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Successful Breastfeeding ...And Successful Alternatives By Sally Fallon and Mary G. Enig, PhD Breastfeeding is best.

Breast milk is nature's perfect food for babies. Breast m ilk contains special substances that give the growing baby immunity to infection and disease. Breastfeeding bonds a mother to her baby, stimulates important hor monal activities in her body, helps her lose weight after pregnancy and protects her against future breast cancer and osteoporosis. Breastfeeding is best. . . in a perfect world. But the world is not perfect and self-evident statements are not always true. Breastfeeding advocates argue that breast-fed children have lower mortality rates and better levels of health than formulafed children. In third world countries, where the cleanliness needed for safe bottle-feeding is lacking, this is undoubtedly true. But a perusal of recen t studies comparing breastfed and formula-fed infants presents a real dilemma fo r breastfeeding advocates because the research does not provide a clear case of benefit. DISTURBING STUDIES A study published in July, 2001, for example, found that breastfed children in J apan had more asthma than bottle-fed infants.1 A European study found that breas tfeeding was not related to iron status in one-year-old children. Those with the best iron status were those who received iron-fortified formula.2 A Swedish stu dy found that breast fed infants were just as likely to develop childhood cancer compared to formula-fed babies.3 In fact, babies breastfed for one month or mor e had a higher risk of non-Hodgkins' lymphoma, although this finding was based o n low numbers of cases. A study from Norway found that breastfeeding did not pro vide protection against frequent ear infections.4 A report in Pediatric Clinics of North America noted that many breastfed babies suffer from failure-to-thrive and dehydration.5 The author warned: "Those who enthusiastically promoted breast feeding for its many health benefits must confront the reality of breastfeeding failure and implement necessary changes in medical education and support service s to foster successful outcomes in breastfed infants." Only one study carried out during the past two years found a clear-cut benefit f or breastfeeding. Researchers at the Harvard Medical School found that children who were breastfed we much less likely to be overweight as adults.6 Studies on the relationship between breastfeeding and cognitive skills are mixed .7 Some studies have shown that breastfed infants are more intelligent while oth ers show no difference. Critics contend that better cognitive scores in breastfe d infants are due to the fact that mothers with higher levels of educational att ainment are more likely to breastfeed. Formula manufacturers are quick to use the lackluster performance of breastfed c hildren as proof that formula is "just as good" as breast milk. Breastfeeding ad vocates retort that the studies were designed to give results that benefit the f ormula makers. Our interpretation is the following: the diet of modern American women is so appalling, and their preparation for successful breastfeeding so lac king, that their breast milk provides no better nourishment for their infants th an factory-made formula. DOES DIET MATTER? "Breastfeeding mothers do not need to worry about their diets. As long as they a re getting enough calories, their milk will be fine." This is the dogma of most of the groups promoting breastfeeding throughout the world. "The message that di et has an influence on milk quality will discourage mothers from breastfeeding," they say.

