You are on page 1of 370

>NW11 1M> 11 W1>11

u Iu-UcQID auayI D IDc aIDI, cXaD1uIu_ a! aQcCt D IDc


CatU IDcII DtI_Iu, yDDID, QyCDD!D_ICa IcDuauCc auU
DItDIICa!, DyIDDD_ICa! auU cDtcIIC OaCK_IDuuU, IuCuUIu_
IuIIuCIIDu Du DDV ID _IVc tcaUIu_.
U 1 H bAM AUH O H`
.gud Lrrdm:
L0Jm0Ihrr tghI
L0Jrn ntIy
1Jr0I 1Jr:
1tm0rdry .grn|y
ngurn|hd0r 1trr
11r D0Jy g Ihr L0JJr::
11r Ldt 1Jr0I
1d0rttdIt0n
11r 1dtnJ 1Jr0I
L_ru LtvtndI0trr
11r rw 1Jr0I
htntng H0mdn 1Jr0I
1Jr0I !rdJtng: dnJ rJtIdIt0n:
1td|h Y0ur:rg 10rIunr 1ttng
11r rItg0 1Jr0I
1N1T"111
1111 W11T
A UOOA Ot 1AHO1
PW LP
!!!
!CmCnt
lmQt1nt OatQCtLOmnsPu0ishct1
~b luham a!aCC HOad,
ammCtsm1th, LOndOn N ]
hC WCOs1tC addtCss Is. W.thOtsOnsCCmCnt.COm
L
_ _ TM
*_^
and ElcmcrrtatC ttadCmatk Ol
atQCtLOmnsP0i|tcts
LrI_Ina! utCh CdItIOn O Scvmt,-ciy|t Dcytccs ojhisJom: PettI, Ttc MejotAtterre
QuO!IshCd Oy LIt_CVCtI_ W . bChOts ~ DDstCtdam, 1 V
uO!IshCd Oy thC PguatIan rCss 3
Scvcnt,-ciy|tDcytcesojhisJom. Pett I, t|tc MejotAtterreand
Pett H, t|tcMinotAtterreertJRceJinys, 1V [1VVb] and 1 V3
uO!IshCd Oy hOtsOns 1 VV
1 b 1 1 V 1 1
C HaChC! O!10Ck 1V, 1 V3
hIs CdIt1OnC HaChC O!1aCk 1VV
HaChC O!1aCk assCtts thC mOta! tI_ht tO OC
IdCntIhCd as thC authOtOlthIs WOrk
P Cata!O_u0 tCCOtd Ot thIs OOOk Is
aVaI!aO!C bOm thC t1tIsh LIOtaQ
lb- 13 V--ZZb-3bZ-1
lb-1 -ZZb-3bZ-+
rIntCd Md OOund In LtCatt1ta1n Oy
LtCatIVC tInt and CsI_n [Na1Cs], OOW Na1C
A t1_hts tCsCtVCd. O QattOth1s QuOICaUOn mayOC
tCQrOduCCd, stOtCd In a tCttICVal systCm, Ot trMsm1ttCd,
In any lOtm Ot Oy any mCs, C!cCttOn1C, mcChan1Ca1,
QhOtOCOQyIn_, tCCOtdIn_ Ot OthCtW1sC, wthOut thC QtIOr
QCtmIssIOn OthC QuO!1shCts.
Mct||yn, uho |cuyh| me so much |y |ecom|ny my s|uJen|, |o
EJ|e, |he |es| tecJet l /nou; cnJ ]ot ocn Go|Js|e|n, uho /nous
|hc| |he |es| cctJs cte |he ones |hc| |e|| |he |tu|h.
CONTENTS
tClacC lC lhC 17 1OiliCn 7
| A H O N H MAJO H A H L A N A
nltCOUcliCn 3
1 hC lCUt LatO allCtn 12
Z hC LVCtiCw 20
J hC LQCnin_ tUmQ. bymbC! anO 1chClyQC 24
4 hC NCtOy bCQUCncC 43
5 Utnin_ nwatO 70
hC LtCal]CUtnCy 110
| A H WO H M | N O H A H L A N A
nltCOUcliCn 145
7 NanO 161
b LUQ 184
V bwCtO 208
10 CnlacC 232
| AH H H L L H LA | N b
DIICOUCliCD 263
11 yQC Cl VCaOiD_ 276
1Z Cw IC \C aICI VCaOiD_ 324
IJ NhaI NC CatD DCm aICI VCaOiD_ 342
iDiC_IaQhy 350
DOCX 352
PREFACE TO THE EO1T1ON
In rnc vnrcv oI 1670 I vas rcacnny nyIsn ar rnc Srarc
Lnvcvsry oI lcv Yovk n rnc rovn oI PIarrs5uvyn, ncav rnc
anaan 5ovcv. PIarrs5uvyn n vnrcv 5cconcs novvucaBy coI,
oncn ~30 ~22I).Lna,onc oIny IcIIov rcacncvs, norrvc,
an cvcn rnouyn snc Ivc onIy a rcn~nnurc vaIk on
canus, vouI soncrncs varannouv ov rvoIov sonconcro vvc
ncv nonc.Cncay ncavIy170Lnaoncvcro oa Tavor vcany
IovncIIyavcncv aIIr.Inancvcv sccn Tavorcavds. Ikcv oIrncn
omy hon S. Ior'socn Te Hcs|e|cnJ, vrnrs 'Nac Sosorvs
...rnc vscsr vonan n uvoc/Vrn a vckc ack oIcav.'
I vcncn5cv nornny oI rnar hvsr vcany orncv rnan rnc nacr
rnc cavs na on nc.I kncv oI nornny Ikc rncn - rncv 5vynr
coIouvs,rncv vv ycrnysrcvous sccncs, rncv srvanychyuvcs vrn
cxorcnancs.rncNaycan,rncHyn Pvcsrcss,rnc Hanyc Nan ...
Lna vas nor an cxcvcncc vcacv. Iov nany oI rnc cavs snc
consuIrca5ook.ParncvrnanIcsscnrncaIIuvc,rmsonIyncynrcnc
r, Iov rnc cavs an rnc rcxr sccnc a kn oI avr Iovn aII rs ovn.
Tavor 5ooks vcvc snIc n rnosc ays.onnoy rncy vouI
cscv5c rnc cav, oIy vccarny vnar you couI scc vrn youv
ovn cycs, rnouyn vrn su5rIc onrs rnar sccnc ro ocn rnc vay
ro a yvcarcv srovy. 'In a srarc oI cjccron, a vonan an cn avc
Icvvc acvoss rnc varcv ro a caIn snovc' H Com|e|e Gu|Je |o
|he Tcto|, cn Gvay). ur vno avc rncsc coIc? Vny avc rncy
cjccrc? Vnar vars Iov rncn on rnar 'caIn snovc'? IoIIovny
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O W I S O O M
thCC dCCtIQtICn, thC OCCK wCud _IVC Ctnu2 Ct CttunC-
tCIn_, Qht2C uCh 2 `]CutnCy tC 2 nCw hCnC (Lt2y). hC
QCIOIlIty C dICCVCtIn_ CCtCt 2nd QtCdICtID_ thC DtutC 2ttt2CtCd
nC, Out thC C2tC thCnCVC, 2nd thC wCtd th2t wCnt wIth thCn
tCd nC th2t nut Dnd 2 Ct Ct nyCl.
t w1 nCt C2y tC Dnd 2tCt C2tC. Lny 2 CCuQC C yC2t l2tCt
thCy wCuld OC_In 2QQC2tIn_ CVCtywhCtC, Out 2t th2t tInC It tCCK
CVCt2 wCCK C C2tChIn_ OCCtC CCud lCC2tC 2 dCCK In 2n Cdd
ItlC hCQ In Cnttc2l, 2 Q2CC CVCn CCdCt th2t 2ttOut_h. 1Cn_
wIth thC C2td OCu_ht 1dCn Lt2y OCCK, whCC wCtK _IVC In-
QC Ctnu2 yCt 8C CQCnIn_ tC thC 2tCt dCCQCt CVC (Ct thC
C2td dCCtIOCd 2OCVC hC Ch2t2CtCtIUC2ly 2dd, `PC 2]CutnCy In
CCnCICunC]. Lt2y dCCtIQtICn C2QlutCd thC QCCI2l wCndCt C
2nCl2 bnIth VIdCt CdItICn dt2wIn_, wIth thCIt dClIC2tC C2ttCCn-
IKC In2_C CCnCC2In_ 2 V2t ytCn C ynOClIn 2nd QhdCCQhy.
bCnC UnC l2tCt Cund 2 CCQy C P. 1. N2ItC Cwn OCCK Cn thC
C2td, Te Pic|eriel Key |e |he Tare|, whICh CCnt2InCd 2luIVC 2nd
CCnQCXt2tCnCnL Cn thC ttunQ, Out 2lC Q2_C WIth thC IndIVId-
u2lQICtutC 2nd, undCt thCn, thC2nCKIndC dCCtIQtICn 1 _IVCn
Oy 1dCn Lt2y.
LIKC LInC, OC_2n tC2dIn_ wIth thC C2td ID CnC h2nd 2nd thC
OCCK In thC CthCt. bCnC C thCC C2Hy `tC2dIn_ tIll 2tCund nC
whCn thInK C thCn. n Q2ttICu2t, CCnCd tC unCCVCt ny
DICnd CXtt2-n2tIt2 22It.
Pt thC Cnd C thC yC2t, LInd2 2KCd nC Ct 2 tC2dIn_. bhC w2
t2kn_ 2 C2VC C 2OCnCC tC tC2Ch Ct 2 yC2t In LCQCnh2_Cn 2nd
wCndCtCd wh2t thC C2td QtCdICtCd Ct hCt. tCld hCt hC wCuld
n2tt 2 12nIh n2n 2nd nCt tCtutn. bhC 2u_hCd, h2Vn_ tCI_nCd
hCtC tC thC lIC C 2 QIntCt. hC CCwIn_ bQtIn_ thC ChCCl
tCCCIVCd hCt tCI_n2tICn. 1uC tC hCt InQCndIn_ n2ttI2_C tC 2
12mh tC2ChCt, hC wCud OC t2yIn_ In LCQCnh2_Cn.
thC tC2Un_ InttI_uCd nC, CnCthIn_ CC CXCItCd nC nCtC.
LnC 2ltCtnCCn 2nCthCt tC2ChCt C2nC Oy, 2nd wC wCnt thtCu_h thC
C2td CnC Oy CnC, I_nCtIn_ thC OCCK nCw 2nd]ut Q2yIn_ wIth thC
QICtutC. Vu w2 2 QCCt 2nd wtCtCDCtICn. _nCtIn_ thC CCnCCQ-
tu2 ttuCtutC 1 wCl 1 thC QtCdICtIVC Ctnu2, wC]ut CCKCd Ct
tCtIC, wCtkn_ hCn thC QICtutC Out 2C Lt2y 2nd N2ItC
dCCtIQtICn. tCnCnOCt thC nCnCnt whCn tC2IZCd th2t thC
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
Tavor ocnc ro vovIs 5cyon rnciv suvIacc sccncs an 'omciaI'
sy5oIisn.Vc vcvc Iookny ar rnc rcn oI PcnracIcs, an cscciaIIy
rnc vnirc~naivc nan m nis coar oI nany coIouvs.Hc !ooks Ikc a
5cyyav, I rnouynr, 5ur c!caHy nc is nucn novc. An no onc scc
nin, onIy rnc oys. Cysscsus! I rnouynr. Tnc oI nan is
Cysscus, vcuvnc ro nisnonc aIrcv 20 ycavs an isyuisc as a
5cyyav,ro5cvccoynizc onIy 5y nsancicnroy. V1cn I Iookc ar
Vairc's cscvirion I iscovcvc rncncs sinIav ro rnosc in rnc
OJysssey, in avricuIav rnc ncc Iov sccuviry vcvsus rnc csivc Iov
avcnruvc an visk.
I i nor rnim rnar Snrn an Vairc an cI5cvarcIy coc
Cysscus mro rnc rcn oI PcnracIcs. Tnar vouI navc 5ccn Im!css
inrcvcsrinyrnan rnc orncv ossi5Iiry, rnar vc couI iscovcv hyuvcs
hon nyrnoIoyy an Ircvaruvc in rncsc icruvcs, rncsc ocnnys ro
d cvcnr vovI.
So 5cyan ny sruy oI rnc cavs, nor on rcrs ov syn5o!sn
ov iayvans, 5ur Ivon rnc icruvcs rncnscIvcs.To a yvcar crcnr,
rnc narcviaIin rns 5ook ocs nor cvivc Ivon rcacncvs on Tavor
[I ncvcv sruic virn anyonc ov rook any cIasscs) 5ur usr Iron
vovkny virn rnc cavs. Iookny ar rncn, rninkny a5our vnar is
yoiny on, consicviny rnc nun5cv an rnc inaycvy, conaviny
rnc cavs ro cnavacrcrs an srovicsin nyrn an ou!av cuIruvc -
an oiny vcainys.
In rnosc aysa Iony~rnc sIir sriI! csrc in rnc Tavor vovI.
Cn onc sic sroo rnc yvan rvairon oI rnc occuIusrs, Ivon
Anroinc ouvr c Gc5cIn ovn rnvouyn rnc Hcvncuc Cvcv oI
rnc GoIcnIavnanirscsccnanrs. Cn rnc orncv vcIounrnc
rvairon oI vcainys, aInosr csisc 5y rnc occuIrisrs. To sonc
crcnr, rnis vchccrc a ycncv sIir asvcII. Tnc yvcarcsorcvic vvir~
cvs vcvc aInosr aI! ncn [Iion Fovrunc 5ciny rnc nosr Ianous
cccrion).TavorvcacvsvcvcnosrIy voncn.Iris nor accicnr
rnar vncn nosr coIc vsuaIizc a Tavor vcacv, rncy scc a vonan
in a ncascavI.
Inrnc180sayvouoI vvircvs,vinaviIy voncn, 5cyanrorakc
Tavor in a ncv ivccrion. Sucn coIc as Navy Gvccv, AnycIcs
Arvicn,]ancs VanIcss an GaI FaincI 5cyan vrn a knov!cyc
oI rnc occu!r rvaurion [an aIso rnc icas an rccnnqucs oI
sycnoIoyy an counscIIny) 5ur Iocusc rnciv vovk on rnc
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
undCVCCQCd QCtCntIM C tC2dIn_ tC Iunin2tC hun2n CXQCtICnCC.
Seien|y-e|yh| Deytees e] H|sJem, CtI_In8y QuOIhCd In IwC Q2tt In
80 2nd I83, w2 CnC C thC Dtt OCCK In thI nCVCnCnt. C-
CwIn_ thC tt2dItICn2 nCthCd C C2td-Oy-C2td CXQ2n2tICn t2thCt
th2n thC CnQh2I Cn tCChnIQuC In uCh OCCK 2 2ty LtCCt
Tte| ]et Yeutseq Ct L2I 2IDCd Che|ce-cen|teJ Tate|, Seien|y-egh|
Deytees j H|sJem nCVCtthCC 2ttCnQtCd tC _IVC QCCQC 2 tCC tC
undCtt2nd 2nd utIn2tCy tt2nCtn thCIt bVC.
hC OCCK 2nd It IdC2 CVCVCdCVCttInC. P yC2t 2tCt ny tICnd
LInd2 nCVCd tC 1Cnn2tK, ny Q2ttnCt 1dIth 2nd 2C nCVCd tC
1utCQC, CXQCCtIn_ tC t2y 2 yC2t Ct twC. ! tCtutnCd tC thC \nItCd
bt2tC I yC2t 2tCt. (1dIth tCn2InCd In 1utCQC, whCtC hC tC2ChC
2tCt 2nd tC2d QtCCICn8y. bhC I, 2nd h2 2w2y OCCn, 2 thC
1CdIC2tICn tC thI OCCK 2y, thC OCt tC2dCt ! KnCw.) NC tCCK Cut
C2td wIth u, 2yIn_ thCn Cut Cn tCnt DCCt Oy C2ndCI_ht, C2tty-
In_ thCn In Cut O2CKQ2CK thtCu_h t2IntCtn 2nd nCw untu thCy
tCCK Cn thC CCK C 2 dCCK h2ndCd dCwn thtCu_h _CnCt2tICn.
n t2nCC wC nCt 2 _tCuQ C 2ttIt tCnCV2tIn_ 2 nCdICV2
Ch2tC2u. hCy CCKCd wIth 2tCmhmCnt 2t Cut VIdCt Q2CK, ]ut 2
wC wCtC 2n2ZCd tC diCCVCt thCyeme C 2tCt th2t thCy Q2yCd wIth
2 Ct C C2td hCwIn_ C2OCt2tC CCutty D_utC Out ittC ynOCbn.
1VCty yC2t, whCn wC VIItCd Cut tICnd 2nd 2nIy O2CK In Cw
`CtK, wC OtCu_ht Cut C2td wIth u. n thC bunnCt C I75 1dIth
2nd ! QCnt CVCt8 d2y 2t 2 OC2Ch hCuC wIth hCt CCuIn 2nd 2 Cw
DICnd. hC tt CVCnIn_, 2tIyn, 2 thCt2QIt, 2KCd nC I ! wCud
tC2Ch hCt 2OCut thC C2td. LVCt thC nCXt Cw d2y wC QCnt hCut
Cn thC OC2Ch, _CIn_ CVCt thC ynOCIn 2nd QhICCQhy, CX2nInIn_
thC ttuCtutC, CCnQ2tIn_ thC nC2_C In thC C2td tC IdC2 In Qy-
ChCC_y. Pt thC Cnd C th2t tInC wC C2Ch h2d C2tnCd CnCthIn_.
2t1yn Ct CCmCtt2OC CnCu_h wIth thC C2td tC OC_In uIn_
thCnCt hCt CICnt, 2nd dICCVCtCd th2t ! h2d CnCthin_ tC tC2Ch.
P yC2t 2nd 2 h8 2tCt, ! nCCdCd 2]CO. ! h2d OCCn wCtKin_ Q2tt-
tInC whIC CCntInuIn_ tC wtitC, Out thC wCtK ! w2 dCIn_ h2d
CndCd, 2nd 2tCt CCnIdCtIn_ tC2Chin_ 1n_Ih 2t 2 1CtItZ ChCC
dCCIdCd tC dC CnCtmn_ nCtC t2dIC8. wCnt tC thC CnC Cd-
It2tICn LCntCt 2nd 2KCd tC tC2Ch 2 C2 Cn 2tCt.
hC QtC_t2nnC CCnnittCC ItCd tC ny IdC2, 2nd thCn 2KCd I
wCud dC 2 2nQC tC2dIn_. \u2y h2tC dCIn_ QuOIC tC2dIn_,
II
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
csccaI!y as a cnaBcnyc, 5ur rnc:c vas o5vousIy no cnocc. Tnc
omy vonan on rncconnrrcc voIunrcc:cu. Vncn vc Iau ourrnc
ca:us I sav sucn nca:r5:cak rnar I kncv rnc onIy rnny I couIu uo
vas:caurncca:usas I no onc cIsc cxsrcu nrnar:oon5urnc: anu
nc. 'Havc you suc:cu a y:car uc oI an ovc: a :cIaronsn' I
askcunc:, anusnc5cyanroc:y.Tnc:cauny ucsc:5cu rncsruaron
n ucrn, ncIuuny vays Io: nc: ro yo on vrn nc: IIc. Vncn vc
hnsncurnc:cvas sIcnccIo: anoncnr,rnanrncncauoI rnc con~
nrrcc askcu nc 'Vncn vouIu you Ikc ro 5cyn you: cIass' CnIy
nonrns Iarc: uu I Ica:n oI rnc conIcx :cIaronsn 5crvccn nn
anu rnc vonan vnonauoc:cunc:scII Io: rnc :cauny.
Tnc cIass :an Io: rvo yca:s. Cur oI r canc a snaII 5ur ucucar~
cu connunry oI Ta:orsrs, scvc:aI oI vnon novcu uccIy nro
sruucs oI Ka55aIan. To o:yanzc rnc cIass I nccucu ro ucvcIo anu
cou] ny unuc:sranuny oI rnc ca:us.Aony rnc vay I uccucu ro
r:ansIo:nny cIass norcs nro a 5ook.Vncn I nau cnouyn narc:~
aI ro snov a u5Isnc:, I vcnr ro scak ro Va::cn, an ^nc:can
vno vas nanayny Ansrc:uan's h ncsr csorc:c 5ooksro:c. I askcu
nnInccouIusuyycsra IkcIy u5Isnc:. 'VcII,' nc sau, 'vcnynr
5cnrc:csrcu.' Tnc sro:c'sovnc:,lckScno:s,:na:!y a ucc:n
:a:c 5ooks, nau uccucu ro 5:ancnour nro o:yna! vo:ks.
Tnus, Seien|y-egh| Deytees o] H|sJom 5cyan as a uscusson on a
5cacn n lcv Yo:k anu canc ro IIc h:sr n a Iurcn r:ansIaron. I
an nuc5rcu aIvays ro lck Io: rakny a cnancc on an unknovn
v:rc:, anu Io: rnc va:ous nrc:naronaI curons nc anu ns son
Iavu navca::anycu Io:rns 5ook - ncIuuny rnc EnyIsncuron
5y rnc ^qua:an P:css.
Io: va:ous :casons,ca:Lc: curons oI rns vo:k vc:c u5Isncu
n rvo voIuncs. Pa:r II, Tnc Nno: ^:cana, ocncu u rnc sruuy
oI rnc ca:us cvcn no:c rnan Pa:r I [on rnc Najo: ^:cana), Io: ar
rnarrnc[anucvcnrouay) vc:yIcv Ta:or5ooksyavcsc:ous arrcn~
ron ro rnc sur ca:us .^nu ycr, I nau rnouynr Io: a Iony rncrnar a
snyIc voIunc vouIu 5c a yoou uca.Io: onc rnny r vouIu nakc
rnc 5ook casc: ro usc, Io: coIc vno Iounu rvo voIuncs avk~
va:u ro consuIr. Tns ncv curon nas so yvcn nc rnc cnancc ro
nakc sonc cnanycs. In rnc J8 yca:s sncc Pa:r I vas u5Lsncu, I
navc connucu ro vo:k vrn Ta:or anu ro Ica:n rs nsro:y. VnIc
rnc5ook :cnanssu5sranraIIy rnc sanc- I vouIunor:aucaBy aIrc:
I I I
S E V E N T Y - E G H T O E G R E E S O F W I S O O M
CmCln_ C many QCCQC baVC lCUnO bCQlu baVC _CnC
lhtCu_b bClb Qatl CatChy, tCViin_ wbalCVCt lCCO Cul in lbC
i_bl Cl nCw KnCwCO_C.
[nC lmn_ mt_blbaVCOCnC OiDCDnly u wCtC wtiUn_ lbC bCCK
nCw. in M , UCO lbC iOCa Cl anCiCnl uDQCM iniUaUCn baCO
MCunO lbC lCty Cl lbC Cy LtM MO iD allCndl CbjCCl. am C
CCnVtnCCOnCw lhal UCbCCtCl_tCUQ aClUayCXlCO. bC LtMmy
baVC bCCn a wbCy ilCtaty inVCnUCn [lbCU_b bzCO Cn CattCt LCUC
mylbCC_y. CVCtlbCC baVC Cl lbCC Qaa_C lanO, lCt lbC iOCa
Cl Lm PylCOC anO imUaUCn lCtm a VaUabC atCl mylb.
Tl lbC limC Htl wtClC Seien|y-e_h| Deytees Vttluay nC atCl
bCCK CCmQatCO Om CtCnl OCCK. NhtC lCCuCO Cn lbC ViOCt QaCK,
uiCO lC UC ClbCt CatO lCt CCnltal anO lC iUmtnalC ymbC.
binCC wtiUn_ lbC bCCK baVC CtCalCO my Cwn OCCK, Shininy Mmen
Tate|. OCCiOCO nCl lC btD_ il in bCtC [Ct any ClbCt OCCK CtCalCO
inCC 180) C lbal lbC bCCK wCUO tClain il Cti_ina CbataClCt.
n lbC yCat inCC Seien|y-e_h| Deytees HisJem baVC wtillCn
lCn htlbCt bCCK Cn atCl. Ul lhi bCCK wu away tCmain QC-
Cia, nCl jul bCCauC il wa my Htl nCn-HCltCn bCCK [my Dtl
nCVC CamC CUl lbC amC yCat, bUl aC bCCaUC Cl lbC many QCC-
QC wbC baVC lCO mC bCw muCb lbC bCCK ba mCMl lC lbCm, bCw
il ba bCQCO lbCm UC lbC CatO lC Cban_C lbCit iVC. tCmCmbCt
CnC wCman in QatliCUat, TlCt [a namC lbal mCan blat. TlCt baO
uDCtCO nCutCC_iCa Oama_C in an aitQanC C lbal tCaOin_ CUCn
QtCOUCCO inlCnC bCaOaCbC. VChin_ lC _iVC uQ bCt QM bC baO
CntCCO in mCOtCa CbCC, QCtuaOin_ lbC CbCC lC aCw bCt lC
laKC a bCt CXam Ctay, anO QCtUaOin_ bCt DiCnO lC laKC lutn
tCaOtn_ bCt bCt lUOy malCtia C bCCCuOmCmCtizC il. Ul TlCt
Cny QCnl bal lbC yCat in CbCC. bC tCl Cl lbC limC bC tVCO Cn
lbC LtCCK iMO Cl PyKCnC, wbCtC bC UQQCtlCO bCtCl tCaCn_
atCl CatO Cn lbC bCaCb. bbCtly MlCt mCl TlCt, wCnl lC a
Qatty al bCt aQatlmCnl. Ct bCVC bCO VCty lCw bCCK, lCt allCt
a bC CCuO batOy tCaO. Ul amCn_ lbC lCw bCCK, lwC VCUmC
lCCO Cul by lbCit lallCtCO CCK, wCtn DCm CCnlanl UC. bCy
wCtC, Cl CCUtC, bCt CCQiC Cl Seien|y-eiyh| Deytees HisJem.
n bCnCut Cl lbCit OiDCtCnl way Cl bCwin_ latlb in lht CCK
Cl MCl, OCOtCalC lbi nCw CCmQtCbCniVC COtliCn lC iCK bCbCt
anO TlCt bCbCQ.
@ 1N @
T ^1
11 %PJ P 1P N P
1NTROOUCT1ON
OH11Nb O ML AHO
A:oun rnc mIc o rnc Grccnrn ccnru:y, nor so Iony arcv rnc
tivsr v:rrcn :ccvcnccs n Euvoc ro ca:s o any kn, an avrsr
nanconacocn5oanrcascro unnancanunnun5c:c
cavs ov rnc Vsconr aniIy o NIan. Tncsc cruvcs convsc rnc
cIassc cck ov an Iraan yanc caIIc 'Ta:occn'. ouv surs o ouv~
rccn ca:s cacn, Ius rvcnry~rvo ca:s snovny cvcnr sccncs an
Iarcv caIIc 'rvonI' - n EnyIsn, 'rvunns', ov 'r:uns'.
lov, o rncsc rvcnry~rvo naycs nany can 5c nrc:vcrc as
snIy a caraIoyuc o nccvaI socaI rycs, sucn as ro yvc rncn
rncv Iarc: nancs) 'rnc Poc' o: 'rnc Enc:ov', o: cIsc connon
nccvaI novaI nonIcs, sucn as 'rnc VnccI o Iovrunc'. Sonc
vcvcscnr vvrucs, Ikc 'Tcncvancc' ov 'Io:rruc'. Crnc:s snov
vcIyous~nyrnoIoycaI sccncs, sucn as rnc ca vsny von rnc
yvavc ar rnc r:uncr caII ov 'rnc Lasr]uycncnr'. Tncvc s cvcn a
ca: ccrny a ouIav ncvcsy, rnc nayc o a cnaIc oc, vncn
vc can csc:5c as a jokc on rnc nuvcn vrn :arnc: cccv syn~
cancc rnan nosr cccIcsasrcaI nunouv. SrII, vc can vcv rns
ncvcrcaI cruvc as ccIy :oorc n ouIav cuIru:c, an rncvcovc
o5vous ro sonconc vcvcscnrny nccvaI 'rycs'.
Cnc tiyuvc, novcvcv, srans our as :arncv srvanyc. Ir snovs a
youny nan nanyny usc ovn 5y ns Icr Icy von a snIc
voocn hanc.Msnans avc ncI casuaIIy 5cnn ns5ack ro ovn
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
a ltian_C wilh hi hCaO al lhC bCllCm, ht ti_hl C_ t bCnl bChinO
ht knCC lC QtCOuCC lhC H_utC Cl a CtC, Ct CC lhC numCta lCut.
hC laCC aQQCat tCaXCO, CVCn QCthaQ CnltanCCO. NhCtC OiO
CmbC OCttVC lht ima_C: l CCtlMny OCC nCl tCQtCCnl a Ctimina
han_CO al lhC _aCw, a CmC alCt atlil haVC aumCO. n lay
ltaIlCt wCtC CmClimC han_CO uQiOC OCwn, anO tn laCl many
mCOCtn laIM OCCk CM lhi CatO L'Hezze, lhC tatlCt. ul lhCtC
t nC CVt tmQiCtl D CmbC H_utC. hC yCun_ man aQQCat
bCauU, anO al QCaCC.
LhttUan ltaOiltCn OCCtibC bl ClCt a bCtn_ CtuCiHCO uQiOC
OCwn, ClCntby C hC CCuO nCl bC aiO lC bC CCQyin_ hi CtO.
hC OCt OOa OCCtibC lhC _CO LOin han_tn_ ltCm lhC NCtO
tCC lCt ninC Oay anO ni_hl, nCl 2 a QunihmCnl, bul tn CtOCt lC
tCCCiVC Cm_hlCnmCnl, lhC _ill Cl QtCQhCCy. ul lhi mylhCC_iCa
CCnC ilCb OCtiVC hCm lhC aClu1 QtaCliCC Cl haman, mCOiCinC
mCn anO wCmCn, tn uCh QaCC bibCtia anO Ctlh TmCtiCa. n
lhC tnIltaUCn anO ltatnin_ lhC CanOtOalC lCt hamantm atC CmC-
UmC lCO lC han_ uQiOC OCwn. TQQatCnly lhC tCVCta Cl lhC
bCOy QtCOuCC CmC Ctl CQyChCC_tC1 bCnCHl, in lhC way lhal
latVaUCn anO CXltCmC CCO w inOuCC taOianl ViiCn. hC
aChCmtL whC, wilh lhC wtlChC, wCtC QCiby lhC utViVCt Cl
lhC hamanil ltaOiliCn tn utCQC aC hun_ lhCmCVC uQtOC
OCwn bCHCVtn_ lhal CCmCnl in lhC QCtm Vila lC immCtlatly
wCulO lhu HCw OCwn lC lhC QyCmCCCnltC al lhC lCQ Cl lhC hCaO.
TnO CVCn bClCtC lhC NCl bC_an lC lakC `C_a CttCuy CVCtyCnC
knCw lhC ua_C Cl lhC yC_i lanOin_ Cn hi hCaO.
1tO CmbC imQy wth lC tCQtCCnl an aChCmil: hCn why
nCl uC lhC mCtC CCmmCn tma_C, lhal Cl a bCatOCO man Utttn_ a
CauOtCn Ct miXtn_ ChCmtCa: hC QiClutC, ltlCO `lhC an_CO
Pan in ubCQuCnl OCCk anO alCt maOC lamCu by b. iCl in
Te Hes|elenJ, aQQCat nCl C muCh 2 an aChCmil a a yCun_
tntUalC D CmC CCtCl ltaOiliCn. Na CmbC himCl an iniUalC:
hC QCCt1 CtCin_ Cl lhC C_ wCuO u__ClC. TnO il hC inCuO-
CO CnC tClCtCnCC lC CClCttC QtaCUCC, mt_hl nCl ClhCt ima_C,
uQCHCtay a CCi1 CCmmCnlMy, in tCaily tCQtCCnl an CnlitC bCOy
Cl CCCul knCwCO_C: Nhy, lCt tnlanCC, OiO lhC Ctt_ina OCck CCn-
lain lwCnly-lwC CMO, nCl ay, lwCnly Ct lwCnly-CnC Ct lwCnly-
HVC, a Cl whiCh atC mCtC CCmCny _iVCn i_ntHCanCC in NClCtn
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : l N T R O D O C T I O N
CututC: N2 It C2nCC, Ct dId 1CnOC (Ct QCt2Q CtCt wCn
1CnOC uQy CCQICd) wItCyy tCQtCCnttC CCtCtIC nC2D:n_
CCnDCCtCd tC tC twCnty-twC CttCt C tC lCOtCw 2Q2OCt:
Pd yCt, I 2ny CV1dCnCC CXIt MywCtC CCnDCCtIn_ 1CnOC Ct tC
VICCntI 2nIy tC 2ny CCCut _tCuQ nC CnC z QtCduCCd It Ct
QuOIC CtutIny.
P OtIC CCK 2t tC tunnIn_ CCttCQCndCnCC OCtwCCn tC 2tCt
2Dd tC OCdy C_CwI nytICIn Md CCCut KDCwCd_C, C2Cd CC-
CCUVCy tC 2OO22, wIl dCnCntr2tC tC w2y In wIC 1CnOC
CMd CCn 2lmCt tC dCnMd 2D CCtCtIC IntCtQtCt2tICn, dCQItC tC
2CK C 2td CVIdCnCC. C 2OO22 dwC VCty dCCQy Cn tC
ynOCIn C thC lCOtCw 2Q2OCt. C CttCt 2tC CCnDCCtCd tC
tC Q2t C tC tCC C LIC 2nd tCy 2tC C2C _IVCn tCIt CwD
ynOCiC nCn_. Cw, tC lCOtCw 2Q2OCt CCnt2In, 2 nCtCd,
twCnty-twC CttCt, tC 2nC nunOCt 2 tC ttunQ C 2tCCCI.
C 2OOM2 2C _CC dCCQy IntC tC Cut CttCt C LCd un-
QtCnCunCC2OC n2nC, `lVl. Cy tCQtCCnt tC Cut wCtd C
CtC2tICn, tC Cut O2ICCCnCnL C nCdiCV2 CICnCC, Cut t2_C C
CXItCnCC, Cut nCtCd C IntCtQtCtIn_ tC 1IOC, 2nd C Cn. CtC
2tC Cut CCutt C2td In C2C C 1CnOC Cut uIt.
In2y, tC 2OO22 wCtK wIt tC nunOCt tCn tC Cn
LCnm2ndnCnt 2nd tCn bCQhItCt (t2_C C Cn2n2tICn) Cn C2C
C tC Cut tCC CLIC. Pnd tCCut uIt CCnt2In C2td nunOCtCd
DCn CnC tC tCn. 1C wC wCndCt tCn t2t 2tCt CCnnCnt2tCt
2VC C2InCd t2t tC dCCK CtI_In2tCd 2 2 QICtCtI2 VCtICn C tC
2OOM2, nC2DIn_C tC tC n2C, Out m_y QCtCnt tC tC Cw:
PDd yCt, In 2J tC tCu2nd C Q2_C C 2OO2ItIC :tCt2tutC, nCt
CnC wCtd 2QQC2t 2OCut tC 2rCt.
LCCutIt 2VC C2InCd CCtCt CutCC Ct tC C2td, uC 2 2
_t2nd CCDCtCnCC C 2OOMIt 2nd CtCt 2tCt In CtCCCC In
1300, Out nC CnC 2 CVCt QtCduCCd 2ny ItCtIC2 CVIdCnCC Ct
uC C2in. 1VCn nCtC d2nDIn_, 2tCt CCnnCnt2tCt tCnCVC
dC nCt nCnUCn tC 2OO22 unU tC nIDCtCCnt CCntuty. Pnd C
CCutC, tC n2mC 2nd nunOCt CQuCnCC, C VIt2 tC tCIt IntCtQtC-
t2UCn, C2nC MCt tC CtI_InM In2_C.
wC 2CCCQt L2O_un_ IdC2 C O2IC QItItuM 2tCCtyQC truC-
tutCd IntC tC un2D nInd wC C2n QCt2Q 2y t2t 1CnOC unCCn-
CICuy t2QQCd IddCn Qr)_ C KDCwCd_C, 2Cw:n_ 2tCt
S E V E N T Y~ E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
naynarons ro nakc rnc conscous connccrons. An ycr, sucn
cxacranconIcrccorrcsoncnccsasrncrvcnry~rvo rruns,rnc
Iour courr cars an rcn cars n rnc Iour surs, or rnc osron
an ccsrarc Iacc oI rnc Hanyc Nan, vouI sccn ro srran cvcn
sucna orcnr Iorcc as rncoIIccrvc Lnconscous.
Ior ycars Tarrocn vas sccn rnarIy as a yanc Ior yan5Iny,
an ro anucnIcsscr cxrcnras acvccIor Iorrunc~rcIIny. Tncn,n
rnc cynrccnrn ccnrury, an occuIrsr nanc Anronc ourr c
Gc5cIn ccIarc rncTaror asrncIrcncn caIIc rncyanc) ro 5crnc
rcnnanr oI rnc ook oI Tnorn, crcarc 5y rnc Eyyran yo oI
nayc ro convcy I knovIcycro ns scIcs.ourr c Gc5cIn's
ca acars Iar norc IancIuI rnan IacruaI, 5ur n rnc nncrccnrn
ccnrury anorncr Ircncnnan, AInonsc Lous onsranr, knovn as
EInas Lcv, Inkc rnccars ro rncKa55aIan, ansnccrncnco~
IcnavcIookc cccrancccrnrornc Taror,hnnynorcan
norc ncannys, vson, an cvcn, rnrouyn ncraron an cc
sruy, cnIynrcnncnr.
Toay, vc scc rnc Taror as a kn oI arn, a vay ro crson
yrovrn rnrouyn uncrsranny oI ourscIvcs an IIc.To sonc rnc
Taror's oryn rcnans a vraI qucsron; Ior orncrs r onIy narrcrs
rnarncannysnavcaccrucrornccarsovcrrncycars.
Ior cn5o an vnocvcr ns rccccssors nynr navc5ccn)
crcarc an arcncryc, vncrncr conscousIy or on cc nsrncr.
cyon any sysrcn or craIc cxIanarons, rnc naycs rncmscIvcs,
cnanyc an cIa5orarc ovcr rnc ycars 5y crcnr arrsrs, Iascnarc
ancnrranccus.Inrnsvayrncydav usnrorncrnysrcrousvorI
vncn uIrnarcIy canncvcr5c cxIanc, 5uromy cxcrcncc.
U1LHLN1 VLHb1ONb O 1ML 1AHO1
Nosr nocrn Tarors cr vcry IrrIc Iron rnosc hIrccnrn~ccnrury
scrs oI cars.Tncy srIIconranscvcnry~cynrcards vc nro rnc
Iour surs,Vans,us, Svors,anonsor PcnracIcs,caIIccoI~
IccrvcIy rnc 'Nnor Arcana', an rnc rvcnry~rvo rruns, knovn
as rnc 'Najot Atcana' rnc vor 'arcanun' ncans 'sccrcr knovI~
cyc'). Truc, sonc oI rnc crurcs navc cnanyc conscra5Iy, 5ur
cacn vcrson usuaIIy kccs rnc sanc 5asc conccr. Ior cxanIc,
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : l N T R O D O C T l O N
rncvc avc scvcva! vcIy vavyny vc:sons oI rnc Enc:ov, 5ur rncy
vcvcscnr sonccaoI an Enc:ov.In ycncvaI, rnc cnanycsnavc
rcnc rovavs rnc novc syn5oIc an rnc novc nysrcaI.
Tms 5ook uscs as rs vnavy souvccrnc Tavor oI ^vrnuv Evav
Varc, vnoscvcvyouIav Pcvack nancaIrcvrs vrsnu5~
Isncv)acavcn J9J0. Varcvas cvrczc Iov cnanyny sonc oI
rncrvunca:sIvon rnc:acccrc vcvson.Iov nsrancc,rnccon~
non cruvc oIrnc SunsnovsrvocnIvcn noIny nansna yav~
cn. Varc cnanyc r ro onc cnI on a novsc vny ou| oI a
yavcn. Tnc cvrcs cIanc Varc vas aIrcvny rnc cav's ncanny
ro ns cvsonaI vson. Tns vas vo5a5Iy rnc casc, sncc Varc
5cIcvc novc srvonyIy n ns ovn cas rnan rnosc oI anyonc cIsc.
ur Icv coIc sroc ro consc: rnar rnc cavIcsr vcvson oI rnc
Sun, rnar oIcn5o,n no vay:cscn5Ics rncsuosc 'rvarona!'
vc:son.Incc, r sccns cIosc: ro Varc's, rnc cruvc snovs a sn~
yIc m:acuIous cnI yny rn:ouyn rnc av, noIny u a nunan
nca vaarnyIynr.
Tnc nosr srvkny cnanyc Varc an ns a:rsr, PancIa oInan
Snrn, nac vas ro ncIuc a sccnc on aI! rnc cavs, ncIuny
rnc nun5cvc cavs oI rnc Nnov Acana. VvruaIy aII vcvous
ccks,as vcI! asnanyIarcvoncs,navcsnIcyconcrvcarrcvnsIo:
rnc '' cavs. Iov cxanIc,rncrcn oI Svovs vIIsnov rcn svovs
avvanyc n a arrcvn, nucn Ikc rs csccnanr, rnc rcn oI sacs.
Tnc Pcv ack s c:cnr. PancIa Snrn's rcn oI Svovs snovs a
nan Iyny uncv a 5Iack cIou vrn rcn svovs sruck n ns 5ack
an Icys.
Vc o nor vcaIIy knov vno acruaIIy csync rncsc ca:s.I
Varc nnscII conccvc rncn as nc unou5rcIy rnc Najo:
^rcana),ovdncsnIy rcII Snrn rnc qurcsan casncvanr~
c an ov ncv ro nvcnr rnc sccncs? Varc's ovn 5ook on rnc
Tavor, T7e P|c|ot|e| Key |o |he Tato|, nakcs IrrIc :caI usc oI rnc c~
ruvcs.In sonc cascs, sucn as rnc sx oI Svovds, rnc cru:c suyycsrs
Iav novc rnan Varc's srarc ncanny, vnIc n orncvs, avrcuIavIy
rnc rvo oI Svovs, rnc cru:cnosrconrvacrsrncncanny.
Vncrncv r vas Varc ov Snrn vnocsyncrnc cruvcs, rncy
na a ovcvIuI cccr on Iarcv Tavor csyncvs. ^nosr aII ccks
vrn sccncs on cvcvy cav vcIy vc:y ncav!y on rnc cru:cs n rnc
Pcv ack.
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W I S O O M
NaItC C8Cd HI dCCK tHC `tCCtIDCd atOt . C InItCd tHat HI
QICturC `rCtOtCd tHC ttuC mCanIn_ O tHC Catd, and tHtOu_HOut
HI OOOK HC COrn tHC VCrIOn O h QrCdCCCOr. Ow, Oy `rCCtI-
DCd many QCOQC wI tHInK NaItC mCmOCrHIQ In CCtCt OCICDC
_aVC HIm aCCC tO tHC `OtI_Ina CCtCt arOt. POtC IKCy, HC Im-
Qly mCant tHat HI QICtutC _aVC tHC Card tHCIt dCCQCt mCanIn_.
NHCn HC O dratICay atCtCd tHC Catd O tHC OVCr, Ot IntanCC,
HC dId O OCCauC HC tHOu_Ht tHC Old QICturC InI_nIDCant and HI
nCw OnC ymOOIC O a dCCQ ttutH.
dO nOt mCan tO u__Ct tHat NaItC CatC atC ImQy an IntC-
CCtua COntruCtIOn, IKC a CHOat tCattan_In_ OmC QCCCH O
anCt In a way wHICH maKC mOtC CnC tO HIm. NMtC wa a
mytIC, an OCCutIt, and a tudCnt O ma_IC and COtCtIC QraCtICC.
C OaCd h atOt On dCCQ QCrOn8l CXQCrICnCC O CnI_HtCnmCnt.
C OCICVCd HI atOt tO OC tI_Ht and tHC OtHCt VOn_ OCCauC It
rCQrCCntCd tHat CXQCtICnCC.
HaVC CHOCn tHC HIdCt QaCK 2 my OurCC Or twO rCaOn. Itt,
Dndmany O It InHOVatIOn CXttCmCy V8luaOC. HC NaItC-bDtH
VCtIOn O tHC OOl ttIKC mC 2 mOrC mCamn_h tHan any O tHC
CatICr OnC. bCCOndly, tHC tCVOutIOnaty CHan_C In tHC PInOt
{ICana CCm tO mC tO rCC u DOm tHC Ormula tHat dOmInatCd
tHC uIt CarC Ot O On_. tCVIOuly, OnCC yOu rCad and mCmOtIZCd
tHC _IVCn mCanIn_ O a PInOt Card yOu COud nOt rCaly add tO
It, tHC QICtutC u__CtCd VCry lItLC. n tHC HIdCt QaCK wC Can aOw
tHC QICturC tO wOtK On tHC uOCOnCIOu, wC Can 8O aQQy Our
Own CXQCtICnCC tO It. n HOtt, 8mCla bmItH Ha _IVCn u OmC-
tHIn_ tO IntCtQrCt.
{OOVC wtOtC tHat CHOC tHC VIdCt QaCK a my `QtImary
OutCC. POt OOOK On tHC atOt uC OnC dCCK 8lOnC Ot Ilutta-
tIOn. HI C-ImItatIOn QCrHaQ tCm DOm a dCItC tO rCQrCCnt
tHC `ttuC arOt. 1y CHOOIn_ OnCdCCK and nOtanOtHCt wC arC tC8l-
y dCCatIn_ tHat OnC I COrtCCt and tHC OtHCr I aC. buCH a dCCa-
tatIOn mattCt mOt tO tHOC wtItCr, IKC {CItCt LtOwCy Ot au
OtCt LaC, wHO COnIdCr tHC atOt a ymOOIC ytCm O OOjCCtIVC
KnOwCd_C. HI OOOK, HOwCVCt, OOK uQOn tHC CatC mOrC 2 an
atCHCtyQC O CXQCtICnCC. bCCn tHat way nO dCCK I tI_Ht Ot VOn_,
Out I ImQly a DttHCtIn_ O tHC atCHCtyQC. HC atOt I OOtH tHC
tOt8 O 8 tHC dm CtCnt VCtIOn OVCr tHC yCat, and an CntIty aQatt
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : I N T R O D O C T I O N
hom any ofthem. In the cases vhere a version other than Vaite`s
viII deepen the meaning ofa specilic card ve vlI Iook at both
images. n some cases,judgement for instance, or the Moon, the
dm erences aresubtIe, in others, the Lovers, orthe FooI, the dm er-
ence is drastic. By Iooking atseveraI versions ofthe same experi-
enceveheightenouravareness ofthatexperience.
U1V1MA11OM
Today, most peopIe see the Tarot as a means offortune-teIIing, or
'divnation'. StrangeIy, ve kovIesshistoricaIIy about ths aspectof
the cards than any other.judgingby the comparatveIy fev mstori-
caIreferencestodivinationasopposedtogamblng,thepracticedd
notbecome commonuntiIsometimemterthe introducnonofthe
cards themseIves. PossibIythe Romany, or'gypsies`,cameacrossthe
game ofTarocchi on theirtraveIs inurope and decided to use the
cardforfortune-teIhng. rindivdus deveIopedthe concept the
earlest vritten references are individuaI interpretations, though
they might have derived hom some earIier system, not vritten
dovnbutingeneraIuse)andtheRomanytookithomthem. Peo-
pIe used to beIieve thatthe Romany themseIves brought the card
hom gypt. The fact is, the Romany probabIy came hom India,
and they arrived in Spain a good hundred years aer Tarot cards
vere introduced in taIyand France.
In the section onreadings ve viII considerjust vhat dvnation
does, and hov such an outrageous practice couId possibIy vork.
Here ve cansmpIy observe thatpeopIe cmandhave toIdfonunes
vth anything- the smoky innards ofsIaughtered beasts, birdpat-
terns across the sky, coIoured stones, tossed coins, anythng. The
pracnce stems hom the simpIe desire to kov, inadvance, vhat is
going to happen, and more subtly, hom the innerconviction that
everything is connected, everythinghas meamng and that notmng
occurs atrandom.
Theveryideaofrandomnessisreahyverymodern. ItdeveIoped
outofthe dogmathatcause and eectis theonIyvaIidconnecnon
betveen tvo events. vents vithout this IogicaIjoining are ran-
dom, that is, meaningIess. PreviousIy, hovever, peopIe thought in
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
terms of'correspondences'. vents or patterns in one area ofeis-
tence corresponded to patterns in other areas. The pattern ofthe
zodiac corresponds to the pattern ofa person's Iife. The pattern of
teaIeaves in the bottom ofa cup corresponds to the outcome ofa
battIe. verything is connected. The idea has aIvays cIaimed its
adherents, and recentIy even some scientists, impressed by the vay
events viII occurin series like a 'run ofbad Iuck'), have begun to
IookseriousIy at it.
fve can use anything for fortune-telIing vhy use the Tarot?
TheansveristhatanysystemviII teII ussome|h|ny, thevaIue ofthat
something depends onthe inherentvisdom ofthe system. Because
the Tarot pictures carry deep signihcance aII by themseIves, the
patterns they form in readings can teach us a great deaI about
ourseIves, andIife in generi. LnfortunateIy, mostdiviners over the
years have ignored these deeper meanings, preferring simple for-
muIas 'adark man, one disposedto heIp the querent' ), easiIyinter-
preted and quickly digestedby the cIient.
The formuIa meanings are often contradictory as veII as blunt,
vithnoindications ofhovto choosebetveenthem. Thissituation
hoIds true especiaIIyforthe MinorArcanavhichis the buIk ofthe
deck. Amostnovorks on the Tarot have treated this subjectfuIIy.
Most serious studies, those vhich deaI vith the deep meanings of
the MajorArcana, either do notmention the MinorcardsataII, or
simpIy throvin another set offormuIas at the back, as a grudging
addition for those readers vho viU insist on using the deck for
fortune-teIIing. ven Vaite, as mentioned, simpIy gives his ovn
formuIas to the remarkabIe pictures dravn by PameIa Smth.
Vme this book vilI deaI etensiveIyviththe concepts embod-
iedinthe cards and theirsymboIism itw alsoIook care6:IIy atthe
application of these concepts to Tarot readings. Many vriters,
notabIyVaite, have denigrated divination as a degenerate use ofthe
cards. Butthe properuseofreadings cangreatIyincreaseouravare-
ness ofthe cards' meanings. t is one thing to study the symboIism
ofaparticuIarcard, itissomethingeIse to see that card incombina-
tion vith others. Many times have seen specilic readings open up
importantmeanings thatvouId nothave emerged inany othervay.
Readings teach us a generaI lesson as veIl, and a very import-
ant one. n a manner no epIanation can possibIy equaI, they
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : l N T R O D O C T I O N
cnonsrvarcrnarno ca:,noavoacnro IIc,s yoo ov 5a cxccr
in rhc conrcxr oI rnc noncnr.
InIy, yvny :canys yvcs cacn c:son a cnancc ro vcncv ns
ov ncv nsrncrvc IccIny Io: rnc cru:cs rncnscIvcs. ^ rnc syn~
5oIsn, rncavcncrycs, rnc cxIanarons yvcnnrns 5ook ov
anyorncvcanonIy :ca:cyouro Iook arrnc cruvcs ansay, 'Tns
cav rcIIs nc .. .
L H A I 1 L K UN L
THE FOUR CARO PATTERN
OM11X AMU UOAL11X
Through its Iong hstory the Major Arcana has attracted a great
many interpretanons. Today, ve tend to Iook upon the trumps as a
psychoIogicaI process, one that shovs us passing through dierent
stages of existence to reach a state of Db deveIopment, ve can
describe tms state, forthemoment, as unityviththevorId around
us, orperhaps Iberation hom veakness, comson, and fear. The
D Acana describes ths process in detaI, but to get an under-
standngofitas avhoIeve needIookatonIyfourcard, fourbiic
mchetypes mranged in a grapmc pattern ofevoIution and spirituaI
avareness.
Ifyou have yourovndeck ofRiderPackTarot cards* remove
the FooI, the Magician, the Hgh Priestess, and the VorId, and
pIace them in the diamond pattern shovn overIeaf. Look at
them for a vhIe. lonce thatvhIe both the FooI and the VorId
shov dancng,joyI hgures, the Magician and the High Priestess
are stationary and unmoving in their positions. If you gIance
through the rest ofthe MajorArcana you viII notice that the
trumps but 0 and 2 are dravn as ifstaged for a stiIIphotograph,
ln Othcr UcCk garDCulatlj thOc OlUcr lhan N11lc lhc lOOl agQcM$ VctjUDctcnl bOm
thc Onc $hOwn hcrc. hc ChaQlcrOn lhc sjmDOl1m Ollhc lOOl [ga_c Z+j wdUcal wIlh ds
tcrnaDVc lmdDOn.
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E F O O R C A R D P A T T E R N
rather than say, a motion picture. They present themseIves as hed
states ofexstence.
But there is a dierence betveen the tvo dancers. The FooI
rushesforardrichIy cIothed,thegureintheVorIdisnaked.The
FooIIooks abouttoIeap mtotheIovervorIdhomsomehigh dis-
tant country, the VorId paradoxicaIIy appears outside the materiaI
universe, the Omcer suspended in a magicaIvreath ofvictory.
lote so the numbers ofthe fourcards. 0 isnotstrictIy a num-
ber at I, rather it represents the absence ofany specih c number,
and therefore ve can say that it contains aII numbers vithin itseIf.
ItsymbolJzesinhnitepotentiaIity. Athingsremain possibIebecause
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
nodehniteform hasbeentaken. and 2are the hrstgenuinenum-
bers, the hrst reaIity, again, a hedstate. They form the archetypes
'odd' and ' even' , and therefore represent aII opposites, maIe and
femaIe, Iight and dark, passive and active, etc. But 2 combines
these tvo numbersin one hgure.
Look at their postures. The Magician raises a magic vand to
heaven.Besides the ideas ofspirit and unity, the phaIIic vand sym-
boIizes maIeness. The High Priestess sits betveen tvo piIIars, a
vaginal symboI as vell as a symboI of duality. These tvo piIlars
appearagain and againinthe MajorAcana, in such obvious pIaces
as the tempIe in the Hierophant, and in more subtIe vays, Iike
the tvo Iovers on card 6, or the tvo sphinxes harnessed to the
Chariot. But nov Iook at the VorId. The dancer, a femaIe hgure
though some decks represent her as a hermaphrodite) carries tvo
magic vands, one in each hand. The maIe and femaIe are unihed,
and more, their separate quaIities are subordinated to the higher
freedom andjoy shone in the Iight vay the dancer hoIds these
poverfuI symboIs.
CIearIy, then, vhiIe the horizontaI line, the Magician and the
High Priestess,shovsa duaIity ofopposites, the verticaI Iine, 0 and
2J, shovs a unity, the FooI beingsome sort ofperfectstate before
duaIity, and the VorId givingus a gIimpse ofthe exhiIarating sense
offreedompossibIeifonIyve canreconciIetheoppositesburiedin
our psyches.
The Tarot, Iike many systems of thought, indeed Iike many
mythologies, symboIizes duaIity as the separation of maIe and
femaIe. The KabbaIists beIieved thatAdamvas originaIIyhermaph-
roditic, and that ve onIy became separate from him so that they
mightregard eachotheras independentbeings. InmostcuItures, to
a greater or Iesser degree, men and vomen see each other as very
distinct, aImost separate societies. Today, many peopIe think of
each person as havingboth mascuIine and feminine quaIities, but
previously such an idea vas found onIy in esoteric doctrines of
unihcation.
Ifve picture duaIity dramaticaIIy as male and female, or bIack
and vhite, ve aIso experience more subtIe spIits in our ordinary
Iives, especiaIIy betveen our hopes, vhat ve imagine as possibIe,
and the reaIity ofvhat ve achieve. Very often the actions ve take
T H E M A O R A R C A N A . T H E F O O R C A R D P A T T E R N
turn out not to mlliI our hopes for them. The marriage gives Iess
than the totaI happiness expected the job or career brings more
frustration thanmIfiIment. Manyartistshave said that the paintings
on the canvases are never the paintings they envisioned, they never
can express vhat theyreaIIyvanted to say Somehov the reaIity of
Iife is aIvays Iess than the potentiaI. AcuteIy avare of this, many
peopIe agomze over every decision, no matter hov smaII or great,
because they cannot accept that once they take an action in one
direction they have Iostthechance togoinathe other directions
previousIy open to them. They cannot accept the Iimitations of
actingin the reaIvorId.
The spIit betveen potentiality and reaIity is sometimes seen as
theseparationbetveen mindandbody. Ve sense that ourthoughts
and emotions are something distinct from our physical presence in
thevorld. The mnd is unhmited, abIe to go anyvhere in the uni-
verse, backvards orforvards intime. The body is veak, subjectto
hunger, tiredness, sickness. Attempting to resolve this separation
peopIe have gone to philosophicaI extremes. Behaviourists have
cIaimed that 'mind' does not exist, onIy the body and the habits
it deveIops are re. At the other end, many mystics have experi-
encedthe bodyas aniIIusion createdbyourIimitedunderstanding.
Christian tradition dehnes the 'soul' as the immortaI 'true' seIf,
exsting before and after the body that contains it. Andmany reIi-
gions and sects, such as the Cnostics and some KabbaIists, have
considered the body a prison, createdby the sins ormistakes ofour
faIIen ancestors.
At the source of thesedualitiesvefeeIvedo notknovour-
seIves. Ve sense that deep dovn our true nature is something
stronger, freer, vith great visdom and pover, or eIse a thing of
violentpassionsandmriousanimal desire. ithervay, ve /neu that
this true seIfhides, or perhaps Iies buried deep inside our normal,
socially restrictedpersonaIities. Buthov do vereach it? Assuming
the essentiaI seIfto be a thing ofbeauty and pover, hov do ve
Iiberate it?
The discipIines ve caIl the 'occuIt sciences' begin vith a strong
avareness ofaIIthesespIits andIimitations. Theythen go on, hov-
ever, to another idea, that there exists a key or a plan, to bring
everythingtogether, touni(ourIivesvithourhopes asverelease
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W I S O O M
ourIatentstrength and wsdom. PeopIe often conmse the purposes
ofspiritu discipIines. Manythink the Tarot is for fortune-teIIing,
thataIchemists vant to becomerichby changingIeadtogoId,that
KabbaIists vork speIIs by sayingsecret vord, andso on. n reaIity,
thesediscipIinesaimat apsychoIogicumcation. The'basemet'
that the aIchemist vishes to change to goId is himseIf. Accepnng
thedoctrinethatvehavefaIIenEomaperfectstateto aIimitedone
the occuItist does not beheve ve must simpIy vait passiveIy for
some future redemption by an outside agent. n the contrary, he
orshebeheves it ourresponsibiIity to bringaboutthatredemption
by linding the keyto unity.
The Tarot depicts a version ofthat 'key' . tis not |he key, just as
it is notreaIIy a secret doctrine. trepresents a process, and one of
thethings itteaches usis thatveme a mistake vhenve assume
that unication comes through anysimpIekeyorformuIa. Rather,
it comes though grovth and increased avareness as ve traveI step
bystep through the tventy-one stages ofthe MajorAcana.
TheFooIrepresents trueinnocence, akindofpenectstateof joy
and freedom, a feeIing ofbeing one vith the spirit ofIiIe at I
times, inothervords, the 'immortaI' sehvefeeIbecameentrapped
in the conmsions and compromises ofthe ordinary vorId. Perhaps
such a radiant seIfnever reaIIy existed. Somehov ve experience
our intuition ofit as something Iost. VirtuaIIy every cuIture has
deveIoped a myth ofaFaIIEomaprimevaI paradise.
' nnocence' is a vord often msunderstood. t does not mean
'vithout guiIt' but rathera freedom and a totaI openness to Iife, a
compIete Iackoffear that comes though a totaI faith inIivng and
inyour ovn instinctive seh. nnocence does not mean 'asexu' as
some peopIe think. tis sexuaIity expressed vithout fear, vithout
guiIt, vithout connivance and dishonesty. tis sexuity expressed
spontaneousIy and EeeIy, as the expression ofIove and the ecstasy
ofIife.
The FooIbearsthe number 0 because alI things arepossibIe to
thepersonvhois aIvays readytogoin any direction. Hedoesnot
beIonginanyspecicpIace, heisnothedIiketheothercards. His
innocence makes hima personvith no past, andtherefore anin-
nite mture. very moment is a nev starting point. n Aabic
numera!s the number 0 bears the shape ofan egg, to indcate that
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E F O O R C A R D P A T T E R N
aII tmngs emerge hom it. riginaIIy the zero vas vritten as a dot,
in Hermetic andKabbaIisuc tradition the universe emerged homa
singlepointofhght.And Codinthe Kabbalahis oendescribedas
'nothingness' because to describe Cod as any |h|ny vouId be to
Iimt Him to some hnite hxed state. Those Tarot commentators
vho argue vhether the FooI belongs before, after, or somevhere
betveen the othercards seem to be missing the point. The FooIis
movement, change, the constantIeap through Iife.
Forthe FooI no dierence exsts betveen possibiIity andreaIity.
0 means a totaI emptiness ofhopes and fears, and the FooI expects
nothing, pIans nothing. He responds instantIy to the immediate
situation.
therpeopIevireceive his compIetespontaneity. lothingcaI-
cuIated, nothing heId back. He does not do this deIiberateIy, Iike
someone consciousIydecidingtobevholIyhonest vthafriendor
a Iover. The FooI gives his honesty andIove naturay, to everyone,
vthout ever thinking about it.
Ve speak of the Fool as 'he' and the VorId Oancer as 'she'
because of their appearance in the pictures, but both can be a
voman or a man vith reay no change. ]ust as the FooI does not
experience a separatenessfromthephysicalvoddsoheorshe does
notexperienceanyisoIationhomthe 'opposite sex' . The FooIand
the Oancerare psychic hermaphrodtes, expressing theircompIete
humanityataIItimes, bytheirvery natures.
lovIook againatthefourcardpattern. See hovthe FooIspIits
into the Magician and the High Priestess, vho must be brought
backtogetheragaintoformtheVorId. Thetvocardsrepresentthe
spIitting up ofthe FooI's innocence into the uIusion ofopposites.
TheVorld shovs us arestoredunity, butahigheranddeeperunity
achieved through the grovth outlinedin the other eighteen cards.
The fooIis innocence, but theVorld is visdom.
1NNOLLNLL ANU HLLUON
The FooI teaches us that meis simply a conunuous dance ofexpe-
rience. Butmostofuscannotmaintain even briefmoments ofsuch
spontaneityandheedom.Ouetofears, condtioning, andsmpIythe
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W I S O O M
VCty tC8 QtOOCm O CaIy IC, wC nCCCatIy aOw Out C_O tO
IOatC u tOm CXQCtICnCC. `Ct wItHIn u wC Can CnC, CIHy, tHC
QOIOIIty O tCCCOm, anC tHCtCOtC wC Ca tD Va_uC CCIn_ O a
O, a `a DOm InnOCCnCC. LnCC wC OC tHat InnOCCnCC, HOwCVCt,
wC CannOt ImQy CImO OaCK tO tHC CVC O tHC OO. ntCaC, wC
mut ttu__C anC Catn, tHtOu_H matutIty, Cl-CICOVCty, anC QItI-
tua awatCnC, untI wC tCaCH tHC _tCatCt tCCCOm O tHC NOtC.
HC Pa_ICIan tCQtCCnt aCtIOn, tHC I_H tICtC QaIVIty, tHC
Pa_ICIan maCnC, tHC I_H tICtC CmaCnC, tHC Pa_ICIan
COnCIOunC, tHC I_H tICtC unCOnCIOunC.
1y `COnCIOunC wC CO nOt mCan tHC HI_H awatCnC O tHC
NOtC, Out tatHCt tHC QOwCtu yCt ImItCC COnCIOunC O C_O a
It CtCatC an OutCt unIVCtC O OOunCatIC anC Otm. HI CCCtIQ-
tIOn COC nOt mCan tO CCnI_tatC Ot OCIttC tHC Pa_ICIan CtCatIVC
OtCC. NHat _tCatCt CtCatIVIty I tHCtC tHan _IVIn_ HaQC tO tHC CHaO
O CXQCtICnCC: t I tHC Pa_ICIan wHO _IVC IC It mCanIn_ anC
QutQOC. CaCt, attIt, anC OCCutIt HaVC a OCuCC On tHC
Pa_ICIan a tHCIt QattOn CatC. CVCttHCC, HI QOwCt tCQtCCnt
an IOatIOn tOm tHC tCCCOm O tHC OO Ot tHC unCCttanCIn_ O
tHC NOtC.
n tHC amC way, tHC I_H tICtC InCICatC, In HCt unCOn-
CIOunC, a VCty CCCQ tatC O IntuItIVC awatCnC. {nC yCt, HCt
InnCt KnOwCC_C COC nOt OCOn_tO tHat taCIant CCnttC O nOtHIn_-
nC tHat CnaOC tHC OO tO aCt O tCCy.
HC I_H tICtC tCQtCCnt tHC atCHCtyQC O InnCt ttutH, Out
OCCauC tHI ttutH I unCOnCIOu, InCXQtCIOC, HC Can maIntaIn It
Ony tHtOu_H tOta QaIVIty. HI ItuatIOn HOw ItC In IC In
numCtOu way. NC 8 Catty wItHIn u a CIm CnC O wHO wC atC,
O a _CnuInC C nCVCt CCn Oy OtHCt QCOQC anC ImQOIOC tO
CXQaIn. 1ut tHC wOmCn anC mCn wHO tHtOw tHCmCVC IntO COm-
QCtItIOn, CatCCt, tCQOnIOmtIC, VtHOut wOtKIn_ at tHC amC tImC
tO InCtCaC C-KnOwCC_C, OtCn CICOVCt at OmC QOInt tHat tHCy
HaVC Ot tHC CnC O wHO tHCy atC, anC wHat tHCy OnCC wantCC In
IC. Ow, CItCCty OQQOItC tO tHCC QCOQC, tHC 1uCCHIt mOnK Ot
nun wItHCtaw tOm tHC wOtC OCCauC tHC I_HtCt InVOVCmCnt
wI CIttaCt tHCm tOm tHC CCnttC O tHCIt mCCItatIOn.
1OtH tHC Pa_ICIan anC tHC I_H tICtC OCat an atCHCtyQa
QutIty. n a way, tHCy HaVC nOt Ot tHC OO taCIanCC, tHCy HaVC
T H E M A J O R A R C A N A : T H E F O O R C A R D P A T T E R N
simpIy spIit it up into light and darkness. In the traditionaI spIit of
Vestern and astern reIigion the Magician represents the Vest,
vith its emphasis on action and historical salvation, the High
Priestess the ast, the vay ofseparation from the vorId and time.
Yet those vho have gone deepest in both traditions viII combine
these eIements.
The High Priestess sits betveen the piars oflight and dark.
Though she herselfsymbolizes the darkpassive side, her intuition
canlnd a balance betveen the tvo. Thisis less paradoical than it
sounds. Ifve sense ourIives as lilIedvith opposites vhich ve can-
not resolve, ve can react in either oftvo vays. Ve can rush back
and forth, going from one etreme to the other, or ve can do
absoIuteIy notmng. Sit in the middle, not seduced in either direc-
tion, but passive, alIoving the opposites to go on around you.
cept, ofcourse, that this too is a choice, and eventuaIIyve Iose
that baIance and that innerknovledgesimply because Iife contin-
ues on aroundus.
In Kabbahst imagery the High Priestess represents the PiIlar of
Harmony, a force vhichreconciIes the opposing PiIIars ofMercy
and]udgement. Therefore she sits betveen the tvo pilIars ofthe
tempIe. But vithout the ability to bIend in the active force ofthe
Magician, the High Priestess's sense ofharmony becomes svept
avay.
As archetypes, the Magician and the High Priestess cannot eist
in our Iives any more than the FooI can. Inevitably, ve m up
these eIements rather than blend them) and thereby eperience
theirIesserforms, as conmsedaction, oreIseinsecureandgudtrid-
denpassivity. Inothervords, thepurity ofthe tvo poIes becomes
lostbecause Iife muddIes themtogether.
The purpose of the Major Arcana is tvofoId. First of a, by
isoIating the elements ofour hves into archetypes it enabIes us to
see them in their pure forms, as aspects of psychological truth.
SecondIy, it helps us to truIy resoIve these dierent eIements, to
takeusstepbystepthroughthe dierentstages ofIifeuntilitbrings
us to unity. In reaIity, perhaps the innocence symboIized by the
FooI never ested. Somehov ve eperience as something Iost.
The MajorAcanatesushovtogetit back.
L H A I T L K T W U
THE OVERV1EW
1ML LAHUb Ab A bLQULNLL
Mostinterpretersofthe MajorAcanatake one oftvo approaches.
either they consider the cards as separate entities or they Iook at
themas a sequence. The hrst approach Iooks at each card as repre-
senting dierent quaIities or situations ofimportance to a person's
spirituaI deveIopment. The mpress represents the souI gIorihed
in nature, the mperormastery ofseIf, etc. This system considers
the numbers on the cards as part oftheirsymboIic Ianguage. The
number J beIongs to the Magician not because he comes hrst but
because thatnumbersignihes ideas- unity, viIIpover- appropri-
ate to the concept ofthe Magician.
The second approach looks upon the trumps as a progression.
The Magician is becausehis quaIities form the starting point of
the grovthpatternhguredin the othercards. Cardnumber J3, say,
beIongs atjust that point, betveen the Hanged Man and Temper-
ance, and no other. ach nevtrumpbuiIds upon the previous one
andIeads the vay to the net.
Ingeneri, have folIoved the secondmethod. Vhile thenum-
ber symboIism shouId not be negIected it is equaIIy important to
see vhere each card hts in the overaII pattern. Comparisons vith
other numbers can aIso heIp us to see the Iimtations as ve as the
virtues ofeach card. For instance, number 7, the Chariot, is often
spoken ofas 'victory' . But vhat kind of victory? Is it the totaI
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E O V E R V l E W
hberation ofthe Vorld, or something narrover, but stm ofgreat
vaIue? Looking at the card's position can ansver these questions.
The interpreters vho have taken this approach have usuaIIy
Iooked for some pIace to divide the trumps for easier comprehen-
sion. The most common choice is the VheeI ofFortune. As the
number ten, itsymboIizes a completion ofone cycIe and a begin-
ning ofanother. AIso, ifyou place the FooI at the beginning this
dividesthecardsneatIy intotvogroups ofeleven.Mostimportant,
the idea ofa turningvheeIsymboIizes achange ofoutIook, froma
concern vith externaI things, such as success and romance, to the
moreinvardapproach depicted insuchcardsasOeath andtheStar.
Oespite the vaIue ofseeing the Major Arcana as tvo halves,
have found that the trumps divide even more organicaUy into three
parts. Settingthe Fool apart as reallya separate categoryall by itselI
andsettingit apart alIovs us to see that it beIongs everyvhere and
anyhere) gives us tventy-one cards - threegroups ofseven.
The number seven has a long history in symboIism. the seven
planets ofclassicaI astroIogy, seven as a combination ofthree and
four, themselves archetypaI numbers, seven pilIars ofvisdom, the
seven Iover stations of the Tree of Life, seven openings in the
human head, seven chakras, and ofcourse, sevendaysin the veek.
Most ofthe meanings ofsevenderive from the factthatbefore the
teIescope peopIe couId see seven 'pIanets' in the sky, that is, seven
moving objects. the Sun, the Moon, Mercury, Venus,Mars,]upiter
and Saturn. Though the idea ofthe seven-day veek comes from
ancient srael, vhichmay have gotithom Babylon, the uropean
names for the days come from the pIanets as personihed in the
Roman and lorse gods.
neparticuIaraspectofsevenreIatesitdirectly totheTarot. The
CreekIetter|standsforaratiothatexistsin circlesbetveenthe
circumerence and the diameter. lo matterhov large orsmalIthe
circIe,thetvoviIIaIvays vorkoutto thesamefraction, 22/7. And
theMajorAcanavth theFool comesto tventy-tvo,justas vith-
out the FooI it reduces to seven. AIso, tventy-tvo times seven
equaIs one hundred andhfty-four 54addup to ten, Iinkingitto
theVheeI), andonehundredandhfty-fourdividedbytvo, forthe
tvoArcana, comestoseventy-seven, theentireTarotvith the FooI
again set aside.
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
Like theKabbaIistic conception ofCodthe pointis nothing, yet
the entirecircIeradiatesfromit.AndtheFooI'snumber, 0,hasbeen
represented as apointas veII as a circIe.
The best reasons forthedivisionintothreegroups Iievithin the
MajorArcana itseIf. First, consider the picture symboIsm. Look at
the lrst card in each Iine. The Magician and Strength are both
obviousIy cards ofpover, but so is the OeviI. The Magician and
StrengthareIinkedbytheinlnitysignabove theirheads, vhe the
OeviI bears a reversed pentacIe. Ifyou Iook at the OeviI's posture,
one arm up, one arm dovn, you viII see the picture is in some
vays a parody of the Magician, vith the torch pointing dovn
instead ofthe vand pointing up. n some decks card 5 carries the
titIe of'BIack Magician` . n many decksjustice, not Strength is
number 8. Ifyou Iook at the posture ofthe hgure injustice you
w seeanevencIoserresembIance to theMagicianandtheOevI.)
The same kind of verticaI correspondences appIy aII the vay
through the three Ines.
1HL 1HHLL AHLAb O LXHLH1LMLL
The division into three aIIovs us to see theMajorAcana as deaI-
ing vith three distinct areas of experience. Briey, ve can caII
these. consciousness, the outer concerns ofIife insociety, subcon-
scious, or the search invard to hnd out vho ve reaIIy are, and
superconscious, the deveIopment of a spirituaI avareness and a
reIease ofarchetypaI energy. The three IeveIs are not forced cate-
gories. Theyderive from the cards themseIves.
The lrst Iine, vith its concentration on such matters as Iove,
sociaI authority, and education, describes the main concerns of
society. n many vays the vorId ve see mrrored in our noveIs,
hms, and schooIs is summed up by the hrst seven cards of the
MajorArcana. ApersoncanIive anddie andbejudgedasuccessby
everyone around him or her vithout ever going beyond the IeveI
ofthe Chariot. Many peopIe, infact, do notreach thatIeveI at aII.
Modern depth psychoIogy concerns itseIIvith the second Iine
oftrumps, vith theirsymboIs ofahermt-Iike vithdravaI intoseh-
avareness folIoved by a symboIc Oeath and rebirth. The angeI of
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E O V E R V l E W
Tcncvancc ar rnc cnu vcvcscnts tnar av t o ouvscIvcs vncn vc
uscovcv to 5c csscnriaLy vcaI atcv rnc iIIusons o cyo, uccnsvc-
ncss,anuvyuna5rso tncastavc aIIovcu ro uicavay.
InaIIy, vnato rnc Iasr Inc: Vnar can yo 5cyonu hnuny ouv
rvuc scIvcs To ut tsinIy, rncscscvcncavus ucicr a conhonta-
ronanu h naIIyaunry vtn tnc yvcarovccsoIcrscI.Tncorncv
cavus, ovncvIy sccn as so imovranr, 5cconc mcvcIy rnc vcava-
tonov rnc yvcatucsccnrinrouavkncss, tncI5cvarion oIynr, anu
tnc vctuvn o rnatIynt to rnc sunIir vo:Iu o consciousncss.
To mosr vcaucvs rnc Iasr Iinc vII sccm roo vayuc anu ancuI.
Vc can ca!I tns su5jccr martcv 'vcIyous' ov 'nytnicaI' 5ur rncsc
vovusroovcnannavu toyvas.
Tnc vagucncss inouvnnusc:nasscaksnovca5ourouvscIvcs
anu ouv tinc rnan a5our rnc su5jcct. Any socicty auronatcaIIy
rcacncs ts coIc, jusr 5y rnc Ianyuayc it uscs, to nakc ccv tan
assunrons a5out tnc vovIu. xamIcs in ouv cuIruvc vouIu
ncIuuc tnc vaIuc anu unqucncss o inuvuuaIs, tnc vcaIry anu
ovcrncImny novrancc o Iovc, tnc ncccssry o ccuon anu
socaI jusrcc, anu, novc comIcx, 5ur jusr as srvony, tnc 5asc
scavarcncss o cacn cvson. 'Vc avc 5ovn aIonc anu vc uic aIonc.'
Cuv soccty, 5uiIr uon tnc matcvaIsr cynrccnrn anu mncrccnrn
ccnruv ics,uocs notncvcIy vcjccttncnorion o 'sucvconsciousncss'
ov 'unvcvsaIovccs', vc uo nor vcaIIy knov vnar tncy ncan.
Vncn vc ucaI vrn rnc IastInc o tnc Najov Avcana, tncn, vc
ucaI vrn an avca unconovra5Ic to nany o us. Ir vm nakc tnc
rask o unucvstanuiny rncsc cavus navucv - anu cvnas novc
vcvavuiny. Vovkiny vitn rncsc anccnr icruvcs can 5vny us
knovIcuyc ncyIcctcu in ouv cuucaton.
L H A I 1 L K 1 H K L L
THE OPEN1NG TRUMPS
SYMBOLS ANO ARCHETYPES
(e}

F|yute |
1ML OOL
Ve have already Iooked at the FooIin one aspect, the image ofa
spirit totaIIy Eee. But ve can Iook at the FooIfrom another side -
theleap into thearchetypalvorldofthe trumps.
magineyourseIfenteringastrangeIandscape. A vorld ofmagi-
cians, ofpeopIe hangingupside dovn, and ofdancers in the bright
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E O P E N l N G T R O M P S
av. You can cnrcv rnvouyn a Ica Ivon a ncynr, rnvouyn a avk
cavc, a Ia5yvnrn, ov cvcn 5y cIn5ny ovna va55r noIc cnasny a
Vcrovanva55r vrn a ockcr varcn. Vncncvcv vay you cnoosc,
youavca IooI ro o r. Vny Iook nro rnc cc vovI oI rnc mn
vncn you can sray saIcIy n rnc ovnavy Ianscac oI jo5, nonc
an IanIy HcvnanNcIvIIc, n Mo|y D|c/, vavnc nsvcacvs nor
ro rakc cvcn a src oursc rnc ovnavy arn Ia our Iov you 5y
soccry. You nynr nor ycr 5ack ayan.
An ycr, Iov rnosc vIIny ro rakcrnc cnancc, rnc Ica can 5vny
joy, avcnruvc, an tinaIIy, Iov rnosc vrn rnc couvayc ro kcc yony
vncnrncvoncrIan5cconcsnovcIcavsonc rnanjoyous, rncIca
can 5vny knovIcyc, cacc, an I5cvaron. InrcvcsrnyIy, rnc IooI
avcncryc acavs novc n nyrnoIoyy rnan n srvucruvc vcIyon.
Anmsrruronalzcnuvcn cannavdIyuvyccoIc5cyon rncIn~
rsoInsrrurons.Insrca,rnccnuvcncsocvusasaIcnavcnonrnc
Icavs oIIIc.NyrnoIoyy Ica vccrIy nro rnc ncavr oI rnosc Icavs,
an ncvcvy cuIruvcrnc nyrnoIoycIanscac conrans rnc nayc
oI rnc Tvcksrcv - usnny, yoany, ja55ny rnc knys an ncvocs
vncncvcv rncy ruvnavay on rnc nncv vovI oI rvurn.
In rnc Kny Avrnuv Icycns NcvIn acavs nor onIy as a sovccv~
cv an vsc nan 5ur as a rvcksrcv. onsranrIy nc acavs 5cIovc
Avrnuv nsyusc, as a cnI, a 5cyyav, anoI casanr. Tnc youny
kny, aIvcay scuccnroonousncss 5y nsnyn socaI osron,
ncvcv vccoynzcs NcvInunrI ns conanons onr ourrnar ncnas
5ccn rvckc ayan. Novc novranrrnanIavsov nmravy srvarcyy s
rnc a5Iry ro scc rnvouyn IIusons. Tnc Taosrnasrcvs vcvc Ianous
Iov Iayny rvcks onrncv scIcs.
Tnc IooI avcncryc nas cvcn Ioun soca cxvcsson, as rnc vcaI
couvr jcsrcv. Vc aII knov rnc nayc on K|ny Ict oI 'rnc IooI' ,
cv mrrc ro rcII rnc kny rvurns noonc cIsc vouI avc ro cxvess.
Toay, ouv concans an sarv srs cnjoy soncrnny oI rnc sanc
vvIcyc.
In nany counrvcs a ycavIy cavnva vcIcascs aII rnc vIncss
vcvcssc rnvouyn rnc vcsr oI rnc ycav.Scx s hccv, vavous Iavs avc
suscnc, coIc yo nsyuscs an rnc Kny oI IooIs s cnoscn
ro vcscovcv rnc IcsrvaI.Toay, n uvoc an lovrn Ancvca,
AvI rnc vsr vcnans 'AvI IooI's Oay', a rnc Iov rvcks an
vacrcjokcs.
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
The picture beside that ofthe Rider pack shovs the FooI as
conceived by svaId Virth. An oIder tradition than that of
Vaite, it pictures the archetype as a grotesque vanderer. This
image has been interpretedvariousIyas the souIbefore enIighten-
ment, nevborn chiId entering the vorId ofeperience and the
principle ofanarchy. Iizabeth Haich has provided an interesting
interpretation ofVirth's grotesque image of the FooI. PIacing
himbetveen]udgementand the VorId, she describes the FooIas
vhat the outside vorId sees vhen itIooks upon someone vho is
truIy enlightened. Because the FooI does not folIov their ruIes or
share their veaknesses, he appears to them in this ugIy distorted
vay. Haich describes the FooI's face as a mask, put there not by
himseIfbut by the outside vorld. The Iast card, the VorId, pre-
sents thesame enlightenedperson,butvievedfrominside, thatis,
by himself.
n some early Tarot decks the FooI appeared as a giant court
jester, toveringoverthepeopIearoundhim.Histitle vas 'theFooI
ofCod' . The termhasaIsobeenusedforidiots, harmIess madmen,
andsevereepiIeptics, iofvhomvere thoughtto beintouchvith
a greater visdor preciseIybecausetheyvere out oftouchviththe
rest ofus.
The archetypepersists inmodernpopuIarmythoIogy asvell.By
theirfantasticprimitivenaturecomicbooksoftenre ectmythoIog-
icaI themes betterthannoveIs. nBe|men thehero's strongest enemy
is calIed the]oker, ahgure vho has nopastandis never seen vith-
outthevddmake-up ofajokerinadeckofcards. Thejokerisnot
descendedhomtheFoolas , andother Tarotists, have assumed. t
vas invented by a levYork pokercIub as a 'viIdcard' to make
the game more interesting. t does, hovever, calI forth the same
archetype as the FooI, being based on the courtjester. The rivaIry
ofBatman and the]oker sends a cIear message to their readers. do
not rebeI against social vaIues. Support Iav and order. n recent
years the magazine has described the]oker as insane rather than
criminal. To society the vay ofthe FooI, instinct rather than rules,
is a dangerous insanity.
So far ve have Iooked at the FooI as the 'other', prodding us
EomcompIacencyvith hisjokes anddisguises.As the ' self' herep-
resents that Iong tradition ofthe fooIish brother or sister, despised
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E O P E N l N G T R O M P S
by the oIderbrothers andsisters, yethnaIIy abIe to vintheprincess
or the prince through instinctive vitand kindness .
CuriousIy the image ofthe FooIas seIfoccursmore in fairytaIes
than myths. Ve Iook at myths as representing forces Iarger than
ourseIves, the simpIer fairy taIe aIIovs us to epress our ovn fooI-
ishness.
Like 'Boots' or ' CIuck' in the fairy taIe, aIvays accompaniedby
various anim heIpers, the FooI in most every deck vaIks vith a
companion. n Vaite the hgure is aIeapingdog, in others a cat or
even a crocodiIe. The animaI symbolizes the forces ofnature and
theanimaIseIfofman,aIIinharmonyviththespiritvhoactshom
instinct. MythoIogicaI dogs are often terri(ing, for eampIe, the
Hound ofHeL chasing Iost souIs. But it is reaIIy the same beast,
omy our attitude changes. Oeny your inner seIf and it becomes
ferocious. bey it anditbecomesbenign.
Vaite's FooI hoIds a vhite rose. Roses symboIize passion, vhiIe
vhite, the traditionaI coIour ofpurity, together vith the deIicate
vay the overis heId, indicate thepassionsraisedto a higherIeveI.
The Creeks sav ros, the god ofIove, as a trickster, making the
most proper peopIe act ridicuIous. But those vho aIready epress
their foIIy viII not be throvn by Iove. The Creeks aIso spoke of
ros, in otherforms, as the animatingforce ofthe universe.
The bagbehind him carries his eperiences. He does not aban-
don them, he is not mndIess, they simpIy do not controI him in
the vay that our memories and traumas so often controI ourIives.
Thebagbearsthe headofan eagIe, symboIofthe soaring spirit. His
highinstinctfilIs andtransformsaeperience.TheeagIeis aIsothe
symboI ofScorpio raised to a higher IeveI, that is, seuaIity raised
to spirit. Tms idea ofthe connection betveen se and spirit viII
come up again vith the card ofthe OeviI.
verhis shouIder the FooI carries a stick, Iike a tramp. But this
stick is actuaIIy a vand, symboI ofpover. The Magician and the
ChariotdriveraIso carryvands, butseIf-consciousIy, vith apover-
fuI grip. The FooI andthe VorId Oancer hoIdtheirvands so casu-
aIIy ve hardIy notice them. Vhat couId be more fooIish than to
takea magicvandand useitto carryyourbags?Ve canimagine a
fairy taIe in vhich the foohsh younger brother lnds a stick by the
side ofthe roadand carries it, notrecognizingit as the Iost vand of
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
a vizard, and therefore not being destroyed Iike his tvo oIder
brothers vho tried to vieId itfortheirovnproht.
The FooI's vand is bIack, the others are vhite. For the uncon-
scious FooI the spirit force remains alvays in potentiaI, aIvays
ready, because he is not consciousIy directing it. Ve tend to mis-
understand the colour black, seeing it as eviI, or negation ofIife.
Rather, bIackmeans aII things beingpossibIe, inlinite energy ofhfe
before consciousness has constructed any boundaries. Vhen ve
fear bIackness or darkness ve fear the deep unconscious source of
life itseIf
Like thejoker, the Fool really beIongsanyvherein the deck, in
combination vth and betveenany ofthe other cards. He is the
animatingforcegivinghfeto thestaticimages. ntheMajorAcana
hebeIongs vherever thereis a dimcuIt transition. Hence his posi-
tion atthebeginning, vhere there is the transitionfromthe every-
day vorId ofthe Minor Arcana to the vorId ofarchetypes. The
FooIaIso heIps usjump the gap from one Iine to the next, thatis,
from the Chariot to Strength, from Temperance to the OeviI. To
reach the ChariotorTemperance requires great eort andcourage,
and vithout the FooI's readiness to Ieap into nev territory ve
vouIdIikeIy stop vith vhatve haveaIreadyachieved.
The FooI beIongs as vell vith those cards ofdiicuIt passage,
such as theMoonandOeathobservethevindingroad on each of
these tvo) , vhereheurgesus on despite ourfears.
n the Minor Acana the Fool relates lirst of aII to Vands -
action, eagerness, movement vithout thought. But it connects as
velIto Cups, vith theiremphasis onimagination andinstinct. The
FooI, in fact, combines these tvo suits. Later ve viII see that this
combination, hre and vater, represents the vay oftransformation.
FinaIIy the questionarisesoftheFool's pIace in divinatory read-
ings. I have aIready mentioned the importance ofreadings for a
mIIerunderstanding ofthe cards. venmore, theyhelpusappIythe
visdom ofthe cards to ourdaiIylives. n readings the FooI speaks
to usofcourage andoptimism, urgingfaithinourseIves andinhfe.
At dimcuIt times, vhen ve come under pressure from peopIe
around us to be practicaI, the FooI reminds us that our ovn inner
seIves canbestteIIusvhat to do.
The Fool can often symboIize beginnings, courageously Ieaping
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E O P E N l N G T R O M P S
o nrosonc ncv nascoLc, avrcuIavIy vncnrnar Ica srakcn
on sonc cc IccInyvarncvrnancavcuIIannny.
Tncsc 5cIony ro rnc IooI n rs novnaI osron.Vc nusr aIso
conscv rnc 'vcvcvsc' ncannys, rnar s, vncn rnc vay vc navc
nuc rnccavsnakcsrncIooIconcour vrnrnc ccr onrncro.
Pcvcvsc ncannys avc conrvovcvsaI anony Tavor conncnrarovs.
Tnosc vnoyvc ovnuIasas ncannys usuaIIyjusr ruv n rnc ovnu~
Ia avoun, a snIsrc ncrno vncn nas Ic scvcvaI nrcvvcrcvs ro
a5anonrnc vnoIccaoIvcvcvscncannys. urvc canaIsoIook
ar vcvcvsaIs as cccnny rnc ncanny o rnc cav as a vnoIc.In
ycncv, a vcvcvsc cav ncarcsrnar rnc quaIrcso rnar cav navc
5cconc 5Iockc, srovrc ov cnanncIIc nanorncv vccron.
Iov rnc IooI a vcvcvsaI ncans h vsr o aII a aIuvc ro IoIIov youv
nsrncrs. Ir can ncan nor rakny a cnancc ar sonc cvucaI rnc,
5ccausc oI cav ov ccnny roo nucn on Ians an rnc vacrcaI
avcc o orncvs.
Anorncv vcvcvscncannyorncIooI vIIacavarfvsr ro con~
rvacr rnc onc jusr yvcn. PcckIcssncss, vIncss, cvazy scncncsaII
sccn rnc oosrc o ovcv~cauron. An ycr, rncy ovynarc von
rncsanc vcakncss, a aIuvcro acr onnsc. Tnc vcckIcsscvson
sucvnoscs a conscous ov avrhcaI ooLsnncss on ns Ic 5orn
5ccausc nc ocs nor rvusr rnc unconscous ro acr as a yuc an
5ccausc s aIso ava o ony norn ny.
Tnssccon vcvcvsc ncanny suyycsrs anorncv ncnsonro rnc
IooI - rnc avavcncss rnar yvcar cnanccs nusr 5c rakcn onIy ar rnc
vocv rnc.Tncvcavc, arcv aII, nany rncs vncn cauron s ncc~
c, anrncs vncnrs 5crrcv ro o nornnyar aII.Tnc 5asc rnny
any ovacIc rcacncs us s rnar no acronov arrruc svynrov wony,
cxccr n rs vocv conrcxr.
As vc yo mvrncv nro rnc Tavor vc vII scc rnar rns conccr oI
rnc vocv rnc cvncarcs rnc cavs an s, n Iacr, rnc rvuc kcy
ro rncv covvccr usc. Tnc cav n rnc Pcv ack rnar IaIIs cxacrIy
n rnc nIc oI rnc rnvcc Incs, rnar s, ]usrcc, ncans a vocv
vcsonsc.
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
F|yute 2
1ML NA1L1AN
HC Pa_ICIan CmCt_C VCty CIrCCty tOm tHC OO In tHC Ima_C O
tHC ttICKtCt-wI2arC. { mCntIOnCC aOOVC, PCtIn DH OOtH tHCC
tOC [a wC a tHat O tCaCHCt anC wIC man], anC many OtHCt
mytH maKC tHC amC COnnCCtIOn. 1atICt atOt CCCK QICtutCC
ttumQ numOCt OnC a a COnjutCt tatHCt tHan a ma_u, Ot CVCn a
ju__Ct tOIn_ COOutCC Oa In tHC aIt. LHatC NIIam CCCtIOCC
hm a aju__Ct tOIn_ tHC tat anC QanCt.
POt mOCCtn Ima_C O tHC ttumQ OOwNaItC wI2atC, taIIn_
a ma_IC wanC tO OtIn_ IntO tCMty tHC QItIt OtCC tHC CnCt_y O
IC In It mOt CtCatIVC Orm. C HOC tHC wanC CatCuy, awatC O
tHat QyCHIC QOwCt tHC OO CattICC O I_Hty On HI HOuCCt.
Hu, tHC Pa_ICIan, a tHC OC_InnIn_ O tHC PajOt {1Cana QtOQCt,
tCQtCCnt COnCIOunC, aCtIOn anC CtCatIOn. C ymOOI2C
tHC ICCa O mamCtatIOn, tHat I, maKIn_OmCtHIn_ tCa Out O tHC
QOIOIItIC In IC. HCtCOtC, wC CC tHC Out CmOCm O tHC
PInOt {tCana yIn_ On a taOC In tOnt O HIm. C nOt Ony uC
tHC QHyICa wOtC Ot HI ma_ICa OQCtatIOn [tHC Out CmOCm atC
a OOjCCt uCC Oy wI2atC In tHCIt tItua], Out HC MO CtCatC tHC
wOtC, In tHC CnC O _IVIn_ IC a mCanIn_ anC dItCCtIOn.
HC Pa_ICIan tanC uttOunCCC Oy HOwCt tO tCmInC u tHat
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E O P E N l N G T R O M P S
rnc cnoronaI an cvcarvc ovcv vc IccI n ouv Ivcs nccs ro 5c
yvounc n nyscaI vcaIry Iov us ro ycr any vaIuc on r. LnIcss
vc nakc soncrnny oI ouv orcnraIs rncy o nor vc y csr.
'In rnc 5cynnny, Go cvcarc rnc ncavcn an rnc cavrn.' Tnc
5Ic 5cynsarrncnoncnr rnc svr csccns nro nyscaIvcaIy.
Iov us, n rnc nyscaI vovI, vc can ra oI nornny 5cIovc rns
noncnr. In rnc Iinkny oI rnc Tavor vrn rnc Hc5vcv aIna5cr rnc
IooI oIrcn vcccvcs rnc hvsr Icrrcv H|eh. (H|eh 5cavs nosoun, rs
a sIcnr cavvcv oI vovcIs, an rncvcIovc syn5oIzcs nornnyncss. Ir
srnc hvsr Icrrcv oIrncTcnonnanncnrs.) Tns vouI assynrnc
sccon Hc5vcv Icrrcv, Be|h, rnc fivsr Icrrcv vrn an acruaI soun, ro
rnc Naycan. Be|h |s rnc h vsr Icrrcv oI Gcncss.
Look ar Varc's cruvc oI rnc Naycan. Hcsnorcasrny scIIs,
ov conjuvny u cnons.Hc snIy srans vrn onc nan vasc ro
ncavcn an rnc orncv onrc ro rnc yvccn cavrn.Hc s a Iynrnny
vo. y ocnny nnscII u ro rnc svr nc vavs r ovn nro
hnscII, an rncn rnar ovnvav nan, Ikc a Iynrnny vo 5uvc
nrnc yvoun, vuns rnccncvyynrornccavrn.Inro vcaIry.
Vc scc nany accounrs oI rnc 'csccnr oI rnc svr' n rnc 5Ic,
n orncv vcIyous rcrs an n conrcnovavy vcIyous ccvcncc.
PcoIc 'scak n ronyucs' n PcnrccosraI cnuvcncs, rncy scvcan an
snour an voII on rnc oov ar GoscI nccrnys. Tnc vcsr yvny
connunon sccs nnscII as a 'vcsscI' ov cnanncI Iov rnc HoIy
Gnosr. ur vc can scc rns ccv cncc n nucn snIcv, non~
vcIyous, rcvns as vcII. PcoIc rvcn5Ic vrn ccrcncnrarsovrny
cvcnrs. 'I'n soccrc IcouI 5uvsr'' In a ncv Iovc aav ov arrnc
sravroI a ncvcavccv, vcIccIaovcv IiIIny us. You cansoncrncs
scc coIc ar rnc ocnny oI sonc novranr nasc oI rncv Ivcs,
rany rncv Icys u an ovn, naII 5ouncny n rncv scars, fiIIc
vrn sonc cncvyy rncy cannor sccn ro scnavyc. An vvrcvs an
avrsrs, vncn rncv vovk s yony vcII, vII ccvcnccrncnscIvcsas
aInosr assvc cnanncIs Iov a svr~Ikc Iovcc. Tncvov 'nsvaron'
oviynaIIy ncanr ' fiIIc vrn a noIy 5vcarn' , an cvvcs Ivon rnc
sanc voor as 'svr'.
lorcc rnar oI aII rncsccanIcs I 5ur rnc vcsr an rnc avrsr
avc sczc vrn a Ivcnzy. Tnc osscssc cnuvcn-yocv an rnc rccn-
aycv a5ou ro 5uvsr ar a Ioor5aII yanc snavc rnc IccIny rnar rncv
5ocsavcovcrncInc5y aovcvrooyvcarIov ir.Iav hon5ciny
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
gentIe the surge ofenergy can be almost painfuI. The person in
reIigious fervour shouts and Ieaps about in order to reIease an
unbearabIe energy.
The Iife force that hIIs the universe is not gentIe or benign. t
must be discharged, groundedinsomethingreaI, because ourbod-
ies, our seIves, are not meant to contain it, but only pass it on.
Thus, theartist does notjoinin the physici Eenzy because she or
he is discharging thatpoverinto the painting. SimilarIy the priest
passes thepoverinto thebreadandvine.
Ve function best as a channeIfor energy. LnIess ve follov the
path ofthe High Priestess invithdraving from the vorId, ve IIve
ourIives mostfully vhen ve create orare active. ' Create' doesnot
meansimpIy art, but any activity that produces somethingreaI and
vaIuabIeoutsideofourseIves.
Many peopIe experience feeIings of being poverfuI so infre-
quentIy they try to hoId on to them. By doing nothing they hope
to preserve their magic moments. But ve can realIy hoId on to
pover in our lives onIy by constantIy discharging it. By reIeasing
creative pover ve open ourseIves up to receive a further ov.
Hovever, by trying to hoId on to it, ve bIock the channels and the
sense ofpover, vhich is reay Iife itseIf, vithers vithin us. The
spectatoratthe footbil game, even thepossessedchurch-goer, viII
hnd their excitement gone after the event that triggered it has
ended. But the craftsman or scientist or teacher - or, for that
matter, the Tarot reader - vi hnd the pover increase over the
years the more they discharge it into physicaI reality.
Vhenve look at the Magician those ofus vho feeI a Iack or a
atness inourIives vilIbe dravn to the vandraised tovards heav-
en. But the real magic rests in that hnger pointing to the earth.
That abiIIty to create gives mmhIs title. His image stems not onIy
Eom the trickster-conjurer, but iso Eom the archetypaI hero. n
ourcuIture this vouId be Prometheus, vho brought the heavenly
hre dovn to veak and coId humanIty.
In the Vest ve tend to see vizards as manipuIators. They Iearn
secrettechniquesormakedeaIsvithSataninordertogainperson-
aI pover. This somevhat decadent image comes partIy from the
magicians themseIves, since they make charms to lind buried
treasure, butalsofromtheChurch, vhich seesmagicians,vho dei
T H E M A J O R A R C A N A . T H E O P E N I N G T R O M P S
CItCCty wItH tHC QItIt IntCaC O _OIn_ tHtOu_H tHC OU:CIa QtICt-
HOOC, a COmQCtItOt. HC atOt anC a OCCut CICnCC atC In a
CnC tCVOutIOnaty, OCCauC tHCy tCaCH CItCCt aVatIOn, In tHI IC,
tHtOu_H yOut Own CUOtt.
NC Can _Ct a CIUCtCnt COnCCQt O tHC Pa_ICIan tHtOu_H tHC
Ima_C O tHC Haman, Ot mCCICInC man. 1CCauC nO HICtatCHICa
LHutCH Ha atICn tO OanIH tHC Haman tHCy HaVC nOt OCCOmC
IOatCC tOm tHC COmmunIt. HCy CtVC a HCMCt, tCaCHCt, anC
CItCCtOt O tHC Ou atCt CCatH. IKC tHC wIZatC, tHC Haman
tuCy anC Catn COmQICatCC tCCHnIQuC. HCIt ma_ICa VOCaOuaty
I OtCn muCH at_Ct tHan tHC CVCtCay VOCaOuaty O tHC QCOQC
atOunC tHCm. OnC O tHI ttaInIn_, HOwCVCt, I uCC tO manIQuatC
tHC QItIt Ot Ot QCtOna _aIn. atHCt, tHC Haman Ony CCK tO
OCCOmC a QtOQCt CHaDC, OOtH Ot HImC O HC wI nOt OC OVCt-
wHCuCC, anC Ot tHC COmmunIty O HC Can CtVC tHCm OCttCt. C
KHOw tHC _tCat QOwCt tHat wI CntCt HIm at mOmCnt O CCtay
anC HC want tO maKC utC It COC nOt CCttOy HIm anC maKC HIm
O nO uC tO tHC QCOQC atOunC HIm.
IKC tHC wIZatC tHC Haman Ha CCVCOQCC HI wI tO tHC QOInt
wHCtC HC Can CItCCt tHC !1tC tHat !I1 HIm. 1t tHC amC tImC HC
tCmaIn OQCn, a1OwIn_ HI C_O tO CIOVC unCCt tHC CItCCt
Onau_Ht O tHC QItIt. t ayOmCtHIn_ aOOut Out CututC tHat Out
wIZatC tanC InICC ma_IC CItCC tO maKC utC tHC CCmOn CannOt
tOuCH tHCm.
NC Can aQQy tHC Haman attItuCC tO Out uC O tHC wHOC atOt
CCCK. NC tuCy tHC CatC, Catn tHC ymOOIC an_ua_C, CVCn QCC-
I!IC Otmua, In OtCCt tO _IVC a CItCCtIOn tO tHC CCIn_ tHCy atOuC
In u. 1ut wC mut nOt Ot_Ct tHat tHC ttuC ma_IC IC In tHC Ima_C
tHCmCVC anC nOt tHC CXQanatIOn.
HC CIVInatOty mCanIn_ O tHC Pa_ICIan CCtIVC DOm OOtH
HanC, tHC OnC wHICH tCCCIVC tHC QOwCt anC tHC OnC wHICH CItCCt.
HC CatC mCan Dtt O a an awatCnC O QOwCt In yOut IC, O
QItIt Ot ImQC CXCItCmCnt QOCIn_ yOu. t Can aO mCan,
CCQCnCIn_ On It QOItIOn anC yOut tCaCtIOn tO It, OmCOnC CC
QOwCt aCCtIn_ yOu. IKC tHC !OO, tHC CatC tCCt tO OC_InnIn_,
Out HCtC tHC Dtt aCtua tCQ. t Can mCan OOtH tHC InQItatIOn tO
OC_In OmC nCw QtOjCCt Ot QHaC O IC, anC tHC CXCItCmCnt tHat
utaIn yOu tHtOu_H tHC HatC wOtK tO rCaCH Out _Oa. !Ot many
S E V E N T Y~ E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
coIc rnc Naycan can 5cconc a srvony cvsonaI syn5oI Iov rnc
cvcarvc Iovcc rnvouynourrncv Ivcs.
ScconIy, rnc Naycan ncans vII~ovcv , rnc vII unhc an
vccrc rovavs yoaIs. It ncans navny yvcar srvcnyrn 5ccausc aII
youvcncvyy s cnanncIIc n a scchc vccton. PcoIc vno sccn
aIvays ro ycr vnar tncy vanr n IIc avc oIrcn coIc vno snIy
knov vnar rncy vanr an can vccr rncv cncvyy. Tnc Naycan
tcacncs us rnar5orn vII~ovcvansucccss cvvc on5cnycon~
scous oI rnc ovcv avaIa5Ic ro cvcvyonc. Nosr coIc vavcIy acr,
nsrca tncy vcac,5cny knockc on onc cxcvcncctorncncxr.
To acr s ro vccr youv stvcnyrn, rnvouyn rnc vI!, ro rhc Iaccs
vncvc you vanr r ro yo.
Tnc Naycan vcvcvsc synhcs rnar n sonc vay rnc vocv
hov oI cncvyy nas 5cconc svurc ov 5Iockc. Ir can ncan a
vcakncss, a Iack oI vII ov a conIuson oI uvosc rnar Icas ro
ony nornny. Tnc ovcv s rncvc, 5ur vc cannor roucn r. Tnc
cav vcvcvsc can ncan tnc Ictnavyc aarny tnat cnavacrcvzcs
cvcsson.
Tnc vcvcvsc rvun can aIso ncan ovcv a5usc, a cvson vno
uscsns ov ncv vcvysrvonycnavacrcvro cxcvracsrvucrvcnucncc
on orncvs. Tnc nosr vccrcxanIcoI rns vou! oI couvsc 5c rnc
sycnc ayyvcsson oI '5Iacknayc'.
InaIIy, rncNaycan vcvcvsc ncarcs ncnraI squcr, naIIuc~
natons, cav an avrcuIavIy Icav oI nancss. Tns vo5Icn avscs
vncn rnccncvyyov svttivccnrcvsacvson vnoocsnorknov
nov ro vccrrnroanourcv vcry.I vco noryvoun tncIynr~
nny r can 5cconc tvac n rnc 5oy an Iovcc rscII on ouv
avavcncss as anxicry ov na!Iucnarons. Anyonc vno nas cvcv yonc
tnvouyn a noncnr oI roraI anc vI! knov rnar acurc ncnraI anx~
cry s a vcvy nysca! cxcvcncc, a IccIny oI rnc 5oy vunnny
v!, Ikc a tivc our oI conrvoI. Tnc vov 'anc' ncans 'osscssc
5y rnc yo Pan', nnscII asyn5oI oI nayc Iovccs.
Tnnk ayanoIrnc Iynrnnyvo.Irnor onIyatrvacrs rnc5oIr5ur
vunsrnro rnc vr.VrnoutrnarconnccronrornccavrnrncIynr~
nny vouI 5uvn ovn rncnousc.
ScvcvaI vvtcvs navc conncnrc on rnc vcIaronsn 5ctvccn
snanansn an vnar rnc Vcsr cIs 'scnzonvcna'. Snanans avc
otcn nor so nucn cnoscn as Ioun. I, n ouv cuIruvc, a youny
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E O P E N l N G T R O M P S
person eperiences visions, fearfuI haIlucinations, ve do not knov
vhat to do vithsuch eperiences otherthan to tryandstop them,
bydrugsandseI-control. Butin othercultures,suchpeopIereceive
training. This is not to say that madness does not eist or is not
recognized in archaic cuItures. Rather, the training is meant to
prevent madness by channelIing the eperiences into a productive
direction.
The initiates Iearn, through study vith an estabIished shaman,
andthroughphysicaI techniquessuchasfasting,hovto understand,
structure and hnaIIy direct these visionary eperiences tovards the
service ofthe community. The Magician reversed shouId not be
banishedorcontned, instead, ve musthnd thevay toturnitright
side up.
Fgare 3
1HL H1H HH1LbLb b
BilI ButIer, in The Dqn|||ce Tro| has commentedonthehistoricaI-
Iegendary sources for this femaIe archetype. Throughout the
MiddIe Ages the story persisted that a voman vas once eIected
Pope. Oisguisedforyears as aman, this supposed 'Popejoan' made
hervay tmough the Church hierarchy to the top position, only to
die in childbirth during an aster ceIebration.
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
OQC]OaH Va mOI !IKCy a C_CHC, IhC NICOHII aQC Va tCa.
H IhC aIC IhItICCHIh CCHIuty aH IaIaH_tOuQ Ca!CC IhC Lu_!ICmIC
DC!ICVCC IhaI IhCIt OuHCCt, Lu_ICma O 1OhCn1a, VhO CICC IH
I28I , VOuC tIC a_aIH IH 300 aHC DC_IH a HCV a_C IH VhICh
VOmCH VOuC DC QOQC. ]umQIH_ ahCaC IhCy CCCICC a VOmaH
HaFCC PaHUCCa NICOHU a IhC HtI QaQC. hC LhutCh _taQh1Ca-
y CHCCC IhI hCtCy Dy DutHIH_ bIICt PaHUCCa IH 300, IhC yCat O
IhC CXQCCICC HCV a_C. bOmC OHC huHCtCC C H1y yCat aICt IhC
amC NICOHU anIy COnnIIOHCC IhC HtI CI OatOI CatC a VC
KHOV IhCm. FOH_ IhCC uHHunDCtCC aHC uHHamCC ItumQ
aQQCa1CC a QICIutC Oa VOmaICt CCCK IIICC `hC aQC .
hC HamC QCtIICC uHU IhC CI_hICCHIh CCHIuty VhCH LOutI CC
LCDCIH, DCICVIH_ IhC atOI IO OtI_IHaIC IH IhC I tCI_IOH O
aHCICHI1_yQI, ChaH_CC IhC HanC IO IhC I_h tICIC. OCay DOIh
HamC CXII [a VC a `NCLCC I) , aHC IhC NaIIC Ima_C OIhC CatC
CCtIVC C1tCCIy UOm IhC I QtICIC ymDOIC COIhIH_, QatIICu-
aty IhC CtOVH tCQtCCHIIH_ IhC IhtCC QhaC OIhC mOOH.
hC OQC]OaH C_CHCaHCPaH1tCCa NICOHII atC HOIImQy hI-
IOtICa CutIOIIIC. hCy IuItaIC a ma]Ot OCIa CCVCOQmCHI IH IhC
PICCC _C, IhC tCIHItOCuCIIOH OIhC CmaC aHC CnIHIHC QtIHCI-
QC IHIO tCI_IOH aHC COmOO_y. hC Ima_C aHC IhC COHCCQI
aOCIaICCVIIh IhC maCuIHC tOC haC COmIHaICC DOIh IhC LhutCh
aHC]CVIh tCI_IOH Ot CCHIutIC. a tCuI OtCIHaty QCOQC CXQC-
tICHCCC IhC tCI_IOH OIhC QtICI aHC taDDI a tCmOIC, hath, aHC
uHaQQtOaChaDC, VIIh IhCIt CmQhaI OH IH, ]uC_CmCHI, aHC QuH-
IhFCHI. hCy VaHICC QuaIIIC OmCtCy aHC OVC. HC IhCy ICCH-
IIICC IhCC VIIh VOmCH. LIKC a mOIhCthCICt hCt ChIC tOm IhC
OmCVhaI CIIaHI ItICIHC OIhC aIhCt, a CmaC CICIy uQQOCCy
VOuC IHItuCC Ot IhC QaIhCIIC IHHCt a_aIHI IhC uHtCmIIIIH_
]uC_CmCHI OIhC aIhCt.
I I IHICtCIIH_ IO tCaI2C IhaI IH naHy Vay IhC LhutCh aV
LhtII, a IhC bOH, IH CXaCIy IhaI tOC OIHItOCuCIH_ OVC aHC COm-
QaIOH. `CI, IhC QCOQC CCmaHCCC a CmaC. 1VCH IhC ICCa OIhC
LhutCh a `POIhCt LhutCh CIC HOI _O at CHOu_h. IHay, IhC
LhutCh CaQIIuaICC Dy taIIH_ IhC NIt_IH Paty amOI IO IhC CVC
OLhtII h1mCt
PaHy VtIICt aHC ChOat DC1CVC IhaI IhC CCVaIIOH OPaty
a VC a IhC QtICI COIumC O OH_ K1tI OtI_IHaICC IH IhC
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E O P E N l N G T R O M P S
LhutCh CCItC IO aImaIC a QCtIICHI _OCCC tCI_IOH DOm IhC
Cay DCOtC LhtIIIaHIIy. IhI I ItuC II VOuC IHCICaIC HOI O
muCh a CuIutl COHCtVaIIm a IhC QOVCt OIhC CmaC atChCIyQC
IO maIHIaIH a hOC aHC QatIIay ItIumQh a_aIHI uQQtCIOH.
H]uCaIm IhC OHICIa tCI_IOH O IhC taDDI maHa_CC IO tCII
aHy IHut_CHI CmIH1m. hC QCOQC HCCC, hOVCVCt, IOOK hOC IH
aHOIhCt atCa. IhC OH_ ItaCIIIOH O IhC baDDaah. hC baDDaII
IOOK a \Ctm DOm IhC amuC, `bhCKIHah , VhICh HCaHI LOC
_Oty maHICI IH IhC QhyICa VOtC, aHC tCVICC II IO maKC II LOC
aHIma, OtCmaC ICC. hC baDDa1I aO tCVICC IhC ICCa OCam,
maKIH_ hIm OtI_IHMy hCtmaQhtOCIIIC. hC CQataIIOH O1VC DOm
Cam, CVCH IhC CQataIIOH O IhC bhCKIHah DOm LOC, DCCamC
Ima_C OIOaIIOH aHC CXIC, OmCIImC COHHCCICC IO Cam aHC
IhC IH OCIODCCICHCC.
bO at VC haVC OOKCC aI IhC DCm_H mOIhCIy QuaIIIC OCmaC
myIhOO_ICa H_utC. IIOtICay, hOVCVCt, Cma!C CCIIIC haVC
lVay hOVH a CatK, hICCCH ICC a VC!. O IHItOCuCC IhC CmaC
aI a I IO IHItOCuCC IhC VhOC atChCIyQC. hC atOI Q!1I uQ IhC
CD1HIHC atChCIyQC IHIO IVO ItumQ aHC aCIuay aI_H IhC DCHI_H
Qua1IIC IO IhC CCOHC OHC [ItumQ ) , IhC 1mQtC. hC I_h
tICIC hCtC tCQtCCHI a CCCQCt, mOtC uDIC aQCCI O IhC
Cm8C, IhaI OIhC CatK, IhC myICtIOu aHC IhC hICCCH. uCh,
hC COHHCCI IO IhCVIt_IHICCOIhC NIt_IH Paty, IhCQutC Cau_h-
ICt ICC O IhC bhCKIHah [VhO Va QIClutCC ImuIaHCOuy a
mOIhCt, VIC, aHC Cau_hICt) .
NC hOuC tCaIZC IhaI IhI aI_HIH_ O QuaDIIC IO VOmCH
COmC mOIy tOm mCH aHC maC ICCa. hC baDDaDI, IhC
OCCuIII, aHC IhC atOI CCI_HCt, a CCQOtCC IhC CQataIIOH O
mCH aHC VOmCH IHIO CaIC_OtIC aHC Iau_hI uHIICaIIOH a a HHl
_Oa. hI I hOVH Dy IhC NOtC CaHCCt O IhC atOI. hCy VCtC
ahCaC O IhC CIaDIhCC tCI_IOH VhICh CVCH CCDaICC VhCIhCt
VOmCH haCOu aI l. CVCtIhCC, mCHII!maCC IhC CaIC_OtIC.
O mCH, VOmCH haVC aVay aQQCatCC myICtIOu, ItaH_C, aHC,
VhCH aCy IH IhCItmOIhCt tOC, OVIH_ aHCmCtCIu. NOmCH CCm
aICH IO mCH, mOtC uDI!C IH IhCIt IhIHKIH_aHCHOH-taIIOHa. HOut
IImC, COHIaHI HOVC aHC Hm haVC QICIutCC ImQC mCH maHI-
QuaICC Dy CuHHIH_ VOmCH.
hC acI IhaI IhC mCHltua cycC aI aDOuI a OH_ a IhC uHat
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
CyCC DHK VOmCH IO IhaI tCmOIC IVCty DOCy. PCHItuaIIOH IIC,
a COQIOu DCCCIH_ DOm IhC _CHIIa, VIIh HO O OIC, ha ImQy
ICttIDCC mCH IhtOu_h IhC CCHIutIC. 1VCH IOCay uQCtIIIIOu]CV
DCuCVC IhaI OHC CtOQ OmCnItuM DOOC VI k a QaHI. hC Cat-
D myICty ODItIh utIhCt COHHCCICC VOmCH IO IhC ICCa OCatK-
HC. hC OCIu _tOV aHC IhC Ou CHICt II IH IhC Vatm mOII
CatKHC O IhC VOmD. POIhCthOOC !IHKCC VOmCH IO IhC CatIh,
aHC IhCtC IOO CatKHC COmIHaIC. bCCC IC IH IhC _tOuHC IhtOu_h
IhC CatK CCaC VIHICt, IO CmCt_C a OOC uHCCt IhC Vatm tCautIH_
tay OIhC uH VhICh, IH maHy CuIutC, I COHICCtCC a ma!C.
]uI a IhC uH tay QCHCItaIC IhC CatIh O IhC mMC Ot_aH QCHC-
ItaIC IhC CmaC IO CaVC a CCC IH hCt myICtIOu VOmD. NC CaH
CaIy CC hOV mCH CamC IO VICV IhCmCVC a aCIIVC aHC VOmCH
a DOIhQaIVC aHC myICtIOu. COQC OICH IHK QaIVC VIIh `HC_-
aIIVC Ot IhaI I, IHCtIOt aHC VCaK. 1uI QaIVIIy COHIaIH II OVH
QOVCt. I _IVC IhC mIHC a ChaHCC IO VOtK. COQC VhO OHy KDOV
aCIIOH HCVCt _CI a ChaHCC IO tCCCI OH VhaI IhaI aCIIOH ha Iau_hI
IhCm. Ha CCCQCt CHC, QaIVIIy aOV IhC uHCOHCIOu IO CmCt_C.
LHy IhtOu_h VIIhCtaVa DOm OuICt IHVOVCmCHI CaH VC a!OV
IhC IHHCt VOICC OVIIOH aHC QyChIC OtCC IO QCaK IO u. I I QtC-
CICy IO aVOIC IhI IHHCt VOICC IhaI maHy QCOQ!C HCVCt tCI tOm
aCIIOH aHC mOVCmCHI. Lut OCICIy, DaCC COmQCICy OH OuICt
aChICVCmCHI, OICt a ICttOt O IhC uHCOHCIOu, yCI VIIhOuI II
VICOmVC CaH HCVCt u!y KHOV OutCVC Ot IhC VOtC.
hC I_h tICIC tCQtCCHI M IhCC QuaIIIC. CatKHC, my-
ICty, QyChIC OtCC, IhC QOVCt OIhC mOOH IO IIt IhC uHCOHCIOu,
QaIVIIy, aHC IhC VICOm _aIHCC tOm II. hI VICOm CaHHOI DC
CXQtCCC IH taIIOHa ICtm, IO Ity IOCO O VOuC DC IO ImmCCIaIC-
y ImII, HattOV, aHC aIj II. POI QCOQC aI OmC IImC haVC CI
IhCy uHCCtIOOC OmCIhIH_ IH uCh a CCCQ Vay IhaI IhCy COuC
HCVCt maHa_C IO CXQaIH II. PyIh CtVC a mCIaQhOt Ot CCCQ Qy-
ChIC CCDH_, yCI IhC myIh IhCmCVC, IKC IhC CXQaHaIIOH _IVCH
Dy IhCOO_IaH aHC aHIhtOQOO_II, atC OHy ymDO. hC I_h
tICIC I_HI:C IHHCt VICOm aI II CCCQCI CVC.
bhC II DCOtC IVO QIat, tCQtCCHIIH_ DOIh IhC ICmQC OI
aHC IhC aHCICHI CDtCV ICmQC IH_CtuaCm, IhC CVC!IH_ QaCC O
LOC OH CatIh, IH OIhCt VOtC, IhC hOmC OthC bhCKIHah. VCI
haH_ DCtVCCH IhC IVO QI!at, IHCICaIIH_ IhaI VC atC DattCC UOm
T H E M A O R A R C A N A . T H E O P E N l N G T R O M P S
entering the pIace ofvisdom. The image ofthe veiled tempIe or
sanctuaryappearsinmanyreligions. The Sheknah vasindeedsaid
to dvelI vithintheveiIedarkofthe temple.
lov, mostpeopIe assumevearesomehovforbidden topassthe
piIIars oftheHighPriestess. n reity, ve simpIy do notknov hov
to. To enterbehndtheveiIvouIdbeto knov consciousIythe irra-
tionaI visdom ofthe unconscious. That is the goaI ofthe entire
Major Acana. Look carefuIIy at Smth's picture. You can see vhat
Iiesbehnd theveiIbyIookingbetveentheveilandthepiIIars. Ad
vhat Iies behind is vater. lo great tempIe or compIe symboIs,
simpIya pooI ofvater, a Iine ofhIs, and the sky. The pooIsigni-
es the unconscious and the truth hdden there. The vater is
motionIess, thesecrets initsdarkestdepths, hidden under a smooth
surface. For most ofus, at most times, the turbuIent unconscious
remains hidden under a pIacid layer ofconsciousness. Ve cannot
enter the temple because ve do not knov hov to go into our-
seIves, therefore vemusttraveI through the trumps until ve reach
the Starandthe Moon,vhereve can linaIIy stirup thevatersand
returnvith the visdomto the consciouslightofthe Sun.
The tempIe introduces the image ofthe tvo piIIars, and the
theme ofduahty and opposites. The image occurs again and again
through the trumps, in such obvious pIaces as the Hierophant's
church piIIars or the tvo tovers ofthe Moon the piIIars ofthe
High Priestess seen from the other side) , but aIso in more subtIe
vays, such as the tvo sphnes of the Chariot, or the man and
voman ofthe Lovers. FinalIy, judgement, vith the chiId rising
betveen a man and a voman, and the Vorld, holdingtvo vands,
resoIves the duaIity by uniting the inner mysteries vith the outer
avareness.
The Ietters 'B' and ' stand forBoazandjakin, the names given
to the tvo main pillars ofthe tempIe injerusaIem. bviousIy, the
dark Boaz stands for passivity and mystery vhiIejakn symboIizes
action and consciousness. lotice, though, that theletters carry the
reverseindications, avhiteB andabIackj.Likethe dotsintheTao
symboI the Ietters signi( that duaIity is an iusion, and each
etreme carriesthe otherimbeddedinside it.
n herlap she hoIds a scroII marked 'Tora' . Thisname refers to
thejevish lav, the Five Books ofMoses vhich is usuaUy speIIed
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
`CIah IH 1H_Ih. hI QaIlICuaI QCIH_ a!CV lhC VCIC lC CIVC
a aH aHa_Iam CI `aIC . lhC ulImalC uD]CCl Ca baDDaIlIC
mCCIlalICH [IKC LhIIl CIuCIHXICH CI LhIIlIaH mylIC) lhC
CIah CaIIIC a _ICal CCa CCClCIIC I_HIH CaHCC. hC baDDaIl
DCDCVCC lhal lhC CIah ICaC CH baluICay mCIHIH_ IH lhC yHa-
_C_uC Va CHy a ICQICCHlalICH, a KIHC C haCCV C lhC lIuC
CIah, lhC IVIH_VCIC CLCC lhal CXlCC DCCIC lhC uHIVCIC aHC
CCHlaIH VIlhIH Il l! lIuC CXIlCHCC. hC CIa hCC Dy lhC tI_h
IIClC, IC!CC uQ aHC QaIly CCHCCaCC IH hCI CCaK, lhCICCIC
I_HIHC a hI_hCI KHCVCC_C CCCC lC u VIlh CuI CVCI uHCCI-
laHCIH_. NC CaH CCCIIDC Il lC a lhC QyChIC lIulh aVauaDC lC
u Cmy IH lhC CIlCIlCC CIm Cmylh aHC CICam.
1aIICI VC QCKC C lhC CC CCmIH_ IH al CIuCIl mCmCHl C
ChaH_C lC Quh u lCH_. hC _aQ DClVCCH lhC tI_h IIClC aHC
lhC 1mQIC I CHC uCh mCmCHl. NC CaH lCC CaIy DC CCuCCC Dy
lhC CaIK CCCHC ClhC CCCHC lIumQ, CVCH IVC HCVCI ICay QCH-
ClIalC Il CCICl. hC QCICH DC_IHHIH_ IH QIIIlua CICIQIHC ClCH
QICCI lC lay al lhC VIICHaIy CVC IalhCI lhaH _C lhICu_hlhC CV
haIC VCIK HCCCCC lC aCVaHCC. PaHy QCCQC IH mCIC CICIHaIy Ilu-
alICH VIHHC !IC lCC CVCthCmIH_, lCC Val aHC CCmaHCIH_, CI
lhCm lC laKC QaIl. NC CaH DCl uC lhC tI_h IIClC QaIVIly a
a DaaHCC lC lhC CulVaIC-CCKIH_ allIluCC C lhC Pa_ICIaH, Dul
maHy QCCQC !IHC lhC QaIVC ICC CXlICmCy allIaClIVC. lICQICCHl
aH aHVCI lC lIu__C, a QuICl IClICal IHlCaC ClhC haIh _!aIC C
C-CXQCuIC VhCH VC IHVCVC CuICVC CQCHy VIlh ClhCI QCCQC.
1ul lhC humaH mIHC CCC HCl VCIK IKC lhal. l ICQuIIC QaICH
aHC Il HCCC lC CCHHCCl IlClC lhC VCIC. VC CaHHCl QCHClIalC
lhC VCI lhC lCmQC ICmaIH CI u aH CmQly QaCC, CCVCIC CmCaH-
IH_. hC QCICH VhC lIIC lC 1VC a CCmQClCy QaIVC IC DCCCmC
CCQICCC, mCIC aHC mCIC lIaQQCC IH a CyCC C aQalhy aHC CaI.
NIIlua!y a! mCCH _CCCC ICI_ICH CaluIC mylh ClhC _CC-
CC CICCICu ICC. LVIC lC lhC lCIy CClaCCH, a huHlCI, aHC
lhCICCIC a H_uIC VhC QICQCI!y DCCH_CC lC lhC VCIC CaClICH.
tChaQQCHCCCHC Cay lC CC a lICam aHCCCCICCClC CCV Il lC Il
CuICC [a_aIH, ValCI a a ymDC! C lhC uHCCHCICu) . hu hC
DCCamC CQaIalCC ICm hI CC_ aHC lhC ClhCI huHlCI, aHC VhCH
hC haC ICaChCC lhC CuICC, aVay ICm lhC aClIVC VCIC, hC aV a
_ICuQ C maICCH. mCH_ lhCm, HaKCC, lCCC lhC VII_IH _CCCC,
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E O P E N l N G T R O M P S
Oiana. lov, ifActaeon had returned immediateIy to the outer
vorId he vouId have foundhis Iife enriched. nstead, he aIIoved
Oiana's beauty to fascinate him, he stayed too Iong, and the god-
dess, discovering that a man had seen her nakedness compare the
High Priestess's Iayers ofcIothing vith the Star maiden's nudity)
turned Actaeon into a stag. Vhen he ran avay, terrilied, his ovn
dogs tore him to pieces.
Here the FooI comes in and remember the FooI's dog, Ieaping
at his side) , reminding us to dance lightly avay from both these
visions, the Magician as vell as the High Priestess, untiI ve are
truIyreadyto assimiIate them.
The divinatory meanings ofthe High Priestess de lrst vith a
sense ofmystery in life, both things ve do not knov, and thngs
ve cannot knov. t indicates a sense ofdarkness, sometimes as an
area of fear in our Iives, but also one of beauty. A period of
passive vithdravaI can enrich our Iives by oving things inside
to avaken.
AsanembIemofsecretknovledgethetrump indicates thatfeel-
ing ofintuitively understanding the ansverto some great problem,
ifonIyve could epress that ansver consciousIy. More specilcIy,
the card canrefer to visionsand to occuIt and psychicpovers, such
as cIairvoyance.
nitsmostpositive aspect the High Priestess signihes thepoten-
tial in our Iives - very strong possibiIities ve have not reaIized,
though ve can sense them as possible. Action must foIIov or the
potentiaI vihneverbe realzed.
Oespiteits deepvisdomthecardcansometimescarrya negative
meaning. Like most of the trumps, the High Priestess's vaIue
depends on the contet ofthe other cards. legatveIy the trump
indicates passiveness at the vrongtime or for too Iong, leading to
veakness, fear oflife and other peopIe. t shovs a person vith
strong intuition vho cannot transIate feeIings into action, or a
person afraid to open up to other peopIe. Vhether the good or
badaspect ofthe card comes up in aparticuIarreading depends on
the surrounding cards and of course the reader's intuition ve
partake ofthe High Priestess every time ve read the cards) . Very
often both meanings viIl appIy. Human beings have more than
one side.
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
hC I_h tICIC I aH atChCIyQC, a IH_C-mIHCCC QICIutC O
OHC aQCCI OCXIICHCC. NhCH VC tCVCtC II VC DtIH_ IH IhC mI-
IH_ QuaIIIC. hC CatC tCVCtCC I_HIHC a IutH IOVatC QaIOH,
IOVatC a CCCQ IHVOVCmCHI V1Ih IC aHC OIhCt QCOQC, IH aD Vay,
CmOIIOHay, CXuay aHC COmQCIIIIVCy. OVCVCt, IhC QCHCuuH
CaH VIH_ IOO at, aHC IhCH IhC CatC tCVCtCC CaH ymDOI2C a O
OIhaI mOI QtCCIOu KHOVCC_C. IhC CHC OOut IHHCt CVC.
L H A | T L K | UU K
THE WORLOLY SEQUENCE
1ML NAJOH AHLANA ANU HLHbONAL HOW1M
Tnc ti:srInc oI rnc Najo: ^:cana rakcs us rn:ouyn rnc :occss oI
naru:ry. Ir snovsrnc sraycs ola c:son's y:ovrn I:on a cnIu, ro
vnon nornc: s aIIIovnyanu larnc: aIIovc:luI, rn:ouyn cuuca-
ron, rornconr vnc:crnccnIu5cconcs annuccnucnrc:son~
aIry. ^r rnc sanc rnc rncsc ca:us ucaI vrn a nucn vuc:
ucvcIoncnr, oI vncn rnc nuvuuaI ucvcIoncnr s anc:ocosn.
Tncy uccr rnc c:caron olnunansoccry, our oI 5orn rnc a:cnc~
rycs olcxsrcncc anu rnc cnaorc cnc:goI naru:c.
VnIc rncy scr rnc :ncIcs Io: rnc vnoIc ucck, rnc Naycan
anu rnc Myn P:csrcss aIy vc:y scchcaIIy ro rnc h:sr Inc.Tnc
novcncnr 5crvccn oosrcs s rnc 5asc :nyrnn olrnc narc:aI
vo:Iu. lornny cxsrs a5soIurcIy n naru:c.Inrnc vo:us oI L:suIa
Lc Gun, 'Lynr s rnc IcIr nanu olua:kncss anu ua:kncss rnc :ynr
nanu oI Iynr.' Vncn vc novc on rnc rvo :ncIcs ro rnc
En:css vc a:c sccny rnc oosrcs mnyIc roycrnc: n naru:c ro
:ouucc rnc :caIry olrnc nyscaI unvc:sc.
Tnc nuuIcrn:ccca:us oI rncInca:cascr.Thcysnov usar:au
oI naru:c, soccry,anu.rncnu:cn.Tncy aIsosyn(nornc:,Iarnc:,
anu cuucaron. Inanccnr Eyyrrncyouncau vas oIrcn vcvcu as a
r:nry. Tnc c:sons cnanycu I:on Iacc ro Iacc anu rn:ouyn rnc
yca:s, 5ur rncy vc:c usuaIIy a lcnaIc anu rvo naIcs, vrn rnc
lcnaIc vcvcu as su:cnc.Inrnc Ta:or, naru:c, syn5oIzcu 5y rnc
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
1mQtC, I IhC uHCCtyIH_ tCaIIy, VhIC hCt COHOtI, ymDOI2CC
Dy IhC 1mQCtOt aHC IhC tICtOQhaHI, atC humaH COHItuCI.
hC aI IVO CatC OIhC IHC tCQtCCHI IhC QtODCm OIhC IHCI-
VICua, OVC aHCOttOV, uttCHCCtaHCVI. I OmC QOIHI CaCh OHC
O u muI CatH IO CIIIH_uIh OutCVC tOm IhC OuICt VOtC.
1COtC IhI UmC QCtOHaIIy tCmaIH a Va_uC aHC OtmC CtCaIIOH
OQatCHI aHC OCICIy. hOC VhO HCVCt maKC IhC DtCaK DCCOmC
CuI OUUOm a u IC. OtmOIQCOQC IhC mCCIumDyVhICh IhCy
DtCaK tOm IhCIt QatCHI I IhC CmCt_CHCC [tCuCIaH aHC QCthaQ
OCCuIII VOuC ay `tC-CmCt_CHCC) OIhC CXua CtIVC aI QuDCtIy.
I I HO aCCICCHI IhaI ChICtCH tCDC tOm IhCIt QatCHI IH ICCa,
haDII, aHC CtC aI IhC amC IImC IhaI IhCIt DOCIC _tOV IOVatC
maIutIIy.
hC CCVCOQmCHI O IHCIVICuaI| I OHy a QatI O _tOVIh. 1aCh
QCtOH muI HHC hI OthCt QCtOHa _Oa aHC aChICVCmCHI. I IhC
amC IImC hC Ot hC VI OOHCt Ot aICt aCC OttOV, ICKHC, aHC
IhC _CHCta VCaKC Oa IC _OVCtHCCDy OC a_C aHC CCaIh. LHy
VhCH VC tCaCh a D uHCCtIaHCIH_ O IhC OuICt IC OhumaHIIy
CaH VC hOQC IO tCaCh IHVatC Ot a CCCQCt tCaIty.
F|yute 1
T H E M A O R A R C A N A . T H E WO R L O L Y S E O O E N C E
1ML LNHHLb b
^s srare n rne :evous cnare: rne n:ess :e:esenrs rne no:e
access5I e, no:e 5enyn asecrs oI rne IenaIe a:cnerye. Sne s
norne:noo, Iove, yenrIeness.^r rne sane rne snesynnes sexu-
alry, enoron an rne IenaIe as nsr:ess. orn norne:noo an
sex e:ve I:on IeeInys rnar a:e non~nreIIecruaI an 5asc ro IIe.
Passons:arne:rnaneas.TneHyn P:esress:e:esenre rnenen-
raI seoI rneIenaIe a:cnepe, ne: ee nrurve une:sranny.
Tnen:ess s u:e enoron.
Lke rne unnny Vonan, ve see ne: :ehecre n ou: noves
an noveIs as rne exase:arny IenaIe, vno 5orn I:usr:ares an
eIynrs, 5ecausene: rnouynr :ocesses IoIIov no :aron eveIo-
nenr.Nanyvonenh nrnsnayensuIrny,a:rIy5ecauser:e-
:esenrs vaIues an a:oacnes juye as neyarve5y ou: ar:a:cnaI
socery, an a:rIy 5ecause eoIe nake rne e::o: oI assunny rnar
vonen an nen snouI e:sonaBy ex:ess rnesea:cneryaI eas.
urrnesocaInayesa:ec:Inynanorne:vayas veII. Tney a:e
r:vaI. Tnen:ess, aIony vrn sucn nyrnoIoycaI counre:a:rs as
^n:ore o: Isnra: o: :zuIe, :e:esenr sonernny ve:y y:an.
Tney syn] rne assonare a:oacn ro IIe. Tney yve an rake
exe:ence vrn unconr:oIIe IeeIny.
LnrI ve Iea:n ro exe:ence rne oure: vo:I conIereIy ve
cannor noeror:anscen r.Tne:eIo:e rne h :sr sre ro enIynren-
nenr s sensuaIry. CnIy rn:ouyn asson, can ve sense, hon ee
nse :arne: rnan rn:ouyn nreIIecru a:yunenr, rne s:r rnar ftIIs
aII exsrence.
Nany eoIe see:eIyon as an aIre:narve ro rne naru:aI vo:I,
vhcn rney vev as sonenov nu:e o: :ry. Tnouyn ou: cuIru:-
aIr:aronIosre:s rhsuaIryr s :eaIIy an m uson, an rnee:son
vno a:oacnes s:rury vrn rns norvaron ro escae vII
IkeIy neve:acnevea ve:yeveIoe une:sranny.Tne5oy,an
rne naru: vo:I, a:e :eaIres rnar nusr 5e nrey:are :arne: rnan
ene.
InrnenyrnoIoyy oI unsn vehnrnarrneyosnanuIar-
e P:nce Sna:rna's Iarne:nro:ovnyns son, Gaurana, vrn
eve:y sensuaI sarsIacron. TneIarne: 5eIeve rnar Ieasu:e vouI
:evenr ns son I:on :enouncny rne vo:I an 5ecomny a
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
1uCCha. hC ChCmC DaCKHtCC, DCCauC OHy atCt hC haC COm-
QCtCy CXQCtICHCCC CHulIty COuC thC QtIHCC CaVC It DChIHC.
PtCt tCHOuHCIH_ thC VOtC Lautama]OIHCC thC aCCtIC, thC OthCt
QOC. 1ut hC tCaChCC CH!I_htCHmCHt OHy VhCH hC haC tC]CCtCC
DOth CXttCmC Ot thC PICCC Nay. hu, VC CaH CC thC 1uCCha
IH thC NOtC CaHCCt VhO hOC DOth thC Pa_ICIaH aHC thC I_h
tICtC I_hUy IH hCt haHC.
a COmDIHatIOH OI aHC 2 thC HumDCt I_HIHC yHthCI aHC
hatmOHy. hC Hatuta VOtC COmDIHC thC Pa_ICIaH aHC thC I_h
tICtC IH aH IHCIVIIDC uHIty OIC aHC CCath, CatKHC aHCI_ht.
hC ICCa OCmOtIOH aO DtIH_ tO_CthCt thC Pa_ICIaH atChCtyQC
OaCtIVCHC VIth thC I_h tICtC atChCtyQC OIHtIHCt.
LOHICCt a VC! thC QtOCC OCtCatIOH. hC Pa_ICIaH ymDO-
I2C thC CHCt_y O!IC, thC I_h tICtC thC QOIDIItIC ODtutC
CCVCOQmCHt. hC tCaIty OthC 1mQtC tCut UOm thCIt COmDI-
HatIOH. HCCCHUy Lat ba_aH CCmOHttatCC that !IC OH Catth mI_ht
haVC DC_uH VhCH a I_htHIH_ DO!t ttuCK thC QtImOtCIl Ca. hu
a_aIH, UOm thC I_htHIH_ OthC Pa_ICIaH ttIKIH_ thC VatCt OthC
I_h tICtC, COmC thC Hatuta VOt!C.
hC ymDOIm OthC NaItC-bmIth 1mQtC tCUCCt thC ICCa O
HatutC, VItha It OtCC aHC_Oty. hC 1mQtC hCtC, VOuQtuOu
aHC CHua, u__Ct QaIOH. Ct hICC I a hCatt VIth thC I_H O
NCHu, thC HOmaH VCtIOH OthC LtCat LOCCC. htOu_hOut thC
aHCICHtVOtC thC _OCCC tuCC, a LCmCtCt, tattC, ut, uHtI! thC
QattIatChl IHVaCCt CCmOtCC hCt tO VIC [aHC HHay DaHIhCC hCt
atO_CthCtVIth aH a!-maC _OChCaC) . t thC 1mQtC` CCt _tOV a
HCC O_taIH, thC _OCCC tuCC a_tICututC, aHC IH Otth-NCtCtH
1utOQC Va CaCC thC `LOtH LOCCC . bhC VCat a HCCKaCC O
HIHC QCat, Ot thC HIHC QaHCt, VhIC hCt CtOVH COHtaIH tVCVC
tat Ot thC I_H OthC 2OCIaC. H hOtt, hC VCat thC uHIVCtC a
hCt]CVCCty. hC LtCat POthCt I HOt thC Otm OHatutC, Dut thC
uHCCtyIH_ QtIHCIQC O IC. hC tat atC IX-QOIHtCC, a ymDO
muCh OCCt thaH It CuttCHt uC a a OCIa CmDCm Ot_uCaIm. hC
IX-QOIHtCC tat COmDIHC tVO ttIaH_C, thC uQVatC OHC ymDO-
I2C ItC, thC COVHVatC OHC VatCt. _aIH, thC 1mQtC COmDIHC
ttumQ I aHC 2 IH a HCV tClIty.
tIVCt UOV UOm thC ttCC DChIHC hCt tO CIaQQCat DCHCath hCt
Cat. hI tIVCt I thC OtCC O IC, tuHHIH_ IKC a _tCat CuttCHt
T H E M A J O R A R C A N A : T H E W O R L D L Y S E O O E N C E
5enearn rnesea:areIovnsoI veaIry, an exe:encenosrIuIIy
vnen ve yve ouvseIves ro unvesr:ane asson.Iee n ouv seIves
ve can sense rne vnyrnn oI a vvev, cav:yny us Iovvav rnvouyn
exevence unrI, vrn earn, ouv nvuaI Ives veruv n ro rne sea
oI exsrence.
Tnevvev syn5oIzes aIso rne unry oI cnanye an sra5Iry. Tne
varev nrsnevevrnesane, yerraIvaysvenans a a:rcuIav vvev,
vrn rs ovn secaI quaIres. Hunan 5enys cnanye Ivon ay ro
ay, rne ceIIs oI ou: 5odes e an nev ones rake rnev Iace, yer
ve vays venanouvseIves.
Tne nun5ev vouce 5y rne con5naron oI an 2 5vnys
our yer anornev ea.]usr as rne nun5evs an 2sroosechcaLy
Iov naIe an IenaIe, so rne nun5ev synhes rnecnI vouce
5y rne: jonny royernev.Tnecm s 5ov n as a cvearu:e oI nauve,
un5uvene vrn eyo an evsonry, exevencny rne unvevse
vecrIy, vrnour conrvoIs o: Ia5eIs.Ir s onIy as veyvovoIevrnar
ve Ieav n rour5avve:s 5erveenou:seIves an IIe. Ir s oneoI rne
yoaIsoIrneTavor ro :eruv nus ro rnar naruv srareoI:ecrIy exe~
:encny rne vovI avoun us
ur I rne Envess synfies rne cnI sne aIso srans Iov rne
nornev. Nornevnoo s rne 5asc neans 5y vncn IIe conrnues
rn:ouynour naruve.An 5ecause rne nysc 5on oI rne nornev
an cnI s so vecr, nornev Iove, n rs srvonyesr Iovn, s uve
IeeIny, yven vrnournreIIecruaIovnovaI consevaons.[Tns s,
oI couvse, an e, an n :eaIry sucn Iove nay cone nove Ivon
rne naIeavenr rnanrne IenaIe, ov saIy, nor ar .) Tnvouynour
nsrovy eoIenaveenrhenornevnoo vrn naruve, so rnar rne
revn ' G:ear Nornev' Iov rne eavrn rseII aeavs ovev rne vovI,
an even roay ve seak vayueIy oI Nornev laruve.
In :eanys rne Envess vevesenrs a rne oI asson, a evo
vnen ve avoacn IIe rn:ouyn IeeInys an Ieasuve :arnev rnan
rnouynr.Tneasson ssexuaI o: nornevIy; erne: vay r seeIy
exevence, an nrne:ynrconrexrcanyveyvearsarsIacron.In
rnevvony conrexr, vnenanaIysss neee, rneEnvess cannean
a sru55ov n enoronaI avoacn, a :eIusaI roconsev rneI acrs.Sne
can ncare anornev :o5Ien as veII. seII~nuIyenr Ieasu:e vnen
vesrvanr s neee.Lsua!Iy, novevev, sne ncares sarsIacron an
even unevsranny yane rn:ouyn rne enorions. Tne :evevse
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
meanings ofthe cards aIso have their positive and negative con-
tets. n the one handit can signi( a retreat Eom feeIing, either
rejecting your emotions or attempting to suppress your desires ,
particuIarIy seuaI. Hovever, just as the High Priestess, upside
dovn, added the mssing eIementofinvoIvement, so the mpress
reversedcanmeana nev inteLectual avareness, especiaIIy thesolv-
ing of some compIicated emotionaI probIem by caImIy thinking
itthrough.
n their right side up and reversed meanings trumps 2 and are
mirrors ofeach other. t sometimes happens that in a readingboth
viII appear, upside dovn. This means that the person epresses
both emotionaI and intuitive mentaIaspects, but in anegativevay.
Rationalitycomesasareactionto ecessive emotionaIinvoIvement,
vhile a feeIing ofisolation or coIdness Ieads to passion. fthe tvo
aspects ofthe goddess can be eperienced right side up the person
vilI achieve a morestabIe and revardingbaIance.
(c}

