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Edisi 11.

November 2013 Ruang Pustaka

Coring and Logging Witnessingi M-64 Well, Meruap Field


Artikel oleh HQrlina Rachman
I

Time: 28 April

6 May 2013

The trip purpo$e is to witness coring acquisition and wireline logging activities in M-64 well as part of training program.The witnessed job was done for 8,5 inch hole section.

1.

COREACQUSITION

Unfortunately, the first interval after penetrate 5.75 ft depth.

is a

hard formation. The tool got stuck

M-64 well has acquired cores for several reservoir units. The coring acquisition in M-64 well is planning for four interval (see Table 1 .). However the actual acquisition is only recovered three core intervals
(see Table 2.). Barrel

The next coring interval was running by using a Conventional system. And it was worked in the next three intervals run. Coring point decision is also a critical factor in this core acquisition activity. The wellsite geologist should be very careful in looking at the well correlation.The well correlation was done by using mud log from surrounding/offset wells since there was no LWD in this well. This M-64 well is using M-17 and M-16 data as offset wells for correlation. The monitoring of real time total gas is very crucial since high total gas is usually related to hydrocarbon reservoir. The core bit was using MCP 552 type (see Picture 1.). And the core barrel was using Ultra Stable, heavy d uty 7 1/8" x 4" x 20 ft core barrel. The core barrel consists oftwo parts: the inner barrel and the outer barrel. This 20 ft core barrel run will help reduce risk of compression damage in softer sand. And the 4"core diameter (large diameter) will help the core stronger, less prone to pack-off and minimize opportunity for structural damage and invasion.
The

Coring lnterval
(ft-TVDss)

Length
(Ft) 20
20

Comments,
Special Activities Air Benakat
(Semi Unconsolidated)

2040-2060

2160-2180

20

20

Air Benakat (5emi Unconsolidated) Air Benakat (Semi Unconsolidated) Air Benakat
(Semi Unconsolidated)

2575-2595

20

20

2655-267s

20

2A

Total

80 ft.

wl 20ft
barrel

Table 1. M-64 Coring plan And the actual coring acquisition is only recovered for 3 (three) intervals (see Table 2.).
Core
Run #

drilling parameters while coring acquisition. such as: WOB,

Coring lnterval
(ft-TVDss)

Total to Core (Ft)

Comments
28.75olo recovery. Tool

2247-2252.75

5.75

got stucked due to hard formation (run SoftPro full closuresystem)


760lo

pump rate (GPM), torque and standpipe pressure, are very important. These are valuable indicators of coring performance. lt is recommended to have WOB 2 to 4 Klbs, RPM 50-80 and flow rate GPM 60-90 (sandstone) to 100-150 (claylshale) until at least 3 ft is cored. When coring is established, the parameters could be increased to maximum rate of parameters: WOB 20 Klbs, RPM i 00 and 200 GPM.
RPM,

2348-2363.2 2762 2860-2880.7

15.2

recovery with

After the core was acquired and laid down, it has several steps to handle:

conventional system.
recovery. Suspected due to failed tool
00,6

3
j

a. The core is removed from the inner barrel. b. Cut the core into several short pieces (3 ft each) and put mark on
the each core tube (see Picture 3).

20.7

100.3olo recovery with conventional system

c.
d.

Table 2. M-64 Actual coring acquisition The first coring interval was using a Full Closure System as core catcher. This core catcher system usually runs in the soft formation

The wellsite geologist will take a small chip sample from each face for subsequent detailed description.

top

Close the core tube with good quality steel tape and put the resin fluid into the tube. This fluid is to protect core from fluids or any other materials that may come in contact with the core in order to

(loose sand reservoir). lt will act as the primary mechanism to prevent"soft"formation cores exiting the inner barrel prematurely.

e.

preserve the core (see Picture 4). Finally put the core tubes into the wood boxes and transported into the Lab (see Picture 5).

Edisi 11. November 2013 Huang Pustaka

6,

Picture

'1

Crire Bit MCP 552 Type


Top l-lear!

