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M.E.S INDIAN SCHOOL, DOHA-QATAR PRE-BOARD EXAMINATION FEBRUARY 2014 SUBJECT: CHEMISTRY Class: XII (C.B.S.

E ) Time : 3hrs General Instructions. (a) All questions are compulsory. (b) Question Numbers 1 to 8 are very short multiple choice questions mark each. (c) Question Numbers 9 to 18 are short answer questions and carry 02 marks each. (d) Question Numbers 19 to 27 are short answer questions and carry 03 marks each (e) Question Numbers 28 to 30 are long answer questions and carry 05 marks each (f) Use log tables if necessary. Calculators are not permitted 1. What is the order of reaction of Nuclear reaction? Explain the colloidal solution of gold prepared by different methods has 2. different colours. 3. What are the condition to maximize the yield of H2SO4 in contact process ? 4. How will you prove that all the carbon atoms of glucose are in straight chain ? 5. State reasons for the NH3 has greater affinity for protons than PH3 6. State reasons for the molecular shape of Ni(CO)4 is not same as that of [Ni(CN)4]27. Write the IUPAC Name for (CH3 )2 CHCOCH((CH3 )2 8. Why cannot vitamin C be stored in our body? 9. Analysis shows that nickel oxide has the formula Ni0.98 as O1.00. What fraction of Ni exists as Ni2+ and Ni3+ ions? 10. State the reasons for the following (a) Frenkel defects are not found in alkali metal halides. (b) Fe3O4 is ferromagnetic at room temperature but becomes paramagnetic at 850K. 11. Illustrate with the help of diagram variation of the molar conductivities of a strong electrolyte and weak electrolyte with dilution of solution. Give reason for this variation. 12 a) State the reasons for the haloalkanes easily dissolve in organic solvent. b) What is known as a racemic mixture? Give an example. 13 Show that for a first order reaction, the time required for half life period is independent of initial concentration. (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (1) (2) (2) carrying one Max.Marks:70

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Explain the following reactions : (a) Sandmeyers reaction (b) Elimination reaction The following results have been obtained during the kinetic studies of the reaction. 2A + B C+D Experimental 1 2 3 4 [A] M 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.4 [B] M 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.1 Initial rate 6.0 x 10-3 7.2 x 10-2 2.88 x 10-1 2.4 x 10-2

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Determined the rate law and the rate constant for the reaction. 16 Explain the following a) Ethylamine is soluble in water but aniline is not. b) Aniline does not undergo Friedel Crafts reaction. 17 Complete the following NaCN OHNaOH/ Br2 a) CH3CH2I------------ A------------B--------------------- C b) RNH2 +CHCl3 + KOH -------------- (A).For the complex [NiCl4]2- , write a) The IUPAC name. b) The hybridization type. c) The shape of the complex (Atomic no. of Ni =28) OR What is meant by crystal field splitting energy? On the basis of crystal field theory ,write the electronic configuration of d4 in terms of t2g and eg in an octahedral field when o > P Explain the reasons a) Fe(OH)3 sol gets coagulated on addition of NaCl solution b) Cottrells smoke precipitator is fitted at the mouth of the chimney used in factories. c) Physical adsorption is multi layered while chemisorption is mono layered . Conductivity of 0.00241 M acetic acid is 7.896X10-5 S cm-1, calculate its molar conductivity and if ^0m for acetic acid is 390.5 S cm2 mol-1. What is its dissociation constant? (2) (2)

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Give one important use of each of the following : (i) Bithional (ii) Chloramphenicol (iii) Streptomycine a) What is meant by Broad Spectrum Antibiotics? b) Discuss the two ways in which drug prevent attachment of natural

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substrate on active site of enzyme. Write a equations (a) Cl2 reacts with hot conc. solution of NaOH. (b) Orthophosphorous acid is heated (c) PtF6 and Xe are mixed together Write the structure and one use of each of the following polymers (a) PVC (b) Urea-formaldehyde resin (c) Bakelite Shanti, a domestic helper of Mrs. Anuradha, fainted while mopping the floor.mrs. Anuradha immediately took her to a nearby hospital where she was diagnosed to be severely anaemic.The doctor prescribed an iron rich diet and multivitamins supplement to her. Mrs.Anuradha supported her financially to get the medicines. After a month, Shanti was diagnosed to be normal. After reading the above passage, answer the following questions: (a) What values are displayed by Mrs.Anuradha? (b) Name the vitamin whose deficiency causes pernicious anaemia. (c) Give an example of water soluble vitamin. (A). Account for the following (a) The negative electron gain enthalpy oxygen is less than that of sulphur. (b) Phosphorus shows greater tendency for catenation than Nitrogen (c) Fluorine never acts as a central atom in polyatomic interhalogen compounds. (OR) (B).Give the reasons for the following (a) NH3 is stronger base than PH3 (b) Sulphur shows greater tendency for catenation than Oxygen. (c) Bond dissociation energy of F2 is less than that of Cl2 Describe the role of (a) Depressant in Froth floatation process (b) silica in the extraction of Cu from copper pyrites ore (c ) Cryolite in the metallurgy of Al (A). a. The depression of freezing point of water observed for the same molar concentration of acetic acid, trichloroacetic acid and triflouroacetic acid increases in the order as stated above .Explain. b. Calculate the depression in F.P. of water when 20 g of CH3CH2CH(Cl) COOH is added to 500 g of water.(Ka =1.4 x10-3, Kf= 1.86KKg /mol) (OR)

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a. State Henrys law & mention its two important applications. b. Henrys law constant for CO2 dissolving in water is 1.67 x 10 8 Pa at 298 K. Calculate the quantity of CO2 in 1L of soda water when packed under 2.5 atm CO2 pressure at 298 K. (A)State the reasons 5 a) The actinoids exhibit a larger number of oxidation state as compared to Lanthanoids in general. b) Scandium (z=21)does not exhibit variable oxidation state. c) Describe how K2Cr2O7 is prepared from chromate d) The colour of K2 Cr2O7 solution changes with change in pH of solution . (OR) (B).Account for the following (a) Oxidising power in the series VO2+ <Cr2O72- <MnO4(b) Actinoid contraction is greater from element to element than lanthanoid contraction (c) Oxoanions of a metal show higher oxidation state. (d) What is Misch metal?Give its one use. (A) (a) Give chemical test to distinguish between: i. Propanal and propanone ii. Benzaldehyde and acetophenone (b) An organic compound with molecular formula C9H10O forms 2,4-DNP derivative, reduces Tollens reagent and undergoes Cannizaros reaction.On vigorous oxidation it gives 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid. Identify the compound. (OR) (a) Describe the mechanism of the addition of Grignard reagent to the carbonyl group of a compound to form an adduct which on hydrolysis yields an alcohol. (b) arrange the following compounds in an increasing order of their property as indicated: i. Acetaldehyde,acetone,methyl tert-butyl ketone (reactivity towards HCN) ii. Benzoic acid,3,4-dinitro benzoic acid ,4-methoxy benzoic acid (acid strength) iii. CH3CH2CH(Br)COOH,CH3CH(Br)CH2COOH,(CH3)2CHCOOH (acid strength) 5

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