval and draw sketch of vertical Cliff and overhanging.934.Assignment No. Q3.545.480. 150.542.640. For a closed traverse ABCDE. Rule out a page of a level field book and enter the above readings. the length and the bearings of lines were measured with tape and theodolite as follows: LINE LENGTH (m) BEARING AB 365 N 30° 40’ W BC 205 N 35° 0’ E CD 160 S 25° 15’ E DE 197 S 56° 50’ E EA 275 S 35° 50’ W Compute the consecutive coordinates and closing error. 1. 1.7 Q1: The following consecutive readings were taken with a level and 4m staff on continuously sloping ground at a common interval of 30m.8 Q1.935. Q3.955. 2.952.L.365.

their advantages and needs.055 Axial hair readings 2.11 Q1: Find the length of the vertical curve connecting two uniform grades from the following data: (a) +0.8% and -0. Q2: A tacheometer is set up at an intermediate point on a traverse course PQ and the following observations are made on a vertically held staff. OF 321. Compute the length of PQ and the reduced level of Q. P Q Vertical angle +8°36’ +6°6’ Staff intercept 2. Q4: With the help of neat sketches describe different types of vertical curves and horizontal curves. rate of change of grade=0. rate of change of grade = 0.1% PER 30m (b) -0.L. Q5: Define transition curve.Assignment No.350 2.6%. The instrument is fitted with an anallatic lens and the constant being 100. . Q3: Write an expression for the length and shift of a transition curve required on a highway.10 Q1: How tacheometric constants are determined in field? Discuss the procedure in details. What are the various methods to find length of a transition curve? Q6: What are the various types of curve? Determine all the five elements for a 20 m curve with 100 deflection angle.895 Remarks R.105 1.50m P Assignment No.5% and +1%.05% PER 30m Q2: What are the elements of a simple circular curve? Write the formula for each of them. Staff stn.