- Stabilizer ffi *.

Picture 4. Putting resin f.luid into the core tube process

il

il

Picture 5. Paeking the core tubes into the wood boxes

il
U

&
Picture 2. Core Barrel Assembly

5tabilrzer <--./ Dil G.'----

Core ['lead
-

Picture 6" Core examples frorn Well M-64

2.

WIRELINE LOGGN${G

Several logging tools were run in the well M-54 by wireline cable, they were: PEX-All ADI FMl, CMll, ECs, XPT and CST. Allthese loEginE tools were run in 8.5 inch hole diarneter and divicled into 5 runs.

) ) )
F
Picture 3. Core cutting and rnarking process

Run 1 : PEX-AIT combined with ADT Run

2: 4:

FtVll

Run 3 :CMR conrbined


Run XPT

with

ECS

)> Run5:CST

Edisi 11. November 2013

1
2,1
PEX-AIT

Ruang Pustaka

PEX-AIT was run with ADT combination. The PEX-AIT measures a standard open hole log curves, such as: GR (gamma ray), Resistivity, Neutron and Density curves of the borehole (see Picture 6). From this measurement we can determi{e the reservoir quality and reservoir content by Petrophysict (Formation Evaluation) analysis and calculation.

2.2

ADT, CMR and ECS

The ADT and CMR-ECS tools were not run in the same time.This is because the CMR tool contents a magnetic resource which could

interfere the ADT tool reading. But the data results of ADT, CMR and ECS will be combined together to give a better determination of all oil bearings interval within the formation (see Picture 7).
ADT (Dlelectric Scanner) is a direct measurement of water saturation (Sw) or fluid content of reservoir, water salinity and water-filled porosity within the invaded zone. This measurement is independent from resistivity. CMR (Combinable Magnetic Resonance)

,* *"3fl"lor[-J?"ltv

bv ci*R vtith probahle

Picture 7. ADT-CMR-ECS data analysis for reservoir quality analysis

2.3

FMI (Fullbore Formation Micro lmager)

tool basically determine all permeable intervals. lt provides high resolution answer on reservoir permeability and porosity (hydrocarbon pore volume). lt also could identify hydrocarbons in low contrast and low resistivity pay zones thin pay zones.

The FMI is a very useful tool to analyze the sedimentary and structural image of reservoir. The sedimentary images such as: bedding
su

rfaces, lamination, cross bedding, erosional surfaces, bioturbation

also
ECS

(Elemental Capture Spectroscopy Sonde) measures primary mineralogy elements in the formation, such as: silicon (5i), iron (Fe), calcium (Ca), sulfur (S), titanium (Ti), gadolinlum (Gd), chlorine (Cl), barium (Ba) and hydrogen (H).The purpose of this measurement is to

to interpret the depositional environment of the formation. The structural images such as: structural dip, fractures, folds, faults, could be used to interpret the structural event within the formation.
etc, could be used

2.4
XPT

XPT (Pressure Xpress Tool)

integrate with petrophysical analysis.

tool provides high quality reservoir pressure and mobility measurements. This pressure profile and mobility measurements can identify virgin or depleted reservoir zone in a wider mobility range and fluid content identification from pressure gradients calculation.

2.5
CST

CST (Cores

Sample Taker)

sometimes called as SWC (Side Wall Cores). CST tool can collect up to 90 sidewall cores in one trip. ln this case, M-64 well was using 30 numbers of bullets in the CST gun (see Picture B).
This CST gun is accurately depth positioned by using Gamma Ray

i.'+i .-3

f, bn*.-. :R
&
-"1

eA{*"*
t}en!-ry r

or Spontaneous (SP) logs. From this sidewall cores, many reservoir data information acquired, such as: lithology identification, porosity measurement, permeability estimation and hydrocarbon
(GR)

il-*

- E4l61h,l ( -"-'"
:1.;

R ]-* ."i-r
R

identification.

i-j.-';:

t-t: f'

lr
:-a

Picture 6. PEX-AIT and ADT Log curves result

Picture B. CSTTool with 30 bullets