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Tally is a main program made by Peontronies Pvt. Ltd. company. It is design for all types of accounting solution and stock management. It is DOS based version which include accounting and windows based inventory control system. Its main technology is based on alignment of various transactions happens on company other report and book writing is made by the tally own. or the each transaction ledger a!c entry be open after this voucher entry is done.

Type Of Tally Version

Tally 4.5 Tally was started with is first version of Tally 4.5" which was a DOS based program. This program was very light weight and very fast in operation. Tally 5.4 The ne#t version was $.% which was graphic interface version. It became popular in the masses. Its pirated copy made it most popular accounting software. Tally 6.3 &e#t version was tally '.( which was truly windows based version which could support fast printing and with )*T implemented. Tally '.( came with water tight security in terms of piracy. +ith its dongle it was almost impossible to crack. *lthough crack of software were available but Tally,s policy of fre-uent upgrades and newer releases does the trick. Tally 7.2 &e#t version of Tally was Tally ../. It was also fast version with lots fo new feature like statutory compliant versions. Different )*T rules for different states was achieved with this version. Tally 8.1 Tally 0.1 was developed with new data structure of Tally. * module of POS and Payroll was added to it. It could not live up to the e#pectations with the people and marred by bugs. 2ompany rectified many but the version could not become popular and company has to abort it before time and launch new version. Tally 9 This is the latest version of Tally which has ma#imum features. *ll other versions have been declared end of life period by Tally company. Tally 3 has advance features like 4#cise for Dealers" Payroll" 5T" TDS" e6TDS filing facility etc along wit its regular features related to accounting and inventory management.

Company Information (SCREEN PROPERTY)

The first step to get started in Tally.ERP 9, is to Create a Company. The initial screen appears as shown:

The Gateway of Tally screen is divided into six sections, namely Horizontal Button Bar, Main Area (Ctrl+M), nfo. !anel, "alculator Area (Ctrl+N), Tas# Bar and $ertical Button Bar. The elements of the Gateway of Tally screen are explained %elow: Horizontal Button Bar The Buttons, !rint &Alt'!(, )xport &Alt')(, )*mail &Alt'M(, +pload &Alt',(, -anguage &"trl'-(, .ey%oard &"trl'.(, "ontrol "entre &"trl'.(, /upport "entre &"trl'H( and Help &Alt'H( can %e seen in the Horizontal Button Bar. Control Centre (Ctrl+ ) -ogin to the "ontrol "entre for account management S!pport Centre (Ctrl+") To access support incidents, 0ueries and trac# the resolution status "elp (#lt+") To access Tally.)1!2s online context*sensitive help Main Area (Gateway of Tally) The Main Area is separated into two: 3. -eft*hand side area 4. 1ight*hand side area The left*hand side provides information on "urrent !eriod, "urrent 5ate and -ist of /elected "ompanies &6ame of the company and the date when last entry has %een made(. The right*hand side displays the "ompany nformation menu such as /elect a "ompany, "reate a "ompany, Bac#up a "ompany or 1estore a "ompany and so on.

Hot Keys Hot #eys are capitalized and appear in red colour on all the menus. +sing the Hot .eys in Company Info menu will ta#e you to the relevant screen or su% * menus within the selected option. Info. Panel The nformation !anel or nfo !anel as it is widely #nown appears at the %ottom part of the screen. t is divided into five %loc#s, the first four %loc# give you vital information on the various aspects of the product installed on your computer where as the last %loc# contains the calculator. The user, %ased on his re0uirement can hide the nfo !anel to give you a larger wor#ing area. To hide the nfo !anel clic# on the $%& close %utton, a green colour %and appears with a ' &up arrow sym%ol( indicating the info panel is hidden. To un*hide the Info panel clic# anywhere within the hidden Info Panel or activate the Cal(!lator Pane %y pressing Ctrl+N. By default the Info Panel is displayed in Gateway of Tally or the Company Info menu and remains hidden in other screens or reports. To display the Info Panel in all the screens or reports clic# any where within the hidden Info Panel. To always display the Info Panel across all the screens or reports follow the steps shown: 7o to Gateway of Tally ) *+,- Confi.!ration Men! ) General

/et the option #lway/ /0ow Info Panel to Ye/, Tally.)1! 8 will always display the nformation !anel in all the screens or reports

,r n the Company Info or Gateway of Tally

"lic# close to hide the nfo !anel 5ou%le clic# any where within the hidden nfo !anel

A %rief write*up a%out each %loc# of information panel is given %elow for your %enefit Pro1!(t 2lo(3 The product %loc# of the information panel displays the Tally.ERP 9 logo. 9ou can clic# on the Pro1!(t %and to access the Pro1!(t 4etail/ screen or clic# on theTally.ERP 9 logo to visit www.tally/ol!tion/.(om. n the Pro1!(t 4etail/ screen highlight the re0uired option and press Enter to visit the download page and get latest information a%out various aspects of the product. 5er/ion 2lo(3 The $ersion %loc# displays important product information such as

Serie/: is the product series installed on your computer. :hen the status of the series is Latest, it indicates that the most recent series of Tally.ERP 9 running on your computer. Relea/e: Basically displays a num%er indicating the version of the installed product for the respective series. :hen the status of the release is displayed Latest, it indicates that you are using the most recent version of Tally.)1! 8. n case you are using the older release of Tally.)1! 8, the status is displayed 9.9 Available, which indicates the latest version of Tally.)1! 8 is availa%le for download. E1ition: displays the edition of the product installed which is either Sil6er or Gol1 or #!1itor.