F|yute 5
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E WO R L D L Y S E O O E N C E
1HL LNHL HOH
Iov cacn cnI irs avcnrs avc avcncrycs. lor jusr norncv an
Iarncv, 5urNorncvanIarncv.ccauscouvnorncvsyvcusIIcan
Icc us an sncIrcv us vc rcn ro scc rncn as fiyuvcs oI Iovc an
ncvcy anycr vcvyuscrvncnrncyacrnavsnIyov coIIy).urrnc
Iarncv, csccaIIy n rvaronaI rncs vncn rnc scx voIcs vcvc
srvicrcv, vcnaincnovc vcnorc, anrncvcIovc a hyuvcoIscvcviry. Ir
vas rnc Iarncv vno 5ovc rnc aurnovry an rnus 5ccanc rnc juyc,
rnc Iarncv vno un:snc an rncnorncv vnonrcvvcnc)an rnc
Iarncv vno rauynr usrnc v uIcs oI soccry an rncn cnanc o5c~
cncc. To rnc cnI rnc Iarncv s in nany vays inisrnyusna5Ic
hon soccry as a vnoIc, jusr as rnc norncv s naruvc rscII. Cnc oI
rncanIuInoncnrsoInaruvryIovnanycoIcconcs vncnrncy
scovcv rnc Inrc nunaniry oI rncivavcnrs.
In Ivcu's scncnc oI ncnraI cvcIoncnr rnc Iarncv an rnc
vuIcs oIsoccry 5cconcvccrIyInkc. TncinIanrsycnccnans
consranrsarsIacron,avricuIavIy n irscsvcsIov Ioo an nyscaI
Icasuvc Ivon rnc norncv. Ivcuans nay cIan rnc cnI csvcs
acruaI nrcvcouvsc vrn rs norncv, 5ur rnc sruaron noIs cvcn u
rnc cnn sccks onIy rnc Icasuvc oI 5ciny ncI ayansr rncnorncv's
5oy.) y nrcvIcvny in rnc cnI's vcIarionsn ro irs norncv rnc
Iarncv avouscs rnc cniI's nosriIry, an Iov rnc srII unvcvcssc
nIanr, rns ncans a csvc ro o avay vrn rnc nrcvIcvcncc aIro~
ycrncv. Tnc uvyc ro csrvoy rnc Iarncv, novcvcv, cannor 5c con~
sumarc ov cvcn vccoynzc, an so rnc sycnc, ro vclcvc rnc
rcvv5Ic Icmna, cnrf:csrscII vrn rnc Iarncv nayc, cvcarny a
'sucv~cyo' asancvyucIov rncscII vcIacnyrnc '' rncuvycs
an csvcs vnicn Ic ro sucn a cvss). ur vnar Iovn ocs rns
sucv~cyo rakc? PvccscIy rnar oI rnc vuIcs oI soccry, rvaronaBy
Icavnc uncv rnc Iarncv's yuancc.
Tvuns an 4oIrnc Tavorvcvcscnrrnc avcnrsnrncv avcnc~
yaI voIcs. ur jusr as rnc Envcss synhc rnc naruvaI vovI, so
rnc Encvov cavvcsrnc vcv siynhcanccoIrnc soc vovI 'nav~
vc' ro naruvc. Hc syn5oI:zcs rnc Iavs oI soccry, 5orn yoo an
5a, an rnc ovcvrnarcnIovccs rncn.
In anccnr rincs, vncvc rnc Gocss vciync, rnc kny cv~
Iovnc a sccaI Iuncron. lcv IIc can onIy conc Ivon carn,
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
thCtCOtC, CaCh VIHtCt, thC LOCCC tCQtCCHtatIVC aCtIDCCC IhC
OC K1H_, VCty OICH CImCmDCtIH_ hIm aHC QaHtIH_ thC QICCC IH
thC _tOuHC, thCtCDy mytICay CtIII2IH_ thC Catth. atCt, VhCH thC
maC COm1HatCC tCI_IOH tOOK OVCt, thC KH_ CamC tO ymDOI2C
IhC tuC OaV VhICh haC CamQCC a IC O tCQtCIOH OH Vhat
CCmCC tO thC QattIatCh a thC mOHttOu aHC ChaOtIC CatKDC O
IhC OC OtCCt. NC CC thI Ctama [muCh IKC tCuC uDtItuIIOH O
uQCt-C_O Ot IC) IH maHy myth, uCh a PatCuK, HatIOHl hCtO O
1aDyOH, K1IH_ IamaI, thC OtI_IHa mOthCt O CtCatIOH, DCCauC
hC I _IVIH_DItIh tO mOHtCt. NhCthCt Ot HOtVC CC thC OC Vay
a mOHttOu Ot IhC HCV a CIVII2CC, thC 1mQCtOt ymDOI2C thC
aDItaCtIOH OOCICIy tCQaCIH_ IhC CItCCI CXQCtICHCC OHatutC.
H HOmC, thC COHCCQt O aV VCtu ChaO Va CattICC tO thC
QOIHt VhCtC taDIIty, Ot `aV aHC OtCCt tO uC thC mOCCtH tCtm,
DCCamC VItIuC IH thCmCVC, aQatt tOm IhC IHhCtCHt mOtaIty O
thOC aV. O QtO_tC CaH DC maCC IH COHCItIOH OaHatChy [tuH
thC at_umCHt) , DaC aV HCCC tO DC ChaH_CC, Dut ItI IhC aV muI
DC ODCyCC at a COI. Hy OthCt aQQtOaCh CaH OHy CCttOy OCICty.
OCay, VC CC thI VICVQOIHt CmDOCICC IH aH aDttaCtIOH VC Cl thC
` ytCm . hC HOmaH aV It mOtC COHCtCtCy IH thC QCtOHa D_utC
OIhC 1mQCtOt, VhOm thCy CCCtIDCC a IhC athCt Oa hI QCOQC.
H thC 1mQCtOt DCt aQCCt hC IHCICatC thC taDIIty O a ]ut
OCICty that aOV II mCmDCt tO QutuC thCIt QCtOHl HCCC aHC
CCVCOQmCHt. hC Hatuta VOIC I ChaOtIC, VIthOut OmC K1HC O
OCIa ttuCtutC VC COuC CaCh QCHCaOutIVCH_htIH_tO utVIVC.
bOCICty aOV u DOth IO VOtK tO_CthCt aHC IO DCHCH I DOm thC
CXQCtICHCC OthOC VhO lIVCC DCOtC u.
btaDIIty aOV QItIIua CCVCOQmCHt a VC. H maHy COuHItIC
OCICty uQQOtt thC ChutChC [thOu_h VhCthCt thI attaH_CmCHt
utthCt QItItua1ty I at_uaDC), IH OmC 1atCtH COuHttIC mOHK
atC tCC IO QutuC IhCIt IuCIC DCCauC aymCH I IhCIt DC__at
DOV. NIthOut thI OCIa CutOm IhCy VOuC haVC tO QCHC thCIt
IImC VOtK1H_ tO _Ct DtCaC.
H II mOtC HC_atIVC aQCCI thC 1mQCtOt tCQtCCHI IhC QOVCt O
uH]utaV IH a OCICtyVhCtC taDI1ty taKC QtCCCCCHCC OVCtmOta-
Ity. LHCC VC CtaDIh aV aHC OtCCt a uQtCmC thCH a COttuQt tuCt
DCCOmC a CIatCt. 1ut I thC CHtItC yICm I COttuQt, QtOCuCIH_
OHy DaC tuCt, thCH IaDIIty DCCOmC thC CHCmy OmOtMty. hC
BO
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E WO R L D L Y S E O O E N C E
vaIuc oI rnc synboI oI rnc nc:o: ccns a vc:y y:car caI on
rinc an Iacc.In an unjusr socicry rnc nc:o:'s ovc: ninc:s,
:arnc: rnanncIs,c:sonaI cvcIoncnr.A y:carnanycoIcnavc
yonc ro yaoI Io: arrackny unjusr Iavs.
vcnar irs bcsr,novcvc:,rncnc:o::cnainsInrc. Cvc:rnc
sonrancity oI rnc n:css nc nas Iai a nctvo:k oI :c:cssion.II
vc Ioscroucn virn ou: assionsrncnIiIcbcconcscoI an ba::cn.
Tnc Pic: ack nc:o: [scc Iiy. 5a) is :avn as oI an sri,
:cssc in i:on, :c:cscnriny rnc src: iIiry oI a IIc : iyiIy yovc:nc
by :uIcs. Tnc : ivc: vnicn h ovc so ovcnuIIy rn:ouyn rnc
n:css's ya:cn nas nc:c bcconc a rnin sr:can, ba:cIy abIc ro
cncr:arc a IIcIcss csc:r.
Tnc ca:'s ornc: synboIisn :cccrs irs uaI asccrs.Hc noIs an
en/h, yyrian synboI oI IiIc, ro inicarc rnar unc: rnc Iav nc
bca:s rnc ovc: oI IiIc an carn, an viII nocIuIIy usc ir vcL.
Iou: :ans, synboIs oI A: ics, ao:n nisrn:onc vniIc ar rnc c:ovn's
cak nc bca:s rnc siyn oI A: ics [unIo:runarcIy :cscnbIiny a :ocI-
Io:). lov, A: ics synboIizcs Io:cc, ayy:cssion an va:, bur as rnc
h :sr siynoI rnczoiac iraIsosiynihcs rncncv IiIc oI s:iny, vnicn
can cnc:yc I:on rnc srabiry oI a jusr socicty.
As rnc niIc ca: oI rnc h:sr Iinc oI rnc Najo: A:cana rnc
nc:o: :c:cscnrsa c:ucircsr.Inrnc :occssoI y:oviny u ir is
incc rnc :uIcs oI socicry rnar nany coIc tin nosr iicuIr ro
su:nounr. Vc nusr abso:b rncsc :uIcs, as vcII as ou: socicty's
r:airions an bcIicIs, rncn yo bcyon rncn ro h n a c:son coc
oI conucr. Tnis ocs nor ncan rnc arriruc ':uIcs a:c nac ro bc
b:okcn'. PcoIc vno IccI concIIc ro aunr aII Iavs :cnain as
bounro rnosc Iavs as rnc c:son vno IoIIovsrncn bIinIy.
ccausc oI rnc Iarnc:'s :oIc in rcachny us acccrabIy soci
bcnaviou:, coIc vno a:c r:ac ar rnc IcvcI oI rnc nc:o: a:c
oIrcn coIc vno navc ncvc: :caIIy acccrc rnc o:ina:y nunan-
ty oI rnci: Iarnc:. Tncy nay :ccoynizc ir :arionaIIy bur ir isru:bs
an naunrs rncn.SiniIa: :obIcns IayucrnosccoIc Io: vnon
rncn:css:cnainsrnci:nornc:'s, :arnc: rnanrnci: ovn, assions
an scnsuaIry.
Tnc ica oI rnc nc:o: as rnar oI rnc Iinirc vaIucs oI sociaI
sr:ucru:c a: iscsnainIyI:onVaircannis IoIIovc:s.Tnc icru:c on
rnc: iynrarrncsra:roIrnissccrion,I:onPauIIosrc:asc's uJc:s
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
O IhC CyIum [1L) CCCK CtaVH Dy _CIC 1utH atKC, Iu-
ItaIC aHOIhCt ItaCIIIOH. tCtC IhC 1mQCtOtymDOI2C IhC um IOIl
OQItIIua KHOVCC_C. tC I CtaVH IH QtOIC [IhI I muCh mOtC
COmmOH IhaH IhC HICCt QaCK D-aCC Ima_C) , IHKIH_ hIm IO IhC
baDDaII Ima_C Ot LOC a IhC `HCICHI OLay , a CaICC K1H_ IH
QtOHC. [hC HCICHI aCC Va HCVCt VIIDC, ODy hI CtOVH VIIh
a taCIaHCC DCHCaIh.)
hC 1mQCtOt` atm aHC C_ Otm aH CQuuaICta ItIaH_C OVCt a
CtO, IhC aChCmICa I_H Ot HtC. hI H_utC I aICt tCVCtCC [IH
NaIIC a VC a LaC) IH IhC taH_CC PaH. hC 1L 1mQCtOt
II OH a CuDC taIhCt IhaH a IhtOHC. O aH COICtIC ymDO, IhC
CuDC ymDOI2C DOIh IhC VOtC aHC IhC atOI IIC, a VC a IhC
tCDtCV aQhaDCI aHC IhC QaIh OIhC tCC OLIC. hC ymDOIm
atIC tOm IhC aCI IhaI a CuDC COHIaIH IVCVC CC_C, IX aCC,
IhtCC aXC, aHC OCOutC a CCHItC, aCCIH_ uQ IO IVCHIy-IVO, IhC
HumDCt O ItumQ, tCDtCV CIICt, aHC QaIh. 1C DCCauC IhC
tCC OIC I hCC IO tCQtCCHI a CtCaIIOH IhC CuDC ymDOI2C IhC
un VCtC.
H tCaCIH_ IhC 1mQCtOt IHCICaIC [OOVIH_ IhC HICCt QaCK
Ima_C) IhC QOVCt OOCICIy, II aV aHC CQCCIa y II auIhOtIIy IO
CHOtCC IhOC aV. hC aQQCataHCC O IhC ItumQ IHCICaIC aH
CHCOuHICt VIIh IhC aV _aIH, IhC _OOC Ot DaC QuaIIC CCQCHC OH
IhC COHICXI.
POtC QCtOHay IhC 1mQCtOt CaH I_HIj a IImC OIaDIIIy aHC
OtCCt IH a QCtOH IC, hOQCuy OQCHIH_ uQ CtCaIIVC CHCt_y. tC
aO CaH IHCICaIC a QCCIDC QCtOH VhO hOC _tCaI QOVCt, CIIhCt
OD]CCIIVC Ot CmOIIOHai, OVCt IhC uD]CCI. h1 I VCty OICH IhC
aIhCt, DuIII CaH aODC ahuDaHC OtOVCt, CQCCIay Ot IhOC QCO-
QC VhO ItCaI IhCIt OVCt a uDUIuIC aIhCt IO VhOm IhCy uttCH-
CCt COHItO OIhCIt IVC. haVC CCH tCaCIH_ O COmIHaICC Dy IhC
1mQCtOt IhaI a OIC QOIDIIIIC DCCOmC IuHICC aHC umCC.
a CatC O QCtOHa QuaIIIC, IhC 1mQCtOt CaH IHCICaIC IhC
aDIIIy IO CCCHC OHC ICttIIOty, IO CtCaIC Htm DOuHCatIC aHC
VI_OtOuy maIHIaIH IhCm. tC ymDOI2C a taIIOHaII aQQtOaCh IO
IuC, OHC IhaI VauC aHayI aHC mCautCmCHI OVCt CmOIIOH aHC
IHIuIIIOH.
LIKC IhC 1mQtC tCVCtCC, IhC 1mQCtOt, VhCH uQICC COVH,
tCCCIVC IhOC CCmCHI COmQCmCHIaty IO h1 QuaIIIC VhCH hC I
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E W O R L D L Y S E O O E N C E
IhC tI_ht Vay uQ. C I, IH NaIIC tCtm, `DCHCVOCHCC aHC COm-
QaIOH , HCV IC IH a tOHy CCCtt. 1ut thC QCHCuum CaH VIH_
tOO at. hC tCVCtCC 1mQCtOt CaH I_HIj ImmatutIty, aHC IhC
IHaD1Ity IO maKC hath CCCIIOH aHC Catty IhCm thtOu_h.
1 JIxHiempvt
(e}

F|yute b
ML M1 LHOHMAN1
H mOt atOI CCCK ttumQ 5 I CaCC CIthCt IhC OQC Ot thC I_h
tICt, ICtm VhICh COHHCCt It Dy HamC a VC a QICtutC tO ItumQ
2, IhC atChCtyQC OIHHCt ItuIh. NaItC VtOtC that hC tC]CCtCC `OQC
DCCauC IhC tItC u__CICC a VCty QCCIH C CXamQC O IhC ttumQ
_CHCta ICCa. hC HamC ` ICtOQhaHt DCOH_CC tO IhC hI_h QtICt
O thC LtCCK 1CuIHIaH mytCtIC. OV, NaItC CCCtIDC hI CatC
a ymDOI2IH_ IhC `OuICtVay OChutChC aHC CO_ma. 1uI hI uC
O IhC mytCty ICtm u__CI aHOthCt IHICtQtCtatIOH, OHC mOtC
aVOutCC Dy thOC VhO CC IhC atOt a a CCtCt COCttIHC OOCCut
QtaCIICC taIhCt IhaH a mOtC _CHCta CmDOCImCHt O humaH Qat-
ICtH. hI IHtCtQtCIaIIOH I CtamatICauy QOtttayCC IH thC QICIutC O
IhC ICtOQhaHt tOm CItCt LtOVCy Boo/ o] To|h, CtaVH Dy
tICCa attI. CtC IhC ItumQ I_H1HC IHItIaIIOH IHIO a CCtCt COC-
ttIHC, uCh a thC VatIOu OtCCt aHC OC_C VhICh U OutIhCC
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
atOuHC thC tutH OthC CCHtuty aHC VhICh haVC uHCCt_OHC a tCVIVa
IH 1H_aHC aHC mCtICa. hC LtCCt O thC LOCCH LaVH, tO
Vh1Ch NaItC aHC LtOVCy at OHC tImC DOth DCOH_CC, QOIDy
OtI_IHatCC thC tCtm `tICtOQhaHt Ot ttumQ 5.
hCC tVO mCaHIH_, `OutCt Vay aHC `CCtCt COCttIHC , aQQCat
COHttaCICtOty OH thC mOt CCmCHtaty CVC. H tCaIty thCy atC VCty
ImIat. NhCthCt thC tVO aCOytC atC DCIH_ aCnIttCC tO thC LhutCh
Ot tO aH OCCut OCICty, thCyatC tI CHtCtIH_ a COCttIHC, V1th a Ct
ODCIC VhICh thCy mut CatH aHC aCCCQt DCOtC thCy CaH _aIH
CHttaHCC. hCtC I OCOutC a uHCamCHta CIUCtCHCC DCtVCCH ay,
thC CatCCh1m aHC thC tItua OthC LOCCH LaVH. Ot DOth, hOV-
CVCt, thC ttumQ IHCICatC aH CCuCatIOH aHC a ttaCItIOH. hCtCOtC,
IVC CC thC Htt IHC a CCCtIDIH_ thC CCVCOQmCHt OthC QCtOH-
aIty thCH thC tICtOQhaHt, COnIH_ atCt thC Hatuta VOHC aHC
OCICty, IHCICatC thC IHtCCCtua ttaCItIOH OthC QCtOH QattICuat
OCICty, aHC hI Ot hCt CCuCatIOH IH that ttaCItIOH.
OOVIH_ NaItC IHtCtQtCtatIOH [aHC thIHKIH_ QCCIHCly OthC
NCtCtH QOQC) VC CaH CC thC tICtOQhaHt a a COmQaHIOH tO thC
1mQCtOt. hC VOtC `QOQC mCaH `athCt, aHC IKC thC HOmaH
1mQCtOt thC OQC I CCH a a VIC athCt _uICIH_ hI ChICtCH.
O_CthCt, thCy hatC tCQOHIDIIty Ot humaHIty, thC OHC QtOVICIH_
QhyICa HCCC, thC OthCt _uICIH_ QItItua _tOVth. H OHC O thC
CatICt ttCatIC ut_IH_ CQatatIOH O LhutCh aHC btatC, LaHtC
at_uCC that thC tVO uHCtIOH mut HOt DC COmDIHCC Ot Cat O
COttuQtIOH. tOVCVCt, hCHCVCtQuCtIOHCC thC ICCa that thC LhutCh
I tCQOHIDC Ot Out Ou.
OCay, maHyQCOQC CO HOtuHCCttaHC thC DaIC ICCa Oa QtICt-
hOOC. Lut CCmOCtatIC a_C tC]CCt thC HOtIOH OaH IHtCtmCCIaty
DCtVCCH aH IHCIVICua aHC LOC. OtC, hOVCVCt, that thC tICtO-
QhaHt CaH aO ymDOIZC thC `CICtatOthIQ OthC QtOCtatIat Ot aHy
OthCt CItC CaCIH_ thC maC VhCtC thCy CaHHOt _O thCmCVC.
LtI_IHly thC QCCIa uHCtIOH O thC QtICt Va CVICCHt, thCy
QOKC tO thC _OC thtOu_h thC OtaCC, aH OtCH tCttuIH_ QtaCtICC,
aHC mOt QCOQC QuItC haQQIy Ct OmCOHC CC CO It Ot thCm.
NhCH LhtItIaHIty tC]CCtCC uCh _taQhIC aHC ImmCCIatC COHHCC-
tIOH tO LOC, thC ICCa OthC QtICtDCCamC, IKC thC 1mQCtOt, mOtC
aDttaCt. 1aICMy It CCQCHC OH thC HOtIOH that mOt QCOQC CO HOt
tCay CatC muCh aDOut LOC. hC aVCta_C QCtOH I haQQICt
T H E M A O R A R C A N A . T H E WO R L D L Y S E O O E N C E
lOOVIH_ VOtCy QutuIt, mOHCy, lan1!y aHC QOItIC. hCtC atC,
hOVCVCt, CCtta1H QCOQC VhO, Dy tCmQCtamCHt, lCC VCty CItCCty thC
QItIt that tuH thtOu_h aB Out IVC. LaCC tO thC QtICthOOC Dy
thCIt OVH IHHCt aVatCHC, thCC QCOQC CaH QCaK tO LOC lOt u.
POtC ImQOttaHt, thCy CaH QCaK tO H IHtCtQtCtIH_ LOC aV O VC
may DVC QtOQCt IVC, aHC CVCHtuay, altCt CCath, tCCCIVC Out tCVatC
OltCtutHIH_ tO LOC. PtCt thC tCuttCCtIOH VC OutCVC VI CVC!
IH I_ht OlLOC. H IlC, hOVCVCt, VC HCCC thC QtICt tO _uICC u.
bO tuH thC at_umCHt. 1VCH IlVC a_tCC VIth thC QtIHCIQC, IH
QtaCtICC It tCHC tO DtCaK COVH. COQC DCCOmC QtICt lOt aOtt
OltCaOH amDItIOH, lamIy QtCutC, CtC. Vh1C thOC VhO CO
lCC a _CHuIHC CaIH_ tO COmmuHICatC VIth LOC may hOV VCty
IttC taCHt lOt COmmuHICatIH_ VIth QCOQC. POtCOVCt, IKC thC
OCIa IHtItutIOH OlthC 1mQCtOt, thC tCI_IOu IHtItutIOH OlthC
ICtOQhaHt CaH CaIy DCCOmC COttuQtCC Dy thC authOtI| _IVCH
thCu, O that thC QtICt CC thCIt QOVCt a aH CHC IH ItCl, QtI2IH_
ODCCICHCC aDOVC CH1_htCHFCHt. LDVIOuy, thC QOItIOH OlCClCHC-
IH_ a COCttIHC VI atttaCt COCttIHaItC QCOQC.
CthaQ, hOVCVCt, VC tC]CCt thC ICCa Ola _uICIH_ QtICthOOC lOt
a mOtC uDtC tCaOH. 1VCt IHCC thC HClOtuatIOH a HOtIOH that ha
_aIHCC _tCatCt aHC _tCatCt lOtCC IH thC NCt I that OlthC IHCIVIC-
ua utImatC tCQOHIDuIty lOt hIm Ot hCtC. hC VhOC ICCa Ol
aH OutCt COCttIHC, a COCC OltuC aHC DCICl aCCCQtCC OH laIth,
CCQCHU OH thC auuQtIOH that mOt QCOQC QtClCt tO haVC OmC-
OHC CC tC! thCm Vhat tO CO aHC thIHK. hI may VCty VC DC
ttuC. O tCay CICOVCt LOCIHICC yOutClyOu uut uHCCt_O OmC
uHCOmlOttaDC COmtOHtatIOH VIth yOut OVH QyChC. bImIaty, tO
CCCICC lOt yOutClVhat I thC mOta thIH_ tO CO IH a ItuatIOH
mI_ht tCQuItC a COHtaHt a_OHy OlChOICC. CVCtthCC, uaHy QCO-
QC tOCay IuQy CaHHOt aCCCQt CIthCt OCICty Ot a LhutCh DCatIH_
thC utImatC tCQOHIDIIty lOt thCIt IVC.
CthaQ thC IHtCtQtCtatIOH Ol thC ICtOQhaHt a tCQtCCHtIH_
CCtCt COCttIHC uIt Out a_C DCttCt. Ot thCH thC COCttIHC COC HOt
tC! u Vhat tO CO, Dut IHtCaC _IVC u CItCCtIOH tO DC_IH VOtK1H_
OH OutCVC. HC thC atOt, a VC aV VIth thC Pa_ICIaH, Ct ItCl
a_aIHt a LhutChC Dy CaC1H_ u tO QCtOHa aVatIOH IH thI 1lC.
Ot LtOVCy thC ICtOQhaHt tCQtCCHt IHItIatIOH a thC mCaH
thtOu_h VhICh thC IHCIVICua DCCOmC uHItCC VIth thC uHIVCtC.
@ @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
hC Otm aHC COCItIHC O IhC IHIIIaIIOH ChaH_C VIIh CaCh VOtC
a_C, haVIH_ aICC HCaty IVO IhOuaHC yCat, IhC CuttCHI ICCaH
_C I COuH_ IO a C!OC, O IhaI IhC tICtOQhaHI I CuC IO ChaH_C,
a VI! a ItICUy humaH tCaIIOHhIQ. LtOVCy COmmCHI IhaI OHy
IhC uIutC CaH IC! u VhaI IhC HCV `CuttCHI OIHIIIaIIOH VI DC.
1uI IhC DaIC QuaIIy OIHIIIaIIOH a a mCt_IH_ VIIh IhC COmO
aVay tCmaIH IhC amC.
H IhC 1L VCtIOH O IhC tICtOQhaHI [a IH IhC HCCt QaCK)
IhC CtOCC KCy aI IhC tICtOQhaHI CCI atC _OC aHC IVCt, tCQtC-
CHIIH_ IhC OuICt aHC IHHCt Vay, IhC uH aHC mOOH, IhC Pa_ICIaH
aHC IhC tI_h tICIC, Vh1Ch IhC COCItIHC ICaChC u IO COmDIHC.
H IhC HCCt QaCK CatC DOIh KCy atC _OC, IHCICaIIH_ IhaI IhC CatK
ICC I hICCCH UOm IhOC VhO O!OV IhC OuICt COCItIHC.
H IhC NaIIC-bmIIh Ima_Cty HO VCI DOCK IhC CHItaHCC IO IhC
LhutCh, a IH IhC ICmQC OIhC tI_htICIC. 1uI IhC Qmat atC a
Cu! _tCy. hOC VhO CHICt hCtC may tCCCIVC QtOICCIIOH UOm QCt-
OHa ChOICC, DuI IhCy VI! HOI QICtCC IhC CCtCI O CuaIIy. hC
uHCOHCIOu tCmaIH COCC. H maHy atOI CCCK, IhC tI_h tICI-
C hOC HOI a CtO DuI a mM DOOK, OCKCC. HC IhC KCy OIhC
tICtOQhaHI CO HOI HI IhaI IaHIaIZIH_ OCK.
bII, VC muIHOI IhIHK IhaI IhCOuICtCOCItIHC OtCI_IOH CtVC
HO QutQOC IO IhC CCKCt. IKC IhC _CHCta CCuCaIIOH, OVhICh II I
a QatIICuat CXamQC, II _IVC IhC IHCIVICua a Htm ItaCIIIOH IH
VhICh IO tOOI h1 Ot hCtQCtOHa CCVCOQmCHI. hC mOCCtH NCI-
CtH QhCHOmCHOH Oa K1HC O CCCCIIC myIICIm, CtaVIH_ IHQIta-
IIOH UOm a tCI_IOH, I aH CXItCmCy uHuua CCVCOQmCHI. hI
I DaCC, QOIDy, OH _ODl aVatCHC Qu IhC VICV OtCI_IOH a a
QyChOO_ICa IaIC CIVOtCCC UOm CICHCC aHC h1IOty. hu VC CC
tCI_IOH a aH CXQCtICHCC taIhCt IhaH aH CXQaHaIIOH OIhC uHIVCtC
aHC aCCCQI IhaI a tCI_IOu CXQCtICHCC atC VaIC, VhaICVCt COHIta-
CICIIOH IhCy hOV OH IhC utaCC. NhIC IhI ICCa OQCH _tCaI
QOIDIuIIC, maHy QCOQC haVC HOICC II QOICHIIl haOVHC. hC
aCI I, IhtOu_hOuI IhC CCHIutIC, IhC _tCaI myIIC haVC aVay
QOKCH tOm CCCQ VIIhIH a ItaCIIIOH. hC baDDlII VCtC IhOt-
Ou_hy _CVIh, hOma z bCmQI a COmQCIC LhtIIIaH, aHC IhC
bu!I DOVCC IO PCCCa VIIh M OIhCt OtIhOCOX Pu1m. H II DCI
aQCCIIhC tICtOQhaHI [a OuICt COCItIHC) CaH_IVC u a QaCC IO IatI
IH CtCaIIH_ a QCtOHa aVatCHC OLOC.
T H E M A O R A R C A N A . T H E W O R L D L Y S E O O E N C E
CncIurthcraspcctoIthccard'ssymboIismdcscrvcs spcciaIattcn-
tion. ThcpositionoIthc thrccpcopIc (thatis, aIargcgurc prcsid-
ing ovcr tvo smallcr oncs on cithcr sidc) introduccs a motiI that
rcpcats itscII, Iikc thc tvo piIIars oIthc High Pricstcss, throughout
thcNajor^cana, andis rcsoIvcdin)udgcmcntand thcvorId.Thc
vcry ncxt tvo cards aItcrtrump5 rcpcat thc motiI, vith thc angcI
ovcr thc Lovcrs, and thc chariotccr oIthc Chariot ovcr thc bIack
andvhitc sphinxcs.
Vc can scc this trio as an cmblcm oIthc idca oIa triad, such
as thc Christian trinty, or thc triunc picturc oI thc mnd. thc
id/cgo/supcr-cgo oIFrcud, or thc conscious/unconscious/supcr-
consciousoIthcthrccIincsoIthcNajor^cana. To undcrstandthc
mcaningoIthcimagcvc mustrcturnto thcHighPricstcss. Shcsits
bctvccntvopiIIarssymbolizingthc dualtics oIliIc. ShchcrscIIsig-
nifcs onc sidc, thc Nagician thc othcr. Thc Hicrophant initiatcs
tvoacoIytcsinto his church. Vc scc, thcrcIorc, thatthc Hicrophant
and thc Lovcrs and thc Chariot alI rcprcscnt attcmpts to mcdiatc
bctvccn thc opposing poIcs oI hIc and f:nd somc vay, not to
rcsoIvc thcm, but simply to hoId thcm in baIancc. rcIigious doc-
trinc, vith its moraI codcs and cxpIanations Ior IiIc's most basic
qucstions, docsjust that. IIvcsurrcndcr oursclvcs to a Church thc
contradictions oIIiIc alIbccomc ansvcrcd, but notrcsoIvcd.
In rcading thc cardsignics Churchcs, doctrincs, and cducation
ingcncraI. PsychoIogicaIly itcanindicatcorthodoxy, conIormityto
socicty's idcasandcodcs oIbchaviour, asvcIl as, morcsubtly, asur-
rcndcr oIrcsponsibiIity. ThcmpcrorsymboIizcd thc ruIcs thcm-
scIvcs andthciromciaI cnIorccrs, thcHicrophantindicatcsourovn
inncr scnsc oIobcdicncc. Pcvcrscd, thc card mcans unorthodoxy,
cspccialIy mcntaI - Iormng original idcas. It can aIso, hovcvcr,
mcan guIIibiIity and this idca suggcsts anothcr virtuc oIthc card
vhcn it is thc right vay up. socicty builds its intclIcctuaI tradi-
tion ovcr hundrcds oI ycars. Thosc vho acccpt that tradition
rcccivc Irom it a standardby vhich tojudgc ncv idcas and inIor-
mation. Thosc vho rcjcct it must fnd thcir ovn vays and can
casiIygctIostinsupcrficiaIidcas. Thcrcarcmanypcoplcvho,hav-
ing givcn up thc dogma Iorccd on thcm as chudrcn, II into somc
ncv dogma, a cult or somc cxtrcmst politic group, just as rigid
and pcrhaps morc shallov. Having rcjcctcd tradition thcyhavc not
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
tCay tC]CCtCC thC ICtOQhaHt. hCy haVC HOt aCCCQtCC thC tCQOH-
IDIIty Ottuy HHCIH_ thCIt OVH Vay.
(e}

Fgute
1ML LOVLHb
LthC VatIOu ChaH_C tthut NaIIC aHC amCa bmIIh maCC IH
ttaCItIOHa atOt CCI_H thC CatC OthC OVCt tCmaIH thC mOt
CtamatIC. NhCtC thC atOt CC PatCIC [OH IhC tI_ht, aDOVC)
hOV a yOuH_ maH ttuCK Dy LuQIC attOV aHC OtCCC tO ChOOC
DCtVCCH tVO VOmCH, thC HICCt QaCK hOV a matutC maH aHC a
IH_C VOmaH QtCICCC OVCt Dy aH aH_C. utthCt, VhIC mOt CCCK
IHCICatC OHy a OCIl ItuaIIOH, thC HICCt QaCK Ima_C CCaHy
u__Ct thC LatCCH O 1CCH, Ot tathCt, a HCV LatCCH O 1CCH,
VIth thC ttCC DtIH_IH_ CHI_htCHmCHt tathCt thaH thC M.
hC CatICt VCtIOH O ttumQ 6 OmCtImC DCat thC IItC `hC
LhOICC, aHC IH CIVIHaIOty tCaCIH_ mCaH aH ImQOttaHt ChOICC
DCtVCCH tVO CCItC. 1CCauC OHC VOmaH I aIt aHCthC OthCtCatK,
a ymDOIm ttaCIIIOHa IH 1utOQC VhCtC CatKHC aVay IHCICatC
CVI aHC VOmCH IH _CHCta IHCICatC ICmQtatIOH, thC ChOICC Va CCH
a DCtVCCH OmCthIH_ tCQCCtaDC Dut QCthaQ Cu!, aHC OmCthH_
_tCaty CCItCCDuI mOtay ImQtOQCt. hC CatC CaH tCCt tO a nIHOt
T H E M A O R A R C A N A . T H E W O R L D L Y S E O O E N C E
ChOICC Ot CVCH tO a na]Ot CtII IH a QCtOH IC. NC CC thI
aHCICHt yHDOIn tOOay IH thC VatIOu HOVC aHO !In OnIOOC-
a_CO, nIOOC-Ca nCH tCnQtCO tO _IVC uQ thCIt OVCO Dut tathCt
DOtIH_ VIVC Ot a yOuH_Ct `VIOCt VOnaH.
hC ChOICC CaH, IH aCt, CXtCHO tO a QCtOH VhOC IC. 1VCH
thOC QCOQC VhO HCVCt QuCtIOH thC DOuHOatIC O thCIt nIOOC
Ca tCQCCtaDIIty haVC naOC a ChOICC a nuCh a thC IC-OH_
CtInIHa. ^O thCtC atC naHy QCOQC VhO OutVatOy IVC OCIay
aCCCQtaDC IVC yCt IHVatOy H_ht COHtaHt tOtnCHt O OCItC,
I_htIH_ ut_C tO aOutCty, Ot VIOCHCC, Ot InQy a OCItC tO CaVC
hOnC aHO DCCOnC a VaHOCtIH_ ttanQ.
LH thC COtCtIC CVC thC ChOICC DCtVCCH thC I_ht aHO OatK
VOnaH IHOICatC thC ChOICC DCtVCCH thC OutCt Qath [ynDOI2CO IH
thC HOCt QaCK Dy thC tICtOQhaHt) , VhCtC yOut IC I aIO Out Ot
yOu, aHO thC IHHCt Qath OthC OCCutIt, VhICh CaH CaO tO a COH-
tOHtatIOH V1th yOuthIOOCHOCItC. hC LhutChaDCCO na_ICIaH
a OCVI VOthIQQCt, aHO IH LhtItIaH aC_OtIC thC OatK VOnaH
uua!y tOOO Ot bataH.
hCC nCaHIH_ a CC thC ChOICC DCtVCCH I_ht aHO OatK IH thC
VIOCt QOIDC tCtn. H thC COHtCXt OthC H tt IHC OttunQ VC
CaH CC It IH a nuCh nOtC QCCIHC Vay, that OthC Htt tCa ChOICC
a QCtOH naKC IHOCQCHOCHty O hI Ot hCt QatCHt. \HtI thC
CXua ut_C tOuC ItC nOt QCOQC atC COHtCHt tO aCt Out thCIt
QatCHt CXQCCtatIOH Ot thCn. hC CXua ut_C, hOVCVCt, QOIHt u
VhCtC || VaHt tO _O. a tCut VC DC_IH tO DtCaK aVay IH OthCt
atCa a VC. t I VCty tatC that thC QattHCt Out QatCHt VOuO
ChOOC Ot u atC thC OHC VC VOuO ChOOC Ot OutCVC. thC
OIUCtCHCC I tOO CXttCnC, Ot thC QatCHt tOO COHttOIH_, thCH thC
QCtOH CaH aCC a QaIHu ChOICC.
au Ou_a ha COnnCHtCO that thC OatKhaItCO VOnaH, VhO
aQQCat nuCh OOCt, I thC DOy nOthCt, aHO thC ChOICC I VhCthCt
tO tay uHOCt hCt QtOtCCtIOH Ot ttIKC Out OH hI OVH. hOC VhO
DCICVC, VIth tCuO, that a DOy Htt OCItC I OItCCtCO tOVatO hI
nOthCt VI! CC hCtC a CaIC LCOIQa OICnna. LHC Qatt O thC
QCtOHaIty VIhC tO naIHtaIH thC hIOOCH aHtay IC O a uHIOH
VIth thC nOthCt, VhI!C aHOthCt VIhC tO HHO a ttuC OVC IH thC
tCaIty OthC DOy OVH _CHCtatIOH. 1ut VC OO HOt haVC tO aCCCQt
thC tCuOIaH OOCttIHC tO CC thC VIOCt InQICatIOH OthI ChOICC.
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
Vhcthcr or not thc boy sccrctIy dcsircs his mothcr thc IiIc Iivcd
undcr thc parcnts' protcction is saIc and comIortabIc. ut hc (or
shc, Ior girIs basicalIy Iacc thc samc qucstions, though somctimcs
in dicrcnt Iorms) can ncvcr bccomc a truc individuaI vthout
making a brcak. ^nd nothing indicatcs this morc strongly than
scxuaIity.
ThcrcIorc, thc traditionaI vcrsion oI trump 6 rcprcscnts adoIcs-
ccncc. lot onIy docs scxuaIity cmcrgc at this timc but aIso intcl-
IcctuaI andmoraI indcpcndcncc. Cards 3, 4 and 5 rcprcscntcdus as
shapcdby thc grcat Iorccs oInaturc, socicty, and parcnts. In card 6
thc individuaI cmcrgcs, a truc pcrsonaIity vith its ovn idcas and
purposcs, abIc to makc important choiccs bascd, not on parcntal
ordcrs, but on its ovnasscssmcnt oIdcsircsand rcsponsibiLtics.
Thcsc mcanings bcIong to thc card's traditionaI structurc. In
dcsigninghis ovn vcrsion oIthcLovcrs Vaitc addrcsscd a dicrcnt
qucstion. VhatIunctions do scxandIovc ultimatcIyscrvc ina pcr-
son's IiIc ^nd vhat dccp mcanings can vc nd in thc povcrIuI
drama oItvo pcopIcjoining thcir hcarts and bodics Vaitc caIIcd
his picturc, `thc card oIhuman lovc, hcrc cxhibitcd as part oIthc
vay, thc truth, and thc liIc' .
Thc scxuaI drivc lcads us avay Irom isoIation. It pushcs us to
Iorm vitaI rcIationships vith othcr pcopIc, and nalIy opcns thc
vay toIovc.ThroughIovc vcnotonIyachicvc a unityvith somc-
onc cIsc, but vc arc givcn a gIimpsc oIthc grcatcr mcanings and
dccpcrsignihcancc oIIiIc. InIovc vc givc up part oIthat cgo con-
troIvhichisoIatcs us notonIyIromothcrpcopIcbutIromliIcitscII.
ThcrcIorc thc angcl appcars abovc thc man's and voman's hcads, a
vision unobtainabIc to cach pcrson individualIy, but gIimpscd by
both oIthcm togcthcr.
PcIigion, phiIosophy, and arthavcaIvays scizcd on thc symbol-
ismoImaIcandIcmaIcasrcprcscntingduaIity. Vc havcaIrcadysccn
thisidcarccctcdinthcNagicianandthcHighPricstcss,as vcII as
thc mprcss andthcmpcror. ThcsymboIismhcrcis rcinIorccdby
thc Iact that thc Trcc oILiIc, vith its Nagician Lkc amcs, stands
bchind thc man, vhilc thc Trcc oIKnovIcdgc, cntvincd vith thc
scrpcnt (symboI not oI cviI but oI unconscious visdom) stands
bchind thc voman. Thc angcI unitcs thcsc tvo principIcs. Intradi-
tionaI tcachings mcn and vomcn arc hcId to contain, vithin thcir
T H E M A J O R A R C A N A : T H E W O R L D L Y S E O O E N C E
DOCIC, CQatatC IC QtIHCIQC. htOu_h QhyICa OVC thCC QtIHCI-
QC]OIH tO_CthCt.
LCCutIt, hOVCVCt, haVC aVay tCCO_nI2CC DOth thCC CCmCHt
VIthIH thC C. OCay VC hCat maHy QCOQC ay that CVCtyOHC COH-
taIH DOth maC aHC CmaC QuaItIC, uuay, hOVCVCt, thCy atC
tCCttIH_ tO Va_uC ICCa OOCIa DChaVIOut, uCh a a__tCIOH aHC
_CHtCHC. NhCH maC aHC CmaC VCtC CCH a OQQOItC IH thCIt
CCCQCtHatutC thC OCCutItVICVVamuCh mOtC taCICa. LHC Vay
O CCCtIDIH_ thC _Oa O thC Pa]Ot 1CaHa I tO ay It DtIH_ Out
aHC uHItC thC maC aHC CmaC QtIHCIQC. hCtCOtC, IH maHy
CCCK, thC CaHCCt IH thC NOtC I aH hCtmaQhtOCItC.
CCOtC1H_ tO baDDaIt aHC tCtmCtIC QhuOOQhCt a humaHI-
ty [aHC IHCCCC, CVCH thC LCIty) Va OtI_IHaiy hCtmaQhtOCItIC.
hu, OH thC OutCt CVC, CaCh Ou I OHy ha1a QCtOH aHC OHy
thtOu_h OVC CaH VC HHC a CHC Oumty.
NC HHC th amC ICCa IH atO, Dut VIth aH IHtCtCtIH_ VatIatIOH.
LHC OthC atOHIC myth tatC that humaH VCtC OtI_IHay COu-
DC CtCatutC, Dut O thtCC KIHC. maC-CmaC, mlC-m8C, aHC
CmaC-CmaC. 1CICVIH_ that humaH QOCCC tOO muCh QOVCt
ZCu QIt thCm VIth a thuHCCtDOt, aHC HOV CaCh OHC O u I
OOKIH_ Ot hI Ot hCt OthCt ha H COHttat tO thC ]CVIh aHC
LhtItIaH myth atO tOty _IVC CQua tCaIty tO hOmOCXua. t
tCnIHC u O thC CaH_Ct IH thC tOO Cay ymDOIm OmaC aHC
CmaC a utImatC OQQOItC. hC Pa_ICIaH aHC thC I_h tICtC
atC HCC VCty uDty IH CaCh O u. DC thC aH_C CaH DC CVOKCC
Dy aHy tVO OVCt. t I HOt thC tOC that mattCt, Dut thC tCa1ty O
thC uHIOH.
H thC uua LhtItIaH IHtCtQtCtatIOH O LCHCI 1VC DCat thC
_tCatCt _uIt, HOt OHy DCCauC hC atC !1tt, Dut DCCauC hCt CHu-
aIty tCmQtCC Cam tO ai. PaH uQQOCCy Va tuCC Dy tCaOH
aHC VOmaH Dy CCItC. hI Q1t CC OmC LhtItIaH tO CCCatC that
VOmCH haC HO Ou. hC VhOC myth O thC aU, hOVCVCt, VIth
It CmQhaI OH CIODCCICHCC aHC QuHIhmCHt, I tCay mCaHt tO
CtVC a tCQtCIVC mOtaIty. hyICa QaIOH VCtC CCH a CaH_CtOu
tO OCICty aHC thCtCOtC haC tO DC COHttOCC. ]OCQh LamQDC
QOIHt Out IH Te Mes/s o] GoJ, thC aHCICHt _OCCC tCI_IOH O
aCtIHC COHtaIHCC thC amC Ctama Oa CtQCHt, a tCC OLIC, aHC
aH aQQC. 1ut IH thC OC tOty thC IHItIatC Va_IVCH thC aQQC Dy thC
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
_OCCC IO aOV hIm IO CHICt QataCIC, taIhCt IhaH II DCIH_ IhC
CauC O hI CXQuIOH. hC aHCICHI tCDtCV tCVCtCC IhC myIh,
QatIy a a Vay ODtaHCIH_ IhC OC tC1_IOH a CVI, DuI aO DCCauC
IhCy, IKC IhC 1aDyOHIaH, COHICCtCC IhC OC Vay `mOHItOu .
hC atOI, hOVCVCt, Ia QaIh O IDCtaIIOH. hC Cat IhaI]ahVCh
CXQtCC, IhaI humaH DCIH_ `VI DCCOmC IKC u , I QtCCICy
IhC atOI QutQOC IO uy DtIH_ OuI IhC CIVIHC QatK IH u aHC
uHIIC II VIIh Out COHCIOu CVC, IO CHC IhC CuaIIy O LOC aHC
humaH aHC maKC IhCm OHC. hCtCOtC, IhOu_h II KCCQ muCh O
IhC amC ymDOIm a LCHCI, IhC HICCt QaCK OVCt uDIy
tCVCtC IhC mCaHIH_.
OIICC IhaI Vh1C IhC maH OOK aI IhC VOmaH IhC VOmaH OOK
aI IhC aH_C. IhC maC I IHCCCC tCaOH, IhCH taIIOHaIIy CaH Omy
tCaCh DCyOHC II ImI IhtOu_h IhC mCCIum O QaIOH. 1y II
HaIutC tCaOH COHItO aHC COHIaIH, VhIC QaIOH ICHC IO DtCaK
COVH a Im1I. Lut ItaCIIIOH ha CI IhC DOCy aHC IhC taIIOHa
mIHC aI OCC VIh CaCh OIhCt. hC atOI ICaChC u IhaI VC muI
uHIIC IhCm [a IH_C mOuHIaIH tIC DCIVCCH IhC IVO OVCt) aHC
IhaI II I HOI IhC COHItO1H_ QOVCt OtCaOH IhaI taIC IhC CHC IO
a hI_hCt CVC, DuI, taIhCt, IhC OIhCt Vay atOuHC.
NC CaH CC IhI IH CItCCI QyChOO_ICa ICtm. POI QCOQC atC
DOuHC VIIh1H IhCIt C_O Ot IhC maK IhCy QtCCHI IO IhC VOtC.
1uI IIhCy CaH uttCHCCt IO CXua QaIOH, IhCy CaH, aI CaI Ot a
mOmCHI, ItaHCCHC IhCIt IOaIIOH. hOC VhO CaHHOI tCCaC IhCIt
C_O, CVCH Ot aH IHIaHI, mIuC CX, aHC atC mIuCC Dy II. bCX
DCCOmC a mCaH O _aIHIH_ QOVCt OVCt OmCOHC CC, DuI II
HCVCt aIIHC. NhCH a QCtOH tC]CCI IhC DOCy CCItC IO tCCaC
IIC VIIh aHOIhCt QCtOH IhC tCuI I CCQtCIOH. hC aH_C ha
DCCH CCHICC.
I IhC amC IImC IhC QaIOH aOHC CaHHOI DtIH_ u IO IhC
aH_C. hCy HCCC IO DC _uICCC Dy IhC tCaOH a muCh a IhC tCaOH
HCCC IhC QaIOH IO CI II tCC. hOC VhO ImQy _O VhCtCVCt
IhCIt CCItC CaC IhCm atC OICH IhtOVH tOm OHC CXQCtICHCC IO
aHOIhCt.
au OICt LaC HamC IhC aH_C a HaQhaC, VhO QtCICC OVCt
IhC uQCt-COHCIOu. hI DtIH_ u DaCK IO IhC ItIuHC mHC, hCtC
VC CatH IhaI IhC IhtCC CVC OIhC mIHC atC HOI CQataIC aHC IO-
aICC, 1KC IhC IhtCC IOtCy Oa hOuC, DuI IhaI IhC uQCt-COHCIOu
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E WO R L D L Y S E Q O E N C E
is actuaBy a product oI thc conscious and unconscious joincd
togcthcr. Thc pathvay Iicsthrough thc unconscious bccausc thatis
vhcrcvc hnd thc truc cncrgy oIliIc. In Iact, thc supcr-conscious
canbc dcscribcd as thc cncrgy oIthc

nconsciousbroughtoutand
transIormcd to a highcr statc. Part oIthat transIormation lics in
consciousncssgivingthc cncrgy Iorm, dircction, and mcaning.
IIin thc trianguIar motiI thc tvo figurcs bclov rcprcscnt thc
duaIitics oIlIc, vhilc thc Iargcr gurc abovc symbolizcs a mcdiat-
ing Iorcc bctvccn thcm, thcn in trump 6 thc mcdiator is scxual
Iovc. Vhcn vc surrcndcr to it vc cxpcricncc a glimpsc oIsomc-
thing grcatcr than ourscIvcs. CnIy a gIimpsc, and only Ior a
momcnt, truc lbcrationrcquircs nIy a grcat dcaI morc than pas-
sion. utIovc can hcIp usscc thc path, andknov a littIc oIthcjoy
thatvaitsIorus atthc cndoIit. numbcroImystics, notabIySaint
Tcrcsa, havc dcscribcd union vith God in tcrms oIscxuaI ccstasy.
Thc divinatorymcanings IorthcVaitc-Smithimagc arc straight-
Iorard. Thcy rcIcr to thc importancc oIlovc in a pcrson's liIc and
to a spccic Iovcr, vcry oItcn to marriagc or a long rcIationship.
Thc card impIics that thc particular rclationship has bccn or vu
provc to bc vcry vaIuablc to thc pcrson, Icading him or hcr to a
ncv undcrstandng oIIiIc. IIsomc spccic problcm is bcing con-
sidcrcd in thc rcading thcn thc Lovcrs indicatcs hclp in somc vay,
cithcr practicaIly through thc Iovcr's assistancc, or through cmo-
tionaI support. ut ths is not vays truc. Thc Lovcrs, in thc posi-
tionoIthc past, cspcciaIIy inrcIation to cardsindicatinga rcmsaI to
Iook atthc prcscnt situation, canindicatc a crippIingnostalgia Ior a
past Iovc.
Thc carIicr cards alI rcprcscntcd archctypcs. Vhcn vc rcvcrscd
thcm vc addcd thc missing clcmcnts. ut hcrc thc indvdu has
advccd and nov thc rcvcrscd mcamngshovsvcakncss andbIocks.
!t srstoIIa dcstrucuvcIovc, parucuIarIy na badmarriagc. Itcan
rcIcr to romanuc or scxuaI probIcms that domnatc a pcrson`s IIc,
cithcr hom di:cuItics vith a spcci:c pcrson, orbccauscthc pcrson
ndsIovcsimpIy a grcat probIcm. ccausc thc Vatc-Smth picturc
indicatcsa maturclovc, andthc traditionaI imagcshovsthc proccss oI
adoIcsccnt choicc, cithcr vcrsion rcvcrscd indicatcs nmtc immatu-
rity, thc proIongcd adoIcsccncc that kccps somc pcopIc invoIvcd in
cniIdsnIrricsIony rcrrncir5odics havc h:lIy maturcd.
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
F ure
1HL LHAH O1
hC CatICt VCtIOH OthI CatC, VhICh hOVCC thC LhatIOt QuCC
Dy tVO hOtC tathCt thaH tVO QhHXC, CCtIVC UOm a HumDCt O
hItOtICa aHC mythOO_ICl OutCC. tImatIy It COmC Out O thC
QtOCCIOH _IVCH IH HOmC aHC OthCt QaCC Ot a COHQuCtIH_ hCtO,
VhCH hI ChatIOt CattICC hIm thtOu_h thC ttCCt that VCtC mCC
VIth ChCCtIH_ CItI2CH. hC CutOm aQQatCHty aHVCt OmC CCCQ
QyCh1C HCCC Ot _tOuQ QattICIQatIOH. NC tI QtaCtIC It tOCay, tVO
thOuaHC yCat atCt, IH thC QataCC _IVCH tO QtCICCHt, _CHCtl,
aHC attOHaut, VIth OQCH ImOuIHC tCQaCIH_ thC ChatIOt.
hC LhatIOt ImQ1C mOtC thaH a _tCat VICtOty. O CtIVC a tVO
hOtC VChICC at QCCC tCQuItC tOta COHttO OVCt thC aHIma, thC
aCtIVIty CtVC a a QCtCCtVChICC Ot thC QOVCtD VI. atO, IH thC
PheeJrus, tCCt tO thC nIHC a a ChatIOt CtaVH Dy a DaCK aHCVhItC
hOtC, thC CXaCt Ima_C OthC atOt.
CCtta1H tIHCu myth tC ObhIVa CCttOyIH_ a ttIQC CIty OthC
CCmOH. O CO O hC tCQuItC that a CtCatIOH DC uDOtC1HatCC tO h
w . hC _OC maKC a ChatIOt Ot bhIVa, uIH_ HOt OHy thCmCVC
Dut thC hCaVCH aHC thC 1atth a matCtIa. hC uH aHC mOOH
DCCOmC thC VhCC aHC thC VIHC thC hOtC. [hC ymDO OH thC
T H E M AJ O R A R C A N A : T H E W O R L D L Y S E O O E N C E
UOHt OthC atOt LhatIOt, 1KC a Hut aHC DOt, Ot a VhCC aHC aC,
I CaCC thC IH_am aHC yOHI, taHC1H_ Ot bhVa, thC maCuIHC QtIH-
CIQC, aHC atVatI, thC CmIHIHC QtIHCIQC, umtCC IH a IH_C H_utC. )
htOu_h thC myth Ima_C VC CatH that QItItua VICtOty OVCt CVu
COmC VhCH VC CaH OCu a O HatutC, a VC a thC uHCOHCIOu
CHCt_y CmDOCICC IH bhIVa hmC, thtOu_h thC COHCIOu VI.
hCC tVO aDC hOV tVO CIUCtCHt aQCCt O thC ICCa OVI.
hC tOty ObhIVa QCaK Oa ttuC VICtOty, IH Vh1Ch thC QItIt ha
OuHC a OCu tO tCCaC It tOta OtCC. 1ut thC PheeJtus _IVC u aH
Ima_C OthC ttIumQhaHt C_O, VhICh COHttO tathCt thaH tCOVC
thC DaIC COHHCt OIC. hOC atOt COmmCHtatOt VhO CC thC
CatC a a _tOuQ OCQatatC Ima_C, CaCh OHC COHttIDutIH_ OmC
VIta COH tO OutQItItua uHCCttaHCIH_, tCHC tO _IVC thC LhatIOt
It VICCt mCaHIH_. hCy QOIHt Out that thC baDDaItIC tItC Ot thC
HunDCt 7, VIth M It mytIC COHHOtatIOH, I `NICtOty .
H maHy QaCC, QattICuaty HCIa, thC hOtC DCCanC aOCIatCC
VIth CCath aHC uHCta. NhCH thC tIIH_ QattIatChy aDO1hCC thC
tItua aCtIH CC O thC KIH_, a hOtC Va KICC IHtCaC. hC hOtC
aCtIH CC DCCamC thC mOt hOy, aOCIatCC VIth ImmOttaIty. 1VCH
tOCay, hOtC atC uCC tO Qu thC COHIH O_tCatCaCCt. [ DIZattC
]uHCtIOH OtVO aQCCt OthC LhatIOtVa CCH IH thC CCath O ]OhH
bCHHCCy. C Va KICC IH h ImOuIHC CutIH_ a QataCC, aHC thCH
a hOtC VhO tCDCCC a_aIHt hI ttaIHCt COHttO QuCC hI
COHIH IH thC tatC uHCta.) hCC COHHCCtIOH u__Ct thC ICCa O
thC Ou VICtOty OVCt mOttaIty.
NhCH VC OOK at thC CatC CQuCHtIay VC CC that 7 I Omy thC
VICtOty OthC Htt IHC O thC Pa]Ot tCaHa. t CtOVH that IHC
QtOCC OmatutatIOH, Dut Dy HCCCIty It CaHHOt aCCtC thC _tCat
atCa O thC uHCOHCIOu aHC uQCt-COHCIOu. bCCH thI Vay thC
LhatIOt hOV u thC CCVCOQCC C_O, thC COH OthC Caty CatC
haVC DCCH aDOtDCC, thC aCOCCCHt QCtIOC O CatChIH_ aHC C-
CtCatIOH ha DCCH QaCC, aHC HOV VC CC thC matutC aCut,
uCCCD IH IC, aCmItCC Dy OthCt, COHHCCHt aHC COHtCHt VIth
hImC, aDC tO COHttO CCIH_, aHC aDOVC a, tO CItCCt thC VI.
IKC thC Pa_ICIaH thC LhatIOtCCt CattIC a ma_IC VaHC. \HIKC
thC Pa_ICIaH hC COC HOt taIC It aDOVC h1 hCaC tO hCaVCH. I
QOVCt I uDOtCIHatC tO hI VH. I haHC hOC HO tCIH. I ttOH_
ChataCtCt aOHC COHttOI thC OQQOIH_ OtCC IH IC.
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
hC IH_am aHC yOHI IHCICaIC m maIutC CXuaIIy VhICh I
uHCCthI COHItO. hu hC I HOI IhC VICIImOhI CmOIIOH aHC hI
CXuaIIy COHItIDuIC IO a aIIjIH_ IC. hC _OVIH_ QuatC OH hI
ChCI, a ymDO OVIDtaHI HaIutC, IHK hIm IO IhC CHua VOtC O
IhC 1mQtC, DuI IhC CI_hI QOIHICC Iat OH hI CtOVH hOV hI
mCHIa CHCt_y CItCCIIH_ hI QaIOH [ymDOII COHICCt IhC CI_hI
QOIHICC Iat a haDay DCIVCCH IhC QuatC O IhC maICtIa VOtC
aHC IhC CItCC O IhC QItIIua) . I ChatIOI OOm at_Ct IhaH IhC
IOVH DChIHC IHCICaIIH_ IhaI hI VIJi I mOtC QOVCtu IhaH IhC tuC
OOCICIy. OVCVCt, IhC aCI IhaI hI ChatIOI I HOI IH mOIIOH IHCI-
CaIC IhaI hC I HOI a tCDC. hC VhCC OIhC ChatIOI tCI OH VaICt,
hOVIH_ IhaI hC CtaV CHCt_y tOm IhC uHCOHCIOu, IhOu_h IhC
ChatIOI IIC, tCIIH_ OH aHC, CQataIC hIm tOm a CItCCI COHIaCI
VIIh IhaI _tCaI OtCC.
NC haVC mCHIIOHCC IhC CXua ymDOIm O IhC IH_am aHC
yOHI. NhIC IHCu myIh COHHCCI hOtC IO CCaIh, tCuCIaH CtCam
ymDOIm COHHCCI IhCm IO IhC CXua CHCt_y O IhC IDICO. 1y
COHItOIH_ IhC hOtC [Ot QhIHXC) IhC LhatIOICCt COHItO hI
IHIIHCIIVC CCItC.
NatIOu ma_IC I_H aCOtH hI DOCy. I KItI DCat ymDO O
CCtCmOHIa ma_IC, hI DCI hOV IhC I_H aHC QaHCI. hC IVO
uHat aCC OH hI hOuCCt atC HamCC `\tIH aHC huum , IhC
uQQOCC hOuCCt QaIC OIhC I_h tICI IH]CtulCm aHC VhICh
IhCtCOtC u__CI IhC ICtOQhaHI. I IhC amC IImC IhC uHat QaIC
tCCt IO IhC I_h tICIC. OIC aO IhaI IhC COIh aI IhC DaCK O
IhC ChatIOI u__CI IhC I_h tICIC VCI, hC ha CI IhC myICty
OIhC uHCOHCIOu DChIHC hIm.
NC CC, IhCtCOtC, IH IhC LhatIOI ymDOIm a IhC QtCVIOu
catC OIhC HtIIHC. hC VaHCaHCymDO IHCICaIC IhC Pa_ICIaH,
IhC VaICt, QhIHXC, aHC VCI ymDO!I2C IhC I_h tICIC, IhC Iat
OH hI CaHOQy tCCa IhC 1mQtC CtOVH, IhC CIIy ymDOI2C IhC
1mQCtOt, IhC hOuCCt QaIC ymDOI2C IhC ICtOQhaHI, aHC IhC
IH_am aHC yOHI ymDOI2C IhC OVCt. P IhCC OtCC COHItIDuIC
IO IhC OuICt QCtOHaIIy.
HC yCI ODCtVC IhC LhatIOI VIIh II IOHC-IKC QuaIIIC.
LDCtC IhC ChatIOICCt hImCmCt_IH_ IHIO hI IOHC VChICC. hC
mHC IhaI uDOtCIHaIC a! IhIH_ IO COHCIOu VI! tuH IhC tIK O
DCCOmH_ tI_IC, CuI OU tOm IhC VCty OtCC II ha CatHCC IO
T H E M A O R A R C A N A . T H E W O R L D L Y S E O O E N C E
COHttO. LDCtVC aO that thC DaCK aHC VhItC QhIHXC atC HOt
tCCOHCICC tO CaCh OthCt. hCy OOK IH OQQOItC CItCCtIOH. hC
ChatIOtCCt VI hOC thCm tO_CthCt IH a tCHC DaaHCC. that VI
hOuC aI, thC LhatIOt aHC It tICCt VI DC tOtH aQatt.
au LOu_a ha COmQatCC thC LhatIOt tO ]uH_ ICCa O thC
` QCtOHa . VC _tOV uQ VC CtCatC a KIHC OmaK tO CCaVIth thC
OutICC VOtC. VC haVC CCat uCCCuy VIth thC VatIOu Chl-
CH_C O IC, thCH thC C1UCtCHt aQCCt ymDOIZCC Dy thC OthCt
CatC VI DCCOmC IHtC_tatCC IHtO thI C_O-maK. 1ut VC CaH tOO
CaIy COHuC thI uCCCu QCtOHaVIth thC ttuC C, CVCH tO thC
QOIHtthatIVC tty tO CICatC thC maK VCVI Cat It O a a K1HC
OCCath. hI I Vhy thC CCOHC !IHC OthC Pa]Ot CaHa, VhICh
CCa QtCCICyVIth thC tCCaC OthC C1DOmIt OutCtmaK, DCat
LCath a It HCXt tO at CatC.
bO at VC haVC COHICCtCC thC LhatIOt a aH CmDCm OQCtOH-
a matutIty. 1ut thC ICCa O humaH VI CXtCHC DCyOHC thC IHCI-
VICua. NIth It Ima_C O thC mIHC uDCuIH_ aHC utIIZIH_ thC
OtCC OIC thC LhatIOt I a QCtCCt ymDO Ot CIVIIZatIOH, VhICh
CtCatC OtCCt Out OthC ChaO OHatutC Dy uIH_ thC Hatutl VOtC
a thC taV matCtIa Ot It a_tICututC aHC CItIC. LHC O thC ChIC
baDDaItIC COHHOtatIOH Ot thC CatC CXtCHC8 thI ICCa. 1y It8 COH-
HCCtIOH VIth thC CDtCVCttCt `!aIH thC LhatIOt CattIC thC Qua-
Ity O `QCCCh . bQCCCh ha aVay CCmCC tO humaH tO tCQtCCHt
thC tatIOHa mIHC aHC It COmIHaHCC OVCt HatutC. at a VC KHOV
OHy humaH QOC aH_ua_C [thOu_h ChImQaHZCC haVC hOVH
thCmCVC CaQaDC O CatHIH_ humaH I_H aH_ua_C, aHC VhlC
aHC COQhIHmay QOC CCVCOQCC aH_ua_C OthCItOVH) aHC VC
may ay that QCCCh CQatatC u tOm thC aHIma. Cam _aIHCC
COHttO OVCt thC DCat IH 1CCH Dy QCaKIH_ thCIt HamC. POt
ImQOttaHt, humaH uC aH_ua_C tO ttaHmIt thC IHOtmatIOH that
aOV CIVIIZatIOH tO COHtIHuC.
OVCVCt, ]ut a thC C_O I ImItCC, O I QCCCh. Itt O a,
QCCCh tCttICt Out CXQCtICHCC OtCaIty. 1y OtmIH_ a CCCtIQtIOH
O thC VOtC, Dy _IVIH_ CVCtythIH_ a aDC, VC CtCCt a DattICt
DCtVCCH OutCVC aHC CXQCtICHCC. NhCH VC OOK at a ttCC, VC
CO HOt CC thC ImQaCt Oa !1VIH_ Ot_aHIm, tathCt, VC thIHK ` ttCC
aHC mOVC OH. hC aDC ha tCQaCCC thC thIH_ ItC. 1O, Dy
tCyIH_ tOO much OH thI tatIOHa QuaIly O aH_ua_C VC I_HOtC
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
CXQCtICnCC IhaI CannOI DC CXQtCCC In VOtC. NC haVC atCaCy
CCn hOV IhC I_h tICIC I_nIDC InIuIIIVC VICOm DCyOnC an-
_ua_C. LCtIaIn CXQCtICnCC, CQCCIMy myIICa unIOn VIIh QItII,
CannOI DC CCCtIDCC. an_ua_C Can Ony hInI aI IhCm VIIh
mCIaQhOt anC aDC. COQC VhO tCy IOIa!y On QCCCh haVC CVCn
_OnC O at a IO InII IhaI nOn-VCtD8 CXQCtICnCC, Ot CXQCtICnCC
VhICh CannOIDCmCautCCDyQyChOO_IC8 ICI, CO nOI CXII. hI
I ImQy DCCauC IhCy CannOI DC CICnIIDCay CCCtIDCC. buCh CO_-
maIIm tCCCIVC II QCICCI ymDO In IhC ChatIOICCt mCt_In_ VIIh
h1 IOnC Va_On.
bO at VC haVC COnICCtCC CVCty ymDO In IhC QICIutC CXCCQI,
QCthaQ, IhC mOI ODVIOu OnC. IhC IVO Qh1nXC. NaIIC DOttOVCC
Ih1 InnOVaIIOn UOm 1IQha CVI, IhC _tCaI QIOnCCt ObaDDaIIIC
atOI. IKC IhC IVO QI!at OIhC I_h tICIC, Ot IhC DaCK anC
VhIIC hOtC IhCy tCQaCC, IhC QhInXC I_nIj IhC CuaIIIC anC
COnItaCICIIOn O!1C. LnCC a_aIn, VCCC IhC ItIan_uatmOII! CtC
IhC mCCIaIIn_ OtCC I VI!-QOVCt.
hC uC O QhInC InICaC O hOtC u__CI CVCt8 CCCQCt
mCamn_. hC QhInX In LtCCKC_CnCVa a tICCCt, QtCCnIIn_ IhC
myICty OIC IO IhC QCOQC OhCDC. hC myIh IC!! u IhaI IhC
QhInX CI2CC IhC yOun_ mCn O IhC CIIy anC aKCC IhCm IhC O-
OVIn_ tICCC. `NhaI CtCaIutC VaK On Out C_ In IhC mOtnIn_,
IVO C_ aI nOOn, anC IhtCC C_ In IhC CVCmn_: hOC VhO COuC
nOI anVCt VCtC CCVOutCC. OV, IhC anVCt I `man VhO CtaV a
a DaDy, VaK uQtI_hI a an aCuI, anC uC a CanC In OC a_C. hC
ImQICaIIOn I CCat. yOu CO nOI unCCtIanC yOut DaIC humanIIy,
VIIh II ItCn_Ih anC VCaKnCC, IhCn IC VI CCItOy yOu. hC
LhatIOI ymDOI2C maIutIIy, aCCCQIIn_ IhC ImII OIC, Qu IhC
aCuIy O QCCCh, IhaI I, taIIOna unCCtIanCIn_, VhICh I uCC IO
CCD nC CXIICnCC anC IhCtCOtC IO COnItO II.
1uI a utIhCt mCanIn_ utK hCtC. hC man VhO anVCtCC IhC
QhInX tICCC Va LCCIQu, VhO attIVCC InhCDC aICt KI!In_ hI
aIhCt. tCuC CmQhaI On InCCI ha CIVCtICC aIICnIIOn tOm IhC
CCCQCt mCa_C O IhC LCCIQu IOty. LCCIQu Va IhC QCtCCI
Ima_C OIhC uCCCu man. OI Ony CIC hC aVC hCDC tOm
a mCnaCC anC DCCOmC K1n_OIhC CIIy DuI hC CIC O Dy hI unCCt-
IanCIn_ O 1C. C KnCV VhaI man Va. `CI hC CIC nOI KnOV
hImC. I OVn InnCt tCaIIy tCmaInCC COCC IO hIm unII IhC
T H E M A O R A R C A N A . T H E W O R L D L Y S E O O E N C E
gods Iorccd him to conIront it. ^nd thc gods J|J Iorcc him. IIthc
oraclcs had notspokcn rstto his Iathcr and thcn to him, Ccdipus
vouId ncvcr havc donc thc things hc did. Thcrclorc, though hc
undcrstood thc outcrmcaning oIman's liIc hc did not undcrstand
cithcrvho hc rcaIIyvas, orhis rcIation to thcgodsvhocontrolIcd
his IiIc. ^nd thcsc tvo subjccts arc prcciscly thc conccrns oIthc
sccond and third lincs oIthc Najor^rcana. In thc sccond vc go
bcyond thc cgo to nd thc truc sclI. In thc third vc dcaI opcnly
vith thc archctypal Iorccs oI cxistcncc and rcach at last a mII
intcgration oI thosc dualitics vhich thc chariotccr vas ablc to
dominatc but ncvcr rcconcilc.
Thc divinatory mcanings oI thc Chariot dcrivc Irom its
povcnuI viII. In a rcading thc card signi cs that thc pcrson is
succcssIuIIy controIIing somc situation through thc Iorcc oIhis or
hcr pcrsonaLty. Thc card implics that a situation contains somc
contradictions and thatthcsc havc not bccn brought togcthcr but
simply hcId undcrcontroI. This isnottostrcss toohighIy thcncg-
ativc undcrtoncs oIthc card. Vhcnitis thc rightvayup thc Char-
iot basicaIIy mcans succcss, thc pcrsonaIity in chargc oIthc vorId
around it. IIit appcars as thc outcomc in a rcading dcaIing vith
probIcms thcn it indicatcs victory.
Pcvcrscd, thc card's inhcrcnt contradictions gain grcatcr Iorcc.
Thc Chariot upsidc dovn impIics that thc approachoIvill-povcr
has provcn unsucccssIuI, and thc situation has got out oIcontroI.
LnIcss thc pcrson can hndsomc othcrapproachto thc dicuItics,
hc orshc Iaccs disastcr. ViB-povcr alonc cannot alvays sustain us.
Likc Ccdipus vcmustsomctimcs Icarn to givc vay to thc gods.
L H A I 1 L K | | V L
TURN1NG 1NWAROS
1ML bLAHLM OH bLL~ANOWLLUL
NIIh IhC CCOHC IHC OIhC Pa]OttCaHa VC mOVC UOm IhC OuICt
VOtC aHC II ChaCH_C IO IhC ImCt C. hC COHItaCICIIOH COH-
CClCC IH IhC LhatIOI QOVCtu Ima_C muI HOV DC aCCC OQCHy.
hC maK O C_O muI CIC.
LtamaIIC a II OuHC IhI IIuaIIOH I aCIua!y VCty COmmOH, aI
CaI IH IhC HCCC IHOI IhC u!ImCHI. bC-QuCIIOHIH_ aHC CatCh-
IH_haVC OH_ DCCH CCH a CaIutC OnICCC a_C. NhCH QCOQC atC
yOuH_ IhCy atC COHCCtHCC maImy VIIh VICIOty OVCt IhC OtCC O
IC, HHCIH_ a QatIHCtaHC aChICVIH_ uCCC. NhCH uCCC ha DCCH
OuHC, hOVCVCt, QCOQC may VOHCCt aDOuI IhC VauC O II. hC
QuCIIOH, `NhO am DCHCaIh a! my QOCIOH, DCHCaIh a! IhC
Ima_C QtCCHI IO OIhCt QCOQC: IaKC OH mOtC aHC mOtC ImQOt-
IaHCC. OCay, maHy yOuH_Ct QCOQC atC HOI VaIIIH_ Ot nICCC-a_C
aHC uCCC IO aK IhCC IhIH_. ChataCICtIIIC O Out IImC I IhC
CCItC Ot IC IO haVC a CHC O mCaHIH_, O IHHCt CCHCC. HC
mOtC aHC mOtC QCOQC atC CCCICIH_ IhaI IhC DtI QaCC IO OOK Ot
uCh mCaHIH_ I VIIhIH IhCmCVC.
hI ICCa, IH aCI, I OHy a ha!-ItuIh. hC Pa_ICIaH ICaChC u
IhaI, a QhyICa DCIH_, VC DHC tCaI| OHy IH COHHCCIIOH VIIh IhC
OuICt VOtC, IhC IHHCt ItuIh O IhC I_h tICIC I a QOICHIIa
aHC muI DC maHICICC IhtOu_h IhC COHCIOuHC OIhC Pa_ICIaH.
1uI a OH_ a Out maK aHC haDII aHC CCCHCC COC u OUHOm
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T O R N l N G l N W A R D S
C-KHOVCC_C O thaI VC HCVCt KHOV uhy VC aCt, IhCH a thC
IhIH_ VC CO tCnaIH nCaHIH_C. hC OV DCIVCCH IhC Pa_ICIaH
aHC thC I_h tICtC HCCC IO DC tCC Ot IC tO QOC VauC.
1CCauC thCIHC DaICay tCVCtC IhC CnQhaI OIhC HtI CVCH
CatC, naHy OthC CatC aQQCat a n1ttOt Ina_C tO IhC OHC aDOVC
thCn. hC CXua QOatIty OttunQ I aHC 2DCCOnC IutHCC atOuHC
IH bItCH_th aHC thC CtnIt, VhIC IhC QtIHCIQC OI_ht aHC CatK,
OuICt aHC IHHCt, tCnaIH IH thC anC QOItIOH. hC NhCC OOt-
IuHC IutH aVay tOn thC Hatuta aHC nIHCC VOtC O IhC
1nQtC IO a VIIOH OIHHCt nytCtIC. t thC CHC OthC IHC Cn-
QCtaHCC hOV u a HCV K1HC O VICIOty. hC LhatIOt OtCC ha
DCCH tCQaCCC Dy DlaHCC aHC Can. NhCtC thC ChatIOtCCt tOHC
ChatIOt tCnOVCC hIn UOn CItCCt COHtaCI VIth thC Catth aHC thC
tIVCt, thC aH_C OCnQCtaHCC taHCVIth OHC OOt OH aHC, OHC IH
VaICt, hOVIH_ thC QCtOHaIty IH hatnOHy VIth ItC1aHC 1C.
DOthCt thCnC aQQCat IH thC CCOHC IHC. bO at thC CatC haVC
QtCCHtCC a CtIC O COH tO u, th1H_ VC nut CatH aDOut IC
tO DCCOnC natutC aHC uCCCDi IH thC OuICt VOtC. 1ut CHI_ht-
CHnCHt I a CCCQy QCtOHa CXQCtICHCC. I CaHHOt DC IuCICC Ot
CVCH QOHCCtCC Dut OHy IVCC. hC CtIC OOutCt COH CunIHatC
IH thC NhCC OOtIuHC VhICh hOV u a VIIOH OthC VOtC aHC
OutCVC VhICh nut DC aHVCtCC. hC aH_CC PaH, hOVCVCt,
hOV OnCth1H_ CC CHtItCy. CtC VC CC, HOt a COH, Dut thC
Ina_C OCHI_hICHnCHt ItC, thC OuICt QCtOHaIty tutHCC uQICC
COVH Dy a VCty tCl aHC QCtOHa CXQCtICHCC.
H DCtVCCH IhCC tVO CatC, aHC at thC CXaCt CCHttC OthC VhOC
Pa]Ot CaHa, IC ]utICC, CatCuy DaaHCIH_ thC CaC DCtVCCH
IHHCt aHC OutCt, Qat aHC uIutC, taIIOHaIty aHC IHtuItIOH, KHOV-
CC_C aHC CXQCtICHCC.
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
F|yare >
b1HLNG1M
NaIIC ChaH_C O IhC LOVCI Va IhC mOI ODVIOu O hI aIOI
aICIaIIOH, hI VIICh O bIICH_Ih VIIh ]uIICC ICmaIH IhC mOI
COHIIOVCIIa. C hImC_IVC HO ICa ICaOH OI IhC ChaH_C. `OI
ICaOH VhICh aIIj myC, IhI CaIC ha DCCH IHICIChaH_CC VIIh
IhaI O]uIICC, VhICh I uuay HumDCICC CI_hI. IhC VaIIaIIOH
CaIIIC HOIhIH_VhICh VI I_HIj IO IhCICaCCIIhCIC I HO CauC OI
CXQaHaIIOH. hC ICaOH aIC CCIIaIHy mOIC IhaH QCIOHa. au
OICI LaC QaCCC bIICH_Ih a 8 aHC]uIICC a I I . CIICI LIOVCy
KCQI IhCII OII_IHa HumDCI, DuI aI_HCC IhCm IhC CDICV CIICI
IhaIVOuiC_O VIIhVIIChIH_IhC CaIC. 1OIh QIODaDy OiOVCC IhC
LICCI OIhC LOCCH LaVH, VhOC CCICI atOI CCCK aO VIIChCC
IhC IVO CaIC.
hI COHHCCIIOH IO a CCICI OICCI u__CI IhC ICCa OIHIIIaIIOH.
OV, IhC LOCCH LaVH, O COuIC, CIC HOI OII_IHaIC IhC QIaCIICC
OIHIIIaIIOH, IhOu_h II CaImCC IO ICCCIVC II QCCIHC IIIua CIICCIy
IOm QIIII IHIIuCIOI. HIIIaIIOH _OC DaCK IhOuaHC OyCaI aHC
I CCH a OVCI IhC VOIC, IOm 1_yQIIaH ICmQC IO IhC uIIaiIaH
CCCII. I ICQICCHI a QCCIa mCaH OQyChOO_ICa IIaHOImaIIOH
IhC VCty uD]CCI O IhC aIOI` mICCC IHC. 1y ICCIIIH_]uIICC
T H E M A J O R A R C A N A : T O R N l N G l N WA R D S
and thc cards around it to this ancicntidca vc gain a vidcr undcr-
standing oIthc Tarot as an cxpcricncc.
It is vorthconsidcringthc impIications oIthc oId arrangcmcnt
oItrumps. Thc imagc oI)usticc suggcsts vcighing your IiIc in thc
bancc. ThcsccondIinctakcsusavay Irom thc outcrachicvcmcnts
oIthcrstand into thc sclI. Thus)usticc in thc rst positionvouId
mcanan asscssmcnt oIvhatyourliIc has mcanttoyou, IoIIovcdby
a dccision to scarchinvardIorgrcatcrmcaning. CbviousIy, this ts
vcry niccIy. ut iI)usticc comcs rst thcn aII thcsc things occur
rationalIy, thc asscssmcnt ariscs as a conscious rcaction to dissatis-
Iaction. Hov much morc povcrml this asscssmcnt appcars vhcn it
ariscs Irom vithin, Iorccd on us by thc povcrIuI vision oI thc
Vhccl oI Fortunc. Thc doublc-cdgcd svord oI)usticc impIics
action, a rcsponsc to thc knovIcdgc gaincd in thc asscssmcnt. Thc
idca oIrcsponsc lcads dircctIy to thc Hangcd Nan. II)usticc camc
rst thcn thc Hcrmit vouId IoIIov it. / a scckcr oIvisdom, thc
Hcrmit vouId also rcprcscnt avid rcsponsc to)usticc. ut again,
iIvc alIov that visdom to comc bcIorc)usticc, thcn thc Hangcd
Nanshovsa rcsponscIromdccp insidc.
lov considcr Strcngth in both pIaccs. Thc picturc shovs a
voman tamng a lion. ricy, thc imagc suggcsts thc cncrgy oIthc
unconscious rcIcascd and caImcd, 'tamcd' by thc dircction oIcon-
sciousundcrstanding. Suchan idcavouId casilybcIonginthcmid-
dlc position.VcvouIdthcn dcscribc thc cardas thc ccntraI tcst oI
thc vhoIc Iinc. ^nd ccrtainIy thc pcaccmIncss and grcat rcvcrs oI
thc Hangcd Nan vould IolIov Strcngthpcncctly.
ut vc can aIso scc Strcngth as thc qutics vit Ior bcginning
thcIinc. Thcscarchinvard cannotbcaccompIishcdby thc cgo. Vc
nccd to conIront IccIings and dcsircs long hiddcn Irom our con-
scious thoughts. IIvc attcmpt to transIorm oursclvcs by a vhoIIy
rationaI proccss vc crcatc anothcr kind oIpcrsona. Somcthingvcry
Iikc this in Iact happcns quitc oItcn. Nany pcopIc IccI a Iack oI
spontancityin thcirIivcs. Thcy Iook aroundthcm or rcadbooks on
psychoIogy, and obscrvc, vitha ccrtainjcalousy, or cvcn shamc at
thcir ovn rcprcssions, thc charactcristics oI spontancous pcopIc.
^nd thcn, rathcr than Iollov thc IcanuI proccss oIrcIcasing thcir
hiddcn Icars and dcsircs, thcy carcIulIy imitatc spontancity. Thcy
havccxtcndcdthc Chariot to a ncvdomain.
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
ymakingStrcngth numbcr 8 vc sctit against thc Chariot, as a
dicrcnt kind oIpovcr, not thc cgo's viII, but thc inncr Strcngth
to conIront yourscIIcaImIyand vithoutIcar. Thc mystcrics canbc
broughtoutbccauscvchavc IoundthcStrcngth toIaccthcm. Thc
Iion signics aIl thc Icclings, Icars, dcsircs, and conIusions sup-
prcsscd by thc cgo in its attcmpt to controI liIc. Thc chariotccr
drcv upon his inncr IccIings as a sourcc oIcncrgy, butvas aIvays
carcIuI to dircct that cncrgy vhcrc hc consciousIy dccidcd it shouId
go. StrcngthaIlovs thc inncrpassionsto cmcrgc, as thc hrst stcp in
goingbcyond thc cgo.
Cn a vcry simpIc IcvcI vc can scc this cmcrgcncc oIsupprcsscd
IccIings in thc pcrson vho Iovs hm orhcrsclIto act 'chiIdishy' ,
to vccp orscrcam, inshort, todoaII thosc things that prcviously
sccmcd IooIish orcmbarrassing. Cn a dccpcrIcvcIthcIionsymboI-
izcs thc vholc Iorcc oIpcrsonality, usuaIIy smoothcd ovcr by thc
dcmands oIciviIizcd IiIc. Strcngth rcIcascs this cncrgy in ordcr to
usc it as a kind oIIucI, propcBing us aIong thc inncr path oIthc
Hcrmt. Thispurposc can onIybc accompIishcd bccausc thc Iionis
'tamcd' at thc samc timc that it is rcIcascd. Strcngth opcns up thc
pcrsontylikcPandoraopcninghcrbox. Itdocsso, hovcvcr, vith
a scnsc oIpcacc, a Iovc oIIiIc itscII, and a grcat condcncc in thc
naI rcsult. LnIcss vc trulybclicvc that thc proccss oIscII-discov-
cry is ajoyous onc vc viII ncvcr IoIIov it through.
Thc symboIism oIthc picturcs and numbcrs rcinIorccs thc com-
parisonoIStrcngthand thc Chariot. Thc Chariotshovsa manand
Strcngth shovs a voman. TraditionaIIy, oIcoursc, thcsc rcprcscnt
rationaIity and cmotion, aggrcssion andsurrcndcr. Aso traditional-
Iy, thc Chariot's numbcr 7 bcIongs to 'maIc' magic, thc numbcr 8
to 'IcmaIc' . This symbolism ariscs Irom anatomy. Thc malc body
contains scvcn opcnings [counting thc nosc as onc) , thc IcmaIc
cight. ^Iso, thc maIcbodyposscsscsscvcn points, thcarms and Icgs,
thc hcad, thc ccntrc, and thc pcnis. Thc IcmaIc posscsscs cight, thc
brcasts rcpIacingthc pcnis.
Vhat do vc mcan by malc and IcmaIc magic sotcric thcory
considcrs scxuaI cncrgy as a maniIcstation oIthc cncrgy principIcs
undcrIyingthc cntircunivcrsc,malc andIcmalc bcingsimiIarto thc
positivc and ncgativc poIcs oIcIcctro-magnctism. Through manip-
ulation oIthis bipolar cncrgy, `magic' povcr rcsults. Thc occuItist
@ 7R @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T O R N l N G l N W A R D S
considcrs thcsc principIcs a scicncc, no morc, and no Icss, mystcri-
ous than thc modcrn scicntist's manipuIation olatomic cncrgy. Vc
can dcscribc thc Pidcr pack Lovcrs as a schcmatic cncrgy diagram.
Thcrclorc, thc Chariot and Strcngth bcIongtogcthcr csotcricaIIy as
thc practicaI manilcstation ol thc principIcs symboIzcd in thc
Nagician and thc High Pricstcss.
PsychoIogicaBy thcyaIsocmbodytvoknds olpovcr. Cursoci-
ctycmphasizcsthc 'mascuIinc' lorcc olcontroI, conqucst, dominat-
ing thcvorIdthroughrcason and viB. ut thc ' lcmininc' quaIitics
olintuition and spontancous cmotion arc lar hom vcakncss. To
rcIcasc your dccpcst cmotions vith Iovc and laith rcquircs grcat
couragc as vclI as strcngth.
Thc FooI comcs in hcrc. CnIyby a kind olpsychic Icap canvc
movc hom thc conscious to thc unconscious. ^nd omy a looI
vouId makc such ajump, lor vhy givc up succcss, controI Thc
gods lorccd Ccdipus, vhat inncr nccds vilI lorcc thc rcst olus
Strcngth's position, ash rstin thclinc, lnks thccardto thcNagi-
cian, as docs thc infinity sign, anothcr rclcrcncc to 8, abovc hcr
hcad. Thc rcvcrsal olsc indicatcs ajoining olaspccts lrom both
thc mc and lcmaIc archctypcs. ThcNagician's activc invoIvcmcnt
vithIilc has bccnmoditicdbythcinncrpcaccimpIicdin thc High
Pricstcss.
Thc voman's scnsuaI hgurc, hcrblondchair, and thc hovcr bcIt
linking hcr to thc lion, conncct thc card to thc mprcss as vcIl.
Thc mprcss rcprcscnts naturaI instincts and passion, again vc scc
thc imagc olcmotional cncrgy, thc 'anim dcsircs' as somc Tarot
commcntators caII it, rcIcascd and tamcd. Vaitc dcscribcs thc
ovcr bcIt as a sccond inhnity sign, vith onc Ioop around thc
voman's vaist, thc othcr around thc Iion's ncck. Vc can dcscribc
Strcngth as thc Nagician umtcd vith thc mprcss, that is, thc
Nagician's povcr olconsciousncss and dircction has mngIcd vith
thc mprcss's scnsuaIity, givingit a scnsc olpurposc andlcading to
thc Hcrmit. loticc that lor thc hrst Iinc J plus cquaIs 4, thc
mpcror. Forthcsccondlinc J pIus bccomcsmuItipIcdby 2, thc
inncr truth olthc High Pricstcss.
^nothcr aspcct olthc trump carrics this unity ol I and stilI
lurthcr. Thc Hcbrcv Icttcr givcn by Casc and othcrs to Strcngth is
Tcth. Tcth rclcrs KcbbaIisticaIly to 'snakc' , but thc Hcbrcv lor
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
snakeaIsoneans 'nayc'. P ovev rnevovIeoIenavenaerns
connecron, on rnesnakes on Hevnes's nayc van ro rne kun~
n ovev oI Tanrvc occuIrsn n Ina an Ti5er. An rne
snake, n kunn an eIsevneve, srans Iov seuaIry. Tne Tavor,
as ve knov on rne sevenr rvne avoun rne Tvee oI LIe
5enn rne vonan on rne Lovevs, consievs seuaIry ro 5ea Iovce
rovavs emynrennenr. II , esorevcaIIy, SrvenyrnsransIovrneacru~
aIvacrceoI seuaI nayc, sycnoIoycaIIy r veIevs ayan ro veIeas~
ny rnar enevyy 5oun u n ouv srvonyesr IeeIinys. Vnen ve
conave Srvenyrn vrnrneIeviI veviUseernarrneveIeaseneves
acru y a avraI one. Tne Ion is conrvoIIe an vecre varnev
rnan aIIove ro rakerneseII vnevevev r vanrs ro yo.
In aIcneny rne Ion srans Iov yoI, rne sun, an suInuv. SuI~
nuv s a Iovev eIenenr an yoI n aIcneny) rne nynesr. Tne
vocess 5y vncn suInuv 5econes yoI svecseIy rnevocess oI
rvansIovnny rneIovev seII. An rneesynoI Tenevance, rneIasr
cav oI rne Ine, vrn rs Iqu ouve Ivon one cu ro anornev,
ecrs rne aIcnencaI yoaI oI 5Ienny rne oosres nro a nev
annoveneannyIuI esrence.
Tnose vno hn IIe a narrev oI srvcr conrvoI, vno see rne
unconscous as a 'novaI sevev' oIvevessons [as]unycnavacrevze
rne navvov Iveuan vev), an hn rne assons a rovnenr, vII
see rneIon as naruvaI Iovces vnicnrne varion nnnusr ovev-
cone. Sone oIev Tavor ecks, incIuny rne Visconr, snove
HevacIes kIIny rne lenean Ion. Tne assons conqueve 5y vea~
son. ur rne Ion aIso sroo Iov nvsr, rnevaanr ovev oI Go.
Tnose vno ov rne unconscous enevyy vrnn rnenseIves ro
enevye, yuny r vrn Iove an a Iarn n IIe, viII scovev rnar
rne enevyy snora esrvucrve5easr5urrnesanesvr Iovce vavn
ovnrnvouyn rne Iynrnnyvo oI rne Naycan.
InveanysrnecavoI Suenyrnindcaresrnea5IryroIaceIiIe,an
ncuIavIy sonem cuIr vo5Ien ov rneoI cnanye, vrnnoer
eayevness. Irsnovs aevsonsuony on vrnn, eevenciny IIeas~
sonareIy yer eacemIy, vrnour 5eny conrvoIIe ov cavvie avay 5y
rnoseassons.Tnecavvevesenrs rneImnyoI rnesrvenyrnro5eyn
ov conunuesonemcuIrvojecr,esre Ieav an enononaI srvan.
II Srvenyrnaeavs n connecron vrn rne navorr can syn]
an aIrevnarve ro Iovce an vII~ovev, esecaIIy, oI couvse, I rne
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T O R N l N G l N W A R D S
Chariotis rcvcrscd. Thc tvo cards canalso symboIizc compIcmcn-
tary sidcs, thc bcst conguration bcing Strcngth in thc position ol
thc inncrscIl, andthc Chariotin thcpositionolthc outcr (thcvcr-
tical andhorizontalIincs ola cross) . Thcnvc scc apcrsonvhoacts
povcrmIIy but vith a scnsc olcaIm.
Strcngth rcvcrscd indicatcs rst ol vcakncss. Thc couragc to
lacc lilc laiIs and thc pcrson lccIs ovcrvhcImcd and pcssimistic. It
signics aIso a tormcnt lrom vithin. Thc bcstial sidc olthc Iion
brcaks avay lrom thc unity olspirit and scnsuaIity. Thc passions
bccomc thc cncmy, thrcatcning to dcstroy thc conscious pcrsonaIi-
ty and thc Llc ithas buiIt up lor itsclI.
F|yare | 0
1ML MLHN11
Likc thc six-pointcd star vithin thc Hcrmt's Iantcrn, thc idca ol
thcHcrmitgocsintvo dircctions, oncinncr, onc outcr. PrimariIy,
thc card mcs a vithdraval hom thc outcrvorId lor thc purposc
olactivating thc unconsciousmind.Vc sccthisproccsssymboIizcd
in thc dovnvard pointing 'vatcr' triangIc, as thc chcmists caIIcd
it. ut thc Hcrmt aIsosignicsa tcachcrvhovm shov us hov to
bcgin this proccss, and viII hclp us nd our vay. Thc upvard
pointing 'rc' trianglc symbolizcs this spcciaI guidc, vho might bc
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
an occuIt tcachcr, a thcrapist, our ovn drcams, or cvcn a spirit
guidc cvokcd lromvithinthc scIl.
Thc imagc ol thc Hcrmit occupicd a spcciaI pIacc in thc
mcdicval imagination. Living in thc voods or thc dcscrt, totIy
vithdravn hom aII thc normaI conccrns olhumanity, thc hcrmit
prcscntcd an aItcrnativc to thc Church. Thcuropcanvcrsion ola
yogi ascctic, hc dcmonstratcd thc possibiIity olapproaching God
throughpcrsonaI cxpcricncc. PcopIcoltcnIookcduponthchcrmts
as Iiving saints, and attributcd magic povcrs to thcm, in thc vay
that yoga discipIcs viII tcII vondcrluI storics about thcir mastcrs.
Though thc hcrmit vithdrcv homsocicty hc or shc* did not
vithdravhomhumanity. ^mongothcrmnctions,thcygavc shcItcr
and somctimcs bIcssings to travcIIcrs. Coundcss storics, cspcciaIIy
thc Grail lcgcnds, dcpict thc hcrmit vho acts as a givcr olvisdom
to thc knight ona spirituaI qucst. ^gain, vc scc thc Hcrmt's dou-
bIc imagc. cxamplcandguidc.
Thc Hcrmit imagc has pcrsistcd Iong altcr thc spcci practicc
has dicd avay. Thc transccndcntaIphiIosophcrPaIphVaIdomcr-
son travcIIcd days through rcmotc Scodand to hnd thc cabin ol
Thomas CarIyIc. mcrson's hicnd, Hcnry Oavid Thorcau, himscll
Iivcd in a cabin at VaIdcn Pond to hnd a scnsc olhimscIland ol
naturc. Hc thcnvrotcaboutitas an cxampIc to othcrs. lictzschc's
Das Srcch Zcrc|has|rc cnshrincd thc Hcrmit's imagc, thc book
bcginsvith Zarathustra's rcturn altcr achicving pcrsonaI translor-
mation. ^nd today, coundcss pcopIc havc givcn thcmscIvcs to
astcrn gurus in thc hopc that thcschcrmit-Iikctcachcrs can trans-
lormthcirIivcs.
For thosc vho cannothndan actuaIguidc thc psychc viIl oltcn
providc onc.)ung and his loIIovcrs havc dcscribcd thcir paticnts'
manydrcams olvisc oId mcn guiding thcm on mystcriousjour-
ncys into thc psychc. In many cascs drcam anaIysis discovcrcd that
thc drcam guidc actually stood lor thc thcrapist. Thc unconscious
canrccogmzc a Hcrmit tcachcrbclorc thc conscious mind can.
Thc grcat thrtccnth-ccntury KabbaIist, ^braham ^buIaha,
dcscribcd thrcc IcvcIs ol KabbaIah. Thc f:rst vas doctrinc, that
NOuCn OllCn bCCauC hCtuIl anU lhC uCUICVa halrCU OlwOuCn OuClluC bCCauC a
VCnCtalIOn Ola QartICUlar wOuan whO haU uQQOCUly COnguCtCU lhC CVIl OlhCt CX.
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T O R N l N G l N WA R D S
vhich canbclcarncdIrom tcxts. Thc sccondcamcIrom thc dircct
guidancc givcn by a pcrsonal tcachcr, vhilc thc third, thc most
dcvcIopcd, vas thc dircct cxpcricncc oIccstatic union vith God.
Thcsc thrcc lcvcIs conncct vcry dircctly to thc Tarot, not onIy in
thcthrccIincs, butinthrccspcci ctrumpsvhich togcthcrIorman
isosccIcs triangIc. Thc rst IcvcI vc scc in thc Hicrophant, thc
tmrd, dircctIy bclovthcHicrophant, oncIcvcl rcmovcd, appcarsin
thcjoyous child oIcard 1, thc Sun. Thc sccondIcvcI, hovcvcr,
comcs not in thc card bctvccn thcm, thc Hangcd Nan, but on
thc othcr cnd oIthc pattcrn, as thc sccond card in thc sccondIinc,
thc Hcrmit.
Ooctrinc and mystcry both comc as thc cnd oI a proccss,
doctrinc bccausc you rst must arrangc your IiIc bcIorc you can
approach thc study oI a spccial vay [KabbaIists oItcn rcstrictcd
ccrtain important tcxts to pcopIc ovcr thirty-vc) , and ccstasy
bccausc you firstmust pass thc archctypaI conIrontation vith dark-
ncss andmystcry. ^ guidc, hovcvcr, appcars at thc vcry start oIthc
journcy, aItcrthc travcIIcr has Ioundthc Strcngth to bcgin.
^sancmbIcmoIpcrsondcvclopmcnt, rathcrthana guidc,thc
Hcrmit signics thc idcathat onIy byvithdraving hom thc outcr
vorId can vc avakcn thc inncr sclI. Thosc vho scc thc Tarot in
tvo hvcs, vth thc Vhccl oIFortunc as thc md-point,vicv thc
Hcrmt as thc pcriod oIcontcmpIation bcIorc thc VhccI oILiIc
turns tovards its sccond haIf Vhcn vc vicv thc Tarot in lincs oI
scvcn vc scc that this vithdravaI, and thc vision oIthc VhccI
itscII, arc stcps tovards a grcatcr goaI.
Vc scc thc Hcrmt on a coIdIoncIy pcak. Hc has IcIt thc vorld
oIthc scnscs to cntcr thc mnd. This imagc oIthc mindasstark and
chuI convcys onIy apartiaI truth, orrathcr, an iIIusion. Thc mindis
rich vith symboIs, vithjoy, vith thc Iight and Iovc oIthc spirit.
ut bcIorc vc canapprchcndthcsctmngsvc must rstcxpcricncc
thcmindas a silcnt altcrnativc tothcnoisyvorld oIthc scnscs. For
shamans thc barrcn pcak is oItcn a dircct rcity. In pIaccs as Iar
apart as Sibcria and thc ^mcrican South-Vcst shaman candidatcs
go aIonc into thc viIdcrncss to scck thc spirit guidcs vho viII
tcach thcmhov to hc.
Thc Hcrmt signics a transition. Through thc tcchnqucs oI
mcditation, or psychic discipIinc, or anaIysis, vc aIlov thc hiddcn
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
parts olthc psychc to bcgin to spcak to us. Latcr vc viII cxpcri-
cncc a scnsc olrcbirth, rstas anangcI [thc ctcrnaI part olthcscIl,
bcyond thc cgo) , thcn Iatcr, morc dccpIy lcIt, as a hcc chiId riding
lorthlromthc gardcn olpastcxpcricncc. Fornov, thcpathbclongs
to thc imagc olthcvisc oIdman, aIonc, supportcd andvarmcdby
his stigrcycIoak olcontcmplation.
ThcsymboI olthclantcrnrcturnsus to thc Hcrmit as guidc and
tcachcr. Hc hoIds thc Iight out to us, indicating his viIIingncss to
Icad us and our abmty to nd thc vay ilvc viII onIy usc thc
Strcngthvc havc to loIIov. In somc dccks thc Hcrmit conccaIs his
lantcrn undcr his cIoak, and thcn it symboIizcs thc Iight ol thc
unconscious hiddcn undcr thc cIoak ol thc conscious mind. y
makingitvisibIc, yctvithin alantcrn, thc Pidcr packindicatcs that
vc rcIcasc thclightthroughadcnitcproccss olscIl-avarcncss, and
that this proccss is avaiIabIc to anyonc.
Vc havc sccnthc starboth as a symboI olthc Hcrmt as tcachcr,
and aIso as a Iight olthc unconscious, bcckoning us to discovcr its
sccrcts. It lurthcrsignics thc goaIolrcsoIvingthc oppositcs olIilc.
Thc vatcr and rc triangIcs traditionaIIy rcprcscnt not onIy tvo
cIcmcnts usually opposcd, but aIso maIc and lcmaIc unitcd in a
singIc lorm.
Thc Hcrmit's sta suggcsts a vizard's sta, and thcrclorc thc
magic vand ol thc Nagician. Vhcrcas thc FooI uscd thc vand
instinctivcIy, thc HcrmitIcansonitasa conscious support. It thcrc-
lorc symboIizcs thc tcachingvhichhcIps opcnthc inncravarcncss.
OircctIy bcIov thc High Pricstcss thc Hcrmit rcIatcs to hcr
principIc ol vithdravaI, indicating again that vc must in somc
scnsc Icavc thc outcr vorId ilvc vish to vork on ourscIvcs. ^s
vith Strcngth thc sccond Iinc rcvcrscs thc scxuaI archctypc. Thc
roIc symboIism hcrc tcachcs us is that a dcIibcratc mcntaI cort,
bascd on spccic tcchniqucs and tcachings, takcs us bcyond thc
Iockcd up intuition ol thc High Pricstcss's closcd tcmpIc. Thc
vatcrs olthattcmplcarcnotluIlyrcIcascd, thcvciI rcmainsinpIacc
untiI thc Iightning olthc Tovcr, bcIov thc Hcrmit, tcars it opcn.
Lndcr thc inucncc oltrump 9, hovcvcr, thc unconscious spcaks
to us hom bchind thc vcil, through symboIs, drcams, and visions.
Thc distinction bctvccn mc-lcmaIc symboIism and thc rcaIity
olindividuaI pcopIc Icads us to somc important rcaIizations about
T H E M A O R A R C A N A . T O R N l N G l N W A R O S
archctypcs. Vc tcnd to scc hcrmits and tcachcrs as visc oId men,
cvcn in our drcams, bccausc our vc-thousand-ycar-oId patriarchy
has so imprcsscd this imagc on our mnds. In carlicr timcs, thc
guidcs vcrc most oltcn vomcn, as rcprcscntativcs ol thc Grcat
Goddcss, and cvcn in our agc such vomcn as Nadamc lavatsky
havc scrvcd this ancicnt lunction. Thc lact that our drcams oltcn
choosc visc oIdmcn dcmonstratcs thcvcry important lactthatthc
unconscious too dravs its matcrialhomthc culturaIbackground ol
thc individuaI drcamcr. NanypcopIc vicv archcppcs as rigidcd
imagcs sharcd by aII pcopIc at all timcs. Pathcr, archctypcs arc
tcndcncics lor thc mind to lorm ccrtain /|nJs olimagcs, such as
that ola guidc, and thc spccic lorm an imagc takcs viIl dcpcnd
vcry much on a pcrson's cuItural background and cxpcricncc.
NcdicvaI Grau initiations and ^ustraIian dcscrt ritcs loLov thc
samc archctyppattcrn, itundcrlics thcmlikca grid. Yct thc outcr
lormolthat pattcrn varics immcnscly.
Thc divinatory mcanings lor thc Hcrmt dcrivc lrom both its
aspccts. Cn thc onc hand it symbolizcs a vithdraval lrom outcr
conccrns. ThcpcrsonmayphysicaIIy rcmovc himscll, butthisis not
rcalIy ncccssary. Vhatmattcrsis thcinncrtranslcrolattcntionlrom
'gcttingand spcnding' as Vordsvorth caIIcd ourvorldIy activitics,
to a pcrson's inncr nccds. It thcrclorc rcquircs an cmotionaI vith-
draval lrom othcr pcoplc and lrom activitics oncc thought to bc
alI-important. Thc card carrics vithin it a scnsc oldclibcratc pur-
posc, olvithdraving to vork on scll-dcvcIopmcnt. In conncction
vith this scnsc olpurposc andvith thc picturc olan oId man thc
card symboIizcs maturity, and a knovIcdgc olvhat rcaIIy mattcrs
in a pcrson'sIilc.
Thc card can alsosigni| assistancc hom a dcnitc guidc, somc-
timcs as indicatcd abovc, a psychic guidc lrom vithin, but morc
oltcn a rcal pcrson vho viII hcIp you in your scIl-discovcrics.
Somctimcs vc do not ourscIvcs rccognizc that such a guidc cxists
lor us. Ilthc Hcrmit appcars in a Tarot rcading it may bc visc to
Iook carcluIIy atthcpcopIc aroundyou. Ilyou arc invoIvcdinhcIp-
ing othcrs nd undcrstanding thcn thc Hcrmit can symboIizc you
inyour rolc as guidc and tcachcr.
Vhcnvc rcvcrsc thc cardvc corrupt thc idca olvithdraval. In
thc samc vay that thc High Pricstcss rcvcrscd canmcan a lcar ol
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
IiIc, thc Hcrmt rcvcrscd can indicatc a Icar oIothcr pcopIc. IIvc
vithdrav Irom socicty as a rctrcat thcn thc Iact oI vithdravaI
bccomcs morc and morc dominant, Icading to phobias and para-
noia. ^s vith othcr trumps thc ncgativc and positivc aspccts oIthc
Hcrtut dcpcnd on thc contcxt. Thc Hcrmit rcvcrscd can somc-
timcssimpIymcanthatatthismomcntthcpcrsonnccds to bccomc
invoIvcd vithothcrpcoplc.
ccausc thc card, vhcn thc rightvay up, suggcsts maturity thc
Hcrmit rcvcrscdcan somctimcs indicatc a PctcrPan attitudc toIiIc.
Thcpcrsonhangs onto basicaIIy mcaningIcss activitics, orcIscimi-
tatcs childIikc cnthusiasm (Iikc thc imitation oI spontancity) as a
vay oIavoiding thc rcsponsibiLtics oIdoing somcthing vith his or
hcr IiIc. I first cncountcrcd this intcrprctation Ior thc Hcrmit
rcvcrscd in a rcading givcn by a man in lcv York to a Iricnd oI
minc, I havc sincc Iound it uscIuI in many situations. IntcrcstingIy,
I mctthc man through anothcrIricndvho Iookcd on thc rcadcras
a pcrson guidc inhcrspirituaI dcvclopmcnt.
T H E M A J O R A R C A N A : T O R N I N G l N W A R D S
(c}
|
c
)

