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The designation of U.S. military aircraft 1919-1960 It is a very complex history. Plain to its origins, the designation system of U.S. military aircraft, revised, expanded and changed over the years is now proving less understandable. The grouping of similar items is fit for human intelligence and if this truth was characteristic, one might ask why that prompted the Americans to develop similar system, irrational and whose usefulness qu'existante well, could rightly be discussed. In addition, unmet probably its complexity, they still use a second method of designation own Navy and manufacturers specify their products after they their system. A cryptographer would pale in. The German method of appointment was clearly more sensible. Two particles, one literal indicating the manufacturer and other digital, formed the name of the aircraft, and the aircraft had a name. In the USA the famous Douglas DC-3 responded to 12 different names! (C-41, C-47, C-48, C-49, C-50, C-51, C-52, C-53, C-68 R4D CG-17 DC-3). However, it is difficult to compare these two systems that are based on another practical design. The German perpetual inventory system, so was above all a ranking system. Americans preferred a system of designation. Indeed, the mere reading of the U.S. designation provides instant curriculum vitae of the aircraft to which it is applied and this is perhaps the only advantage of this method. It shall in no way mentioned in this article of the designation system of the U.S. Navy. It is known that U.S. military aircraft production is encompassed by three independent departments: U.S. Navy, U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force, which was created in 1947. Before that date, only existed. U.S. Army Air Force (USAAF) and the U.S.. Navy (USN) whose rivalry has not ceased to exist. When the armed forces were divided into separate departments, the U.S. Air Force took the opportunity to emphasize that it alone had the right to buy and use armed or mass greater than 5000 lbs aircraft which reduced the Army using helicopters and light aircraft without weapons. The creation of the U.S. Air Force back to August 1, 1907 under the title of Army Signal Corps. This name became, in June 1918, the Army Air Service, which will, in 1919, the first designation system based on that in force in the French aviation at that time reported by the American volunteer pilots who took part in the first war World. The French designation used a suffix indicating the type of the aircraft. For example, we know that the Nieuport 17C1 was a single-seater fighter and the Nieuport 80 was a two E2 training. July 2, 1926, the Army Air Service became the U.S. Army Air Corps (USAAC), designation itself changed June 20, 1941 in U.S. Army Air Force. Designation systems evolve independently of these changes
The system of 1919 Very simple, it has a literal index determined by the established code and informing the mission of the aircraft. This index is always followed by a number of arithmetic progression with one that allows the distinction between two models qualified for the same mission. Example: Martin Tl, LWF Fokker T-2 T-3 three qualified for ttransport different models. U Each model version is represented by a letter suffix following the alphabetical ordr. Example: Martin T-1, T-1A Martin, Martin T-1B three versions of the same model. The letters O and I are not used I ndices literal educating mission aircraft
the Manufacturer's Letters and a series of letter prefixes used to indicate a change in the original mission of the aircraft.html 2/9 .free.fr/camouflage/usmarking/designation_us. Indices literal learning about the mission of the aircraft richard.S. special equipment and gliders.ferriere.8/27/13 designation_us It was only in 1924 that was introduced the X prefix indicating that the aircraft is under special status. Example in the table above can analyze some designation of 1919 1. The system of 1924 revised in 1941 The initial system was completely changed in 1924 because of the increasing number of different types can not be spread in the 20 categories described above aircraft. The suffix D we stated that the airplane is in its fifth release. On the eve of the outbreak of war the United States. This is the third version of this plane (B). a list of literal signs informing the mission of the aircraft. Gallaudet DB-1B: First Day bomber (DB) produced for the Army Air Service for the implementation of the system in 1919. aviation industry then beat all records of production. Note that the PW-9 tut built in the following forms PW9 (engine Curtiss D-12). Boeing PW-9D: Was the ninth (9) fighter motor cooled by water (PW) produced for the Army Air Service from the commissioning of the system in 1919. This resulted in the introduction of Block Numbers. we distinguish three categories: aircraft. PW-9A (engine Curtiss D-12C). PW-9C (even PW-9D engine but narrower fuselage) (same engine but changed dimensions) 2. In the basic list. several innovations were introduced to meet the requirements demanded by the diversity of models of the U. PW-9B (the Curtiss D-12D).
free. first introduced a series of literal prefix indicating that a change had occurred in the original mission of the aircraft.8/27/13 designation_us A plane can be placed temporarily under special status. This is particularly the case of experimental aircraft and prototypes. be preceded by the prefix indicating a special status. A bomber. could be converted into transport aircraft and fighter could very well be with a photographic material for recognition. for example.ferriere.fr/camouflage/usmarking/designation_us. Index mission was then preceded by a literal prefix that could. in 1941.html 3/9 . of course. Prefix letters indicating a special status The revision of the system in 1924. Literal prefixes indicating a change in the initial mission richard.