7/er/: The num%er of users displayed are %ased on the product edition installed. The num%er of users for Sil6er is limited to One whereas 7nlimite1 users can simultaneously wor# on the Gol1 and #!1itor edition. "lic# on 5er/ion %loc#, the Pro1!(t 4etail/ screen appears displaying the detailed information a%out the Serie/8 Relea/e8 2!il1, release Stat!/ as of date,5er/ion and E1ition of Tally.)1! 8 installed on your computer.

Highlight the re0uired option and press Enter to get the latest information on various aspects of the product. 9i(en/e 2lo(3 The -icense Bloc# displays information related to the product licensing such as

Serial N!m:er- displays the activated license serial num%er for the respective product edition. ,n detecting a copyright violation the 9i(en/e Serial N!m:erwill turn

%lan# and Invali Li!ense is displayed in red instead of Site I4 and #((o!nt I4.

Remote Serial- The remote serial num%er appears when you have logged in as a remote user or logged in to the Control Centre or S!pport Centre. Site I4- t is the site name assigned %y the user while activating a multi*site license. n a multi*site licensing scenario the first site activated is assigned Pri"ary/ite 5. #((o!nt I4- displays the )*Mail d of the Account Administrator which was provided in the activation form. Tally.NET S!:/(ription 6ali1 till- displays a date indicating the validity of Tally.6)T su%scription. The date is displayed in red colour seven days %efore the expiry of the Tally.6)T su%scription. ,n expiry of the Tally.6)T su%scription a message Tally.#$T %ubs!ri&tion e'&ire on 99(99(9999 will appear in red. "lic# on 9i(en/e %loc# of the Info. Panel. The Tally.ERP 9 9i(en/e an1 Tally.NET 4etail/ screen appears displaying 9i(en/e 4etail/, Remote 9i(en/e 4etail/ and Tally.NET #((o!nt 4etail/ of the respective license serial num%er.

Confi.!ration 2lo(3 The configuration %loc# of the information panel displays the following information

Stat- displays the version of the statutory file in use. :hen the status of the statutory file is Latest, it indicates that you are using the most recent version of the statutory file. :hen the status displays 999 Available it indicates that you are using the older version of the /tatutory file and the latest version is availa%le for download. n case the Tally.6)T su%scription has expired and you are not eligi%le to use the higher version of the statutory file with an older release of Tally.)1! 8 then the word %tat and the release num%er 999 appear in red.

)al!ulator Pane The Cal(!lator Pane allows you to perform simple and complex mathematical operations re0uired %y the user eliminating the need of an additional calculator at his des#. To activate the calculator press Ctrl+N or clic# within the Cal(!lator Pane where ever it is displayed. Tas* Bar The menu path appears in the lower left corner of the Bottom pane. The "urrent 5ate &system date(. three letter day, date, month and year are displayed in 4448 448 MMM8 YYYY format on the right*hand side. /ystem Time appears on the lower*right corner Min!te/- Se(on1/ &HH;MM;//( format. in "o!r-

Button Bar The %uttons are designed to ma#e the wor# easier and faster, they vary from one screen to another %ased on the screen functionality. They appear on the right hand side of the Tally.)1! 8 screen and the inactive %uttons are greyed out. 9ou can either clic# these %uttons or press the shortcut #eys to access the relevant screen. The following are some of the %uttons and their functions: *+- Sele(t Cmp To select the company from the -ist of "ompanies and access data from other data directories on the local system or through the networ#. 9ou can also access the 5irectory field %y pressing <Bac#space=. *+,- Confi.!re To access the configuration settings to manage the information entered in Tally.)1! 8. >or example, you can access the 7eneral "onfiguration to set country specific defaults, %efore creating a company. Buttons where a character or function #ey is underlined indicates that you have to press underlined character or the function #ey along with $#9T& #ey. Buttons where a character or function #ey is dou%le underlined indicates, you have to press the character or the function #ey along with $CTR9& #ey.

*+- !ress the shortcut function #ey $*+& to select a company *+- !ress $#9T+*+& to shut a company *;- !ress $CTR9+*;& to select the "redit 6ote voucher Ctrl+M- !ress Ctrl+M to access the 7ateway of Tally Ctrl+N- !ress Ctrl+N to access the "alculator frame

)lose Button The "lose Button in the upper right corner functions similar to the use of E/( in Tally.)1! 8. t %rings you to %ac# to the 7ateway of Tally.)1! 8 from any screen. Mini"ise Button The Minimise %utton performs the standard :indows ,perating /ystem function, allowing you to minimize Tally.)1! 8 and wor# on other applications. To restore Tally.)1! 8, clic# on the Tally.ERP 9 icon on the tas#%ar.


274*T S4L42T DISPL*8 *LT47 5*29 :P 74STO74 742O)478 O D*T* ;:IT

2reate<6 This option is used to create information about a new company. It can include company name" address" income ta#" sale ta# no account of any year. The report of the date of accounting started" password no. etc can be get. Select<6 5y Showing created company list this option opens the selected company on which its account entry and maintenance can be done. 5ackup<6 *ll the accounts of related to selected company data files can be do3press in the floppy to record. In which if data si=e is e#ceeding more than one floppy can be used by continuo tally back up >>1" >>/ and so on files can be copied. 7ecovery of Data<6 *ll the data occurs either due to various infection or due to fluctuation of power. 2an be corrected by this option. ;uit <6 Tally can be close by this option if created company needs to be related than. ?rouping of Legged *!2<6 This option 2reating of all ledger a!c heads and a!c groups getting information. 2orrecting budget for all a!c heads is possible.