1HL WHLLL O OH1ONL


Likc ccrtain othcr trump cards [most notabIy Ocath) thc VhccI ol
Fortunc dcrivcs hom a mcdicvaI homuy. Thc Church considcrcd
pridcthcgrcatcstolsins,lorinpridcyousctyourscIlbclorc Christ.
Cnc Icsson against pridc vas thc idca ola grcat king laIIing lrom
povcr. In many vcrsions ol thc King ^thur Icgcnd, thc king
drcams or sccs bclorc him on thc cvc olhis naIbattIc, a vision ol
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
a rich andpoverfuI kingseated ontop ofa vheeI. A ofa sudden
the goddess Fortuna turns the vheeI and the king gets crushed at
the bottom. Sobered, Arthur reaIizes that no matter hov much
secuIarpover ve accrue, ourfate rests aIvays in Cod's hands. The
Visconti cards, on the right, above, enshrines this pracucaI sermon.
lov, vemghtconsiderthisneatmoraIefabIe tobefarremoved
hom the povenuI and mysterious symboIs staring at us hom the
Vaite-Smith card, on the top Ieft, and the svaId Virth version
onthebottomIeft. ButFortuna andhershimnghoop have a curi-
ous history. First ofaII, the medievaI image derives hom a much
earIiertime, vhenFortunarepresentedthe CreatCoddess, andthe
crushedkingvasareaIevent.veryyear, atmid-vinter, thepriest-
esses sacrihced the king, by imtating the death ofthe year they
humbIed themseIves to the Coddess's pover, and by choosing a
nev king they subdy suggested to her that she might once more
create spring out ofvinter - an event by no means automatic to
peopIe vho did notbeIieve in 'naturaI Iavs' suchas gravty. Thus,
the VheeI originaIIy symboIized both the mystery ofnature and
the humanabiIityto takepartin thatmysterythrougha rituaI sac-
rihce. lotice that the card comes direcdybeIov the mpress, the
embIem ofthe CreatMotherherself.
By theMiddIeAges the VheeIhad Iostits originmeanng, this
didnot meanthatithadIostitspovertosuggestthemysteryofIife.
nThomas MaIory's version oftheKing Arthur storyvehndthe
suggestion that the Vheel symboIizes the random turnings of
'Iuck' . Vhydo somepeopIegetrichandotherspoor?VhyshouId
apoverfuI kingfI, and aformerIyveakone risetopover?Vho,
or vhat, controIs the turning vheeI ofIife? MaIory suggests that
Iuck, seemingIy meanngIess ups and dovns, is inrety fate, that
is, the desuny Codhas chosenforeachindividuaI, basedonreasons
onIy Cod can understand. Because ve cannot understand those
reasonsve saythatthe events ofpeopIe'sIives ariseoutofIuck, but
itaIIbeIongs to Cod'spIan.
Vith the VheeI, therefore, ve come to the great question of
hovandvhy anything happens ataII in the universe. Vhatmakes
the sun shine? Burning eIements, yes, butvhat makes them burn?
Hovdidatomatic energy comeinto exstence?VhyshouIdspring
foIIov vinter, after aII? Vhy, and hov, does gravity vork? Coing
T H E M A O R A R C A N A . T O R N l N G l N WA R O S
Iurthcr, vc nd thatIatc is aIso aniIIusion, a dodgc to covcrup thc
Iactthatvc, vith ourIimitcd vision, cannotscc thc inncrconncc-
tion bctvccn aII thngs. 'Ch vcII,' vc say, 'it's Iatc' , a mcamngIcss
statcmcnt bccausc vc cannot undcrstand thc mcaning. Things do
notjust happcn, thcy arc madc to happcn. Thc povcr to shapc
cvcnts, togivcIuc andIormand purposc to thc unvcrsc, bcIongs,
NaIorytcIIs us, to thc HoIy Ghost, dvcIIng in thc physicaIvorId
as a prcscncc vthn thc HoIy Grau (thc ^cc oICups) in thc samc
vay that thc ShcknahphysicaIIy dvcIt vithinthc vcucd sanctuary
oIthc tcmpIc at)crusaIcm.
Vc comc thcn to thc truth that both thc random cvcnts oIIIc
and thc so-caIIcd 'Iavs' oIthc physicaI umvcrsc arc mystcrics Icad-
ing us to an avarcncss oI thc spirit Iorcc dravn dovn by thc
upraiscd arm oIthc Nagician and maniIcstcd in thc naturaI vond
oIthc mprcss. ^ grcat manymysucs and shamans havc said that
thcir visionsshovcdthcmhovaII things conncct, hov cvcrything
ts togcthcr, bccausc thc spirit untcs thc cntirc umvcrsc. PossibIy
vcvouIdaII scc andundcrstand this grand schcmc oIIIc, iIitvcrc
not Ior thc Iact that vc do not Ivc Iong cnough. Cur short Iivcs
narrov our vision to such a miniscuIc portion oIthc vond thatIiIc
appcars mcaningIcss.
lov, this idca oIthc VhccI as thc mystcry oIIatc, vith its
hiddcn mcaning, tsvcryvcB thc modcrnVaitc-Smith vcrsion oI
thc card, cspcciaIIy vhcn vc considcr it as haIhay to thc naI
trump. IIvc pIacc thc PdcrpackVhccIbcsidc thc VorId vc scc
imcdatcIy thcLnkbctvccnthcm. In oncvc havc a vhccIIuIcd
vith symboIs, in thcothcrvcnd a vrcath oIvictory, andinsidc
ita danccrvhocmbodcsthctruthbchndthcsymboIs.vcnmorc
strikng, vc findthc samc IouranimaIs oncachcardinthc corncrs,
cxccpt that thc mythoIogicaI bcings oI card I0 havc bccn trans-
Iormcd into somcthing rcaI and aIivc in thc VorId. Thus, at thc
haay point, vc rcccivc a vision oIthc inncr mcamng oIIIc, at
thc cnd that vision has bccomc rcaI, cmbodicd in our ovn bcing.
In India, thc kng aIso Iost his IiIc cach ycar to thc Goddcss.
Vhcn thc patriarchaI ^ryans cndcd this practicc thc imagc oIthc
turning vhccI oIthc ycar bccamc an cvcn morc povcrIuI symboI
oI thc ncv rcLgion. Thc cvcr-turning VhccI oI LiIc camc to
signi thc Iavs oIkarma, Icadingyou to rcincarnatc in onc body
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W I S O O M
aItcr anothcr. lov, karma is in a vay simpIy anothcr cxpIanation
Ior thc mystcry oIIatc. y thc actions you takc in onc IiIc, you
build up a ccrtain dcstiny Ior yourscLin thc ncxt, so that iIyou
commit a grcat many cvI dccds you crcatc in your immortaI scIIa
kind oIpsychic nccd Ior punishmcnt. Vhcn thc timc comcs Ior
yourncxt incarnationyou incvitabIy choosc aIov castc ordiscascd
body. (This simpIc psychoIogicaI cxpIanation oIkarma is pcrhaps
bascd morc onuddhism thanHinduism.)
^gain, our Iimitcd undcrstanding prcvcnts us Irom dircctIy
cxpcricncing thc truth bchind thc vhccI oIFatc, or karma. Vhcn
uddha attaincd cnIightcnmcnt hc rcmcmbcrcd cvcrymomcnt oI
cvcryonc oIhis pastIivcs. Indccd, thc mcmory vas thc cnIightcn-
mcnt. y gaining IuII knovIcdgc hc vas abIc to pcrccivc that M
thosc Iivcs vcrc onIy Iorms crcatcd by his dcsircs. Vhcn hc cndcd
hisdcsircshc 'gotothcVhccl' . Vc couIdsaythatcnlightcnmcnt
mcans (or incIudcs, atanyratc) picrcingthrough thc outcr cvcnts
to thc spirit vhich dvcBs vithin thcm, that is, nding thc Holy
Ghost vithin thc Vhccl oIFortunc.
It is signicant that King ^rthur cxpcricnccs thc Vhccl oI
Fortunc as a vision in a drcam. ccausc vhcthcr vc scc it as thc
halIvay point oIthc Najor^rcana, or simpIy onc oIthc stcps to
compIcting thc sccond Iinc, thc vhccI is indccd a vision givcn to
usbythcunconscious.ThcHcrmithasturncdavayhomthcoutcr
vorId. ^s a rcsuIt thc unconscious shovs him a vision oIIiIc as a
turning vhccl IiIlcdvth symboIs.
Thc VhccI oILiIc docs notbccomc visibIc untiI vc stcp avay
Iromit. Vhcnvc arc invoIvcdin it vc scc onIy thc cvcnts immc-
diatcIybcIorc and bchind us, thc daiIy conccrns our cgos nd so
important. Vhcn vc vithdrav vc scc thc vhoIc pattcrn. Psy-
chologicaIly vc can vicv this vision as an asscssmcnt a pcrson
makcs oIvhcrc hisorhcrIiIchasgoncandvhcrc itis going. Cn
a dccpcr IcvcI, thc vision rcmains mystcrious and symboIic. Vc
can scc vhat vc havc madc oI our particuIar Iivcs, but Iatc
rcmains a mystcry.
Thc symboIs on thc VhccI M posscss mcaning, thcy hcIp us to
undcrstand thc truth vithin thc visions. lcvcrthcIcss, vc do not
cxpcricncc thc IuII Iiving Iorcc. Thc Iight oI thc unconscious
rcmains vciIcd.
T H E M A O R A R C A N A . T O R N l N G l N W A R O S
Itis signicant aIso that NaIory connccts thc VhccI oIFortunc
to thc HoIy GraiI. For thc Grail symboIs, vhich arc aIso thc
symboIsoIthc Ninor^rcana, go backprobabIy aImost as Iar as thc
ycarIy rcgaI sacricc. Vhcn thc candidatc Ior imtiation into thc
ancicnt uropcan mystcrics vas givcn his 'vision' oI thc inncr
sccrcts oIthc cuIt it vas most Iikcly thc Iour symboIs oIthc cup,
thc svord, thc Iancc, and thc pcntacIc, that vcrc shovn to him
vithgrcatmystic ccrcmony. ^ndthcbasictooIs oIthcrituaImagic,
laidonthc Nagician's tablc, arc thc samc Ioursymbols andaso thc
suits oIthc Ninor ^rcana.
Thoughvc donotscc thc IoursymboIs dircctIy on trump I0 vc
do scc tvo oI thcir many anogucs. Thc Iour crcaturcs on thc
corncrs oI thc card dcrivc hom thc vision oIzckicI I . I0. Thcy
appcar so in Pcvclations 4. 7. Criginly, thcsc Iour t:gurcs rcprc-
scntcd thc Iour ' focd' signs oIabyIonian astroIogy. Lco, Scorpio,
^quarius andTaurus. Thc carIy Christians idcnticd thcm vith thc
Iour cvangcIists, vhich is vhy vc scc thcm hoIding books. Somc-
timcs caIcd thc `guardians oIhcavcn', thcy also camc to symboIizc
thc Iour basic cIcmcnts oIancicnt and mcdicvaI scicncc. From thc
right-hand corncr anti-clockvisc thcy arc t:rc, vatcr, air, d carth,
dthcsccIcmcntsbcIong2 vcII toVand, Cups, Svords,andPcn-
tacIcs. / thc fixcdsigns, thcIourbcastscvokcthc zodac asa vholc.
^ circuIar planc crcatcd by thc Sun's apparcnt motion through thc
ycar, thc zodiac Iorms thc GrcatVhccI oIthc visiblcunivcrsc.
Thc othcr conncction vith thc Iour cIcmcnts comcs in thc Iour
Icttcr namc oIGod on thc Vhccl's rim. cginning at thc uppcr
right-hand corncr, and again rcading anti-clockvisc, thc Icttcrs
arc, Yod, Hch, Vav, Hch. ccausc this namc appcars in thc Torah
vithout vovcIs (thc Iour Icttcrs arc consonants) it is unpro-
nounccabIc, thcrcIorc God's ' truc' namc rcmains a sccrct. For at
Icasttvo thousandycars]cvsandChristianshavcsccn this namcas
magicaI. Nystics mcditatc on it [^bulaa`s ccstatic third IcvcI oI
Kabbah vas rcachcd through vorking vith God's namc) and
magicians manipuIatc it. ForKabbaLsts thcIourIcttcrs arcthc vcry
symboI oIthc vorld's mystcrics. Thc proccss oIthc univcrsc's crc-
ation vas hcId to havc occurrcdinIourstagcs, corrcspondingto thc
Iour lcttcrs. ^nd oIcoursc, thc Icttcrs aIso conncct vith thc Iour
clcmcnts, thcGrail symboIs, andthcNinor ^rcana.
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
hC HCman CttCt IntCtQCtCd DCtVCCn thC tCDtCV atC an
ana_tam. HCad CCCKVIC UCm thC tCQ, thCy QC! `HL , tCad
antI-CCCKVIC thCy Ctm `LH` [tCmCmDCt, thC tI_h tICtC
CtC) . NC Can aC Hnd thC VCtd ` HL , LatIn Ct `VhCC,
`LH` , LatIn Ct `QCaK and `LH, an 1_yQtIan _CddC [aC
QCCd ` tathCt`) . au CtCt LaC, CCVIn_ PaCLtC_Ct PathCt,
CundCt C thC LCdCn LaVn, ha CtmCd thC CntCnCC ` HL
HL LH LH LH . hI ttanatC a, `hC NhCC C
atC QCaK thC LaV CtCt`. LaC Ca thI thC `aV CCttCt ,
InCC tCt DCCamC DCt KDCVn In1_yQtaa _CddC CthC dCad, It
I aCtuay thC `aV CCtCtna 1C, CCnCCaCd In thC natuta VCtd.
hCu_h thC DCdy dIC, thC Cu CCntInuC. LaC aCQCInt Cutthat
thC tCDtCV numDCtVluC CthCCttCt C`HL add uQ tC bV1 ,
and that thI, addCd tC Zb, thC numDCt VauC Ct thC Cut-CttCt
namC C LCd [ClCd `Ctta_tammatCn) maKC bV. hCC dI_It
add uQ tC ZZ, thC numDCt CCttCt In thC tCDtCV aQhaDCt and C
thC ttumQ In thC Pa]CttCana. nd CCCutC ZZ tCtutn u tC 4.
hC Cut ymDC Cn thC QCKC atC aChCm1Ca. tCm thC tCQ,
tCad In a CCCKVIC dItCCtICn, thCyatC PCtCuty, uQhut, VatCt, d
lt, and tCCt tC thC aChCmCl _Cl C!1nC tVC, that I, ttanCt-
matICn. NatCt I thC ymDC Ct dICutICn, that I, dICVIn_ thC
C_C tC tCCaC thC ttuC C!1 that ha DCCCmC ImmCtCd In haDIt,
Cat, and dCCnCC. NC VICC]utVhat tl mCan VhCn VC CCn-
IdCt LCatD and CmQCtanCC.
hC IdCa CdCath and tCDItth I aC ymDCI2Cd In thC CtCatutC
adCtnIn_ thC NDCC. hC naKC tCQtCCnt bCt, thC 1_yQtIan _Cd C
CVI, and C_Cndaty DtIn_Ct CdCath IntC thC un1VCtC. t I hC VhC
K1 LItI, _Cd C!1C. t I VCty 1KCy that th C_Cnd, IKC thC
NhCC ItC, CtI_InatCd In thC QtaCtICC In QtC-hItCty CKIn_ thC
_Cd-K1n_, CQCCIa!y VhCn VC CCnIdCt that bCt Va CnCC a hCtC
_Cd, and that thC naKC VaaCtCd tC thC LCddC VhC VCud haVC
tCCCIVCd thC aCtIHCC. hC naKC CCV thC NhCC dCVn, thC]aCK-
a-hCadCd man _CIn_ uQ I DuDI, _uIdC tC thC dCad Cu, and
thCtCCtC _IVCt CnCV 11C. CV, aCCCtdIn_ tC CmC C_Cnd nu-
DI I bCt Cn, and C VC CC that Cny dCath Can DtIn_ nCV
1C, and VhCn VC Cat dCath VC atC CCIn_ Cmy a QattIa ttuth.
yChCC_ICaDy, Cmy thC dCath CthC CutCt C1Can tCCaC thC !11C
CnCt_y VIthIn.
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T O R N l N G l N WA R O S
hC Qh1n Cn tCQ CthC NhCC tCQtCCnt lCO, LItI Cn,
2nd _Cd C tCuttCCtICn. LIC h2 ttIunQhCd CVCt dC2th. 1ut thC
Qh1nX, 2 wC 2w In thC Lh2tICt, 2C I_nIC thC ntCt CIC.
hC Lh2tICt CCnttCCd ilC wIth 2 ttCn_ C_C. Cw thCQhiDXh2
tICn 2OCVC thC whCC. wC 2Cw thC unCCnCICu tC QC2K wC wH
CnC CnC _tC2t CCtCt tC IC, nCtC InQCtt2nt th2n thC CnUC
tCund C2QQ2tCnt nC2nIn_C CVCnt.
bCt, thC n2KC, w2 2C C2Cd _Cd C d2tKFC. P_21n, tC CC
d2tKFC 2 `CVI I 2n IuICn, 2nd IndCCd, thC C2t Cd2tKnC, iKC
thC C2t CdC2th, OCCn_ tC thC C_C. hC C_C CVC thC I_ht]ut 2
thC unCCnCICu CVC thC d2tK. n I_ht CVCtthIn_ I InQC 2nd
tt21_htCtw2td, thC C_C C2n CCCuQ ItC wIth thC CnC InQtC-
ICn Cn thC CutCt wCtd. NhCn d2tKFC CCnC thC unCCnCICu
OC_In tC tIt. h2t I wh ChIdtCn CC nCntCt 2t nI_ht. LnC
tC2Cn wC n2KC thC CutCt C C ttCn_ I C wC wI nCt 2CC
dCnCn CVCt tInC thC b_ht _C Cut.
hCC, hCwCVCt, whC wIh tC _C OCCnd thC Lh2tICt nut 2CC
thCC tCttCt. bn2KC 2nd w2tCt, d2tKFC 2nd dICuUCn 2tC M
nOC CdC2th, th2t I, dC2th CthC OCd 2nd dC2th CthC C_C.
1ut 1lC CXIt OCCtC 2nd 2tCt thC IndIVIdu2 QCtCn2It, whiCh, C
CCutC, I Cn 2 OuOOC Cn thC ut2CC CCut CVC. LIC I QCwCt-
h, Ch2CtiC, ut_In_ wIth CnCt_. LIVC w2 tC It 2nd lCtu, thC _Cd
CtCuttCCtICn, wI OtIn_ nCw iC Cut CthC Ch2C. hC NhCC
tutn uQ 2 wC 2 dCwn.
hC NItth VCtICn CthC NhCC CCttunC QtCC2In th1 IdC2
CVCn nCtC ttCn_. hC NhCC tCt Cn 2 OC2t In w2tCt. 1ICu-
tICn, Ch2C, CnCt_C 2 thC CCntI2 tC2It undCtIn_ thC QhICM
uniVCtC. A thC Ctn CCXItCnCC, thC _tC2t V2tICt CthIn_ 2nd
CVCnt, 2tC InQ nCnCnt2t CtC2tICn Cut Cth2t QCwCtD CnCt-
_ th2t ti thC CCnC. n lIndu nth bhIV2 QCtICdIC2 dCttC
thC CntItC un1VCtC, whCn thC CutCt Ctn, IKC thC C_C, h2VC _tCwn
wC2t 2nd du, O tCC2In_ thC O2IC CnCt_y tCn wh1Ch thC
un1VCtC CtI_In2 CnCt_Cd.
hC nunOCt i u__Ct . hC CC I nCthIn_ 2nd h2 nC
QCtCn2It. 1ut thC CC, IKC thC nunOCt , I 2C CVCtthIn_,
OCC2uC hC CC dItCCt th2t CnCt_ C IC, th2t C2 ut_In_
OCnC2th thC OC2t. Ln thC VIdCt Q2CK NhCC CCttunC thC CCn-
ttC C thC N hCC OC2r nC nOC. NhCn wC CCnC tC thC tI
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S O O M
ccntrc olcxistcncc, vithout cgo or lcar, aII thc outcr lorms van-
ish. Vc can undcrstand this intuitivcIy, but to rcaIIy cxpcricncc it
vc must alIov ourscIvcs to dcsccnd into that dark sca, to Ict thc
pcrsonaIity dic, dissoIvc, and givc vay to thc ncv Iilc cmcrging
out oldarkncss.
In divinatory rcadings thc Vhccl ol Fortunc significs somc
changc in thc circumstanccs ola pcrson's Iilc. Thc pcrson vouId
IikcIy not undcrstand vhat has causcd this changc, thcrc might bc
no dircct rcason that anyonccanscc, and in lactthcpcrson is Ikc-
ly not to bc rcsponsibIc in any normal scnsc olthc vord. ^ Iargc
corporation buys thc company a man vorks lor, and hc bccomcs
rcdundant. ^ Iovc aair cnds, not bccausc thc pcopIc havc madc
any 'mistakcs' in thcirtrcatmcnt olcach othcr, but simpIy bccausc
Iilc continucs. ThcVhccIturns.
Thcimportantthingaboutchangc is thc rcaction. Oovc acccpt
thc ncv situation and adapt to it Oo vc usc it as an opportumty
and find somc mcaning and vaIuc in it Ilthc vhccI appcars thc
rightvayup itsignics adaptation. In itsstrongcstscnscitcanind-
catc thc abiIity to picrcc through thc mystcry olcvcnts to nd a
grcatcr undcrstanding olIilc. Thc cnd ola Iovc aair, dcspitc its
pain, cangivc grcatcrscL-knovIcdgc.
Pcvcrscd, thc card significs a struggIc against cvcnts, usuaIIy
doomcd bccausc thc changc has happcncd and Iilc viII aIvays vin
against thc pcrsonality that trics to opposc it. Ilthc pcrson con-
ccrncd, hovcvcr, has aIvays rcactcd passivcIy to vhatcvcr lilc has
donc to him or hcr, thcn thc vhccI rcvcrscd can signi a morc
important changc than simpIy a ncv sct olcircumstanccs. It can
opcnthcvay to a ncvavarcncssolrcsponsibiIityloryourovnIilc.
@ UO @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T O R N l N G l N WA R O S
F|ym |2
J U81| C
Thc imagc oItms trump dcrivcs hom thc Grcck Titancss Thcms,
vho appcars, vithhcrblindIoIdandscaIcs, on courthouscIrcscocs
throughout thc Vcstcrn vorId. Thc lcgaI)ustitia, to givc hcr hcr
Latin namc, vas bIindIoIdcd to dcmonstratc that thc Iav docs not
discriminatc and appIics to vcak andpovcrIuI akc. Thc principIc
oIsoc|e| j usticc, hovcvcr, propcrIy bclongs to thc mpcror, dircctIy
abovc]usticc. Card i 1 indicatcs that thc psychic Iavs oI]usticc, by
vhich vc advancc according to ourabiJity to undcrstand thc past,
dcpcnds on sccing thc truth about oursclvcs and about IiIc. Thc
Tarot]ustitia, thcrcIorc, vcars no bIindIoId.
So Iar, vc havc spokcn oI thc sccond nc as a proccss oI
vthdravaI hom outcr conccrns to avakcn thc inncrvision oIour-
scIvcs and oILIc. ut a vision oIthc undcrIying naturc oIthngs is
mcaningIcssuitdocsnotproduccanactivc rcsponsc. Vc mustaIvays
act [thc Nagician principlc) on thc visdom rcccivcd hom thc inncr
scII [thc High Pricstcss principIc) . lotjust thc pcncctIy baIanccd
scaIcsbuta thcimagcson thccardpointto an cquiIibriumbctvccn
undcrstanding and action. Thc gurc, a voman, appcars androgy-
nous, though shc sits rmIy on hcr stonc bcnch shc looks poiscd to
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
laHC, OHC OOl QOIHl OuIVatC UOm hCttODC, lhC OlhCt tCmaID hIC-
CCH. hC VOtC, aH CmDCm OaCUOH, QOIHl ltaI_hl uQVatC, IHCI-
CaUH_ DOlh tCOVC aHC lhC ICCa Ihal VICOm I mC a VOtC QICtCIH_
lhtOu_h lhC uuIOH OCVCHL lO HHC IhC IHHCtmCan1D_. VO-CC_CC,
lhC VOtC I_HIHC ChOICC. LIC tCQuItC u lO maKC CCCIIOH, al IhC
amC lImC CaCh CCCIIOH, OHCC maCC, CamOl DC tCVOKCC. l DCCOmC
Qatl Ou. NC atC OtmCC Dy lhC aCUOH VC haVC laKCH IH lhC Qal,
VC Otm OutDlutC CVC Dy lhCaCUOnVC laKC HOV.
hC CaC aO tCQtCCHl lhC QCtCCl DaaHCC O Qal aHC ulutC.
al aHC DlutC DaaHCCC, HOl IH lIFC, Dul IH lhC CCat I_hl O
_ulICC latIH_ Oul al yOu DOm lhC CXaCl CCHltC OlhC Pa_OttCaHa.
htOu_hOul lhC Dtl haOlhC Pa_Ot tCaHa, VhCH a QCtOH
IHVOVC hImCIH lhC OulCt VOtC, hC uUCt tOm lhC IuIOH
lhal hC I IVIH_ IC OH lhC aClIVC QtIHCIQC. hI I DCCauC VC
COmuC COIH_ lhIH_ V1lh aClIOH. VC lutH IHVatC VC aumC
VC lutH aVay tOm aClIOH, aHC IHCCCC lhC QtOCC O IHC lVO
CaHHOl DC aCCOmQIhCC VIlhOul a QauC IH Out OulCt IVC, Ot al
Cal a hIl IH allCHlIOH. 1ul tCl aClIOH, a OQQOCC lO QOIHIC
mOVCmCHl, aVay DtIH_ mCaHIH_ aHC VauC lO Out IVC, uCh
aClIOH COmC Oul O uHCCtlaHCIH_. LlhCtVIC, VC tCmaIH ltuy
QaIVC, maChIHC DCIH_ QuhCC tOm OHC CVCHl lO lhC HCXl VIlh
HO uHCCtlaHCIH_ OVhal CauC u lO CO lhC lhIH_ VC CO. hC
ltuC QutQOC O1HC tVO I HOl lO aDaHCOH lhC aClIVC QtIHCIQC Dul
lO aVaKCH Il.
hC Ima_Cty OltumQ II COmDIHC lhC Pa_ICIaHaHC lhC I_h
tIClC mOtC COmQClCy lhaH CVCt DCOtC. Itl OM , lhC CI_Il
OHumDCt I I aCC uQ lO 2, Dul lhC HumDCt aO I_mHC a hI_hCt
VCtIOH O 1 [a VC a a CCt VCtIOH O2I) . hC VOmaH CalCC
DCOtC lVO QIat VIlh a VCI DClVCCH lhCm u__Cl lhC I_h
tIClC, Dul hCt tCC tODC, aHC hCt QOlutC, OHC atm uQ, OHC
atm COVH, ImQIC lhC Pa_ICIaH. tuC aClIOH atIC tOm C-
KHOVCC_C, VICOm atIC Oul OaClIOH. H IC, a IH lhC QICtutC,
lhC Pa_ICIaH aHC lhC I_h tIClC atC IHCXltICaDy COmDIHCC,
IKC a maC aHC CmaC HaKClVHCC atOuHC CaCh OlhCt [ymDO O
lhC KuHCaIHI a VCD a lhC CaCuCCu OCtmC), Ot lhC COuDC
hCIX OL. hC COOut OlhC VCI I QutQC, CmDCm OIHHCt
VICOm, DaCK_tOuHC, CtOVH, haIt, aHC ClC atC yCOV, I_HI-
jIH_ mCHll OtCC. NICOm COC HOl atIC QOHlaHCOuy. NC mul
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T O R N I N G l N WA R O S
think about our lives ifve vish to understand them. But aII our
thinking goes novhere un!ess it deveIops out ofa cIearvision of
the truth.
n themcrocosmicIeveI ofpersonaI psychoIogy the VheeI of
Fortune representeda vsion ofa person's Iife, the events, vho you
are, vhatyou`ve made ofyourseIf.justice indicates an understand-
ing ofthat vision. Thevay to understanding Iies in responsibiIty.
Aslongasve beheve thatourpastIivesjusthappen, thatve do not
bring our ovn seIves into existence through every thing ve do,
thenthepastremansamystery, andthemture anendIessIyturning
vheeI, empty ofmeaning. Butvhenve accept thateveryeventin
ourhves has heIped to form our characters, and that in the future
ve viIl contnue to create ourseIves through our actions, then the
svord ofvisdom cuts through the mystery.
Further, by acceptingresponsibiIityforourseIvesveparadoxcaI-
Iy hee ourseIves hom the past. Like Buddha remembering aII his
Iives, ve can onIy get Ioose hom the past by becomng conscious
ofit. thervise ve constantIy repeat past behaviour. Thss vhy
justice beIongs in the centre ofour hves. The ego may be onIy a
persona, a knd ofmask, but thatmask can controI us as Iong as ve
vII not admithavingforgedit ourseIves.
The idea ofresponsibmty for our ovn Iife does not impIy any
sort ofinvsibIe controI over the outer vorId. It does not mean,
for instance, that ifan earthquake destroys your house you have
somehov vI!ed this to happen, for vhatever hidden reasons of
yourovn. LnderstandingincIudesacceptingtheIimtationsofyour
physicaI exstence. Theuniverse is vastandstrange, andnoindivid-
uaI can controI vhat happens init.
lor does responsibiIity impIy anything moraI. It smpIy means
that, hke it or not, vhatever you do, vhatever you experience,
contributes to the deveIopment ofyourpersonty. Life demands
that you respond to every event. lot a moraI requirement, just a
factofexstence.
AdyetaIIourinstincts, psychoIogy, and reIigion, 2 veIIas the
testimony ofmystics, teIls us that Iife contains somethng more, an
innercore independent ofthat outerseIfthrovn hom one experi-
enceto another. Thesecondhneshovsthe outerpersonaIitydying
and the inner core, the angeI of Temperance, being al!oved
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
to cmcrgc. cIorc such a rclcasc can happcn vc must acccpt thc
'justicc' oIourIivcs, vhatvc arc vc havc madc ourscIvcs.
Curagcsccstmsproccss oIavarcncss asprimariIypsychologicaI,
bcst cxcmpIificd in thc dihicuIt proccss oIpsychoanaIysis. Cthcr
agcshavc cxtcrnaIizcd thcproccss oItransIormation in thc dramat-
ic rituals oIinitiation. Thcrc arc tvo knds oIinitiations. In many
tribaI socictics mcmbcrsvcrctakcn to spcciaI ccrcmonics atthc
onsctoIpubcrty. Inprc-Christian Grcccc andPomc, pcoplc chosc
to submitthcmscIvcs Ior initiationinto thc 'Nystcrics' oIparticuIar
gods or goddcsscs. Thcsc mystcry initiations IoIIovcd a spcciaI
pattcrn. Havinggathcrcdhis orhcr couragc to bccomc a ncophytc
thc candidatc rstrcccivcs instruction inthc tcachingoIthc cuIt or
mystcry, duringthis timc stcps arc takcn, throughmcditation, ritu-
alanddrugs, to opcnthcchannclstothc unconsciousandmakc thc
pcrson rcccptivc. Thcsc first stagcs arc symboIizcd in Strcngth and
thc Hcrmit. Thcn, inagrcatatmosphcrcoImystcryand drama, thc
candidatc is shovn a vision oIthc cult's sccrct mystcrics. [Thcyarc
kcpt sccrct partIy to protcct thcmIrom unbcIicvcrs, but cvcn morc
to makc thcmccctivcvhcnrcvcalcd.) In thc GraiIcuIts thisvision
vas a dramatic proccssion oIthc GraiI and its attcndant symbols,
carricd by vomcn vccpingIor a voundcd king. Vc scc an ana-
Ioguc oIthisvision in thc VhccloIFortunc.
^ndnov comcs thc cruciaI momcnt. Thc candidatc mustmakc
a rcsponsc. IIhcorshc simpIy stands thcrcpassivcIyvaitingIor thc
ncxt cvcnts, thcn thc initiation cannot continuc. In thc GraiI cuIts
thc ncccssary rcsponsc vas mostIikcIy a qucstion, cithcr 'Vhat is
thcmcaningoIthcscthings' ormorcsubtIy, 'Vhomdocsthc GraiI
scrvc' y askingthis qucstion thc candidatc givcsthc cuIta chancc
to ansvcr, thatis,tocontinucthc initiationthroughthc rituaIdcath
and rcbirth. Norc important, hc or shc shovs a rccognition oI
bcingpart oIthc proccss, rcsponsibIc Ior its propcr outcomc. This
is morc dimcuIt than it sounds. Thc rituaI symboIizcs thc liIc,
dcath,andrcbirthoInaturc, asvcII asthcbody dying to rclcascthc
ctcrnal souI. To spcak at such an avcsomc cvcnt [and rcmcmbcr
that thc initiatc bcIicvcd in his or hcrgods and goddcsscs in a vay
impossibIc Ior mostoIus today) rcquircd a couragc at Icast as grcat
as that nccdcd to acccpt thc truths rcvcaIcd through psychoIogicaI
anaIysis and avakcning.
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T O R N l N G l N W A R D S
Inourtimc thc cmphasis on individuaIismIcads us to thnk only
olpcrsonaI dcath and rcbirth. Thc grcat initiations, on thc othcr
hand, scrvcd not onIy to translorm thc particular pcrson, but aIso
Iinkcdhim orhcr to thc vidcrmystcrics olthc umvcrsc. FoIIoving
this Icad vc can scc anothcr rcasonvhy)usticc bclongs in thc ccn-
trc olthc Nor^rcana. Vc havc spokcn olthc vorId as a grcat
intcrpIay oloppositcs, a constantIy turningvhccIolIight and dark,
lc and dcath. Vc havc aIso said that at thc ccntrc olthc vhccI is
thc stationary point around vhich thc oppositcs cndcssly rcvolvc.
Thc baIanccd scalcs ol)usticc again suggcst that stationary point.
Vhcn vc nd thc ccntrc olour Iivcs cvcrything comcs into baI-
ancc. VhcnaIlthc oppositcs, incIudingpastandmturc, comc into
balancc vc arc ablc to bchccvithin oursclvcs.
Nany pcopIc vondcr vhat thc Tarot, or thc I Ching, or astrol-
ogy tclI us abouthcc viIl. Ilthc cards can prcdict vhat vc vilI do,
docs that mcan hcc viII docs not rcaIIy cxist Thc qucstion ariscs
hom a misundcrstanding ollrcc viIIitscIl, vc think olit as somc-
thing simpIc and indcpcndcnt ol thc past. ^t any momcnt, vc
think, vc arc hccto dovhatcvcrvc vant. ut oursupposcdIy hcc
choiccs arc govcrncd by our past actions. Ilvc do not undcrstand
ourscIvcs, hov can vc cxpcct to makc a hcc choicc CnIy by scc-
ingandacccptingthcpastcanvclrcc ourscIvcs hom it.
^ pcrson may ask thc cards about somc situation. Thc cards
vcry dircctIy outIinc thc conscqucnccs ol somc dccision, say,
vhcthcrornot to go ahcad vithalovc aair, orto startsomc ncv
projcct. Lct us say that thc cards indicatc disastcr, and that thc pcr-
son rcaIIy can scc thc IikcIihood olvhat thc cards prcdict. lov
thc pcrson might say, `VclI, this is IikcIy, but my lrccviII aIIovs
mc to changc thc situation.' So hc orshc gocs ahcad and thc situ-
ation turns out cxactly as thc cards prcdictcd. Thc pcrson has not
rcaIIy uscd hcc viII atalI, rathcrthc idca ollrcc viIl has scrvcdas
an cxcusc lor ignoringvhat hc or shc rccognizcd as a vaIid pro-
jcction. This is not a hypothctical situation, it happcns again and
again vith Tarot rcadings. It is not cnoughjust to lorcscc a IikcIy
outcomc lor us to changc or prcvcnt that cvcnt. Vc must undcr-
stand vhy it is coming, and vc must vork on thc causcs vithin
ourscIvcs lor thc things vc do and thc vays vc rcact. Frcc viB
ccrtaimy cxists. Vc just do not knov hov to usc it. Thc most
S E V E N T Y~ E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
ImQOtIaHI IDH_ VC CaH CatH DOm atOI tCadH_ I]uI hOV IIIC
VC CXCtCIC Out UCCCOm.
H atOI tCadH_ OHC hOuC aVay QayVCty CatCu aIICHIIOH IO
IhC CatC O]uIICC. I aQQCataHCC IHCICaIC HtI O a IhaI CVCHI
haVC VOtKCC OuIIH IhC Vay IhCy VCtC `mCaHI IO VOtK OuI, IhaI I,
VhaI I haQQCHIH_ IO yOu COmC UOm IIuaIIOH aHC CCCIIOH IH
IhC QaI. `Ou haVC VhaI yOu CCCtVC. bCCOHOy II IHCICaIC a HCCC
aHC a QOIDIIIy Ot CCIH_ IhC ItuIh OID OuICOmC. hC CatC I_-
nHC aDOuIC hOHCIy. I IhC amC IImC II hOV IhC QOIDIIIy
IhaI yOut aCUOH IH IhC uIutC CaH DC ChaH_CC Dy a COH CatHCC
IH IhC QtCCHI IIuaUOH.
NC CaHHOI DCCOmC hOHCIVIIh OutCVC VIIhOuI CXICHdH_ IhaI
hOHCIy IO Out CCaIH_ VIIh OIhCt QCOQC. H ID CHC IhC CatC
CattIC IhC ODVIOu mCanH_ O_uIICC, hOHCIy, aItHC, COttCCI
aCIIOH, aHC OCOutC, IH C_a aHC OIhCt maIICt, a]uI CCCIIOH ~
IhOu_h HOI HCCCatIy IhC CCCIIOH a QCtOH nI_hI QtCCt.
HCVCtCC, IhC CMC IHCICaIC CIhOHCIy VIIh yOutCaHC OIhCt.
I hOV aH uHVm IH_HC IO CC IhC mCaHIH_ OCVCHI aHC hOV
CQCCIay IhaI yOu atC mIIH_ OmC OQQOtIunIy Ot a _tCaICt
uHCCtIaHCIH_ O yOutC aHC yOut IC. LH IhC OuICt CVC II
IHCICaIC CIhOHCIy aHC uHMt aCIIOH Ot CCCIIOH. bOmCIImC II I
OIhCt VhO atC uHaIt IO u. hC tCVCtCC mCaHIH_ CaH tCCt aO IO
uH]uI C_l CCCIIOH Ot IO DaC ItCaImCHI hOm OmCOHC.
LH IhC OIhCt haHC VC muI HOI aOV IhC u__CIIOH OunaIt-
HC IO aCI a aH CXCuC Ot CCHyIH_ Out OVH tCQOHIDIIIy Ot VhaI
haQQCH IO u. ]uIICC tCVCtCC OmCIImC tCHCCI IhC aIIIIuCC, ` I I
unaIt. LOOK hOV CVCtyDOCy ItCaI mC. HC OH aHC OH. NhCIhCt
IhC tI_hI Vay uQ Ot tCVCtCC IhC CCat CyC O]uIICC CHC u aH
OVCthCmIH_ mCa_C. H IhC VOtC O 1mCtOH, `OIDH_ CaH
aVC yOu DuI yOutC .
@ UO @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T O R N I N G l N WA R O S
(e}

Fgute | 3
1 M MANG D MAN
PtCtthC CtII OCCIH_VhatyOu haVC maCC OyOutI1C COmC thC
QCaCC OaCCCQtaHCC, atCt_utICC, thC aH_CC PaH. ttIt, VtItCt,
aHC QyChOO_It haVC a Ct CtaVH tO thI CatC, VIth It hIHt O
_tCat ttuth m a ImQC CCI_H. NC haVC atCaCy tCCttCC tO thC
OCCut ttaCItIOH DChIHC thC uQICC COVH QOtutC aHC CtOCC C_.
H C1CuIH_ bttCH_th VC aIC that OCCutIt CCK tO tCCaC thC
CHCt_y OthC CCItC aHC ttaHOtm It IHtO QItItua CHCt_y. PaHy
OCCutIt, OOVIH_ thC ICCa OttaCItIOHa yO_a, haVC DCICVCC that
OHC VCt CItCCt Vay tO CO thI I utCtay tO taHC OH yOut hCaC, O
that _taVIty VI Qu COVH thC CHCt_y tOm thC _CHIta tO thC
DtaIH. L COutC, OHy mOt Ha1VC aHC OQtImItIC OCCuUt VOuC
haVC CXQCCtCC uCh a thIH_ tO 1tCtay haQQCH. hCy may haVC
DCICVCC that ttaCC CCmCHt OuHC IH _CHIta UuIC VI CCQ COVH
aHC aUCCt thC DtaIH, mOtC tO thC QOIHt, thC tCVCta OQhyICa QO-
tutC CtVC a a VCt CItCCt ymDO O thC tCVCta OattItuCC aHC
CXQCtICHCC that COmC thtOu_h QItItua aVaKCHIH_. NhCtC CVCty-
OHC CC I UCH2ICC, yOu VI KHOV QCaCC. NhCtC OthCt QCOQC
DCuCVC thCmCVC tO DC tCC, Dut atC aCtuay QuhCC UOm OHC
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
thIH_ tO aHOthCtD OtCC thC CO HOt uHCCttaHC, Ou VI aChICVC
ttuC UCCCOm D uHCCttaHCIH_ aHC CmDtaCIH_ thOC OtCC.
hC aH_CC PaH haH_ OH a ttCC haQCC IKC thC CttCt OV,
thI I thC DOttOm ha OaH aHKh, 1_yQtIaH mDO OIC aHC I
OmCtImC CaCC a au CtO. CCOtCIH_ tO LaC thC aHKh IH 1_yQt
tOOC Ot thC CDtCVCttCtau, VhICh I thC CttCt DCOH_IH_ tO thC
NOtC. hu, thC aH_CC PaH IC haHa tO thC NOtC. NC CC
thI a VC IH thC aCt that I2 I 2I DaCKVatC, C IOu tutH thC
aH_CC PaH uQICC COVH [maKIH_ thC maH hmCtI_ht ICC uQ)
Ou VIhaVC amOt thC amC H_utC a thC NOHC LaHCCt. NhCH VC
aK, thCtCOtC, Vhat CatC CtVC a thC haDa QOIHt Ot thC Pa]Ot
tCaHa, thC aHVCt I HOt OHC Dut thtCC thC NhCC, ]utICC, aHC
thC aH_CC PaH, mDOI2IH_ a QtOCC tathCt thaH a mOmCHt.
OtICC thatVhIC thC LaHCCt CXtCHC hCt atm VIth thCIt ma_IC
VaHC thC aH_CC PaH KCCQ hI atm CtOCC DChIHC hI DaCK.
HCmCmDCt aO that hC |s uQICC COVH. t thI ta_C a CCCQ QItI-
tua aVatCHC CaH OH DC maIHtaIHCC D VIthCtaVIH_ DOm
OCICty. H thC NOtC VC CC that amC aVatCHC maIHtaIHCC amICt
a thC OutCt aCtIVItIC OIC.
C haH_ OH aH aHKh, VhICh maKC hI ttCC thC tCC O IC.
HCCaIH_ LCIH aCtIHCIH_ hImCOY__CtaI VCCaHaO Ca thC
_aOV thC NOtC tCC. hI ttCC DC_IH IH thC uHCCtVOtC [thC
uHCOHCIOu) aHC tCaChC uQ thtOu_h thC QhICa VOtC [thC COH-
CIOu) tO hCaVCH [thC uQCt-COHCIOu) . hC ICCa Htt tCQtCCHtCC
D thC CIa_tam OthC OVCt haVC DC_uH tO aCtua haQQCH. Nhat
VC aV QtCVIOu a COHCCQt HOV DCCOmC, atCt]utICC, a _CH-
uIHC CXQCtICHCC. hC aH_CCPaH HumDCt, I2, I 2 tImC b, that
I, thC I_h tICtC taIIH_ thC OVCt tO a hI_hCt CVC.
1COHC a It mDOIm thC aH_CC PaH aUCCt u DCCauC It
hOV a C:tCCt Ima_C OQCaCC aHC uHCCttaHC:H_. hC Cam hOV
O ttOH_ IH thC CatC DCCauC thC aH_CC PaH ha uttCHCCtCC tO
thC ththm OIC. H thC OC IHItIatIOH uttCHCCt IHVOVCC]OIHIH_
thC tItua IHtCaC O]utVatChIH_ thCm. Ot maH mOCCtH QCOQC
It IHVOVC tCCaIH_ thC CmOtIOH thC haVC OCKCC uQ Ot Cat.
OtICC that DOth thCC thIH_ atC aCt, uttCHCCt tO thC NOtC tCC
I aH aCtuatCQ VC taKC, HOt a QaIVC VaItIH_.
S. 1IOt QOCm Te Uste|enJ IHK thC ICCa OaH IHCIVICua
uttCHCCt tO CmOtIOH VIth DOth thC DattCHHC O 1utOQCaH IC
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T O R N l N G l N WA R D S
aItcr VorId Var I and thc ancicnt GraiI mystcrics. Thc voundcd
Fishcr King can bc hccd by a 'momcnt`s surrcndcr vhich an agc
oI prudcncc can ncvcr rctract`. arlicr in thc pocm thc hcro is
toId ` Fcar dcath by drovning` . Thc cgo sccs surrcndcr as dcath -
dissoIution in thc sca oIIiIc. Thc pcrson vho givcs this varning is
a Tarot rcadcr. Iiot`s pocm hcIpcd to popuIarizc Tarot cards in thc
I20s. SpcciItcaIIy, it madc Iamous thc Hangcd Nan. ^ctualIy, thc
HangcdNan docs notappcarin thc pocmbutis important bccausc
oIhisabscncc.
liot cIaimcd to knov nothing oIthc Tarot, but ony to usc
somc imagcs Irom it. II so, hc undcrstood intuitivcIy that thc
Hangcd Nan bcars a conncction to vatcr. Nost Tarot KabbaIists
assign thc Icttcr Ncm to trump I2. Ncm stood Ior 'scas` and thus
thc clcmcntoIVatcr. Nadamc Sosotrisvarnshcrcgo-bIind cIicnt,
' Fcar dcath by drovning.' Shc tclIs him 'I do nott:nd thc Hangcd
Nan` butthcnshcpointsto anothcrcard [notastandardtitlc) , 'Thc
Orovncd PhocnicianSaiIor`,andsays 'Thsisyourcard.`
Thc crosscd lcgs rcprcscnt thc numbcr 4 upsidc dovn. 4 sym-
boIizcs thc carthvithitsIourdircctions. y rcvcrsinghis ovn scnsc
oIvaIucs thc Hangcd Nan has turncd thc vorld on its hcad. Thc
arms and hcad togcthcr Iorm a dovnvard pointing vatcr triangIc.
Thc vay to thc supcr-conscious is through thc unconscious. Thc
GoIdcn Oavn card on thc right oI thc Pidcr vcrsion shovs thc
Hangcd Nan suspcndcd ovcrvatcr.
Vc thcrcIorc scc 4, thc vorld, consciousncss, and , hcrc
rcprcscnting vatcr, or thc unconscious, in thc Hangcd Nan`s
body. Thcsc numbcrs muItiplicd Iorm I2. In muItipIication thc
originaI numbcrs bccomc dissolvcd and Iorm somcthing grcatcr
than thcir sum.
Thcnumbcr I 2, likc 2I , suggcstsbothI and2. Thccardrcccts
thc Nagician in thc scnsc that thc povcrdravndovnby thc vand
has nov cntcrcd thc Hangcd Nan, vc scc it as thc circIc oIlight
about his hcad. Thc cxpcricncc oIrcaIly IccIing thc spirit Iorcc
vithin liIc is onc oIgrcat povcr and cxcitcmcnt in thc midst oI
complctc caIm. Thc numbcr 2 suggcsts thc High Pricstcss, so docs
thc imagc oIvatcr. oth cards indicatc a vithdravaI, but vhcrc
trump 2 indicatcd thc archctypc oIrcccptivity, trump I2 shovs an
cxpcricncc oIit.
@ UU @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
I Qu 2 CQua . hC mQtC OttCCl lCl li1C lhDu_h CmCUCn-
al inVCVCmCnl, lhC an_CO an lCC tl lhtCu_h innCt awatCnC.
ntCaO1n_ lhC an_CO an bCat lhC mCa_C Cl inOCQCnOCnCC.
ikC lhC CC, whtCh i_niHCO OCin_ whal Cu CnCO wa bCl,
CVCn il ClhCt QCCQC lhCu_hl il lCCih, lhC an_CO an inOICalC
bCin_ whC Cu atC, CVCn il ClhCt lhink Cu haVC CVCtlhin_ baCk-
watO. l mbCiZC lhC lCCin_ Cl bCin_ OCCQ CCnnCClCO lC ilC
anO Can mCan a QCaCC lhalCCmCallCt CmC OiUCul ltia.
hC ltumQ tCVCtCO inOiCalC an inabtil lC _Cl ltCC Cl CCi
QtCutC. ValhCt lhan ilCn lC Cut innCt CVC wC OC whal ClhCt
CXQCCl Ct OCmanO Cl u. Lut awatCnC Cl ilC wa tCmaIn
CCCnO-hanO, nCVCt a OttCCl CXQCtiCnCC bul Cm a CtiC Cl lCtCC-
lQC, ikC lhC QCtCn whC mCOC hi Ct hCt bChaViCuI Cn lhC
CtOCt Cl QatCnl anO lhC aCliCn Cl mCVtC lat.
hC CatO tCVCtCO aC mCan D_hUn_ Cut innCt Cl in CmC
wa. l Can mCan lhC QCtCn whC ltiC lC OCn CmC baiC Qatl Cl
himCl Ct tmQ lhC QCtCn whC CannCl aCCCQl tCaIt anO whC In
CmC wa Ct ClhCt t CCnlanl baltin_ ilC. Qulltn_ hi Ct hCI
C_C a_ainl lhC wCtO lhi QCtCn lCC nCVCt lu!l CXQCtiCnCC !1lC.
CnC Cl u Can knCw lhC hl mCanin_ Cl bCin_ aiVC unli, ikC
LOtn, wC han_ CutCVC Cn lhC NCtO tCC, il tCCl OCCQ bCCnO
knCwCO_C in lhC Ca Cl CXQCtiCnCC, il btanChC Cl amCn_ lhC
CnOC lat.
(c}

F|yute I 1
@ I OO @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T O R N I N G l N WA R D S
DATM
muCh 8 lhC LOVCt [CItCCly 8DOVC LC8lh] tlhut N8IlC CCI_n
Ot ltumQ I JCCQ8tl DOm l8nC81C 8tOl Im8_Cty. hC QIClutC On
lhC tI_hl, OQQOIlC, COmC DOm lhC COlCtIC LOCCn L8Vn 8tOl,
Dul, CVCn O, m ult8lC lhC OCCt, CCnlIay OCI8 mC8_C O
LC8lh. LC8lh ltIKC CVCtyOnC, KIn_ 8nC COmmOnCt MIKC. hI
D8IC CCmOCt8Cy OCC8lh V8 8 8VOutIlC lhCmC OmCCICV8 Ct-
mOn. 8n ICC8 Il _OC D8CK 8l C8l 8 8t 8 lhC]CVIh Qt8ClICC O
DutyIn_ CVCtyOnC In lhC 8mC lyC, 8 VhIlC htOuC 8nC 8 Q8In QInC
DOX, O lh8l In CC8lh tICh DCCOmC CVC VIlh lhC QOOt.
VC mI_hl _uC, lhC _tC8l QOVCt O CC8lh C8C u DCyOnC
CCmOCt8Cy lO DOlh QmOOQhIC8 8nCQyChOO_ICamC8m_. LC8lh,
IKC I1C, I ClCtnM 8nC 8V8y QtCCnl. nCIVICua Otm 8tC aV8y
CyIn_ VhIC OlhCt COmC InlO CXlCnCC. NIlhOul CC8lh lO CCM 8V8y
lhC OC, nOlhIn_ nCV COuC HnC 8 Q8CC m lhC VOtC. PaDy CICnCC
HCUOn nOVC h8VC hOVn lhC ly8DDIC8 OCICly lh8l VOuC tCul u
lhC VOtC C8CCt CIC nOl CIC. hC IDCt8UOn ObQ8In 8HCt lhC CC8lh
Ot8nCO 8Qly CCmOntt8lCC CC8lh IFQOtl8nCC.
NhCn VC CIC Out HCh CCC8y, C8VIn_ Ony lhC KCClOn. h8l
lOO VI CVCnlu8y Q8 Dul Il 8l On_ CnOu_h lO 8l C8l hInl 8l
ClCtDIly. hCtCOtC, lhC KCClOn In lhC LOCCn L8Vn C8tC ImQIC
lh8l ClCtnIty ltIumQh OVCt lhC lt8nIlOty. OV, lhC KCClOn h8 8n
OCCul mC8nIn_ 8 VC. P OVCt lhC VOtC lhC lt8Imn_ Ot h8m8n
InCuCC mClhOC OCCIn_ OnC OVn KCClOn, uIn_ Ctu_, mCCI-
l8UOn, CVCn Ct8QIn_ lhC KIn OUlhC 8CC. Uy DCCIn_ lhC DOnC DOm
lhC Ch h8m8n COnnCCl lhCmCVC lO ClCtnIly.
UCC8uC QCOQC C8t CC8lh lhCy CCK tC8On 8nC V8uC In Il. hC
LhtIlI8n tCD_IOn lC8ChC u lh8lCC8lh IDCt8lC Out Ou DOm lhC
In1u Ch O lh8l VC m8y]OIn LOC In 8 _tC8lCt IC lO COmC. L8t
]un_ h8 VtIllCn OlhC V8uC ODCICVIn_ In 8n 8lCtIC. NIlhOul
Il, CC8lh m8y CCm lOO mOnltOu lO 8CCCQl.
LlhCtQCOQC h8VC QOInlCC Oul lh8l CC8lh]OIn u lO n8lutC. hC
COnCIOunC lh8l IO8lC u DOm lhC VOtC VI DC ODIlCt8lCC,
lhOu_h lhC DOCy VI CCC8y, lh8l ODy mC8n lh8l Il I CCCIn_ OlhCt
CtC8lutC. 18Ch CC8lh DtIn_ nCV IC. P8nyQCOQC HnC lhC nOlIOn
O lhCmCVC DCIn_ C8lCn hOttIDC lO COnlCmQ8lC. hC mOCCtn
Qt8ClICC OCmD8mIn_ 8nC Q8InlIn_ COtQC O lh8l lhCy OOK aIVC,
@ I O I @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
8nC lhCn O DutyIn_ lhCm In CMCC mCl8 C8KCl CCtIVC hOm
lhC CCItC lO m8Inl8In lhC DOCy CQ8t8lCnC hOm n8lutC CVCn In
CC8lh.
hC 8Cl I, InCC VC VI nOl KnOV Vh8l h8QQCn lO Out DOCIC
OnCC lhC QItIl h8 Cl lhCm, Vh8l VC tCMy C8t I lhC CCltuClIOn
OlhC QCtOnMly. !l I lhC C_O lh8l CC IlC8 CQ8t8lC hOm IC,
DCC8uC IlI Omy 8 m8K lhC C_O COC nOlVIh lO CIC. l VIhC lO
m8KC IlCuQCtIOt lO lhC umVCtC.
VC C8n 8CCCQl CC8lhVC VI DC 8DC lO IVC mOtC Dy. hC C_O
nCVCt V8nl lO tCC8C CnCt_y, Il ltIC lO hO8tC Il 8_8Inl lhC C8t O
CC8lh. 8 tCul nCVCnCt_y C8nDOl _ClIn. NC CC lhI VCty _t8Qh-
IC8y In QCOQC DtC8lhIn_ VhCn lhCy Q8nIC. hCy lty lO _uQ lt In
VIlhOul CllIn_8ny Oul 8nC 8 8 tCul DCCOmC hOtl O DtC8lh.
!n CX lOO lhC C_O hO8tC CnCt_y. l H_hl CIm8X 8DC uttCnCCt
DCC8uC 8l lh8l mOmCnl lhC C_O Q8tUy CIOVC. n 1I28DClh8n
1n_8nC CXua InlCtCOutC V8 OlCn CaCC `CyIn_. nC LC8lh In
lhC 8tOl COmC DCOV lhC OVCt.
UCC8uC lhC C_O tCIl lhCVCty ICC8 OCC8lh 8nC lhCtCOtC KCCQ
u hOm Cn]OyIn_ IC VC mul OmClImC l8KC CXltCmC lCQ lO _Cl
Q8l Il. hC InIlI8lIOn tIlC 8V8y CC uQ lO 8 Imu8lCC CC8lh 8nC
tCDItlh. hC InIlI8lC I CC lO DCICVC lh8l hC Ot hC I 8Clu8y 8DOul
lO CIC. 1VCtylhIn_ I COnC lO m8KC lhI CC8lh 8 tCM 8 QOIDC O
lh8llhC C_O VI DC ltICKCC 8nCIn 8Cl CXQCtICnCC lh8l CtC8CCC CI-
OulIOn. hCn, VhCn lhC ImlI8lC I `tCDOtn hC Ot hC CXQCtICnCC
8 nCV m8lutIly 8nC 8 nCV hCCCOm OCnCt_y. n tCCCnlyC8t m8ny
QCOQC h8VC CXQCtICnCCC OmClhIn_ VCty IKC lhCC tIlC lhtOu_h
uIn_ QyChCCCIC Ctu_. hCy DCICVC lhCy 8tC CyIn_ 8nC lhCy CC
lhCmCVC tCDOtn. OVCVCt, VIlhOul lhC QtCQ8t8lIOn ymDOI2CC
In lhC 8n_CC P8n lhC CXQCtICnCC C8n OlCn DC CCCQy CIlutDIn_.
LOnlt8ty lO Vh8l m8ny QCOQC DCICVC lhC C8tC O LC8lh COC
nOl 8Clu8y tCCt lO lt8nOtm8lIOn. H8lhCt, Il hOV u lhC QtCCIC
mOmCnl 8l VDCh VC _IVC uQ lhC OC m8K 8nC 8OV lhC U8nOt-
m8lIOn lO l8KC Q8CC. Cth8Q VC C8n unCCtl8nC lhI DCllCt IVC
COnICCt lhC 8tOl Q8t8C In QyChOlhCt8Qy. Uy OtCC O VI
[bltCn_lh] lhC QCtOn, VIlh lhC hCQ O lhC lhCt8QIl-_uICC [lhC
CtmIl] , 8OV KnOVCC_C lO CmCt_C OVhO hC Ot hC tCay I,
8nC Vh8l h8DIl Ot C8t hC Ot hC VIhC lO hCC [NhCC C]u-
lICC] . hI KDOVCC_C DtIn_ CMm 8nC 8 CCItC lO Ch8n_C [lhC
@ I O3 @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T O R N l N G l N W A R D S
8n_CC P8n] . Uul lhCn 8 C8t Cl In. ` !! _IVC uQ my DCh8VIOut,
lhCQCtOn lhInK, `m8yDC lhCtC w DC nOlhIn_ Cl. VI CC. NC
IVC unCCt lhC C_O COnltO Ot O m8ny yC8t VC COmC lO DCDCVC
lh8l nOlhIn_ CC CXIl. hC m8K I VC KnOV. LlCn QCOQC VIH
l8y luCK In lhCt8Qy Ot yC8t DCC8uC lhCy C8t tCC8C. hC nOlh-
In_nC OlhC OO lCttIHC lhCm. hC 8Cl I, lhCy 8tC tI_hl. hC
` ! CtC8lCC Oul O lhCC ICOn_ DCh8VIOut VI InCCCC CIC. h8l
QCtOn V CC8C lO CXIl. Uul OmClhIn_ CC VI CmCt_C.
hC N8IlC Im8_C Ot ltumQ IJ InCtC8C lhC QyChOO_IC8
mC8nIn_ O lhC C8tC. hC Out QCOQC CCmOnlt8lC CIUCtCnl
8QQtO8ChC lO Ch8n_C. hC KIn_, ltuCK COVn, hOV lhC tI_IC C_O.
DC COmC 8l u VIlh CnOu_h QOVCt lhC C_O m8y CO8QC, In8n-
Ily C8n tCul DOm 8n In8DIDly lO 8C]ul lO CXltCmC Ch8n_C. hC
QtICl l8nC 8nC 8CC LC8lh CItCCly, hC C8n CO O DCC8uC hI lIU
tODC 8nC h8l QtOlCCl hIm 8nC uQQOtl hIm. NC CC hCtC lhC V8uC
O8 COCC O DCIClO hCQ u Q8l Out C8t OCC8lh. hC P8ICCn
ymDOI2C Q8tlI8 InnOCCnCC. hC C_O I nOl tI_IC, yCl lI 8V8tC O
IlC, unVIn_ lO uttCnCCt. hCtCOtC hC KnCC Dul lutn 8V8y.
Lny lhC ChIC, tCQtCCnlIn_ COmQClC InnOCCnCC, 8CC LC8lh VIlh
8 ImQC OUCtIn_ OOVCt.
LC8lh VC8t D8CK 8tmOut. NC h8VC 8tC8Cy CCn hOV D8CKnC
8nC C8tKnC ymDOD2C lhC OutCC OIC 8 VC 8 Il CnC. U8CK
8DOtD M COOut, CC8lh 8DOtD 8 InCIVICu8 IVC. hC KCClOn
tICC 8 VhIlC hOtC. NhIlC tCQC COOut 8nC lhCtCOtC ymDO-
I2C QutIly, Dul 8O nOlhIn_nC. hC VhIlC tOC l8nC Ot lhC
CCItC QutIHCC, Ot VhCn lhC C_O CIC CDIh 8nC tCQtCIVC nCCC
CIC VIlh Il.
l lhC D8CK OlhC C8tCVC CC 8 un tIIn_DCIVCCn IVO QI8t.
hC C_O DCOn_ lO lhC OulCt VOtC OCu8Ily, CQ8t8lIn_ 8nC C8lC-
_OtI2In_ CXQCtICnCC. htOu_h LC8lh VC CC lhC t8CI8nl QOVCt O
LIC, VhICh KnOV Ony IlC hC 8nCC8QC DCOtC lhC QI8t
tCmInC u OlhC `8nC OlhC LC8C CCCtIDCC In a mylhOO_IC.
NC C8t lhC CC8lh OOut OC CVC DCC8uC VC CO nOl KnOV Vh8l
lO CXQCCl 8lCt8tC. LnC m8In unClIOn OlhOC h8m8n VhO CC
lhCIt KCClOn I lO _O 8hC8C lhtOu_h lhC L8nC O lhC LC8C 8nC
lhu DC 8DC lO _uICC lhC Ou OOlhCt.
tIVCtOV lhtOu_h lhC mICCC OlhC C8tC. HIVCt, 8 VC 8V
VIlh lhC 1mQtC, InCIC8lC lhC unIly OCh8n_C 8nC ClCtnIIy. hC
@ I O4 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
2Ct th2t thCy C2O tC thC C2 tCnInO u C thC CtnCnC 2nO
CnCnC C thC unIVCtC. hC OC2t, tCnInICCnt C thC h2t2Ch
OutI2 OC2t, ynOCIZC thC ttuC C C2ttICO thtCu_h 1C2th tC 2
nCw IC.
[C n2ttCt thC QICtutC, 2 2tCt C2tO OC2t thC nunOCt IJ.
hCu_h nCt QCCQC CCnIOCt IJunuCKy thCy OCnCt KDCw why.
n Cut CututC IJtCCt tC ]uO2, InCC hC w2 thC th1ttCCnth n2n 2t
thC L2t buQQCt, 2nO thCtCCtC thC nunOCt InOIC2tC LhtIt (2nO 2
QCCQC] OC2th. tIO2y thC thIttCCnth I CQCCIMy unluCKy OCC2uC
LhtIt UCO Cn 2 tIO8y. 1ut wC C2n 2C OCCtIOC LhtIt 2 thC thIt-
tCCnth n2n. 1C2th C2O tC tCuttCCUCn.
n 2 nCtC ynOCIC CnC IJ I unluCKy OCC2uC It t2KC u
OCyCnO I2. I2 I CnCthIn_ C2 `QCtCCt nunOCt. t CCnOInC thC
2tChCtyQC C I 2nO 2, It ynOCIZC thC ZCOI2C 2nO thCtCCtC thC
un1VCtC, It C2n OC OIVIOCOOy I , 2, J, 4,2nO b, nCtC OI_It th2n 2ny
CthCt nunOCt. IJ OCttCythI CC_2nCC. t C2n OC OIVIOCO Oy nCth-
In_ Out I 2nO ItC. P_2In, wC C2n _C OCyCnO thC nC_2tIVC 2QCCt
CthC ynOCIn. tCCICy OCC2uC It tuIn thC QCtCCtICn CI2, IJ
I_nIDC 2 nCw CtC2tICn, OC2th OtC2K uQ CO Ctn 2nO n2KC w2y
Ct thC nCw.
IJI 2C CCnIOCtCO unuC) OCC2uC It u__CL thC DI_htCnIn_
h2-I_ht C thC CCn. P yC2t CCnt2In tCu_hly IJ lun2tICn (thC
CCn _CC 2tCunO thC 12tth In 2.5 O2y]. wC 2 OCID_ 2CCI2t-
CO w1th C2tKnC 2nO nytCty, thC CCn _CC thtCu_h It Cwn OC2th
2nO tCOItth CVCty nCnth. LhtIt thtCC O2y C OC2th unOCt_tCunO
u__Ct 2 OCttCw1n_DCn C2tICt lun2t H_utC, Ct thC CCn OI2Q-
QC2t Ct thtCC O2y OCtwCCn thC Hn2l IVCt C w2mn_ 2nO thC Htt
tCtutn In thC w2Xn_ CtCCCnt. 1CC2uC CthC bnK OClwCCn lhC nCn-
ttuM CyCC 2nO thC CCn, wCthIQ C thC CCn In thC 2nCICnt
wCHO OCCn_CO QtIn2tIy tC wCnCn. 2ny QCCQC OCICVC th2t thC
nCOICV2 w1tChC wCtC tC2ly 2n unOCt_tCunO utV1V2l C 2_2n
CCn wCth1Q. hI I 2nCthCt tC28Cn why Cut LhtIU2n (2nO Q2ttI-
2tCh2l] CututC CCnIOCt IJ unuCKy. t I_mC WtChCtM, 2nO uO-
VCtIVC wCnCn CCW1n_ thC CCn In CCtCt tItuM8.
hC nunOCt IJ2OO uQ tC 4, thC 1nQCtCt. htCu_h 1C2th wC
CVCtCCnC Cut CutCt `CCI2 CVC. bInCC IJI 2 h1_hCt Ctn CJ
thC C2tO 2C tCC8 thC 1nQtC, 2nO tCn1nO u 2_2In th2t In
n2tutC IC 2nO OC2th 2tC InCQ2t2OC.
@ I OR @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T O R N l N G l N WA R O S
n CIVn8lOty tC8CIn_ LC8lh _nIHC 8 lImC OCh8n_C. LlCn, Il
nCIC8lC 8 C8t O Ch8n_C. n l mOl QOIlIVC 8QCCl Il hOV 8
CC8tIn_ 8V8y O OC h8DIl 8nC t_ICnC lO 8OV 8 nCV C lO
CmCt_C. n Il mOl nC_8lIVC 8QCCl Il InOC8lC 8 CtIQQIn_ C8t O
QhyIC81 CC8lh. hI C8t _OC CCCQCt lh8n m8ny QCOQC tCM2C, 8nC
OlCn 8 tC8CIn_ VIlh m8ny QOIlIVC InCIC8lIOn w CnC D8Cy
DCC8uC OLC8lh In lhC QOIlIOn OC8t.
hC ltumQ tCVCtCC InCIC8lC DCIn_ luCK In OC h8DIl. N8IlC
l8K O, `InCtlI8, CCQ, Clh8t_y In IC. hI CnC O 8 u__Ih,
DOtIn_DC m8K lhC OmCUmC CCQCt8lC D8llC OlhC C_O lO 8VOIC
Ch8n_C. hC C8tC 81V8y InCIC8lC lh8l LC8lh, V1lh Il uDCQuCnl
tCDItlh, I nOl Ony 8 QODIDly, Dul8O In 8 CnC, 8 nCCCIly. hC
mOmCnl h8 COmC lO CC. Uy CtOVnIn_ u In Clh8t_y, lhC C_O QtC-
VCnl 8V8tCnC OlhI 8Cl tOm CODn_ lO COnCIOunC. nCtlI8,
DOtCCOm 8nC CCQtCIOn OlCn COnCC81 InnCt lCttOt.
T MP RANC
hC Lh8tIOl ymDOI2CC lhC uCCCu1 COnltuClIOn O8n C_O 8DC
lO CC81 VIClOtIOuy VIlh IC. ^ lImC _OC Dy lhI C_O DCCOmC
tI_IC, OVy DCh8VIOut DCCOmCC 8 tCQOnC lO tC8Ily 8nC mOtC
8nC mOtC 8 ltIn_ Oh8DIl. hC QutQOC OlhC CCOnC InC OlhC
POt^tC8n8 I lO tCC u DOm lhI 8tlIHCI8 QCtOnMly, 8nC 8l lhC
8mC lImC _IVC u 8 _ImQC OlhC _tC8lCt ltulh VIlhIn lhC unI-
VCtC. CmQCt8nCC, 8QQC8tIn_ DCOV lhC Lh8tIOl, hOV 8 QCtOn
VhOC DCh8VIOut OnCC 8_8In COnnCClCClO lhC tC8 VOtC Dul In 8
V8y mOtC mC8nIn_u lh8n CVCt DCOtC. Ot I lhC ChuC tC8lC
CItCCly lO IC Il COC O VlhOul COnCIOunC, 8nC 2 COnCIOu-
nC _tOV O COC lhC C_O. CmQCt8nCC InCIC8lC lhC 8DIIly lO
COmDnC QOnl8nCIly V1lh KnOVCC_C.
hC lCtm `lCmQCt8nCC mC8n mOCCt8lIOn. Ot mOl QCOQC lhI
mC8n CCOnltO. hC 8tOl CmQCt8nCC, hOVCVCt, COC nOl _O lO
CXltCmC ImQy DCC8uC CXltCmC 8tC nOl nCCC8ty. Ol 8n 8tlI1-
CI8 InDDIlIOn 8CCOtCIn_ lO 8 mOt8 COCC, Dul CX8Cly lhC OQQOIlC,
8 ltuC 8nC QtOQCt tCQOnC lO M1 Ilu8lIOn 8 lhCy 8tIC.
hC VOtC `lCmQCt8nCC CCtIVC tOm lhC L8lIn `lCmQCt8tC
VhICh mC8n `lO mIX Ot `lO COmDInC QtOQCty . hC QCtOn VhO
@ I O @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
ha tCCaCC hI Ot hCt InnCt CI ChataClCtI2CC nOl Ony Dy mOC-
CtalIOn Dut Dy an aDIIly lO COmDInC thC CIUCtCnl ICC OIC. Pany
QCOQC Can Ony CCa VIlh IC Dy QatCCIn_ Il OU InlO CClIOn.
hCy CtCalC OnC QCtOnaIly Ot DuInC anC anOlhCt Ot lhCIt QtI-
ValC IVC, DOlh atC aC. hCy COnICCt CCtlaIn mOmCnl anC Ilua-
lIOn lO DC `CtIOu anC OlhCt tO DC `un anC atC CatCu nCVCt tO
mIC al a CtIOu uD]CCt. hC QCOQC lhCy OVC atC OlCn nOt lhC
QCOQC VhOm lhCy HnC CXuay alltaClIVC. A lhCC CQatalIOn
CCtIVC tOm lhC InaDIIly lO laKC IC a Il COmC, mOmCnl Dy
mOmCnt. CmQCtanCC COmDInC lhC CCmCnl OIC. n tCaIly Il
COmDInC lhC CCmCnl OlhC QCtOnaIly, O lhat lhC QCtOn anC thC
OulCtVOtCVI HOV lO_ClhCt nalutay.
(e}
|
c
)
F|yare |5
@ I OO @