The recognition that these LC Ps are vital for the optimal development of the infant has led to efforts to man date their inclusion in commercial formula-as is done in other countries."8 Lactation consultants cite one study that found no difference in levels of sever al factors between "well-nourished" and "undernourished" mothers." Lactating women are advised to eat "vit amin-A rich foods" such as "carrots." Ab ove all. see "Tripping Li ghtly down the Prostaglandin Pathways." don't worry too much about what you eat. "Your diet does not have to be 'perfect' to nourish your baby well. due to a special period of feeding for the first four weeks after the birth of the b aby during which Chongqing mothers consume up to ten eggs per day and large amou nts of chicken and pork. However. and v egetables as a source of vitamin A (which they are not)--how such researchers co uld be trusted to know the difference between "well-nourished" and "undernourish ed" mothers? But even if there is little variation in certain immune factors as claimed. the co ntent of erucic acid (a long-chain monounsaturated fatty acid) increased in the milk of Chongqing mothers during the later weeks of lactation. LONG-CHAIN FATTY ACIDS Mother's milk contains long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCP) that the bab y needs for the development of its nervous system. A void caffeinated beverages and alcohol.") The LCP composition in the tissues of growing infants is largely determined by t he LCP content of the milk that the baby consumes.Typical advice to pregnant women is as follows: "Include fruits. .11 Mothers in the traditional province of Chongqing had higher levels of milk fat than those from westernized Hong Kong. Levels of omega-6 linoleic acid we re high in the milk of Hong Kong mothers. the child is li kely to suffer from learning disabilities and reduced visual acuity. ther e can be huge variations in other nutrients depending on what the mother eats. These factors were the immune-protecting compounds sIgA. gra ins. also of the o mega-3 family. (For more information on long-chain fatty acids.9 We are tem pted to ask how researchers with such an abysmal knowledge of nutrition--promoti ng lowfat milk as nutritious. 2001. These special fats accumulate in the brain and retina. their levels of DHA were as hig h as those of Chongqing mothers. For example. so compelling is the research that on July 16. and higher levels of AA. Formula manufacturers have resisted because the fatty acids add conside rably to the cost of making the formula and also require special handling to pre vent oxidation.10 The most important LCP's are arachidonic acid (AA) of the omega-6 family. An important 1997 study compared the fatty acid com position of breast milk of mothers in two Chinese provinces with that of Canadia n mothers. say the "experts. sweet potatoes and cantaloupe. reflecting a diet ary switch from animal fats to rape seed oil. notabl y Japan. What is less well known is that the levels of LCPs in human breast milk greatly depend on the mother's diet. but because of high fish consumption. spinach. The diet of Hong Kong mothers was much lower in fat and calories. The Chinese breast milk study proves that the levels of important fatty acids in mother's milk are strongly influenced by the mother's diet. If they are absent in the infant diet. meat alternatives as the equivalent of meat. lysozyme and lactoferrin. But breast milk levels of AA and DHA in both pr ovinces were much higher than those of Canadian mothers. reflecting their use of high-omega-6 v egetable oils derived from corn and soy. docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) of the omega-3 family and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). meat or meat alternative and lowfat milk products in your diet every day. vegetables. th e US Food and Drug Administration approved the addition of two fatty acids deriv ed from blue-green algae to infant formulas.

small amounts of one form of trans fa ts naturally occurring in butterfat are not harmful. and zinc. Formula makers know better than to put trans f ats into baby formula-yet human milk will contain high levels of trans fats if t he mother consumes margarine.15 In other words.22 Even the various anti-inflammatory and antiba cterial compounds in a mother's milk vary markedly according to her diet. shortening and many processed foods. They interfere with many enzymatic processes.21 While protein levels in human milk remain constant at about 11 percent under var ious conditions. This can be accomplished by consuming high levels of animal fats plus eggs. AND OTHER BAD THINGS Trans fats from partially hydrogenated vegetable oils are present in margarine. .23 TRANS FATS. and contribute to allergies.13 VITAMINS AND MINERALS A recent study found that breast milk did not meet the minimum requirements for many nutrients. disrupt the endocrine system. levels of fat and lactose-both essential for the development of the nervous system-vary widely. cod liver oi l and oily fish throughout the lactation period. some mothers had seven times more zinc in their milk than others.19 Deficiency was measured by the presence of c onjunctivitis in the eyes. The Chines e study found that Canadians had 33 times more trans fats in their milk than the . The accumulated evidence is that trans fats are bad news indeed.16 Vitamin B6 concentrates in breast milk and B6 requirements are increased in lactating women . A study in Nigeria found that ca lcium and potassium levels in human milk varied by a factor of 2. One study found a B 12 deficiency in a breastfed infant of a strict vegetarian. iodine and sodium by almost 7. Adequate B12 is essential for the development of the infant. by over 7. Incidence of conjunctivitis fell in infants nursing f rom mothers taking a vitamin-A supplement. Another survey found large variations in the levels of B vitamins. but