S. &o 1 / ( % $ ' . 0 3 1> 11 1/ 1( 1% 1$

Ledger Shop 9eeper 2ustomer 5ank Saving Post Office Saving 2apital Drawing *ccount 2ash 5uilding 2ar urniture urniture @ i#tures 2arriage Outward +ages Direct +ages *ll type of main Income

Type of *ccount Personal *ccount Personal *ccount Personal *ccount Personal *ccount Personal *ccount Personal *ccount Personal *ccount 7eal *ccount 7eal *ccount 7eal *ccount 7eal *ccount Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p.

Tally ?roup *ccount Payable!Sundry 2reditor *ccount 7eceivable !Sundry 2reditor 5ank *ccounts 5ank *ccounts 2apital *ccount 2apital *ccount 2ash in hand i#ed *ssets i#ed *ssets i#ed *ssets i#ed *ssets Direct 4#penses Direct 4#penses Direct 4#penses 4#penses

&ature 2.L. 2.*. 2.*. 2.L. 2.L. 2.L. 2.L. *ssets *ssets *ssets *ssets 4#penses 4#penses 4#penses 4#penses

1' 1. 10 13 /> /1 // /( /% /$ /' /. /0 /3 (> (1

7eceivable 7ent 5T Income Ta# Sales Ta# Service Ta# T2S TDS )*T 7ent *udit 4#penses 5ad Debts 5ank 2harges 2ommotion 2ST Depreciation 4lectric 5ill

Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p. Income @ 4#p.

Direct Income Duties @ Ta#es Duties @ Ta#es Duties @ Ta#es Duties @ Ta#es Duties @ Ta#es Duties @ Ta#es Duties @ Ta#es Duties @ Ta#es Duties @ Ta#es Duties @ Ta#es Indirect 4#penses Indirect 4#penses Indirect 4#penses Indirect 4#penses Indirect 4#penses

Income 2urrent Liabilities 2urrent Liabilities 2urrent Liabilities 2urrent Liabilities 2urrent Liabilities 2urrent Liabilities 2urrent Liabilities 2urrent Liabilities 2urrent Liabilities 2urrent Liabilities 4#penses 4#penses 4#penses 4#penses 4#penses

This option 2reating of all ledger a!c heads and a!c groups getting information. 2orrecting budget for all a!c heads is possible. Account Info 6 Ledger ?roups 2ost 2entre ;uit Ledger 6 2reate Display *lter 5udget ;uit

Ledger A/C Ledger a!c name *lias name ?roup Opening balance 2losing balance Aain Income ta# no. Sales ta# no. Ledger a!c<6 The ledger a!c mean the transaction done by the company. That helps to unable the final a!c of that company 1. The name of the group and subname of the group while making the ledger is used to give the making address income ta# no. etc /. )oucher 4ntry<6 The voucher 4ntry means the details of the work that done by the transaction in a company. That helps to make the final a!c book and report. The work done by the company" receipt transition or other works. *lso represented by the voucher. Tally itself make the final reports to the data voucher. 4mployment of the think of competed contribution of Tally in 4mployment The main problem before the youngster of India is unemployment. The basic reason for this is our 4#piration Population growth. *fter having higher.

Degrees the student of India are unable to get good Bob. So due this problem our youth. Cas to think about their own business. 5e know there are many possibilities in the field of business but before choosing any option for this purpose we should know some basic idea about it like. Cow much profit we can get why itD Cow any person will it re-uire and which type of technology and machines be will have to affored. So we can adopit that particular business. Since Tally also satisfied these condition like it is 4conomical and it re-uire less space and less e-uipment" so it will be a good business. So for establish by this unit be have selected this syllabus. +e are selecting Tally as our cares we donEt re-uire any additional education but it will be batter. If we should have basic knowledge about computer. 5ecause the option we are selecting is Bust medium of our own business. *nd it dose not be longs to any particular institution. That re-uire any compilation e#am or provide Bob after any planning" so it means. +e should not have to face any commotion. In our daily fast life there are many task before us. It is related to our Bob our business or our occupation and Bust like this the option we are selecting will also take many task. That helps us to reach our goal and how to achieve it D So for this we will also have to know how to solve these kind of problem. So it depends on us that we should intelligently choose our option so that it helps us to be successful in our life. +e should have theoretical knowledge of our option but is metical utility in more re-uired because the theoretical information. ?ives only some knowledge about any particular thing in a system as for as our practical knowledge is concern it much helpful as companies to the theoretical utility of any operation because while doing practical" we get some additional information and a

visual display why these practical we can ratify many problems that faced us during the application" but these problems becomes unsolved it be have only theoretical knowledge for e#ample when be want to such some information by the internet so we shell have to take the help of the such engine" but some time it does not give any result. In that situation what should be done so we can rectify the problem. So the Aoto of its e#ample is that we canEt know about these all problem by the theory and canEt rectify" but when these problems by us and we know about its practical function. So we can easily solve it. If we orally say about this problem so person cannot even understand it ue!t"on #o.1 < +rite the steps to create a new company in Tally and also e#plain the all reliable fields in company creation window.

An!$er< 4very business has no. of financial transactions" as a human being we could not remember all of them. To overcome this problem we used to record all business transactions in books. *s technology is developing we are using computers in every area.