T H E M A O R A R C A N A . T O R N l N G l N W A R D S
Tnc rvun isIays rnc siyns o conbinarion aII rnvouyn rnc
icruvc.Vncn vcIookarrncVarc~SnrninayconrncIcr vcscc
tivsr o aII rnc varc: bcny ou:c von onc cu ro anorncv; rnc
cIcncnrs o Ic h ovny roycrncv. loricc rnar rnc Iovc: cu s nor
i:ccrIy bcIov rnc ucv, so rnar rnc cruvc snovs a nysic
inossibIiry. To orncv coIc rnc Tcnc:arc cvson's abiIry ro
nanIc aII Iic's :obIcns virn joy aca:s nayicaI.
Tnc Picv acr Tcncvancc vcscnrs born cus as naycaI. In
rnc Vvrnicruvcon rnc v iynr rnc ucv onc is siIvc:, incariny a
h ov von rnc Noon, rnar is, rnc unconscous, ro rnc Sun, con~
scousncss. Tnc sccon Iinc bcyan virn a virn:avaI on rnc
vovI ro h n rnc innc: scI( rnc rnc nas nov conc ro :cru:n ro
rnc novnaI acrvirics o Iic.
TncvoacsccaLy siynihcs vctu:n.Vc navcyonc ovn inrornc
scI an nov vc a:c nakinyouv vay backro invoIvcncnr virn rnc
ourcv vovI, cnv icnc. loricc rnat rnc rvo iIIavs o rnc cavIic:
cavs navc bcconc rvo nounrans. Absrvacr icas a:c bcconiny
vcaIip; Tcncvancc s aca:o bcnavou:, nor conccrs.
Tnc anycI srans virn oncooron Ian, oncoor in varcv.As
rnc varcv vcvcscnrs rnc unconscous so rnc Ian synboIzcs rnc
'vcaI vovI' o cvcnrsan rncorncvcoIc.Tnc Tcnc:arccvson~
aIty, acrny von an innc: scnsc o Ic, Iinks rnc tvo vcaIns. Tnc
varcv aIsoinicarcsorcnraIiry,rnaris,rncossibIircso Iic, vniIc
rncIan synboIizcs nanicsrarion o: acruaIiry. Tnc Tcncvarc cv~
son, rn:ouyn nis ov ncv acrons, b: inys nro vcaIiry rnc vonc:s
scnsc byrnc Hanyc Nan.
Tnc CTA Tcncvancc scc Iiy. I 5b) snovs varcv bciny
ouvc on a Iion, an a rovcn v iiny ancs on an cayIc. Lco
synboI:zcs hvc rnc Nayician), vnIc rnc cayIc, rnc 'niyncv' ovn
o Sco:o, sransovvarcv rnc Hyn P: icsrcss). Tnc anycI is nx~
iny rnc basic uaIiry, nsca:abIy conbniny rnc icvcnr sics o
Ic rnar :cvousIy aca:c nocIcssIy aIcn ro cacn orncv. lov,
tnc cayIc srans ov rnc niyncv Scovio bccausc Sco:o vc:cscnrs
rnc cncvyy o rnc unconscous. As rnc Iovcv o:n, rnc scovion,
rnis cncvyy snovstscI v ina:iIy as scuaIty, rnc 'aninaIcsivcs' o
rnc uncvcIoc cvsonaIiry. Vncn rnc cnc:yy nas bccn rvans~
o:nc bycnanncIInyir rnvouyn ava:cncss r bcconcsrnccayIco
sviruaIry.Srvcnyrn snovc rn:scncrgbvouynrourinrnco:no
@ I O7 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W I S O O M
lhC IOn, In lhC UL CmQCtanCC VC CC lhC QtOCC COmQClCC,
lhC Ca_C anC lhC DOn COmDInCC.
hC an_C tCCmDC lhC LtCCK _OCCC tI, VhOC I_n Va lhC
taInDOV, a taInDOV aQQCaI On lhC UL CatC anC ItI HOVCt On
lhC HCCt QaCK VCtIOn. HaInDOV aQQCat a a I_n OQCaCC alCt a
lOtm, VhICh tCmnC u lhal CmQCtanCC hOV lhC QCtOnaIly
tCCaCC Dy lhC Catu CXQCtICnCC O LCalh. hC taInDOV COmC
DOmValCIyCl DnC a I_hl aCtO lhC Ky, an CmDCm OlhC InnCt
C, VDCh OnCC CCmCCCatK, ChaOlIC, CaD, DtOu_hl Oul anCjOy-
Ouy ltanOImCC InlO lhC QtOmIC O nCV IC. n jCVIh anC
LDIlIan ltaCIUOn lhC tMnDOV I a I_n OtCnCVa alCt lhC OOC.
hC OOC, IKC bDVa CCltuClIOn OlhC uDVCtC, lanC QyChO-
O_ICay OI lhC CCalh O OC QallCtn, VhICh CO nOl tCHCCl lhC
ltulh anC]Oy OuC anC VhICh CaC QCOQC InlO `CVI ~ DChaVIOut
CCltuCUVC lO lhCmCVC anC lO OlhCt.
ZCu mCCn_Ct tI ltaVCCC lO lhC unCCtVOHC lO tm hCt
_OCCn CuQ VIlh ValCt DOm lhC HIVCt blyX. hC LtCCK DCICVCC
lhal CCaC Ou ltaVCCC aCtO lhC blyX lO lhC anC O lhC CCaC.
Lmy a CCCCnl InlO lhC unCCtWOtC OlhC CCan tCnCV IC.
HCD_IOuy lhC an_C ymDOI2C lhC ImFOtlM OuIDCtalCC Dy
CCalh. yOu OOK COCy DCOV lhC COatyOu VI CC LOC namC
VOtKCC InlO lhC aDIIC OlhC _OVn. n LhtIUan ltaCIlIOn lhC Ou
V DCCOmC ]OInCC VIlh LOC alCt lhC tCuttCClIOn. hC ltIan_C
VIlhIn lhC QuatC InCICalC lhal lhC bQItIl tIC tOm VIlhIn lhC
malCtIM DOCy.
yChOO_ICay lhC an_C InCICalC lhC CnCt_y O IC VhICh
CmCt_C alCt lhC C_O LCalh. hC ltIan_C nOV hOV lhal lh
CnCt_y VOIK VIlDn lhC QuatC OOtCInaty aClIVIlIC. NC CO nOl
nCCC lO QCDOtm mItaCC lO CnC OutCOnnCCUOnVIlhlhC ImmOt-
la unIVCtC. NC nCCC Ony DC OutCVC.
HCmCmDCt lhal lhC Clta_tamFalOn aQQCCC On lhC NhCC a
a mylCty O alC. CtC lhC namC h1 DCCOmC Qatl O u. NC
DCCOmC `malCt OOut alC VhCn VC Catn lO CCa VIlh IC a Il
COmC anC nOl aCCOtCIn_ lO tOuUnC OhaDIl anC CCCnCC.
hC CIVInalOty mCanIn_, IKC lhC CaIC ICCa, DC_In VIlhmOC-
CtalIOn, DaanCC In M lhIn@ anC laKIn_ lhC mICCC Qalh. hC CatC
mCan tI_hl aClIOn, COIn_ lhC COttCCl lhIn_ In VhalCVCt IlualIOn
atIC. CIy OlCn lhI mCan COIn_ nOlDn_. hC InlCmQCtalC
@ I OB @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T O R N I N G I N WA R O S
QCtOn 8V8y nCCC lO DC COIn_ OmClhIn_, Dul VCty OlCn 8 Ilu8-
lIOn tCQuItC 8 QCtOn lO ImQy V8Il. hC C8tC VI OmClImC
8QQC8t 8 8n 8ntICOtC lO C8tC OtCCKCnC 8nC hylCtI8.
CmQCt8nCC I_nIHC mIXIn_ CIQ8t8lC CCmCnl lO_ClhCt, DCnC-
In_ 8ClIVIlIC 8nC CCIn_ lO QtOCuCC 8 CnC Oh8tmOny 8nC QC8CC.
UCC8uC IlmC8nD88nCIn_ 8nC COmDInIn_ lhC CICtCnlICC OIC
CmQCt8nCC C8ttIC 8 QCCIM I_mHC8nCC Ot lhC PInOt tC8n8. 8
tC8CIn_ hOV 8 QCtOn QIl DClVCCn 8y, N8nC 8nC LuQ, 8ClIVIly
8nC Q8IVIly, Ot LuQ 8nC Cnl8CC, 8nl8y 8nC tC8Ily, lhCn Cm-
QCt8nCC, mOCCt8lIOn8nC 8ClIn_bOm 8n InnCtCnC OIC, C8n _IVC
8 CuC lO DtIn_In_ lhCC lhIn_ lO_ClhCt.
LIKC lhC OO tCVCtCC CmQCt8nCC uQICC COVn InCIC8lC 8
VICDC, _OIn_ lO CXltCmC. n CmQCt8nCC lhI I DCC8uC lhC QCt-
On 8CK lhC InnCt 8V8tCnC lO KnOV Vh8l I 8QQtOQtI8lC lO 8
Ilu8lIOn. hC ltumQ tCVCtCC C8n 8Cl 8 8 V8tnIn_ lh8l yOu h8VC
8HOVCC yOut IC lO DCCOmC D8_mCnlCC 8nC lh8l yOu 8tC ICIn_
DOm OnC CXltCmC lO 8nOlhCt. l C8n In 8Cl InCIC8lC 8IutC In lhC
_tC8l l8K OCllIn_ OC h8DIl 8nC C8t CIC 8V8y InlO lhC Q8l. Ln
8 ImQC CVC lhC tCVCtCC CmQCt8nCC lC u lO CMm COVn 8nC
8VOIC CXltCmC In Il CCCQCl CnC Il CnC u D8CK lO bttCn_lh lO
DC_In lh8l On_, OmClImC Q8InD, OmClImC DI_hlCnIn_, Dul
8V8y CCnlI8y]OyOu QtOCC OCC8lh 8nC tCDItlh.
@ I OU @
L H A I 1 L K b I X
THE GREAT JOURNEY
TM C0AL 0| NL l CMTN MNT
POl QCOQC nC umCnl VhCn lhCy h8VC CCltOyCC lhC m8K O
lhC QCtOn8 8nC 8tC 8DC lO tClutn lO lhC OtCIn8ty VOtC, tCnCVCC.
OVCVCt, lhCtC h8VC 8V8y DCCn QCOQC VhO h8VC Ou_hl OmC-
lhIn_ _tC8lCt ~ 8 COmQClC unIOn VIlh lhC QItIlu8 OunC8lIOn O
tC81ly. Ot lhCm Il I nOl CnOu_h lO ImQy CnC lh1 QItIl tunmn_
lhtOu_h lhCIt IVC. hCyVIh lO KnOV lhI OtCC In u COnCOu-
nC 8nC lhCIt CnI_hlCnmCnl, lC8ChIn_ 8nCCX8mQC CntICh lhCtCl
O u. Ot lhCC QCOQC lhC 8ChICVCmCnl O lhC CCOnC InC I 8
QtCQ8t8lOn 8nC 8 CC8tIn_ 8V8y OODl8CC.
n l ltuCl Otm IC I ImQy QutC, unCIUCtCnlI8lCC CnCt_y In
VhICh CVCtylhn_ IVIn_ CXIl 8l OnCC. hCtC 8tC nO Otm, nO
Q8tl 8nC QCCC O ClCtnIly. LOnCIOunC QtOlCCl u tOm uCh
OVCthCmIn_ CXQCtCnCC. l DtC8K COVn lhC lOl81ly OC InlO
OQQOIlC 8nC C8lC_OtIC. n lhC 8n_CC P8n 8nC CmQCt8nCC VC
Q8tly tC8Ch DCyOnC lhCC ImIlIn_ IuIOn lO 8 CnC O IC _tC8l
QOVCt, 8nC 8 CnC OOutCVC 8 Q8tl Olh8l QOVCt. Uul CVCn In
CmQCt8nCC lhC 1uOn O CQ8t8lCnC tClutn. hC C8tC DCOV
CmQCt8nCC I Ca CC lhC NOtC DCC8uC Il I lhtOu_h CXQCtCnCIn_
Il VC 8nC lhC unIVCtC OCCOmC OnC.
hC InC DC_n Vlh 8 Q8t8COX, 8 CCmn_ 8 InlO lhC IuIOn
OlhC CVI. Uy QutuIn_ lhC mC8n1n_ OlhC C8tC 8l lhI Q8tlICu8t
Q8CC VC COmC lO 8 nCV unCCtl8nCIn_ O Vh8l I InVOVCC In
@ I I O @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A . T H E G R E A T O O R N E Y
IDCt8lIOn. l lhC DC_InnIn_ OlhC P8]OttC8n8 VC 8IC lh8l CatK-
nC 8nC I_hl VCtC DOunC uQ lO_ClhCt. hC C8tK unCOnCIOu
ICC, hOVCVCt, 8y hICCCn In lhC lCmQC OlhC I_htIClC, lO DC
CXQCtICnCCC Ony lhtOu_h InluIlIOn. O _Cl DCyOnC lhC VCL VC
mul Itl _O InlO lhC C8tKC OlhC C1. P8ny tCI_IOn CCCDt8l-
CC lhC Q88_C lhtOu_h C8tKnC lO lhC 8nC OClCtn8 IC. NhCn
lhC LhtIlI8n LhutCh Cl8DIhCC Il tCD_IOn OI_hl Il D8nIhCC 8
CVOC8lIOn OC8tKnC 8 CVI. hC COmmOn Im8_C OlhC LCVI I
ImQy 8 mIXlutC OlhC LtCCK _OC 8n 8nC V8tIOu OlhCt COmQClI-
lOt OLhtIl.
hC OVCt mC8nIn_ CCQCnC On hOV VC VICV lhC LCVI.
VC CC lhC LCVI 8 ImQy IuIOn lhCn lhC OVCt hOV lhCm
h8llCtCCDy VIOCnl uQhC8V8. OVCVCt, IlhC LCVI I_nIHC tCC8C
OtCQtCCC CnCt_y lhCn lhC IuIOn h8llCtCC Dy lhC I_hlnIn_ I
nOlhln_ C lh8n lhC VCI OCOnCIOunC IlC1.
n C8Ch InC lhC mICUC lhtCC C8tC Otm 8 QCCI8 _tOuQ. Ot lhC
Htl Il V8 lhC ltI8C O n8lutC, OCICly, 8nC CCuC8lIOn, Ot lhC
CCOnC Il V8 lhC Ch8n_C, lhtOu_h_ulICC, tOm lhC OulCt VIIOn O
lhC NhCC lO lhC InnCt CxQCtICnCC OlhC 8n_CC P8n. n lhC 8l
InC lhC lhtCC C8tC hOV lhC Q88_C DOm lhC InnCt tCVC8lIOn O
lhC bl8t D8CK lO lhC COnCIOunC OlhC bun. n DClVCCn, IHCC
VIlh lt8n_CnC, IC lhC mOOn.
hC bun I nOl lhC CnC. LnCC mOtC VC CCCCnC InlO C8tKC lO
CXQCtICnCC, In juC_CmCnl 8nC lhC NOtC, 8 lOl8 ]OInIn_ VIlh lhC
umVCtC 8nC lhC QItIl lh8l I Il. NC 8tC nOV 8DC lO 8Cl In lhC OulCt
VOtC Vh1C nCVCt OIn_ lh8l CnC OV8lnC 8nC VOnCCt VIlhIn.
hC P8_ICI8n 8nC lhC I_h tIClC unIlCC In OnCjOyu UnCC.
@ I I I @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
Fgure ! 6
1M DV| L
Nhy COC lhI _tIm H_utC OOQQtCIOn 8QQC8tO 8lC In lhC 8tOl:
1lCt 8ChICVIn_ lhC D88nCC OCmQCt8nCC Vhy 8 O 8DtuQly:
hC LCVI DC8t lhC numDCt I5, VhICh tCCuCC lO b, lhC OVCt,
8nC In 8Cl, VC C8n8ylh8lN8IlC VOtKCC D8CKV8tC DOmlhC LCVI
VhCn hC CCI_nCC hI t8CIC8 VCtIOn O lhC LOVCt. hu In lhC
HICCt Q8CK lhC LCVI, Vlh hI C8QlutCC CCmOn, 8QQC8t 2 8 QCt-
VCtIOn OltumQ b. Uul Vhy lhC `ltuC C8tC O C8ty 8nC lhC QCt-
VCtIOn O nC8t lhC CnC:
hC LCVI InltOCuCC lhC 8l unC. hI hInl lh8l Il QtOVICC
OmC VIl8 CnCt_y Ot lhC VOtK O lh8l InC. OV, lhC InC CC8
VIlh 8tChClyQa OtCC DCyOnC lhC C1. LOC lhC tO8C lO CnI_hlCn-
mCnt l8KC u lhtOu_h lhC C8tK VOtC OlhC LCVu: HCmCmDCt lh8l
L8nlC _OC lhtOu_h C DCOtC hC C8n tC8Ch ut_8lOty 8nC 8t-
8CIC, 8nC lh8l NII8m U8KC, lhC OCCulIl 8nC QOCl, CCCtIDCC lhC
LCVI 8 lhC ltuC hCtO OPIlOn mOt8Il QOCm PemJise Ls|.
!n OtCCt lO unCCtl8nC lhC COlCtIC V8uC OlhC LCVI VC mut
Htl COnICCt Il mOtC uu8 mC8nIn_ 8 8 OtCC O IuIOn 8nC
OQQtCIOn. hC m8In IuIOn I m8lCtI8Im, 8 lCtm VhICh VC
uuay lhInK O8 8n OVCt COnCCtn VIlh mOnCy, Dul VhICh mOtC
@ I I R @
T H E M AJ O R A R C A N A . T H E G R E A T J O O R N E Y
QtOQCty mC8n lhC VICV lh8l nOlhIn_ CXIl DCyOnC lhC VOtC O
lhC CnC. hC LCVu QCtChC On 8 DOCK OlOnC ImI8t lO thC
1mQCtOt CuDC In lhC UL CCCK [bCC I_. 5) . Uut VhCtC lh8l
CuDC ymDOIZCC lhC CnlItC unIVCtC lhC LCVI tCCl8n_C, h8 8
CuDC InCIC8lC 8n InCOmQClC KnOVCC_C.
LCnyIn_ 8ny QItIlu8 COmQOnCnl lO IC lhC m8lCtI8Il QutuC
Ony QCtOn8 CCItC ~ mOnCl8ty, CXu8 8nC QOIlIC8. bInCC uCh
n8ttOVnC OlCn C8C lO unh8QQInC lhC LCVI h8 COmC lO
ymDOIZC mICty. NhCn VC OOK 8l lhC lVO H_utC, hOVCVCt, VC
CO nOl ODCtVC 8ny CICOmOtl In lhCIt 8CC Ot QOlutC. OlICC
8O lh8l lhC Ch8In CO nOl tC8y hOC lhCm, lhC 8t_C OOQ
C8n C8Iy COmC OU. hC LCVI QOVCt tCl In lhC IuIOn lh8l
nOlhIn_ CC CXIl. !n 8 _tC8l m8ny Ilu8lIOn, tOm QOIlIC8
OQQtCIOn lO lhC QCtOn8 mICty O8 D8C8mIy IC, QCOQC Ony
DCCOmC COnCIOuy unh8QQy VhCn lhCy tC8IZC lh8l IC hOC
OlhCt 8lCtn8lIVC.
hC LCV QOlutC, OnC h8nC uQ, OnC COVn, tCC8 lhC P8_I-
CI8n. NhCtC ltumQ i t8IC 8 V8nC lO hC8VCn, DtIn_In_ COVn
QItIlu8 QOVCt, lhC LCVI lOtCh QOInl lO C8tlh, I_nI]In_ lhC
DCIClh8l nOlhIn_ CXIl DCyOnC lhC m8lCtIa.
hC LCVI QaF DC8t lhC 8ltOO_IC8 _yQh Ot b8lutn, 8 Q8n-
Cl OlCn CCn 8 ymDOIZIn_ CVI Ot DIOtlunC, Dul mOtC QtOQCty
VICVCC 8 ImIl8lIOn, VC8KnCC Ot tCltIClIOn. hC OulQtC8C
Hn_Ct Qu lhC numDCt 5 In !5, tCC8 lhC ICtOQh8nl lVO Hn_Ct
uQ, lVO COVn. NhCtC lhC 8tlCt _ClutC I_nIHCC lh8l lhCtC V8
mOtC lO lhC unVCtC lh8n Vh8l yOu C8n CC DCOtC yOu, lhC LCVI
OQCn Q8m InCIC8lC 8_8In lh8l nOlhIn_ CXl DCyOnC lhC ODVIOu.
hC LCVI VC8t 8 tCVCtCC Q

nl8CC, 8 ymDO OD8CK m8_IC,


On hI OtChC8C. OV, lhC QCnl8CC C8ttIC 8 _tC8l m8ny I_nII-
C8nCC. yOu l8nC VIlh yOut CCl 8Q8tl 8nC yOut 8tm Oul yOu VI
CC lh8l lhC QCnl8CC ymDOIZC lhC hum8n DOCy. hC tI_hl V8y uQ
lhC hC8C I uQQCtmOl 8nC VhCn VC tCVCtC lhC QCnl8CC lhC _CnI-
l8 8tC 8DOVC lhC hC8C. n lt8CIlIOna LhtIlI8n lC8ChIn_ lhC QOVCt
O tC8On, lhC 8DIly lO lC tI_hl DOm VtOn_, tuC lhC CCItC.
hCtCOtC, lhC tCVCtCC QCnl8CC InCIC8lC CllIn_ yOut CCItC
OVCtQOVCt yOut]uC_CmCnl. hC LCVI lOtCh In8mC lhC m8n
l8I, 8nC QCOQC VhO CXQCtICnCC lhCIt CXu8 nCCC 8 DOlh OVCt-
QOVCtIn_ 8nC CCltuClIVC h8VC OlCn CCCtIDCC Il 8 8 HtC DutnIn_
@ I I 4 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
IHICC lhCm. hC CatC DaCK_tCuHC I DaCK, ymDCIZIH_ DaCK
ma_IC, lhC IHaDIDly lC CC lhC ltulh aHC CCQtCICH.
hu VC CC lhC LCVI ltaCIlICHa mCaHIH_. IuICH, malCtIa-
Im, nCty aHC CXuM CDCICH. 1HC yCl, lhC CatC CattIC a _tCal
!CtCC. hC LCVI latC Cul al u IHlCHCy. taClIlICHCt C! aHlta
CCCtIDC lhC KuHCaIHI a a DtC IH lhC DCCy, DC_IHHIH_ al lhC tCCl C!
lhC QIHC, lhC laIDCHC, aHC CVCKCC Dy CXua tIlC.
LCHICCt a_aIH lhC QCHlaCC. hC CX Ct_aH CVCt lhC hCaC. hC
Ima_C tCmIHC u C! lhC ICCt QaCK LCVCt, VhCtC lhC VCmaH,
ymDC C!lhC uHCCHCICu aHC lhC QaICH, CCK lC lhC aH_C. NC
CaH aC tCCa bltCH_lh, CItCC!y aDCVC lhC LCVI, VhCtC lhC ICH
ymDCIZC lhC aHIma CHCt_y taICC uQ aHC lamCC. NC haVC atCaCy
QCKCH C! lhC CCCul DCIC! lhal CXua aHC QItIlua CHCt_y atC
aCluM y CHC aHC lhC amC, ymDCIZCC Dy bCCtQIC CCuDC Ima_C
C!CCtQICH aHC Ca_C. bltaH_C a Il CuHC lhI ICCa I HCl tCMy C
mylCtICu. !llaKC HCIlhCt aH CCCulIl HCt a tCuCIaH lC tCCC_HIZC
lhC _tCal QCVCt C!CX IH Cut IVC. CV muCh C!QCQuat CulutC,
VIlh Il CVC CH_, tCmaHlIC mCV1C, aHC CXuM]CKC aHC aH_, I
UCVClCC lC Il: !!, !Ct lhC aVCta_C QCtCH, lhC CX ut_C I C CCmIHaHl,
lhCH Il maKC CHC lhal lhC CCCulIl hCuC CCK lC laQ lhI CHCt_y
aHC taIC Il lC uCh a CVC lhal CVCHluay Il DCCCmC VhCy ltaH-
!CtmCC IHlC lhC CVCtVhCmIH_ CXQCtICHCC C!CmI_hlCHmCHl.
mCtC uDlC QCIHl CtCamIH_ I aVay aCCCmQaHICC Dy lhC
DCCy CXua atCua, aH CtCCl QCHI Ct CIlCtI, Qu ClhCt IHCICa-
lICH. CV, a CtCam I lhC uHCCHCICu maHI!ClIH_IlC!a Ima_C.
hC IHCICalICH I thal lhC uHCCHCICu I CXua IH HalutC aHC lhal
CtCam atC a QatlIa ltaH!CtmalICH C! lhal CHCt_y IHlC a VICCt
!Ctm. H !aCl, lhC lCtm `uHCCHCICu CCC HCl tCay tC!Ct lC lhC
CtCam aHC mylh VhICh tCVCM Il lC u, Dul talhCtlC lhC _tCal QCC
C!CHCt_y VhICh ulaIH u lhtCu_h I!C.
Lut NClCtH CulutC ha lau_hl u lhal lhC DCCy aHC lhC QItIl
atC !uHCamCHlay CQQCCC. NC aumC lhal lhC mCHK aHC HuH
aDlaIH !tCm CX C a HCl lC CCHlamIHalC lhCmCVC. 1ul VC CaH
CCK al CCIDaCy IH aHClhCt Vay. 1y tC!taIHIH_ DCm CX lhC CCIDalC
CaH lutH lhal CHCt_y IH aHClhCt CItCClICH. !H !HCIa, lhC CCHHCClICH
DClVCCH CXua aHC QItIlua CHCt_y ha aVay DCCH tCCC_DIZCC.
bhIVa ymDC I a Qhau, VhIC lhC aHlta tIlC Ca !Ct CCQualICH
a a Vay C!Chat_IH_ lhC DCCy VIlh CHCt_y. hC LHClIC, a majCt
@ I I R @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A . T H E G R E A T O O R N E Y
IHHuCHCC CH utCQCaH CCCul ICCa, QtaClICC tIlC VCty ImIat lC
aHlta. 1HC lhC LHClIC, IKC 1aKC a!lCt lhCm, CCHICCtCC balaH
lhC ltuC hCtC C!lhC LatCCH C!CCH, CCKIH_lC _IVC 1Cam aHCVC
KnCVCC_C C!lhCIt ltuC CVC.
!lhC Vay lC QItIlCaC lhtCu_h lhC CCItC, lhCH Vhy CCC CCI-
Cly tCQtC lhCm: 1nC I!lhC Qalh lC DDCtalICH ha DCCHKnCVH aHC
maQQCC Cul !Ct CCHlutIC VhyKCCQ Il a CCtCl: hC aHVCt lC lhCC
QuClICH IC IH lhC lCttIDC QCVCt C! CXua-QItIlua CHCt_y. !!
taICC lC lhC hI_hCt CVC Il !tCC u !tCm lhC ImIlalICH C!CuaIly.
CVCVCt, I! lhC QCVCt I tCCaCC aHC HCl ltaH!CtmCC Il CaH tCul
IH CDCICH, CXua CtImC, VICCHCC aHC CVCH lhC CCltuClICH C!
lhC QCtCHaIly. l Va HCl ImQy CXua QCIlIC lhal CC lhC LtCCK
QaltIatCh lC allaCK lhC !CmaC-CCmIHalCC mylCtIC C! CClalIC
taQlutC. LVCtVhCmCCDy lhC !CtCC tCCaCC VIlhIHlhCmCVC, lhC
VCthIQQCt VCuC VhIQ aHC mulIalC lhCmCVC, aHC CmClImC
ta_C lhtCu_h lhC CCuHltyICC, lCatIH_ lC QICCC aHIma, mCH aHC
CVCH ChICtCH VhC VCtC HCl a!Cy CCKCC IHCCCt. !l I CHy lhC
QCtCH VhC ha DCCH ltaIHCC, VhC ha aChICVCC a CCCQ CVC C!
IHHCt QCaCC, VhC ha, IH !aCl, tCaChCC lhC uHCCtlaHCIH_ lhC atCl
Ca CmQCtaHCC, VhC CaH CCa a!Cy VIlh lhC !CtCC ImQICC IH
lhC LCVI.
1Cluay, lhC LCVIImQICa _tCalCCamCtC lhaH CXul tIlC aHC
VICCHl CHCt_y. LH a VICCt CHC Il ymDCIZC lhC I!C CHCt_y
CCKCC uQ IH lhC CatK hICCCH atCa C! lhC C!, VhICh CaHHCl DC
CHlCtCC Dy CtCIHaty mCaH. !l I CMCC lhC LCVI DCCauC !Ct lhCC
VhC atC HCl QtCQatCC lC tCCCIVC lhI CHCt_y Il CaH maHI!Cl IlC1a
mCHlCt, a CHC C!lhC uHIVCtC a !ICC VIlh CVu, Ct lhC lCmQla-
lICH lC IHCu_C IH VICCHCC. NC aIC IH lhC CCCHC IHC lhal lhC
ChIC CCVCCQ a ltCH_ C_C C Il VI HC CH_Ct !Cat lhC CatKHC.
hC aClICH C!lhC CCCHC IHC _aVC u a _DmQC C!lhC CatK ValCt
DCHCalh lhC NhCC C! LI!C. hC lhItC 1HC tCQuItC a CCmQClC
tCCaC C!uHCCHCICu CHCt_y. buCh a H CCC CaH CHy CCmC lhtCu_h
CHlCtIH_ lhal hICCCH atCa, VIlh a Il IuICH, hCttCt, aHC CCItC
VhICh CaH C CaIy CIltaCl lhC uHQtCQatCC !tCm lhC HHl _Ca.
LCCK a_aIH al lhC _ClutC C!lhC ICtCQhaHl [bCC I_. ) aHC lhC
LCVu. hC QtICl lVC HH_Ct hCC CCVHI_HIj lhal lhCtC I mCtC
lC I1C lhaH Vhal VC CC, al lhC amC lImC lhC HH_Ct ImQy lhal lhC
Qalh lC lhal CCCQCt KnCVCC_C I CCCC. hC LCVI CQCH HH_Ct
@ I I @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
C8n ymDOI2C lhC n8ttOV IuIOn O lhInKIn_ lh8l Vh8l yOu CC
I 8 lh8l CXIl, Ot Il C8n ymDOI2C CCIn_ CVCtylhIn_. OlhIn_
hIddCn 8V8y. hC QCCIHC _ClutC m8dC Dy lhC LCVI, VIlh 8
_8Q DClVCCn lhC lVO dOuDC Hn_Ct, I lhC _ClutC m8dC Dy lhC
I_h tICl InjCtu8Cm lO DtIn_ dOVn lhC QItIl OtCC. l utVIVC
lOd8y In lhC ]CVIh CV `C8t CCCDt8lIOn 8 Q8tl OlhC `QtICly
DCIn_.
8u LOu_8 h8 C8Cd ltumQ I5 lhC `d8tK IdC OlhC COHCClIVC
unCOnCIOu . NhCn lhC O-CMCd `D8CK m8_ICI8n [OnCC 8 lIlC Ot
lhC LCVI] COn]utC 8 dCmOn hC Ot hC I 8Clu8Hy DtIn_In_ Oul 8
OtCC DOm InIdC lhC C. lhC OQCt8lIOn _OC uCCCDy lhC
m8_ICI8n m8lCt lhC dCmOn, m8KIn_ Il hI Ot hCt CtV8nl. h8l I,
lhC m8_ICI8n uC lhC IDCt8lCd CnCt_y t8lhCt lh8n 8In_ 8 QtCy lO
Il. O dO lhI, lhC m8_ICI8n mul DC QutIH Cd OC_O dCItC 8nd O
C8t. n hOtl, hC Ot hC mul h8VC 8ChICVCd CmQCt8nCC, OlhCtVIC
lhC dCmOn C8n `VIn lhC CnCOunlCt. hC m8_ICI8n DCCOmC 8 8VC
lO lhC IHuIOn OlhC LCVu.
NC h8VC _OnC QuIlC dCCQy InlO 8 t8dIC8 InlCtQtCl8lIOn OlhC
LCVu. hC C8td dIVIn8lOty mC8nIn_ lCnd lO OOV lhC mOtC
uuM InlCtQtCl8lIOn. NC l8KC lhC mOtC ODVIOu mC8nIn_ DCC8uC
In 8 tC8dIn_ lhC C8td8QQC8t Oul OCOnlCXl. hC LCVI C8n IndIC8lC
8 n8ttOV m8lCtIMIlIC VICV OIC, Il C8n mC8n 8ny Otm OmCty
Ot dCQtCIOn, CQCCI8y CCIn_ Ch8InCd Ot ImQtIOnCd, VIlh lhC
IuIOn lh8l nO MlCtn8lIVC 8tC QOIDC. Il 8QQC8t In COnnCClIOn
VIlh lhC LOVCt Il hOV lh8l 8 tC8lIOnhIQ VhICh DC_8n VIlh OVC
h8 lutnCd InlO 8 lt8Q.
hC LCVI I_nIC DCIn_ lhC 8VC OyOut dCItC, t8lhCt lh8n
8ClIn_ lhC V8y yOu lhInK I DCl. l C8n mC8n 8 COnltOIn_ ODC-
IOn, Q8tlICu8ty 8 CXu8 OnC, VhCtC lhC QCtOn CC dt8Vn lO
CODFIl 8Cl hC OthC Hnd mOt8y tCQu_n8nl. hC CXltCmC CX8m-
QC I lhC CX CtImn8, On 8 muCh mOtC COmmOn CVC m8ny mCn
8nd VOmCn H nd lhCmCVC QOVCDuy 8llt8ClCd lO QCOQC lhCy
8ClIVCy OIKC. hC CCIn_ OhCQCnC 8nd h8mC VhICh tCul
DOm _IVIn_ In lO lhCC dCItC DCOn_ lO lhC LCVI.
18tICt VC ODCtVCd lhC C8m On lhC 8CC OlhC Ch8InCd mCn
8nd VOmCn. hI IndIC8lC lhC 8CCCQl8nCC O8 D8d Ilu8lIOn. 1VCn-
lu8Hy VC COmC lO VICV Out unh8QQy COndIlIOn 8 nOtm8, 8nd
m8y CVCn H_hl 8_8Inl Ch8n_C. hC LCVI tCVCtCd, On lhC OlhCt
@ I I O @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E G R E A T O O R N E Y
h8nC, InCIC8lC 8n 8llCmQl lO DtC8K OOC tOm OmC mICty Ot
DOnC8_C, CIlhCt tC8 Ot QyChOO_IC8. hCQCtOn nO On_Ct 8CCCQl
D Ot hCtIlu8lIOn 8nC mOVC lOV8tC IDCt8lIOn. 8t8COXC8y Il I
QtCCICy 8l uCh 8 lImC lh8l VC CC Out unh8QQInC 8nC lhC ImI-
l8lIOn OOutIVC mOl ltOn_y. UCOtC yOu C8n IQ OUlhC Ch8In
yOu mul DCCOmC COnCIOu O lhCm. hCtCOtC, QCOQC VhO 8tC
unCCt_OIn_ OmC QtOCC O IDCt8lIOn ~ 8y, C8VIn_ hOmC, Qy-
ChOlhCt8Qy Ot 8 CIICul CIVOtCC OlCn HnC lhCmCVC 8t mOtC
unh8QQy lh8n VhCn lhCy DInCy 8CCCQlCC lhCIt OQQtCCC COnCI-
lIOn. buCh 8 QCtIOC C8n DC CtuCI8 lO 8 QCtOn CCVCOQmCnl. OnC
C8n utV1VC Il, OnC VI CmCt_C h8QQICt 8nCVIlh 8 mOtC CCVCOQCC
QCtOn8Ily. bOmClImC VC C8n InC lhC QCtIOC Olt8nIlIOn unDC8t-
8Dy Q8ID1u 8nC IQ D8CK lO Out Ch8In.
hC LCVI tCVCtCC In lhC QOIlIOn OlhC Q8l OlCn mC8n lh8l
lhC Ch8n_C h8 OCCuttCC, Dul lhC CCIn_ O 8CnC, O8n_Ct, O
CCQtCIOn tCm8In, QCth8Q hICCCn DOm COnCIOu VICV, Dul lI 8n
InuCnCC. NC mul OlCn CC8 VIlh lhC CCVI O lhC Q8l, CVCn
lhOC VC h8VC On_ 8_O OVCtCOmC In Qt8ClICM lCtm. hC QyChC
nCVCt Cl 8nylhIn_ _O, Il nCVCtImQy Ot_Cl 8DOul 8nylDn_. hC
V8y lO IDCt8lIOn IC In uIn_ 8nC lt8nOtmIn_ lhC KnOVCC_C 8nC
CnCt_y DOunC uQ In CVCty CXQCtICnCC.
F|yare !
@ I I 7 @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
TM T0w R
IKC lhC CVI, lhI ltumQ C8ttIC 8 _tC8l m8ny mC8nIn_, 8nC lhC
CXQ8n8lIOn _IVCn Dy mOl 8tOl DOOK InCIC8lC Il ut8CC mOt8
COn. hC OVCt I 8IC lO DC lhC m8lCtI8Il COnCCQlIOn OlhC
unIVCtC, 8nC lhC I_hlnIn_ lhC CCltuClIOn lh8l COmC lO 8 IC
D8CC On QutCy m8lCtI8Il QtInCIQC. 1VCn hCtC VC 1nC 8 _tC8l
CCM OuDlCly. NhIC Ilm8y 8QQC8t lh8l OmC OulICC OtCC ltIKC
COVn lhC n8ttOV-mInCCC QCtOn, lhC VIOCnCC hOVn In lhC C8tC
8Clu8y CCtIVC tOm QyChOO_IC8 QtInCIQC. hC QCtOn VhO
IVC Ony lO 8lI] lhC C_O CCm8nC OVCMlh, 8mC, 8nC QhyIC8
QC8utC, I_nOtIn_ DOlh InltOQCClOn 8nC lhC QItIlu8 DC8uly OlhC
unIVCtC, t8IC 8 QtOn 8tOunC hImC NC CC lhI QtIOn 8 lhC
OVCt, _tCy, tOCK-DOunC, VIlh 8 _OC CtOVn. l lhC 8mC lImC 8
QtCutC DuIC uQ InICC lhC mInC 8 lhC unCOnCIOu lt8In 8l Il
DOnC. tC8m DCCOmC CIlutDCC, 8t_umCnl 8nC CCQtCIOn mOtC
COmmOn, 8nC 8 QCtOn tCQtCC lhCC m8mCl8lIOn 8 VC, lhC
unCOnCIOu VI OlCn HnC OmC V8y lO CXQOCC.
hC CXQOIOn m8y 8QQC8t 8 8n CXlCtn8 CI8lCt, yOut tCnC
8nC 8mIy lutn 8_8Inl yOu, yOut VOtK CO8QC 8nC VIOCnCC O
OnC K1nC Ot 8nOlhCt VIt 8tOunC yOu. nC Il I ltuC lh8l OnC O
lhC mylCtIC OIC I lhC V8y lh8l D8C uCK COmC In CulCt. `Cl,
hOV m8ny OlhCC QtODCm tCul tOm On_ nC_CClCC Ot mIh8n-
CCC Ilu8lIOn, ltIK1n_ u 8l lhC mOmCnl VC DCCOmC VunCt8DC:
nC IOmC QtODCm, InC Ot CC8lh OQCOQC COC lO u, CCO-
nOmIC QtODCu In OCICly, CVCn n8lut8 CI8lCt, uCh 8 lOtm ~
Ot _hlmn_ DOl ~ 8QQC8t 8l lhC 8mC lImC 8 QCtOn8 QtODCm,
uCh COInCICCnCC hOV 8_8In lh8l IC COC InCCCC COnl8In mOtC
lh8n VC C8n CC In tOnl Ou.
NC hOuC nOl lhInK lh8l lhC QyChC, Ot IC, DtIn_ On CI8lCt
ImQy lO QunIh u. hC CtOQ OHtC 81n_ OnC C8Ch CC OlhC
OVCt 8tC h8QCC IKC lhC CDtCV CllCt yOC, lhC Htl CllCt O
LOC n8mC. hCy ymDO12C nOl 8n_Ct, Dul _t8CC. hC un1VCtC,
8nC lhC hum8n mInC VI nOl 8OV u lO l8y OtCVCt ImQtIOnCC
In Out lOVCt OIuIOn 8nC tCQtCIOn. VC C8nnOl tCC OutCVC
QC8CCuy lhCn lhC OtCC OIC VI 8tt8n_C 8n CXQOIOn.
CO nOl mC8n lO ImQy lh8l VC In 8ny V8y Cn]Oy lhC Q8Inu
CXQCtICnCC lh8l h8KC u OOC, Ot lh8l VC C8n CC lhC DCnCICI8
@ I I @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E G R E A T O O R N E Y
CnC tOm uCh mC8n, Ot CVCn lh8l lhC QtOCC 8V8y tCul In
DCCCOm. Cty OlCn 8 CtC OCI8lCt Ot 8 QCtIOC OVIOCnl CmO-
lIOn VI CtIQQC 8 OnCC ltOn_ QCtOn8Ily. hC QOInl I Ony lh8l
_IVCn nO OlhCt OulCl lhC unCOnCIOu VI CtuQl 8 8tOunC u, 8nC
lh8l VC C8n uC lhI CXQCtICnCC lO HnC 8 DCllCtD88nCC. bOmC CCCK
C8 lh C8tC `hC OuC O lhC LCV , Dul OlhCt C8 Il `hC
OuC OLOC, tCmnCn_ u lh8l Il I Qtlu8 OtCCVh1Ch CCltOy
Out QyChIC QtOn.
hCtC I 8 CCCQCt mC8nIn_ In lhCnKIn_ OLOC 8nC lhC LCVI
hOuC, 8 mC8nn_ mQICC CVCn mOtC C1tCCly n lhC 8Cl lh8l lhC
CDtCV Ot `n8KC DC8t lhC 8mC numCtIC8 V8uC [8nC I lhCtCOtC
CCn 8 CQuIV8Cnl lO] lhC VOtC Ot `mCI8h . hC LCVI I LOC
h8COV. n ltumQ I bVC 8V lh8l lhC QCtOn CCKn_ unIty VIlh C
mul DtIn_ Oul lhC CnCt_y nOtm8y tCQtCCC Dy lhC COnCIOu
QCtOn8uty. Uy CmDt8CIn_ lhC LCVI, hOVCVCt, VC CnC8n_Ct lh8l
C8m 8nC D88nCC hOVn In CmQCt8nCC. NC Cl lhC QyChC On 8
VIOCnl COutC C8CIn_ lO lhC CXQOOn O lhC OVCt. ]un_
CCCtIDCC COnCIOunC 8 8 C8m DOCKIn_ tCC H OV OlhC tIVCt O
lhC unCOnCIOu. CmQCt8nCC 8Cl 8 8 K1nC O uICC, Clln_ lhC
V8lCt lhtOu_h 8l 8 COnltOCC t8lC. hC OVCt DOV 8V8y lhC C8m
COmQClCy, tCC8In_ lhC OCKCC uQ CnCt_y 8 8 HOOC.
Nhy l8KC uCh 8 C8n_CtOu COutC: hC 8nVCt lh8l nO OlhCt
V8y CXIl lO Hnly _O DCyOnC lhC D8ttICt OCOnCIOunC, Ot lO
DtC8K tCC DOm lh8l VhICh CQ8t8lC :C InlO OQQOIlC 8nC VhICh
Cul u OUtOm lhC QutC CnCt_y COnl8nCC VlhIn OutCVC. hC
VCI 8CtO lhC lCmQC lhC COnCIOu QCtOn8ly, QtOlCCln_
u tOm IC lC mylIC, h8m8n, 8nC CCl8lIC h8VC lClIH CC,
ClCtnly I 8 8tOunC u, DInCIn_ 8nC OVCtVhCmn_. hC unQtC-
Q8tCC mInC C8nnOl CnCOmQ8 uCh QOVCt, 8nC O COnCIOunC
COmC lO Out tCCuC, COIn_ OH lhC m8]Ot Q8tl O Out QItlu8
CnCt_y, Q8tCCIn_ CXQCtICnCC InlO lImC 8nC OQQOn_ C8lC_OtIC.
hCmylIC lC u8VC lh8l tCVC8l:On COmC 8 8 I_hln:n_ DOl
VDCh CCUOy thC IuOn OlhC m8lCt8VOrC In 8 In_C D:nCIn_
H8h, IKC lh8l CCn Dy 8u On hIs V8y lO L8m8Cu, Ot lh8l VhCh
UuCK UuCCF8 unCCt lhC UO ltCC. O m8llCt hOV On_ lhC mCCIl8-
lIOn, lhC yC8t OQt8yCtOt OCCul tt8nIn_, lhC ltulh COmC 8 8l OnCC
Ot Il COC nOl COmC 8l a . NDCh nOl lO 8y lh8l lhC QtCQ8t8lIOn
V8 mC8n:n_C. hC VOtKhOVn n thC Htl lVO unC OlhC P8]Ot
@ I I U @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
tC8n8 CtVC 8 COuDC QutQOC. Ol Ouy COC Il m8KC u ltOn_
CnOu_h lO VIlhl8nC lhC I_hlmn_ VhCn Il COmC, Il MO Qul u In 8
QOIUOn lO DtIn_ 8DOul lhC I_hlnIn_. P OCCul Qt8CUCC DC_In VIlh
OnC aumQUOn. lh8l Il I QOIDC lO C8COVn lhC DOl OtCVC8lIOn,
lh8l 8 QCtOn C laKC CCHnIlC lCQ lO mC lDI h8QQCn.
hCC lCQ InCuCC lhC lC8ChIn_, lhC mCCIl8UOn, lhC C_O CC8lh,
8nC HnMy lhC CmDt8CIn_ OlhC LCVI. y tCC8In_ lh8l CnCt_y VC
_Cl Q8l lhC D8ttICt OtCQtCIOn 8nC OQCn OutCVC lO lhC D_hl-
nIn_. Ot lhC QItIl CXIl M lhC lImC, Il I VC VhO 8tC DInC lO Il.
y_OIn_ InlO lhC CatKC OlhC CVC OQCn OutCVC lO lhC I_hl.
LDVIOuy, lhI I 8 C8n_CtOu QtOCC. hC unQtCQ8tCC QCtOn
C8n DCCOmC lt8QQCC In lhC IuIOn OlhC LCVu. NC VI CC MO
lh8l lhC tCC8C OCnCt_y C8ttIC Il OVn C8n_Ct 8 lhC QyChC ltIC
lO InlC_t8lC Il VIlh lhC COnCIOu 8V8tCnC. hC hCtO On lhC V8y
D8CK DOm lhC CCnltC OlhC 8DytInlh C8n DCCOmC Ol IhC h8 nOl
C8tCuy QtCQ8tCC hImC.
hC OVCt COmC DCOV lhC I_h 1tIClC, Ot Il hOV lhC VCI
DCIn_ tIQQCC 8V8y. l lhC 8mC lImC lhC I_hlmn_ tCCM lhC P8_I-
CI8n. h8l CnCt_y 8nC ltulh VhICh Q8C lhtOu_h lhC P8_ICI8n
hCtC ltIKC In uH OtCC. NC 8O CC ltumQ I 8nC 2 In lhC lVO
QCOQC, OnC In DuC, lhC OlhCt In 8 tCC CO8K. hC QO8tIly ymDO-
I2CC In O m8ny O lhC C8HICt C8tC I hCtC OVCthCmCC Dy lhC
unIly OCXIlCnCC. LOunl lhC yOC CtOQ OHtC 8nC yOu VI HnC
lh8l lhCy COmC lO tVCnly-lVO, lhC numDCt OltumQ. `OuVIHnC
aO lh8l lhCy 8tC CQ8t8lCC InlO lCn 8nC lVCVC. hC bumCtI8n
uCC 8 numDCt ylCm D8CC On lCn [Ot lCn Hn_Ct] Ot VOtCy
m8llCt, Dul 8 CQ8t8lC ylCm D8CC On lVCVC, Ot lhC 2OCI8C, Ot
QItIlu8 COunUn_. hI CuMIly I 8O 8n IuIOn. Olh VOtC 8tC
m8nICl8lIOn OlhC 8mC QItIl HtC.
hC Im8_C O 8 CCltOyCC lOVCt DtIn_ lO mInC lhC lOVCt O
8DC. Ln 8 IlCta CVC lh8l lOty CXQ8In Vhy QCOQC QC8K O
m8ny 8n_u8_C, VhIC mOt8y Il lC8ChC u nOl lO Qul Out 8Ilh In
hum8n 8DIIlIC [lhC OVCt 8 m8lCtI8Im] . ul VC C8n CC 8nOlhCt
mC8nIn_ In 8DC CCltuClIOn. hC I_hlmn_ lh8l ltuCK Il V8
LOC QC8KIn_ CItCCly lO hum8nIly t8lhCt lh8n InCItCCly lhtOu_h
lhC OtCIn8 QhCnOmCn8 OlhC QhyICa VOtC.
n 8n Inl8nl lhC QCCCh OLOC tCQ8CC lhC hum8n QCCCh lh8l
DuUl lhC lOVCt, tCVC8lIOn tCQ8CC lhC lCQ Dy lCQ KnOVCC_C O
@ I 3O @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A . T H E G R E A T O O R N E Y
thc scnscs. Pcmcmbcr that thc dcsccnt olthc spirit at Pcntccost
scrambIcs humanIanguagc, pcoplc 'spcak in tongucs' ormakc ani-
maInoiscs. ^nd thc shamans in thcirtranccs spcak thcIanguagcs ol
thc bcasts and birds. Human Ianguagc is an aspcct olcuIturc and
a Iimitation ol consciousncss. Nany Iinguists, notabIy cnjamn
Vhorl, havc dcmonstratcdthatourIanguagcs rcstrict ourabity to
pcrccivc rcaIity, Iikc a !tcr ovcr thc univcrsc. ^nd truth, thc mys-
tics tcII us, cannot bc cxprcsscd in vords.
Thc Tovcr's 1 rcduccs to , thc Chariot, Iinkcd by Casc and
othcrsto humanspccch. Thc spccch olGod olthc Tovcr dcstroys
in a momcnt aII thc carcmI constructions olculturc, Ianguagc and
consciousncss. In so doing it rcturns us to thc chaos ol thc sca
bcncath thc VhccI olFortunc and thc PooI olvatcrbchind thc
vciIolthc Pricstcss.
In somc vays thc Tovcr is thc most compIcx olalI thc trumps,
itsmorcsubdc mcaningsarcatoddvithits obvious oncs.Likcthc
OcviI its divinatory mcanings usuaIIy dcrivc lrom thc obvious. It
usuaIIyrclcrs to a pcriodolvioIcntuphcavaI [cithcrIitcraIIy orpsy-
chologicaIIy) , thc dcstruction ol long cstablishcd situations, thc
brcak-up olrcIationships in angcr orcvcnvioIcncc.
ccausc thc card carrics such lurious signicancc many pcopIc
rccoiIatthcsight olit. Thcrcactionraiscsthcvitalqucstion olhov
to rcgard thc Tarot's morc lcarluI imagcs. Vc must Icarn to usc
aII cxpcricncc, thc Tovcr as vcIl as thc Lovcrs. Vhcn thc Tovcr
appcars it is ncccssary to rcmcmbcr that it can Icad to hccdom,
thc cxpIosions arc cIcaring avay somc situation that has buiIt up
intoIcrabIcprcssurc. Thcycan lcad to ncv bcginnings.
To say that thc Tovcr's appcarancc usuaIIy signics dihicuIt
cxpcricnccis not toinsistthatthc dccpcrmcanings vuI ncvcrarisc.
Thc card can mcan a h ash olcmghtcnmcnt, particuIarIy ilsuch
cnIightcnmcnt rcpIaccs a limitcd vicv ol Iilc. CnIy thc rcadcr's
intuition and cxpcricncc, as vcII as thc hnts hom thc othcr cards,
canindicatc thc spccic mcaning.
Thc Tovcr rcvcrscd indicatcs a modicd vcrsion olthc card's
mcaningvhcn thc right vay up. Thc vioIcncc and stormarc stiII
thcrc but miIdcr. ^t thc samc timc thc rcvcrscd trump carrics
thc cxtra mcaning ol'imprisonmcnt' , to usc Vaitc's tcrm. This
paradoxbccomcs rcsolvcd vhcnvcconsidcrthatvhcnthc right
@ I 3 I @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
V8y uQ lhC OVCt IOCt8lC. NhCn tCVCtCC, lhCn, lhC C8tC mC8n
lh8l VC CO nOl 8OV OutCVC lO unCCt_O lhC u CXQCtICnCC.
Uy KCCQIn_ 8 lI_hl COnltO On Out tC8ClIOn VC CCn lhC Q8In,
VC 8O CO nOl tCC8C 8 lhC tCQtCCC m8lCtI8. NIlhIn Out-
CVC lhC Q8Inu CXQCtICnCC COnlInuC, nCVCt h8VIn_ _OnC Il
u COutC. Uy hICCIn_ lhC OVCt tOm lhC I_hlnIn_ VC
OCCOmC Il QtIOnCt.
F|yare I 8
TM 5TAR
1lCt lhC lOtm, QC8CC. hC QCtOn VhO unCCt_OC CmOlIOn8
uQhC8Va HnC 8lCtV8tC 8 CnC O C8m 8nC CmQlInC. L8y lhC
C8tC Oul Ot OmCOnC VhO h8 nCVCt CCn lhCm 8nC lhC bl8t VI
h8tCy nCCC InlCtQtCl8lIOn. 1VCtylhIn_ In Il QC8K O VhOCnC,
OQCnnC, 8nC hCaIn_.
!l I VOtlh COmQ8tIn_ lhC bl8t VIlh CmQCt8nCC, VhCtC VC MO
CC 8 H_utC QOutIn_ V8lCt 8nC hOCIn_lVO CuQ, VIlh OnC OOl On
8nC 8nC OnC In V8lCt. UOlh C8tC COmC 8lCt 8 CtII, Oul VhCtC
CmQCt8nCC I COnltOCC lhC bl8t I tCC. Ol COlhCC, Oul n8KCC.
Ol l8nCIn_ lIUy, Oul uQQC 8nC tCaXCC. ^DC Hnay, VhCtC
CmQCt8nCC QOut lhC V8lCt O8CK 8nC Otlh, OCnCIn_ Oul 8l lhC
8mC lImC COnCtIn_, lhC bl8t m8ICCn QOut Il Oul DCCy, COnHCCnl
@ I 33 @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E G R E A T O O R N E Y
lDal I!C VI CCHlIHuay uQQy DCt VIlD HCV CHCt_y. DC QIClutC
u__Cl a lDCC mylDICa CDaICC lDal CCuC HCVCt DC CmQlICC.
DC CVCt tCCaC C!CHCt_y tIQQCC aVay lDC VCI C!CCHCICu-
HC. CtC IH lDC blat VC atC DCDIHC lDC VCI. DC QCC C!ValCt,
ma lDCu_D Il I, tCQtCCHl lDC uHCCHCICu, lDal amC ValCt VC
aV CCHCCaCC DCDIHC lDC QIiat C!lDC I_D tIClC. CV lDI
uH1VCta I!C CHCt_y Da DCCH lIttCC uQ Dy lDC aCl C!QCutIH_ lDC
QCtCH CVH I!C ValCt IHlC Il.
DC ValCt DCIH_ QCutCC CHlC aHC IHCICalC lDal lDC CHCt_y
DCCC Dy lDC CVCt I CItCClCC CulwatC a VC a IHVatC, Il IHK
lDC uHCCHCICu VIlD lDC CulCt tCaIly C! lDC QDyICa VCtC. LHC
Vay lC CCCtIDC lDC ltCam C!ValCt I a lDC atCDClyQC C!mylD,
lDC Ima_C lDtCu_D VDICD lDC uHCCHCICu CXQtCC IlC. DC
uHCCHCICu I a VDCC, VIlDCul DaQC Ct CIVIICH, Dul Il CmCt_C
IHlC aVatCHClDtCu_D lDC CQatalC ltCam C!mylDCC_y. NIlD lDC
blat VC DaVC _CHC DCyCHC mylD lC Il CutCC a !CtmC CHCt_y, a
I_Dl CCmIH_ Cul C!CatKHC. DC ltaH!CtmalICH C!CatKHC IHlC
I_Dl I lDC uHCCHCICu, lDC DICCCH ValHC VIlDIH u, CDaH_CC
IHlC lDC CClalIC aVatCHC C!uQCt-CCHCICuHC.
LHC ltCam C!ValCt HCV DaCK IHlC lDC QCC, I_HIjIH_ lDal a
atCDCjQC DCHCDaCKIHlClDC!CtI1C ltulD. DC VauC C!lDC atCDC-
lyQC IC CHy IH Il QCVCt lC atCuC lDC InnCt C!aHC lC CCHHCCl u
lC lDC CutCC. DC maICCH !CCl CCC HCl QCHCltalC lDC ValCt. DC
CCCCUVC uHCCnCICu Da HCl DCCH CHlCtCC, Dul Cny lIttCC uQ.
DC DItC CH lDC tI_Dl I aH IDI, a ymDC C!lDC 1_yQlIaH _CC
DClD, VDC Va CCHICCtCC lDC IHVCHlCt C!a atl, !tCm QCClty lC
QCllCty. LIlCtay DC lau_Dl lDC D tl atlIl lDCIt lCCDHIQuC, Dul CH
a mCtC ymDCIC CVC, VC CaH ay lDal a CtCalIVC aClICH lCm CtI_-
IHay !tCmlDC QCC C!uH!CtmCC CHCt_y. l I CHC !uHClICH C!DCIH_
a QDyICa CtCalutC lDal VC laKC lDI CHCt_y aHC uC Il lC maKC
QCCm, QaIHlIH_ aHC laQCltIC. P lDCC DumaH CtCalICH atC ym-
DCIZCC IH lDCC CVCta ltCam C! ValCt. 1VCty aCl C! CtCalICH
CD]CClIIC QItIlua CHCt_y IH lDC lDIH_ CtCalCC. 1l lDC amC lImC
HC VCtK CXDaul lDC atlIl IHQItalICH a CH_ a DC CtDC tCmaIH
CCHHCClCC lC lDC IHHCt CutCC. DCtC!CtC, lDC CHC ltCam tClutH
lC lDC QCC, ]ul a CaCD VCtK _IVC Il CtCalCt HCV IHQItalICH.
DC blat aQQCat DCCV lDC 1mQtC aHC lDC NDCC. H lDC
1mQtC VC aV lDC Haluta VCtC _CtIDCC IH lDC QaICH. 1ul lDC
@ I 34
@
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
1mQtC V8 hC8VIy COlhCC lO InCIC8lC lh8l hC CXQtCC hCt CmO-
lIOn lhtOu_hlhIn_ OulICC hCtC~ n8lutC, OVCt 8nC ChICtCn. n
lhC bl8t VC CC lhC InnCt C]Oy1uy CXQCtICnCIn_ IlC1. hC bl8t
maICCn COmDInC lhC CO CmaC 8tChClyQC, lhC InnCt CnIlIVIly O
lhC I_h tIClC DtOu_hl Oul 8nC CXQtCCC VIlh lhC Q8IOn O
lhC 1mQtC.
n lhC NhCC OOtlunC VC 8V 8 VIIOn OlhC unIVCtC In my-
lCtIOu ymDO. CtC lhC OVCt h8 l8KCn u DCyOnCVIIOn. n lhC
bl8t VC CItCCly CXQCtICnCC lhC unCOnCIOu, t8lhCt lh8n Il Im8_C.
P ltumQ 1 lhC bl8t _OC DCyOnC , VIlh lhC bl8t tCC8In_ lhC
IC OtCC lh8l lhC Lh8tIOl COnltOHCC 8nC CItCClCC. 1 Qu CQu8
8, 8nC VC C8n CC lh8l lhC bl8t I bltCn_lh taICC lO 8 hI_hCt CVC,
VIlh lhC IOn O CCItC nO On_Ct ImQy l8mCC, Dul lt8nOtmCC
InlO D_hl 8nC]Oy.
hC l8t On lhC C8tC 8tC 8 CI_hl QOInlCC VhICh I 8nOlhCt
tCCtCnCC lO bltCn_lh. bInCC 8n CI_hl QOInlCC l8t C8n DC OtmCC Dy
Q8CIn_ OnC Qu8tC OVCt 8nOlhCt VIlh lhC QOInl 8lCtn8lIn_, lhC
OClO_t8m I OmClImC lhOu_hl O8 h8D8y DClVCCn lhC Qu8tC
8nC lhC CItCC. hC Qu8tC l8nC Ot m8llCt 8nC lhC CItCC Ot QIt-
Il. um8n DCIn_ 8tC lhC InK DClVCCn lhC QItIl 8nC lhC QhyICM
VOHC, Out 8DIIly lO DOlh CC lhC ltulh, 8nC lO 8Cl, m8KC u VChI-
CC lhtOu_h VhICh lhC ltulh C8n m8mCl IlC.
hC LhutCh uCC lO CCCtIDC hum8n 8 h8V8y DClVCCn lhC
8nIm8 8nC lhC 8n_C. \u8y 8 mOt8 InlCtQtCl8lIOn V8 _IVCn,
QCOQC COuC OOV lhCIt CCItC Ot lhCIt tC8On. Uul VC C8n uC
lhI mCl8QhOt lO 8y lh8l hum8n 8V8tCnC 8nC 8ClIOn COnnCCl lhC
QhyIC8 VOtC lO lhC `8n_C .
LCQIlC 8 lhC u__ClIOn Om8nICl8lIOn lhC bl8tI nOl tC8y
8 C8tC O8ClIOn, Dul OInnCt C8m. n COnlt8l lO CmQCt8nCC 8nC
lhC POOn, lhC bl8t hOV nO tO8C C8CIn_ D8CK tOm lhC QOO lO
lhC mOunl8In O OulCt tC8Ily. hOu_h lhC ltC8m 8nC lhC IDI
ImQy lhC uC OCtC8lIVC CnCt_y, lhC CXQCtICnCC OlhC bl8t I OnC
OQC8CC. Ot lhC mOmCnl, lhC]OutnCy C8n V8Il.
!n CIVIn8lOty tC8CIn_ lhC C8tC CXQtCC hOQC, 8 CnC OhC8In_
8nC VhOCnC, CQCCI8y 8lCt CmOlIOn8 lOtm. Cty OlCn lhC
blat 8nC lhC OVCt u__Cl C8Ch OlhCt CVCn VhCn Ony OnC 8Clu8-
y 8QQC8t. tumQ 1 InOC8lC lhC unCOnCIOu 8ClIV8lCC, Dul In 8
VCty DCnI_n V8y.
@ I 3R @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E G R E A T O O R N E Y
Pcvcrscd, vc cIosc ourscIvcs oIrom thc card's cah and hopc,
cxpcricncing vcakncss, impotcncc, and Icar. This dccp insccurity
can somctimcs mask itsclIas arrogancc. IIthc Star indicatcs thc
human as a link bctvccn thc spirit and thc outcr vorId thcn thc
cardrcvcrscdsymboIizcs thc channcIs cIoscd, andvhcn thc vatcrs
oIIiIc arc dammcd up insidc, thc outsidc can only bccomc tircd
and dcprcsscd.
F|yare I
TM M00N
Thc truc task oIthc thrd Iinc is not rcvcIation but bringing that
inncr ccstasy back to consciousncss. Thc Star containcd no road
back. It shovs us dvcIIing in thc gIorics oIdarkncss transIormcd
intoIight.To usc thatIightvcmustpassthroughdistortionandIcar.
Thc Star cxpcricncc Iics bcyond vords or cvcn Iorm, though it
impIics Iorms cmcrgingvith thc strcams oIvatcr. In thc Noon vc
sccthisproccsshappcning, as visions, mythsandimagcs. Thc Noon
is thc card oIthc imagination as itmouIds thc cncrgy oIthc Star
into shapcs that thc consciousncss can comprchcnd.
Nyths arc alvays distortcd. Thcy can ncvcr rcaIIy say vhat thcy
vant, thcy can onIy appcaI to things dccp vthin thc scII. Thc Star
stirrcd up thc vatcrs, as vc rcturn to outcr avarcncss thosc vatcrs
@ I 3 @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
_IVC Ctlh lhCIt CtCalutC. CmCmDCt lhal lhC blat aHC lhC buH_IVC
ClhCIt CVH I_hl, Dul lhC PCCH tCH CCl lhC hICCCH I_hl ClhC
buH. hC Ima_IHalICH CIlCtl DCCauC Il I tCH CClIH_ IHHCt CXQCtI-
CHCC lC lhC CulCt mIHC.
P lhC VCtC mylhCC_IC CCmCHltalC lhC CCCClIVC uH-
CCHCICu CCHlaIH mCHlCt a VC a hCtCC, Cat a VC a ]Cy.
hI I CHC tCaCH Vhy VC CCVCt Cut CHIlIVIly lC IC VIlh lhC
QtClCClIVC ayCt C C_C CCHCICuHC, C VC VI HC CH_Ct Cat
lhC CatK aHC lhC CIlCtlIH_ haCCV ClhC PCCH.
hC PCCH CCtIC ha-I_hl ha aVay DtCu_hl Cul ltaH_C CC-
In_ IH QCCQC aHC aHIma. LHCVCtCCt maCHC, `uHaCy, CCtIVC
tCm `uHa, LalIH Ct mCCH, aHC IH lhC PICOC P_C QCCQC
DCICVCC lhal lhC Cu ClhC IHaHC haC HCVH C lC lhC mCCH.
CCay, lCC, maHy CCClCt aHC QCICC haVC CDCtVCC lhC QtCVaCHCC
CuICICC aHC ClhCt I_H C CIlutDCC CmClICH CutIH_ lhC u
mCCH. bCmClhIH_ aDCul lhC mCCH CXCIlCCat aHC ltaH_CHC,]ul
as lhC uH tCaXC aHC CCHCC u. hC atCl buH CCmC alCt lhC
PCCH, ImQICIly CaH CHy DC aQQtCCIalCC alCt a ]CutHCy lhtCu_h
lhC uHat ltaH_CHC.
hC CC_ aHC lhC VCtCQtCCHl lhC ` aHIma C tCuCC Dy lhC
PCCH, ]ul a a D mCCH CaH Cl DClh CtCalutC hCVIH_ nI_hl
CH_. hC mQCtCt, CItCCly aDCVC ltumQ 1 d, hCVCC u CatHIH_
lhC tuC CCCICly C VC lhal lhCy DCCCmC aulCmalIC. NIlh lhC
al IHC VC _C DCyCHC lhI `uQCt C_C tCQtCICH, IH lhC QtCCC lhC
`IC VIiCHC CCmC lC lhC utaCC. P VCtCVChCVIH_ uHCCt a u
mCCH I a VIVIC mClaQhCt ClhC QCVCtClhC uHCCHCICu lC DtIH_
Cul CmClhIH_ QtImIlIVC aHC HCH-humaH IH lhC mCl tCQCClaDC
QCCQC.
P 1d lhC PCCH tCalC lC 8. bltCH_lh aV lhC aHIma HalutC
lamCC, aHC ChaHHCCC lhtCu_h lhC CtmIl. CtC HC uCh CItCClICH
I _IVCH, a VC CCmC DaCK DCm lhC blat lhC DCal tClutH IH a Il
VICHC. LHy VhCH lhC blat CHCt_y I Dy IHlC_talCC IH lhC NCHC
VI lhC aHIma CDC VhCy ltaHCtmCC. ClICC lhal IH bltCH_lh
lhC VCmaH, lhC humaH ICC, CCHltC lhC ICH. VCH IH lhC LCVI lhC
CCmCH aQQCat CCaty humaH. 1ul lhCtC atC HC QCCQC CH ltumQ
1d. H lhal ha1-I_hl Cut CHC CCutCVC a humaH DtCaK CCVH.
NC CHC CmClhIH_ C lhC PCCH VICHC IH lhC alCtmalh
C a HI_hlmatC, VhCH VC CC ltaH_C VIlhIH CutCVC. hC VIiC
@ I 3O @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A . T H E G R E A T O O R N E Y
CnalIOn atC nOl lhC tCul OlhC nI_hlmatC, l I mOtC lhC OlhCt
Vay atOunC. NC aIC CatICt lhal CtCam atC ltanOtmalIOn O
unCOnCOu CnCt_y InlO Ima_C. ^ Outl O CnCt_y VhICh I lOO
_tCal Ot lhC CtCam mCChanIm lO QCaCCuy aImIalC Can tCul
n OOlh a nI_hlmatC anC lhC CCIn_ VhCn yOu VaKC uQ OlhC OOCy
OCIn_ Chat_CC VIlh VIC CnCt_y.
PaCnC I aO aCCOmQanICC Oy unCOnltOCC CnalIOn n lhC
OOCy. Cty OlCn unaCy laKC lhC Otm O ltanOtmalIOn InlO an
aDIma. COQCV CtaV On a Out, naKCC, hOVIn_ al lhC mOOn.
^ uCCCn tCCaC OunCOnCIOu CnCt_y ha CIInlC_talCC lhC QCt-
On8:ly. n lhC atOl lhI VCty Can_CtOu mOmCnl haQQCn ODy
alCt On_ QtCQatalIOn, VIlh 8 lhC nOtma C_O QtOOCm Cl
OChInC. hC bhaman lOO CXQCtCnCC a ltanOtmalIOn InlO a OCal.
bhaman VI CaQ aOOul anC QCaK a anIma CutIn_lhCIt ltanCC.
Uul lhC haman, KC lhC OCCulIl, ha QtCQatCC hImCVIlh yCat
OQtCQatalIOn. C I aO atmCC VIlh lhC KnOVCC_C OVhal lO
CXQCCl, hanCCC COVn tOm lhC _CnCtalIOn Ohaman VhO haVC
_OnC OCOtC. HCmCmOCt lhal lhC POOn numOCt aCC uQ lO , lhC
Ctml. hC lCaChCt-_uICC Olhal CatC I nOl VOC, Ot VC mul
aCC lhC POOn 8OnC, Oul lhC _uCanCC _VCn OCOtChanC Can hCQ
u HnC Out Vay.
! lhC anIma ymOOD2C lhC aVa_C In man, lhC CtayHh I OmC-
lhIn_ VCty C:UCtCnl. !n OnC OhI mOl VVC QhtaC NalC C8 Il
` lhal VhICh IC CCCQCt lhan lhC aVa_C OCal . l ymOOI2C lhC
mOl uDlVCta Cat VIlhIn lhC COCClIVC unCOnCIOu, CXQCtICnCCC
In VIIOn a namCC CCmOn. hC CmCt_CnCC OuCh lCttOt I a
VC KnOVn OCCuttCnCC lO QCOQC VhO CXQOC lhCIt unat ICC
lhtOu_h uCh mClhOC a CCCQ mCCIlalIOn Ot Ctu_. hCy atC aO
CCn a mOnlCt CnCOunlCtCC Oy haman On lhCt ltanCC]OutnCy.
hC atOua OlhCC Cat, OlCn CXQCtICnCCC a CtCalutC CmCt_In_
tOm ValCt Ot QOO OOI1y IquIC, Can QtOCuCC untCaOnIn_ QanC.
`Cl lhCC :ma_C OCOn_ lO Out InnCt VOtC, VC CannOl tCaCh lhC
bun VIlhOul Qan_ lhCm.
hC CtayHh ha CmCt_C tOm lhC ValCt. NaIlC lC u Il
nCVCt COmC COmQClCy OnlO anC Oul MVay 8 OaCK a_aIn. hC
CCCQCl lCttOt atC lhC OnC lhal nCVCt uy laKC haQC. NC CC
OmClhIn_ InICC, Oul VC Can nCVCt CC]ul Vhal Il I. ^l lhC amC
lImC thC h81CmCt_In_ CtayDh u__Ct lhal n lhC]OutnCy OaCK lO
@ I 37 @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
COnCIOunC lhC CCCQ QCtCCQlIOn O lhC bl8t DCCOmC CIlOtlCC
DCC8uC VC C8nnOl DtIn_ Il M D8CK. Ot lhI tC8On lOO lhC POOn
I CIlutDIn_, DCC8uC lhC QC8CC 8nC VOnCCt O lhC bl8t h8VC
DCCOmC Q8tlI8y CCltOyCC 8nC Ol.
nC yCl, CCQIlC lhC VICnC, lhC C8tu CXCIlCmCnl, lhC COO
I_hl C8n C8m 8 VC. hC POOn I 8IClO InCtC8C On lhC `ICC O
mCtCy, 8 tCCtCnCC lO lhCQI8t OmCtCy OnlhCb8DD8IlIC tCC O
LIC. 1VCn mOtC ltIK1n_, lhC CtOQ OI_hl 81n_ On lhC 8nIm8
hC8C 8tC, 8_8In, yOC, lhC Htl CllCt OLOC n8mC 8nCymDO O
_t8CC. , lhtOu_h QtCQ8t8lIOn 8nC ImQC COut8_C, VC 8CCCQl lhC
VIC lhIn_ DtOu_hl Oul Dy lhC CCCQCl Im8_In8lIOn, lhCn lhC
POOn DtIn_ QC8CC, lhC lCttOt uDICC, 8nC lhC Im8_In8lIOn C8C
u D8CK, CntIChCC, VIlh Il VOnCCt. N8IlC VtIlC, `C8CC, DC lI,
8nC lhCtC hM COmC 8 Cam uQOn lhC V8lCt. hC Ct8yHh InK
D8CK, lhC V8lCt CllC. hC tO8C tCm8In.
hC tO8C C8C lhtOu_h lVO lOVCt, u__ClIn_ 8 _8lCV8y InlO
unKnOVn 8tC8. hC _8lCV8y I 8 VCty COmmOn ymDO 8mOn_
mylIC 8nC h8m8n, CCn 8O In m8ny mylh. bOmClImC 8 CItCu-
8t Q8llCtn, IKC lhC m8nC88, Ot OmC QhyIC8 Otm8lIOn, IKC 8
C8VC [VCty OlCn COmQ8tCC lO lhC V8_In8] , lhC _8lCV8y MOV u lO
C8VC lhC OtCIn8ty VOHC lO CnlCt lhC lt8n_CnC OlhC mInC.
hC 8tOl lVO lOVCt C8tty 8nOlhCt mC8mn_, 8 lhC 8l
COmQClC m8DICl8lIOn Olh8l Cu8Ily VC Htl 8V In lhC Qu8t O
lhC I_h tIClC lCmQC. lhC tCVC8lIOn O lhC OVCt I nOl
InlC_t8lCC VIlh OtCIn8ty IC lhCn 8 nCV 8nC mOtC 8CulC CuaIly
m8y tCul. l lhC 8mC lImC, lhC VCty 8Cl O h8VIn_ hC8tC lhC
QCCCh OLOC lOlay Ch8n_C OuttC8lIOn lO lhC QuClIOn OOQQO-
IlC. tCVIOuy CuaIly V8 CCn 8 D8IC lO IC, Dul VC nOV KnOV
lh8l In 8Cl tCM1ly COmDInC 8H lhIn_, VhCtC DCOtC lhC VCI KCQl u
DOm Q8In_ DClVCCn lhC lVO QI8t, hCtC VC h8VC 8tC8Cy Q8CC
lhtOu_h. NC 8tC OOKIn_ 8l lhC lVO lOVCt O COnCIOunC tOm
lhC OlhCt ICC. hC l8K I nOl lO QICtCC lhtOu_h lO lhC InnCt ltulh
Dul lO l8KC D8CK lh8l ltulh.
n a lhI VC h8VC OOKCC 8l lhC POOn QtIm8tIy In lCtm OIl
CIlutDIn_ 8QCCl. Uul 8 VC 8V VIlh LC8lh 8nC lhC numDCt 1,
lhC POOn 8O u__Cl lhC QOVCt 8nC mylCty OVOmCn CtuIly.
PCnltu8lIOn [lhC VOtC `mCnC tC8lC lO `mOnlh 8nC `mOOn] I
mIt8CuOu, DCC8uC mCnltu8lIn_ VOmCn DCCC COQIOuy yCl CO
@ I 3 @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E G R E A T O O R N E Y
nOl CIC. utlhCt, m8ny VOmCn HnC lhCmCVC mOtC CmOlIOn8,
Dul aO mOtC QyChIC VhCn mCnltu8lIn_. C8tIn_ lD QOVCt, mCn
h8VC CtC8lCCdlutDIn_ mylh 8nC l8DOO 8tOunC mCnltu8lIOn. Uul
QOVCt COC nOl h8VC lO DC CCltuClIVC Ot CVCn tI_hlCnIn_.
tCQCClCC, lhIun8tQyChIC 8V8KCnIn_ CntIChC IC.
n CIVIn8lOty tC8CIn_ lhC POOn InCIC8lC CXCIlCmCnl OlhC
unCOnCIOu. NC DC_In lO CXQCtICnCC lt8n_C CmOlIOn, CtC8m,
C8t, CVCn h8uCIn8UOn. NC HnC OutCVC mOtC InluIlIVC, mOtC
QyChIC. lhC C8tC 8QQC8t lhC tI_hl V8y uQ lhCn lhC QCtOn VIH
8OV lhI lO h8QQCn. NhCn 8CCCQlCC, lhC Im8_In8lIOn Cn1IChC IC.
Uul IlhC C8tC 8QQC81 tCVCtCC, Il hOV 8 ltu__C 8_8Inl lhC CXQC-
tICnCC. hI ltu__C C8C lO C8t 8nC OHCn VCty CIlutDCC CmOlIOn
8 lhC QCtOn COC nOl 8OV lhC POOn C8UIn_ ICC lO CmCt_C.
LIKC lhC I_h tIClC lhC POOn InCIC8lC lutnIn_ 8V8y tOm
OulCt COnCCtn 8nC DCCOmIn_ InltOQCClIVC. l C8n InCIC8lC _IVIn_
uQ OmC QCCIHC 8ClIVIly OtImQy 8 QCtIOC OVIlhCt8Va. n m8ny
CulutC VOmCn VIlhCtCV DOm lhC _CnCt8 OCICly CutIn_ mCn-
ltu8lIOn. hI 8OVCC lhCm lO Q8y 8llCnlIOn lO lh8l InnCt un8t
l8lC, 8nC CXQCtICnCC lhC QOVCtu POOn lIttIn_ In 8 8C CnVI-
tOnmCnl. n 8tOl tC8CIn_ lhC POOn COC nOl h8VC lO ymDOI2C
IlCt8 mCnltu8lIOn Ot VIlhCt8VM DOm lhC VOtC. nlC8C, Ot mCn
8 VC 8 VOmCn, Il C8n InCIC8lC 8 QyChIC 8V8KCnIn_ 8nC lhC nCCC
lO Q8y 8llCnlIOn lO Il. OVCVCt, VhIC lhC I_h tIClC ymDO-
I2C QuICl InluIlIOn, lhC POOn I CXCIlCC, lImu8lIn_ Im8_C tOm
lhC unCOnCIOu. _8In, lhC POOn tCVCtCC I_DIHC 8 CIlutD8nCC.
hC QCtOn COC nOlVIh lO lutn 8V8y DOm lhC O8tICC, 8nC m8y
lty lO H_hl OUlhC POOn Dy 8 _tC8l CC8 O 8ClIVIly. hC POOn,
hOVCVCt, VI nOl DC CCnICC, 8nC lhC C8t C8n _Cl ltOn_Ct lhC
mOtC VC H_hl Il. hC QyChC, OQCt8lIn_ unCCt Il OVn 8V Ot Il
OVn tC8On, h8 lutnCC lO lhC POOn. VC 8OV OutCVC lO
CXQCtICnCC Il lhC C8t VI lutn lO VOnCCt 8nC lhC _8lCV8y OQCn
lO 8CVCnlutC.
@ 1 3U @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
(e}

