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# Proceedings of the 26th Academic Council held on 18.5.

2012

MAT105

DifferentialandDifferenceEquations

LTPC 3104

VersionNo. 1.1 Course MAT101MultivariableCalculusandDifferentialEquations Prerequisites Objectives This course is designed to give a comprehensive coverage at an introductory level to the subject of ordinary differential equations and difference equations. Matrix methods and eigenvalue problems are integrated in to the course. Sufficient emphasis is laid on mathematical modeling and analysis of simple engineering problems. ExpectedOutcome At the end of this course, the students are expected to know how to model simple physical problems in the form of a differential and difference equations, analyze and interpret the solutions. Further the students are expected to acquire necessary background in matrix methods and Eigenvalue problems so as to appreciate their importance to engineering systems. Unit1 MatrixmethodstoLinearDifferentialEquations 9 + 3 hours The eigen value problem- eigen values and eigen vectors - properties of eigen values and eigen vectors-Cayley-Hamilton theorem and its applications- symmetric matrices similarity of matrices - diagonalisation of a real symmetric matrix-quadratic form.Solution of equations of type X11 + AX=0 - reduction of nth order equation to a system of first order equations by diagonalization. Unit2 PowerSeriesSolutions 9 + 3 hours The Strum-Liouville Problem-orthogonality of eigen functions- Bessels and Legendres equations- power series solutions method of Frobenius. Unit3 FourierSeries 9 + 3 hours Fourier series -Eulers formulae- Dirichlets conditions - change of interval- half range series RMS value Parsevals identity computation of harmonics. Unit4 DifferenceEquationsandZtransforms 9 + 3 hours Difference equation-first and second order difference equations with constant coefficients-Fibonacci sequence-solution of difference equations-complementary functions - particular integrals by the method of undetermined coefficients. Ztransform-relation between Z-transform and Laplace transforms - Z-transforms of standard functions-inverse Z-transforms :by partial fraction method, by convolution method- solution of simple difference equations using Z-transforms. Unit5 ApplicationsofDifferentialEquations 9 + 3 Hours First order equations: Newtons law of cooling radioactive decay, L-R and C-R circuits-Equation of motion for a particle in gravitational field Terminal velocity. Secondorderequations: Free un-damped and damped vibrations, Forced oscillationsResonance phenomenon, series LCR circuit - Model of a vibrating systems with two masses Solutions by matrix methods.

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## Proceedings of the 26th Academic Council held on 18.5.2012

TextBooks 1. Erwin Kreysizing, AdvancedEngineeringMathematics, 8th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, (Wiley student Edison)(2011).Topics in the Chapters 2,4,7,10 2. B.S.Grewal, HigherEngineeringMathematics, 40th Edition. Khanna Publications (2010). 3. Michale D. Greenberg, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 2nd Edition, Pearson Education, First Indian reprint (2002). 4. Peter V. O Neil, AdvancedEngineeringMathematics, 5th Edition, Thomson, Book/Cole (2003). ModeofEvaluation RecommendedbytheBoardofStudieson120512 Dateofapprovalbythe AcademicCouncil

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