Tally is an application package which is used to record and analy=e all business transactions in computer. To work with this package we need +indows operating System in our computer. To record transactions in Tally" first we need to create 2ompanies for whose transactions to be entered. Suppose as a consultant if want to maintain number of companies data" we need to create separate companies. To create a company we have to follow the steps giving hereunder< 1. 5y Double clicking the Tally Icon on desktop" it opens the Tally screen. /. The gateway of Tally Screen divides into four areas Title area < Shows version &o. Date" Time etc." The main area < List of selected 2ompanies etc." 2alculator *rea < To done mathematical calculations 5utton bar < Displays 2ommands to be used (. The names of the companies already created will displays on the main areaEs left part. In the right part of the main area there is a menu called 2ompany Info. %. 2lick on 2reate 2ompany. It will display a dialog bo#. $. +e have to fill the re-uired fields '. *fter entering all the information it will display F*ccept 8es or &oDE dialog bo#. .. 2lick on 8es 5utton to save all the information and it will creates the company The ollowing are the various details re-uired to create a company. 1. %"rectory< 2ompanyEs data will be saved in a directory" for this it is re-uired to give the path of the Data directory. Path is the location of the directory. 5y default Tally creates its data directory at 2<GTallyGdata. +e can the change the default path by pressing backspace key and enter a new path. Internally Tally &ames its directories like >>1" >>/. /. #a&e< Cere we have to give the name of the company for whose books are to be opened. or 4g. H8I 2ompany Ltd."

(. 'a"l"ng #a&e and Addre!!< Cere we can enter the mailing address of the company. It can be entered in multiple lines also. %. ()&a"l Addre!!< This is optional" if we want we can enter it. $. Local *ale! Ta+ #u&,er< Cere we have to enter the Sales ta# number allotted to the company by the state ?ovt.J if availableK '. Inter !tate Ta+ #u&,er< Type the number if available which was allotted by 2entral ?ovt.. .. Inco&e ta+ #u&,er< Type the number allotted by the 2entral ?ovt to the company if it available. 0. Currencey *y&,ol< Type the base currency symbol like 7s. L etc. In India it will be 7s. 3. 'a"nta"n< +e can maintain two types of *ccounts
o o

Account! -nly< To maintain *ccounts Transactions only Account!)cu&)In.entory< To maintain the Inventory transaction as well as *ccounts transactions.

1>. /"nanc"al Year fro&< Type the inancial 8ear of the country for 4g< />>$6>' 11. 0oo1! ,eg"nn"ng fro&< Tally assumes that this period will be the same as inancial 8ear " if we want we can change it. Suppose company books begins from Muly />>'" then the date will be >16>.6/>>'. 1/. Tally 2alut 3a!!$ord< To avoid unauthori=ed persons to operate!enter and view our company transactions we can maintain data in encrypted formJ:nrecogni=able formK. 5y typing the password authori=ed persons only can view and record!enter the information. *s administrator we have give the Password for it. 1(. 4!e *ecur"ty Control< +e can define and maintain security control layers by classifying the Supervisor rights and normal user rights. Type 8es to maintain Security control " other wise Type &o.

14.0a!"c Currency Info< In this area we have to enter currency formal name" Decimal Points etc." information ue!t"on #o. 2< 4#plain the following group with an e#ample 1. 2apital *ccount /. 2urrent *ssets (. Indirect 4#penses %. Direct 4#penses $. 5ank account '. 5ank O22 account .. i#ed *ssets 0. 2urrent liabilities

An!$er< In manual accounting grouping is need to be done after figures of transaction J)ouchersK have been posted to the ledger accounts and balance drawn JTrial 5alanceK. In Tally by default it creates 1$ groupsN they are called as 7eserved ?roups Jsome are divided into sub groupsK Ca5"tal Account This group holds the 2apital and 7eserves of the company. The following ledgers that may be opened under this group are Share 2apital *!c O+hen the firm is 2ompanyP Partners, 2apital *!c O+hen the firm is Partner6ship firm" Proprietor,s 2apital *!c O+hen the firm is proprietary ship basedP 7eserves and Surplus *!c Oalso called as 7etained 4arningsP 2apital 7eserve *!c" ?eneral 7eserve *!c" 7eserve for Depreciation *!c" etc. Current A!!et! This ?roup holds the current assets ledgers other than 5ank *ccounts" 2ash in Cand or 4g< Loan @ *dvances JassetsK Deposits J*ssetsK Stock6in6hand

Ind"rect (+5en!e! This group holds all the *dministrative" selling @ distribution 4#penses *ccounts. These e#penses are generally shows in Debit side of Profit @ Loss account. or 4g. Depreciation *!c" 7ent" 7ate @ ta#es *!c " Insurance charges *!c" Printing @ stationery *!c" 7epairs @ Aaintenance J*dmnK *!c" Traveling and conveyance *!c. Salaries Payable *!c %"rect (+5en!e!