F_are 20
1M 5 UN
LIKC lhC an_CC Pan aDCVC Il lhC bun I DClh a]Cyu tCCaC alCt
lhC lCl hCVn In lhC QtCVICu CatC anC a QtCQatalICn Ct lhC CCalh
anC tCDItlh In lhC lVC CatC CCVIn_. ]ulICC tCQuItCC aClICn a a
tCQCnC lC lhC KnCVCC_C _aInCC aDCul CutCVC. a tCul lhC
an_CC Pan I QaIVC. hC PCCn tCQuItC QaIVC uttCnCCt, InCC
lhCtCI nC Vay VC Can CCnltC lhCVIICntIIn_unCCtIl InuCnCC.
hCtCCtC, lhC bun hCV an aClIVC, CnCt_IZCC lalC. y aCCCQlIn_
lhC PCCn Catu Ima_C VC DtIn_ lhC CnCt_y CulICC CutCVC,
_IVIn_ a CDC a taOanCC.
\nCCt lhC bun CVCtylhIn_ DCCCmC ImQC,]CyCu anC QhyICa.
hC I_hl ClhC unCCnCICu DtCu_hl InlC CaIy IC. hC lVC ChI-
CtCn In lhC LVaC NItlh VCtICn aDCVC lhC mCtC CCmFCn Ima_C
Ct lhC ltumQ, atC CmClImC CaCC lhC ClCtna CanC lhC mCtla
DCCy. CCIn_ hanC, lhCy haVC ]CInCC lC_ClhCt. hC lVC H_utC
VIlh lhC bun aDCVC lhCm tClutn u lC lhC ltIan_uat mClI Htl
CCn In lhC ICtCQhanl lVC InC aDCVC. CtC lhC]Cy anC ImQDcI-
ly ClhC bun CCC nCl mCCIalC DClVCCn lhC InnCt anC CulCt QCC
CDC Dul]CIn lhCm lC_ClhCt.
@ I 4O @
T H E M AJ O R A R C A N A : T H E G R E A T O O R N E Y
NC atC a ChICtCH, IH lhC Vay lhal uH tCI_ICH QCaK C!u M
a hCy ChICtCH C!Cut!alhCt, lhC uH. !!yCu CCK al lhC DCCIC, IH
lhC QIClutC, CQCCIay lhC !CmaC, yCu VI CC lhal lhCy atC aCul.
hC uCCCH Qaa_C !tCm lhC CVCt ha _IVCH lhCm a ChICIKC
ImQICIly.
hC atCl hCV lhI Qaa_C IH Il VatICu la_C, _IVIH_ lhC
ImQtCICH C! lhC Qaa_C C! lImC. bCmClImC, hCVCVCt, QCthaQ
mCl C!lCH, Il haQQCH a al CHCC, lhC D1HCIH_ tCVCalICH C! lhC
CVCt, lhC IHHCt taCIaHCC C! lhC blat, aHC lhC aCulC !Cat C! lhC
PCCH, M ]CIHCC IH a IH_C IHlaHl C! ltaH!CtmalICH. 1HC lhC
a!lCtmalh IjCy, a CHC C!aI!C aHC a lhC VCtC DCIH_ lICC VIlh
a VCHCtCu I_hl.
1mCH_ a QCCQC CmI_hlCHmCHl DCat lhC amC ChataClCtIlIC,
VhalCVCt lhC Culuta IHlCtQtClalICH lhtCu_h mylhCC_y, CCCltIHC,
QyChCC_ICa lhCCty, ClC. HI_hlCHmCHl I aH CXQCtICHCC, HCl aH
ICCa. hC QCtCH !CC ltuCK Dy a Dutl C! I_hl, CmClImC
CCCutCC, IKC lhC yCC CtCQ IH lhC NItlh CatC. buCCCHy lhC VCtC
I CCH Ct !Cl, a QItIlua aHC ClCtHa, talhCt lhaH lhC Cay lC Cay
CXIlCHCC C!CtuC_Cty aHC CCH!uICH. hC QCtCH !CC lClay a1VC
VIlh a ChICIKC ]Cy lhal, IH !aCl, mCl ChICtCH QtCDaDy HCVCt
KHCV, !Ct lhC uHltuCK QCtCH ha _CHC DCyCHC lhC ChIC !Cat C!
CatKHC Dy ltaVC1H_ lhtCu_h Il.
!H Il j CutHCy aCtC lhC VCtC lhC uH CC CVCtylhIH_, aHC C
tCQtCCHl KHCVCC_C. LCC aCCIalCC VIlh lhC uH, IKC 1QCHC,
atC aIC lC KHCV CVCtylhIH_ lhal haQQCH. hC uHltuCK QCtCH
!CC a CHC C!VICCm, C!CCIH_ CVCtylhIH_ VIlh lCla CatIly. C
Ct hC I `uCIC , a VCtC VhICh mCaH CCat aHC CItCCl, Dul VhICh
1lCtay mCaH ` li!CC VIlh 1_hl .
!l I IHlCtClIH_ lhal 1QCC, _CC C!I_hl, Va DCtH !tCm LClC,
_CCCC C!HI_hl, aHC lhal hI ma]Ct htIHC, lhC CtaCC al LCQhI,
DCCH_CC CtI_IHay lC _CCCCC C!CatKHC. VCH uHCCt 1QC!C
CItCClICH lhC VICCm aHC I_hl C!lhC CtaCC CQCtalCC Cul C!CatK-
HC. !l Va 1QCC VhC !CtCCC LCCIQu lC CICCVCt lhC mylCty
VIlh1H hImCI
hC QtIH_ uH DtIH_ !Ctlh I!C Cul C!lhC CCaC VIHlCt _tCuHC.
!H maHy QaCC Il Va DCICVCC lhal lhC uH ImQtC_HalC HCl CHy
lhC CI, Dul M VCmCH. NhCH lhC DICC_ICa mCaH C!tCQtCCuC-
lICH Va CICCVCrCC lhC tCC C!lhC uH Va HCl CtCQQCC Dul maCC
@ I 4 I @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
mOtC uDlC. COQC nOV aV lhC Ou ~ lhC alman Ot ltuC C~ a
um_hl COnlaInCC VIlh:n lhC CmDtyO. UuCChIl mylh lalC lhal
Laulama, InhI mOlhCt VOmD, Va M I_hlO lhal hCtDCyhOnC
DKC a ltanuCCnl CtCCn OVCt a QOVCtD amQ. ZOtOalCt lOO Da2CC
O QOVCtDy In hI mOlhCt VOmD lhal lhC nCI_hDOut tan VIlh
DuCKCl, lhInKIn_ lhC hOuC haC Cau_hl HtC.
hC LnOlIC CattICC lhI ICCa utlhCt, DCICVIn_ lhal lhC a haC
DtOKCn uQ lhC _OChCaC InlO lhC DIl anC QICCC OCXIlCnCC. POl
ImQOtlanl, lhC I_hl haC DCCOmC ImQtIOnCC [talhCt lhan ImQy
COnlaInCC] In InCIVICua DOOC. n Va CaCh QCtOn Culy, lhtOu_h
lhC LnOlIC tIlC, lO tCCaC lhC I_hl VIlhIn hI DOCy O lhal unIly
COuC DC tClOtCC. hC baDDaIl aaC LutIa QtCaChCC a ImIat COC-
ltInC. hC tCC OLIC, OtCam baCmOn, lhC umly OCXlCnCC,
haC DCCn hallCtCC DCCauC lhC _OC I_hl Va lOO QOVCtu Ot Il.
_aIn, lhC D_hl DCCamC CQatalCC anC ImQtIOnCC, O lhal Il Va
lhC tCQOnIDIIly OCaCh QCtOn lO aIC In `lIKKun , lhal I, tClOta-
lIOn OlhC D_hl lO unIty.
hCC COCltInC CCtIVC DOm lhC bun CXQCtICnCC COmmOn lO M
CulutC. hC unltuCK QCtOn CC CVCtylhIn_, CaCh QCtOn, CaCh
anIma, M lhC Qanl anC tOCK, CVCn lhC VCty aIt, MIVC, anC hOy,
unIlCC lhtOu_h lhC I_hl lhal u a CXIlCnCC. nC yCl, lhC bun I
nOl lhC NOtC. NIlh ltumQ 1 VVC QCtCCIVC lhC umVCtC a unHCC
anC aIVC. Z1 CmDOCIC lhOC CCDn_.
hC uua CtaVIn_ Ot lhC bun hOV lhC ChICtCn VIlhIn a _at-
CCn, OlCn lanCIn_ In a CItCC. LOu_a Ca lhI lhC `InnCt _atCCn
OlhC Ou, a CCDn_ OQutIly anC hOInC, a nCV LatCCn O1CCn.
NhCn VC :DCtalC anC ltanOtm lhC CnCt_y OCKCC InICC u VC
nC lhal lhC LatCCn O1CCn Va nCVCt tCay Ol, Dul ha aVay
CXIlCC VIlhIn u.
hC HCCtQaCK hOV IlIn_C ChIC tICIn_ Oul Oa _atCCn. Ot
NaIlC lhC bun CXQCtICnCC Va CCnUay a Dutl ODCCCOm. l Va
a DtCaKn_ OOC, a VOnCCtu IDCtalIOn tOm OtCInaty tCltIClCC
COnCIOunC lO OQCnnC anC DCCCOm.
hC _tCy, lOnC Va In lhC QIClutC tCQtCCnl lhC Qal C, DOunC
Dy a nattOV QCtCCQlIOn OtCaIly. hC uQCt-COnCIOunC OlhC
bun I ChataClCtI2CC Dy CCDn_ a Qatl O lhC VhOC VOrC rathCr
lhan an IOalCC InCIVICua. NC Can QCthaQ COmDInC lhC tVO
Ima_C Ot lhC ltumQ Dy ayIn_ lhal OnCC yOu tCa:2C lhal lhC
@ T 43 @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E G R E A T O O R N E Y
LatCCn C1CCn CXIt VIthIn yCu, yCu atC tCC tC CaVC It, taKIn_ It
VIth yCu a1Vay a yCu CtCatC a nCV !IC.
hC numOCt !9 u__Ct a hI_hCt !CVC! C9. hC I_ht CCntaInCC
In thC Ctm1t !antCtn, thC VICCm ChItCaChIn_, hCtC Outt Ctth
2 POu!at:a CCtatIC thItC !CVC! CaOOa!m. NC aIC CthC CtmIt
that thC C!C man anC thC O!CaK mCuntaIn VCtC u uICn tCQuItCC
OCCauC thC InDCt C! CCu!C Cn!y OC tCaChCC thtCu_h VIthCtaVa1.
CtC thC ttuth ha CmCt_CC anC thC tCOCC CCtmIt I ttanCtmCC
IntC a _CtICuy CQCn ChDC. hCCthCtha!C 9I . hC Pa_ICIan
CtCC]CInCC tC thC CtmItVICCmI uQCt-CCnCICunC. hC CnCt-
_y C!IC unItCC VIth It mCan1D_ mC QutQCC.
! Qu 9 CQua! 0, thC NhCC! C CttunC VhCC VIICn Va C
CmCthIn_ CutICC u thatVC ttICC tC CCmQtChCnC. CtC VC CC !IC
In a VIICnaty Vay tCm InICC CutC!VC. PnC In thI K1nC CVIICn
thCtC atC nC mytCtIC anC nC ymOC!, Cn!y thC unIVCtC, tI!!CC
VIth _ht.
hC bun CIVInatCty mCanIn_ atC a ImQ!C anC C1tCCt a thC
VCnCtCu Ch11CtCn In thC QICtutC. hC CatC I_n11IC]Cy, haQQInC,
anC a _tCat CnC CthC OCauty ChC. n It CCCQCt CnC It mCan
!CCKn_ at thC VCt!C In a VhC!1y nCV Vay, CCIn_ !IC un1tCC In
]Cy anC1I_ht. POCVC It I a Ca1C CCQtImIm, CnCt_y anCVCnCCt.
HCVCtCC, thC _CCC thIn_ CC nCt OCCCmC !Ct Out CCnuCC, a
IthC un haC OCCCmC C!CuCCC CVCt. IC I tu _IVIn_ thC QCtCn a
tImC CImQ!C haQQInC, Out It CannCt OC CCn C C!Cat!y. hC QCt-
Cn I nC!Cn_Ct!uCIC anC mutVCtKtC tCa!IZC thC]CyVhICh I thC
_tCat _It CthC bun.
@ I 44 @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
F|yare 2I
J UDCMN1
\nCCt thC bun VC CC a!! C!IC a i1!CC VIth QItItua! h_ht. hI
aVatCnC CCtCtna! ttuth uCC u tCm a! I1!uICn anC Cat C that
nCV VC CC!, !IKC a Ca! uCm CCCQ InICC, thC ut_C tC CIC!VC Cut-
C!VC CCmQ!CtC!y IntC thC QItIt anC VCnCtCu !IC CCntaInCC In
CVCty OCIn_.
hI Ca1! CCmC uCm OCth InICC anC CutICC u, Ct CnC CthC
CHCCt CthC bun Va tC OtCaK CCVn thC attIHCIa! OattICt OCtVCCn
ImCt CXQCtICnCC anC thC CutCtVCt!C. NC CC! thC Ca1! In CutCCCQ-
Ct C!VC a IthC VCty CC!! CthC OCCyVCtC i!!CC VIth a hCut C
_Cy. Pt thC amC tImC, VC tCCC_nI2C that thC Ca CCmC uCm CmC
CtCC _tCatCt than any InCIVICua! !IC.
h1 ICCa C ]uC_CmCnt aa Ca!! tCtIC tCa mCtC mCa_! Cx-
tCnCC ha IU aa!C_uC In mCtC CtCInaty ItuauCn. bCmCumC In 1:C
a QCtCn Can CCmC tC a CtCtCaC [nCtICC thC CtC In thC OannCt)
VhCtC a CCCIICn I tCQuItCC Cn VhCthCt tC maKC CmC _tCat Chan_C.
PC CmCtImC It Can CCm a I CmCthIn_ V1tmn thC QCtCn ha
a!tCaCy CCCICCC anC thC Cny ChCICC !Ch tC thC CCmCICu C1I tC C!-
!CV VIth thC aQQtCQtIatC aCtICn. hC CCVay COC!ICVn_anC m-
In_, thC C!C ItuatICn, haVC CICC VIthCut CutC!VC CVCn nCuCIn_.
@ I 4R @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E G R E A T O O R N E Y
PCt VCtICn CthC ttumQ hCV Cn!y thC an_C! anC thC tI_utC
tIIn_ uQ. hC H1CCt QaCK aCC a tan_C CmCuntaIn In thC OaCK-
_tCunC. NaItC Ca thCm thC `mCuntaIn CaOttaCt thCu_ht . hC
tCtm ImQ!1C CtCtna! ttuth OCyCnC thC !1mItCC KCV!CC_C aVaIaO!C
tC u thtCu_h CtC1naty mCan.
LnC CthC OaIC CatutC CmCta!Ity I thC InaOI!Ity tC KnCV
anythIn_ In an aOCutC CnC. NC atC OCunC Oy Cut hCtt !IVC
anC Oy thC aCt that a! KnCVCC_C CCmC tC Cut mInC thtCu_h
thC mCCIum CthC CnC. n mCCCtn QhyIC VC !Catn that CICn-
tIHC InVCtI_atICn Can nCVCt Ctm an CXaCt QICtutC C tCa!Ity
OCCauC thC COCtVCt I mVay a Qatt CthC unIVCtC that hC Ct hC
I COCtVIn_. n thC amC Vay, CaCh QCtCn thCu_ht aOCut anC
QCtCCQtICn C!IC atC In uCnCCC Oy that QCtCn Qat CXQCtICnCC.
`POttaCt thCu_ht ImQ!IC, IKC thC !atCnIC ICCa, a CnC CthC
aOCutC.
NC tCaCh thI `aOttaCtICn Oy maK1n_ CnC !at CCCCnt IntC thC
VatCt CnCthIn_nC In CtCCt tC tIC uQ 1OCtatCC uCm a1 QattIa
KCV!CC_C. Cath, CItCCt!y aOCVC, hCVCC a CIC!utICn. hCtC thC
C_C Va CyIn_ anC thC ttumQ CmQhaIZCC thC Cat C !CttIn_ _C.
CtC m I11uICn CIC!atICn atC CICVCC, anC thC CmQhaI tCt
nCt Cn thC CCath Out Cn thC tCuttCCtICn.
NC Ca1 thC CatC]uC_CmCntOCCauC,!IKC]utICC, ItInVC!VC CCm-
In_tC tCtm VIth Qat CXQCtICnCC a a Qatt C_CIn_OCyCnC It. NIth
]utICC thC CXQCtICnCC anC thC tCQCnC VCtC QCtCnm, OaCC
Cn yCut aCtICn In thC Qat. CtC a CtCC _tCatCt than yCutC! I
!CaCIn_ anC CaLIn_ yCu, anC thC juC_CmCnt I nCt ImQ!y Cn thC
mCanIn_ CyCut CVn !IC Out Cn thC ttuC natutC CCXItCnCC, anC
thC Vay In Vh1Ch yCu anC a!! OCIn_ atC a Qatt CIt.
Pt tImC In thI OCCK VC haVC tCCttCC tC thC COtCV !CttCt
aI_nCC tC thC CIHCtCnt ttumQ. \uay VC haVC C!1CVCC thC y-
tCm In VmCh thC CC! I P!CQh. hCtC I anCthCt ytCm, VhCtC thC
Pa_ICIan tCCCIVC PCQh, anC In that ytCm juC_CmCnt OCat thC
!CttCt HCh. HCh mCan `hCaC' anC tCCt, !IKC NaItC mCuntaIn,
tC thC ttuC mInC aVaKCnCC Oy thC Ca. HCh aC u__Ct HCh
ahanah, thC jCVIh CV Cat, !1tCta1!y `hCaC CthC yCat . CV,
HCh ahanah I nCtthC tatt C thC CaCnCat, 11KC thC CCu!at CV
Cat, Out tCQtCCnt, In aCt, thC annIVCtaty CCtCatICn. bIm1!at!y,
]uC_CmCnt InCICatC nCt a Chan_C C CItCumtanCC Out a nCV
@ I 4 @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
CCnCICunC, CnC CItCCt!y aCQuaIntCC VIth thC ttuth thtCu_h a
mCt_In_ CyCutC!VIth thC CtCC C1IC.
hC NhCC! CCttunC, VIth It InVIO!C !aV CQyChIC CauC
anC CHCCt, Va 0,]uC_CmCnt I 20, 0 mu!tIQ!ICC Oy 2. htCu_h
thC VCtKIn_ CthC !at !InC VC tCVCa! thC I_h tICtC mCCCn
VICCm C that nCV VC unCCttanC thC InnCt mytCtIC CCnCCa!CC
In thC NhCC!.
hC CtC In thC OannCt InCICatC a mCCtIn_ CCQQCItC, a]CIn-
In_ Ca1! thC thIn_ that haC OCCn CQatatCC. t ymOC!IZC a mCCt-
In_ CtVC KnC CtImC, thC CtCInaty tImC VC QCtCCIVC wth Cut
CnC anC Oy VhICh VC BVCtCm Cay tC Cay, anC CtCtn1ty, thC QIt-
Itua! QCtCCQtICn CBC. hCC tVC tImC atC ymOC!IZCC Oy thC hCt-
IZCnta! anC VCttICa! unC CthC CtC. hCIt mCCtIn_ In thC CCnttC
InCICatC that thC hI_hCt C!CCC nCt aOanCCn It C!C aCtIVtIC Out
_CC aOCut thCm In a nCV Vay.
hC CatC aOCVC]uC_CmCnt I thC CVCt anC, In thC HCCt QaCK,
a!C hCV an an_C!. hCtC, hCVCVCt, thC an_C! Va a _!ImQC Ca
_tCatCt ttuth CXQCtICnCCC thtCu_h thC mCCIum C!CVC. CtC thC
an_C! !Can CCVn uCm thC C!CuC tC Ca1! tC u. n thC ttaCItICna! VCt-
ICn CthC bun VC aV thC Hna! CXamQ!C C that ttIan_u1at mCtI
OC_un In ttumQ 5 anC . CtC VC CC a ChI!C OCtVCCn thC tVC
QCCQ!C. hC QC!C C!IC haVC CCmC tC_CthCt tC Ctma nCV tCa11ty,
In thC Vay that CVCty ChI1C I OCth a CCmOInatICn CIt QatCnt anC
CmCthIn_ CCmQ!CtC!y nCV.
hC ChI!C In hCnt tanC VIth h1 OaCK tC u. hC nCV CXItCnCC
I a mytCty, VIth nC Vay Ct u tC KnCV Vhat It w OC !IKC untI!
VC CXQCtICnCC It. hC ChI!C hICCCn aCC a!C ImQ!IC that VC CC
nCt tCa1!y KnCV CutC!VC, anC that VC CannCt untL VC hCat anC
tCQCnC tC thC Ca1!. `Ittua!!y a1! mythC!C_IC CCntaIn tCtIC CthC
hCtC CQatatCC uCm m QatCnt anC taICC a anCtCInaty Ch1C, VIth
CthCt QCCQ!C, anCVCty CtCn thC CmC h1mC1, KnCVIn_nCth1n_ C
m ttuC ICCntIty. In_ Pthut, PCC, hCCu, anC LhtIt a!! C!-
!CV thI QattCtn. NC CC thI amC ICCa In many CICnCC HCtICn tC-
tIC, VhCtC thC hCtC aVaKC In a ttan_C Q!aCC wth nC mCmCty, hI
CatCh Ct h1 ttuC ICCntIty!CaC h1m tC CICCVCt _tCatQCVCt VIth-
In hImC!. `Cty CtCn hC UnC hImC1In thC CCnttC C CIthCt a
QCVCtu! Q!Ct Ct at thC VCty VCtK1n_ CnatutC. NC haVC a!! `Ct-
_CttCn Cut ttuC ICCntItIC anC haVC OCCCmC CQatatCC tCm Cut
@ I 4O @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E G R E A T O O R N E Y
` QatCnt . PnC VhCn VC HnC Ct CtCatC Cut ttuC C!VC, VC Vu HnC
CutCVC atthC CCnttC CthC unIVCtC. Ct thC CCnttC I CVCtyVhCtC.
PCt CCCK hCV Cn1y thC thtCC QCCQ!C In thC CtC_tCunC.
NaItC aCCItICn C thtCC mCtC QCCQ!C, a!1 aCIn_ u, u__Ct that
VhICjuC_CmCnt !CaC tC thC unKDCVn, thCtC I tI1! an aVatCnC
[a1C ymOC!IZCC a VC Oy thC mCuntaIn CthC Vay InVhICh thC
unKnCVn !IC VI1! CCVC!CQ.
hC CXtta QCCQ!C ImQ!y anCthCt, VCty VIta! QCInt. y hCV1n_ a
VhCC _tCuQ tIIn_ thC ttumQ tCmInC u that thCtC I nC QCtCna1
IOCtatICn. 1aCh human OCIn_ I Qatt CthC human taCC anC thCtC-
CtC tCQCnIO!C Ct thC CCVC!CQmCnt CthC taCC a a VhC!C. C CnC
Can OC ttu!y tCC VhuC CmCCnC C!C I Cn!aVCC. uCCha Va aIC
tC haVC CCmC OaCK a a OCCChIatVa OCCauC hC unCCttCCC that hC
CCuC nCt !IOCtatC hImC!untI! hC haC 1IOCtatCC a11 humanIty. Pt
thC amC tImC, any In_!C !IOCtatICn 1IOCtatC CVCtyOCCy. hI I
OCCauC any QCtCn attaInmCnt CjuC_CmCnt anC thC NCHC a1tCt
thC CItCumtanCC C CVCtyOCCy' !IC. Lautama uCCahCCC anC
thC tCuttCCtICn C LhtIt atC CCn a CVCnt that haVC tCtm1y
Chan_CC thC VCtC. Ct VC thInK thI ICCa aQQ!IC Cn!y tC uCh
_CC1IKC QtCQhCt a uCCha anC LhtIt, VC mI_ht tCCM thC a1mu-
CIC ayIn_ [QuCtCC at thC CnC CthC H!m Sch|nJ|er\ L|st) ` C VhC
aVC CnC uC, It I a IhC ha aVCC thC CntItC VCt!C.
n thC CIVInatCty tCaCIn_ thC CatC CjuC_CmCnt CattIC a QCCIa!
I_n1HCanCC. NhatCVCt C!C I _CIn_ Cn atCunC yCu, thCtC I a Quh,
a Ca!uCmVIthIn, tC maKC CmC ImQCttant Chan_C. hC Chan_CCan
tCCt tC CmCthIn_munCanC anC ImCCIatC, Ct tC an CntItC hIt In
thC Vay a QCtCn !CCK at !IC CCQCndn_ Cn thC CthCt CatCs, anC
thC uO]CCt CthC tCaCIn_. hC ImQCttantth1n_I thC CM . n CHCCt,
thC QCtCnha mtCaCy Chan_CC, thC C!CItuatICn, thC C!C C1, haVC
a!tCaCy CICC. t I ImQ!y a mattCt CtCCC_nIZIn_ It.
juC_CmCnt tCVCtCC Can InCICatC that thC QCtCn VIhC tC
anVCt thC CM Out CCC nCt KDCV Vhat tC CC. PCtC CtCn It hCV
CmCCnC ttyIn_ tC CCny thC Ca, uuay tCm a Cat C thC
unKnCVn. hCtC may, In aCt, OC a _tCat many tatICnm tCaCn Vhy
thC QCtCn hCu!C nCt C!!CV thC u__CtCC Chan_C. !aCK CmCnCy,
!aCK C QtCQatatICn Ct tCQCnIOIDUC.juC_CmCnt, thC tI_ht Vay uQ
Ct tCVCtCC, InCICatC that a thC CO]CCtICn atC CXCuC. NhCn thC
CatC I uQICC CCVn thC CXCuC OCCCmC CCm1nant, thC QCtCn
@ I 47 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
tCmaIH laHCIH_ IH lhC _taVC. hC VCtC]uC_CmCHl ImQIC lhal lhC
tCaIly CDC ha ChaH_CC. hC CHy ChCICC I lC CCV.
F are 22
1M w0RLD
Nhal CaH VC ay C aH uHCCtlaHCIH_, a tCCCCm aHC taQlutC
DCyCHC VCtC: hC uHCCHCICu KHCVH CCHCICuy, lhC CulCt C
uHIH CC VIlh lhC CtCC CIC, KHCVCC_C lhal I HCl KHCVCC_C al
a Dul a CCHlaHl CClalIC CaHCC CDCIH_ lhCy atC a ltuC aHC yCl
HCl ltuC.
NC haVC atCaCy CDCtVCC a _tCal CCa aDCul lhI CatC aHC Il
Ima_C. hC HumDCt a VC a lhC lVC VaHC uH1] lhC Pa_ICIaH
aHC lhC I_h tIClC. NC aV lhC NCtC CtChaCCVCC a VC IH
lhC NhCC CCtluHC, aHCtCHCClCChCV lhC ymDC Clhal ltumQ
atC HCV 1VIH_ tCaIlIC. LHC Vay Ct aHClhCt, lhC NhCC ha CCmC
uQ Ct VItluay CVCty CatC IH lhCalIHC. hC QutQCC ClhI IHC
CaH DC CCCtIDCC a lhal CuHIlIH_ CutCVC VIlh a lhCC lhIH_
CCH IH ltumQ 1 a CXlCtHa VIICH, lhal I, alC, lhC VCtK1H_ C
IC, lhC CCmCHl CCXIlCHCC. NhCH lhC uHIly I aChICVCC lhC ym-
DC VaH1h, CICVCC IHlC a CaHCIH_ QItIl.
NC aV lhC NCtC IH lhC aH_CC PaH, Dy HumDCt aHC QIClutC.
tumQ ! 2maIHlaIHCC IlDI lhtCu_h CCmQClC IHaCl1VIly. 1ul CVCH
@ I 4 @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E G R E A T O O R N E Y
lhC NOtC ICC I an IuIOn CtCalCC Dy lhC nInC nCCC lO _IaQ
OnlO OnClhIn_. NhCn VC haVC CIOVCC OuI IOalCC CVC InlO
lhal ValCI yIn_ DCnCalh lhC an_CC Pan _OVIn_ aCC VC CaIn
lhal tIuC unIly IC In nOVCnCnl.
1VCIylhIn_ In lhC unIVCtC nOVC, lhC 1aIlhaIOunC lhC un, lhC
un VIlhIn lhC _aaXy, lhC _aaXIC In CulCt, a CyCIn_ aIOunC
CaCh OlhCI. hCIC I nO CCnlIC, nO QaCC VhCIC VC Can ay, `CtC Il
DC_an, hCIC Il a lOQ. Cl lhC CCnltC CXIl, CVCtyVhCIC, Ot In
a CanCC lhC CanCCI COC nOl nOVC aIOunC any aIDIlIaIy QOInl In
QaCC, Dul IalhCI lhC CanCC CattIC Il OVn CnC OunIly OCuCC
atOunC a COnlanly nOVIn_, COnlanly QCaCCu CCnlIC. OlhIn_
anC CVCIylhIn_ M al OnCC.
1FC O VC IClutn lO lhC OO. nnOCCnCC anC CnQlInC, unIlCC
VIlh VICOn. 1 VC aIC al lhC DC_InnIn_, O lhC Pa]OI 1tCana
CaIC, Ony lhCC lVO atC nOVIn_. hC OVa VtCalh u__Cl lhC
nunDCI 0, VIlh M Il ynDOIn. l InQuC a VC lhC COnIC C__,
lhC aIChClyQC O CnCt_CnCC, lhIn_ CXIl In QOlCnlIa anC
QOlCnUa aIC ICMI2CC. hC CI CVCIyVhCIC In lhIn_. hC ah-
C al lhC lOQ anC DOllOn OlhC VICalh atC lICC InlO InInIly I_n,
InCICalIn_ lhal lhC CI nOl CnCOCC Dul OQCn lO lhC unIVCIC.
hC ahC atC tCC, lhC COOut OlhC IOOl ChaKIa In bunCaInI
ynDOIn. hC CanCCt ha nOl Ol hCt QhyICa DCIn_, hCI IOOl In
nalCIIa, CXua ICa1ly. nlCaC, lhC CnCI_y I COnlanly UOVIn_,
ltanOInCC anC tCnCVCC. hC _ICCn OlhC VICalh ynDOI2C lhC
naluta VOIC IaICC uQ talhCt lhan aDanCOnCC. LtCCn I aO lhC
COOut OOVC anC hCaIn_, IaCIalIn_ VhOCnC lO CVCIyOnC, CVCn
lhOC VhO aIC nOl COnCIOuy aVaIC OIl. uIQC [lhC DannCI I
lhC COOuI OCIVInIly anC DuC [lhC Ky lhC COOuI OCOnnunICa-
lIOn. NhCn VC KnOV lhal CIVInIly I nOl OnClhIn_ Oul lhCtC, Dul
VIlhIn OuICVC, lhCn OuI VCIy QICCnCC COnnunICalC lhI ltulh
lO lhOC aIOunC u.
LnCOlhC NOIC anaO_uC IbhIVa, OIC OlhC LOnIC LanCC.
C lOO CanCC VlhlhC Oul, OnC OOl COVn anClhC OlhCIIaICC,
lhC hCaC DaanCCC anC lhC CXQICIOn Can. hC II_hlOOl ODOlh D_-
uIC I `QanlCC In lhC QhyICa VOtC, VhIC lhC IaICC Cl C_ yn-
DOh2C lhC Ou ICCaC. NhCnVC DCCOnC nOl]OIFCC lO LC, al lhal
nOnCnl VC ICaI2C OuIHCCCOn. hC aCC I nCIlhCt aC nOI]Oy Dul
al QCaCC, ICC In Il CnQlInC. hC aIn atC OQCn lO CXQCtICnCC.
@ I 4U @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W I S O O M
anCIn_ bmVa I CtCn CCQICtCC a an hCtmaQhtCCItC, CnC ha1C
thC OCCy CbhIVa, thC CthCt atVatI h1 Cma!C ICC. hC CCtCtIC
ttaCItICn CCCtIOC thC NCt!C CanCCt a hCtmaQhtCCItIC, thC Cua
CXua! Ct_an CCnCCa!CC Oy thC OannCt, a ItC ay that thC unIty
thCy tCQtCCnt !IC OCyCnC Cut KnCVIn_. n CICuIn_ thC CVCt
VC tCCttCC tC thC VICCQtCaC OC!ICthat M QCCQ!C VCtC CtI_Ina1y
hCtmaQhtCC1tC. hC CanCCt CXQtCC anC unItC a11 thC CICtCnt
ICC COCIn_.
hC amC CC!In_ that !CaC u tC a `mCmCty' CQtImCVm hCt-
maQhtCCItIm ha taKCn QCCQ!C a tCQ mtthCt tC thC Ima_C CthC
CntItC unIVCtC haVIn_ CnCC OCCn a In_!C human OCIn_. NC UnC
th1 OC1ICamCn_ thC LnCtIC, In !aKC, In LCtman, nCIan, anC
CthCt mythC!C_IC, anC In _tCat CCtaI! In thC aOOa1ah. hCtC thC
U_utC OCat thC namC `PCam aCmCn' anC I aIC tC OC thC CtI_I-
nm CtCatICn CmanatIn_ tCm thC unKnCVaO!C LCC. HathCt than a
QhyICa1 OCIn_, PCam adCn, a1C hCtmaQhtCCItIC, Va CCCtIOCC
a QutC!1_ht. Lmy VhCn thC U_utC OtCKC uQ IntC thC CQatatC Qatt
CthC unIVCtC CIC thC !I_ht OCCCmC `ImQtICnCC In mattCt. t I
a aCInatIn_ aCt that thC CCntCmQCtaty CICntIUC thCCtIC C
CCmC_Cny CCCtIOC thC un1VCtC a CtI_Inay CnC QattIC!C. Pt thC
mCmCnt that thC QattIC!C OtCKC uQ It Va a!1 QutC 11_ht, Cn1y atCt,
a thC QICCC OCCamC mCtC IC!atCC CIC CmC C that CnCt_y
CCnCCnC IntC mattCt, CCVIn_ 1IntCIn` amCu Ctmu!atICn,
1mC.
hC myth CCnICCt thC OtCaK-uQ C QtImCVm Pan an IttC-
VCtIO!C CVCnt. LCCutIt, hCVCVCt, OC!1CVC In thC QCIOIuty C
tCtCtatICn. y C1CVIn_ thC QtCCC Cut!InCC In thC Pa]Ct PtCana
VC OCCCmC unItCC VIth !1C anC C CutC!VC OCCCmC PCam
aCmCn anC bh1Va-atVatI.
PCam aCmCn I !InKCC tC thC tCC C IC, VIth It tCn
bCQhItCth, Ct QCInt C CmanatICn. NC haVC a1tCaCy CCn thC
CCnnCCtICn OCtVCCn thI U_utC anC thC atCt thtCu_h thC tCC' 22
Qath. hC NCt!C anCCt, OyhCt QCtutC, I an CXaCt tCQtCCntatICn
CthC tCC CIC' mCt CCmCn Ctm. hC tCC I CtaVn In thC
CCVIn_ Vay.
@ I RO @
T H E M A O R A R C A N A : T H E G R E A T O O R N E Y
F|yare ZJ
`Cty ImQ!IHCC, thC tCQ ttIan_!C I uQCt-CCnCICunC, thC
mICC!C I CCnCICunC, thC OCttCm thC unCCnCICu, anC thC Hna
QCInt, thC tCCt CthC tCC, I thC manICtatICn CM thCC QtInCI-
Q!C In thC QhyICa VCtC.
n thC anCCt thC tCQ ttIan_!C I thC CtCVn CthC hCaC anC thC
QCInt C thC hCu!CCt, thC mICC1C ttIan_C I thC hanC anC thC
_CnIta, thC OCttCm ttIan_!C I thC CtCCC !C_ anC tI_ht CCt. Pt
thC amC tImC It I a CnC OCCy. y CCntCmQatIn_ thC CanCCt VC
!Catn that thC unCCnCICu, CCnCICu anC uQCt-CCnCICu atC nCt
CQatatC Qatt Ct CVCn CQatatC ta_C COCIn_, Out atC M CnC. ut
VhataOCut thC tCnth bCQhIta, thC tCCt CthC tCC: NC HnC It nCt
In thC OCCy Out In M thC unIVCtC, thC VCnCCH! _tCunC COCIn_
In VhICh VC mCVC.
CCtIQtICn, mCtaQhCt, CVCn CCntCmQ!atICn Can Cmy hInt at
thC VCnCCt CmOCCICC In ttumQ 2 . NhCn thC CatC CCmC uQ In
CIVInatICn thCC VCnCCt OCCCmC utthCt tCCuCCC tC thC CtCInaty
ItuatICn VIth VmCh mCt tCaCIn_ CCnCCtn thCmC!VC. hC CatC
mCan uCCC, aChICVCmCnt, atIaCtICn. C _tCatCt Ct CCt CC_tCC
It InCICatC a unIHCatICn CthC QCtCn' InnCt CnC COCIn_ VIth
hI Ct hCt CutCt aCtIVItIC.
HCVCtCC, thC ttumQ InCICatC ta_natICn, thC mCVCmCnt anC
_tCVth !CVCC CCVn tC thC QCInt C OCIn_ tCQQCC. Lt C It
CCm. n aCt, thC uCCCCm anC taQtutC CthC NCt!C CXIt a1Vay In
@ I R I @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
QOlCnUa lO DC ICCaCC VhCn lhC QCIOn CC ICaC lO DC_In, OnCC
nOIC, lhC CanCC OIC.
hCC aIC lhC nCanIn_ O lhC NOIC In CIVInalIOn. l lIuC
nCanIn_ aIC unKnOVaDC. hC aIC a _Oa, a hOQC, an InluIlIOn.
hC Va lO lhal _Oa, lhC lCQ anC nuIC OlhC CanCC, IC In lhC
IVIn_ Ina_C OlhC Pa]OI 1ICana.
@ I R3 @
W
1 % N P 1P N P
1NTROOUCT1ON
TM R | D R PAC8
n 9 0 thC HICCt LCmQany C CnCCn QuO11hCC a nCV atCt
CCCK, CCI_nCC Oy thC VC-KnCVn CCCu!tIt Ptthut 1CVatC NaItC,
anC CtaVn Oy a !CCt-KCVn QyChIC attIt namCC amC!a LC!man
bmIth. NaItC hImC!aQQatCnt!y CIC nCt CXQCCt a VICC QuO!IC Ct
thCC nCV CatC, !IKC M hI VCtK, hI OCCK Cn thC atCt QCaK QtI-
matI!y tC QCCQ!C mtCaCy InVC!VCC In thC CCCu!t ttaCIUCn. PIC yCt
thC HICCt QaCK, a thC CCCK CamC tC OC Ca11CC, I nCV KDCVn a1
CVCt thC VCt!C ~ In It CtI_Ina! VCtICn, In QItatC CCItICn, In thIn!y
CI_uICC `nCV atCt, In CVCta CIHCtCnt IZC QuO!IhCC Oy \b
LamC bytCm nC. , thC CCCK PmCtICan QuOuhCt, In I1uttatICn
Ct nCVC!, OCCK Cn QyChCC_y, CCm1C OCCK anC tC!CVIICn hCV.
hC CuttanCIn_ QCQu!atIty C thI QattICu!at CCtCtIC atCt CVCt
hunCtCC C CthCt ttaCItICna anC mCCCtn CCCK CCtIVC !at_C!y
tCm CnC aQCCt CthC CatC that NaItC hImC!CCm hatC!y tC haVC
nCtICCC thC CtaVIn_ CamC!a LC!man bmth VhICh tCVC!utICn-
IZCC thC PInCt PtCana.
n hI aQCC_Ia Ct h1 CCCK NaItC tCCK _tCat QaIn tC CCCnC
CCttaIn Chan_C hC maCC In thC CCI_n anC numOCt CthC CatC In
thC Pa_Ct PtCana. CVCVCt, mCtnCVCCmCt tC atCt, CCmQatIn_
thC HICCtQaCK tC ay, thC mCtC ttadtICnm PatCI11C CCCKVI haVC
tC !CCK QuItC C!CCy OCCtC thCy COCtVC mCt C thCC Chan_C.
hCy VIL ImmCdatC!y CC thC CIHCtCnCC In thC PInCt CatC. n
@ I R @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
VIIluay CVCIy CCCK CCI_nCC DCCIC lhC VICCI QaCK lhC `QIQ CaIC,
nunDCI -!0ClhC CuI uIl, DCaI _CCnClIIC QallCIn CCnlaInIn_
lhC nunDCI CVCIC, CI VanC, CI CuQ, CI CCIn. n lhI lhCy
ICCnDC CICInaIy QayIn_ CaIC. n nCl CCCK lhCC QallCIn aIC
QaIn anC ICQClIlICu. hC CaDCIalC LICVCy CCCK lanC Cul a lhC
CXCCQlICn [QaInlCC DyaCy IICCa aIII, lhC `hClh CaIC aClua-
y aQQCaICC CVCIa CCCaCC alCI lhC VICCI QaCK . hC NaIlC-bnIlh
CCCK, hCVCVCI, ha an IulIalICn Cn CVCIy CaIC.
IInaIIy CCnCCInCC VIlh lhC nCIC CClCIIC Pa]CI CaIC, NaIlC
aQQaICnly CIC nCl ICaI2C hCV lhI IICh VaIICly C CCnC VCuC
CaQlIValC lhC aVCIa_C VICVCI CCKJn_ lC CXQCIInCnl VIlh aICl.
n a Vay, lhCII VCIynCVnC aCC lC lhCII ChaIn. NhCIC lhC Pa]CI
1ICana lIIKC u VIlh lhC anCICnlnC a VC a lhC CCnQCX-
Ily C Il ynDCIn, lhC PInCI CaIC, haVIn_ nC QIClCIIa lIaCI-
lICn, aQQCaI lC u a CCnC laKCn CIICCly ICn IC, CI In CnC
CaC, anlay.
hC aCl lhal bnIlh CICV lhCC CCnC In a QCuCC-nCCICVa lyC
CCn nCl lC DClhCI nCl QCCQC. hCy InC lhC IVCJnC nCIC
InQCIlanl. 1nCl a lhC Pa]CI CaIC hCV a D_uIC IllIn_ CI
lanCIn_, Cny lhC CC anC lhC NCIC nCVC. n aCl, lhCy CanCC.
1ul In lhC PInCI CaIC, a lhC CCnC hCV CnClhIn_ heen|ny,
IalhCI IKC a IanC DCn a nCVIC.
hC CCnlIal I nC aCCICCnl. hC Pa]CI CaIC CCQICl aIChClyQa
CICC IalhCI lhan ICa QCCQC. hC CC anC lhC NCIC LanCCI
nCVC, DCCauC Cny lhCy uy CnDCCy lhCC QIInCIQC. 1ul lhC
PInCI CaIC hCV aQCCl CIC a QCCQC aCluMy IVC Il. n lhCC
CuIuIl, anCnCIC CQCCIay In lhC CCnDInalICn lhCy CIn VhCn
VC ay lhCn Cul In ICaCIn_, VC nC a QanCIana C CXQCIICnCC,
CCnlanly hCVIn_ u nCV InI_hl InlC lhC VCnCCI Chunan
naluIC anC lhJ na_ICa VCrC.
ICCICy DCCauC Il hCV CICInaIy IC IalhCI lhan a CIna
ylCn lhC VICCI QaCK CCC nCl aQQCa lC nany CCCulIl. NhIC
a _ICal nany uDCQuCnl CCCK haVC CCQICC, VIlh na CI aI_C
VaIIalJCn, lhC VICCI QaCK, ClhCI CCCK, InCuCIn_ CnC VC m_hl
ChaIaClCII2C a `nCl CIICu, uCh a lhC LICVCy CI lhC 1uICCI
C lhC 1Cylun CCCK, haVC ICluInCC lC lhC uC CQallCIn CI lhC
QIQ CaIC. hCy CC C DCCauC lhCII CICalCI CCnCCInCC lhCnCVC
VIlh lhC aICl a a ylCn C CI_anI2In_ anC lIuCluIIn_ CClCIIC
@ I RO @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : l N T R O D O C T l O N
QtaCtICC, OCth a a tCC! anC a a IVIn_ CtCC. hC atCt, Ct thCm,
Ctm a VIta! !1nK tC mytICa! ytCm.
hC mCt ImQCttant C thCC !InK I that CCnnCCtIn_ thC Cut
uIt tC thC Cut VCt!C CCCtIOCC In thC aOOa!ah. aOOa!It
VICV thC unIVCtC a CXItIn_ In Cut ta_C, thC CCCt tC u [anC
thC utthCt tCm CItCCt unICn VIth LCC) OCIn_ thC CtCInaty
matCtIa VCt!C, Ca!CC PIyah, thC `NCtC CPCtICn . Ct _tCatCt
unCCttanCIn_ thC mCCICVa! thCCCQhIt CCCtIOCC CaCh VCt!C a
CmOCCICC In a tCC C IC, a CIa_tam C CCmC !aV. CV, thC
ttuCtutC CthC tCC CCC nCt Chan_C In thC CIHCtCnt VCt!C. 1aCh
ttCC CCntaIn tCn bCQhItCth, Ct atChCtyQC CCmanatICn. [Ct thC
tCC mCt CCUCn QattCtn, CC thC Cn CCntaCC.) PnC hCtC,
C CCutC, thC atCt CCmC In. CCauC thC Cut uIt CaCh CCntaIn
tCn QIQ CatC, VC Can Q!aCC thC CatC Cn thC bCQhItCth tC _IVC u a
CCnCtCtC aIC In mCCItatICn. PnC OCCauC thC bCQhItCth tCQtCCnt
atChCtyQa! CtCC, mCt CCCu!tIt QtCCtaOttaCtCCI_n tC CmO!Cm-
IZC thCm. Ct thCm, a CCnC CQCCQ!C CCIn_ CmCthIn_, uCh a
thtCC VCmCn CanCIn_, Ct a _tCuQ COCy t:_htIn_, Cn!y CIttaCt
tCm thC CtCtna! ymOC!Im.
bCmC CCCu!tIt _C utthCt, OCICVIn_ that thC _CCmCttIC QattCtn
Cn thC CatC Catty a QyChIC QCVCt a!1 thCIt CVn, anC that Oy ICCK-
In_ CCCQy at thCC QattCtn In thCIt QCCIa! CCICut, VC Can QtCCuCC
CCttaIn CItInCt CHCCt VIthIn thC OtaIn.
Pany QCCQ!C VhC atC nCt CQCCIay CCtCtICIt VI!! tm QtCCt
thC CCCt CCCK tC anyCthC mCCCtn IntCtQtCtatICn, InC!uCIn_ thC
_CCmCttIC CnC. Ct thCm, thC CnC C a ttaCItICn, C mCanIn_
CCVC!CQCC CVCt CCntutIC, CattIC a QCVCt nC tCVICC CCItICn Can
CQua!. n tCaCIn_ thCy ICCK tC thC anCICnt Ctmua anC H nC thC
HICCt QaCK CCtaICC CCnC a CIttaCtICn. LtCn thC mCtC QyChIC
tCaCCt VI!! uC thC C!CCtCatC, HnCIn_ that thC VCty aOttaCtnC C
thC QIQ CatC hC!Q ttI__Ct C!aItVCyant aVatCnC.
Ct mCt C u, hCVCVCt, thC tCQCtItICu QattCtn hatQy !ImIt
thC InI_ht aVaI!aO!C tCm CIthCt tuCyIn_ thC CatC aCnC Ct uIn_
thCm In tCaCIn_. LnCC VC haVC mCmCtIZCC thC Ctmu!a attaChCC
tC CaCh CatC VC t:nC It CICu!t tC _C utthCt. n thI OCCK haVC
attCmQtCC tC CtCatC Vhat Ca1 a `humanItIC atCt, CCtIVCC nCt]ut
tCm CCtCtIC ttuth, Out a!C tCm thC InI_ht C mCCCtn QCt-
]un_Ian QyChC!C_y tC _IVC a tCunCCC QICtutC CVhC VC atC, hCV
@ I R7 @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
VC aCI, aHC VhaI OtCC haQC aHC CItCCI u. HuCh a atOI IhC _Oa
I HOI HXCC mCaHIH_, DuI taIhCt a methoJ Dy VhICh CaChQCtOH CaH
_aIH a _tCaICt IHI_hI IHIO IC. NhIC IhC aHayI OCaCh CatC V1
COmCQatIy tOm II uC IH tCaCIH_, VIIh tI_hI ICC uQ aHC tCVCtCC
mCanH_, IhC aHayI VI hOV QtImatIy hOV IhaI CatC aCC IO
Out KHOVCC_C OhumaH CXQCtICHCC.
1CCauC IhC HICCt QaCK hOV uCh VIVIC CCHC IhC Otmua Ot
COmmCHIatIC DCOH_IH_ IO CaCh CatC CtVC OHy a IatIIH_ QOIHI.
NC CaH QOHCCt IhC QICIutC IhCmCVC, aHC hOV IhCy COmDIHC
VIIh IhC QICIutC atOuHC IhCm. H a Vay IhC QICIutC aHC CaCh QCt-
OH Ima_IHaIIOH [aHC CXQCtICHCC) aCI a a QatIHCthIQ. H CVCty
tCaCIH_, Ot IH CaCh mCCIIaIIOH Ot tCUCCIIOH, VC CaH OOK aI CaCh
CatCa a tCh CXQCtICHCC.]uI a IhC mOtC COICtIC CCCKVOtKDCI
Ot OCCuI CICIQIHC, aHC IhC OCCtCCCK Ot OtIuHC-IC1H_, O IhC
HICCt CtVC IhOC Ou VhO uC IhC CatC QtImatIy Ot aVatCHC
OCaHC OIhC VOtC atOuHC u.
hC bmIIh QICIutC aIItaCI QCOQC IhtOu_h IhCIt CatIOOH-IKC
aCIIOH. hCy hOC u OVCt yCat DCCauC OIhC VCty tCa mCaHIH_
COHIaIHCC IH IhCIt QICIutC. OV CIC amCa bm1Ih CO II: at a
VC KHOV, hC CtCaICC hCt QICIutC VIIh HO ItaCIIIOH IO aII hCt. H
atI LHC OIhI DOOK IaICC my OQIHIOH IhaI NaIIC QtODaDy CIC
HOI CICIaIC IhC CCI_H a hC CCaty CIC VIIh IhC Pa]Ot CatC. I
OVH DOOK _IVC HO aCCOuHI OIhCIt OtI_IH, HOtCOC hC CCCHC IhC
taCICa ChaH_C, a hC COC hI ChaH_C IH IhC Pa]Ot CatC. I IHICt-
QtCIaIIOH, mOtCOVCt, CO HOI uIII2C IhC HCV QICIutC IO aHy _tCaI
CXICHI. hOu_h hC DtICUy CCCtIDC CaCh QICIutC h1 CXQaHaIIOH
atC uuay OtmuaC aHC CaICh QhtaC [` CCItC, VI CCICtmIHaIIOH,
QtO]CCI) , HO CICtCHI IH uDIaHCC tOm IhOC mCaH1H_ aIIaChCC IO
Cat1Ct CCCK.
bOmC VtIICt haVC CaImCC [IhOu_h haVC HOI OuHC aHy CVI-
CCHCC Ot IhI IHNaIIC OVH VtIIIH_) IhaI bmIIh CtCV IhC QICIutC
a Out COmIC DOOK-IKC IOtIC, OHC Ot CaCh uII. hC QuaIIy O
IhC uII CCICtmIHCC IhC ChataCICt OIhC IOty, IH VhICh IhC COutI
CatC OtmCC a amIy aHC IhC QIQ CVCHI haQQCHIH_ IO IhCm. hC
O-CaCC POtOCCaH atOI, DaCC VCty COCy OH IhC HICCt QaCK,
OOV IhIyICm. hIIOty CXQaHaIIOH Ot IhCQICIutC DC_ IhC
QuCIIOH. hC ImQOtIaHI QuCIIOH tCmaIH IhC tCaIIOH OIhC QIC-
IutC IO IhC mCaHIH_.
@ I R @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : l N T R O D O C T l O N
uQCCt NaItC _aVC bmIth thC Ctmu!a hC VIhCC I!!uttatCC,
QCthaQ CCnu!tCC VIth hCt Cn thC QICtutC, anC thCn bm1th attItIC
IntInCt tCCK CVCt, at tImC VCtKIn_ VIth thC utaCC ymOC!Im
anC at tImC CQCtatIn_OCyCnC thC!CVC CCCnCICu ChCICC. [PCC-
Ctn tCCatCh ha InCICatCC that bmIth CtCV InQItatICn tCm an
COCutC Caty atCt, KnCVn a thC bCa-uCa. bCVCta CthC PInCt
CatC hCV Imat CCnC tC thC HICCt, In QattICu!at thC htCC
C bVCtC anC thC Cn C NanC . NaItC' Ctmu!a CCtIVC tCm
VatICu CutCC. NaItC hImC! QCaK at tImC C CCnttaCICtCty
mCanIn_s, a I hC haC CCnutCC CIHCtCnt CttunC-tC1!Ct. I
attan_CmCnt C thC CCutt CatO a!C hCV thC ImuCnCC C thC
LtCCt CthC LC!CCn aVn, a CCtCt CCICty CmytIC ma_ICIan, tC
VmCh NaItC anC bmIth [!IKC LrCV!Cy anC au! CtCt LaC, CCI_n-
Ct CthC LP CCCK at CnC tImC OC!Cn_CC.
n many CaC, C CCutC, thC QICtutC atC VCty ImQ!C anC
CItCCt!y tC!atCC tC thC mCanIn_ thCy VCtC mCant tC 1!!uttatC. hC
Cut CCntaC!C, Ct CXamQ!C, hCV thC Ima_C Ca mICt, CmC-
CnC ` C!CaVIn_ tC thC ` utCty CQCCICn' . ut I It CCInCICCnCC
CtQ!an that thCC Cut QCntaC!C CCVCt thC CtCVn CthC hCaC, thC
hCatt anC thtCat, anC thC CC C thC CCt, thCtCOy !CaCIn_ tC
CCCQCt IntCtQtCtatICn than ImQC _tCCC: PnC In many CaC, thC
QICtutC tCuChC CmCthIn_ In u OCyCnC thC mCanIn_ CHCIa!!y
CCnnCCtCC tC It. CCK at thC bIX CbVCtC, uQQCCC!y a `]CutnCy
Oy VatCt' . hC CtCam!IKC I!CnCC, thC aCnC ImQ!ICIt In thC
QICtutC u__Ct thC mythICa! ]CutnCy C CCaC Cu! aCtC thC
HIVCt bQX.
CC nCt mCan tC CCCtIOC NaItC a OanC, Ct InCnItIVC tC thC
QICtutC In hI CVn CCCK. bCmCtImC hI CCmmCnt, CQCCIa!!y Cn
thC QICtutC, InCtCaC Cut unCCttanCIn_ OCyCnC thC ImQ!C ut C
mCanIn_. n that bIX C bVCtC hC COCtC that ` thC tCI_ht I
!I_ht , anC th1, a!Cn_ VIth 1CCn Ltay' CCmmCnt, `hC VCtC CC
nCt VCI_h CCVn thC OCat', !CaCs u tC CCntCmQ!atC thC Ima_C Ca
QItItua! Ct CmCtICna ]CutnCy In VmCh VC Catty Cut mCmCtIC
anC CttCV Vth u. n thC VC CNanC NaItC _IVC tVC CQQCCC
mCanIn_ anC thCn ay that thC QICtutC ` _IVC a C!uC tC thCIt tCC-
!utICn. Pt CthCt tImC, hCVCVCt, thC mCan1n_ _IVCn CCnttaCICt thC
QICtutC, a In thC VC CbVCtO, VhCtC a QCVCtu! Ima_C CIC!a-
tICn anC CCCnCC uQQCCC!y I!!uttatC `uICnChIQ .
@ I RU @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
bIHCC lhC VICCt QaCK QuIlC a CV atOl CCI_HCt haVC allCnQlCC
lO IHCuCC a CCHC OH CVCty CatC.]ul aDOul M haVC QaIC ltIDulC lO
anCa bnIlh Ina_C, OnC CXltCnCy COCy, VhIC OlhCt haVC
Ina_IHalIVCy ltaHOtnCC lhC VICCt QIClutC. Olh1H_ COnQC
lhCn lO uC lhCC Ina_C, lhCy Catty HO aulhOtIly OaHCICHl ltaC1-
lIOH, a CO lhC Pa]Ot CatC. hCIt aulhOtIly CCtIVC tOn CICalIVC
aChICVCnCHl. hCC CtuCCy CtaVH QIClutC, aVKVatC, OlCH Oul O
M QtOQOtlIOH Ot QCtQCClIVC, DaCC OH CHlInCHla ICCa O lhC
PICCC 1_C, OnChOV haVC CC lhOuaHC O QCOQC IHlO aH
uHCCtlaHCIH_ HOl]ul OlhC CatC Dul OlhCnCVC. H OHC ltOKC
anCa bnIlh CtCalCC a HCV ltaCIlIOH.
TM |0U R 5U | T5
tOVCVCt nuCh lhC CCQICtIOH OlhC IHCIVICua CatC DUKC V1lh QtC-
VIOu QtaCtICC, NaIlC layCC COC lO Cat!1Ct CCCK IH h1 attaH_CnCHl
O lhC uIl aHC lhCIt CnDCn VIlh OHC CXCCQlIOH. NCtC OCCt
CCCK, _OIH_ M lhC Vay DaCK lO lhC DlCCHlh-CCHluty NICOHlI-
bOt2a CCCK, uCC NaHC [Ot blaVC, LuQ, bVOtC, aHC LOIH [Ot
CIC , lhC VICCt QaCK uDlIlulCC CHlaCC DVC QOIHlCC lat
CHCOCC IH _OC CIC Ot lhC ma uIl. NaIlC Va O!OVIH_ lhC
LtCCt O lhC LOCCH LaVH VhCH hC naCC lD ChaH_C. tC uCC
lhCIt uDlIlulIOH O CHlaCC Ot COIH Ot lVO tCaOH. Itl, hC
VaHlCC hI Outlh uIl lO tCQtCCHl lhC ui taH_C O lhC QhyICM
VOC, HOl InQy lhC HattOV nalCtIa!In OnOHCy aHC DuIHC.
bCCOHC, hC VaHlCC lhC Out uIl lO Catty lhC Out DaIC lOO O
tIlua na_IC. H tCaIly lhC lVO tCaOH atC OHC. NaIlC KCV lhal
na_ICIaH uCC lhCC OD]CCl Qatly DCCauC lhCy ynDO!12CC IH
COHCtClC Otn lhC VatIOu aQCCt OlhC QhyICM/QItIluM uHIVCtC.
hC aOCIalIOH OlhCC Out CnDCn VIlh DOlh na_ICa QtaClICC
aHC lhC QItIlua ltulh uHCCtyIH_ J1C _OC DaCK al Cal a at 2 lhC
PICCC 1_C, VhCtC VC DHC lhCIt CQuIVaCHl IH lhC ynDO1C OD]CCt
CattICC Dy lhC LtM naICCH. NaIlC h1nC!1KHCVlhCC OD]CCl DOn
hI CXQCtICHCC IH na_ICa LtCCt. hC VCCt QaCK MO CCQICl lhCn
a yIH_ OH lhC laDC DCOtC lhC Pa_ICIaH IH lhC Pa]Ot1tCaHa.
H lhC atOl, a IH na_IC, lhC Out CnDCn laHC Ot lhC VOC
IlCaHC Ot hunaH HalutC, a VC! a lhC aCl OCtCalIOH [DOlh lhC
@ I O @
T H E M I N O R A R C A N A : l N T R O D O C T l O N
CtCalIOn O QCCIHC |h|nys, anC lhC COntInuOu CtCalIOn O CVOu-
lIOn . hCIt QaCC On thC Pa_ICIan laDC I_nIDC lhal hC OthC ha
DCCOnC a nalCt OlhC QhyICa VOtC. n OnC CnC nalCty nCan
lhC tCa QOVCt OVCt nalutC lhat nany QCOQC CC In na_IC. hOC
VhO uC lhC atOl a an COlCtIC CICIQInC OnClInC naIntaIn that
nCCItalIOn anC tIlua VIth lhC PInOt 1tCana VI _IVC lhC aCCQl
COnltO OVCt lhC OtCC OnalutC. n LhatC NIIan atOl nOVC,
Te Gree|er Trams, hC CattIC lhI ICCa lO CtanalIC CXltCnC VhCn
lhC hCtO taIC a huttICanC Dy HaQQIn_ lO_ClhCt thC CatC aOCIalCC
VIlh VInC. n QyChOO_ICa lCtn `nalCty OlhC PInOt 1tCana
nCan unCCtlanCIn_, In OutCVC anC In lhC VOtC atOunC u, a
lhOC CXQCtICnCC anC OtCC CCQIClCC In lhC CatC. 1 ` nalCt
nCan a QCtOn VhO ha COnttO OVCt hI Ot hCt IC VhO I na-
tCt OVCt hIn Ot hCtCI.
buCh a _Oa I a _tCal CCa hatCCt tO aChICVC lhan nany QCOQC
nI_hl lhInK. l nCan tCay KnOVIn_ VhO VC atC, On unCOnCIOu
CVC a VC a COnCIOu. l nCan KnOVIn_ Vhy VC aCl thC Vay
VC CO, KnOVIn_ Out ltuC CCItC InlCaC OthC nuCCCC ICCa nOl
QCOQC haVC OlhCIt_Oa In IC. tnCan KnOVIn_ thC COnnCClIOn
DClVCCn CCnIn_y tanCOn CXQCtICnCC. hC atOl Can al Cat hCQ
u InCtCaC Out unCCtlanCIn_ In a lhCC lhIn_. OV at CaCh QCt-
On _OC CCQCnC On, anOn_ OlhCt thIn_, thal QCtOn tCalIOnhIQ
lO lhC CatC.
hC nunDCt Outha D_utCC VCtyltOn_y In huDan allCnQl lO
unCCtlanC CXIlCnCC. 1CCauC Out DOCIC u__Ct lhI nunDCt
[DOnl aC DaCK, tI_ht anC Ct ICC VC lCnC lO Ot_anI2C Out QCt-
CCQlIOn O lhC CVCt hIlIn_ VOtC Dy DtCaKIn_ lhIn_ COVn IntO
Out. hC VICV OlhCyCata OutCaOn COnC aO tOn lhC lVO
OlICC anC lhC lVO CQuInOXC. [LulutC VIthOul altOnOnICa
aVatCnC VI OlCn CIVICC lhC yCat IntO thC lVO DaIC CaOn O
unDCt anC VInlCt, Ot OnCtInC InlO lhtCC CaOn.
hC 2OCIaC COnlaIn lVCVC COntC!atIOn, lhtCC lInC Out.
hCtCOtC VC HnC lhC I_n OaltOO_y CIVICCC InlO Out_tOuQ O
lhtCC. LnC `HXCC I_n In CaCh _tOuQ _IVC u thC Out ` ltOn_
QOInt O hCaVCn. NC CC lhCC Out tCQtCCnlCC In thC Pa]Ot
1tCana On lhC CatC OthC NOtC anC thCNhCC OOtlunC a lhC
OutDCal hOVn In lhC CatC Out COtnCt. [hC VCty haQC OthC
CatC, anC Ot lhat nattCt nOl NClCtn hOuC, CCnOnltalC Out
@ I I @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W I S O O M
OuI-ICCC DIa. hC aHCICHl LhIHCC uCC CIICuaI QayIH_ CaIC.
hC OuI CICaluIC ynDOI2C lhC 2OCIaC, Dul lhCy CCIIVC nOl
CIICCUy DOn 12CKIC VIIOH IH lhC LC ClanCHl, alCI ICQCalCC
IH VCVCalIOH.
LM lhC OuI ynDOIn lhC lVO lhal QCIlaIH nOl CIICCUy lO
lhC PIHOI 1ICaHa aIC lhC OuI CCnCHl OnCCICVa aChCny aHC
lhC OuICllCI OLOC HanC IH CDICV, lhC lClIa_IannalOH. LuI
nOCCIH COHCCQl OlhC alOnIC CCnCHl CCIIVC DOnaH CaIICIICCa
[OII_IHalIH_ IH aHCICHl LICCCC lhal M lh1H_ IH HaluIC aIC OInCC
Oul OOuI DaIC COHlIluCHl. HIC, ValCI, aII, aHC CaIlh. NC HHC
lh1 ICCa HOl]ul IH1uIOQC Dul JO IH CuluIC a CIVCIC a LhIHa
aHC OIlh 1nCIICa. hC CCnCHl OnClInC ChaH_C, OnClInC
lhC HunDCI ChaH_C aO, DOnOuI lO HVC, aCCIH_ `ClhCI OI bQIIIl
lO lhC OuI CCnCHl OHaluIC _ul a naHy CuluIC aCC lhC `CCH-
lIC a a Hlh CIICClIOH . hC DaIC COHCCQl, hOVCVCI, ICnaIH lhC
anC - lhal CVCIylhIH_ CaH DC ICCuCCC lO Il DaIC QaIl, lhal lhC
VOIC COnDIHC lhCC DaIC QuM1lIC IH aH IHHHIly OVay.
OCay, VC CaIIy lhI ICCa nuCh uIlhCI, ICCuCIH_ a nallCI lO
uD-alOnIC QaIlICC [lhIOVIH_ Oul lhC ICCa O bQIIIl alO_ClhCI,
CXCCQl IH CCIlaIH IaICHCC lhCOIIC O COHlCnQOIaIy QhyIC aHC
OOK1H_ uQOH lhC nCCIaCVM ` CCnCHl a VCIy CaDOIalC ChCmCa
COnDIHalIOH. OVCVCI, VC aIC nIlaKCH IVC lhIHK lhal lhC OC
ylCn CaH HO OH_CI lCaCh u aHylhIH_. OI OHC lhIH_ lhal ChaIaC-
lCII2C lhC OC VICV - aHC IHCCCC lhC VICV OVIIluJy a CuluIC
DCOIC lhC nOCCIHNCl - I lhC HOH-CQaIalIOH OQhyICa, QIIIlu-
a, nOIa, aHCQyChOO_ICa lhCOIIC aHC VauC. OIu lhC CCnCHl
O, ay, hC1un, CaIIIC VCIy LlUC IaHy QIIIlua nCaHIH_. OI lhC
nCCIaCVa lhIHKCI lhC CCnCHl IIC u__ClCC a VhOC IaH_C O
aOCIalIOH. LDVIOuy VC VOuC DC VIOH_ lO IC]CCl lhC _ICal
aChICVCnCHl OKHOVCC_C VC CJ nOCCIH CICHCC. 1ul HCIlhCI
hOuC VC IC] CCl lhC IHI_hl DOn CaIICI lInC.
H lhC aIOl VC CC lhC OuI CCnCHl a IIC-NaHC [blaVC,
NalCI-LuQ, 11I-bVOIC, 1aIlh-CHlaCC [LOIH . LIUCICHl VIIl-
CI OnClInC _IVC VaIIalIOH OH lhI IlIH_, nOl OlCH VIlChIH_
NaHC aHC CHlaCC, OH lhC _IOuHC lhal lICK _IOV Oul OlhC
CaIlh, aHC COIH aIC OI_CC IH a IC. haVC ChOCH lO lay VIlh lhC
nOIC COnnOH IlIH_ DCCauC OlhC VICCI aOCIalIOH OHIC aHC
CaIlh. IIC I HOl InQy a hunaH lOO, Dul a _ICal OICC IH HaluIC,
@ I R @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . l N T R O D O C T l O N
CCn mCt QCVCtm!!y In thC un VhICh OtIn_ thC taVC Cut CthC
_tCunC. 1atth tanC nCt Cny Ct thC CI!, Out tradtICna!y Ct thC
CntItC matCtIa! umVCtC CVhICh LCIn tCQtCCnt a ma! Qatt anC
CntaCC a muCh VICCt Qart.
VC VIh tC CC thC VCt!C In tCtm C HVC tathCt than Cut
InC!uCIn_ bQItIt CCnttC, thCn thCPa]CtPrCana tanC Ct 1thCt, thC
Uth CCmCnt. hC aCt that VC Ct It aQart tCm thC Cut PInCt
C!CmCnt ymOC!1ZC thC IntuItICn that bQItIt CmChCV CXIt Cn a
CIHCtCnt !CVC! rCm thC CtCInary VCtC. Pt thC amC tImC thC aCt
thatVCm1X a! HVC tC_CthCt Cr tCaCIn_ hCQ u CC that In tCa11ty
bQItIt anC a!! thC C!CmCnt C mattCt CCntant!y VCtK tC_CthCt.
NCtK1n_ VIth thC arCt hC!Q u unCCttanC thC CynamIC Vay In
VhICh bQItIt _IVC mCanIn_ anC unIty tC thC matCtIa VCr!C. P ttuC
unCCrtanCIn_ C thI rCatICnhIQ, In QraCtICC a VC!! a thCCty,
Ctm a _tCat tCQ tCVatC that ` matCty CCCtIOCC Cat!ICt.
Pany QCCQ!C Vu! KnCV thC Ima_Cty CthC Cur C!CmCnt tCm
attC!C_y, VIth It Cut ` ttIQ!ICItIC' . IrC PtIC, CC, ba_IttatIu,
NatCt LanCCt, bCCrQIC, ICC, PIr LCmInI IOta, PQuatIu,
1atth auru, `It_C, LaQrICCtn. jun_Ian QyChC!C_y mC utI!IZC
thC Cut C!CmCnt, 1nKIn_ thCm tC OaIC Vay CCXQCrICnCIn_ thC
VCt!C. ItC tanC Ct ntuItICn, NatCr Ct CC!1n_, PIt Ct h1nK-
In_, anC 1atth Ct bCnatICn.
n attC!C_y anC ]un_Ian thCu_ht thC C!CmCnt tanC Ct tyQC
anC ChataCtCrItIC. n thC atCt VC CC thCC tyQC tCHCCtCC In thC
CCutt CatC. hC uIt a a VhC!C hCV aCtIVItIC anC QuaItIC C
!IC tathCt than InC1VICua! QyChCC_y. n CthCr VCtC, I NanC
CCmInatC In a rCaCIn_ VC CC nCt ay that thC QCtCn I a `HCty'
ChataCtCt, OuttathCtthathC Ct hC I CuttCnt!y _CIn_ thtCu_h many
ItC CXQCtICnCC. NC tuCy thC Cut uIt CQatatC!y tC !Carn ]ut
Vhat VC mCan Oy ItC Ct NatCr Cr PIt Cr 1atth CXQCrICnCC. NC
tuCy thCm tC_CthCr In rCaCIn_ tC !Carn hCV !1C In tCaIty
CmOtaCC anC CCmOInC a thC C!CmCnt tC_CthCr.
P a OtIC ummaty, NanC/lItC tanC Ct aCtICn, mCVCmCnt,
CQtIm1m, aCVCntutC, ttu__!C, OuInC In thC CnC CthC aCtIVIty
CCCmmCtCC tathCt than thC thIn_ C!C, OC_InnIn_. LuQ/NatCt
tanC Ct tCH CCtICn, QuICt CXQCrICnCC, CVC, rICnChIQ,]Cy, antay,
QaIVIty. bVCtC/^t tanC Ct CCnHICt, an_ty Ct CIturOCC CmC-
tICn, aCnC, Out aC Ct mCnta! aCtIVIty, VICCm, thC uC C
g I 4 g
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
IntC!CCt tC unCCttanC thC ttuth. CntaC!C/1atth tanC Ct natutC,
mCnCy, VCtK, tCut1nC aCtIVItIC, taO!C tC!atICnhIQ, OuInC In thC
CnC C thIn_ maCC anC C!C. PC, OCCauC CntaCC atC ma_IC
I_n, thCy tanC Ct thC ma_IC CnatutC anC thC VCnCCt CCtCI-
naty !IC, nCt mVay QCtCCIVCC, Out CtCn hICCCn unCCt thC utaCC.
taVIn_ Cn anCthCt VC!!-KnCVn ymOC1C ytCm NanC anC
bVCtC tCQtCCnt `yan_ Ct `aCtIVC' ItuatICn, VhI!C LuQ anC Cnta-
C!C tanC Ct `yIn' Ct `QaIVC' CnC. NC Can aC uOtItutC, VIth tC-
CtCnCC tC thC Pa]Ct PtCana, Pa_ICIan Ct yan_ anC I_h tICtC
Ct yIn. NhatCVCt thC tCtmInCC_y, thCC CItInCtICn OCCCmC
C!CatCt In thC Ima_Cty. Cth VanC anC VCtC atC uCC Ct ttIKIn_,
CuQ, Cn thC CthCt hanC, m!H! thCIt unCtICn Oy tCCCIVIn_ anC
hC!CIn_ VatCt, VhIC QCntaC!C, a CIthCt ma_IC I_n Ct mCnCy, Can
ImuCnCC thC VCtC VIthCutQhyICay mCVIn_. bImI!at!y, HtCanCaIt
atC CCntanUy hItIn_, VhI!C VatCt anC Catth tCnC mCtC tC InCttIa.
P 1tUC tCHCCtICn, a VC!1 a a !CCKat thC QICtutC, VI11 hCV hCV
thCC CQatatC CatC_CtIC aCtuay O!CnC tC_CthCt In tCa!Ity. Cth
NanC anC CntaC!C CCa! VIth OuInC, OCth NanC anC bVCtC
InCICatC CCnH ICt. LuQ anC NanC tCnC tCVatC haQQy, QCItIVC
CXQCtICnCC, VhI1C CntaC!C anC bVCtC CtCn tCQtCCnt thC mCtC
CIICut ICC C!IC. Pt thC amC tImC, LuQ anC bVCtC CCVCt thC
_CnCta! tan_C C CmCtICn, VhI!C CntaC!C anC NanC CCQICt thC
mCtC QhyICm aCtIVItIC. HathCt than hCVIn_ tI_IC CQatatICn thC
CatC tCnC tCVatC CCmOInatICn anC thC O!uttIn_ Ca! CItInCtICn.
n att LnC VtCtC that thC tuCy CatCt tCaCIn_ tCaChC u
aOCVC a that nC Qua!Ity I _CCC Ct OaC CXCCQt VIthIn thC CCntCXt
Can aCtum ItuatICn. NC !CatnmC tCm tCaCIn_ that nC ItuatICn,
Qua!Ity, Ct QCtCna ChataCtCtItIC CXIt In IC!atICn, Out Cn!y In
CCmOInatICnVIth CthCt. n a tCaCIn_ VC !CCK H tt at thC InCIVIC-
um CatC In thCIt InCIVICum QCItICn, Out VC unCCttanC Vhat thC
tCaCIn_ tC!! u VhCn VC CC hCV thC CatC O!CnC tC_CthCt IntC a
VhC!C QattCtn. bIm!at!y, VC tuCy thC CatC InCIVICuay Out VC
unCCttanC thCm u!!y Cn!y VhCn VC CC thCm VCtKIn_.
hC CICtCnt C!CmCnt tCQtCCnt nCt Cn!y CICtCnt CXQCtICnCC
OutmC CICtCnt aQQtCaChC tC !IC. LnC tCaCn tC tuCy thC uIt a
aVhC!CI tC CC thC aCVanta_C anCQtCO!Cm CCaCh aQQtCaCh. Ct
CaCh uIt VC VI11 !CCK at a `QtCO!Cm' anC a `Nay tC bQItIt . P an
CXamQ!C, thC QtCOCm CLuQ I QaIVIty, thC Nay tC bQItIt I !CVC.
@ I R @
T H E M I N O R A R C A N A : l N T R O O O C T l O N
htCu_h thC CIHCtCnt Ima_C VC CC hCV thC LuQ CXQCtICnCC
OtIn_ Cut thCC Qua1ItIC.
n attan_In_ thC CatC haVC C!!CVCC NaItC' CXamQ!C In mCV-
In_ tCm thC In_ CCVn tC thC PCC, tathCt than thC CthCt Vay
tCunC. CtC tCC NaItC Va C!!CVIn_ thC CXamQ!C C thC LC!CCn
aVn, VhICh aV bQItIt a mCtaQhCtICa1!y CCCCnCIn_ IntC thC
QhyICa! VCt!C, C that VC CCunt CCVn tCm thC hI_hCt numOCt.
CCauC KIn_ [a ttaCItICna! ymOC! tathCt than QC!ItICa! tCa1Ity)
OCat a tCQCnIOI!Ity Ct maIntaInIn_ CCICty, anC OCCauC thC KIn_
_IVC an Ima_C CmatutIty, thC Cut In_ a ymOC!IZC thC mCt
CCIa!y-mInCCC taO!C VCtICn CthC uIt. hC PCC, Cn thC CthCt
hanC, I_nIj unIty anCQCHCCtICn. hCtCCtC, thC PCCtanCCtthC
C!CmCnt In thCIt QutCt Ctm. hC PCC CNanC tanC Ct ItC
ItC! anC a! that It mCan, VhI!C thC CthCt thIttCCn NanC CatC
CCQICt CmC QCCIt:C CXamQC CItC, CIthCt In a ItuatICn [CatC 2
0) Ct a a QCtCna11ty tyQC [thC CCutt CatCs) .
n thC HICCt QaCK VC CC CaCh PCC hC!C In a hanC CCmIn_ Cut
Ca C!CuC. hI ymOC!, CCn aC In CthCtCCCK, tCaChC u that
CaCh CCmCnt Can !CaC u tC QItItua! mytCty. t a!C tCaChC u
that aL CXQCtICnCC I a _It, tCm a CutCC VC CannCt CCnCICu!y
KnCV, un!C VC CCV thC CCCQ QItItua! ]CutnCy hCVn In thC
Pa_Ct PtCana. Ct thI tCaCn haVC CnCCC CaCh uIt VIth thC
PCC.
1M 11RAC RAM MA10N
CICC thC Cut C!CmCnt VC hCuC CCK at thC CthCt ymOC!
ImQ!ICC Oy thC Cut uIt, that CLCC' namC. NC HnC thCC Cut
!CttCt, CC-Ch-`aV-Ch, attan_CC In thC NhCC! CCttunC, thC
tCnth CatC CthC Pa]Ct PtCana. n 1utCQCan !CttCt VC VtItC thCm
a `, Ct CmCtImC `. CCauC thC IO!C _IVC nC VCVC!
Ct thC namC VC CannCt aCtuay QtCnCunCC It, It thCtCCtC ymOC!-
IZC LCC unKnCVaO!C natutC, thC CCntIm CQatatICn OCtVCCn LCC
anC man that ChataCtCtIZC NCtCtn tCI_ICn. NtItCt haVC aI_nCC
thC namCjChCVah Ctjah Ct ahVCh tC thCC !CttCt, Out thI !CaC
tC CCnuICn. NhCn VC CCnut thC VtItIn_ CthC aOOa1It VC
CICCVCt that thC !CttCt CC nCt Ctm a `namC' In thC human CnC
@ I @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
Ca aOC that tanC Ct a QCtCn, Out tathCt thCy CCQICt a Ctmu!a.
PnC that Ctmu!a CCCtIOC thC QtCCC CCtCatICn.
hC tCtta_tammatCn anC thC Cut C!CmCnt CC nCt tCm!y Ctm
tVC CQatatC ytCm, Out In aCt CnC unIDCC ymOC!. LaCh C
thC C!CmCnt OC!Cn_ tC a CttCt, CC-ItC, Ch-NatCt, `aV-PIt,
Ch-Latth,^ anC VhCn VC aQQ!y LCC namC tC thC C!CmCnt VC
CCmQ!CtC thC mCanIn_ CthCIt ymOC!IC CIHCtCnCC.
hCQtCCC _CC a C11CV. CC, Ct ItC, ymOC!IZC thC tatt C
any CntCtQtIC, thC Dtt CtCatIVC QatK, thC CnCt_y nCCCCC tC OC_In.
n mythIC tCtm thC CC InCICatC thC C1VInC QatK CmCt_In_ tCm
thC unKnCVaOC LCC. n QyChC!C_ICa tCtm It tanC Ct thC
ImQu!C tC OC_In CmC QCCIHC QtC]CCt, CtnCVVayC!IC. hC Dtt
Ch, NatCt, ymOC11ZC thC aCtua1 OC_InnIn_ a thC QatK I
`tCCCIVCC IntC a QattCtn. PythICa11y, thI tCCt tC LCC ItC tCuCh-
In_ thC `NatCt CthC CCCQ` , thatI, thC ChaCOCCtC LCCOC_an tC
CtCCt thC unIVCtC. yChC!C_ICm1y VC unCCttanC that Cut Q!an
anC hCQC tCmaIn Ctm!C, Va_uC, untI! thC ItC CnCt_y CntCt IntC
thCm anC tatt u aCtua11y CCIn_ CmCthIn_. Pt thC amC tImC,
tCt!C NanC CnCt_y CannCt OCnCDt u un!C VC _IVC It a CCDnItC
QutQCC .
hC thItC !CttCt, `aV, CCnnCCtCC tC P1t, ymOC!IZC thC CCVC!CQ-
mCnt C thC Q!an, thC CItCCtCC QutQCCu mCVCmCnt that maKC
CVCtythIn_ taKC haQC. n It hC!y CnC, It mCan thC ta_C C
CtCatICn In VhICh LCC _aVC thC VCt!C It unCCt!yIn_ Ctm. PIt
tanC Ct IntCCCt, anC QyChC!C_ICa!!y `aV InCICatC thC mCnta
QtCCC C_CIn_ hCm a _Ca1 tC an aCtua1 Q!an VhICh V11! OtIn_ thC
QtC]CCt IntC tCaty.
Inm!y, thC CCCnC Ch, Latth, tanC Ct thC HmhCC CtCatICn,
thC th1n_ItCU. ntCI_ICu tCtm ItmCan mattCt, thC QhyICa1 unI-
VCtC, that Vh1Ch LCC CtCatCC thtCu_h thC QtCCC CthC CthCt!Ct-
tCt. n human tCtm It mCan thC CCmQ!CtICn CthC _Ca!.
Ct u taKC thC CXamQ!C Ca QCCm. t CannCt OC_In VIthCut an
ImQu!C tCVatC QCCtty anC a CCItC tC CXQtC CmCthIn_. Pt thC
amC tImC th1 CCItC _CC nCVhCtC un!C VC Can ChCCC a QattIC-
u1at uO]CCt. n a CnC thC uO]CCt `tCCCIVC` thC ImQu!C tC VtItC.
btu, thC QCCm VI1! nCVCt CmCt_C untI! VC VCtK Cn It, uIn_
" hccl1nk COuc bOu 8tOl lt2U1l1On. bOuc b2bU21U uc 2!1_Dllj UU ctcnl OtUct.
@ I @
T H E M I N O R A R C A N A : I N T R O D O C T l O N
IntCCCt anC thC VtItIn_ CCVCta Ctat tC C!VC thC QtCO!Cm C
Ima_Cty, thytm, anC C Cn. Inay, thC QtCCC CnC VhCn VC Can
hC!C thC aCtua QCCm In Cut hanC anC Qa It Cn tC CthCt. P !1tt!C
thCu_ht VI!! hCV that thC amC CCVCCQmCnt hCC ttuC Ct any
aCtICn, tCm OuI!CIn_ a hCuC tC OtCVIn_ OCCt tC maKn_ !CVC.
L!Cat!y thC !at CCmCnt, 1atth, tanC CmCVhat aQatt tCm thC
CthCt. hC mathCmatICIan anC CCCu!tIt, . LuQCnKy, ha
CtaVn thI tC!atICnhIQ In thC C!!CVIn_ CIa_tam.
1PH
PH
F|yare 21
P CCK at thC COtCV !CttCt VI!! a!C hC!Q u unCCttanC thC
ymOCIm. HCaCIn_ tI_ht tC !Ct thCy atC.
CtICC hCV thC CC, thC ItC !CttCt, hatC!y ha any haQC at a!,
Out tCCmO!C tathCt a QCInt, thC Hah Ca Htt ImQu!C. LOCtVC
tCC that thC tVC Ch Va_uC!y tCCmO!C uQICC CCVn CuQ, Ct
OCaKCt. hC HttCnC `tCCCIVC' thC ImQuC, thC CCCnCtCCCIVC thC
CntItC QtCCC anC _IVC It a QhyICa! Ctm. Ina!y, COCtVC hCV thC
thItC CttCt, `aV, CXtCnC thC Htt !CttCt, CC. hC IntC!!CCt, PIt,
taKC thC ItC CnCt_y anC _IVC It a CCH mtC C1tCCtICn.
tmay CCm at Htt that thC Cutth C!CmCnt, 1atth, Can CXt Oy
ItC!. CVCVCt, In CtCCt Ct u tC tnC anymCanIn_ In Cut QCC-
ICn VC mut unCCttanC thC CtCatIVC QtCCCC that OtCu_ht thCm
@ I 7 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
IntC OCIn_. NhCn VC !CCK at thC `QtCO!Cm' tC!atIn_ tC CaCh uIt,
VC CC that CaCh atIC Cn!y VhCn VC tCmCVC thC uIt hCm It
tC!atICnhIQ tC thC CthCt. Lt, In CthCt VCtC, VhCn VC !Can tCC
muCh In CnC CItCCtICn In !IC. 1atth QtCO!Cm CmatCtIa!Im, I
CCuntCtaCtCC thtCu_h aCCIn_ LuQ, Ct CmCtICna! aQQtCCIatICn.
hC Vay In VhICh CnC uIt I aCCCC tC anCthCt VI!!OC CICuCC In
thC CCtICn Cn HCaCIn_.
jut a CaCh uIt ha QCCIa! Qu1tIC, C CCC CaCh numOCt Ct
LCutt QCItICn. Ct CaCh CatC VC Can CC thC mCanIn_ a a
CCmOInatICn C thC numOCt anC thC uIt. hCtC atC VatICu
numCtC!C_ICa! ytCm CCCtIOIn_ thC Va!uC C numOCt. HathCt
than CtaVIn_ Cn anyQatuCu!at CnC, thC mCanIn_ _IVCnhCtC CCtIVC
uCm thC QuaItIC CthC CatO thCmC!VC.
K|ny - soc|e| resons||||||y oue, success
Queen - Jee erec|e||on j |he su||; cree||i||y
Kngh| - ec||on, resons||||||y |o o|hers
Peye - e|oo||on, s|uJy
I 0 - com|e||on, |he neeJ |o yo |eyonJ
comrom|ses, s|ru_|e
8 - moiemen|
i|c|ory
6 - commun|ce||on
5 - |oss, con[|c|
1 s|ruc|ure
J -]u|| eress|on j |he e|emen|
2 - un|on
Hce - |es|c que|||y, roo|
n CmC ItuatICn thC uIt anC thC numOCt uQQCtt CaCh CthCt, In
CmC thCy CCnHICt, CmCtImC CVCn QtCCuCIn_ thC CQQCItC CthC
numOCt mCanIn_. Ct CXamQ!C, thC un1jIn_ thCmC C1I_ht I
mCVCmCnt. bInCC ItC a!C mCan mCVCmCnt, NanC CXQtC thI
thCmC VCty CItCCt!y. bVCtC, hCVCVCt, ttC CCm1Ct. ntCaC C
CmCCnC Cn thC mCVC, thC 1I_ht CbVCtC hCV a VCman VhCC
mCVCmCnt I res|r|c|eJ. hC IuC tCmaIn mCVCmCnt, Out nCV thC
CQQCItICn OCCCmC thC CCu.
@ I @
T H E M I N O R A R C A N A . l N T R O D O C T l O N
1M CA1 CARD5
thC HICCt PInCt CatC CtVC u QtImatI!y a a CCmmCntaty Cn
CtCInaty !IC, thCy CC nCt I_nCtC Ct Cut u C tCm CCCQCt
QCtCCQtICn. Ln thC CCnttaty, thC QhICCQhICa! OIa CthC CatC
!CaC u a!Vay In thC CItCCtICn C `hICCCn CtCC' _IVIn_ haQC
anC mCanIn_ tC CtCInaty CXQCtICnCC. P ttu!y tCaItIC VICV CthC
VCt!C [a CQQCCC tC thC nattCV matCtIa!It ICCC!C_y CCmmCn!y
thCu_ht Ca `tCa!Im') VI!! tCCC_nIZC thC QItItua! CnCt_y a!Vay
QtCCnt VIthIn thC CCntant!y hItIn_ QattCtn C thC VCt!C.
PuCh C maInttCam CICnCC I CuttCnt!y mCVIn_ aVay tCm
thC nCtICn that uCh CtCC a C!CCttC-ma_nCtIm atC tatIC anC
mCChanICa, anC tCVatC thC Ima_C CthCma CynamIC anC CCn-
tanty CtCatIVC.
hC HICCt QaCK _tCaty CnCCuta_C uCh aVatCnC. NC CC It
CC!COtatCC In thC Cn CLuQ, VC CC It mCt CItCCty In thC PCC,
VhCtC CaCh C!CmCnt I hCVn a a _It.
ut thC HICCt QaCK CCC mCtC than |eec|i M thI aVatCnC. LCt-
taIn CatC, taKCn In thC tI_ht Vay, Can hC!Q QtCCuCC It. 1at!ICt, VC
CCnICCtCC thC CCCut VICV that !CCKIn_ at _CCmCttIC QattCtn VI!
CtCatC CCCt In thC OtaIn. n a ImI!at Vay_CInIn_ CutC!VC mCCI-
tatIVCy tC QattICu!at CatC In thC Cut uIt VI!! OtIn_ CXQCtICnCC
tCaChIn_ OCyCnC thC CatC QCCIHC mCanIn_.
Ca!! thCC CatO LatC, OCCauC CthC Vay In VhICh thCy CQCn
a Qath tCm thC CtCInaty VCt!C tC thC InnCt CVC! C atChCtyQa!
CXQCtICnCC. 1aCh uIt CCntaIn at Cat CnC CthCC CatC, thC Cn-
taC!C CCntaInIn_ thC mCt. hCy a! hatC CCttaIn ChataCtCtItIC.
CCmQ!CX, CtCn CCnttaCICtCty, mCanIn_, anC a myth-!IKC bttan_C-
nC VhICh nC a!C_CtICa IntCtQtCtatICn Can CCmQ!
_
tC!y QCnCttatC.
y ChCCIn_ CCttaIn CatC tC u!HJ thI unCtICn CC nCt mCan tC
ImQ!y that nC CthCt VI CC C, Out Cn!y that In my CXQCtICnCC
thCC CatC In QattICu!at CC aCt In thI Vay.
bCmCtImC thC bttan_CnC Ca LatC VI! !IC Cn thC utaCC, Out
In CthCt CatC It Cny OCCCmC aQQatCnt atCt VC haVC ana!yCC
thC CatC IntC!CCtuay. hC attCt CaC CCmCnttatC a VCty ImQCt-
tant QCInt - that CutCt anC InnCt QCtCCQtICn CC nCt CQQCC CaCh
CthCt, Out tathCtOtIn_CaCh CthCt Cut. hC OCt aQQtCaCh tC a LatC
catC OC_In VIth a KnCV!CC_C C thC CatC' !ItCta anC ymOC!IC
@ I U @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
mCan1n_. NhCn VC haVC taKCn thCC a at a thCy V11! _C VC VI11
attIVC at thC Qath Cbttan_CnC that !IC OCyCnC thCm.
hC atCt CCmCnttatC many thIn_, CmC VCty unCXQCCtCC.
hCC thIn_ CmCt_C thtCu_h IntCtQtCtatICn CthC atCt Ima_C,
thtCu_h ]CInIn_ CutC!VC tC thCC Ima_C In mCCItatICn, anC
thtCu_h CCIn_ thC CCmOInatICn CtmCC In tCaCIn_. aKCn CQa-
tatC!y, thC CatC C thC PInCt PtCana QtCCnt u VIth a _tanC
QanCtama Chuman CXQCtICnCC. C_CthCt, anC In unICn VIth thC
atChCtyQa! Pa]Ct CatC, thCy CtaV u IntC CVCt VICCt KnCV!CC_C C
thC Chan_In_ VCnCCt C!IC.
@ I OO @
L H A I 1 L K b L V L N
WANOS
n CnC Vay Ct anCthCt, human OCIn_ haVC taKCn VIrtua!!y a!1 C
natutC a ymOC! Ct thC QItItua! CCnCC C!1C. La!1 thCC ym-
OC! t:tC tanC Cut a thC mCt QCVCtu!. NC QCaK CthC ` CIVInC
QatK In thC Cu!, C CmCCnC OCIn_ `Cn HtC VIth an ICCa , anC
VhCn CmCCnC ha OCCCmC OIttCt Ct CII1uICnCC VC ay, `thC HtC
ha _CnC Cut Cmm. NhCn LCC OanIhCC PCam anC 1VC HCm thC
LatCCn C1CCn anC It tCC CIC CCt a ChCtuO VIth a HamIn_
VCtC tC _uatC thC CnttanCC. y thCIt a!1 thC Htt human haC
a11CnatCC thCmC!VC HCm thC hCaVCny HtC. NhCn yC_I, thtCu_h
mCCItatICn anC CXCtCIC CauC thC KunCa!InI, Ct QItItua! CtCC, tC
tIC, thCy CXQCtICnCC thI tIIn_ a a _tCat hCat mCVIn_ uQ thC QInC.
^C haman thC VCt!C CVCt CCmCnttatC thCIr QItItua1 QCVCt Oy
OCCCmIn_ matCt Ct:tC, CanCIn_ In HamC Ct hC!dn_ hCt CCa In
thCIt mCuth.
ItC tanC Ct thC VItm IC CCnCC that anImatC Cut OCCIC.
NIthCut It VC OCCCmC CCrQC. NChC!an_C!C amCu QaIntIn_ C
CtCatICn hCV a Qatk !CaQIn_ uCm LCC' Hn_Ct tC PCam'.
NC CCCtIOC thC ChCmICm Chan_C C CCC In Cut tCmaCh a
thC OCCy `OutnIn_ mC!'. ItC ymOC2C thC VCty CnCr_y CCXI-
tCnCC. CCauC It tIC, CCntant!y !CaQIn_ uQVatC, t:tC tanC Ct
CQtImIm, CCntICCnCC, hCQC. C _IVC human OCIn_ a tCuCh C
ImmCtta11ty anC maKC thCm ImmunC tC ZCu' thtCat CannIhI!a-
tICn, tCmCthCu _aVC thCm HrC. CCQC haVC a1Vay unCCttCCC
that HtC Va QItItua1. 1VCCnCC n CaVC anC tCm atChaCC!C_ICa!
@ I O I @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
CI_ InCICatC that VhCn Cur Cat!ICt anCCtCt CICCVCtCC hCV tC
CCnttC! HtC, thCy uCC It Ct tItua! !Cn_ OCCrC thCy thCu_ht tC
CCCK CCC Ct maKC tCC!.
CCauC thC PInCr PtCana CCa! QtImatI1y VIth thC CutCt tan_C
C CXQCtICnCC NanC tCnC tC hCV thC Vay thC InnCr HtC hCV
ItC!In CtCInaty !IC. CICC thC QCCIHC KnCV!CC_C _aInCC, a tuCy
CthC PInCt PtCana hCV hCV munCanC CXQCtICnCC CCrIVC rCm
a QIrItum OaC.
NanC, thCn, tanC t:rt CM Ct mCVCmCnt. NhCthCrthCy VIn
Ct!CC NanC CCntant!y ttu__!C, nCtC muChOCCauC CthC aCtu-
a! QtCO!Cm Ct _Cm, Out]ut Ct thC !CVC CCCnHICt, CthC ChanCC
tC uC a!1 that CnCt_y. n OuInC NanC tanC Cr CCmmCrCC anC
CCmQCtItICn, In !CVC thCy ymOC!1ZC tCmanCC, QtCQCa!, thC aCt C
VInnIn_ a !CVCt tathCt than thC CmCtICn C!CVC ItC!t NanC !CaC
u tC aQQtCaCh !1C VIth aCtICn anC Ca_CtnC.
NhCn NanC uCCCCC tCC _tCat!y, a VIth thC In_, Ct thC tI_-
utC In VC, thCn a mC!anChC!y Can _tIQ thCm, Ct thC tCVatC C
uCCC Can tIC thCm CCVn. Pt CthCt tImC, a In thC InC Ct Cn,
thCy a11CV thC haOIt C H_htIn_ Ct C taKIn_ Cn a!! QtCO!Cm, tC
O!InC thCm tC mCrC QCaCCu! a!tCtnatIVC.
PCt!y, hCVCVCr, thCNanC' InHuCnCC hCV u QCCQ!C VInnIn_
thCIt Oatt!C. htCu_h NanC VC HnC thC Nay tC bQItIt In mCVC-
mCnt, aCtICn, 1VIn_ Cr thC ]Cy C !IVIn_. hCy HnC thCIt mCt
QCVCth! CXQtCICn In thC lCur, CanCIn_ Cut CthC Va!!CC CIty tC
CC!COtatC thC !1C_IVIn_QCVCt CthC bun.
PnC yCt, Ct a! that VIta!IZIn_ CnCr_y CXQrCCC In thC bun'
QCVCr tC 1tCtm1y OtIn_ !IC Cut CthC _tCunC, t:tC a!C CCttCy.
nCt CCnttC!!CC anC CItCCtCC, that CnCr_y Outn uQ thC VCr!C.
hCtCCtC VC CC M thC NanC CCutt CatC tanCIn_ Ct IttIn_ In a
CCCrt. CQItC thCIt CQtIm1m anC Ca_CtnC NanC nCCC thC Ct-
Cn1n_ InHuCnCC CLuQ, Ct VIthCut VatCt thC ummCt un OtIn_
Cn!y a dCu_ht. ltCm LuQ, thCn, CCmC a CnC CCCQth anC thC
aOI!Ity tC CC! a VC!! a aCt. ltCm bVCtC VC _Ct a CnC CQ!an-
nIn_ anC CItCCtICn Cr a!! thC CnCt_y. ltCm bVCtC a!C CCmC an
aVatCnC CCttCV anC QaIn tC Oa!anCC thC NanC' CQtImIm anC
CCnQuCtIn_ QItIt. PnC rCm CntaC!C CCmC a CnC C OCIn_
tCCtCC In thC tCa! VCt!C, an aOmty tC Cn]Cy !IC a VC!1 a tC CVCt-
CCmC It.
@ I O3 @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : W A N D S
F|yare 25
k | NG
H ICaC1H_, thC COuIl CaIC OCaCh uIl ltaCIlIOHay ICQtCCHl QCOQC
VhO VI IHHuCHCC lhC uD]CCl C. Nh:C lhI I OlCH lhC CaC, thCy
Ca aO ynDO:2C lhC uD]CCl hIn OI hCIC. aKCH Dy lhCn$CVC,
thal I, OulICC thC COHtCXl O QCCIIC ICaC1H_, lhC IXtCCH COuIl
CatC QIOV1CC a _tCalCI IaH_C OhunaH chataCtCI. 1IlhCI IH a ICaCIH_
OI Dy IlCa aH OD]CCl OluCy aHy QCCIIC COuIl CatC FCICalC a
QCIOH haVIH_ OI CXQICIH_ lhOC QuIUC I_H:ICC Dy that CC.
P H_ [OI a bHI_hl OI a a_C COC HOl HCCCaIIy nCaH a naH,
HOI a _uCCH a VOnaH. VathCI, thCy hOV QuaItIC aHC altIluCC
lIaCItIOHayynDOI2CCDy thOC I_uIC. hC QaIlICuaIOCIM uHC-
lIOH Oa KIH_, OI a QuCCH, OI a KF1_hl, u__Cl CCIlaIH CXQCtICHCC
aHC ICQOH:D:I|IC. hC CaIC ynDO:2C |hCC a OlCH a lhCylaHC
OI a_C OI CX.
NC hOuC aO aVOIC lhC ICCa lhal a CaIC n1_hl ynDOI2C aH
IHCIVICua QCIOH lhIOu_hOul IC, IH lhC CHC O ayIH_ aDOut
OnCOHC, `bhC lhC _uCCH ONaHC , aHC lhIHKIH_ lhal un uQ
hCI IC. P QCIOH n1_hl _O lhIOu_h a _uCCH ObVOIC QhaC OHC
nOHlh, aHC nOVC lO a _hl O LuQ thC HCXl. LI CXQCIICHCC
DOlh at OHCC, IH CIHCtCHl aQCCt OhCI1C al thal lInC.
@ I O4 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
P KIn_ I a tu!Ct, tCQCnIOC Ct thC VC!atC C CCICty. n
thC HICCt QaCK a Cut In_ VCat Vhat NaItC Cm! ` a CaQ C
maIntCnanCC` unCCtnCath thCIt CtCVn. taC1tICnay thC KIn_ OCat
tCQCnIOuIty Ct maIntaInIn_ hI QCCQ!C. hCtCCtC, a! thC In_
tCQtCCnt OCth uCCC [Ct thC KIn_, atCt a!, I uQtCmC) anC CCIa
tCQCnIOI1Ity.
hC In_ CNanC ttan!atC thCC Qua!ItIC IntC NanC tCtm.
C InCICatC a ttCn_-mInCCC QCtCn, aO!C tC CCmInatC CthCt Oy
ttCn_th C VI1. I QCVCt CCtIVC DCm a Utm OC!ICIn hI CVn
tI_htnC. C /nous thC ttuth, hC /nous hI mCthCCI OCt. C CCn-
ICCt It Cmy natuta Ct CthCt tC CCV hIm.
Pt thC amC tImC hC hCV thC NanC CnCt_y CCnttC!CC anC
tutnCC IntC uCm! QtC]CCt, Ct !Cn_-tCtm CatCCt. hC aCVCntutCu
NanC natutC Can maKC uCh a QCtCn unCCmCttaO!C In thI tCC.
C !Can CtVatC Cn hI thtCnC, a IhC VCuC IKC tC CaQ uQ anC
_C tC CCK nCV CXQCtICnCC.
C I natuta1y hCnCt, CCIn_ nC tCaCn Ct VmuC In IC. C I
QCItIVC anC CQtImItIC Ct muCh thCamC tCaCn, thC NanC CnCt-
_y Outn C ttCn_!y In hIm hC CCC nCt unCCttanC Vhy anyCnC
VCu!C CXQtC nC_atIVC attItuCC.
buCh a ttCn_ QCtCnmI|y Can tCnC tCVatC IntC!CtanCC, unaOC tC
unCCttanC VCaKnC Ct CCQaIt OCCauC hC ha nCt CXQCtICnCCC
thCC thIn_ h1mC. hI ImQatICntICC CthCIn_mI_htOCatthC
mCttC, ` Can CC ItyCu Can' . LnCC, In a tCaCIn_, aVaVCtynICC
CXQtCICn C Vhat QCCQ!C uCC tC Ca! `thC _CnCtatICn _aQ . thC
In_ CNanC anC thC CC!, OCth CthCm CnCt_CtIC, yCt CnC thC
CCnCC CtCQCnIOI!Ity, thC CthCt thC QutC Ima_C CIntInCt anC
hCCCCm.
VC ymOC CCmInatC thC CatC. thC !ICn, CmO!Cm CCC, anC
thC a!amanCCt, a !C_CnCaty !IZatC OC!ICVCC tC InhaOIt LtC. hCy
tCQtCCnt thC munOnC anC thC QItItua!, CtVmC CC InCICatC thC
QCtCna1ty ttaIt OC!Cn_In_ tC ItC, thC aamanCCt Va a aVCutItC
ymOC! CthC mChCmIt. Pt hI OCt thC In_ I matCt CthC CtC-
atIVC ItC. I CnC CCCIa! CCmmItmCnt ha tamCC It anC Qut It
tC uC. CtICC that thC mamanCCt Cn h1 tCOC atC hCVn VIth
thCIt taI! In thCIt mCuth. hC C!CCC CItC!C mCan matutIty anC
CCmQ!CtICn. LCmQatC thI Ima_C VIth thC KD1_ht` hItt, VhCtC thC
taI! anC mCuth CC nCt mCCt.
@ I OR @
T H E M I N O R A R C A N A : WA N D S
HV H b
NhCn VC tCVCtC a CatC VC m|CtIn CmC Vay I| QtImC mCanIn_, a
I|hC CtI_Ina! ImQaC| haC OCCCmC O!CCKCC Ct tCChannCuCC, Ct, In
CmC CaC, !IOCta|CC. bCmC atC| CCmmCn|a|Ct QtCCt |C CICCun|
tCVCtCC mCanIn_, anC I| I |tuC |ha| In mCCI|a|ICn Ct CtCa|IVIty VC
uua1!y CCnICCt a! CatC a tI_h| ICC uQ. u| In tCadn_ Ct |uCy
tCVCtCC mCanIn_ CC mCtC |han CCuO!C |hC QCIO!C mCanIn_ In
|hC CCCK. y hCVIn_ u |hC CatC hCm a CIHCtCn| an_!C |hCy _IVC
u a VICCt unCCt|andn_ CVha| |hC CatC tCa1y mCan.
n a tCaCIn_, Ia CCut| CatC tCCt |C a QCCIHC QCtCn [Oy QhyI-
Ca1 |yQC, ay, ta|hCt |han |hC CatC Qua!I|IC) , |hCn tCVCtCC IndCa|C
|ha| QCtCn CI|utOCC CtO!CCKCC, Ct mayOC haVIn_ a OaC InHuCnCC
Cn |hC uO]CC|. , Cn |hC C|hCthanC, VC !CCK a| |hC Qua!I|IC In |hC
CatC |hCn tCVCtCC hCV |hCC Qua!I|IC m|CtCC.
HI_h| ICC uQ |hC n_ hCV u CmCCnC QCVCHu! anC
CCmmanCIn_, yC| C|Cn In|C!Ctan| C C|hCt QCCQ!C VCaKnCC.
HCVCtCC VC CC |ha| na|uta! HtC a|Ct I| ha CnCCun|CtCC CO|aC!C
anC CCCa| |ha| mI_h| maKC a !C CtCCm! QCtCn Cyn1Ca1 Ct hI_h|-
CnCC. CCauC hC I |hC In_ CNanC hC CCC nC| !CC hI CtCC
Ou| OCCCmC In|CaC |CmQCtCC, mCtC unCCt|anCIn_ CC|hCt anC
a| |hC amC |ImC hathCt In hI a||I|uCC |C !IC, VhICh nC !Cn_Ct
aQQCat uCh an Cay CCn|C|. NaI|C Ctmu!a hCtC I VCty aQ|.
` LCCC Ou| CVCtC, au|CtC yC| |C!Ctan|` .
F|yare 26
@ I O @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
0UN
hC _uCCn tCQtCCnt thC yIn, Ct tCCCQtIVC Qua!ItIC C CaCh C!C-
mCnt. bhC hCV an aQQtCCIatICn C that C!CmCnt tathCt than thC
In_' CCIa! uC CIt. hI CCC nCt mCan that thC _uCCn InC1CatC
VCaKnC, Ct CVCn InaCtICn, Out tathCt thC C!CmCnt ttan!atCC IntC
CCIn_ anC unCCttanCIn_.
LnCC a_aIn, VC nCCC nCt aQQ!y thCC QuatIC Cny tC VCmCn.
, In a tCaCIn_, VC CC thC _uCCn a ICCntIjIn_ a QCtCn Oy Qhy-
ICa tyQC mCnC, thCn thC _uCCn natutM y mCan a VCman. ut I
VC VIh tC aQQ!y thC ymOC!ICQuaItIC tC CmCCnC, thCn any CCutt
CatC Can I_nIj a VCman Ct a man. PnC aQatt tCm tCaC1n_ thC
_uCCn CNanC tanC Ct a QattICu!at aQQtCCIatICn C1C.
n CCnttatVIththC1n_ Ca_CtnC anCImQatICnCC, thC _uCCn
It Cn hCt thtCnC a IQ!antCC thCtC. Ct CtCVn I HCVCtIn_, hCt
CtC I unhInC. PCnC C a thC _uCCn hC It VIth hCt !C_
aQatt, I_nIjIn_ CXua! CnCt_y. bhC hCV a ItC aQQtCCIatICn C
!IC, Vatm, QaICnatC, VCty C!IC1y In thC VCt!C. IKC thC In_,
hC I hCnCt anC InCCtC, CCIn_ nC QutQCC In CCCCIt Ct natInC.
PCtC CnItIVC than thC 1n_hC a!1CV hCtC!tC!CVCOCth !IC anC
CthCtQCCQ!C, CCIn_ CCnttC! Ct CCmnanCC a CnC mCtC VauC than
CymCIm.
P O!aCK Cat _uatC hCt thtCnC. n LhtItIan C!k1CtC thC CVI!
_aVC a O!aCK Cat tC a VItCh tC _uatC hCt uCm attaCK. hC mCanIn_
hCtC I !C mC!CCtamatIC. bCmCtImC I a QCtCn !CVC !1C, thC
VCt!C aQQCat tC tCQCnC Oy QtCtCCtIn_ that QCtCn uCm hatm anC
CnC hCt Ct hIm]CyCu CXQCtICnCC. NC CannCt unCCttanC thC Vay
In VhICh thI haQQCn VIthCut tCaChIn_ thC CCmQ!CX anC InnCt
KnCV!CC_C CthC unIVCtC ymOC!IZCCOythC!at CatC CthC Pa_Ct
PtCana. CVCtthC!C It Can haQQCn, anC thC O!aCK Cat hCV thI
tCQCnC Oy natutC tC CmCCnC VhC aQQtCaChC It VIth HCty _Cy.
H LV L H b L
P VIth thC In_ thC uQICC CCVn _uCCn hCV thC tCaCtICn C
uCh a QCtCn tC CQQCItICn anC CttCV. hC OaIC _CCC nalutC anC
QCItIVC attItuCC C thC _uCCn, a VC!1 a hCt CnCt_y, maKC hCt
InVa!uaO!C In a CtII Ct CIatCt. NC Can CC hCt a thC KnC C
@ I OO @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . WA N D S
QCtCn VhC VI1! taKC CVCt thC tunnIn_ CCmCCnC hCuC VhCn
thCy haVC haC a CtII anC at thC amC tImC CHCr aCVICC, CCnu!ta-
tICn, CmCtICna! uQQCtt, M thCC thIn_ CCmn_ tCm a natuta!
ImQu!C tathCt than any CnC CCuty.
Pt thC amC tImC thI _CCC natutC CCmanC that !IC tCQCnC In
a QCItIVC Vay. CC muCh CIatCt Ct tCC muCh CQQCItICn tCm!IC
[anC thC VCaKnC CuCh a QCrCn Can OC a tCnCCnCy tC thInK C
!IC a ` unaIt ), anC a naty ttCaK Can CmCt_C. bhC Can OCCCmC
CCCCIth,]Ca!Cu, unaIthu!, Ct CmCVhat OIttCt.
F|yure 27
8N l C M1
hC nI_ht ttan!atC thC Qua1Ity CCaCh uIt IntC mCVCmCnt. hC
CnCt_y VC aVa aCCCmQuhmCntIn thCIn_, anC aVatCnC In thC
_uCCn, hCtC Outt Ctth at an Car!ICt ta_C. n thC nI_ht VC CC
thC Vay In VhICh CaCh C!CmCntI Qut tC uC. Pt thC amC tImC, thC
nJ_ht !aCK thC utCnC anC taOI!Ity C thC In_ anC _uCCn.
CCauC lItC ItC!ymOCIZC mCVCmCnt, thC nI_ht CNanC
hCV thI Qua!Ity In thC CXttCmC. C rCQtCCnt Ca_CtnC, aCtICn,
mCVCmCnt Cr It CVn aKC, aCVCnturC anC ttaVC . NIthCut CmC
_tCunCIn_InHuCnCC a thI CXCItCmCntCanCIIQatC ItCahC ttIC
tC Hy In CVCty CItCCtICn at CncC. P!!ICC tC a CnC CQutQCC anC
@ I O7 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
aICCC Oy CmC PIt-!IKC ImuCnCC CQ!annIn_, thC 1I_ht CNanC
Can QtCVICC thC CnCt_y anC C!-CCmICCnCC Ct _tCat aChICVCmCnt.
CtICC that Cn hI hItt thC aamanCCr taI! CC nCt tCuCh thCIt
mCuth, ymOC!IZIn_ InCCmQCtC aCtICn, unCtmCC Q!an. n CCn-
ttat tC thC In_, thC nI_ht ha Cn!y OC_un hI aCVCntutC.
HV H bL
ICtutC thC yCun_nI_ht. \n!IKC thC CXQCtICnCCC VattICrhCCCK
Oatt!C at CVCty CQQCttunIty, nCCCIn_ tC QtCVC hI CCuta_C anC
ttCn_th, tC hImC!anC tC CthCt. ^C yCt hC I CaI!y thrCVn tCm
hI hCtC. \nttICC, a!! that NanC anC nI_ht Ca_CtnC CattIC a
CCttaIn ta_I!C Qua!Ity. LQQCItICn CCnuC hIm, CVCn OtIn_ hI
_tCat QtC]CCt Ctah1n_ CCVn atCunC hIm. 1XQCCtIn_ CVCtythIn_
tC a!! OCCtC hIm, hC may UnC hImC!In OaIC CIhatmCny VIth
QCCQ!C Ct ItuatICn atCunC hIm. I aCtICn atC IntCttuQtCC a hC
H nO m OaIC _CCC natutC at CCC wth QCCQ!C anCItuatICn. n a
tCaCIn_, thCtCCtC, thC tCVCtCC nI_ht yDOC!IZC CCnuICn, CI-
tuQtCC QtC]CCt, OtCaKCCVn, anC CIhatmCny.
F|yare Z
@ I O @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : WA N O S
PAC
hC a_C tCQtCCnt thC Qua1Ity C CaCh uIt I n It ImQ!Ct tatC,
Cn]CyIn_ ItC! Ct ItC!In a !I_htCt, mCtC yCuthu!, Vay than thC
matutC _uCCn. hyICa!!y, a_C tCCt tC Ch1!CtCn. n tC!atICn tC
aCu!t thCy InCICatC a mCmCnt VhCn a QCtCn CXQCtICnCC CmC
aQCCt C!IC ]ut Ct ItC!, tCC CCXtCtna QtCutC. P ChI!CtCn,
thC a_C VCty CtCn ymOC!IZC OC_InnIn_, tuCy, tCHCCtICn, thC
Qua11tIC CthC yCun_ tuCCnt.
CCauC NanC ymOC!IZC OC_InnIn_, thC a_C CNanC CQC-
CIa!!y InCICatC thC tatt CQtC]CCt, anC In QattICu!ar an annCunCC-
mCnt tC thC VCt!C, anC tC CutC!VC, that VC atC tCaCy tC OC_In
CIthCt a `QtC]CCt [thI Can tCCt tC a tC!atICnhIQ a VC! a QtaCtICa1
Q!an Ct a nCV QhaC C !IC. Ln a ImQ!Ct !CVC! thC a_C Can
tCQtCCnt a mCCn_Ct, mCa_C Ct InCtmatICn. n CmCtICna Itua-
tICn thC a_C` ImQ!C Ca_CtnC ImQ!IC a aIthu1 tICnC Ct !CVCt.
H LV L H b L L
_uICtCt than thC nI_ht, thC a_C I nCt thtCVn C VI!C1y Oy QrCO-
!Cm Out IntCaC OCCCmC CCnuCC anC InCCCIIVC. I Ca_CtnC tC
tatt I CItuQtCC Oy CCmQ!CXItIC anC CuttI_ht LQQCItICn, !CaVIn_
hIm ataIC Ct unaO!C tC CCC!atC hImC!. CCauC m OaIC Qua11tIC
atC ImQ!ICIty anC aIthunC [nCtICC that many CthC a1amanCCt
CnhI uIt atC CCmQ!CtC, I_nIjIn_ nCt tInIhCC QtC]CCt a VIth thC
In_, OuttathCt a ImQ!C VhC!CnC In thC C!J, VhCn InCCCIIVC hC
Can OCCCmC untaO!C anC VCaK. P QCtCn InCICatCC Oy thI CatC
nCCC CIthCt tC _Ct aVay uCm CCmQ!CXIty Ct tC CCVC!CQ thC matu-
tIty tC CCa VIth It. LCntInuCC InCCCIICn Can Cny !CaC tC thC
tCC!VC anC C!-CCnHCCnCC CC_CnCtatIn_ utthCt.
@ I OU @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
F|yure 2
1N
CCauC thCy atC C InVC!VCC In mCVCmCnt anC aCtICn thC NanC
InVItC QtCO!Cm. LCntant!y In CCnDICt thCy mmCt atttaCt CnCmIC
anC CICu!ty. hI CCmC Qatt!y rCm thC !aCK CQutQCC anC Q!an,
Out a!C tCm NanC` CCtCt Cn]CymCnt Cany CCntCt.
hC Cn hCV u, Cn thC utaCC, an Ima_C Ca QCtCn Out-
CCnCC anC CQQtCCC Oy !IC, anC CQCCIa!y Oy tCQCnIOI!Ity. I
NanC Ca_CtnC ha InVC!VCC hIm In C many ItuatICn that nCV,
QataCCXICa!y, that VCty CnCt_y I VCI_hCC CCVn VIth CCmm1tmCnt
anC QrCO!Cm. C Vant tC OC tCC tC ttaVC!, tC CCK aCVCntutC anC
nCV InVCVCmCnt, Out IntCaC hC UnC hImC, !1KC thC uOutOan
CatCCt man, Cau_ht In a nCt CCndC rCQCnIOI!ItIC HnanCIa!,
am1y, VCrK that hC hImC!ha CrCatCC. C CIC nCt Qan thI, It ha
_rCVn uQ arCunC h1m.
NC CC hCrC thC _tCat NanC QrCOCm. hC ItC CnCr_y
aCt VIthCut thInKIn_, taKC Cn nCV QtCO!Cm ImQy Ct thC Cha!-
!Cn_C. ut thCC ItuatICn anC tCQCnIOI!ItIC CC nCt _C aVay
VhCn thC QCtCn OCCCmC OCrCC anC Vant tC _C Cn tC CmCthIn_
nCV. hCy rCmaIn anC Can VamQ thC tC that CCmCC tC CCnQuCt
thCm.
@ I 7O @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : WA N D S
n CmCtICna! ItuatICn thC CatC hCV u thC QCtCn VhC taKC
Cn hImC! Ct hCtC! a1 thC VCI_ht C a tC!atICnhIQ. NhatCVCt
QtCO!Cm atIC, CCnHICt anC CIatIaCtICn, hC Ct hC ttIC tC
mCCth thCm CVCt. NIth OCnt OaCK hC Ct hC ttu__C tC KCCQ thC
tC!atICnhIQ _CIn_, VhI!C thC CthCt QCtCn[) may nCt CVCn tCCC_-
nI2C Vhat I haQQCnIn_.
n OCth thC QtaCtICa! anC thC CmCtICna! ItuatICn thC QCtCn ha
taKCn thC OutCCn Cn hCt Ct hImCl C Ct hC ha maCC thC Itu-
atICn anC nCCC tC tCa!I2C that CthCt aQQtCaChC atC tI!! QCIO!C. n
uCh ItuatICn thC OutCCn may nCt OC VhC!y tCa!, Ct at Cat may
OC aVCICCC, thCy may In aCt CtVC a an CXCuC tC aVCIC CCIn_ any-
thIn_ tCa!y CCnttuCtIVC uCh a OtCaKIn_ aVay tCm a OaC ItuatICn.
H LV L H b L
IKC many CatC, CQCCIa!y VhCn tCVCtCC, mCtC than CnC mCanIn_
I QCIOC. n a tCaCIn_VC Can CCtCtmInC thC OCt mCanIn_ [thCu_h
CmCtImC mCtC than CnC mCanIn_ VI1 aQQ!y, a VIth a ChCICC)
Qatty thtCu_h thC CthCt CatC, anC Qatt!y thtCu_h an IntuItICn that
Can Cn!y CCVC!CQ VIth QtaCtICC. ln tuCy thI VatICty CmCanIn_
CCmCnttatC thC aCt that a ItuatICn Can Chan_C `In many Vay.
PCt ImQ!y thC Cn CNanCs tCVCtCC InCICatC that thC OutCCn
haVC InCtCaCC In VCI_ht anC numOCt tC thC QCInt VhCtC thC QCtCn
mayCC!!aQC hCm thCm, QhyICay Ct CmCtICna!y. Pt thC amC tImC
It Can mCan that thC QCtCn ha thtCVn C thC OutCCn [QCthaQ
OCCauC thCy haVC OCCCmC tCC muCh tC OCat) . tCm hCtC thC Itua-
tICn OtanChC a_aIn. CC hC Ct hC thtCV CCVn thC tICK OCCauC
Ca tCa1I2atICn that hC Ct hC Can uC thC CnCt_y tC OCttCt QuQCC:
Lt CCC thC QCtCn Cny tCOC a_aInt thC tCQCnIOIItIC VIthCut
tCaLy CCIn_ anythIn_ CCnttuCtIVC: P VCman CnCC tCaC Ct
CCCtIOCC It a a QuCtICn CthtCVIn_ thC tICK OChInC CtOCCtC u.
OCInC, VC attCmQt a nCV CItCCtICn. lOCCtC, It mCan VC V11
QICK thCm uQ a_aIn anC CCntInuC ttuC_In_ Cn thC amC tCaC.
@ 1 7 1 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
F|yure 2
N l N
hC InC hCV hCV thC uIt OCm VIth QtCO!Cm anO thC CCm-
QtCmC thCy OCmanO. ItC ImQuC _tCat ttCn_th, QhyICa1 QCVCt,
mCnta1 a1CttnC. 1mCtICna!1y, hCVCVCt, th1 QtCOI!CCtICn tC H_htIn_
Can ttaQ NanO In QattCtn CCCnHICt. n thC InC VC CC a_aIn
thC Ima_C CCmCCnC VhC ha aCCO a !Ct CCQQCItICn, hCm Cth-
Ct anO hCm !IC, tathCt than taKC It Cn hImC!1, hCVCVCt, hC ha
Cu_ht OaCK. hC aCt CU_htIn_ ha OCVC!CQCO hI ttCn_th C that
thC QICtutC hCV CmCCnC muCuat anO KCCn-CyCO. hC NanO
OChInO hIm Can tCQtCCnt hI tCCutCC In hC, Ct CC hI QtCO!Cm
!CCmn_ uQ OChInO hIm. 1IthCt Vay, hC I tCaOy Ct thC nCXt H_ht.
CtICC, hCVCVCt, h t_IO QCtutC, thC tIC anO thC taICO
hCu!OCt. CtICC a1C thC OanOa_C atCunO hI hCaO, InOICatIn_ a
QyChIC VCunO. hC Oatt!Ct I nCt a VhC!C QCtCn. NhCthCt Oy
nCCCIty Ct haOIt hC ha C!CCO CHaVatCnC C!IC OCyCnO CCn-
HCt, anO nCV!CCK Cn!y Ct thCnCXt |I_ht, VhI1C hI CyC CC Cn!y
thC CnCmy, CmCtImC CVCn atCt thC CnCmy ha uttCnOCtCO.
@ I 73 @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . WA N D S
H LV L H b L L
P_aIH, alCtHal1VC. Itl, lhC CC!CHCC !aI. hC CDlaCC aHC QtCD-
Cm _tCV lCC _tCal !Ct hI ttCH_lh lC hCC lhCm DaCK. hC ClhCt
mCaHIH_, hCVCVCt, I lhal C!CCKIH_ !Ct CmC CICtCHl aQQtCaCh.
NC hCuCHClaumC lhC CatC aVay aCVIC u lC _IVC uQ I_hl-
IH_. C aDaHCCH CC!CHIVCHC mCaH laKIH_ a _tCal tIK, !Ct Vhal
haQQCH I!lhC QtCDCm VC haVC KCQl al Day !Ct C CH_ Dh uQ al
u: LCHlCXl I CVCtylhIH_ aHC CmClImC lhC CCHlCXl CCmaHC lhCC
QCVCt!u hCuCCt aHC hatQ CyC. PHC yCl, CDCtVC hCV muCh
CHCt_y lhC QCtCH uC uQ ImQy KCCQIH_ hImC! lCHC aHC tCaCy
!Ct DallC. H QCCIHC tCaCIH_ lhC ltuC ImQICalICH C!lhI CatC CaH
CHy DCCCmC CCat lhtCu_h CCIH_ Il CCmDIHC VIlh ClhCt CatC.
F|yure J I
l CMT
ItC ImQIC VI!lHC aHC mCVCmCHl. hCu_h lh mCVCmCHl
CmClImC aCK CItCClICH VC CC hCtC lhC Ima_C C! a jCutHCy
tCaChIH_ aH CHC, Ct lhIH_ CCmQClCC. NhCH lhC ItC IHC Il _Ca,
lhC QtCjCCl aHC IlualICH CCmC lC a alI!aClCty CHC. hC NaHC
haVC CCmC lC Catlh. hCtC!CtC, lhC Ima_C CH lhI CatC ImQIC lhC
aCCIlICH C!CHlaCC _tCuHCIH_ lC NaHC CHCt_y.
@ I 74 @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
HCmantICay NaItC Ca thCm thC ` attCV C!CVC' . NC Can CC
thI CQCCIM y a mCanIn_ aCtICn taKCn In a !CVC aHaIt, CCuCtICn, Ct
QtCQCa maCC anC aCCCQtCC.
HVH bL
utnCC atCunC thC Ima_C OCCCmC CnC CCCntInuanCC, CnCthIn_
CCmIn_ tC an CnC, CQCCIa!y VhCn an CnC I CCItCC. P ItuatICn Ct
attItuCC ImQ!y _CC Cn anC Cn, VIth nC CCnCuICn In I_ht. uCh
a ItuatICn CannCt OC aVCICCC, thCn It I _CCC tC tCCC_nIZC It anC
aCCCQt It, tathCt than !Ct ItOtIn_ uuttatICn Ct CIaQQCIntmCnt. Ln
thC CthCt hanC, CmCtImC VC CutC!VC Can OtIn_ aOCut thI uQ-
In-thC-aIt QuaIty Oy CXQCCtIn_ a ItuatICn tC tCmaIn untCC!VCC.
LnC C thC mCt ImQCttant QCItICn In a tCaCIn_ I that Ca!CC
`hCQC anC Cat' , VCty CtCn It tutn Cut tC OC a C!-u!tI!In_
QtCQhCCy.
hC attCV C!CVC, VhCn tCVCtCC, OCCCmC attCV C]Ca!Cuy
anC at_umCnt. hC]CaCuy may CCtIVC uCm unCCttaInty anC CCn-
mICn, OCth In Cut CC!In_ anC In thCC CthC CthCt QCtCn.
F|yure J2
@ I 7R @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : WA N D S
5VN
IKC thC InC, thI a CatC CCCnH ICt, Out hCtC VC CC thC Oatt!C
ItC, anC thC CHCCt I CXhI1atatIn_. NIth thCIt natuta! ttCn_th anC
QCItIVCnC NanC CXQCCt tC VIn anC uua!!y CC. htCu_h aCtIVC
CCnHCt thC tI_utC In thI CatC tIC aOCVC any CCQtCICn IntC thC
C!Cat IntCXCatIn_ aIt. n a Vay thI CatChCV a OaCK_tCunC tC thC
InC. NC OCCCmC CCCnIVC anC CCmmIttCC tC H_htIn_ thtCu_h an
Cat!1Ct CXQCtICnCC CVInnIn_, tayIn_ Cn tCQ. NmC thC H_ht _CC
Cn VC Cn]Cy It. CCQ!C unCCt NanC' ImuCnCC nCCC tC KnCV thCy
atC mIVC, thCy nCCC that Chat_C CaCtCna1In tC hCV thCm that thC
ItC tIu tun thtCu_h thCm. Ln!y !atCt CCC thC haOIt CCCntant
Oatt!C C!CC thCm In.
H LV L H b L
P ImQ!ICCIn thC QICtutC thC QCtCn I uIn_ thC CXCItCmCnt CCCn-
HICt tC tIC aOCVC unCCttaInty anC CCQtCICn. HCVCtCC InCICatC
InKIn_ IntC anICty, InCCCIICn, CmOattamCnt. HI_ht ICC uQ hC
Va nCt C muCh In CCnttC! ChI !IC a tayIn_ Cn tCQ CIt. CtC
hC Can nC !Cn_Ct Qut CH thC CCnttaCICtICn. POCVC a!!, thC CatC
Vatn a_aInt InCCCIICn, u__CtIn_ that Ia QCtCn Can CCmC tC a
C!Cat CCutC CaCtICn thC natuta! NanC C!1-CCnHCCnCC VIu tCtutn
tC CVCtCCmC thC anXICtIC anC CutCt QtCO!Cm.
F|yare JJ
@ I 7 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
b l X
thC NanC QtC_tC CCVn tC thC PCC thCy OCCCmC ttCn_Ct. hC
CmQhaI hIt tCm QtCO!Cm tC ]Cy, hCm CCCnIVCnC tC CQtI-
mIm untI1, VIth thC PCC, VC OCCCmC unItICC V1th thC !1VC-_IVIn_
ItC. hC bIX matK a tutnIn_ QCInt. n thC LC!CCn aVn ytCm
thC CatC OCat thC tIt!C ``ICtCty, anC VC CC, In aCt, a VICtCty
QataCC, thC hCtC CtCVnCC VIth a VtCath anC uttCunCCC Oy hI
C!!CVCt. CVCVCt, hC ha nCt yCt tCaChCC hI CCtInatICn. [P
HCtICn, C CCutC, hC CCu!C ]ut a CaI1y OC CCm1n_ hCmC. am
CCVIn_ NaItC' !CaC Cn thI.) C I aumIn_ VICtCty. LQtImIm
QtCCuCC thC VCty uCCC It CCItC anC CXQCCt.
LtCn, thCu_h CCttaIn!y nCt a!Vay, It tCQuItC Cmy a ttuC OC!IC
In CutC!VC tC HnC thC CnCt_y tC aCCCmQ!Ih Vhat VC Vant. PCtC,
uCh OC!1CVu InQItC CthCt tC CCV u. bIXC CCa! VIth CCmu-
nICatICn anC _It. CtC It I thC ItC OC!ICIn !1C that NanC _IVC
tC thC QCCQ!C atCunC thCm.
HVH b
tuC CQtImIm CtCatC VICtCty. a!C CQtImIm, CCVCtIn_ Cut CCuOt
VIth O!utCt Ct I!1uICn, !CaC tC Cat anC VCaKnC. hC attItuCC
hCVn In thC CatC tI_ht ICC uQ CannCt OC aKCC, Ct VhCn It CCC
nCt VCtK It OCCCmC thC CQQCItC. CCCatIm, a CnC that CnCmIC
Vu CVCtVhC!m u, Ct that !IC Ct QCCIHC QCCQ!C VI!1 OCttay u
In CmC Vay. hI atutuCC tCC CtCn OCCCmC a C!-mH!!In_
QtCQhCCy, Ct uQICICn Can QtCCuCC OCttaym.
@ I 7O @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : WA N D S
F|yure J1
| l V
P_aIn CCnHICt, Out Cn a I_htCtCVC!. t I In thC natutC CNanCs tC
CC !IC a Oatt!C, Out In It OCt CnC Oatt!C OCCCmC an CXCItIn_
ttu__!C, Ca_Cty Cu_ht atCt. hC IVC In _CnCta hCV CmC CI-
HCu!ty CtC, Out thC C!CmCnt CItC ttan!atC QtCO!Cm IntC CCm-
QCtItICn, CCn a a Vay In VmCh QCCQ!C CCmmumCatC VIth CCICty
anC VIth CaCh CthCt. hC yCun_ QCCQ!C atC H_htIn_, Out nCt tC
hutt CaCh CthCt. IKCChI!CtCn Q!ayIn_ KnI_ht thCyOan_thCIttICK
tC_CthCt VIthCut tCa!1y hIttIn_ anyCnC. hCy CCK nCt tC CCttCy
Out Cn!y tC CCmQCtC Ct thC hCCt_Cy CaCtICn.
HVH b
hC CXCItIn_ CCmQCtItICn tI_ht ICC uQ ImQ!IC a CnC Ctu!C anC
aIt Q!ay, Ct VIthCut unCCttCCC a_tCCmCnt ttu__!C a a _amC
OCCCmC ImQCIO!C. HCVCtCC, thC CatC InCICatC that thC tu!C
atC OCIn_ aOanCCnCC, that In aCt thC OattC ha taKCn Cn a mCtC
CtICu, a natICt tCnC. hC CnC CQ!ay Chan_C tC OIttCtnC Ct
CII!!uICnFCnt a QCCQ!C CCK aCtua!!y tC hutt Ct tuIn CaCh CthCt.
hC ItC attItuCC tC !IC, CQCCIM y VhCn nCt CXtCnCCC Oy bVCtO
@ I 77 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
aVatCnC anC VICCm, CCmanC that !IC tCQCnC In a QCItIVC Vay
anC nCt hCV It CtuC!!Ct ICC. hC lIVC tCVCtCC OtIn_ tC mnC
a_aIn that QhtaC `thC HtC ha _CnC Cut' .
(e}

F|yure J5
l0U R
hC numOCt Cut, VIth It Ima_C C thC QuatC, ImQ!IC taI Ct
C!ICIty. hC IttCQtCIO!C NanC CnCt_y, hCVCVCt, tCQuItC nC
QtCtCCtIVC CnCC a CCC, ay, CntaC!C. t VI!! nCt OC CCntaInCC,
anC C VC CC QCCQ!C matChIn_ Cut CCtatICa!1y tC thC ImQ!Ct C
ttuCtutC, ttutIn_ In thC un tC OutnCHanyC!CuC CttCuO!C. hC
CatC tCQtCCnt a CCmCtIC CnVItCnmCnt H!1CC VIth lItC CQtImIm,
Ca_CtnC, anC CC!COtatICn. P In thC bIX VC CC QCCQ!C C!1CVIn_
thC CanCCt. \n11KC that CatC, hCVCVCt, VhCtC thC C!CICt C!1CVCC
thC ChatImatIC !CaCCt, thC QCCQ!C hCtC atC VCQt mCn_ Oy]Cy.
hCy atC !CaVIn_ a Va!!CC CIty Ct thC CQCn OCVCt. n CthCt
VCtC, thCIt QItIt anC CCuta_C Catty thCm tCm a CCCnIVC Itua-
tICn tC an CQCn CnC. NC Can CCnttat thI Ima_C VIth that CthC
CVCt, hCVn Cn thC tI_ht. hC tVC H_utC In that Pa]Ct CatC atC
CtCCCVCty Im1at!y [CVCntC O!uC anC tCC tCOC) tC thC tVC In thC
lCut CNanC. n It !C CCtCtIC mCanIn_ thC CVCt hCV thC
@ I 7 @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : WA N D S
CXQ!CICn that tCut VhCn QCCQ!C a!!CV a tCQtCIVC Ct mICtaOC
ItuatICn tC OuI!C uQ tC an IntCCtaO!C !CVC!. n thC lCut CNanC
CQtImIm anC !CVC C tCCCCm Catty thC QCCQ!C, tC_CthCt, Cut C
thCIt Va!1CC CIty OCCtC It OCCCmC a CVCt-!IKC QtICn.
H LV L H b L
NaItC Ca!! thI CatC unChan_CC uQICC CCVn. hC]Cy I C QCVCt-
u It CannCt OC O!CCKCC. NC Can aCC, hCVCVCt, that thC tCVCtCC
lCut mI_ht InCICatC, IKC thC bun In thC Pa] Ct PtCana, that thC
haQQInC In thC CnVItCnmCnt I nCt C COVICu. P VIth thC am:1y
In thC Cn CCntaC!C, thC QCCQ!C ymOC!IZCC hCtC may nCCC tC
!Catn tC aQQtCCIatC Vhat thCy haVC. PnCthCt QCIOI1Ity. thC haQQI-
nC In thC QCtCn' CnVItCnmCnt I ]ut a ttCn_, Out unCtthCCCX,
at !Cat In tCtm CCthCt QCCQC attItuCC anC CXQCCtatICn.

F|yare J6
1M R
hC numOCt thtCC, OCCauC It]CIn CnC anC tVC In a nCV tCaty
[CC thC 1mQtC In thC Pa]Ct PrCana) InCICatC CCmOInatICn anC
aChICVCmCnt. n CaCh uIt It hCV that C!CmCnt In It matutIty.
NIth NanC thI OCCCmC aCCCmQ!IhmCnt. hC H_utC I hCVn
@ I 7U @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
ltOn_, Dul 8l tCl, unlhtC8lCnCC. hC yOun_ COmQClIlOt O IVC
h8VC 8ChICVCC uCCC CQCCI8y In DuInC, C8tCCt, ClC., lhOu_h lhC
C8tC ImQIC CmOlIOn8 m8lutIly 8 VC. hC N8nC C8_CtnC COC
nOl V8nIh, Dul hCtC hC CnC hI hIQ Oul lO CXQOtC nCV 8tC8
VhIC hImC l8y DChInC. LOnVCtCy VC 8O C8n OOK On lhC
DO8l 8 tClutnIn_, DtIn_In_ D8CK lO C8Iy IC lhC tCul OOmC
CXQOt8lIOn Ot nCV CXQCtICnCIn_. !n COnlt8l lO lhC bnI_hl
lhC Im8_C u__Cl KCCQIn_ 8 OIC D8I In Vh8l VC h8VC 8tC8Cy
8CCOmQIhCC Vh:C VC COnlInuC lO OQCn nCV 8tC8 8nC InlCtCl
In OutCVC. bOmClImC In tC8CIn_ lhI C8n mC8n m8Inl8InIn_ 8
QtIm8ty COmmIlmCnl lO CXIlIn_ tC8lIOnhIQ VhIC lI OOKIn_
Ot nCV DICnC Ot OVCt.
bOmC 8tOl CC 8CQuI1C QCCI8 mCMIn_ lh8l 8QQy Ony lO QC-
CIHC Ilu8UOn. Ot 8 QCtOn ltOuDCC Ot ltu__n_ VIlh lhC Q1l lhC
htCC ON8nd C8nInCIC8lC DCCOmIn_ 8l QC8CC VIlh hI OthCtmCm-
OtIC. hCy DCCOmC IKC DO8l 8IIn_ Q8l On 8 VICC tIVCt 8nC lhCn
Oul lO C8. hC ClUn_ un, 8 ymDO OCOnlCnlmCnl, :_hl uQ lhC
tIVCt, ymDO O8 QCtOn CmOlIOn8 :C, VIlh 8 V8tm _OCCn I_hl.
!n lhC htCC ON8nC VC CC lhCHtlOlhC L8lC C8tC [lhCuIl
ON8nC, Vlh Il CmQh8I On 8CUOn, COnl8In CVCt OlhCCInnCt
C8tC lh8n8ny OlhC OlhCt uIl] . PCl8QhyICay lhC C8 h8 8V8y
CVOKCC In QCOQC 8 CnC OlhC V8lnC 8nC mylCty OlhC un:VCtC,
Vh:C tIVCt yFDOI2C lhC CXQCtICnCC OlhC C_O C:OVIn_ InlO lh8l
_tC8l bC8. hC DO8l tCQtCCnl lh8l Q8tl Ou VhICh CXQOtC CCCQ
CXQCtICnCC, Vh:C lhC m8n CXQtCC lhC ImQOtl8nCC OtOOUn_ Out-
CVC In OtCIn8ty tC8Ily DCOtC VC 8llCmQl uCh mCl8QhyIC8]Out-
nCy. hI ChCm8lIC CXQ8n8lIOn _IVC Ony 8n InlCCClu8 h8COV
OlhC C8tC ltuC mC8mn_. h8l mC8mn_ IC In lhC CXQCtICnCC O
mCt_In_ VIlh lhC QIClutC unlI lhC DO8l C8tty u InlO lhC unKnOVn
8tC8 OlhC C. bI_n:HC8nly :l I lhC 8COl:On ON8lCt 8nC 18tlh In
lhC Otm OlhC C8 8nC lhC tOCK VhICh C:tCCl lhC Im8_C lO ItC
_tC8lCl QOlCnlI8. CVCtlhCC, lhC QCCIa QuM:ly OlhI L8lC, lh8l
OCXQOtIn_ lhC umOVn, DCOn_ lO ItC.
H L VL H b L
bCVCt8 mC8nIn_ tCHCCl lhC COmQCX n8lutC OlhC C8tC tI_hl ICC
uQ. Ln lhC OnC h8nC Il C8n mC8n lhC 8:utC OOmC `CXQOt8lIOn
@ I O @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : WA N D S
Ct QtC]CCt [CIthCt QtaCtICa! Ct CmCtICna!) CuC tC `tCtm' , that I,
QtCO!Cm _tCatCt than VC haC hCQCC Ct Ct CXQCCtCC. ut It Can
a!C mCan OCCCmIn_ InVC!VCC In Cut CnVItCnmCnt atCt a tImC C
CCtaChmCnt anC tCHCCtICn. hC Ima_C tI_ht ICC uQ CattIC a CCt-
taIn IC!atICn a hC !CCK CCVn at thC VCt!C. Ina!y, It Can InCICatC
OCIn_ CItutOCC Oy mCmCtIC.
T
F|yure J 7
W
P_aIn a CatC CuCCC, CVCn _tCatCt than thC htCC, Ct hCtC a man
tanC In a Cat!C anC hC!C thC VCt!C In hI hanC. Ct thC CatC CCC
nCt Catty thC amC CCntCntmCnt a thC htCC. C I OCtCC, hI
aCCCmQ!IhmCnt haVC Cmy CtVCC tC Va!! hIm In [a ItuatICn VCty
unQ!Caant tC ItC) , anC thC VCt!C hC hCC I a VCty ma!1 CnC.
NaItC CCmQatC hI VCatInC tC that CP!CXanCCt, VhC uQQCCC-
!y VCQt atCt hC haC CCnQuCtCC thC KnCVn VCt!C OCCauC hC thCn
CCu!C thInK C nCthIn_ C!C tC CC VIth hI IC [hI CCath hCtt!y
atCtVatC nC CCuOt _aVC thI !C_CnC an CXtta OCCt) .
NaItC CCmmCnt u__Ct that thC NanC !CVC C Oatt!C anC
Cha!!Cn_C Can !CaVC CnC VIth nC tCa! atIaCtICn In aCtua! aCCCm-
Q!IhFCnt VhCn thC tI_ht ha OCCn VCn. LCmQatICn VIth thC
Cut [a VC! a thC Cn) I COVICu. hCtC CVCtm QCCQ!C CanCC
@ I I @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
tC_CthCt, Cut tCm a Va!!CC CIty. CtC CnC QCtCn tanC a!CnC,
Va1!CC In Oy hI CVn uCCC.
HVH bL
CtC VC HnC CnC C NaItC OCt Ctmu!a. `butQtIC, VCnCCt,
CnChantmCnt, ttCuO!C, anC Cat' . A thCC tCtm tC_CthCt CCCtIOC
CmCCnC ]umQIn_ CItCCt!y IntC nCV CXQCtICnCC. NhCn VC !CaVC
OChInC aC ItuatICn anC Qat uCCC tC CntCt thC unKnCVn, VC
!IOCtatC C muCh CmCtICn anC CnCt_y that VC CannCt aVCIC CIthCt
thCVCnCCtanC CnChantmCnt Ct thC Cat that_CC V1th It. hC CatC
QCaK VCty ttCn_!y tC QCCQ!C VhC haVC !1VCC Ct a !Cn_ tImC In
CmC unQ!Caant Ct unatIJIn_ ItuatICn, anC Hna1!y CCCICC tC
maKC a Chan_C a1! at CnCC.
F|yure J8
TLL
P _It CttCn_th, CQCVCt, C_tCat CXua! CnCt_y, CthC !CVC C
!IVIn_. hC !CaVC Outt Cut C aOunCant!y that thCy a!! CH tC
OCCCmC yCC, thC Htt !CttCt CLCC` namC. hC yCC' QtCCnCC In
a1! thC PCC Out that C CntaC!C InCICatC that VC tCCCIVC thCC
QtIma! CXQCtICnCC a a _It tCm hC. NC CannCt CauC Ct QtCCuCC
@ I 3 @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . WA N D S
thCm Oy any nCtma! mCan, thCy CCmC tC u a hanC CmCt_In_
hCm C!CuC. Lny Oy tCaChIn_ thC hI_h tatC CaVatCnC hCVn
In thC !atCt CatC C thC Pa]Ct PtCana Can VC unCCttanC thC
CutCC CthCC Outt CCCmCnta CnCt_y. n CtCInaty ItuatICn It
I CnCu_h tC CXQCtICnCC anC aQQtCCIatC thCm.
Pt thC OC_InnIn_ CCmC ItuatICn, nC CatC CCu!CI_na! a OCttCt
tatt. t _IVC Ca_CtnC anC ttCn_th. Pt thC amC tImC, thC CatC
tCaChC humI!Ity, Ct It tCmInC u that utImatC!y VC haVC CCnC
nCthIn_ mCta!y tC CCCtVC thC CQtImIm anC _tCatCt CnCt_y that
CmCtImC a!CV u tC CVCChC!m CthCtQCCQC.
H LV L H b L
P tCVCtCC PCC ImQIC In CmC Vay a aIutC Cthat QtIma! CXQCtI-
CnCC. hI Can mCan ImQy that thC ItuatICn tutn a_aInt u, Ct,
CQCCIa!!y VIth NanC anC bVCtC, that VC HnC It ImQCIO!C tC
han_ Cn tC that CtCC anC uC It OCnCHCIay. hCtCCtC, thC PCC C
NanO tCVCtCC Can mCan ChaC, tIn_ a!!In_ aQatt, CIthCtOCCauC
It]uthaQQCnCCthatVay, CtOCCauCVC haVC tuInCCthCm thtCu_h
tCC muCh unCItCCtCC CnCt_y. hI Can haQQCn Cn a QtaCtICa! !CVC!,
thtCu_h tCC muCh aCtIVIty, tCC many nCV tatt VIthCut CCnCu-
CatIn_ Qat _aIn, Ct CmCtICnM y, thtCu_h OCIn_ CVCtCCntICCnt C
hICnChIQ, Ct ImQ!y CVCtOCatIn_, Ct tIna!y, CXua!!y, thtCu_h tCm-
In_ tC CCntaIn that HCty CXua! aQQCtItC.
NaItC InC!uCCC a muCh !I_htCt tCaCIn_ Ct thC tCVCtCC PCC.
`L!CuCCC]Cy' . hCn thCPCCOCCCmC !IKC thC Cut Ct thC bun, thC
VCnCCt anC haQQInC CXIt CVCn VhCn VC CannCt, CtVI! nCt, CC
It In hCnt Cu.
@ I 4 @
L1T1 111

ItC ymbOIZC thC QItIt OtcC _IVIn_ IC tO thC unIVCtC, thCn
NatCt I_nIC thC OVC that aOV thC Ou tO tCcCIVC that OtcC.
hC un dtaV thC CCd Out O thC _tOund, but Ony VhCn VatCt
ha Itt OtCnCd and nuttutCd It. ItC tCQtCCnt actIOn, NatCt
OtmCnC Ot QaIVIty NatCt dOC nOt ymbOIZC VCaKDC, tathCt
It tand Ot thC InnCt bCIn_, and that OV cOmn_ tO IC O thC
CCd. n CXttCmC ItuatIOn VatCt and tC atC natuta CnCmIC a
HOOd VI ObItCtatC a tC VhIC a HamC undCt a cOntaInCt VI
dIOVC thC atCady haQCC VatCt IntO tCam. Pt thC amC tImC
IC cannOt CXIt Ot _tOV VIthOut a bCndIn_ O thCC tVO QtIma
OQQOItC.
hI QatadOX ha Cd thC achCmIt and OthCt tO dCctIbC ttan-
OtmatIOn VhIch I nOt ImQy chan_C, but uddCn CVOutIOn Om
a ta_mCntCd tO an IntC_tatCd tatC a a unIjIn_ O ItC and
NatCt, hOVn In thC Ima_C O thC hCtmaQhtOdItC [In ttadItIOna
OcICty, VIth It ttIct IdCntIHcatIOn O _CndCt and tOC, Vhat mOtC
QOVCH ymbO O OQQOItC CXItCd than man and VOman:j, and
mOtC ymbOIcay In thC IX-QOIntCd tat. n that ancICnt Ima_C [at
OdCt than It mOdCtn uC a an CmbCm O ]CVIhnCj thC uQVatd
QOIntIn_ ItC ttIan_C ]OIn thC dOVnVatd NatCt ttIan_C tO Otm a
QIctutC O IC tCachIn_ Out In a dItCctIOn tOm a unIHCd cCnttC.
CcauC thC VatCt In a tIVCt chan_C cOntanty, yCt thC tIVCt
aVay tCtaIn It baIc chatactCt, tIVCt ymbOIZC thC ttuC C that
tCmam cOntant bCnCath a thC OutCt chan_C In a QCtOn IC.
_R_
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . C O P S
hu, VhI!C ItC ymOC!IZC Vhat VC CC, NatCt tanC Ct Vhat
VC atC.
A tIVCt HCV IntC thC Ca. CVCVCt muCh Cut C_C InIt uQCn
CutCQatatICn HCm thC tCtC!IC, CutIntInCt thC NatCt ICC C
u tCmnC u CCut hatmCny VIththC unIVCtC. NCtCtn CututC
ha CmQhaIZCC thC ICCa CthC InCIVICua! a unIQuC anC CQatatCC
HCm thC VCt!C. hC atCt CCC nCt CCny thC InCIVICua! unIQuC-
nC It InIt Cn It, thtCu_h thC un1QuCnC C tCaCIn_ Out
IntCaC CCCtIOC thC InCIVICua! a a CCmOInatICn C C!CmCnt [an
attC!C_y Chatt, VIth It tVC!VC I_n anC tVC!VC hCuC, tCaChC thC
amC !CCn) . ^C CnC CthCC C!CmCnt tCmaIn a QCtCn' OaIC
CCnnCCtICn tC thC tCt CIC.
hC uIt CLuQ hCV an InnCt CXQCtICnCC that HCV tathCt
than CCtInC, that CQCn tathCt than tCttICt. LuQ tCQtCCnt !CVC
anC Ima_InatICn, ]Cy anC QCaCC, a CnC ChatmCny anC VCnCCt.
hCy hCV u !CVC a thC Nay tC bQItIt, OCth thC !CVC VC _IVC tC
CthCt anC thC !CVC VC tCCCIVC ltCm QCCQC anC tCm !IC ItCIn It
haQQICt mCmCnt.
Pt tImC VhCn !1C CCmanC aCtICn, CIthCtQhyICa Ct CmCtICna!,
LuQ tCQtCCnt thCQtCO!CmCQaIVIty. AattCmQt tC CC anythIn_,
Ct tC Ctt thtCu_h CmC CCmQ!ICatCC QtCO!Cm, CIC!VC IntC Va_uC-
nC, aQathy, Ct CmQty CtCam. NanC CnCt_IZC LuQ, bVCtO CCHnC
that CmCtICna! CnCt_ anC _IVC It CItCCtICn, hC!Q It tC H_utC thm_
Cut [thCu_h an PIt tCtm VI!! a_ItatC thC QCaCCm! NatCt) , VhI!C
CntaC!C OtIn_ thC antaIC OaCK tC thC _tCunC CtCa1 QtC]CCt.
@ I @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
F|yure J>
Kl N
IKC thC In_ CNanC, hC tCQtCCnt hI uIt In tCtm CCCIa1
tCQCnIOI1Ity, aCCCmQ1IhmCnt anC matutIty. PnC IKC thC ItC
In_, hI QCItICn a maIntaInCt C CCICty CCC nCt Ht hIm a1
that CCmCttaO1y. LuQ ymOCI2C thC CtCatIVC Ima_InatICn, anC tC
aChICVC uCCC hC ha haC tC CICIQ1InC anC CVCn uQQtC hI
CtCam. hC Hh, ymOC1 CCtCatIVIty, han_ atCunC hI nCCK, Out
a an attItICIa CtnamCnt. C ha CItCCtCC hI CtCatIVC QCVCt IntC
CCIa11y tCQCnIO1C aChICVCmCnt. NaItC CCCtIOC hIm a a man C
`OuInC, 1aV, CIVInIty' . n a CnC hC ha matutCC hI uIt, Out
NatCt CCmanC tC H CV, nCt tC OC CCnHnCC.
ChInC hI thtCnC a LVC Hh]umQ thtCu_h thC VaVC, I_mjIn_
that CtCatIVC Ima_InatICn tCmaIn aIVC CVCn VhCn QuhCC tC thC
OaCK_tCunC. bImI1at1y, hI thtCnC HCat Cn thC 1IVC1y Ca, yCt hC
hImC1 CCC nCt tCuCh thC VatCt [CCmQatC thC _uCCn, Q. 1 oo),
InCICatIn_ that hI aChICVCmCnt CCtIVC u1tImatC1y tCm CtCatIVIty,
thCu_h hC ha haQCC hI 1IC In uCh a Vay a tC CQatatC hIm HCm
hI CVn Q1ayu1 QCCt-1IKC Ima_InatICn.
n It CXttCmC thC Ima_Cty u__Ct CmCCnC VhC ha CammCC
uQ hI Ct hCt CmCtICn anC Ima_InatICn. t aC hCV, mCtC _CnUy,
@ I O @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : C O P S
a QCtCn VhC CXQtCC thCC Qua!ItIC, Out nCt a CCnttm tC hCt Ct
hI IC. HCQCnIOIIty CCmC OCCtC C-CXQtCICn.
hC In_ CCC nCt !CCK athI CuQ, tathCt hC hC!C ItIn thC amC
Vay hC hCChI CCQttC, ymOC! CQCVCt. bCmC CCmmCntatCt CC
thC n_ a a QCtCn C ttCuO!CC CmCtICn, CVCn an_Ct anC VIC-
!CnCC, VhC haOItua!!y uQQtCC thCC CCIn_ CVCn tCm hImC!,
a!Vay maIntaInIn_ a Cmm CXtCtICt.
n CmC CCntCXt, CQCCIay thC att, thC In_ taKC Cn a VCty
CIHCtCnt mCanIn_. CCauC hC I thC !CaCCt ChI uIt, hC Can ym-
OC!IZC uCCC, aChICVCmCnt, matCty, anC matutIty In attItIC VCtK.
HV H b
PCtC CCmQ!CX, anC QCthaQ mCtC ttCuO!CC than thC In_ CNanC,
thC In_ CLuQ tCVCtCC!ICC tCVatC CIhCnCty. NhCn tI_htICC
uQ hC uC hI CtCatIVIty Ct hI VCtK, tCVCtCC, hC tutn hI ta1Cnt
tC VICC Ct CCttuQtICn. bVInCCt aC uC CtCatIVIty tC utthCt thCIt
CatCCt, Out VC VCu!C nCt CCCtIOC thCm a `tCQCnIO!C' .
hC CatC uQICC CCVn Can mCan that thC VICCnt PIt CmCtICn
CmCt_C tCm thCIt Ca!m CXtCtICt, QCthaQ thtCu_h thC QtCutC C
CutICC CVCnt. HCmantICa!!y, thC In_ CLuQ tCVCtCC Can u_-
_Ct a CIhCnCt yCt CCm1nCCtIn_!CVCt, mCtC CtCn ma!C, CmCtImC
CmmC.
Ina11y, In tCatICn tC thC att, thC In_ tCVCtCC Can u__Ct that
an attIt aChICVCmCntha QtCVCC tC OC InI_nIHCant, Ct that a QCt-
Cn ha nCt yCt matutCC anC CannCt QCInt tC a I_n1HCant OCCy C
VCtK. n a tCaCIn_, thI Hna1 mCanIn_ VCu!C CCmC Cut ttCn_!y I
thC CatC aQQCatCC In CCnnCCtICn VIth CCttaIn CntaC!C tCVCtCC,
uCh a thC 1I_ht, Ct thC htCC.
@ I 7 @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
F are 10
Q U L L N
hC mCt uCCCu! anC Oa!anCCC CthC LuQ, In CmC Vay CM
thC PInCt CatC, thC _uCCn I a!mCt a munCanC VCtICn C thC
NCt!C anCCt. LCmn_ OCtVCCn thC CutCt tCQCnIOI1Ity C thC
In_ anC thC QaIVCnC CthC nI_ht, hC hCV thC QCIOI!Ity C
O!CnCIn_ Ima_InatICn anC aCtICn, CtCatIVIty anC CCIa! uCu!nC.
Ct thtCnC, CCCCtatCC VIth ChCtuOIC mCtmaIC, It Cn !anC, InCI-
CatIn_ hCtVIta! CCnnCCtICn tC thC CutCtVCt!C anC tC CthCt QCCQ!C,
at CCnnCCtICnmCtCtCa! thanthCIn_'. Pt thC amC tImC thC VatCt
HCV CVCt hCt CCt anC mCt_C VIth hCt CtC, I_nIjIn_ thC unIty
C C VIth CmCtICn anC Ima_InatICn. hC VatCt u__Ct a!C
unCCnCICu CtCC thC unCCt!yIn_ QItItua! QattCtn hCVn In thC
Pa]CtP1Cana nCutIhIn_CCnCICu !IC. hC unIty CVatCt, !anC,
anC thC _uCCn ImQ!IC that VC CC nCt CCC thC Ima_InatICn Oy
_IVIn_ It CCmQ!CtC hCCCCm tC VanCCt VhCtC It VI!!, Out tathCt Oy
CItCCtIn_ It IntC Va!uaO!C aCtIVIty, an ICCa that mCt attIt VCu!C
CnCCtC. m ICCa aQQCat CVCn mCtC ttCn_!y In thC InC C
CntaC!C, CmO!Cm CCtCatIVC CICIQ!InC.
NaItC CCCtIOC thC CuQ hC hC!C a hCt CVn CtCatICn. t I thC
mCt C!aOCtatC CthC LuQ [VhatCVCtVC may thInK aOCut It ty!C')
anC ymOC!IZC thC aChICVCmCnt OtCu_ht aOCut thtCu_h uIn_ thC
@ I @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . C O P S
Ina_InalICn. ClICC Il ChutCh-IKC haQC. \nlI lhC nCCCtn a_C
[anC lu In nCtC atChaIC CulutC a atl CXQtCCC anC _CtIDCC
QItIluM CXQCtICnCC. hC _uCCn latC al lhC CuQ InlCnl, hCV1n_
lhC ltCn_ VI lhal CItCCl anC nCuC CtCalIVC CtCC VIlhCul
uQQtCIF_ Il. 1l lhC anC lInC hCt CCK u__Cl lhal lhC CtCalIVC
QCtCn CCtIVC InQItalICn Ct ulutC aClIVIl tCn hCt Ct hI Qal
aChICVCnCnl. LCnQatC hCt DCtCC _a2C VIlh lhC CtCanInC ClhC
bnI_hl, Ct lhC CCuC anlaIC ClhC bCVCn.
NIQCVCtaCnC V nCl unIlC Ina_InalICnanC aClICn. LnCVC
Can _IVC nCaDF_ lC hCt aClICn, anC tCaI2C hCt _CM. hCC _CM
atC nCl InQ CtCalIVC In lhC nattCV CnC Catl, Dul In lhC VCCt
CnC CnaKIn_ CnClh1n_ VhCC anC JIVC Cul ClhC CQQCtlun1lIC
anC CCnCnl _IVCn D IC. hC Can InCuCC CnClICnM _CM, CQC-
CIa anI, Ct VHC lhC bIn_ nDCI2C CCICl, lhC _uCCn n-
DCI2C lhC an1, Ct nCn a VC a VCnCn.
Nhal I nCl InQCtlanl I lhal hC]CIn CCnCICunC lC CCIn_.
bhC KFCV Vhal hC Vanl anC VI laKC lhC lCQ nCCCat lC _Cl
Il. Cl hC aCl aVa VIlh an aVatCnC CCVC.
NaIlC a `CVIn_ InlCI_CnCC anC hCnCC lhC _Il C VIICn ,
lCtn u__ClIn_ lhal a VIICn CIC a]Cu Can Cn CCnC a a
_Il, Dul CVC Can CQCn u lC tCCCIVIn_ uCh a _Il, lC tCCC_nI2In_
lhal Il CX1l. NIlh InlC1_CnCC]CInCC lC CVC VC tClutn lhC _ul D
laKIn_ lhal VIICn anC naKIn_ CnClhIn_ tC8 anC alIn_ UCn Il.
H LV L H b L
VCVCtIn_ lhC _uCCn C LuQ DtCaK lhal unIl C VIICn anC
aClICn. NC CC CnCCnC anDIlICu anC QCVCtu, Cl Can_CtCu,
DCCauC hC CanFCl DC ltulCC. hC CVC haDCCCnC Cl, anC V1lh
Il lhC CCnnIlnCnl lC VauC _tCalCt lhan hCt CVn uCCC. hC
1CC tlhCtUCnlhC DaanCC, hC CanDCCCnC CIhCnCutaDC, CVCn
CCQtaVCC, a hCt CtCalIVC CtCC utChC Cul CCCnltC.
@ I U @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
(e}