adequate supp lies can only be met with consumption of animal foods rich in the true form of t his nutrient.2 mg per 100 grams and vitamin A from 15 to 226 IU. Mothers can convert some of the precursors in fruits and vegetable s into true vitamin A and these will then show up in her milk.Ideal breast milk contains high levels of both saturated fats and LCPs. Vitamin A is found only in animal fats.17 More B6 is required if the woman is exercising--an important reason for adeq uate rest during the nursing period. . The authors noted that vitamin-A stat us was lowest in women who were thin and who had had many babies-a warning not t o lose weight too quickly after birth of a baby and to put sufficient space betw een children so that vitamin-A stores can be rebuilt. Saturated fats in mother's milk stimulate the immune system and work synergistically with LCPs to maintain them in the tissues where they belong. which is vital to the nervous system. magnesium and copper by a factor of 3. fried foods and commercial baked goods. iron and selenium by almost 5. The same study found that vitamin C ranged from 0 to 11. chloride levels by a factor of 4. Vitamin A is vital for the development of the infant.24 (However. a sthma and many other diseases.) If exposure to trans fats is bad for adults. cause reduce d learning ability.14 Vitamin D was especially low.20 Another found lowe r levels of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in the blood of babies born t o vegetarian women. it is even worse for babies and chi ldren during their growing years.12 Levels of fat in a mother's milk will decre ase with each baby unless she takes special care to consume high levels of nutri ent-dense fats between pregnancies and during each lactation.18 A 1992 study carried out in Indonesia found that mothers who rec eived vitamin-A supplementation had higher levels in their blood and milk than t hose who received a placebo and the infants of the supplemented group were less likely to be vitamin-A deficient.

"The word 'insufficient' is like the word 'inadequate'-once it has been directed at a mother it can never be retr acted. The researchers found no correla tion between milk supply and frequency of feeding. to fish soup in China and Japan. The percentage of mothers who begin by breastfeeding has not changed over the pa st 20 years.27 Mo dern studies show that a mother's milk supply can vary and that it is influenced by her diet. including pesticides. the same percentage as in the early 1980s.28 Milk was more plentiful during the non-rainy season. and the growth of the infan ts was much more satisfactory. but future generation s would be better served if researchers devoted their efforts to determining whi ch of them actually worked. and her confidence in her body's ability to nurture and nourish at the br east often plummets. If adequate milk were automatic for all women. as milk flows from her breast to a bowl. A federal survey in 1995 found that 58 percent of all women began b reastfeeding. The main factor was the amoun t of food available to the mother. soaked cereal gruels. and th is in spite of the fact that breastfeeding is now universally promoted as best f . phytoestrogens in the milk of mothers who eat a lot of s oy is still about 3000 times less than levels in soy-based formula. Most traditional cultures use special foods o r "galactogogues" in the belief that they increase milk flow. inculcated by evil formula manufacturers in order to sell more formula-although the formula makers are ind eed quick to exploit this concern. Weston Price recorded the practice of special feeding for pregnant and l actating women. In 1981. Many other bad things can end up in mother's milk. MILK SUPPLY According to La Leche League literature. Mothers from all societies and in all ages have naturally been concerned about h aving enough milk for their infants.31 The adjoi ning painting shows her prayer being answered. in a few cases. they say. is not a deficiency in the mammary gland. but a "shared belief " among women or health workers "that insufficient milk is a common phenomenon. But almost 20 percent f ewer mothers were still nursing after three months than in the mid-1980s. although there was a greater fall-off among mothers nursing babies older than three months. mercury (from amalgam fillings). there would be no need to offer prayers. they say. and high levels of phytoestrogens. should not be interpreted as a sign of insuff icient or poor quality milk-even though this is what a mother's instincts tell h er. According to the La Leche League handbook. r eflecting the inroads that processed foods have made in westernized Hong Kong." Baby's frequent crying. An 1885 votive painting from Japan depicts a mother praying for an abundant milk supply for her newborn infant. Concern about milk supply is not a modern phenomenon. The foods given were animal foods rich in fat-soluble vitamins a nd.traditional Chongqing mothers who did not consume processed foods! Hong Kong mo thers had four times more trans fats in their milk than the Chongqing mothers. (However. The p roblem. if the mother eats a lot of soy. investigators in Gambia found that milk output diminished during the five-month rainy season when food supplies were less.30 Modern literature on breastfeeding d ismisses the notion of galactogogues as mere superstition. First-time mothers were better able to maintain m ilk output than mothers with multiple children." Yet ancient medical literature abounds in treatments for lactation failure.29 Soup made from roosters is a galactogogue used in several areas of the world. ranging from powde red earthworms in India. insufficient milk supply is rare. to a variety of specia l teas.25) One study discovered peanut proteins in mother's milk and warned that lactating women who eat peanuts may cause peanut allergies in their infants!26 Even mother 's milk can cause allergies.