This group holds all the Trade *!c 4#pensesN it determines the gross profit ! gross loss of the company or 4g< +ages *!c" actory Light *!c" rieght @ Octroi *!c" 2arriage inwards *!c" 0an1 account This group holds 5ank related *ccounts 5ank 2urrent *ccounts for 4g< State bank of India O2*61>3$P 5ank Savings *ccounts" for 4g< CD 2 bank OS56/$$$P Short term deposits *!c etc 0an1 -CC account This group holds the 5ank Overdraft *ccount /"+ed A!!et! This group holds ledgers of fi#ed asset like Land @ 5uilding *!c" urniture @ i#tures *!c" immovable properties" patents " trade rights" Current l"a,"l"t"e! This group contains the flowing sub6groups Duties ta#es Sales Ta#" 2entral Sales Ta#" 4#ise Duty" Aarketing ee" Purchase Ta# Provisions Provision for Income Ta# Provision for 5ad Debts Sundry 2reditors *ll trade creditors of the company

or 4g< 7aB @ 7aB 2o." *52 2ompany Ltd 2urrent Liabilities holds the following Ledgers< *ll liabilities accounts which are not fallen in above ( groups can be placed here Like Statutory Liabilities or 4gN T.D.S payable *!c. 4.S.I 4mployerEs 2ontrib Payable *!c P. 4mployerEs 2ontrib Payable *!c ue!t"on #o. 3 < 4#plain the following voucher entry with an e#ample 1. 2ontra voucher entry /. Payment voucher entry (. 7eceipt voucher entry %. Mournal voucher entry $. Sales voucher entry An!$er In Tally transactions are to be entered through vouchers. * voucher is a online document to enter! recording transactions. In Tally there are 1' predefined vouchers. These can be selected by pressing the function keys as well as by clicking on the commands. ?ateway of Tally QR DisplayQR List of *ccounts R S2trlRTS)R )oucher Types Contra 2ouc6er This voucher is used to enter funds transfer transactions between cash @ banks. unction key % is the short cut key or 4g< To Deposit cash 7s. $>>>!6 in 5ank Ledger Debit 7s 2redit 7s. 5ank *!c $>>>.>> 2ash *!c $>>>.>> To Transfer funds 7s. $>>>!6 from CD 2 5ank to 5ank of Aaharashtra Ledger Debit 7s 2redit 7s. 5ank of Aaharashtra *!c $>>>.>> CD 2 5ank *!c $>>>.>>

3ay&ent .ouc6er entry This voucher is used to make payment to the parities through cash and bank. unction key $ is the short cut key or 4g< Paid 7s. %(>>!6 as Insurance 2harges through CD 2 5ank Ledger Debit 7s 2redit 7s. Insurance 2harges *!c %(>>.>> CD 2 5ank *!c %(>>.>> 7ece"5t .ouc6er entry This voucher is used to record the cash! bank receipts J receipts from debtorsK. unction 9ey ' is the shortcut key or 4g< 7s. %$>>>> received from Philips 2o. Ltd." against our sales through che-ue and it has been deposited in CD 2 5ank Ledger Debit 7s 2redit 7s. CD 2 5ank *!c %$>>>>.>> Philips 2o. Ltd." *!c %$>>>>.>> 8ournal .ouc6er entry This )oucher is used to record adBustment entries between ledgers. unction 9ey ' is the shortcut key. or eg. 7s. .$>>>!6 made provision for make payment towards P. 4mployers contribution. Ledger Debit 7s 2redit 7s. P. 4mployersE 2ontribution *!c .$>>>.>> P. 4mployers 2ontribution Payable *!c .$>>>.>> *ale! .ouc6er entry This voucher is used to record all sales transactions. unction key 0 is the shortcut key. or 4g. 7s.0(>>>> worth sales done on credit to Aanohar @ 2ompany Ledger Debit 7s 2redit 7s. Aanohar @ 2ompany *!c 0(>>>>.>> Sales *!c 0(>>>>.>> 7s. %$>>!6 made cash sales Ledger Debit 7s 2redit 7s. 2ash *!c %$>>.>> Sales *!c %$>>.>>

ue!t"on #o. 4< +rite the steps to

Delete a ledger Aodify a voucher 2reate an user Delete a voucher *lter company information

An!$er< %elete a ledger < +e can delete the legers by using the following steps<

2lick on *ccounts Info from ?ateway of Tally 2lick on Ledgers 2lick in Single Ledger 2lick on *lter " it displays a list of ledgers available Double click on the ledger which we want to delete. Then it displays ledger *lteration Screen Press *lt key T D from the key board It displays delete 8es or &o dialog bo#. 2lick on 8es.

'od"fy a .ouc6er < +e can modify a voucher already entered. or this the following steps to be done

2lick on Display from ?ateway of Tally 2lick on *ccounts 5ooks 2lick on Ledger Double 2lick on the Ledger which we want to modify rom the list of vouchers Double click on the voucher which we want to modify Select the )oucher type command from the command bar or Press the Short cut key to change the voucher type. Aake the necessary changes Press 2trl T * from the keyboard to save it

Create an u!er < +hen we are maintaining security layers we should create users and allot the rights to them The steps to create users are<

Press *lt T ( to open 2ompany info menu 2lick on Security 2ontrol 2lick on users and passwords * dialog bo# will be opened " Type the user names in &ame of user area Type the Password in Password area Select the security level. In this way we can create no of users. Press enter key to save the transaction 2lick on 8es 2lick on Display from gateway of Tally Aenu. 2lick on *ccount 5ooks 2lick on ledger Select the ledger Select the voucher which we want to delete Press *ltT D from the keyboard 2lick on 8es to delete the voucher

%elete a .ouc6er < To delete a voucher the following steps to be done

Alter co&5any "nfor&at"on < If any re-uirement to alter!modify the information of already created company" the following steps to be done 1. Press *lt T ( to open 2ompany info menu /. 2lick on *lter" it will displays available companies list (. Select the company which we want to modify the information %. Then it opens company alteration screen $. Aake necessary changes. '. Press 2trl T * " to save the contents .. Press 4sc key from the keyboard to come out to the menu area.


7o to Gateway of Tally ) *+,- Confi.!re The *+,- Confi.!re menu is displayed as shown.