F|yare 1I
8Nl CM1
a !C CCVC!CQCC H_utC than thC _uCCn Ct b_, hC ha nCt
!CatnCC tC dtCCt hI Ima_InatICn IntC thC VCt!C. hCtCCtC CtCam
CCmInatC tm CatC, VIth It Ima_C Ca !CV hCtC, aDC a KD_ht !Ct
m thC CnCCCmCnt ChI CuQ, ymOC! CthC ma_InatICn. Pt thC amC
umC thC CtCatIVC CtCC I C QCVCU1 hCtC than In any CthC CthCt
LuQ CCutt CatO. Ln!y a nattCV tIVCt HCV thtCu_h a QatChCC !anC.
hC DI_htha nCt!CatnCC that thC ttuC Ima_InauCn CCC Cn aCtICn
tathCt than antay. y tm mCan that uVC CC nCthIn_ VIth Cut
CtCa thCytCmaIn Va_uC anC untC!atCC tC thC tCt CCut !IVC.
NC may maKC anCthCt QCInt aOCut thC nI_ht` CtCamInC.
Nhat CCC It InnCt QtInCIQ!C, a In myth Ct atChCtyQa! att, Ct
C!-InCu_CnCC, a In CayCtCam anC CCaQIt H!m Ct OCCK: hC
1n_!Ih QCCt, bamuC ayCt LC!CtIC_C, CItIn_uIhCC OCtVCCn
`Ima_InatICn anC `anCy' . Cth taKC thC mInC aVay HCm CtCInaty
CXQCtICnCC anC QCtCCQtICn. CVCVCt, VhI!C thC Htt CCtIVC HCm
anC !CaC tC an aVatCnC CunCCtyIn_ QItItua1 ttuth, thC CCCnC
QtCCuCC Cny antaIC that may CXCItC, Out u!tImatC!y !aCK tCa!
mCanIn_. hCy CCtIVC HCm thC C_C tathCt than thC unCCnCICu.
@ I UO @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : C O P S
CthIn_ CmCt_C tCm hI CuQ [CCmQatC thC a_C, Q. 1 VZ) . Ct
ha hC haQCC It IntC CmCthIn_ _tCatCt than It Va, a ha thC
_uCCn. P D1_ht I a H_utC CCmmIttCC tC aCtICn anC InVCVCmCnt.
NatCt, Cn thC CthCt hanC, ymOC!IZC QaIVCnC. hC CCnttat
maKC It hatC Ct thC nI_ht tC tCCCnCI!C thCC tVC Qua!ItIC. y
CCnyIn_tm OaIC CCmmItmCnt tC thC VCt!C, hC CCC nCta!CVhI
Ima_InatICn tC QtCCuCC anythIn_.
CCauC hC I a nI_ht thC CutICC VCtC CaCtICn, CCX, may
Qu! hIm CVCn VhLC hC QutuC hI thCu_ht anC antaIC. I
QaIVCnC Can CmCtImC OC at QCC, a!mCt CXa__CtatCC Ct thC
QutQCC CCCnyn_ thCC tCmQtatICn anC CCItC VhICh CItutO hI
QCaCC. HCmantICa11y thC nI_ht Can tCQtCCnt a!CVCtVhC CCC nCt
VIh tC CCmmIt hIm Ct hCtC1, VhC I QCthaQ atttaCtIVC yCt
QaIVC, VIthCtaVn, Ct natCIItIC.
hCC hath Ima_C CthC D1_ht a1 CCa VIth hI CCnH ICt. Pt
thC amC tImC hI hC!mCt anC CCt atC VIn_CC, hI hCtC I QItItCC
In It !CVnC. PnC hC tCCmO!C Cath, ymOC! CttanCtmatICn.
thC nI_ht I nCt QuCC Oy tCQCnIOI!1ty Ct CCItC, IhC C!!CV
a _CnuInC VIICn tathCt than CCaQC tCm CutICC CCmmItmCnt,
thCn hC Can _C VCty CCCQ!y IntC h1mC, tutnIn_ thC nI_ht CnCt-
g IntC an CXQ!CtatICn ChI CVn InnCt VCt!C.
HV Hb
n VaICu Vay VC CC thC nI_ht tCaCtIn_ tCVatC InCtCaCC
CCmanC tCm thC VCt!C OCyCnC mmC!. t Can mCan ImQ!y that
hC tCuC hImC!tC aCtICn CtC!C CuCV hI mCtCQhyICa1 CCItC.
Lt It Can mCan that a QaIVC QCtCn I OCIn_ QuhCC tCVatC aCtICn
Ct CCmmItmCnt anC CCC nCt !IKC It. NIthCut CutVatC!y tCItIn_
hC Ct hC Can tCCnt thCC CCmanC. hC tCu1t Can OC a Va!1 OuI!t
uQ OCtVCCn thC DI_ht anC thCC QCCQ!C VhC atC maKIn_ hIm aCt
Cut hI tCQCnIOI!ItIC. hI attItuCC Can tCu!t In hyQCCtIy Ct
manIQu!atICn, CmCtImC !IC anC ttICK.
@ I U I @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
F|yure 12
PAC
CIn_ yCun_Ct In QItIl, ChuC-!IKC, lhC a_C CCC nCl uCt lhC
amC CCnHICl VIlh CIlhCt tCQCnIOIIly Ct Cnua CCItC. C
InCICalC a latC Ct a lImC In VhICh CCnlCmQ!alICn anC anlay atC
VCty QtCQCt lC a QCtCn. C CulICC CCmanC CIlutO hI Ct hCt
_Cnl!C CCnlCmQ!alICn. P a tCu!l lhC Uh CIma_InalICn !CCK al
hIm hCm hI CuQ. PmuCC, hC !CCK OaCK al IlVIlhCul lhC nI_hl
nCCC lC QCnCltalC C CCCQ!y InlC hImC!. CtC, lhC Ima_InalICn I
Il CVn]ulIUCalICn.
hC Hh Can a!C ymOC!I2C QyChIC lmCnl anC CnIlIVIly. PnC
InCC lhC a_C a haVC a luCCnl QuaIly, lhC a_C C LuQ Can
hCV CmCCnC CCVC!CQIn_QyChIC aOmlIC, CIlhCt lhtCu_h an aCtu-
a! QtC_tamC C luCy anC/Cr mCdlalICn, Ct C!C uCh laCnl
CCVC!CQIn_ Oy lhCmC!VC, Oul In a QCaCCm! Vay.
H L VL H b L
HI_hl ICC uQ VC aV a QCtCn !CllIn_ hI Ima_InalICn OuOO!C uQ
OCCtC hIm. CCauC hC CCC nClhIn_ VIlh hI anlaIC lhCy _IVC
m nC ltCuO!C. hC aCl uQCn lhCm, hCVCVCt, lhCy may !CaC hIm
@ I U3 @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . C O P S
IntC mItaKC. HCVCtCC thCtCCtC mCan tC C!!CV Cut InCunatICn,
tC aCt VIthCut thInK1n_, Ct tC aCV Cut InDDCCIatC CCItC tC
CCuCC u, QattICu!aHy IthCy _C a_aInt Cut CCmCn CnC. NC CC
thC tCVCtCCa_C VhCnCVCt VCOuyCmCthIn_VC CC nCt nCCC anC
CC nCt CVCn tCa!y Vant, VC CC hIm VhCn VC maKC QtCmIC VC
CannCt KCCQ Ct CCmtmCnt that CC nCt tCa!y mCan anythIn_.
n CthCt ItuatICn, IthC a_C tCCt tC QyChIC CCVC!CQmCnt, Ct
ttuC VIICn, thCn tCVCtCC hCV a QCtCn CItutOCC Oy thCC
VIICn. Ct many QCCQ!C In Cut tatICna!IZCC VCt!C thC uCCCn
CmCt_CnCC C QyChIC taCnt, CVCn I CC!1OCtatCy Cu_ht thtCu_h
ttaIn1n_, Can aQQCat VCty tI_htCnIn_. hC tCVCtCC a_C mttCt
thC Cat anC tCmInC u tC Cam CCVn, tC !CCK QCaCCm1y at thC Uh
tIIn_ tCm thC CuQ CCutC!VC. n CCnnCCtICn VIth CntaC!C It
Ca! Ct _tCunCn_ In CutCt tCa!Ity tC aVCIC OCIn_ VahCC aVay Oy
antaIC Ct VIICn.
F|yure 1J
1N
P thC m_hCt numOCt, thC Cn I_nIj OCIn_ i!CC VIth thC Qua!-
Ity CthC uIt. n NanC VC aV an CXCC COutCCn, In LuQ VC
tInC ]Cy anC thC VCnCCt C !IC ptCaC aCtC thC Ky. hC hCy
LtaI, ymOC CLCC' _taCC anC !CVC, tCt at thC OaC CthI uIt,
@ I U4 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
hCVIn_ u that CVC, Ima_InatICn, anC]Cy a CCmC tC u a _It.
hC IO!C tC!! u that LCC maCC thC taInOCV a a QtCmIC that
thC VCt!C VI11 nCVCt a_aIn uCt a HCCC C CCttuCtICn. ut thC
taInOCV CattIC a mCtC QCItIVC QtCmIC a VC!! that !IC OtIn_
haQQInC anC nCt_ut an aOCnCC CQaIn.
hC man anC VCman In thC QICtutC unCCttanC thCC thIn_ .
Ptm In atm thCy !CCK uQ anC CC!COtatC thC taInOCV. hC ChI!CtCn,
hCVCVCt, CanCC VIthCut !CCKIn_ uQ. hCy ymOC!IZC InnCCCnCC,
VhICh taKC haQQInC a thC natuta! CCnCItICn C1C. hCy CXQCCt
haQQInC, Out CC nCtVatC It. bhCVIn_ a amy, thC CatCtCCt QtI-
matI1y tC CCmCtIC haQQInC, Out Can InCICatC any ItuatICn that
OtIn_ a ut_C C ]Cy. t CQCCIa!1y tCCt tC thC tCCC_nItICn C
thC VauaO!C Qua11tIC In a ItuatICn. hI mCanIn_ QCttaIn CQCCIa!-
!y IntCaCIn_VhCtC thC Cn CLuQ aQQCat In CCnttat tC thC Cn
CCntaC!C.
H LV L H b L
hCtC atC tVC OaIC VatIant hCtC. lItt, a thC CmCtICn tutn
a_aInt ItC!. bCmC hI_my-Chat_CC ItuatICn, uua!!y tCmantIC Ct
CCmCtIC, ha _CnC VtCn_, QtCCuCIn_ VIC!Cnt CC!In_, an_Ct, Ct
CCCCIt. Lt, In QtaCtICC, thC tCVCtCC Cn Can ImQ!y mCan that at
QCtCn CCC nCt tCCC_nIZC Ct aQQtCCIatC thC haQQInC !IC I CCt-
In_ hIm Ct hCt.
@ I UR @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : C O P S

F|yare 11
N | N
tCm CCCQ ]Cy VC mCVC tC thC ImQCt QCautC CCatIn_ anC
QhyICa! CCntCntmCnt. P nCtCC CatICt, thC InC CCQICt thC CCm-
QtCUC VC maKC VIth !IC. NanC hCVCC a ttCn_ CCCnCC, thC
mCtC OCnI_n LuQ CCmCnttatC thC attItuCC CaVCICIn_ VCtty anC
QtCO!Cm Oy CCnCCnttatIn_ Cn CtCInaty Q!CautC. CCQ!C CmCtImC
tCaCt anta_Cn1tICa!!y tC thICatC, QCthaQ VIhIn_ tC CC thCmC!VC
a OCyCnC uQCtHCIa!Ity. Pt tImC, CQCCIay atCt ttCuO!C Ct a QCtI-
CC C!Cn_, hatC VCtK, nCthIn_ Can CtVC u OCttCt than a ImQ!C
_CCC tImC.
H LV L H b L
Ct CnCC thC tCVCtCC mCanIn_ _IVC thC _tCatCt aVatCnC tC uC
NaItC Ctmu!a, ` ttuth, !Cya!ty, IOCtty . n CCnnCCtICn VIth thC
tI_ht ICC uQ mCanIn_, thC VCtC ImQ!y a tC]CCtICn C uHaCC
Va!uC, Out thCy aC tCCt tC VCty tan_!CC Ct CQQtCIVC ItuatICn
VhCtC, Oy CIn_In_ tC thC thtCaC C ttuth, Ct Oy tayIn_ !Cya tC
CutC!VC, Ct tC CthCt, Ct tC a QutQCC, VC Can OtIn_ aOCut VICtC-
ty anC uOCtatICn.
@ I U @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
(e}

Fgute 15
l CM1
hC Q!Caant natutC C LuQ tCnC tC u1! u aVay HCm Vhat VC
haVC tC CC. hC 1I_ht OC_In [Ct CnC) a CtIC CDVC CatC CCa1In_
wth thC NatCt QtCOCm C aCtICn. n thI CatC VC CC CmCCnC
tutnIn_ hI OaCK Cn a CCuO!C tCV Ctandn_ LuQ VhIChymOC-
IZC a ItuatICn that nCt Cn!y ha QtCVICCC haQQInC, Out aCtuay
CCntInuC tC CC C. n CCnttat tC thC IVC, a thC LuQ tCmaIn
uQtI_ht, nCthIn_ha OCCn KnCCKCC CVCt. PnC yCt thC QCtCn KDCV
that thC tImC ha CCmC tC !CaVC. hC Ima_Cty u__Ct CnC CthC
ttuC uC CNatCtIntInCt an aOI!Ity tC CnC VhCn CmCthIn_ha
CnCCC OCCtC It CIthCtCtIC uQ Ct CCmC CtahIn_ CCVn atCunC u,
tC KCV thC tImC tC mCVC Cn.
NC CC thC U_utC C!ImOIn_ a m, _CIn_ tC hI_hCt _tCunC, wth
thC ImQ!ICatICn CmCVIn_ HCm a C tC a mCtC mCaDIn_ Itua-
tICn. CUCC thC tCCmO!anCC CthC tI_utC tC thC CtmIt. C tCaCh
thC hCI_ht CthC CtmIt' VICCm, VC mut Dtt Qut thC CtCInaty
tmD_ CIC OChInC u.
hC CtmIt tCmInC u that thC Ima_C CanC CCC nCt nCCC-
atI!y mCan aCtICn Ct InVC!VCmCnt In thC CtCInaty CnC, Out
@ I UO @
T H E M I N O R A R C A N A : C O P S
Can u__Cl amCl lDC CQQCIlC. lDal I, VIlDCtaVIn_ DCD CulCt
aClIVIly lC CCK al _tCalCt C-aVatCnC. Pl Htl lDC CCnC aQQCat
lC laKC QaCC al nI_Dl, Dul VDCn VC CCK CCCt VC CC lDal aClua-
y Il CCQICl an CCIQC, VIlD lDC DCCn DCVIn_ aCtC lDC un. P
DCCn QDaC, lDal I, al QCIICC CInnCt aVatCnC, Da laKCn CVCt
DCm CulCt-CItCClCC aClIVIly. 1y]CInIn_ mCCn Ima_Cty lC a CCnC
CDCVCmCnl, lDC CatC lCaCDC u lDal CCVCCQIn_ a CCCQCICnC C
CI aC an aClICn. CmCmDCt lDal lDC CtmIl, Dy tCVCtIn_ lDC
CXua QCatIly ClDC I_D tIClC aDCVC DIm, CCDDInC aClICn
anC InluIlICn In a CCIn1lC QtC_tamDC CC-KnCVCC_C.
NDClDCt VC V1CV lDC H_utC a mCVIn_ aVay DCm lDC VCtC, Ct
InlC aClICn, lDC CatC ymDCIZC CaVIn_ a laDC IlualICn. n Il
CCCQCl CVC lDI CatC aCl a al LalC, uIat In CCtlaIn Vay lC lDC
DtCC CNanC. 1ClD VCtK lDtCu_D lDC Ima_C Ca ]CutnCy InlC
lDC unKnCVn, Dul VDIC lDC ItC CatC I CtaVn lC NalCt, lDC NalCt
CatCI CtaVn lC PIt. DC DtCC CNanC8 DtCaK8 CCVn lDC C_C anC
DCC lDC CXQCtIn_ QItIl, VDIC lDC 1I_Dl CLuQ DCVC DCm lDC
Va_uCnC CNalCt lC lDC QCCHC KnCVCC_C CaDlIaCl QtInCIQC
ymDCIZCC Dy lDC CImD uQ lDC CtmIl mCunlaIn.
H LV L H b L
bCDClImC lDC uQICC CCVn 1I_Dl InCICalC lDC ImQC nC_alICn C
lDC CatC DaIC Ima_C a tCDa lC CaVC CmC IlualICn, a CClCIu-
nalICn lC Dan_ Cn CVCn VDCn VC KnCV CCCQ InICC lDal VC DaVC
laKCn a VC Can DCm Il. buCD a CCCtIQlICn CDataClCtIZC Dany
tCalICnDIQ.
1uay, DCVCVCt, lDCCatC tCVCtCC maInlaIn IlQuMIly CaVatC-
nC anC CCttCCl tCQCnC. lyDCIZC lDal lDC UC lC CaVCDa8 net
CCmC, lDal lDC IlualICn V CCnlInuC lC _IVC]Cy anC DCan1n_.
LnC Hna QCIDI1ly. lImICIly, CaV1n_ a IlualICn DCCauC a QCt-
Cn aCK lDC CCuta_C lC QutuC It anC laKC CVCtylDIn_DC CtDC Can
_Cl DCm Il. Pany QCCQC maKC lh1 a QallCtn In lDCIt IVC, lDCy
DCCCDC InVCVCC In tCalICnDIQ, VCtK, QtC]CCl, ClC. , anC lDCn tun
aVay, CIlDCt VDCn CIHICulIC atIC, Ct VDCn lDC lIDC CCmC Ct
_CnuInC CCmm1lmCnl.
@ I U7 @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
F|yure 16
5VN
NIth thC bCVCn, thC LuQ QtCO!Cm CmCt_C In It mCt CItCCt Ctm.
LmCtICnanCIma_InatICn Can QtCCuCC VCnCCHu! VIICn, OutVIth-
Cut at _tCunCIn_ In OCth aCtICn anC thC CutCt tCa!ItIC C!IC thCC
antatIC Ima_C tCmaIn CayCtCam, `anCIC` VIthCut tCa! mCanIn_
Ct Va!uC. CtICC that thC VIICn CCVCt thC VhC!C tan_C CantaIC
hCm VCa!th [thC]CVC!) , tC a VICtCty VtCath, tC Cat [thC Cta_Cn) ,
tC aCVCntutC [thC Cat!C) , CVCn thC atChCtyQC CmythC!C_y a _CC-
!IKC aCC, a mytCtICu taCIant H_utC, anC a naKC, unIVCtm ymOC!
C QyChIC VICCm. !t I a mItaKC tC thInK that CayCtCam atC
mCanIn_!C OCCauC C thCIt n|en|, Cn thC CCnttaty thCy CtCn
QtIn_ tCm CCCQ atChCtyQa! nCCC anC Ima_C. hCy !aCK mCamn_
OCCauC thCy CC nCt CCnnCCt tC anythIn_ CutICC thCmC!VC.
H L VL H b L
hI CatC tCVCtCC mCan a CCtCtmInatICn tC maKC CmCthIn_ hCm
CtCam. hI CCC nCt mCan tC]CCtIn_ antaIC, Out tathCt CCIn_
CmCtmn_ VIth thCm.
@ I U @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . C O P S
F|yare 1
bl
P CatC COCnCVC!Cnt CmCtICn anC CtCam thC LuQ I_nIj VCCt
mCmCtIC. bCmCtImC thCC mCmCtIC ttuy tCQtCCnt thC Qat, at
CthCt tImC VC may ICCaZC thC Qat anC CC It thtCu_h a haZC C
CCutIty anChaQQInC. hC CmO!Cm CthICCCnC attItuCC I ChI!C-
hCCC, QICtutCC a a aC tImC, VhCn QatCnt, Ct CCCt OtCthCt anC
ItCt, QtCtCCtCC u anC _aVC u CVCtythIn_ VC nCCCCC. bCmCtImC
uCh an attItuCC CanQtCCuCC aVatmCCutC CC!In_ VhIChVIhC!Q
QCCQC aCC thCIt CuttCntQtCO!Cm. n thI CnC thC CatChCV thC
Qat [thC CVatJ _IVIn_a _It CmCmCtIC tC thC ututC, ymOC!IZCC
Oy thC ChI!C. Pt CthCt tImC, hCVCVCt, a HXatICn Cn thC Qat Can
QtCVCnt a QCtCn tCm aCIn_ CuttCnt QtCO!Cm. hC Qat Can CI-
ttaCt HCm thC QtCCnt]ut a muCh a antaIC CthC ututC.
hCtC atC CthCt mCanIn_ ICt thC bIX OCICC mCmCry. hC bC
hCV tC!atICnhIQ C_IVIn_ anC tCCCIVIn_. CtC VC CC thC Ima_C
Ca tCaChCt Ct QtCtCCtCt _IVIn_ VICCm anC CCutIty tC CmCCnC
VhC mI_ht OC a amI!y mCmOCt, a tuCCnt, Ct a HICnC.
@ I UU @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
HV H b
LIKC lhC bCVCn, lhC b:X tCVCtCC IDCIC8lC 8 mCVC lCV8tCs 8ClICn.
bQCCIHC8y, Il hCV CCK:n_ lCV8tC lhC ulutC, t8lhCt lh8D lhC
Q8l. hC lVC C8tCs tCVCtCC 8tC VCty Im:M, lhC dUCtCnCC
I lh8l lhC bIX hCV 8D 8ll:luCC VD:C lhC bCVCn InCIC8lC 8CluM
lCQ lCn.
l ClhCt l:mC, CCQCndn_ Cn lhC tI_hl ICC uQ mC8DIn_, lhC b:X
tCVCtCC InCIC8lC CIlutDCC mCmCtIC [CCmQ8tC lhC htCC C
N8nC tCVCtCC] , Ct8 CC:D_ C8:Cn8lICn DCm lhC Q8l. l C MC
hCV lhC DtC8KCCVn C8 tC8UCnhIQ D8CC Cn CnC QCtCnQDlCCl-
ID_ Ct lC8ChIn_ lhC ClhCt[] .
V
Fgure 18
l l V
hC IVC CCnCCtn ltu__C 8nC CmClImC Q8ID. NIlh N8nC VC
8V lhC 8CVCnlutC CCCmQCUlICn, LuQ hCV lhC CmCl:CnM tC8C-
lICn lC C. hC QIClutC CCQICl CttCV Dul aC 8CCCQl8nCC. DtCC
CuQ IC Q:CC Cul, DullVCtCm8:nl8ndD_, CVCnu8l lhC mCmCnl
lhC H_utC CCnCCnlt8lC Cn lhC lDtCC. n tC8CIn_ h8VC ClCn CCn
lh: C8tC:nKCC lC CIlhCt lhC htCC CLuQ 8 8 h8QQ:nC Ct hCQC
lh8l h8 8:CC, Ct CC lhC htCC CbVCtC, lhC lVC CuQ l8DC:n_
@ 3OO @
T H E M I N O R A R C A N A : C O P S
haVC CtCn tCCttCO tC thC wC CLuQ, that I, uQQCtt hCm a !CVCt
Ct hICnO.
hC wCmaD (Ct man, thC anOtCgynCu ChataCtCt CthC HgutC
InOICatC that CttCw umtC thC CXC tanO tIgIO, wtaQQCO In
O!aCK, thC CCCut CgtICt bhC nCCO tC aCCCQt that CmC haQQInC
h uOOCny VanIhCO, OCCn KnCCKCO CVCt. bhC OCC nCt yCt tCa1ZC
that CmCthIng tCmaIn, Ct Htt hC mut unOCttanO anO aCCCQt
thC !C. a hC hCtCKnCCKCO CVCt thC CuQ, CIthCt thtCugh
tCCK!CnC Ct Oy taKIng thCm Ct gttCO: ln thC CnC CawatC-
nC thC CatO tCatC tC ]utICC, CmO!Cm Cttuth anO thC aCCCQtanCC
C tCQCnIOI1ty. ln hCt QCC aDO CCtumC hC tCCmO!C thC
CtmIt, whC CCaK h1mC!In wIOCm tC hC!O hIm uQtIght In hI
taK C !CCKIng wIthIn Ct a V1ICn ChI !IC, thC VIICn hC VI!
aCCCQt In]utICC.
hC tIVCt tCQtCCnt thC HCw CCttCw Out thC OtIOgC ymOC!-
IZC CCnCICunC aDO OCtCtmInatICn. lt !CaO hCm thC Qat (C tC
thC htutC (nCw OCgInnIng . NhCn hC ha aCCCQtCO hCt !C hC
Can thCn tutn, QICK uQ thC twC tCmnIng CuQ, O CtC CVCt thC
OtIOgC tC thC hCuC, ymOC! CtaOI!1ty aDO CCntInuIty.
NIth It OCCQ CVCCatICn CtCgtCt thC CatO Ctm anCthCt LatC,
OtIngIng tC u that CnC CQItItua !C O CQataUCn wh1Ch a
CVCt thC wCtO ha gIVCn tIC tC myth C a a Ct an CXI!C hCm
ataOIC.
H LV L H b L
hC OasIC mCIDg C thC CatO Can ChangC In thtCC way whCn
tCVCtCO. Itt, It Can mCan nCt aCCCQtIng thC !C, anO a an CXtCn-
ICn C thI, aC QtC]CCt Ct mItaKC. bCCCnO, It Can InOICatC
uQQCtt hCm CthCt, hICnOhIQ, nCw IntCtCt anO CCCuQatICn MtCr
CmC aO CtOItutOIngCVCnt. Ina!y, It CaD CmQhaIZC an awatCnC
Cwhat tCmn ImQCttant anO QCtmanCnt In thC aCC CCttCw. l n
thI CnC thC wCman tutn hCm thC thtCC tC thC twC. CtC thC twC
CuQ ymOC!1ZC thC ChO OaI Ca QCtCn` !IC, thCy tCmaIn tanO-
IngOCCauC thCy mC nCt C Cauy KDCCKCO CVCt. 1nO thI awatCnC
InOICatC that thC th1CC taCn CuQ ymOC1ZC CmCthng!C ImQCt-
tant than mIght at Htt CCm at thC tImC CIt OCttuCtICn.
@ 3O I @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
F|yare 1
|0U R
hC QaIVCnC C LuQ Can CmCtImC !CaO tC aQathy. Nhat wC
Can Ca!! thC ` nCgatIVC ImagInatICn maKC u !CCK at CVCrythIng a
wCrth!C Cr OCrIng. hCrC CCm tC OC nCthIng wCrth gCttIng uQ
Cr, nCthIng wCrth OCIng, anO nCthIng wCrth CXamInIng.
hC thrCC CuQ ymOC!IZC thC QCrCn` Qat CXQCrICnCC. 1CrCO Oy
what !IC ha gIVCn hIm hC OCC nCt rCCCgnIZC thC nCw CQQCrtunI-
tIC OCIng CCrCO tC hIm Oy thC Curth CuQ. hC rCCmO!anCC Cl
that CuQ tC thC 1CC uggCt that thC nCw QCIOI!ItIC Can !CaO tC
haQQInC anO atIaCtICn. n thC maIn, hCwCVCr, thC CarO hCw a
ItuatICn whCn CVCrythIngIn!IC ha CCmC tC aQQCar thC amC. hC
CarO CmCtImC hCw aQathy rCu!tIng rCm a Ou!!, untImu!atIng
CnVIrCnmCnt.
HVH bL
1gaIn, thC rCVCra! taKC u Cut CCurC!VC anO awaKCn u tC thC
wCr!O anO It QCIOI!:tIC. Cw thIng arC CCrCO, nCw rC!atICn,
nCw IOCa. PCtImQCrtant, thC rCVCrCO CarOhCw CnthuIam anO
thC CIZIng CCQQCrtunItIC.
@ 3O3 @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : C O P S
F|yare 50
1M R
hC htCC hCw an aQQrCCIatICn CthC mCanIng anO Va!uC CthC
uIt. 1CCauC CthC LtaI! at thC OaC CthC uIt, thC htCC CLuQ
InOICatC]Cy, CCCOtatICn, anO aOCVC a hatIng thC wCnOCt C!IC.
1 IwC haO QaCO thC CtII CaCtICn, thC Una! thtCC CarO a!,
aCCCrOIng tC thCIt numOCt, HCw wIth haQQInC. CtC wC CC thC
wCmCn CC!COtatIng, a at a hatVCt. 1IthCt a CtII ha HnIhCO, Ct
wCtK ha QtCOuCCO gCCO rCu!t.
NC CC thC thtCC wCmCn C IntCttwInCO wC Can hatOy tC!!
whCC atm I whCC. n OaO tImC a wC a gCCO, thC CatO hCw a
hatIng CCXQCrICnCC.
HVH b
1gaIn CVCta mCanIng QrCCnt thCmC!VC. Itt CM It Can hCw
thC !C C CmC haQQInC. NCry CtCn It InOICatC that CmCthIng
hCQCO Ct ha nCt CCmC aOCut. t Can aC IgnIj thC aIutC C
tICnOhIQ, anO agaIn thC OII!!uICnmCnt CInOIng that HICnO haVC
nCt uQQCttCO u whCn wC nCCOCO thCm, Ct C!C thC OtCaK uQ C a
gtCuQ CtICnO.
@ 3O4 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
PnCthCr mCanIng hCw a CCtruQtICn C thC CrIgIna!. HathCr
than a hatCO CC!COtatICn C!1C`]Cy wC InO what NaItC QuaInt!y
Ca! ` CXCC In QhyICa! Cn]CymCnt anO thC Q!CautC CthC CnC .
LOVICu!y NaItC IntCnOCO thI tC mCan that OCCQCt Va!uC atC
IgnCtCO. lt I wCrth COCtVng hCwCVCt, that mCt QCCQ!C HnO thI
QhtaC, CQCCIa!y a a QtCO1CtICn, nCt at a unQ!Caant.
e}

|
r
1
F|yure 5I
@ 3OP @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . C O P S
1w0
n many Vay lm CatC aCl a a !CCt VCtICn ClhC CVCt. NhI1C
lhC ttumQ hCV lhC _tCal QCVCt CmalutC CXua! tC!alICnhIQ lhC
PInCt CatC CmQhaIZC lhC OC_InDIn_ Ca tC!alICnhIQ. hI I nCl
a hatC anC al tu!C a at a tCaCIn_ atC CCnCCtnCC. hC VC Can
ClCn hCV a Cn_-tCtm unICn Ct tICnChIQ, QCthaQ Cn a !I_hlCt
!CVC! lhan lhC CVCt. n tuCy, anC mCl CCmmCn!y In QtaCUCC,
hCVCVCt, It InCICalC lhC Q!CC_In_ CHICnOhIQ, lhC OC_InnIn_ Ca
!CVC aaIt.
n lhC ltumQ VC CC lhC PD_C, ymOC! CuQCt-CCnCICunC.
n lhC VC CLuQ VC CC lhC VIn_CC !ICn CVCt lhC CaCuCCu C
CtmC, ymOC! C hCa!In_ anC VICCm. n OClh CaC, thC CatC
hCV hCV lVC QCCQ!C Oy unIlIn_ lhCIt CQatatC Qua!1lIC anC aOI!I-
tIC lhtCu_h !CVC, QtCCuCC CmCthIn_ In lhCIt !IVC OCyCnC Vhal
CIlhCt VCu!C haVC aChICVCC a!CnC. hC ICn ymOC!IZC CXua1Ily,
thC VIn_ bQItIl. CVC _IVC a _tCalCt mCanIn_ lC thC CXua CtIVC
lhal CaCs u lC Il.
n atl LnC ClhI OCCK VC aV hCV lhC CVCt Can CtVC a a
CIa_tam ClhC unILCC C!. NC Can !CCK al lhC VC C LuQ In a
Im11at Vay. NmC thC man ymOC!IZC aCtICn anC mCVCmCnl, lhC
VCman ymOC!IZC CmClICn, CnIlIVIty, anC an aQQtCCIalICn C
CXQCtICnCC. y unIlIn_ lhCC tVC QumIUC VC _IVC Cut !IVC VmuC.
ClICC lhC tCCmO!anCC C lhC man lC lhC CC!. n a tCaCIn_
lhCC lVC CatC CamC uQ 1nKCC lC_ClhCt. hC VCman, an atlIl,
VanlCC lC KnCV Vhat CItCClICn hCt VCtK hCu!C taKC. bhC Va
CQCCIa!!y CCnCCtnCC tC InVCtI_atC VhClhCthCtatt CamCtCma tCa1
CCnttC In hCt !1C Ct Va ImQy an InlC!!CClua! CXCtCIC. CV, ClhCt
CatOInC1CalCC hC haC tCaChCCa !CVC CtCChnICa malCty In Vhal
hC haC OCCn CCIn_, Vh11C lhC lCC!, a an CulCCmC, hCVCC hCt
laK1n_ a !CaQ InlC a nCV atCa. ul lhC VC C LuQ hCVCC hC
VCuC tInC uCCC I hC 1nKCC hCt lCChDICa1 aOI1Ity anC CXQ!C-
talICn lC lhC QItIlua! _tCunCIn_ ymOC!IZCC Oy lhC VCman.
HV Hb
nCICtCnl Vay lhC tCVCtCC CatC hCV a OtCaKCCVn C lhC ICCa1
ymOC!IZCC tI_hl ICC uQ. l Can mCan a !CVC aaIt Ct HICnCshIQ
@ 3O @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
whICh ha gCnC Cur In CmC way, In QartICuar OCCauC C ]CaCuy
anO a OrCaKOCwn Ctrut. t Can mCan ImQ!y thC CnO Ca rC!atICn-
mQ. CQCnOIng Cn thC CarO arCunO It, It Can Igmj a rC!atICnhIQ
CnOangCrCO Oy IntCrna Cr CXtCrna QrCurC. 1nCthCr QCIOI!Ity I
InatuatICn, whCn QCCQ!C QrCtCnO tC CthCr, tC thCmC!VC, that a
!CVC aaIr mCan mCrC than It aCtua!y OCC. ln a ImI!ar VCIn thC
rCVCrCO CarO Can hCw QCCQ!C gCIng thrCugh thC mCtICn Ca !CVC
aaIr, wIth CnC Cr OCth CthCm nCt rCa!y CarIng.
lwC !CCK at thC CarO a IgnIjIng thC C!, thCn rCVCrCO InOI-
CatC a Q!It OCtwCCn whatwC OC anO whatwC CC, OCtwCCn aCtICn
anO CmCtICn.
F|yure 52
AC
rCm thC Ing` CCnmCtIng CmCtICn, thrCugh thC VarICu Oa!anCC
CCC!COratICn anO QaIVIty, wC arrIVC Hna!y at thC 1CC CmO!Cm
C !CVC unOCrQInnIng !IC. hC 1CC C LuQ ha thC ImmCOIatC
mCanIng Ca tImC ChaQQInC anO !CVC, a gIt C]Cy. jut a HrC
maKC thC wCr!O, C !CVC gIVC It Va!uC.
hC bmIth QICturC, wIth It OCVC anO waCr, QCCIHCa!y hCw
thC C!y LraI, aIO tC CCntaIn thC QhyICa! QrCCnCC CthC C!y
LhCt atwCrK In thC wCrO. ln thC mCrC uOt!C VCrICn CthC Ing
@ 3OO @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : C O P S
11thur !CgCnO, It wa nCt rCa!!y ChIVary ~ that I, a mCra! truCturC
thathC!O tCgCthCr Ing1rthur g!CrICu KIngOCm, OutrathCr thC
CCrCt QrCCnCC C thC C!y LraI! hIOOCn In thC !anO. NhCn thC
Lra: !Ct [OCCauC 1rthur KnIght aI!CO tC aQQrCaCh It In a QIrI-
tua! way thC KIngOCm C!! aQart. hC a!!CgCry tC u that thC
wCr!O OCC nCt hnCtICn QrImarI!y Oy It !aw, It mCra! CrOCr anO
It CCIa! truCturC, Out rathCr Oy thC QIrItua! OaI whICh gIVC a!!
thCC thIng mCanIng, anO QrCtCCt thCm rCm CCrruQtICn. NhCn
wC !CCK at CXItCnCC a CmCthIng C!C!y tC OC CCnQuCrCO (thC way
11thur` KnIght wCnt atCr thC Lra: wC OrIng Cn!y ChaC. LuQ
NatCr ymOChZC rCCCQtIVIty. CVC, anO u!tImatC!y !IC, CannCt OC
CIZCO, Out Cn!y aCCCQtCO.
H LV L H b L L
hC rCVCrCO 1CC away OrIng OIruQtICn. CrC wC CC unhaQQI-
nC, VIC!CnCC, OCtruCtICn thC VCry CCnOItICn aCtCO Cut In thC
bng 1rthur !CgCnO whCn thC LraI! haO !Ct thC KIngOCm. hC
rCVCrCO CarO Can InOICatC ImQ!y thatthC tImC haVC turnCO agaInt
u anO wC Can Cn!y aCCCQt that !IC OrIng QrCO!Cm a wC! a]Cy.
Lr, thC CarO uQIOC OCwn Can ImQ!y that wC CurC!VC OrIng aOCut
Cur unhaQQInC Oy nCt rCCCgn:ZIng what !IC CCr u, CrOy rCaCt-
Ing VIC!Cnt!y whCn what wC nCCO I Cam.
@ 3O7 @
L1T1 T1T1

n many way bwOtd atC thC mOt dIUCut uIt. hC VCty OO]CCt, a
wCaQOn, I_nIHC QaIn, an_Ct, dCttuCtIOn, and It I mOty thCC
CXQCtICnCC that thC bwOtd Ima_C dCQICt. `Ct a wOtd Can aO
ymOOIZC CuttIn_ thtOu_h IuIOn and COmQICatCd QtOOCm
[tCmCmOCt 1CXandCt CuttIn_ thtOu_h thC LOtdIan KnOtj. L1ahad,
thC KnI_ht whO aChICVCd thC Oy LtaI, COud nOt OC_In hI QIt-
Itua QuCt untI hC had tCCCIVCd hI ma_IC wOtd DOm PCtIn, thC
KIn_dOm _uIdC. bImIaty, wC CannOt OC_In Out Own QuCt Ot
mCanIn_ and V1uC In IC untI wC haVC CatnCd tO tCCO_nIZC and
aCCCQt thC ttuth, whatCVCt QaIn It OtIn_.
bwOtd OCOn_ tO thC CCmCnt O 1It, Ot wInd, OtCn CCn a thC
COCt tO 1thCt, Ot bQItIt. hC wOtd `QItIt tCatC dItCCty tO thC
wOtd `OtCath , and InCOtCw thC wOtd Ot `QItItand thC wOtdOt
`wInd atC thC amC.]ut a aIt COntanty mOVC, O thC mInd nCVCt
tCt, twItIn_ and tutnIn_, OmCtImC VIOCnt, OmCtImC Cam, Out
away mOVIn_. 1nyOnC whO ha ttICd tO mCdItatC wD KnOw hOw
QCtItCnty thC mInd mOVC.
LnC QtOOCm COnnCCtCd wIth bwOtd I that O `un_tOundCd
thOu_ht Ot what wC mI_ht CM a `amCtCOmQCX. hC mInd CC
O many IdC tO a ItuatIOn, O many QOIOIItIC, that undCttand-
In_, Ct aOnC aCtIOn, OCCOmC ImQOIOC. CCauC Out CututC ha
away CmQhaIZCd tatIOnaIty, many QCOQC tOday CC thInKIn_ In
_CnCta a thC CauC O a IC QtOOCm. wC]ut tOQ thInKIn_,
thCy tC u, thCn CVCtythIn_ wD wOtK Out a tI_ht. 1VCn I uCh a
@ MM @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : S W O R D S
thIng wCtC QCIOC, thC atCt tC! u It wCu!O nCt OCnCH t u. NC
OC nCt CVCtCCmC thC QtCOCm C an C!CmCnt Oy Oan1hIng It Ct
tCQaCIng It wIth CmCthIng, OuttathCt OyCCmOInIng It wIth CthCt
C!CmCnt. hC aCt I, thC mCtC CCnuCO wC atC thC mCtC wC nCCO
Cut mInO, OCCauC nCthIng C!C Can Ctt Cut thC ttuth. NC nCCO
aC, hCwCVCt, tC CCmOInC 1It wIth NatCt that I, CmCtICn wIth
tCCCQUVIty. NC nCCO aC tC CCmOInC It wIth 1thCt, bQItIt, thC OCCQ
Va!uC gtCunOCO In QItItua/QyChC!CgICa! ttuth that wC CC
CmOCOICO In thC Ct 11Cana. hCn thC QtCO!Cm C11t ChangC
tC thC Nay, wIOCm.
hC mCtC COVICu QtCOCm hCwn In bwCtO I that CCttCw,
QaIn, angCt - thC tCtmy IOC C 1:t. NC CannCt CVCtCCmC thCC
th1ng Oy IgnCtIng thCm, Out wC Can aOO tC bwCtO thC CQtImIm
CNanO, anO wC Can uC CntaCC tC taKC CutC!VC Cut CCut
CmCtICn thtCugh an InVCVCmCnt wIth wCtK, natutC, thC CutIOC
wCtO.
@ 3OU @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
(e}

c
)
F|yure 5J
8l NC
P a maIntaInCr CthC CCIa truCturC thC Jn_ rCQrCCnt authCrI-
ty, QCVCr, anC]uC_CmCnt. C taKC thC mCnta CnCr_y CP1r anC
uC It tC uQhC!C anC ru!C thC VCt!C VIth thC KCCnnC CIhI mInC
anC thC CrCC ChI QCrCnaty. I CrCVn I yC!!CV, thC CC!Cur C
mCnta1 CnCr_, Vh1C hI mant!C I QurQ!C, ICr VICCm. I CaQ, a
@ 3 I O @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : S W O R D S
OutnCuC-IKC hCaC-CtC, I tCC, thC CCCut C aCtICn. hC n_
IntCCCt CCC nCt CXIt Ct IUC!a!CnC, Out tathCt Ct Vhat It Can Je, a
a tCC CauthCtIty. bID1at!y, m VCtC, unJKC that CthC _uCCn C
bVCtO Ct C jutICC, CCC nCt QCInt ttaJ_ht uQ, Ct QutC V1CCm, Out
tathCt tIt !I_hty tC thC tI_ht, thC ICC CaCtICn. hC tCQuItCmCnt tC
aCt uQCn hI _uC_CmCnt tCnC tC CItCtt thC QCVCt C ]uC_CmCnt
ItsC, a aCt VC Can CC IVC CCmQatC thC ItuatICn Can aCaCCmIC
COCtVCt CQC!JCC VJth that CCmCCnC tunnIn_a CCuntty.
PCtCCVCt, thC CmQhaI Cn CCIa-mInCCC `tCaJm may nattCV
hI VICVQCInt tC a VCty !ImItCC matCtIa!Im. NC Can CC hIm In thC
man Ct VCman QtICIn_ hIm Ct hCtCCn tCu_h-mInCCC CCmmCn
CnC, VIth nC tImC Ct ` mytIC mumOC_umOC . buCh QCCQC uu-
a!y I_nCtC hCV muCh CthCIt thInKn_ CCQCnC Cn QtCCCnCCQtICn
anC QtC]uCICC, tathCtthan COCtVatICn C!IC.
CtICC thC tCCmOanCC tC thC 1mQCtCt. NC Can Ca! thC n_
thC 1mQCtCt' tCQtCCntatIVC In thC tCa! VCt!C. NhI!C thC ttumQ
CmOCCIC thC atChCtyQC C CtCCt, !aV, CCICty, thC n_ CbVCtC
maIntaIn thCC QtInCIQC In QtaCtICC.
VC OItC, thC anIma CmOCm C thC bVCtC CCutt CatC, Hy
OChInC thC thtCnC. hC OItC ymOC!IZC thC mnC aOI1Ity tC taKC u
IntC thC hI_h aIt CVICCm, tCmCVCC tCm HCty QaICn, VatCty
CmCtICn, Ct Cattmy matCtIa! CCttuQtICn. hC numOCt tVC, Cn thC
CthCt hanC, ymOC!IZC ChCICC, thC CCntant tCnICn OCtVCCn
aOttaCt thCu_ht anC thC aCtICn that mut OC taKCn In thC VCt!C.
ut I thC OItC ymOC!IZC thC mInC aOIIty tC C!ImO aOCVC thC
VCtC thCy mC ymOCIZC thC tCmCtCnC uCh an attItuCC Can
QtCCuCC. CtICC, that thC n_' thtCnC I CCmIn_!y In thC C!CuC.
IKC thC n_ CNanC, thC bVCtC In_ Can tCnC tCVatC attC-
_anCC, hI QCVCtu! mInC anC VI11 CttIn_ hIm aOCVC thC mCtC CCn-
uCC QCCQ!C atCunC hIm. n CCIm tCtm thC Ima_Cty u__Ct thC
tCnCCnCy C _CVCtnmCnt anC tuCt tC CIVCtCC thCIt _uC_CmCnt
HCm thC tCa! nCCC CQCCQ!C. n mCtC QCtCna1 tCtm, VC CC thC
tCmCtC In_ In mCn Ct VCmCn VhC atC hath, CCC, ]uC_CmCntm.
P a huOanC Ct CVCt, thC Jn_ CbVCtCs CtCn InCICatC a CCmI-
nCCtIn_ Ct CCnttC!In_ QCtCn.
n hI OCt CnC thC n_ C bVCtC CVCKC jutICC, thC CatC
CItCCt!y OCnCath thC 1mQCtCt In thC Pa]Ct PtCana. NhCn hC
CCnnCCts VIth thI ttumQ, thC In_ tanC Ct CCIa1 ]utICC, VIC
@ 3 1 I @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
!aV, anC aOCVC M , a CCmmItmCnt tC IntC!1CCtum hCnCty, anC thC
nCCC tC Qut KnCV!CC_C IntC QtaCtICC. IKCjutICC, anC mCnC CM
thC CCutt CatC, hC tatC CItCCty Cut at u, a matCt CVICCm
CCmQC!1n_ u tC tCCC_nIZC anChC!C tC thC ttuth.
HVH b
HI_ht ICC uQ thC In_ Va!K a nattCV 1nC OCtVCCn CCmmIttCC
IntC!1CCt anC QCVCt Ct It CVn aKC. HCVCtCC, hC tCnC tC a!1 Cn
thC wCn_ICC CthathnC. C I authCtIty CCttuQtCC, ttCn_th uCC
Ct It CVn CnC CQCVCt anC CCmInanCC.
n tCaCIn_, VC mut mVay taKC uCh ttCn_ Ima_Cty IntC CCn-
ICCtatICn hC tCVCtCC In_ [Ct any tCVCtCC CCutt CatC) may Im-
Q!y mCan CmC QCtCn In CICu!ty. n CCnnCCtICn VIth thC _uCCn
Ct thC nI_ht It may mCan a CIUCu!t tC!atICnhIQ Ct a auutC tC
matutC [CC thC CCtICn Cn HCaCIn_ Ct tC!atICnhIQ OCtVCCn
CCutt CatC CthC amC uIt) . y ItC, hCVCVCt, It ymOC!IZC thC
attC_anCC Ca QCVCtm! mInC tutnCC In Cn ItC!, tCCC_nIZIn_ Cn!y
It CVn CCItC Ct CCnttC!.
F|yure 51
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : S W O R D S
0U N
1 thC yIn aQCCt C thC uIt, thC _uCCn C bwCtO ymOChZC
CXQCtICnCC COCth CrtCw anO wIOCm, anO CQCCIa!y thC CCn-
nCCtICn OCtwCCn thCm. aVIng CXQCtICnCCO QaIn (thC CatO CmC-
tImC IgnIHC wIOCwhCCO, anO haVIng aCCO It wIth CCutagC,
aCCCQtanCC, anO hCnCty, hC ha CunO wIOCm.
hC taC! hangIng HCm hCt !Ct wrIt (thC IOC CCXQCtICnCC
tCCmO!C a Cut tCQC (CCmQatC thC1Ight CbwCrO, Q. Z1 V . bhC ha
uCO thC wCtO C hCr IntC!CCt tC CC hCtC! tCm CCnuICn,
OCuOt, anO Car, nCw, athCugh hC Cwn at thC wCtO, hC CQCn
hCt hanO tC It. hCugh C!CuO gathCtatCunO hCt, hCr hCaO tCmaIn
aOCVC thCm In thC C!Car aIt C ttuth. LnC OItO, a ymOC! C thC
QutIty ChCr wIOCm, HIC hIgh aOCVC hCt. Ct wCtO, !IKC that C
jutICC anO thC 1CC, tanO ttaIght uQ.
n thC CnC that QCwCt!C wCmCn wI CtCn uCt HCm thC
aCtICn CmCn, thC CatO tCCt QCCIHCa!y tC wCmCn. n It ChataC-
tCt, It Can tCQtCCnt CmCCnC CCIthCt CX, Ct nCIthCt CttCw nCr
CCutagC atC tCttICtCO Oy gCnOCt.
H LV L H b L L
hC tCVCtCO _uCCn Can InOICatC an CVCtCmQhaI C n CttCw,
CmCCnC whC maKC !:C CCm muCh wCtC than It I Oy IgnCtIng
thC gCCO thIng atCunO hCr. bhC Can aC hCw a ttCng mnO
tutnCO naty, CQCCIa!!y a a tCaCtICn tC QaIn Ct QtCutC Cm
unQ!Caant ItuatICn Ct QCCQ!C. bCmCtImC hC rCQrCCnt a QCtCn
C CtCCu hC Ct hC CXQCCt, nCt ]ut OCmanOs, that CVCtyCnC
atCunO hCt, CVCn hC ItCH, wI! OC what hC want.
NhCn QCCQ!C CQQCC hCt, thC _uCCn tutn maICICu, nattCw
mInOCO, OIgCtCO, anO !IKC thC bng, uC hCt attItuOC tC CtCC hCt
QCtCnaIty Cn thC QCCQ!C atCunO hCr. NhCthCt hC tCQtCCnt an
CXCC CCttCw Ct CgCIm, hC ha !Ct thC rIght IOC uQ CCmmIt-
mCnt tC ttuth.
@ 3 I 4 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
F|yure 55
8Nl CM1
Thc young Kight, vhosc youth makcs him both hccr oIsociaI
rcsponsibiIity than thc King, andIcss tcmpcrcdby cxpcricncc than
thc uccn, ridcs dircctly into thc storm, vaving his svord in his
cagcrncss to ovcrcomc aII dih:cuItics. Hc is bravc, skiIIuI, strong,
yct hc tcnds aIso tovards viIdncss, cvcn Ianatacism. Hc rccognizcs
no Iimits.
^ndycthcoItcndocsnotknovhov to sustamaIongsuuggIc. Hc
cxpccts his cncmics and IiIc's probIcms to IaII undcr his chargc and
cannotso casiIy handIc asituauonthatrcquircsIong,stcadypIoddng.
His cagcrncss suggcsts a ccrtain innoccncc, Iikc a young knight
vho has ncvcr lost a battlc. His bravcry, his skilI, his rcadincss to
chargc aII probIcms, can somctimcs contain a Icar oIIosing that
innoccncc, that strong bcIicIin himscII. Forhc knovs insidc that
hc has yct to Iacc and ovcrcomc IiIc's grcatcr dihcuItics. Thc
oppositc in many vays oIthc Knight oICups, hc dirccts aIl his
cncrgy outvards, hc is pcrhaps ncrvous oI bcing quictIy aIonc
vith himscII.
@ 3 I P @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . S W O R D S
H L V L H b L L
^s vith thc King and uccn his vcakncsscs takc ovcr. Hc is
cxtravagant, carcIcss, cxccssivc. His chargc bccomcs viId, a mistak-
cn rcsponsc to a situation that caIIs Ior a quictcr morc carcIuI
approach.
F|yure 56
PAC
^ much Iightcr card than thc othcr court Svords, thc Pagc rcprc-
scnts a vcry dicrcnt approach to probIcms than thcKnight (noticc
that vhiIc thc King and uccn cmphasizc visdom, thc tvo
'youngcr' cards dcaI vith Svords' morc immcdiatc quaIity oI
conict) . Pathcr than chargc thcm hc finds it sumcicnt to simpIy
gct abovc thcm, to nd thc high ground. Instcad oIsoIving con-
cts ormccting opposition hc dctachcs himscII.
IIthc situation is onc that calIs Ior such an casygoing approach
thcn thc Pagc's unattachcd attitudc isvcry bcncciaI. ut iIa morc
dimcult probIcm is invoIvcd, thcn thc Pagc's practicc bccomcs hard
to maintain. It rcquircs 'vigiIancc' to usc Vaitc`s tcrm, making surc
that pcopIc or situations do not gct too closc. Nuch oIthc Pagc's
cncrgy gocs to Iooking ovcr his shouldcr. ^s a somcvhat agcd
@ 3 I @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
studcnt, Hamct cmbodicd thc Pagc's attitudc oIobscrvation and
irony. His situation, hovcvcr, caIIcdIor thc aggrcssivc approach oI
thc Kght.
ccausc oIhis dctachcd guaIity thc Pagc can somcumcs induIgc
himscIIinspying on pcopIc, cithcrIitcrIy, orgurativcIy, asanatti-
tudc toIiIc. In othcrvords, hcmayIook on human IiIc as a kind oI
curious spcctacIc in vhich hc himscIIdocs not cxpcct to takc part.
H L V L H b LL
Hcrc vc scc thc ccctoIthcPagc's ooIattitudc in a situation that
rcquircs morc Iorcc. Thc vigiIancc turns to paranoia, cvcryonc
appcars to bc an cncmy. Vhat bcgan as a IccIing oI' I' mabovc
that, I don't nccd to conccrn myscIIvith that,' bccomcs an obscs-
sion vith probIcms and a sccming inabiIity to do anything about
thcm. Such IccIings oI vcakncss arc cndcmc to Svords, thcy
rcquirc Vands Ior couragc and optimsm.
F|yute 57
1N
FromthcbIucskics oIthc courtcard to thc bIackgIoom oIthcTcn
and linc. ]ust as thc Tcn oICups shovcdjoy ovcrovng, so thc
@ 3 I O @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . S W O R D S
Tcn oISvords IiIls us vith pain. Ocspitc thc cxtrcmc picturc thc
card docs not rcprcscnt dcath, or cvcn cspcciaIIy vioIcncc. Itsigni-
cs morc oIa rcaction to probIcms than thc probIcms thcmscIvcs.
It takcs onIy onc svord to } somconc. Thc tcn svords in thc
mans body, cvcnincIudingoncin his car, suggcst hystcria, and thc
adolcsccnt attitudc that 'no onc has cvcrsucrcd so much as mc',
` myIiIc isovcr` , andso on. loticc thatincontrast tothclincthc
sky cIcars in thc distancc, thc black cIouds givc vay to sunshinc,
and that incontrast to thc Fivc or thc Tvo, thc vatcrIics pIacidIy.
Thc situation is not so bad as it Iooks.
H LV L H b L L
Turn this card round and vc can imaginc thc svords IaILng out oI
his back. Vaitc dcscribcs itas succcss and advantagc butnotpcrma-
ncnt. Thcsc idcassuggcstthatvhcn a situauon changcs, thc pmb-
Icmsmaygo avay Ior thc momcnt. Hovcvcr, thc pcrsonmustnov
takc advantagc oIthis rcIicIby makng a rcaI changc in hcr or his
condition - cithcr practicaI ormcnt, dcpcndingonthc nccd - so
that thc situation viII not rcvcrt to vhat it vas. Thc card bcars a
rcIationship to thcTcn oIVands rcvcrscd, vhcrcvcsavthc dangcr
oIpicking up thc sticks again oncc thc situauon has caImcd dovn.
F|yure 58
@ 3 I 7 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
N l N
Thc imagc oIdccpcst sorrov, oIutmost mcntaI pain. Vhcrc thc
uccn Irccs hcrscII by turning sorrov into visdom, and thc
Thrcc suggcsts thc caIm oI acccptancc, thc linc shovs thc
momcnt oIagony, oIdissoIution. Thc Svords do not stick in hcr
back, but hang in thc bIack air abovc hcr. Vcry oItcn thc linc
rcIcrs not to somcthing happcning dircctIy to us, but rathcr to
somconc vc lovc.
Lovc, in Iact, Iills thc card and givcs it its mcaning. Thc bIankct
dcsign shovs roscs, symboI oIpassion, aItcrnating vith thc signs oI
thc zodiac. In thc card`s dccpcst scnsc itshovs a mnd that takcs on
itscII thc sorrovs oIthc vorId, thc Lamcd Vav, or]ust Nan, oI
]cvsh Icgcnd.
Can vc scc a vay out oIsuch drcadIuI pain oth uddha and
Christ picturcd thc vorId as a pIacc oIuncnding sorrov, yct both
aIso said that tragcdy rcmains alvays a htruth, that thc univcrsc
sccn as a vhoIc brings joy and pcacc. ^nd lictzschc vrotc oI
cmbracingcxistcncc so compIctcIy, vithsuchtotaIccstatic honcsty,
that vc vouId gIadIy rcpcat, cndlcssIy, cvcry momcnt oIour Iivcs,
vhatcvcr thc pain.
H L VL H b L L
For thc linc rcvcrscd Vaitc givcs onc oI his most suggcstivc
IormuIas. ' Imprisonmcnt, suspicion, doubt, rcasonabIc Icar, and
shamc` . Thcvords dcIincatc a statc oImind orrathcra progrcssion
oIstatcs that rcsuIt vhcn pcopIc rctrcat into thcmscIvcs Irom somc
probIcm thcy do notdarc to conhont.
As vith thc card right sidc up, thc rcvcrscd card dcaIs vith our
rcaction to somcthing outsidc ourscIvcs, but hcrc it is opprcssion
rathcr than tragcdy. Thc kcy tcrm is ' rcasonabIc Icar`, vhich can
rcIcr to, say, politicalopprcssion - as oIracial orscxuaI minoritics,
or sociaI opprcssion - a Iccling oIbcing a scapcgoat bccausc oI
appcarancc, spccch, ctc. , or simpIy thc pcrsonal opprcssion oI a
domnccring IamiIy or partncr. Thc important thing is that thc
probIcmis rc, butbccauscvc cannot dircctIy attack it, vc tcndto
hidc in ourscIvcs, kccpingin our angcr and rcscntmcnt.
@ R I @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : S W O R D S
^ngcr turncd in on itscII bccomcs dcprcssion and Irom thcrc
suspicion. Thc pcrson vho vas Iaughcd at as a chiId Ior hcr big
nosc thinks that cvcryonc is Iooking at hcr. Thc bIack pcrson
bclicvcs that any compIaint at vork is a raciaI sIur. ^nd suspicion
casilyIcadsto sclI-doubtandshamc. CItcn it docs notcvcnhcIp,at
Icast not compIctcIy, iIvc rationally knov thatvc havc no rcason
to IccI ashamcd, that in Iact thosc vho havc ridicuIcdoropprcsscd
usshouIdIccI thc shamc. LnIcssthcopprcsscdscII-doubtingpcrson
takcs action, cxprcsscs hcr or his angcr, makcsrcaI changcs in hcr
orms IiIc, thc dccp hiddcn shamc vilI rcmain.
F|yure 5
| C M1
From thc linc rcvcrscd vc movc to an cvcn cIcarcr imagc oI
opprcssion. Vc scc a pcrson ticd up, surroundcd by svords vith a
castlc - symboI oIauthority - bchind hcr, shc stands in thc mud,
an imagc oI humliation and shamc. loticc, hovcvcr, that thc
svords do notactually Icncchcrin, andthcropcsdo notgo around
hcr Icgs, vhiIc thc pcopIc vho havc ticd hcr up do not appcar at
in thc card. In short, nothingprcvcnts hcr IromjustIcaving.
Thc cIuc to this card is thc blindIoId symbolizing conIusion,
opprcssivc idcas, isolation Irom othcr pcopIc in simiIar situations,
@ R I U @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
vhat poIiticaI Iberationists cah 'mystihcation` - keeping peopIe
dovnnotbydiect force, butbytraining them to beIieve in their
ovn heIpIessness. In thatremakabIe vay theTarothas ofsununng
upacompIexsituauon thecardcanmoststandasadiagranofthe
oppressedcondiuon.
naverydm erentIeveI theight ofSvords acu as a Cate to a
speciaI avaeness.Byidenmgvthitve gnasenseofourovn
igorant condiuon, something vhich manypeopIe vih inteIIectu-
ahyrecogise pmadox ofpaadoxes) butnotreahy accept. Because
ve Iive such Iives, boundedby our physicaI needs, the Iimitauons
ofoursenses, andthe conditioningofIanguage mdcuIture, ve can
knov reaIityonIythrough mters.Vithouten!ightenment, orvhat
someSuhsandotherscHI ' consciousevoIuuon`, ve canneverre-
IyknovourseIvesorthevorId,canneversay 'Thsisthetruth, this
is the vay things rea!Iy are` . Recognition ofignorance is the hrst
andoftenthehardest) step to uueknovIedge.
H LV L H b LL
Freedom begins vhen ve thov oEour bIindfoIds, vhen ve see
cIearIy hovvehave arived invhatever situation ve ae in,vhat
ve have done, vhat others have done parucuIarIy those vho have
boundus, but aIso othersin simIarsituations) , and vhat ve cando
aboutit nov. The reversedight means, in gener, !iberauonhom
someoppressivesituation,prmariIyitrefersto the hrst step ofsuch
Iberation, thatis seeingthings as cIeany as possibIe.
@ 33O @
T H E M I N O R A R C A N A : S WO R O S
F|yure 60
5 VN
The theme ofstruggIe continues. Here ve see an image oftakg
acuon againstprobIems. Someumes the crd meanssimpIy a daring
act, even a coup thattesthe stingoutofopposiuon. More often,
itstandforan impuIsive actvhena caremI pIr is required.
Thepictureshovs us someonegrinmngashemakes oEvithms
enemy's veapons. He has not attacked the camp, he cannot even
carry I the svords. The cardimpIesschemes and actions that do
notsoIveanything. lot2 obvious,butsometimesmore important,
is the sense ofisoIation invoIved. He is acting aIone, unabIe or
unw g to getanyone's heIp.
Coinga step mrther, ths card can indcate crness, but vith
the av ofhabituaIIy hiding, often for no reaI reason, one`s uue
pIrs orintentions.
H L V L H b L
The isoIation turns around to become comnunication,i nparticu-
Imseekg advce onvhatto do about one'sprobIems. Va!uabIe 2
the specihc instructions can be, just as important is the person's
@ 33 I @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
rcadincss to Iistcn and to scck hcIp. Thc card can somctimcs rcIcr
to thc ec| oInding hcIp, such as consuIting a rcadcr or a thcrapist
orsimpIyhicnds.
Likc aII cIsc thc vaIuc oIthc imagc dcpcnds on contcxt. Vcrc
scII-rcIiancc is rcquircd thc Scvcn oISvords rcvcrscd can impIy an
ovcrdcpcndcncc on othcrs tcIIing us vhat to do. Vhcn thc card
rcvcrscd appcars in opposition to thc FooI orthc Hangcd Nan, vc
must Iook to thc othcr cards to dctcrminc vhich coursc - indc-
pcndcncc orscckingadvicc- viII producc thc bcstrcsuIts.
Fgute 6I
5 l X
^ strangc and povcnuI imagc, this card morc than any othcr
iIIustratcs hovPamcla Smith's imagcs rcach bcyond ^rthur Vaitc's
IormuIas. Te P|c|ot|e| Key says `journcyby vatcr, routc, vay, cxpc-
dicnt'. ut thc picturc oIa IcrryboatattviIight, carryingshroudcd
gurcs to a voodcd isIc, suggcsts a morc spirituaI journcy - in
myth, Charon carrying thc dcad across thc Pivcr Spx. ^ grcat
siIcncc IIs this card, Iikc thc siIcncc oISvador OaIi's paintings.
LsuaIIy this card docs not signi dcath, though it can indicatc
mourning, nor docs itshov transIormation, in thc scnsc oIOcath
in thc Najor ^rcana. Pathcr it dcpicts a quict passagc through a
@ 333 @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . S W O R D S
dimcult timc. Vaitc says, 'Thc lrcight is light` , and dcn Gray
vritcs, `Thc svords do not vcigh dovn thc boat` . Though vc
carry our troublcs vith us vc havc adaptcd to thcm, thcy vill not
sink us orbcarus dovn. Cn a simpIcIcvcI it mcans mnctioningin
somc dimcuIt situationvithoutattackingthcprobIcms. Itcan rclcr
to an immcdiatc problcm or a situationthathas gonc on lor ycars.
!ooking dccpcr vc scc thc imagc ola Iong sorrov- mourning is
an cxampIc, but not thc onIy onc - vhich a pcrson has lcIt lor so
Iongthat it no longcr givcs pain, but has bccomc part olIilc.
Thcrc is anothcr, Icss disturbing mcaning - that ol a quict
passagc, physicaIIy [ccrtainIy thc IitcraI mcaning olajourncy must
notbclorgottcn) orspiritualIy, a timcolcasytransition. loticc thc
lcrryman's bIack poIc. Iack indicatcs potcntiaIity, vhcrc nothing
nal has happcncd, alI things rcmain possibIc. y staying caIm vc
vastc ncithcr cncrgy nor opportunity.
Thc Six ol Svords is a Gatc. Looking at it vith scnsitivity and
thcn cntcringthc picturcvuIproducc hrst a quicting ccct onthc
mind and thcn latcr, slovIy, a scnsc olmovcmcnt vithin thc scIf
H LV L H b L L
Sccn in onc vay thc balancc and pcacc bccomc disturbcd, thc
passagc is no Iongcr scrcnc lor thc vatcr, symboI ol cmotion,
bccomcs stirrcdup. So thc rcvcrscd card cansuggcst a stormyjour-
ncy, physicaIIy orspirituaIIy. It can rclcraIso to thc idcathatvhcn
vctryto attacksomc IongstandingprobIcm, cspcciaIly onc acccpt-
cd by cvcryonc cIsc, vc agitatc thc situation. ^s onc cxampIc, an
unsatisingoropprcssivc rcIationship cangoquictly aIonglorycars
until onc olthc mcmbcrs dccidcs to do somcthing about it. To try
to rcmovc thcsvordslrom thc boat can sink it, lor thcsvords, altcr
aII, arcpIugging up thc hoIcs.
In anothcr vay, thc Six rcvcrscd can shov commumcation,
rcminding us that right sidc up thc pcopIc maintain thcir compo-
surc by not spcaking or Iooking at cach othcr. Ilthc svords sym-
boIizc unhappy mcmorics and thc silcncc is a dclcncc thcn
comunication canbcpainluI. ItcanaIsobcgin hcaIing.
@ 334 @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
Fgure 6Z
| | V
LnC CthC mCt CICu!t CatC, anC CnC CthC tCaCn Vhy CmC
QCCQ!CH nCthCHCCtQaCKtCC nC_auVC. PDCyCtItmIttCt a tCa It-
uauCn that mCt QCCQ!C w CCtICnCC at CmC umC In thCu !IVC.
A thC IVC hCVCCnHICt Ct !C. bVCtC Catty th1 ICCa tC thC
CXttCmC CCCCat. bCmCtImC thCmCan1n_CthC CatCV1!CCu Cn
thC!at_CH_utC In thC CtC_tCunC thC VICtCt. PCtC CCmmCn!y VC
ICCntVIth thC tVC tI_utC tutnCC aVay. hCyhaVC!Ct CmC Oat-
tC anC nCV thC VhC!C VCtC OCat CCVn Cn thCm thC VatCt
ChCQQy, thC Ky]a__CC. ^ CnC Chum111atICn 2 VC! a VCaKnC
_CC V1th thCIt CCCat.
hC Ima_C Can CnCmy Can tCCt tC a tCa1 QCtCn, tC an CVCta1!
ItuatICn Ct tC an InDCt CC!In_ CInaCCQuaCy. LnCC I dC a tCadn_
Ct tVC QCCQ!C VhC haC uHCtCC at thC hanC C a CItutOCC anC
VCn_Ch OC, anC VhC nCV VantCC tC KnCV IthCy hCu1C OtIn_
h1m tC CCutt. hCy CCCICCC a_aInt It VhCn thC IVC C bVCtC
InCICatCC thCy VCuC CC. atCt tVC CthCt QCCQ!C CIC uC thC man
Ct thC amC KInC CmICCnCuCt. hCy !Ct thC CaC.
@ 33R @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : S W O R D S
H LV L H b L L
ThepainmI quahtyremains, though the emphiismaysh. Vhere
right side up indicates the moment ofdefeat, reversed extends ths
to the despair feIt afterards. It is a dicuIt state to overcome,
thoughother inuences, particuIarIy those symboIized by Vand,
may heIp.
Svordsare more pessimsticthananycardsintheMajorAcana.
TakenaIone, noMinorsuitcanshovthe truebaIance ofIIe. They
break experience into parts and therefore distort and exaggerate.
^ excessofSvordscardsneedsmorethanmyothersuittobebaI-
anced vith experiences andattitudeshomthe othersuits eIemenu.
F|yure 6J
| 0UR
Fours reIate to stabiIization, for the unhappy Svords tms transIates
as rest or even just retreat. The image shovs not death but
vithdravaI. PeopIe sometimes respond to dicuIties by isoIating
themseIves,IiteralIyhidingintheirhouses, orsimpIyatteningtheir
emouonaI reactions to hide inside themseIves. Tms card once
appeared in a reading for a man accustomed to dealing forcemhy
vith everyone around him. The card shoved him that vhen his
@ RR @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
aggrcssivcncss IaiIcd, or vhcn his condcnt mask grcv too hcavy
Ior him, hc hid Irom thc vorId rathcr than shov his othcr sidc or
b to vork vith othcr pcoplc.
Vithdrav, hovcvcr, can so Icad to hcing, iIthc purposc is
not to hidc but to rccoup strcngth. Thc card can mcan hoIding
backIrom afightuntiIthcrcis a bcttcrchancc oIvinning. SimiIar-
Iy, by vithdraving Ior a timc aItcr somc dccp hurt a pcrson givcs
him or hcrscIIa chancc to rccovcr.
loticc that thc knight lics in a church, and that thc vindov
shovs Christgivinga hcingbIcssingto a supplicant. Thcimagcry
suggcsts thc FishcrKingoIthc GrailIcgcnd, vhoscphysicaIvound
mirrorcd thc spiritual sickncss oI thc kingdom. Thc picturc also
rccalls Slccping cauty. oth thcsc gurcs nccdcd outsidcrs to
avakcn thcm. Thc King Iay m untiI GaIahad brought thc GraiI's
bIcssing, and thc princcss, symboI oI a ncurotic Icar oI liIc,
rcmaincd aslccp untiI thc princc, rcmsing to bc stoppcd by thc
Icncc oIthorns (thc ncurotic vilI usc thc Iorcc oIhcr or his pcr-
sonality to sctup barricrs againstothcrpcopIc),rouscdhcrthrough
scxuaI IIc-cncrgy (in thc Oisncy vcrsion hc kisscs hcr, in IoIk taIcs
hc has intcrcoursc vith hcr) . VithdravaI, cvcn Ior thc purposc oI
rccovcry, can shut a pcrson oIrom thc vorId, crcating a kind oI
spcIl omy outsidc cncrgy can brcak.
H L VL H b L
Pcvcrscd this card shovs a rcturn to thc vorld. Vhcthcr this
comcs about quictIy or dramaticaIIy dcpcnds on thc situation.
Somctimcs thc card rcIcrs to caution, as iI thc knight cmcrgcs
carcIuIIy Irom his sanctuary. ^t othcr timcs thc Four rcvcrscd can
rcprcscnt othcrpcoplcpcrccivingandbrcakingthroughthc Icncc-
thc princc coming aItcr SIccping cauty.
@ RRO @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : S W O R D S
F|ym 61
1M R
Thc GoIdcn Oavn titIc Ior tms card is ` Sorrov' . CI thc Svords,
thc Thrcc most simply rcprcscnts pain and hcartbrcak. Yct, Ior its
gloom, thc picturc brings a ccrtain caIm in thc symmctry oI its
svords. To truc sorrov vc can makc omy onc rcsponsc - takc thc
paininto ourhcarts, acccptitandgobcyondit. Thclincraiscdthc
qucstion oIhov to continuc aItcr a grcatanguish. Thc Thrcc tcIIs
us thatvc must not push thc pain avay hom us, but somchov takc
it dccp insidc untiI itbccomcs transIormcd by couragc and Iovc.
Cncc, in a rcading Ior myscII, aItcr a dcath in my IamiIy, thc
Thrcc oISvords camc up crosscd by thc Thrcc oICups. ^t rst I
thought this mcant scttingjoy and Iricndship against sorrov. Tvo
cards oIthc samc numbcr, hovcvcr, oItcn mcan a transIormation.
^nd thc crossingcard oItcn cmcrgcs Irom thc first in somc vay.
Lookng dccpcr into thc rcading, sav thc tvo as conncctcd, not
opposcd.^cccptanccandlovc canturnpainintojoyIul mcmory, an
cmbracing oIIiIc.
@ 337 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W I S O O M
H LVLHDL
Thc hcngproccss bccomcs bIockcdvhcnvc ght acccptancc. Il
somcthinginIilc appcars toopaimlvcmay pushit avay, try not
to think about it, andavoid any rcmindcrs. Such an attitudc kccps
thcpainlorcvcrvithus, andinlactincrcascsitshoId. Vaitc vritcs.
' mcntaI alicnation ... disordcr, conlusion' . ^ rcading oncc lor a
voman shovcd grcat potcntiaI lor dcvcIopmcnt in many arcas, yct
thc outcomc appcarcd vcry mcdiocrc, vcak. In thc position ol
background Iay thc Thrcc olSvords rcvcrscd. arIicr thc voman
had spokcn olthc vays in vhich shc had ncvcrgot ovcrthc dcath
olhcrlathcr.
J
(e}

F|yure 65
1w0
Cncmcthod olhandLngprobIcms oroppositioni stopush cvcry-
thing avay bcyond an cmotion lcncc. Ilvc Ict nothing approach
us, thcnnothingcanhurtus. Incontrast to thcight, thc bIindlold
hcrc shovsnot conlusion, but a dclibcratc cIosingolthc cycs. Thc
f:gurc has ticd it on hcrscllso that shc viIl not havc to choosc
bctvccn lricnd and cncmy, lor such choicc bccomcs thc rst stcp
@ 33 @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . S W O R D S
U oncc again invoIving hcrscII vith othcr pcoplc. Thc svords
rcmain rcady to strikc anyonc vho trics to comc cIosc. Jhcy rcp-
rcscnt angcr and Icar crcating a prccarious baIancc, thc onc vants
to strikc out, thc othcr vants to hidc, and so thc pcrson rcmains
tcnscdbctvccn thcm.
loticc, hovcvcr, thc ccctthisposturc has onthcvoman First
oIaII, thc crosscd arms closc ohcrhcart. Thc imagcry oIbIockcd
cmotions continucs in thc vay thcgrcydrcsssccms to mcrgc into
thc stonc scat. ^t thc samc timc thc hcavy svords raisc thc ccntrc
oIgravity Irom thc soIar pIcxus to thc chcst. Vhcn a pcrson hoIds
in cmotions thc brcathing bccomcs shaIIovcr, thc body bccomcs
rigid. ParadoxicaIIy, thc attcmpt to stop cmotion makcs a pcrson
morc cmotionaI, as shc or hc thinks andacts not Irom thc ccntrc
but hom thc constrictcd chcst, sccing not thc vorId, but hcr ovn
imagc bchind thc bIindIoId.
Comparc thc Tvo oISvords to thc High Pricstcss, numbcrZ, in
thc Najor ^rcana. Thcy sit in similar posturcs, but vhcrc thc
Pricstcss appcars rclaxcd, tcnsion coats thc Jvo oISvords. ^ vcil
scparatcs thc Pricstcss Irom thc vatcrs oIthc unconscious hiddcn
bchnd hcr, no vciI protccts thc blindIoIdcd voman Irom hcr
disturbcd pooI oIcmotions. ^nd yct that shaIIov pooI is not thc
samcvatcras thatbchindthcPricstcss.
Thc vcight oIthc svords makcs it casy Ior thc voman to bc
tippcd ovcr into thc choppy vatcrs. ccausc it makcs us conccn-
tratc on thc cmotions, a dcIcnsivc attitudcmakcsusmorcproncto
outbursts, to angcrand hystcria. Vc also might comparc thc Tvo
oI Svords to )usticc, vhosc numbcr, I 1 , rcduccs to Z. )usticc
carrics onc Svord, Ior a sharp mind, but shc vcars no bIindIoId,
prcIcrringabsoIutc honcsty.
H LV L H b L L
Jhc balancc is Iost - or givcn up. ithcr thc pcrson bccomcs
knockcd ovcrbypcoplc orproblcms charginghcrdcIcnccs, orcIsc
thc bIindIoId is givcn up Ior thc purposc oIcithcr sccing truth or
communicating. Thc Iattcrcxpcricncc can provc vcry cmotionaI,
cvcn shattcring iI thc pcrson docs not rcccivc hcIp Irom outsidc.
@ 33U @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
F|yure 66
PLL
ThcnaI (f:rst) Svord cardrcturnsus to thc truc csscnccoI thcsuit
- intcIlcct. Pointing straight up Ior truc pcrccption, thc svord
picrccs thc crovn oIthc matcriaI vorld. Visdom Icads us bcyond
ilIusions and limitations to thc spirituaI truth containcd vithin IiIc.
Nany oIthcSvords cards sucr Irom thciIIusionthatIiIc contains
onIy sorrov and pain. Thc mountains symboIizc 'abstract truth',
objcctivc Iacts oIcxistcncc, indcpcndcnt oIpcrsonaIvicvpoint and
cxpcricncc. Thc Nor ^rcana dcpicts this truth Ior us, morc than
any othcr Ninor card thc ^cc oISvords rcachcs through to thc
fIth cIcmcnt. Hovcvcr, intcIIcct aIonc, divorccd Irom intuition,
viII onlyIcad to morciIlusion. Vc nccd thc ^cc oICups, that is,
lovc, tof:ndthctruth,yctonIy intclIcct can takc usbcyondimc-
diatc cxpcricncc.
Nany pcopIc maintain that onIy our cmotions cxprcss thc rcaI
us, that cmotionaI rcactions aIonc viII Icad us to thc truth. CItcn,
hovcvcr, cmotionsarccxaggcratcd, cgotistic, orscII-induIgcnt. ut
ncithcr viII intcIIcct aIonc bring rcaI avarcncss. oth truth and
avarcncss must comc Irom a dccpcr IcvcI oIspirituaI vaIucs and
cxpcricncc. ^nd so thc hands comc Irom cIouds, Icading us back
to Spirit.
@ 34O @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : S W O R O S
Thc symbolism oItruth hoIds Ior mundanc cxpcricnccs as vclI.
In conIusing, cmotional, or opprcssivc situations, thc mind can
picrcc thc Iog and knots to givc a clcar undcrstanding oIthc rcal
Iacts. Truth cxprcsscs thc ^cc in its mostvaluabIc Iorm. Cn anoth-
cr lcvcI thc card signics simpIy cmotionaI Iorcc, both Iovc and
hatc, in cxtrcmc Iorms. loticc thc tight grip. Thc cmotions, too,
arc a giIt, cnabling us to cxpcricncc IiIc intcnscIy, but thcy aIvays
rcmain hard to hoId and hardcr stilI to dircct. For pcopIc vho havc
sucrcdabusc oIsomc kind, Iocusingonthc ^cc oISvords can act
as a vay oIbringingto thcsurfacc rcprcsscd angcr.
H LV L H b L
Thc grip IaiIs, bringing iIIusion, conIuscd idcas and IccIings, ovcr-
povcringcmotions. Thc morc vioIcnt IccLngs ovcrcomc thcbcncv-
oIcnt oncs. Vithouta cIcarscnsc oIrcaIity, thc mindcanIalIprcyto
mstakcs crcatcdby cmotion. Problcms bccomc cxaggcratcd, cvcry-
thing, incIuding attractions, appcars to bc morc important than it
actuaIIy is. In such situations, thc ^cc oISvord rcvcrscd tcBs us to
takc hoId oIourscIvcs andtry to nd a baIanccd scnsc oIrcty.
@ 34 I @
L H A I T L K T L N
PENTACLES
ur cuIture has a Iong history oFdespising the physicaI vorId. Ve
see Adam's creation out oFcIay as a humiIiation - 'ashes to ashes,
dust to dust' . Ve insuIt peopIe by ' treating them Iike dirt'. mo-
tionsandabstractthoughtsareseenas'higher'thananythingvhich
actuaIIy exists. And yet,just as a painting is the end resuIt oFan
artist's conception, so ve can see the mortaI vorId as the product
oFCod's creative Force. For us, creation means the vorId oFour
senses. HoveverFarve maytraveI inspiritualmeditations ve must
begin andreturn here - orloseourselvesinthe process.
A Famous KabbaIistic tale iIIustrates this need For ' grounding' .
Through study and meditation Four rabbis entered Paradise. Rabbi
Ben Azai experienced such ecstasy that he FeII dead on the spot.
Rabbi Ben Zoma, overheImedbythe ood oFexperience, vent
mad. RabbiBenAbuyshsavvhatIookedliketvo Cods, a contra-
diction oFthe basic tenet or monotheism, and thereby became an
apostate. nIy Rabbi Akiba entered and leFt in peace. Ve can
expIain this story in terms oFTarot symboIism. Rabbi Ben Azai
vent too Far in the direction oFFire and so burned himselout.
Rabbi Ben Zoma alIoved his emotions Vater) to overcome his
reason. RabbiBenAbuysh, overbaIancedvith Svords energy, took
both vhat he sav and vhat he read in the Scriptures too IiteralIy.
Rabbi Akiba, abIe to baIance the other eIements in arth, under-
stood his experience in the true vay.
@ 343 @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . P E N T A C L E S
Inits carIicr IormoICoins, Pcntaclcs stood primarily Ior matc-
riaIism in thc narrov scnsc oImoncy and vork. Vc still scc thcsc
important quaIitics in thc Pidcr pack, and indccd PcntacIcs carry
thcprobIcmoIbccomingso involvcdviththcsc things thatvcIor-
gctanythingcIsc cxists - thc rcvcrsc, in avay, oIPabbi^kiba. Thc
Pidcr pack, hovcvcr, adds thc grcatcr dimcnsion oInaturc to thc
Iourthsuit. Vc groundourscIvcs notjust in ourvork but in a Iovc
Ior thc vorId around us.
^s a magicaI sign, Pcntaclcs symboIizc thc 'magic' oIordinary
crcation. Takcn simply this mcans thc bcauty oInaturc, thcjoy oI
satising vork. Thc symboIsm, hovcvcr, carrics a dccpcr mcan-
ing, hntcdatin thc storyoIPabbi^kiba. Thcmystic ormagician
docs not simpIy ground thc sclIin a ncgativc vay, usingthc vorId
as thc oppositc oIspiritu cxpcricncc. Pathcr, thc naturaI vorId,
bccausc it carrics a rmcr rcity than thc othcr cIcmcnts, bccausc
it docs not Icad so casiIy to conIusion or misconccption orilI usc,
opcns thc vay to morcmystic cxpcricncc.
Thc vcry mundancncss oIday-to-day liIc cnsurcs, by a kind oI
Iav oIrcciprocity, thatsuchthingsposscss a grcatcr'magic' than thc
morc immcdiatc attractions oI thc othcr cIcmcnts. Vc cannot
undcrstandthisparadox immcdiatcly. Vc nccdtopondcrandcxpc-
ricncc it. Tvo Iacts aboutPcntacIcs/arthviIIhintatits truc vuc.
First, in a study oI rcIigious Icadcrs ancicnt and modcrn, thc
astroIogcrPonnic Orcycrhas Iound that arth signs prcdominatc
throughout thcir charts. Sccond, Pcntaclcs contains morc Gatc
cards thananyothcrsuit.
@ 344 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
(e}

Fgure 67
8l NC
The mundaneness of PentacIes goes very velI vith the sociaI
responsibiIity ofthe King, vho presents to us the very image of
the successfuIbusiness orprofessionaI man. The casuaIvay he sits
on his throne, the fond vay he Iooks at his pentacIe - here
the symboI ofhis capabiIities and his achievements - shov him
satised vith Iife. He is generous, even courageous, though not
especiaIIy given to adventure. TheroIe ofKingdoesnot frustrate
him as it does the Kings ofVands and Cups. Perhaps at an earIi-
er stage ofhis Iife and career he might have suered from impa-
tience or doubt. lov his success has justihed his Iife, aIloving
him to reIax and enjoy it.
njoying life means a cIoseness to nature as veII. Though his
castIe - symboI ofhis dominantpIace insociety - risesintheback-
ground, he sits in his garden, vith overs on his crovn, and vith
grapes - symboI oflife's sveetness - decorating his robe. The very
Ieaves and overs seem to merge vith his robe, just as the vater
oved into the Queen ofCups' dress. Life is good to him and he
means to enjoyit.
@ 34R @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . P E N T A C L E S
A Tarot rcading oncc produccd thc FooI crosscd by thc Kng of
PcntacIcs (thc tvo cardsgrcatlyrcscmblc cach othcrin thcir coIour
schcmcs) . Thc conjunctionforms a nccxampIcofvhatI caIIvcr-
tical and horizontaI timc, that is, thc inncr and outcr vorIds. Thc
KngsymboIizcsordinaryactivity, accompIshmcnts, sociaIposition,
succcss, vmc thc FooI stands for thc inncr spirituaI frccdom that
aIIovs a pcrsonto cnjoy thcsc things and buiId upon thcm vithout
gctting trappcd in a narrov matcriaIist vicv. Considcr tvo pcoplc
vith thc samc outcr vorlds - both succcssfuI, rcspcctcd, vcaIthy,
yct invardIy onc may bc tcnsc, or frustratcd, or afraid, vhiIc thc
othcr rcmainsjoymI and at pcacc.
Ifvc scc thc FooI as thc bcginning ofthc Najor ^rcana, thc
KingofPcntaclcsas thcnaI card ofthcNinor, thcnthc tvo stand
at oppositc cnds ofthc Tarot. utthispoIarityhoIds truc onIyifvc
scc thc cards in aIinc. Ifvccnvisionthcmina circIc, thcn thc FooI
and thc KngofPcntacIcs bccomcjoincd togcthcr.
H L V L H b LL
Thc King i s mcant for succcss. Pcvcrsing him suggcsts failurc or
simpIy mcdiocrity. Thc Iack of mIf:Imcnt brings dissatisfaction,
fcclngs ofvcakncss, and doubt. Takcnanothcrvay vccansccthc
upsidcdovnKngassymboIzingthcidca ofsucccss corruptcd, thc
imagc ofa man or avomanvho viIl uscanymcans to achcvc his
orhcr goaIs.
Ifvc dcscribc thc King ofPcntacIcs as somconc vho nccds a
vital conncction vith naturc (and not cvcryonc docs, dcspitc con-
tcmporary assumptions) , thc Kng rcvcrscd stands for thc statc of
bcingcutohomthatrcjuvcnatingov. Hcrc too thcbrcakrcsuIts
indissatisfaction, vcakncss, cvcn psychic dangcr.
@ R4 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
(e}

F|yure 68
0U N
NhCtC thC 1ng It OCCtC a CatC thC _uCCn thtCnC tanO
CntItCy In a HCO, amCO Oy tCC. NhCtC thC Ing ImQ!y g!anCC
athI CntaC!C, thC _uCCn hC!OhCt In OCth hanO, IntCnC!y awatC
C thC magIC In natutC anO thC ttCngth hC OCtIVC tCm It. PCtC
than any CthCt PInCt CatO hC tCQtCCnt a !CVC Ct anO unIty wIth
thC wCtO. hC taOOIt In thC !CwCt tIght-hanO CCtnCt tanO nCt
Cn!y Ct CXua! CttI!1ty, OutaC Ct thC QItItua tuItu!DC Ca 1C
that ha CunO It Cwn thythm In thC wCt!O atCunO It.
Ct Qua1tIC, a wC!! a thC CXua! ymOC!Im, tC!atC hCt tC thC
QattCn CCntaCC, thC 1mQtC. 1t thC amC tImC, a a PInCt
)gutC hC CattIC a Qua!Ity !aCK1ng In thC atChCtyQa! ttumQ C
QaICn. C!1-awatCnC. 5hC KnCw anO OC!ICVC In hCtC!, anO In
thC magIC ChCt!IC. n tCaOIng, t Qua!Ity CC!-ttutwIL CtCn
QtCVC thC mCt ImQCttant.
thC Ing tanO OCIOC thC CC thCn thC _uCCn OC!Cng
wIth thC PagICIan. IKC hIm hC wCat a tCO tCOC CVCt a whItC
hItt, !CaVC anO hCwCt tamC OCth C thCm, a yC!!Cw Ky hInC
OChInO CaCh. NhCtC thC PagICIan mamQu!atC thC CtCC hIOOCn In
thC wCtO, thC _uCCn C CntaCC ]CIn hCtC! tC thCC CtCC,
a!!CwIng thCm tC HCw thtCugh hCtIntC hCt OaIy !1C.
@ 34O @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . P E N T A C L E S
H LV L H b L
In rcadings, thc uccn rcvcrscd can mcan not trusting oncscIIin
somc spcci c situation. Norc gcncraBy it rcIcrs to psychic vcak-
ncss. For cutting othc uccn Irom hcr vitaI conncction to thc
carthrcsuIts, cvcn morc so than vith thc King, inncrvousncss and
conIusion. Shc bccomcs aIraid, cvcn phobic, mstrustIuI oIothcrs
and cspcciaIIy oIhcrscII, doubting hcr abiIitics and hcr vaIuc as a
pcrson. This scparation mcans morc than bcing isoIatcdhomplants
and animaIs. Pathcr it mcans a Ioss oI daiIy rhythm in IiIc, a
dissatisIaction vith thc vholc cnvironmcnt, and an inabiIity to
apprcciatc vhat thc cnvironmcnt has to ocr.
In a rcading thc uccn rcvcrscd not omy points out thcsc
quiticsin thc subjcct, butsuggcsts a duaI rcmcdy. First, a buiIdup
in condcncc, bcsidcs cmphasizinghis or hcraccompIishmcnts and
good quaIitics pcrson can do this through mcditation vith thc
uccn right sidc up. Sccond, a grounding oIthc cmotions in nat-
uraI thngs, ordinaryplcasurcs, satisingvork.
F|yure 6
@ 34 7 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
8Nl CM1
The Knght's responsibiIity for action brings out the suit's practicaI
quaIties. At the same time, denying the Knight'snaturaI penchant
for adventure tends to distortand narrov his attitude to Lfe. He is
responsibIe, hardvorking, uncompIaining. In his best sense he is
deepIy rooted to the outer vorId and to simpIicity, a quaIity sug-
gested by the vay his horse stands hrmy on the ground, vith its
ridersittingupright.
Though he aIso hoIds a pentacIe he does not Iook at it, but
instead stares over it. The symboIism suggests thathe has Iostsight
ofthesourceandmeaningofhisstrengthinIife. Indedicatinghm-
self to pureIy practic matters, he has cut himseIf ofrom the
deeperthings inarth.
H L VL H b L
Sometimes the Knight reversed can mean an avakening ofthose
other avarenesses. More often it shovs a fauure - or eaggeration
- ofthe Kight's more obvious vrtues. His steadness sIovs dovn
to the point ofinertia, hispIoddingresponsibiIitygivesvayto idIe-
ness. A miId personaIity, takenjust a IittIe too far, becomes veak
and depressed, especiay if his pIacidity has covered a repressed
desire foreitheradventure orgreater advancement.
TheKnightofPentacIesreversedcansometimesindicatea crisis.
Ifa person has dedicated her or ms Iife to ajob or some simar
outer responsibiLty, and thatmeaningis taken avay - say through
dismissaI or retirement - then discouragement and depression can
overcome him or her. Another eampIe vouId be a voman vho
has dedicated herLfe to her chiIdren and nov hnds that they have
grovn up and avay from her.
Though such etreme meanings ofcourse occur rareIy in actuaI
readings, theyremainimpIiedinthe Knight's basicparado. deepIy
grounded in, yet unavare of, the magic beneath him, he identihes
himseLvith his functions. He needs to discover the reaI source of
his strengh, vithin himseIfand inIife.
g 34 g
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : P E N T A C L E S
F|yure 70
PAC
In dircct contrast to thc Knight thc Pagc Iooks at nothing but his
pcntacIc, holding it lightly in thc air. Vhcrc thc Knight is thc
prototypicvorkcrthcPagcrcprcscntsthc studcnt, Iostinhisstud-
ics, Iascinatcd, IccIing littIc conccrn Ior anything outsidc thcm.
lcvcrthcIcss hc partakcs oIthc suit's practicaI naturc by symboIiz-
ing thc actual vork oIthc studcnt, thc study and schoIarshp, as
comparcdto thc inspiration symbolizcd by thc Pagc oICups.
Thc studcnt hcrc acts as a symboI, thc Pagc nccd not rcIcr
to somconc actuaIIy in schooI, but simpIy anyonc approaching any
activity vith thosc quitics oI Iascination, oI invoIvcmcnt, oI
caring Icss Ior rcvards or sociaI position than Ior thc vork itscII.
H LV L H b L L
^gain thc Pagc appcars as thc convcrsc oIthc Kmght. I nrcality thc
tvo oIthcm spIit thc PcntacIcs doubIc qutics - practicaIity and
magic. Vhcrc thc Knight, vithout his job, bccomcs discouragcd
and incrt, thc Pagc, vithout his scnsc oIhard vork, givcsvay to
viIdncss and dissipation, vhat Vaitc caIIs 'prodigaIity` . Somctmcs,
@ 34U @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
HOwCVCt, tHC Catd Can nCan InQy tCaatIOn MtCt a dIUICut taK,
IKC a tudCnt unwIndIn_atCt CXanInatIOn.
F|yure 7I
1N
LnC O tHC nOt ynOOIC and dCCQy-ayCtCd nOt CatC, tHC Cn
HOw u tHC VCty Ina_C O tHC LatC OQCnIn_ tO HIddCn CXQCtICnCC
m OtCnaty tHIn_. IKC tHC Cn O LuQ It dCa wItH dOnCtIC IC,
Out wHCtC tHC nCn and wOnCn In LuQ CCCOtatC tHC _Ilt, tHC
anIy HCtC dOC nOt nOtICC tHC na_IC a atOund tHCn. Ln tHC ut-
aCC tHC Catd tCQtCCnt tHC CtaOIHCd HOnC, tHC _OOd IC, a CCutC
and COnOttaOC QOItIOn In tHC wOtd. HC QCOQC COnCCtnCd,
HOwCVCt, aQQCat tOtaKC tHC COmOtt Ot _tantCd, tHCy Hnd tHC CCu-
tIty OOtIn_ Ot tIH1n_. n COnttat tO tHC Cn O LuQ [tHC twO Catd
V OtCn aQQCat tO_CtHCt In tCadIn_] tHC anIy HCtC dOC nOt CCn
tO COnFunICatC wItH CaCH OtHCt. HC nan and wOnan aCC OQQO-
ItC way, tHOu_H tHC wOnan _anCC anXIOuy OVCt HCt HOudCt at
tHC nan. HC Cmd Han_ On nCtVOuy tO It nOtHCt, Out OOK
away. 1d nOnC O tHCn nOtICC tHC Od nan OutIdC tHC atCH.
HOu_H tHC Catd CXQtCC nundanCnC, na_IC I_n COVCt It.
HC tCn QCntaCC Otn tHC 1aOOMtIC tCC O IC, OnCtHIn_
wHICH aQQCat nOwHCtC CC In tHC dCCK. OtICC aO tHC na_IC
@ 3RO @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . P E N T A C L E S
vand rcsting against thc arch, no othcr Ninor card contains onc.
Thc arch itscIIbcars a rcIicIoIbaIanccd scaIcs gust abovc thc old
man's hcad) . lov, sccs stand Ior)usticc, and Iurthcr, Ior subtIc
Iorccsvhichkccpthccvcryday vorIdhombrcakinginto chaos.y
' subtIc Iorccs' I do not mcan onIy so-calIcd ' occuIt' lavs, such as
poIarity, or thc Iav oIcorrcspondcnccs (as abovc, so bcIov) . Thc
tcrm appIics also to naturc's gcncralIy morc acccptcd vorkings,
such as gravity, or clcctro-magnctism ccauscvc lcarn aboutthcsc
in schooI vc shouId not considcr such phcnomcna as any thc Icss
marvclIous. Thc Iactis, vc aIltakc thcumvcrsc Ior grantcd simply
bccausc itvorks so vcll.
vcn morc th thc othcrimagcs, thc oId mancvokcs magic. Hc
rcscmbIcs thc imagc, hom cvcry culturc, oIthc god or angcI vho
comcs disguiscdas abcggar ortravcIlcrto visit somc IamiIy, tcstthcir
virtucs oIhospitaIity and gcncrosity, and thcn lcavc thcm a magicaI
giIt. In thc casc oI^braham and Sarah thc angcIs gavc thcm a son,
Isaac. Inmanysuchstorics onIythcdogs rccogizcthcvisitor gustas
in othcrtaIcs thc dogs aIonc run hom thcOcviI vhcnhc comcs m
disguisc) . ccauscthcyhavcnotburicd thcirinsuncts m bIasc hum
rauonaIism, thcdogscan scnsc thc vondcrmI vhcn itcomcs to caII.
lov, most oIthcsc taIcs cmphasizc thc moraI ' cnicc to cvcry-
onc. You ncvcr knov vhom you might turn avay' . ut vc can
givc thcstorya morcsubtIcintcrprctation. yactinga ccrtainvay,
pcopIc crcatc in |hemse|ies thc abiIity to rccognizc and rcccivc thc
blcssings in thc vorId around thcm.
A thcsc hiddcnsigns and vondcrs point up thc basic thcmc oI
PcntacIcs. thc cvcrydayvorId contains a magic grcatcr than any oI
us canusu y scc. Thcmagic is aIl around us, in naturc, in thcvcry
Iact that IiIc cxists and that this vast univcrsc docs not y apart.
Insidc thcarchvcsccabrightordinaryday,outsidcdarkcrtoncs
prcvail, cvcninthc oIdman's coatoImany coIours,vithitssignsoI
astroIogy and rituaI magic. Thc IamiIy stand undcr thc arch poscd
as in a pIay. For aII its hrm rcality, thc cvcryday vorId, thc com-
Iortablc Iivcs vc takc Ior grantcd, and cvcn thc troublcs and
miscricsthat oItcn occupy ourminds, arconlya play, invhichvc
IIoIIov thcpartssct outIor usbyourupbringing andbysocicty
(thc rccognition that vc arc a product oIour conditioning is thc
rst stcp to hccingourscIvcs hom it) .
@ 3R I @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
Thc truc rcaIity rcmains ancicnt, dark, and mystcrious. Though
vc Iook through thc arch thc pcrspcctivc ofthc card pIaccs us out-
sidc it, vith thc mystcrious visitor. y mcrging vith this card vc
canndourscIvcsbcyondthc Gatc,lookingin atthcIittIcdramasof
our ovn daiIyIivcs. y goingmrthcrvithitvc cancxpcricncc that
viIdvibrantunivcrsccxistingin thcvcryccntrc ofthc ordinary.
Vhcn thc hcro Cdysscus arrivcd homc from his vandcrings in
thc viId, monstcr-riddcn vorld outsidc civiIizcd Grcccc, hc camc
disguiscd as a bcggar. Cmy his dog rccognizcd him Though hc
vorc rags, thcy vcrc gIoriousrags (much Iikc thc visitor`s patch-
vork coat) for thc goddcss ^thcna had givcn thcm to him.
Cdysscus rcturncd to thc domcstic vorld from thc viId, hc
dcstroycd thc cviI in his housc and rc-cstablishcd thc moral ordcr.
Yct rst hc had to cxpcricncc vhatIaybcyond. Thc Tcn ofPcnta-
cIcs takcs us thcrc as vcII.
H LV L H b L L
If thc scnsc ofborcdom vith Iifc incrcascs it can Icad to taking
risks, cspcciIy nanciaI or cmotional oncs. Somctimcs, dcpcnding
on thc contcxts or thc projcctcd rcsuIts, thc risks arc justicd,
for instancc, thc FooI bcsidc thc Tcn ofPcntacIcs vouId urgc thc
gamblc. ^t othcr timcs thc risks comc Icss from nccd than hom
impaticncc vith vhat vc aIrcady havc. This situation bccomcs
morc pointcd vhcn thc Tcn of PcntacIcs appcars vith thc Tcn
ofCups.
Thc paraIIcI vith Cdysscus stands out vhcn thc card bccomcs
rcvcrscd. Nost ofthat hcro's troubIcs arosc bccausc ofa strcak of
rccklcssncss that madc him do vild things at just thc vrong
momcnt. Thc urgc to gambIc stood in opposition to his basic
quaIitics of caution, skiII , and forcsight. ^nd yct thc viIdncss
maintaincd thc baIancc. Vithout it Cdysscus vouId not havc sccn
thcvorIdbcyondthchomcandfamilytovhichhcfmIyrcturncd.
@ 3R3 @
T H E M I N O R A R C A N A . P E N T A C L E S
(e)

F|yate 7Z
N | N
^s matcriaI cards PcntacIcs dcaI vith succcss and vhat it mcans in
a pcrson's IiIc. LnIikc thc gurc in Tcn thc vomanhcrc is sharpIy
avarc oIthc good things in hcr Ic. Hcr hand rcsts on thc Pcnta-
cIcs, hcr thumb hooks on a grapcvinc. ^varcncss is onc oI thc
card's basic mcanings, cspccialIy scII-avarcncss and thc abiIty to
distinguish vhat mattcrs in Iilc, vhat goals truIy dcmand our bcst
corts. Thc card signitcs succcss - but not simply thc matcrial
bcncts, it mcans as vcII thc scnsc oIccrtainty that comcs vith
knoving onc has madc thc right choiccs and IoIIovcd thcm vith
thc ncccssary actions. Thc pcntaclcs groving on thc bushcs sym-
bolizc a IiIc that is productivc and alivc.
' Succcss' hcrc mcans not so much vorIdly achicvcmcntassuc-
ccssin ` crcating' oursclvcs outoIthcmatcriaIgivcn usby thc cir-
cumstanccs and conditions oI our IiIc. ^nd ` ccrtainty' , in its
strongcst scnsc, mcans morc than Iooking back and sccing that
vc havc donc thc right thing. It aIso mcans thc abiIity to /nou
vhcrc othcrs can only gucss. ThclincoIPcntacIcs stands as thc
cmbIcm oIthis quaIity, thc truc mark oIthc cvoIvcd pcrson (Ior
a Iurthcr discussion scc thc cnd oIthc scction on Pcadings) ,
@ RR4 @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
study and meditation vith this card viII therefore heIp achieve
such certainty.
Ve have seen that the lines shov compromises and choices.
Thisthemeemerges in PentacIes as veII. The voman stands alone
inhergarden. To achievevhatshehas, she has hadtogiveupnor-
maIcompanionship.Inreadings,thissymbohsmdoesnotmeanthat
the card inevtabIy advises giving up a reIationship, but it does caII
forseIf-reIiance and a certain Ioneliness inpursuitofgoaIs.
TheimageinFig. 72b), sIightlydierenthom the omciaIRider
version Fig. 72a)) , comes hom an American edtion ofseveral
years ago. In this line ofPentacles a shadov darkens the voman's
face, as veII as the grapes on the card's right-hand side. CIearIy
she is turning avay from the sun. The symbolism suggests a sacri-
hce. To make ofher Iife vhat she vants she has had to give up
notonly companionship, but iso such things as spontaneity, van-
dering, and reckIessness. If the sacrihce seems too great, it
perhaps means that ve do not value enough the revards ofseIf-
deveIopment.
The image of the bird carries these ideas further. A soaring
hunter, the falcon symbolizes the intellect, the imagination, the
spirit. The hood, hovever, subdues it to its mistress, that is, the
conscious vilI. Therefore, vhiIe at hrst gIance the card means
success, a more intimate knovIedge ofit shifts the primary mean-
ingto thatofdiscipIine. Andanentrythrough the Cate ofthis card
viII heIp bring one to thejoy oftrue discipIine, vhich does not
crippIe, butsoars.
H LV L H b L L
The quaIities ofthe card become denied or turned around. Iack of
disciphne and the faiIure that comes hom it, projects taken up
and then abandoned, an inability to channeI energy into usefuI
purposes. It can mean not knoving vhat ve vant, or vhat realIy
matters to us. The Iack ofseIf-avareness brings irresponsibiIity and
faitbessness, to others as veII as ourseIves.
@ 3RR @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : P E N T A C L E S
F|yure 7J
L l H
Thcvay t oSpiritIor PcntacIcsIics nots omuchi nsucccss, orcvcn
avarcncss oIvaluc in ordinary things, as in thc vork that aIIovs us
to apprcciatc thosc things. Thc linc shovs discipIinc, thc ight
shovs thc trainingthat brings bothdisciplinc and skiII.
Vork, vhcthcrphysic, artistic, orspiritu (thc Su IdicsShah
spcaks oI'vork` as thc most basic oISu doctrincs) , cannot suc-
cccd iIthc pcrson thinks onIy oIthc cnd rcsult. Nany artists and
vritcrs havc tcsticd to this Iact, varning hopcIuIs that iIthcyjust
vant to bccomc Iamous orrich thcy vul ncvcr succccd. Vc havc
to carc about thc vork itscII.
ThcrcIorcvcsccthc apprcnticcIostin his tk. ^nd yct vork so
nccd to bc rcIatcd to thc outsidc vorId. Hovcvcr much vc IoIIov
our standard and instinco or scck our ovn dcvclopmcnt thc vork
vc do Iacks mcaningiIit docs notscrvc thc community. ThcrcIorc,
bchindhis shop- thoughIaravay- stands a city, vithaycIIovroad
(ycIIovIor mcnt action) Icadingto andhom thc vorkshop.
@ 3R @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S O O M
H LVLHDL
Vhenreversed the cardsuggestsprimariIyimpatienceand the situ-
ations resuIting from it: hustration, unfuIhlIed ambition, envy or
jeousy. These thngsmayresuIthom the attitude ofIookingonIy
to success, and not to thevork that brings it. Theymay also arise
from unsatis(ingvork, that is, ajob or career vhich caIIs for no
skiII,nopersonalinvoIvement, nopride.
F|yure 1
bLVLN
From the image ofvork ve move to its revard. Like the line the
Sevenshovsthe pentaclesasaIivingdeveIopmenthomtheperson's
Iabour. MeaningfuI vork gives more than materiaI beneht, the
person too grovs. The Seven shovs that moment ofbeingabIe to
Iook back vith satisfaction on something accompIished. The
'something' maybeas broadas a career oras simpIe as an immedi-
ate project. The card impIies that vhatever has been buiIt up
incIudingreIationships betveenpeopIe) has reached a point vhere
it can grov by itseIf, and the person can step back hom it vithout
itcoIIapsing.
@ 3RO @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . P E N T A C L E S
H LV L H b L L
Formany pcopIc, mcaningIuI vork is simpIy not avaiIabIc. I ngcn-
craI thc Scvcn rcvcrscd shovs thc pcrvasivc dissatisIaction, thc
trappcdIccIing, that comcs Irom unsatisingjobs orcomtmcnts.
^gain, thc Scvcn rcvcrscd can mcan any spccic dissatisIaction or
anicty, in particuIar onc arising Irom somc projcct that is not
goingvcII.
F|yure 75
5 | X
Thc ncxt tvo cards, rclatcd by thcir symboIism, stand among thc
most compIcx cards oI thc Ninor ^rcana, indccd oI thc vhoIc
dcck. ^t thc samc timc thcy dcmonstratc thc dicrcncc bctvccn
Iaycrs oIintcrprctationandthatcxtra dimcnsion I caIlthc Gatc, Ior
vhc thc Fivc aBovs quitc a Icv mcanings thc Six shovs us thc
Gatc mcchansm itscII.
Cn thc surIacc thc SixoIPcntacIcs iIIustratcs thcidcaoIsharing,
gcncrosity, charity. loucc, hovcvcr, that thc pcopIc Iorm a
hicrarchy, onc abovc tvo othcrs. Thc card thcrcIorc signics a
rcIationship in vhich onc pcrson dominatcs othcrs. Hc or shc
givcs, butaIvays IromabasisoIsupcriority. ThcscaIcsarcbalanccd,
@ 3R7 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
suchreIationshps are oftenverystabIe, preciseIybecausethepeople
arevelI matched.justasonevishes to dominate, theothers)vsh-
es to be dominated. The Iover position does not reaIly impIy
veakness, the dominated person often instigates the reIationship,
and in factviIl subtIy insist onmntainingit vhen the one vho
pIays the dominant roIe mght vsh to change.
Sometimes the herarchy does notindicate a person but rather a
situation - emotionaI, economc, or other - vhich dominates a
person ora group ofpeople. Itmaygive them very IittIe, butjust
enough to keep themhomIooking for something eIse. This can
happen in ajob vhich gives materiaI beneht but IittIe satisfaction
or chance for improvement, or a reIationship in vhich the peopIe
are unhappy but comortabIe, or a poIiticaIsituationvherepeopIe
recognize they are oppressed, but do not vish to endanger vhat
IittIe securitytheyhave.
The card bears a distorted) reIationship to aII those Majorcards
the Hierophant, the Lovers, the OeviI, and others) in vhich some
forcehoIds together orreconcues the opposites oflife. Here noth-
ing becomes truIy reconciled, but the situation maintains the
baIance and keeps itgoing.
So farthe meanings emphasize thetvobeggars. But vhat ofthe
giver? Heshovs generosity, yetthe banced scaIes indicate he does
not give spontaneousIy, butrather measures out vhat he thinks he
can aord. In other vords he gives vhat he viII not miss. mo-
tionHIythis symbolizes a personvho reIates reaIIy easiIy to others
yet aIvays hoIdsbackhis orherdeepestfeeIngs.
As ve said above, the reIationship comes fromboth sides. Many
peopIe vill only accept Imited ' gifts' from others. A dispIay of
strong emotions, for instance, may embarrass or scare them. The
same may hoId true for peopIe vho resent 'charity' and put any
oEer ofheIp in that category. Therefore the Si ofPentacIes may
indicate_|v|n_ cc|c uha| |hcy arc a||c |c rcrc|vc.
I have emphasized these vords because they impIy something
beyond their IiteraI meaning. Most peopIe viII unconsciousIy
measure out their giving according to vhat other peopIe epect
from them, theyavoid making themseIves orotherpeopIe uncom-
fortabIe. ntheotherhand,inorderrcnsr|cus|y togivepeopIevhat
they need andcan use ratherthanvhattheymaythinktheyvant)
@ 3R @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : P E N T A C L E S
onc must havc achicvcd a grcat dcgrcc olscIl-knovlcdgc as vcII as
avarcncss olhumanpsychoIogy in gcncraI. FcvpcoplcrcaIIy rcach
this IcvcI olgiving, many pcopIc vho think thcy pcrccivc vhat
somconc cIsc nccds arc actuaIly projccting thcirovn rcquircmcnts
andlcars onto that pcrson. ^s a morc objcctivc sourcc olinlorma-
tion thc Tarot can hclp us undcrstand our ovn or somconc cIsc's
nccds. ccauscolthcsc mcanings, thc SiolPcntaclcs rcIatcs to thc
linc in thc contcxt olthat card as an cmbIcm olccrtitudc.
Thc idca olgivingvhatpcopIc arcabIc to rcccivccarrics a rcL-
gious mcaning as vcll. Nystics and csotcricists oltcn say that thc
truth hddcn vithin a spccihc rcIigionmay run amost oppositc to
vhat thatrcLgionappcars tosayon thcsunacc. Forinstancc, vmIc
doctrinc may tcach us to control our dcsircs through pious
thoughts, thc occuItist may attcmpt to bring lorth and vork
vith hcr or his most hiddcn urgcs. This split cxists bccausc most
pcoplc arc not only incapablc olbut cvcn unvimng to dcal vith
rcLgious/psychoIogicaI tcachings in thcir undisguiscd lorm. vcn
many vho try may nd thc truth impossibIc to assimiIatc. Consid-
cr Pabbi cn ^buysh, vho lost his laith vhcn hc thought hc sav
tvo Gods.
Idrics Shah tcIIs thc labIc oltvo mcn vho comc upon a tribc
vhichharboursa grcatlcar olvatcr-mcIons, bcIicving thcm to bc
dcmons. Thc hrst travcIIcrtricsto tcII thcmthctruthandis stoncd
as a hcrctic. Thc sccondacccpts thcir orthodoxy, gains thcircon-
dcncc, and sIovIy vorks to cducatc thcm. Likcthis taIc, thc Si ol
PcntacIcs indicatcs thc manncr in vhichrcIigion, and so csotcric
tcachings, givc vhatvcarc capablc olrccciving. Vaitc, in dcscrib-
ingths card, says ` apcrsoninthcguiscola mcrchant' - nota mcr-
chant, but a pcrson `in thc guisc' olonc. ^nd lictzschc, in Tus
5akc Zam|hus|ra, has a hcrmit tcII Zarathustra, ' Ilyou vant to go
tothcm, givc nomorc thanan alm, and Ict thcmbcglor that.' Givc
morc and no onc viIIIistcn.
Yct vho is this pcrson in his mcrchant `guisc'? Is hc simpIy a
tcachcr, ora rcIigious orpsychologicaI doctrinc? Thc scalcs suggcst
somcthing morc - )usticc, vhich stands lor truth, not just as
` corrcct inlormation' but as a living lorcc hoIding togcthcr and
balancingthc unvcrsc. Inthc Tcn olPcntacIcsvc sav tms lorcc as
thc oId man at thc gatc, hcrc vc scc it as thc mcrchant. Igc givcs
@ 3RU @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
us vhat vc nccd, vhat vc can usc. spcciIy vhcn vc put our-
scIvcsin a position to rcccivc.
PcopIc vho vork vith mcditation or thc Tarot orsimiIar disci-
plincs (as vcII as pcopIc doingartistic vork) oltcn noticc a curious
phcnomcnon. Lilcappcarsto conspirc to givc thcmvhatthcynccd
to hcIp thcm on thcirvay. lot a grcatburst, butust cnough to
givcthcm alittIcpushvhcnthcycanmostuscit. Hcrc is an cxam-
plc. ^t thc timc vhcn I vas vorking vth thcsc mcanings lor thc
Six olPcntacIcs I did a Tarot rcadinglor myscllin vhich thc Six
camc up crossing thc Kight olCups. I took this to mcan that by
kccping a mcditativc lramc olmind I vouId rcccivc bcncht. lov,
this occurrcd somc months altcrmymothcr's dcath, andvhiIc vis-
iting my lathcr I lound and bcgan to vcar a mezuzeh (a kind ol
]cvish amuIct) olmy mothcr's. Thc mezuzeh vas inscribcd vith
thc namc 'Shaddai'. I rccognizcd thisvord as a namc olGod, but
didnotknov vhatit mcant. Tvo or thrcc days altcr thc rcading I
vcntvithmylathcrtoasynagoguclorthc Saturday praycrs (somc-
thingIvouIdnothavc donc onmyovn) . Cnthcvayin I sav thc
namc Shaddai on somccvclIcry on dispIay, and mcntioncd my
curiosity about its mcaning.
Vhcn I Iookcd at thc ibIc rcadinglor that day I discovcrcd a
notc cxpIaining thc mcaning olShaddai. TransIatcd as '^Imighty`
it comcs lrom a Hcbrcv root mcaning ' to ovcrpovcr' . ut it
rcIatcs aIso to an ^rabic vord mcaning ' bcncvolcncc, giving ol
gilts' . lotonIy did thc book ansvcr my immcdiatc qucstion, but
it gavc mc a grcatcr undcrstanding olthc Six olPcntacIcs. Thc
'mcrchant' symboIizcs thc lorcc olIilc, vhich not onIy givcs us
vhatvcnccdandcanrcccivc, butcanaIsoovcrpovcrus (yctordi-
nariIy docs not ilvc do not vish it) vith spirituaI vondcr. ^nd I
had gaincd thcsc insights (vhich, bccausc I cxpcricnccd thcm,
mcant morc to mc than thcy vouId havc as intcIlcctuaI idcas) by
IitcraIIy putting myscllin a position to rcccivc, that is, by going
vith mylathcr to thc synagoguc.
From thc Six olPcntaclcsvclcarn thatthcvaIuc olstudyingthc
Tarot or othcr disciplincs lics notsimpIyin thc spccic knovlcdgc
gaincd but aIso in thc lramc olmind crcatcd by thc ec| oldoing it.
Thc vork itscIlchangcs us. Vc can dcvcIop thcsc changcs con-
sciously and dcIibcratcly through thcmcchanism olthc Gatc cards.
@ 3O @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : P E N T A C L E S
y contcmpIating andjoining thcir picturcs vc alIov oursclvcs to
rcccivc thcirgiIts.
H LV L H b L
Thc possibIc mcanings rclatc to thc mcanings right sidc up. ^ Iack
oIgcncrosity, scIshncss vhcn sharing is cxpcctcd. Somctimcs this
rcIcrs to a situation vhcrc thc pcrson is in a supcrior position.
Thcnthcgivcris chaLcngcd to givc morc hccly, notto mcasurc out
vhat hc or shc can auord, but rcaIIy to sharc. ^t othcrtimcs thc
card viII pointup thcrcscntmcnt oIthosc pcoplc rccciving charity,
or its cmotion countcrpart, pity.
CItcn thc Six rcvcrscd indicatcs that somc stabIc, but basicaIIy
uncqu or unsatising, situation has bccn disruptcd. Vhcthcr or
not this disruption rcsuIts in a Irccr or morc cquaI situation vilI
dcpcnd on various Iactors, not lcast oI vhich is thc dcsirc and
couragc oIthc pcoplc involvcd to continuc a proccss vhich thcy,
orsomc outsidc agcncy, havc startcd.
FinalIy, oIcoursc, itmcans notputtingourscIvcs in a position to
rcccivc, cithcr cutting ourscIvcs o spirituaIIy, or missing somc
practicaI opportunity, pcrhaps through arrogancc or suspicion oI
othcrpcoplc`s motivcs.
|
a
'

F|yate
@ 3 I @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
| l V
The various meamngs for tms card IIIustrate again that problem of
cerutude discussedin the sectiononReadings. Hov can ve knov
for sure vmch meaningviII appIy in a reaI situation? At the same
time the meanings shov the vay in vhich a situation can turn in
verydiEerent directions.
The Fives IIIustrate conict and Ioss ofsome kind, in terms of
PentacIesthismeans rst ofHlmateriaItroubIes, such aspovertyor
iIIness. Sometimesit impIies a Iongstanding hardship. bserve that
the peopIe, though bentand crippIed, aresurviving. This cardmay
indicate Iove, especiaIIy that oftvo peopIe holding together in a
bad situation. It may turn outthat hardship hasbecome one ofthe
majorfactors keepingthemtogether,so thatreIiefEom theirmate-
riaI troubIes may strain their unity - or they may think this vilI
happen and therefore fear change.
lotice thattheyarepassinga church.lov, as a place ofsanctu-
ary, the church represents restand reIiefEomthe storm. The peo-
pIe, hovever, do not see it. Human beings can get used to
anything, and vhen theydo theyvIII often not see opportunities
for change, they viII even resist an end to their probIems. Ifve
compare these peopIe vith the kneeIingbeggars ofSix ve see that
Five represents pride and independence, sometimes to a fooIish
degree vhenheIp is genuineIy oEered.
Asve exrne thecardmorecIoselyvecandscoveralternative,
evenopposed, meanings. The cudshovs no doorto the church. As
vthmanyreaI churchestoday, vhich Iock theI doors Iike business-
es at 5 pm, this church hasperhaps shut the peopIe out. The sanc-
tuaryhasfIed. Ve see rst ofaII a coment on modern reIigion,
vhichmryfeeIhasfaIIedm thetaskofgivngcomfortandheng
topeop!e's troubIedsouIs. nasimpIerIeveI, inmany countries the
churches have grovn rich at the peopIe's expense. Again, compare
the Five vith the Six. Themerchantthere maysymboIize the mod-
ern secuIar church, giving vhat materii assistance it can orviII) ,
vme thepeopIe's spirituineeds go unattended.
Ve cr caII the previousparagraph the 'socioIogicaI' interpreta-
tion ofthe doorIess church. Ifve shift the emphasis to the peopIe
ve cansee a psychologicviev. Sometimes vemayndourselves
@ 33 @
T H E M I N O R A R C A N A : P E N T A C L E S
in a situation vhcrc outsidc Iorccs - soci institutions, Iamily,
Iricnds, ctc. - cannot hcIp us and vc must struggIc against thc
problcms on ourovn.
Vc can cxtcndthisidca oIa 'magic' oroccuItintcrprctation. In
PartCncoIthis book I discusscd hov thcmagician, by scttingout
on acourscoIpcrsonaIdcvcIopmcnt, pitsmmorhcrscIIagainstthc
cstablishcd Church, vhich traditionaBy acts as an intcrmcdiary
bctvccnhumanbcings and God. ThcchoiccmaybringpracticaIas
vcl as poIitical conscqucnccs. IIthc magician cncountcrs dangcr-
ous psychic Iorccs, thcn traditionaI rcIigion cannot (Ict aIonc viII
not) hcIp mm or hcr ovcrcomc thcm. Comparc thc Fivc oIPcnta-
cIcs vith thc Hicrophant, numbcr 5 in thc Najor ^rcana. Thcrc
tvo suppIicants submit to a doctrinc that guidcs thcm in a situa-
tions. Hcrc thc pcopIchavcrcjcctcdsuch doctrincs, orhavc simpIy
Iound thcm irrcIcvant.
H LV L H b L
Vaitc givcs thc mcaning 'chaos, disordcr, ruin, conIusion' . This
suggcsts that thc situation right sidc up has coIlapscd. Thc pcopIc
arc no Iongcrsurviving. Vhilc thc immcdiatc situationmay sccm
much vorsc it can somctimcs Icadto improvcmcnt. Vhcn pcopIc
accustom thcmsclvcs to sucring, a colapsc may rcIcasc thcm.
Vhcthcr thcy nov can build somcthing morc positivc dcpcnds
pardy onthcmscIvcs andpardyon thc inucncc and opportunitics
around thcm.
@ 34 @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
F|_urc 77
l0U R
Ve see hrst ofaL the image ofa miser, and by extension, depen-
denceonmateriaIcomortsandsecurityforthestabiIitysymbolized
by the numberFour. As ifinresponseto the troublesshovn onthe
previous card the man has given himseLa protective layeragainst
any economic or other) problems that mght arise in the future.
Hovever, vhiIe the Fiveshoved tvo people, hereve see oneper-
son, excluding others through his need for personal security.
As magic signs the pentacles symbolize basic emotional/psychic
energy. The man here uses his pentacles to close himselfoEfrom
the outsidevorld. He has covered his mostvitaIpoints. the crovn
ofthe head literaIly a crovn here) , the heart and throat, and the
soles ofthe feet. People vorkingvithchakrameditation villrec-
ognze the hrst tvo asvitaIpointconnectionto Spirit, andto other
people. Covering the feet symbolizes blockng ourselves oEfrom
the vorld around us The mancannot, hovever, seal his back. Ve
aIvays remainvulnerable to Lfe, no matterhovseII-centred ve try
to make ourselves.
In certain situations, the Four, usulyvieved as 'problem' card,
becomes very appropriate. Vhen life has broken dovn into chaos,
@ 3R @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . P E N T A C L E S
thcn thc Fourindicatcs crcating a structurc, cithcr through matcri-
aIthings, orby turmngcmotionaIand mcntaI cncrgy invards. Thc
cardrcmains an imagc oIscIshncss but somctimcs scIfshncss may
bc prcciscIy vhat is nccdcd. PcopIc vho mcditatc through thcir
auras vilI usuaBy, at thc cnd oIcach mcditation, IoIIov a ritual oI
'scaIing' thc aura at thc chakrapoints. This practicc prcvcnts both a
Icaking oIthcir ovn cncrgy and a ooding oIthc scIIby outsidc
imucnccs.
FinaIly, on a vcry dccp IcvcI, thc Four oIPcntaclcs symboIizcs
thc vay in vhich thc human mndgivcs structurc and mcaning to
thc chaos oIthc matcriaI univcrsc. This idca docs not contradictthc
conccpt oIIorccs baIancing naturc, as dcscribcd in Tcn and Six.
Pathcrit adds tothatidca,byshovingthatthcmindnotonIy pcr-
ccivcs, but actualIy hcIps thosc Iorccs to Iunction. Thc Iact that
human bcings cxistinthc univcrscas crcators rathcr than as passivc
obscrvcrs Iorms onc oIthc mccting points bctvccn mystical/cso-
tcric tcachings and contcmporary physics.
H LV L H b L L
Hcrc thc cncrgy bccomcs rcIcascd. Thc act can signi( gcncrosity
andIrccdom- iIrightsidc upindicatcsgrccdorconncmcntvith-
in ourscIvcs- but itcan so rcprcscnt thc inabiIity to hoId ourIiIc
togcthcr, to givc itstructurc. Cncc again, inan actual situation thc
mcaningdcpcnds on othcr inucnccs.
@ 3 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
F|_urc 78
1M R
Vc rcturn hcrc to thc thcmc oIvork, sccnboth in its IitcraI scnsc
and as a symboIoIspirituaI dcvcIopmcnt. Thc man on thc IcIt is a
scuIptor, a mastcr oIhis art. Thc card somctimcs appcars in con-
ncction vith thc ightoIPcntacIcs, signiing that thc hard vork
and dcdication havc rcsuItcd orviII rcsuItin mastcry.
To thc right stand a monk and an architccthoIding thc pIans oI
thc church. Togcthcr thc thrcc hgurcs signi that thc bcst vork
combincs both tcchnicaI skiII (^ir) and spiritu undcrstanding
(Vatcr) vith cncrgy and dcsirc (Firc) . Cbscrvc hov thc pcntacIcs
Iorman upvard pointing Firc triangIc, shovingthatvorkcanraisc
us to highcrIcvcIs, vhiIc bcIov thcm a ovcr sits vthin a dovn-
vard pointing Vatcr triangIc, symbolizing thc nccd to root such
vork in thc rcity oIthc vorId andthc nccds oIthc communty.
Pcccting this duaIity thc card, Iikc thc linc, rcIcrs to actuvork
yct may aIso stand as a symboI oIthc dcvcIopcd scIf. Thcsc tvo
mcanings do not canccI cach othcr out. ^s obscrvcd carIicr, practi-
caIvork, donc consciousIyandvithcommtmcnt,mayscrvcas thc
vchicIc Ior scII-dcvcIopmcnt.
Part oIthis card's mcaningIicsinthcIactthatsuchsymboIismoI
@ 3O @
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A : P E N T A C L E S
psychic deveIopment shouId occur in mundane PentacIes, rather
than the often more eotic images ofthe othersuits.
H LV L H b L
Mediocrity. the vork, physicaI or spiritui, goes badIy, often hom
Iaziness or veakness. Sometimes the meanng etends to a generaI
situation in vhch IittIe happens, things continue either getting
vorse orimproving, atasIovsteady rate.