or babies. thousands of babies thrived on rich whole milk from a variety of animals. starting off with the best of intentions." gliding easily off the tongues of lactati on consultants. WEB OF DECEPTION "Oh what a tangled web we weave. pituitary gland and thyroi d gland. or that their baby is not happy with the qualit y of milk that it is getting from her breast. Yes. Consumption of trans fats lowers the overall fat content of mother's milk. First is the deception that insufficient milk is rare. even if their diet is not perfect. she needs special milk-inducing foods or. Early books on infant feeding recognized that milk from a co w (or goat. sales reps. sheep. as many a valiant breastfeeding moth er. as evidenced by the extensive dental problems he found in h is breastfed patients. water buffalo.32 A common reason for discontinuing breastfeeding in the US is. but the women who are able should do so. "I don't have enou gh milk. it is rare in a society of truly healthy people but the western nations are not inhabited by t ruly healthy people.34 The recent poor showing of breastfed infants in compari son trials indicates that modern human milk is not better-and possibly worse-tha n it was in Price's day. but with th e essential preparation for accomplishing it. How wise these early writers seem in comparison to our modern "experts": Nature does not always confer upon a woman the important capacity for nursin g her baby. but even before we knew these things. Today we know that we should dilute the milk and a dd other whole foods. Every pregnant woman should not only be impressed with the importance of this duty on her part. reindeer or llama) was the logical subs titute. including very high levels of trans fatty ac ids in commercial foods. camel. was the scouting out of a cow th at would be given the best of pasture and whose milk would be available to the i nfant throughout its infancy. most of whom recognized that nursing mothers need special diets to meet the special needs of the growing infant. The production and release of milk is governed by a complex interaction of hormones." With this statement we turn our backs on the accumul ated wisdom of traditional people throughout the globe. Insufficient milk supply is a problem more common than the medical profession wants to admit." Behind the simple mantra "breastfeeding is best. The logical substitute for human milk is cow's milk (or goat's milk)." In a ddition to adequate rest and help. Yet some of the strongest words in the medical literature today are aimed at commercial formula's only com ." Proof is given by baby's frequent crying or failure to gain weight. is another reason why so many mothers abandon breastfee ding after the first few weeks-they know better than any lactation consultant th at they do not have enough milk. Weston Price observed a decline in the quality o f human breast milk. part of the preparation for women during pregnancy. We do a woman a great disservice by telling her that it is "all in her head. there are women who for s ome reason cannot perform this natural function-for these. lurk several gross deceptions that usher millions of women into the arms of the formula indu stry. As early as the 1940s. when first we practice to deceive. government officials and pediatricians. readily available nutritious alternatives for her infant. involving the hypothalamus. There are plenty of places where it can go wrong and given the high lev els of thyroid and endocrine problems in western women. fai ling that. The final deception is that babies should not be given homemade formula made wit h cow or goat milk. it is necessary to le arn to take advantage of the way now available to them to feed the infant artifi cially. However. has learned to her sorrow.33 The poor quality of the American diet. it's a wonder that so ma ny nurse successfully at all.35 A mere fifty years ago. asid e from a diet enriched by special animal foods. Second is the deception that "Almost all mothers can produce good milk.