9ou can configure "ountry 5etails, /tyle of 6ames, /tyle of 5ates, "onfiguration of 6um%ers in the 7eneral configuration screen. 7o to Gateway of Tally ) *+,- Confi.!ration Men! ) General

General )onfi+uration %ettin+ o&tions, )ountry -etails 7/e #((o!ntin. Terminolo.y ofThis option displays the -ist of "ountries.

>or setting the accounting terminology, select In1ia<S##RC or International from the -ist of countries. %tyle of #a"es 4efa!lt appearan(e of Name/ in Report/This option displays the -ist of 6ame /tyles for -edgers.

By default, the name style of a -edger is Name Only. 9ou can change the name style %y selecting from the -ist. 4efa!lt appearan(e of Sto(3 item Name/ in Report/This option displays 6ame style for stoc# items.

By default, the stoc# item name style is Name Only. 9ou can change name style %y selecting from the -ist.

%tyle of -ates Style of S0ort 4ateThis option displays /tyle of 5ates.

By default, date format is 11=mm=yy. 9ou can change the date format %y selecting a format from the -ist. Separate 7/e1 in S0ort 4ate9ou can specify the separator for 5ate. By 5efault, hyphen & * ( is the separator. )onfi+uration of #u"bers 4e(imal (0ara(ter to !/e9ou can specify a character for the decimal point. T0o!/an1/ /eparator to !/e9ou can specify a character for the thousand separator. Table )onfi+uration 7/e Common Ta:le for Sto(3 Item/ f this option is set to Ye/, Tally.)1! 8 allows you to select the re0uired details from -ist of /toc# tems %ased on the full or partial search #eywords li#e tem name etc.

.t/er .&tions S0ow Mont0ly report/ wit0 Grap0/ By default this option is set to Ye/. The reports are configured to display the 7raphs in accordance with the numeric information. The graphs will not %e displayed in the reports if this option is set to No. 7/e /eparate Men! for *inal #<( Statement/ By default, this option is set to No. f you set this option to Ye/, a separate Menu *inal #((o!nt/ will %e displayed in 7ateway of Tally. +nder this menu, Balance /heet, !rofit ? -oss A;c, "ash >low, >unds >low and 1atio analysis options are availa%le.

Tally alert !/in. :eep/ f this option is set to Ye/, an audio alert will %e turned on and Tally.)1! 8 will gives a %eep sound whenever a transaction has %een saved or a%andoned.

#lway/ /0ow Info Panel f this option is set to Ye/, Tally.)1! 8 will always display the nformation !anel in all the screens or reports, %ut the user can hide the nfo !anel using the <%= close %utton %ased on his re0uirement. S0ow all 7nre(on(ile1 Tran/a(tion/ Till 4atef this option is set to Ye/, Tally.)1! 8 will display all the 7nre(on(ile1 Tran/a(tion/ till the given date, irrespective of the *rom date set in the 2an3 Re(on(iliation Statement. Note- This option is also availa%le in the Confi.!ration of 2an3 Re(on(iliation Statement .

This ena%les you to set the n!m:er /tyle/. The default styles and sym%ols are specified. However, you have the option of changing them in the respective fields according to your preference. >or example, change negative sign from &*( to &'(. Go to Gateway of Tally ) *+,- Confi.!re ) N!meri( Sym:ol/

6ote: f you change any configuration of 6um%er /tyles, you need to restart the application for those changes to ta#e effect.

This option allows you to configure the vouchers entries in Tally.)1! 8, %oth the Accounting and nventory $ouchers can %e configured from this menu for additionalinformation. 7o to Gateway of Tally ) *+,- Confi.!re ) 5o!(0er Entry

By default, the a%ove configuration options are displayed in the $oucher )ntry configuration screen, which can %e changed as per re0uirements. Note- 5epending upon the "ompany >eatures, options get added in 5o!(0er Entry (onfi.!ration . >or instance, if you ena%le #llow M!lti C!rren(y option in *++ - #((o!ntin. *eat!re/ , S0ow *ore% Gain<9o// a/ on 5o!(0er 4ate option gets added in voucher entry configuration. A!!ountin+ 0ou!/ers S3ip 4ate fiel1 in Creation Mo1e (fa/ter entry>) By default, the "ursor s#ips the 5ate field during $oucher creation. f you do not want to s#ip the date field then set this option to No.

7/e Sin.le Entry Mo1e for Pymt<R(pt<Contra By default, Tally.)1! 8 displays single entry mode for payment;receipt;contra entry. f you want to display it in dou%le entry mode, then set this option to No. 7/e Payment < Re(eipt a/ (ontra By ena%ling this option, you can enter contra in payment as well as receipt voucher. 7/e Cr<4r in/tea1 of To<2y 1!rin. Entry By ena%ling this option, you can change To<2y to Cr<4r in the $oucher )ntry screen. 7/e Common #<( for Item #llo(ation By default, this option is set to Ye/. This automates the updation process of the /ales and !urchase accounts for all the items selected in the invoice. n case this option is /et to No Tally.)1! 8 prompts for sales or purchase accounting allocations after every item. 7/e 4efa!lt/ for 2ill #llo(ation/ By default, this option is set to Ye/. n this case, Tally.)1! 8 automatically ta#es the invoice num%er as the %ill reference name and the credit period given in the !arty ledger master as the credit period %oth as part of the %ill*wise details. This ena%les faster data entry. Inventory ?arn on Ne.ati6e Sto(3 2alan(e By default, this option is set to Ye/.