Table of Manufacturer's Letters is given later. 5. according to an established code.fr/camouflage/usmarking/designation_us. B-25C). The base particle is. the airplane prior to 1941. the manufacturer of the aircraft. System 1948 revised in 1955 The last designation system has some elements of its predecessor in 1924. versions are represented by a letter suffix following the alphabetical order (B-2S.Republic P-47G-15-CU (Thunderbolt): We learn that the Thunderbolt is the 47th (47) model fighter plane (P) of the Code of 1924 and that this is its 8th release (G). Here are three examples: 1. 25A-B-5 and B-25A-10. XCG-4B-IT: Is the fourth model glider transport (CG) in its 3rd version (B) experimental (X) produced by Timm Aircraft (IT). B-25A.html 4/9 .free. YPT-10D: 10th (10) elementary trainer (PT) model in its 5th version of (D) in the prototype stage (Y). See list of Manufacturer's Letters. three B-25A equipped differently. intended to represent the mission of the aircraft. The Blocfc Number 15 indicates that the P-47G was itself into four product versions (1.8/27/13 designation_us From the same revision of 1941. 2. The Block Nnmber itself is followed by a group of two letters representing. These details can instantly know if the parts of this model are interchangeable with parts as another. We divide into two parts: aircraft and missiles. The Block Number follows the suffix to distinguish a sub-release or release version. Its constructor is Curtiss (CU) licensee Republic. the Block Numbers allowed to designate more accurately even different versions of the same model. In this new system. No Block Number as there are only a few copies of the experimental apparatus. the list of literal prefixes indicating a change in the mission of the aircraft is much more extensive and allows for countless combinations. He reached the top of the complication. The Block Number grows in multiples of 5 from 1. it indicates mmineur change occurring in the construction of the aircraft: change of electronic equipment or equipment. Here is an example: B-25A-1. which happens frequently in combat zones. as in the previous two chapters. No Block Number or Manufacturer's Letters. 3. 25A-B-11 B-25A is a 10-modified by a modification center.ferriere. The auxiliary prefix special status takes place before the appointment formed. The intermediate numbers are reserved for special one or a small number of planes made by centers of changes in aviation changes. 10 and 15). As in the system in 1919. B-25B. Each model can be identified with greater precision. Composed of a number. These elements form the full name of the aircraft. Indices literal learning about the mission of the aircraft Literal prefixes indicating a change in the initial mission richard. See below.
as in the previous two systems. Please refer to Chapter II. using a literal suffix and Block Number. The literal symbol.html 5/9 .fr/camouflage/usmarking/designation_us.8/27/13 designation_us Letter prefixes for special status Versions indicate. group of two letters.ferriere. completes the identification of the plane: it is Mamrfacturer's Letters of which are listed below: Manufacturer's letters or symbols Manufacturers richard.free.
fr/camouflage/usmarking/designation_us. ZA-ZA-9 and 9A formerly CA-9 and 9A redesignated OA-1948. The numerical progression has evolved independently replacing P by F. Redesignated in 1948. They were redesignated in 1948 KB-20H: designation transform attack aircraft A-20 used under special status as a bomber. BT and PT. The example is a North American F-100D-25-NA Super Sabre richard.ferriere. Some designations require explanation: ZF and ZF-24A-24B: processed designations of attack A-24A and A-24B used as fighter aircraft under special status.free. This remark also applies to the T index replaced in 1948. the indices AT. 2.html 6/9 . The Post Index F (fighter) when he was set to replace the P index (Pursuit) did not change the numerical order attached to the latter index.8/27/13 designation_us Concluding Remarks 1. Regulation registrations.
became the Boeing IM-99 in the establishment of a system of designation for missiles.8/27/13 designation_us The designation system of missiles The missiles are designated according to the same principle as explained above. The Boeing F-99 fighter unmanned. however.html 7/9 . It should be noted. that the numbers attached to the post index does not follow a specific order as the names of the current missiles come from the former designations transformation.ferriere. A literal index information mission of the craft.fr/camouflage/usmarking/designation_us. Two prefixes indicating a change in the original mission currently exist. Indices literal learning about the mission of the spacecraft richard.free.
fr/camouflage/usmarking/designation_us. they are not complete without adding to the numbers of the last digit of the fiscal year. Thus.8/27/13 designation_us Literal prefixes indicating a change in the initial mission Prefix letters indicating a special status REGISTRATION OF AIRCRAFT USAF The registration of the USAF has four parts: the word USAF appearing on the fuselage in large letters. Some prototypes were equipped in preparation for mass production but.free. The Buzz Markings system has been repeatedly revised since 1945. but to read the 45601 serial 54-5601. following the cancellation of contracts. However.ferriere. one literal. The Buzz Markings consist of two parts. Literal portion is formed of a letter specific to the type of the plane and a second model-specific.html 8/9 . the other three digital numbers that are none other than those ending SERiaI drift. 1948. the serial is composed exclusively of numerals and presented on the drift of the aircraft and the Buzz or Buzz Number Marking is applied only to certain aircraft models. never carried the Buzz Markings that had been assigned to them. to avoid confusion. the blue and red roundel symbol of American military aviation. The serials or number of orders are renewed at the beginning of each fiscal year (July 1) and go to 001. the Buzz Markings for easy identification in a plane and with other benefits too. 1949 1952 and 1954. Here are those who were awarded and corrections made in 1947. List of BUZZ MARKINGS and circumstances of each system review richard. the first aircraft built during the fiscal year 1952 will bring the serial in 2001 (figure 2 is the last digit of the 1952 vintage). Along with serials were introduced in 1945. A ten year old serial is preceded. the number 0. Example: All fighters have a Buzz Marking whose first letter is F (Fighter). The Buzz Markings are reserved only aircraft in active service. . The serial 0-45601 44-5601 therefore read.
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