Y Takemura and others. Above all. Today the new mother who finds herself struggling with nursing. Second. let's accept the inevitable. 2. But mothers need to know that formula made with good quality milk and other wh ole foods is vastly superior to factory-made formula. Mar . it requires knowledge.154(2):11509. Above all. hard work and mutual support among breastfeeding and non-breast feeding mothers. Third. American Journal of Epidemiology. The need to return to work. I Hardell and A C Dreifaldt.90(5):492-8. unsatisfactory progress of the infant-these are compelling reasons for mothers to turn to formula feedin g (although every effort should be made to allow breastfeeding in the workplace) . let's establish some realistic goals. Finally. not deception. but in today's society it is not a luxury available to many. May 2001. Breastfeeding duration and the risk of malign ant diseases in childhood in Sweden. problems with milk supply. Prevalence of iron deficiency in 12-mo-old infants from 11 European areas and influence of dietary factors on iron status (Euro-growth study). she is to ld that formula made in factories is better than milk produced by living animals . a little plastic bag with a tube that lets a mother give her baby a supplement through a tube laid over her breast whi le she continues to nurse. dedic ation. and there is n o better place to start than with the teachings of Dr. Ninety-eight percent first-month nursing has been accomplished in Swede n by banning the distribution of free formula samples in the maternity wards. let's keep in mind the ultimate goal. Breastfeeding for several months should al ways be encouraged. When she gives in to the inevitable and switches to bottle feeding. Future p arents need to know that the "average America diet" is not likely to produce hea lthy children and not likely to give a mother healthy milk. The anti-immune factors in the first few weeks of mother's mi lk are indeed unique to human milk. childbirth classes and breastfeeding support groups.petition-homemade formula based on cow or goat milk. July 2001. is first told that she should have more confidenc e. patience. It is a goal that requires wisdom. Weston A. This device has been around since the early 1970s but breastfeeding support groups have only recently endorsed it. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. T op of the list would be to have virtually 100 percent of all women nursing durin g the first month. and cannot be duplicated or provided in any formula. let's provide accurate nutrition advice to our young people through sex education classes. Relaton between Breastfeeding and the Prevalence of Asthma: The Tokorozawa Childhood Asthma and Pollinosis Study. let's tell mothers who are struggling with poor milk supply about the won derful little device called the Lact-Aid. Sometimes just a few weeks with the Lact-Aid is enoug h to get mother and baby "over the hump" and increase milk supply for the newly relaxed and rested mother. but thr ough the mail and in government programs like Women Infants and Children (WIC). Note: The Lact-Aid system can be ordered from (423) 744-9090. and frantic at t he frequent cries of her baby.com. REALISTIC GOALS Instead of engaging in wishful thinking. C Male and others.lact-aid. Another formula customer is born. 3. Visit their websit e at www. REFERENCES 1. The goal is healthy children-no t breastfeeding for the sake of breastfeeding and not convenience feeding with s tore-bought foods-but healthy children. Price. Fr ee samples should be strictly forbidden-not just in the maternity wards. which distributes free formula to low income mothers. Acta Paediatrics.