This is similar to the option availa%le in the $oucher )ntry "onfiguration screen. 9ou can configure Tally.)1! 8 to warn in case the item selected reaches a negative %alance. "onor E%piry 4ate/ !/a.e for 2at(0e/ By default, this option is set to YES. This is similar to the option availa%le in the $oucher )ntry "onfiguration /creen. 9ou can configure Tally.)1! 8 6,T to include expired %atches in the list of %atches displayed at the time of entry. Complete #((o!ntin. #llo(ation/ in Or1er < 4eli6ery Note By default, this option is set to Ye/. This means that in the /ales ; !urchase ,rder and 5elivery ; 1eceipt 6ote entries, you can allocate a sales ; !urchase ledger. This ena%les faster data entry at the time of entering sales ; purchase invoices against the 5elivery ; 1eceipt notes. %tatutory Cal(!late Ta% on C!rrent S!:=Total By default, this option is set to No. >or example: Name tem A tem B @ty 3@ 6o. 3@ 6o. Rate 3@@ ; 6o. 4@@ ; 6o. Total 6al!e #mo!nt 3@@@ 4@@@ Item ABBB




f you add another line, Ta% +C, it will calculate 3A on B@@@ &on Total tem value( giving B@ as Tax value. However, if you opt for calculating on the current su%*total, Tax value will %e calculated on 4C@@ <B@@@*B@@= giving 4C as Tax value.

The printing option allows you to configure the printing parameters of a $oucher, nvoice and /tatement layouts %efore final printing. 7o to Gateway of Tally ) *+,- Confi.!re ) Printin.

A one time configuration allows the user to set*up the )*Mail facility from Tally.)1! 8. :hile configuring the )*Mail you have the option to

select some of the commonly used )*Mail service provider. Based on the )*Mail service selected some of the fields are pre*filled with /erver Address, !ort 6um%er and Authentication details. Thus ma#ing it easy and simple to configure. n case you are using any other service provider to send and receive email from Tally.)1! 8, the respective details need to provided while configuring the email facility. ,n successfully configuring the email, you can send -egders, !ayslips, ,utstanding /tatements, "onfirmation of Accounts and reminder letters to the respective individuals, parties or customers without using an external email application. To setup the )*Mail configuration follow the steps shown:

7o to Gateway of Tally D *+,: Confi.!re D E=Mailin.

The Confi.!ration screen appears as shown:

3. /elect the re0uired )*Mail /erver from the list of Common Mail Ser6er displayed.

n case you are not using any of the email services listed, you can select 7/er 4efine1 and provide the other details as re0uired. ,n selecting the re0uired Common Mail Ser6er the server address and port num%er are prefilled in Ser6er #11re// field.

4. Based on the )*Mail /erver selected 7/e SS9 is set to Ye/. This option is used to correspond over a secured networ# or send mails using secured mail servers. )*Mail /ervice providers such as Gmail, "otmail and Ya0oo Mail use a secured networ#;servers to communicate. )mail /ervice providers user port EFG to communicate over a secured networ# Based on the )*Mail /erver selected 7/e SS9 on Stan1ar1 Port is ena%led . /ome of the service providers use the default port &port 4G( to communicate over a secured networ#.

n the E=Mail Ser6er enter the name of your /MT! server followed %y the port num%er &).g., or &"ontact the service provider or networ# administrator for further details(.

By default the *rom field displays the name of the company that was entered during "ompany "reation and stored in the company masters.

The *rom E=mail #11re// field displays the e*mail address entered while creating the company. )nter your email address, if you have not done so or if you want to change the email id. This will not %e updated to the company master or retained for future use.

n case the mail server re0uires authentication, enter the user name and password in Authentication 7/er Name and Pa//wor1 fields respectively. &!lease contact the /ystem Administrator for further details(

%. By default, 7/e SS9 is set to No. /et this option to Ye/ to

correspond over a secured networ# or send mails using secured mail servers. ),g., gmail and yahoo use secured servers for communication. &>or further details contact the /ystem Administrator( E. /elect the re0uired format from the list of *ormat/ displayed. The attachment in the selected format is mailed to the recipient. The format availa%le and their respective parameters are listed %elow, clic# on the corresponding lin# to #now more a%out each format.

The user can add or modify the re0uired parameters re0uired for /ynchronization and ,5B". To change the re0uired configurations follow the steps shown: 7o to Gateway of Tally or Company Info menu

!ress *+, or clic# *+,-Confi.!re /elect #16an(e1 Confi.!ration

n the Client<Ser6er Confi.!ration section.

n Tally i/ a(tin. a/ field select the re0uired type from the list of Client <Ser6er. /et Ena:le O42C Ser6er to Ye/, for ,5B" "onnectivity )nter the re0uired port num%er in the Port field to run as an ,5B" /erver or Tally as a /erver %ased on the availa%ility of the specified port.

n the Conne(tion Confi.!ration section

n Conne(tion Timeo!t &in seconds( field enter the re0uired time in seconds. Tally.)1! 8 will disconnect the connectivity if it does not receive a response within the specified duration.

/et Conne(t to Tally.NET Ser6er R!nnin. on Non "TTP Port to Ye/ in case you are fre0uently disconnected from Tally.6)T or receiving )rror * 3F@@E. 7/e a:/ol!te 7R9 for "TTP #(tion/ is %y default set to No. /et it to Ye/ when you want the proxy server to communicate the complete +1-.