F|_urc 7
1w0
Like the Tvo ofSvords the Tvo ofPentacIes strikes a precarious
balance, thoughin general a happier one. Ve see, in fact, the very
concept ofbalance in the image ofthejuggler. At times the card
means jugglng Iife itseI, keeping everything in the air at once.
More simpIy, it carries the idea ofenjoying Iife, having a good
time - simiIar to theline ofCups,butIighter, adancemore than
a feast.
Like so many PentacIes, the card impIies a hidden magic in its
ordinary pIeasures. ThejuggIer hoIds hs magic embIem vithin a
Ioop or ribbon shaped hke an inhnity sign, the same sign vhich
@ 37 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W l S D O M
appears above the head of the Magician, and the voman in
Strength. Some peopIe beIieve that spirituaI deveIopment occurs
onIyinseriousmoments.PIeasureandamusementcanalsoteachus
agreatdeal, as longasvepayattention.
H LV L H b L
Here the game become forced. Vaite says 'simuIated enjoyment' .
Faced either vith some probIem ve do not vish to face, or else
vthsocial pressure notto make afuss,vemaypretend to ourseIves
as veII as to others, to take everythingIightIy. ThejuggIing act is
Iikely to faiI.
F|_urc 80
AC
The gift ofthe arth. nature, veth, security, ajoymI Iife. nthis
Ace aIone ve see no Yods falIing from heaven. The arth, in its
compIeteness andsoIid rety, bears its ovn magic.
Ve have seen vith the othercards primarily the Ten) hov the
magic vi often remain hidden from us simply because ve see its
products as so ordnary. Here the hand givesits gifts in a garden, a
pIace sheItered from the vJderness seen beyond it. CiviIization,
g R g
T H E M l N O R A R C A N A . P E N T A C L E S
vhcn it vorks vcIl, givcs us this basic protcction. Through thc
vorkoIciviIizationhumanityshapcsthc rav matcriaIoInaturcinto
a saIc and comIortabIc cnvironmcnt.
SpirituaI vork Icads us to rccognizc thc magic in normal things,
inboth naturc and civuization, and thcn to go bcyond thcm to thc
grcatcrknovIcdgc symbolizcdbythc mountains. Thccxithomthc
gardcn Iorms an arch vcry simiIar to thc vrcath oI victory sur-
roundingthcVorId Oanccr. ^s thc Ninor^rcana comcs to an cnd
thc ^cc oIPcntacIcs shovs us oncc morc hov, vhcn vc arc rcady,
thc Gatc aIvays opcns to thc truth.
H LV L H b L L
ccausc matcriaI giIts cxistin a vay that thc giIts oIthc othcr^ccs
do not, thcyarcmorcopcnto abusc. Thc ^cc oIPcntaclcsrcvcrscd
cansignialI thc vays in vhich vcth corrupts pcopIc - scIsh-
ncss, cxtrcmc compctition, mistrust, ovcrdcpcndcncc on sccurity
and comIort.
Takcn anothcr vay thc gardcn can somctimcs stand Ior protcc-
tion, cithcr by cvcnts or othcr pcoplc, Irom thc probIcms oIliIc.
Pcvcrscdthcnindicatcs that this protcction has cndcd, andthatthc
pcrsonmustdcaIvithhcrorhisprobIcms,orthat thc pcrsonvish-
cs tohangon to thisshcItcraItcrthc timc has comc toIcavc it. Likc
thc Hcrmtrcvcrscd, it can symboIizc a rcIusal togrovup- spcciI-
icaIIy, to bccomc indcpcndcnt oIourparcnts.
^t othcrtimcs, hovcvcr, thc^cc rcvcrscd can mcan rccogmzing
(as vith thc ight oICups) that thc timc has comc to Icavc thc
IamiIiar bchind and travcl through thc Gatc to thc mountains oI
visdom.
@ 3U @
H 11
1 P N
1NTROOUCTI ON
Thc usc oITarot cards Ior doingrcadings- ' divination', to givc thc
practicc its propcr namc - has bccn controvcrsiaI Ior at Icast as Iong
as thc occuIt, 'scrious` study oIthc cards bcgan in thc cightccnth
ccntury. ParadoxicaIIy, vhiIc many occuItists viII snccr at divina-
tion, most pcopIc knov oIno othcr purposc Ior Tarot.
Nany pcopIc today stiB bclicvc thc Pomany (thc ' Gypsics`)
invcntcd Tarot, dcspitcclcarcvidcncc to thc contrary. Thc conncc-
tion bctvccn thc tvo rcmains so strong that many vomcnvishing
to rcadproIcssionaIIy viII drcssin brightscarvcs and ouncing skirts
and goId carrings (baIIoon pants and brocadcdvcsts and cnc carring
Ior mcn) and takc namcs Iikc 'NadamSosostris ' in ordcr to satis
thc pubIic.
Thc long association oI Tarot rcading vith chcap thcatricals
probabIy cxpIains, at Icast in part, thc contcmpt orlack oIintcrcst
many Tarot studcnts havc shovn tovards divination. Sccing thc
Tarotas botha diagramandatooIoIconsciouscvoIution, occuItists
and csotcricists viB automatica y dismss thc usc oIthc cards to
ushcrin 'tI darkstrangcrs` ormystcrious inhcritanccs. ^ndyct, by
sccing onIy thc abusc and not thc dccpcr possibiIitics in rcadings,
thcsc occuItists havc thcmscIvcs Iimitcd thc Tarot's truc vaIuc.
Hcrc is ^rthur dvard Vaitc commcnting on divination in his
book Tkc P/r|cr|a| Kcy tc |hc Tarc|. 'Thc aIIocation oIa Iortunc-
tcIIing aspcct to thcsc cards is thc story oIa prolongcd impcrti-
ncncc.' This brings us to an intcrcsting paradox. ccausc thcy
@ 3O4 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
Iookcd dovn on lortunc-tcmng, Vaitc and othcrs havc cxtcndcd
thc m1susc olrcadings. Thc dcrogatory vay in vhich thcy vrotc
about it has xcd in many pcopIc's mnds thc imagc ol triviaI
attcmpts to prcdict thc mturc. ^s tovhy thcy vrotc olit at aII, vc
can onIy gucss that thcy or thcir pubIishcrs assumcd thc pubIic
dcmandcdsuchanapproach.^tcraII,cvcn todaymostpcopIcvho
pick up a book onTarot carc morcaboutmystcrious mcssagcs than
thcydo aboutachicvingpsychic translormation. CcrtainIy thcbcst-
scILngTarot books givc thc simpIcst lormuIas lor thc cards mcan-
ings- and at thc samc timcpromiscaIIknovIcdgc.
Norc important thanvhythcybothcrcd to vritc about itis thc
simpIclactthatlcvcsotcricistshavc doncmuch to dispcl thcimagc
ol divination as trivi. This disrcgard has cvcn cxtcndcd to thc
cntirc Ninor ^rcana. ccausc thc Ninor cards arc associatcd vith
rcadings many scrious books on Tarot trcat thcm vcry lighdy, ilat
aII (Vaitc's rcmark appIicd onIy to thc Najor cards) . PauI Fostcr
Casc's book Tkc Trc|, givcs onIy thc barcst lormuIas in a kind ol
appcndix at thc back. Nany othcrs trcat onIy thc Najor cards.
^Imost aIonc olmodcrn csotcric studics CrovIcy's Tkc Bcck O]
Tkc|h gocs dccpIyinto thcNinorcards, Iinkingthcmto a compIcx
astroIogicaI systcm.
^s lor mcthods oldoing rcadings, thc most important csotcric
studics havc givcn onIy thc barcst inlormation, a lcv 'sprcads' or
dcsigns lor Iaying out thc cards, vith lormuIa cxpIanations lor thc
dicrcnt positions. ^gain, CrovIcy is thc cxccption, prcscnting a
charactcristicaIly compIicatcd systcm olrcadings via an astroIogicaI
'clock` .
Thcimpact oldcpth psychoIogy and humanistic astroIogy has
Icdmany contcmporary vritcrs to scck a morc scrious usc oldiv-
ination. LnlortunatcIy, by trcating rcadings in such an omand
manncr, thc carIicr vritcrs havc crcatcd a tradition ollormuIas
vhich modcrn vritcrs havc loundhard to shakc o. Thus vc stiII
nd thc samc sorts olcxpIanations lor thc Ninor cards, suchas 'A
is notyctIost, goodlortuncis stiIIpossiblc' (OougIas) , andthcsamc
bricldcscriptions olsprcads, vith cxplanations such as 'bcstpossi-
bIc outcomc' lor thcpositions. FoIIovingCrovIcy andothcrs, scv-
craI contcmporary books havc attcmptcd to vidcn thc mcaning ol
thc cards by Iinking thcm not onIy to astroIogy and thc KabbaIah
@ 3OR @
R E A D I N G S . l N T R O D O C T l O N
Out tC thC LhIng,]ungIan QmCCQhy, antra, CVCn LCntra! /Cr-
ICan mythC!Cgy. buCh !InKIng aIO unOCrtanOIng, QartICu!ary Cr
thCC QCCQ!C wIth a QrCVICu KDCw!COgC C thC CthCr ytCm (It
wCu!O OC IntCrCtIng tC CC a OCCK aOCut, ay, gCtat QyChC!Cgy
whICh CXQ!aIn Its uO]CCt In tCrm CarCt CCrrCQCnOCnCC rathCr
than thC CthCr way rCunO . btm, thC CmQhaI Cr any CarCh! tuOy
CarCt mut rCmaIn wIth thC CarO thCmC!VC, anO wIth thCIr uC
In mCOItatICn anO In rCaOIng. hI CCtICn CthC OCCK hCQC tC
gIVC at !Cat a CnC C]ut hCw CCmQ!CX anO OCCQ!y IntruCtIVC a
tCC! arCt OIVInatICn Can OC.
C0MM0N 5 N 5
Pany QCCQ!C ay that arCt rCaOIng `CarC thCm. Nhat thCy mCan
Oy thI I Hrt a OICCmCrt that anythIng hCu!O CXQCC thCIr CXQC-
rICnCC, awC! a thCIr InnCr Car anO thCIr hCQC, anO CCCnO, that
a QaCK CCarOs hCu!O OC C. hCy may aQQrCaCh thC arCt Hrt a
a gamC, CQCCIa!!y Ia HICnO Cr rC!atIVC !ay thC CarOs C that thCy
OC nCt haVC tC Qay Cr thC rCaOIng. hCy mIX thC CarO, grInnIng a
!Itt!C, Cr thCy CC! CC!Ih, thC rCaOCr !ay thCm Cut, QCrhaQ !CCK-
Ing uQ thC mCanIng In a OCCK, anO amaZIng!y, Cut CCmC thC nCw
]CO, Cr thC unaIthh! !CVCr Cr, I thC rCaOCr aQQrCaChC It a !Itt!C
mCrC uOt!y, QCrhaQ thC Car CIDC Cr a QaInu! rCOCICn agaInt
a QarCnt. ``Cu`rC maKIng that uQ HCm what yCu KnCw aOCut mC ,
thCy ay, Cr ``Cu CCu!O tC!! a!! that rCm !CCKIng at mC, CCu!Ont
yCu: `Cu OIOnt rCa!!y gCt that Cm thC CarO.` ^O thCn thC nCXt
tImC CmCCnC uggCt !ayIng CutthC CarO thCy!augh anO ay, `C
thanK, that tuCarC mC.
hC aCt I, thC uturC OCC CarC mCt QCCQ!C. hCy OC nCt
CXQCCt anythIng gCCO tC haQQCn. hCywI Ctt!C Cr thIng tayIng
thC amC a OaanCC CQaIn anO haQQInC wIth a !argC mCaurC C
OCrCOCm, utratICn, anO !Cw-!CVC! mICry, Out CVCn uCh taOI1ty
aQQCar un!1KC!y. n mCt QCCQ!C CyC thIng Can Cn!y gCt wCrC,
anO QrCOaO!y wI!.
arCt rCaOIng tCaCh u many thIng OCyCnO thC QartICu!ar InCr-
matICn wC gCt rCm thCm. LnC C thCC I thC QrCOCmnanCC C
QCInm. la QCrCn CarO a!! CCmC Cut QCItIVC, g!CwIng wIth
@ 3O @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
promsed happiness, the person vilI probabIy say, ' h yes? I'lI
believe itvhen I seeit.'Butifjustonecard hnts at troubIe oriII-
ness the response changes to 'I knev it, I knev it. Vhat amI going
to do?' Vith such an attitude, imagine hov the fear, and perhaps
resentment, rises vhen the dreadinformation comes to themEom
a pack ofcards.
There is another side to this question ofaccepting the cards.
PeopIevho go to Tarotreaders often do so vith a 'shov-me' atti-
tude. Since they Iook at divination as something ' magical' though
not really knoving vhat that means) they vant the reader to
demonstrate magicaIpovers. ThevaIue ofthe readingforthemIies
inhovaccuratelyitmatchesvhattheyknovtobetrue about their
Iives, pIus, ofcourse, a bit ofEesh imormation. To make sure the
reader is 'honest', they conce as much oftheirIives as possibIe. I
remember one voman vho came for advice about her vork.
ThroughoutthereadingshestaredbIankIy at me or the cards, giv-
ing me no indications at alI ifvhat I said meant anything to her.
Atervards, hovever, she vent over every card, expIaininghov it
reIated directIy to hercurrent experience.
Another time I hadpromsed to do a Tree ofLife readng see
beIov) foraEiendas apresentforher tventy-lrstbirthday. Vhen
she toIdsomeone at vork she vas goingto have hercards readthe
vomansaid, alarmed, 'h, you mustn't do that. You don't knov
vhat these peopIe do. They go dovn to the city haII and Iook up
everything about you, vhere you vere born, vhere you lve . . . '
My friend didn't telI the voman I ready knev all these things.
It does not seem to occur to such peopIe that they have vasted
their time and money ifthey onIy learn thngs they already knov,
alongvith asmattering ofnev facts. Theyseem to forget that they
have not cometo test the readerbutto getadvice. Hov much more
thevomr couIdhave Iearnedabouther careerifshe had given me
the opportumty to go deeper into the reIationships betveen the
cards insteadof justseeinghov cIose I came to the facts.
Behind the fear andthe scepticismIiesthe same probIem. Tarot
cards oEend 'comon sense' , that is, the image ofthe vorId ve
hoId in common, vhich is usuaIIy the image taught to us by
society. Ve can caII this image 'scientihc', though onIy in the strict
historical sense ofthat vord as meaning the viev propagated by
@ 3OO @
R E A D l N G S : l N T R O D O C T l O N
omcially rccognizcd scicntists (cxcluding, lor instancc, astrologcrs
andyogis) sincc thc scvcntccnth ccntury. IronicaBy, thc naturaI sci-
cnccs thcmsclvcs, particuIarIy physics, arc movingavayhomastrict
mcchanistic univcrsc. Hovcvcr, cuIturc lag cnsurcs that most pco-
pIc stiBthinkolscicncc in ninctccnth-ccntury tcrms.
Thus, thc ' common scnsc' vicv olthc vorId that arosc in onc
cuIturc - uropc - has hcId svay lor no morc than tvo orthrcc
hundrcdycars, andhas aIrcady startcd to ladc. Vc cannotdcnythc
achicvcmcnts olthis vicv, vhatcvcr its shortcomings. Nostpcop!c
vho dcnouncc scicncc cannot ocr any rcpIaccmcnt othcr than
nostaIgia lor a romanticizcd past that ncvcr cxistcd. Thc dangcr
vhich humanity nov prcscnts to naturc ironicaIIy tcstics to thc
cxtcnt to vhich humanityhas ovcrcomc thc grcatthrcats- starva-
tion, vild bcasts, discasc, ctc. - that naturc oncc prcscntcd to
humanity. utacccptingscicncc's achicvcmcnts docs not rcquirc us
to banish aL othcrcontributions to human knovIcdgc.
Nodcrn Vcstcrn scicncc bcgan as a consciousIy idcoIogica!
movcmcnt, dcIibcratcIy opposing thc rcligious vorld-vicv olits
timc. ItscarIypractitioncrsandthcorcticians,suchas Francisacon,
sav thcmscIvcs as rcvoIutionarics, proposing a vhoIc ncv rcIation
to naturc, onc that vouId do morc than incrcasc knovIcdgc. Sci-
cncc, thcy prcachcd, vouId crcatc a ncv vorId. vcn today, thc
institution olscicncc rctains a dogmatic cvangcIist charactcr. Thc
lamc and popuIarity olImmanucI Vclikovsky dcrivcd, at Icast in
part, lrom thc hystcrical attacks on him by scicntists (in Ho!Iand,
Iandoltolcrancc, scicntistsattcmptcdto gctthc govcrnmcntto ban
Vclikovsky's books) . ^nd vitncss thc orgamzation rcccntIy lormcd
byCarlSagan, Isaac^simov, andothcrs lor thcpurposc olattack-
ingthc popu!arity olastroIogy.
Intcrcstingly, vhiIc traditionaI scicncc's rcputation has laLcn on
hardtimcsitsvicvolthcvorIdrcmains mostIyunchal!cngcd. Vith
somcjustication and somc conlusion pcopIc blamc scicntists lor
thcvariousthrcatslacingIilc on carth. ^ndyct 'comonscnsc'sti!!
mcans thc vorId as crcatcd by cightccnth- and ninctccnth-ccntury
scicncc. Suchis thcpovcrolconditioning.
Hov thcn do vc charactcrizc this 'common` [sharcd, ordinary)
scnsc Primari!y it insists that omy onc kind ol rcIationship can
cxistbctvccncvcnts, objccts, orpattcrns.Thisis thc rcIationship ol
@ RO7 @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W I S O O M
CItCCI QhyICa CauC. Quh OmCIh1H_ II a OVCt. haI maKC
CHC. LOC II maKC CHC I IhIHK aDOuI OmCIh1H_ aHC II a
OVCt: Lt I Quh a IOy mOCC OII aHC II a OVCt:
hC COmFOH-CHC QCtOH ay HO, ICVCHI IutH OuI IhaI Vay II
I COIHCICCHCC, a VOtC mCaH1H_ IhaI IVO Ot mOtC IhIH_ haVC a tCa-
IIOHh1Q IH IImC, IhCy havc rc|nr|dcd, DuI haVC HO OIhCt tCaIIOHhIQ.
Laua1Iy tCmaIH tCItICICC IO ODCtVaDC QhyICa aCIIOH.
1uI CICHCC, CVCH IH II mOI mCChaHIIIC QCtIOC CutIH_ IhC aI
IVO CCHIutIC, haC IO CXICHC IhICOHCCQI IO CuDIOu1m1I IH OtCCt
IO CXQaIH IhC ODCtVaDC VOtC. hC CatIh aHC IhC OIhCt QaHCI
mOVC atOuHC IhC uH. hI I a CCmOHItaDC aCI. NC CaH CaCuaIC
IhC maIhCmaIICa tCaIIOHhIQ O IhCC mOVIH_ DOC1C IO uCh a
CC_tCC IhaI VC CaH CICOVCt HCV DOCIC Dy aH IttC_uat mOVCmCHI
IH IhOC atCaCy KHOVH [CQIuHC aHC uIO VCtC CICOVCtCC IhI
Vay) . 1uI IhC aCI CO HOI CXQaIH hOV IhI haQQCH. O _IaHI
haHC Quh Ot Qu IhC CatIh atOuHC IhC uH. `CI IhC tC_uatIIy O
IhC mOVCmCHI QtCVCHI u CaIH_ II COIHCICCHCC. hCtCOtC, CICH-
tII IHVCHICC uCh COHCCQI a `HaIuta aV aHC `OtCC HCC . hC
amC QCtOH VhO VI ay IhaI II `maKC HO CHC Ot OmCOHC IO
KHOCK OVCt a ChaIt Dy IhIHKIH_ aDOuI II VI HHC II QCtCCIy CHI-
DC IhaI ` _taV1Iy maKC IhC CatIh _O tOuHC IhC uH [IH IhC IVCHII-
CIh CCHIuty 1IHICIH ` _CHCta tCaIIVIIy QtOCuCC a mOtC COmQCX
CXQaHaIIOH Ot IhC mOVCmCHI Oat_C DOCIC uCh a QaHCI, DuI
mOI QCOQC II VI IHVOKC IhC `HaIuta aV O_taVIIy) .
NhaI IhCH OIhC CatICt VICV IhaI O`COttCQOHCCHCC, VhCtC
IhC tCaIIOHhIQ DCIVCCH OD]CCI aHC CVCHI I IhaI O Im1atIIy:
CtC II COC `maKC CHC IhaI OmCOHC CaH KHOCK OVCt a ChaIt Dy
KHOCKIH_ OVCt a IOy mOCC OII. HC II maKC CHC IhaI IhC QOI-
IIOH OIhC QaHCI aI IhC IImC ODItIhhOuC ImuCHCC QCtOHaIIy.
CIuay, DOIh IhCC VICV CXII ICC Dy ICC IOCay, IhOu_h
IhC COttCQOHCCHCC VICV tCmaIH C tCQCCIaDC. LCtIaIH QaHI
tCCmDC humaH Ot_aH. NatIOu QCOQC [QatIICuaIy `HCV a_C Ot
aICtHaIIVC hCaCt) VI CaIm IhaI II maKC CHC IhaI IhCC QaHI
hOuC hCQ KCCQ IhOC Ot_aH hCaIhy. LIhCt QCOQC VI ay II
maKC CHC IhaI IhC IVO IhIH_ haVC HOIhIH_ IO CO VIIh CaCh
OIhCt. hC `CHC OIhC IVO _tOuQ I HOI COmmOH aI a.
LCQIIC IhI uHCOmmOHHC, IhC IVO VICV VI OmCIImC OVCt-
aQ. COQC VhO VIh IO ]uIIj aItOO_y IO IhC ma]OtIIy OICH
@ RO @
R E A O I N G S : l N T R O D O C T l O N
invoke the 'Iav' ofgravity to epIain the astroIogic imuences,
despitethefactthatthekind ofinuence that eachpIanetissaidto
eert dependsIargeIy on the mythoIogicaI associations assigned to
thatpIanetby ancient civiIsations.
Suppose ve accept the earlier common sense, does that heIp us
accept the observabIe fact that Tarot readings accurateIy reect
aperson'sIfe?Ve dointerpretthem according to correspondences
- the pattern ofthe shumed cards reects the pattern ofevents.
levertheIess, formanyhrm beIievers in the sense ofastroIogy the
Tarot stiII oEends. The pIanets form a ed and specic pattern at
themomentofbirth, one determined aII the vay back to creation
vhengravitysIottedthemintotheirpredictabIeorbits. Butshumed
cards carry no such determnation. Besides, thepIanetsare mighty
beings, ponderousIy moving through the sky. Cards can appear so
triviaI. Hov can ve acceptthem?
For many peopIe, the authority ofastroIogy derives from the
vastness ofthe cosmos and uItimateIy hom Cod. It makes 'sense'
that something so smaII as a human beingshouId receive its per-
sonality from the vast movements ofthe pIanets. And even ifit
might embarrass peopIe to say so, ve knov uhc set those pIanets
andstarsinmotionin the lrstpIace. ButonlypeopIe shume cards.
And ifthey shume them again, vhy, they get a nev pattern. So
hov couId the lirstpossess any serious meaning?
Bemnd this Iast question Iies a very important assumption. that
onIy hedpatterns are real. The factis, the correspondence vorId-
viev can tend to mechanistic attitudes as much as the naturaI Iav
viev does. Both beg the question ofCod, or hrst causes.just as
neither epIains hov the mechansm came into being, the naturaI
Iavs or the patterns ofthe zodiac, so neither reIy requires us to
vorry aboutit. Codmay have set it ain motion,butnov itvorks
by itseIf. Though a good astroIoger uses intuition to interpret
a horoscope, the chart itseIfcan be constructed by anyone vith a
httle training.
The Tarot, hovever, is dynamic rather than determimst. lo
nedruIegovernshovapersonvillshumethecards. Andtheycan
aIvays beshumedagain. I have doneas many asso readings ona
questionand had basicly the same ansvereveryume, though vith
important variations, vith many ofthe same cards appearing in
@ ROU @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
every reading. The observation that somethng vorks, hovever,
does not expIain hcu it vorks.)
In the 930s CarIjung and VoIIgang PauIi decided to study
'meaningfuI coincidence' . jung became interested in the subject
through astroIogy and experiments vith the I Ching - vhich
frightened him in much the same vay the Tarot frightens most
peopIe. PauIi took up the subject from a more personaI invoIve-
ment, coincidences seemed to foIov mm lke a faithIuI, and often
cIumsy, dog.
Their investigations did notreaIIygo much beyond the stage of
procIaimngthat such coincidences existand some sort ofprinciple
must Iie behind them. Theydid, hovever, add a nev vord to the
vorId's Ianguages. synchronicity. ventsare synchronous vhen no
observabIe cause connects them andyet a meaningexsts betveen
them. For instance, ifve need to consuIt a certain rare book, and
vthout anyknovIedge ofthis need someone comes to ourhouse
carryingacopyofthis book,vec tmsconjunctionsynchronous.
PeopIe often usethevord 'synchronicity' asa charmagainstthe
phiIosophic dimcuIties of events vhich have no apparent cause.
Vhen something seemingIy impossibIe happens ve say, ' It's syn-
chronicity' and escape theassauItonconunonsense.jungandPauIi,
ofcourse, sav the term as something more than that. They vere
trying to suggest that an 'acausaI principle' couId connectevents as
sureIy as the caus ones ofnaturIavs. In othervords, ifve bring
bits ofimormation together in a random vay, free from the caus
connections ofconscious direction, then the acaus synchronicity
viI bring them together in a meaningfuI vay. This is, ofcourse,
vhathappensin divination. The important tmng to notice here is
thatthe synchronousprincipIe canonIytake overifve hrstremove
the causaI one. In other vords- any method ofproducingrandom
patterns - shuming cards, throving coins - is necessary to give the
principIe a chance to vork.
In a vay, divination reaIy derives from a vorld-viev oIder even
than that ofcorrespondences. Ve can cHI ths viev 'archaic' and
describe itas one invhch Cod or the gods are presentataII times,
takngan activepartin destiny and the running ofthe universe. In
such a vorId nothing happens because of any Iavs, but rather
because Cod chooses to makeit happen. Thus, not gravitybut the
@ 37O @
R E A D l N G S : l N T R O D O C T l O N
Grcat Nothcr causcs spring to lollov vintcr. ^nd shc mayjust as
vcII choosc not to makc ithappcn.
For pcopIc vho hcId this vicv, communication vith thc gods
vasnotonIypossiblcbutncccssary. lotonlydidthcyvanttokccp
thc god happy, oratIcast notangry, butithclpcd ilthcyhadsomc
idca olvhat thc gods intcndcd. PcopIc vho could not dcpcnd on
thc prcdictabiIity olnaturaI lavs, or thc mcasurcd movcmcnts ol
thc plancts, had to ask.
Thcy couId communicatc vith thc gods in tvo vays. First, it
vas (and is) possibIc to go into a tranccand visit thc gods in thcir
ccIcstial rctrcats, as thc grcat shamans havc alvays donc. Norc
casiIy, and Icss dangcrously, thcy couId Ict thc gods spcak through
codc, that is, divination, using dicc, cntraiIs, bird pattcrns, yarrov
sticks, cards.
ut vhy shouId thcsc random pattcrns constitutc God's spccch
^s vith synchronicity thc ansvcr is bccausc thcy arc ran-
dom, bccausc thcy Jo ocnd rationaI common scnsc, thcy bypass
thc ordinary momcnt-by-momcnt vay in vhich pcopIc cxpcri-
cncc Iilc. Likc drcams thcy stcp outsidc thc normaI Iogic-bound
Ianguagc olconscious humanity. ^nd by stcpping outsidc it, thcy
transccnd it.
Inthisarchaic vicv Godis prcscnt inalIthings, aIlcvcnts. God
spcaks to us aII thc timc. Cur Iimitcd pcrccption, hovcvcr, prc-
vcnts us lrom scnsing this communication. It is j ust as vcII this
Iimitation cxists. ^s thc thrcc rabbis vho cntcrcd Paradisc vith
Pabbi^kiba Icarncd, God`s spccch ovcrhclms, bIinds. Inlact, as
vc say in Part Cnc olthis book, thcvciI olcgo cxists not onIy as
a cumbcrsomc Iimitation but as a saving mcrcy lrom thc truc
povcrolthcunivcrsc.Thcpurposc olcsotcrictraimngis notsim-
pIy to rcmovc thc vciI, butrathcrto train thc scIlto makc propcr
usc olthc Iightningash olGod's spccch. lcvcrthcIcss, ilas ordi-
nary pcopIc vc vant somc inlormation lrom God - that is, lrom
bcyond ourovn Iimitcdpcrccptions- vcnccda vay to sccround
thcbIinkcrsvhich cut us oulrom thc vorId olTruth. Vcnccd to
producc synchronicity.
^ny dcvicc vhich produccs a 'random' pattcrn viII scrvc this
lunction. It is possibIc that aIl thc gimmicks pcopIc usc lor gam-
bIingoriginaIIy scrvcdlor divination, andlor thc samc rcason. Oicc
@ 37 I @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
and mied card and spinningvheeIs aII cut through the conscious
mind's controI ofthe outcome.
Identi(ing some ofthe Tmot's ancientroots I am not suggest-
ing that the Tarot itseIfgoes back to ancient times, onIy that the
concepts behind its vorkng do) does not epIain it to modern
mind. Hovever, certain aspects of the archaic vorId-viev have
begun to return, suitabIy cIothed in the modern termnoIogy of
physics and depth psychoIogy rather than the mythoIogicaI Ian-
guage ofgods andgoddesses. 'Synchromcity' is one such term.
Modern quantum theory suggests that on the most basic IeveI
exstence does not foIIov any ruIes or determined Iavs. ParticIes
interact atrandom, andvhatveobsereasnaturIavsare actuahy
aggregates of probabiIty giving the appearance of determnism,
somethingIke the vay a coin pped enoughtmes viII come out
to anequaInumberofheadsandtaiIs, so thatsomeonemght think
a 'Iav' ofbmce requied even distribuuon. Indeed, manypeopIe
beIieve the 'Iavofaverages' can ordertheoutcomeofsomeparuc-
uIar'event - 'You've fmedeveryothertime, theIavofaveragessays
you've got to make it this time' - vhen the vhoIe pointofpmba-
biItyisjust the opposite, thatitcamotpredict specihc events.)
At the same time thatphysics is eatingavay at the universe of
hedlavs, so modern psychoIogy oratIeastsome branches ofit)
has begun to Iook at non-ration theories ofknovIedge. Vhere
archaicpeopIespokeofthe 'othervorId' orthe 'Iandofthe gods' ,
today ve speak ofthe 'unconscious'. The terms change but the
underIying eperience remains. a reaIm ofbeing in vhch time
does notestand knovIedge is notIimitedto theimagesreceived
hom our senses. And the methods used to ' contact the uncon-
scious' have notchangedhomthoseempIoyed toIsten tothegods
thousands ofyears ago - dreams, trances ofvmch Freudian Eee
association is a kind ofIesser version), tossed coins.
Ve come to thenotionthatthe TarotvorkspreciseIybecauseit
makes no sense. The information eists. ur unconscious seIves
aIreadyknovit. Vhatve needisadevicetoactas abridge to con-
scious percepuon.
As pointed out earIier, reaching this IeveI ofconnection, this
synchronicity ofuncomon sense, does not depend on vhat sys-
temve use. TheTarot, the I Ching, dice, teaIeaves, aII reaIIysere
@ 373 @
R E A D l N G S : I N T R O D O C T I O N
the same function. They produce random information. Perhaps in
the mture more 'modern' vays ofproducingrandom patterns V
emerge. Most 'pure' might be a system ofdivinauonbased on the
movements and energyjumps ofsub-atomic particIes. For it is at
this mostbasicIeveI thatve can see the mostimportantimpIication
ofsynchonicity, that existence does net foIIov rigid determinst
Iavsinvhch eventsarisehomhed causes. Andyetatthesame
time, events have meaning. r rather, meaning emerges from
events. From the rmdom darting and spimng of particIes
emergessoIid matter. Fromthe separate actions and experiences of
aperson`sIife emergesapersonaIity. Fromthe mngofTarotcards
emerges avareness.
IfanydeviceviI! provide meaning, vhy Tarot ? The ansver is,
anysystemV teussomethng, butthequaIity ofthatsomething
depends onthevaIues containedin the system. The Tarot contains
a phiIosophy, an outhne ofhov human consciousness evoIves, md
a vast compendium of human experience. Shuming the cards
brings these vaIues intopIayvith each other.
Ve might mgue that assigninga phIosophy to the cards destroys
their objecuvity in terms ofpredicting events. Human vaIues and
interpretauons haveintrudedinanotherisepuresystem. Such an
idea, I thnk, vouId comehoma misunderstandngof 'objectivity'.
TheTarotis objective becauseitbypasses conscious decision, butit
is not impartiaI. nthe contrary, it attempts to push us in certain
directions. optimism, spirituaIity, a beIiefinthe necessityand vaIue
ofchange.
Themeaningsfor the cards given in ths bookleavea gooddeaI
ofroom for interpretation by the reader. In fact, they require it.
Ths is because the practised reader brings far more to her or his
vork than a detaIed knovIedge ofthe cards and their traditionaI
merngs.justas importantis sensitivity- both to the pictures and
to the person sitting there nervousIy and excitedIy staring at the
cards. A goodreaderdoes notsimpIyrepeattraditionaIhedmean-
ings. Rather, he orsheviIIhndnevmeaningsandinterpretations,
vm extend the patterns.
VhIe some peopIe desire objective readngs and dsIike inter-
pretation, others argue that a reader shouId not use any delinite
meanings at a, but aIvays vorkEom 'feeling' the pictures at the
@ 374 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W I S O O M
moment. Yet to do so viII Iimit the reader to the narrov range oF
his or her ovn perceptions. And those perceptions viII aIvays
come at Ieast partIy hom his or her ovn eperiences and cuIturaI
conditioning. Very Fev peopIe have reached a IeveI oFavareness
vheretheycanescapethebiasoFtheirovnhistory. FormostoFus,
our emotions cIoud our intuition. The subconscious gets in the
vayoFthe unconscious. See theFootnote on page 298 Forthe diF-
Ference betveen 'unconscious' and 'subconscious' . )
A reader vho trusts FeeIings can be Ied avay Gom the truth as
velI as tovards it. But there is another reason vhyve shouIdvork
vith the traditionaImeaningsbelonging to theimages. IFve donot
use the visdom others have put into the cards, then ve deprive
ourseIves oFtheir knovIedge and eperience. ThereFore, part oFa
reader'strainingIiesinsimplystudyingthecards, vhiIeanotherpart
Iiesin gainingpersonaI sense oFthem throughpractice, meditation,
andcreative vork.
Tarotreadings teachus many things. ne oFthe mostvaIuabIe is
this necessary balance oFobjective andsubjective, action and intu-
ition. RecentIy eperimentaI science has ' discovered' that the tvo
halves oF the brain do not perForm the same Functions, the IeFt
hemisphere governing the rightside oFthe body) deaIs vith ratio-
naI andIinear activities, vhiIe the right hemsphere governing the
IeFt side oF the body) deaIs vith intuitive, creative, and hoIstic
activities. This 'discovery' is remniscent oF the argument about
vhetherCoIumbus, LeiFricson, or StBrendan discovered Amer-
ica.'just as the lative Americans had Iived there For thousands oF
years, so esotericists hadknovnabout the spIit brain For centuries.
Vhen a person has mied the Tarot cards the reader, iFright-
handed, picks them up in the IeFthand, thenIays them dovn vith
the right. Ve do this to givejust a littIe more emphasis on that
necessary combination oFintuition and conscious knovIedge. The
IeFt hand heIps channeIsensitivity but ve turn the cards vith the
right because ve vant the rationaI brain to epIain the pattern
intuitiveIy.
In Part ne oFthis book I vrote that readings partake oFboth
the Magician and theHighPriestessprincipIes, consciousness and
intuition.Ve cango Furtherandsay thatdoingTarotreadingsheIps
achieve a baIance and unity oF these principIes in their practicaI
@ 37R @
R E A D l N G S . l N T R O D L C T l O N
statcs, that oIviIJ and opcnncss. ach timc vc do a rcading vc
asscrt ourvi!! to imposc a mcaning on thc pattcrns throvn out by
chaos. Thc act suggcsts not onIy thc Nagician (numbcr I) but thc
VhccI oIFortunc (numbcr I0) . Thc Iattcr card carrics a vision oI
thc vorId in timc (rcmcmbcr thc Virth vcrsion oIthc Vhccl as
rcsting in a boat- consciousncss- oating on thc sca oIcxistcncc)
Hovcvcr, mcaning imposcd by consciousncss carrics truc vaIuc
onIy iIvc opcn ourscIvcs to thc picturcsand thc impactthcymakc
on us. ThcrcIorc, Tarot rcadings Suggcst thc High Pricstcss (num-
bcr2) , but aIso thc Hangcd Nan (numbcr I2) , thc imagc oIsuch a
cIosc conncction to IiIc that vc no longcr scc ourscIvcs as scparatc
oropposcd to it. Ad thc card that connccts trumps I0 and I2 can
aIso stand Ior thc cmbIcm olTarot rcadings thcmscIvcs.)usticc, hcr
scalcs Iorcvcr banccd not by a carcIuI vcighing oIoppositcs- so
much intuition Ior so much objcctivc knovlcdgc - but by a living
commtmcnt to thc truth.
@ 37 @
L H A F 1 L K L L L V L N
TYPES OF REAO1NGS
C l N N l NC 5TP5
hC ttuC QyCmC tCaOCt, whC atC tatCt than many QCCQ!C thInK,
Can ImQy taKC a Cw CatO Cm anywhCtC In thC OCCK, !ay thCm
Cut In nC QattICu!at QattCtn, anO uC thCm 2 thC ttIggCt Ct gCIng
IntC a ttanCC Ct ImQy Ct tC!CaIng thC InCtmatICn Cm unCCn-
CICu CutCC.
Ct mCt QCCQ!C, hCwCVCt, a QtCaO hC!Q thCmHnO thC mCanug
In a OIVInatICn. 1 thC CatO atC taKCn CthC tCQ CthC QI!C thC
tCaOCt Q!aCC thCm In QCCIHC QCItICn, CaCh CwhICh CattIC It
Cwn mCa11ng, uCh a `QatImuCnCC` , hCQC anO Cat. hC mCan-
mg Cthat CatO thCn OCCCmC a CCmOInatICn CthC QICtutC anO thC
QCItICn. tCm thC ymOC!1C mCanIng C a! thC CatO a whC!C
QattCtn w:! (wC hCQC CmCtgC.
NhatCVCt QtCaO thC tCaOCt uC, Htt CCmC thC mDIng CthC
Ca1O anOOCCtC that thC ChCICC CCnC CatO tC tCQtCCnt thC uO]CCt
Ct`QuCtCnt` amany wtItCt Ca!! thC QCtCn mDIng thCm. NC CtCn
Ca th1 CatO thC ` bIgnIHCatCt (nCt CVCryCnC C!!Cw thI QtaCtICC,
CmC C!!Cw It Cn!y Ct QCCIHC QtCaO, In QattICu!at thC LC!tIC
LtC . NC ChCCC thC QuCtCnt CatO anO Ct It aIOC Ct twC rCaCn.
Itt, C that thC QCtCn huHIng Can CCu Cn thC QICtutC tC KCCQ
thC attCntICn CmwanOCtIng. bCCCnO, C thC OCCK wI1! thCn tCOuCC
tC CVCnty-CVCn wh1Ch I CVCn, thC numOCt CwI!!, tImC C!CVCn,
thC numOCt COa!anCC.
@ 37O @
R E A O I N G S . T Y P E S O F R E A D l N G S
Some vriters suggest using the FooI to represent the querentin
aII readings. ften, readers viII choose some other major card,
depending on theirfavourites. usuaIIy discourage thispractice on
the ground that the Major cards symboIize archetypaI forces,
vhereas the subject is a vhoIe person, existing in a specihc time
and pIace. Besides, removinga trump hom the deck removes the
chance ofhaving thatcard come up somevhere in the reading.
Most readers preferto use one ofthe court cards to sigm the
querent. TraditionaIIy, thePageshave stoodforchiIdrensome peo-
pIe see the cutoEbetveen chiIdhood and aduIthood as the Ioss of
virginity) , theKnightsforyoungmen, the Queensforvomen, and
the Kings for oIder, more maturemen.
PeopIe vho have read Vaite's P|r|cria| Key viII remember his
conmsingassignation ofKnights tomen above forty, andKings to
younger men. Thissystem comeshomtheCoIdenOavnKabbaI-
istic Tarot. n that deck theKghts represent Fire, and Fire, as ve
might expecthom anorder ofmagicians, stands at the headofthe
suits. Therefore, the CoIden OavnKnights represent mature men.
ButtheCoIdenOavn deck and CrovIey's Thoth Tarot) does not
contain Kings, or for that matter, Pages, at aII, it uses Knight,
Queen, Prince, and Princess. tmakessense for a Prince to repre-
sent a maIe younger than a Knight. t does not make sense for a
King to do so, and most readers do not foIIov Vaite's insuuctions
onthis point, evenvhen usinghis deck.
ThetraditionaIsystem contains asymboIfora youngman, but
none forayoungvoman. Sincevomenjump from chiIdhood to
fuII maturity no more abruptIy than men do, have found it
vaIuabIe tomaketheKnightsserveeithergender, as thePagesdo.
n fact, since the Kings and Queens symboIize dierent vaIues
and approaches to Iife, they too may signi( either a maIe or
femaIe questioner. A former student ofmine, a psychotherapist
vho uses Tarot as an approach to her cIients' probIems, foIIovs
this practice.
LnIess see a cIear indication otherise generaIIy choose a
Queenfora voman, aKingforaman. remember one mm, hov-
ever, vho struck me forcibIy as the Queen ofSvords, vith her
greatsense ofsorrov. Vhen shoved mm the cardanddescribed
itheagreedcompIeteIy.
@ 377 @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
ncethereaderandcIienthave decidedonthehgure, theymust
choose the suit. LsuaIIy thereaderdoes this, foIIoving one oftvo
methods. The lrst is colouring. Vands, or vhatever suitstands for
Fire, represent peopIe vith bIonde or red hair, Cups Iight-brovn
hair and Iight-brovn or hazeI eyes, Svords dark-brovn hair and
eyes, PentacIes bIack hair and eyes. Itdoes not take much thought
to see the dravbacks ofthis system. Besides its generaI arbitrariness
it makes most Chinese people PentacIes, most Svedes Vands, rd
so on.
Amore objective systemusesastroIogicaIsigns.Asdescribedear-
Iier, the foureIementssigni(signsofthe zodiac as veII as the suits
ofTarot. Most peopIe knov their ovn sun signs and ifnot the
reader canreadiIy determine ithom the birthday. fcourse, most
astroIogerssay that the sun sign constitutes onIy one tveIfth ofthe
person's chartand another eIementmaydominate.
InmyvorkI hnditvorthvhIe to increase thesubject's invoIve-
ment by Iettinghim orher choosethe suit.AterI have decidedthe
Ievel Queen, King, Knight or Page) I remove the fourappropriate
cardshom the deck andpIace thembefore theperson. Iftheperson
knovs some Tarot symboIism I ask her or him to disregard form
attributes and choose simpIybyreactionto the pictures.
LsuaIIyve do notinterpretthis 'Signihcator' card. Itstands for
the vhoIe person rather thanvhateveraspects beIong to that card.
In some situations, hovever, the choice becomes important. Sup-
poseamarriedvomanchoosestheQueenofCupstorepresenther-
seIf, ifthe Kng ofCups comes up in the reading itmay represent
herhusband, ormore preciseIy, since the readngIooks at the situa-
tion hom the querent`s point ofviev, her husband's inuence on
her.Ifthehusbandtendstovardsimmaturityand/ordependenceon
the voman, then the Knightmayappearinstead ofthe Kng.
thercards ofthe same suitmayaIso stand forthe subjectrather
than someone eIse. Ifthesubjectchooses theKingofVands to rep-
resent himseIf, then the appearance ofthe Queen may indicate the
emergence ofa more 'femaIe' side appreciation and receptivity. If
the querent is a Knight, then the appearance ofthe King or Queen
mayrepresentimmaturity, orregression,oramoreyouthmIatntude.
Ve can caII these changes 'verticaI' - moving up and dovn in
the same suit. 'HorizontaI' changes are the appearance ofone or
@ 37 @
R E A O l N G S : T Y P E S O F R E A O l N G S
more cards at the same leveI but Eom dierent suits. Ifthe person
chooses the Queen ofSvords, then the Queen ofCups appearing
in the reading may indicate a change in the person. These ' trans-
mutations' as I c them often carry great meaning.
The quesuon ofhov to interpretcourtcard- as someone else
oras anaspect ofthe subject- remains formostpeopIe one ofthe
mostdimcuIteIements ofTarotreading. Lsu yittakeseperience
and a strongfeeIingforthe cards to helpindicate the correctinter-
pretation.venverypractisedreadersviIl oftenhndthe aIternatives
confusing.
Ater the choice ofSignihcatorcomes the miing. Ifthe person
is not asking a particuIar question I instruct him or her to empty
the mind andconcentrate onthe hands, orsimpIy onthe Signihca-
tor. Ifthe reading does concern a specihc question I asktheperson
to focus on thatand even say the question out Ioud to h it more
lrmly in the mind.
The method ofshumingdoes notmatter, eceptthatitmust be
thorough and some ofthe cards must become turned around to
ov reversed meanings to emerge. ne method I sometimes
reconunend is toIay the cards on the tabIe or oor many readers
aIvays dotheirreadingsonthesilkscarftheyusetovrap thedeck) ,
thenvithboth hands scatter themaL around, Iike a chiId pIayingin
the mud. Then I teII the person to bring the cards back together.
Besidesits thoroughnessthismethodcarriesa nice symbohsm. Any
Tarotreadingrepresentsapersonipatternemerginghomthe chaos
ofpossibIe combinations. ven ifve only read ten cardsthe vhoIe
deck bears the imprint of the person vho Iast moed them. By
scattering the deck ve return it to chaos, vhen ve bring it back
together, itcarriesthenevpattern.
Vith the cards mied the subject must separate them into three
piIes in the foLoving vay. Lsing the Ieft hand he or she must
remove a piIe homthe top andplace it to theIeft, then from that
piIe again remove a pde from the top and Iay it dovn on the Ieft.
lov the reader takes over, and here again peopIe disagree
about hov to put the deck back together. Some simpIy pick up
the piIe on therightviththe left hand, pIaceit over the middIe
piIe and then put thesetvopiIes overthe piIe on the left. thers
hoId their Ieft hand a fev inches over each piIe untiI a varmth
@ R7U @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W I S O O M
seemstorisefromoneofthem. TheythenpIacethispiIeoverthe
other tvo.
ither vay, vhen the deck has re-formed, the reader, using the
righthand, beginstoturnoverthecmdsinvhateverpatternheorshe
hr decided to foLov. Hundred ofpatterns exst. fthe threepre-
sentedhere,one Imadeup,vhiIetheothertvoarevariauonsontra-
dinonaIthemes. Aost anybookonTarotw givemrtherpatterns.
1M CL1l C CR055
verthe years this patternhasproved the mostpopular. The Cross
derives its name hom its shape, a cross ofequaI arms one card on
each side ofthe centre) , vith fourcards Iined up as a 'StaE' beside
it see Fig. 83, p. 288) .
As ve might epect, commentators dsagree on the meaning of
particuIarpositionsandhovto describe them. Some, suchasVaite
andden Cray, provide asort ofrituaIforthe readertopronounce
vhiIe Iaying out the cards. 'This covers mm' or 'This Iies beneath
him'. thers prefer more convention phraseoIogy. It does not
matter vhich system ve use as Iong as ve remain constant. The
meanings describedbeIovare the ones I use. Theyfoov the tra-
ditionaI system, vith certain changes.
H L b MALL L H Ob b
I neveryvay ofIayingoutthe CeItic Cross thehrsttvo cards form
a smaII cross oftheirovnviththe hrst one, the ' cover' card,Iying
directIy on top ofthe Signihcatorandthe secondlyinghorizontaI-
Iy across it.
lov, the cover card usuaIIy stands forsomebasic inuence on
thesubject,ageneraIsituationorstartingpointforthereading. The
second card, vhich ve aIvays read right side up, despite hov it
comes oEthedeck, represents in tradtionaI systems an 'opposing
inuence' , somethingcounterto the hrst. Inpractice, this 'opposi-
tion' mayactuay form asecondinuencesupporting the hrst.
For eampIe, suppose the cover card vas the FooI, indicating
a sense offoIIoving instincts despite vhat may seem the more
@ 3O @
R E A D l N G S : T Y P E S O F R E A D l N G S
sensibIepractice. IfTemperancecrossedit,ve couIdcaIIitanoppo-
siuon, sinceTemperanceusu yrefers to caution. ButiftheKght
ofVands crossed the FooI, the tvo cards vouId tend to support
each other, and in fact the other cards mght suggest a needfor a
more temperate imuence to baIance that eagerness.
Inmyvork I have developed a sIightIy diEerent vay ofIooking
at the rst tvo cards, referring to them not as coverand ' opposi-
tion' but as ' Centre' and ' crossing' . For their meanings I term
them the 'inner' and ' outer' aspects, or some times 'verticaI' and
'horizontal` time, or simply 'being' and 'doing' . The Centre card
shovs some basic quahty ofthe person or the person's situation.
The crossing card then shovs hovthatquahty aEects the person,
or hov it translates into action. Put another vay, the rst shovs
vhatthe person is, the secondhov he or she acts.
Consider the example in Fig. b I . The FooI vouId indicate a
person vith an inner tendency to take chances, to foIIov instinct.
Temperance crossingitvouIdmean that vhen it comes to action
thepersontends tovards amorecarefuIapproach,bIendinginstinc-
tive energy vith morepracticaI considerations.
F/_urc 8I
Aother exampIe viIl help iIIustrate this mostvaIuabIe part ofa
Celtic Cross reading. The Ace ofCups in the Centre vouId indi-
cate a time of happiness in a person's Iife, or more preciseIy a
@ 3 I @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W I S O O M
chance ofhappiness, since the Aces represent opportunities. Ifthe
Ten ofCups crossedthe Ace the tvo vouIdimpIythat the person
recognizes the opportunities andviII use them. But ifthe Four of
Cups shouldcross the Ace a diEerent meamngviII emerge, shov-
ing an apathetic attitudethatprevents the person appreciatingvhat
Iife oEers him or her. The apathy, hovever, vouId not cancel out
the opportunity.
have stressed the smaII cross because ofits importance. n some
readings the rsttvo cards can teIIthe vhoIe story, vith the others
fiIIing in detaiIs. As described in Part ne the terms 'verticaI
and horizontaI time' derive from symboIic interpretations ofthe
crucihxon, vhere ternty, embodiedinChristas the Son ofCod,
intersected the ' horizontaI' movement history, thatis, the death of
one humanbeing. For Christian mystics the fact ofthe crucihion
HIovs them - through meditation on the cross and other method
ofidenticationvithChrist- to bringasenseof'verticaI' timeinto
the horizontaI facts oftheirovn physicaI exstences. Inmanyother
cuItures the image ofa cross symbolizes the four horizontaI direc-
tions aIong the surface ofthe earth, vhiIe the crossing point, the
meetingpIace ofthe four, suggests the essentialIy verticaI direction
ofthe centre. The cross, therefore, aIso symboIizes the Tarot itself,
the fourarms being the foursuits and the centre the MajorArcana.
n terms ofreadings, the cross symboIism can shov the vay in
vhich a person's substance, or inner being, can mi vith the vay
that person acts in the vorId. t is vorth repeating here the origi-
nal eampIe vhich suggested the symboIism ofcrossed time. The
reading vas done for a man unsure ofthe direction ofhis Iife. A
Iong Iove aair vas ending, his chosen career as a professional
singer had not materiaIized. The reading began vith the High
Priestess crossedby the Hierophant. lov these cards, sometimes
calIedthe PapessandthePope, atrstgIancerepresent contradic-
tory vaIues. The High Priestess stands for instinct, mystery, stiII-
ness, vhile the Hierophant, as the preacher ofadoctrineby vhich
peopIemayguide theirIives,standsfororthodoy, pIannedbehav-
iour, cIarity. Therefore, it appeared that the tvo symboIized con-
icting approaches to Iife. The more Iooked at them, hovever,
vith their reIigious imagery, the more thought ofconjunctions,
ratherthan opposites. The tvo seemed to prescribe aImost a vay
@ 33 @
R E A D l N G S . T Y P E S O P R E A D l N G S
oIdcaling vith liIc. Thc Migh Pricstcss indicatcd that vithin him-
sclIthis man carricd qualitics oIinstinct and undcrstanding that
might ncvcr IuIIy cmcrgc but couId givc his liIc substancc. Thc
Hicrophant, on thc othcr hand, shovcd that in his daiIy IiIc hc
nccdcd a morc rationaI pIanoIaction, hcnccdcd to organizc and
makcdcnitc dccisionsto achicvc vhathcvantcd. utthcscpIans
and practic stcps vouId vork bcst iIbackcd by his ovn instincts
and inncr avarcncss rathcr than by socially-acccptabIc idcas oI
propcr goaIs and bchaviour. ]ust as I vas trying to cxpIain hov
thcsc quaIitics couId compIcmcnt cach othcr thc man brokc in to
say hov hc sav thcm as constantIy in opposition, hov hc svung
back and Iorth, giving in rst to his dcsircs or simply to passivity,
and thcn moving thc othcr vay to vcry dircctcd orthodox action,
suchas gcttinga rcsponsibIc middIc-cIassjob rathcrthanpursuchis
singing. Part oImyjob in thc rcading bccamc to shov him hov
thcsc quaIitics couldvorktogcthcr.
` U Ab | b

^tcr thc small cross thc rcadcr placcs thc ncxt card dircctIy bclov
thc Ccntrc. This position rcprcscnts thc 'asis` oIthc rcading - a
situationorcvcnt, usually, though notaIvays, inthcpast, vhich has
hcIpcd crcatc thc currcnt situation. ccausc oI thc vay our past
shapcs us this card can somctimcs cxpIain and tic togcthcraII thc
othcrs. In onc rcmarkablc rcading about a voman's dihicuItics
rcIatingto hcrhusband thc mpcrorin thc asis positionindicatcd
that hcr rcIationship to hcr Iathcr stiII dominatcd hcr unconscious
scxuality and vas prcvcnting hcr hom vorking out hcr currcnt
probIcms.
LsuaIly thcasis docs notshov such a broadthcmc, but oItcnit
docs indicatc a prcvious situation, cspcciaIly iIa conncction cxists
vith thc numbcr or suit oIonc oIthc rst tvo cards. Considcr
thcsc thrcc cards. thc Nagician crosscd by thc Fivc oICups, vith
thc Fivc oISvords bcncath thcm (scc Fig. 82) . Thc Nagician, as
thc pcrson's bcing, shovs a strong, highly-crcativc and dynamic
pcrsonaIity. Thc Fivc oICups, hovcvcr, indicatcs thatthc pcrson is
currcntIy prcoccupicd vith somc Ioss so that thc povcrIuI pcrson-
ality has bccomc subducd. |n tcrms oIthc picturcs, thc Nagician
@ 3 4 @
S E V E N T Y - E I G H T O E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
~
F|_urc 8Z
has covered his dazzIingvhite and red robe in a bIack cIoak. The
Five ofSvords, hovever, shovs that the Ioss began as a painfuI
and humiIiating defeat. It is this defeat vhich has dimmed the
Magician's hre. But the move Eom Svords to Cups shovs that
aIreadyaprocess ofrenevhasbegun.Theperson canbegin tosee
the situation as one ofregret rather thanshame. Vhatmakes this
movement possibIe is the Magician quaIities, currentIy conceaIed
yetstiBactive in the person'sIife.
@ 3R @
R E A O l N G S . T Y P E S O F R E A O I N G S
` H LL L N |Ab

The net card lies to the IeFt oFthe smaIl cross and bears the titIe
'Recent Past' . The term is reay a misnomer, For the diEerence
betveen this position and the Basis lies not so much in the
timescaIe as in their impact on the person. The Recent Past reFers
to events or situations that aEectthe subject, yethave passed orare
passing out oFimportance. Lsually it does reFer to recent events,
sometimes,hovever, itcanshov something reachingFarback oroF
great importance. In the eampIe above, oF the voman vhose
Father aEected her so strongly, iFthemperorhad appeared in the
Recent Past instead oFthe Basis, it vould have indicated that the
bIockvasrecedinghomherIiFe, andvouldnotaEectherso much
in the mture.
` |Ob b | U LL OULO M L
The net card goes directIy above the smaIl cross. Some peopIe
term this position the 'Best PossibIe utcome' . Hovever, a IittIe
practice viIl demonstrate the narrovness oFthis optimstic titIe. IF,
say, the line oFSvords shovs up here it can hardIy be caIIed the
'best' resuIt. ThereFore, Iike many others, I reFer to this position
as simpIy ' PossibIe utcome' . lov, since ve caII the hn card
' utcome' peopIemayh ndthe tvo terms conFusing. By 'possibIe'
ve mean rst oFaII a more general trendthatmayresuIthom the
imuences shovn in the reading. At the moment, itremains vague
and may never actuaIIy come about. ItsimpIy means the person is
headingin this direction.
Sometimes the reIationship betveen the PossibIe utcome and
the utcome incIudes cause and eEect. The PossibIe may resuIt
From the utcome. As a simple eample, suppose the utcome
shovs the ight oF PentacIes and the PossibIe utcome shovs
the Three. The ight indicates that the person vill go through a
period oFhard vork and Iearning. The Three indicates that tms
eEortisIikeIyto produce the desiredresuIt oFgreatskmandsuccess.
Sometimes the PossibIe utcome indicates a more tentative
resuIt than the utcome. Here is an eampIe hom a reading done
several years ago For a voman vho had appIied For a job and
@ 3 @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T D E G R E E S O F W I S D O M
vanted to knov her chances of getting it. The utcome card
indicated delays and suspense but the PossibIe utcome shoved
success. Vhen the voman vent to lnd out, the hiring agent
toId her that they had hired someone eIse but had put her on an
aIternate hst. Several days Iater he caIIed to teII her that the some-
one eIse had changed hermnd andhevantedto hire the voman.
The possibIe had become re.
There is anothervay ofcomparing the PossibIe utcome and
the utcome, especiaIIy ifthe tvo contradict each other rather
than compIement, as in the eampIes above) , or ifthey shov a
direct reIationship, such as the same suit or number. In these situa-
tions I read the Possible utcome as something that might have
happenedbutviII not. The task then is to Iook at the other cards
for the reason vhy the outcome shouId happen instead.
Suppose the Star Iies in the person's PossibIe utcome, indcat-
ing that the person might emerge feeIing very free, fuII ofhope,
open to Iife. Suppose then that the OeviI comes up as the actuaI
utcome, indicating bondage to an oppressive situation. Vhat
has gone vrong? If, say, the line ofSvords reversed Iies in the
position ofBasis, thisvouIdgiveusa clue, foritvouIdsaythatthe
person hoIds inside her or him a sense ofshame and humiIiation
comng from past veaknesses and fears, and that the 'imprison-
ment` symboIized in the line prevents the person from reaIizing
the potential ofthe Star.
These eampIes viII heIp us to see that the true meaning ofa
Tarotreadingdoesnotcomehomspecihc cardsbutratherhomthe
conhgurations they form together.
` N LAH |UU H L
The lnaI arm of the Cross comes to the right of the central
pattern. Lying opposite the Recent Past it bears the titIe 'lear
Future' . Itshovs some situation that the person viII soon have to
face. It does not carry the same totality as the utcome, rather it
formsyetanotherinuence, in this case theinuence ofevents. If
a situationbegins in a certain vay but endsvery diEerentIy, then
the reason might lie in the lear Future bringing in some nev
situation orperson to change the direction. nthe other hand, if
@ 3O @
R E A D I N G S . T Y P E S L R E A D l N G S
thc Cutcomc is vcry dicrcnt in charactcr Irom thc lcar Futurc
ths might indicatc that thc comng situation vi!! havc no Iasting
ccct. For cxampIc, iIthc Fivc oIVands Iics in thc lcar Futurc,
and thc Thrcc oICups in thc Cutcomc, it can indicatc that thc
pcrson vi!I go through a pcriod oIconict vith Iricnds, but that
this conict vi!I not Iast long, giving vay to cIoscr tics, and co-
opcration. CItcn such inIormation can grcatIy hclp a pcrsoncomc
througha dimcuIttimcbyrcassuringhimorhcrthatitviJI notIast.
^nd iIthc oppositc shouId appcar (that is, a happy situation vu
givc vay to a bad onc) thc rcadcr can simpIy hopc that thc pcrson
can usc this inIormation vcL. ad ncvs is aIvays lcss pIcasant to
givc than good.
^tcr Iaying out thc Cross thc rcadcr turns up thc naI Iour
card, onc abovc thc othcr, to thcright oIthc Cross. Thcnal pat-
tcrn looks Lkc this.
@ 37 @

'

I
.

C
e
n
t
r
e

2
.

C
r
o
s
s
i
n
g

a
3
.

B
a
s
i
s

l
i

4
.

R
e
c
e
n
t

P
a
s
t

5
.

P
o
s
s
i
b
I
e

u
t
c
o
m
e

6
.

l
e
a
r

F
u
t
u
r
e

7
.

S
e
I
f

8
.

n
v
i
r
o
n
m
e
n
t

9
.

H
o
p
e
s

a
n
d

F
e
a
r
s

0
.

u
t
c
o
m
e


<

am


F
g
u
t
e

8
J

T
h
e

C
e
I
t
i
c

C
r
o
s
s

P
a
t
t
e
r
n

R E A D l N G S : T Y P E S O F R E A D l N G S
` b L L|
The card onthe bottom ofthe StaEi scHIed 'SeIf', and refers not
to the vhoIe person, but to some vay in vhich the personheror
himseIfis contributing to the situation. Vhat attitudes does the
subjectshov? Vhat is she or he doingthat vJ aEectthe situation
described in the other cards? Suppose, in reading that began vith
the Tvo ofCups, the Selfpositionshovs the Tvo ofSvords. Tms
vouId indicate that the subjecth ndsit dimcuIt to open up to the
nev reIationship indicated by the h rst card. The subject's tense,
evenhostiIebehaviourgreatIy aEectsthe overaII situation. Theout-
come vouIdindicate the resultofthe comict.
` L N V | H O N M L N
just as the subj ect aEects the reading so also do the peopIe and
generaI situations around him or her. Ve calI the eighth cardthe
'nvironment' or the inuence of' thers' . Ifa court card appears
in this position itviIl usuaIIy mean a person inuencing the sub-
ject. therise the card can shov either the eEect ofone impor-
tant person or ofa more general situation. ften it viII indicate
vhether the environment is heIping or hindering the drection in
vmchthesubjectis heading. Forinstance, ina readingdoneabout
vork, the Five of Vands reversed in the nvironment vouId
suggest that an atmosphere ofhostiIity, trickery, and backstabbing
competitionis makingvork unpIeasant.
Sometimes the nvironment indicates the querent rather than
other peopIe. It shovs hov the subject reacts to her or his sur-
roundings. Inareadingdone sometimeago the FourofSvords in
the nvironment shoved the person's habit of retreaung hom
conicts vith the people around him.
` H O | Lb A N L |LA H b
Above the nvironment comes a position simiIar to SeIIbut one
vitha sharperfocus. Ve caII this position 'Hopes and Fears' for it
shovs hov the person's attitudes to the future aEect the vorkng
out of events. ften this card vm aImost dominate the reading,
@ 3U @
S E V E N T Y - E l G H T O E G R E E S O F W l S O O M
especiaIIy ifthe utcome is very diEerent hom the PossibIe ut-
come, indicatingthatvhat seems IikeIy viII not happen after aII.
Theinuenceshovnbythiscardcanvork eitherfororagainstthe
person. Suppose thereadingconcernsaIove aEair, andmostofthe
cards tend to success, viththe Tvo ofCups as the PossibIe ut-
come.Yetthe utcomeshovstheLovers reversed, aclearsignthat
the relationship goes badIy. Ifthe Hopes and Fears card vas the
Three ofSvordsitvouIdshov that the person's fear ofheartbreak
has prevented the necessary emotional commitment. At other
times, a very positive card in this position, such as the Star or the
Si ofVands both cardsthat mean hope), vouId indicate that the
person's attitude can create success.
Sometimesthisposition andthat ofBasis orSeIfviII vork very
cIosely together, vith the Basis epIaining the origins ofthe sub-
ject's attitudes to the future. For instance, if the Tvo of Cups
reversed came up as the Hopes and Fears, and ight ofVands
reversed vas the Basis, it vouId indicate that a background of
jeaIousy vas Ieadingto avery negative attitude tovards the contin-
uance oftheIoveaEair.
lotice in thislast eample that the Tvo olCups reversedmight
be a fear, but it might aIso be a hope. Ve c the position
Hopes anJ Fears ratherthan the more usuaI Hopes or Fears. The
termnoIogy reects the factthat the tvo often go together some-
tmng originaIIy pointed out to me by my therapist student) . In
vork, often peopIe hope for and fear success at the same time,
vhiIe in reIationships many peopIe vilI fear the lovethey seek, or
viII haIconsciously hopefor rejection. The duality ofHopesand
Fears shovs up moststrongIy in cards dengvith change, orthe
emergence from conned situations to open ones.
Oeath, the ight ofCups, the Tvo ofVands reversed, and the
Four ofVands alI deaI vith these themes offreedom and change.
Some others are the OeviI reversed, the ight ofSvords reversed,
and the Star. Very often if the subject and the reader together
eamine the subject's attitude to one ofthese images in the Hopes
and Fears position, an ambivalence vill emerge. Connement is
more secure than freedom. Because the unpIeasant component -
the fear ofIove or success), or the hope ofrejection or faiIure) -
often remains hidden from the conscious desires, the discovery of
@ 3UO @
M b P L P L l X l b L M b P L P L
this ambivalcncc can hclp thc subjcct vork oncrcating vhat hc or
shc rcally vants.
Sccing this duaIity at vork in onc rcading aItcr anothcr tcachcs
thc rcadcr somc basic Iacts about conditioning. Thc subconscious
(thc rcprcsscd matcriaI vc might caII thc Iovcr Iaycr oIthc cgo -
again, scc Iootnotc on pagc 28) is basicIy conscrvativc, cvcn
rcactionary. It not only rcsists any changc, vhcthcr dcsirabIc or
distastcm, it also prcIcrs to dcaI vith aII situations in thc samc vay
it dcaIt vith simar situations in thc past. For many pcopIc cach
ncv hicnd or Iovcr bccomcs thc stagc Ior rcpcating thc story oI
Nummy andOaddy. Vc IacccachncvprobIcmortaskthcvayvc
vc Icarncdto dcal vith probIcms as chiJdrcn. lo mattcriIvc dcaIt
vith thcm succcssIulIy, that counts Ior lcss than thc saIcty oI
having a fixcd pattcrn to IolIov. Thc subconscious looks rst to
sccurity and thcn to othcr considcrations. Ad sccurity comcs
through rcpctition.
lov, thishiddcnmcchamsmoIrcpcatingpastpattcrnshasbuiIt-
in survivaI vaIuc. Vhcn ncv problcms arisc vc can handIc thcm
bccausc thc subconscious automaticaIIy comparcs thcm to prcvious
probIcms and thcn clicks into thc rcady-madc rcsponsc. Lmcss a
pcrson vishcs to cmbark on a dcIibcratc programmc oI scII-
crcation (such as thc Najor Arcana outIincs) this systcm vB vork
IairIy vcII and probabIy should not bc tampcrcd vith. Hovcvcr, iI
a pcrson nds onc Iovc aair aItcr anothcr coIIapsing intoj caIousy
and bittcrncss, or onc job aItcr anothcr IaiLng, thcn shc or hc
might do vcII to cxaminc thc vay thc subconscious insists on
arranging ncv situations to rcpcat thc past. Cnc vay oI at Icast
bcginning such an cxamination can bc Tarot rcadings, vith thcir
cmphasisonpastcxpcricncc, andvhatvcrcalIy hopcIor and Icar.
` O ULO M L

FinaIIy, thc Cutcomc. This card brings togcthcr aII thc othcrs.
Norc, it balanccs thcm out and shovs vhich in ucnccs arc
strongcst, and hov thcy vork togcthcr to producc thc rcsuIt.
Somctimcs thc Cutcomc viII bc an cvcnt. Thcn thc important
qucstion bccomcshovitcamcabout, notj ustvhatitis. IIthc sub-
j cct hnds it an unpIcasant cvcnt, thcn shc or hc can Iook at thc
@ 3U I @
b M b P X b L m L b L M b b L Y L L N
other cards to see vhat inuences are pushing in that direction,
vith the hope oFchanging the situation. IFthe utcome appears
desirable then a simar study can heIp increase those in uences,
aIready strong, vhichare tendingtovards thatresuIt.
The CeItic Cross, likeanyspread, consists oFahxed number oF
cards. IFthe reader and subject hnd the mixture ambivaIent, they
can either turn oversome more cards vithout a hxed pattern, or
eIsedoFurtherreading. Inturningover extracards I usuay stickto
nomore thanhve Sometimes askngthe subjectto choose a num-
ber) , though at times the initiaI reading has served as the basis For
turning over most oFthe deck. LsuaIIy, beginning readers hnd it
more dimcult to interpret cards at random and thereFore avoid
usingthem.
Sometimesve may doFurtherreadings to getinFormationabout
a specihc cardinthe hrstreading. Ve mighthave a question about
a person reFerred to in the lear Future position. In this situation
somereadersviusethecardinquestionastheSignihcatorForthe
nev reading.just as the origin Signihcator heIped the person to
concentrate on him or herseIF, so the nev card heIps the person
Focus on the particuIar question.
A 5AMPL R AD| NC
BeFore Ieaving the CeItic Cross I vouId Iike to present a sampIe
reading done by me some months beFore vriting this book. I
shouIdstate that the subjectgave herconsentForittobeincluded.)
The readingvasdoneForavomanvho hadjustpassedherbar
exam, vho had recentIy begun a nev Iove aEair, and in generaI
appearedhappy and excited about herIiFe. Yetvhen I turned over
the cards I received an immedate sense oFsadness. Trusting the
cards rather than my conscious impressions I asked the voman if
shehadbeen FeeIing sadrecentIy. To mysurprise she immediateIy
saidyes.
The cards came out as Foovs. For the Signihcator the voman
chose the Queen oFPentacIes. The hrst tvo card vere the Three
oFVands crossed by theKnight oFCups. TheBasis vas Oeath, the
RecentPast the line oFSvords, the PossibIe utcome the Five oF
@ 3N3 @
M b P L P L l X l b L M b P L P L
bwCtC tCVCtCO, anO Cat ututC thC NCt!O tCVCtCO. hC bC!wa
thC bIX C LuQ tCVCtCO, thC 1nV:tCnmCnt thC htCC CLuQ, thC
CQC anO Cat thC CwCt, thC CtmIt thC LutCCmC. [bCC Ig b+) .
l OCgan Oy gIVIng thC wCman a gCnCta! IntCtQtCtatICn. bhC wa
gCIng thtCugh a tImC CttanItICn whCn many CO QattCtn wCtC
OyIng Cut. hC CCCt CthI wa tIghtCnIng a wC a CXhIatatIng.
hC aOnC CamC tCm tCaIZIng what hC haO !Ct, anO aC tCm
thC aCt that hC haO gtCwn uQ anO Cut hCt tIC tC hCt ChDOhCCO.
hC Ituat:Cn wCu!O nCt tCCVC ItC!VCty QuICK1y thCtCwaCVCn
a ChanCC It wCu!O OCVCCQ OaO!y, CQCCIa!y I hC !Ct thC Cat
ututC, hCwIng tagnatICn, tIghtCn hCt IntC a VCty nCgatIVC attI-
tuOC. hC QCCQ!C atCunO hCt, hCwCVCt, gaVC hCt a !Ct CuQQCtt,
CVCn Iu!tImatC!y hC nCCOCO tC wCtK It Cut hCtC.
Atm, CCCutC, wa VCty gCnCta. NC thCn wCnt CVCt thC CatO
CnC Oy CnC. hC CCVCt CatO, thC htCC CNanOs, InCCatCO Htt C
a1 hCt ImmCOIatC aChICVCmCnt, nCt ]ut gtaOuatIng DCm !aw
ChCC!, Out CVCn gCIng In thC tt Q!aCC. Ct a wC OICuCO what
hC haO OCnC hC tC!O mC hCw OCCtC hC haO gCnC tC !aw ChCC!
hC haO nCVCttaKCn hCt hC Ct hCt aOI1tIC VCty CtICu!y. Cw hC
haO tCaChCO a QCIntwhCtC hC nCtCnyKnCwhCt Cwn UCngth anO
IntCIgCnCC, OutthC aCCCmQIhmCnt CQaIngthC OatCXam CnthC
Htt attCmQt haO gIVCn hCt a C!IO OaC DCm whICh tC !CCK Ct
htutC wCtK. 1VCn OCCtC wC OICuCO thCC aCt thC mCanIng C
thCm CamC thtCugh thC ImagC C thC man tanOIng Cn thC CD
whIC CnOIng hI OCat Cut tC CXQ!CtC nCw !anC.
1ut thC htCC CNanO CattIC anCthCtmCanIng, CnC VCtyuIt-
CO tC thI tCaOIng. lt ImQIC a CCntCmQatIVC attItuOC a a QCtCn
!CCK CVCt hCtmCmCtIC. 1Ctuay, thI !CCK1ng CVCt hCt !IC CamC
Cut CthC CnC CaCCCmQ!IhmCnt. hC tmng hC haO OCnC maOC
hCt awatC ChCw hCt C!O !IC haO CnOCO. 1t thC amC tImC thC
OCat gCIng Cut tCunKnCwnwatCtyOCuZCO hCtItuat:Cn CnCt
tCay KnCwIng what hC wCuO OC nCXt, Ct CVCn whathaQC hCt
IiC wCuO taKC In thC ututC.
hC ImagC CaCCCmQ!IhmCnt anO CXQCtatICn OCtC tCCtCnCC tC
CthCt thIng In thC wCman IC OCIOC hCt CatCCt. bhC haO tCCCnt-
!y OCgun QyChCthCtaQy, hC haO aC]CInCO a uQQCtt gtCuQ Ca1CO
`thC hCaIng CItCC . 1Cth CthCC aCtIVItIC InCtCaCO thC CnC C
nCwnC anOthCunKnCwn, Ct whuC thCy gaVC hCtCCnHOCnCC anO
@ 3U4 @
M P N L m L L M L Y L L N
Q
Fgurc 81 AsampIe Celuc Cross Readng
@ 3UR @
M b P L P L X l b L M b P L P L
beIiefinherseIftheyalsomadeitmuchmore diucultto hoId on to
pastpatterns.
lov, theKnightofCupsIay acrosstheThreeofVandsandhere
the secondcardappearsvery much as an outcome ofthe lrst. For
the Knight of Cups signihes an invoIvement vith oneseIf, vith
Iooking invard. The tvo cards together said thatin the centre of
her life the voman at that momentvas contemplating the past,
thinking about vhat herlife hadbeen, andIookingto the future.
But the Knight ofCups is the Ieast connected to action ofany of
the Kghts. Vhen itcame to practicaIsteps shefoundherseIfvery
hesitant.
BeIov the smaII cross came Oeath, the hrst Major card. Oeath
emphasized the eperience ofseeingthepastdie avay. A herIife
the vomanhadmaintained certainpatterns. certainvaysofdeaIing
vith the vorId, vith other peopIe, vith herseIf. lov, because of
herachievements these oIdvays nolongerappIied.Almostvithout
varning she found herseIfcut ohom the safe patterns vithout
much idea ofhov to face the future. More about these patterns
became cIearasveconsideredcards ofSehand utcome, buthere
itvas simpIy important to see that the oId, vhatever shape it had
taken, had died.
lotice the resembIance ofthe Kmght ofCups to Oeath. Since
the trump hes intheBasis- thepast- andthe Inorcardin the
present, ve can caII the Knight a practicaI deveIopment hom the
archetypeofOeath. Thatis, underneathsheiseperiencingtheIoss
ofher oId Iife, but on the surface she hnds a Iack ofconh dence,
emotionaI as vell as practic, aboutvhatto do net.
The RecentPastcame directly fromtheBasis. Itshovshov the
tvo positions can eist most in the same time hame. In other
vords, the Basis did not come lrst and then give vay to the
Recent Past, but, Iike the smaII cross, the Recent Past came outof
the general patternshovn bytheBasis. lov, the line ofSvords
indicates sorrov, grief It can at times symboIize mourning. In this
case ve can think of'mourning' as a metaphor. The person she
grieves for is herseIf, forvehave seen in theBasisthatsomething
has 'died' . That something vas not harmfuI, it had simpIy Iost
meamng. Hovever, thefactthatherIifehadgonebeyonditdidnot
stopherhommissingthesafeandcomfortabIevays ofdeaIingvith
@ 3U @
b M b P N ^ b L m L b L M b b L Y L L N
the vorId. lor does the card reaIIy suggest that she msses herold
seIbecause shefears Iife. The sadness here is more genuine and, in
fact, coexistedviththe equ y reaIjoy and excitement I had seen
before thereading.
The hrst four cards have stressed her inner Iife, the next tvo
shoved the Tarot's abiIity to indicate trends and events, and in
particuIar to give a varning. Firstthe Possible utcome. The Five
ofSvords reversedindicates defeat, producingshame and humiIia-
tion. Its presence here shoved that despite aIl that the voman
had accompIished her eEorts might stiIl come to nothing. lov,
sometimes the utcome card viII clearIy contradict the PossibIe
utcome, shoving that for some reason the possibiIity viII not
become reaIity. Here the reIationship is more subtle. The Hermit is
a good indicator that she viIl not Iose vhat she has gained, but
it does not guarantee anything. It shovs her headed in a good
direction, but not yet arriving, at Ieast not in the practicaI sense.
Therefore the Five ofSvords remained a possibiIity, and the Tarot
vas varning her to do vhat she couId - use the support ofher
hiends,notgive intoherfears, especiallyduringperiodsofstagna-
tion- to avoidthis result.
The VorId reversedstandsfor non-movement, a Iack ofsuccess,
the inabmty to put things together. As thelearFutureitindicated
that her Iife vouId remain unsettIed for some time, vithout much
advancement in hercareerand in othervays. Ve see therefore that
the defeat ofhernev seIshovn as possibIe might come vhen that
seIf faiIs to achieve practicaI resuIts. The fact that the Tarot has
varned her ofthis stagnant period could heIp her get through it, as
couId knovingthatitis onlythelearFutureandnottheutcome.
Aterthe Cross comes the StaE. The hrst ofthe four cards, the
SixofCupsreversed,Iay inthepositionofSelf. Andhereve found
acIearerindicationofvhathaddied. Thecard,vhenrightsideup,
shovs a chiId in a garden vith a larger hgure givingher a gift. It
impLesprotection, security, the chiIdvhoseparentstake care ofaII
its needs. Here, hovever, ve see the card reversed. Togethervith
the other cards, especi y Oeath and the Hermit, the image
impIied that she had overthrovn this encIosed, protected vay of
Lfe. In discussing this card it became cIear that in fact the voman
had spent most ofher Iife vith her parents treating her as their
@ 3UO @
M b P L P L X l b L M b P L P L
`IlUC _II . bhC haC Cl lhCn CO lhI DCCauC OlhC CCuIIly Il _aVC
hCI. 1VCn nOV, a hC CXQaInCC lO nC, hCI QaICnl, CQCCIay hCI
alhCI, COuC nOl aCCCQl lhal hC haC _IOVn uQ anC nul naKC hCI
OVn CCCIIOn, laKC hCIOVnChanCC.1FCOCOuIC hChCIChaC
OunC lhC Chan_ChaIClO aCCCQl. LOIn_ lO aVChOO haC DCCn lhC
Il lCQ. 1COIC lhal hC haC nCVCI laKCn hCIC!CIIOuy CnOu_h
lO CO OnClhIn_ InQOIlanl. 1l lhC anC lInC lhC ChOO haC
ICnaInCC anOlhCI ` _aICCn - a IlualIOn VhCIC hC CIC nOl haVC lO
naKC any ChOICC, Dul]ulOOV lhC lIICl QallCIn aIC Oul OI hCI.
NhCn lhC lInC CanC OI hCI lO laKC hCI CXan, hC haC DCCOnC
DI_hlCnCC, anC In aCl haC _OnC lO lhC lhCIaQIl lO hCQ hCI Qa.
hC lhCIaQy haC COnC lhI, Dul Il CIC OlhCI lhIn_ a VC . l naCC
hCI CC lhal hC Va nO On_CI a ChIC VhO COuC Cl OlhCI QCOQC
naKC hCI CCCIIOn. hC aCnC CanCDOn lhI O.
hC nCXl CaIC Va In OnC Vay lhC nOl InQOIlanl, a VC a
lhC InQCl In lhC VhOC ICaCIn_. hC hICC O LuQ In lhC
1nVIIOnnCnl InCICalCC _ICal uQQOIl DOn DICnC. n QaIlICu!aI Il
ICQICCnlCC lhC `hCaIn_ CIICC anC lhC lhCIaQIl. l InQOIlanCC ay
In lhC aCl lhal Il hOVCC hOV nuCh unCIIlICa uQQOIl hC COuC
CIaV IOn lhCC QCOQC, CQCCIay InQOIlanl VIlh lhC QOIDIIly O
CCCal IOn a QCIIOC O la_nanCy. hC hICC O LuQ COC nOl
hOV uQQOIl In any CnC OChaIIly OI C-aCIIDCC. hC lhICC
VOnCn CanCC lO_ClhCI. hC QCOQC aIOunC hCI _IVC hCI lICn_lh
InQy IOn DCIn_ VIlh hCI, IOn haIIn_ hCI CXQCIICnCC anC Cl-
lIn_ her uQQOIl |hem. OlICC aO lhC COnlIal DClVCCn lhC hICC
anC lhC bIX. CIC lhC VOnCn aIC a CQua, lhC CaIC CaIIIC nO CnC
OhClCIIn_ OI COCCLn_.
hC hICC OLuQ DCaI a `hOII2Onla COnnCClIOn [lVO CaIC O
lhC anC nunDCI lO lhC hICC ONanC a lhC LCnlIC. bOnC O
lhC _IOunCIn_ InUuCnCC In lhal Ina_C lhC D_uIC IIny QanlCC
On lhC hIlOQ ~ CCIIVCDOn lhC uQQOIl _IVCn In lhC CnVIIOnnCnl.
1VCn lhOu_h OOKIn_ DaCK On hCI IC, anC CXQOIIn_ nCV aICa,
ICnaInCC CCnlIay OnCy aClIVIlIC, hC COuC CIaV COuIa_C DOn
lhC QCOQC aIOunC hCI.
n lhC QOIlIOn OOQC anC CaI ay OnC OlhC nOIC CaIu
Ina_C In lhC aIOl, lhC OVCI. l I_nIDC CClIuClIOn, COaQC,
QaInu CXQCIICnCC. LCaIy Il ICQICCnl lhC VOnan CaI lhal
a hC ha aCCOnQIhCC VI OnChOV U y aQaIl. hI CaI COuC
g 3U7 g
M P N m L M L Y L L N
casiIy makc itscIIa scII-IuILng prophccy, Icading to thc Fivc oI
Svords rcvcrscd, cspcciaIIy vithout immcdiatc succcss to rcassurc
and cncouragc hcr.
Thc cxaggcratcdIcargocs back to thc Six oICups, andits ovcr-
throv. Shc mayhavc givcnupashcItcrcd chiIdIikc attitudc, shc may
havc bccn Iooking on hcr IiIc vith cxcitcd cxpcctation, yct a part
oIhcrstiIIthought, 'Hov can I do this? I'm IaIoncnov. I' mnot
protcctcd anymorc.I `vc gotto makcmyovn dccisions.' ^ndhom
thcrc it crosscs to 'I can't do this. I' m not strong cnough, it's aII
going to IaIIapart.`
Vhcnopposition ordcIay arosc, thc IcarvouIdtakc ovcr, mak-
ing it sccm Lkc thc cxpcctcd coIIapsc. ^nd thc haII-conscious
thought thcn bccomcs `Scc? I kncv I couIdn`t do it. Vhy did I
cvcr cut myscIIo' In thc rcadingvc discusscd thc possibiLty that
thc TovcraIso rcprcscntcda subconscious hopc. Thcsubconscious,
a vcry stupid as vcIl asvcry conscrvativc organ,*viII oItcn rcIusc
to acccpt thc Ioss oIa situation it considcrcd saIc or sccurc. lo
mattcrthatthcscIIknovs,cvcnconsciousIy, thatitcanncvcrrcturn
to parcntaI protcction. Thc subconscious docs not acccpt rcaIity. It
can casily convincc itscIIthat dcIcatoIthc currcntpIans viII bring
a rcturn to saIcty.
To bccomc avarc oI such hiddcn attitudcs gocs a Iong vay
tovards ovcrcoming thcm, Ior thc subconscious dcpcnds a grcat
dcaI on conccaImcnt. Vc canscc thisby thinking oIthc timcsvc
havcharbourcdsomcsccrctanxicty, onIytondvhcnvcsayitout
Ioud thatthcshccr siIIincss oIthc idca dispcIs ithom ourmind.^
Tarot rcading can act in this Iashion by idcntiing thc hiddcn
"LO nOl COnluC lhC `uUCOnCIOu WIlh lhC unCOnCIOu`, WhOC alltIUulC InCluUC
COUta_C a5 WC a ltuC kDOWlCU_C. _tCal UCa OlCOnluIOn ha5 tCullCU hOu lhC uC Ol
thCC lWO lCtu 1 OnyuOu. I au uIn_ thCtCtu `uUCOnCIOu hCtC lO lanU lOt ualC-
tIal UCItC, anClIC, lCar, hOQC tCQtCCU Dy lhC COnCIOu u1nU 1 Il UCM W1lh lhC
OulCt tCalIlIC Oll1lC. `LnCOnCIOu uCan lhC UaIC CnCt_y OlulC, lhal atCa OlDCIn_ UCyOnU
lhC QCtOna C_O. hC uUCOnCIOu, UCQIlC Il hIUUCn gu1IlIC, I tCay an CXlCnIOn Ol
lhC C_O. ln a CnC, Il CuDOUIC lhC C_O aUOlulC UOun, lhal tCalu WhCtC Il uakC nO
COuQtOuIC WIlh tC1Ily. CCauC Il UOC nOl COnCCtn IlCll Wlh COnCguCnCC lhC
uUCOnCIOu WIl WalK yOu In bOnl Ola lruCk lO aVOIU an unQlCaanl COnVCtaliOn. hC
uncOncIou, On lhC OthCr hanU, baancC anU uQQOtt uUy_OInIn_ u tO thC _rcal ur_C Ol
l1lC UCyOnU Out lnUIVIUual ClVC. hC tM_CU Nan In lhC Na]Ot tCana _IVC u a QOWCt-
lul Iua_C OllhI Vm COnnCCl1On.
@ 3U @
M b P L P L l X l b L M P L P L
matcriaI and shoving its probablc conscqucnccs - in this casc, thc
Fivc ofSvords.
In thc position ofCutcomc Iay thc Hcrmt. Thc f:rst thing to
obscrvc aboutthiscardisthatitdocs notshovsucccssorfaiIurc. In
contrastviththc Thrcc ofVands andthc Fivc ofSvords it docs
notindicatcIikcIypracticaldcvclopmcnts. Instcaditpoints to qual-
itics in thc vomanhcrscLthatin turn vilI shovthc vayshc faccs
hcrncv situation.
Thc mostobviousmcaningofthcHcrmtdcrivcs from its namc
and basic imagc. Itshovs hcr facingIifc alonc. lov, this docs not
mcanthatshcIoscsordcnicsthcsupportfromhcrcnvironmcnt. If
anything, it indicatcs thcnccdto drav on thatsupport as much as
possiblc. Forthc Hcrmtsigncsthcfactthatasmuchas othcrs can
hcIp hcrshc alonc must makc thcdccisions. Likc thc fgurc in thc
Thrcc ofVands thc Hcrmtstands alonc on ms mountain.
ThcHcrmit's aIoncncss, hovcvcr, docs notcxistforitsovnsakc.
In thc Najor ^rcana it symboIizcs thc act ofvithdraving con-
sciousncss hom thc outcr vorId and cvcnts to considcr mcaning.
^nd ofcoursc thc idca ofmcaningts quitcvclIin thisparticuIar
rcading. To havc thc Hcrmt as thc Cutcomc mcans that thc fcars,
thc dcIays, and thc possibIc dcfcats not rcaIIy mattcr so much -
oncc thc voman acccpts hcr situation. Indccd, thc Hcrmt dircctIy
symboIizcs psychothcrapy.
^t thc samc timc thc Hcrmt aIso hints tovards thc succcss of
hcr coming to tcrms vithIifc. For in its most archctyp aspcct it
signics visdom, truc knovlcdgc of thc souI gaincd through
rcmovaI and introspcction. Thc Hcrmit's mountain, Iikc thc
Hangcd Nan's trcc, stands for thc conscious mnd's conncction to
thc visdom andIifc cncrgy ofthc unconscious.
^sthc Cutcomc, thcrcforc, thcHcrmitindicatcdthatshcvouId
undcrstandand acccptthc changcs shchad madc, haIIunconscious-
Iy, in hcr Iifc. Thc mountain symboIism connccts thc Iast card to
thc rst, thc Thrcc ofVands. Thc conncction, in turn, hints at
practicaI as vcII as cmotional succcss.
FinalIy, thc Hcrmt signics maturity. Through its avarcncss it
carrics on thcproccssbcgunin thc So ofCups rcvcrscd, thc ovcr-
throving ofchildIikc dcpcndcncy. It shovs hcr that thc situation
viL rcsoIvc itscIfas thcvoman ovcrcomcs hcrhcsitancy and fcars.
@ 3UU @
M P N m L M L Y L L N
Inthc Iong run thc Hcrmit's mountain stands notIorisoIauon ataII,
butsimpIyIoraquaIitythcvomanvasonIythcnbcginningto cxpc-
ricncc- scII-rcIiancc, comdcncc inhcrovnabiIity andjudgcmcnts.
ccauscthcCutcomcshovcdavorkingoutrathcrthana rcsuIt,
I dccidcd to turn ovcr anothcr card to gct an indication oIhov
cvcnts might cvcntuaBy turn out. Thc cardvas anothcr thrcc, thc
Thrcc oIPcntacIcs. ^s a card oIaccompIishmcnt and mastcry, it
shovcd thc long-tcrm succcssthatvas dclaycd in thc lcar Futurc.
1M w0R8 CYCL
Ocspitcits povcr, thc CcItic Cross stiBsvorks mostIy 2 a dcscripuvc
tooI, shoving us thc dicrcnt inucnccs surrounding somc
situauon. Though it oItcn impLcs a coursc oIacuon ('Takc a carcmI
approach, vork at sctting cvcrything up bcIorc you do anything' or
'Jhingsvon'tvork outviththis pcrson. You'II ndyour ovn scII
agn uyou lct m go.') PcopIc somcumcs nd thcmsclvcs IcIt vith
thc qucstion 'Vhat shomd I do'VhiIc thcTarot docs not oItcngivc
suggcstions as concrctc as `Studypottcry' , or `Visityourgrandmoth-
cr' it may indicatc thc sort oI action or approach a pcrson nccds,
IcavngthcspccicdctaiIs tothcindviduaI. asimpIc cxampIc, thc
ightoIPcntacIcs canadvisc apcrson`Kccpvorkingatvhatyouarc
doing. It w takc timc, butit cvcntuaIIyw bringgoodrcsuIts.'
Thcrc arc othcr, morc subtIc, qucstions that pcoplc somctimcs
ask thcmscIvcs aItcr a CcItic Cross rcading. Vhat iII IoIIovcd a
dicrcnt sct oI in ucnccs Vhat iI I didn't takc this particuIar
attitudc to thc Iuturc, orIookcdto somcthing dicrcntinmypast
HovvouldthatchangcthcoutcomcInothcrvords, vhatarcthc
possibIcchangcs I canmakc
To cmphasizc thc possibilitics oI advicc I havc dcviscd a ncv
IayoutIor thc cards. ascd partIy onthc CcItic Cross and partIy on
myovn arrangcmcnt oIthc Najor^rcana, it carrics thrccinnova-
tions. First, its vholc outIook Icans tovards advicc rathcr than
dcscription. Sccond, it is opcn cndcd, aItcr thc rcadcr has rcachcd
thc Iast position shc or hc can Iay out morc cards, up to tcn timcs
thc originaI amount. CI coursc thc rcadcr can do this in any
rcading, but not in dcfinitc positions. Thc structurc oIthc Vork
@ 4OO @
M b P L P L X l b L M b P L P
CycIc, as I calI this sprcad, aIIovs thc rcadcr to rcpcat, and kccp
rcpcating, thc originaIpositions. Thc ccctis to Ict thc rcadcrlook
atthc situationhomdicrcnt sidcs.
Thc thirdinnovation invoIvcs rcading cardsin combinations. In
many rcadings (though ccrtainIy not all, scc thc Trcc oI LiIc
mcthod bclov) thc cards arc rcad individuaIIy, cvcn though vc
attcmpt to combinc thc mcanings, as in thc Cross. In thc Vork
Cyclc, hovcvcr, thc positions incIudc thc idca oI combinations.
PcadcrsvilI rcmcmbcrthatmy intcrprctation oIthc Najor^cana
dividcs thctrumpsinto thcFooIpIus thrccIincs oIscvcncards cach,
vithcachIinc shovinga dicrcntstagc oIdcvclopmcnt. Thcymay
aIso rcmcmbcr that cach Iinc brcaks dovn Iurthcr into thrcc parts.
Thc rst tvo cards signi thc starting point Ior thc Iinc - thc
archctypcs or basic qualitics thc pcrson must usc in going through
thc cxpcricnccsshovn in that linc. Thc mddIc thrcc stand Ior thc
basic vork oIthc Iinc - vhat thc pcrson must assimiIatc or ovcr-
comc. Thc naI tvo cards shov thc rcsuIt. Thus, in thc rst Iinc
thc Nagician and thc Pricstcss indicatc thc basic archctypcs oIIiIc.
Thcmprcss, thc mpcror, and thc Hicrophant shovthcdm crcnt
aspccts oIthc outcrvorIdIacingusasvc grov up. ThcLovcrsand
thc Chariot symboIizc thc dcvclopmcnt oIthc succcssIu individ-
uaI. Thc Vork Cyclc borrovs and adapts this tripartitc structurc.
H L LA1 OU = | O b l l O N b A N L M LA N | N b
Thc rcading bcgins vith choosing thc Signicator and ming thc
cards in thc samc manncr as vith thc CcItic Cross. SimiJarIy, thc
rsttvo cards IromasmaJIcross, intcrprctcd much thc samc vay as
in thc oIdcrmcthodoIrcading, vithpcrhapsmorc cmphasis onthc
crossingcardbcingan outcomcordcvcIopmcntoIthc Ccntrc card.
^tcr thc smaIJ cross thc rcadcr turns ovcr scvcn cards in a rov
bclov thc Sigmcator rathcr than around it, vith thc Signicator
andCrossstandingabovc thc mddlc card. (Scc Fig. 85) .
This Iinc Iorms thc basic cycIc, and thc rcading may stop vith
thcsc ninc cards. Hovcvcr, iIaItcrintcrprctingthisInc, thc rcadcr
and subj cct dcsirc morc inIormation or simply anothcr approach,
thc rcadcrturns ovcr a sccondlinc oIscvcn dircctIybcIovthc rst,
andso on, until thc mcaningbccomcs clcar.
@ 4O I @
m

N

O

N

m

F
|
y
u
t
e

s
a
m
p
I
e

v
o
r
k

c
y
c
I
e

p
a
t
t
e
r
n

I
n
n
e
r

Q
e
i
n
g
)

u
t
e
r

d
o
i
n
g
)