18.upper respiratory t ract infections in 4-year-old children. Hagerstown.56 suppl 67:23-6.ch 2001. 16.May 1998. G N Schrauzer. Inc. Effect of energy restriction and exercise on vita min B-6 status of women during lactation. 1997. Vitamin B12 Deficiency in the Breastfed Infant of a Strict Vegetarian. The influence of maternal vegetarian diet on essential fatty acid status of the newborn. Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) an d perinatal development. 6. 20. Enig Associates. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. Nutritional impacts on women: throughout life with emphasis on reproduction. Chicago. Jan 199 4. F A Balogun and others.32(10):1061-1067. 2001. Z Y Chen and others. Vitamin A and Lactation in Indonesian Women. 24. Lipids in Human Milk. 7. W ashington. Subcommittee for a Clinical Appl ication Guide. Committee on Nutritional Status During Pregnancy and Lactation.55(3):179-85. September 2001. 1994. Sports and Exercise. Influence of breastfeeding on the infant's intell ectual development. K S Moghissi and T N Evans. Humana Press. Leukotrines and Essential Fatty Acids. . IL.18(1):32-36. April 2001.48(2):273-97. Detection of peanut allergens in breast milk of lactat ing women. April 2001. M L Garg and others. F R Greer. Silver Spring. Prostaglandins. Meeting Abstrac ts. Canada. 15. MI 1992. April 30. 11. Exposure of infants to phyto-oestrogens f rom soy-based infant formula.37(5):142-144. M C Temboury and others. 1988. December 1999. Eds. S Reddy and others. L J Filer. U Hoppu and others.350:23-27. 2001. July 5. DC 1992 9. Human Milk and Infant Formula. R J Stoltzfus. R G Jensen. American Oil Chemists Society Proceedings.285( 19):2461-7. Journal of the American Medical Association.1 21(11):1329-32. 19. 1982.90(4):460-4. Letter from Dawn Pomponio. Nut rition Reviews. Academic Press. A Comparative Study of Elemental Composition of Hu man Breast Milk and Infant Milk Substututes. May 1979.34(12):1243-1271. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 17. Kenneth D R Setchell and others. F ood and Nutrition Board. P Vadas and others. February 2001. B Koletzko and others. 25.1997. Lipids. 10. May. 2001. 2:4:A852. Medical Science. Breast Milk Fatty Acid Composition: A comparative Stu dy Between Hong Kong and Chongqing Chinese. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Bio logy (FASEB) Journal. 12. Risk of overweight among adolescents who were brea stfed as infants. 26. April 2001. 7. 21. 14.48(5)358-368 22. 1994. Insititute of Medicine. 2nd Edition. Vitamin A Vagary. M G Enig. pages 471-479. Ann Arbor. Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation. 4. MD. C Agostini and others. PhD. V S Packard. 5. Trans Fatty Acids in the Food Supply: A Comprehensive Report Cov ering 60 Years of Research. April 2001. May 16.85(3):18 3-188. Breast feeding and cognitive development at age 1 and 5 years. 13. 8. K W Wefring and others. NY.33(4):512-8. Harper and Row. MD . N K Angelsen and others. Allergy. S Fallon and M G Enig. 23. Relationship of nutrition to lactation and newborn development. Breastfeeding duration. C A Lovelady and others. Journal of the American Medical Association. National Academy of Sciences. Lipids.285(13):17 46-8. R M Oliart Ros and others. Prevention of breastfeeding tragedies. RN Campbell River. Archives of Diseases of Children. Inc. Nasal congestion and earache . Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. April 4. BC. New York. Breast milk . Pediatric Clinics of N orth America. milk fat composition and d evelopmental indices at 1 year of life among breastfed infants.64(2):105-109. M R Neifert. The Lancet. Do breastfed infants need supplemental vitamins? Pediatric Clin ics of North America. Acta Paediatrics. April 2001. 1977. ed. M W Gillman and others. 1995.immunomodulatory signals against allergi c diseases. Biological Trace Element Research.48(2):415-23.