+nder 9o. Confi.!ration section

Ena:le Syn( &/oc#1e0.log( should %e set to Ye/, to generate a -og file which contains synchronized vouchers and is saved in the Tally folder. Tr!n(ate pre6io!/ lo. :efore Syn(in. set to Ye/ in case you want to remove the content of log file generated earlier. Ena:le "TTP 9o. (tally0ttp.lo.) is set to Ye/ to record all incoming response;re0uest and outgoing response;re0uest with external applications. Ena:le 4etaile1 9o. (tally.imp) set this option to Ye/ to log all information during export;import and synchronisation.

:6at "! 2alue Added Ta+ ;2AT<=

)*T is a simple transparent ta# collected on sales of goods. The states and union territories of India have decided to implement )*T in place of sales ta# and a number of other state ta#es. )*T is a multi6stage ta# levied at each stage of the value addition chain" with a provision to allow Input Ta# 2redit JIT2K on ta# paid at an earlier stage" which can be appropriated against the )*T liability on subse-uent sale. )*T is intended to ta# every stage of sale where some value is added to raw materials" but ta#payers will receive credit for ta# already paid on procurement stages. Thus" )*T will be without the problem of double ta#ation as prevalent in the present ta# laws. Presently )*T is followed in over 1/> countries. One of the many reasons underlying the shift to )*T is to do away with the distortions in our e#isting ta# structure that carve up the country into a large number of small markets rather than one big common market. In the present sales ta# structure ta# is not levied on all the stages of value addition or sales and distribution channel which means the margins of distributors! dealers! retailers et al are not subBect to sales ta# at present. Thus" the present pricing structure needs to factor only the single point levy component of sales ta# and the

margins of manufacturers and dealers! retailers etc" are worked out accordingly. :nder the )*T regime" due to multi6point levy on the price including value additions at each and every resale" the margins of either the re6seller or the manufacturer would be reduced unless the ultimate price is increased.

:6at $"ll ,e co.ered ,y 2AT=

*ll business transactions carried on within a State by individuals" partnerships" companies etc. will be covered by )*T. Aore than $$> items would be covered under the new )*T regime of which %' natural and unprocessed local products would be e#empt from )*T" a PTI report -uoted +est 5engal inance Ainister and )*T panel chairman *sim Dasgupta as saying. *bout /.> items including drugs and medicines" all agricultural and industrial inputs" capital goods and declared goods would attract % U )*T. The remaining items would attract 1/.$ U )*T. Precious metals like gold and bullion would be ta#ed at 1 U. 2onsidering the difficulties faced by the tea industry" it was decided that tea6producing states would be given an option to levy 1/.$ U or four U subBect to review in />>'. Petrol and diesel would be kept out of )*T regime" which covers only marketable itemsN Dasgupta was -uoted as saying that the panel was yet to take a view on 2&?. ollowing opposition from some of the states" it was decided that states would have option to either levy four U or totally e#empt food grains but it would be reviewed after one year. Three items V sugar" te#tile and tobacco V covered under *dditional 4#cise Duties" will not be under )*T regime for one year but the e#isting arrangement would continue.

7AT(* -/2AT >U

IT('* &atural and un6processed produces in unorgani=ed sector ?ood of social importance Life saving drugs &ewspapers &ational flag barred from ta#ation ?old Silver Precious and semi6precious stones 5asic necessities Industrial and agricultural inputs Declared goods Aedicines and drugs *4D items 2apital goods 7&7Orevenue neutral rateP on other goods *viation turbine fuel J*T K Petroleum products uels 46merit goods



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I Pinki Nanwani hereby declare that all the information which is included in this project report is entitled successfully completed by me. It is my personal and an authentic work under the guidance of Mrs. Bharti Rajak, Office Management Department.

Date : Place: Jabalpur

Signature of the Student Name :

Pinki Nanwani

Class : B.Com. VIth sem A Roll No : 29


This is to certify that . has visited our office/institution for her project work. During the project work her work and behaviour was satisfactory .

Date :
Place .

Name Designation.. Office / Institution

It gives me great pleasure is expressing my heartfelt gratitude towards all those have been directly or indirectly help in the completion of this project Report on DARIY FARMING & DISEASES . At the very outset, I would like to express my indebtedness towards the college Management and our inspiring principal Smt. Dr. Agnesh Thakur who provide this opportunity to work on this project. I express my heartfelt gratitude towards respected Dr. PRIYAMVADA GUPTA of the Botany Department for his everlasting help. Also to and all the teachers of the Botany Department of the Govt. Model Science College Jabalpur for their guidance of such a skilled and talented teacher.

Date: Place: Jabalpur

Y427A8 *I#9> T>A?47

M. c. IV th em

am greatly than#ful to the management of GO5T. MO4E9 SCIENCE CO99EGE for providing me with conductive atmosphere and excellent facilities.
would love to express my deepest gratitude and heartfelt than#s to our loving and respected 4r. Rita 20an1ari (".O.4) who has %een a constant source of inspiration for me. am deeply inde%ted and o%liged to our honH%le guide for his valua%le guidance active criticism, #ind treatment and constructive suggestions in completing my proIect DM7S"OOM C79TI5#TIONE. This proIect would have %een almost impossi%le without their help and su%mitted to dept. of Joology.

:e are than#ful to our !rincipal 4r. T0a3!r. :e should also li#e to extend my than#s to other teachers for helping me to understand the %asic system. am than#ful to our "ollege /taff for their immense support and patronage. -ast %ut not the least, am personally o%liged to my parents whose affections, confidence, %lessings and love have always %een a source of inspiration to me in all my underta#ings.


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