P
a
s
t

x
p
e
r
i
e
n
c
e

x
p
e
c
t
a
t
i
o
n
s

3
,
4
,
5

V
o
r
k

u
t
c
o
m
e

R
e
s
u
I
t

<

<

M P L P L X l b L M b P L P L
In each Lne the lrst tvo cards Form the starting point. Their
specic meanings derive homthe Celtic Cross, thelrstbeing Past
perience, interpreted simiIarly to the Basis card in the oIder
Form. The second is pectations, the person's attitude to the
Future. Inpractice, ve interpretthiscardinmuch the same vay as
the HopesandFearspositionoFtheCelticCross. Together, thetvo
cards shov vhathas happenedand vhat the person hopes, Fears, or
simpIy beIeves viII happen.
ThenetthreecarddepartmorestronglyFromtheoIdersystem.
They shov vhat I caII the Vork - situations, inuences, or
attitudes the person can use or must overcome. In the Cross the
positions represent FairIy ed patterns. This is the vay it is. The
Vork cards indicate possibiIties, even opportunities. It emphasizes
hov the person creates the situation- and can change it.
Vhen I beganthisFormoFreadingI assigneda meaningto each
position. The card in the centre indicated SeL, the one in the IeFt
thers, and the one on the right vents. I soon Founditbetter to
give no specic quaIity to any oF them, but rather to interpret
them together as simply vhat the person has to vorkvith in the
situation, a combination oFpossibiIities. At same time the three
designations arevorthremembering, Forone ormore oFthemmay
heIp to pinpoint the meaning in specic readings.
Let me give an eample oFthe three as a combination. Suppose
a reading deaIs vith thatoId Favourite, a nev romance. A voman
has met someone she Iikes but does not knov hov he FeeIs about
her, or vhether she shouId do anything about her FeeIings. The
Vork section oFthe reading shovs the Five oFVands, the Hermit
reversed, andtheTvo oFCups seeFig. 86) .
lov, the Tvo oF Cups obviousIy indicates that the man FeeIs
about herina simiIarvay,justas itvouId in the CeItic Cross. But
here the cardmrtheradvises the voman to teII the man about her
FeeIings. ItaIso suggests shehasmuch to gain hombeingvith the
person, and that the Iove aair, vhether long or short, viIl aect
herIiFe quitestrongly.
The Hermit reinForces these ideas. Here its reversed position
does not meanimmaturity, but rather the idea thatnov is not the
time For aIoneness. Instead, the voman viII gain most From being
invoIved in the reIationsmp. The Five oFVands, hovever, suggests
@ 4O4 @
M P N m L M L Y L L N
F/_urc 86
that the situationincIudes comict. Becauseitappears rightside up,
itdoes not indicate bitterness orevenaserious disturbance that the
voman shouId try to avoid. Instead it shovs a quickening quaIity
to theirghting, one that emlarates rather than drains them. And
becauseitoccurs in the Vork section, itimpliesshe shouId usc the
energyreIeased tmough conmctrather than tryto avoidit.
The Hermit comng betveen the tvo cards indicates perhaps
that the vomanhas spentsome timecutoEhom otherpeopIe and
novvishes orneeds) to returnto thevorId. nthe onehandshe
can use her nev reIationship to bring her out ofherseIf. n the
other hand, she vuI nd involvement vith other peopIe brings
quarreIs and competition, and she must Iearn to accept and use
thesethngs.
lotice that the three cards do not simpIy shov vhat is, but
rather directions and potentiaIs - things to vork vith. lovIet us
considertvo possibIe startingpointsforthisimaginary readingand
thediEerentvays invhichtheymod(theVorkcards.Firstof ,
Iet us consider the meaning ifthe hrst tvo cards are the Five of
Cups and the Three ofCups, connectedby the image ofthe three
cups. The rst, as Past perience, indicates the loss ofsomething
- most IkeIy the end ofaIove aEair- and vouId give the back-
ground to the Hermit. Therefore, Pastperience teIls us that the
@ 4OP @
M b P L P L N l b L M b P L P L
CrmIt tagC CamC a a rCaCtICn tC an CVCnt, Out a rCaCtICn thC
wCman Can nCw Qut OChInO hCr. hC hrCC rCInCrCC thCC IOCa
CnCw InVC!VCmCnt. t hCw a VCry CQtImItIC attItuOC that wI1
:KCy Carry hCr CVCr thC CCmICt that arIC.
buQQCC, hCwCVCr, that wC wItCh thC tartIng QCInt tC bwCrO,
QCCIHCM y thC 1Ight C1CwCO Oy thC Cur. hC 1Ight wCu!O InOI-
CatC a hItCry C rCQrCICn, IC!atICn, CCnuICn, wmC thC Cur
wCu!OuggCt thatth: QatItuatICnhaCt thCwCman CarrCO, Cr
a thC 1XQCCtatICn It hCw a OCIrC tC hIOC HCm thC wCr!O, tC
aVCIO InVC!VCmCnt wIth CthCr. 1t thC amC tImC thC Cur wCu!O
rCQrCCnt a Car Cr OC!IC that hC wI1 QCnO hCr !IC aCnC, wIth
nC CnC OrCaKng IntC thC C!CCO ChurCh tC awaKCn hCr anO rCturn
hCr tC thC wCr!O.
NIth uCh a tartIng QCInt thC NCrK CarO wCu!O InOICatC an
ImQCrtant CQQCrtunIty Cr thC QCrCn. hCy wCu!O tC! hCr that th:
rC!atICnh:Q Can OrIng hCr Cut ChCr !CnC!y CrmIt tatC. hC tImC
ha CCmC tC CmCrgC, anO I thI CmCrgCnCC OrIng CCnH1Ct anO
argumCnt hC mut aCCCQt thCC tCC, CVCn uC thCmtC InVC!VC hCr-
C!mCrC trCng!y In IC.
hCat twC QCItICn In thC !InC agaIn CaturC thCIOCa CCCm-
OInatICn. 1 thC LutCCmC anO thC HCut, thCy gC OCyCnO thC
LC!tIC LrC Ing!C uC CLutCCmC tC um uQ thC rCaOIng. hC
LutCCmC InOICatC thC !IKCy way thIng wI OCVCCQ. hC HCu!t,
Cn thC CthCr hanO, IFOICatC thC QCrCn rCaCtICn tC thI OCVC!CQ-
mCnt, Cr thC CCCt It w haVC Cn thC QCrCn :C. hI CCCt Can
OC CIthCr CXQCrICnCC Cr attItuOC. Cr IntanCC, It Can InOICatC an
CVCnt Cr urthCr OCVC!CQmCnt that CCmC aOCut OCCauC C thC
LutCCmC. hC IVC CLuQ C!!CwCO Oy thC 1Ight CLuQ wCu!O
ay that thC QCrCn CC CmCthIng, Cr CmCthIng CnO OaO!y, anO
a a rCut CthI, thC QCrCn OCCIOC tC CaVC, gC CmCwhCrC nCw,
Cr tart a nCw QhaC In :C.
Lr, thC HCut CarO Can hCw thC LutCCmC CCCt QyChCCgI-
Cay. 1 C!aIC CXamQ!C I thC CwCr C!!CwCO Oy thC btar, InOICatIng
that an CXQ!CICn u thC QCrCn' IC wCu!O CaO tC a rCCaC ChCQC
anO CnCrgy. hI CXamQC a!C I!1utratC thC QCtCntIa! grCat ImQCr-
tanCC CCCIng nCt]ut thC LutcCmC, Out what CCmC atCtarO.
a rCaOIng hCwCO Cny thC CwCr, anO nCt thC btar a a rCu!t CIt,
It wCuO!CaVC thC uO]CCtwIth a CnC COCVatatICn.
@ 4O @
M P 3 ^ l m L M L Y L L N
Very often the lirst line viI give such a strong picture that the
person viI need no mrther information. At other times, hovever,
the Iine may Ieave the person shghtly comused, or simpIy vishing
to see the situationEoma diEerent point ofviev. Inthis case, the
readermaysimply turn over another Iine directly under the hrst.
Thepositionsremainthesame,andthesevencardsstiI reIate to the
originismaIIcross thatsetoutthebasic situation. Andyet, because
ve beginvith a diEerent starting point, the Iine enabIes us to see
the situationin a diEerent vay.
Besides the nevinformation gained, this method helps ansvera
question many peopIe ask about Tarot readings. 'IfI did it again,
diEerent cards vouId appear, so hov can these cards reaIIy mean
anything? The ansver is thatthe nev cards viII Iook at the same
situationEoma nevpointofviev.
Very often, ifa reader sets out a CeItic Cross, then mixes the
cards and does itoveragain, many ofthe same orsimiIar cards viI
appear in the second reading. In one pair ofreadings I did for a
married coupIe vith someone eIse'sreadinginbetveen) six out of
the ten cards vere the same, and the nvironment card in the
voman's readingvas the one usedas the Signihcator for the man.
The Vork CycIe, because it actuaIIy prevents the same cards Eom
appearing, tends more to shov diEerent sides to the question.
Sometimes the secondlineviL almost mirror the hrst, indicat-
ing that the situation is heading so strongy in this direction that
the person viII not easiIy change it. At other times, hovever, the
utcome-ResuIt viII shov a dehnite ternative to the hrst Iine,
and then the reader must Iook to the starting points and to the
Vork cards.
A b AM| L L H LAL | N
nce I did a reading for a voman vith ajeaIous Iover. Theoreti-
caIy the tvodid notexpect each otherto bemonogamous butthe
voman knev that ifshe vent vith someone eIse - and someone
eIsehadcomeong- herlovervouIdbeupset. Shevantedadvice
onvhat to do and vedid a Vork CycIe see Fig. 87 a, b) .
Before the reading I remarked to the voman that the Three of
Cups often appears in such situations, right side up ifit is going
@ 4O @
M P L P 3 l L M P L P
vcIl, rcvcrscd ilit is not. Thc rcading bcgan vith thc Thrcc ol
Cups rcvcrscd crosscd by thc Acc ol Cups. Thc combination
shovcd that dcspitc thc j caIousics and argumcnts thc situation
vas giving hcr a Iot ol happincss, il only shc could vork it
out. Thc hrst Iinc thcn bcgan vcry positivcIy vith thc Acc ol
Pcntaclcs as thc Past, and thc Sunas a highIy optimistic xpccta-
tion lor thc luturc. lov, thc Acc olPcntacIcs, bcsidcs shoving
happincss andplcasurc, aIso carrics a scnsc olsccurity, olprotcct-
cd and cncloscd situations. For somc timc thc voman and
hcr Iovcr had not rcIatcd much to othcr pcoplc, building up
a tightcmotionaI `gardcn` around thcmsclvcs as thc Acc symbol-
ism shovs (thcy vcrc, in lact, Iiving in a rcmotc housc in thc
VcIsh countrysidc) .
Thc Sun shovs thc chiId riding out ola gardcn. Thc voman
hopcd nov to brcak loosc into vidcr cxpcricnccs. And, sincc thc
Acc olPcntacIcs hadchangcdin thc prcscnt to thc Acc olCups, at
Icast as a possibiIity, thc cards shovcd that shc had bcgun to Ict
Ioosc, to pour outhcrcmotions rcgardlcss olsccurity.
Thc Vork sccmcd cvcn morc to suggcst hccdom. Thc Star, thc
Tovcr, and thc VorId, trumps hom thc IastIinc, shovcd rst ol
thc povcr olthc situation. In thc ccntrc thc Tovcr symbolizcd
thcstormybattIcsandovcrpovcringcmotions invoIvcd. Itsosug-
gcstcd thc dangcr olhcr sccurc rcIationship bcing brokcn dovn by
thc Iightning boIts oljcalousy and rcscntmcnt. lov, thc Star hcrc
did not particuIarIy indicatc a rcIcasc coming altcr thc Tovcr, as it
vouIdatthc cnd olthc Lnc. Pathcr, it told hcrthatin this dih:cult
situation shc nccdcd optimism and cxtrcmc opcnncss about hcr
ovn dcsircs and cmotions. Thc VorId aIso indicatcd Cptimsm,
implying thc possibiIity olcombining thc opposing goaIs ola rm
rclationship and hccdom.
And yct, dcspitc thcsc positivc inucnccs, thc cnd cards
Iookcd vcry unpromising. Thc ight olSvords rcvcrscd loIIovcd
by thcOcviI impIicdthatshcvouId makc an attcmptto brcak Ioosc
hom thc conningqualitics olhcrsituation. Thc PcsuIt, hovcvcr,
shovcd shc vouId probabIy laiI to gct lrcc. Thc happy and com-
lortablc sccurity olthc Acc olPcntacIcs had bccomc changcd to
OcviI-Iikc rcprcssion, vith hcrand hcr originaI Iovcr chaincd to a
situation that ncithcr olthcm rcalIy vantcd.
@ 4O7 @
M P 3 m L M L Y L L N
@ 4O @
M P L l P N L M P L l P
O tI OI anOlhCIVICVQOInl anC aO tO unCCIlanC Vhat VCnt
VIOn_ In lhC DIl InC VC aICCOVn a CCOnC IOV [CC I_. d7[D
hI InC DC_an nOIC ODCI. hC al 1XQCIICnCC hOVCC lhC
bCVCn ObVOIC, InCICatIn_ ha1-hCaIlCC attCnQt tO DICaK Oul O
thC COnHnCnCnt In hCIIC. l InQICC lhal QICVIOu hC haC nCVCI
CIIOu QuhCC lhC QuCtIOn OI aCCC lhC ICa QIODCn InVOVCC.
hI CaIC aOnC hInlCC al lhC ICaOn OI thC LCVI aCItIn_ IlC1
lhC VOnan haC nCVCI tIICC lO VOIK Oul Vhat haC tO DC COnC, haC
nCVCI COnHOnlCC hCI OVCI OI lhC QIODCn DClVCCn lhCn.
hC CCOnC CaICCaIIICCthIICCa uIlhCI.]utICChOVCC nOl]ul
a hOQC OI CVCIOnC lO DC ` aII IathCI lhan ICQICIVC OI Ch, Dul
CVCn nOIC, a CCIIC tO CC CVCIthIn_ CCaI anC aCC lhC lIuth
aDOut hCIC Vhal shc haC COnC VIlh hCI IC, a VC! a CCaIn_
VIlh lhC ICaCtIOn OlhC OthCI. A haIhCI, nuCh tOu_hCI atlIluCC
lhan thC bun, ]ulICC nDOI2CC a COnnIlnCnt lO ICa1l, lO CICal-
In_ a ICa utuIC OI hCIC!1. OlICC thal lhC bun hOV a ICC ChIC,
VIthOut ICQOnIDIIlIC thC OQQOIlC O]utICC.
hC NOIK In thI InC lhC InC O LuQ, thC OuI OCnla-
CC, thC NhCC ICVCICC COnlInuCC lhC thCnC O ICaun. hC
InC O LuQ hOVCC a nCCC tO DaanCC lhC CnOtIOna QICuIC
VIlh I_hl Cn]OnCnl. Ln lhC OlhCI ICC lhC NhCC ICVCICC
InCICalCC DCIn_ aDC lO OIl lhIOu_h lhC IuIOn InVOVCC. l
hOVCC a VC! thC nCCC l O _aIn COnlIO OthC IlualIOn, l O ICuC
tO JOV thC NhCC OCVCnl lO InQ QIn hCI aOn_ VhIChCVCI
Va It tuInCC. ]ulICC DCCanC thCn nOl]ul a hOQC Dul lhC QIInaI
nCthOC OnOVIn_ aVa HOn QaIVCnC anC uD]CCtIVIl.
L thC thtCC CC In lhC nICCC, lhC OuI O CnlaCC QIOVCC thC
nOl IntCICUn_, CQCCIa COnQatCC Vlh lhC OVCI aDOVC It. NhCIC
thC lIunQ haC hOVn hCI Hyn_ aQl unCCI lhC InQaCt OCVCIOnC
ChJt_CC CnOlIOn lhC OuI OCnlaCC hOVCC hCI QIOtCClIn_ hCIC!
l hOVCC hCI hOC:n_ On lO hCI OV nCCC, hCI OVn unCCIlanOn_ O
thC IluaUOn, CCQIlC lhC QICuIC On hCIHOn hCIlVOOVCI. hC lVO
CaIC aIOunC Il InCICatCC Va tO CO lh1, Itt D Cn]OIn_ hCIC!1aC
uIn_ thal QCauIC lO hOC hCIClO_CthCI, aC CCOnC D unCCIlJnC-
In_VhalhaC haQQCnCC JnC Vh It haC haQQCnCC. hC NhCCICVCICC
On lhC II_hl InCICalCC thC nCCC anC thC OQQOIlunIty aCluJ lO
aQQ hCI hOQC OI]utICC, thal I, lO VOIK hC al unCCIlanCIn_ lhC
ttuC nCaIn_ Om lhC Chan_C _OIn_ On In hCI I1C.
@ 4OU @
M P N m L M L Y L L N
@ 4 I O @
M b P L P X l L M P L P
Indiscussingthese tvo linesthevomansaidthat thehrstIooked
to her like vhat she shou|J vant, and the second vhat she reaIIy
vanted. PeopIe around her taIked so much oF'Freedom' and open
reIationshipsvithoutpainmlconsequencesthatsheFeItpressuredto
vantthis 'Sun' knd oFbehaviour. Inreality she cared muchmore
Forjustce, the truth. TheresuIt oFthe second hne's harsher, more
reaIisticstartingpointshovedthe sense oFvhatshe said. The ut-
come cardvasthe Queen oFVands, viththe S oFVands as the
ResuIt. The Queenindicated that by Iooknghrst tojustice rather
thananoverIy optimstic Sun, the voman vouIdhnda sense oFher
ovn strength andjoy. She vouId become more dependent onher-
seIFrather than the outside situation. From this vouId come the
conldence and belieFoFthe Si, an optimism vhich vouId carry
the otherpeopIe aIongvithher.
1M 1R 0| L | |
AyTarot readng originates ina particuIarmoment, by describing
the imuences and trends itreachesto past andmture. The shorter
Forms tend onIy to reach Far enough to iIIuminate some particuIar
situation. Vhen ve begin to knov the cards better, ve may Iook
For some methodto give a viderpicture oFa person's placein the
vorId. The Tree oFLiFe reading, vhich uses the vhoIe deck and is
simIar in scope to a nataI astroIogy chart though perhaps more
narrovIy Focussed on the spirituaI/psychoIogicaI) , provides this
FuIIerunderstandng.
TheimageoFtheTreecomesEomtheKabbaIah. Ve canseeitin
theRiderpackontheTenoFPentacles, dravn intheFollovingvay.
O
O O
O O
O
O O
O
O
F|yute 88
@ 4 I I @
M W X m L M L Y L L N
InmeditationviththeMajorAtcana, ve useprimariIythe tven-
ty-tvo positions or Iinks betveen the diEerent Sephiroth the ten
positions) . In divination ve use the Sephiroth themseIves, adapting
their classical names and connotations to enabIe them to serve as
positions ina spread, simuar to theBasis, SeIf, etc. ofa CeItic Cross,
but much vider in scope. The Kabbist titIes and descriptions are
necessariIy abstract, they contain a mystic description of the un-
verse's creation and structure, as veII as a vay tovards a greater
knovIedge ofCod. Therefore those Tarot readers Iike myseIf, vho
have vished to use this povemIimage for divination have chosen
moremundanemeanings to correspond to the positions.
H L bH U LU H L O| H L H L L
Before goingthroughthesemeanings, ve shouIdIookbriey atthe
Tree's structure. There are tvo basic patterns vithin the Tree,
shovn as foIIovs.
|1
F|yure 8

Figure 89 a) emphasizes IeveIs of avareness. The top triangIe


remains cIosest to Cod, from vhom the originaI point ofIight
emanated to create the hrstSephirah. As the Iight ofcreation trav-
eIIed through the diEerent triangles it became more and more
diluted, or even forsome people corrupted, untilintheIast, singIe,
Sephirah it became contained vithin the physicaI vorId ofesh
and rock and vater. Such a briefdescription of course greatly
@ 4 I 3 @
M b P L P L X b L M b P L P L
distorts KabbaIistphuosophy. I givc ithcrc onIy to shovsomctmng
oIthcbackgroundIor thc Trcc oILiIc rcadng.)
Thc conccpt oI a dovnvard dcsccnt oI thc Iight is uscd in
divination in thc IoIoving vay. Sincc vc vish to dcscribc a
pcrson's IiIc vc look at cach trianglc as an aspcct oIthat pcrson,
using a tripartitc systcm simar to thc thrcc Lncs oI thc Najor
^rcana. Thc top triangIc signitics a pcrson's spirituaI cxistcncc,
pointing upvards to thc subjcct`s highcst potcntiaI. Thc mddIc
trianglc pointing dovnvards to manIcstation, rcprcscnts thc vays
in vhich thc pcrson dcaIs vith thc outcr vorId, thc practic
mattcrs oIIiIc. Thc bottom triangIc again points dovnvards but
ths timcinto thc hiddcn arcas oIthc scIl. Itstands Ior unconscious
drivcs and imaginativc cncrgy. Vc can also rcIcr to thc triangIcs as
supcr-conscious, conscious- and unconscious.
Thc bottom position, standing apart, rcprcscnts not a pcrsonaI
quaity as do thc othcrs, but thc outcr vorld in vhich thc pcrson
Iivcs. Vc can think oIit as simlar to nvironmcnt in thc CcItic
Cross, but ona muchvidcrIcvcI.
Figurc 89 (b) dcrivcs Irom thc idca oI poIarity or opposing
Iorccs. In KabbaIah thc right and IcIt sidcs oIthc Trcc sign thc
vay invhich God dirccts cxistcncc. ThcrightpilIar, that oIGracc,
tcndstovards cxpansion. Itsquaiucscnlargc andopcn out. ThcIcIt
pilIar, caBcd Scvcrity, contracts, cmphasizing quaitics that rcstrict.
Thc onc givcs, thc othcr takcs avay, thcrcby maintaining thc
conscrvation oIcncrgy. ut iI onIy thosc tvo Iorccs cxistcd thc
univcrsc voud svingviIdIy back and Iorth, constantIy cxpanding
and contracting. ThcrcIorc thc middc pular stands Ior Pcconciha-
tion, a blcndingandharmonizing oIthctvoprincipIcs. loticc that
thcIastScphirah, symboIizingphysicaI cxistcncc, IaIs in thc middIc
piIIar. In thc matcriaI vorId thc archctypaI cIcmcnts mcrgc into a
stabIc Iorm.
Thcimagc oIthcthrcc columns appcars in Icss abstract Iormin
thcPidcrpackvcrsion (asvcII asa numbcr oIothcrs) oIthc High
Pricstcss. Thc dark pillar stands Ior Scvcrip, thc Iight puar Ior
Gracc. Thc Migh Pricstcss hcrscIlIuIs thc Iunction oIPcconciI-
ation, bancing thc yin and yang oppositcs vithin pcrIcctstIncss.
)ust as vc nccd a 'practicaI` vcrsion oIthc triangIcs, so our pur-
posc rcquircs a morc dircct intcrprctation oIthc thrcc puars. Vc
@ 4 I 4 @
M P N ^ m L M L Y L L N
therefore usearecurringpatternforeachtriangIe. The position on
the left tends tovards the probIems arisinghom that IeveI, the one
on the right depicts the benets ofpositive direction. The position
in the middIedescribes the quality itself, vhere the oppositionsare
bIended together. These distinctions vill become cIearervhen ve
look at theindividuSephroth.
ne further point about the structure. Kabbahsts picture the
path made by the hght ofcreation as a zigzag, sometimes referred
to as the Iightning boIt ofCod. Beginningbeyond the lirst Sephi-
rah for Cod's true essence remains unknovabIe and transcendent)
itrunsIke this.
F|yate 0
In meditation ve use this image primarily to heIp us advance
through the Sephiroth tovards union vith that aspect ofCod ve
eperience in mystic ecstasy. In other vords, through meditative
discipline ve travel backvards aIong the Iightning boIt, as ifve
vere unraveIling the universe to get to its source. The lightning
striking the Tover in the Major Arcana symboIizes this Iight of
illumination.
Another form of medtation, mied vith ceremonial magic,
attempts to foIlov the Iightning dovnvards, or rather to caIl it
dovn upon the person. CaIIed 'PracticaI Kabbah' , this use of
KabbaIisticprincipIes formagicbases muchofitsvorkon the idea
that proper rituaI and meditation can bring a Iightning ash, not
@ 4 I P @
M P L P L N L M P L P L
]ut ClunOCttanOIng, Out ClgtCat QCwCt CntC thC magICIan. hC
QCtCn lC!JCwIng thCC CCCu!t QtaCtICC I watnCO nCt tC CCK thI
QCwCt lCt QCtCna! gaIn Out Cny lCt QtC]CCt CtVIng thC CCmmu-
nIty. [hC watnIng agaInt mIuC gIVCn In magICa! gtImCItC
CmCtImC ttIKC CnC a ImIJat tC thC watnIng Cn QCtnCgtaQhIC
OCCK. `hI matCtIa I lCt mCOICa! uC Cny .
H L LA1 OU
n OIVInatICn wC lCJCw thC !IghtnIng QattCtn U a muCh mCtC
munOanC way, a thC mCthCO ClayIng Cut thC CatO. C OC a tCC
Cl IlC tCaOIng thC tCaOCt Htt tCmCVC thC bIgnICatCt a In thC
CthCt mCthCO, anO QaCC It hIgh Cn thC tCaOIng utlaCC [COVICu-
!y a !Ct CltCCm I nCCOCO tC ay CutCVCnty-CIght CatO . NhCn thC
uO]CCt ha huHCO anO Cut thC OCCK, thC tCaOCt taKC thC CatO anO
OCgIn !ayIng thCm laCC OCwn aCCCtOIng tC thC QattCtn.
!
3
Z
5 +
6
8
7
9
0
F|yate Y
hC bIgnIHCatCt tCmaIn CXQCCO aOCVC thC tCaOIng. NhCn thC
Htt tCn CatO atC QaCCO thC tCaOCt !ay OCwn anCthCt tCn Cn tCQ Cl
thCm, anO C Cn, untI! CaCh Q!aCC CCntaIn a QaCK ClCVCn CatO.
Cw, tCmCVIng thC bIgnIHCatCt HCm thC OCCK !CaVC CVCnty-CVCn
CatO, Ct C!CVCn tImC CVCn. hCtClCtC thC tCaOCt wI! CnO uQ wIth
CVCn CXtta CatO. Pany aOOa1t QCaK Clan ` InVIIO!C C!CVCnth
@ 4 I @
M P N m L M L Y L L N
Sephirah, knovn as Oaath, or KnovIedge. LsualIy KabbaIists viII
pIace ths extra Sephirah in the middIe piIIar, betveen the hrst and
sixth Sephiroth, that is, betveen the top and mddle triangIes. In
Tarot readngsvepIace ittothe side or on the bottom, and readit
afteraIIthe others. The fact thatvedonotpIace itdovnin order
vith the other cards but simpIy use the 'Ieft over' seven cards
emphasizes its unqueness. The Oaath pack does not beIong in any
ofthe generaI areas ofinuence. Some readers see it as sigm(ing
theimnediatefuture.
Vhen I hrst began doing the Tree ofLife readings I used the
Oaath pack as a generaI commentary, an extra bit ofinformation
appIying to the readingasavhoIe. I have since found amorespe-
cihc meaningforit, thatofTransformation.
In Part ne I described the idea, derived both hom KabbaIah
and modern quantum mechanics, that any change comes not as
graduaIalteration,butas ajumphom one state to another.Vemay
Iead up to changes vith years ofgraduaI preparation but the actuaI
change occurs as a Ieap across an abyss. Ve cease being one tmng
and become another. In these moments oftransformation ve can
sometimes sense the essential lothing underlying aII hxed exis-
tence. Some people describeOaathas the aspectvmch senses tms
truth of the abyss. thers point out that Oaath Iinks Visdom
Sephirah 2) and Lnderstanding Sephirah 3) through its quaIities
ofavareness and reection.
Vith these meanings in mnd I found it vorthvhile to use the
Oaath pack as a description of the means by vhich a person
changes. ReIated to thevholereading it emphasizes the connec-
tions a person makes betveen the dierent IeveIs. The dierent
Sephiroth/positions tend to shov distinctIeveIs and conditions of
being. The Oaath packheIps us seehovve move betveen them.
Therefore, the name I have given itis Transformation.
1M P05 l 1l 0N5 AND M AN l NC5
Vhatthenare thespecihcSephirothpositions?ThefoIIovingIistis
my ovn, based partly onsuggestions hom various commentaries. I
oeritas apossibIesystemandaguide. Readersvho vantto vork
@ 4 1 O @
M P L W l X l b L M b P L W L
CXtCnIVC!y wIth rCC CIC OIVInatICn wI want tC Crmu!atC thCIr
Cwn QCItICn.
\Ing thC numOCr QattCrn hCwn Cn Q. I b, thC QCItICn arC.
l K LH L H O H L H OWN H | H Lb b | | H | U A L L LV L LO | M L N
1ythI wC mCan thC truCt anO OCt Qua!ItIC CthC QCrCn anO thC
way In whICh hC Cr hC rCaChC thCC !CVC!. hC LrCwn wI! nCt
away hCw VCry QCItIVC Cr]CyCu QuaItIC. bCmC QCCQ!C rCaCh
thCIr OCt OCVC!CQmCnt thrCugh trugg!C Cr adC. l rCmCmOCr
CnC rCaOIng whCrC thC CwCr CCCuQICO thC CCntrC CthC CthCr
!InC, wIth thC btartwC CarO away CmIt. hC QCrCn CunOItVCry
OIICu!t tC OCVC!CQ In any taO!C way. C tCnOCO away tC gC
thJCugh CyC!C CtCnICn, CXQ!CICn, anO rC!CaC, a thCmC CChCCO
a thC way at thC OCttCm CthC rCaOIng, whCn thC CVI aQQCarCO
In thC CCntrC ChI aath InC.
Z H OK MA H OH W | b LOM
hC CCCnO bCQhIrah, CKmah Cr NIOCm, tanO Cr LrCatIVC
lntCmgCnCC, thC way In whICh thC QCrCn mCVC tCwarO thC gCa
C IghCt CVC!CQmCnt. \uay rC!atCO tC thC LrCwn !InC It
CmQhaIZC thC QrCCC COCVC!CQmCnt rathCr than thC rCu!t. Cr
CXamQ!C, IthC bun aQQCar In thC LrCwn InC wC wCu!O IntCrQrCt
It a]Cy anO CCOCm, aQQrCCIatCO Cr thCmC!VC. It aQQCarCO In
LrCatIVC ntCmgCnCC wCwCu!O thInK CthCC QuaItIC a thC mCan
tCwarO whatCVCr wC haO CCn In thC LrCwn. IKC thC Irt InC,
LrCatIVC ntCmgCnCC may InC!uOC unQ!Caant Cr OICu!t CarO, I
thCC arC what thC QCrCn uC tC grCw.
NhCn uCh CarO OC aQQCar It I ImQCrtant tC CCnIOCr thCm nCt
Cny In rC!atICn tC thCIr unCtICn tC CC hCw thC QCrCn Can uC
thCm CrCauVC!y Out a!C In rC!atICn tC thC CthCr CarO In thC InC.
Cr CXamQ!C, uQQCC thC InC CNanO aQQCarCO In CKmah.
hC rCaOCr wCu!O Irt CmQhaIZC thC trCngth anO OCtCrmInatICn
rathCr than thC rIgIOIty InhCrCnt In thC CarO. 1ut uQQCC thC Cur
CNanO aQQCarCO In thC!InC a wC. hCn thC InC ha tC OC CCn
a Qart Ca CyC!C COCCnCC anO CQCnnC, CaCh CthCm hC!QIng
anO CCOIng Cn CaCh CthCr.
@ 4 I 7 @
b M b P N ^ b m L b M b b L t Y L L N
Andbecausethey appearin thesecondIine oftheSpirittriangIe,
ve vould think ofthem notsimpIy as a cycIe repeating the same
experience over and over, but as a spiraI, Ieading to vhatever
images appearedinKether.
It shouId become obvious that the Tree ofLife readng requires
a good deaI ofexperience vith the cards and vith divination to
vork properIy. lot onIy must the reader interpret seven cards for
everyposition, but each position must reIate to the others.
3 U | N AH OH U N L L H bA N L | N
CompIeting the triangIe is Binah, Lnderstanding. InKabbaIah the
derence betveen Visdom and Lnderstandingrefers primariIy to
the manner in vhich the souI contempIates Cod and itseIf.
In the more mundane experience of a reading ve can think of
Lnderstanding as those experiences vhich hoId us back from
development, or Sorrovs and Burdens. Here the cards shov the
person's restrictions andthis time the more positive images need to
be adapted to the terms ofthe Ine. At the same time the originaI
titIe, Lnderstanding, Ieads us to considerhov these restrictions can
be overcome.
ThemiddIetrianglestandsforthemoreordnaryaspectsIfe, and
here ve beginvith the tvo sides and end in the mddIe.
4 H Lb LL OH ML HL1
The fourth Sepmrah stands forVorIdIy Cains, vhch means vhat
the person viII achieve in Ife in terms ofvork, home, money,
hiends, etc. LsuaIIy the Iine viII emphasize areas ofsuccess rather
than faiIure. Itmay aIso indicate the vays in vhich vondIy gains
aect the person's character. The three triangIes form one pattern,
a fact that usuaIIy becomesmoreandmoreapparentas the reading
deveIops and connections appear more strongIy. Therefore, the
mundane concerns ofVorIdIy Cains viII often reect the spirituaI
avareness ofCreative Force above it. And understandng the Iover
positions on the Tree viIl often prove the key to going back and
interpreting the higher ones.
@ 4 1 @
M P L P X l L M P L P
b LV U H A H OH J U L M LN
Cppositc VorIdIy Gains vc und Gcvurah, or)udgcmcnt, standing
Ior OimcuItics. Thcsc may includc anything Irom moncy troubIcs
to IoncIincss. In onc rcading thc uccn oI Svords in this Iinc
indicatcd to mc that thc vomanvas a vidov.
b | | L H LH OH U LAU1
Thc point oIthc triangIc stands Ior TiIcrcth, cauty. In rcadings I
usc this position to indicatc Hcalth. Lsing thc Tarot to diagnosc
spcci c physicaI probIcms can bc a vcry tricky opcration, though
suggcstions Ior doing this cxist, usualIy linking thc cards to astro-
Iogical aspccts orothcrsystcms. I havc Iound itbcttcrtogcta morc
gcncraI picturc hom thcLnc, Iookingnotjust atphysicaIcondition
but aIso cmotionaI, spirituaI hcaIth.
Cnc rccommcndation - obscrvc vhich clcmcnts domnatc.
StrongVandssuggcstgoodgcncraIhcalththroughthc pcrson's liIc,
though oI coursc such Vands as thc Tcn or thc linc, as vclI as
rcvcrscdVands, mightindicatc thc oppositc. Cups and Svords tcnd
to shov thc cmotionaI andspirituaIconditionoIthc pcrson, vhiIc
PcntacIcs oItcn shov vcakcr hcaIth or thc nccd to takc carc oI
thc body. Thc Fivc, Ior instancc, vould bc a dcunitc varning. A
prcdominancc oINajorcards in thc Iinc is morc dih:cult to intcr-
prct, dcpcnding Ior mcaning on vhich cards appcar. Strcngth, oI
coursc, vouId indicatc good gcncraI hcaIth, Tcmpcrancc vouId
indicatc iIIncss avcrtcd by caution, vhiIc thc OcviI might shov
sickncss, or hypochondria. Somctimcs a singIc Najor card can
symboIizc somc spcciaI situation that has appcarcdorviII appcar in
thc pcrson's IiIc. Timc scqucnccs inthislinc, andinthc vhoIc trcc,
rcmain a dimcuIt probIcm, cspcciaIIy Ior thc bcginning rcadcr.
Thc third triangIc dcaIs vith thc Lnconscious, particuIarIy thc
imaginativc and scxuaI drivcs. In Part Cnc vc lookcd at thc idca
thatsupcr-consciousncss, orspirituaI cncrgyandavarcncss, consists
oI thc unconscious transIormcd and madc conscious. Thus, thc
Trcc vi oItcn shovvcrystrongconncctions bctvccn thc top and
bottom triangIcs, vith thc middIc Icvcl - thc pcrson's conscious
cxpcricnccs- Iornga Iink bctvccn thc tvo.
@ 4 I U @
M P X m L M L Y L L N
1atICt CCCtIOCC thC uOCCnCICu a thC tCQtCCC ICC CthC
C_C, CItInCt tCm thC unCCnCICu, Ct !IC CnCt_y C thC QCtCn.
CnC CthCC ttIan_!C CCa QCCIHCa1y VIth thI CnC CthC uO-
CCnCICu. HathCt, thI hICCCn matCtIa! Can aQQCat thtCu_hCut thC
tCaCIn_, hCVIn_ QtCO!Cm, a__tCICn, Ct unu!HCC CCItC.
\nCttunatC!y thC VatnC C thC uO]CCt QtCVCnt mC _IVIn_
CCtaI!CC CXamQ!C. [ aQC!C_IZC Ct InCu!_In_ In CmCthIn_ tCCm-
OIn_ thC CatK hInt CnC CtCn HnC In CCCu!t OCCK. ` CtC may
ay nC mCtC aOCut th1. Vu Cn!y QCInt Cut that VC Can CC thC
uOCCnCICu at VCtK In thC CCmIn_ CCnttaCICtICn C, ay, thC VC
CbVCtC aQQCatIn_ a a O!CCK In thC !InC CLtCatIVC CtCC.
N LZALH O H LL H N | 1
hC CVCnth bCQhItah, CtZaCh, mCan 1tCtnIty. PnCthCt namC Ct
It I `ICtCty. haVC uCC ItIn thI ytCm tC tanC Ct ICIQ!InC, thC
Vay In Vh1Ch thC QCtCn Can Qut hCt Ct hI Ima_InatICn tC VCtK.
y ` CICIQ!InC CC nCt mCan thC ttICt Ctt Ctu!C that thC VCtC
nCtma1!y CCn]utC uQ. ntCaC mCan thC CC!IOCtatC ttaInIn_ anC
CItCCtICnymOC!IZCCIn thC hCCCCC haVK CthC InC CCntaC!C.
LtCatIVC QCVCt unCCt uCh CICIQ!InC OCCCmC CnhanCCC anC tCCC
tathCt thanVCaKCnCC Ct C!CCC In. CtIt I a Qua1Ity CthC unCCn-
CICu that It OCnCHt In Cut !IVC InCtCaC thC mCtC VC CItCCt It.
hI I CmCthIn_ KnCVn Oy mCt attIt, a VC!! aOyQCCQ!C VhC
haVC VCtKCC CtICu!y In thC CCCu!t.
PCtQCCQ!C VhC CC nCt CC!IOCtatC!y VCtK vm thC unCCnCICu
CnCt_y ImQ!y mC thatIttay CCtmat. hCIt!IVC mayCCmHat, Ct
thCymaythInK CthCmC!VC a!aCK1n_anyCtCauVIty Ct CmC, hCV-
CVCt, thC unCCnCICu I C ttCn_ It Can OtCaK thtCu_h Cn It CVn,
OtIn_In_ ChaC Ct CVCn maCnC. tCmCmOCt CnC tCaCm_ [nCt a tCC
CIC CCnCCtamaVhChaCCXQCtICnCCC aCtICu nCtVCu OtCa-
CCVn atCt a CtIC CttCn_ QyCh1C CXQCtICnCC. n thC tCaCIn_ thC
InC C CntaC!C aQQCatCC, Out a!C thC Ctm1t, tC1n_ hIm that a
QtCQCr tCaChCt VCuC tta1n th1 CnCt_y that haC CtuQtCC C Qa y
IntC h1 !IC. ICIQ!InC, In It OCt CnC, tanC Ct thC QUCC CtaI-
In_ thC unCCnCICu anC ttanCtmIn_ It IntC CtCauVC CnCt_y.
CCauC mCt QCCQC CC nCt HnC thCmC!VC CtaVn, Ct QuhCC,
tC QyChIC Ct CCCu!t VCtK, VC uua!!y HnC mCtC CtCInaty CCnCCtn
@ 43O @
M P L W X L M P L W
reectedinOiscipIine. Itmay referto artistic vork, but not neces-
sariIy. Forsome peopIe, theunconscious epresses itselfin a career
or in creating a Ioving home for her or his famiIy. The important
thng about the line is that itshovs the trainingorvorknecessary
for the person to do something vith creative potential. Such
bIockedcardsastheightofSvords appearinginthishnemayhoId
great meaning for the entire reading, for so much of our Iives
depends onthe reIease ofunconscious energy.
b H O OH H LV L H U L H A l O N
n the other side ofthe triangIe ve hnd Hod, or Reverberation.
ther names incIude Triumph, or SpIendour. The divination titIe
for this Iine - Love and Lust- viIl usualIy make the subjectsit up
andIistenverycIoseIy. ThisIineshovs theperson'sseuaIdriveand
the vay these urges vork in practice - in short, vhat the person
vants andvhathe or she gets. Oepending on the person thisIine
too may provide the key to aL the others, though maybe not as
often as ve might epect.
lotice that Love and Lust comes on the restrictive side ofthe
Tree, vhIe OiscipIne appears ontheside ofepansion. This con-
struction rehects the fact that our seual drives often dominate us,
makng us do things ve vouId othervise avoid, or preventing us
from releasing potentials in other areas. Oiscipline, on the other
hand, makes use ofthe imaginative energy, Ieadingitin the direc-
tion oftransformation to the spiritu. Seu cards may appear not
in Love and Lust but in Oiscipline, suggesting that the person
develops through Iove, in the manner symboIizedby the angeIris-
ing betveen the man and voman in the Lovers. For such peopIe
Iove is as much a discipIine asa temptation oranindulgence.
I shouId add that Love and Lust appearing on the side of
Restriction does notrequire us to interpret it as a probIem. Ifthe
cardsshovsatisfactionandheedom, then certaimyve shouIdinter-
pret them that vay.
@ 43 1 @
M P N m L M L Y L L N
3 1 L b OL O H |OU N LA | O N
Thc ninth Scphirah, Ycsod or Foundation, stands Ior Imagination,
inmany vays thc truc Ioundation oIthc scII. For thc majority oI
pcopIc, vho do not go through programmcs oIscII-crcation thc
unconscious ncvcr docs bccomc conscious. It rcmains both thc
sourcc and thc driving Iorcc oI thc pcrsonaLty. Vc gIimpsc this
cncrgy in such activitics as drcams, Iantasics, dcsircs - in othcr
vords, vhat vc commonly caII thc imagination. y caIIing thc
Foundation Iinc Imagination vc actuaIIy mcan morc than such
maniIcstations. Thc tcrm hcrc stands Ior thc cncrgy itscII, coiIcd
bcncath thc consciouspcrsonaIityandgiving oashcs to thc outcr
vorId. Thc cards in this Iinc shov thc shapc and mood oI thc
pcrson's unconscious. CItcnthcyviIIrcIatc vcry dircctIy to thcIinc
oIHighcstOcvclopmcnt vay abovc it.
U MALKUH OH K | N L O M
cIov Imagination comcs NaIkuth, or Kingdom, mcamng thc
VorId aroundthc pcrson. Hcrcvcsccthc cxtcrnaIinucnccs, othcr
pcoplc, situations both pcrsonaI and sociaI/poIiticaI. LsuaIIy, oI
coursc, indicationsoIthcsc outsidc Iorccsw appcarthroughoutthc
rcading. In onc rcading thc mpcror, as thc voman's domnccring
husband, appcarcd in thc ccntrc oIhcr HcaIth linc, that is, in thc
cxact ccntrc oIthc Trcc. Hovcvcr, thc last Iinc cmphasizcs outcr
inucnccs,shovingalsothcccctuponthcsubjcct. Vc canlookat
it as simiIar to thc nvironmcnt oIthc Cross, butgrcatIy cxpandcd.
LAAH
FinaIly vc comc toOaath. Though vc sct it asidc Irom thc Trcc
vhcn dcaIing out thc cards, many rcadcrs viII vant to Iay it out
bcIov NaIkuth, thcrcby producing a symmctricaI trcc as vcII as
graphicalIy shovinghovconncctions undcrIic aII positions.
Somctimcs thcsc cards viII clcarly rcIcr to onc particuIar situa-
tionshovnabovcin onc oIthc thrcctriangIcs. LsuaIIy, vc do not
givc thc Oaath cards a spccic Iunction as vc do vith thc othcr
Iincs. Likc thc FooI in thc Najor^rcana, it movcs bctvccn m oI
@ 433 @
M b P L W L N l L M P L W L
thcm,joining things togcthcr, hclping thc gcncral pattcrn bccomc
cIcarcrin thcrcadcr`s andsubjcct's mnds.
Thc imagc oIthc cntirc Trcc, scvcnty-cight brightIy coIourcd
cards, can bc an astounding sight. I havc somctimcs takcn pho-
tographs oIit Ior myscIIand Ior thc subjcct. I vouId rccommcnd
rcadcrs to makc a chart oIthc Trcc, marking thc positions and thc
individuaI cards. NostpcoplcaIsofnd itvaIuabIc to makc a casscttc
rccording vhich thcy can play back latcr to hclp assimiIatc thc
trcmcndous amount oIinIormation.
IIthc rcadcr and thc subjccthavc bcgun a rcguIarprogrammc oI
rcadings, thcn a Trcc oILiIc, vrittcn and rccordcd, can hcIp makc
thc rcadings morc ccctivc. CItcn itvorks bcst not to do thc Trcc
immcdiatcly, butrathcr to dooncor tvo smaII rcadings rstto gct
an idca oIthc issucs in thc pcrson`s liIc. A Trcc oILiIc viII thcn
providc a comprchcnsivc vicv oIthc subj cct, vhich both pcopIc
can usc as a rcIcrcncc inIatcrrcadings.
To do such a rcadingrcquircs a grcatknovIcdgc oIthc cards and
oI thc vays in vhich thcy mcsh togcthcr. Pcmcmbcr that thc
astroIogcr doinga nataI chart is usuaIIy abIc to construct thc chart
ahcad oItimc and considcr its various quaIitics bcIorc having to
cxpIain it to thc subjcct. ut a Trcc oILiIc rcading, Iikc anyTarot
rcading, vorks bcst vhcnvcintcrprct thc cards asvcIaythcmout.
Pcmcmbcr aIso thatcachIinc contains scvcn cards. achIincis
itscIIa rcading. Somctimcs thc scvcn cards appcar as a group oI
individuaI cxpcricnccs. Norc oItcn, a pattcrn vilIIormvthin thc
Iinc. Cur undcrstanding oI it may movc Irom, say, IcIt to right
aImostIikca story, orvcmightIocus onthc ccntrc card as a dom-
inant thcmc, vith thc surrounding cards intcrprctcd partIy accord-
ing to thcir positions. I havc oItcn Iound symmctry an important
cIuc - cards onc and scvcn rclating to cach othcr, tvo andsix, ctc.
Cr, thcthrcccards on thcrightmayshovonccharactcristic, vhuc
thc oncs on thc IcIt somc othcr, possibIy contradictory onc. ach
Iinccarricsitsovnmovcmcnt, its ovn pcrIcction.
@ 434 @
L H A I 1 L K 1 W L L V L
HOW TO USE TAROT REAO1NGS
hC Va!uC Ca atCt tCaOIng, at !Cat Ct thC uO]CCt, OCQCnO Cn
whathC CthCOCCwIth It atCtwatO. lCt thCC QCCQ!C whCCCmC
tC a tCaOCt Cut CCutICIty Ct a a gamC thC tCaOIng w QtCOaO!y
Qa Oy thCIt !IVC, !IKC a hCw thCy watCh DCm thC auOICnCC. 1ut
thI hCw CCnCCtn thCm, anO IthC tCaOIng mCan anythIng tCa,
thCy wm want tC Qut It tC CmC QtaCtICa uC.
Itt Ca, thC tCaOCt anO thC uO]CCt CannCt uC thC tCaOng at
unt:thCy unOCttanO It. hCtCCtC thCtCaOCtmut OCVC!CQ KI!
CIntCtQtCtatICn, anO thC OCt way tC OC thI I tC QtaCtIC. NhCn
yCu OCgIn OC nCt aumC a gtCat OCQth CKnCw!COgC, ]ut KCCQ at
It. C nCt wCtty I yCu CannCt CC hCw thIng Ht tCgCthCt, Ct
OCCCmC CCn1CO Oy thC QCIO!C IntCtQtCtatICn CCmC Ing!C
CatO. PtCt a whI!C yCu wI HnO that yCu nCtICC thIng that wCuO
haVC !IO Qat yCu whCn yCu Htt OCgan.
btuOy. Catn thC mCamng OCCtIOCO In whatCVCt OCCK ttIKC
yCu a Va!uaO!C. hCn OCgIn thCQtCCC CmaKIngyCut CV OCCK.
LCt a gCCO nCtCOCCK anO tCCCtO yCut OCCtIQtICn, CChng, anO
CXQCtICnCC Ct CaCh CatO. `Cu Can OC thI In wCtO, QICtutC, OIa-
gtam, whatCVCt mCthCO mCan CmCthIng tC yCu. ln thC amC Ct
anCthCt OCCK tCCCtOthCtCaOng yCuOC anOwhatyCuhaVC !CatnCO
Cm thCm. lCmC tCaOng tCaChC yCu a nCw QCInt aOCut CmC
Ing!C CatO Ct CCmOInatICn Ct thC whC!C OCCK, tCCCtO thI a wC!.
C nCt taKC Ct gtantCO that yCu KnCw what yCu haVC a!tCaOy
!CatnCO. NC Catty CCttaIn OIaC anO a tImC gCC Oy wC tCnO tC
@ 43R @
M b P L W m L Y L L b P M L M b P L W
rcmcmbcrsomcmcanings and Iorgctothcrs CItcna cardw makc
no scnsc bccausc vc insist on intcrprcting it in a ccrtain vay
strictIy Irom habit, vhcn anothcr, Iorgottcn mcaning viII cIcar i t
immcdiatcIy. ThcrcIorc, Irom timc to timc, cvcn aItcr you think
you knov aII thc cardsby hcart, Iook back onyournotcs andyour
books. You viII bc surpriscdathovmuch you rcIcarn.
Kccpinga notcbook scrvcs anothcrpurposc. dcscribcdabovc
Tarotrcadings hcIp tcachus abaIanccbctvccnintuiuon and action,
thc High Pricstcss and thc Nagician. ^ notcbook is onc practicaI
vay to dcvcIop tms baIancc, Ior it combincs your ovnimprcssions
vith thcidcasyou havc IcarncdIrompubIishcd tcxts. Nakingyour
ovn bookis cspcciaIIy importantuyou arc thc sort oIpcrson vho
bcIicvcsvhatyouIcarn IromapubIishcdbookora tcachcr. You arc
thc rcadcr, andinany situation thc cardsIicbcIorc you andnoonc
cIsc.VithoutthcabiIity to rcspondinstinctivcIy to thcpicturcsyou
w ncvcrbc abIc to choosc bctvccn thc possibIc intcrprctations,
IctaIonc nd a ncvmcaningjustrightIor that rcading.
Vc aIIposscss thcabiIitytorcspondintuitivcIy, butLkc any othcr
IacuIty, this kind oIpcrccption rcquircs training and dcvcIopmcnt.
^ notcbook w hcIp hcrc too. csidcs giving you somctmng
pcrmancnt to IookatIatcr, thc vcry actoIvriting thcmdovn w
givc your idcas morc substancc. You viII aIso ndthc originaI idcas
viII bc grcatIy cxtcndcd as ncv points occur to you vhiIc you
vritc thcm dovn.
You can aIso train thc intuition by spcnding timc vith thc pic-
turcs, Iooking at thcm, mixing thcm, tcIIing storics vith thcm,
abovc I, Iorgctting vhat thcy arc suoseJ to mcan. Forgct thc
symboIismas you pay attcntion to thc coIours, thc shapcs, thcvcry
IccI andvcightoIthc cards.
^s thc rcadcr bccomcs morc compctcnt thc rcadings w
bccomcmorc vaIuabIc. Thc primary thingvc gcthomany rcading
is inIormation, but thc imormation can bc oIdicrcnt kinds. For
pcopIc vith an avarcncss oI thc spirituaI undcrcurrcnts shaping
aIIourIivcs thc Tarot canshovvhatparticuIarshapcthcsccurrcnts
arc taking at that momcnt. For othcrs, rcadings may shov thc
IikcIy dcvcIopmcnts hom somc particuIar situation or dccision.
Look Ior a ncvjob, start a Iovc aair, continuc vriting a novcI -
thcsc arc aII mundanc issucs, sccmingIy Iar Irom thc mystic
@ 43 @
M W X ^ m L M L Y L L N
concerns ofthe Major Arcana. levertheIess, these are the things
mostpeopIe Iook atinTarot readings, and in fact they are aIso the
vays in vmch ve truIy deveIop, because they are the vays ve
invoIve ourseIves in Iife. They form the reaIity rising out ofthe
spirituaI undercurrents. A Tarot reading can heIp us examne the
consequencesofsuchactionsanddecisions.
Tarot readings, then, can give us information. But to actonthat
information, especiaIIy ifit goes against our desires, remains very
dimcuIt.
Ve can think up endIess dodges to deny the vaIdity ofTarot
readings. n oneIeveI ve teII ourseIves, 'It's onIy a packofcards.'
But even those vho do not dismiss the Tarot's predictions so easiIy
maythnk, 'lovthat I knovvhatitsays I can make sure itvon't
vorkoutthatvay.' Aroundthe timeI rstbegan to useTarotcards
I consuIted themonsomethingI vanted to dobutrecognzedvas
dangerous. The cards indicated disaster and speIIed out quite cIear
the shape thatdisastervouIdtake. I then saidtomyseIf, 'Ve, nov
that I 've seen the dangers I can make sure I avoid them.' I vent
ahead vith vhat I vanted to do, and the situation vorked out, in
detaiI, thevaythe cards hadpredicted. lothavingIearnedmyIes-
son I read the cards again, hoping not for the truth, but for some
reassuring message. I vas using a book ofmeanings at that time,
andvhen I Iooked up theBasiscardthe book gave as aninterpre-
tation, 'FaiIure to foIIov good advice'.
TheprobIem vith making a decision based on a Tarot reading
is that ve never knov hov it vouId have turned out othervise.
Suppose a student considers Ieaving coIIege and the cards advise
strongIy against it. Ifshe foIIovs the reading she viII never knov
vhat might have happened ifshe had foIIoved her desire instead.
fcourse the vhoIe point ofthe reading is that it does teII her
vhat vouIdhave happened. But, she viII aIvays vonder, suppose
itvas not true? Aprediction, especiaIIy from a pack ofcards, can
nevercarry the same impactas actuaI experience. Curiosity aIone
canmakeus do disastrous things.
It takes courage to overcome curiosity and desire. Some years
ago I read that the poet Aen Cinsberg and a voman Iover ofhis
verethinkngofhavingababytogether.They didareading, vith
the Tarot or the I Ching, I forget vhich, and got a negative
@ 43O @
M b P L P L l m L Y L L b P M L M b P L P L
prediction. Theygave up the idea. I do notknovhov muchthey
reahy vanted a chiId, but I remember admiring their strength in
resisting the desire. l once did not go to a potentiaIIy vaIuabIe
conference because the cards shoved me unpleasant conse-
quences. I vas able to recognize the truth of vhat the cards
indicated, at Ieast in regard to vhat I vouId have contributed
to the situation. ven so, I found it dimcuIt not to ignore the
information and go ahead.
Ve canthinkupsometruIy marvehous ecusesfor avoidngthe
obvioustruth ofa reading. Ifverespectthe cards too much to sim-
pIy decIare them nonsense, ve vuI often look for certain ' faIse'
imagestodiscreditthevhoIereading. Ooestheutcomecardnot
seemtoht thesituation?Ratherthan interpretitintheIightofthe
others, ve viIl vrite othe vhole reading.
Some books advise readersneverto read for themseIves because
ofthe Iack ofobjectivity. For a Iong time I vent to a friend for
readings and she to me, because neither ofus trusted ourseIves to
interpret our ovn cards honestIy. Vhen I started doing my ovn
readings I stuI found it hard to overcome various mental tricks to
avoid unpIeasant images. My favourite vorked as foIIovs. I couId
notignorethecards I didnotlike orsimply decIarethemuntrueor
eaggerated. That vouId have seemed too obvious. Therefore I
Iookedinthe readingforsome very positiveimage, suchas the Ace
ofCups, and said to myseIf, 'VeII, that can't be true, nothing so
goodcouId come out ofthis mess.' And then I vouIddismiss the
vhoIe reading on the grounds that ifthis one card made no sense
noneoftheothersdid.AnothertrickI discoveredmyseIfdoingvas
to Iay out the cards very casuIy, so ifsomething bad came up I
could tmnk, 'VeII, I didn't realIy mean it, I didn't do itseriousIy.' I
couIdonIy readformyselfvhenI began treatingthereadingsin the
samevayI vouIdanyone eIse's, miingthecardscaremIIy, vorking
attheimages, trying to get some direction foraction orinaction) .
A reading viII not aIvays give a clear yes or no ansver to a
question. It may shov simply a compIe oftrends and inuences.
Sometimes the reading does not involve a choice because ofan
ongoingsituationvhich cannot easily be avoided. Then specihc
images and meanings become very important. The Tarot can
heIp us pinpoint the important eIements in the situation, the
@ 437 @
M P N m L M b L Y L L N
ones thatneedthe mostvork to change, orbringabout, thepre-
dicted outcome.
PeopIe may use theidea, 'lov that I knov vhat it says, I can
do somethng aboutit'asanexcuse tofoIIov their desires. lever-
theIess, the statement remains true. Maybe ve have a very pes-
simsticattitudeoranexaggeratedfear, or unreasonabIehope.To
recognizesuchthingsheIpsusgain acIearerperspective. Maybe our
pastexperiencegoverns ourbehaviourorcomsesvhatveexpect
homthemture. KnovingtmsconsciousIy canputusonthevay to
overcomingit. rmaybethecardsviIlshovussomeoneeIse'sjeaI-
ousy orvindctiveness,ve canthentake steps to heeourseIveshom
thatperson'sin uence. r, ifthecardsshovIove, andsupporthom
someone, ve knov ve can trust thatperson.
A these thngs require somesortofresponse tomakethemreaI.
Ve cannotexpect tomakeuseofaperson'shiendshipifve do not
make ourseIves open to it. VhereverpossibIe the reader shouId try
to point out to the subject dente steps vhich can be taken to
make best use ofthe information. fthe reader cannot recommend
a concrete course ofaction then he or she shouId point out vhat
area the subjectneeds tovork on.
AboveaII, the readermustIearnto forma coherentpatternhom
the reading. ften, beginning readers viII Iearn the cards and
advance to the pointvhere theycanskmIIyinterpret each image
in its specilic position. At the end the subjecthnds him or herseIf
vith ajumbIe ofdEerentpoints andno cIear idea ofhov it hts
together. A goodreader cansumup vhat the readingsaysina fev
sentences. LsuaIIy I viII try to do this at both the beginning and
end of the readng, impressing on the subject's mnd the most
important points . Ooes the nvironment support or hinder? Oo
the person's xpectations heIp orhurt ?ViII the utcomebringa
vaIuabIe ResuIt? The subject needs these questions ansvered, not
justin aIItheircompIexity, but aIso in as simpIe a vay as possibIe.
Andhov does onetmngcome outofanother?Hovdoes the past
heIp form the future? Vhat does the person contribute to the
overHIsituation?
AIongvith coherency comes the needfora positive approach.
tis notenoughto depict things asthey are. Thepersonvants to
knovvhat to do, vhatnot to do. fthe cards shov something
@ 43 @
M P L P m L Y L L P M L M P L P
good, the subjectstiII needs to knov hov to heIp this aIong. And
iftheyshovdisasterthe readermustsayso, but can so say vhat,
ifanything, the person can do. Vhatbrings about this unpIeasant
utcome? Can these inuences beaItered or avoided? Hov can
theperson counteract, oratIeastcushionit?VhateIementsshov
other possibiIities? Can ve Iook for anything good to come out
ofit?
Ifthe utcome arises hom some particuIar course ofaction,
shouId the person abandon it? Vhen ve do a Tarot reading for
someoneve take onthe responsibiIity oftryingto sendthatperson
ina posiuve direction.
Beyond specilic suggestions of do this rather than that, Ies a
vider area of possibIe action derived hom the vays the suits
baIance each other. In the introduction to each suit ve considered
its probIems and the vay ve could 'add' other suits/eIements. In
practice, this adding is often dicuIt toachieve, because it means
breaking the pattern shovn in the reading itseIf. For this very
reason, hovever, it is vorthtryingin situations vhere the reading
shovs a dead end ifthe personstays vith the eIements given.
The most directvay to bring in an outside inuence invoIves
simpIe suggestions. Ifthe reading indicates a needfor the ground-
inginuence ofPentacIes, thesubjectcan try doingmorephysic
things, such as sports or gardening, or paying more attention to
more mundane activities, such as vork or study or keeping busy
aroundthehouse. Ifthereadingshovs a needforthevateryquaI-
ities ofCups, then the reader may emphasize the person's dreams
and fantasies, and may suggest activities such as meditation or
draving. A person can hll a need for Vands by becoming more
active physicaIly, competing vith other peopIe, or starting nev
projects. And a need for Svords vouId call for a sober, carefuIly
thought out approach to the person's situation. The important
thing about these recommendations is that they reach beyond the
reading. Theydevith thecardsthat do notappearasveIl as the
ones that do. Therefore, beginningreaders shouId use this method
caremIIy, Iest they assume too much knovIedge and controI on
theirpart.
@ 43U @
M P N ^ m L M L Y L L N
M Dl 1A1l 0N
S ofar, ve have considered practical responses to the information
gainedEomareading. ButaTarotreadingis notthevords describ-
ingit, itis rathera series ofpictures. Adthe most direct response
to areadingdepends onvorkingviththe pictures themseIves. For
peopIe vho knovthe cards ve, or forpeopIevith some eperi-
ence in meditation, itbecomes possibIe to vork directIy vith the
images to heIp bring about the eects associated vith that card.
Thereisnothingvague ormysterious aboutthisprocess. Itrequires
concentration as velI as instinctive feeIing, and it does not repIace
practicaI steps. n the contrary, ithelps to make those steps more
accessibIe. ForifthecardStrengthappearsinareadngassomething
ve need in our Iife, vhy not Iet the card itsehheIp give it to us?
Besidesactumeditation I oftenrecomendto peopIethatthey
carry a certaincardaroundvith them, andtry to remain conscious
ofit being there, taking it out Eom time to time Iookng at it,
thinkng about vhat it means. The constant avareness heIps keep
the entire readinginfocus as velI.
Meditation can aIso heIp to bring in nev inhuences from out-
side the reading. Suppose the Star does not appear in the reading,
but as the reader ve think it shou|J. In other vords, the archetype
of the Star seems to us to symboIize eactly those quaIities the
person needs. lov, ve can shov the person the card and discuss
theideasassociatedvithit. Itismore vaIuabIe, hovever, togivethe
person anactu eperience ofthe card.
Briehy, the method vorks as folIovs. Ve begin by Ieading the
person into a meditative state, heIp him or her to reIa, to breathe
deepIy, to reIease alI the thoughts and tensions cIuttering up
consciousness. Vhen the subjecthas reached this IeveI and vith a
Iittle eperience ve can sense this), ve then begin to give sugges-
tions Ieadinginto the card. Thesuggestionsmaybea description of
thecardto setthescene vith thempress, foreample, 'Youarein
agardenmIIofhovers, vith ariverrunningaIongside it. Thereisa
voman lying on a couch . . . ') ormoresimpIy, basic images such as
sun, vater, vind, that beIong to the card'sarchetyp quaties.
LsualIy it is best to keep these opening suggestions as simple as
possibIe. Ifvedescribethecardveshouldnottryto incIudeaIthe
@ 44O @
M b P L P L m L Y L L b P M L M b P L P L
dctaiJs. Lct thc subjcct crcatc thc actual imprcssions. Vc Iunction
only as a guidc to urgc thc pcrson aIong. Somc pcopIc IoIIov an
aItcrnativc approach, oItcn caIIcdpath-vorkng bccausc thcy usc it
Ior movingaIongthcpathsonthc Trcc oILiIc. Inthismcthod, thc
guidc taIks morc or Icss thc vholc timc, makng surc thc pcrson
cxpcricnccs a particularsct oIimagcs.
Vc can kccp thc cxpcricncc on this basic IcvcI orvc can dcvcl-
op it Iurthcr. Vc can givc morc compIcx suggcstions, and start
askng qucstions- 'Vhatdo you scc' 'Vhat is thc pcrson doing'
' Can you hcaranything? '- sothatthc subjcctbcgins tocxtcndthc
Iantasybcyond ourdircctions. Somctimcs thc mcditationvilIaIIov
thc pcrson to cxpcricncc thc archctypaI cIcmcnts in a ncv vay. ^t
othcrtimcsitmaygocvcnIurthcr, thc imagcsvilItransIormthcm-
scIvcs, rclcasing somc intcnsc avarcncss Irom insidc thc pcrson.
^ numbcroItimcs I havc Icda group mcditationvitha cIass, and
aItcrvards havc had somconc tcII mc that thc mcditation has
alIovcdhim orhcrto rcsoIvc somc longstandngprobIcm orcmo-
tionaI bIock. Suchbrcakthroughs, oIcoursc, camc Iromthc pcopIc
thcmscIvcs. Thcyvcrc rcady to go bcyond thcircurrcntstatc to a
ncv lcvcI, had bccn rcady Ior somc timc, but couId not bring
thcmsclvcs to cross ovcr. Thc mcditation aIlovcd thcm to do this
vithoutrcaIizingituntiIit had happcncd.
Ncditation can aIso hcIp a pcrson dcvclop a dccpcr and morc
pcrsonaI scnsc oIsomc particuIar card. Cncc, I did a mcditation
vith somconc vho Iound thc mpcror a hard rcmotc imagc,
aImostIrightcning, andccrtainIy unattractivc. I bcganbyscttingthc
sccnc Ior hcr- a stonydcscrtby a narrovimagc. Thsthcn opcncd
out to a vast plain IIcd vith thc mpcror's subj ccts. Vhcn I
pushcdhcr todcscribc thcsc pcopIcshcsav thcmaII hoodcd- that
is, IaccIcss - and bcnt ovcr, vorkng on robot-Iikc tasks. Thc
mpcror's crcc cxprcssion kcptthc pcoplc Iromdaringto look at
hm. Thc pcoplc symboIzcd thc voman, and hcr unviLngncss to
go morc dccpIy into thc card.
I thcn toId thc voman to do just that - not j ust Iook at thc
mpcror but go right up to hm. Vhcn hcr Iantasy-scIIdd this a
strangc thing happcncd. Thc mpcror changcd Irom a dcspot to a
kind oIharmlcss puppct, vhiIc Irom bchind him rosc a vast ghost
or spirit hgurc, bcautiml and bcncvolcnt. Thc voman's Icar and
@ 44 I @
M W 3 m L M L Y L L N
rcaction against thc sociaI structurc oIthc mpcror had givcn vay
to a scnsc oIthc spirituaI structurc undcnying thc univcrsc.
Tms cxpcricncc notonIygavc thcuomana muchgrcatcrscnsc oI
thcmpcror'sdccpcrsigmcancc,ithadthcsamcccctonmc. Vith
hcr I vcnt bcyond thc imagc oIthc mpcror as socicty to thc morc
occult mcaning oIthc cardd symboLzingthc cosmos itscII. Vhcn-
cvcr vc givc somconc a mcditation vc takc part in itourscIvcs.
^t thc samc timc, vc can onIylcadsuch an cxcrcisc vithanoth-
cr pcrson aItcr vc havc gaincd somc cxpcricncc ourscIvcs. II
you arc a bcginncr in mcdtationyoushouId rcizc abovc I that
mcditation tcnds to vork bcttcr thc morc you do it. IIyou havc
ncvcr tricditbcIorc, itmayhavcapovcnuIccctthcrsttimcyou
try. Norc IikcIy, hovcvcr, you vi nd it diicuIt to conccntratc,
orviIl simply bccomc physicIyuncomIortabIc trying to sit vth-
out moving. Kccp at it, andiIpossibIc go to a tcachcrIorIcssons in
such basics as brcathing and posturc.
I am not going to rccommcnd any spccic tcchniqucs Ior
putting yoursclI into a mcditativc statc. Thcrc arc a grcat many
books and classcs on this subjcct, and many pcopIc viII nd thcy
nccdto try a Icv bcIorc thcy nd thc bcst mcthod thatvorks bcst
Ior thcm. ThoughmostoIthcsc tcchniqucviadaptthcmscIvcs to
vorkvthTarot, thoscvhichinvolvc visuization [as comparcdto
thosc cmphasizing chanting or totaI cmptincss oImind) viII trans-
Icr most casiIy.
Oicrcnt pcopIc usc dicrcnt mcthods to bring thc card into
thcir mcditations. Somcstartviththc cycs cIoscd and do not Iook
at thc card untiI thcy havc rcachcd a ccrtain statc, othcrs do thc
oppositc. Thcy bcgin by staring at thc card untiI thcy rcach a
ccrtain unity vith it, thcn cIosc thcir cycs and Ict thc imagcs
continuc hom thcrc. Cthcrs hoId thc card at arm's Icngth, thcn
drav it sIovIy tovards thc soIarpIcxus, 'bringing itinto thc aura'.
HovcvcryoubcginI rccommcndvorking vth thc imagcs and
thcIcclings arisingIromthc card instcad oIthcsymboIismyouhavc
Icarncd to associatc vith it. Lct thc picturc acct you, aIIov your
rcactions to it to surIacc and thcn sIidc avay hom you bcIorc thcy
bIock any Iurthcr cxpcricncc. I havc somctimcs Iound it uscIuI to
starc vthout Iocussing at thc card, so that thc symboIs and Iorms
dssoIvc into coIour and shapc.
@ 443 @
M P L P L l m L V L L P M L M P L P L
^t othcr timcs, particuIarIy vhcn giving a mcditation to
somconccIsc,l w ignorc thcactuaIpicturcandsuggcstsomcsccnc
associatcdvith it. Forinstancc, Iorthc FooI, instcad oIthatparticu-
Iar pcrson in ms muIti-coIourcd suit, l viII usc a simpIcr imagc oI
a mountain top and cIcar sumight. lt is morc important to sct thc
pcrson, oryourscII, in thc sccnc than to IoIIov thc card cxactIy.
Novcmcntorposturc canaso hcIp to cvokc somc cards. Forthc
Nagicianyou mghtstandorsitvithonc armraiscd ' tovards hcav-
cn' and thc othcrpointing at thc carth.
Somctimcs thc mcditation viII go no Iurthcr than an avarcncss
oIthc card, or a discovcry oIncv idcas about it, and about your
scL. ^t othcr timcs you viII nd yourscL'cntcring' thc card, that
is, ndingyourscIIvithin thcimagcactingoutsomc situation vith
thcfigurcs in thcpicturc. Thismay happcn ovcrvhcImngIy, sothat
youndyourvhoIcbcing|hete instcadoIhere. NorcIikcIyyouw
cxpcricnccitasaIantasyunroIIingbcIorc you, vithan avarcncssat
thc samc timc oIyourscIIsitting on thc oor orIying on thc bcd.
ithcr vay, itis dih:cuIt todcscribc invords thcsc intcnsc cxpcri-
cnccs. Thcy carry both a pcrsonaI and archctypa mcaning, Ior
vmc thc cards bcar picturcs oIdccpcst mcaning, vhat vc do vth
thosc imagcs comcs out oIour ovn nccds and cxpcricnccs.
VariouspcopIc, suchas O. Cuspcnsky and]oscph O'^gostino,
havc attcmptcd to vritc dovn thcir ovn Tarot mcditations as an
cxampIc or guidc. For mc thcsc dcscriptions do notrcaIy convcy
thc cxpcricncc oIthc card coming aIivc, oIbccominga part oIthc
picturc. ach pcrson viII cxpcricncc dicrcnt things in thcsc
momcnts. For instancc, vith Strcngth you might nd yourscII
runningvith thc Iion, orcIsc thc voman's ovcringvrcathmight
vrap around you, or you mightbccomc thc vomanhcrscIIor thc
Iion; or cvcn, as happcncd to mc oncc, thc voman might rcIcasc
thc Iion to Icap atyou and cIav and bitc you.
Hcrc arc somcmorchints. lIyoudo nothavc a particuIarimagc
you vish to vorkvith, you can do a rcadingorsimpIy go through
thc dcck untiI a card grips you and puIIs you into it. Thcn pIacc it
bcIorc you and bcgin vithyournormaI mcditation. ccomc avarc
oI thc picturc, putting asidc any idcas you might havc about it.
Kccp your cycs cIoscd or opcncd, dcpcnding on vhat vorks
Ior you, most pcopIc f:nd that atIcast vhcn thc Iantasy starts thcy
@ 444 @
M P N m L M L Y L L N
prcIcr thcir cycs cIoscd. Try to scc and IccI yourscIIin that pIacc
vith thosc pcopIc and animaIs.
^s mcntioncd carIicr, iIyou arc giving a mcditation to somconc
cIsc you shouId givc thcm suggcstions to gct thcm invoIvcd vith
thc imagc. You maynd, aItcrsomccxpcrimcnts, thatyouvant to
usc such suggcstions on yourscII. For thc Hangcd Nan I oItcn usc
thc imagc oIcLmbing a grcat trcc, stopping at dicrcnt IcvcIs to
lookatthcIandandthcscabcncathmc, thcskyandthcstarsabovc.
Cr you might simpIy vant a dcscription oIthc card that you can
Iistcn to vith your cycs cIoscd. IIyou vish to usc such guidcs you
might nd it va!uabIc to makc a tapc ahcad oItimc so that your
conscious mind docs not havc to occupy itscIIvith rcmcmbcring
vhat comcs ncxt. Try to timc thc tapc so that you Icavc cnough
silcntspaccsIoryoursclItorcact. YoumightincIudc thc opcningoI
thc mcditation on thc tapc, instructingyourscIIto rcIa, brcathc
dccp!y, ctc. or you might simpIy Icavc a Iong siIcncc. ithcr vay,
mostpcopIc prcIcr to turn thc tapc on at thc bcginningandIctthc
instructions comc on vithout thcir having to makc a conscious
dccision. You can, oIcoursc, usc thc samc casscttc ovcr and ovcr
again, prcparing cucs Ior dicrcnt cards. Cr you might makc a
gcncraI tapc, vith instructions about rcIaxing, mcrging vith thc
card, and so on.
^bovc aII, do nottry to dircct or controI vhat w cmcrgc. This
hoIds Iormcdtationsyougivcto othcrs asvcIIasIoryourscII. Thcrc
is a nc Iinc hcrc. Too littIc dirccuon and thc pcrson's attcntion w
driIt avay, too much and you w notaIIov thc subjcct's imagina-
tion to crcatc its ovn vorId. / vith othcr situations, cxpcricncc is
thcbcstguidc. ForbothyourscIIandothcrs, trynottoanucipatc, and
not to Icar, vhatyou cxpcricncc. Nost pcopIc do not rcspcct thcir
imaginationscnough.Thcythinkthcycanundcrstandvhatcvcrthcir
imaginations shov thcm. IIthcy scc suddcn imagcs oImonstcrs, or
dcvs, ordcath, thcythinkitmcans somcthingtcrribIc comnghom
insidc thcmscIvcs, somcthingthcydo notvishtoIacc. ut thcimag-
ination is Iar morc subtIc than that. It vorks in its ovn vay, by its
ovn ruIcs. CItcn vhat sccms disturbing at rst viII transIorm into
somct|ung inspiring.]ung caIIcd thc imagination ' thc organ oIthc
unconscious'. IIyou givc it its hcad it viII takc you vhcrc your
conscious mnd vouId nothavc thought- ordarcd- togo.
@ 44R @
M P L P l m L Y L L P M L M b P L P
A this holds truc cspccially Ior thc Gatc cards, as vcII as thc
Najor oncs. Thcir vordIcss quality oI Strangcncss Icads us Iar
bcyond thc IitcraI mcanings associatcd vith thcm. ^t thc samc
timc, bccausc thcy do rcprcscnt ccrtain qualitics thcy can also hcIp
us achicvc thosc quitics. IIithcIps to carry a card around it hclps
cvcn morc to carry a Najor or Gatc card. Thcy arc povcrIul
imagcs, vith an ccct thcirovn. Thc actoIIookingatthc linc
oIPcntacIcs, Icttingitsinkintoyou, hcIpsto ctee|e discipIinc,justas
carrying and looking at thc Six oIPcntacIcs or thc High Pricstcss
viII hcIp you Iocus your avarcncss in a rcccptivc vay.
C R A1 l NC A ' MAN DALA'
So Iar, vc havc considcrcd vays to bring thc inucncc oIsinglc
cards into ourIivcs. utarcad:ngcontains many cards vhich vork
togcthcr. To makc a rcading comc aIivc, I havc Iound itvaluabIc to
crcatc vhat I calI a ' mandaIa' - a pattcrnIormcdhomscvcraI cards.
Thcsc cards canincIudc notonIythoschomthc rcadingbutothcrs
vhosc qualitics viII support thc dircction thc rcadingadviscs. This
act oIdcIibcratcIyaddingcards notin thc rcadng cxtcnds again thc
baIancc bctvccn thc conscious and thc unconscious. Thc rcading
has rcachcd into thc unconscious arcas oIknovIcdgc to prcscnt a
picturc oIthc situation as it cxists nov. Through thc mandaIa, and
through thc introduction oIncv cards dcIbcratcIy takcn hom thc
dcck, vc can cxtcnd or transIorm thc situation.
Hcrc is an cxampIc oIa mandaIa in vhich no cxtra cards vcrc
ncccssary. Thc rcading itscIIprovidcd aII thc imagcs vc nccdcd.
Thc IollovingVork Cyclc (Fig. 2) conccrncd a voman vho IcIt
isoIatcdhomthc pcopIcaroundhcrdcspitcscvcral apparcntIy good
hicndshps.
Thc Cross iIIustratcd thc situation pcrfcctIy. Tvo oI PcntacIcs
rcvcrscd crosscd by Six oISvords. It shovcd hcr ccntraI situation
oIprctcndingto cnjoy IiIc andrcIations vithothcrs (Tvo oIPcnta-
cIcs) producing a scnsc oIIunctioning (' thc svords do not vcigh
dovn thc boat') vhiIc shc rcmaincd unabIc to conncct vith thc
pcopIc around hcr. Shc rcmaincd Iikc thc voman in thc boat,
vrappcd in hcrshroud, siIcnt.
@ 44 @
M P 3 l m L M L Y L L N
F|_urc >2 An eample ofa vork cycle readng
@ 44O @
M P L P m L Y L L P M L M P L P
Briey, I interpreted the other cards as foIIovs. The Hermit
reversedinthepositionofPastperienceshovedthereaLtyofthe
hiendships. Atthe same time, comparingitvith the HighPriestess
at the end, it suggested she had not learned to use her sense of
oneness creativeIy, to develop her indvidualty. The ight of
Svords reversed as the pectationsshoved a desire to understand
herseIfandthesituation,therebybecomingfree ofit. ItaIsoreect-
edthepoIiticaIside oftheprobIem, foragooddeaIofthevoman's
isoIation came hom being a member ofa minority group, vith
eperiences notsharedbyanyofherhiends. At a certain IeveI she
vas aIone. But instead ofappreciating her uniqueness among the
peopIe aroundhershe HIovedherseIfto hideherovn eperiences
inanattemptto bIendin.
The three Vork cards vere King of Vands reversed, Oeath
reversed, andTen ofPentacIes reversed. The factthateverycardso
farhadcomeupreversed, andyetseveral- suchasightofSvords
reversed - invited a positive reading, shoved the need for change.
The King described an attitude to take tovards hersehand others,
strong mnded, yet toIerant of confusion and veakness. Oeath
reversed, as inertia, indicateda dangerindoingnothing. The need
to turn it right side up became emphasized vhen ve compared
it vith the Su of Svords above it. That card shovs a j ourney
modeIIed on the journey of dead souIs. To release herseIfhom
the boat of isolation, the sense ofa haIf-Iife, she vouId have to
complete herjourney by 'dying', that is, let go ofthe personaIity
that had accustomed itself to superlici relationships and inner
isoIauon. TheTenofPentaclesreversedindcatedthatto dothisshe
vouIdhave togambIeviththesecurity ofhercurrentsituationand
pushhercomIortabIebutImited friendshps tomoreintenseIeveIs.
The Ace ofSvords, as the utcome card shoved the strong
attitude as ve as the sharp perceptive mind she vouId need, and
hnd, to openup the currentsituation.TheResultofthsutcome,
theight ofVmds, indcated the success ofthe gambIe. The card
carriessuggestions ofIove andfriendship. It symboIizes ajourney-
thespirituaIboat-trip- comng to an end. Most directIy, itsignilies
the ight ofSvords repression transformed into positive energy.
Ve then turned over hve more cards in apattern ofthreebeIov
the Vork cards, then one and one beIov the Centre. There vas
@ 447 @
N P N m L M L Y L L N
nospeciaI reasonfordoingthis insteadofIaying outanotherIine. It
vas simpIy anintuitive choice - onethatproved vorthvhiIe.) The
three cards gave more attitudes and approaches to the situation.
First, the VheeI of Fortune reversed indicated the changes she
vished to make. The reversed position suggested dimcuIties and
reimorced the risk eIement oftheTen ofPentacIes rememberthat
the VheeI is aIso 0) . The Four ofPentacIes came beIov Oeath
reversed. It impIied both the idea of reIeasing energy and of
keeping a structure in herIife vhiIe she chaIIenged the pattern of
her hiendships. The third card continued this meaning. Comng
beIov the Ten ofPentacIes reversed, the Ten ofCups insisted that
vhiIe the voman took these risks she must keep an avareness of
the genuineIoveherfriends feIt forher. Itreferred also to the idea
that she must not doubt the person she Iived vith, for there she
receivedtotaIsupportand shouId ansver this giftvith trust.
The High Priestess indicated that in a certain sense she vouId
remain aIone, for the peopIe around her vould stilI not share her
background and experiences. The silence ofthe High Priestess,
hovever, is notthesiIenceoftheSixofSvords. AlthoughsiIentto
others, the High Priestess hints at a strong inner communication,
an acceptance and knovledge of the seIfthat a person cannot
express in concrete rationaI terms to otherpeople. The cardspoke
especialIy to thevoman,vhovas a poet andhadrecentIy vritten
apoem usingthe metaphorofaprivateIanguageto expressjust this
idea ofdeep knovIedge avaiIable omy to oneseIf.
BeIov the High Priestess came the mpress, the other side of
the feminine archetype. As in the Major Arcana, the tvo cards
compIemented each other, for the mpress signihed a passionate
invoIvement vith Iife and hiendship, not as an opposition to the
High Priestess's inner avareness but as a resuIt of it. From a
position ofseIf-acceptance thevoman couId give herseIopenIy to
the peopIe aroundher.
Vith such a poverfuI reading the voman vanted to vork
further vith the images. Ve therefore constructed a mandaIa for
use in meditation and study see Fig.93) . Ve began vith Oeath as
the centre, for the transformation remained the key. BeIov Oeath
came the High Priestess on the Ieft, signi(ing the fact that inner
communication must accompany theprocessforOeath to produce
@ 44 @
M P L P L l m L Y L L P M L M P L P L
reaI resuIts. The Ace oFSvords on the right, stood Forsharpness oF
mind. The mpress vent above, to bring about the desired nev
vayoFrelating to the outside vorld.
Ve net pIaced cards in the Four corners around the structure,
beginning vith the Si oFSvords and the ight oFVands in the
bottomIeFt and right. The cards shoved thejourney and its hoped
For end. For the top cornersveusedtheightoFSvords reversed
and the Kng oFVands reversed- the desired action and the atti-
tude needed to produce it FinaIIy, as 'Iegs' For the mandaIa, ve
pIaced the Ten oFCup beIov the ight oFVands, and the Ten oF
PentacIes reversed belov the Si oF Svords. The images then
IookedIike this.
@ 44U @
M P N ^ m L M L Y l L L N
Fi_urc YJ A eampIe Ca mandaIa
@ 4RO @
M b P L l P m L Y L L P M L M P L P
lyCu haVC a Ct CVOCt atCt CatO attangC thCm a In thC OIa-
gtam anO !CCK at ItCt a whIC. CtICC that Ct mCOItatICn yCu Can
CCnCCnttatC Cn CnC CatO, uCh a Cath In thC CCnttC, Ct !Ct thC
CntItC QattCtn InK IntC thC mInO, QCthaQ mCVIng thC ImagC
aOCut. bInCC thC manOa!a CCntaIn a!! thC C!CmCnt, wIth thC ttumQ
In thC mIOO!C, thC wCman CCu!O maIntaIn Oa!anCC Oy taKIng thC
ImagC IntC hCtC!.
yCu tuOy uCh an attangCmCnt nCw tC!atICnhIQ CmCtgC
OCtwCCn thC CatO. hC1Ight CbwCtO anO 1Ight CNanO atC COVI-
Cu QattnCt, C atC thC Cn CLuQ anO Cn CCntaC!C tCVCtCO.
1ut thC 1Ight CNanC anO thC bng CNanO tCVCtCO wI! a!C
QtCVIOC nCw mCanIng whCn wC CCnIOCt thCm tCgCthCt, a OC thC
1Ight C bwCtOs tCVCtCO anO thC bIX C bwCtO. 1CCauC wC haVC
tChaQCO thC tCaOIng IntC a gCCmCttIC QattCtn wC Can Otaw !InC,
ttIang!C, CtC., CCntant!y OICCVCtIng nCw IOCa anO nCw QattCtn. n
a way thCmanOaa CtCatC nCw tCaOIng hCm thCamCImagC.
C CCnttuCt uCh a QattCtn, ChCCC thC mCt ImQCttant CatO
hCm thC tCaOIng anO wCtK hCm thC CCnttC Cut, ttyIng tC OuIO thC
ImagC CtgauCa!y. !aCC thC CatOs nCCOCO Ct uQQCtt at thC OCttCm
anO thC CatOymOC!IZIng gCa! at thCtCQ. C nCthCItatC tC InttC-
OuCC CatO nCt CunO In thC CtIgIna! tCaOIng IyCu H nO a ttCng
nCCO Ct QuaItIC thCC CatO tCQtCCnt. yCu CC a nCCO Ct
CmQCtanCC, Ct IntanCC, Q!aCC It OC!Cw thC CCnttC, Ct IthC tCaO-
Ing hCw a nCCOCt mCtC OCVC!CQCO wI!!-QCwCt anO OICIQ!InC yCu
mght Q!aCC thC LhatICt anO thC InC C CntaC!C IOC Oy IOC
aOCVC thC manCa, a thC gCa!. ln thI way, yCu taKC ChatgC CthC
tCaOIng, CQCnIng It tC InC!uOC what yCut IntuItICn tC!! yCu thC
QCtCn nCCO.
@ 4R I @
L H A I T L T H | 1 L L N
WHAT WE LEARN FROM
TAROT REAOI NGS
MostpeopIeconsuItaTarotreadingForspecihcinFormation.Those
vho understand the cards a IittIe more may Iook on the readingas
a means oFlnding a direction. And those vho FolIov a series oF
readingsvill seethemasamethodoFkeepinginharmonyviththe
changingpatternsoFLFe.Butto spendaIongtimereadingcardsFor
yourseIF and others is to discover many things beyond personaI
inormation.
Ve have aIready seen some oF these things. ne is peopIe's
pessimstic reactions to readings. Another, more important, is the
vay Tarot readings require- enJ |hetqote ctee|e - a baIance betveen
subjective and objective, intuitive and rationaI, immediate impres-
sion and establishedknovIedge, rightandleFtside oFthe brain. Ve
cannotcreatesuchabaIancesimpIy by vantingit. Ve have to Ietit
grov Tarot readings can heIp this happen.
ButtheTarotteachesus otherthings asveII. Itteaches us topay
attention. As ve begin to Iearn the vays in vhich peopIe act, and
the vays in vhich the vond acts on them, ve become more and
more in the habit oF noticing vhat others do and vhat ve do
ourseIves. Suppose a person becomes il vhenever a hoIiday
approaches. This couId go on Foryears vithout the personmakng
the connection and seeing i those illnesses as a subconscious trick
to avoid some probIem or Fear associated vith hoIidays. A Tarot
readngcanmake the person avare oFthsprobIem- andmakesthe
readeravare oFyetanotherexampIeoFsubconsciousmanoeuvring.
@ 4R3 @
M b P L P L Y m P Y b b P M P M L N P M L M b P L P L
]ust thc practicc ol rcading thc Tarot vi hclp us obscrvc thcsc
tricks olbchaviour, in ourscIvcs as vclI as in othcrs.
Cncc vc startpayingattcntionto vhatvcdo andvhathappcns
as a rcsuIt vc noticc alI sorts olthngs, notjust through rcadings,
butindaiIymc, pattcrns olangcrand trust, hopcandlcar, hovour
rcsponsc tosituationsmaycomchominsidcusrathcrthanhomthc
situationitscIfVc bccomcmorcconsciousolthcvay vc dcaJvith
vork and hicnds, oltcndcncics to shilt rcsponsibility cithcr auay
lrom ourscIvcs [' It's not lair' or ' You did this to mc') or on|o
ourscIvcs [` It's aII my lauIt') . Vc viII noticc, lor instancc, that
saying' It'saBmylault' is oltcna trickto avoidsccingvhatvchavc
actuaIIydonc.y makng itaII ornothing, vc makcit casy to avoid
a truc asscssmcnt olthc situation.
Payingattcntion makcs itjust alittIc bit hardcr to gct dcprcsscd
or to manipuJatc othcr pcopIc. ^s vc bcgin to obscrvc thc subtIc
rcasons vhy pcopIc cry or bccomc angry oraccusc othcrs, vc vilI
at Icast kov a IittIc about ourscIvcs vhcn uc do thcsc thngs.
Tarot rcadings makc us avarc olthc vondcrluI varicty olhuman
naturc. ^s thc samc cards comc up in cndIcss dihcrcnt combina-
tions it bccomcs cIcar thatpcoplc can aIvays producc somcthing
ncv. ^t thc samc timc, thc ncvncss vill alvays comc on top ol
undcrIyingpattcrns. Throughrcadings vc Icarn in gcncraIthcvays
in vhch thc pastaccts pcopIc, thc vays in vhich thcirhopcs and
lcars hcIp crcatc thc luturc. ut spccic past situations and luturc
cxpcctations - thcsc viII aIvays surprisc us.
Hcrc again vc Icarn thc habit olpayingattcntion. Forilvc start
intcrprcting thc cards automaticaIIy on thc basis olauthoritativc
books or past rcadings thcn vc Iosc thc truth, and thc rcadings
bccomc shaIIov and conluscd. Kccp a book olpast rcadings, ycs,
but not simpIy to usc it as cxampIcs lor luturc vork. Instcad, thc
bookcanhcIp rcmndus olthcvarictyandthc constant ncvncss ol
human bchaviour.
lotcc that, asincrcatingbaIancc, thc Tarot docsnotsimpIyhcIp
us to pay attcntion. It lorccs us to do so il vc vant our
rcadingstoproducc goodrcsuIts. Tarot rcadings act as a kndolpsy-
chc cxcrciscprogrammc vhich strcngthcns thc pcrccptivc muscIcs.
Vhat pcopIc do vith thc inlormation thcy gct hom Tarot
rcadings tcachcs us somc important Icssons about lrcc viII. Nany
@ 4P4 @
b M b P N b m L b M b b L Y L L N
peopIe Iook on the question offree viII as an absoIute. ither ve
make constant choices or ve act according to destiny. To give it a
more modern context, dove do vhatve do as a deIiberate choice
at thatmoment, or as a resuIt ofa Iifetime ormanyIifetimes) of
conditioning?
Interms ofTarotthisbecomesapracticaI question. IfI actfreeIy
at any moment, then hov can the cards predict vhat I viII do?
Vhatmeaning can the reading have ifmychoice remains totaIIy
open untiI the moment I do sometmng? rdoes some poverforce
me to act the vaythe cardspredict?
These probIems become easierifve giveup the absoIute aII-or-
notmng approach to the question. Then ve can say yes, ve aIvays
retain free viII, but ve rareIy use it. ur conditioning, our past
experience, above aII our ignorance of aII these things, tend to
manipuIate us in certain directions. The reading reects these
in uences and shovs their IikeIy resuIt. The cards do not compeI
the situation to turn out in a certain vay. They simpIy reect the
vayin vhich the imuences combine in reaI Iife. Ve can make a
diEerent decisionvhen the time comes to act. Adyetve do not.
ver and over again in Iife, vith Iittle conscious knovledge, ve
surrender our heedom ofchoice.Ve aIIov our history and condi-
tioning to move us. Ve do thispartIyfrom ignorance, and partIy
from laziness. It is much easier to foIIov conditioning than to act
on truIy conscious decisions.
Vhen I 'faiIed to foIIov good advice', vhen I said to myself,
'lov that I've done the reading I can make sure those bad things
von't happen' , vhen I vent ahead vith my originaI pIan so that
thepredictedprobIems arose, IdemonstratedhovI didnotusemy
freeviIl. I avoided it atthesame time thatI pretendedto be acting
on it. Ths sort ofthing happens again and again, and the act of
doing Tarot readings shovs us very vividIy the vays in vhich
people deny their heedom. Itis this reIationship betveen freedom
and conditioningvhichforms one ofthe most vaIuabIe pieces of
knovIedge the Tarot can give us.
The Tarot teaches us as veII the vaIuabIe Iesson ofcontext. lo
matter hov absoIute quahty may seem to us in the abstract,
in reahty it aEects us only in the context of other imuences.
Readings demonstrate this fact in a practicaI vay, as vith the
@ 4RR @
M P L P Y m P Y b L b P M P M L N P M L M b P L P
voman trying to deaI vith her lover's jeaIousy. A card usuaIIy
thought ofas positive, the Sun, actuaIIy tended tovards a badresuIt,
for by hoping for the Sun she did not face the needs ofthe situa-
tion, and in fact aIIoved other peopIe's ideas to dictate vhat she
vanted.
Alongvith contetve Iearn the vays invhich the eIements of
Ife baIance each other. Ve seehrstofIhov the suits andspeciI-
ic cards combine to form a unihed situation vith no suit better or
vorse than any ofthe others. AstroIogers often hnd that cIients
hope for certain signs and elements to dominate their charts, and
viII shov disappointment orevcnshame ifothers appear.
SimiIarly, for some people vho kov a IittIe about Tarot, ifa
readingshovs a lot ofVands, or Cups, theyviII feeI comIorted, u
itshovs Svords they vill become frightened, and uit shovs Pen-
tacIes they vJ thnk ofitas trivial, even insuIting. Some viII onIy
accept a reading vhich contains many Major cards, because onIy
the trumps, vith their impIications ofpover and spirituaI avare-
ness, appearimportant to them.
But even the Major Atcana forms onIy one eIement, meamng-
Iess vithout the others. Ve studyit inisolationforits vsdom and
povenul description ofexstence. But in practice ve need to mi
the spirituaI vith the mundane, the happy vith the sad, Iove and
angertogether to understandthe vorld.
The cards teach yet another baIance, one hinted at in the scaIes
ofjustice. Hovdoes the pastrelate to the mturepossibiIities? Hov
do ve combine the eects ofourovn decisionvith theinuences
ofthe outside vorld? Vhat do ve mean vhen ve say ve take
responsibiIity for our lives? Ooes it mean ve create or controI
everythingthat happens to us?Asinthe caseoffreeviIImanypeo-
pIe like to think ofresponsibiIity in an absoIute vay. ither the
vorId shapes us entireIy, orve retain totaI controI over ourIives.
Tarot readings drive home the pointthataperson's situation at any
moment derives Eom a combination ofthese thngs. just as a very
short person cannot epect to become a profession basketbaII
pIayer, so that same person must not consider his vhoIe IiIe dom-
natedby height.
PeopIe vho accept this idea in theory may stilI ask. Vhch
counts most - situation or personaI responsibiIty? Vhich one
@ 4R @
M P X ^ m L M L Y L L N
realIy controIs a person? But Tarot readings demonstrate the
meaningIessness ofthisand simiIar questions. In some readings the
position ofSeIforHopesandFearsvIIcIearIydomnate. n others
BasisornvironmentviIIprove thedetermmngfactors. Itdepends
on the person and the particuIarsituation.
Tarot readings heIp us deveIop conhdence in our ovn percep-
tions. Partly this comes from the knovIedge gained, and partIy
fromtheneedtomake choicesandstick by them.Vhichofacard's
meanings appIies ina particuIarcase? Ooes acourtcardappIytothe
subject, some other person, or an abstract principIe, such as the
KingofSvords signi(ingIav andauthority, orthe QueenofCups
creativity? As ve readmore vehnd ourseIves starting to sense the
ansvers to these and simiIar questions. As a resuIt ve gain more
trustin ourunderstandingand intuition.
Vhat period does a reading cover? Vith the CeItic Cross or the
Vork CycIes, theansvercr rangeEomafevdays toyears,notjust
forards, butbackvards asvelI. Sometimes, foranaduIt,thereading
can reach back to chiIdhood. The Tree ofLife, too, though it usuaI-
Iyshovsan overvev ofthe vhoIelife, cansomenmes shov ashort-
er period ifthe person is going through a time ofintense change.
The dierent periods oftime covered especiaIIy in the shorter
readings, dependon tvo tmngs. First,theperson'ssituationandthe
question asked. Some things, practicaI or IegaI matters and certain
emotionaI situations, can bring forth an ansver that makes itseIf
apparentvithinafevdays.Vithothers- thevorkingoutofemo-
tionaIconicts, deep reIationships, spirituaI or artistic deveIopment
- it can take a Iong time before the readingfuIhIs itseh. This does
not mean that the readings viII not 'come true' foryears. Ve are
not speaking ofpredictions, but ofcontinuing patterns that sIovIy
unfoldas time passes.
Second, thediEerentIeveIs apersonmay touchvhenmiingthe
cards.Sometimeshe orshe may evoke surface situations vhichIast
only ashorttime. At othertimes the personmaymothe cards and
somehov go to theverycentre ofeperience. And even here, the
reading may shov the deep past, or it may rehect the person's
potentiaI forfuture deveIopment.
The IeveI reached may not depend at alI on the attitude of
the person miing the cards. Lsuay this approach does make a
@ 4RO @
M P L P Y m P Y P M P M L N P M L M P L P
diEerence. Someone vho sees a reading as ajoke or a game vi
most IikeIy produce a shaIIov reading, the person vho thinks
deeplyofa question, mies thecards carefuIIy, and tries to sensethe
eact moment to stop and cut the deck, viII usuaIIy produce a
reading ofsome signih cance. Yet sometimes even such a careful
approach viII not go beIov the surface events ofthe immediate
future, vhJe at other times the most casual shumer viIl suddenIy
lnd her or himseIfconEonted vith a povenuI image ofan entire
life. For the reader such moments carry an intense ecitement.
ven the question itseIfmay not matter. PeopIe can ask about
hov their vork is going, and receive an ansver about their nev
IoveaEair, especialIyifthatquestion occupies theirmindmore than
the one they asked. r, asin the case ofthe vomanvhofoundher
seuality bIocked by conicts vith her father, the reading may
ansverthe questionby bringing up unepectedmateriaIEomsome
other area.
Hovdo veknov, then, vhatthereading telIs us? Some things
become obvious fromtheimages ofthe cards. fve ask aboutvork
and the Lovers and the Tvo ofCups appear, then the reading viII
probabIy concern not vork but Iove. As a beginning reader, hov-
ever, you cannot epect to uncover aII subtIeties. perience alone
viII heIp you nd yourvay to the heart ofthe Iabyrinth. As you
continue vith readings you vill fmd yourseIfabIe to sense these
things. And the heightened perception viII carry over to other
areas ofyourlife asveIl.
Sometimes, no matter vhat our eperience or the sharpness of
our intuition, ve viIImake mistakes. Ve might Iook atthe Lovers
symboIicaIIyvhenitpredicts aIoveaEairvith aperson the subject
stilIhasnotmet. From this inabiIity to knoveactIyvhatthecards
mean ve can actuaIIy Iearn a very vuable Iesson. Ve become
avare ofgnorance. have capitalizedthistermbecauseofitsessen-
tiaIquaIty. VhiIemostoftheknovledgevebuiIdupinIife isreaI-
Iy quite supenciaI and eternaI, Ignorance Iies at the very base of
our eistence. First ofall, ve are ignorant ofthe true nature of
things. Vhat ve knov of the vorId is bounded by our sense
organs. Forus to seethevords on this page, lght mustbounceoE
them to be coIIected by our eyes. Then the optic nerve carries
impulses to the brain, vhich converts the impuIses into others,
@ 4R7 @
M P N m L M L Y L L N
arranging them into meamngmI patterns our consciousness under-
stands as Ianguage. But ve cannot direcdy knov, in the sense of
merging vith something out there. Ve can onIy convert the
universe into impuIses, patterns,symboIs.
SimiIarIy, because ve exist in physicaI form, ve must vork out
our Iives in the boundaries of time. This means, among other
things, that ve cannot reaIize aIl our potenti, because ve must
aIvays choose to do one thingandnotanotherviththe fev years
avaiIabIe to us. A person vith the abiIity to become both a dancer
and a businessman viII have to choose one over the other. And
vhicheverhechoosesheviII have tovorkforyearsbefore he can
actu y achieve his goaI. Time means aIso that ve often cannot
knovthe consequencesofactionsvetake, simplybecausethe con-
sequencesmightnotappearuntilyearsinthefuture. Sometimesthe
consequences ofour actions appearnot to us but to other people.
Something ve do in a certain pIace may aEectpeopIe there long
anerve have moved,orevendied. QuitesimpIy, timemeansthings
must happen before ve can knov about them.
Meditation vith the ightofSvords as a Cate can increase our
avareness ofIgnorance. Tarotreadings- and themistakesve make
as ve try to interpret them - can demonstrate Ignorance more
direcdy. ATarotreadingactuaIIyreachesbeyondtime, bringingout
the true patternthatincIudespast and future. The random pattern
ofthecardsIeadsus tobypass theIimitations ofconsciousness. And
yet that Iimited consciousness must interpret the reading. There-
fore, atone and the same time, ve experience the true state ofthe
universe, in vhich a things existtogether, and our ovn extremeIy
Iimitedtime-boundknovIedge ofit.Veexperienceboth truth and
ignorance.
The other side ofIgnorance is Certitude, the state ofknoving
reality, rather than the impressions and symboIs our Iimited con-
sciousness forms hom it. Many peopIe consider ecstasy, or oneness
viththeIightofCod, d thesupremegoaIofthemystic oroccuIust.
But as the MajorArcana ofthe Tarot demonstrates, the Iightning
boItofecstasyforms onlyastepalongthevay. ThetruegoaIisCer-
utude, the state ofknovingvherebefore ve couIdonly guess.
Vhat is thereaIcause ofanysingIe action?VhatvuI its conse-
quences be, notjust to the person vho has acted, but to others,
@ 4R @
M P L P Y m P Y L P M P M L N P M L M P L P
both knovn and unknovn? Those fev people vho have acmeved
Certitude can see the causes and consequences vithin the action
itseIf. The rest ofus can only guess about these and a thousand
otherthings.Veremain gnorant.
But even ifve crnot guess at the true interpretation ofa Tarot
reading, the reading itselfreaches beyond that timebound gnorant
state. The reading carries Certitude, ifnot the reader. And ifve
vork enough vith cards, comparing our interpretations vith
subsequent events, becomng more and more invoIved vith the
pictures, deveIoping our intuition, then sometimes ve can get
eperiences ofCertitude, ofknoving the true meaning ofsome-
thing. Vhilesuch eperiences carrytheirovn value, theyserveus
mostbygiving us asenseofdirection. They help us perceive vhat
ve vant to achieve.
FinaIIy, the practice ofTarot readingteaches us something else.
Because the cards are not neutr in their attitude to life, because
they embody certain approaches andbeliefs, and renounce others,
theychange us. Ve beginoverume- alvays over time- to seethe
bance ofthings, the steadyharmonyvithn the constantshift and
ov oflife. Ve become avare ofthe Strangeness aIvays vaiting
beyondourordinary eperience, ve learnto recognize the gifts ve
receive Eom eistence, and our ovn responsibility to understand
and use them. Most of , ve begin to grasp the truth the Tarot
aIvays urges upon us- that the unverse the vhole universe, lves.
And vhatve can knov ofourselves ve can knov ofeverything.
@ 4RU @
B1B L1OGRAPHY
ButIer, BiII, T7e Dqn|||ie Tro| London. Riderand Company,
975)
Case, PauI Foster, T7e Taro|, H Key |o |he H|sJom o]|he Hyes
Richmond, VA. Macoy PubIishing Company, 947)
CrovIey, AIeister, T7e Boo/ T7o|h levYork. SamueIVeiser,
944)
O'Agostino,joseph, The Roye| Pe|h |o H|sJom levYork. SamueI
Veiser, 976)
OougIas, AIhed, T7e Taro| London. Penguin, 972)
Iiade, Mircea, Shemen|sm Princeton, l]. Princeton Lniversity
Press, 964)
Cray, den, T7e Taro| Recee|eJ levYork. Bantam, 969)
Haich, Iizabeth, H|sJom |he Taro| levYork. 975)
KapIan, Stuart, Te Encyc|oeJ|e o] Taro| LS Cames Systems, nc. ,
978)
MaIory, Thomas, Hr/ ed.ugeneVinaver, London. xord
Lmversity Press, ! 989)
SchoIem, Cershon, Meor TrenJs |n eu|sh Mys||c|sm levYork.
Shocken, 94)
- , On |he Ke||e|eh enJ ||s Sym|o||sm levYork. Shocken,
965)
Vaite, Arthurdvard, T7e P|c|or|e| Key |o |he Taro| levYork.
Lniversity Books, !90j , ! 959) . P quotations homVaite are
taken Eom this book.
@ 4O @
L L M P m X
Vang, Robert, .n ln|roJuc||on |o |he Go|Jen Deun Taro|
Veingborough. AquarianPress, 978)
Viiams, CharIes, T7e Gree|er Tmms London. VictorCoLancz,
932)
@ 4 I @
1NOEX
PCCs ! 55
Pdam d VC I4, 37, 6I-2, !6I, 232
PIt, CCmCnt Ol !52, !53-4, 208-9
scc e/sobWOtds
DChCmy 4, I 6, 76, 88, !52
PCaDa.
Na_Ot3-I42
NInOt 6, ! 45-259
PtICn, Pn_CCs X
Pthut, :D_sccIn_ Ptthut
^sttOOgy I 53
abyOnIanmyth 50, 62, 87, I20
CmbO, OnIlaC:O 3 , 7
aCk ma_:C I I3, I I 6
ookoj 11mth, Ttc [LtOWCy] 53,264
ook oj7!ot|t, Ttc [@QUan trad1t1On] 6
uddh1sm 45-, 92, I32, I37
uIdCrs OlthCPdytum dCCk[L P dCCk]
5I-2, 56, ! 07-8, I I3, I46, I49
utCt, dI 35
LasC,au1 lOstCt 8, 5I-2, 62, 72,75,88,
!49,264
LCUC LtOss rCad1n_, hC 276, 280 300,
Z
sQC 292-300,Z4
Lh:Ot, hC 20 I , 64-9
LhOICC, hC 58
LhI:sUaD1ty I5, 35-,54-5,59, 6I, 72,76,
87, I08
LOIDs I 50, 233
LOttCsQOndCnCCs 9-!0
LOuH cds, QuauUCs I 58
LOuH dC LCbCIn, PntOInC X, 6
LtOWCy, DCIstCt 8, 53-4, 56, !49
LtOWCy dCCk I46, I49,264,277
LunD1n_NOmaD 45
LuQs !53, I 54, ! 84-207
1n_ OlIb~
_uCCn Ol 188-9
D:_ht OlI~1
a_C OlIZ~3
Cn Ol193-
:nC Ol195
:_ht Ol Ib~
bCVCn OlI
bIX Ol199-200
lIVC OlZ~1
lOut Ol ZZ
hrCC OlZ~
WO OlZ4, 205-6
PCC Ol Zb~
aath QaCk 3I5-I6,322-3
Cath Cd 4, I, I 0I-5, 190, I 9I , 222
Dgntivc 7arot, 7!c [utCt] 35
CsCCntOlthC sQItIt 3I-2, I2I
CV, hC 22, 112-I7, 248
:sCs I 50
:VnaUOn 9! !
:nUOduCUOn 263 75
rCad:n_s, tyQCs 276 323
usC 324-8
Ou_,au 59, 67, ! I6, I32
tCyCt, HOnn1C 233
uaIty I2-!7,37, 39, I20
atth, CCmCntOl I52, I 54, 232-3
scce/so CnOCCs
@Qt, C:Cnt 6, 43, 88-9
CmCnU, lOut !52-A, I 56, 157
@ 43 @
P L 7
mQCtOr, hC ++, 4, +V~b, ZI, Z1 1
mQtC, hC 44, +b~, 1V
nI_htCnmCnt 11~Z
scce/sohC LtCat_OutnCy
thCt [bQItIt], C!CmCnt O1b, Z
XQCtICncC, thtCC a1Ca ZZ
aIHC!d, La1 X, XI
ItC, C!CmCnt O 1 bZ, 1 b, 11
scceoNC
OO!, hC 1Z, I, 1~1V, Z4~V, Z4, Zb,
ZZZ, Z4, Zb, Z+Z, Z~1
OttunC, LIOn x
tCCdOm 1~1V, Vb
LdCn OdCn 1, 1 1
LatC cd 1 bV~b, 1, 1 V, Z1, ZZ,
ZZ, Z, Z+, Z+Z, Z+, Zb, ZbV, b
LnOUcIm 1b, 1 1 +~1 b
LOddC ttadIUOn 1 , +, b
scc oo mQtC, I_h tICtC
LOdCn aV, LtdCt OX, b+, Z, , VV,
11, 1 b, 1 bb, 1 ZZ, Z
Lta:1 C_Cnd XV, , 1 , , V+, VV,
1 V, Z, Z , Z, ZZ
Ltay, dCn IX~X, ZZ
LtCat_OutnCy, hC 1 1 Z
LtCCk and HOman mythO!O@ Z, +~1,
+b, 1 , +, , , V+, 1, 11
LtCCt, Ny X, XI
LtOWth, QCtOna! +
a1ch, !IZaOCth Z
an_Cd N, hC J, , 7~1, ZZZ,
Zb
tIC, tICda b
Ch sccCtta@tOn
CtmC , VZ, Zb
Ctmt, hC 77~Z, Ib~, Z1 , ZbV
ICnQht, hC ++, ~, Z+, ZI, Zb
I_h tICt b
I_h tICtC, hC 1Z, I, 1+, 1, 1~1V,
Z, +, ZZ, ZZV, Z+
Indum +~b, , V, 1, 1 1+, 1V+
nInauOn tItua1 Z, 1 , V+
lnnCt C!11V
nnOcCncC 1~1V
_CW1h mytIcIm sccXaOOa1aD
_OkCt, thC W1!d cd Z
_OutnCy, hC LtCat 1 1 +Z
_ud_CmCntcd I4~
_un_, La1 b
_UcCcatdZZ, I, ZI, Z1 1 ~1Z, Z1,
ZZV, Z+1, Z+V, Zb
XaOOa1aD b, , 1+, 1b, 1 , 1, 1V, , +,
b, , , b, ~V, VV, 1Z, 1Z, 1,
1+, 1+, Z+, 1 1~1Z, 1 , i+1
Xatma b~
n_ Pthut Zb, ~+, , Z
XunOnI , VZ, 1V, 1 1
L_ua_C ~, 1 Z1
LCV, !1Qha [PQhOnC LOuI LOntt] ,

LOVCt, hC , Z4, Zb, Z+


LutIa, laac 1Z
Na_IcI, hC 1Z, I, 1+, 1 , 1 ~1V, ZZ,
~b, +, Z, Zb, Zb, Z+b
Na_OtPtca 1+Z
Nanda!a b~
NaIO!O_y
NCIC Qack b, 1+b
NCdItaUOn 1
NInOtPca, 1+b~ZbV
NOOn, hC IZ~V
NOtOcc Ot 1+
OtC mythO!Ogy +, V
umOCt.
guaLtIC 1 b
ymOO!1m b, 1 1+, 1 1, Z1~Z, +,
V, VZ, 1+, 1 Z, 1V
LQCn1n_tumQ Z+~Z
LuQCnky, .. 1 b
kC,_CIC utn bZ
atD-WOtk1n_ 1
CnOc!C 1b+, ZZbV
XIn_ OZ4~b
_uCCn O Zb~
Xn1_ht OZ7, Z
a_C OZ~+
Cn OZ4~Z
InC OZ4
I_ht OZ4~b
bCVCn O Z4b~
bIX O Z47~b1
IVC O ZI, ZbZ~
Out OZ4~b
hICC O Zb~
WO O Z7~
PcC O Z~V
CtOna1 _DWth +>
PnonelKc,to thc Ttot, 7hc [aItC] X, ,
ZZZ, Z~+, Z
I!1 1 V, ~V,
OQC ca1d b+
OQC_O 3b
@ 44 @
b M b P N b L m L b L M b b L Y L L N
_uCtCnt [ub_Cct] 276-7
HandOmnC 9,27O-3
HCcUHCd arOt dCck 7
HdCt Qack 7
back_tOund tO I 45-50
bC!-knOW!Cd_C, Catch lOt I 5-I6,7O-I09
bCQhItOth I4O-I, I47,3I2, 3I3, 3I4-22
bhamMIm 4, 33, 34-5, 79, I2I, I27
S/r|niny h6men 7atotdCckX1v
bI_nIlicatOt catd 276-9, 280, 292, 30I , 3I5
bIX-QOIntCd tat 46, I84
bm1th, amC!a LOman, hCt`HIdCt Qack
IuttatIOn X, x, 7,b, I0, 46, 56, 58,
63, 84, 85, I07, I45, I48, I 50, 222
bnakC Ima_C 75-6
bO!a-uca dCck I49
btat, hC IZZ~b
btavC I50
bttCn_th catd 22, 72-7, 258
buIu, guautIC I 58
bun, hC I~
bWOtd$ I 53-4,208-3I
n_ Ol ZI~1Z
_uCCn Ol ZIZ, 2I3
nI_ht Ol ZI4~1b
a_CO ZI~1
Cn O ZIb~1
InC O ZI7, 2I8-I9
I_ht OlZI~Z
bCvCn OZZI~Z
biX OlZZZ~
IvC Ol ZZ4~b
Out OZZ
htCC OlZZ7~b
WO O ZZ~V
PcC OlZ~1
bynchtOn1cIty 270, 272
tta I I 4
OcchI 3, 6, 9
CmQCtanCC catd I05-9, Ib, ZI
Ctta_tammatOn 5, 87-8,I08, I 52, I55-7
OWCt, hC II7, I I8-22, I7~V
tanOtmaUOn I84
tCC O!IC 98, I28, I32, I4O-I , I47, I6I,
240, 266
tCad1n_ 3I I-23
tIad ymOOum 57,62-3
tIOmHi 3,6
tumQ.
chan_C 7
d1vIIOn 2!-3
OQCnIn_ 24~2
OtI_In 3, 6
a QtO_tCIOn 20
Ln1ty I2-I7,37
Nav sccCtta_tammatOn
NIcOntI, NanuCda 36
NIcOnti-blOtZa dCck 76, 84, I 50
NaItC, ^tthutdWatd, m IntCtQtCtatIOn
X, 7-9, I0, 26, 30, 3I, 46, 52, 53-4, 56,
58, 63, 6B 73 84 85, I 0I , I05, I07
! I2, I27-8, I32, I37, I45, I48, I 50,
!65, I74, I 8I-2, ! 83, I 86, I 88-9, I95,
204,2I5, 2I8, 223,228,239,249,258
sccelso PittotielKc,
N1d I53, I54, I6I-83
1n_ OlIbb
_uCCn OlIb, I 66-7
DI_ht OlIb7~
a_C OlIb, I69
Cn OI7~1
InC OI7Z~
I_ht OlI7~
bCvCn OlI74, I75
bIX O I7, I76
IvC OI77~
Out OlI7~V
hrCC OI7~1
WO O II~Z
PcC OlIZ~
Nan!C,_amC X
NatCt, C!CmCnt Ol I 52, I 53, I 84-5
scc e|so LuQ
NhCC! OlOttunC card 2I, 83-90, 275
NI!!1M1, Lhat!C 30
NItth, LWMd 26, 84, 89, I07, I30, I3I
NOtk Lyc!C tCad1n_ 300-I I , Z
amQ!C 306-I I , , I, 335-9, b
NOt!d, hC I2, I, I4, I7, 37, I8~2
NOt!d!y CQuCncC 43-69
XIn and Xan_ I 54
XOd sceCtra_tammatOn
ZOdIac 87, I 5I-2
@ 4R @