Money and Madness: The Culture and Polit ics of Breastfeeding. Milk. 28. Lacto-fermented condiments and beverages Bone broths used in soups. 1995. New York. sheep. When a wet nurse was unavailable. Journal of Nutrition. Weston Price found that in traditional societies. camels.120:818-824. W A Price. p 14. M Kaufmann. . Nutrition and Diet Therapy. 3-4 ounces fresh liver. mothers on calorie-restricted diets will have lower levels of fat and lacto se in their milk. Academic Press. Bergin & Garvey. preferably from pasture-fed cows 2 or more eggs daily. stews and sauces Soaked whole grains Fresh vegetables and fruits AVOID: Trans fatty acids. preferably from pastured chickens Additional egg yolks daily. 1990. The MacMillan Co mpany. 1999 . Vitamins in Immunity and Growth.000-20. alcohol. Eighth Edition. What's In Infant Formula? Washington Post Health. Money and Madness: The Culture and Polit ics of Breastfeeding. Human milk will also lack long-chain fatty a cids if these are not present in adequate amounts in the mother's diet. CT. CA. SIDEBAR ARTICLES DIET FOR PREGNANT WOMEN AND NURSING MOTHERS Cod liver oil to supply 10. June 1. Milk. a portion of the women did not have adequa te milk supply. 35. 34. TRUTH: Even in traditional societies. May 1930. W A Price. 2-4 times per week. New York. Westport.27. cigarettes and drugs (even prescription drugs) . scrambled eggs. etc. N Baumslag and D L Michels. shellfish and fish eggs Fresh beef or lamb daily. eds. Milk Fat Depression in C57B1/6J Mice Consuming Parti ally Hydrogenated Fat. preferably raw and from pasture-fed cows 4 tablespoons butter daily. MYTH: Most diets provide adequate nutrition for nursing mothers. MYTHS AND TRUTHS ABOUT BREASTFEEDING MYTH: Every woman can breastfeed successfully. D. white flour .Bergin & Garvey. women contin ued to consume special foods during the lactation period. In addit ion. Milk. N Baumslag and D L Michels. CT. Price-Pottenger Nutrition Foundation. Westport. Westport. San Deigo. B B Teter and others. re indeer or llamas. There is no nee d for nursing women to add special foods to their diets. soft drinks. caffeine. junk foods. salad dressings. 1995. 1942. etc. goats.000 IU vitamin A daily 2 8-ounce glasses whole milk daily. 1995. commercial fried foods. Infant and Child Feeding. 29. added to smoothies. babies of mothers with inadequ ate milk supply were given milk of cows. Money and Madness: The Culture and Polit ics of Breastfeeding. Click here to read an excerpt. M G Rowland and A A Paul. particularly wild salmon. 30. p 259. 33. TRUTH: Human milk will be lacking in vitamins A. N Baumslag and D L Michels. Nutrition and Physical Degeneration. used in cooking or smoothies. 1981.Bergin & Garvey. CT. 1945 31. always consumed with the fat Oily fish or lard daily. B12 and other fat soluble vi tamin if the mother's diet is poor. for vitamin D 2 tablespoons coconut oil daily. Journal of the American Dental Association. 32. J T Bond and others. once or twice per week Fresh seafood. Factors affecting lactation capacity: implicatio ns for developing countries. water buffalo. sugar. F T Proudfit.

your milk supply dries up. her baby's diet should be supplemented with cod liver oil. Fermented foods and beverages. even if the breastfeeding g oes well. INSUFFICIENT MILK SUPPLY: This is uncommon. all animal foods. whole foods baby formula. Yo u have done the best you could and your baby can still grow up healthy. underdeve loped jaw. WHEN BREASTFEEDING MAY NOT BE BEST GALACTOSEMIA: This is a rare genetic disorder in which the infant cannot digest galactose.lact-aid. but this is rare. and just having the supplies on hand can be enough to give you the peace of mind that allows your milk to keep flowing. ADOPTED BABIES: It has been reported that breast milk has been stimulated in non -biologic mothers. egg yolks and liver. Husband. relatives. and for the baby after weaning. and purchase the Lact-Aid breastfeeding support sys tem so that you have what you need to provide a nourishing supplement. don't feel guilty. A supplemental homemade formula should be given using the Lact-Aid breastfeeding aid (www. but not as rare as is indicated in t he medical literature. grandparents. When you are breastfeeding. Adopted babies should be given homemade bab y formula.MYTH: Breastfeeding can prevent dental problems such as crowded teeth. be sure to scout out the best quality milk available in your area-you will nee d this for yourself. If a vegan mother insists on breastfeeding. are said to incre ase milk supply. an amino acid. Breastfed children can have den tal deformities if their nutrition in the womb and the breast milk they received were lacking in nutrients. TIPS FOR SUCCESSFUL BREASTFEEDING Follow the Diet for Pregnant Women and Nursing Mothers). The child will die if it is breastfed. Ho memade whole food baby formula will be more nutritious than the milk of mothers on a junk food diet. these children h ave been successfully breastfed in combination with a phenylalanine-free protein . etc. Sometimes just a few days of supplementing using the Lact-Aid can in crease milk flow.com). ideally from before con ception. housekeepers or even a professional baby nurse should be on hand so that the nu rsing mother can concentrate on getting optimal nourishment and plenty of sleep. strong a nd smart on a homemade. and porridges of soaked grains. Eat plenty of food. VEGANISM: The milk of vegan mothers will be lacking in vitamin B12 and important long-chain fatty acids. IN SPITE OF WHAT THE DOCTORS SAY PHENYLKETONURIA: This is a rare genetic disorder in which the infant must avoid phenylalanine. JUNK FOOD DIET: Junk foods full of trans fatty acids will reduce the fat content of mothers' milk and cause trans fatty acids to be present in mothers' milk. With careful medical supervision. assemble the ingre dients for homemade formula. If. While you are pregnant . if that i s required. in spite of these measures. friends. it is no time to diet! Try to arrange to have good help for the first four weeks after the baby is born so that you will have adequate rest. If you have any qualms or fears about not having enough milk. TRUTH: The development of the face and jaw depends on the nutrients available to the child from preconception through childhood. WHEN BREASTFEEDING IS FINE.

4200 Wisconsin Ave. Washington DC 20016 Phone: (202) 363-4394 | Fax: (202) 363-4396 | Web: www. NW. HIV POSITIVE: Mothers who test HIV positive are told not to breastfeed. the organization is also the m ost influential proponent of the fallacy that "all mothers can nurse successfull y. Once again. DIABETES: Although diabetic mothers are often warned not to breastfeed.substitute. they have down-played the influence of diet on the quality of m others' milk. Pric e Foundation. The Weston A. Bev Teter discover ed that dietary trans fatty acids can lower the fat content of mothers' milk. La Leche League is considered the world's foremost authority on breastfeeding..org General Information/Membership/Brochures: info@westonaprice. the quarterly magazine of the Weston A. They also ignored the input of another concerned scientist. Price Foundation PMB 106-380.westonaprice. that mercury from amalgam fillings ca n cause high levels of mercury in human milk. their literature denies the role of human milk fat in the development of the nervous system.org This page was posted on 31 DEC 2001. No one can dispute the service that La Leche League has performed in raising awa reness of the benefits of breastfeeding. adequate maternal nutrition is vital. But a So uth African study found that the HIV virus is not passed to breastfeeding infant s when the mother's diet contains sufficient vitamin A Other studies have found that a low viral load also prevents transmission from mother to child. Fall 2001. La Leche League did not respond. The organization offers information and support in sixty countri es around the world for mothers who choose to breastfeed their babies. Price Foundation. Click here to become a member of the Foundation and receive our quarterly journa l.org Website: webmaster@westonaprice. This article appeared in Wise Traditions in Food. and they conduct support groups for nursing mothers of all income levels. sh e immediately contacted La Leche League so that they could warn all nursing moth ers to avoid them. . Farming and the Healing Arts. Disclaimer: The information published herein is not intended to be used as a sub stitute for appropriate care by a qualified health practitioner. They have lobbied for the rights of mothers to nurse on the job and in public places. perhaps because they did not understand the role of fats in the development of the infant. full of informative articles as well as sources of healthy food. However. Please contact the Foundation for permission if you wish to use th e material for any purpose." Furthermore. breastfe eding actually diminishes complications in the infants of diabetic mothers. In fact. The organization has also failed to use their influence to warn mothers about fa ctors that can compromise the quality of their milk. Copyright Notice: The material on this site is copyrighted by the Weston A.org Local Chapters and Chapter Leaders: chapters@westonaprice. LA LECHE LEAGUE Founded in 1956. When Dr.